Newspaper Page Text
"The World is Governed Too Much."
IIBYL. BIOSSAT, Business Manager. ALEXANDRIA,. LOUISIANA, WEDNESDAY. MARCH 25, 1891.. VOL. XLVI.-NO. 13.
PEN wide. ye eas.t
ern portals, for
the glorious King
's he comes forth
i n h is splendor
scattering r a di.
ance on his way.
See. the darkness
flies before him,
and the gloom of
S Nature's night
iBy the glory of his
/ te" coming now is
changed to blaz
See, the earth is
tilled with glad
ness, carols float
upon the air,
S list ening dew
( drops flash their
colors from each
blade and flower
" ý fair,
And the world
I-lllith rejoirt!g at the glory of the light.
ig opses o'er the moorland, gardens fair
Iwd meadcws bright,
sfg terrents from the mountain, sweeping
riven o'er the plain.
beiheif veoice all together up to Heaven in
Ltothe King resplendent coming in his
bes of light,
l bisbrightnoa con(luering darkness, lift
ijup the veil of night!"
5 * s * * * * *
orb: thy dawn symbolic of that bright
'!ua hat shone
Ser y -ht oh Sin had darkened, and
which Death had claimed his own.
7 He comes in conquering splendor, tri
*mphing o'er Death anti Hell;
hehefrave can hold no longer o'er the soul
NHle omes in power bursting all the shao
Slsof the tomb,
Mdling light where once was darkness, scat
terisgjoy where once was gloom.
mf0 Grave. so proudly boasting, do thy
stitory trophies lie,
AIODeith. thy sting so piercing? Tell us
whit it is to die.
pgtohth made it but the pathway to the
realms of endless light,
Iid into the grave Hils glory-filled the
: mb with radiance bright.
=.erthan His death Ilis rising, and the day
Sdr of His birth
lpolalmed the glorious coming of the sun
Swhich burst o'er earth.
lltospsak a world from nothing, grander
.uiit to redeem:
blstrightett rays of glory from His res
K umction stream.
ligullness of redemption centers in the
se oanquered, and to mortalsimmortality
: isleft their homes in glory to proclaim the
W$lBglorious resurrection woke the anthems
Idupranse then rise to Heaven on this glorl
ae Easter morn,
hbthe shout "The Lord is risen!" higher
thaq 'The Lord is born!"
-T. 0. Summers, in Chicago Herald.
UDDENLY, as it arrested by fear or a
feeling of wonder,
Mil stood. with her colorless lips apart,
:ile a shudder
tuiegh her frame, and, forgotten, the flow
Sreistropped from her fingers,
i beye es and cheeks the light and
F ' m. oe theorning."
7" carriage stopping here!" ex
little Mrs. Bassett, peeping be
the branches of the giant geran
itbleh stood in her front window.
must be some mistake. Surely,
tlies intend to call next door."
=1 eiidently the ladies did not.
.had alighted from the landau,
Withost a glance at the imposing
ee of green stone to their right
the small wooden gate, and
~p between the beds of budding
crocuses, anemones, hyacinths
thlipe Mrs. Bassett's home was a
frame building, which was sadly
edof acoat of-paint; but so trim
kept was the bit of a garden, so
y clean the porch and steps,
Iaildea-bright the brass door-bell
so dazzlingly polished the win
above all, so delicate and glow
ail beautiful the flowers that
against the background of
Swiss curtains, one instinctively
irita friendliness which the more
tse mansions around quite failed
etlaeu," said Mrs. Bassett, taking
am oef those large, lovely, grey
es of hers. rubbing them quite
mY and putting them on again,
. tally Mrs. Vandelour, the wife
acJrck'seousin, and her daughter."
Srang. Mrs. Bassett kept no
St BShe answered the door her
"le lady at the threshold was
fa~mpous, clad with the showy
that lacks true elegance. Her
ThY ARE MAGNIFICENT.
very large, her lips were very
brows were so arched they
acuntenance a constant ex
frigid inquiry; her gray hair
against the flaring green
Hof her bird-bedecked bon
you d<o, La'ender?" she
'u effsion, atid extended to
of the cottage a short,
li" ased in a glove of prim.
4-I. was such an age since we
ols, or even heard of you
i we must really pay you a
experienced a sense of
bvetv since her his
band's disappearance two years ag'o, i ci
and her consequent descent from afflu- t
ence to comparative poverty, had the w
Vandelours deigned to notice her so- tl
cially. They had had meetings and in- o1
terviews relative to certain legal mat- T
ters. but they had not invited Mrs. Bas- w
sett to their home or visited her in hers. c]
So it was not strange she rather ques- ii
tioned the motive of the present unusual n
"You are very kind," she said. "Come a
She shook hands with the daughter of 04
her guest, and ushered both ladies into if
her little parlor. It was the coziest,
the daintiest, the most artistic apart- I
ment conceivable. Many fine relics of si
her former life had been retained. The ri
oriental rug, that almost covered the a
floor, was one; the bookcase of polished fl
rosewood, a long, low, dwarf affair, a
was a second; the oil portrait of a hand
some and gallant-looking man was an
other. The room was quite guiltless of q
the hideous productions usually desig- ii
nated fancy work. Instead, there were I
some good etchings and magazines, for si
Lavender Bassett was one of those per
sons who feel they can better sacrifice ti
a few of life's necessaries, or those
things that are ordinarily considered ti
such, than some of its -luxuries. But
the supreme charm of the place was g
embraced in the bay window. That p
was a -v'eritable bower of verdure, of 11
b'ebm,i~'beauty. Such flowers! only
one who loved them dearly could have
brought them to their state of absolute
perfection. For they all seemed to be
in bloom. The tall oleander, with its
long, banana-like leaves; the Storm
King fuchsia; the veined, olive-leaved
and waxen-pink begonia; the creamy
Chinese primroses; the brilliant and
multi-hued, spikes of spicy geraniums.
Most exquisite of all, the lilies! Of
those, stately, snow-pure, golden
hearted things, there were fully two
dozen. Many were in full and splendid
bloom: others were in bud; but every
one was exquisite, simply that.
"Oh," cried Mrs. Vandelour, bringing
her fat hands together with a gasp of
amazement, of delight, "Mrs. Delamere
did not exaggerate about your Lenten
lilies! They are magnificent!" •
Mlrs. Delamere! Lavender Blassett
could hardly repress a smile. Mrs. Del
-aqe ~was a .very wealthy and fash
ionable lady who lived in the preten
tious green stone dwelling which over- F
shadowed hers. She had called on Mrs. s
Bassett, and been very kind. She went t
a great deal into society. She had
doubtless chanced to meet Mrs. Vande
lour, and had mentioned the success of s
her neighbor as a florist. But surely a t
desire to behold some fine flowers
would not account for that lady's visit
"They are pretty," she assented with
"Pretty! They are superb! I never a
saw anything like them. Did you,
Oriole, a stoop-shouldered, bilious- t
looking girl, over-dressed like her
mother, was regarding them with en-. e
"Never! Oh, mamma, if only-". ~s-
Her mother sent her -a glance of a
piercing reproof.-' The time was not
yet ripe. I
.Half an hour pasied. - The- visitors a
beamed on Lavender Bassett. She I
calmly and courteously entertained c
them. She was such a contrast to them.
She was so slender, and gentle, and t
graceful-so quietly clad. Her c
of some thick, soft, black stuff,A
fashioned with absolui% simp
There were a few folds of cra ,
wrists and throat. Her face reminied
one of her own precious lilies, so Ii
ly pale it was.. Her features were <de1
cately regular. Her eyes, dark-brow
and dark-fringed, had the dreamy, '
tentive, half-brooding loot of one whd I
is very near-sighted. And her bhair
gleaming golden, was at once a cirow
and an aureole. But her expression I
was one of sadness, the most controlled, E
A rather curious story, that of- Layv
ender Bassett's. Married at eighteen I
to her first and only lover, installed IA
a charming hgme of her own, with - i
come suflcient to meet all probablea': I
quirements, she was the happiesS:oY
women. Two years after her marriage
Jack Bassett was obliged to go 'igito
look up some-land in which he was in
terested. He never returned. Many
were the conjectures as to his fate. A
great deal of advertising and searchig 1
was done vainly. Four months afte~
his disappearance his baby girl was I
born. A couple of hundred dollars to
her personal credit at the bank--lhd
MIrs. Bassett-that and her e
Otherwise she was unprov4~ .i';f r
One day a lawyer waited on -her, ex- 1
plaining, or endeavoring to. explain, a
very peculiar case. Som:e old trans-I
atlantic relative of her aisband had
died. His estate, of stup.& s value,
was willed to Jack Bassett i he could
and would fulfill certain erratic re
quests and conditions.. In case he was
either unable or unwilling to do so, the
property would pass to another rela
tive, Hermann Vand eu i
The vanishment 4'tng Bassett,
the queer complicat n-ow resulting, I
and all the singular eatures of the af
fair were popular newspaper themes
for several months. Th~T public in
terest in the matter waned The case 1
went into the courts, andt it was gen
erally conceded that if Jack Bassett did
not soon materialize the decision must i
be in favor of Vandelour. But Jack
Bassett's wife and friends had decided I
he must be dead. No such steady and I
home-loving chap as he would willingly
remain away from all that was most
sacred to him for two ,years Thus
stood matters on the day of the Vande
lours' visit. As they rose to go the ,
wife of Jack's cousin abruptly made
known the cause of her unwonited con
"Lavender," she said, "we are going
to have a reception on Easter Monday,
I and I'm sure you will let us have your
lilies. They are the fashionable flowers
this year, you know. The florists
Scharge so outrageously for them. lven
the rental of them would be enormous
at this particular time."
A brief silence ensued. Mrs. Vande
lour mistook it for consent. I
S"Of course, we would send an express
wagon for them," she hurried on, viva- I
ciously, "and cney would be recurhti
to you in the best of order. They
would merely be used for decorating
the rooms. Those sea-onions and that
oleander you might let us have also.
They are very effective. And then it
would only be necessary for us to pur
chase some cut flowers. But it is the
lilies we particularly require. I do not
mind saying in confidence to you that
Oriole being a debutante this year, it is
all we can manage to keep her in new
gowns and entertain for her. Of
course it will be all different when this
lawsuit is decided in Hermann's-"
She broke Off. She had said too
much, and she knew it. Over the sen
sitive face of little DMrs. Bassett a swift,
rosy tide went sweeping. The final re
mark had hurt her, but it had not in
fluenced her. Her mind was quite
made up before its utterance.
"It is impossible," she said, quietly,
"for me to grant yourrequest. You re
quire the lilies for Easter Monday. This
is Saturday. By this time to-morrow
I shall not have a lily in my posses
"What!" sharply, '"you have sold
them in advance?"
The rose-bloom deepened to carna
"No. I do not sell my flowers. I
give them to the sufferers in the hos
pitals, and I have been saving my
lilies to give on Easter Sunday."
"Then," cried Mrs. Vandelour, in a
SIHE FLUNG HER ARMS AROUNDE HIM
shrill and angry voice, "I am to under
stand you prefer beggars to your rela
"You are to, understand," averred
Mrs. Bassett, with calmness that
seemed 'to be absolutely unruffled by
the wrath of her visitors( "that I only
give my flowers to those who are other
wise unable to procure them."
It was with black frowns and indig
nant mutterings that Mrs. Vandelour
and her daughter took their departure.
Indeed, the latter brushed so rudely by
the tiny child of their hostess, she sent
the baby staggering against the wall.
Luminously blossomed the Easter
dawn. Mrs Bassett dressed herself
somberly, as was her wont of late;, and
went to early church. On her return
she cutnher lilies. There were twenty
eight in all- ia sheaf of marvelous
beauty. Leaving Annh it M Mrs. Del
i amere's children, she went to .the hes
pital. There she was known and wel
Scomed.. As she passed into the main
ward where white cots were ranged;
the nurse accompanying here pointed
out one particular bed.
S"That is a new case sino were
here. An odd one, too. 'ennian is
suffering from prostration, physical
and mewtal His mind is almost gone.
He can recall nothing, remember no
A few words of pity passed Laven
der's lips. She went on down the ward,
leaving on each bed a lily and a mes
sage of cheer or comfort. She reached
that indicated. She glanced at the.pa
Htier-leaned forward, looked more
a ,H , U eyes dilated-dar
lilies she held fell to the floor.,
Aenly, with a cry of the most piercing,
delirious delight, she reeled forward,
fell against the low bed, and flung her
arms around him who lay thereon.
"Jackl Jack! Oh, Jack!"
Worn, haggard, -bearded, changed,
-still she knew him.
That cryl That voicel It recalled his
dormant faculties, his benumbing brain.
lHe strove to sit erect. The light of .on
sciousness, of intelligence, of recogni
tion came into his countenance.
"My wife!" he murmured. -
The attendants came hurrying up. All
Sattention was given the invalid. It was
several hours before weak, dazed, bliss
ful Lavender couls return home. The
Sinews of Jack Bassett's return was sooni
public property. His recovery n was
Srapid and complete. And, to the furious
Sdisappointment of the Vandelonrs, his
j claim to inheritance of the disputed
estate was admitted and established.
f LHe could not recall much from the hour
Sehe had been beaten and robbed in Das
kota to the moment of his recognition
in the city hospital.- But little by little
the story of his sufferings, of his sad,
half-senseless wanderings, transpired.
H It is with feelingcaof the most inex
a pressible contentthat ohis Easter Sun
- day Jack Bassett and his wife hear the
i bells of joy peal out.
"Oh, darling," he says, drawing her
I to him, "if you in your sweet charity
Shad not gone to the hospital to gladden
some sorrowful, ones, we might never
I have met. But your face, your voice,
I had power to draw me back from the
r verge of insanity, from death to lifel
SBut you are crying, dearest!"
It is true. But through the tears her
- face is radiant with love, gratitude,
"Listen!" she murmurs; "let another
- speak my hlart for me!"
And then she softly quotes:
"There's not a foolish flower i' the grass,
So glad again of the coming of rain
r As I of these tears now falling
These happy tears down falling."
--Kate M. Cleary, in-N. Y. Ledger.
The Puniashment Fits the Grime.
"I see that husbandry is sufferings a
great depression in Portugal," said Mrs.
S"Well." sail ~rartey. "thati is what
- they gdt for-~rtting married',"--Lih~.
ON CUTTING THE 'HAIR.
What the Barbers Have to Say on the Sub.*
"You'd better have your hair
So said the barber in the shop at
Church and Cortland streets.
"Why?" he was asked. "I had it cut
only a week ago." •
"Yes, but I see it is very thin on
top," said the barber, "and I think that
it should be cut very frequently in
order to save it.".
On the next afternoon the barber in
the Park Avenue'hotel was makinghis
last execution with a razor over the I
same man's face. "You are getting
bald," said he. "Now 'what a gigantic
mystery it is-this subject of the hair.
I am bald; you are getting bald. I
Neither of us would try to 1
save a thousand dollars if that
would have kept us a full head of hair,
but neither money nor skill nor wisdom s
will save any man a single hair of his
head. For my part, the only knowl- s
edge I have after being in the barber
business twenty years .is purely nega
tive. I think that if you don't have I
your hair cut it will not-fall out." I
"What? Never have it cut?"
"Stop a minute. Did you ever see a 1
bald-headed woman? You never did. 1
Well, such a thing as a bald-headed r
woman exists, but they are very rare.
Now, why are women practically never
bald, and why are men growing bald in
greater numbers every year? You nat
irally reply--or you would if you had
thought about it as much as I-that the
reason lies in the hats women wear. 1
Their hats amount to nothing. The
average bonnet does not weigh two
ounces. Their hats are open, and there h
is more or less ventilation under and
through them, whereas men's hats are I
heavy boxes that inclose and weigh
down and stifle the hair."
"I never thought of that." p
"Well, that amounts to nothing," i
said the barber. "It sounds important, h
but whatever we say in favor of
women's hats is offset by the fact that
they wear them twice as many hours i
at a time as men wear theirs. Women s
often put a hat on in the morning and
don't remove it till dinner; they wear
their bonnets in church, at the theater,
during their calls, everywhere and all
the time. The important difference be
tween the sexes is, after all, that boys
and men have their hair cut and girls
and women don't. A little girl's hair is
nursed after she passes early childhood.
Some fathers who are obliged to keep
their families in the hot city insist that
their babes' haiir shall be cut, and the
mothers yield n the cases of the girls
with great relttance, but after the little
girls are foureivfle years oldthe women
fight to have their hair uncut thence
forward, and such is the rule with most
girls. After thinking it all over for
twenty years I am of the opinion that
hair-cutting produces baldness.
"See," continued the barber, "what
wonderful heads.of hair the Indians
have.* How thick it is; how splendid
are the braids they wear down their
backs. It is so with all savages-all
have plenty of hair and none ever cut
it. The white, men who live in wild
countries or ofi our border exemplify
the same, thing. They wear their hair
down on their shoulders, and it is thick
and luxuriant; but it has not been cut
in all the time they have lived the life
of.the rude people around them. My
calm decision is that if yo1 want to es
cape baldness your must keep the scis
sors away from your head. No medicine
will remedy baldness. To find a physic
that will do so is the surest road to a
giant fortune, and men have been ex
perimenting for more than a century
without finding a remedy."-N. Y. Sun
Favorite Initiations at Harvard.
The favorite mode of torment seems to
be to make a man go out and sell some
thing or perform some manual labor in
the streets. Not long ago a student
4ho<'as very much in love with a pret.
pe4dler's pack and sell all the members
of the family the cheap handkerchiefs
and atrocious brass jewelry with which
he was loaded down. The match sas
not broken off, but there was a frigid
coolness in that house until the real ob
ject of the visit was afterward ex
plained. Another rich and immac
ulate young swell was ordered into a
ditch where some Italians were digging
in the main street of Cambridge, and
into it he went with pick and shovel,
clad in a dress suit, which-was made
part of the command. Rubber boots,
*an ilster'and a fur cap are frequently
ordered on a victim in the hottest days
of term time, and they must besieen on
him whenever _he appearso o dehi*
room.--Oambridge, like other eolege
towns, has become partly accustomed tc.
these dollege vagaries, and wheneves
anyone is seen upon the streets acting
particularly like a lunatic people class
him at-once as a candidate in a college
society.-;N. Y. Star.
Towe!s for Wedding Presents. -
Handsome towels are now so desirare
,ble in the eyes of housekeepers that
sets comprising a dozen, or even a hall
dozen, with more or less hand decora
tion, are among the most approved
wedding gifts where consanguinity or
other circumstance does not call foi
offerings of gold or silver. The prefer
ence is given by most people to huck
buck towels. The material comes b3
the yard in eeellent quality, and' i
widths exceeding that of the ready
made fringed towels. The 'ends are.
hemmed below an inch-wide hue of
drawn work, or they may be simpl.
hemstitched and a needle decoratios
added with thite or colored linen
When the letter is choseh an effective
design to woiJk in dark blue is the onion
pattern seetin 'blue Dresden dinnei
sets. A skilliul hand can copy the
'figuring f a plate rim, arranging it
in a istra J4band with a double line ol
blue above8 8 ft below, or the pattern
canbe ap upon the material by
professionhad" - Detroit Free Press
Aipoxirmating the Season.
Gargoy (reflectively)-It was in the
summer te when Eve was created.
Mrs. GasOyle-How do you know?
Gargoy I infer so from the fa
that it wtbefog9 thiq fIL.-,Tsudag
PITH AND POINT. ,
-"Patience" should be taken off a
monument and put at the end of a tele
-Beds that are music boxesare made
in Switzerland. They play sheet mu
sie, I suppose.-Texas Siftings.
--Tie average man would rather be.
lieve he is right and suffer than be con.
vinced he is wrong.-Atchison Globe.
-A Parisian wit once defined expe.
rience as a comb that one became pos.
sessed of after having lost one's hair.
-Speed Needed.-The man who ex
pects to out run a lie had better start "
with something faster than a bicycle.
Ram's Horn. t
-It takes a smart boy to tell a lie a
successfully. If he tells it unsuccessful- 1
ly his father is apt to make him smart. a
-Somerville Journal. ;t
-"Theirs was a case, of love at first I
sight." "Why didn't they hparry?" '
"They changed thei.ninds a`t second If
sight."-N. Y. Herald. , . s
-Sanso-Women are wedded to fash. i
ion.' Blood-"Yes; &nd they love, C
honor and obey it cheerfully.-N. Y. f
-Love makes the world go round,
but it finds it impossible on occasions 1
to induce the girl's father to come
round.-St. Joseph Gazette.
-I rather like to break a bill
I'm generous, you see, t
But oh! I take it very ill
When'er a bill breaks me.
-There is no solitude so miserable as
that of the man alone in a noisy city t
.unless it be that of a man alone with a 1
noisy baby.-Elmira Gazette.
-His Heart is Safe-Mrs. A.-"Your t
husband employs a type-writer girl, I 1
understand." Mrs. B.-Yes, but she's i
homely as can be."-Yankee Blade. . t
-Of the making of books there is no
end, and there never will be so long as I
publishers can persuade hopeful authors I
to pay the cost of the first edition.- -
-Playwright-"Then you think my
play is a good one?" Critie-"No, I
think it is about as bad as it can pos
sibly be. What I said was that it
would draw bighouses.-Boston Trans- I
-"I've had a good deal to do with the
jury-box in my day," exclaimed a sher
Tff after a recent murder trial, "but I
never before saw a jury-box like those
fellowis did in their scrimmage about
the verdict."-Boston Courier. -
-After the Last Act.-Sig. Ham
"Did you see how long I paralyzed the
audience in that death scene? By
George, they were crying all over the
house!" Stage Manager-'"Yes. They
knew you weren't really dead.
-He Was Mistaken.-Customer (to a
Chicago Merchant)-"Let me have acan
of electricity, please." Merchant-
"What? Are you crazy?" Customer
"Not at all. Does not electricity come
in canned essence."-Inter-Oeean.
-A Dream to be Stopped.-He
"Philosophy teaches us marvellous
things." Sthe-"Indeed?" He-"Yes.
For instance, it teaches that I am
merely a dream existing in your mind
-er-, but why are you pinching your
self?" She-"I'm trying to awake
from the dream."-N. Y. Sun.
SHEPHERDS ON STILTS.
They Mount Them from the Roof of q
Cabin and Use Them All Day.
The Landes, the great savanna of
France, which stretches from Bordeaux
to Rayonne, is a region sipnilar to the
Bad Lands of our own country. Many
vain attempts were made to induce trees
to grow upon it. At last one M. Bre.
montier conceived the idea of planting,
witli the pine seeds, the seeds of the
common broom, whnsehardy tuft should
protect the tiny g until it could
stand by itself._ :
The result .surpe d hope; pine for
ests have sprusig-up andl endured.
thrqughout thl a .ndes; 'they havq
S forever the poWear of the wind
~i~t their pitch and timber are
even a source of some riches to the de.
There is one striking specialty of thiu
district, writes Mr. Edwin Asa Dir.
This is the shepherd on Stilts, .the
Xicanque, immortalized by Rosa Bon.
heur,.and mentioned by many travelers
He is peculiar to this region. Perched
on these wooden supports, at a periloun
height above the ground, he stalkl
gravely over the landscapeenabled te
behold an horizon of .triplei'ange, an(
to outstride the fleetest of iis vagrant
flock. When so inclined, 'he is quitq
able, it is said, to execute a pas soul, o.
eveh a jig, with every appropriate flour
ish of his timber limbs, and. with sur'
prising grace and abandon.
His stilts are strapped to the thighs,
not the knees, for greater freedom, and
he mounts from his cabin roof hii the
early morning, and lives in the alj
throughout the day. A thirdstiltform~
his seat, and makes of his silhoutte a
ludicrous and majestic tripod. -
This genius' chief amusement is
startlifngly domestic; it is knitting
stockings, and engaged in this peace.
ful art, he sits with dignity and whiles
away the hours. How he maneuvers
when he accidentally drops a needle, .
have not been able to learn. '
A dignitary of Bordeaux arranged a
fete and procession in the Landes on
one occasion. 'Triumphal arches were
erected, hung with flowers and gar
lands, and. the feature, of the parade
was a sedate platoon of these heron
likd shepherds, dressed in skins, decked
with white hoods and mantles, pre
ceded by a band of music, and stalking
by fours imposingly doli the line of
mIarch.-N.. Y. Journal.
The professor had one bore of a vis
Iltor, who used to constantly disturb
him at his painting. He determined to
get rid of him.I . °
"You know I'm run down with visit
ors," he said, "and I don't wanttoopen
the door to them. Now, when you ball
always ring three times and'IlI under.
atan4l it's you."
Proud of the preference, the neil
time he came e rang tn iu times and,
of coirse, knowing whoit was, the pro
fessor painted away in peate without
maRattiqm' hhnnak- 1seends Bla
BINGLE TAX DEPARTLAENT.
SINGLE TAX MOVEMENT IN
BRITISH COLUMBIA, o1
W. A. Wilson, of Vancouver, in a let
ter concerning the progress of the sin- T
gle tax movement in British Columbia, r
The work that has been going on for
some time in Victoria, Vancouver, New
Westminster and other towns through- t
out the Province has had very encour
aging results, and we have abundant
evidence to show that public opinion is
being slowly, but none the less surely, a]
molded in our favor. This new coun
try, like most others, has been and is it
now handicapped in its development by c
land grabbing and speculation. To such n,
an extent had this evil become manifest ti
that the Provincial Government last tl
August withdrew all that remained of ti
'the public lands under its jurisdiction di
I from sale, pending legislation on the di
subject. As several good single tax men ti
have lately been elected to the Provin- tl
cial Legislature, we hope that their in- ,
fluence, backed up by the pressure that it
will be brought to bear on the outside, cl
will have the effect of procuring legis- ,a
lation in accord with our principles. I
In municipal matters, too, there is a
steady movement towards the final
abolition of taxing improvements. In a
the city of New Westminster a petition y
was presented to the city council last le
week containing over four hundred sig- T
natures of the most influential citizens
there, praying that body to enact a by- S
law exempting improvements from tax. la
ation. The indications are that the pe- v
titions will be successful and score a
victory. Victoria has also been moving a
I in this direction, and Single Tax men
there are active in spreading the light.
They have a well-attended club, which d
a has been a powerful factor in directing t
3 public attention to needful reforms, and i
that the single tax idea is not a mere
"fad," but has come to stay and grow up o
with the country. f
In Vancouver we have several out d
and out single taxers in the newly ii
elected city council, and some others v
more or less favorable to our views, so
that we feel confident of good results to
the city generally and the' single tax
cause in particular. Some of our min
isters have been interesting themselves
in the movement, and alluding to it in
their sermons as being worthy of con
sideration; but, like some of our East
ern professors, they are notanxious to u
accept its teachings and forsake the
moss-covered fallacies concerning our
social and' economic conditions that e
have played their part so long in the
world's history.. We believe, however, a
that their conversion, inwardly if not ii
outwardly, is only a question of time.
On the 10th inst. the single tax men
- -of this province held a convention in
- Vancouver. Delegates attended from
the principal cities and tqwns, and alto
gether it was most successful in the re
suits attained. An organization was
formed to be known. as the "British a
Columbia Tax Reform Association," c
and the following officers were elected: n
i David Evans, Vancouver, president; a
Alexander Hamilton, New Westminster, .5
I vice-president; W. A. Wilson, Vancou- s
ver, secretary, with an executive com
mittee having one or more members in 5
each city. The following platform and a
resolutions were adopted: 1
W@ hold that all men born into the a
world have an equal right to life and 1E
the means of living. The earth is the r
only source from which the physical t
wants of mankind can be supplied. I
Therefore, mait's right to the use of the I
earth, the common gift of the Creator
to the race, is the one essential condi- i
t'on of his existence. With a reason- I
able amount of labor the earth is capa
ble of producing abundantly for the I
support of its. population, and it be- I
comes the duty of all citizens to use I
every reasonable effort to secure to ecpi
tal and labor free access to the land .1
Swhichis the source of all wealth.
To.carry out these principles we ate I
Sin favor of raising all revenues for
governmental purposes by a direct tax I
on and values, irrespective of improve
mefita ' . . .
The adoption of this method of taxa
tion would be of an untold benefit to
all classes of the community. It would
Sstimulate industry, reward enterprise,
and secure to every man a just and
equitable return .for his labor, and at
the same time would render it unprofit
rie to hold valuable land for merely
t speculative purposes: •: !
With reslpect to monopolies other than.
Sthe monopoly of land, :we hold that
Swherefree competition becomes impos
Ssible, such monopolies are then a prop
Ser social function, and should be con
trolled and managed -by and for the
,whole people concerned. .-. -;
L :The following resolution was adopt
i R hatthls Association would
Sim i~P ' every voter in the Prov
iince who believes in the views advoeat
Sed bylingle Tax men, to take a careful
interest in the matters discussed by the
8 local Legislature, and especially the
Saction taken thereon by their represen
Statives in that body, in order that they
r may be prepared at the next Provincial
Selectionto select candidates who will
work for the adoption of laws In'accord
a with the principlesof the Single Tax.
SThe conference adjourned tomeet in
re Victoria on the second Saturday in Jan
unary, 1892. : Last Saturday we. had a
Sspirited debate in the cityl(arket Hall
Son. the Single Tax, in which relegates
ed took part, and much interest was takien
- in both the convention'and debate by
i both the press and 'the general pulle.
:Ii H~awkms' gy, New Zeal~d there
are S,950o,ooo res of iaid, of which
2,000,000 aire occupied-that is, owned.
Oi the occupied land, 1,176,000 acres be
rb long to forty-seven people.: The land
to question. is, coming to the ,front ount
there. Hawkes' Bay, is one of the
it places where,tbe Sing a Tax igitatio n
en in the Antipodes was ilrst; vigorously
all pushed ` 2Ad Arthsiv . Dfesmond was a
"- leadting and active worker for the cause
in that region bck in 1884-.
The Greatest of Monopolies.
But all other monopolies are trivial
in extent as compared with the monop
oly of land. . And the value of land ex
pressing a monopoly, pure and simple,
is in every respect fitted for taxation.
That is to say, while the value of a
railroad or telegraph line, the price of
gas or of a patent medicine, may ex
press the price of monopoly, it also ex
presses the exertion of labor and capi
tal, but the value of land, or economic
rent, as we have seen, is in no part
made up from these factors, and ex
presses nothing but the - advantage of
appropriation.' Taxes levied upon the
value of land can not check production
in the slightest degree, until they ex
ceed rent, or the value of land takenan
nually, for unlike taxes upon commodi
ties, or exchange, or capital, or any of
the tools or processes of produc
tion, they do not e1r upon pro
duction. The value of land
does hot express the reward of produc
tion, as does the value of crops, of cat
tle, of buildings, or any of the things
which are styled personal property and
improvements. It expresses the ex
change value of monopoly. It is not in
any case the creation of the individual
who owns the land; it is created by the
growth of the community. Hence the
community can take it all without in
any way lessening the incentive to im-.
provement or in the slightest degree
lessening. the production of wealth.
Taxes may be imposed upon the value
of land until all rent is taken by the
State, without reducing the wages of
labor or the reward of capital one lota;
without increasing the price of a single
commodity, or making production in
any way more difficult.
But more than this. Taxes on the
value of land not only do not check pro
duction as do most other taxes, but they
tend to increase production, by destroy
ing speculative rent. How speculative
rent checks production may be seen not
only in the valuable land withheld
from use, but in the paroxysms of int
dustrial depressions, which, originating
in .the speculative advance in land'
values, propagate themselves over the
whole civilized world everywhere
paralyzing industry, and causing 'more
waste and probably more sufering than
would a general war. Taxation which
would take rent for public uses would
prevent this, while if land were taxed
to anything near its rental value, no one
could afford to hold land that he is not
using, and, consequently, land not in
use would be thrown open to those who
would use it, Settlement would bh
closer, and, consequently, labor and
capital would be able to produce much
more with the same exertion. The dog
in the manger, who, in this country es
pecially, so wastes productive power:
would be chocked off.-Progress and
A Case of Unearned Increment.
-NEw LONDON, Ct, Jan; 2.-.-At the
outbreak of the civil war there was lo
cated in Augusta, Ga., a business man
named Daniel Hand. He wan the son
of a New England farmer and had been'
.settled in Augusta for many years. Not
sympathizing with the Southern cause,
hefouthd it profitable and advisable to
sell his stock of goods, real estate and
other property and return to his old .
home in Guilford, 't. But there was.
oese piece of property-a tract of Georgia
pine land-which he did not sell, for the
reason that he looked on it as prac
tically unsalable and valueless. This
pine land he left in the care of his part
ner, a Mr. Williams.
As the war progressed Mr. Hand was
in his quiet homle in the little New Eng
land village, away from. the sounds of
strife and scenes of bloodshed, and took"
no concern for the Georgia pine lands.
With the return of peace came renewed
prosperity and an influx of Northern
capital to the South. The value of
land in Georgia began to rise, and pine
land proved no exception to the rule,,
Still Mr. Hand was careless and ignor ,:
ant of what was going on. He. had
made plenty of mopey to live on and
did not have to trouble himself about.
his pine lands in the Boath.
If my memory seves me, it was some
time in 1885, twenty-fAve years or so.
after he had left his Georgila store,
that Mr. Haid received a letter from his
farmer partner; ir,. Willams,-stating
that he had-succeeded in finding a pu r
chaser for that trnact of pine land th ,at
they had considered valueless. Mr. _
Williams also stated that as a sale had ,:;
been effected- and that on account of: 2
such sale Mr. Hand had standing to his
credit in bank and subjectto his order .i
the nice little sum of seven hundred and ;
fifty thonusad dollars, :
SThis appears to- me to be ::pretty
clear case of the pocketing of an un
earned ineaiement. As far as Mr. Hand/!
personally was conerned that traot of ,
land had practically ceased to exist.
is whole interest in t had goneout of :
his mind entirely. .
And yet while he was athis home la
Guilford, Ct., passing his old age peace
fully and happily, utterly oblivious of -
.the whole 'matter, 750,000 were accu
mulating for his special benefit.
L ToMr. Hand's credit it oughttobe
Ssaid-which, however, in no waybreaks
1 the force of the story-that he has in
vested the whole sum and placed it in
~the hands of trustees to be used aa
perpetual fund for to defray the edu
e ational expenses of worthy colored
students in the Southern States; but.
Sthis only shows how much the commanu
Sity could have for public use and bene
fits if no individual were allowed to:
pocket what he did not reate.-W. C.
'Wai'Avnn other causeshere may be
Sin existnce, It is indispntable that the
general:system of taxation which pro
Svails-in this country and which has pre
it vailed for a huadred ars, issuchasto
e t~ake very much more largely from the
ket. of the poor than it does from