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• temperature of roast, shuts off gas when clone. ^ That’s easy, automatic s, cooking with GAS! % Thermostat-controlled top burners only on gas ranges ... make every pan—any pan — a fine, automatic appliance . . . Works just like tne ther mostat on your gas oven. Try it! Mississippi Valley Gas Company MONUMENT STREET HOTEL AND ROOMING HOUSE CLEAN COMFORTABLE ROOMS CORDIAL SERVICE REASONABLE RATES 142 West Monument Street Phone FL 3-5658 and 352-7367 Vj I • t I *i I ? * r f: S M | k 1 *! t ■ tj 11 I'! I | •i AT THE STATE FAIR: Glittering Midway, a lighted city I of color and beauty is the way the Royal American Shows ave " — nues of thrills and laughter appear at night with 50 rides and shows ready to entertain children of all ages at the fair this year. Supreme Court. (Continued From Page One) — during the previous four terms, it was noted. The 61-page American Jewish Congress study, sixth in an an nual series, was prepared by Leo Pfeffer, director, and Jo seph B. Robison, assistant di bUMlwteJ frcm BOSTON LOS ANGELES LONDON CHICAGO i Interesting Accurate Complete International New* Coverage The Christion Science Monitor One Norway St., Boston 15, Mas*. Send your newspaper for the time checked. Enclosed find my check a money order. Q 1 year $22. □ 6 month* $11 Q 3 month* $5.5C Nome Addr ess City Zone State PB-K rector, of the organization’s Commission on Law and Social Action. Ephraim London is chairman of the Commission. Drop in Number of Decisions Noted The study reported that few er cases involving the Bill of Fights were decided during the last term than in the previous year, reflecting a decrease from 120 to 101 in the total numbe of opinions written by the court. This was attributed to the fact that Justice Felix Frankfurter became disabled and did not participate in any decisions f >r a substantial part of the term and Justice Charles Whittaker retired on April 1; well before the end of the term. Thirteen cases were take’ the calendar and postponed for disposition during the term ’ e ginning Monday (October 1). it was reported. Of these, nine were in the field of civil rights and civil liberties. ‘Ground-Breaking.’ Decisions Noted Of the 22 cases decided favor ably, at “least two were of ma jor importance in breaking new ground in the application of bas ic constitutional doctrines,’’ the survey found, adding: “One of these—Baker v. Carr —may in the long run mat^h in significance the Supreme Court’s 1954 decision in the racial school segregation cases.” In this case, the court held that federal courts have the power to hear and redress claims that arb.: • trary apportionment of legisla tive districts constitutes a de nial of equal protection of thu laws. The other significant deci sion, the study said, was in the case of Engel v. Vitale, in which the Supreme Court held that the recitation of a daily prayer 'n Cut-Rate SHOE SHOP “ALL WORK GUARANTEED” If you want your Shoes fixed Nice and Neat see Clarence ! on Farish Street. DIAL FL 2-9142 133 N. FARISH ST. Clarence Evans, Prop. a public school violated the clause in the Constitution pro hibiting laws respecting an es tablishment of religion. This rul ing, the AJ Congress said, “was the logical application of prin ciples clearly set forth in ear lier Supreme Court decisions barring governmental aid to any or all religions.” The high court’s rulings in sit-in and Freedom Rider cases were another highlight of the term. These decisions, the A merican Jewish Congress study asstered, “made . . . clear that all state segregation laws are unconstitutional and that per sons may not be punished for defying practices and customs of segregation.” ‘Polarity’ of Court Less Clear The analysis noted that the “polarity of the court which has been a striking feature of the last few years” continued dur ing the 1&61-62 term “but in less clear ontline.” This .was due the reports said, in part to the higher proportion of deci sions favorable to civil liberties claims and in part to the fact that an unusually large number of the cases—20 of the 28 cov ered in the report — were de cided by less than nine justices, the result of the retirement of Justice Whittaker and the ab sence of Justice Frankfurter. “Chief Justice Warren and Justices Black, Douglas and Brennan continued to vote in a manner that justified character izing them as a liberal bloc, ac cording to the study. Justices Frankfurter, Clark, Harlan, Stewart and Whittaker, it said, “continued to appear as a con servative bloc.” Justices’ Voting Records Analyzed Tn a table, the American Jew ish Congress study listed the justices’ opinions according to whether they were favorable or unfavorable to the individual as serting a constitutional or civil right. This method was adopted in preparing the survey, it wus explained, as a relatively objec tive method of classification. There was no assumption that the person claiming the right was necessarily justified in do ing so. In the 28 cases analyzed in the report, according to the tal ly, Chief Justice Earl Warren and Justice William 0. Douglas handed down the most opinions favorable to the assertion of the right—26— with only 2 unfa vorable. In descending order, the study listed Justice Hugo L. Black (25 favorable, 2 unfavor able); Justice William Brennan (24 and 4); Justice Potter Stew art (20 and 8), Justice John Harlan (13 and 14); and Justice Tom Clark (12 and 16). Justice Frankfurter partici pated in twelve of the decisions analyzed in the report (7 and 5); Justice Whittaker in eight (5 and 3); and Justice White in three (2 and 1). f - ~ Shop and Save I FOX FURNITURE CO. 410 North Fariah. St. Telephone FL 2-5463 See Us For New Liyingroom Suites STATEMENT REQUIRED BY THK ACT OF AUGUST 24, 1912, AS AMENDED BY THE ACTS OF MARCH 3, 1933, JULY 2, 194« AND JUNE 11, 1960 (74 STAT. 208) SHOWING THE OWNERSHIP, MAN AGEMENT, AND CIRCULATION OF Jackson Advocate published week ly at Jackson, Mississippi for Oc tober 1, 1962. 1. The names and addresses of the publisher, editor, managing edi tor, and business managers are: Publisher Percy Greene, Jackson, Mississippi. Editor Percy Greene, Jackson, Mis sissippi. Managing editor Percy Greene, Jackson, Mississippi. Business manager Percy Greene, Jackson, Mississippi. 2. The owner Is: (If owned by a corporation. Its name and address must be stated and also Immediate ly thereunder the names and ad dresses of stockholders owning or holding 1 percent or more of total amount of stock. If not owned by a corporation, the names and ad dresses of the Individual owners must be given. If owned by a part nership or other unincorporated firm. Its name and address, as well as that of each Individual member, must be given.) Percy Greene. Jackson, Mississippi. 3 The known bondholders, mort gagees. and other security holders owning or holding 1 percent or more of total amount of bonds, mortgages, or other securities are: (If there are none, so Btate.) NONE. 4. Paragraphs 2 and 3 Include, in cases where the stockholder or security holder appears upon the books of the company as trustee or in any other fiduciary relation, the name of the person or corporation for whom such trustee Is acting: also the statements in the two paragraphs show the affiant’s full knowledge and belief as to the circumstances and conditions un der which stockholders and secur ity holders who do not appear upon the books of the company as trus tees. hold stock and securities In a capacity other than that of a bona fide owner. 5. The average number of copies of each issue of this publication sold or distributed, through the malls or otherwise, to paid subscrib ers during the 12 months preceding the date shown above was: (This information is required by the act of June 11. I960 to be Included in all statements regardless of fre quency of issue.) 3,000. Percy Greene (Signature of editor, publisher, business manager .or owner) Sworn to and subscribed before me this 1st day of October, 1962. B. L. Wade (My commission expires April 12, 1966) (8EAL)_ For Needed Money Go To GLOBE FINANCE SERVICE Personal Loans Arranged Auto — Furniture — Signature Real Estate Dial FI* 3-8916 163 a Paarl Annual State... (Continued From Page One) i Negro officials who heads up the Negro Division of the Mis sissippi State Fair Association, in noting some efforts in op lposition to the Negro State Fair, pointed out last week that the Negro State Fair is in no ways involved in the cur rent Ole Miss crisis. It was pointed out that for the past fifty years, Negroes in Missis sippi have had their own State Fair which was taken over largely by the state association because of the fact that the increasing cost had made it practically impossible for the Negro group to operate with out assistance from the State. He said that with or without in tergration the Mississippi Ne gro State Fair would last as long as the Negro citizens of the State continued to value their own products and ac complishments, and the real purpose of the Fair. The Royal American Shows jthe nation’s and one of the World’s greatest carnival at tractions, with many of the most unusual and awe inspir ing shows and people is the fea ture along the gaint midway. There is also the Harlem Re vue which has always been one of the great entertainments for local fair goers. In the Revue there is Doris Youngs, talented songstress, Shirley Wright, “peaches” Slayden, and Eames tine Meloy, three of the twelve dancing stars stepping their way in one of the featured rou tines, with special lighting ef fects in Leon Claxton’s Star Studded musical revue. Music, Dancing pretty girls, and beau tiful wardrobes spell production in any musical revue and that is exactly what fair-goers will find Leon Miller’s 1961 edition of the Club Lido American (Shows Gigantic Midway this season. Member Of... (Continued From Page One) The Honorable Karegesa ap pealed to the American Negro for moral support and their prayers during this period of transition. He also reminded them of the ties that they have with the African nations. “Uganda will get its inde pendence Tuesday (October 9) and we will need your moral and spiritual support,” he said. , The theme for the month was ‘Emergent Africa: A Continent in Transition.” An exhibition on “Tropical Africa: An Explosion in the Future” was on exhibit in the lobby of Perry-Paige dur ing the entire month. The audience saw Africa through many eyes during an audiovisual experience. Some of the eyes were those of Dr. and Mrs. S. Randolph Edmonds, Dr. William Howard, and Dr. C. B. Owens, all members of the FA MU faculty who have visited the continent. Brief remarks were made on the customs and culture of the African by John Makuku and Stainislanaa Unoessien, both na tive* of Africa and PAMU stu dent*. Dr. Sylvia Render review ed Kimble's book. Tropical Af rica. Dr. Howard climaxed the month-long activities with a vesper message on “Africa and its Rise to Freedom.” According to Dr. Howard, “Af ricans are determined to wipe out all vestiges of past humilia tion, to assert the dignity of Af ricans, project the African per sonality, and to make persons of African descent proud of the glorious African revolution and its fruits.” -0 Patrenizt Our Adwrtisifs SHOCKS, TAIL A EXHAUST PIPES 816 TERRY ROAD 0*M MU a. It. • AAt PJft. Try Our BUDGET PLAN Refreshments Of All Kinds — COME OUT ANYTIME — S & S GROCERY AND CAFE Open Sundays TAKE HIGHWAY 49 NORTH TO CITY LIMITS TURN RIGHT ONE BLOCK TO SUNSET DRIVE JOHN SIMPSON, M*r. FIXTURES THE SUBJECT The Choice of Lighting fixtures can enhance the beauty and comfort of your homo. Modern designers have created patterns and colors that will bring out the best features of your home. • • • STUART C. IRBT CO. 815 S. State St Jackson, Miss.