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Diario las Américas. [volume] (Miami, Fla.) 1953-current, February 14, 1958, Image 12

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I»ter News
for English -
Speaking peoole
sth YEAR
President Vlc» pre*lrf*nt Vice President
Vice President *nd Publish*! Vice President Editor and Manace?
Antonio Ruiz Kllseo Rlera*Q6mez
Manarine Editor Advt A Clrc Wfr
Published dath except Monday - Entered m second class matter at the
Post Office of Miami S prion Fla on February ft 195 b
The impasse caused in Guatemala by the results of
the last presidential elections was constitutionally solved
by Congress, with the election of the citizen who will
occupy the Presidency of the Republic during the next
six-year term. Congress decided on the candidate who
received most votes at the polls, General Miguel Ydigoras
Fuentes, who, as it it well known, did not obtain in the
elections the number of votes needed for an absolute
There is no doubt that the President-elect has a
vigorous popular support, and also has, through an ad
equate political agreement, the support of the candidate
who ran second, Colonel Jose Luis Cruz Salazar. With
these two facts, from the democratic point of view, poli
tical stability of the new regime is practically assured.
It is to be hoped that nothing, and nobody, will be
able to deviate Guatemala from the path of peace, freedom
and work, and that the Government which has resulted
from the will of the , people will be able to realize the
work most convenient to the interests of the country and
the ideals of continental democracy.

The press, both in the United States and in Latin
America, in editorial comments, has agreed in criticizing
elections held recently in Paraguay, in which the only
candidate was the present Chief of the State, whose regime,
of centralist and strong-man type, completely dominates
the different bodies of Public Power.
The circumstance that in Paraguay voting is com
pulsory for all citizens, as well as the factor of unpropor
tionate influence exercised by the Government for reasons
of its system of force, determined, of course, the attendance
to the polls of many persons who necessarily had to vote,
to obey the law, for the only candidate, the incumbent
To all this must be added that, for several years, the
country has been under State of Siege, which was lifted
only for forty-eight hours, in an effort to give the impres
sion that the citizens voted while fully enjoying their
individual guarantees. The measure, of course, could not
possibly serve its purpose, since nobody can be deceived
with this apparent lifting of the State of Siege, which was,
in essence, a simple matter of formula.
In view of the political problems which seriously af
fect the countries forming the Pan American System, it
Is noted that, because of its identification with the cause
of democracy, the press of the hemisphere coincides in
its attitude, in the sense of condemning the arbitrary acts
and giving at least moral and ideological support to the
movements of healthy doctrinary orientation, which tend
to realize constructive work for freedom. And, in the case
of Paraguay, the continental press has pointed out the
very serious deficiencies, as far as democracy is concerned,
In the electoral process and in the elections themselves,
which have given the victory to the only candidate, the
Chief of State.
Latin American Finance
and Trade News Reports
(UP). Phillips Petroleoum Com
pany, and some others, announced
the discovery of a rich oil deposit
in an experimental well in Lake
Maracaibo, Venezuela.
The concession was acquired by
the companies last spring. 45%
to San T acinto Petroleum Corpo
ration and associates; 10% to El
Paso Natural Gas Company; 10%
to Western Natural Gas Company;
5% to Sunray-Mid Continent; and
5% to Pacific Petroleoum Limit
Exploratory well LSG-0-1, pro
duced 4.08'J barrels daily.
The announcement adds that the
drilling platform of a second ex
ploratory well 15 kilometers dis
tant from the first, has been built
and that within a few days dril
ling will begin.
NEW ORLEANS, Feb. 13. (UP)
Officials of Monorail, Inc. announc
ed they expect to sign a contract
to build an elevated train in Los
Arroyos, Cuba, for Mesabi Minning
Corp., at a cost of one million
E. 0. Halton, one of the nine
Directors of Monorail said the pro
jected elevated train will be the
first industrial application of
Monorail’s transportation system.
Hilton said the monorail will
support the wagons carrying the
The Amelias Daily
For a better understanding between the Americas
iron ore from a mine in south
west part of Cuba.
The wagon will run under the
rail, which will be supported with
curved pillars. The wagons will be
able to unload the mineral in the
ships anchored under the rail,
which will facilitate the transpor
tation directly from the mine to
the ships.
Hilton, who is also Vice-Presi
dent of the Trinity Steel Co. and
Clear Span Engineering, Inc., said
that Monorail’s system is easily
adapted to Mesabi’s needs, as the
depth of the bay does not permit
the construction of a port and the
expenses of the monorail will be
much less than to dredge the bay.
Ambassador Victor Andrade said
that Rep Emanuel Celler of New
York “is entirely misinformed" in
his accusations that Bolivia has no
intentions of compensating former
U.a. owner* of tin mines expro
priated by the Bolivian govern
Andrade told the United Prese
that obviously “the tin barons lob
by has succeeded in making an im
pression on congressman Celler.
I will send him some documents in
which be will see our side of the
The Bolivian Ambassador said
his Governmem has already paid
the tin companies $13,000,000 out
of the total value of the expropriat
ed mines that was set at 20,000,-
"This i* more than half,” An-
I drade declared
Brazilian Nationalists
Demand Renewal of Trade
Relations With Soviets
(UP). The controversial ques
tion of the relations with the So
viet Union provoked a heated de
bate in Congress, when deputies
of the nationalist minority de
mand prompt re-establishment of
trade relations with the great com
munist Power.
Sao Paulo deputy A. Bastos, of
the Brazilian Labor Party, and
principal nationalist spokesman,
was supported by some deputies
of the “Youth Wing” of the So
cial Democratic Party, of Presi
dent Juscelino Kubitschek. Bastos
urged the Government to follow
the example of Asiatic and African
countries, and to accept Soviet
loans, from government to govern
ment. He added that the “huge
U.S. investments here constitute
a heavy load for the national eco
He pointed out then that many
western nations, including mem-
Know thy
ECUADOR The economy of
Ecuador is shaptd in part, and the
problems of the country have their
roots, in the unalterable geogra
phic division of the nation into
three distinct and isolated sections,
which constitute an almost insuper
able obstacle to the economic as
well as the political unity of the
country. This factor, and the dis
tribution of Ecuador’s natural re
sources and agricultural products,
have resulted in a split economy
composed of the agricultural sub
sistence crops of the highlands,
which are grains and vegetables
produced mainly for domestic con
sumption, and the commercial crop I
of the coastal lowlands, including ]
cacao, coffee, bananas, etc., from j
which the Republic derives the
bulk of her national income,)
through foreign trade.
The seemingly insoluble problem I
of integrating these two sectors of j
the economy and of providing a
better distribution of national in
come, has plagued the chief execu
tives of the Republic since its es
tablishment. More recently, the na
tional economy of Ecuador has
been strengthened by the creation i
of the National Economic Council,
as well as by legislation regulating
the monetary system and by a law
of 1949 creating the Institute of
Production Development, with its
two strong arms- the Economic
Development Corporation and a
chain of Development Banks.
A development program of three
years was directed toward four
principal sectors of the national
economy: agriculture, livestock, in
dustry and tourism. Reflecting in
part those reforms and the favor
able market for the country’s pro
ducts, Ecuador ended the year 19-
52 with a record breaking agri
cultural production, greatly in
creased exports and a favorable
foreign exchange position. Exten
sive programs of public works and
the continuation of the develop
ment policies have increased the
progress of the nation since then.
Wheat, corn, barley, fruits, pota
toes and other vegetables are pro
duced in Ecuador mainly for do
mestic consumption. With the ex
ception of cotton, and tobacco,
these crops are raised in the cen
tral highlands. Larger crops and
improved types have resulted in re
cent years from the Development
Corporation’s program to increase
production byway of mechanized
farming, irrigation and drainage
projects. Supplementing this pro
gram is the system of State De
velopment Banks, which provide
agricultural loans and credits, and
a new company formed by the In
ternational Basic Economy Corpor
ation to offer mechanized agricul
tural services to farmers on a low
fee basis.
Colonization and distribution of
farm lands are also important fact
ors in the agricultural program
of the Development Corporation.
There are about 11,480,000 acres of
land under cultivation in the coun
try. Ecuador’s principal crops, all
produced in the coastal lowlands,
are cacao, coffee, bananas and rice.
Banana exports now exceed those
of cacao, which bad been for many
years the country’s chief commer
cial crop and principal export com
modity. Called “Pepa de Oro” or
Golden Seed, by Ecuadoreans, ca
cao brought great wealth to the
country until reduced by destruc
tive blights and at the same time,
created a one crop economy. The
goal of a more balanced produc
tion is now being achieved.
Spanish Version Page
bers of the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization (NATO), are doing
profitable business with the So
viets. He specifically mentioned
Great Britain, Germany and Italy
as the countries which are benefit
ing most with Soviet trade.
Bastos’ statements were praised
and supported by pro-government
deputy Cid Carvalho, who declared
that, with her independent at
titude, India has today an interna
tional role of first order “which
corresponds naturally to Brazil as
the principal Latin American na
In answer to Bastos, majority
leader Jefferson Aguiar reported
that the Government has revived
the idea, discarded before, of a
world tour by a Brazilian Trade
Mission, which would visit “as
many countries as possible”. He
added that the mission will depart
The debate took place among
rumors that the Government is
planning an ample revision of its
foreign policies.
The morning newspaper “0 Jor
nal” points out in an editorial that,
in accordance with the change in
policies, Brazil “will take a more
realistic viewpoint of the social,
political and economic conflict
between East and West”. The
newspaper adds that the new orien
tation, now being considered by
the National Security Council,
after close study by the principal
ministries and technical agencies
of the Government, will shape the
Brazilian position “in terms of au
todetermination and survival in
case of a Third World War”.
Imports From Latin America Are Not
Affected by U. S. Business Slowdown
States imports from Latin Ameri
can in last quarter of 1957 held
up well, despite the incipient
downturn of United States bu
siness level in that period.
The Commerce Department an
nuonced here that imports from
20 americaY republics in novem
ber were $305,800,000 compared
with $297,400,000 in October, and
$255,700,000 in november 1956. De
cember figures are not yet com
Brazil in November passed Ve
nezuela as first source of United
States imports from Latin Ameri
Imports from Latin America
were sustained in November, des
pite a decline in comparison with
October from most of the other
principal trading areas. The world
total in November was $1,043,200,-
000 against $1,144,700,000 in Oc
United States imports in Novem
ber compared with October from
individual american republics in
Latin American News in Brief
Mexican Painter
Wins U. S. Award
Mexican painter Arturo Estrada
was notified he won the $l,OOO
annual award of the William and
Norma Copley Foundation of II
The Foundation was established
four years ago to encourage the
creative arts and stimulate un
known painters, musicians, sculpt
ors and historians.
Estrada, who received the 1957
award, was the first Mexican to be
honored by the Foundation.
Thomas stills and Richard Lind
ner of New York also received $l,
000 awards for paintings.
Nicaragua - Honduras
Appoint Ambassadors
It was officially announced the
normal renewal of the diplomatic
relations with Nicaragua, through
the appointment of the respective
Dr. Salomon Paredes Regalado
will be the Honduran diplomatic
representative in Managua, and
Dr. German Castillo, the Nicara
guan ambassador in Tegucigalpa.
Referring to the fact that both
are physicians, the President of
the Republic, Ram6n Villeda Mo
rale*, said; “I hope that both will
ILANICA to Begin
Service to Lima
Tomorrow Morning
NEW YORK, Feb. 13. (UP).
j The Nicaraguan Air Line (LANI
i CA) will inaugurate Saturday the
service between Miami and Lima, j
using two airplanes Vickers-Vis- J
count recently obtained by the ]
Company in Great Britain.
Guillermo Lang, Consul General
of Nicaragua in New York, said
the inaugural flight of the new
route will start at 7:00 A.M. on
Saturday from the Miami Inter
national Airport.
The plane is scheduled, to arrive
in Managua at 10:30 A.M. and
will continue to Lima, stopping at
Panama and Guayaquil It will
return to Managua Monday.
Passengers from New York will
have connection with “LANICA”
through Easter Air Lines, ame
rican company with which it has
commercial relations.
In the inaugural flight from
Miami to Managua representatives
from the municipality of New
York, Bank of America and from
New York Chamber of Commerce,
and newspapermen of New York,
will be among the passengers.
Representatives of some Agen
cies and newspapermen will join
the group in Miami, staying all of
them in Managua during four
days, as guests of the Nicaraguan
Representatives of the Peruvian
Government, air representatives
and other special guests will travel
in the flight from Lima to Mana
gua, staying some days at Mana
MOSCOW, Feb. 13 (UP)— The
Government Press Department
today confirmed that the U.S.S.R.
had purchased an unspecified
quantity of Cuban sugar through
a British firm. No other details
were available.
From Mexico, $ 34,300,000 a
gainst $31,600,000; from Cuba, $31,-
900.000 against $37,400,000; from
Guatemala, $10,900,000 against $5,-
90,000; from El Salvador, $1,300,
000 against $1,900,000; from Hon
duras, $1,300,000 against $1,200,-
000; from Nicaragua, $600,000 a
gainst $700,000;
From Costa Rica, $2,000,000 a
gainst $1,600,000; from Panama,
$1,900,000 against $2,300,000; from
Haiti, $2,500,000 against $21,100,-
000; fro Dominican Republic, $6,-
200,000 against $2,400,000; from
Colombia, $38,200,000 against $26,-
500.000; from Venezuela, $63,500,-
000 against $72,100,000; from Ecua
dor, $5,100,000 against $8,200,000;
From Peru, $12,000,000 a
gainst $12,900,000; from Bolivia,
$1,500,000 against $1,600,000;
from Chile, $15,300,000 against
$14,700,000; from Brazil, $67,700,-
000 against $64,100,000; from Pa
raguay, $700,000 against $600,000;
from Uruguay, $700,000 against
$800,000; and from Argentina, $7,-
600.000 against $8,800,000.
have good vision to overcome the
differences between the two neigh
boring sister nations”.
zilian Ambassador to the United
States Ernani do Amaral Peixoto
will resign at the end of March to
run for Governor of Key Rio de Ja
neiro State, qualified sources re
ported here.
Peixoto returned to Washington
after two weeks of political discus
sions connected with his candicacy.
He is President of the Govern
ment’s Social Democratic Party and
leader of the party’s conservative
Some sources believe Peixoto as
pires to succeed President Jusceli
no Kubitschek in 1960.
special police patrol armed with
machine guns and dynamite was
sent out into Ric’s Guanabara Bay
in search of an elusive sea serpent.
Numerous sea bathers and fish
men were reported to have seen
the serpent yesterday. Lifeguard
Walter Ferreira da Rocha said he
had seen a “monstrous serpent w
the neck of a giraffe, humps on its
back and a long tall.”
The patrol centered Its search
•round Governor’s Island, in the
Piio Socarrjs and Eight
More Cubans Indicted in
New York for "Conspiracy"
Request Permit to
Import Venezuelan
Oil for Florida
WASHINGTON, Feb. 13. (UP).
Frontier Refining Comapny, of
Denver, Colorado, asked authoriza
tion from the Government to im
port 5,000 barrels of Venezuela’s
crude oil daily, according to the
program of voluntary reduction in
the imports.
William Robineau, President of
the Company, said this oil was
needed to supply a refinery which
will be soon built in Florida. He
said the use of foreign oil was an
economic necessity if his Compa
ny was expected to compete with
other refineries of the West
He also added that Frontier Re
fiing Company would be willing to
buy domestic crude oil if this was
offered “on the basis of a long
contract and at reasonable prices”.
M. V. Carson, Administrator of
the , official program of voluntary
reduction of crude oil imports,
asked Robineau if his Company
was going to import Venezuela’s
oil before the mentioned refinery
is built, to which Robineau replied
he wanted this oil for the proper
use of the Frontier Refining and
that import for refining will not
begin until the plant is built.
Carson began to consider
Robineau’s request.
OAS to Report on
U. S. Suit Against
the United Fruit
mitt.ee of the Organization of Ame
rican States (OAS) has agreed to
report to the Latin American gov
ernments detail.; of the United
States Government antitrust suit
against the United Fruit Company.
The Special Committee on the
Banana Trade proposed a study of
the settlement by which the com
pany agreed to turn over to a com
peting business 35 per cent of its
banana business Several producing
countries requested a report analyz
ing the situation and recommend
ing what steps could be taken to
promote the trade in the light of
greater competition.
Committee chairman Jorge Ha
zera of Costa Rica proposed that
the committee staff prepare an ob
jective report on court decision
without drawing any conclusions.
The proposal was adopted unan
middle of the bay, site of Rio’s In
ternational Galeao Airport, where
most eye witnesses reported sight
ing the monster.
Thousands of bathers lined the
beach and shoals, including many!
American tourists armed with ca
meras and hopes of carrying home
a souvenir photo of the serpent.
Fisherman Arnaldo Serapio Je
sus said he encountered the mon
ster while setting out for the open
sea in his smack. He said when he
saw it appearing and disappearing
on and from the surface he thought
it was a school of sea wolves
common in these waters.
“But upon approaching closer I
discovered it to be a monstrous
greenish serpent with a head as
big as a barrel. I steered for shore
and forgot about fishing for hte
rest of the day,” Jesus said.
Mario Castro de Abreu, another
fisherman, said the monster was as
big as a targe whale but was shap
ed as a serpent. He said he saw it
“apparently sleeping on the water,
about 10 yards away. Never, in 30
years at sea, have I seen such a
MANAGUA, Nicaragua )up)
Concepcidn volcano on Omotope
Island, in Lake Nicaragua, erupt
ed and destroyed the island’* cof
fee and tobacco plantations.
Panic-stricken Islanders feld to
Accused of Plotting Here Against
Batista, Violating Neutrality Law
NEW YORK, (UP). A fed
eral grand juriy today indicted
Carlos Prio Socarras. former pre
sident of Cuba, and eight others
for conspiracy to start a military
operation against Cuba.
The indictment accuses the de
fendants of preparing for and pro
viding money to launch military
expeditions and enterprises from
the United States against Cuba.
Prio, who resides at Miami
Beach, was deposed by Cuban
President Fulgencio Batista in a
bloodless coup in 1952.
Prio was one of 17 defendants
indicted by a federal grand jury
in New York City on June i,
1954, also for conspiring to vio
late certain sections of the Neu
trality Act.
The indictment today charged
that arms and other military
equipment were purchased to car
ry out the venture, apparently
aimed at overthrowing the Batista
The indictment was sent to the
Southern District of New York,
and has the following names:
Enrique (Cotubanama) Henrl
quez Lauranzon, Cuban ex-congres
sman and brother-in-law of Dr.
Prio, with whom Henriquez, who
was born in the Dominican Repu
blic, a Cuban citizen by naturaliza
tion, stays in Miami. Daniel Vaz
quez Coejo, known as one of the
leader’s group, a former pilot of
Cuban Aviation Company. Juan
Agustin de la Caridad Orta Cordo
ba, known as Juan Orta. Luis
Alfonso Silva Tablada, alias Luis
Silva and A1 Fernandez. Guido
Adolfo GonzAlez de Bustamante
Luque. Jose Pablo Elio Iriarte
Diaz, Tulio Prieto and Luis Cha
It adds it was part of the “cons
piracy” to install military posts in
Dominican Republic, Mexico and
Haiti, as well as the purchase of
Cuban Atlantic Sugar Stockholders
Informed About Firm's Liquidation
NEW YORK (UP)— Stockhold
ers of Cuban Atlantic Sugar Co.
were informed of the terms of the
proposed liquidation of the com
pany and the sale of its big sugar
holdings in Cuba.
Stockholders will receive the
equivalent of more than $16.25 for
each share of the Company’s stock
held, according to a proxy state
ment signed by John L. Loeb,
Chairman, and Laurence A. Cros
by President.
In addition, the statement said,
each stockholder will receive for
each share held two share of
Managua and other places o* the
Volcanic ashes, driven by strong
winds, left the cities of Rivas and
Granada, near the lake shore, un
der a five-inch blanket.
The volcano had been inactive
for many years
lan Air Force donated an old P
-26 plane to the people of the Unit
ed States Dating from the early
thirites, the plane is in excellent
condition. It will be placed in the
Smithsonian Institution in Wa
shington, as part of an exhibit
showing the progress of aviation
in the first three decades of this
United States Department of agri
culture reported that Philippine
sugar exports during the last
quarter of 1957 dropped to 98,000
short tons.
This is somewhat less than half
of the 208,709 short tons exported
in the same quarter of 1956, the
Department said.
The Department said that Phi
lippine sugar sources suggested
that millers may be withholding
exports in anticipation of some
form of devaluation of the peso in
the next few month*.
Member Inter American
Press Association

For Liberty, Culture and
Hemispheric Solidarity
ships to sail from United States
with armed and uniformed men,
material and war equipment to be
used in Cuba.
The indictment contains one
charge only “Conspiracy” to vio
late the neutrality laws of United
States, which penalty is a $lO,OOO
fine and five years in prison if
In Washington, the Justice De
partment confirmed the indict
ment against Prio and the other
eight Cubans.
The ex-President, with other 17
perons, had been accused in June
1954, of conspiracy to violate cer
tain sections of the United State?
Neutrality Law.
In the new indictment it is
stated, among other things, that
the “conspiracy” recruited persons
inthe United States to participate
in military actions against Cuba,
as well as to send them to the
Island “to commit sabotage and
murder officials of the Cuban Go
The U. S. District Attorney,
William F. Tomkins, head of the
Security Division of the Justice
Department, declared that this in
dictment should be a warning for
everybody that the neutrality laws
of the United States “must be res
pected by all”.
“The aim of these laws —he
said— is to safeguard and main
tain our peaceful relations with
other countries.
“Every time we have sufficient
evidence that there are persons
violating these laws, quick meas
ures must be adopted, and they
will be adopted”, he added.
Attorney General William P.
Rogers said an extensive investiga
tion by Immigration agents prod
uced most of the evidence in
which the accusation against Prio
and the other Cubans is based.
Companfa Azucarera Atlantiea del
Golfo, a Cuban Atlantic subsidia
The initial liquidating distribu
tion, they said, would be made as
soon as practicable. The plan must
be approved by two thirds of the
outstanding shares at the annual
and special meeting to be held
March 4. v
Cuban Atlantic has slightly less
than two million shares outstand
The company’s assets are to be
sold to Chiriqal Sugar Mills Corp.,
holding company incorporated in
The proxy statement also said
that no dividend other than liqui
dating distributions will be paid
by the company during the 12
months following approval of the
It added that “it is anticipated
that one or more liquidating distri
butions in cash will be made dur
ing 1958 aggregating not less than
$5 a share.
Earlier this month two dissident
directors of Cuban Atlantic re
signed in protest over the sale,
charging the $24 500,000 price tag
on the deal was too low.
They also contended that the
sale of the Company’s rich Her
shey sugar properties would be in
violation of the antitrust laws.
Honduras to Seek
Development Loans
dent Ram6n Villeda Morales has
announced he will ask Congress
shortly for authority to negotiate
development loans in the United
Stales for up to fortyfive million
The President told a news con
ference the loans would be nego
tiated with the World Bank, the
U.S. Export Import Bank and the
U.S. Development Loan Fund.
The loans would be made either
directly to the Honduras Govern
ment or to autonomous authorities,
with the guarantee of the Govern
ment, the President said.
Proceeds would be used mainly
to buy machinery and equipment
for industrial and agrioultural de
velopment, be added.

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