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The Louisiana Democrat. (Alexandria, La.) 1845-1918, September 10, 1890, Image 1

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"The World is Governed Too Much."
. 081sT, Biess Manager. ALEXANDRIA, LOUISIANA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 890. VO V.-. 37
- ~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 18..90.......,mi w.| m ..
jattle girl was heard to finish her evening
with these words: "And I sa'w a poor
e girl on the street to-lay, cold and bare
oed; but it's no:ae of our business, is it,
o ou..r buslness"' wandering and sinful,
Allthrough the streets of the city they go,
Jeyitnl homeless in the wild weather
-05e of our business! Dare we say so?
osc of our businessC " Children's wan faces,
Ugnfard and o:d with their suffering and sin:
ald Ifs,, your darlings on tender, warm
r il tout, but the home light within.
-bWhat does it matter that some other woman
imst common mother-in bitter despair.
tlsisi' arret, or sits in a cellar,
Io broken-hearted for weeping or prayer?
. gdeurrbusine~s!" Sinful and fallen.
low they my jostle us close on the street!
foltdackL urnarment! Scorn? they are used
pasen the other side, lest you should meet.
cooneofour business!" On, then, the music:
On with the feasting, though hearts break
gpebody's hungry, sorrebody's freezing.
aeasebody's soul will be lost ere the morn.
gSmOdy's dying (on utlh the dancing!)
Doeforearth's pottage is selling his soul:
Sefor a bauble has bartered his birthright,
-sling his all for a pitiful dole.
a_-!batOnegoeth abroad on the mountains,
0erlonedeserts with burning deep sands
eehitg the lost ones (it is HIls business!)
stsaed though His feet are, and to.n though
flreirowned His head and His soul sorrow
aEariagmen's souls at such infinite cost),
litn His heart for the grief of the nations!
lls His business saving the lostl
-London Chr: stian Commonwealth.
gsias Garland's New Play--Tmo Single
STax Idea in the Drama.
ip tIe July number of the Arena Mr.
Lamlin Garland's new play, "Under the
Wheel," is printed in fulL It is a play
-ithl purpose, and that purpose is the
demonstration that under existing
meneomlo conditions there is no escape
ri the honest toiler from grinding pov
"bre play opens with a scene in a Bos
tee teeitent houso, where Jason Ed
ward, blb }O''pnd two daughters have
their home. Edwards is a man who,
atinglearned his trade and married,
.egam life with the hope of securing a
modestcompetence. Ills eldest daugh
ter, Allie, evidently received a good ed
uation, and at the time the play opens
issttdying music with a view to becom
lagasinger. A second daughter, Lin
le,rmaach younger..tan her sister, ap
pesrsreom lir thlk not to have had Al
-lidseadeational advantages, but she is
'aimpertant figuro in the drama. Allio
aintkoumed to as as already engaged
to sying newspaper man named
eeves, and the first glimpse we have
of the social problem is in a conversa
lon betwoen these two in scene 1. Mrs.
ldwards invites the young man to stay
to supper and the following colloquy
takes place:
Reeves-No, thank you, I've got a
little work at the office, and then I've
got to go out and report an anti-pov
sy meeting at the Temple. Special
Alice-Whatkind of a meeting is that,
SIpit~ys sake?
Bseres (preparing to go)-Oh, a
awaky kind. Henry George started it.
-me absurd idea about abolishing pov-.
Alice (with a profound sigh)-I wish
Ltan'tso absurd. I don't see why
Jpearty is so persistent in this ago of
Reeves (asif struck by her words)-'
: Cme to think of it, it is more absurd to
think the abolition of poverty absurd.
~Ilshottldn't it be abolished? What's
tl good ofprogress if it don't? (He
·a s with bent head.) I don't see
here the laugh comes in myself. Do
hn know, I've been thinking and writ
hgos these things of late? I don't
kIlt Why; it's in the air, I euess.
E.erully's got some cure. (Leans his
ew oa hair, speaks in slow, deep,
dn.,voice.) I stood on the Brooklyn
hine the other day and looked down
* rew Yark. Over me soared and
ag those stupendous cables, the
bum of man's skill, etched on the
-., delicate as a spider's web. I
sleaithere looking down at the sea
-d liy roofs, a lava-like, hideous
-4of ebrick and mortar, cracked and
auend monstrous for its lack of
ItUIW ou of beauty-a modern city.
aren running to and fro, like ants,
ltatlie tumult of life and death
?Ue Isaw pale girls sowing there
5 reeking with pestilence. I saw
Jttd5oi homes where the children
O[l play only in the street or on the
Nareof, colonies of hopeless settlers
*lf t from their mother earth. And
1 soateda the bridge to testify to
vbativegenius of man. And I said
w'w aIsay now that men have in
Sl thouisand ways of producing
i o, t oone for properly disbut
d!on't know where th'"e trouble
once knew the trouble, some
a cure. Abolition of proper
W Nes a moment, then starts.)
iye, I'll write this up in a
-( Witha return to his cheerful
~ sk her hand, makes an elab
ae.) I await your pleas
we y kqueen. (Goes out
s after him smilingly.
' back the smile fades from
aeIan't it terrible to be poor,
quiet pathos)--Yes, dear;
ndo' got used to it. I don't
thing else now. I don't care
tim'aelfbut I'd like t' see my
froll it.
w% ith bent head)-Oh,
amst be to be free from the
To feel that you don't
p and pinch, and turn
tt feathers, and wear old
tat food will come when
hIave the soul set free for
tip, her face aglow.) But
i; I feel in my soul
*g&ft. I'll take you out
returns, who, after
.iuie, remarks to his
SF ver hot ~d that it
is absolutely worse than the ship. rho
conversation between them gives an
idea of the financial condition of the
family and the rooms in which they are
compelled to live, and incidentally intro
duces some other characters, ending
with the resolution on the part of Ed
wards and his family to go west.
Edwards-Why don't you open the
Mrs. E.-I can't stand the noise and
smell t'night, my head aches. Some
times it seems 's if I couldn't hear it,
but I think o' people who don't have as
much as we do, and so I keep a-goin'.
Edwards (walking about)-That's
about the only way, t' be patient. It
makes me wild sometimes. (Goes to
lounge and drops heavily upon it. Alice
takes a fan from the wall and fans him,
stoops and kisses him.)
Alice-Poor papa-its dreadful to see
you come home so tired. (Brushes the
hair back from his forehead.)
Edwards (bitterly)-It's just one
eternal grind, not a day off. I'm glad I
don't believe in another world-I would
n't be sure o' rest after I got there.
Mrs. E. (shocked)-Why, Jason, what
are you sayin'? You must'veheda hard
day in the shop. It's Jretful hot f'r the
first week in June.
Edwards (raising to his olbow)--First
week in June! Why, mother, it's just
thirty-two years next week since we
was married. D' you remember how old
Derry looked that day? Flowers and
berries, and daisies, an' birds (rising)
why, mother, that was Heaven an' we
didn't know it! Down here in this cussed
alley we don't know any thing about
June, only it makes our tenements hot
ter and sicklier. I s'pose the cows up
there are knee deep in the grass, and
the wind smellin' like the front door o'
Heaven. We didn't look f'r this kind o'
thing when we left Derry, did we? We
didn't look forward to a tenement?
Mrs. E.-No, Jason-but set up an' eat
Linnie-Poppa, I wish we could go up
in the real country this summer-you
know you promised
Alice-Sh, Linnie; papa will do his
Edwards (going to the table)-I'll Ly,
little one, but I'm afraid there ain't no
vacation for us. The fight gets harder
every year. Oh, I'm too tired to eat,
Jennie. Well, Allie, how'd y' come out
with your recital t'day?
Alice (putting her hand in his)-Very
well, father; only I wished you were
Edwards-I wisht I could, but I can't.
I got 'o keep goin'. Rent an' taxes go
on when I picnic, but wages don't.
(Shoves back fr( m the table and sits de
Linnie (startin1 up)-O poppa, a man
put a bill under o .r door that said rent
on it. I'll get it. (Brings it from the
corner, reads it slowly.)
Linnie (reading):
Dear Sir: At the expiration of your leasae
July 1, your rent will be increased live dollars
per month. Please notify us if you intend to
remain. JOHN NoRCRoss, Agent.
Edwards-Good God! and my wages
cut down last week. Ain't they got no
mercy, these human wolves? Ilain't I
got all I can stand now? Look at it!
(Looking at the walls.) Look at this
tenement! Hotter, rottener, shabbier,
but rent must go up, Jennio! Children!
I don't know what I am going to do. I
don't see any way out; I can see we're
bein' crushed
Linnio (going to him)-Don't cry,
poppa, don't mind him.
(As Edwards sits thus with bowed
head, Julian Berg, a pale, student-like
German, enters at the door. He is ac
companied by a full-boarded, sinister
looking man, who stands in the door
way, stolidly smoking a long pipe. Berg
holds a rent bill.)
Explaining the Single Tax to Baptlst
On Monday last, the 7th inst. Mr.
John White and the writer, by invita
tion, addressed the Baptist ministers of
Chicago and vicinity. We were received
with great cordiality and listened to at
tentively. The points we urged were
that while we did not ask the clergy to
join us in political action except as we
asked them as individual citizens to do
so, we solicited their co-operation in
m'aking clear and vindicating the moral
principleswhich underlie our movement.
Enumerating as these principles: That
the right to live implied the right to
a place to live; that the right to liberty
involved the right to the uses of our fao
ulties, and therefore the right of each in
dividual, limited only by the rights of
all others, to the use of the earth; that
the right to the pursuitof happiness, de
pending also upon the exercise of our
faculties, involved freedom of access to
natural opportunities. The point was
also made that the products of labor be
long of right to their producers, and that
as one individual had no right to take
from another any part of the product of
his labor, government, being merely
representative of individuals, could have
no delegated right of this kind.
We were listened to with marked at
tention. One minister present raised
the point that while he did not question
the general principles advanced as to
our right to the means of existence, he
thought that government had a right to
demand from citizens payment for ser~
vice rendered in the protection of prop
erty. The point was met by Mr. White
by the statement that if society created
values which were suficent to provide
for the protection of property, that it
was unjust to levy upon wealth which
was the product of individual labor.
Some Methodist ministers were pres
ent who expressed the desire that the
single tax be presented before their
clergy, for which an opportunity.will
probably be presented after the summer
vacatlon.-J. T. Ripley, Chicago.
A sTRAw: The cominon council of
Augusta, Ga., last week resolved to ex
empt from taxation a large private
bridge that had been constructed by a
land company, on the ground that it war
a public aonvenience.
-"It says in the history that the early
pioneers blazed their path through the
woods." "Yes." "What did they do it
with'?" "With theirblawere, Isuppop,
The Farmer he loads a happy life,
Ilis farm supports himself and his wife.
Three sons, two hired men and a gal,
And the seven kids of his daughter Sal.
lie rises up at the hour of four,
And milts the cows, and does every chore,
He goes alleld and plows till his bait
Aches like it had a three-foot crack
Right up the line of the spinal marrow
And then lie can take a turn at the harrow.
And when he has plowed and harrowed, he
And when the summer is hot, he hoes.
He also rakes, and he weeds, and p'raps,
If the rainfall's right, he gathers some craps;
And then he turns his craps into cash,
And hitches the mare to his old calash,
And drives Into town to buy some clo'cs
To carry his family through the snows.
And on all he puts on their weary backs,
TIC pays:
for cotton cloth, unbleached........ from 2tec.
per sq. yd. to 40 per cent.
for cotton cloth, bleached..... ..... rom 314c.
per sq. yd. to 40 per cent.
for cotton cloth, colored .............from 44c.
Sper sq. yd. to 40 per cent.
for woolen ready made cloaks and other gar
ments for women and children,
45c. per lb., plus 4) per cent.
for woolen cloth.. 3,c. per lb., plus 35 per cent
for flannels, knit goods, shirts, etc.,
from 10 to 24c. per lb., plus from 35 to 40
per cent.
*nd for all other manfactures of wool,
S5c. per lb., plus 35 per cent.
And If for his share of protection he begs,
McKinley will give him a duty on Eggs i
On Eggsl
On Eggs!
A duty on Egens
The Old War Tariff it on its last legs
\1 hen it has to rely on a duty on Eggs.
Oh, the Farmer's life is gay, as a rule,
4nd McKinley is certain the Farmer's a fool.
Some Things About Vhleh Itepublican
Organs-Grinders lave Nothing to gar.
It is not so very long ago that the Re
publican organs of the North were mak
ing a great to-do over the attitude of
the Farmers' Alliance in the South.
They were extracting a good deal of
comfort out of the situation in South
Carolina, and out of the general move
ment on the part of, the alliance in nom
inating new men for the various offlices.
They were predicting, indeed, that the
alliance was to be the wedge by which
the South was to be divided and disor
ganized, and they were so busily en
gaged in coniuring up this spectacle
that they had no time to pay any at
tention to the movement of the alliance
in the West and Northwest.
The great trouble with the average
partisan editor of the North and East is
the fact that he is densely ignorantal
the drift and trend of public sentiment
outside0of those who are as partisan and
sectional as he is, and he seems to re
gard his ignorance as in the nature of
an accomplishment-a phase of special
culture--to be paraded in public and to
be proud of. Facts and object lessons
are of no importance whatever to the
partisans and sectionalists who edit the
Republican organs. They seem to be
utterly unable toappreciato the vitality
of the Solid South; they seem to be ut
terly unable to understand that the
unity of the white people here, in the
alliance and out of it, with the alliance
and in spite of it-is above all merely
political issues, and that the people in
order to preserve it, and thus preserve
themselves from negro domination
under Republican manipulation, will
make any sacrifice and any compromise.
This is true of all classes; but the parti
san editors of the North ignore this
fact, and pretend to believe that the
South can be divided, to the profit of
the Republicans, by the ordinary polit
ical methods and issues.
But their ignorance does not end
here. While the Republican majority
in Congress, assisted by the organs,
have been hammering away at a tariff
bill framed solely in the interests of
the monopolists and the manufacturers,
and intended as a bait for contributions
to the corruption fund, the Northern
and Eastern organ editors have wholly
ignored the tremendous change that
has been going on among the Republic
ans of the West and Northwest on the
tariff question. T'he papers of these
sections are full of the subject. The
alliances of the different States have
taken the matter up, and, in co-opera
tion with the labor organizations, have
made strenuous protests against a high
But it is chiefly by means of the alli
ance that the reformation of public
opinion has been carried on. In Kan
sas, Wisconsin, Illinois and Nobraska
the movement in ooposition to the pet
doctrine of the Republican party has
created a profound impression among
the politicians, but the drift and
tendency of the masses of the people
have been entirely ignored by the
Northern and Eastern organs, and the
New York Tribune, to go no further, is
still nagging and abusing Senators be
cause they refuse to give merely a hasty
consideration to the McKinley bilL.
The Kansas Senators, Ingalls and
Plumb, and Senator Paddock, of Ne
braska have already demonstrated by
their votes on certain sections of the
McKinley bill that they have heard
the news from home. The 80,000 alli
ance men in Kansas have already
warned Mr. Ingalls that he was sent to
Washington to do something else be
sides making stump speeches against
the South, and recently the Seventh dis
trict Republican convention of the same
State has adopted a platform indorsing
Mr. Blaine's reciprocity scheme, and
favoring "such reduction of the tariff as
shall cheapen the products of the fao
tory and shop in ratio with farm prod
cnets." The platform of the convention
absolves the nominee "from diotation
of the party caucus on all economic
questions."-Atlanta Constitution.
Its Passage Wouldl Mean a DemocratIo
Victory In 1892.
The Evening Post has repeatedly
iarned those Eastern Republican edit
ors who are loudly demanding the
passage of the force bill and the Mc
Kinley bill that they entirely misap
prehend the temper of the Western Re
publicans. We are glad to observe that
the readers of the New York Tribune
have at liast been permitte4 to get a
hint of t truth, through a letter e8s.
bodying 'bat a wride awake Republic
an obse v&.in the West." -Elisah f.
Kennedy, toe writer of this letter, 1i
one of tle most prominent Republionas
saongj;uiw· ROR EeaMagogt it I
Brooklyn, and he has just returned
from Wisconsin, where ho "had excel
lent opportunities for conversing with
representative Republicans." The result
of his inquiries as to the force bill is
thu stated: "There is not a very deep
interest in the Lodge bill. If it were
now dropped nobody would be dis
gusted except such zealous partisans as
will remain-Republicans in any
event. Much mnore might be said, but i
content myself with stating a fact
which, I juage, may be news in the
East." As to the tariff bill Mr. Ken
nedy explains that he went West with
the impression that the Republicans in
Congress were quite content to concede
New York State to the Democrats. as a
consequbence of the enactment of the
bill in the shape in which it passed the
House, but that "the bill was immense
ly popular in the agricultural States,
and would confirm our hold on those
States." lie frankly confesses that he
was the victim of a delusion. "Well."
he says, "I have talked with the best
judges of the political situation in Wis
consin, men also peculiarly well in
formed on affairs in the other North
western States, and I deem it a duty to
declare that the final enactment of the
McKinley bill, in any thing like the
shape in which it now stands, will lose
us the next Congress and will render it
next to impossible for the Democrats to
bungle and blunder sufficiently to en
able us to elect a successor to President
Harrison."-N. Y. Evening Post.
Why the McKinley H1ill Will Fetrnish No
Relief to the Peop'e at Large.
One fact in practical economicsshould
be fully understood, and that is that
where a tariff system is the chief
source of a nation's revenue and is
properly arranged it will of necessity
give all needed protection to the in
dustries of a country. In order to do
this, however, a few essential points
must be carefully observed:
1. All raw material that can not be
raised in the country should be free.
2. Raw material raised within the
country should. never have more than
enough duty to counteract the hin
drances in our own production.
S. The tariff should be as small as
possible upon things that enter into
family hving. .
4.- The highest taxes should always be
upon luxuries and the lowest upon com
Observe these initial rules and it be
comes- a._easy matter to so appor
tion the revenette-as to afford inci
dental protection .to all-American in
dustries. Unfortunately the'ifai of
this country are so arranged as to ignore
everyone of these foundation principles.
There is a largeo list of free material,
it is true, but in most cases they are
upon things which do not enter largely
into our own productions. The single
prominent exception is hides, and this
it is proposed to remedy by the impo
sition of a duty, as proposed in the Mc
Kinley bill. The Pennsylvania manu
facturers say: "Give us free ores and we
will sell our iron and steel in Liver.
pooL" The woolen manufacturers say
give us free wool and dye stuffsand we
can compete with England and Ger
many in the markets of the world.
With free wool and dye stuffs American
carpets can be made as cheaply as they
are in Europe. Most of these wools
that are desired free are of kinds that
are not raised in this country and the
dye stuffs are not raised hcie at all.
The present tariff is square in the in
terest of the manufacturer and against
those of the people at large. The Mc
Kinley bill will furnish no relief,-Chi
cage Globe.
-The reciprocity idea is'spreading
like a prairie fire. It will be a hard
thing to stamp out, no matter who un
dertakes it. -Washington Post.
-"Cheap clothes," declares Mr. Har
rison, "make cheap men." Somebody
m-st have given Mr. Harrison his
clothos.-N. Y. Commercial Advertiser.
---The Republicans of the Lacey
committee who think that the election
frauds "are looked upon as a joke" Ina
Arkansas, might learn something by
calling at the Wht.. House and asking
hc' they are looked upon by the blocks
of five in Indiana.-St. Louis Republio.
-Republicans who are crying out
against Domocratic obstruction in tlhe
consideration of the tariff bill should
bear in mind that several distinguished
Republican Senators are giving the
Democrats splendid aid in their ob
structive tactics with regard to certain
features of the bill.-St. Louis Post.
-Mr. Blaine is opposed to any thing
like free trade, but is very strongly in
favor of "enlarging our commercial in
tercourse." WYhen Hans Schmidt laid
aside his barber's kit and went te the
springs to appear as Baron Heinrich von
Schoppenhausen he was very much
thought of by those who didn't know
him, but to those who did he was noth
ing but old Hans Schmidt.--Chicago
----The remark of Senator Voorhees
in his speech on the tariff to the effect
that it would be far cheaper for the
country to pay 24,000 idle men their av
erage wages than tax every square of
tin roof, every dinner pail, tea-pot and
milk-can simply to build up half a
dozen millionaires and enable them to
give coaching parties to protection lead
ers and to found libraries from the sav
ings of a fifteen per cent. reduction of
the wages of their working-men, has a
a great deal of truth in It.-Boston
Journal of Commerce (Protectionist).
The Campalgn in JowS.
The battle under which the Repub
licans lost Iowa is again under way
with conditions unchanged. The situa
tlon can best be described in a diagram,
as fllws:
brt!Our;~M s ·ard ee Igi$~ ttwayc
as~, r Z2
They Have a Most Effective Apparatus
for InJecting Their Polson.
Mr. A. J. Field, in an article in
Knowledge on"Venomous Spiders,"says
spider poison appears to have special
effects on certain insects,and the largest
flies are not always the least affected
by it. Insects over which spider poison
has but little influence are usually loft
meshed in the web to struggle until ex
hausted, before the spider attempts to
devour them. When a fly is bitten by
a spider, its whole body seems siezed
by violent convulsive twitchings, and
death generally occurs after a few min
The spider's poison issues from a sac
and duct at the base of its mandibles.
It closely resembles the venomous mat
ter secreted by scorpions, and is a trans
parent fluid, containing traces of formic
acid and albumen. There seems to be
nothing characteristic in its microscopic
appearance. When it is collected from
the poison glands of several spiders and,
dried, it will retain its, physiological
properties for many years, and even
after it has been subjected to a. boiling
temperature its properties are not de
The spider is 'provided with a most
effective apparatus for injecting its
poison, consisting of modified mandi
bles, called. "falces," the last joint of
which has a hard curved fang, with a
fissure near the point. The muscles
used in closing the mandibles also press
upon the, poison gland, causing the
poison to be expeled through the fissure
into the wound, and thence into the
circulation of the victim.
The reader should watch a common
house-spider spin its web.. It seems to
take pains, before beginning, to select a
spot where there are chances of obtain
ing plunder, and where it will be se
cure. It then discharges, a little drop
of glutinous fluid, and creeps up the
wall, joining the thread from one wall
to the other. The first thread 'thus
formed is drawn tight, and fixed at each
end with other threads,. It is upon this
outer thread that the durability of the
whole fabric depends. The web's foun
dation completed, the spider next
makes a number of threads parallel to
the first, and then crosses them with
other threads, the sticky substance of
which they are formed serving to bind
them, when newly made, to each other.
It now commences to double and treble
the threads that border its web, secur
ing the edges as it does so. Lastly, it
forms a kind of tunnel with webbing;
this is to serve as a retreat, where it can
conceal itself from its enemies and also
firom its prey, and is generally placed in
the ail~e.of the walls.
When thd'f~tier's work is done, it
often happens that IfA .Aapproaeh of
some large animal or the approah i"-'
the housemaid's broom will destrby.in
a minute the labor of days. In this
case, as soon as the danger is passed
away the spider patiently begins to re
pair the web.
Old spiders, which have neither web
nor the materials to make one, often
hunt about to find out the webs of
other spiders, younger and weaker thati
themselves, with which they venture
battle. The invader generally succeeds,
and the younger spider is driven out to
make a new web, and the old spider re
mains in possession until a stronger
spider invades the web and drives it
out. When thus dispossessed the spider
seldom ventures another attack, but
tries to subsist upon the few insects
that may fall accidentally into its
clutches, and eventually dies of hunger.
A Berlin Belle Who Mas kes Sure to Wear
a Night Cap.
Fraulein Elizabeth Meyer, belle of
Berlin, has had an exciting, a marvel
ous experience-one that will shock
(and therefore charm) all the fair sex.
Upon rising betimes the other morning
froth her pillowy couch, and upon un
loosing the coils of her splendid hair,
preparatory to combing those golden
tresses, lot there fell from her am
brosial ringlets a shower of mice!
It seems that during the night a saga
cious old dame mouse, hunting about
for a habitation, came upon Fraulein
Elizabeth's inviting wealth of. soft hair
spread over the downy pillow.
"Here," thought this wise rodent, "is
a comfortable shelter for me and mine."
"So in crept Mrs. Mouse and cud
dled herself up among the silky strands
of hair. There were seven of them the
next morning when, standing before
her mirror, Fraulein Elizabeth rudely
uncoiled her tresses, thus precipitating
the blue-coated mother and her pink
skin progeny to the floor.
The parent mouse fled under a bureau
and the six helpless babies lay rolling
and squirming pathetically upon the
floor. In this supreme crisis Fraulein
Elizabeth's presence of mind did not
desert her.
Leaping into a chair she screamed
lustily for help, and presently every
chair in the room had a woman on it,
each in hysterics.
The dignified pater familias finally
made his appearance and removed the
frightful creatures that had caused all
the hubbub, but Fraulein Elizabeth was
sick abed for a. week in consequence of
this awful experience.
The local journals got hold of this
story and told it eloquently, and now a
panic has come upon all the women
folk in Germany. Night-caps have sud
denly come into fashion again-not the
picturesque, frilled affair we have seen
in prints, but a grotesque fabrication of
oiled silk, which is said to be properly
cool for the head, and at the same.time
proof against depredatory rodents.-Cor.
Chicago NOws.
-Terra alba, or white earth, is used
exclusively ,for adulterating candies,
yet no les thabn 1,000, tons of thlssu'b
stance were recently iporoted through
New Yorlk- Lo~eagos made entirely of
this earth'arailppe inn sirups fiavsored
woith e a other essences,
~~tinuubi esuarloses
.itliect o ~ i~n~tbastrrfia Jilba
Tremendous Growth of the Adulteration
of Food by the Use of Barytes.
A St. Louis gentleman was met at
one of the hotels yesterday who states
that in several counties of .Missouri a
wholesale business in an adulterant
known as barytes is carried on to an ex
tent which has become almost alarm
ing. The name of the informant is in
possession of the News, bus for reasons
given by himself is not given at pres
ent. In speaking of the unlawful traf
fic he said; "Barytes is a cheap, white
mineral substance, which is found prin
cipally in the counties of Jeffer
son, Washington, Franklin, Cooper
and Osage, and is mined and shipped
broadcast all over the country at the
rate of thousands of tons a year. Al
though there are hundreds of mines in
operation the supply is always less
than the demand. Several large firms
in St. Louis handle nothing else, and
have become immensely wealthy with
in the past few years. A strange feat
ure about the nefarious business is that
very few of the miners know the real
use to which the mineral is put. It
passes through several hands before it
reaches the consumer, which is the peo
ple themselves. After being taken out
of the earth it is broken up and pul
verized into a fine powder so as to re
semble flour or white lead. It is mixed
with many articles of food, such as
granulated sugar, powdered sugar,
and is also extensively used in
adulterating white .lead, which is the
basis of mineral paints. That is the
principal reason the paints turn yellow
much sooner now-a-days than in former
years. "It is shipped in barrels,' and the
people where it is mined are told that
it is gypsum or is intended for use in
packing-houses for painting the canvas
with which cured meats are covered in
'The miners receive only. 50 or 60
cents a day, and many women are em
ployed who receive 25 and 80 cents a
day. The owners of the land are paid
a royalty of 20 cents a ton. It is found
within three or four feet of the surface,
and is sold in the market at $8 a ton.
The retailers receive about 6 cents a'
potnd. I do not exaggerate when I say
that hundreds of thousands of tons of
this mineral have been shipped out
of Missouri. and the industry Is grow
ing everyday. It is no secret that many
of the leading men of the State are in
terested in the work, and have made
investments in lands and crushing ma
chinery. For many years Germany has
been sending barytes to this country as
ballast in the holds of ocean steamers,
and these Missouri men have bedome so
bold in their operations as to ask that a
duty of four dollars a ton be placed on
the imported article. Thhe mineral is'
-.`ssad actually.dissolves o0 the
tongue, bu ' Knfihia''e t"1,cr ^ l p IQ
used demands that the public should: be
informed concerniiig its presenq 'In the
The gentleman stated that he head
visited the mines and knew 'from per
sonal observation whereof he spoke.
Denver (Col.) News
They weres Exceedingly Indolent, Slag.
glsh and Stupid,
At first this fact seems totally at vari
ance with the fitness of things; for, if
California was not literally a land flow
ing with milk and honey, it possessed
every attribute to' be desired by a bar-.
barous people. Its climate was mild
and equable; its coast and inland waters
teemed with fish and mullusks; while
the land abounded with game and with
nuts, roots and seed, which were both
nutritious and easily procured. With
such advantages as these it might be
supposed that the natives would have
far outstripped the' dwellers of 16is fa
vored sections. Human progress, how
ever, does not always follow the lines
of least resistance, and it is .probable
that in their struggle toward Oltvlisa
tion the races of the world owe less to
their advantages than to their dis
advantages. eTo put this seem
ing paradox in': other words,
man's improvement has beeni largely
compulsory, and, when ho is 'not too
heavily handicapped, adverse sur
roundings stimulate instead of check
ing his progress. Certain is it that the
fine climate and- abundant natural
products of California had their full ef
fect in developing, or rather in retard
ing the development, of the natives.
Though not deflcient physically, the
Indians, especially of ihe watimer oi
tion of the State, were exceedingly in
dolent and stupid..' As a rule they were
not hunters but fishers, and hence their
blood was. not g uickened and.-their
muscles hardened "i.bythe ex !tement
and toil of the chasp; nor were their
wits sharpened to t samine extent as
those of the hunting tribes by- the
manifold and varied neobessitieof their
calling, -nor by the ksterner duties-of
war; for the hunting tribes are in
variably warlike.--It W. Henshawrr if
Popular Socience Montbly.: :
Almostbiaed with TennysOn.
BHorace E. Scudder, the newi editor o
the Atlantic, us2ed to deseribei'th: lee
the nearest he eame while in 'Londoi to
dining with Tennys0n "Lhad been in
vited by one of theo yopi/gEnglish
writers," Scudder woull explaip, '."t
meet a few, persons at dinner. As I
was chatting with him a few minte~s
before we went to table he turned tobl hie
brother and said-as I understo0od him
'I wonder if' we are .not going to havire
Tennyson?' Of course I was gratifed
at the prospect of meeting the' greal
poet But we dined withoht him. And
as I sat at the table it ocncurred to ma
that what my host realy seaid to his
brother was: "i ~W onder if we are not
going to bave'dinnersoon? That's tHei
nearest I came to dining wi Tehny
son."-. to JournaL• ,'
Al.eai Theatileal Dlamend.
MissDe slmper-I'wat to by s
diamond necklace.
Miss SDe ha I i m at
;··lri~iA -:
-After spending an hour with a prob
ty fool, how refreshing homely people
are.-Atchison Globe.
-When the house dog barks at the
milkman' in the morning it is a sure
sign of hydrophobia.-Louisvillo Conu
tier Journal.
--Only one wolf has ever gone around
in a sheep's skin, but many a sheep has
traveled for miles and miles in a wolf's
skin.-Dallas News.
-The woman who carries pins in het
mouth is supposed to be closely related'
to the man "who didn't know it was
loaded."-Ram's Horn.
-Good advice is worth much more
than money, but Jones -says that some
how he can not make his creditors see it
in that light.-N. Y. Ledger.
-"Are you really become a Socialist,
Will?" "No, indeed." "But you told -
Jack you had." "Oh well, I was dead
broke then."-Yankee Blade.
-"How does your girl treat you,
John," asked the mother. "She doesn't
treat me at all, mother; I am obliged
to treat her every time."-Boston Cou.
rier. .
-When a man thinks himself a gent.
us he lets his hair grow long; when a
woman thinks she has a mission to ful
fill in life she cuts her hair short-N.
Y. Ledger.
-A man recently committed sinicide
in England because le thought his wife
was too good for him. This will bh
queer reading to some Americans.
Eam's Horn.
-"Why are you drinking that black
coffee?" "Because Ihave the headache." -
"The headache?, Why don't you do as
those do who have the toothache? Why
don't you get it Alled."-Fliegende Blat
-Mrs. Winks-'"What kind of a girl "
have 'you 'now?" Mrs. Minks - 'A-
very nice one-.ever so miich nicer thbani
the others. She doesn't seem to objioti.
to having as live in the liouse with her
at all.",-N, Y. Weekly. ..:: ..:t
-After the' Dinner was. Over. ANi -
wed-"What an absurdity it waitastbata~
bachelor should reply to the toast .f i
'The Ladies.' He can't know any thing
about'em'" Enpeak-"Can't, ehi ,Why
do you suppose he is a bachelor? 'l.i.%:
ton Times.
--Owner (looking disconsoltely doa w
the row of vacant houses) .-N '
gone yet, Marks?" Marks. bthi g ' -
briskly).-"No. Sometb1hi :g *be
done. 'i'll put 'sold' in thei
two more of them to-m
-Harper's Basar.
-Charles- " t see you very often
lately, Gore Where do' you spend " ,.
your even George-(clerk in buso- i"
ness ofB)- i been cblning "ut :
booksa and theire was a mistake of three
.n discovered on the balance she-et,
*and I've been trying for the past week': : e :/
to discover where the mistake ilte~"'-
Blade. ' *
-An old gentleman who had a
tained his one hundred and .second' . :.. `?4
was thus greeted by a friend'
'ood morning, "Mr. Shiles, .-how '
does a man feel after he 'has-en.: 
tered his second century?" "That all
depends," my sjin, said the venerable
seer, "that all depends upon owhe e ,
spent his first one."
-Miss Beauty-(at a church fair)-'
"Don't you want some pen-wipers, Mr.
Bach?" Mr. Bach-"Naw-at- dolla
apiece, I presume?" --Miss BeSauty-:
"Oh, no. The minister said we must::
not charge more than we thought; the :
things were worth... These were made
by that horrid Miss Pert, and I think,- "
they. are worth ten for a cent."-N. Y. :
The Telephone the Outgrowth of Ato: :"
tempts to Aid His Mother's Hearint.
A. R. Bennett, in speaking at IDun- .
dee, Scotland, on the occasion of tlhe
inaurguration of some local telephone
lines, g-Rave some very interestinag de- "
tails connected with Graham Bel's ear-'i,
.ly history, and these wpre largely sua- :
plementoed by a cousin of ill's, whoi'
was present It Apjears that ell was -!
always, when a boy, trying' to deise f "
some means if improving th'lie eieii .
of his rmother, who was very deafn Xe :
then conceived the idea of passipg soun .d
along wires,. and this idea, whih aros : '
out of his regard 'fotr his mother,nlti-. '.
mately became perfooted through his -'
devotion to his wife, Bell became-i ari
teacher in a deaf and dumb lchoolu
Boston, and beegme enamored of. lia lay:
who was partially afhiotdd, Whom he,
malried. He now applied him-;
self with redoubled energy to the prob.
1em of transmission of sound, and inf the:i
course of his experiments he aucedede
in enabling his wife to understand con
versation and to be understood. -1Bl 11:1
tried to push his-. inventon ~ in i llin
burgh with bilt little success, and after--. .
ward turned his steps to London, where "I
he met with more encouragement.E It i-:
tibstatedae a curious fact that Bell ittm * .
seIfdid not perceive all the gieast posae'
bilities before the telephone, and looked:
withscbant favor Ion the idea of "-:x#.
changes," which have sinesassamed.-::i
suich proportions all over the woroleln.i<
Mr. Benaett was strongly inclined ta f
think that the telephone had lieein sp
hen, of prophetically many thousan
years ago, and be instan~eAi
er passages of the Scrilptures, 'tbaetl : W
Psalms. deosribing how "their lf i:e
gone thieiigh all, the earth anltrhi ir:,:
words to the endof -the world," as ar': -
ing a decided telephonio ~avor. - ,fi- :
cago Poet ___________
- Hts One Vtault. .;
"e''S an awfully nice fellow and-- a -
good friend- of mine, but be has o,:"ne
grievous fault'-he' is always quotnl :g
French and .Latia and all the other
"And' doesn't know oie I suppose?"
a, 'bts . a hi e-does -know them :_.
I t~e? iVrper lln;hmeaolt. e:'-';
.'l~h~t~reyoustringin' thioqo; feler

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