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The Louisiana Democrat. (Alexandria, La.) 1845-1918, September 03, 1890, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82003389/1890-09-03/ed-1/seq-1/

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"The World is Governed Too Much."
y pV~goVtt's CourtshiP Among -
the Western Wilds. h
E lived in alone- c
ly Western place
when Ebenezer n
courted me. Ani- e
mals were plenty 14
- wolves and c
bears and deer n
and panthers. a
We did all our s
own work, spin- c
ning, knitting, h
weaving, tailor- v
ing, every thing b
but shoe-mak
ing. I was a very t
"capable" girl. i
There was little h
that I couldn't 1
Seand though I was fund of Eben, I t
-w very independent. Women were p
ercua end were valued accordingly, c
ad Iad just as good a time as I cared a
thae. Plenty of work, More beaux d
SaMt could count. I didn't want to 1
give it all up and marry and settle
des. I told Eben I'd have him some
ie,anid thought he ought to be con- t
isted, though I'd kept him off and on a
falve years. I was five-and-twenty, v
gand strong, with black eyes and
tnky black hair and cheeks like
puhbs A beauty, they called me. All t
ladtodo, if I wanted to settle, was to ]
,y "Yes" to any one ot twenty. 1 was d
taeortof wife they wanted there, and I
I new it
Softiseemed to me Ebenezer had no I
siklnea to be impatient. I'd said I'd r
areblei some time; that should have
een enough.
, OneSunday night, he had come over
wly, and he'd been staring at me all t
teevening. Iwas spinning. No need of i
SitPrtcularly, but it kept him from talk
i"je Isat in the sitting-room, though
temight have had the parlor, pretend
ing·hat work pressed. It was as dark
algypt out of doors; neither stars nor
soos, and the snow a foot deep: but 1
bablg wood-fire blazed on the hearth,
aiwe had lots of lamps and candles.
.lhut nine o'clock, the children went 1
eptairs. About ten, mother took a
lmpand went off, and father smoked
wt his pipe and followed. We were
aloe, Eben and 1; and that minute,
wbstdid he do, but come over to where
last,kneel down beside me, with his
urn about my waist, and say:
"Peggy Piggot, what do you think I'm 1
udleof? I've been courting you five
years to-night. When will you marry
Ipushed him away.
"Dear me," said I, "when I'm ready
toeamarried woman, good and ready,
too, and that time hasn't come yet.
Everybody says that courting days are
twice as pleasant as married life, and I
lieve what everybody says must be
mre There! I won't be kissed. Get
He got up and sat down in ma's rock
"You don't make my courting days
over pleasant," he said, "and I want to
title down. We're neither of us very
pong; I'm thirty and you are twenty
lve. Do stop spinning!"
"Oh, yes; I'm an old maid," said I.
'You'd better go and find some girl
ia her teens; don't mind me, I have
plenty of chances when I choose to take
"Peggy, you know how dearly I love
u," he said. "I never look at another
rhl, but I don't like to be made a laugh
:i stook of. to be jilted after all, per
ipss; for you are a flirt, as you know
*: 1, Peggy."
Now, I was fond of Ebenezer. At
hearti did not believe his equal was to
Sifound west of the Rocky Mountains,
i6Ilwas not be forced into making
'yael cheap. My idea was that a man
Taes more what is hardest to got. I
:Weton spinning as if life depended
"It' accordIng to the way you be
as," I said, "whether 1 jilt you or
nt, remember that."
"I behave well enough, I'm sure too
d3," said Eben. "I care for no one
lia Icomefive miles tosee you every
lght, horse or no horse. I work hard;
PIe built a pretty home for you; I'm
rady to furnish it, and I put by all I
mu. I do all I can."
"You really do too much," said I.
"Don't be so very economical for my
L, You knoi4 have a home already,
Our exertions in coming to
y hope you won't come
SSPy so late, for it's really
of me, but Eben bad
l pinself by being so ready
ogood nature again when
e had never resented any
This time I'd gone too
got up, took his lantern
Sand lit it at the fire;
hia head and went to the
without so much as a
a shut it after him. I
SxOpected that he'd come
leduon in a minute, but
MaS, teps crunching away
Iow until the sound died
8 aSot coming back; I had
tie. I ran to the window
S'way the light of his lan
late a little speck of red,
- 4 and vanity and sanuci
hdae within me. What if
, oe b)-$ O " ok! i 1• .4
like it. A thing was seldom lightly
done with him. And if he had gone, t
could marry if I liked. I had my choice
-Dr. Crane and Lawyer Lynn, the
handsome music teacher and organist h
at Tallahee, and either of the three
clerks at the store.
"Rich, old men with forty dows to e
milk," and "poor young men with pock
ets lined with silk;" but you see I didn't
love one of them, and I did love Ebenez
er. I tried to think why, for there was
no denying that he was lean and lank
and had red hair. I coUldn't give my t,
self any answer. Somehow he was my a
choice: He wasn't rich, and he wasn't
handsome, but the thought that he
would never come back again nearly A
broke my heart.
I'd really intended to have a good I
time, but the old boy was in me, tempt- t
ing me, and i'd spun, without a word
hardly, all that evening. Queer spells p
like that come to folks, you know, some- t
times. And he hadn't been cross; he'd
played with the children and told them
conundrums, and agreed with father
about politics, and listened to mother's
descriptions of the style she used to
live in when she was agirl.
It was cold, winter weather, but I a
grew hot with my thoughts. I shoved a
up the window to cool my face, for I'd 9
never felt so in my life, except once, t
when 1 had a fever. The marks of d
Eben's feet going away from me were t
plainly to be seen, where the light from t
the room fell out on the packed snow. C
Beyond, all was darkness; the road a
dark; the sky dark; the bare tree
branches blacker lines on its darkness. t
The wind was rising; I heard it moan,
but I heard another sound also, that s
made my blood run cold. A low, long, d
dreadful sound that I knew only too I
well. The howling of a pack of wolves. I
The weather had been cold and every I
thing frozen of late. The wolves were I
fierce with hunger. The wind brought i
their voices down toward me. I knew p
which way the wind blew. Eben had
gone that way. He hadn't a pistol; he
hadn't even a stick; and the wolves had a
killed more than one man, on hungry t
winter nights, on Hawkleigh Acres. t
Had I been kind, had be sat with me t
later, the beasts would have passed on; a
but he had just gone out to meet them. E
Blundering on, angry and thinking I
only of me, he would meet them, and
then- I gave a shriek as I thought
what would happen. Then I made up 1
my mind to save him if I could, and I I
ran to the hearth. A good, long brand 1
I had only put on a while before was I
blazing at one end like a torch, and
father's pistols were on the wall and al- I
ways loaded.
I buckled the belt around my waist, 1
stuck them both into it, seized my torch
and only stopped to shut the winder I
and pull to the door, for the wolves
might come that way. Then away I
went, led on by the black holes on the
white snow where Eben's feet had been
set on toward Hawkleigh Acres.
The howling of the wolves grew loud
er, nearer I hoard a man's voice, now I
saw a little gleam of red light, and now
I was in the midst of it. A great crowd
of the lean, famished beasts pressing
down upon one man, who faced them and
still kept them a little at bay by the
swinging lantern with which he flashed
the light in their eyes as he walked
backward. It was Eben.
I was at his side in a moment. I flour
ished the blazing log over my head, and
showered the sparks toward the beasts.
For a moment they were held in check
by it. Eben turned.
"Great Powers! You here, Peggy?"
he cried. But I answered with a shriek:
"Be on your guard! Take one of these
pistols! Fight your way back; it's not
He snatched the pistol. There was
no time for words. We dared not turn
our backs. Facing the horrible creat
ures-how many I shall never know
we fought our way backward through
the deep snow, firing among them, and
flinging the fiery sparks in their red
eyes. One or two dropped, but the rest
kept on, angrier and more determined
than before, until we stumbled and
nearly fell over the edge of the old
porch at home, burst the door open, and
dashed the burning brand in the face of
the beast who strove to follow us,
slammed it to, and were safe.
We heard the fiends howling outside,
but the bolts were strong, and soon they
rushed away to the chicken-coops and
the sheep-fold, where they found easier
prey than we had been.
0 Nobody had been awakened. The
Bfire burned on the hearth, the lamp
T was alight, t'here lay my spinning-wheel
on its side. Had it really all happened,
1 and was it all over?
SI was not a girl who often cried, but
a the thought of what might have been
F the end of it set me sobbing. I looked
o at Eben, pale and panting, with a great
a scratch on his hand that a wolf had
i; given him with its teeth, and I forgot
e all my airs, and fairly threw my arms
a about his neck.
I '"Ohl Eben, darling," I cried; "what
e should I have done without you?"
It "You do care for me, then?" he said,
y and he sat down in the rocking-chair,
d and took me on his knee, as if I'd been
Sa little child.
w We sat there until the gray dawn
i- broke, and then he went away; and I
I, never teased hima again, and a happier
i- couple never live&, I think, tha'm he
if and I. At least, I never knew one.
4 Aurnda Roed W ollett, t.o X. .Let*teo
T a
Senator Plumb on Republicanism Versus p
Civi.ization. h
Senator Plumb of Kansas has taken a
hold on the central truth of modern
political economy, and if he has the le
courage and the intellect to make himt It
self its exponent it will make him a
teputation second to that of no states- ti
man in America annals. Instead of d
pottering with truth and relying on s
shrewd trickery of reasoning, as Mr. ti
Blaine is doing, he has gone straight k
to the roots of the whole matter. The e
man who seizes on vital and funda- ti
mental truth and proclaims it unflinch- a
ingly becomes great with its greatness.
And in all the range of modern politics n
there is no greater truth than that Mr. '
Plumb has stated in stating that it is a
the genius of civilization to produce P
plenty and cheapen price, while it is
the practice of the Plutocratic allies of o
the Republican party to demand laws to 7j
check plenty that high prices may be v
maintained. t
Every lover of humanity wishes for it
the least suffer.ng and discomforts the a
greatest poss'3)e plenty of the neces- I
saries and comforts of life. Those alone
are civilized who desire this, whose
work contributes to its attainment.
Those who seek to prevent it, who for 4
their own selfish gain perpetrate the
discomforts, miseries and privations of
their fellows, are the worst savages,
because they have not the savage ex
cuse of complete ignorance of what they c
are doing.
The president. and directors of every
trust in the country know that when
they strive to prevent plenty and create
scarcity they produce or perpetuate
dearth, want and suffering, that these
may result in high prices for what they
have to sell. Some chemist, giving his
life to the service of mankind and ask
ing no money reward, makes a great
discovery; some mechanic makes a
great improvement in productive ma
chinery. Chemist and mechanic are
alike liberators - van leaders in the
struggle for progress, for freedom of
mind and body; for a higher life than
that of perpetual want through which
men by their deprivations and needs
are tied down to brutality. Then when
such men, through self-denying toil,
have found ways to lighten the labor
,nd sufferings of mankind, making pro
duction easier, increasing plenty and
lessening want, comes the Plutocrat
with his money, and with brains-not
brains enough to see his own best inter
est in the common welfare, but only
with that quality of brains which can
use good for selfish purposes. All these
plenty-producing inventions are good in
the highest degree in themselves, but
in his hands they become instruments
for robbing labor of employment while
he is using them not to increase plenty,
but to check it. He takes a machine
that can furnish some comfort of life to
60,000,000 people. He agrees with other
owners of such machines that the sup
ply shall be limited to production for
only 10,000,000. that the deprivation of
the rest may keep up prices. And to
carry out this agreement for artificial
scarcity, he goes to Congress and pro
cures the passage of laws under which
those who suffer from the artificial
scarcity produced by him and his associ
ates are prohibited from supplying their
needs from elsewhere.
This is an "ordinary business tran
saction." It is done every day. It is
the method of Plutocratic business, but
none the less is every man who is the
agent of depriving his fellows of the
greatest possibility of plenty a bar
barian, an obstacle to progress, a stum
bling block in the way of civilization,
sm opponent of Providence, an enemy
of the human race.
A smallclass of men, in this country
and in Europe, are struggling to keep
for themselves the great benefits of the
new methods of creating wealth, which
unselfish students and thinkers have
wrought out during the century. The
work was done for the world; it is the
heritage of the world, that the world
may suffer less privation, and, being rid
of that oppression, advance to large in
tellectual and political liberty. Every
invention, every new discovery, gives
an added impetus to the forces which
are combining to crush this Plutocratic
class, and give the world the benefit
of the plenty created by the mastery of
mind over matter. The Plutocracy will
be overthrown. The time will come when
the world will stop troubling itself with
juggled figures and with percentages;
when it will say: "This is right and it
shall be done;" "This is wrong and it
shall not be done." And that time will
come first here in the United States. It
is not far off. The Plutocrats are show
ing the hardihood of their blind covet
ousness. They are struggling for their
neae~ied percentages in front of the
rolling wheels of the Juggernaut car of
civilization and progress, and if they re
fuse to see the truth, to hear reason and
to do justice, they may expect to meet
the rewards of their injustice.
Senator Plumb has a partisan record
which makes it surprising that he
should be the one man of all others in
his party to stand forward to tell the
whole truth, but as he has done it, all
who love truth have only thanks and
praise for him. He has stood forward
in the leader's place. If he has the
leader's stuff in him, he will have not
only the whole West behind him, but
with it all those who hate oppression,
who love freedom and progress.-St.
Louis Republic.
The Speaker's Gag Rule in Opposition to
Ills Former Views.
O. O. Stealy, the Washington corres
Spondent of the Louisville Courier Jour
nal, has unearthed a copy of the Chan
Stauquan of June, 1886, containing an
article by Thomas B. Reed, now Speak
er of the House of Representatives, on
t parliamentary discussion. It shows how
radically the Speaker has changed his
mind during the past four years. Here
are a few extracts from Mr. Reed's art
cle that speak for themselves:
Thie aim of some statesmen has been not todo
things good, but toprevent the doing of things
eril. It can not be denied that this aim ia quite
I often a righteous one. But the prevention of
evil legislation should never be byrefusing
propositions a hearing, but by hearing and re
e tutin. This brings me to remark that somne
legislation consists not more in what ia done
$ab Iawhasias retuae e to eone. Whoe vw
thinks tnla tae unction of 1leg1siave boal in
a free country is fully perforthed by the mere
passage of bills, good or bad, has little compre
hension of the scope and real usefulness of such
a body. * * * The reformation of the
rules will remove a great many obstacles to 1%g.
islation. A great many remain to intelligent
legislation, using the word in tne broad sense
in which it has been employed in this
article. Among these obstacles is the
tendency which now exists to deny dis
cussion in many cases, and the tel
dency to employ an unsuitible form of discus
sion in others. A full, free, frank discussion it
the very life of intelligent action. Nobody
knows every thing; most people know somd
thing. Menare circumscribed in their knowl
edge by their various experiences. If all
those who know something of the subject as
semble their knowledge a sensible judgment
can be formed by those who listen: But there
has been in this countq~ for the past half cent
ury so many subjects of bitter feeling, invol-.
ing bitter words, that the tendency to suppress
discussion in Cougress by those who have the
power has reached a point where there ought
to be a reaction in. favor of freer debate. It
no other countries in the world is such power
of shutting off debates lodged in the majority.
The previous question has been employed
without mercy. It is in the memory of all
that until the last few years the House of Comn
mons never had such a thing as the "previous
question" in our sense of the term. There was
no power in the House to close debate. The
Irish members, simply by talking, were able
to prevent the passage of bills which had the
approval of a vast majority of the House. Even
since the strong provocation has caused the
introduction of the cloture, debate can not be
closed, except by the presiding officer, under
such circumstances and under such require
ments of support from the House as in that
body secures a right of debate, which is much
greater than in our House of Representatives.
The hesitancy with which so slight a measure
of suppression was adopted in England strikes
with a shade of surprise an American legis
lator accustomed in Congress to see discussion
drowned with as little remorse as if it were a
sightless kitten. But the English are right.
Unreasonable and capricious suppression of
discussion is tyranny, whether done by a King
or a majority.
The Administration Rebuked by the Pee
pie of Alabama and Kentucky.
The course of the Republican party in
Congress has thoroughly solidified the
Democratic party, if we may judge by
the elections held in Alabama and in
Kentucky the other day.
Reports from Alabama show in
creased Democratic majorities from all
sections, with the Republicans con
trolling scarcely.a county in the State.
In Kentucky the Democratic majority
is far ahead of any thing known in re
cent years. The majority for General
Buckner three years ago is increased
125 per cent.; that given for Cleveland
in 1888 is increased 50 per cent. Even
rock-ribbed Republican counties, just
now penetrated by railroads and en
lightened by the Courier-Journal, join
the Democratic ranks.
These returns indicate the feeling
aroused among the people by the revo
lutionary methods of the Republican
leaders. Men who have never voted
with the Democrats on any issue see
that the Repulican party is a sectional
organization, ready to sacrifice every
interest in the South tosome temporary
party necessity. They see the hope
lessness of trying to build up the Re
publican party in the face of such tac
tics, and so they cast in their lot with
their neighbors and friends.
This is the first response of the peo
ple to the challenge of Reed, McKinley
and Davenport. Now for the Congress
ional elections.-Louisville Courier
-If Reed falls he falls utterly.
There can be no stage at which he can
stop except the bottom. When he falls
he will drag down the whole conclave
in utter ruin.- These be interesting
times.-N. Y. Telegram..
- Senator Plumb has distinguished
himself by the enunciation of the prin
ciple that the people have some rights
as well as the manufacturer. Itis grat
ifying to find that Blaine no longer
stands alone among. Republican leaders
in his denunciation of the McKinley
bilL--Chicago Globe.
- If the man who toils fourteen
e hours a day wears overalls and a
4 checked shirt, and his wife wears apoor
j quality of calico, how does it happen
Sthat the fellow who never works at all
wears broadcloth, and his wife wears
silk? Please answer, some one who be
Slieves in taxing the many for the en
richment of the few.-Alliance Herald.
t -"Archlduke Franz, of Austria, has
f a large and very interesting collection
I of relics of criminals who have been
a executed. Among the relics are por
h tions of the ropes used in hanging the
; Chicago anarchists" If he wishes to
t add to the collectton he might send to
*t McKinley for the pen with which he
1 prepared his tariff bilL-Chicago Mail
.t - Blaine has become very trouble
- some to the Republican leaders in the
SHouse, and Reed, McKinley and Cannon
r are laying plans to drive him out of the
a Cabinet and destroy his influence in the
f party. It is barely possible that they
- may drive him from the Cabinet, but if
d they do the Republican party will be
It ready for its epitaph.-Cleveland Plain
d -As an example of pure gall, there
e has been nothing lately to surpass the
n spectacle of Blair, of New Hampshire,
e proposing a rule to limit debate in the
1 Senate. If there had been such a rule
I when Blair was making his three weeks'
I speech on the education bill there might
e have been some justification in putting
t it in force. There is not likely to be
t another provocation so great as that.
I Philadelphia Times.
t. - The truth which Mr. Blaine is
telling-that the protective tariff sys
tem in no way provides a larger market
for the farmer whom it so severely
*0 taxes-is not new truth atall. It is the
old truth upon which Democratic speak
Sera and newspapers have dwelt contin
r-nally for many moons. And the farm
Sers are beginning to understand it,
atoo, as Western elections and Western
Spolitical movements clearly show.,-N.
nY. World.
S --The Republican conventions oi
is Minnesota and Nebraska have declared
e against the McKinley bill. They both
favor a revision of the tariff in the in
terest of the producer andlaborer. The
Sattitude of Western Republicans on the
Stariff is that of the Nebraska platform,
owhi ch says: '"The imported duties on
Sarticles in common use shoull be
Splaced as low as is consistent with the
~ proteetlon of 41j9t mibdUtslvag,"*.
g Ameria. A .
--In Russia a man may appear as a
witness in a lawsuit against his wife-if
he has the nerve to do it.-Ram's Horn.
-To the ordinary mortal, a wilted l'
collar tells a truer tale of the state of
the weather than the Signal-Service
thermometer does.-Puck. on
-Sportsman-"Why do you suppose an
the stork is all neck, legs and wings?"
Naturalist-"Probably that he may be pr
utilized for boarding-house chicken frio- do
asse."-Harper's Bazar. at
-Lady of the House (to her Servant)
-"You tell me that you are going to ad
quit my service, and you know that I an
have done almost all your work?" Serv- in
ant-"Yes; but you don't do it to suit l
me!"-Judy. th
-Wickwire-"Now you have gradu- ,m
ated, I suppose you feel ready to earn m;
your own living?" Young Potts-"Earn on
my living? If I can't get a living with- eh
outearning it I might just as well have Sa
staid out of college."-Terre Haute Ex- ba
press. co
-Mrs. Younghusband (putting the th
fashiopable stringless cap on her head) us
--"Why, really, I don't see what will m
keep this bonnet on!" Mr. Younghus- of
band (shopping with her, glancing at be
the ticket)-"The price, I think, dar- es
ling."-Harper's Bazar.
-Traveler (at the ticket offlce)-'"l nt
want a half-ticket, too, for my boy." se
Agent (suspiciously)-"Do you mean to p
say that boy isn'tover twelve?" "No
on ly eleven." "Oh, well, all above ten wI
have to pay full rates."-Golden Days. nt
-"Ah! love, I should like to listen co
to you all night," said Clarence, as he a
rose to go Six months after they were to
married he chanced to stop out fifteen in
minutes after his hour, and he had his hi
desire gratified. ul
-Husband (angrily)-"This beef is all bc
burned up. Why in thunder did you th
cook it so much?". Wife-"Well, I ad
can not think of every thing. I was m
busy writing an article,for the Ladies, nt
Cooking Journal, and forgot the meat ce
was in the oven."-Boston Herald. m
-You .needn't talk about keeping sc
one's word," said a husband to his wife Pi
during a slight misunderstanding; n(
"when I first asked you to marry me al
you declared you would't marry the best ni
man in the world." "Well, I didn'tl" m
snapped the wife.
-Mr. Wiggs (admiringly)-"Mrs. W
Hansom looks as pretty as a picture
this afternoon."" Mrs. Wiggs-- That Pt
costume is very becoming. She has a rt
husband who likes to see a woman de- ju
cently dressed, and isn't to mean te
pay for it."-N. Y. Weekly.
-'Tis true that smokeless powder may m
Much benefit beget; th
But what is needed most to-day as
Is the smokeless cigarette. t
-Washington Post. cl
-Billikin-'What's the matter, Willi
kin?" Willikin-"Matter enough. You
know, some time ago.I,assigned all my t0
property to my wife, to-to keep it out
of the hands of-of people I owe, you of
know." "Yes." "Well, she's taken the
money and gone off-says she w'on't-live
with me because 1 swin'led my credit- ri
ors."-N. Y. Weekly. or
-She ordered a fowl for a grand din- b,
ner and made the cook bring his pur- m
chase for her inspection. She exam- fr
ined it, tossed her head discontentedly, a
and said: "It is a poor-looking thing." ai
"Oh, mum," said the cook, "wben it tl
is fixed up with truffles it will look en- m
tirely different. Just like when you p
put on your diamonds.mum!"-San Fran. yi
cisco Wasp.
Chancelor Caprivi's Democratic Ways.
A Berlin paper, discussing General 51
von Caprivi's every-day life, says that
the bell is rung at the Chancelor's door
as at any other mortal's, and it is pos
e sible, without being prevented by the w
detectives who formerly were posted in
front of Palais Radziwell, to penetrate It
as far as the threshold of his study. n
Whether the visitor succeeds in gain- a
ing a personal audience depends, how.
ever, on the importance of the occasion 1I
1 and on the time which the Chancolor
has at his disposal. The General is si
busy every day from morning untileven. a'
ing. He rises early and works much h
in the morning hours. As early as ten
o'clock he receives his colleagues, h
After a very simple dinner, at which I
a the new Chancelor seldom has company,
he rides for a few hours. On returning h
he receives official visitors, except on d
o the days when he goes to Potsdam t s
the Emperor. Then comes the report' 1t
of the ministers. The remainder of his
L evenings, when he now and then re
ceives some inilitary visitors, and I
e when, as in Prince BIismarck's time, the 1
Slong pipe is invoked, he spends in his
e study. The Chancelor uses only hall a
e of the rooms of the palace, the whole "
right wing standing empty. The beau- a
tiful park which extends to the Koenig- c
Sgratzer strasse, he does not use as often•
as Prince Bismarck. The latter often d
walked there even at night, accom
panied by a detective and his dog
STyras.-Chicago Post.
-"While in Mexico on my last trip," t
says a drummer in the St. Louis Globe i
Democrat, "I had my breath taken t
t away when I saw what I guess is the I
most magnificently constructed railroad I
Sin the world. The ties are made out of 1
the finest mahogany and bridges built 1
of marble. The waste seems criminal,
but the builders are actuated by me' I
tives of economy, as they find the ma i
Shogany and marble along the track side.
The road hasn't really cost much to I
Sconstruct, but if the materials were ap
e praised at St Louis or New York stand- I
- ard of prices the total would mount up 1
Sin the.millions."
t, -"All the fools are not dead yet,"
a said a cantankerous Richmond man to
L his spouse. "Of course they ate not,
John," replied the wife, "for if they
oi were I'd be a widow."-Richmond Re
td corder.
- -First Actor--"When you received'
your salary what 'did you buy first?"
S econd Actor-"A -pair of thick-soled
shoes. We shall probably disband in a
week or two."'-Yankee Blade.
-A man never becomes so wise that
be can tell which is worst in this worl4,
love without money or gonaw 1gy.9 -
ilemarks on Topping and Priming by an
Under this head there is wvide differ
once of opinion. Breaking off the small d
and,.inferior leaves of the plant near ti
the ground is called "priming," or
pruning proper, which operation is el
done along with the "topping," if done
at all. There are advantages for and n
against priming, but all resort to top- a
ping--plucking out the seed bud and
adjacent small leaves with the thumb s
and finger. Some contend that pull- h
ing off the lower leaves saps the
plants and retards the growth Jf
the weather is dry. That per- ,
mitting the lower leaves to re* it
main an the stalk protects the upper n
ones from sand and grit, makes them o
cleaner and, therefore, more salable. a
Sand and grit are the terror of the to
bacco buyer. On the other hand, it is
contended by some that by pulling off
the lower leaves, which are generally t
useless, the remaining leaves receive i
more nutriment and contain more wax,
oil and gum, and the lower leaves har- e
bor worms and make the worming proc- p
ess more tedious. b
It is best to wait until. a considerable
number of plants begin to button for
seed before commencing to top. Top- c
ping should be the work of ex- 1:
perienced and trusty hands-men f,
who can' top, leaving any required c
number of leaves on a plant without e
counting. The secret of this-nolonger 8
a secret to the initiated-is, that the b
topper soon learns to know that count- a
ing the bottom leaf and the. leaf that I
hangs over it in the third tier going t
upward, make nine leaves, including p
both top and bottom leaves. Fixing e
this in his mind, the topper has only to f
add to or deduct from this index leaf d
marking nine, to leave any desired f
number of leaves on each plant with r
certainty and without counting. Young
man, if you .don't know how, get F
some old negro to show you. Top- a
ping, you will find,' is a slow busi
ness if you have to. count the leaves on
all the plants topped. If the.plants are o
not "primed," then the "bottom" leaf
must be fixed by the eye, looking up- I
ward for the leaf in the .third tier,
which hangs over it, to catch the cue as
before. If priming is done, don't err in
pulling off too many leaves. No regular
rule can be given,- so, the planter must
judge for himself. The reason given
for waiting until many plants are ready
to be topped is mainly that more-plants
may ripen together, and be ready for
the knife at the same time. This is an
advantage that applies with strong
force to all .tobacco intended for flue
curing. '
The number of leaves to be left on
gach plant varies according to the time
the work is done, eA'ly or late, the ap
petrance and prospective development t
of the plant, the. season, whether
propitious or unfavorable, strength of r
the soil, and amountof fertilizing mate
rial applied. On medium soils, in
ordinary seasons, the first topping should
be from ten tq thirteen leaves-rarely
more-for brights. For sweet fillers I
from nine to ten, and for dark, rich
shipping, from eight to nine leaves are 4
anough. As the season advances reduce I
the number" of' leaves accordingly; re- I
membering. that quality more than
quantity regulates returns.-Cor. Farm
ers' Home Journal.
Some of the Essentials to Successful
Farming Set Forth. 1
The farmer should not be a farmer
"for revenue only," and yet it must al
ways be that the revenue derived from
3rops is the best evidence of success or I
failure' in farming. Farming is eco
nomic, not sentimental; it is a business I
and its objective is the almighy dollar.
There may be other considerations, but I
they are all secondary. There are other 4
corners to farming, but the financial
side laps over and covers nearly all its
surface. Man becomes a farmer because
he and others must be fed and clothed.
His labor expended on the soil supplies
him with what will satisfy some of his
wants, and with what he may exchange
for those things that ' will satisfy
his other Wantas. It is not a sense of
duty or any msthetic sentiment, but the
stress of necessity, that makes men
'tfarmers. It is because of his .'wants,
and such wants as are often miscalled
base, wants of food and drink and clath
Sing, that man is a farmer. Hence farm
ing is a very practical thing, and just
as it satisfies those wants it is primharily
Ssuccessful. The larger the crops the
more fully those wants are satisfied,
Sand it does not matter whether those
. crops are produced with the aid of an
. itgly, unpainted plow or one handsomely
Sdecorated. The painted plow 'is the
Sbetter, not because it is handsomer, but
because'with it a greater product may
be made; it lasts longer.
Unfortunately not a few agiricultural
' teachers, by tongue or pen, forget that
farming is first of all -to grow big crops,
a to make money; that it is intensely
8 practical and they prate about this and
I that in a sentimental vein, as if the
if best farmer is the farmer that makes
t his farm the prettiest. He may not
, produce enough to meet his expenses;.
She may have buildings and machinery
Sthat it does not pay im in cold dollars
. to' have; he may raise fancy animals that
o cost him twice what they are sold for;
p yet, according to these leading lights of
I- alleged agriculture, this farmer is high
p ly successful Heisa model Itisecom
mending such farmer's and holding them
up as models that often brings book
farming into disrepute. The plain,
acttinl farmer knows that commending
Ssuch farmers is arrant foolishness, and
are disgusted.' The trouble is they al
Slow their disgust tc go too f and cover
too much.
id The man that ispaying for a farm and
' has notes to meet,.or that must buy farm
d machinery,' groceries and sbhoes, and
a that has in mind 'the visit of the tax
oollector, is. certain that it is a condi
tion and not a theory that confronts
rI him. He must have lnasteral thiings
!, that he oai eoxchange f~r moieyorother
i .msteril :things. He .may- paint li1
dooJr ar tenchblb
his best reason for so doing is that paint
makes wood more durable.
Yet he need not be one whit the less
pleased that paint also makes wood
more pleasing to the eye. He need be
none the less glad, that what served
use, also serves beauty. The practicle
farmer is not of necessity a boor that
does not appreciate tasteful, handsome
things, that does not desire them. He
may have them. The successful farm
er should have them. But they are the
results obtainable from his farming,
not any or the means employed. Be
cause he has produced good crops he
can make or purchase or afford hand
some effects. They are not a part of
his farming; .they are outside of his
farming, though a part of bis life.
The test question in farming is:
"Will it pay?" Not will it pay, itf we
include in the pay some intangible, im
material things, such as. "the pleasure
of country life," the gazing at sunsets
and waving grain, and green, cool
woods. Those things are very nice, it
is true, but in the pay for farming we
must include only hard, material
things that can be sold for ready cash
in the open market. And if, with such
measure of reconpense, an animal or.a
crop, a building or a machine does not
pay, the wise farmer will not have it in
his farming.
Of course in determining whether or
not a thing pays, we must consider. the
continued productiveness of, the
land. Mr. Brigham is a farmer ...
for revenue-for revenue from his
crops; yet doubtless he does not
seek to raise as large crops as pos
sible and give little back to his land;
he may get more revenue from his
crops for some years by robbing .his
land, yet he does not do that ile looks
to the future. He tries to increase the
productiveness of his land rather, that
every year he may get more revenue
from his crops. Every successfulfarmer
does this. Further, every successful
farmer,. every farmer worthy of the
name, knows, and shows by his life that
he knows, that when the sole object is to
pile up dollars or toadd soacres to acres,
a fearful mistake has been made; and
he knows just as well that the object of.
farming is to make money, and that;
other things being equal, the more
money made the more successful the
farming.-John' M. Stahl, in Indiana
Something to learn.
There is one thing Southern breeders m
must learn before they can reasonably
expect to sell their surplus stock, that
is to advertise more. Northern and
Eastern breeders know this, hence a
poultry journal in those sections genera
allyreceives a liberal patronage, while
Southern breeders growl- and grumble
because they don't sell what they think
they should. A .paying business can
not be established in one season, and a
man does remarkably well to make ex
penses for the grst year or two, and it
takes a heap of "git-up-and-git" to do
that welL Make a reputation for bon -
eat and fair dealing, and you are all
right.-Poultry Criterion.
-Damp, wet locations for sheep are -
promotive of foot rot, and damp quarters
at night cause colds. A sheep sery
quickly succumbs to disease, and too
much care can not be given the flook in
providing dry quarters, shade and fresh.
-It is no easier to keep poultry than -
to keep other stock, as labor and proper
management ihust be used to meet sue
cess. Less capital may be required in
poultry, but it must be judiciously ex
pended, or a loss can result as easily as
from any other source.
-The farmer who makes his soil deep
and rich with high culture iand manure,
and whose cattle are slick and gentle,
is the one who complains least about
the depression in agriculture. Therp is
depression, but it affects poor and un.
thinking farmers much more.than thie .
opposite class.
-Veterinary surgeons state' that the
milk is the first thing affected when a
cow becomes ill, and that the milk will
show indications of coming milk-fever
and garget'a week before any outward .
sign can be discovered. A ore, or any
thing that may be liable to poison the
blood, also poisons the milk at the same
-If farmers were as careful and sys
tematic in the management of their
herds as the breeders of.pure breeds are
with their cattle much better resutls ':
would be secured from ordinary stock.
Even the best breeds will fail if not
rightly managed, and all classes of stook'
can be made more productive if extra
Scare be taken.
--In young orchards weeds and grss
should not be allowed to grow. They
Srob the ground of what should be there -:
Sfor the fruit trees. It is.different where
trees are of lanrge bearing size. Cultia"
tion may cease then and grass be al
V lowed, but even then manure ocasion
ally applied about the trees is a great
I help to them.
S -Debilitated plants are the flretto be
attacked by inseots, whethbr in the
V green-house or out of doors. There
i fore endeavor by good food and good
e treatment to keep the plants in vtigor
: ous health. Some personscontend that
I it is the insects that weaken the plants
'. and not that the plants are ilrt weak,
y but a little observation will show that
w thisisnot so.
t -It is perhaps cheaper to pasture the :
; cows where land is cheap, and on large -
f farms, but it will not pay on valuable
s- small farms. To use ive ores instead
1- ofone is to lose the use of fOn. acres
n The seling system will at some future
k time revolutionize the prsent methods,
, the discovery of the preservation of
iR green fodsain the silo being the first
4I step in that direction.
- -Even when overproduction lowers :
r the.price it doesnotpay any individual
farmer to allow the yield of his orop to
d diminisnih.. ,While such a thing as an
m overproduction of a certain orop may be
id possible, yet there never -has b ne a.
r-i time when there was not .a Scarcit in
Li. some bthev direction. I fe.liar :k..
its be overstocked with :one .ind o p~e-~
ps uct the ae.-i "who gi:ow serr
or kinds of-crops will not fel th~8ei bet
IL who ovrerodu6 t aeas~B.-everlg'-..-,

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