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Diario las Américas. [volume] (Miami, Fla.) 1953-current, August 05, 1958, Image 10

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Inter • American News
for English -
Speaking people
6th YEAR
President Vice President. Vice President.
Vice President and Publisher Vice President Editor and Manager
Antonin Ruiz, Thomas A. Hdl,
Managing Editor. Advertising Manager
Published dally except Monday Entered as second class matter at the
Post Office of Miami Springs Fla., on February 1 1954
Russia is highly interested in exercising political in
fluence in the Latin American countries. Constantly, states
men of t|ie Kremlin are on the alert regarding every
political movement in the Western Hemisphere, with the
purpose of taking advantage of it, whether it is for direct
benefit in favor of communism, or for indirect benefit,
channeling it against the United States of America.
The hierarchs of Moscow know that they cannot impose
within the zone of influence of the United States a com
pletely communist Government, with origin in the type of
revolutions that Russia has promoted in Central Europe,
in the Middle East and in the Far East. Before this reality,
that is to say, before the inability to impose satellite govern
ments in America, Russia is engaged in discrediting Latin
American democracy, because from that discredit a climate
propitious for the malignant growth of communism always
The democratic governments existing in the Americas
are, without doubt, harmful to Russian designs, because
the people who are governed by them get used to respect
and to love the authentic values of republicanism, and are
always ready to defend, with all possible energy, the insti
tutions which guarantee their individual rights, social well
being and political freedom. On the other hand, peoples
who are subjugated, those who see the Government making
a constant mockery, in the most irritating manner, of
democracy, are in great danger of becoming skeptical, of
losing their faith in democracy almost completely, and
perhaps avoiding any effort to defend it, because they do
not enjoy it.
The four dictatorial regimes which still remain in
America are, for these and other reasons, direct or indi
rect contributors, but always effective contributors, with
their anti-democratic attitudes, to the political distrust
which is planted in public opinion, and they play the game
of communist imperialism, and put out deeper roots where
democracy is practiced the least, where the people are less
disposed to defend it because they do not know what it
means, or, if they do know, are not able to enjoy it. In
democratic governments Russia has enemies, in the dicta
torships she has allies.
Latin American Finance
and Trade News Reports
The Department of Agriculture
has published a report in which
It says that if the ever increasing
population of Latin America wants
a higher standard of living it must
take better advantage of its land,
improve transport systems, and use
more hydrolic power in its in
The Department published an
“agricultural geography of Latin |
America’', with a complete survey
of crops, and of production and
the agricultural and cattle raising
industry with relation to the ex
port demands and needs of Latin
The report says that the popula
tion in the 20 republics has increas
ed from 72,000,000 inhabitants in
1900 to 180,000.000 in 195 b. In
little more .than half a century
there has been a 150% increase,
pointing out the fact that the birth
rate of 1,000 is more than double
that of the U. S.
In the future the birth rate may
drop as illiteracy decreases and
standards of living improve and
cultural standards change. On the
Other hand, the death rate will
probably drop because of better
control of tropical diseases, and
improvement of public health pro
grams, medical attention, and child
Oirth care.
The report adds: “Perhaps the
greatest obstacles to progress in
Latin America are the inadecuate
transportation systems for the sale
»f products of the land and insuf
ficient hydrolic power for indus
Less than 5% of the total land
irea in Latin America is under
cultivation, the report reveals. The
iverage for the entire world is
more than seven percent; for Eu
rope it is 37% and the U. S. and
Canada 10%.
NEW YOKE (UPI) —lnterna-
fonal currency expert Franz Pick
reported that “the Cuban peso
jelongs among the few currencies
5 Cents—Outside Metropolitan area, 10 cents.
1 of the globe that show more than
two decades of unchanged value.”
Writing in the 1958 edition of
his annual “Pick’s Currency Year
book,” Pick also said that the
Dominican Republic “deserves
praise” for its lack of domestic
and foreign debts.
He said the Haitian gourde re
mained stable during 1957 and
predicated that it probably will
remain a “hard exchange unit”
| this year.
Pick pointed out that Cuba is
' “ofie of the few countries on the
globe which has no currency black
“Cuba’s economic progress has
been rather amazing during the
post-war years,” the economy
analyst reported. “After remark
able achievements during 1956,
the island's economy marked new
advancements in 1957.
“Gross national production
reached an historic high of $3
billion, an increase of over $50(1
million since 1956. The country’s
industrialization showed expans
He added:
“Cuba’s balance of trade remain
ed active and its balance of pay
ments continued to show a major
inflow of foreign capital for in
vestment in the island’s industry
and agriculture reached about $5O
million in 1957.”
Pick said Cuba’s public works
program contributed to raising the
nation's public debt to about $738
million at the end of last year.
“This debt, corresponding to ,ess
than a quarter of the present
gross national production and ex
ceeding currency in circulation by
only 60 per cent, cannot be cos
idered as heavy,” he stated. “The
cost of living in Cuba was held
remarkably stable by the Govern
“Despite world-wide inflationary
tendencies, the monetary man
agement under the leadership of
Dr. J. Martinez Saenz, kept cur
rency circulation at only 3V4 per
cent above the level of the preced
ing year. The fact i* especially
noteworthy as the country under
went substantial pressures of poli
tical unrest...”
The Americas Daily
States officials are highly gratified
with recent economic measures
taken by Argentine President Ar
turo Frondizi and think the time
for helping that nation with broad
scale loans is ripe.
This was disclosed to United
Know thy
NICARAGUA—In the year 1821,
authorities at Guatemala City de
clared Central American indepen
dence, but the governments of Ni
caragua and Honduras agreed in
stead to be incorporated to the new
Mexican Empire, under the terms
of the Plan of Iguala, an arrange
ment which lasted for little more
than a year.
The attempts at Central Ameri
can union in 1830. under liberal
president Francisco Morazan, were
as unsuccessful as those that fol
lowed his down fall. Neverthe
less, in the thoughts of Central
American statesmen, union has re
mained to this day an ideal even
tually to be realized.
From 1830 to 1860, Nicaragua
was frequently involved in war
with its neighbors, and in strife
between the conservative and libe
ral factions within the country, and
the two forms of conflict aggra
vated each other. The situation
was further embittered by the stub
born antagonism between Granada
and Leon. During the years of
agitation the executive and legis
lative branches of the government
were in the habit of moving around,
sometimes together, and function
ing in whatever towns were con
veniente at the moment.
In 1852, however, as a compro
mise, the Acting President of Ni
caragua decreed that the official
residence of the executive should!
be in Managua. The city’s gradual
rise to prominence dates from that 1
time. During the years 1854 to j
1860. besides civil war, there were
melo-dramatic international episo
des in connection with Cornelius
Vanderbilt’s Accessory Transit
Company, which transported Cali
fornia-pound travelers across Ni- i
caragua, and with William Walker,
an adventurer from Tennessee.
Walker, who marched in with 58
men and had himself made presi
dent, succeeded in arousing the ;
hostility of Vanderbilt, both poli
tical parties, and Central America
in general.
After Walker’s surrender and
death, following two other unsuc
cessful filibustering expeditions,
conservatives and librals in Nica
ragua patched up their differences
and from 1860 to 1893, conserva
tive government held office in Ma
In these years a certain amount
of progress was achieved in the
country, such as the establishment
of telegraph services, improvement
of lake and river transportation,
and the start of railroad construc
tion. Political unrest, however, had
continued throughout Central Ame
rica, and as always, during the dis
orders, lives and property of for
eigners had been lost, and claims
for damages accumulated.
It was, therefore, with a view to
promoting peace and improving the
disorganized condition of finances
and thus removing possible cause
of international war, that the Unit
ed States was led in 1910 to in
tervene in Nicaragua. The inter
vention. resented by Nicaraguans
and criticized at home as well as
throughout Latin America, was ex
pressed in Managua from 1913
until 1925 by the stationing of
about one hundred Marine guards
at the United States Legation.
From 1927 to 1933 a larger force
of Marines was present to train a
new body of Nicaraguan National
Guard, and to supervise elections.
Central American policies were
worked out in conferences held
frequently during the first quarter
of the century. The wars between
the various republics had happily
been discontinued, bringing about
some political stability within Ni
caragua. Under the financial plans
of 1917 and 1920, the Nicaraguan
government in 1924 repaid its debt
to U. S. bankers, and bought back
the stock of the National Bank
and the Pacific Railway.
With the enunciation of the Good
Neighbor Policy by the govern
ment of the United States, under
President Franklin D. Roosevelt,
in 1933, the theory of intervention,
which had been loosing favor for
some years, was completely laid
Spanish Version Page 5...
For a better understanding between the Americas
wm mm wMr ■ II VI ■ M W ■
Press International by sources who
deal with Argentine affaris.
One of them said he felt the oil
policy President Frondizi worked
out is the most important single
event that has happened in Latin
America during the last decade
He expressed the view that suc
cessful implementation of the oil
program will go far toward solving
Argentina’s long-term e con o mi c
problems. But he acknowledged
that nation faces serious problems
right now.
“For that reason”, he said, “now
is the time for the United States
to act. It must not wait until the
situation becomes desperate”.
The source said the United
States is also pleased with the so
lution worked out for the problems
of American and European meat
packing firms and is optimistic
that a settlement of the problems
of Ansec, the Argentine subsidiary
' of the American and Foreign Power
i Compnay, will be announced soon.
, The meat packers had threatened
to close unless they obtained more
foreign exchange for their pro-
I duct.
Solution of the long-pending An
sec expropriation issue is expected
to pave the way for further invest
ment in power by the American
The sources said that once the
power issue is settled the Export
■ Import Bank will be in a position
to look at applications for power
A possible loan for American
and Foreign Power might run be
tween 30.000,000 and $40,000,000.
The sources also said the bank is
still working on the Rio Turbio
coal mine loan application. A
french firm made an offer to
| lend money for the project but it
does not appear to American of
j ficials to be completely firm.
first elections to be held in Ar
| gentina under the new constitu
| tional government will be held
| shortly in the provinces of Misiones
and La Pampa.
The Government sent a bill to
Congress for the election of two
| senators in Misiones (none were
elected for technical reasons in the
| Feb. 23 generai elections) and for
the election of provincial legisla
tors. In La Pampa, the elections
will be to choose delegates for a
Constituent Assembly to make a
provincial constitution.
It is understood that President!
I Frondizi will make a call for these 5
elections within ninety days after
i congressional approval of the bill.
Venezuela Expels
Cubans Journalisl
CARACAS, August 2 (UP)
President Wolfgang Larrazabal
announced today that the Foreign
Office has ordered Cuban newspa
perman, Luis Conte Agiiero to
leave the country, for having
, violated the law which prohibits
foreigners to intervene in internal
1 Venezuelan policies.
Latin American News in Brief
British Diplomats
Bid Farewell to
Argentine Envoy
LONDON (UPl)—The Foreign
Office gave a luncheon in honor
of Argentine Ambassador Alberto
M. Candioti and Senora de Can
dioti in order to bid them farewell.
The Ambassador resigned his
post recently and is returning to
Buenos Aires at the end of the
The Earl of Gosford, joint Par
liamentary Undersecretary of
Foreign Affairs, was host. In a
brief speech proposing the health
of President Arturo Frondizi, Lord
Gosford said that the Ambassador
and his wife would be greatly miss
ed by their many friends in London
and he congratulated Ambassador
Candioti on the success of his
The guest included the Air Mi
nister George Ward, Sir Leslie Ro
wan, permanent head of the
Treasury, Sir John Taylor, Director
General of the Hispanic and Luso-
Brazilian Councils, and Lady Tay
"Urgent" Appeal
for Disarmament
Made at Meeting
in Rio de Janeiro
The Interparliamentary Union is
sued an urgent appeal for the re
' sumption of disarmament talks, the
end of nuclear weapons tests and
1 the formation of an international
I police force under the United Na
-1 tions.
More than 450 legislators from
41 nations attending the confer
ence approved six resolutions hnd
1 pledged to use their influence to
press their governments to adopt
' the resolutions.
An outline of the resolutions
1 follows:
1. Parliaments of all states
members of the Interparliamentary
, Union GPU) recommend in the
' strongest possible terms speedy ac
tion to secure resumption of dis
armament negotiations and to se
cure without delay the cessation,
under proper control, of nuclear
i weapons tests.
2. Adoption of all possible steps
to establish an international police
; force on a permanent basis.
3. Modification of national laws
- to facilitate the exchange of in
formation likely to serve the cause
of international peace and to pro
mote better understanding among
' nations.
4. Promote intellectual exchan
ge between nations.
5. Encourage legislation which
would build truly democratic le
gislatures in non-self governing
6. Adoption of an international
code of investments, defining the
conditions of equitable treatment
for both lenders and borrowers.
The resolution calling for ces
sation of nuclear tests was passed
unanimously as was the cultural
exchange resolution. Iron curtain
countries either abstained or vot
ed against formation of an interna'
tional police force, which was pas
sed in the closing plenary session
by a vote of 371 to 104 and 50
Mexican Firms Get
Eximbank Credits
Export-Import Bank announced
giving its first credit in foreign
currency to 11 Mexican firms: 41,-
034,000 Mexican pesos, which are
the equivalent of 3,282,720.
These loans will aid Mexican
firms and U. S. subsideraries in
that country to develop the market
of private industry.
The companies receiving the
loans and the loans are:
Wyatt of Mexico S. A. de C. V.,
2,620.000 pesos; Compania Mexica
ns de Refractarios A. P. Green,
S. A., 8,500,000; Sears Roebuck
de Mexico, S. A. de de C. V., 10,-
000,000; International Harvester
Company de Mexico, S. A. de C. V.,
937,000; John Deere de Mexico,
S. A. de C. V., 5,000.000; Limparas
General Electric de Mexico, S. A.
de C. V., 4,070,000; Grace y Com
pania (Mexico) S. A. de C. V.,
4,900,000; Philco, S. A. de C. V„
835,000; Perfeccion y Lovable de
Mexico, S. de R. L. 600,000; Nego
ciacion Textil “La Concordia”, S.
A., 300,000; and Beneficiadora E
Industrializadora S. A. de C. V.,
The credits are on six to seven
year terms with 10% interest a
year, according to the prevalent
norms in Mexico for similar loans.
lor, Mrs. Maria Luisa Arnold,
Social Director of Canning House,
Sir Anthony Rumbold of the
Foreign Office, H. A. Hankey, head
of the American Division of the
Foreign Office, Mr. and Mrs. John
Vaughan-Morgan, Brigadier C. A.
Mac Nab, and Minister Counsellor
of the Argentine Embassy Ernesto
Piaggio and Sefiora de Piaggio.
U. S. Carrier in
Visit to Callao
LIMA (UPI) At the’ nearby
port of Callao, the gigantic air
craft carrier, “Ranger,” and her
destroyer escort the “Rowan” and
“Gurke,” of the U. S. Navy, are
The visit of the three ships is
part of a “Greetings to Peru” pro
gram of the government and peo
ple of the U. S. to the government
and people of Peru.
The President of the Republic,
Dr. Manuel Prado, will visit the
ships on Tuesday the sth, going
from the Presidential Palace to the
very deck of the ship, some 15
kilometers, in the presidential he
Kubitschek, Dulles to Talk
About Bold Changes in U. S.
Latin American Relations
Communist Paper
Ends Publication
in Rio de Janeiro
(UPI) —The communist newspa
per “Imprensa Popular” is sus
pending publication today, after
more than ten years of circulation
in this city.
The newspaper has been in fi
nancial difficulties for several
Nevertheless, its Editor, Pedro
Motta Lima, announced in a front
page article that the suspension
will continue only during the time
necessary to reconsider the paper’s
policies and exchange its person
Motta Lima added: “Neither can
we hide the fact that a long series
of mistakes gave our newspaper
a narrowminded aspect, even sec
tarian, during certain periods. Add
to this undeveloped technique and
lack of material resources and it
is easy to understand why so many
negative factors limited our circu
Motta Lima promised that “Im
prensa Popular” will again soon
be on the news stands in this city,
reflecting a new policy.
In its last publication, the news
paper publishes an editorial attack
ing U. S. Secretary of State, John
Foster Dulles, who arrives today in
this capital, ft calls Dulles “a
fanatic of war and of the domina
tion of the people, and one who
unconditionally serves the large
Yankee monopolies which profit
from the arms race and prepara
tion for war.”
germ carried by cornfield rats is
believed to be the cause of a
mysterious sickness which has
stricken more than 200 farm hands,
70 of them fatally, in the O’Hig
gins area of Buenos Aires Prov
The germ was said to be of the
leptospira or spirochete type, a
parasitic variety carried freely by
Dulles Has Opportunity to Begin a Fresh
Deal in Latin America, 'The Times' States
NEW YORK, August 4. (UPI).
Under the title “Back to the
Hemisphere”, The New York Times
publishes today the following edi
“Our preoccupation with the Mid
dle East and a summit conference
has fortunately not interfered with
Secretary of State Dulles’ trip to
Rio de Janeiro. During the crisis
Dr. Milton Eisenhower and his
Two hours after his arrival, the
“Ranger” Commander will give a
press interview, attended by re
presentatives of the local newspa
pers and foregn correspondents.
The 4,050 men who comprise the
crew of the three ships, and of
ficials, Marines and Coatsguards
men will take part in a full pro
gram of' activities during their four
day visit.
heavy rains of the past few weeks
have greatly improved prospects
for Mexican agriculture, officials
The Department of Hydraulic
Resources reported that most of
the nation’s dams are filled to
capacity, which “assure excellent
crops for this year.”
Officials mentioned particularly
dams in northwestern Mexico,
along the Lowe. Rio Grande and
Lower San Juan River, where there
is “sufficient water to meet irriga.
tion needs for the remainder of
the current agricultural season.”
The Marta R. Gomez Dam, of
ficials said, is now holding 40
million cubic meters of water sod
Secretary of State John Foster
Dulles was en route to Rio de
Janeiro today for two days of con
ferences with Brazilian President
Juscelino Kubitschek designed to
firm up inter-American relations
in advance of a “summit” meet
The plane made an early morn
ing stop at Trinidad and was
scheduled to reach Rio de Jan
eiro in the afternon.
Dulles, who conferred with
President Eisenhower before tak
ing off from Washington was
bearing a personal message from
Eisenhower to Kubitschek. He de
dined to reveal its contents.
Kubitschek and the U. S. Chief
Executive haxe exchanged letters
recently stressing their desire to
seek means of solving hemispher
ic problems. The Brazilian leader
also emphasized to Eisenhower
Brazil's interest in questions that
would be discussed at the pro
posed summit conference.
President of Brazil, Dr. Juscelino
Kubitschek, is ready to exhort the
U. S. to unite with Latin America
in a bold Four Point Program for
economic development, according
to well informed sources.
It is understood that this will be
Kubitschek’s main proposal during
the two days of confidential discus
sions which he will have with the
U. S. Secretary of State, John Fos
ter Dulles during his visit in Rio.
Well informed sources told the
United Press International that the
Brazilian Chief Executive has the
intention of formally proposing
that the U. S. take a more active
role in the task of eradicating “the
evil of economic backwardness” of
the continent.
Kubitschek paved the way for
his proposals when he recently an
nounced his “Operation Paname
ricanism”, which stresses a new
way to lick the fight against pover
ty in order to more efectively
achieve political stability and curb
communist action in the Latin
American countries.
According to versions picked up
here, Kubitschek’s main proposals
will be: 1. Form a new Inter Amer
ican Development Bank, which will
extend liberal and long term ere
group of high Government econo
mic and political experts went se
renely ahead with their swing
around the C ent r a 1 American
countries and Panama, from which
they returned on Friday.
“Mr. Dulles’ voyage is a sequel
to the sensations that accompanied
Vice President Nixon’s visit to
South America last May. The exci
tement has died down, as Dr. Ei
the International Falcon Dam has
2,360 million. Os these Mexico is
entitled by treaty with the United
States to use 275 million.
Also overflowing are the Sanalo
na .Angostura, Alvaro Obregon,
Mocuzari and Miguel Hidalgo Dams
In the central part of the coun
try the Solis and Tepuxtepec Dams
are almost filled to capacity and
Lake Chapala, in Jalisco, which
had threatened to dry up, is now
holding 914 million cubic meters
of water.
The Ocean Drilling and Explora
tion Company of New Orleans re
ported that it has brought in its
first oil well for Pemex off the
coast of Coatzacoalcos.
The Lousiana concern is explor
ing and drilling for Pauley Pan
American Petroleum Co. which is
under contract to Pemex.
★ ★ ★
Svbtcribt to the
Member Inter American
Press Association

For Liberty, Culture and
Hemispheric Solidarity
dits. 2. U. S. support of invest
ment project which private capi
tal ignores, such as public works,
large scale construction of schools
and housing works. 3. Much more
technical aid than ever before.
4. U. S. support to the agreements
adopted in view of stopping fluctua
tions in the prices of basic pro
It is hoped that Dulles will listen
with marked interest to Kubit
schek’s view points, since they are
being submitted in a moment when
the U. S. is trying to overcome the
tension which has crept into the
traditionally friendly relations be
tween this country and Latin Amer
The Brazilian President’s posi
tion seems to have been streng
thened by the conclusions of Dr.
Milton Eisenhower, the brother of
the U. S. President, upon his re
turn to Washington, after his tri|
to the Central American republics
In a preliminary report to th«
President, Dr. Eisenhower asked
that urgent attention be given t«
“the overwhelming need” to give
bank loans to Latin America and
to give a more positive answer to
Latin American requests to help
in stabilizing the prices of their
basic products and the prices of
manufactured products which they
must acquire from abroad.
Washington’s interest in finding
a solution to these problems is re
flected in the inclusion in the Dul
les’ Committee of Thomas C. Mann,
Assistant Secretary of State in
charge of Economic Affairs. Mann
has been one of the most active
supports of U. S. participation in
discussions with Latin America
about how to stop sharp fluctua
tions in coffee prices.
Mexican Bankers
Visiting U. S. A.
officials of the Bank of Mexico,
headed by assistant manager Raul
Torres, left on a two-month tour
to study modern banking systems
in tbe United States and Cuba.
The group will visit principal
banking organizations in Chicago
Washington, New York, and Hav
senhower’s peaceful excursion pro
ved. The Middle East, in any event,
took the spotlight away from Latin
America. Nevertheless, the hosti
lity against the United States
shown during the Vice President’s
trip shocked the Eisenhower Admi
nistration into a realization that
an agonizing reappraisal of our po
licies toward Latin America was
“President Kubitschek of Brazil
was the first statesman in the hemi
sphere to step up and propose
that an inter-American conference
be called “on the highest political
level of the continent” to seek re
medies for what had gone wrong.
Aa a preliminary move, Secretary
Dulles has gone to Rio to talk
things over with the Brazilian Pre
“Meanwhile, Hie Middle Eastern
crisis gave an added note of ur
gency to hemispheric understand
ings on problems which include,
but are not confined to, the Com
munist conspiracy. There again it
was Dr. Kubitschek who was the
spokesman for Latin America in
the note he sent to President Ei
senhower on July 23 “emphasizing
the necessity of Latin America
being represented” at the proposed
summit meeting. In his press con
ference on Thursday Secretary
Dulles politely side-stepped Presi
dent Kubitschek’s request by point
ing. out that “through the partici
pation of Colombia and Panamk on
the Security Council there will be
an opportunity for the Latin-Ame
rican countries to have a voice”.
“The two chief Latin-American
complaints, which Mr. Nixon cor
rectly diagnosed, lie in the field
of economic relations and in Unit
ed States policies toward Latin
American dictators. On the econo
mic side Dr. Eisenhower’s trip
should prove valuable. Dr. Duties
now has the opportunity to begin
a fresh deal on all aspects of Unit
ed States poliey toward the hemi

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