Newspaper Page Text
The World is Governed Too Much.'
IIEl BT, Bsiness Manager. . ALEXANDRIA, LOUISIANA, WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 22, 1890, VO.X .
,, .,, .. . .,. . . . . .,:. .
"YES, LITTLE DEAR."
3Ass weqt to church one sultry day, ha
6 ,hept awake, I'm glad to say,
"fourthly" started.on its way. a
e oments into hours grew; bu
e O dear! what should she do?
. she glided from the pew,
lnd the aisle demurely went, .
on a absorbing mission bent,
h ped and said in plaintive tone,
i hhd uplifted toward the dome:
"'Please,lireacher man, can I go home?' ge
The treble voice, bell-like in sound,
Disturbed a sermon most profound;
A titter swelled as it went round.,
A smile the pastor's face o'eripread-
Sie paused and bent his stately head: St
"Yes, little dear," he gently iead, ..
-Christian Advocate. ta
She Looks After the Welfare of the ye
Unfortunate .ronaut. sk
A balloon descended one day in the. re
cornfield of a farmer on the banks of at
the Ohio, in that region of Southern di
Illinois locally known as "Egypt." cc
The aeronout, a slight, serious-looking
young gentleman with spectacles, ex
tricated himself from the balloon just th
as the farmer came running from the ol
next field to the scene of thedescent.
"Reckon you lit suddin, didn't you?" ci
said the farmer. "Glad to see you, sir, S
on my property, though folks, does h.
gener'ly come in by the front yard when tI
they're comp'ny. Much shook up, do w
"No, I thank you," said the balloon- d,
ist, "I'm very comfortable. When I pi
saw the 'chute was bound to come down 1
anyway, I steered for a cornfield. It's
lucky you didn't have the river run t
through this field." tl
"You mought have got some wet, p
that's a fact," said our farmer with an I
appreciative grin. "Sphinxy says the N.
Nile don't never drown folks." si
"Sphinxy? The Nile? Where am I v
"In Egypt." p
"In Egypt! Impossible. Why, I only d
left Cincinnati day before yesterday!"
"Yet here you be, said the farmer. ri
"My name's Shelby, and my folks will t1
be tickled to death to have a ballooner a
to dinner. They's yellow-legged chicken p
fried, too, to-day. I see Sphinxy and
her ma fixing it when I was to the a
pump, a spell ago."
"But what do you mean about the
Nile?" persisted the stranger. "My o
name ris Sewall, and I'll be much
obliged for a dinner, but I don't under- t
stand. That's the Ohio river, and I
must surely have come down in Illi
"Shucks, now," laughed the farmer.
"Reckon you've lost your bearings, ca
reering and shassaying up 'round in the
clouds in that machine o' yourn. In
Egypt you be, and I reckon you won't a
find a peartor section of country nowhur
you'll look for it. Come onin, and have
some dinner. 'Taint dinner-time for
half an hour, but I reckon you'll want
to rest'up some, before you explain your o
star-cart to an old fellow like me."
"Oh no, Mr. Shelby," said Mr. Sewall,
"your hospitality shan't run away with
your curiosity in that way. Let us spend C
the half-hour with the balloon. I'll be I
delighted to tell you any thing I can r
about it. c
"'hey were still looking at the balloon I
;,: talking it over when a tall, young
girl, wearing a green gingham sunbon- V
net and a freshly-starched pink calico a
frock, came out across the corn-field a
from the farm-house. She walked up
to her father and, without looking at g
the balloon or the balloonist, said: "Paw,
come to dinner. Maw says it's spiling N
polwerful fast for lack of eating."
'i i en she turned and walked away to- I
ward the, house. c
"'1 at's Sphinry," said her father, in I
a tour, of pride. "Most women folks
would have stood around and pestered
us to dath asking questions: 'What is 1
that?' 'How did it get here?' and all
the like of that. But Sphinxy, if you
notice, ttendws trictly to her own busi- i
ness. 'L'aw,' si:' she to me, 'come to I
dinner,' says 'hc. That's enough for
Sphinxy, ad rvo 'uestions asked. It's
always her 'ay.
"Why, one they vas a cyclone come
sudden one a t ; t st one eversheard
of in this part . th.e ountry. Sphinxy,
she was milkin:. hr : iecklod cow when
it struck the mi .ig-- hed. It took the
cow and her both. righl up, whirled 'em
round and whiskled 'ed : off and landed
'em both on that thur istnd out yander
S in the river. I had to fetch 'em both off
in a flat-boat.
"Sphinxy scared? Not a bit of it!
"'Paw,' said she. 'I'm sorry I spilt all
that good fresh milk,' says she, 'but it
don't seem to be Sp,1 klo's fault no more
nor mine,' says she. Nrver asked once
what struck her. ' phlinxy never
asks no questions. a :frward she
knew the Nile wou J 'ownd no
"Do you really call the Nild
down in this Egypt?" . SewalL.
"I remember now he , t South
ern Illinois is Egypt."
"Shucks, now, you'r : T your
wits back, aint you?" la . Shel
by, as they walked ton farm
house. "YWe call it the ". ,ro on
our farm. Well, 'this is n' d o'
corn and wine,' and they a., Iller
corn than mine."
Mrs. Shelby sat down to · er
table with her husband and . t,
whom she welcomed cordial ,, and con
- ing whose adventures she jsked a
-,hu" d n-estions. She was a small,
- " nus wom .. .etil
S:L -ance to,: ' her
.uc - . rapkaly w< w
, nwhile, s ,i .
gr,.. sunbonn iin
th,: t, s sliced a c' 'r. h
Sina pail weii
i 11 r. Senall s with
S :li lr. .ir it him a pie ,e.
S !:aI0 not seen the f he
gi i::r. xtraordinarv n ,
was hidden from observaror
Her figure was slender, and
graceful in her clean pink f .
hands were singularly nice han ,
drl who washe4 tJdis~es three L_
After dinner Mr. Sawell sat upon the
piazza with his host and hostess for by
half an hour while the daughter cleared lii
away the dinner things. They could rn
hear the rattle of dishes in the kitchen, m
but no sound of Sphinxy's voice. SI
M~Ir. Sewall asked after awhile how far wi
it was to the railroad station. se
"It's a matter of seven miles," said gi
Mrs. Shelby. "Be you going right
back to Cincinnati with your balloon?" a
"I think I shall. It's badly out of ye
gear," said Mr, Sewell. "I shall know p,
how to arrange it in better shape next st
"And you think you must be leaving eo
us right off ? That's too bad," said Mr. ol
Shelby. "Well, if you must go, I'll w
dý.ve you over to town in time for you to
take the eight o'clock train this even- a:
ing for Cincinnatah." n
"I shall be very much obliged to you," g
said Mr. Sewall, "and if I could offer el
you -" I
"Don't mention it. Proud to have g
sky-scrapers come to visit us. Drop In
on us whenever you feel like dropping," ti
returned cordial Mr. Shelby, laughing ri
at his own wit, "and next time you c,
drop, we'll have a feather-bed out in the d
cornfield all ready for you, eh, mother?" c
Sphinxy came out on the piazza.
"Paw," said she, "the cat's fell down g
the windless into the well, the bucket's F
off and the cat's squalling." ii
Mr. Shelby disappeared in great ex- t
citement, followed by Mrs. Shelby.
Sphinxy turned to Mr. Sewall, looked at a
him with a frank smile, then ran out to 1'
the well to aid in rescuing the cat, I
whose accident she had announced with t
much calmness as she had announced a
dinner, in the usual and unexpected i
presence of a balloon and a balloonist. I
Mr. Sewall had smiled in return.
Her look bad expressed the most in- t
tense admiration. It was evident that r
the descent of the balloon and the ap
pearance of the young stranger at din
ner had touched Sphinxy's imagination. f
Mr. Shelby was clambering down the s
stones within the well-shaft when his
visitor reached the curb. It was a
perilous descent, and a still more slip
pery ascent after he had sent the
drenched cat up in the rescued bucket.
At six o'clock Mr. Shelby brought a
rickety old buggy and a lean horse to
the front gate, called "Hello the house!"
and announced his readiness to take a i
passenger to town.
Mr. Sewall, who had spent most of the
afternoon in a sound sleep on the lounge i
in Mrs. Shelby's best parlor, making up
for sleep lost while in the clouds, came
out refreshed and ready to go. They
were to drive to the cornfield fence and
take up the broken balloon. Mrs. Shelby
shook hands heartily, and stood on the
piazza smiling and speeding the part
Sphinxy came around the corner of
the house, and walked across the gric'l"
to Mr. Sewall. Half-way down the
front yard, midway between her father
at the gate and her mother on the steps,
she stopped beside him.
She had left off her sunbonnet, and
he saw a bright, girlish face She held
out a small parcel.
"You might need it. Don't open it
till you get to town," said she, blush
ing with timidity. Then before he
could thank her or say good-bye she had
put the parcel into his hands and had
run away. Her pink frock whisked
out of sight around the corner of the
R house directly.
"What did Sphinxy present you
with?" asked Mr. Shelby, as his guest
o got into the buggy beside him, looking
I at the parcel with much curiosity.
p "She said I'm not to open it till we
t get to the town," replied Mr. Sewall.
"It was very kind of her, I'm sure,
g whatever it is."
"Sphinxy's a girl of few words. Never
º- spoke to you at all till you was leaving,
did she?" said Mr. Shelby, touching the
a lean horse with his hickory switch.
s "Not once," answered Mr. Sewall.
At the railway station in the village
5 he opened' the parcel containing
11 Sphinxy's gift. It was a little old faded
a red silk purse, netted in an old-fash
i- ioned form, and gleaming through it Mr.
o Sewall could see two gold pieces.
ir "Why, this is very kind of your
5 daughter!" he exclaimed, astonished,
"but really I can't accept her money.
* The purse looks like a keepsake, a
d treasure of her own, too!"
S "It is. It belonged to her grand
n mother, who left it to her when she
e died, with them two five dollars," said
n Mr. Shelby, in low tones of much sym
d pathy and tenderness. "Sphinxy thinks
r the world and all of that money. I
reckon she thought, being as you'd come
by balloon, going home by train with
car fares to pay and so on might come a
Slittle awkward to you."
'"But you will take it back to her, and
o explain that I have more than enough
0 to pay my fair to Cincinnati, won't you?"
Ssaid Mr. Sewall. "And tell her how
e much I thank her. She is very good and
"Sphlnxy is a good girl," said her
father, "and she's one that's wonderful
set in her own way, two. I don't think,"
he added, thoughtfully shaking his
Shead, "I don't think she would, to say,
r- eally stand it if I should take the
Spurse back to her. No." he said, with
determination, "I can't take it back to
on Sphinxy, Mr. Sewall. She'd take on and
r cry if I should do such a thing. I know
just how that girl thinks, though she
Snever says much.
t, "She always feels as though nothing's
a too good for any body that comes to see
a us, and when any body comes, so to say,
1, right out of the sky, her granny's pres
j1 ent's got to go, or Sphinxy wouldn't be
r Sphinxy. She has had son" notion of
._ ~ving up her chicken and egg money
to put with it and buy her a melodeum,
. but, laws! she'll never do it. She'll
)f just spend all she gets alon', for pink
h calico dresses for every day md white
; Swiss for Sundays, and t: ere that
i purse'll lie in her trunk. Tak it along,
?' iir. SewsaL, (a it along, do. I really
ho couldn't takJit lbk to her, nu oW.'"
S "Well," said Mr. @iwall, relh0tantly;
e hen, as a thought cane into his mind,
hc smiled, and put it catefully into his
large pocket-book. \
"How did you happen toin e your/
, daughter Sphinxy?" he aesker "'
a her my best theaks, won'tr/
"Yes, rather odd," admitted Mr. Shel
by. "But I niotieed when she was a
little bit of a slip of a thing that she N'
never asked no questions the way. her
mother does. Perhaps you noticed Mis'
Shelby's way. She's a powerful good a
woman, my wife is, but she can't never
seem to stop asking questions, and my tl
girl's just the other way.
"We n smed her Maria when she was E
a baby, but when she was about three a
years old a man come through these
parts, peddling reaping-machines. He C
staid to my place over night, and he b
told me that he heard say that in the h
early original Egypt, back there in the
old country, there was a race of women
what never asked no questions.
"Now them women is called sphinxies, d
and I says to my wife right off we'd r
name our little girl that. 'If she'll t
grow up to be one of them kind of wom
en,' says I, 'that's the best kind of luck U
I can wish to her husband when she 1
"My wife says- Oh! there's your V
train, Mr. Sewall. Got your check all
right for that balloon? good! Now do
come and see us sometime, and drop
down on us whenever you feel like it.
Mr. Sewall wrung Mr. Shelby's hand 1
gratefully, then hurried into his car.
From the window he saw the tall figure
in blue jeans, the kindly, smiling face,
the gesture of affectionate farewell.
About a fortnight later, the young
aeronaut, whose regular occupation in
life was in a large Cincinnati banking. 1
house, where he held a responsible posi
tion, received a letter, which he put
away, after reading,with two gold pieces 1
in a faded silk purse. It was written on I
blue-ruled paper with pale ink and
signs of a spluttering pen, but it seemed
to please Mr. Sewall very much as he
read it. This was the letter:
DEAR SIR-Your letter came duly to hand,
also the box with the music instrument by
frate, which I took home and unloaded, and
set it up in the parlor before my wife and
Sphinxy see ine.
And then in comes Sphinxy and sets down
and played a piece she learned of her
school-teacher, who has got a melodeum,
and she says, as she played her piece: Paw,
says she, this is an organ with thirteen stops.
and I never sposed I'd everhave a melodeum
like teacher, says she. And as to where I'
carme from or any thing about it she never
asked no questions.
So no more at present from yours respect
I fuly, JOSEPH SHELBY.
P. S.-My wife presents her compliments
and says tell you we are all very much
obliged, and so we are. Sphinxy went to
town and bought a piece of sheet music with
a song about a balloon man on it, and she
sings it every night when she plays on the
The purse and its contents found their
way back to Sphinxy the next summer,
but Mr. Sewall keeps the letter.-Min
na C. Smith, in Youth's Companion.
i His Latest Achievement Even Grander
Than HIs First Successes.
r In the history of exploration and ad
venture few things are more memorable
than the dispatch lately received from
Stanley, announcing that he and Emin
j Pasha are well advanced upon their
journey to the east coast of Africa. It
t Is almost a quarter of a century since,
to the amazement and admiration of the
world, a man previously unknown un
dertook to find Livingstone, and found
i him. Of the career thus begun it was a
Sfitting crown that Stanley should deter
mine to rescue Emin, and should tri
umphantly fulfill his purpose.
We had learned from former dis
t patches that when Stanley, after accom
plishing the long and difficult ascent of
the Congo and one of its main affluents,
first encountered Emin Pasha, the lat
ter was unwilling to forsake the equa
torial province 'which his self-devotion
had carved out of the heart of Africa.
Although cut off from Europe by
the capture of Khartoum, Emin Pasha
continued faithfully to humanize and
civilize the people committed to his
care, and he had up to that time suc
ceeded in protecting them from hIahdist
aggression. Should he abandon them,
B he knew that they would speedily re
d lapse into savagery and be asiew sub
Sjected to slave-hunting devastation. He
' would stay at his post, therefore-so he
told Stanley-as long as there was work
r for him to do.
SIt is fortunate that Stanley did not
* take the man, whom he had come to
arescue, at his word. Had he done so,
and returued to Europe by way of the
SCongo, we now know that Emin must
e have shared the fate of Gordon. He re
d traced his steps, however, only as far as
" the place where he had left a large de
s posit of arms and ammunition with his
I rear guard. Once possessed of these re
Ssources, Stanley hastened back to the
h last surviving representative of the
SKhedive's authority in Central Africa,
but found that in hiS absence Emin had
id been made a prisoner by some of
h his own men, and that the ferocious
M" ahdists were advancing up the Nile.
W From the meager news thus far forth
id coming, we know not what measures
were taken for the liberation and es
Scape of the heroic Governor. But the
Smeasures must have been effectual; Mr.
Herbert Ward, who was. -for several
years Stanley's companion, in Africa,
" has no doubt of the correctness of the
h Both rescuer and rescued deserve the
O homage of the world. The high aim of
Emin's self-consecrating labors and the
W brilliant gallantry of Stanley's achieve
e ment will shine forth on the dark back
ground to which, it is too probable, the
"s heart of Africa is now condemned for
e many years.-N. Y. Ledger.
.- The Man Who MHarries Money.
e The man who seeks a wife for the pur
of pose of securing the means of living
y without working does not merit the re
n, spect of the meanest person on earth
11 His intentions are so manifest that they
k deceive no one. He plans his attack
t with the ingenuity of a General. His is
at an aggressive courtship, and a hypocrit
g, ical one as well. Be can not afford to
ly let the flame flicker for a moment. He
must act the role of deception contin
y; nally. If there should ever come the
d, moment when a feeling of self-inde
it pendence and self-respect enters the
young woman's mind, his hopes in that
l v nt may be shattered beyond re
n. There is the necessity of
-ut caution and a constant re'
SOUTHERN RACE WARS.
Nature Itselt Has Set Up a Barrier Be- Wh
tween Whites and Blacks.
There is probably nothing worse 1
about the little unpleasantness reported ent
from two or three counties in Georgia reI
than a more or less natural outcome of a g
the holiday customs which have long oul
prevailed among the Southern negroes. an
Even in the old slavery days almost the the
entire black population was allowed on
some days of absolute idleness at the th,
Christmas season. With emancipation of
better facilities for getting whisky sal
have come, and drink breeds quarrel- chi
someness and stimulates murderous in- de:
clinations, as..a matter of course, in a ru]
race so excitable. Under such con- lic
ditions the riot at Jesup was easily ev
raised. A diunken negro was sent to ref
the lock-up; a mob of drunken negroes str
attempted to release him; half a dozen lai
officers and citizens were killed or fatal- foi
ly wounded; the blacks of the surround- the
ing region, half or wholly drunk, were sic
wrought to frenzy, and the white peo- no
ple were forced to arm in self-defense. m:
Disturbances in other parts of the State me
were doubtless provoked in the same mi
These things are deplorable, certain- me
ly, but are they not inevitable when two fil
distinct races are occupying the same gt
region, entitled to equal rights, and ar
forced by uncontrollable circumstances co
into constant contact that must excite ab
almost constant hostility? If the blacks tr
were insignificant in numbers their ul
timate absorption by an unnatural and tb
repulsive "bleaching process" into the hi
t mass of the population might possibly F
5 be expected, but they breed too rapidly hi
A for that. The theory of the law makes pi
3 the two races equal, and prescribes that at
I they shall live together peacefully and w
9 without friction. The facts of nature it
indicate that the law's prescription is cc
1, nonsensical. ti
In order to avoid present collisions tr
and future calamities beyond calcula- el
tion the policy of restoring the colored fc
race to its old home in Africa ought to li
be favored by intelligent men of both tl
races. The colored leaders who think V
s that the spread of their people through it
n the North and West might solve the ti
problem are short-sighted. The North 'i
and West are in no need of and can not p
be expected to welcome such immi- i
grants in large numbers. There is hardt
lv a colored colony of a score or two fam- p
o ilies in any part of either section, in a
h town or community, that. is not consid- w
1e ered rmore or less of a nuisance. Few if ti
1e any such colonies can be found.the ex- ii
istence of which has not the effect of I
greatly depreciating the value of prop- d
erty in their vicinity. Nature has set p
up a barrier between the two races a
which is apparently impassable. There ii
is a whole continent waiting the infusion d
of such civilization as our colored people fi
r could give. They might work out a e
grand destiny in that cradle of their b
1- race. No such destiny is or ever can be a
.e open before them here.-Chicago Globe. I
n WORDS OF WISDOM. b
The Common-Sense Views of a Negro Who
Understands the Race Problem.
A' A letter written by John T. Shufton, a
e of Orlando, Fla., which has been exten- t
sively published, has attracted attention c
by its extremely temperate treatment
a of the race question in the South. The t
r writer is a colored man who has ob- "
tained a collegiate education by his own
efforts, and who is much respected for
his merit and good sense. He thinks
that the negro is subjected to no disad
vantages in the South that any other I
people would not be subjected to who 3
keep themselves poor and dependent C
upon a more progressive and thrifty .
n race. Even their disadvantages, he
a. says, are more imaginary than real. I
>' Every avenue of employment is open to I
`a them, and they have the same chance to i
become prosperous and happy through
is industry and economy that their white
c- neighbors have.
Equally to the purpose is what IMr.
0, Shufton has to say of the conduct of
Sfanatical leaders, pretended preachers I
and politicians of the North who are
[e trying to bring on a war of races in the
0e South. He regards them as the worsti
k enemies of the Southern negro, and
begs them to desist from their "diabolic
al attempt to invite defenseless people 1
to attempt their own destruction"
O, After speaking of the efforts of mis
e guided members of his race to force
st themselves into positions of social
e- equality, which it is hopeless for them
as to seek, he sums up his views of what is
le. best for the negro in these words:
is "Let the colored man turn from all of his
e- imaginary social happiness of mingling with
he another race of people, who show in every'con
le ceivable way that they do not wish his com
pany, and get to work in earnest in acquiring
Sthe more permanent and substantialthngs of
d life, a~nd the great problem is at- bnce soled.
of The colored people want new teachers down
us here-teachers and leaders who will point out
and instruct them inathe way of peace, prosper
ity and happiness; teachers who will disabuse
h- their minds of this political vanity, farce and
es humbug that'are fast leading them blindfolded
. 'into an indolent 'shiftlessniess the 'result of.
which is now being manifested by every crim
inal court's record."
r. There can be no question that the
:al Southern negroes would be vastly bet
' ter off if they would follow the leader
he ship of such men as the writer of this
letter. He apprehends clearly enough
he the only effectual means of elevating
of his race to a sure position of respect
he ability and usefulness. His advice is
e- less flattering than that of self-seeking
k- demagogues, but it is far more salutary.
he -Louisville Courier-JournaL
A lisfortune to the Union.
The death of Henry W. Grady is a
misfortune to the entire Union, and a
ur- loss 'to the South, in which the section
ng he loved has the sympathy of the entire
re- North irrespective of locality or parti
th sanship. Mr. Grady was an able, frank
eo and generous type of the New South,
ck loyal to his convictions and loyal t'o his
is country. His fellow-citizens join in the
it tribute of Mr. Chaun oyfM. 'eyew'to his
to memory: "His dea fin the meridian
He of his powers and th hopeuluness of his
ini mission, at the criti "~0i&Id of the re
he moval forever of all nisunderstandiSs
de ond differences bet- lentI l aeetioo
ihe the republic, is a Naional- lazity.
mat New York mingles uertea' h those
re- of his kindred, and oftel~9t his memory
of the tribute of her profoundest admira
PROSPECTS ARE BRIGHT.
Why the Spirit of iuocraey Will "Carr3 '4 C
theCountry in .1899.
The. Demooratio party has developed T'
enormous strength since its temporary Lie,
repulse at the polls, in 1888, when it won chi
a grand popular victory, but w~~ cheated pre
out of it by the abhorrent forces of boodle ig a
and intimidation. ',The people who gave the
the party a popular majority, of 100,000 req
on that occasion are more convinced, the
than a year ago that, the adininstration hot
of their affairs rean be entrusted .with hel
safety only to clear hanlds, such as wh
characterized the last 'Democratic Presi- nol
dent. As the fruits of the seeds of cor- ins
ruption, sown a 'year ago ly the' Repub- nal
licans;"begin to appear and to" poison cia
every department of 'overniment,' the ad
regret of the people for :the: honest,' of
straightforward course pursued by the ca,
last administration: becomes more .pro- po
found and lasting. The honors pai4 to p.
the ex-President on every publicq oca-- pro
sion where he has been the most promi- we
nent personage, the broad, vigorous ba
manner in which he has handled the col
most vital public questions, the undi- of
minished, nay, vastly increased, respect th
in which he is held by his -party, the in
modest and retiring manner in which he an
1fills. the position. of the most distiu- fo:
guished private, citizen of the republic, an
and the coqmplete vindication of the in- ni
corruptibility of his admnistration all of
show'that in him breathes the spirit' of h
true Democracy. ' ' er
Mr. Cleveland is, justly regarded 'as m,
the leading advocate of reform in the at
highest and truest -sense of the word. as
The tributes of esteem and respect-paid 0i
him, even by political opponents, as a :.b
private citizen are far more significant A'
and .grateful than: those he receivid do
when he occupied the highest position
in the Government. They are the best .o
I commentaries' on the purity of his mo- gi
tives and the granideur of his adminis- m
tration. They tell the story-in the most .
eloquent termnis of his disinterested ef- in
forts in the cause of reform. ; His pub-. flu
lic utterances in Boston; when sat at E
1 the same table with the lamented Henry i
W. Grady, showed that he was entirely al
1 in accord with the trend of piblio sen- tl
timent and was, as ever, the foremost e
1 'in the lines of reform. The Democratic ,
t party, ever the party' of reform, grows ti
immeasurably stronger and more popu- m
lar in the light' of the reactionary L
policy of corruption 'and spoils d
1 now in operation in Washington, c1
- which has already disgusted the coun
f try and even brought about dissensions 0
in the ranks of the Republican party, iý
f It is only by steadfast and unswerving tl
devotion to the cause of reform that the tl
t Democracy may hope to otercoine the
s abhorrent forces that: would wreak 'our
o institutions and -set back the natural
a development of our country. Tariff re
a form and ballot reform should be
a earnestly pushed to practical fullfilitent
r by the Democratic party in Congress ,
e and in every State. The spirit of true
Democracy will yet put to flight those
foul elements, so graphically described i
by Grover Cleveland as "vile, unsavory
forms which rise to the surface of our
agitated political waters, and gleefully
anticipate in the anxiety of selfish in
terest their opportunities to fatten upon a
n corrupted and, debanched suffrage.", l
Wt With tariff reform and ballot reform as n
e their watchwords, the Democracy Will i
move to an asshred victory.-Albany~
n (N. Y.) Argus. a
ir POLITICAL COMMENTS.
S - The unanimity' with which the a
r .Republicanleaders do not admire Ben- :f
o jamin Harrison has become conspicu-.
it ously 'observable since. Congress con- 1
y vened. -Kansas City Times. a
e - The complaint that Vice-President a
1. Morton's' liquor is not first-class comes 1
; from a United States Senator. M. Mor- c
o ton will speedily call the gentleman .to t
h order.-Louisville Courier-Journal.
to --Mr. Cleveland is a strong, fibrous i
man, physically, mentally and morally, I
r. and his countrymen know that he is.
f Their regard for him is quite as credit
rs able to them as it is honorable to him.- I
e Philadelphia Telegraph (Rep.). 1
-e - In spite of the Northern section- i
it alists of the'Clarkson stripe, the South
Ld is on the spot, so to speak. It is a part'
c- of the comtmon country, and in the mat
le ter of progress and development' it is
cutting out work that the most favored
s- cections will findit impossible to equal
-e -Atlanta Constitution. .
al -Mr. Robert P. Portr describes
m himself as "waist deep in Congress-.
is men," who are soliciting places in the
Census Bureau for their constituents.
is As he was instrumental in having the
thi appointments taken from the'Civil Serv
ice rules he can' only blame himself for
ng the annoyance.-Providence Journal.
'of -There is 'no law Which compels
Democrats. to. submit to Republican
Sstealing. This may be news to a great
or- many people, but it is the truth, never
so theless. The Montans trouble would
na be n6 troiible at all It the Republicans"
od. would recognize the :truly Demi~cratie
na- principle that elections elecdt.-Chilcago
he --.Mr. Harrison's District Attorney
at- in Indianapolis says: "Ishall not, by
ar- my aid, permit Co~lpnel Dudley to be
is worried.' Of course not. Mr. Harrison
gh cahnot afford to worryj Dudley or to al.
ag low the evidence back of the blocks-of.
it- five letter to get into coiurt. It would:
is not be in accordance with his "judicial
ng policy.".-St. Loui Republio,
3* - It is stated that Senator Sherman
is at the head of the movement to have
Governor Foraker: appointed Minister to
SRussia. Thepublic can well understand
that Sherman would like to hal ve lior
ker sent out of the country. He doesn't
want Foraker to make any more speeches
inhis favor at Republican National con
nk ventions.--Savannah News.
th, The TariffGoing Up.
is There a~re many iidiclations that the
he committee op ways aid mheans'of the
us preieit Congres', wvbhh cominittee is
an headed'b ~wr.'M6einley, U r eporta
xis tart'bill increasitg the'customs, atiee
re on many important articles ando gi~ag
cgs no relief:. tSothose tha utacturers, mh6
hive appealed to'it.fo the free import
)l7 j ad eksra4'. IT'ilaie B lw itiswoantig gi
ra- a long way. owTard re-electing that" able
s" Demoerai the Whie House V~ir
GROWTH OF BABIES.
'A Common-Sense Home Talk to Mothern a
and Fathers. aba
The maternal physiquebas some sub- xa
Lie, indefinable influene"a over young
children, a health*giving power not at
present well understood. The new baby .
is still in a sense a part of its mother,
though a separate unit. Its well-being
requires close contact witl her during
the greater part of the twenty-four
hours. A bed by itself is an injustice to
helpless infants. It is paterfamilias. wh
who should seek another resting -place, wa
not the new life that is yet. so frail-and -
insecure.- Only those who have tried this all
natural method can thoroughly appre- ott
ciatb its advantages and realize how
admirabiy it insures "the' happiness all
of three - persons. The child can be de
cared for during the night without ex- at
posure or' any Budden' chill. Al
• ays .warmed and protected by lovipg feu
presence, the little one sleeps long and hip
well.. After the weaning period the tar
baby has its own bed as. a matter of
course. Until then an undispited half hi
of the maternal couch is a'necessity to wl
the embryonic citizen, if he is to grow; be
into that relative perfection of health
and-strength which nature has intended ot
for him. The human mother is the only fo
animal that. puts away its young at j
night, probably because the right kind pr
of reason.has' not taken the place of
half eradicated instinct. The bengath- p
ers her brood under her wing; the m
Imother bear forms herself into a sort of
aninihte' wooly nest about her cubs, jist bb
as the cat's body embraces her kittens.
Our cousins of the lower orders maynot'
.be such bad examples to follow after all;
At any rate why not give those "won
derful weans" the benefit of the doubt? i
The slaughter of the innocents goes
.on is different. ways. Emotional prodi- m
gality is a most efficient means of re.
moving the joys of the household.
"Died of too much granidfather, grand- t
mother, uncle and aunt" would be a tl
fitting.epitaph for many a bright child.
Emotion is the most exhausting of the 01
r mental attributes. What children do,
P and how much, is of far less importance t1
Sthan the way in which they do it. The h
evils of premature mental activity are 1I
o without doubt very great; but to prema- t
s turely and unduly excite emotional
manifestations is tenfold more hurtful. p
In this regard there seems to be the
9 densest ignorance, the fact that young
children's only business in life is to de- n
velop slowly-to eat, sleep, and play in d
childlike fashion--is too often forgotten
in the home circle. On the contrary, o
they are often supposed to attend to P
e their own work of growing and devel* n
e oping,.and afford fun for the family at b
r the same time. Our. tender little ones e
are made the playthings of the house- P
hold-hugged, kissed, talked to and e
made to talk for the pleasure and grati
fication of the parents and friends.
Their callow brains are overworked by P
e exciting and intense emotion. What
wonder they have big heads, little bod
ies, and hardly any degestion.-Phreno
y Habits of the Salamander.
1- Considerable ignorance exists, even
n among persons of education, as to the I
;"t habits of the salamander. The. mere e
6s mention-of this harmless little betrach- b
li ian re,calls to the minds of most people a
) mystic ideas with respect to fir-eating i
and fire-inhabiting reatures, which' f
have probably caused many of the poor a
little brutes to be 'brnt by experiment.'
ise al philosophers who should have: been
f- far above a belief 'in- such absurdities, .
u- The spotted.salamander is the color of
1- lamp-black, withnumerouslarge yellow I
spots and;stripes, and is very common
t all over Southerni Europe, as well as, irn
a Northern Africa. It haunts all manner i
r- of dark and cool places, such as cavities 3
to under logs of wood, and holes" in ld
walls, where they can find a supply of 6
ie insects, worms or slugs. All the salam
r, mander's movements are performed i
s, with such absurd solemnity that the c
t most hardened reptile-hater could not 4
- be uninterested. Sometimes the opera
tion of swallowing a worm will last
. twenty minutes.-c-Soince.
Longevity 'in Norway.
t The :Norwegians, it seems, 're.the
longest-lived, people under the sum So
we learn from an elaborate '"Lirvs og
Dodstabeller for def Norske Folk," just
published by the Norwegian Oflclal
Statistical.Bureau, or tables of life and'
es death among the Norwegian people,
SThe average duration of life in Norway
he is 48.33 for the men, 1.30 foe the women
ta. ana 49.77 for bIoth sekes .The director
Li of the bureau also shows, by comparl
' son with earlier decades, that the aver
age longevity of the Norwegian folk has
considerably increased. "if the mor
Is tality in Norway," .e writes, "is seven
.i teen per cent. mhore favorable than in
at Central and WestenimEurope,it is greatly
ar due to the comparatively slight mor
id tality'amonge oulr youngerrchildren. To
s- rhat particulAr causes ~this compara
bi tirely slight mortality amongchitldren
go is- due we are not: told, but probably
anxious parents in warmer climates may
ey take a hint from it and make inquirieas,
by -Pall Mall Gazette..
on interesting Legal Deelsion.
al. A woman agreed .prith her grandson
of. that She would give him 500 if hewould
ld not: take anoth~r chew of tobacco or
ial smoke another cigar from that time till
her death; and on his parthe agreed to
a give r erouible that; aidoutif 'he vi o~at
ve edthe agreemelt. Seven years after
to she died, but he'had not been paid, and
nd though he had' kept'the agreementishe
r. hidl'paid him' nothing, nor lihad she. pro
n't rvided for payin hii. He seued her ex
met ecutor for' the amount, but was defeated
n, on the .ground that the condition was
notsuchas.tomake the contract bind.
ing. The. Kentucky Court of'ppeals
as recently decided that the grandson I
t fulflledn a plain and valid Contract, and
the is eittled'to the mont. Talbit vs.
Clay. . " -__'_ _ "
le -A young.lady of Carlisle,. Pa.,re
O4 eived a till amountihte to bver one
th hnn~itCdollarI5 that tells a littlerhil
t i ty, The bill canirfrom a jilted man,
alQ snd il :it she -is bhagibd with tw.enty
StwO yardsofsilk a rEis: goos,tw ~ _~Si
bieless worth 'forty dollate '4lia*
ble mond ring, a hat' ad se% ''lhe
PITH AND POINT.
-The innocence of .the intention
abates nothing of the mischief of the
-example.-The Southern Star.
-Not to enjoy life, but to employ life'
ought to be our aim and inspiration.
-Many a man makes a good reputea
tion on what is not found out about him.
-SarFrancisco Bulletin. '
-How much more agreeable the man
who-wants to- sell-than the-m-anwha..
wants to buyl-Atchison Globe.
-Human nature is so constituted that
all see and judge better in the affairs of
other men than in their own.
-Happy the bride who does not. hest
all the comments and criticisms of her
dear friends who make up the audience
at the wedding.
--Remember, if you lot your chickens
feed front your neighbors flower b~d,
his pig will probably get fat in your.po
tato patch.-Texas Siftings.
-Every man ought to be as good:as
his word. Nothing is expected of those
who never have a good word for any.
body.--N. 0. Picayune. '
-Wit is one thing and wisdoni is an
other; when they unite a Franklin is
formed.. In. such instances wit -ipakes
wisdom pleasing, and wisdom makes wit
-You find yourself refreshed by the
presence of cheerful people; why .not i
make earnest effort to confer that pleas- . -
uro on others? You will. find half the
battle 4is8 .gined If you-g. eplo -
yourself to say asy, thing gloomy.'
-Much learning and little sinse make
a very bad mixture. ''he man who is
thus fitted out is like ai lengine carry
ing a high head of steam with no one to
manage the lever, or with the lever
gone. There is nothing'before him but:
-If one can not seriously and soberly::
think of his own life, and of .the issue
thereof both here and hereafter, with-.
out being miserable, he may set it down
as a certainty that there 'is some radid
Cal fault in that life. Sad, inhdeed 'it
the condition of that man who can li
happy no longer than he can be thought.
less. If he were right himself, then :to
think of himself would be a source of.- :..
pleasure rather thai of pain.-Rural :
-It is not: the chipping of of the 415.*
mond's surface that polishes the dina .
mond, but it is by the ,wise use of, the
diamond dust or chipping, in the iands
of a skilled lapidary, thatthe dispnond'A
polish is finally secured. It is nit the
making of mistakes that makes a man,
but it is the wise use of mistakes that
enablesa' man to be made-to become a
polished man in hisbest sphere. When-.,.
ever we see the light and glow of a beaun
tiful character, we may know that.its ll
luminating power camethrough its slow,
polishing by its own diamond dust, at
the hands of the Great Zfapiddary.-R.
t Clay Trumbul~
HISTORY OF PENS.
The niblieal Iron Pen Not Identleal!with
the Modernm Artlel.
n The "iron pen" is mentioned in:the
e Bible by Job; the Biblical pen is, how.
e ever, supposed to have been a chisel of'
t- bronze used for cutting hieroglyphics
e on stone or otherhard substances. Who
g invented the first flexible Iron pens,
h' fashioned after the style with which'we
)r are so familiar, is'not certainly known.
t- Prior to the advent of steel or iron pens,
n quills or.reeds were used for. writing on
8. skins 'or parchment for centuries.
if The English, word pen is from the"
w Latin pepn., a feather; becuuse quills'
a were psed for pens.
al. The firsetistande of niron pes bMitWg
er used on paper or parchment is '.ted-
B5 ashaving occutrrd inIO68 `:Thibfirstat;
A tempt was a rude imitation- of .agsgil-U
ot and its use very limited., Crude ..nim
a: perfect as this embryo pen was, othes
d fashioned after, the- saume ,,mode,,: ,
te clumsy iron quill, were the best"'
Pt one could affqrd up to' about' the begin
. ning of the present century. Iji 1;·
st Wise made the steelelbire pen, whioh'
besides being very clumsy was alto ex
pensive-consequently it was nevernse z
to any great extent. ]b 1890 -Josph
e Gillot, an ingenious English -mariat
nrer, who had, up to the date give..
been.epgbged in the manufaoture of a.
Sbarrelpen, made a lucky hitwhereby he'
idco!ld manufacture the steel pe h ina*
most exactly the same istie in whteh it
is used to-day. These he made In
SBirmingham, England. and sdld at wlit
Sseems to us of- the prsents day an enor,,
mous fgAie, $886 per' gross. Improve.
ment.and competition soon reducethe.
Sprice. In 1880, ten years later, thegyold
for $ per gross, and in 18600fop lcent,
n At the present time a steel pen,bettl.
than the Gillotof 1820, on:bei bought'
Sfor less than. 5 cents per gross.-Bt.
IE Louis Republic.
S The New President bf sil.u
Senor Fonseca, the hew 'tresident of
nBrazil, is thus descrled'by one whohas
1 n known hih well in South Amer~io s :1,
is rathber fatr,.and his eyes-aregray. U*
is now-sixty-two or sixty-three years of.
age; his.hair and beard show agood deal
of gray. He is about are feetten inches
high and weighs about one huPnred and
a sixty-five pounds., He is.portly ad al.
ld getber a man of flne physique. '-He has
ora well-developed forehead, wears a full
ll bearnid, and hasauncesiihtlyinclinedtO
Sthe aquilinebtnit not utall prominent.
SHis'face is fail, but not flo~ld. Though
tr a lawyer, he bhas bien a planter and
,n slaveholder. IHe-was st .ime time tem
ihe poralily.- in obaiget.of: an Amerioep
ogoo,-Alban- y (N. Y.) A.gs.
en- -spaker o lthe ouel .
a Although there a·re only two e, -.
nd. [dents living--Hayes sod .levelal.- i"
a nd butoneeice-esntHl
l -ther are Seyen 6x-Spehkert. Thee
d are Robert C. Winthrop, N; P. BanksE
Galusha A~.. Q~ Jautes G 315 1
Samuel J. )tnai/JV W *e Ke t
and John 4.arl Whisi ntdpreadlt
Ys the Spos a ipfHhly r;yesrs 4,lo
non duriingthe presidency ofJamSie K ,pk,
s in'renot nes.of date of.. -o:.
ity' the post'hw i p n
fl1*ou f of ja
- beater certainly * fitauAn wlb ~ it -
its ~t'4 Q01gbu.uagg'ts