Newspaper Page Text
"The World is Governed Too Much."
IIERY L. BIOSSAT, Bsines Manager. ALEXANDRIA, LOUISIANA, WEDNESDAY. JULY- 10, 1889..
LEXANDRIA, .IOUISIANA' WEDNESDAY, JULY- 10, 1889. VOFL. XLt .I; --N(. 28.
KISS HER AND TELL HER SO.
You've a neat little wife at home, John,
As sweet as you'd wish to see;
As faithful and gentle-hearted,
As fond as wife can be;
Agenuine, home-loving woman,
Not carong for fuss and show;
she's dearer to you than life, John;
Then kiss her and tell her so.
Your dinners are promptly served, John,
As, likewise, your breakfast and tea;
Your wardrobe is always in order,
With buttons where buttons should be.
Her house is a cosy home-nest, John,
A heaven of rest below:
You think she's a rare little treasure;
Then kiss her and tell her so.
8he's a good wife and true to you, John,
Let fortune be foul or fair;
Of whatever comes to you, John,
She cheerfully bars her share;
You feel she's a brave, true helper,
And perhaps far more than you know
'Twill lighten her end of the load, John,
Just to kiss her and tell her so.
There's a cross-road somewhere in life, John,
Where a hand on a guiding stone
Will signal one "over the river,"
And the other must go on alone.
Should she reach the last milestone first, John
'Twill be comfort amid your woe
To know that while loving her here, John,
You nissed her and told her so.
-Lillie Sheldon, in Conklin's Dakotian.
Something About the Destructive
Pests of the Air.
Pecullarities of the Varlonu Species of
Hawks-Their Great Capacity for
Harm--One Kind a Friend
of the Farmer.
Among the many enemies which
threaten to exterminate our game birds
the powerful hawks of the air stand
almost in the front rank, occupying a
position, as it wete, among the feath
ered tribes that can only be likened to
brigands. Powerful of flight, keen of
eye, swift as shooting arrows in their
descent, bold and rapacious in their
habits, and wild and roving in their
continual search for prey, they form a
species of enemy that few creatures,
whether they be feathered or furred,
can escape when pounced upon in the
open. Among these terrible warriors
of the air the buzzard-hawks occupy
first place by virtue of their size and
strength. East of the Mississippi four
species are found, the great red-tailed
hawk being the commonest and largest.
Its loud scream, resembling the sylla
ble kal, uttered now and then as it soars
around in great circles, is familiar to
the ears of most hunters. Its majestic
appearance in the air has often been
the theme of poets' songs; but the
sportsman sees nothing but fair
"game" in the circling creature
sailing two to four hundred feet above
his head. The shotgun is not of much
use for these birds, as they rarely ap
proach within ordinary range of such
an implement, but the stout body and
long wings make a fair target for a
rifle ball. When the bird has made
half of its circle, and comes up against
the wind, its flight is much slower, and
the hunter's chance has come. The
birds live almost entirely off such
dainty food as ruffed grouse, sharp
tailed grouse, quail, rabbit, spruce
partridge and migratory birds.
Nearly as large as the red-tailed t
hawk, but less majestic in its flight
and habits, is Swainson's buzzard,
which prefers to obtain its food by de
eoying birds from the bush, and then
pouncing upon them from a short dis
uance. Birds smaller than quails form
their principal food, while many in
leota are devoured by them. To have
Iort with this bird, one must frighten E
It of its nest, when the cunning creat- e
tIl will limp and flutter away as if s
severely wounded. Follow it a suffi- r
elent distance from the nest, and it I
ill suddenly rise up in the air and f
Off to other parts. A fine shot is c
en offered. It has a wing expanse V
some forty-nine inches or more, I
Swhich offers a fair target for a ball. d
The red-shouldered hawk is a trifle I
emaller than either of the above, and I
f-ar moro timid in its habits. It seldom c
ventures outside of the forest, where it d
i obtains its food by perching itself on f
s ome old stump of a tree, and sitting 5
Smotionless until some prey approaches 0
Sits resting place. The sight of an e
enemy coming through the forest is S
the signal for alarm, and it imme- n
diately sails up in the air to great g
heights. But just after it has finished ti
a hearty meal, the gourmand becomes t4
so gorged that rapid flying is almost t
impossible, and it can not oven sail in v
the air for a long time at once. The p
hunter can at such times often get good y
shots at the creature. The broad- fi
winged hawk resembles it somewhat, p
only the latter is more daring and h
fierce in its attacks. Hunger will often i
make it so bold that it will seize ti
wounded game from before the very a
gun of the hunter. t
Supplementing these large brigands t(
the air are many smaller species. o
ch, though not so noble game, are t
more common and easier of capt- i
Every duck-hunter is familiar t'
that destructive creature known h
the peregrine, or duck-hawk,fi
powers of which have fi
known for years. It does ti
hesitate to attack game as I
and even larger than itself, and ti
ell-aimed, arrow-like blow seldom n
its victim a chance to retaliate. a
ew England it is called the great- I
hawk, and it may be found all fi
our Atlantic coast every year, tl
ing close on the heels of the al
and autumn flocks of ducks. li
ht of the bird when in quest of pl
ia something astonishing, and it w
n occurrence for it to over- to
the fleet-winged carrier-pigeon. "p
falconers train the birds for
purpose of overtaking car
which makes them of gi
Svice in times of war. The be
SO. a favorite in spite of its destructive'
qualities. To shoot one of these rapid
flyers when in pursuit of a flock of 0o
ducks, the hunter wants a shot-gun,
well-charged with heavy duck-shot. tr
The bird does not soar about in the air
as do the buzzard-hawks, but often ap- se
proaches within a very reasonable dis- w,
tance of the gunner. pr
The little pigeon-hawk, though a vi
tiny creature compared with the duck- he
hawk, rivals its larger companion in to
its rapid flying. It is seldom shot, in
oven by the best of woodsmen. It is st
always on the move, restless and quick, cc
watching with the keenest of eyes for he
danger or prey, and ready at a mo- ht
ment's notice to enter into the wildest
sort of race. It doubles up, circles ca
around, dodges, falls and rises alter
nately with such rapid motion that
hn, the largerchawks can seldom capture an
it. They kill thousands of pigeons, od
doves and robins every season, catch
rohn ing them with apparent ease. he
Of the chicken-hawks, as they are an
called, the small Cooper's hawk is en
an. probably the boldest and most de- wi
structive. It is a pretty bird, with a yo
DS. white breast and dark ashy-brown of
back, and it is found throughout th
tive North America. Every body is its wi
enemy, and it is killed whenever pos- sti
sible, which isn't every day in the sli
week. It flies close to the ground for loi
its prey, but its ever-watchful eye do- ag
tects danger as quickly as it does food. de
Rabbits, grouse, squirrels, lizards and ge
snakes are also its prey. yo
2ich A few other feathered brigands are Tc
irds worthy of passing notice. The little sai
and sharp-shinned hawk imitates its larger to
Ig a companions in destroying wild pigeons, en
ith- partridges, grouse and song-birds so ,
s to successfully that sportsmen are killing bra
n of it whenever a shot is obtainable. The til
leir woodpecker is a quick bird, and can an
oir usually escape a hawk by darting (O
leir around a tree; but the sharp-shinned rel
ma hawks are too much oven for these
as, artful little birds. The hawks usually is
'ed, hunt in pairs, and they very easily of
the outwit the most cunning bird. They she
.ors have a zig-zag, wavering flight when qu.
ipy they are searching a woods for prey. gu
and The squirrel-hawk is another destruc- is
our tive creature that hangs about in the aci
led woods and along the sea-coast, de- 24
St. stroying small birds by the wholesale. hid
la- Squirrels, mice, moles and reptiles are air
ars devoured by them. They are dull and air
to sluggish compared with most of the fai
stic other hawks, and lack their dash by
en and boldness. The marsh-hawk, or wii
the harrier, is probably one of the least not
air destructive of the whole feathered not
ire tribe of brigands. Its feeding-ground wh
ve is low marshes, where it destroys field- ovi
ich mice and small birds. Agriculturists drf
are in favor of protecting this bird, in- wa
ich asmuch as its services in destroying log
ind mice and moles more than compensate bul
a for its destruction done in other ways. fro
de It is easily shot by hunters, but it in
nst fights fiercely when only wounded. In ble
nd the Southern States the planters wel- cru
'he come it, for it serves most effectually of 1
ch to drive rice-birds off the rice swamps. rec
Unfortunately it has been trapped and wit
shot so universally that it is getting fro
very scarce in North America-a fact roo
ed that can not but be deplored by all pla
*ht who understand the nature of the bird. wh
'd -George I.thelbert Walsh, in Harper's in
le- Weekly. her
en H ten
is- THE SULTAN'S HAREM. The
'm Three Hundred Wives Too Many for the
in- Ruler of the Faithful. the
ve There is a screw loose in Turkey. out
en Some plot or other has been discov- out
it- ered, and the consequences are being gra
if seen in a number of mysterious ar- fur
1i- rests, and in wholesale measures of slot
it punishment against the press. The a 1
nd fact appears to be that a serious palace wa
is conspiracy for deposing the Sultan the
se was detected in the very nick of time. 10 1
e, The Sultan was so unnerved by the air
discovery that he sent for Sir William ing
fe White and asked for his advice. Sir IcC
Wd William answered that the Sultan sinl
m could only live in safety if he put intc
it down his harem, not as a question of clo
on morals, but as matter of policy, in(
ig seeing that it was impossible to
es exercise supervision over an
an establishment of 300 ladies. The
is Sultan, who is practically a the
e- monogamist, would be glad enough to one
at get rid of his 299 brevet spouses, but The
ed the customs of his dynasty forbid him the
os to do this. On his birthday and on und
st twenty other days in the year he in- est
in variably receives from his mother the mar
he present of a beautiful slave, and this exp
od young lady has forthwith to be trans- call
d- ferred to his establishment in the ca- yet
It, pacity of harem dame, with a house- that
rd hold of her own, consisting of at least inst
an four eunuchs and six female servants, hite
ze to say nothing of horses, carriages tray
y and grooms. Multiply the number oJ the
these households by 300, and it ceawes
is to be astonishing that the expenditure bett
a. of the Sultan's civil list should amount this
re to £4,000,000 a year. A large item in be l
)t- this sum represents the dowers which the
ar the Sultan pays to his slaves when cost
vn he marries them. To favorite of- extr
k, ficials, about 100 girls are married stl
ye from the palace yearly, and each of
es them is entitled to receive £10,000. be
as Unfortunately, the bridegroom who beca
rd takes a wife from the Sultan's hands in di
m must, at his earliest convenience, make
e. a present of a slave to keep the staff of
t- the imperial seraglio up to its proper V
Il figure. The Sultan loathes the whole 1've
r, thing, but what is he to doP There gear
oe are too many vested interests engaged Sc
s. in keeping the imperial harem sup- said
)f plied with wives, and if the Sultan jerk
it were to cashier his entire female es.
r- tablishment he would certainly be de dee
. posed or murdered.-Glasgow Herald
--Don't be afraid of wild boys and wheo
f girls; they often grow up to be the very
e best men and women. Wildness is no istw
I vipousness.-H-erbert Speagpoi.. p
ve ' THE UST KARA PRISON,
of me of the Horrible Things Seen by
George.Kennan in Siberia.
n, A Cossack corporal ran to the en.
trance with a bunch of keys in his
r hand, unlocked the huge padlock that
- secured the small door in the larger
wooden gate, and admitted us to the
prison court-yard. Three or four con
a victs, with half-shaven heads, ran
k hastily across the yard as we entered,
i to take their places in their cells for
't' inspection. We ascended two or three
s steps incrusted with an indescribable
k, coating of filth and ice an inch and a
or half thick, and entered, through a
0 heavy plank door, a long, low, and
very dark corridor, the broken and de
es caying floor of which felt wet and slip
r- pery to the feet, and where the atmos
at phere, although warm, was very damp,
re and saturated with the strong, peculiar
9' odor that is characteristic of Siberian
- prisons. A person who has once in
haled that odor can never forget it;
re and yet it is so unlike any other bad
i smell in the world that I hardly know
e- with what to compare it. I can ask
a you to imagine cellar air, every atom
n of which has been half a dozen times
it through human lungs and is heavy
ts with carbonic acid; to imagine that air
s still further vitiated by foul, pungent,
tO slightly ammoniacal exhalations from
r long unwashed human bodies; to im
i agine that it has asuggestion of damp,
decaying wood and more than a sug
gestiori of human excrement-and still
you will have no adequate idea of it.
'e To unaccustomed senses it seems so
saturated with foulness and disease as
r to be almost insupportable. As we
' entered the corridor, slipped upon the
O wet, filthy floor, and caught the first
breath of this air, Major Potulof
`e turned to me with a scowl of disgust,
n and exclaimed, "Otvratitelni tiurma!"
g (Ot-vra-te-tel-nee tyoor-ma)-"It is a
e The Cossack corporal who preceded
Y as threw open the heavy wooden door
y of the first kamera (kah merah) and
y shouted: "Smirno! (Smeer no)-"Bo
n quiet!" the customary warning of the
guard to the prisoners when an officer
is about to enter the cell. We stepped
a across the threshold into a room about
24 feet long, 22 feet wide and 8 feet
". high, which contained 29 convicts. The
e air here was so much worse than the
d air in the corridor that it madt me
e faint and sick. The room was light4
by two nearly square, heavily-grated
r windows with double sashes, that could
it not be raised or opened, and there was
l not the least apparent provision any
I where for ventilation. Even the brick
oven, by which the cell was warmed,
s drew its air from the corridor. The
walls of the kamera were of squared
logs, and had once been whitewashed;
a but they had become dark and grimy
from lapse of time, and were blotched
t in hundreds of places with dull red
n blood-stains, where the convicts had
crushed bed-bugs. The floor was made
V of heavy planks, and, although it had
recently been swept, it was incrusted
I with dry, hard-trodden filth. Out
from the walls on three sides of the
t room projected low-sloping wooden
1 platforms about eix feet wide, upon
which the convicts slept, side by side,
in closely-packed rows, with (their
heads to the walls and their feet ex
tended toward the middle of the cell.
They had neither pillows nor blankets,
and were compeled to lie down upon
these sleeping-benches at night with
out removing their clothing and with.
out other covering than their coarse
gray overcoats. The cell contained no
furniture of any kind, except these
sleeping-platforms, the brick oven, and I
a large wooden-tub. When the door 1
was locked for the night each one of
these 29 prisoners would have, for 8 or
10 hours' consumption, about as much I
air as would be contained in a pack
ing-box 5 feet square and 5 feet high.
I could discover no way in which a I
single cubic foot of fresh air could get
into that cell after the doors had been
closed for the night.--George Kennan,
The Cost of Production.
If a choice article can be grown on
the same space required for an "inferior v
one the cost will be but little more. I
The first item of expense is the use of r
the ground, and that item must be paid I
under all circumstances, as the inter- d
est and use of the land commands a b
marketable value. Next, the labor is
expensive. While a choice article may
call for more labor to a certain extent,
yet there are items in the bill of labor
that always present themselves. For
instance, it requires as much time to
hitch the team, sharpen the tools,
travel to and from the field, keep down
the weeds and grass, and protect h
against insects for a poor crop as for a ,
better one. To proportionately lessen g
this expense the crop must not only
be large, but of excelent quality, and
the better the quality the lower the
cost proportionately. It is sometimes
extravagant to grow an inferior crop. ,
as the farmer can not afford to do so. t
His land and labor are too valuable to
be devoted to crops that do not pay
because they fail to be of the quality d
in demand.--Indianapolis Sentinel.
A Soldier's Conundrum,
Veteran Soldier (to his comrade)- a
I've got a conundrum for you, ser
Sergeant-Spit 'er out, as the dentist
said to the patient whose teeth he had e
jerked to the surface.
"Why are postage stamps like the
defeated and routed enemy?"
"Because they can't be used again."
"No. Because you see their backs
when you lick 'em."-Texas Siftings.
--The best English pun we know of
is twenty shillin.s.-Biunghamqtp Ro
' A Rt. Louis Detective Tells How It II
Done by Means of Photographs.
is Photographs are very useful in the
at detection of criminals, but considera
r ble practice has to be acquired before
ie they can he used to any great advan
- tage. Criminals resort to all sorts of
tricks in changing their appearance
besides change of dress, clipping hair,
ýr shaving off the beard or altering its
)a style, etc. The process of shaving off
le the mustache and beard and clipping
a the hair by a criminal is known in
a the parlance of detectives as "ring
ing." But there is one unmistakable
e- manner of scrutinizing the counte
nance of a man or in studying his pict
ure. There is one portion of the face
that criminals can not change in their
e, methods of "ringing." Draw a circle
Sover the face. taking in the eyes, eye
n_ brows, lower part of the fore
head, the nose and that part
d of the cheeks on each side of
w the nasal organ and just beneath the
ik eyes. This portion of the face always
remains the same. A man can shave
s a long beard off, clip his hair, and
leave or shave his mustache, but that
ir portion of the face within the circle
t, described above will remain the same.
n Dissipation and consumption will
sometimes make a decided hollow ap
pearance of the eyes, and the cheek
will become sunken, but an experi
11 enced detective will identify the man
nine times out of ten, nevertheless.
o The manner in which a detective fixes
6 an impression of the features of a
e criminal in his mind is very simple.
o A small magnifying glass the size of a
half dollar is held over that portion of
A the photo described in the circle,
which enlarges the impression of the
~ eyes and other marks of identification
a until the detective very easily gets a
clear conception of that portion of the
d criminal's face. This conception he
r carries in his mind, and is, of course,
d aided by a full description,
' which attends, of course, the
e photo of every criminal in a rogues'
r gallery, and any marks on the body or
I any peculiar twitch of muscles or gait
it of walking, and, in fact, all peculiari
t ties noticeable, are mentioned, and
e when these full mental notes of a
e criminal are before the detective's
e mind's eye it is not so strange that he
can pick his man out of a large crowd
d 'and rarely make a mistake. Detectives
d often identify criminals from pictures
a which look but very little like the
originals, and persons who do not un
k derstand the art of scrutinizing a
physiognomy would declare that a
mistake had been made. One of the
most successful criminals in "ringing'
in this country is James Carroll, the
, noted bank sneak, who is now serv
- ing a term of eight years at
I the Joliet penitentiary for rob
a bing the safe of a bank in Gales
a burg, Ill. His picture, taken over ten
1 years ago, adorns almost every rogues'
gallery in the United States. It rep
t resents him with a long flowing beard
9 and long hair, with a higi forehead
1 and no mustache. One night several
7 years ago the police brought in a man
on suspicion, and he was lodged in the
holdover, at the Four Courts. Chief
O'Neil of the St. Louis detective force
was passing through the holdover on
his regular rounds to identify any
L criminals that might be there. He
came to a prisodier whose face at once
struck him as being the original of a 1
photo in the rogue's gallery. He step.
ped up-stairs to the gallery, and in
a few minutes found the picture of the
prisoner. It was Jimmy Carroll, the'
bank-robber. But nobody but an expe
rienced defective would have ever iden
tified the prisoner by the photo we
had, and which have been described
above. Carroll had his hair cut short
and combed it down on his forehead,
his beard was clipped very short, and
the greatest change of all was that he
wore a mustache. He looked very
much younger than the picture we
had, which was taken nine years pre
vious. His mouth dropped at the cor
ners, his under lip showed plainly, 1
while the upper lip was covered, which h
was directly opposite to our picture.
But Mr. O'Neil's identification was no
mistake. The features of the robber's1
face within the circle that had been I
described were the same as nine years d
before, and by that circle he was !!
identified.-St. Louis Globe-Democrat, I
The Dog Called the Servant, p
The possession of an intelligent dog p
in the family may be a very useful s
means out of emergencies. Not long s
ago some members of a family return- a
ing from an evening entertainment I
were unable to gain an entrance to ,
their house. The key had been for- Iw
gotten and the servants were evidently o
asleep. Ringing the door bell produced e
no response. The only sound indoors tl
was that of the dog's tail gently thump- g
ing against the rug, but after a time t1
that ceased. The dog had recognized eJ
his friends and refused to bark. When
all efforts to enter seemed fruitless the
door was opened by a sleepy servant,
accompanied by a very wide-awake it
dog. It seemed that this friend of the
family had made his way to the serv- p
ant's room and had gently awakeaed- [i
her to a realization of the situation. tl
As he had never been permitted to
enter the room before, it is evident tl
that his sense of the needs of the occa- sl
sion had shown him that he should not fo
wait for a ceremonious invitation.- i
Boston Journal .
--tighit actions for the future are tfl he
oest explanations or apologies.a o|
wrong ones in the past; the-best evi-
dence of regret for them that we can ax
oaer or tlI worl# wroolve~-Wwaraq~ I
FULL OF FUN.
S -"Of all the shell-fish in the
WIurrld," says Paddy, "give me an
a- -Paterfamilias-"Clara, I see that
.e the front rate is down this morning."
i- Clara (shyly)-"Yes, papa, you know
)f love levels all things."
e -Mrs. Ward-'-Where is your hus.
r, band working now?" Mrs. Precinct
Is "He ain't working. He has got an of
if fice in the city government"-Boston
n -"I have got an account of a land
slide," said the new reporter. "What
Le head shall I put it under?" "Put it
- under the 'Real-Estate Transfers,'"
I- replied the snake editor.-Pittsburgh
r -Physicians--"You see your son is
e feverish, Madam. Notice the coating
" on his tongue." "Mrs. Anxious-"I
' don't see any coating on his tongue;
t but I see an ulster in his throat and
fI his pants are dreadful short"--Epoch.
e -Lawyer-"-My conscience troubled
me a little last night about that fee I
charged Jones yesterday." Friend
d (astonished) -"Your conscienc?" Law
t yer-"Certainly. I was afraid that 1
e had been unjust to myself."-Washing.
- -Dentist's Daughter (who hears her
k father approaching)-"Oh dear, Ed
ward, here comes my father. If he
should find us together here, we are
lost. Oh, he is coming! You will
have either to ask for my hand or-let
him pull out a tooth for you."-Flie.
a -A Little Confused-"What a fine
f expression that was in the sermon to
day about the boy's being father to the
a thought, though I don't quite agree
with it when I look at our boys." "O
a my dear, you are quite mistaken.
0 What be said was that the wish is the
0 father of the man. But it was splendid,
almost as good as Browning."
-"Cross Examining Counsel-"Now,
a Mr. Brown, you say this Louis C.
Brown is a distant relative of yours?"
r Mr. Brown-"Yes." Cross-Examining
t Counsel-"What relation is he?" Mr.
- Brown-"My brother." Cross-Exam
1 ining Counsel-"But you just told us
i he was a distant relative." Mr.
s Brown--"So he is. At present he is
a in China."
1 -Mrs. Hilton-"I might as well tell
3 you before we go any farther that I
3 discharged the last cook we had be
cause she seemed to have the idea that
she was the most importiant person in
the house. I trust that if I engage
your services as cook you will always
be able to remember the place you
occupy." Would-be Cook--"There'll
be no trouble on that score, mum. I
never get so full but what I can find
the way home."-Terre Haute Express.
-In the business office of a news
paper.-Complainant- "Here, I want
my money returned, the money I paid
for this advertisement." Clerk--"It
seems to read all right: 'Wanted, a
middle-aged widow of considerable at
tractions to correspond with an old
bachelor of means."' Complainant
"That's all very well; but look at the
way it is classified." Clerk-"I am
really very sorry, sir; it must have got
in with the 'Business Chances' by mis.
take of our new clerk. "-America.
Paris Said to Be Yielding the Palm to
fHer Anglican Klval.
In Paris dresses are growing more
I tnd more simple of outline, the folds
being -molded upon the lines of the
figure, without excrescence or unnat
Competent judges all agree that the
London fashion bear away the palm
i this spring from those of Paria This
I is an indirect flattery of our cl ' En
glish milliners, who are so skillfully
Sadapt to English taste the ideas they
Simport from Paris, and add to them
I subtle touches of their own which in
crease the effect.
SThe new tennis suits are exactly like
a man's, with starched front, high col
lar and a masculine tie. They are to
be worn under the tennis jackets which
achieved such popularity during the
last two seasons. "Ladies' blazers,"
I they are called in some of the shops,
and they are to summer what the "la- 1
dies' smoking jackets" are to winter.
The craze for the masculine in gar
ments appears to be increasing, but
the manly short-cut coiffure has disap
peared from polite circles.
The sailor hat promises to be as
popular as ever. It could not be more
so than it has been during the last few
seasons, and it has much to recom- 1
I Woolen materials remain in favor
for dresses, though silk is to be more
worn than it was last year. There is
Soften a velvet underskirt to the wool
en dresses, and Paris milliners arrange
this so as to be visible in little (
glimpses. A scarlet velvet shirt is
thus indicated under one of navy-blue 1
Tailor-made gowns and coats are al- I
most the only wear just now. The
Scovert coat shows no signs of closing
its popularity, though many button-up
coats are now worn as offering better
protection to the chest and lungs than
Tlthe more easily-donned covert coat
that fastens with one button.
Capes are of every shape, grhaps
the newest being that which is a
shoulder cape at the back, but in front (
forms a long revers on either side the
buttons of the dress. ending in a point 1
below the waist The tripple-cape, or I
carrick, is to be seen on some well-cut
coats in the park. It is one of those
things that a middle-class tailor or I
dress-maker never venturesto attempt, I
and consequently it holds its cacol)t 4p
BI~ -LO-tIQ 6P414a4
YOUTHS' DEPAR TM'El
A WONDERFUL TOWN.
"To-morrow's the Fourth," said sleepy Ned,
"And I'll be the very first one out of bed;
But for fear I should happen to make a mis
The whole night long I shall stay awake.
How I wish the morning would comes said he
Dear me Dear me I
And he fell asleep Just then and there,
And dreamed of a land called Rippantair.
It was wrong side to, and up side down,
And Rattle-to-bang was the capital town,
Inhabited only by queer little boys
Who cared for nothing on earth but noise.
They rushed through the streets with a shout
and a yell,
Pelellllt Pell men!
And none but a boisterous boy could bear
The racket and rout of Rippantair.
Whenever the wind blew fierce and high,
The shutters and doors began to fly,
There rose a clatter of pots and pans,
And the houses spun like wind-mill fans;
The city rattled and roared and rang,
Slam bang! Slam bang!
And the boys all shouted: "Where, oh,
Can you show us a land like Pippantairl"
Be dreamed they had bugles and big bass
And instead of peaches and pears and plums,
Squibs and crackers and rockets, too.
On every tree in their orchards grew;
And every day was the Fourth of July,
Oh, my! Oh, my!
And every evening they filled the air
With splendid fire-works at Rippantair.
They finally bored for natural gas.
When a strange calamity came to pass;
They discovered-alas! it should make you
A gunpowder subsoil three feet deep I
The matches were near-the powder was dry
Sky high! Sky high!
With a boom and a crash, a gleam and a
Went the shattered fragments of Rippantair!
He woke with a start; the sun was high;
He looked at the bed; he looked at the sky;
For he thought at first, he had just some
With the scattered wreck of that wonderful
He heard his brothers laughing below
Oh, oh Oh, ohl"
Buthe smiled and said: "Well, Idon't care
What a Fourth I had in Rippantair!"
-Eudora S. Bumstead, in Youth's Companion.
FIRST INDEPENDENCE DAY.
AStory for Small Boys Appropriate to the
-'Papa, papa, did you bring us any
lire-works?" screamed- Harry and
George Hall, both greatly excited.
S"No, my boys. I was not in the
city to-day. Besides, you are both too
small for fire-works." Mr. Hall only
said this to quiet his-sons. He knew
very well that no boy, unless a baby, is
ever too small for fire-works.
"Oh, no, papa. Jimmy down the
road is to have some, and he's littler
than me," said Harry.
"Robby Moray's to have a whole
package of fire-crackers all to hisuelf,
an' he's not two years bigger than' me,"
"I think a pack of torpedoes foreach
of you will do the least harm. They
won't blow you up." said papa,who had
almost forgotten how he used to feel on
"Well, papa, what's the use of talk
ing of blowing up. You did not bring
any," said Harry, who was a bit of a
philosopher. Both boys looked very
sober, and papa felt sorry for their dis
"How will it do if I give you each
fifty cents. You can spend it as you
please at the village store." Fifty
cents!l Georgy danced for joy. "Fifty
cents! papaP Truly? I never had so
much all to myself, did IP"
"Oh, you're a baby. I had more
than that last Christmas," said Harry,
who is a whole year older than Georgy,
who is small and delicate looking. But I
Georgy is not easily repressed.
"Can we have the money now, papa,
and go right away? What'll we buyP
Oh goody, fifty cents!"
"Here is your money. After supper
you can decide what you want to buy,
and to-morrow morning you can go off
and spend it" You see this papa wasl
awise man. He did not wsnt to be
awakened by daylight with the noise 1
of exploding gunpowder.
That evening the boys had a lively
time deeiding how to spend their a
money. They bad lived through so1
few Fourths of July that they knew the
names and prices of only a few fire
works, but they wanted all the kinds
they had seen. Mammalaughed quietly I
as she heard the words so often re
peated, fire-crackers, torpedoes, punk,.
pistol. The poor boys got badly
tangled in trying to make out a list, I
and finally took to calling one another
names. Papa thought it timeito inter'.
fere. "Boys, boys, come here; I think I
you need my help. What's the trouble?
Are you tired of your money and of the
FourthP What is this Fourth, anyway,;
that you are nimaking such a fuss aboutP?
By this time Georgy was tired With
thinking and worrying, and was glad
to lay his curly head against his papa's
"Oh, I know all about it," said Hart
ry, "soldiers and parades and fire
workas. You took us last yeartosee .
splendid ones in the park in the city, 1
Georgy is so little he forgetes
"No, I don't. I 'member Bridget's,
boy put a whole pack of fire-crackers
in a barrel and set'em offt -Wasn't it
uin? That's what I'm going to do to* a
"Why? What is the use of so much
noise and so many explosions? You .
say you know all about it, Harry, Tell
"Well, papa," said Harry, drawing a
very long breath, "once there wasn't -.
any Fourthof July here-" . [
"No Fourth o' July," interruptedI
('eorgy. "What did the boys do'?"
. "There was l'ts of soldiersl here and
they wanted to boss every-body, and
there were ights," said Harry.
"Did any body get killed dead?":
"Yes, ever -so many". continued
Harry, "and then there were ever soi
'many boys who had no papa and no
home and not go to get killed;" asked
Georgy, who did not like to hear of
boys in trouble He was so often there
"Papa, you go on." bogged Barry.
"You know better than me. Tell us
all about it please."
"Long ago," said papa, "more than
one hundred years ago, all this hap.
pened. If you boys had lived then you
would not have heard about ire-trorrks
and processions. Instead, every body,
was talking about the British soldiers'
and their cruelty and the many things
they forced the people to do that they
disliked. Even the boys could not-play
as they liked. Harry, don't you re
member the story of how the soldiers
plagued the Boston boys when, they
went to slide or skate?"
"Yes. And when the boys saw their
slides spoiled, they made a company
and had a captain and marched to the
General and they told him about the
soldielr. And then the (eneral said
they were brave boys."
"What was Fourth o' July?" asked
"No, dear, not yet," said papas. The
soldiers grew more and morenimperti.
nent and kept on doing cruel things to
the people. The King of England sent
the soldiers here and he would not
take them away for he had sent them
to make the Americans do as he wished.
The people kept growing more angry.
and at last they could stand it no long
er, but they were not strong enough to
drive the soldiers away.,
"Didn't they have any guns to shoot.
the soldiers, papaP' asked Georgy.
"Not many, and they had. not much
money to buy any ammunition, neither
had they been drilled as the British sol
diers were. So altogether they hardly
knew what to do."
"Would fifty cents buy agun, papa .
asked Georgy, looking at his silver
"What a little goose you are," said
impatient Harry, "Do go on, papa.
.What did the 'Mericans do?"
"The men formed companies and
raised money to buy arms. They had to
drill at night off in the country. They
hid their guns and swords in the day
ilhe so, the soldiers could not find
"I know about that," cried Harry.
"The soldiers found out that the 'Merl.
cans had hid a hibole lot of guns and
powder and they went after these But
the'Mericans hurried up and, hid'be-,
hind fences and trees and fired off their
guns and made the redcoats run.Wasn't
that jolly! Hurrah for the 'Merieana."
"Hurrah!" shouted .Georgy,, "That
was the Fourth. o' July, wasn't it,
"No, not yet. The people were de '
lighted when, they, knew they could
beat the redcoats, but the English Kinig
was furiously angry. He sent more
cross messages and disagreeable orders
and shiploads of soldiers. The people
held great meetings. in every par. of
the country to see what could be done.
From these meetings the wisest :men
were sent to Philadelphia. There the
troubles were talked over in Congress,
until at last these men decided to send
word, to Athe tyrannical King that they
would have'nothing more to `do with -
him. 'They would make their own laws
and.have their own soldiers and do, s
the people thought best. ]i he insisted
on ordering them as lhe ileased, they
would fight all the soldiers he would
send againsttheni',A lour tletter was
written with all thisin to send to iqg
land. This was called the Declaration
of Independence. The chief men of the
country signed it, and when fhis was
done all the bells in the steeples rang
loud and long, the cannops were fired,
the bands played and the great Crowds
of excited people cheered."
"And that was the Fourth o' July,"
"That was the fitt Independence
Daysin America. Since then all good
Americans like to show that -they re
member the barve men who were not
afraid of an angry king and his armie -
but were determined to make their
"And then d414 the boys buy ire
crackers and did the papas give them
fity cents?" asked Georgy.
"No.' Boys did nothave isuch-a good
time then. The papas and blgbrothera -
had to march of and fight for nina. ,
long years, more years than either of
ybu have lived. Many of them nevebr
came home again, but 1digi on 'th' bat- '
tiefield. There was aso little moesy tO
spare from the war that thlie boy often'
had to go hungry,; and Wihei 'the cold'
winters caene they bad holirk to warn
thqm. Their clothes iir~e irsgged aitd
thelr shoes ftii of holes, blit the solditers
were too brave' to give up their liberty.
At last Kijig Georth wasf obige to cali
all his soldiers bak to England had to
prbonie to let the' Amerietis alons.:.
Thenevery body had atfne Fourth of
July, and every.year slnethe day has "
been celebrated in rmembirance of
those bi;ve people of the Bevoia"tin."
-Albany (N. Y.)·Au: :A.g . .
-It is not often that a roostet has
any particular desire to take a bath,
but a. Port Orain, N. J., bird lat,.y
showed that under the pressure-of e
cessity he could sWim -like a duak. He
wasohdased by B dog to the:edged of
the Morris eaal, and, seeing no other':
mode sofesape, he jumpetdin. The dog
followed, but the rooster using:both.
wings and feet as propellers, orgedd
rapidly through the water. An .eye
witnes reports that the wing one was
the faster pwimzper, aud . ahe strg- a
gled up theopppsiteh dog wa
a bad second. The trlumpheptrrocste
stood upon the shore d cod eot
over Aminute, and, whiletbiiI s
in self-laudation, the dog laid-ed ud -
almost succeeded in cato'ich it by
the tail. He savsyodSmSotb
IDU ino te