Newspaper Page Text
Inter - American News
for English - Speaking people sth FEAR ° * _ SA * R ! ,I ' IAN C. «. SMITH » SMITH President Vice President Vice President HORACIO AGUIRRE Vice President and Publisher vice president Editor and Manaeer Antonio Rnlr Eiiseo Rlera-GAmez Manadne Editor Advt A Clrc Mer EDITORIAL WOMEN SHOULD BE RESPECTED DURING POLITICAL VIOLENCE Yesterday we published a report given to us by Dr. Fe lipe Pazos, outstanding Cuban economist and statesman, which said that his wife had been arrested in Santiago de Cuba, after she visited her son Javier, who was jailed by Government forces a few days ago. Dr. Pazos, who is in Miami as a political exile, added that some friends of his have told him that “his wife will be sent in a military plane to Havana, at the request of the Military Intelligence Service”. It is very regrettable, to say the least, that this dis tinguished Cuban lady, wife of an outstanding figure in national life who is by the nature of his professional and temperamental activities opposed to all outbursts of politi cal passion, has been the victim of an outrage that not only hurts the person receiving the offense, but also is harmful to Cuban womanhood in general. It could be that the order of arrest originated with minor officials who in that manner wanted to win the good graces of those more powerful in Havana. If that is the case, these powerful ones, particularly the President of the Republic, should punish those who have committed such an arbitrary act. If, unfortunately, the order was given by persons of high official position in Havana, they should have realized the scope of their error, and should have ordered the im mediate release of Mrs. de Pazos. Events of this nature are not beneficial at all to the government and, to the contrary, they discredit it in the eyes of national and international public opinion. Politi cal violence, which should not even exist, and should even less have anything to do with what is essential to civilian rights, especially regarding women, any woman who, no matter what social and cultural plane she may belong to, what social or economic position she may have, knows how to dignify her race. Our protest for the arrest which has been reported by the eminent Cuban citizen, Dr. Felipe Pazos, which falls on the person of his distinguished wife, interprets, we are sure, the feelings of all Cubans and friends and admirers of that country who, above any purely political reason, hope to maintain womanhood away from violence and arbitrariness. ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ Prio Says, "Batista Will Yield to Popular Pressure" % Former President of Cuba, Carlos Prio Socarras, who resides in Miami, gave tile follow ing statements to the press in connection with the overthrow of President Perez Jimenez, of Ve nezuela. The heroic action of the Vene zuelan people, backed by the Ve nezuelan Armed Forces, has put an end to the blood-bath in which dictator Perez Jimenez tried to plunge the country, in his despera te effort to stem the tide of the popular demand for freedom. It is now to be expected that this jgvent will lead to the calling of'truly free elections, in which the Vene zuelan people will again be able to elect a government of their own choosing, through a democra tic process. This resolute and successful po pular uprising, occurring in a coun try which was regarded as riding the crest of the highest economic Latin American Finance and Trade News Reports Cuban American Nickel Co. Expands facilities in Cuba NEW YORK, Jan. 23. (UP). Cuban American Nickel Co. an nounced a plan today for the cons truction of a hydrogen sulphide unit for its ore reduction plant at Mao Bay, Cuba. The new facility will be a key unit in Cuban American’s $ll9 million nickel-cobalt project under construction in Cuba and Loui siana. Cuban American, which is a sub sidiary of Freeport Sulphur Co., said it has authorized the girdler construction division of National Cylinder Gas Co., Chicago, to en gineer and equip an automatic plant to produce 60 tons of liquid hydrogen sulphide a day for its ore-concentrating facilities at Mao Bay. The company said the new fa cility will be part of an unusual process developed by Cuban Ame rican to produce defense-critical nickel from limonite ore. Cuban American’s nickel refine ry will be at Port Nickel, La., near New Orleans. It will have a yearly Capacity of 50 million pounds of nickel and 4,400,000 pounds of co balt when production begins in mid-1959. Limonite ore will be mined near the Cuban plant at Moa Bay, where the ore will be concentrat ed by chemical means to produce a nickel-cobalt sulphide, to be shipped to the port nickel refinery. Appropriations Requested For Panama Canal Zone WASHINGTON. —(UP).— Pre sident Eisenhower asked the Con The Americas Daily prosperity to be found in the Western Hemisphere, proves once again that the peoples do not revolt only When their economic condition is wretched, or unsatis factory, but that they are also ready to shed their blood when they are denied their freedoms, and oppressed by despotic goverments. On their part, the Venezuelan Armed Forces refused to continue to shed the blood of their fellow citizens to maintain a corrupt and brutal dictator in power. Having this dramatic event in mind, it is impossible to believe that in near by Cuba, where the struggle of the Cuban people against the equally corrupt and bloody Batis ta dictatorship has resulted not in •hundreds, but in thousands of deaths, the Cuban Army will con tinue to back a government which they know will eventually fall under the pressure of popular re sistance. gress for two additional appro priations for the Panama Canal Zone during the current fiscal year. They were $320,400 as an ad ditional amount for operating ex penses and an increase from $15,- 000 to $30,000 in the limitations in a section of the 1958 Appropria tions Act for the Commerce De partment and other related agen cies. The requests were contained in a supplemental appropriations re quest of $3,000,000,000 which the President sent today to speaker Sam Rayburn of the House of Re presentatives. The $320,400 request is to pro vide additional personnel and es sential supplies to intensify a ma laria control program which was made necessary by a recent in crease in the carrier mosquito po pulation in the Canal Zone and a rapid rise in the number of ma laria cases. The request also provided for increased expenses caused princi pally by a heavy influenza out break, a higher than usual rate of sickness in the Zone, and greater costs of medical supplies. The request also included funds for an increase in the rate of bo nus pay for firefighters, called for under an amendment to the fede ral employes pay regulations which became effective July 14, 1957. The requested increase from $15,000 to $30,000 was to permit the employment of a hospital con sultant to conduct space study of hospital requirements in the Ca nal Zone. New Government Formed in Venezuela as Perez Jimenez Flees to Ciudad Trujillo — , 31 W Know thy Neighbor By ANTONIO RUIZ ARGENTINA —(Continued) — Speeding over the pampa from Buenos Aires to Mendoza in a luxurious express train, today’s travelers find it hard to believe that less than a century ago this same journey was an ardous and dangerous trek of more than two weeks, made in high-wheeled “ga leras” or covered yagons, in cons tant danger of attacks from In dians and bandits. About all that remains unchanged on the pampa today, are the squat “ombues”, purple thistle, and the “pampero”, wild wind which whips the gras slands into turbulent motion. Gone are the old-time gauchos, those nomadic plainsmen of Spa nish or mestizo blood, who rode like the wind, untamed, like the wild horses and cattle they hunt ed with their “boleadoras”, a type of laso originated by the Indians, with two weighted ends. Theirs was a hard life, as well as a lonely one; their only bed the wide “re cado” or saddle, and their blanket the inseparable poncho. Their daily fare was “carne asada” (gri lled fresh beef) and “mate”, Pa raguayan tea which is sipped through a silver tube from a hol lowed gourd. More “at home” in the saddle than out of it, they could ride 100 miles in twelve hourse on their small but strong horses. These trail blazers of the plain, bronco busters and rangers, were also courageous fighters. In the war of Independence, gaucho ca valry helped to defeat the Spa niards. They fought off* Indians also, and made the pampa their domain. With a passion for liberty and in defiance of authority, they fought on to preserve their own freedom against the civilizing and unifying influences of Buenos Aires and other cities. But the proud plainsmen fought a losing battle, against the division of free land into immense “estancias” against barbed wire fences and railroads, hor d s of farm im migrants from Europe, and the po litical authority of the Nation. The gaucho has passed into a legend, but his martial and romantic spi rit is immortalized in literature, dances, and music comprising Ar gentina’s most fascinating folklore. The modern gauchos, or cowboys, one sees on the estancias today, preserve the typical costume of their predecessors, the baggy “bombachas” or wide pants, short boots and spurs, black felt som brero and poncho. Likewise, they are magnificent riders, skillful with the lasso and in the handling of cattle. They have their “asa dos” or barbecues and their fies -1 tas, where one may hear the tango, the “vidalita” and the “triste”, those melancholy love songs which long ago took their melody an rhythm from the loneliness of the pampa and-the loping' gait of the gaucho. Argentina’s domestic transporta tion facilities, including airlines, railroads, buses and steamship lines, are the most extensive in South America. Modern equip ment is being bought npw to res tore comfortable transportation to any part of the country. All main routes radiate from Buenos Aires. The five principal railroads, go vernment owned, connect the chief cities and resorts of each Province with Buenos Aires. Totalling about 32,000 milles of track, the coun try’s railway network is mainly concentrated in the provinces of Buenos Aires, Cdrdoba, and Santa Fe. Southern Patagonia, the terri tories of Chubut and Santa Cruz are the only ones in the country not connected by rail to the natio nal capital. Spanish Version Page 3 CUBAN ARMY ARRESTS 13 IN PINAR DEL RIO PINAR DEL RIO, (Cuba)—TJhe Army announced the arrest of 13 persons and the seizure of a large quantity of weapons and material destined for sabotage. They added that the cache covered rifles, pistols, machine guns and ammunition for these : weapons, as well as many “Molotov Cocktails”, 26th of July Movement uniforms, and several flags. An ex-Police Major and an enlist ed Marine were among those | arrested. For m better understanding between the Amedem MIAMI SPRINGS, FLA., FRIDAY, JANUARY 24, 1958 Puerto Rico Needs Expansion of Education Plan, Munoz Marin Says SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico, Jan. 23. —(UP).— The Governor of Puerto Rico, Luis .Munoz Marin, said that the island needs to in crease its education plan in order to continue economic and cultu ral progress. He made this statement in his annual message to Congress. The Governor said that Puerto Rico needs 60,000 specialized wor- i kers and will have an excess of 200,000 unskilled workers in 1975 if they do not increase their plan of education, especially that of adults. The Governor also added: “Puer to Rico expepts to have an ave rage income of $2,000 dollars an nualy for every person in 1975”. At this time nine new factories are being established every month Coffee Conference Sao Paulo After RIO JANEIRO, Jan. 23. (UP). The majority of the delegates to the International Coffee Confe rence made a plane trip to Sao Paulo, glad of having prevented a rift by regional interests. In a secret mid-jiight meeting held by the Coordination Com mittee, the last obstacles which held up the presentation of a pro posed agreement were settled. The delegation from Portugal was the one most opposed to the agreement. The representative of the African Coffee Growers final ly agreed to give the International Coffee Organization, at least, the right to propose measures in any future crisis of the industry, al though such measures will remain subject to approval of the mem bers. The Portuguese agreed to the plan after receiving a message from the government which ac cepted a reform which lessens the scope of the organization’s activi ties. Although the activities of this organization are more of investi gation and propaganda, world in dustry could, in effect, fix export quotas if all producers agreed that they were necessary. Mexican Government Will Increase Highway Construction During 1958 WASHINGTON, D. C. (PAU)— Mexico will spend close to $50,- 000.000 in national highway con struction in 1958. The road bud get of the Ministry of Communi cations and Public Works calls for expenditures at the rate of $160,- 000 a doy throughout the year. The road program to be carried out throughout the country will be part of a public works schedule which has as its objective the com pletion of all principal projects planned during the six-year ad ministration qf President Adolfo Ruiz Cortines. Almost $5 billion have been spent on public works in Mexico in the period under consideration. Major appropriations went for HEMISPHERIC EVENTS Latin American News in Brief OFFICIAL FOR VENEZUELA APPOINTED BY BANK MONTREAL (UP)— The Royal Bank of Canada announced the nomination of J.R. Peet as Super visor of the Venezuelan branches, a post created for the first time in a South American country. Peet’s offices will be in Caracas. Peet entered the organization in 1929, with the Royal Bank of Ca nada of Buenos Aires, where he held different posts for nine years. He was later named as Administra tor of the Montevideo branch and, since 1954, has been a resident in spector of the branches in Vene zuela and Administrator of the Ca racas Bank. MIGRATION MEETING IN PUERTO RICO SAN JUAN, P. R. —(UP)— Gov. Luis Munoz Marin opened the third Annual JUP'Mion Con ference' which will discuss the problems of Puerto Rican mi grats in New York. in Puerto Rico. Only one a month is being dismantled. The capital invested in Puerto Rico last year was 262 million dol lars, which is 48 million more than in 1956. The income of Puerto Rican in dustrial companies was 15% more than in 1956. Agricultural income, neverthe- I less, was reduced 7%. Industrial companies invested 177 million dollars in the purchase of equipment. This sum is 37% over that of 1956. Thirty seven different companies have a minimum wage of one dol lar an hour. The minimum wage has increas ed from 13 to 15% in 1956 and 1957, respectively, and 40% dur ing the last three years. Delegates Go to Ironing Differences The African delegation, never theless, said that they reserve the right to reject the proposed mea sure of quotas, which the U.S. energetically opposes, the country which uses more coffee than any other in the world and is, at the same time, the best coffee pur chaser of not only Latin America, but Africa. Harry Turkel, U. S. observer, stated that this country, can not accept the quota system, except in was time, and that fair U.S. com mercial policies prevent acceptance of import agreements which harm some producers and are favorable to others. The Latin American countries, for some time, have lamented U.S. policies to buy African coffee, which has increased in the last few years. Last year, the U.S. spent $ 1,500,000.000 on coffee, 20% which was invested in Afri ca. The Latin Americans complain that the U.S. makes African com merce easy, while the European countries discriminate against this continent with their common mar ket. agricultural improvement, indus trialization, communications, pub lic education, rehabilitation of ports and railroads, and public health facilities. The sum was greater than was spent in the pre vious 18 years of Mexico’s history. Priority in the 1958 road pro gram will be given to work on the Central Highway which forms the backbone of Mexico’s interestate transportation system and runs the length of the country from North to South. Also slated for completion is the Southeast Highway, vital to the agricultural and industrial eco nomy of a vast region, and the link connecting Sonora with Baja California. A group of 22 New York State | and New York City officials are | attending the conference with their counterparts in Puerto Rico. In welcoming the New York de legates Munoz Marin said that by 1975 Puerto Rico expects to reach a standard of living equal to that enjoyed “by the United States as a whole”. Reviewing briefly Puerto Rico’s economic and political develop ment in the past 15 years, the Governor said that while the Puer to Rican population has increased by 20 per cent to 2,300,000 since 1940, its real income has more than doubled. Stanley H. Lowell, assistant to New York’s Mayor Robert Wagner, and acting conference Chairman until Wagner’s arrival, expressed confidence of New York City’s ability to absorb the Puerto Rican migration but said that the mi grants themselves eould ease the Christian Democrats in New York Honor Dr. Rafael Caldera NEW YIORK, Jan. 23—(UP)— Representatives of the two stron gest Christian Democratic parties of America —those of Chile and Venezuela— occqpied places of ho nor at a banquet-conference given by representatives of the Christian Democrat movement of Central Europe. The act was organized in honor of Dr. Rafael Caldera, leader of the Christian Democrat movement in Venezuela and head of the Catholic Party of that country, Copei. The Chilean movement was re presented by Roberto Marchant, head of the Independent Commit tee supporting Senator Eduardo Frey for President. Janusz Sleszynski, of the Chris tian Democratic Union of Central Europe, declared: “This conference will lead to greater understanding and coope ration with the two strongest Christian Democratic parties of the Continent”. He recalled that the same group meeting •at the conference was the center of the protest against the Venezuelan Government when it jailed Dr. Cal dera. He took asylum in the Apostolic Nunciature in Caracas later and arrived in New York Sunday before last. The act in honor of Dr. Caldera was organized by Professor Adolf Prochazka, U.S. representative for the Christian Democrat Movement of Central Europe, and the edi tors if publications of that ten dency, Bohomir Bunza, Czechoslo vakian ex-deputy; Polish exile Sleszynski; V. T. Horany, Hunga rian ex-deputy and representative of the Hungarian Christian Demo cratic Movement. They said the conference has also “established a closer bond between the Christian Democratic Movement of Venezuela, where it is the force working with greatest dynamism for freedom and demo cracy, and the leaders of the Cen tral Europe movement”. Peru Returns to Free Market for Foreign Exchange LIMA, Jan. 23 —(UP).— The “Banco Central del Peru”, (Peru vian Central Bank) re-established a free market for all foreign ex change transactions, subjected to operations exclusively regarding the law or supply and demand. Since the end of 1954, the “Ban co Central” bought and sold fo reign exchange certificates which were necessary to maintain the exchange of 19 soles for each dol lar. At the closing of yesterday’s activities, the bank announced the suspension of this measure. This measure means the turning over of the certificate system to the free market, which offers several advantages to exports and importers. In today’s market opening, there were indications that the exchange would reach 19.10 soles per dol lar, while the free exchange, with out certificates, reached, approx imately, 19.20 from 19.10 pre viously. , i adjustment “if they broaden their llermo Aguilar y Maya, President American heritage by mastering of the National Committee of Mi the English language and other neral Resources (Recursos Natu cultural elements”. rales no Renovables), said plans had been completed and would de SHARP INCREASE IN put j n t 0 effect immediately for MEXICAN STUDENTS a scientific investigation of the MWYirn riTV MTPI The entire Mexican land mass for mi- DeS™. TpuW™ EducSn said 7,000 more students than last ( ea year would enroll in the capital’s ELECTRIFICATION secondary schools in 1958. FUND RECOMMENDED The Department said seven new „„„ „„„ secondary schools had been built GUATEMALA A $20,000,000 in the Federal District since last fund for electrification purposes year. Four are day schools, and has been recommended by the Na three night schools, giving the tional Economic Planning Council city 67 secondary schools. Enrol- to the government. The project lment is expected to surpass 38,- has been submited to Congress for 000 compared with last year’s its consideration. Financing would 31,540. be made through a special bond it was announced earlier that issue. Rural electrification is being more than 700,000 children would given to priority by the govern attend primary schools. ment planning office, and its re- MINERAL RESOURCES cently created electrification aom- MEXICO CITY. —(UP).— <»ul- misiou. _ ~ , ._ . PROMINENT INDUSTRIALIST, DOCTOR, ARE MEMBERS OF NEW GOVT. JUNTA CARACAS, Venezuela, Jan. 13. (UP). A patriotic junta over threw the nine-year-old dictator ship of President Marcos Perez Jimenez today and sent him flee ing the country, to the Dominican Republic. Caracas radio announced the fall of the Government at 2:30 a.m. after two days of bloody re bellion that flashed into a nation wide civil war and cost scores, perhaps hundreds of lives. The overthrow was carried out by a civilian-military committee which said it had the complete backing of the nation’s armed for ces. It quickly set up a Junta headed by Rear Admiral Wolfgang Larrazabal to run the country. The situation in Caracas was outlined to the nation by a series New Government Junta, Cabinet in Venezuela CARACAS, Jan. 23. —(UP).— The Military Junta which took over the Government was first formed by Rear-Admiral Wolfgang Larrazabal, who was loyal to Perez Jimenez until the abortive upris ing on the Ist of January; Colonel Roberto Casanova, Army Com mander of the Maracay region until the uprising; Col. Abel Ro mero Villarte, Air Force; Col. Pe dro Jose Quevedo, National Guard Commander; and Colonel Carlos Luis Araque, Chief of the Military Academy. At noon, after discussions with civilian elements, the Military Jun ta became a Government Junta, with the participation of the out standing industrialist, Eugenio Mendoza, and Dr. Bias Lamberti. UNITY STRESSED The President of the Government Junta, Vice-Admiral Wolfgang La rrazabal, said, during a ceremony in Miraflores Palace, that a Civilian ■Military Junta had been formed with the double purpose of uniting the people and the Army in all sectors of the Republic. He expressed the desire for all of the Armed Forces to dedicate themselves to specific missions and unite the fraternal feelings bet ween soldiers and civilians. When the deep division which existed in the country during the ousted regime was refered to, he said; “Venezuelan is a country divided between persecutors and victims. For this reason we should solve our presents problems in a patriotic manner. “The destiny of Venezuela is to find the right road for the expres sion of internal solidarity.” NEW MINISTERS At the same time the following appointments were announced: In terior Minister, Col. Abdel Romero Villate; Junta Secretary, Dr. Re nato Esteva Rios; Governor of the Federal District (Caracas), with rank of Minister, Col. Adrian de la Rosa; Minister of Education, Ju-: lio De Armas Chitty, Professor, journalist, and a man of letters of great prestige. Member Inter American Press Association • For Liberty, Culture and Hemispheric Solidarity NUMBER 170 of radio broadcasts in which all of the nation’s radio and television stations were hooked up into one network. One broadcast told the populace the 6 p.m. to 5 a.m. curfew impos ed by P£rez Jimenez was in effect but the populace ignored this Within minutes cars raced through the city honking their horns while people shouted “liberty” from their windows. Telephones were tied up by friends calling with the news. The broadcasts empasized that all units of the armed forces were in agreement. Journalist Fabricio Ojeda identified himself as Presi dent of the Patriotic Junta and as sured the fullest cooperation with the different army corps and other military groups. Newspapers which closed for the general strike prepared to pu blish extras. Huge crowds began collecting at the square of El Silencio which has been the center of anti-govern ment manifestations in recent weeks. Thousands arrived oh foot and other thousands poured in by car. El Silencio is the traditional spot of national celebrations and there was tumult as the crowds shouted and waves flags and ban ners. Most of the crowd was made up of workers. Some persons were in their pajamas. Traffic was jammed for many blocks in all directions and was gettings steadily worse. Police made no effort to straighten it out but simply joined in the shouting. In some places the celebrants packed the walks so densely that people could not get out of their houses so they shouted through the windows or leaned out and waved flags. The loudest shouts were “The Tyrant has Fallen! The Tyrant has Fallen!” Exiles Arrive in Ciudad Trujillo CItIDAD TRUJILLO. Jan. 23. (UP), The ousted President of Venezuela, Marcos Perez Jimenez, arrived today from Venezuela in a military plane, accompanied by his wife, Flor Chalbaud, his three sons, his mother-in-law, and other persons. Among the group were General Luis Felipe Llovera, who was Mi nister of Communications; Pedro Gutierrez Alfaro, who was Minis ter of Sanitation; Dr. Antonio Pi rez Vivas, who replaced Laureano Vallenilla Lanz as Government Mi nister shortly after the New Year, Dr. Raul Soules, the ousted Pre sident’s secretary, and Fortunato Herrera. The plane was piloted by Lt. Co lonel Paoli, Majar Jos6 Cota Rey nad Major Antonio Marquez Bello. The plane in which they arrived has been taken over by Dominican authorities for not giving previous warning of arrival and for carry ing weapons. The decision of what to do wit! the plane will be made later. Reds Blame U. S. For Revolution in Venezuela LONDON. (UP) “Tass”, the Soviet news agency, reported today by radio that “U.S. monopo lies, with their plunder”, were the cause of the Venezuelan revolu tion. “Tass” reports on the Venezue lan events, based, it seems, on reports received before the fall of dictator Marcos Perez Jim4nez, said: “the Venezuelan revolution is no doubt the result of the disgust felt by the people for the plunder of their country by U. S. monopo lies”. It added that P6rez Jimenez is an instrument of these monopolies and “has been making money through robbing the national wealth.” The report from “Tass”, dated from New York, says; “for a long time the U.S. has controlled Vene zuelan oil resources, taking 130 million tons of oil a year from the country. United States Steel, of Morgan, owns the Cerro Bolivar iron ooniMSion,"