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Jackson advocate. [volume] (Jackson, Miss.) 1939-current, October 06, 1962, Image 5

Image and text provided by Mississippi Department of Archives and History

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn79000083/1962-10-06/ed-1/seq-5/

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State Negroes...
(Continued From Page One)
flying Confederate Flags filled
with whites were driven through
Negro communities with the oc
cupants shouting abusive re
marks at Negro pedestrians.
In Jackson Sunday, following
a Citizens Council Rally in front
African Party..
(Continued From Page One)
So far Sir Edgar has not
shown his hand, but it seems
clear he will have to make a
bid for African support in the
next few’ w’eeks. A general
election must be held before
the middle of next year.
One possibility is that Sir
Edgar will work discreetly
behind the scenes for the emer
gence of a moderate African
Party, and several agents of
his United Federal Party are
reported already working qui
etly to this end.
Speculation of moves in this
direction came as further minor
incidents marked the continu
ing police cleanup in the wake
of the banning of ZAPU which
Sir Edgar called “reminiscent
of the worst days of fascism.”
Campaign Expected
Observers say they believe
Sir Edgar will start a campaign,
to enroll thousands of new
African voters in time for the
general election. He has said,
that previous attempts failed
because of intimidation by
If he is successful now, the
observers said he will have a
much better possibility of de
feating the extreme right-wing
Rhodesian front led by Winston
Field and which offers a “South
Africa type solution.”/
However, liberal critics of
Sir Edgar sav he will never i
gain real African support be- j
cause the mass of his white
supporters are too right wing
to accept Africans on equal
Sir Edgar’s dilemma is that j
with an election approaching j
he cannot afford a dramatic |
gesture such as outlawing all
forms of racial discrimination.
Whites here believe the ban- j
ning of ZAPU has curbed in
timidation of Africans by
ZAPU youth leaders but at the
same time is raising the bar
riers between -aces.
| of the Governor's Mansion, au
1 tomobiles flying Confederate
Flags spread through the Ne
gro neighborhoods of the city
9houting abusive remarks at Ne
groes. In northwest Jackson a
young couple was reported to
have been attacked when they
were stopped by a white group
in a passing automobile. A
young Negro maid was also re
ported to have been severely
beaten in the Georgetown area
of North Jackson early Sunday
Percy Greene, Editor and Pub
lisher of the Jackson Advocate,
the state’s leading Negro news
paper, was seen as expressing
the concern of responsible Ne
gro leaders of the state when
he sent a telegram to Gover
nor Ross Barnett at his Execu
tive Mansion late Sunday after
noon urging that he inform the
people of the state that the clash
between state and Federal pow
er over the enrollment of a
Negro student at the University
of Mississippi is not a contest
between the Negro and white
people of the state.
The full text of the editor’s
telegram to the Governor is as
We are in full understanding
of all the facets of southern
history and tradition that has
lead you to take the historic
position you now occupy in re
gard to interposition, states
rights, and federal authority.
We also have had some close
association with the individuals
and forces which have been con
stantly seeking to precipitate
such a crisis in race relations in
this state and in the nation.
In view of such knowledge
the masses of Negro citizens of
this 9tate need the assurance
that whatever the outcome of
the Meredith case white people
of the state are made aware
that this is not a contest be
tween white people and Ne
groes of the state and that ven
gance against Negroes will be
unchristian, undemocratic, and
a patented acknowledgement of
the complete lack of civil rights
■" —— " • ' \
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for Negro citizens of the state.
We believe further that such
exhibition of vengance against
the Negro masses would move
further away the ultimate time
for responsible white and Negro
Citizens to get together and
work out a solution to the raej
problem in the best interest of
the state and of the nation.
Although copies of the tele
gram were given to the Asso
ciated Press, a newsman for
the National Broadcasting Co ,
and two widely known news
paper correspondents and local
bureau chief, no mention of the
telegram was made by local
newspapers, television and radio.
It was Editor Greene who
presented a seven-point program
for better race relations in the
state at a state-wide meeting cf
white and Negro leaders called
by the then Governor Hugn
White earlier in 1954, that many
here feel that had it been im
plemented the crisis over the en
rollment of a Negro student at
the University of Mississippi
wrould never have developed.
Meanwhile at Oxford where
the tension wras reported as
still being high although federal
troops had stopped the rioting,
following his enrollment early
Monday morning Meredith be
gan attending classes, escorted
by U. S. Marshalls protected by
U. S. soldiers.
The question of how long the
U. S. Marshalls and Federal
Troops would remain at the
University and the towm of Ox
ford was answered by Attorney
General Kennedy on a nation
wide television program Mon
day night during which he said
they would remain there as long
as necessary to carry out the
order of the Federal District
In spite of the rioting over thn
enrollment of James Meredith
and the tension w’hich spread
throughout the state, a repre
sentative of the National Head
quarters of the NAACP, which
is financing the Meredith Case,
and Medgar Evers, NAACP
Field Secretary for Mississippi,
have issued statements say in'
that more Negro applicants are
being made ready for early en
rollment at all of the tax-sup
ported state Universities.
Say Business...
(Continued From Page One)
single southern Governor has
given him unqualified support,
nor has any major daily news- i
One influential southern
Governor, Ernest Vandiver of
Georgia, warned that “we can
not tolerate violence and dis
Governor Vandiver said he
was “speaking as one who has
. been down the road.” The
Georgia Governor referred to
the experiences of his own
state ■which admitted Negroes
to the University of Georgia
and Georgia Tech last year and
to the public schools of Atlanta.
Governor Vandiver at first
opposed the orders vehemently,
but he kept his opposition con
fined to legal maneuvers. When
he realized the state had gone
as far as it could, he provided
protection for the Negroes who
had been registered at the Uni
versity of Georgia and called
on his state to cease last-ditch
After a brief flurry of vio
lence on the university campus,
the situation quickly settled
down to normal and has been
that way since.
Governor Vandiver has ex
pressed the opinion that Mis
sissippi already has rece*Ye~
permanent damage from which
it might never recover,
i Mississippi is seeking to ai
tract new industries to the state
to balance an agricultural
| economy that has not provec
adequate to keep it moving
ahead. It has steadily lost
; population, both white and
Negro, to other sections of the
United States for more than
two decades.
A selected check with long
standing sources of informa
tion, individuals who them
selves are influential in Missis
sippi affairs, both economic and
political, brought out the infor
mation that pressures have
been put on the Governor from
all sections of the state. These
sources have always proved ac
curate in the past.
‘‘We simply cannot permit
Mississippi to become a battle
ground that reaches beyond the
courtroom and academic halls,”
one man, a leading attorney of
the state, commented off the
While the Mississippi Legis
lature outwardly manifests a
rebellious attitude which ap
pears to be unanimously be
hind Governor Barnett, a feel
ing of reaction is reported to
have been developing under(
the surface. Most legislators;
hesitate to speak out In the
realization that Governor Bar
nett is riding the crest of a
political popularity that few
Mississippi politicians have
_ stirred up before.___L
Success positively guaranteed jn
matters of money, love, employment
or special desires If my Instruction*
are followed. I dare you to try my
“proven method." No need to seek
further. Confidential instructions
air mailed — $3.00. Satisfaction oi
refund within ten days.
130 West 45th Street
New York M, New York
State Council...
(Continued From Page One)
counted for a position they know
to be right. The journalist re
minded his audience that the
prevailing approach to the ra
cial problem in the state ia- an
emotional one, not a rational
ore, and that this approach
promises no satisfactory solu
tion in accordance with demo
cratic ideals.
A vigorous discussion follow
ed Mr. Carter’s presentation,
which had to be terminated to
complete the business of the
Officers of the Mississippi
Council on Human Relations
are: Dr. A. D. Beittel, Touga
loo, Chairman; Dr. D. I. Horn,
Jr., West Point, Vice-Chairman;
Mis. Wallis I. Schutt, Jackson,
Secretary; I. S. Sanders, Jack
son, Treasurer.
Taking congizance of the ef
fovts being made in Mississippi
to increase the number of regis
tered voters, Dr. Beittel pointed
out that the Council had gone
on record in favor of “the ap
plication of one set of require
ments in one manner to all in
dividuals who seek registration
for voting, regardless of race.”
In concluding the meeting of
the Mississippi Council on Hu
man Relations in the midst of
th-; controversy of registering
a Negro applicant at the Uni
versity of Mississippi, the chair
man stated that the position of
the Mississippi Council is clear
ly on record as follows:
Wise compliance with the
spirit of the Supreme Court
Derision of 1954 within the liv
ing context of the situation in
Mississippi through:
a. Voluntary removal of state
and local laws enforcing segre
lt was also revealed here
that a student now attending
Jackson State College for Ne
groes has already made applica
tion for enrollment at the Uni
versity of Mississippi for the
term beginning in February of
this year.
Shop and Save
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See Us For
New Livingroom Suites
(Continued From Page One)
stands a monument of Lincoln
liberating a kneeling slave. This
work was erected in 1874 solely
through contribution of emanci
pated citizens.
In honor of 100 years of free
dom, Americans of all races will
contribute to the erection of a
positive statment of achieve
ments to freedom loving people
at home and abroad. The visual
symbols of the monument por
trays Mary McLeod Bethune
symbolically placing her legacy
into the outstretched hands of
two young Negro children.
Attorney Ruth Harvey Wood
of Danville, Va. has been nam
ed Chairman of the Christmas
Card Campaign. The project
was introduced at the Leader
ship Conference held in Wash
ington, D. C. in August and was
enthusiastically received by the
officers of the Council. The card
designs were donated by Ber
nard Waldman in appreciation
of the objective. Each card is
an interpretation of the monu
mental memorial as created by
b. Prompt acceptance of qual
ified Negro applicants on the
part of colleges and graduate
c. Initiation, on the part of
men of good will of both races
within local communities of
plans for compliance in the low
er school?, in advance of com
pulsory action by federal courts.
d. Immediate representation
by qualified Negroes on local
ard state boards of education
where these posts are appoin
(Continued From Page One)
Morris Miller, 54, was con
firmed as Chief Judge of the
three-judge court. The third
member is Judge Orm W. Ket
cham, who, until Thursday, was
the sole judge on the recently
expanded court. The court now
has a backlog of 2,600 cases.
Mrs. Lawson, wife of D. C.
Attorney Belford Lawson, is
general counsel and a former
vice president of the National
the sculptor Robert Berks. The
reception preview was con
tributed by the Canada Dry
Corporation as their expression
of interest in the project. Be
cause of their benefit nature,
the cards are not sold commerci
ally and their success is made
possible by the help and support
of interested members and pub
lic service minded voluntary
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Council of Negro Women. She
was graduated from the Uni
versity of Michigan in 1933 and
holds the LL. D degree from
Columbia University.
In 1957, she campaigned for
the reelection of Senator John
F. Kennedy. When he became a
Presidential candidate, he chose
her as chief of the civil rights
section of his campaign head
Mrs. Lawson also has been
serving as director of the Na
tional Committee Against Dis
crimination in Housing, direc
tor and legal advisor of the
Iona R. Whipper Home for Un
wed Girls, and a director of the
Washington Urban League
housing committee.
In addition, she has been serv
(Continued From Page One)
Harold Dixon, defense counsel,
declared in court last week that
the Government was a party to
the crime. “They played a cat
and mouse game with Mr.
Worthy,” he asserted. Judge
Choate replied: “I think the de
fendant played a cat and mouse
game with the Government. He
violated the law in an effort
to make himself unique. “Free
dom of the press is only one of
the freedoms.”
ing as a public member of the
President’s Committee on Equal
Employment Opportunity.
i The Best Habit That You Can Form Is The Habit Of Going To Church Every Sunday. The
Churches In Jackson Always Extend You A Hearty Welcome To Their Sunday Services.
■ \

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