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rTHE WEATHER Lrtly cloudy today and Monday with few scat ;ered showers. ■ iami , Fla., Thursday, November 26, 1953 ■ ditorial r THE INVOCATION OF GOD ON THIS ' THANKSGIVING DAY SHOULD MEAN MORE THAN EVER TO US The people of the United States join together today to give thanks to God for all the bounties with which he has favored them during the past year. The United States—the most powerful nation in the world, the country that enjoys more economic, scientific and military prestige than has any other nation ever recorded by history—sets aside this day year for a Thangsgiving to the Supreme Being Tvhose existence is manifest in the miracle of Creation, which can only be explained through the intervention of 'a divine, supreme power. W From the President to the most humble citizen— Jill the people of this country should send a prayer lo Heaven with the sort of humility incumbent upon ■hem as the recipients of traditions consecrated by the Hast. There are few holidays observed in the United Htates that should be endowed with as much sanctity B should today. ■ This day it critically meaningfull in this moment ■of anguish for humanity, when the nations of the learth find themselves at such a fateful juncture. The Hlebration of Thanksgiving is a demonstration of Hith in the greatest spiritual values known to mank —a proof of trust that divine goodness can guide in paths of peace and progress, provided they Hfe sell their birthrigh for a mess of pottage. are more than ever needful of invoking the s|||H God for confronting the wave of atheistic mat- which has been sweeping over the world ■P cancerous plague, and which in its cold, calcul- threatens to obliterate our Christian her- HHHBRKvrtaicaes cvt iy traditional concept of nio-r - from the human conscience. It is reason that when we meditate today about S§|jHfate of this country and the world, we should jjjHlore God to light the path ahead which has been with the darkness of violence. the players of an entire nation wend their way in gratitude to God, the people of this await, with hope and faith, for His bened- His message of peace and love. HjHe resnectfully join with the peonle of the United jMSSKs in their Thanksgiving Day celebration, as they to their God and invoke divine Protection world of our day that is anxiously seeking of tranquility and justice that it seems to h<|ve temporality lost. \. Pm American Highway Delegates Meet tWjjh Transport Officials At State Dept. WASHINGTON, D. C. Yesterday morning doctores Eduardo Arnal and Francisco J. Sucre of the Organization Committee of the Sixth Pan American Highway Congress paid an official visit to Mr. Charles P. Nolan, head of the Department of Transportation and Communications of the State Department, and to his colleague from the same department. Mr. H. H. Kelly. Assistant Secretary of Commerce S. W. Anderson received the members afterwards. Both interviews involved dis cussion of matters pertaining to the forthcoming highway convention. Last night, doctor Francisco Aguirre, publisher of “DIARIO LAS AMERICAS" and Director of the Pan American Division of the American Road Builders Association, who accompanied the Com mittee on its tour of Latin American countries, offered a reception in honor of doctores Arnal and Sucre. The reception was attended by guests from Washington officialdom, as well as by representatives from press and highway associations. U. S. Information Service Is Doing An Effective Job Says Sen. Hkkenfoooer AVAN A,' Cuba IIP —Sen. Bourke lHickenlooper (R. Iowa) said I the United States Information ■ice (USIS) is “doing an es- Ive job” of countering com ■st propaganda in Latin Amer ■' lowan participated in a six ■ tour of Latin America dur which he surveyed USIS oper in this hemisphere, in his Bity as member of the Sen ■ foreign relations committee of the sub-committee ■tin American affairs. b y committee HUrMaj. Henry F. Holthusen, ■nlooper visited Mexico. Nic- Ba. Panama. Colombia. Peru. Argentina, Brazil, Haiti and Cuba. USIS will get better as goes on." he commented, hemispheric rela of the “utmost import |Hto the United States and “piled up a great deal of future value" tour. believe there are anv HH problems in the countries imviim* Dciilu we visited as regards relations with the United States.’ Hicken looper said. % “Some problems are difficult, some are not soluble at this mo ment but none of them is in soluble.” In a number of the countries visited, the “climate is not suf ficiently sure to assure foreign in vestments,” the lowan said. He said he was not a believer in the formation of economic blocs among Latin American nations. They have not brought any long range benefits. I favor open trade with all nations.” He admitted, however, that "temporary eco nomic blocs might be all right in some cases.” Asked if_ American investors in Latin America don't get more out of their investments than in the I United States, the Senator said: I don t believe it is a crime to I make a profit.” He pointed out | that foreign capital aided greatly] in the development of the United States "and made a good profit also.” S2G Million Paper And Woodpulp Plants To Operate In Chile WASHINGTON. D. C. (P.A.U.) Chile ise planning a paper and pulpwood program believed capa ble not only of suplying the coun try’s entire domestic demand but producing enough for exports as well. Back of the move is the Com pahia Manufacturera de Papeles y Cartones. a privately capitalized firm, and the government agency Corporation de Fomento de la Produccicn. Initial financing is be ing made through a S2O million loan from the International Bank of Reconstruction and development. The Papeles y Cartones plant is the only one of its kind in Chile. In 1952 it produced 11,000 tons of newsprint and 30.000 tons of other paper and paper products. In site of constantly increased output, the company has been unable to meet demands within the borders of Chile. In 1950, Chilean imports of news print and cellulose pulp were valu ed at about $5 million. Increased production of pulp locally through chemipcal as well as mechanical rocesses is expected to eliminate the same time provide a means of making new paper products for Chilean industries. New plant construction will be designed so as to permit expan sion to accommodate additional rayon pulp, another item for which Chilean demand at present ex ceeds supply. The new program is designed to Odeca Will Go Ahead With Its Anti-Red Plans Despite Guatemala's Withdrawal SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador 'IP) Foreign Minister Roberto E. i Canessa vowed to carry on his fight to halt Communist infiltra tion of Central America. The dynamic. 41-year-old minis-! ter said that if necessary he would take the matter before the tenth Pan American Conference, slated to meet in Caracas, Venezuela, next March. He said the recent Communist inspired withdrawal of Guatemala from the organization of Central American States (ODECA) which he helped create, had not discour aged him in his struggle against Communism. “Communist infiltration of Cen-j tral America can be prevented I through agreements among our governments to bar the improper use of traveling documents and the spread of subversive propaganda, and through the reciprocal ex change of information on the ac tivities of Communist agents,” Ca nessa said. “Even after Guatemala’s with drawal, the ODECA can attain its high aims, with the steady moral and economic support of the re;! maining Central American states,” j he added. ODECA was established in 1951 at a meeting of the Foreign Min isters of the five Central Ameri can republics, held here, under Canessa’s leadership. Its chief pur poses are to strengthen the bonds linking the five small republics and to serve as an instrument for solving common problems. The ODECA charter provided Floating Debts In Brazil To Be Consolidated RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil OP)— President Getulio Vargas sent a bill to congress authorizing a 60,- i 000:000,000 cruzeiro 53,264,000,- ; 000 bond issue to consolidate all : lederal, state and municipal float j ing debts. The face value of the bonds will ibe guaranteed by the Brazilian government for payment in either dollars or cruzeiros. Foreign sub- S scribers of the bonds will be as sured a favorable dollar exchange rate. The bill is part of Finance Min ister Oswaldo Aranha’s over-a 1 i program to reorganize the Brazil ian economy on a sound basis. It is intended to clear up the present chaos in Brazil's public capital market. States and municipalities whose debts are consolidated under the bill would be forbidden to raise new loans for 10 years. Atlas Confiscated By Chilean Ministry SANTIAGO, Chile IIP) - The Ministry of Interior was reported to have ordered seizure of all cop ies of an atlas edited in Argentina. The order was said to have been issued because the atlas shows as belonging to Argentina three Ant arctic islands claimed by Chile. Lennox, Pcton and Nueva Is bnds. involved in the case, are also claimed by Britain. j : take advantage of Chile’s vast for est reserves. Thirty years ago the country embarked on a wide-scale areas unsuitable for agricultural development. Now great stands of favorable soil and climate condi tions in the central part of the Republic Since 1.938 Papeles y Cartones ; has been using mechanically pro duced woodpulp to make paper. 1 Experiments have now been com | pleted which will permit the in troduction of pulp output by chemi cal methods . The company’s new pulp plant will be loated in Laja, a town on a branch line of the Concep cion-Santiago railroad. It will pro duce unbleached, semi-bleached and bleached pulp at the rate of 50.000 tons annually. The paper plant will be on the Bio Bio River near Concepcion, Chile’s fastest growing industrial center. Output schedules here call for 44.000 tons of newsprint and 6.600 tons of paperboard a year. Machinery for the latter is being brought in from Puente Alto and modernized. Total cost of all plant construc tion will be about $26 million. The money used for importing neces sary machinery will be paid in Chilean currency The Reconstruc tion and Development Bank’s loan j will be amortized over a period jof 17 years at five percent, with payments beginning in May, 1958. .that the first regular meeting of j the Central American foreign min | ister would be held in Guatemala City, at the invitation of the Guate malan government, within one year after adoption of thp charte’- Guatemala did call the meeting but in the meantime. Canessa ask ed that the agenda of the meeting include adoption of joint measures against Communist infiltration. Immediately, the Guatemalan Communist Party, which exerts strong influence over the govern ment, unleashed an attack on the Salvadorean government in gener al and on Canessa in particular, as “reactionary and fascist." Shortly thereafter the Guatema lan government announced indef inite suspension of its invitation to the four other Central Ameri can governments. The action was followed some time later by Guate mala’s withdrawal from the ODECA. Canessa voiced the hope that such withdrawal would be only temporary, since it was the result of the “policy of one government and governments are only trans itory, lasting only a short time in the lives of the peoples, where as the peoples themselves always seek their own well being and greatness." The foreign ministers of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua held a special session of the ODECA at the Nicaraguan capital last July, and in the so called “Declaration of Managua” pledged their continued support of the fight against Communist infil tration. The resolution reaffirmed the democratic principles of the Cen tral American republics: recogni zed the need to improve the social, economic and cultural conditions of the people as an effective meth od of strengthening democratic in stitutions and condemned Interna tional Communism. No Restrictions On Foreion Exchange lavs Uruouavan Bank MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay (IP) A recent ban on "futures” trading in the foreign exchange market is desinged to curb excessive spec ulation and does not affect legiti mate commercial transactions, a spokesman for Uruguay's Central Bank said. Miguel B. Rognoni, assistant manager of the Banco de la Re publiea, said the ban, issued Nov. 9 was not intended in any way to restrict free foreign exchange op erations. Officials of the bank are deter mined to maintain the widest free dom in this field and I can assure that they never thought to curb that freedom,” Rognoni said. He stressed that “futures” trad ing still is permitted in connec tion with normal commercial op erations. Rognoni charged that speculators took advantage of free conditions here “such as no other country offers”, to engage in a "series of speculative maneuvers which ser iously disturbed exchange quota tions.” | The Americas Daily Guatemalan Foreign Minister About To Be Declared Unwelcome In Costa Rica SAN SALVADOR. (S. E.) An in i terview. which took place between president of Costa Rica, Otllio ma te and the present Minister of For eign Affairs of Guatemala, Profes sor Raul Osegueda, which was held in Panama during the recent celebrations of the fiftieth anniver i has been widely discussed in thea I press of Costa Rica, El Salvador | and Guatemala. The meeting was given front | page tractment in view of the con- I ditions that preceded the interview which go back to the good-will trip j made several months ago by the then President of Costa Rica, Oti lio Ulate, to El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua, after accepting in vitations tendered by the chiefs exe cutives of those nations. According to Costa Rican papers the Guatemalan Foreign Minister instructed his ambassador to Cos ta Rica, Colonel Rafael o‘Meanys to extend an invitation to Presi dent Ulate to visit Guatemala. Ul ate accepted the invitation, stating that he would go to Guatemala after the forthcoming presidential elections in his country. When Ulate boarded the Salva dorean military plane at the Ilo pango Airport, on his flight to Honduras, the Costa Rican presi dent was informed about a state ment given id the press by Guate mala’s Foreign Minister Osegueda, who said that his government had no intentions of inviting any Cen tral American president to Guate mala “because there were more important matters to deal with’’. Because of this statement, the government of Costa Rica declar | ed Ambassador O'Meany “persona non grata” and recalled its am | bassador in Guatemala, Ricardo i Toledo .Public opinion in Costa Rica has favored the governments position that the statement made by Bolivian Ambassador Andrade Refutes Hertzog’s Accusations NEW YORK, N. Y. IIP) - Bolivian < Ambassador Victor Andrade has | ! written a letter to the editor of the New York Times, in which he I answered another letter that the j i Times recently received from ex- I | Bolivian president J. Enrique Hert-1 zog Garaizabal. According to the Ambassadro, the charges made by Hertzog are for the most part generalizations, but holds that they cannot be over- I looked, and that the clearest and simplest way of refuting them is jby referral to the letter written by President Eisenhower on Octo- I ber 14 to Bolivian President Paz Estenssoro. In his letter President | Eisenhower said: “The people of the United States feel a deep con- I cern for the welfare of the people of the neighboring republic of 80l- UJ.-Panama Talks Going OK Dulles Says WASHINGTON, (UP) At a press conference Secretary of State John Foster Dulles said that he is con fident that negotiations between Panama and the United States, now underway, will be resolved in an entirely satisfactory way. Asked to comment on the Pan ama-United States talks which be gan nearly two months ago, the Secretary replied that he is not up-to-date in that matter since he has pot seen the progress report for several days. He said, however, that in gen eral topics of discussion in some ways involve the Defense Depart ment and the Army Department even more than the State Depart ment. He said that the negotiations raised some every complex ques tion adding that the is confident that they will be resolved in ap I entirely satisfactory way. Arms Found In Cuban Hospital HAVANA (IP) Three men who were said to be members of the Orthodox Party were arrested here according to an announcement rpade by the Department of In vestigation. The police seized one machine gun, two small fire arms and some ammunition. The defendants, the department said, said that the arms belonged to an organization called "Triple A”, headed by the former Minister of Education dur ing the administration of Carlos Prio Socarras, Aureliano Sanchez | Arango. They added that they used the I arms for target shooting. The ; arms were found in the Chemistry | department of a private hospital. Osegueda was an outrage against j Costa Rica’s dignity, and specially j in view of that fact that the invita tion had been made in the presence |of foreign diplomats in the Presi ! dential Palace of Costa Rica. Relations between both countries were therefore tense during the last few months of Ulate’s adminis tration, and when the government of Guatemala announced that the diplomatic mission to President elect Figueres’ inauguration would be headed by Osegueda, there was much speculation as to the possible attitude of the Costa Rican foreign office. The situation came to a climax when Ulate and Osegueda met in Panama during the celebrations of the anniversary of Panama’s independence. They did not even exchange customary greetings. On j the eve of his return trip to Guate i mala, Minister Osegueda paid a | visit to Ulate, and according to Cen -1 tral American press reports, gave j Ulate a thorough explanation of the ! matter. He told Ulate that he would I always be welcome in Guatemala as a great democrat and distin guished newspaperman and invited him to visit his country any time he wanted. He also blamed Costa Rican ambassador Toledo for “con fusion” of the matter. “Neverthe less”, the Costa Rican newspaper Prensa Libre says, “President Ul ate repeated to Osegueda that if he insisted in going to Costa Rica as the head of the mission to Figuer es” inauguration, he would declare him “persona non grata.” Guatemala’s special mission to the Costa Rican official cele brations was therefore headed by Humberto Gonzalez Juarez sec retary of the presidency. Central American political cir cles consider that relations between Guatemala and Costa Rica will be greatly improved with Figures’ rise to power. ivia.” The Ambassador further on cit the position adopted by Bolivia in support of the United States and its participation and voting record in the United Nations as evidence against the allegations of Hertzog, who has described the present government of his country as Com munist. “Moreover,” he goes on to say ,‘‘the Bolivian government is the object of heated attacks by the Communists both within and outside Bolivia.” Andrade rejects the charges made by Hertzog against the economic policies of the present government. He rebuts the state ment of the ex-Bolivian president to the effect that the government “has confiscated private property,” by saying that “the laws of Bolivia decree that the mineral wealth of that country belongs to the Bol ivian people,” and that “the gov ernment did no more than cancel the concessions owned by the tin barons.” He reiterates that, in op position to Hertzog’s charges, the owners of all nationalized proper ties will receive a fair price from the government, and he ends his letter by saying: “Hertzog forgets the legacy which he bestowed upon our country, when he left the presidency in 1949. He left us a legacy of poor government and in stability: it’s no wonder that our economic troubles , have reached I mountainous proportions during | the last four years.” Anti-Reds Win Primary Election In Guatemala City GUATEMALA (If) The anti- Communist coalition headed by the Partido Unificacion Democratica - PUD- won the primary elections in Guatemala City with a slight margin over the Democratic Elec toral Front - the official party coal ition- according to unofficial press dispatches. The final results from the Elec toral Boards had not yet been re ceived. According to incomplete returns, as published in the local papers, the Democratic Electoral Front won, however, in most of the mun icipalities in the interior. A bulle tin issued by the Democratic Electoral Front says that the left ist coalition won eighty per cent of the country's primary elections. No incidents have been reported up to now between the government forces and the opposition. The Democratic Electoral Front includ es the revolutionary parties and the Cojnmunist Party. It claims to have been significantly successful in various municipalities. Curtailment Os Oil Imports May M Cause Serious Shipping Problems 1 NEW YORK N. Y. (IF) ln a I survey dealing with shipping and | trade problems, the Journal of Commerce reports that if the Uni ted States were to curtail its im ports of Venezuelan petroleum, its trade would feel the repercussions, j The article states that Venezuela and Colombia represent “in all probability the healthiest trade areas served by the United States.’’ The report adds: “The greatest problem confronting the shipping companies engaged in scheduled ..cargo service to the north coast of plouth America revolves around j Venezuelan oil, which under ordin ary circumstances is not even i transported by these companies. The shipping lines fear that pres ent maneuvers aimed at getting the United States to restrict its imports of foreign oil will lower Venezuela's dollar income, thus reducing Venezuelan purchases of general merchandise in the United States. These purchases have pro vided a source of traffic despite serious curtailment of traffic on other sea routes.” The magazine goes on to say that even this possible difficulty cannot obscure the brilliant pros pects which lie ahead for the ship ping concerns, inasmuch as an in creasing demand for Venezuelan iron ore in the United States will cause a tremendous expansion in the transport of this mineral prod uct by the end of 1954 or the be ginning of 1955. The Journal of Commerce then presents statistics to show that Venezuela has displaced Brazil as the principal purchaser of Ameri- Chilean Sends Expected To hi Settle Capper Question Sean _ SANTIAGO. Chile. HPI Aocord-J ing to information supplied by Mr. Rodolfo Mitchell, vice-president of the Anaconda Copper Company, following an interview between him and Guillermo del Pedregal, Chilean Minister of the Treasury and Economy, the Chilean copper situation is expected to be settled this week, when the Senate has finished consideration of the re- j port submitted to it by President ; Ibanez. Mr. Mitchell added that accord ing to Minister del Pedregal, the | Senate is studying a proposal. ] which, if it were approved, would lead to an immediate renewal of j negotiations for the sale of accum- | ulated copper stocks and a solution ; of the labor dispute at the Chu- | quicamata and Potrerillos mines, 1 already in its fiftieth day. Mr. Mitchell didn't specify the sale price for the copper, but he indicated that “the world price of j 30 cents a pound can be defended, J “a statement that was unofficially j interpreted as a meaning that the j government expects the Senate to allow it to sell Chile’s copper at I the world market price. There are 6.600 workers legally in strike at both mines. There has been a suspension of negotiations for wage increases totaling 5 mil- ' lion pesos a year, according to the < management of the two mines. 1 1 SPANISH LESSONS FOR BEGINNERS By G. B. Palacin Professor of the University of Miami, Fla. LESSON 27 (a) Present Subjunctive (Continued). vuelva comience venga vuelvas comiences vengas vuelva comience venga volvamos comeneemos vengamos volvaais comenceis vengais vuelvan comiencen vengan Volver to return;cotnenzar to commence, begin: venir to come. The Present Subjunctive and the Future Indicative. The present subjunctive and the future indicative are not interch angeable. The future indicative is used in a subordinate clause expressing a future action when the speaker does not know if any circumstance will prevent from doing that action. No se si ire (or podre ir) al cine. I do not know if I shall go to the movies. The present subjunctive is used when that future action is expressed as doubtful. No se si vaya al cine. I do not know if I go to the movies. With the verbs creer (to believe) pensar (to think) esperar (to hope), entender (to understand), and others, expressed in present tense, the future indicative expresses more probability or certitude the | present subjunctive. Future indicative: Creo que vendra (Maria) I believe she will come Present subjunctive: No eroo que venga. 1 do not believe she may come. CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS: i Lesson 25 (d) —Line 3. Read: mejarar to improve, better, augment. I Lesson 25 (d)—Lines 25-28. Read: porque en el Brasil hay algo mas j que case, y en Cuba hay algo mas que azucar... Lesson 25 (d).—Line 30. Read: muchos latinoamericanos son bueno* economistas. Lesson 25 (d)—Lines 36-37—Read: por que ea Latiaoameriea no s« pueuc tormar uua gran econouiia regional. FOR LIBERTY, CULTURE AND HEMISPHERIC SOLIDARITY can products. During the first eight ■ months of this year, Venezuela - bought $335,300,1)00 worth of United States goods and services, while Brazil purchased only $185,600,000 worth during the same period. The review adds that Colombian purchases are much smaller than those from Venezuela, but that United States exports to Colombia increased by 20 per cent during the first eight months of this year, reaching a total of $181,500,000. Although coffee is the prime source of dollar income for Colom bia, that country has avoided a “one crop” economy by diversify ing its production to a much great er extent than have most countries with so-called agricultural econo mies. The report adds that new indus tries are being encouraged and created in Colombia, and now that the new government has put an end to civil strife, Colombia’s economy is going forward. Colombia shares first place along with Venezuela on the list of coun tries preferred by the shipping lines. This preference is due not only to the greater tonnage of ship ping obtained with those two coun tries, but also because the distance itself is relatively short and en** ables the companies to utilize a ~ small number of vessels in this service. l The article ends by saying that ! good trade has enabled Venezuela j and Colombia to build fine mer chant fleets, which rival American lines in giving good service and ' receiving excellent profits. i However, labor leaders- -have--said— ! that they are not asking for such a fit ere, but that their claims amount to 400 million pesos. Meanwhile, the Senate joint com ] mittee for foreign relations, treas- I ury and mines has been meeting i behind closed doors to study the | government request for ways of I disposing of a accumulated copper stocks. It was learned unofficially, j although confirmation was lacking, | that the following proposals would receive majority approval: 1) Acceptance of the President’s offer to sell the copper to the : United States for 30 cents apound, 2) Recommendation that copper i stocks be allowed to compete on the world market at the free price; 3) Establishment of the fact that i trade in copper can be carried on I only with the Western World be | cause of international treaties still jin force that must be respected; 4) Recommendation that the Cen ! tral Bank no longer be responsible I for copper export sales, and that it be supplanted in this work by a specially created agency; 5) Recommendation for modifi cation of the systems of taxes and emittance of dollar earnings for the copper producing companies.