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. 0** KI < ** MlkM hJT THE AMhUCiS PUBLISHING COMPANY CL A. SAN ROMAN S. SMITH 'President Vice President FRANCISCO AGUIRRE HORACIO AGUIRRE Viee President and Publisher Editor and Manager Carlos E. Simons Managing Editor Ralph B. Ross William H. Scharrer Head ot Advertising Dept. Head of Circulation Dept. FOE SUBSCRIPTIONS IN WASHINGTON DC. CALL THE AMERICAS DAILY OFF,ICE. Phone RE-7-T415 Suite 910, 1001 Connecticut Ave. Washington A DC. United Press and Editor Press services. AHyertising Department for the ! linked States and foreign countries c/o Joshua B. Powers Inc. SUBSCRIPTIONS, by ordinary mail $12.00 per year. For six montns $6.00; , three months $3.90. By air mail in the United States, Mexico and Canada, additional $3.60 a month. Regular issue 5 cents. Sunday issue 10 cents. 434$>M4 h St. Miami Springs, Fla. Phone 88-7521 " MIAMI, FLA. SUNDAY, MAY 2, 1954. TtfE GUBERNATORIAL CANDIDACY OF LEROY COLLINS , Senator Leßoy Collins one of the candidates for state governor in coming elections, has made it clear in exclusive statements made by him to The Americas Daily that he is wholeheartedly in favor of shoring up the traditional friendship of the state of Florida toward the neighboring people of Latin ; America. i As a complement to the traditional political ties between the people of the United States and the people of Latin America, Senator Collins has as serted that the historical background of Florida is such that it lends itself perfectly to rendering the , state a logical spot for promotion of inter-American friendship in every sense of the word. Floridians of Hispanic American origin will no doubt be favorably impressed by Senator Collins’ profession of kindly feelings toward his Spanish speaking fellow citizens and his intention of incre menting closer economic and socio-cultural ties bet ween Floridians and Latin Americans via the devel opment of closer cooperation among our respective peoples. Hispanic Americans who have come to this state to settle are naturally concerned about the suitability of the various candidates for the gov ernorship—and about that of the Senator Collins in particular—for although they have accepted the American way of life for themselves and their off spring, Floridians of Latin descent retain certain cultural links with their countries of origin, and they are interested as to the stand of each candidate in regard to relations between Florida and those countries. The senator has found fit to use the Diario Las Americas, our Spanish-language colleague, as a medium through which to tell his fellow citizens of Spanish American background, in their own native tongue, that they constitute one of the bases on which the economic and cultural future of the state is to be built Wgare happy that Senator Collins found him self to be completely in accord with the tenor of our March 12 editorial in regard to the urgency of con structing an inter-American cultural and trade center in Miami at the earliest possible date. In conjunction with his announced support of the inter-American center, Senator Collins has shown that he was not prompted by the possibility of gleaning momentary political advantages for himself through his advocacy of the center, but rather that as early as 1951 in Tallahassee, when he was serving as a state senator in the legislature, he had extended is enthusiastic approval to a bill which would have set up an inter-American trade and cultural center in Miami. In view of the fact that Mr. Collins has placed such special stress on the need for development of a state-wide program aimed at strengthening inter- American ties with beneficial results for the people of this state in particular and the American people as a whole, and in view of our fundamental policy, which is aimed at promotion of sounder inter-Amer ican friendship, in strict conformity with its faith fully professed policies, The Americas Daily feels that those policies and aims which it advocates would best be served if the people of Florida elect Leßoy Collins as their next governor. All Floridians of Hisjganic American origin who feel as we do— that inter-American friendship and understanding are paramount considerations in our future develop ment—should support without reservation the cand idacy of Senator Collins. Diplomatic News Ecuadorean Minister of Defense Major Keinaldo Varea Donoso has arrived in Buenos Aires as a spe cial guest of President Peron. The minister made his trip ac companied by three officers of the Peruvian armed forces. They were met at the airport by high Argen tine military officials. * * The new Spanish ambassador to Ecuador, Luis Soler Puchol, has presented his credentials to Pres ident Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra. The Spanish diplomat had a fri endly talk with the Ecuadorean chief executive after an official ceremony. * * The Nationalistic Association gre eted Soler with applause as he en tered the government palace while bands played Spin’s and Ecuador’s national anthemns. Two companies of the Mariscal Sucre artillery batallon gave Soler military honors. * * Diplomatic circles in The Hague said that Argentina and Holland will raise their legations to em bassy rank probably on May 15. The Argentine minister to Hol land, Escalante Posse, will soon depart for South America, it was learned here. No reasons have be en given for his departure, but well informed diplomatic circles said that the minister is too young to be appointed as an ambassador. v * The Canadian and Dominican governments have agreed to raise their mutual diplomatic represen tations to embassy rank, it was announced in Ciudad Trujillo. * * Doctor Carlos Manuel de la Ossa has presented his credentials to President Adolfo Ruiz Cortines as the new Panamanian ambassador to Mexico. Woman Researcher Marks A First in Cancer Battle NEW YORK —(UP)— She was a brilliant student, graduated from the University of Chicago with top honors when the was 17. Today, a woman in her 30’s she is credited with being the first person to grow human cancer in animals. The result of her work may speed up science's efforts to find a cure for the dread malady. Dr. Helene Wallace Toolan, a small, pretty woman with curly brown hair and grey eyes, is an associate at the Sloan-Kettering Institute research unit of the Me morial Center for Cancer and Al lied Diseases. Dr. Toolan, an example of the women of our time who have be come VlP’s in fields once eonsid ered for men only, works with her six assistans in one of the liveliest laboratories in the Insti tute. Some 400 animals —hamsters and rats— are treated there each day. SUCCESSFUL TRANSPLANTING The means of growing human cancer in laboratory animals in sufficient quantity for research has been sought sporadically by science for the last 50 years. Two years ago. Dr. Toolan found this could be achieved to some extent by pre-treating the animals with small amounts of cortisone and radiation. One year ago she reported to the American Association for Can cer Research that she had been increasingly succesful in her ex periments. This year, she reported that one human cancer removed more than a year ago from a man's leg now is thriving in more than 1,000 hamsters and rats. The man is alive and well. The cancer has been transplanted consecutively in some 38 generations of laboratory animals. Now the “harvest” of this and other transplanted human cancer is being distributed to lab oratories in the Sloan- Kettering Institute and to other institutions for further experimentation in cancer prevention and cure. Dr. Toolan won’t predict when science will find the cure. She just goes about her job —trying to hasten the day. FUTURE FOR WOMEN Helene Toolan became interest ed in cancer research when her first husband, Dr.- Edward Walla ce, a physician and pharmacologist, was working at the Cancer Insti tute in Washington. After his death, she continued her studies, taking a doctorate at Cornell Uni versity medical school. She taught at Cornell for a time, and two years ago moved to Sloan-Ketter ing. She has remarried, to Dr. James Toolan, a psychiatrist. Her older son is studying medicine at Colum bia University. Her younger son is in high school. Dr. Toolan sees the world of re search science opening wide its doors to women. Being a woman, she said, has been no handicap to her in her career, even though a kindly pro fesor once warned her, “Don’t think you’re ever going to get any where in science, Helen. It’s a man’s world.” “The only time being a woman is a handicap”, she said in an in terview, “is when the woman her self thinks it is." VICTOR ALBA HAYA DE LA TORRE TALKS ON INDO-AMERICAN PROBLEMS The following statements were made by Peru vian leader Victor Raul Haya de la Torre during an interview held with Victor Alba, correspond ent for the N. Y. weekly The New Leader. Alba has transcribed the unusual statements of a man who lived as a refugee in the Colombian embassy in Lima, Peru for over five years. In Indo-Ameriea, imperialism is not the last stage of capitalism, but, on the contrary, the first. Foreign capital has done everything; without it, there would be no mechanized agriculture, no industry, no cultural development, no working class. (Moreover, that working class —which works in an industry producing no production goods, but only consumer’s items, without an iron in dustry as a base— is a special kind of proletariat, different from those of the United States and Europe. Our working-class movement has not taken into account this vital difference and its economic and psychological consequences.) Foreign capitalists, who contribute a large part of the revenue of every Latin American coun try, who represent an essential element in their economies, are in an unusual position legally: They are treated as nationals, but they are actual ly not nationals. Some puny Peron in some republic or other may start to nationalize, to take measures against foreign capital —not out of ill-considered nationalism and in good faith, but as a means of pressure— and then the foreign capitalists feel compelled by their special position to intervene in the internal politics of the country where they have investments. They buy off the little Peron or else instigate a military coup. Intelligent anti-imperialism must bring the foreign capitalists out from under the table and seat them around the table, alongside the work ers, peasants and national capitalists —in other words, let them participate in running the national economy, as a real interest group which must be taken into consideration. When I discussed all this with Trotsky and Lunacharsky, they were shocked. But they ulti mately admitted that I was right. Why? Because they realized that a Latin American does not make history; he merely lives it. Capitalism exists; it was not born in Latin America and it will not die in Latin America. Hence, for the Latin American there is only one intelligent, effective course: to protect himself as well as he can against the evil effects of capitalism, to profit from its beneficial effects wherever they show themselves, and to be prepared for the time when the decline of capital ism outside of Latin America will cause it to dis appear there as well. It was in the light of all this that I proposed the theory of the fourth power. In addition to Montesquieu’s three traditional powers —judiciary, legislative and executive— our era faces another power which exists in fact: economic power. It should be legalized, given the importance de jure which it already possesses de facto. We might have succeeded in doing this in Peru if the alliance of weak liberals, Communists and the military had not driven the APRA from power. Indeed, we had proposed creating an Economic Chamber or Con gress, in which the country’s inhabitants would be represented not as citizens, but as elements in economic life. The Army, too, would be repre sented in order to give it an economic role, since, fortunately, it has no military role (i.e., it has en gaged in no foreign wars in recent years—V.A.), and to break it of the habit of making war on the people for want of opportunity to make war on other armies. Representation would also be grant ed to foreign capital in order, as I have already said, to bring it out from “under the table" and enable it to express itself publicly and legally. All this, in my opinion, remains valid for the peoples of Indo-America. In order to grasp and accept the necessity of abandoning demagogic phrases and pat, sterile positions, however, one has to understand a great many other aspects of Indo-American reality. There are, for example, the differences in the mentality of the proletariat which stem from the fact that there is no iron industry, or practically none, in Indo-America. There is also the curious fact that, on our continent, the men who built the pyramids, walls MIGUEL CRUCHAGA O. TOURIST ATTRACTION IN PERU Reprinted from La Prensa of Lima, Peru. Peru was meant for tourists and not only for historical, folklorical and archeological reasons. We also have natural features that serve as a. sort of magnet to attract persons who are eager to learn about them. The very oddity of our coun try’s topography is a matter of knowledge to only a tiny number of tourists. Because of its proxim ity and unusual appearance, there is a spot near here that we think is worthy of special mention. By observing a moderate rate of speed, one can reach within two hours distance from Lima an extraordinarily curious spot. It consists of an im mense salt flat dotted with ponds featured by water varying in temperature, color and content, ac cording to the pond being visited. It resembles nothing so much as what we might suppose to be a scene typical of the early beginnings of the world, a scene such as those which Dore has so artfully depicted on canvas. All that can be de tected amongst the solitary wastes is a lively and numerous swarm of black lizards that scurry across the white salt plains as if they were trying to relieve the continuous monotony of the land scape. In contrast to this barrenness, in the dis tance there lies a tiny range of hills of a sort of plum-like color on the top of which a cross can be seen as a sign of civilization. The scene we have just described is a part of the Huacho salt flat area. It is visited by tourists of all descriptions —German, French, American, Japanese and other people of Oriental origin. The expansion of tourism which is now going on in our midst is a phenomenon that has started to era- even the most unthought of places —just the sort of places representing Nature's capricious designs that foreigners find so attractive and mys terious when they go abroad. Here one can see a Japanese family bathing in a deep, crystal-clear pool with such a devote look on their face that one might mistake them for Hindus partaking of sacred rites. Nearby, three Germans can be spot ted making their ablution in a tiny, warm pool, similar to those which are common features of steamships, with a look of pleased contentment on THE AMERICAS DAILY and palaces of the Incas, Mayas and Aztecs are still living. The Egyptian of Naguib and Nasser is not the Egyptian of the Pharaohs; the Greek of Papagos is not the Greek of Pericles; and the Ro man of Scelba is not the Roman of the Gracchi. But the Indian of today is still the Indian of the Aztec and Inca emperors. This biological link with the past is to be found nowhere else. That is why I always speak of “Indo-America.” The archeologists, just like the historians, have failed to see this living history which lies before their very eyes. Hence, all interpretations are basically distorted. And this affects not only scholarly works but current political activity as well. A policy wihch does not set out to be —or does not succeed in being— one which the Indians can understand is doomed to failure. I remember the time a big landowner in Cuzco said to me, after an APRA meeting in a village near the one-time capital of the Incas; “When they listened to you, the Indians smiled. It’s the first time I have ever seem them smile.” The reason was that the Indians felt that we were correctly interpreting their thoughts and aspirations. And no policy, theory or program which cannot make the Indians smile will be of any real use to Indo-America. What is the right policy, then? What, in other words, is the problem of Latin America? For this continent, apart from its participation —indirect at best— in the great world-wide problems, has its own special problems requiring special solutions. I do not believe anyone has ever commented on the fact that there is not a single windmill in Indo-America. The Spanish had no need to build any, for they had the Indians to do the work in stead. That is a revealing fact in itself. Whereas North America was colonized, Central and South America was conquered. This difference was pos sible because North America had no antiquity, while in Central and South America the Spanish found civilizations, an antiquity which opposed their own. Toynbee speaks of civilizations which ap pear by a process of displacement. It seems to me that America —the Americas — is in the pro cess of becoming a civilization through displace ment of Western culture. It has already ceased to be “the West,” but it is not yet anything con crete in its own right Hence, it is logical that a process of Balkan ization is apparent in Indo-America, for that knack of conquering space by shrinking time which is the dominant trait of Anglo-Saxon America is not there to prevent it. Balkanization means comic opera nationalism, the advent of Madame Lupescus such as Eva Peron), senseless militarism, cultural borrowing. The Communists, of course, do all they can to encourage this process. The only ef fective way to fight them, on this continent, is to put an end to Balkanization. It is also the only way to fight imperialism and solve the problems of Indo-America. A unified Latin America Is imperative both for Latin America and for the. United States. The first step, the decisive step toward such unification is to convince the Americans of the North that it is in their interest to have a unified Latin Amer ica by their side. Indo-America, with its two an tiquities which have not fused into a single real ity, would at last achieve this fusion, and, at the most lacks; an antiquity—and one which would not be North American, but continental. We must put an end to our complaining. We invite imperialism by our disunity, by our ab same time, would give the United States what it surd ambition to industrialize even though we really gain nothing form it. We must therefore abandon the tactic of lamentation and adopt the realistic tactic of unity. Anglo-Saxon America and Indo-America must complement each other. We urgently need a division of labor between the machine-producing North and the raw-material producing Center and South. This arrangement can serve the interests of both only if Latin Amer ica forms a single entity. And Latin American unity will benefit Europe as well. The age of nations is at an end, despite out bursts of nationalism; the age of continents is beginning. But America will be a continent only when she consists not of 22 nations, but of two branches of the same trunk: Indo-America and Anglo-Saxon America. their contenance. They recognize the value of this sort of thermal bath, for in Germany such thermal waters are used under the supervision of experts and are channeled through copper tubing into the suites of elegant hotels located in the area. Here, however, the connoisseur can take, his warm bath in natural surroundings. However, the natural attractiveness of this spot hasn’t escaped the attention of Peruvians. Busses operating out of nearby Huacho come to the salt flats, disgorging up to as high as twenty bathers at a time. Among one load can be seen a little old lady who enters the water slowly but surely, gradually submerging herself with her eyes closed and her hands joined together, with the same kind of mystical look on her face as if she were entering a sacred temple. She evidently is familiar with the value of the salty water, and per haps she can even testify personally as to the curative qualities of the water. Down inside the ponds one is confronted with a fantastic assemblage of petrified material that resembles flowers made of glass or porcelaine —pinkish chrysanthemums, mother-of-pearl-like sponges and other fanciful designs of varying shades. An enterprising shop keeper recently placed a piece of one of these formations in his window, and after haggling with an American tour ist, decided to sell the flower-like sample for the sum of 150 sols. The strange site which we have described above is doubtlessly one of the most unusual of all those tourist atractions lying near Lima. Because of the clear atmosphere, there is ordinarily a marked contrast between the blue sky and the whitish soil of the vast salt flat. Here one can find repose and escape from the burdens imposed by modern life. These aspects of nature in the raw cause us to wonder and at the same to be attracted. The tourist attraction which I have just described is entirely worthy of a visit because of its beauty, distinctiveness and health ful features. BEGINNERS' SPANISH BY G. B. Palaein Professor of the University of Miami, Fla. Vocabulary (Vocabuiario) EXERCISE ( Translate into Spanish: 1. You (sing., fam.) and I are students. 2. Are you (fam.) an American’ 3. Are you (pi., not fam.) glad? 4. They (masculine) are in Cuba. 5. Are Mr. and Mrs. Rodriguez in Cuba? 6. You (not fam.) are an American. 7 Are you (not fam.)a good student? 8. No, sir. I am not a good student. 9. Are you (pi. not fam.) students? 10. We are here. DAYS OF THE WEEK (Dias de la semana). domingo a doh-meen’-goh Sunday lunes loo’-nehs Monday martes mahr’-tehs Tuesday mi£rcoles mee-ehr’-koh-lehs Wednesday jueves hoo-eh’vehs Thursday viernes vee-ehr’-nehs Friday Mhado sah’-bah-doh Saturday The names of the days of the week are not capitalised. TENER: TO HAVE yo TENGO una pluma tu TIENES una pluma usted TIENE una pluma el or ella TIENE una pluma nosotros or nosotras TENEMOS una pluma vosotros or vosotras TENEIS una pluma ustedes TIENEN una pluma ellos or ellas TIENEN una pluma EXERCISE Translate into English: 1. Tengo dos plumas y tres lapices. 2. Usted tiene una hija boniU. 3. Maria tiene dos perros. 4. Ustedes tienen bue nos hermanos. 5. La semana tiene siete dias. 6. Jose tiene dos hermanas y un hermano 7. Tenemos quince lipices. 8. Ellos tienen cinco 9. Ellas no tienen hermanas. 10. ; Tiene usted buenos amigos? * FINANCIAL NOTES OF THE WEEK. DEAL CLOSED BETWEEN AR GENTINA AND RUMANIA A trade agreement totalling 12 million dollars has been signed by Argentina and Romania. Argentina will buy spruce pine valued at 6 million dollars while Romania will purchase 24,500,000 worth of hides, $500,000 worth of quebracho, $15,000 worth of lin seed oil and other products valued at $850,000. CZECH TRACTORS SOLD TO ARGENTINE FARMERS The Argentine government an nounced that it has sold 2,400 trac tors made in Czechoslovakia to Ar gentine farm cooperatives and fede rations. UjS. OIL OUTPUT SLIGHTLY REDUCED The V. S. Petroleum Institute announced that daily production of crude oil in the U.S. declined on an average of 3,600 barrels a day during the week ending April 24. This was the first decline record ed in the last four weeks and reduced production averages to 6,586,450 barrels a day. Gasoline reserves also declined for the second consecutive week. Figures made available by the Ins titute indicate that the balance up to last Saturday was 188,033,000 barrels, that is to say, a 890,000 barrels decline. Crude oil shipments to refineri es also showed a daily decline of 103,000 barrels during the past week. CEREALS GET HIGH PRICES IN ARGENTINA Argentina's foreign minister, An tonio Cafiero, announced that the government will pay farmers the old world price of $36,25 per long ton of wheat for their 1954-55 crop, although the current world price is only $21.75. Government prices for other ce reals, such as oats, barley and rye. will be proportionately higher than those in world markets, Cafi ero said. PRICE RESTRICTIONS LIFTED IN CHILE The Chilean government has lift ed restrictions it had imposed on prices of over 20,000 articles, mer chandise and foodstuffs, leaving controls effective only on some 70 articles which are considered to be essential commodities. On announcing the step, officials as the ministry of economics said that it was “the first step toward a more liberal economic policy” similar to one applied in Western Germany several years ago. They admitted, however, that the Bohn government made its decision when the German mark had re covered its purchasing power and when production levels has consi derably increased. BIG POTATO SHIPMENTS GOING TO BRAZIL The Argentine institute for Trade Promotion announced that it had sold Brazil 50,000 bags of potatoes. The first shipments have already been made and they are expected to be completed this month. The sale was made for a price in ac cordance with terms set up by the ministry of industry and commer ce. The foreign trade ministry said that other similar transactions are being considered. INCOME IN MEXICO UN EVENLY DISTRIBUTED More than one-fifth of Mexican families live on monthly incomes of 100 pesos, the equivalent of Jl' ia., Sunday, May 2, 1954. 8 US dollars, according to recent statistics disclosed by the Mexican government Out of Mexico’s 4,870,911 famili es, 1,049,000 that is to say, abo ut 21 per cent— earn 100 pesos or less a month. Statistics also show that another 25 per cent —1,135,652 families— have an in come of over 100 pesos but less than 200. In marked contrast with the above figures, there are 2,905 families that have a 50,000 pesos monthly income. MEXICAN SILVER COINS OUT OF CIRCULATION The Bank of Mexico has begun taking out of circulation all of i|ts five pesos silver coins “in order to protect silver reserves in Mexico”. Since the peso was devalued to the rate of 12.50 pesos to a dollar (eight cents per peso), the silver content of the coins is worth dom than the peso itself under the now exchange rate. ARGENTINE TO TRADE WITH COMMUNIST CHINA A group of Argentine industrial ists and traders will depart soon for Red China in order to study the possibility of developing com mercial relations between the tom countries. The group is sponsored by the Argentine Institute for Trade Pro motion. According to an announcement made last week, an economic mis sion from Red China was expected to arrive in Buenos Aires soon. CHANGES ON ECUADOREAN TARIFFS ARE REPORTED According to an announcement made by the U.S. Department of Commerce Ecuador has made chan ges in its import duties and baa increased export duties on bana nas, coffee and cocoa. Import duties were changed en evaporated milk, certain pharma ceutical products, cosmetics and other important articles exported to Ecuador by the United States. The department indicated that in general more items had increas ed, rather than reduced, duties imposed on them. PARAGUAYAN TOBACCO GOES TO ARGENTINA Argentina will import 309 tons of tobacco from Paraguay valued at $150,000. Paraguayan Ambassador Pr,„ Juan R. Chavez and Argentine Foreign Minister Jeronimo Rero orino closed the deal by an ex change of notes. The negotiations were concluded during a recent meeting of the joint Paraguayan-Argentine com mission of the economic union between the two countries, which was held in Buenos Aires. TRANSPORT EXPERTS ARRIVE IN MADRID An Argentine trade mission in cluding Luis Laspire and Angel Asian has arrived in Madred. Asian told newsmen that he and Laspire would serve as ministry of transportation specialists for preparatory work preceding arrival in Spain for talks by the reso of a technical commission. CHILE AND ITALY SIGN TRADE PACT The governments of cliile and Italy have signed a trade agree ment providing for an exchange of goods amounting to 20,060,000 dollars. Italy will send to Chile indus trial and farm machinery, optical motor vehicles in exchange for nitrates, copper, iron qre and farm products. The agreement also includes a long list of products to be exchang ed by both countries.