Newspaper Page Text
T"he Wtorld is Governed Too Much." 4
BBBN L. DIOSSAT, Dusiness Mlanager. ALEXANDRIAq LOUISIANA4 .W . NESDAY. NOVIME1 i R 1L 1891. 'VOL .
LOVE MAKES THE HOME.
There's many a gaoled pile called home,
With furnishings rich and rare,
Where love looks In with loving eyes
But has no portl mn there;
Where all is chilled with a stately frost
That makes hearts ache. I ween;
'Tis called a home, but there is no home
Where love is not supreme.
There's many a cot with four plain Walls,
That would make a princely home
As well as the palace of marble white,
With pillar and gilded dome;
But the golden talisman is not there
And bitter the draught of fate,
For eyes grow dim and souls grow hard
Where the wolf is joined with hate.
Whore hearts are tender and thrill with love
In castle or dug-out bare,
That spot is blest by Heaven's decree,
For trlv a home is there,
And the aegs flying about that spot
Pause awhile with spreading wings,
To smile at the glimpse of Heaven here
That pure and trueo love brings.
-Edwin Ralph Collins, in Texas Sittings.
WdTtrN MOR Tw., PAPER]
convers a t ion
\ took place be
. tween husband
and wife living
in a fashion.
able cottage in
t he outskirts
of New York.
"Charles, how can you be so foolishly
jealous? You yourself put the picture
of your friend Frank Oswald on the
writing desk, and if I look in that di
rection you accuse me of admiring it,"
said Mrs. Jackson.
"I am not jealous, Emily, but it an
noys me to see how remarkably
amiable you are whenever Oswald is in
the house," replied her husband, rather
"But Mr. Oswald is your best friend,
and I think it my duty to make your
friends feel as much at home as pos
sible when they call on us. Besides it
is very evident that Mr. Oswald is very
much smitten with my sister, Fanny.
That fact and his friendship for you
are the reasons why he is such a fre
quent visitor here."
"0, yes, I suppose so," remarked Mr.
Jackson, taking his leave.
Mrs. Jackson, a young and beautiful
woman, was very much hurt by the un
kind insinuations of her husband,
whom she loved dearly. A sudden idea
flashed through her mind, and taking a
seat at the writing desk she penned the
following lines, which she hoped would
reassure her jealous lord and dispel his
"My Dearest Darling: It is difficult for me to
assure you verbally that you alone are the only
man I love, and that I am wholly indifferent to.
.allothers, so I write you this letter-"
The front door bell rang, and before
Mrs. Jackson could finish the letter to
her husband the servant ushered into
the room Mr. Oswald, the object of her
husband's jealous fears. He was a
young man and strikingly handsome.
Laying aside. her pen, Mrs. Jackson
greeted the new arrival.
"I hope I see you well, Mrs. Jackson.
I have brought you a few flowers," and
he gallantly handed her a bouquet of
roses, as he had often done before.
"You are very kind, Mr. Oswald. I
am sorry Charles has just gone out,"
said Mrs. Jackson, somewhat embar
"Gone out, has he? Well, that's all
the better. He need not know any
thing of what I am going to tell you,"
said the visitor, taking a chair and
drawing close to his fair hostess. "The
fact is, my dear Mrs. Jackson, that for
a long time I have been watching for a
good chance to talk with you about a
matter that concerns us both."
Mrs. Jackson turned pale. Was her
husband, right, after all? Did his
friend have the audacity to speak of
"It is about a little love affair of
mine," continued Oswald, with a deep
sigh; "I am deeply in love, and I rely
on you. If you will consent-"
Without saying a word Mrs. Jackson
arose, and casting a withering glance
at her visitor, indignantly left the
room. To say that Mr. Oswald was
5 JACKSON INDIGNANTLY LEFT THIE
sourprised is to use a feeble expression.
How could he have offended her? He
reflected a few moments.
"I don't know why my expressing
my love for her sister should make her
o angry. I know on general principles
that a woman never forgives the man
who admires another woman more than
he does her. lie who does that com
saite the unpardonable crime. But Mrs.
Jackson is married. It is a mystery to
me. I can't understand why she should
erhibit so much feeling."
As he strode up and down his eyes
fell on his photograph on the writing
i desk. He smiled and soliloquized: "Yes,
I am a pretty good looking fellow. I
u lppose she likes admiration even if
she is married. What is this? Perhaps
t thiswill throw some light on the sub
'.iest"and he glanced over the unfinished
- tr. "My dearest darling." "Humph!
a' nder who he is? This is Mrs. Jack
sl.l's handwriting. She writes that all
!ochsgr men are indifferent to her, and
l a married womani Peor Charliel Z
feel sorry for him. He imagines, poor,
deluded mortal, that she lives for him
All at once Oswald struck his fore
head with the palm of his hand. "What
a blind fool I tam! This letter is meant
for me. I am the dearest darling.
That's why my picture is on the desk.
Nobody except myself; must see this,"
and folding up the unfinished letter he
put it in his breast pocket. "Now I
understand everything," he continued.
"What shall I do? Poor Jackson is de
voted to his wife, and I could not un
deceive him for the world. The best
thing to do is to cure this woman of
her silly infatuation. I'll give ber a
dose that will effect a permanent cure,"
and he sat down and wrote as follows:
"MY DEAR MADAM-While I feel very mhch
flattered by your declaration of love, I regret
that I can not reciprocate your affection; and
I desire, moreover, to call your attention to its
manifest impropriety. You seemto forget that
you are a married woman and that your hus
band is my dearest friend. Moreover, I am de
votedly attached to your sister, Fanny, and
still hope to a in her love. Hoping that these
lines may open your eyes to the gravity of the
situation, I reriain yours truly,
Having placed the letter in ani en
velope he addressed it, put it in front
of his own portrait on the writing desk,
and took his departure, shaking his
head and very much bewildered.
In the meantime, there was a dib
tressing tableau in Mrs. Jackson's bou
doir. The latter amid choking sobs
and blinding tears had told her sisteri
of the insulting conduct of Mr. Oswald.
Miss Fanny, who had reason to suppose
that Oswald had been paying his ad
dresses to her with the serious intoention
of proposing matrimony, was indignant
at the entire male sex, and Mr. Frank
Oswald in particular. The sister re
solved never again to speak to hin,
and Miss Fanny wrote him a note that
gave him pretty plainly to understand
that his continued acquaintance.was
not desired, as she perceived that his
intentio ns were not hoiorable.
Poor Jackson, tortured by jealousy,
returned home. The first thing that met
his eyes was Oswald's letter to his wife.
He recognized the handwriting and
with trembling fingers tore open the
envelope and mastered its astounding
contents. Pale as death he sank into a
THE TWO SISTERS BEWAIL MAN'S PER
chair, and covering his face he moaned:
"So fair and yet so false. She married
me only to betray me. My worst fears
are more than confirmed."
Jackson was so overwhelmed with
grief that he did not notice that hit
wife had entered the room.
"What is the matter with you,
Charlie?" she asked anxiously.
"You asked me what is the matter?
I got a letter. That's what is the mat
"I am so glad."
"So glad!" he.almost shrieked, shak.
ing Oswald's letter in her face.
Just at this moment, when Mr. Jack
son was confronting his wife with the
supposed evidence of her affection for
his friend, who should enter the room
but Oswald himself. His eyes were
blazing with excitement as he said, in
a voice tremulous with emotion, hold
ing in his hand an open letter which he
had received from Mrs. Jackson's sis
"Excuse me if I intrude, but I
knocked twice on the door and got no
answer. I have just received a letter
which I cannot understand, but for
which I must have an explanation."
"My dear friend," said Jackson, tear
fully, "you are not to blame. It is
all her fault"
"Of course I am not to blame. You
are not to blame either. The fault lies
with the fickle woman who wrote the
letter," said Oswald, supposing his
friend referred to the letter written by
Miss Fanny. "You have nothing to do
with this outrageous letter which your
wife's sister has written to me. What
have I done to deserve it?" and he held
out the exasperating document in his
"What have you done to deserve it?"
said Mrs. Jackson, with fire in her eye,
"did you not dare to talk to me of love
in my husband's absence?"
"What!" roared Jackson, "have you
really been making love to my wife?"
"I was speaking to her of my. love
for her sister, at you can read in my
letter there, when she left the room.
Why did your wife write me such a
letter as this?" said Oswald, producing
Mras. Jackson's letter to her husband.
S"So you do write love-letters to gen
tlemen." yelled Jackson, turning
fiercely to his wife, as soon as he had
glanced at the letter which Oswald
supposed was intended for himself.
"Yes, to my own busband,"said Mrs.
Of course everything was explained
at once, m~ch to the embarrassment
and also relief of all the implicated
parties. Mrs. Jackson was reconciled
to her husband, and Miss Fanny, who
found it convenient to put in an ap
pearance, blushingly confessed that
she had been prematurely severe with
-Mr. Oswald, and became engaged on
the spot. Mr. Jackson promised never
again to allow himself to become the
victim of the green-eyed monster,
while Mrs Jackson was equally pos
itive that any future confidential comr
munieations would be imparted to hes
husband verbally, and not by letter.
ALEX. E~. Swin
MUIDLINGING IN OHIO. I
Contemptible Conduct uf the "Educated"
When the Ohio campaign was opened
the republicans were the first to de
clare that the battle should be fought
on living Issues, that personalities
should be kept out of the fight, in
short, the campaign should be one of
education. It was not necessary to se
cure the assent of the democrats to
this as it was known by republicans
that mud-slinging' was not a habit of
democrats. In one of his opening
speeches Gov. Campbell spoke in the
highest terms of Maj. McKinley, of his
sterling honesty, of his character as a
:public man and as a private citizen.
He feelingly expressed his admiration
for him and declared him to be his per
sonal friend. It was not long, how
ever, before the republicans discovered
their inability to cope with the demo
crats' in a campaign of education. From
protection, their hobby, they shifted to
-silver. But on this, as on the tariff,
they were worsted by Gov. Campbell
•and his aids. Left without an issue,
routed from their protection break
water, the disorganized, demoralized
republican army was forced to load its
smooth bores with mud and fire them
at Gov. Campbell. The guns were not
trained upon his character; no word
was uttered against his honesty or in
'tegrity; no intimation that he had
committed a dishonest act during his
governorship-there was absolutely
bathing in Gov. Campbell's public or
private life .for the hard-pushed repub
licans to assail Then they thought of
.his financial, condition. This, they:
claimed, was not such as a governor in
a highly protected country should en
joy. He was not rich. He had not in
vested his money in any of the monop
blies fostered by the law of which his
Sopponent was the creator. He was not
'wealthy, but they averredhe was worse
.than poor, that he was .-in debt Fabu
lous sums he was said to owe to his
friends. To Mr. Cleveland he was said
to be indebted many thousand dollars,
to Mr. Brice sixty-five thousand dol
lars, to- Mr. McLean fifteen thousand
dollars, and to one Wilkinson, "a
prominent Ohio politician," seven thou
Republican papers printed these
stories without making any effort to
ascertain the truth of them. Thus it
wvas that Gov. Campbell decided to call
a halt. He had simply denied the
stories as from time to time' they had
been hurled at him from the stump,
but when the press printed them as
gospel truth he resolved to defend him
self. This is the 4~ethod-he took and a
very effective one it is, too:
COLUMBSU, 0.. Oct. 6.-Commercial Gazette,
Ciuciunatih O.: Un less you retract in your next
issue, in the broadest and clearest possible lan
guage, the publicatien made by you this day,
and purporting to be copied from the New
York Recorder, I shall bring suit against you
to-morrow. The man whom you call iRalph W.
Wilkinson, and to whom these monstrous lies
are attributed, I never heard of. 1 d4o not pro
pose to let you shield ynurself behind some
mythical person, or to escape because you are
attempting to ruin my credit and reputation as
an honorable man by printing from papers in
New York what you have not the hardihood to
print direct. Your meek editorial comment to
day is worse than would be a bold and open as
sumption of responsibility. Your screed taken
from the New York Press the other day was
untrue and lib3lous, and I shalt I bring suit upon
that also unless you retract it.
JAMES E. CAMPBELL
A message was sent by Mr. Campbell
to his New York attorneys in reference
to the Recorder and the Philadeiphia
Press which had printed similar stories.
But this is not. all. The men who
are conducting 'the campaign of educa
tion for the republican party in Ohio
so far forgot what little decency they
may have possessed as to drag Mrs.
Campbell, the governor's wife, into the
campaign. No woman in Ohio stands
higher in the estimation of the people
than Mrs. Campbell The men who
are trying to daub Mr. Campbell with
mud surely might have had respect
enough for their' mothers and sisters
to leave Mrs. Campbell' alone. But
they did not, and the word was passed
along the line and heralded, by the
organs that Mrs. Campbell was an ex
Think of what an issue that Would
make if the republicans onlyppushed
it. The governor's wife extravagantl
What a subject for a stump speech!
How the orator could enlarge upon
such a vital questibnl Ohio could be
made a republican state eternally by
such an issue.
If there was any doubt about the
election of Gov. Campbell the publica
tion of these attacks on his financial
condition removes it. The respectable
members, of the republican party will
not approve of such despicable meth
ods to defeat an opponent-Chicago
The Jlngo Statesman Perpetrates One of
His Old-Time Tricks.
Mr. Blaine attempts to spike the gun
he himself loaded when he wrot~e his
famous letter to Senator Fry about the
SMcKinley bill He now says that his
condemnation of it was written before
the reciprocity clause was put in,. and
that that removed all his objections
Now it is to be said that the reciproc
ity clause of the bill is notoriously not
what Mr. Blaine wanted it to be and
tried to make it. He wanted the duty
on sugar left on, and one on hides put
on, so that he could actnally have some
concessions tootffer instead of, as now,
only a threat to make. He also adds
that "the reciprocity provision is prov
ing very useful, especially in farm
products, and more particularly in the
case of the two articles mentioned in
the paragraph quoted, pork and flour."
In this he differs from the las' cam
paign document put forth by the burean
of statistics, in which -it is admitted
that "it is not to be expected that the
results of the treaty with Brazil will
be very marked as yet" He differs
still more from the Dry Goods Econo
mist, which says in its issue of October
17: "In the face of a reciprocity treaty
now ,n operation nl th Brazil, it -will
surprise most people to learn that ex
ports of cotton cloth to that country
have fallen off nearly fifty per cent in
value." And the reduction bn flour in
Cuba is not yet in effect, while not a
pound of pork has yet been exported to
ietmasnr under the new inieCtion
laws.., But, the. letter will serve. its
main object, which undoubtedly was to
show that Mr. Blaine 'does not propose
to let the president steal his 'reciproc
ity thunder, and that he by no 'means
wishes to be considered as a "neglectar
ble quantity," politically. But what a
strange state of things it is which
makes it necessary for him to go into
an elaborate argument to prove that he
is "not opposed to the McKinley bill,"
when that bill is about all there is to
present-day republicanisml-N. Y.Post.
'The Farmers Retrenching Against Mo.
Strong evidence of the vital forces at
work in the industries and trade of the
south is the fact that that section is
now more prosperous than it has been
for several years: For the last year or
two no portion of'the country has-had
a more trying ordeal or had more ob
stacles thrown in the way of its prog
From the day that, the Reed congrede
was organized the south was, threat
ened from Washington with a'revolu
tionary enactment deliberately in
tended to create disorder, *disturb cone
fldence and check its growing indus.
tries. How many millions *of dollars
the south lost through this infamous
measure, put forward by .the greedy
and reckless political gamesters who
dictated the policy of Reed's congress,
will never be known; but the loss was
real, and it was great. "
Before the force bill was out of the
way a hurtful 'blow was- struck at the
cotton interests of the south by the
McKinley: tariff, which not only in
posed heavier burdens of taxation upon
the cotton growers, .but :ain a measure
crippled their best customers by dimin
ishing their ability to pay good prices
for cotton. The increase hi the duties
on cotton goods for the benefit of New
England mill owners made it necessary
thatEuropean mill owners, who take
nearly three-fourths of the crop,
should pay enough less for raw 'cotton
to meet the increased tax on niainu
factured cotton goods. " Directly and
indirectly .the McKinley 'tariff- has
made the cotton crops of this 'year
worth fifteen to twenty: per cent. less
than they would .have been worth if
that tariff had not been passed.
And yet in `many portions of the
south the people are to-day on a se
curer basis of prosperity than they
were a year or two' ago. " The self
denial, prudence and foresight neces
sary to meet the difficulties of the past
two years have borne legitimate fruit
in greater independence and freedom
from debt, Having comparatively
little money.to spend they have lived
more.upon their own resources; hav
ing little to waste they have 'been
economical. If they have conttibuted
less to the prosperity of the north they
have made the most of every element
of prosperity at home..
The county and district fairs in Tex
as, more numerous. better attended
and with better exhibits than ever be
fore, tell their own story of substantial
prosperity among the fsrmers, as well
as of their keen interest in the' finer
points of farm economy. The Texas
farmers have not been spending money
freely because theyphave not had the
wherewith to spend, and : borrowing
has been difficult; but they .have been:
making some Jong strides towards be
coming independent of borrowing.
The results of the year's saving and
working in Arkansas are summed up.
in the statement shat the farirers will
this year owe less iisoney 'when the
crops are sold than-they owed ]astyear;
that there "have been more diversified
farming, better methods, more home
comforts, more public improvements
and a general upbuilding throughout
the state. The towns' are improving
faster than the country, but the rural
districts are doing well."
They and all farmers in the south
and west will do vastly better after
the depleting tariff taxes imposed for
the sole benefit ofa spall. but greedy
class of monopolists are sponged out,..
and the government at Waehington re
stricted to its "legtimat6: function of
raising revenue for its own needs.
St. Louis Republic...
LATE POLITICAL NOTES.
--Maj. McKinley, did you ever stop
to think that the $200,000,000 excessive
tariff taxes annually collected would
be worth jest $00,000,000 to.the people
if left in the pockets of the; rightful
ewners?--Cleveland Plain Dealer.
--Mr. Blaine's .commendation of
the McKinley law is simple enough
"The law as McKinley made it~," he says,
"was abominable. 'The law after I had
tinkered it was admirable." And from
this the friends of the 9hio Naoleon
argae that all men should vote for Mo
Kinley as the greatest of law-makers
because Blaine has said it-Chicago
-AA year ago Mr. McKinley could
hardly find words strong enough to ex
press his conite.pt and horror for
cheapness. "Cheap clothes make'a
I cheap manl"' he cried. Now he is doing
his utmost to prove that his tariff has
actually brought about this very' cheap
ness. Thus he "wires in and wires out'
and leaves the. matter still in doubt
whether the snake that mpade the track
was going in or coming back'-N. Y,
-What conclusion" must working.
men come to it, with an undeniable in*
erease in the prices:of their necessities,
they are not able to show a penny's in
crease of. wages? The only, way that
the defenders of war tariffs can prove
their case as the protectors of American
labor is to show an increase of wages
running parallel with the increased
cost of living. If they cannot show it
what is the inevitable conclusion?
- When one of the McKinley
badges of '"Ohio 'sheet steel and Cali
fornia tin" reached New .York, the
agent of Goitdon '& Dillwioth prompritly
telegraphed an order to Piqua for one
thousandi bones of tin-plate. This is
the answer: -
PIQUA, O., Sept t4 18K.-J. B, Reynolds,
New York: Thanks for inquiry, but we make
terhe-plate only and have sufficient ordcr5'
from our regular customers for the immediate
QIWJNWATI OOiN5GATIfrG COXPAYif.
IIr :' - 15 ol ReputtLo ag~aik
PITH AND POiNT. S
-The family tree' can not be depend
ed on for board.-Indianapolis Journal.
-"You talk a good deal.in your sleep, n
John," said: Mrs. lienneek ,*'!It's the,
only chance ,get," said John, meekly.
--A woman never hits .a hen when
she throws a miasile, at it; but, alsal'
a man is not a hen.-Yonkers States
man. . .
-=The ownership o: the modern house~
is lsually 'shared between the baby, p
the nurse and the' hired. girL-Inter- R
r-If- the world, as it is said, 6we si
everybody a living, the world ought to 'li
get a mortgage, on itself to pay its ti
-Hardfeature -. "My wife is neat
sighted."~, Jimpson (gazing long at
Hardleature)-"One would think she
was blind."-N. Y. Herald.
-Heaven helps those that help them. n
selves, but praying for your daily bread.
does not entitle you to the entire bak;
--A mInan never fully realizes how h
much of a sponge he is until he slips
down in a puddle of water imd mops it
all up --Richmond Recorder,. 1
-The man of one idea maybe a bore c
while-the man with none, is that de
lightful acquaintance who allows you .
to do all the talking yoursel.T-Puck. t
-Nothing makes one; girl. so happy .
as to read another girl's, letters. A girl f
couldn't be a girl and ,not read all, her t
letters tio some other girl.-'Texas Sift'
-When a young man and his best'
girl get into' swing by themselves it is f
'remarkable how they will mix uip os- i
cillation with oseulatio.-Buffalo Enx
press. , . ,
-The man who prefers to be .right U
rather than hold office can always have
his Way; but it is more difficult for the
maii who had rather hold office than b.
right~-N. O. Picayune:.. t t
-Always Desirable.-Mrs. Closefit~-'
"I hear checks ::are to be in great de-.
maid by' the modistet' tbls falL" Mr.'
Closefit-"I never"knew the' time whea,
they werenOt.'~-iBrooklyn Easle. ;
-No Possibility of It.-Jennie-"I
don't. -think tbhere's any love .lost be-
tween Milly Pond and Hudson Parke.
Peal-"I dop'tsee how any could get
lost in that way; .they sit so closetto.
-"I tell you," said the ,bead of the
family who had returned from the sea
shore, "you can never appreciate that1
poem about 'the lireaking waves' until
you'hbave.gone out and bebroke n 'brokeby
them yourself."-Washington Star.
-The ;Soul of an Artist.'--"Aw,ne
man," said Chappie. "these clothes
don't fit. me figdah uat all."' "I know
they don't.'! said the tailor, sadly. "But
actually I couldn't bring myself to.
butcher,up good cloth into the shape
necessary to. At you."-Indianapolis
-Way Up.-Dick Swiveller--"Say,
aresyon going to leave thatlawn mow
er of yours out in the yard all winter?"''
Plato-"Such .was my intention."' Dick'
Swiveller-".'Why, the thing will rust
all to pieces, you- old nincompoop."
Plato--"You are' entirely wrong, sir.
.My son says It on't rust, and, he
knows. lily soi, sir', s eighteen years
and ten months old, and expects to
graduate from college next year.'
-Theodore Hallam once defended a
burglar. The burglar's wife was on
the witness-stand and the prosecuting
attorney was eonducting a Vigbrous
cross-examination.. "Madam, you_ are
the wife of 'this man?"' Yes.a" You
knew he was a burglar when you mar,
ried him?" "'Yes': "How didyou come
to contract a matrimonial alliance with:
such a'man?" "Well," the witness said
sarcastically, "I was getting qo 'and "I'
had to. choose between a lawyer sadnd a
burglar." The cross-examinationoend.
A TRANQUIL MAN.. "
But He Wanted -to Have a Qulet Besneer
with a t'-leid.
There was a m-an .walking up and.
down in front of, the Pavonia terry-,
house at the foot. of Chambers street
the Othrt day with a-parcelin hishand,
and -after a time a policeman who
thought rhe might need information
asked him what Wale- antdd. ": : : '
-."Look a-therel!". replie4 the man, as
he opened the parcel and displayed a
-pair of suspenders which had once
been of a sky-blue color, but Which had
faded out to the hue of a Noveinmbek
"Well?"- queried the offier.
"Bought'em of a young feller right
here: four weeks sgol" hoarsely whis.
pered the victim. "Givehim a quarter.
He warranted em not to run or fade. I
want to see that young man for about
"'They have faded, I 'iee,"'; observed
"I should remarkl I hadnit loaded
three loads of hay before they odm
meneed to run, and the red went clear
throughto my hide!l Theyoung feller
lied-deliberately lied, and I want a
brief interview with himl" . -
"'I would adyvise you to be tranquIhl"
ikaid the olcer, as he returned tht.sus
"Oh,; I m a tianqtil~ an. l.'m the'
tranquilist". man in our'country. i'm
Sjest as cooland calm as an ox ita fenes
corner. -I don't even-- breathe 'hard.
Haven't seen the young feller around
here to'day, her ye?";
:"No. ; ~fyon raise a row you will be
"I shan't' raise no row. '1 jest go
alonk up the stredt aind look for him.
If I fnd him theirewon't be no erim
mage. I'11 jest walk up to him aid
sorter reach ouD and whoever tfinds
the body will find these suspenders re
posin' on its cold and dewy-bosom.. I'm
a tranquil man apd very tender-hearted,
but i'll jest walk along up. the street
and look for that liar. He won't'holler
-:and he won't saffer long-not more'u
lie headed off up `the river. looking
very stern and solemn as he dodged
among the vehiclee:but as;no report
was made of anyone being found dead
he probably misand the auspender man
-',' Qsd id.a~lY. World
SINGLE TAX DFWARTMEN'T.'
From a Speech Delivered by William
Lloyd Gariuson:Before the Chicago (UIL)-'
Single Tat Oli,, September 8, 1891. t)
(CONTINunD P11051 LAST Issu.) P
We are the new abolitionists, because
our object. is be attained purely by the
.abolition of vicious taxes, taking off
one by one, until laud values alone sup
ply government' with revenue. While
working for the ideal society where p
justice shall make, charity obsolete, we
sttike directly at the obstacles which h
lie nearest our land. We do not ques
tion the.result.... .
"We.ay not live to see the day,
But earth shall glisten in the ray
Of the godd time coming." p
I have time only to suggest a few of fi
the points wherein single tax puszled ib
me,:hoping that the reasons which " dis-. '
•sipated my objections may remove sim- s1
ilar ones from some hearer's mind. t4
I had no hesitation in accepting the v
Sbasic proposition of our creed, that man P
has a. right' to the use of the earth 0
so long 'as all' wealth is drawn '
from'that source by the: application of -a
labor, and to 'deny a human being sa a
cess to this great storehoubseof nature d
is, of'course, wrong. Thersimple state. d
ment carries with it conviction, and for j
the, bounty of the ..Creator to be con- s
trolled or monopolized by individuals P
for aggrandizement, at the expense of ,
their fellow creatures, is manifestly t
unjust and indefensible, and needs no a
""That this is ofr strong fortress is mani- v
fest by the disinclination of our oppo
nents to-debate it. I never yet met one
who tried to controvert our principle.
It is about details and methods and re.
suits that the c.ntroversy.always rages.
The' failure of all attpmptgto'reach c
personal property is widelyrecognize4,
the'rioh escaping and the poorand con
seaidtoiits making up:the'deficit. 'ThI
'tar on unicom'es' leadia:to false returns
,and- is a premium on' deception. So
students of long experience, like David
A. Wells and Edward Atkinson, 'con
tend L that real estate should' bear the,
burdep,n because,it lies open to the, sun
and can not'be hidden, and the tax will
.istribute itself most fairly. Strange
that: these men, with whom we re' so
nearly in' agreeonent' should range
themselves among our opponents.
N- ow the.single'tdx' would lift every
burden from. the. product of labor, not
taxing the houses and improvements
put upon.the land, asthe economists I
have mentioned propose to do. We arcd
cefeniders of property and insist upon'
the sacredness of men's just earnings
and their inalienable right to exchange'
their iproducts or services to the best
advantage. " :
Odr difference arises in our definition
of property.' under which 'head. wel
deny that land..properly comes. It :is,
the.element- from which property, is
evolved by' labor, but in equity s.s no
'more progperty than the air or the sun
shine. It"'as been treated as such, be.'
cause, unlike air'and stinshine, 'it is
possible to 'monopolize it, but the gei-t
sis of every.title deed rests. on "force,
fraud or cunning"--to borrow,; Mr.
Spencer'sWords, We do not deny that
the.law considers land property, bat
thirty years ago it also recognized the
ownership ;of human flesh. We say
with regard to land, 'as the righteous
Verm1nt judgesaid to the slaveholdeoi
claiming his'fugitivb: ''Show ime a bill
of sale from the Almighty idnd I will
deliver him to you."
I wasypuzzled at first' about land
bearing theosolo burden of taxation, be
'cause I,thoUght the farmer would suffer
most But when I .learned ,tht, laud
values only, were to be taxed, not,and
I saw th t farmers would pay less in
stekd or more, because the value of
farms, irrespective of all iinproveme'nts
vwold'be small, while under the 'pres
ent..systein the: more industrious and:
self-denying afarmer is, the more the
;'ax gatherer take,,from l-inm. Two
farms, side, by. side, having the same
site vialue, are taxed to-day in prqpor
tion to their working, and the thritty
farmer is made to ay heaisly because
of his industry, and his shiftless neti~ti
bor is letoff with i small contribuitibn.
IThrift Is punished and neglet is 'rte'
waPder T;he :single tax' wouald teave
tod labor its e!ntire earnings. The real
land values are to be found'in ei,ps
What enormous. farms the little lot mn
der this brilding would buy!l
The hardest thiiig for me to under!
stand was the.fact that land tarxes cad.
not be shifted by the lanlori~l, and 'to'
day'neither Mr. Wells nor 'Mr'Atki-h:
son can see it, thereby differing 'with
the recognized authorities on political'
I thought if Ileased-a lot of land, I
couldmake mny te.pnt pay the.tax back
tome in added rent It seems asif I
I might do so., But it.takes two to make
a bargain, 'aiid it is ot what I ask that
I I get, but As hear that a' s ly customer
will give. I get all that I can, atidhe
Sgives the least that he can and the rent
r is fixed at the line where neither will
Iadvance or recede.;- The taxes I must
pay.; becaisne he has given me all he
" will. ad iif [ should insistthat they go
with the rent, he would sebk otherlots.
I noted also. that the city lots most
' heavily tased contained stores where
' the lowest- tieed goods are-sold. This
convinced me that the landlord was'
not recovering his ies from the pub
'lie, but thatthe advantage of situation
more than offset them. 'In other words,
the simply, paid for a privilege. worth
the price, and to call such .asymient a
Staz, when value is fully returned. is
Struly amipsnomer. So, although we use
Sthe term single tax to give a distipnct
I idea of our method, itisin no senae a
* burden, does not partake of the nature
Sof a tax, and can not enter into the cost
Sof production. 'hbis is an important
Spoint, becnause our claim for.the justice
t of the single tax rests upon the impos
sibility of shifting it upon labor, and
Sthe trouble with the present system is,
that taxes are made to be shifted and
Seventually are unloaded upon the
a shoulders of the peop]eleast able to
Sbear them. Eee, unequal conditions
a. living, low wages and poverty .. .
.The question-of compensation is the
ast ditch we b4ra to enter. 'I it riht.
our critics ask, that a man who has pu`
his honest earnings into land, shouldj
have it confiscated?: WhatoOetter than:`
robbey.i is that--and the virtuous critio,
gives uis withering look'of o'utfg,
honesty, which in the dybs f th l.d_. '
thmking is equivalent to annihlation.
President.Walker.and Prof.. Clarke, of ..c
Smith college, are prominent in this
role. As truth crnhedLto earth will rise
again, we conme up bm1ltto ask who
is doing that confiscationt .'hat does
the single i propose to stab? Sim
ply the ecp omic rent or asinpul value
which thb:growth of the ;i~munity
has given pt the lands,- T dn for the
benefit of the people a wilue which
they alonb -have made, itjustice not
conflscation . ...
Our proposition is to puts. top 0 o th
present conflelation, and to resar
from- private .appropriation- whMat
belongs to the Ipublic.- I ,f , -
sattio. is to be. - :.i
shondbe from' hiint a
tc nim'r. who" .: :de' o utba. + s
Verse. Andone would .tth at n:
preidets and pr9o
observing the - rOdoded d'iflWji1
some cohditions otci oity- a-the:l
wherein the wc`dnsbe i aindeidosncI
are forced to dwell, i+ere anguI_
drives thousands -to 'the' obUl1onftof
.drink, and prostitution' clams i sub
jects fro.p a utsrvin& ould
sometimes ask thmsel w com
E ,which "a sijelty at a esib a
the vameao¢t . ptWinanuoer Wp e. thn 1K
'altar of land monopoly;
SEmerson undprsOood the true mstbhd,
when the slaveohoider cIidd fr dlosi, t
- ' Pay ransom to.tel oWn .~r . ..,
And fill the bag to the brim.
Whois the owned *ries t1W4 l,- -
And ever was.;. Psyhta".,ahl P tr.
To me, as well as.,to .manyoQtherp,,
the.lespqning of poverty end the ra~q 1
of wages, which the ine * tax~
i lses, was an unwarrantable prpij; "
an4 in my letter' f t tMtf , ar
.Gteorge ) sai: "I do not "elie v "t +
your plan is. the panacea of poverty."
"Nor I."- he replied, "but .I mm esure~#,
Sfreedom, ie." dincethea My faithus.
grown and is growing n the eo +pf ,
Sthis measre.awith the fiscal nsma. .
is the hbndmaid of dreedom and mtl .
unlock the bars and boltts.
Voluitiry' poverty which rbsulte' * 41
from willful disobedience we- have , s s
Sconcern with,! although withz altere -
conditions and higher standtrdsof- liv ll .
Slg that too must .wane. But self-de
gradati6n'M sad as It is. is, noti 'he.
s ight that wrings our souls. :Thle- s
ilist and idler maybp~,ýfly left tothe
natural puntshmqz t which ac.ompa. s'
tray sgression., ".As ol9ee , s i
' of Whittier It isthe i nvlun tnry and '
' enforced mni ry' that" is so' fde il
nman suffefing 'at `the hIidds otii ' b
brother, + :
° The wonderful increase 'of asterial s
is wealth,- which fairly distributed woul",t .
Make, want almost disappear.. the s.
swollen and stolen fortunes, side by.,t
side. with tle. sweatshops and. begs ,
Sthe carival of luxury and tm dsos
tent of labor, all indicate the dingers.r7
which threaten th e repiubbi '`nwt TWhlch
Swe w6ild aiert We' urgei bf :nbt i
iremedy,. 'it maie the safe abd. nti+tbt
ate dtlemaid conveyed in meulrion tiar
'wvis.woldai "Give-no bouantier '^maker si
e uquallaws.:peewue lfe -ad :-pe r ~i,,t
Sad yopneed.notogivei n a .s OpeR as,
r' door. of, ppportu"Aty, to,: 4400tt au
v virtue .dhey, wl1 do t iemsp;lve js. =
11tice, and proPerty will, niot be In bd
hand." .. ..... -
i 'Extirpating the. 'Sweater," .
r It is bep1tha4the4logisaBipau oft
4 Labor Statistics is about to begin a in
i, vestigation intothe "asw~ating" system,
-_ with ~ iewr to pohibttibg itdjbelU I
f latites "ISweating"I 4,. gr+bf)i
ti bad sound and we must expect to , ar
a- the illine da Labo BDurham psltseid for9
id:l whatttntendto· aloaend thelilse"~-n l
e lelgislature. urged o, ctioapoj.1agsP g i .
r- But what-is"swatin gt" 'Aj ' eApi-l U:
y talist, proposes to nveist his piteI FI.a
ie manifactured goods .for the purpos o,,
. profit 'fluyingrraw mtlThe it&nb t
e contiract fir maafddiituril sti diithe uh " +
-1 artlels. B, and C,san&D;'ilre th+kjrin'
Smaiandeor of the aplphabet to do ~ie wpirt
°e* udder their direction. adlahsaing paidi" .'
Smarket wages and completed ptairhplt -a
rt of the conract, both withthe e
_- employes and withi A, the r+eve + C,
c' contract pc od
1' shall'alt it ta rie? *'"
Of cotrse i~t% isno d r ciim, ob wl5
I any one think of denounelartB but-for ':
sk t'he faetthatia certain lines :of orti: k
I wages are so pitifully smasll!ft~htbMp Bi
e and Cnd C nd.D. to extraeta ,benefit mom
at them teams: )ike ,.rcpding tile q,1
er And so ~and C nd- are .elMg=
is "sweaters," ad we de.o.vhee. re." '
II as -it e, i) of t'h z -. T
ab tradei' - .: . -
1e 1-Theaewrong lies ineosasditiosa'liha
?9 force the major part of therailpha~bet t 'o -
begfor work of B and Q ad D at any
t I prie.and- not i'l , the ietorta of tUe..
re "sweaterd 'tobettertheirowncodditjoq.l -
us Rut throats that swell with hardst a..
Sgage at "sweating," pre ilent whe
b it is proposed to abolsh the cause of
oa conditions that make "sWteasting"' poe
I sible. According to alI' ouar standards
th 'ewhats"' are' enterprising, thrifty
Sworkmen who, with souls above'he hq "'
is drudgery to which t'heyg woar bO. "
e strive manfully to-make their fortunesi:i
.t better than ,.thOse of their .1ellows.:
SThey steal from no one. They force
we no one:to work for them. They merely
Sbuy labor for the price at whieh labor -
ut offers'itself. If labor is ifrete, 'thete :is :
ce in this iothintg '%oindemn and masah :
e to admire. 'If isc j is other tnre~~ i~,
ad it is not especially ,tlhef+ault of the
he No .obh binatlon oof -workmen:- can
toraise their own wages miiichW~a~ hep-gra
lel tel of ordinary wage Xbe i iti-. npt
I to do so is ,l)ce the sttemnptto; .ope t.
e!a boat without stopping tp the sa ,.
t i -ocl1 p roblems