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Inter • American Newt
for English • Speaking people sth YEAR a. * SAN ROMAN C. W SMITH 8 SMITH President Vic, President Vice President FRANCISCO AOLiIRR* HOKACIO AQUUMU Vice President end Publisher vw president Editor and Msnarer Antonio Kuu Msnactnr Editor mtlisbea duUj except Monexj Snterr* u second daa matter at Ike l*o«t Office of Miami Serines Fie. on reknixn S «*»k EDITORIAL THE WHITE HOUSE AND LATIN AMERICA Two events of the last week indicate a change in the policies of the White Hou.e, which, no doubt, will be of great help to eliminate resentment caused by hemispheric policies. We refer to the manner in which President Eisenhower answered the letter of Brazilian President Kubitscliek, sending Assistant Secretary of State for Latin American Affairs, Roy R. Rubottom, to Rio, and the inter view he granted to Ecuadorean Ambassador in Washington, Dr. Jose R. Chiriboga. and to the Minister of Public Works of that country, Architect Sixto Duran Ballen. Internationa] relation: of a great country like the United States cannot possible develop exclusively around the Latin American Division of the State Department. They must, necessarily, have the support and understand ing of the other numerous agencies of the Government and to enter, as other regions of the world, White House circles. Within the world panorama, the note of dictator Khrushchev is as important as the message sent by Presi dent Kubitschek. Each one, within its orbit, represents an authorized voice, in one case because of brute force, and in the other because of the vigor of democratic elec tions. The fact that one of them could start an atomic war and the other couldn’t, does not change in any manner the danger there is in dis egarding the opinion of a Chief Executive of our Hemisphere, in particular in the case of one who, we repeat, has reached Power by democratic means. The visit of a Minister of Public Works of a country like Ecuador, which is representative of democratic culture, cannot be disregarded in Washington either. Allies should get better attention than enemies do, so that what seems to be a fatal watch word that more can be accomplished being on the other side of the international scene, may not be confirmed. Both events assume historic character for Brazil, Ecuador and the United States. Each and every one of the men who have participated in that effort, are linking their names to the readjustment of Inter American policies. For the officials of the American Republic Affairs Di vision of the U. S. Department of State, these reactions of the White House must be considered as gestures of encouragement, which certainly those devoted men who serve the cause of our Hemisphere will receive with sincere enthusiasm, because it must be recalled, on this propitious occasion, that they, together with the Latin American coun tries, have been put, to certain extent, in a secondary place, in comparison with other regions of the world. Gaest Editorial IT'S OUR OPINION Supporters of the private power’ industry in this nation are a bit wed-headed today over a recent ruling by the Internal Revenue Service, and we can’t blame them for getting their hackles raised. The ruling, which undoubtedly j was inspired by liberals in Wa shington who want the govern- j ment to take over in the power field, hit the private power com-1 panics a hard blow in the pocket book by refusing them the vight to deduct the cost of some of their advertising as a legitimate busi- i ness expense. The advertising in question was of the type that is commonly term ed institutional advertising. in this particular case it took the form of a well-planned series of ads designed to impress the Amer ican public with the advantages there are in permitting a nation's power needs to be met by private industry instead of relying upon taxpayer-supported power installa tions to do the job. The issue in question here is a rather old and a rather basic one It boils down in essence to whether the American people prefer to stand by our free enterprise sys tem to get what they want and need, or whether they prefer the socialistic system of having the government compete with private business to satisfy their wants and needs. The private power industry quite naturally believes it can do the job of meeting our power needs better and at less cost than the fe deral government can do it. That’s all the private power companies have been setting forth before the American people in their advertis ing campaign. But now the Internal Revenue Service comes along and says the cost of this advertising campaign isn’t a legitimate business expense which the power companies can use as a tax deduction. Supposedly, the power companies are engag ing in a propaganda campaign de signed to influence the course of legislation rather than selling their own product, and thus this adver tising cannot be considered as a tax-deductible business expense. Since when, we’d like to know, has any private business in this country lost the right to protect itself from.competition? And since when has it become an illegitimate business practice for any private business concern to uphold the principles of our free enterprise system through the medium of advertising? The private power, companies have a real stake in this long standing fight between those who The Daily 5 Cents—Outside Metropolitan area, 10 cents. advocate private power and those who favor public power. In many cases the very existence of some of our private power companies is being threatened by the spread of public power facilities. Are these private power compa-. nies now to be denied the right to take their case before the peo ple through the medium of adver tising? Is the Internal Revenue Service now to become an advertis ing censor in addition to all the other arbitrary powers it has as sumed? These are important questions for if the voice of those who seek to defend our free enterprise sys : tern can be stilled in this high handed fashion then the objective of those who are seeking to turn ! tis nation into a socialistic state will be made that much easier to : obtain. 1 •' This whole sorry business well emphasizes to what lengths some of our Washington bureaucrats I will go to keep the people of this nation in the dark on this vital j issue of public power versus pri vate power. These people are not without means of getting their side of the argument across to our peo ple. Public power to them is just another means of increasing the influence of the federal govern ment and giving it a bigger role in | our economic system. But let somebody start telling the other side of the story and immediately their efforts get stam ped with a propaganda label and put in the category of a non-deduc tible business expense even though ; it concerns the very survival of the business copcerns affected. Newspaper publishers through out the south have already draft ed up a strong protest to this rul ing. At a mid-winter meeting the Southern Newspaper Publishers As sociation approved a resolution which reads: "The principle of submitting to such a ruling by a commission, or anybody appointed or elected, is a threat to freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and freedom to communicate, and this ruling infringes upon the constitutional rights of independent power com panies. other businesses and indi viduals, and is a violation of the fundamental principles upon which this country was founded and which have made it flourish under economic, political and social; freedom”. The SNPA is eminently correct in its interpretation of this ruling.! If the private power companies 1 can be penalized in this fashion then any private industry, includ ing the press, can be throttled in Know thy Neighbor By ANTONIO RUIZ GUATEMALA Chichicaste nango is one of the real gems of the Maya-Quiche region, as well as a center or starting point for manv interesting places in the Guatemalan Highlands Native life and color are found at their hight there. Chichicastenango’s costu mes are unique and highly pictur esque. Men wear short trousers of black wool, with shirts of the same material highly embroidered with tribal patterns in red and yellow. Groups of Indians may be seen burning their incense and candles on the high steps or the beautiful interior of the little church, and later they probably go to worship at pagan altars on nearby hill tops, several of which can be visit ed on foot or horseback. The “Popol Vuh,” perhaps the ] most precious record of Mayan mythology, in the Quiche dialect, was written in the little church of Chichicastenango shortly after the conquest, and before the old myths had disappeared from the scene. The Sunday and Thursday mar kets at Chicfueastenango are real spectacles, of which visitors never tire, and are the most picturesque marxet gatherings in all of Cen tral America. About 5,000 natives in their distinctive and colorful tribal costumes aftend these mar kets In a short time one gets to recognize the typical dress of vari- I ous districts. The diversity of local coloi and of exotic products is almost overwhelming. The collec tion of 4mericar jade of the late Father Rossbaek is celebrated throughout the world. His Museum of several visits, which become more interesting all the time. The town itself has a great charm, with its picturesque streets lined by white houses with bright red tile roofs. Located in the cen ter if a vast cup-shaped valley, surrounded by high green mount ains, it offers tne most beautiful views from every str< orner and is considered a Mec?; iur art ists. Chichicastenango is the logical center of what are known as tjie Maya-Quiche Highlands. From it, short trips can be made into every corner oi this colorful and in teresting i-egion, comfortably, and j at a minimum of time and expense, j Automobiles and guides are al-' ways available for these trips at the Mayan Inn, and any combina tion of routes and interesting vis its to nearby Indian villages can be arranged. Among the innumerable places that can be reached easily from Chichicastenango is Santa Cruz del Quiche, a quaint native vallage, with a colorful market twice a week. Here the Spaniards destroy ed the might of the powerful Qui che nation, and levelled their mag nificent capital, Utat'.an. Vestiges of its stone palaces still remain. Sacapulas is located at the foot of the Cuchumatanes, highest mount ain in Guatemala Fray Bartolome de las Casas, friend of the Indians, built a oridge across the Rio Ne gro here The Indian women wear a headdress resembling that of the women ot Bali. Salt is extracted from the mines by the most pri mitive means. The market is held under a large ceiba tree. Natural mineral baths, where the Indians bathe in the nude, line the banks of the river Also very interesting are Santo Tomas Chiche, a most picturesque village, where an animal market is held on Saturdays; Zacualpa, chief ly noted for the beautiful small woolen bags woven by the In dians. There are interesting arch aeological ruins nearby, but these must oe visited by mulebaek. The church as a remarkable fine fa cade. Joyabaj, a former important stopping point for travelers en route over the old Spanish Trail from Mexico to Antigua. The wom en weave beautiful “huipiles” in fascinating designs. (Continued tomorrow) Spanish Version Page 3 much the same way. In other words, the federal government can propagandize the people all it wants to and even use our own money against us to accomplish its ends. But free enterprise, threatened by government encro achment into its field of business endeavor, can’t take its case to the people and treat the cost as a legitimate business expense. Such things as this well empha size the character of the govern ment we have today. Slowly but surely we are losing even the j right to defend ourselves from ar : bitrary governmental actions, and ; if the cycle continues much longer there won’t be much point to 1 arguing against ■ socialistic state I for we will have one whether we ' like it or not. JACK W. GORE (Reprinted from the Fort Lau derdale Daily News and Sentinel). For a better understanding between the Americas MIAMI SPRINGS, FLA., THURSDAY, JUNE 12, 1958 Panama Well Represented at Festival of The Americas Ip? ■ * a* mu jgk . 'lSilw fjgfP Hr *^lppl -f,. * Z > /; - / / . PANAMA QUEEN —Luchita Burillo will represent the Republic of Panama at the Festival of the Americas, in the competition for Queen of the Americas. The Panamanian beauty, who belongs to a prominent family in the Isthmian Republic, graduated with honors at the Balboa High School, Balboa, Canal Zone, on June 2. Among her hobbies, she has special preference for Spanish dances, swim ming and classical music. Cuban Govt. Appeals to Rebels to Give up end Needless Bloodshed HAVANA (UPI)— The govern ment has appealed to the rebels in eastern Cuba to surrender, ending ‘‘useless killing” in a government offensive in which 200 persons are said to have been kiieled or wound ed. Sen. Rolando Masferrer, a lead ing spokesman for President Ful geneio Batista’s government, call ed on the rebels Tuesday to lay down their arms. ‘‘Your encampments are being battered in such away that those who fight die and those that lose their arms surrender.” Masferrer SOVIETS APPROACH PANAMA ON RENEWAL OF RELATIONS UNITED NATIONS, N. Y„ June 11 (UPI)— Ambassador Kliment Danilovich Levychkin, member of the USSR permanent delegation to the UN, yesterday paid a court esy call to the Panamanin per manent mission and in the course of his talks he expressed to Am bassadors Col. Alejandro Remon and Jorge E. Illueca his personal views regarding the convenience of establishing diplomatic relations between Panama and the USSR inasmuch as the current world sit uation calls for greater under standing between peoples. The meeting lasted 45 minutes, said. “Why don’t you rebel leaders . . .who are definitely losing, ar range to surrender the arms and HEMISPHERIC EVENTS ■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■■ Latin America n News in Brief Jovito Vilialba Asks for a National Union Govt, for Venezuela CARACAS. (UPI). Jovito Vi lialba. leader of the Democratic Republican Union party called bn all political parties of the coun try suggesting them to form a na tional union government, denounc ing the proposal of a single can didate. He said that his party favors the signature of an agreement by means of which the president elect-1 ed in the next polls, will be com mitted to constitute a “national union government” which is the expression of the Venezuelans’ will. The document reads that the duty of the armed Torces “will only be that of solemn defense of the democratic order”. Finally it says that not party alone will constitute absolute ma jority in a future government. In previous declarations, the DRU party said that, “For national democratic convenience”, the gen eral elections should not be heid before next February. The provi sional government has the purpose to convoke them for November or December of this year. On its own initiative a group equipment remaining to your men . . .and avoid useless killings?” The senator’s statement .was re garded as a reference to the gov ernment “drive to the sea” which authoritative quarters say has been under way in the Maestra Mount ains for 10 days. The presidential press office al so published an appeal which it said was directed to the rebels by members of the Rotary and Lions’ clubs and similar grouos in the eastern city of Bayamo. The service clubs urged the in surgents to “return to your famil ies and reestablish necessary nor mality.” Unconfirmed reports said the army has moved in 1,000 fresh troops from east-central Cuba to join the forces trying to drive the rebels out of their mountain stronghold. It was not learned if the new troop assignments are reinforce ments, or if they are destined to replace some of the units partici pating in the general offensive be gan by the Government on June 1, Other reports from Oriente Pro vince say that there have been hea vy casualties during the last week, mostly in the ?ones of Santiago and Guantanamo. ENVOY APPOINTED Havana, june 11 —(UPI)—The Cuban Ministry of State has ap pointed Orlando Daumy as Amba ssador to Venezuela Daumy, who was Ambassador to Peru, will replace Antonio Iraizos, who will join the Ministry’s staff. of representatives of all sectors of the national activities, made here “a committee pro candidacy of Real-Admiral Larrazabal”, pre sident of the Government Junta. The members of the group said that they intend to convert the movement into a campaign of na tional character. Argentine Ambassador Visits Pres. Nasser CAIRO (UPI)— Argentine Am bassador Donato Latella Frias call ed on President Gamal Abdel Nas ser today. The Ambassador was paying a farewell visit at the close of his assignment to Cairo. He will leave for Argentina on Saturday. Seventeen Killed in Mexico as Bus Burns MAZATLAN. (UPI). In the town of Pozole, 20 kilometers from this city a bus caught fire, caus ing 17 deads. The bus was of the “Tropical” type. It had 35 passengers, and two drums of gasoline on the step board. When one of the rings of the wheels collided with the edge of the bridge the impact produced a spark which ignited the gasoline producing the fire which caused the casualties. Eisenhower Announces Dulles Will pay Visit to Brazil This Year TO BE FIRST STEP IN EFFORTS TO IMPROVE HEMISPHERIC RELATIONS WASHINGTON, June 11. (UPI). Presidente Eisenhower announced that John Foster Dulles, Secreta ry of State, will visit Brazil this year, as a first step to improve the relations between United States and Latin American countries. In his letter to President Jus celino Kubitschek, President Ei senhower asks him to discuss with Roy R. Rubottom, who brought the letter to Kubitschek, Dulles’ visit. Rubottom is Assistant Se cretary of State for Latin Ameri can Affairs. Dulles had expressed his desire to visit Brazil, but no announce ment on this had been previously said to have been killed or wound- Eisenhower replied to a perso nal letter written to him by Ku bitschek, which was delivered by the Brazilian ambassador here, Er - nani do Amaral Peixoto. Kubitschek expressed that “something had to be done for the continental unity”, after the de-j monstrations aga in s t Vice-Presi- ; dent Richad M. Nixon, during his tour to some South American j countries. Brazil was not included iti that tour. “The moment has come to jointly start an ample revision of the mu tual understanding policy in this continent,” Kubitschek said. Eisenhower said Kubitschek had “correctly described the present situation as well as the means to obviate it”. In his letter the President sug gests that Brazil and United States “meet as soon as possible, with the purpose to meet with a Demonstration Police Prevents Against Rubottom RIO DE JANEIRO (UPl).—The police prevented the realization of a demonstration by leftist and na tionalist students against the as sistant Secretary of State for Latin American Affairs, Roy Rubottom. According to police reports, the students intended to appear at the front of the Laranjeiras Palace to realize a protesting march when Rubotton was going to deliver the answer of President Eisenhower to President Juscelino Kubitschek‘s message sugggesting a total revi sion of (nterAmerican relations. The informant? say that the stu dentts were prepared with signs reading: “Rubottom, go back to your country” and were to scrib ble on the wall of the neigh boring buildings to the Presiden tial residence anti-American signs. Rubottom delivered the answer to Kubitschek and discussed with him its contents for some time. 15 passengers died instantly and 14 were taken to the hospital in serious condition. The driver and 5 passengers survived the catas trophe. One half of the dead are children. PEKUNIST BANNED FROM DOMINICAN REPUBLIC BUENOS AIRES (UPI)— The Dominican Governmem has can celled permission to return to San to Domingo for one of ex-Presi dent Juan Perons chief aides, the tormer Argentine army major, Pa blo Vicente, it was learned here. The Security Department of Ciudad Trujillo has notified air lines to the effect Vicente’s entry permit has been cancelled. Vicente left the Island two months ago and his present where about are unknown Vicente was second in command of one of the Buenos Aires Gar rison regiment* when Per6n fell in September, 1955. He was one of the i»w commanders to resist to the lass. He came to Argentina just before the Feb. 23 election to see or himstli the position of the various Peronista factions and make a political report for Pe r6n. Naturally, he entered the coun try clandestinely, aad although [ other members of the Pan Amer ican community in the future, in order to put into practice without delay the agreements, in all the continent that tend to re-affirm the devotion to Pan Americanism”. The subjects to be discussed, Eisenhower says, “cover a wide scope”. “As I deem this subject of a high importance”, Eisenhower says, he gave instructions to Rubot tom to discuss the matter personal ly with Kubitschek “in order to know more fully his ideas. “His ideas obtained at first sight, he adds, may conduct to new consul tations through normal diplomatic channels, as a preparation for a future visit to Brazil by the Se cretary of State”. James C. Hagerty, White House Press Secretary, said that Dulles will not go to Brazil before Con gress, adjourns, which is expected to be by Augus 15. Hagerty said it was impossible to say now whether a meeting of the Executives or Foreign Minis ters of the American countries to this respect, is possible. President Eisenhower met with the Presidents of the American republics in Panama, in 1956. Civic Liberties Union Asks for Asylum for Exiled P6rez Jimenez CIVIC LIBERTIES UNION Fran NEW YORK (UPI)— The Ame rican Civic Liberties Union sent'a telegram to the Justice Depart ment suggesting the approval of asylum to Venezuelan ex-President Marcos Perez Jimenez. The organization notes that the Inmigration and Naturaliza tion Service of that Department is oppossed to the State Department decision to approve the asylum, and says: “The American Civic Liberties Union hopes that the Justice De partment will lift its opposition permitting that the traditional de mocratic principle of asylum in this case (of Perez Jimenez) is put into practice, this tradition inter preting our democratic creed in freedom of speech, irrespective of people or cases. “In this moment of world his tory, when the democratic prin ciples are the target of attacks, it is paramount that we should de monstrate that the U.S continues to be the refuge for those forced to abandon their fatherland. “To deviate from this principle because of the circumstances sur rounding the case of Perez Ji menez, would weaken its vigor when it has to be applied to others seeking asylum protection.” here tor two weeks, was several times on the point of capture. Lat er he is reported to have parted company with Per6n in a dispute over election procedure. OXIGEN TENTS FLOWN TO CHILE BY U S. WASHINGTON (UPI)— The United States is flying 30 sma'l oxygen tents to Chile to help fight an outbreak of obstructive laryngitis among children under four /ears of age The State Department said the illness which "auses throat con gestation and makes breathing dif ficult if not impossible has result ed thus far in a death rate of about 25 uei cent Officials ot the Chilean National Healtn Service have expressed fears that the infectious disease may become an epidemic. According to a report from the U.S Foreign Aid Mission in San tiago June 4, most of the victims of 'he disease have been children under four years of age in the cities ot Santiago and Valparaiso. FUNDS APPROVED WASHINGTON (UPI)— Presi dent Eisenhower signed into law a bill authorizing $lO 000.000 for the conatruction ot the Inter-Ame rican Highway. Member Inter American Press Association • Far Liberty, Culture and Hemispheric Solidarity NUMBER 287 TEMPERATURE 1 <fcj==d * — 111 IL:- " i . -;wg Extraterritorial Effect of Dictatorships Public opinion in America waa shocked a few days ago by the reports that a Cuban exile resid ing in Mexico had been abducted for political reasons and taken out of the country by agents of the Government interested in taking repressive measures against the adversary. The Mexican nation, hurt in its sorvereign pride, was angered by the fact that a foreign Gov ernment had dared to violate its territory by removing from it, in away incompatible with ,all rights and civilization, a person who had been generously wel comed in Mexico in his condition of political exile. And the Mexican Government, which is of truly democratic extraction, translating thg feelings of the people of Mexico, and zealous of its supreme duty to watch for the majesty and decorum ot the Republic, did not hesitate to move actively until obtaining the release by the Havana Gov ernment of Candido de la Torre Herrera, the exile who, in a gangsterlike maneuver, was re moved by force from Mexican soil and transported by plane to Cuba where, according to press reports and, according also to categoric statements made by the victim, was subjected to physical and moral tortures. The great Latin American statesman, Adolfo Ruiz Cortines, is highly commended for the attitude assumed by him and his Government in this case, in de manding the release of the ab ducted political leader in such way that had the results already known. The President of Me xico fulfilled a human duty in defending a life and further more, he fulfilled his obligation —always sacred— of defending the prestige and sovereignty ot his country. In all certainty this case is going to put a stop to the race of international abductions, thus putting and end to what could well be termed as the extraterri torial effect of dictatorships. Mexico’s dignified action will serve at least to keep the bizarre operations of the antidemocratic regimes within the frontiers of their respective countries, instead of extending to other lands the tragic message of per secution and death. Together with the loss of face that this shameful action has brought to the Government of Cuba, a new wave of admiration rises for the Mexican Govern ment and the Mexican people. In the confines of Eternity, Jos6 Marti and Benito Juarez must feel closer through this instance of replevying, that identifies more, if such thing is possible, their respective and generous Nations. TEXAS REPRESENTATIVE STATES THAT MEXICAN BRACEROS ARE NEEDED WASHINGTON. (UPI). Rep W. R. Page, Texas democract, said be does not agree with the theory that the economic depression makes it unnecessary to hire Mexican braceros for the United States farm labor. Page said he waits until the bill extending the hiring of Me xican braceros reaches the House to hear arguments about it. He added that testimony before the Sub-Committee of the Farm Committee, to which he belongs, show that the struggles to hire unemployed urban workers here for farm labor, have been fruit less. “These declarations have clearly proved that so far we cannot j obtain in the American cities a sufficient number of workers who are able to do this kind of work”, Page said to a newsman. “If we want carpenter apprentices, there will probably be an abundant num ber of them, but if we want some one to bend his back and take the sun heat, he will not take tke I job”.