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The Waynesburg Republican. [volume] (Waynesburg, Pa.) 1867-18??, April 14, 1869, Image 1

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Term of rublloatiou.
Tea Watimsdu Hifratuui, Offla la
Hyara,baUdlnc, u( of Um Oixift Uuuaa, la pvb
luhed ervy WaAaaadar Morula P
unn, ut ASTAaca. otMMUiot pala with
' is la year. AU eaWcriptUa accasiata vm
iMHMMuMMllr. "o paper WIU M aeat
oat of Uta aula anises paid tor ax AOTAaca, and
all such eubacriptlone will Invariably ba dUooc
tlnnail al lha explraUoa tba lima tar wUiah
they era paid.
ComatanlaatUmioA suhJecUef lodlae(BeraI
tuvl twneetfuny solicited. To saeais
' i "- kind most Invariably to
i QMaanUor,iKfcr
, .. . a. t .yaa. ml laipuaitloa
TERMS OF COCRT.
First Tarai, 2d Monday of April) Second
tana, U Monday of Junss Third term, Sd
Monday" V)f ' September; Faurth tarm, 3J
Monday o( Decambar.
M:.'P?TTf OFriCEIlS.
ftitiat Jutt'jt.&. A. Oilmora. . .
Attot iafe Judtjt larael L Craft.
rM George Itoakioion.
JQieaWaryJ. F. Taapla, ...
SktriJF II. B. 8ilfe.ua. -Btgitttr
Ji Recorder Pater Brown.
7Voaajrw-A. II. BaiW.
Vommiuionert J. M. Morris.
"jLV.'Sfc'cl.l.and.
Cfrrit Tnmmi'ionrr Josaa Hill.
Gb-iu--W. 8teaata .
Axdilort A. O. CroM,
. i'-i J. AlluiOj-f
. Simon Rinaharl.
J)UMAUortj IX X. . H. t XSI !'
' Jury CommittioMTtiaMt Hill,
Joaaphui II. Morris.
Director! of the root Henry Morris,
W. I'. Soott,
, '.!', ' i .. . M. Tample.
CIIL'UCHBS.
JiWW.af Iter. J. D. Powney.
MttMitl Episcopal Itsr. J. L. StitTy.
'mhjleriantltt Pnstor.
Vnofur-lteT. II. K. Crni.
Cumberland 'PrtibgtnianRty. A. 11. Mil
ler, D. D. .. , x
SCHOOLS
Waunulurq College Kotj A. H. Miller,
Fres.j Prof. M. K. flarriaon, Teacher of
Languages; Prof. J. 8. Hughes, Teacherof
Mathematical Mm. M. K. 13. Miller, Pnn.
cipal of Female lnpnrtmer.t; Miaa Lucy V
lojfhrara, Teacher of Instrumental Muaio.
Union School Prof. Jae. llinehart, Prin
ja.l, .-(. . : i ' .
Ptitmuler3m)) Cooke.
JY-Carde will belnaeried In tlilacolumn at
from3 wtolA OA nooordlniiloeli. Tblalsthe
beat noaltlon In the paper.
rM. A WAI.I.ACK,
HIALUt IX
(UOCKRIES AND COSFKCTIOXERIES,
Ptnvlalnna p. Omntry Troduea liouslit and
auld, lie alao kerw a full and coinpU'ta muck of
." BOOTS AND SHOES.
fltnraln the room liitclr oocuplrd byOreljli'a
Drug mure, liu Mt., Wnyiiinburn, I'a. "
April 7. 119.
TJILKIVKDaJOHN,
Cabinet Maker anil Unck'rtnkcrs,
ltaverrniored to llilr New Sliop, South of the
y. II. Nnt. Ilnuk. WayiivaburK. I'a.
Rrrrvtliliif; In llinr line kept and made to
oritur i Ilia IhwI of work inim, anil of tlmliaHl
material. AN KI.KHANl' IlKAHMBalwaya lu
rmillncaatiialleud fuiiorula.
Maroto II) Imm , i . .
.U..POUKIU,
ik-s m". i; 1 r
P II 0 T 0 0 R A P II E U ,
II, nm f.irinorly occupied liy Watlaca Bane,
oiMtUii:"iiilllounu, Vi iiiMliurK. I'a.
All klnclnof plclurc In fulr or foul wnnther.
lMi'liirm coiiplril. Kntiuna of ovcry klnu fur
kutlu.
feiHllnriw'tiiiii Riiuriuuncii.
t.uivu nun airiarva
f1 KNEltAI.
INHUIlANCli AGENCY.
Viae, IxLNu,MAaiii( and Lirx Inscranoi.
Appllcntlona for Iniiiirnnt In the leftfllnitand
mMl relliililn liiNtirHiice Oiinpaulua iu tlia Laat,
will rcculvo prompt uttmillon.
niDmt In the rint National Ihtnk lliilhllnK,
3ttly Wuyiioaburg, I'a.
Wit, nKT.PHENHTrNPt, Meuhanlca' How
. above M. K Uiurcli, Wnyuuauurg, I'a.,
1 DEAl.tB 1.1
TIN, Cori'KIl AN11HHKCT IKON WAUK;
. Btavea of every al ze and kind.
f outtnn kept and put up. Hcpnlrlnx dune at
any time aud m Low Itulca.
Itcmcmbrr the plnce, f orch 3,'SMy
J. N. MIILKFI,
Aiir.STron Tim
NORTinVKSTEUN MUTUAL
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY.
All klmlaof Pollclca liuued. Rutca low. Ilotli
tint Caan, aud the L'uali and Note Hyaloms
nVANS a MIXOK.
J DRY GOODS.
Main Street, Opposite the (Jroene Iloune.
r'orelRn and Doiucatlo (looila, DooU and Hhoea,
(inuviuwaro, de. Country Produce taken.
arPrlcea to eult the tliuea.- Uoc.D-tf.
jyNIUI. ANDKIWDN, .
. ..MERCHANT TAILOR,
On Main atreet, near Ilradcn'a. Kery kind of
Man and Unya1 Clotlilux. Material kept and
niada up on abort notlra and roaaonable tcrtua.
A-CultliK doue.-aa ilea 'J,"lW-ly.
yM. t. we nn,
SADDLE AND HARNESS MAKER,
llnrneaa. Rnddlca, BrMlca and everything In
lila line kept and iniule to order. Main alrevt,
nppoalte Die Worley Honae.
aa-rrleea low.- a I)ee.t'M.ly.
w. iiohektm, DnnaaiBT,
Uuyers' Block, Main Street, WaynesbnrgPa.
ery kind of Tve Rtami, Patent Medlclnea,
Ulla, Patuta. Itruahea. Hpo:igea, Ijkinpx, Ac.Ao.
ta.Preacrlptlona carefully compounded.
lleotW-ly -
pEO.'a JEKFERV, ,
i . NOTARY PUBLIC.
Ilnalneai pertaining to the office attended to
romptly. Office wltli P. A A. Telegrapu Co.,
aaat of the Court Houae.
Mav Ik 'a)-ly.
MTM. BAIXY, ,
' WATCHES AND JEWELRY,
MU itbekt, orroaiTi cocttr nocaa,
KearM an handa always a cholee and select aa
aortment of Watclina and Jewelry, Repairing
done at tlia loweat ratoa. o7-ly.
JEWW DAY.
PBAUa r BOOkt AMD STATIOKkar,
4k
Wall Paper, Window Paper, fte. Hnnday Hehool
, flnoka of all klndaennalAnttv on hand, room In
Mrs. Rnah'a building, formerly occupied by Cot-
terell aTnylor, Waynoaburg,Pa,
. May I, 'aily. .
FIRST NAT10hL T3ANK,
p r' ' ' . -or
WAYkiaioaa
v Qpans...w innwhi o'eloek A V.
- Closes ti.MM.n.,MWw..v.4oolook p a,
pimxMINT DAT..M. TVEMUAV
D: Boxaa, Ptm'I. J. C. KLmmicgn, t.'aahler.
' f. KAra rbaainaajt, Assistant Ca Oiler.
T HA AC HOOPKR. dealer In Oroaerlea, Pradaaa,
pualta Kobarts' l)ra afore, ft'w,,,Mblu5J;fjly
1 (.onteeuoaenca
Clgara, TuAaveo, Ac, op.
I FOUNDRY, C. W. Brrwar, nmpHalo
Vwiinga of' avary kind liap and saada to
awAM I sapflrs? tasbrala Walla.
aaeP
MaraatjOljr
JAS, N. MILLER,
VOL. XII. 4
aAll eommunloatlona to this Twvitartmant
mull ue euiired aa toiiowai -eiurationiu
dcpartinent llapuulican, Wayneaburg, I'a."
, For the Educational Department.
( f , , j HIOIiLK.
O don't o o but da o mn, .
& give o o I do o thee.
Solution desired. . x.
Lancaster lias decided to Imvo hor
boys' and girls' high school hereafter
in separate buildings.
Vor the Educational Department.
'isio.t aiuouu.
la the lust twenty yoar?, Union
Schools, or as they are sometimes CaU-.
cd, gratled Schools, have grown quito
common. Every town of rcspectablo
size hasa large building with three or
four or moro roomn, the whole under
charge of a principal. We have newr
seen any reports of the working) of
theso schools. Generally, wo stippo.se
they answer the purpoio intended, the
saving ol money, that being one great
object with all Sohool Director. But
it seonis to us the plan is a hud one,
for the following reasons :
First. The rooms uro not so healthy
as tho commouono room sehool houses.
Ventilation is generally secured only
on two sides of the room, when it
should bo on every sido. When the
building is heated by steam, the effect
upon the health of the children is very
bad. . If this position be tor is
certainly much against Union School
bouses. ' '
Second. It places children of all
sizes too much together. We know,
that to avoid this is ono of tho objects
of the Union School, but it is practi
cally a failure. They are not together
during tho hours of recitation, but
they are during the play hours, which
is almost as bad. Further, the young
er children should have more time al
lotted them for play than the older
ones. Hut tins cannot lo done, at
least without- great trouble. The
childrcu of one room will not bo very
attentive to their etudius while they
hear the childrcu ..of annother room
playing outside. Bo, iTiifTiftlc child
of six is mailo to play with tho young
ster of sixteen, and is allotted only the
snmo time to plav, which k simply
barbarous, and injurious to both.
Ihird, It takes too much responsi
bility away from tho under teachers,
and places it upon the principal. All
matters of serious disputes are referred
to the principal. All who have ha I
experience in teaching know this to be
bad. Tho teacher should be supreme
in his or her room. Any other ru'e
will work out bad results.
Other reasons can bo given, but we
stop with these. I low ran these things
he avoided? Manifestly not by the
Common District School system.
Schools must ba graded in the towns
and villages. But let there be a buil
ding for each grade, and the objections
we have named will disappear. The
expense- would not be much greater,
au 1 would bo more than balanced by
the good results. j.
For the HsruHLtcAH
rnoM the vi:sr.
March Wlnda Alr-Tlht Ntovea neeell.
er'a t nurcu imnecineiita riieAtre
milk 4n ex.f'onvreaainitii In a Mew
Hole Tlie Inclined I' I mi" at llaillaon
Hpeeial fcleelluua ., dre.
East Esteiutusk, Ind.,
March 31, 1809.
Theso March winds play tho very
mischief tweaking off hats, distressing
bonnets, displaying balmorals and
making things, particularly and gener
ally, disagreeable. But, hold! one
good wecan speak of them. Thoy bear
away a portion of thesurplus moisture,
on hand yet from last Winter's stock,
and in this confer an inestimable boon
on "all who dwell below the skies."
The waters havo abated, once more
dry land appears. Houses that havo
stood for several months like so many
isolated fortresses, give signs of anima
tion in tho occasional appcaranco of
their fair garrisons, who, embracing the
earliest offer of Spring to escape from
their arsenal of sauce pans and china
ware, greet each other with the joy of
long parted friends. Fair weather is
jlousurc, if for nothing else than
allowing the blessed women to get a
free and pure supply of oxygen. Well
may men rejoice, too, about to be re
leased from tho tliralldom of pent up
confines, who have for days borne the
rack of brain caused by what Dickens
aptly culls, and righteously curses as
"the red hot demou of America the
stovo 1" A more exquisite iustrumont
of torture was never used in Inquisito
rial halls, and if any body is dying to
immortalize himself let him contrive
some substitute destructive of the nn
whotaomt power of this Infernal air
a 1
VAYKj
tight engine and a gsnerous people will
rear him a raonunioatitl pile higher
than tho top end of Chimborazo.
Before quitting Indianapolis let me
refer to a few more items noted. The
Congregational Church where LL W,
Boeoher fed his Hooks . with spiritual
food, dished np in his approved stylo,
stands upon one of the corners near
the business part of the city. A super
ficial glanoe was all I gave it. Kao
tniigular and two storio I, (if I may
call a high basement by such defini
tion,) brick, and p.tiuto I a dull white,
aurrounilui by a small enclosure of
wooden railing, presenting daaidailya
common sppearancj. It h. riot m tny
ySiFssfhoe he" give up his ofmra there
for the ono ho now holds. This buil
ding would seat, perhaps, four hundred
people; his Brooklyn audicuco we are
told, numbers thrco thousand, with a
pecuniary enlargement in tho s:uno
ratio. His lines may bo Slid to have
fallen in pleasant places.
. Camp Morton, about two miles
from Capitol square, will bo remem
bered as a placo of confinement for
rebel prisoners of war. In those troub
lous tinus it was thickly pcoplol and
nitmorous incidents are related by citi
zans of the city, of their unwelcome
guests, Tho most atrocious designs
wcro plotted against the city by the
prisoners, abetted by residents of tho
copperhoad persuasion. Ono was a
concerted attack on tho military, the
seizure of their arms, an 1 a general
cleaning out of tho city by fire and
sword. It was frustrated by one of
tho rcbsls who "poached." Attempts
toesenpo are certainly cxcusahlo in
captured enemies, even at tho cot of
life, but a wholesale slaughter of peace
ful citizens could only be the off
spring of such cowardly brains as
were possessed by tho sympathizers of
the North. The ringleaders were of
this stamp and hoaring of their expo
suro decamped. Ono has recently
returned to his home and was pointed
out to mo on tho street as "a man to
whom no one paid more respect than to
a dog I". To this lt.muanL40'.i&!
oanipTSTfAw ti ifeftfwn'aV
resounded once to the martial tread of
soldiers is turned under by the plow,
and the harrow of Tini2 is fast elfi
cing the signs of its former use.
In tlw way of amusements or rather
in tho places, Indiana's Capital is not
behind hand. Its -; ca leiny of Music
is handsome without and within, a
beautiful Temple of Thespia. As for
the plaviug, they who have seen Opera
Bouffe know of what it is made up.
I did hear Mrs. Scott Siddons give an
agreeable readinp; of "Rosalind" in
"AsyouLikelt'bnt "Bill" Shab
pcarc's side-splitting , come lies and
thrilling tragedies are trite to the mass
es of play-goers. In this age of tinsel
they prefer the glare of La Belle lie-
lene, with the dramatical world as
O'Reilly did with tho world of letters.
"What euros a stoara electric ago,
For narratives Byronical?
It rather lores to chronicle
Soma witty thing laconical,
Thrown lightly down upon tho panel".
The Rink furnishes pastime, nfler
noons and evenings, for those fond of
the skatorial. It is a largo enclosed
building covering an area of ahout
one half acre. Insido is the space
allotted to skaters, with a margin of
ten feet on three sides for spectators
and nbout twenty ieet on the other for
a gallury, restaurants, office, etc. Du
ring the cold season they have" ice by
flooding tho inner' compartment with
water, during Spring and Fall they
have a smooth floor of plank for roll
er skating. There is every difference
between a pair of steel runners and a
four wheeled skate, as I found on trial.
However proficient ono may bo with
the former he will find in the first at
tempt on the latter a constant liability
to perform acrobatic feats, such as
standing ou his head, running on all
fours. It takes a deal of coaxing to
overcome the aversion one foot has for
the other and the tondency they have
to keep as far apart as possible. But
if you do pound the floor occasionally,
what of it? There is a lady who
makes a first rate base drum, accompa
niment to tho band aud if she can
stand why certainly you should. The
Rink is a resort for prize skating.
I witnessed ono contest, speed carrying
the prize. "Billy" English, ex-Congressman
and the man who caned a
certain blustering Representative from
Washington county in Washington
City, during tho Kansas imbroglio,
was referee. At the tap of the bell
tho flonr was cleared, excepting tho
judges and contestants. Three on
ly entered and the silver goblet was
awarded to the roughest looking boy
Ac T T T: tMUQl.t HUMAN RACE.
tiaVEDNESDAY, AV1UL 14, 1SG9.
in the Rink, uoffiaore than fifteen
years old. Theydao against time and
he was ths.fleeU-n, There is not such
grace in roller r tinner skating but
i ts adaptability tJ all seasons gives
it the prefersjioe in the city,
Tho ladies "take it wonderfully"
aud as it is the : Isi of exercise my
advice is, to all wlocan, learu to skate
ou rollers. 1
On my rot urn tlip down the Madi
son & InJiunupolfli R. R. I hud a
good opportunity t seeing the inclin
ed plane at the riVjr terminus. Tho
grade is about four Lundred feet and
two miles in lunith'or two hundred
Ja?j!Hffy!lt "WV" or
ourvos of any elicit. Trains going
up are drawn by asingie engine aided
by a cop-cod rail, otii foot and a half
in width laid in thelceutre of the road
lied, and in some wjy adapted to the
machinery. The speed is not great,
but really faster thftti it seems possible.
Coming down the Jocoiuotive is do-
tiiched at tho top of the piano and
with brake "hard (lown" the train
creeps to nearly tV0"'0'"''10 incline
when they are "oT and tho cars dart
with fearful rapidity almost to tho
river's brink, round a curve and along
a level to the depot.) Tho last is a
wild ride and calculated to niako you
hold your breath from tho excitement
if not fear. Several afcidcnU of seri
ous nature havo happened here, but
the precautions taU.ni before ascent or
descent of sounding axlcsund cxaruin-
ng brakes, with the improved machi
nery now in use, renders the travel less
precarious than crossing tho Allegiio
niea on tho Central t'enna.
The special elections in this State
were held on the 2JJ inst., but the
papers I have yet received have only
tho early rumors anil, of course, aro
not reliable. I am Inly three miles
from the county of Ohio in which an
election was held, or rather the Democ
racy went through the motions. Ono
of its citizens in for his me that in sonic
places the polls were not opened, tho
Democrats thiaiselves not linking it
wri - "encforso he secession
witfoTtieTr Tnemljei'sTu i
publicans voted and in most instances
they had no ticket. The Democrats
will probably bo returned to their
seats, but the coobmlifTcreiice of their
constituents will cut' down majorities
to Hiiah degree us will dampen their
ardor not a little. Q.
For (he IIkpudlicaw.
LETTER ritOV IOWA.
Wo love to speak goo 1 words of
our adopted btate, we care not
where our lot bo cast. It docs us good
to speak of the many virtues and good
itialitics possessed ' by our young
llawkeyo State. For proof that her
praise is not confined to her own child
ren, wo have but to read the papers
of any other State, to find Iowa laud
el to the skies. When war with its
lark, lurid clouds cast the gloom of
war athwart the National sky, no name
hown brighter than that of Iowa.
Her sons were among tho first to
spring to arms, took part in every bat
tle in the West, and many in the East
from Wilson's creek to the fall of the
last Southern stronghold. But she
is not great alone in war. Peac had
hardly blessed the land ere her hardy
sons wcro aaiu ut their old trades or
vocations, and giving a mighty impe
tus to the rapidly growing State. Her
millions of broad acres of bind uro tho
most fertile, her citizens the most in
telligent and industrous; and now, she
has set a most glorious example to her
older citizens by striking out the
WuVe" from tho constitution and
making manhood tho qualification for
tho elective franchise. We are proud
to bo called an lowaian; and love to
sound her praise. in,1836, that which
is now called the State of Iowa con
tained 10,000 inhabitants. In 1833
it was detached from the territory of
Wisconsin, and in 1846 it was admit
ted as it State, having a population of
97,000. In 1856 the population had
increased to 306,000; in 1867 to 902,-
000, and at present 1,200,000 of as
brave, patriotic, generous, warm-hearted
sons and daughters of freedom as
any State can boast of. Come to its
borders, ye over-worked of the crowd
ed States; ye whose feet aro oovored
with stone bruises and whose most ex
pert calling is stump pulling; come, a
miiuou ot broai acres await your
coming. It seems almost incredible
that such rapid progress were true;
and if wo did not know it is so, wo
might think we lived in the days of
Aladdin and his " wonderful lamp,
But we have tho aid ot a lamp far
moro beautiful than ever that fabled
one was said to be the Letup of Free-
AAlL f?V Ur -L Av AAA, ill III J., .A A.KAi
doni I Ever has its wick been well
trimmed and its fires brightly burning
in Iowa; and so it will ever be. The
cause of such rapid growth mugr be
looked fur in natural advantage,. On
each sido it is bounded by rivers
which are among the largest in the
world, while it lies within lines of
latitude which gives a climate in a
high degree favorable for health and
bodily activity; and, also, for the pro
duction of staple articles of food
which are ofquiuk sale, and which are
prr duced in brief periods of time, ami
with little labor. The area in squar
miles, which is G500, is larger than
all England;. nine tnjitjuof the surface
is prairie, with a soil from ono to six
feet deep. The Des Moines, Cedar,
Iowa and other rivers penetrate .the1
interior of the country giving abun
dant water; ami it is conceded that the
scenery along the ban us oi some ot
these rivers, is as beautiful as any in
our laud. And nero Jet mo say a
word to the ladies who lovo flowers
and flower gardens. Here you will
find phlores of every hue white, pur
pic, red and crimson; lilies, roses and
most all perenniuls grow wild hero on
tho prairies. In tho gardens whore
annuals aro cultivated they grow lux
uriously. Great country for grnpes,
melons, hops aud tobacco, every thing
in short, that is raised in the tempe
rate zone. You can raise cattle, as
well us grain, for one-quarter of the
lubor and expense that you can in any
of the Eastern States. Peoplo here
tiro friendly, and their invitation to all
honest) industrious men is, come; tho
vast prairies say come; tho healthy
climate says come; good society says
come) the good water says come, and
tlio voice is to all wanting homes.
A9 many of your readers are inquiring
of me if lows farming pays, I would
say to that portion who are interested
in this rather queer question, hut one
often asked in the States farther East:
If a man moves here and waits "for
something to turn up," it will not pay;
but if ho pulls off his coat, mid rolls
p his sleeves, and goes in, "turns up
is place, it will pay. I will give you
one incident which is now uppermost
iu my mind, but which is only one of
thousands, showing whether farming
pays iu this country. A little moro
than n year ago. a Mr. Stcphonsou
came to this place with a little money
in his pocket, a stout heart, a
strong arm and a good span of horses.
Instead of sitting dowu in idleness,
using up bis means and compluiitirig
because he could not get rich, lie went
out three miles west of town and
bought 80 sores of prairio at $8 per
acre, and immediately commenced
breaking it up, which being done, he
spent the winter iu preparing fence-
ing; lost spring ho sowed it with
wheat, and while tho grain was grow
ing, put up tho fence, The crop was
harvested, thrashed and one thousand
bushels sold at $1 15 per bushel, real
izing the handsome sum of $1,115,
with soma five hundred bushes left
for home use and . next yeaVs seed.
Thus one year's crop paid the whole
price of the lund, breaking, seed, seed
ing mid harvesting. Intelligent, in
dustrious Iowa funning docs pay. One
pair of horses with the Moline plow
will break two aere9 per day, that was
never plowed before, with all case.
You can commenco cutting hay on the
prairies the loth of Juno, and mow
and stack until October. , Can com
mence in October to husk corn, and
luisltall winter, with the exception of
a few cold days, which for tho present
winter, 1 must say, aro liko "an
gel's visits," "few and far between."
Iowa is said to bo so cold aud windy
that plasters are necessary to keep a
man's hair on his head, and that you
might as well attempt to raise roses 'on
dog-fcnncl ns fruit in Iowa. This is
not much exaggeration of what some
people in tho. Eastern States think of
us; but, they are badly mistaken. . To
dispose of their foolish notion, we call
their attention to. the foot -that an
Iowa fruit grower took tho first pre
mium on apples at the Illinois State
fair at Quiuoy. How does that dove
tail with the Illiuois assertion that
Iowa can't raise fruit ? If persons in
the East, who have been educated to
believe that Iowa is tho coldest spot on
earth, were to witness such a winter
as this, they would radically change
minds. I never oxporiencod in the
Eastern States a more pleasant winter
than this. Truo, we- have had a few
cold days; but thore was no time whori
men could not be out of doors with
perfect safety, and if at any kind of
hand work, tjid not Buffer whh.tho
cold. As I have repeatedly nld, tbe
h
EDITOR AND PROritlLTOU.
NO. 43.
weather hero is much more endurable
and healthy than in tho States East of
this; because of tho dryness, wo are
seldom, if ever, troubled with mud in
the winter season, aud the result is, a
much better sot of roads, ' It is much
superior to Pennsylvana in this res-
. ' . .i . ' i i i
pect, us mere is scarcely a uay uui'iug
winter or spring, when farmers
cannot use their team and wazons
very comfortably. We would be glad
if those who think hard freezing and
high wiuds are the ohief oharacteristio
of winter hero, were to soo how bally
tliey are deceived. But they have
been educated to bolieve it, and in the
absence of ovular demonstration, it
must ba so, I ooufess to bavin? been
happily disappointed. I was made to
believo that the wiu Is would blow the
hair off the liead and the cold would
freeze tho horns off the cattle, if they
ohance to have any; but wo sea bow
badly we were deceived.
Iowa is tho central State, bounded
on the cast by tho great Mississippi,
and on the west by , Missouri,, with
railroads running east and west, north
and south, with more arable lund
thau any other Stuto in the Union,
healthy and salubrious climate, good
water and common people; equal
beforo tho law, neither slaves nor
lords. Men here have touched bottom
all are on adevcl.
Tho State is out of debt. During
tho war her peoplo were so patriotic
that no assessments wore made to pur
chase substitutes; nor wero tho regit
nients of any of the others States more
wholly composed iff volunteers. Her
free school system is sustained by
funds so ample, as not to be exceeded
by any of the Western States except,
perhupM, by Aliiincssota, whilo the
Slate University has a cash endow
ment of $23,000 a year; aud the Agri
cultural College bus un income of 850,
000. This last Institution receives
young ladies, as students, the samo as
young gentlemen, which is an advance
movement of which no other Statu
boasts. Tho liberality and independ
ence of tho peoplo ef Iowa, ut tho lust
gvHtbIifclioli,-sj(iii;U ,ti!y g.lvo to all
men the liberty to voto is another ad
vance; au 1 it is predictel that iu tho
not distant future tha elective fran
chise will bo still farther extended.
This certainly indicate. a high dogreo
of prosperity ; and yet in 87 of the. or
ganized counties two-thirds of tho land
is uncultivated, that is, there yet re
main 25,000,000 acres of as rich land
as the sun of Heaven ever shone on.
Iowa rates seoond among the States for
health, and fourth for its corn crop,
which lost year was about 90,000,000
bushels. Of othsr , grains, of dairy
and of gonerul farm products, the
amounts uro proportionately large.
The farmers of Iowa rido when thoy
plow, rido when they srtw, rido whon
they plant, ride when they cultivate,
rido when they mow, ridj when, they
rako and ride when they reap on rich,
deep soil. ' No rootsj stones or marsh
es in tho way; all under-drained aud
sub-soiled, stumps and roots all away
or deposited in quarries.. All this vast
labor was : performed ; by him who
causclh tho grass' to grow for cattle
and herbs for the use of man. Wcro
tho people of the custom States sensi
ble of the advantages) thero would be
as great a rush hero as there was to
the gold mines of Australia and Cali
fornia. Mahaska county, my adopted
home, I wish to speak of her. I once
heard a Gentleman say that ho did
not think much of a man who did not
think'moro of his own family thanany
other. I thought at the time that tha
remark was highly proper, and upon
reflection see that it may very proper
ty be applied to other matters ns woll
as the family. ,
mt t 1 ..lea'
me man wno ctoes not tinnk more
of his own county than that of any oth
er, all things being equal, is not a true
patriot. It is his bhicld and protec.
tion, and demands his warmest sym
pathies and cordial support. ' It must
be borne in miud, that Iowa is yet in
her infancy not yet out of her swad
dling cloths, . How does she compare
with her older sisters who have grown
to full stature? Iu point of growth,
iudustry and prosperity,' she outstrips
them all. Mahaska county is yet but a
babe, but she is growing to bo a bouu
cer, and if she contracts no disease
to injure her growth and prosperity,
will soon grow into youth, manhood,
ami even oiu ago. nor resources are
now large and will becomo larger, and
finally largest. She stands seoond to
rio county in Iowa, or any other State,
in point of soil, water, stone, coal(
timber, health Aa.' It is certainly
the garden ip6t of the world for farm
irig and ' Other parpoese, we believe,
Terme or .A.tlvertls)lieT
ID! WOII, ?
ABYaanstni-rm mwud at as aa nar annua
filV lIlM IMMIAM. m lua . .. .4 A &a
square far each additional Insertion (tee 11a ai
or i-norini type eonntcd a square). '. J
Unix dm ponces act uudor the head of local
news wiu be obarged Invariably le Mats a Ukl
for each Iniertlon.
A liberal dtxlmilon made to peraons advert! t
liig by tha quarter, half-rear or jraar. Opaslal
notloea chanted one-b air man. tbaa renlmr aal
Verllaemenu.
job i-kiKTi.toof arerjrktnd In Plain and Faa
cy colors; 11 and-bllls, fllanks. Cards Pamphlets
Sc., of evorr variety aud atria, urlutad aa thk
nuneai uuiiec.
I I
and will say to persons in the older.
States, if you contemplate a change of
location, give Iowa a visit before aot-
tling elsewhere. If once hero we reel
satisfied all will bo well. Ckaloosa.'
well known abroad a the oity of trees,'
from tho largo number of behutifhf
ahade trees that ornament its "streets"
and tin grounds of its piivato resident
ccs, was laid out on tho 13th day of
May, 1811, by (he Commissioners ap
ponited for that purpose. It is the
scat of justice of Mahaska county, ana
was at first named after the county l
but, almost immediately the vote was
reconsidered end its present name
adopted., It is located Am a rialh'g
prairie, 'well slili ted Willi timber on the
dividing ridgo, nearly midway botween
Dcs Moines and South Skunk rirersi
Ruin fulling on the North sido of'the'
ridge finds its way to the Skunk river,'
whilo that nn tho South side eventu
ally swells tho waters of thb 'Dee'
Moiiirn. It is situated in one of (tie
richest and most fertile districts of the
State; and tho Dim shines not tip'on'a
better or more product! Vo io ot rnorj
loyal peoplo thati cart bo 1 found hi
Maliuska. Tho county out of a porn
u'ntion of 14,816 in 1800 sent 1,3W
soldiers to tho army, than whom-none?
havo a brighter record. Tho' county
has at present a , population oj
ubouut 20,000, ranking, we bpliove,
about tenth of any in tha StatoSrhlfe
!u tlio iirnditntion rf nnni "ir vunlrajt
- " "t -,
knit year sucmid. Its ' shipments of
coal, with which its cntiro surfaco is -underlaid,
was Inst year (far. grittier
than any other county til. tlltf Statei
reach i ng nearly 1 ,000,000 busfieTrf.
Of theso mines, the bent worked and
most productive uro within almost a
stonu's throw of tho county seat. " ' .
Oskaloosa has n population of 500Q
or upwards, and a mora healthy ao4,
pleasant location docs not exist iu ttift
State, nor ono where there aro greater)
advantages offered to tho industrious
laborer or tne man ot capital, ( Ihe
fallowing denominations have houses
of wor.ihip und ministers i -M. E7,
M. E. colored, Prwhyterian, .U.
(X- X,rei4livr..'iiAri- rViiio-rr.-rAlitinaliMr.-.
Christian, Baptist, Trot. Episcopal,
Fi'iouds or Quakers, Catholic, and the.
Fiionds' yearly meeting IIoii3o,",uied
by that body in thei- nnmal meetings'
- - , v ,.y"e-a"-?-TJT'-."r
asidofrom theso tho Universalists 'and.'
rt -. i i '
unitarians nave cacn a congrcgatiop
but uot regularly supplied with pW)
tors. All the above huve' Sabbath
Suhools. In regard to educational ad
vantages but fiiw towns of its size prevj'
sent the samo facilities. Oskalooss,
College, a very imposing and beautiful
n l!Hnn al-K.,1 til tlia it.fxj! i.uvf nflnu'H .
' r -n -,-,-
has a fine ten aore flat of ground, una
cost 50,000, one of the best, schools j'jj
tho country. Thu city oua two
brick buildings each two .stories litgh,
containing eight rooms in all, whore
a portion of tho public schcob are,
taught; theso being entiroly inadequate,
for the accommodation of pupils, Jljej
C. F. church is routed aud used , as a,
high school department, and tho ,Sec'j
ond M. E. church for the colored;
school ; yet, all theso are iusuflicicu
and the school board has contracted,
for a 835,000 Union Suboo , Ilousq,
Aside from all these wo boost of tvfcr
excellent aolect schools, ono otbjojij
is classical and Normal. , Tho city has
a large local trade, twelve Dry. popda
stores, three Clothing stores, j tUrcj
Boot and Shoe stores, four Drug stoics
thrco hardware stores, seventeen g9
ceries, four queenswaro stores, ry
bakeries, two furniture storcB,twq book
stores, orra news depot, two . paokaj
fifteen lawyers, thirteen physicuins)
tlirce dentists, two mii'Die 6uops,,tu,rca
printing uffices, thrco picture gaUces-
livo hotels, Uve real cstato iir,ui9r.tWCj
tobacconist.', two woolen Hictories,
flouring mills, two planing milTs, foja$
jewelry stores, two merchant tailor'
hhops, three lumber . yards,i8epcn'
blacksmith shops, one coverlet, woavtyy
one dye - house, four . barber; -shjopsy
two agricultural warehouses,',, four'
wagon shops, one turning mill, three"
harness and saddle shops, '.togetavejjf
with mechanics of all kinds'. , If jot
desiro to know moro about thb flours
ishing city ? and country, ooine OU 'Bnd
sea for yourselves, and your , rjuriosiry
shall bo satisfied. Hoping -our fwble
effort may prove tenofir'ud-ami" in
structive .we ouWwbe lourtotyes
Yfjota::: i'.vu , t,a
J.vo. W. WtT.c
. , r" . nT
WfiBupposo tho Demo will fic
tile blame of their defeat in Connecii3o
on the Fifteenth Amrntfmfyit, If it
always works such results wo'.wfll be
satisfied. - Thodayijpfdf mpuS
bo scared into voting (ho'jJcmoVrii'ip
ticket Iry the cry of Negro banality.

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