_ __it Shea ____ *rrnatrat.
"The World is Governed Too Much."
IIENRY L. BIOSSAT, Business Manager. ALEXANDRIA, LOUISIANA, WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 25, 1891. VOL. XLVI.-NO. 48.
;'1 THE SANDS.
I .ii led de' J to nCornish porth
1,t1 the tidt" ,heb(d lowe on the golden
And ill;y lidraning I ;'wandered forth
O 'er the leeVi .tret'h of :,and.
And it ,,rrnlt."l as I paced the yellow plain
Ni-sld t, the: bl.: A.tlantic there,
l,k a- picture of thi, world's pleasure and
;\nd of man'., :tanll journey here;
A page for the print of life', progress, made
Ily thl: a^l"'s sea for the sons of men
Who labor :tai delve like the child with his
For the tide to level again.
I!tre the 1,o.h builds rastles with ramparts
Dtaring the storm front his turrets gay,
And the oc:ean sends him one laughing wave
And ca Rel i them all away.
There the youth starts forth and his pride
At the thou'htl of an untrod world to win,
Till he ftlds that each i:eedless step he takes
t[as troddentt its record in.
Then the man cre: ''"This s a wilderness!"
--Sec, Ie ;archedll the sands for some ves
'rill lie foud ;1 footprint vwhose way was his,
Tno Fmal, light step of a womlan
Then look, what ia change in their gait anti
From a wc"ry 'rudg'e to a lightsome spring.
As onward togtthtr the smooth sands trace
Their rhythmical journeying.
Here once, it seems, for awhile by theirs
The tiny feet of a child alit,
tint a squall must have caught them unawares
And swept them away with it.
Yet forward ever those footsteps go
O'er furrow and ridge still side by side.
"ometimes faltering, faint end slow,
But alwa:y' out to;ward; the tide.
Stop! her.: Ihtt:y severe 1 awhtle;--and look
HIow they tried, with tears, to blot the trace,
In vain:---ec can write ill the sands' great
'But only the sea can eldace.
Andat last the (loldlen bay is crossed
To the rippling marge or the shadowy deep,
And the footprints of their lives are lost
In the ocean's purple sleep.
Last? SBut is there no further shore,
No new found land of our later faith?
Hare they walked the waves like Peter of
To a life transcending death?
We ask. We have a ui':d through the endless
And prayed till we fancy our prayer is heard,
But the ocean smiles at our hopes and fears
And answers us never a word.
--Pall Mall Budget.
IIE loud clang
gong over the
ly, calling the
I starters to the
mounted o n
horses, h ur
ried here and
= __ there shouting
and storming at the pushing, struggling
crowd. The swaying, surging throng
struggled and fought for vantage
ground and cheered itself hoarse, as
horse after horse was hurried upon the
track. The burning rays of the August
sun streamed down upon the great park
and its impatient, waiting throng un
heeded. Hats, canes and kerchiefs
twaved many a gay greeting as some
sinewy favorite with his gaudily clad
rider cantered by.
"'was a great event of a great meet
ing, this midsummer derby, and the
people cheeredtl and tihatfed and stormed
in high good humor. What cared they
for the burning sun or the stifling dust,
when on the track beneath them over
a half score of famous horses were
gathering to battle to the finish. The
victors of many a hard run field are
here this day to struggle again for the
supretnmacy. About the little booths or
boxes excited men were elbowing andt
crowding their way, eager to stalke
their wealth on the result, and each
shouting the odds on his favorite at the
top of his voice. In the grand stand a
thousand tongues waggedl free, and a
thousand forms swavyed antd swung in
the frenzy of excitement. Below them
on the course a dozent horses, rear
ing, phlunging, striking; two score riders
and giooies running and dodging, shout
ing and swearing, all made a scene
In one of the cramped, stuffy little
dressing stalls back of the gran'l stand,
/ I I
'"DO, MOTHER, HURRY UPr!"
" sad faced, faded wornau was deftly
lacing the gilt cord in the scarlet
donblet of a flushing, fnir-haire.l boy.
His golden yellow locks, but half con
cealed under his jaunty jockey cap,
clustered in soft ringlets over the
5mooth brow. iHe taps the tiny top
toot lightlh with his whip and looks
upinto the imother's face, smiling, as
she gave the last soft touches to tinsel
and cord, and tenderly kissed the up
"'Do, mother, hurry up!" called a
rough voice outside the door, "what
Cn earth's keeping you? That bell is
Ioing again and if we don't get a move
SWe're leit, sure. Here. fly with
o' as tihe boy camie bounding for
: bJoh: do be careful ¢p him to.
* I )'Ouiirir0 4g." fbg F~ibed. ~
the groom tos:sed him lightly up to the
saddle of the prancing thoroughbred in
waiting. "You two are all I have left
now, since Fred and your father are
gone, and 'twould break my-"
"Oh, stop that creoakinfJ, mother, and
don't you wol'ry a little bit. Artie's
backed old Tom afore, and he never
got a scratch yet. Better get a good
place where you can watch the finish
and see us come in ahead. Now ahead
with him, boys, and easy; look out for
And with a smile over his shoulder
and a kiss on his hand the boy was
hurried toward the course where the
crowd, weary at the long delay, was
loudly demanding the start.
"Now, careful, Artie," cautioned the
brother, as he clung to the excited
horse's bit, "show 'em how a ten-year
old can ride. Easy like on the start,
and don't spare the whip on the finish.
Mind you, boy, it's a new watch and
chain if you win to-day. Grip hint
hard, now, and watch his swing."
'"They're off! they're off!" is the
roar now, and then a breathlcss hush,
like a momentary calm in a night
storm, to last till the race be done.
Round they come for the first mile,
all bunched yet and everybody's race.
STIIERE, MA, AWE DONE IT, DIDN'T WEY?"
A flash and a gleam of color in the
(lust cloud under the wire, and they
are gone again. But the pace is killing
now, the bunch is breaking apart, bot
tom, and endurance are beginning, to
tell. One by one the weaker fall out
and drop to the rear, till now at the
last quarter only three are left "in it"
at all. Down the stretch they come,
whip, hand and spur, distended nos
trils and eyes bulging from the sock
ets. Big Tom crowding the pole and
coming like a whirlwind; he rushed by
the gray filly and the favorite nowhere,
away back in the rear.
Close by the railing on the grand
stand is the mother, with the wind
tossing her neglected hair about her
face, her hands clasped over her breast,
and her eyes strained on the flying
horses. If an eye had noted her in that
breathless time they would probably
have wondered at her rapt excitement.
But they never knew the mother love
or fear that struggled in that throb
bing heart or saw it in the fire of
those staring eyes, as her boy, her
baby, dashes under the wire.
"Go it, you've got it this time, hit him
again, my money's on the favorite and
"Big Tom, Artie Collins mount, wins
by a neck," reads the judge, and the
great event, the midsummer derby, is
Is it quiet now? A thousand voices
blend in one mighty cheer as the win
ner and his rider come slowly back,
reeking and reeling from the race. A
thousand gaudy .kerchiefs wave them
welcome. Where is the favorite now?
The idol of the morning is now down
in the dlust and another installed in its
stead. And they cheer themselves
hoarse anew over the new favorite, and
almost carry horse and rider from the
With pale, bloodless face, and limbs
that will hardly sustain him when
helped to the ground, the boy staggers
into the stall where the mother has
returned to await him. WYith a cry her
outstretched arms receive him just as
his strength is gone and he totters to
"There, ma, we done it, didn't we?"
he faltered. "Old Tom won the derby
and ain't John happy now? We won't
have to race any more now, will we,
mother? Never have to ride again.
Oh, I am so glad, for I was afraid to
day. Yes, mother, I was, that I would
never get through that race. Bunt I did,
mother, didn't I?"
"Thank God for that, too, my boy,"
she whispered, as she caressed the
"And won't we be happy, then, you
and I and Jlohn, now old Tom has paid
the mortgage on the farm again. You
won't be tired and sick, then and--':
his voice faltered and a flood of crimson
blood gushed from his lips.
Some great artery ovcrchargtl and
overtaxed in the excitement had suc
cumbed, and now ere help could come
it was too late. Yes, brave boy, you
have backed your last mount and won
your last race. You will never ride more
save to cross the dark valley.
While the gay throng outside chaffed
and cheered and sang praises of the
new favorite, he lay in the broken
hearted mother's arms and watched
the ebbing of his life tide.
"Don't cry, mother dear, I am going
to see father now and little brother.
Tell John good-by, mother, when he
comes, and tell hIim to be good to old
Tom and-it's-it's so dark, mother,
draw me closer, yet, and kiss me good
The head dropped and the little tired
form quivered-the rider-boy was dead.
-Joe Brentwood, in Western Rural.
-Mrs. Youngwife--"Have you any
shad?" Fishmonger-"Yes'm." Mlrs.
Youngwife-"Please give me one pound
if you have any without bones. My
husband doesn't like the bones."
-Stranger-"And you say the editor
died with hisi boots on?" Printer
"Yes, sip. You see he knew the towv
so well be wouldn't pull 'em off fo1
fear they'd steoJ his sgock,"-~-tlatr
ON THE RESULTS.
Democratic Comment on the State
The Outcome Regarded as a Well Earned
Victory - An Encouraging Out.
look for the Presidential
~Four Out of F'lve.
In the five states that voted for gov
ernors yetsterday the victory was to
four democrats. These are: In New
York, Roswell P. Flower: in Massa
chusetts, William E. Russell (reelect
ed); in Iowa, Horace Boies (reelectei)
and in Maryland, Frank lBowen. Maj.
lMcKinley is elected in Ohio over tGov.
In three of the states personal con
siderations had doubtless much to do
with the result. In ,Massachusetts this
is particularly the case, for it is ques
tionable if there is another man who
might have been nominated by the
democrats who has a personal follow
ing equal to that of Gov. Russell. His
one year's tenure of office had more
over confirmed the good opinion in
which his friends held him. A year
ago he defeated Gov. Brackett, the
representative of the wheel-horse
republicans; this year he was
pitted against and won the race over
the candidate put forward by the young
republicans. The fact that he is the
only one of the democratic nominees
elected emphasizes all this. In lowa
two years' conservative administration
of the executive office, combined with
a pleasing personality, has secured
Gov. Boles a second .term. MIaj. Mc
Kinley in Ohio had odds in his favor
from the beginning. Not only is he a
man who commands the respect of po
litical opponents and the heartiest sup
port of those in accord with him on
party questions, but his competitor,
Gov. Campbell, had arrayed against
him a powerful element in the demo
cratic party, the corrupt ring of 11am
iton county, with whose plans he had
Mr. Flower's victory in New York is
in spite of a peculiarly venomous fight
waged upon Iim by a large number of
republican journals of that state. Per
haps the very wantonness of libelous
assertion worked as its own antidote.
:The facts that lMr. Fassett was known
as Platt's alter ego and that he was a
federal officeholder when the state con
vention nominated him for governor
may also have helped materially to
bring about the result. The voters of
New York state are peculiarly and
justly jealous of anything that savors
of national interference in state affairs.
One gratifying result of the voting in
Maryland is that it insures the return
of Arthur P. Gorman to the United
States senate. In that legislative body
he has shown for the most part a cor
rect ccnception of national issues, and
in at leaLt one critical period approved
himself a capable leader of men. HIls
fight against the force bill in the last
congress will not be soon forgotten.
The republicans have gained one
member of the house of representtatives
out of the six districts in which elec
tions were held to fill vacancies caused
by death or resignation. That was
in the Fifth Michigan district, where
Mr. Belknap was elected to succeed the
late M. E. Ford, who defeated him a
year ago. Otherwise there is no change
in the relative standing of the parties
in congress.- Chicago Post.
A Republiran Waterloo.
The result of yesterday's elections
was a substantial democratic victory.
If the people's verdict is expressed in
less emphatic figures than in the up
heaval of last fall, it is sufficiently de
cisive, both to define the issue on whichl
next year's campaign will be fought
and to give the democrats every reason
to look for victory on the issue.
The batthe in New York has ended in
a republican Waterloo. Its result
shows that New York is no longer a
doubtful state, . and greatly simplifices
the calculations for the presidential
contest of Iih8. Mlore important even
than Flower's election as governor by
a greatly increased majority is the re
ported capture of the general assembly.
A democratic majority in that body
means a new apportionment, which the
republicans have prevented, in brazen
defiance of the constitution; a redis
tricting of the state that will abolish.
one of thie most infamous gerrymanders
in the history of American polities; the
gain of a democratic United States sen
ator, and suchi legislation in the inter
est of the people as will make New
York securely democratic for years.
Scarcely less important is the reelec
tion of Gov. Russell in iMassachusetts.
The republicans have claimed that his
election last time was simply a politi
cal accident that indicated no real or
permanent change, of opinion among
the voters. His reelection on the eve
of a presidential contest, after a hot
campaign fought in the main on aa
tional issues, places Massachusetts in
the list of doubtful states, and lends
plausibility to the democratic claim
that on the tariff issue the old Bay
state is no longer republican.
Goev. Campbell's failure of reelection
in Ohio can hardlybe regarded as a de
feat--it is rather a drawn battle. Ohio
is naturally a republican state, yet
after a campaign in which all the re
sources of republicanism, financial
and otherwise, were lavishly mar
shalled, the republicans were barely
able to retain their lead of last year.
In its bearing on national issues the
result of yesterday's electionsis signifi
cant and well defied. It means that
next year's presidential contest will be
fought squarely on the issue of protec
tion on the one side and tariff reform
on the other. And this 's a consumma
tion most devoutly to be wished by dem.
oerat-s.-St. Louis Reeublio.
Tariff Reform snd Victory.
D)emocracy won a glorious victory in
yesterday's elections. Of the four
states which were .the great battlefields
of the struggle the democrats carried
three; and of those four states three
have until recently been the strong
holds of the repvblican party. Flower
won in New Yore' by a majority which
may swonll to nVwr 40,03, a signifOant
which the republicans suffered in .what
they considered their impregnable it-.
trenchment outside df ±NeW York and
Kings counties. A very important fear
ture of the result is the indicatios
that the state senate will be a tie, giv.
ing the dcmoeretic lieutenant govern.
or the casting vote. Of the three
republican states which the par
ty of war and subsidyism. fought
so fiercely to retain the :demo
crats triumphed in two, Massachusetts
and Iowa, electing Govs. lussell and
Hloies by dmall but portentous plurali.
ties, thus making breaches in. the re
publican columns where their strongest
forces were massed, and through which
the legions of tariff reform will niarch'
to victory in 'D2, All that the repub.
licans saved out of the wreck was Ohio
and Pennsylvania. Maj. McKinley,
whose defeat would have been the col
lapse of the very citadel of modern re
publicanism, pulled through by a safe
plurality, after a contest which was
fought with the desperation of necessity
by the. republicans and protectionists
of the nation, on their own ground.
The "Tammany Tiger" Issue.
New York is overwhelmingly demo
cratic. Roswell P. Flower has carried
the empire state by a large majority
over the republican nominee, J. Sloat
Fassett. The comparisons made in
the dispatches are with Hill's plurality
in 1888 and gains are shown every
where throughout the state. Mr. Fas
sett's campaign was made largely on
the "Tammany tiger" issue. This was
designed to stir up the rural party of
the state against the metropolis. 'T'his
plan of campaign, however, has proven
signally unsuccessful. Flower has
gained more relatively in the country
than he has gained in the city, and has
made a remarkable race. The efforts
to stir up dissatisfaction in Kings coun
ty was also a failure, for Kings county
gave the largest democratic plurality
that it has given in many years..
The New York victory is clear and
decisive. It places the state casting
the most electoral votes securely in
the democratic column.
With all dissensions healed the de
mocracy of New York will march on
to victory in 1892.-Detroit Free Press.
Notes in General.
The strength of the republican party
is in states in which it is the rottecest.
The detestable principles of the McKin
ley bill, which have been condemned
and.repudiated by nearly every other
state in the union, have been victorious
in Ohio solely because of the formida
ble forces of corruption which support
ed them. In Pennsylvania, too, the
rottenness of the party was not less in
strumental in its success, and the elec
tion there is a victory for the Quays,
the ]ardsleys, the Delamaters,. the
plunderers of the state treasury and the
thieves of the Keystone bank. Repub
licanism as seen in states where it is
strongest is hardly a fit subject at
present for "reform within the party."
In view of the extent of the disaffec
tion in this city Mr. Flower's election
is a notable democratic victory. And
it is a very momentous one in its bear
ings upon national, state and local af
fairs, It means for this city home rule.
It means for the state a continuance of
economical administration and rescue
from the threatened rule of that pre.
posterous little boss, Tom Platt. It
means, in national affairs, that New
York is soundly and securely demo
cratic; that on the tariff and other na.
tional issues, forced to the front by
Gov. Hill. Mr.Cleveland and otherdemo
cratic speakers, New York is a strongly
democratic state for next year's presi
dential election.-N. Y. World.
"The Dutch have taken Holland.'
Ohio has gone republican once more,
as it has done with a few exceptions
ever since the republican party was
formed. Gov. Campbell made a gallant
fight, but it was against heavy odds,
and the democrats had more cause for
fear than hope when they saw the
forces arrayed against them. They
had the whole force of tariff protected
interests throughout the country to
fight without assistance. Money was
poured into the state to help McKin
ley, while Campbell had to do battle
on an empty exchequer.-Cleveland
.. Nlassnchusetts is confirmed in her re
volt against the iron hand of taxation
that is laid with crushing weight on
her manufacturing industry. She per
sists in her demand for free raw ma
terials and a fairer field for the employ.
ment of hercapital and labor. She is
of the same mind now as she was last
fall, only more so. She will be of the
same mind in 18)2, and still more so.
The bitterness of the attacks on
Campbell, the absolute necessity for
the republicans to carry Ohio and the
fact that they in advance estimated
their majority at from 25,000 to 35,.
000, show that they have only escaped
a Waterloo by most desperate efforts.
Another such "victory" in Ohio and
they are lost--Louisville Courier-Jour
If the victory of McKinley results in
his being a successful candidate for
the presidential nomination in 189"2
the democracy and the cause of tarif.
reform will have nothing to regret in
the temporary reverse of Tuesday.
McKinley was elected by the efforts
of the high protectionists of the coun
try who profit by his tax law made at
their behest and for their benefit, and
the fight against monopoly rule will go
on to a finish just the same.-Toledo
"The democrats have won a magnifi
cent victory, and one that places the
party in the line of a greater triumph
on a broader field next year.-Minne
The result certainl3 places them (the
democrats) in a far better position than
their adversaries for the great national
contest next year.--Indianapolis Senti;
It was a great and goo. and glorious
day for the democracy and 1892 is all
Democracy dawns upon the republip
and the r publ!ican party must get -
PITH AND POINT.
--t is odd enough that burglars take
such risks in a safe opening.--lalti.
-A man can't be pretty, and know
he is pretty, and 'amount to anything.
-The first love affair is the malady
Wvhich attends the cutting of wisdom
-Bilkins-"I know what I want,"
Filkins-"Then you must know a great
--If this 'orld is a stage the bald
headed man must be a supe, for he has
no part.-Yonkers Statesman.
-The crank with a theory is like a
dog chasig his tail-it's nothing new
when he grasps it.-Columbus Post.
-Everything should be in season.
The summer boarder cannot expect to
have spring chiciken.-N. 0. Picayune.
-It is a good rule to pay as you go.
But some men must be going very slow
if they go as they pay.-N. 0. Picayune.
-Advice is like counterfeit money.
Most people are ready to part with it,
but none carie to take it. -Boston Tran
-We always envy a fat woman when
we see her laughing. There seems to
be so much of her having a good time.
-The man who "can not sing the old
songs" and won't try is the one we like
to meet at an .evening party.--Bing
--She--"Save me-I'm drowning !"
1le-"Will you marry me if I do?'
She-"No." Ile-"All right, then; I'll
save you."-Brooklyn Life.
-"Which one do you wish to marry?"
"The younger sister." "Which one is
she?" "I don't know. They both
claim to be. "-Brooklyn Life.
-You seldom see a man .so honest
that he says to his wife: "Where-did I
leave my hat ?" lie usually says:
"Where did you leave it?"-Atchison
-Miss Prim(to Mr. Richfellow)-"Oh,
its nothing, my teeth ache a littlce;
that's all." Small Brother (sympathet
ically)-"Why don't you take 'cmi
-Jealousy is the meanest of passiorns,
and yet even the best of women is
pleased sometime to realize that it is in
her power to excite it.-Somerville
-A Rosy View-"So, young man,
you have gone and engaged yourself to
my daughter, eh ? What are your pars
poets, sir ?" "Perfectly Heavenly!"
-Wilkins--"Before you strike a man
see that he deserves it." Bilkins
"Pooh! I have a better rule than
that." Wilkins-- "What is it, pray?"
Bilkins-"See, that he is smaller than
-Low Associates.-Old Bellows (fu
riously)-"I'll give you to understand,
madame, I know myself!" AMrs. Bel
lows (complacently)--"No doubt of it.
Some low down person is all you care
to know."---N. Y. Herald.
-Miss Smilax-"I're just been talk
ing to Mir. Bigbrain; he is so very
clever; I couldn't help thinking of you,
Mr. Sappy, all the time I was talking to
him." Mr. Sappy-"Yeth? I am so
glad, don't you know." Miss S milax
"Yes I couldn't help thinking what an
immeasurable difference there is be.
tweeri people."-Denver Sun.
AFRAID OF CHOLERA.
Ilow a Thoughtful Southern Tramp Got
His Longed-For Drink.
"I was making a trip through Missis
sippi during the hot weather of last
month," said a gray-haired commercial
traveler, as he stretched his legs in an
easy chair in the lobby of the Powers
hotel last night, "and brought up for
dinner one day at one of those queer
old-fashioned hotels which can still be
found in many of the southern states.
"I had had a hot and dusty ride, and
so I stepped into the bar-room for a
mint julep before going into dinner.
There was the usual crowd of loungers
always to be found about a country
tavern, every man in his shirt sleeves,
and all wearing the listless look which
characterizes the average southern
"The bartender was a talkative
young man, and when he mixed my
drink we exchanged, opinions on the
weather. Cholera had broken out, so
he said, in an adjoining village and
thIe citizens of his town were consider
ing the advisability of a local quaran
"WVhile we were talking a tall, loose
iointed man with a week's growth of
sandy whiskers on his face and wear
ing a heavy ulster, strolled up to the
bar and in a husky voice asked for
some brandy. The bartender placed a
bottle before him and the man filled
the glass to the brim. Hle drained it in
a gulp and proceeded to fill it again,
when the bartedider reached over and
grasped the bottle with the remark:
'This is no distilleiy, old man. I guess
you haven't had a nip for the last few
"'Wa'al, no,' drawled the strariger,
'I've been out in the woods for the' last
two weeks with the cholery, and folks
over in MIarksville wr'uldn't let me
come into town.'
"'Cholera,' gasped h e bartender,
turning as white as his apron, and with
one bound he cleared the bar and was
out through the dcsi, followed by the
entire crowd, before I could realize
what bad happened.
"'I thought that would fetch 'em,'
said thie tramp, turning to me, as he
coolly reached over the bar and tucked
the brandy bottle into his pocket. 'I'd
got to have a drink, and that was the
only racket 1 could think nv,' and away
he went down the road, and was out of
sight befor the frightened loungers had
begun to straggle back into the room.
Mrs. Staggers--I dbon't know what
to do with my husband. He just stays
around the house all the time and
Mras. Dimling-Why don't you mace
him go to work?
Mrs. Staggers-It isn't respectabliq i
• .or °~ ,TPOPrl ,L .t,
SINGLE TAX DEPARTMENT
THE SINGLE TAX FIRST.
'ihe discussion of economlc and social t
questions among the farming classes t
has taken a very wide and comprehen'
sive range, and single taxers have much t
to ccourage them in the fact that no r
subject comes in for a greater share of a
discussion and criticism among the far
mers than does the single tax. Espec- a
ially is this true of the farmers who be- I
long to the Farmers' alliance in the
western and northwestern states. They a
seem to be honestly and earnestly striv
ing to find out what is really the matter, I
and then to set about applying tihe rem
Familiar as I am with the opinions,
habits of thought and methods of rea
soning that prevail among the farmers
(who, after all, are the great force that I
must be won to the single tax before
we can hope to enforce it,) I think the
first necesary step is to convince them
that reform in our system of taxation I
is of primary importance; and that
such necessary reform can only come
through single tax before we can hope
to enforce it, and that while
there are other needed reforms besides
tax reforms, the adoption of the single
tax will make all other reforms easier 1
The views of a large portion of the 1
Farmers' alliance are expressed by a
friend of mine, who is a member of the
legislature of Missouri, in an article to
the alliance organ of the state, in which 1
be says: , "We admit that there seems I
to be a fatal disease over the land,
though I don't think single tax the
panacea." Now, I have said to my
friend, and I want to say to all my I
brothers of the alliance, and all others
who really believe there is something
wrong, that if they wvill honestly set
about finding out what the disease is,
that he and they will conclude that the
single thx'~mut precede all other reme
dies. and that we do not claim that the
single tax is a panacea for all the ills
which afflict the body politic.
What we do claim, however, is that it
is the one "reform that will make all
other reforms easier' That, without it,
any or all .of,the refqrms which are be
ing advocated by industrial organiza
tions would avail nodtliig tolighten the
burdens under which the farmers and
the laborers of this country are stagger,
ing. That all the benefits which would
accrue would be swallowed up by the
comparatively few who own and con
trol the natural sources of wealth.
The necessity for funds to defray the
expenses of: gover.nment is not ques
tioned by the single taxers, but they
object to the pres:nt methods of pro
viding such funds.
It is an' axiom in republican govern
ment that government is instituted for
the sole purpose of securing to the indi
vidual his natural rights, guaranteeing
him immunity from any deprivation of
those rights by any other individual or
combination of individuals, and placing
every one on equal footing with every
other one, with respect to the exercise
of their natural rights.
We single taxers hold with Thomas
Jefferson: "That all men are created
equal; that they are endowed by their
Creator with unalienable rights; that
amongst these are life, liberty and the
pursuit of happiness; that to secure
these rights governments are instituted
The rights of "life, liberty and the
pursuit of happiness," include the right
to all means necessary to secure and
enjoy thoserights; and unless every in
dividual,, humble and great, rich and
poor, is secure in these rights as well
from their infringement by the govern
ment as by the individual, the declara
tion of independence is a mockery and
a lie, and our boasted free institutions
are a fraud and a farce.
We single taxers contend that in per
mitting a few people to monopolize the
land upon which and from which all
men must live, government denies to
all other people their natural rights o(
"life, liberty and the pursuit of happi
Let me state a few fundamental
propositions on which rests the whole
philosophy of the single tax.
All men have the right to live on this
The wise, bountiful and beneficent
Creator made the earth for the common
use of all men, and not for the exclu
sive use of a portion of -His creatures
.who might deny to their brothers the
right to live on the earth except 'on
such terms as they might propose.
All wealth, which includes the means
of subsistence for man and the domes
tie animals, is the, product of labor ap
plied to land, and in order that condi
tions of equality may be maintained.all
men must'have an equal right, upon
equal tdrmd, to the use of land.
All men have a natural right to the
ownership, possession and use of the
product of their labor; therefore no.in
dividual nor aggregation of individnals
called a government has any right to
take from them an iota of the wealth
they produce for any purpose whatever
-not even for the support of society or
government Society has no more right
to rob me of the results of my labor
than has an individual.
Society has a right to the means nec
essary to defray all its expenses, and a
fund snffleient for that purpose has been
wisely provided in the very congtitu
tion of social adjustments. That fund,
which has been produced by society,
and which, theiefore, belongs to society,
is economic rent, or the value of land
exclusive of all improvements.
Now, the contention of the single tax
advocates is simply this: Thatwhat
the individual produces by labor of
hand or head, belongs to him. What
society produces belongs to society,
and, that society, instead of taking
from the individual that which belongs
to him for public uses, should draw
upon the commdn fund' which has been
produced by all the people, to meet all
This, we contend, can only be done
by concentrating all taxes on land val
ues, and leaving free from all taxes the
products of labor and skill
Many objections to the prevailing
method of taxation may be urged, but
I will content myself with stating only
SIw of them:
It deprives the individual of what
justly belongs to him; in one short, but
expressive word, it is robbery.
It is unjust and unequal in its opera
tions; it makes the rich richer, and the
It enables the wealth of the country
to shift all the burdens of the govern
ment on to the shoulders of the farmer
and the laborer.
It puts afine on industry, einterprise
and thrift,'and a premium, on idleness,
laziness and shiftlessness.
It taxes people on ,what they con
sume and not on what. they lave.
It discourages and reards improve
It limits and restricts the production
It increases the cost of all the neces
saries and luxuries of life.
It is the parent of monopoly, and the
fruitful source of the ineltuasLty which
produces poverty witI all its attendant
My friend, in the article before re
ferred to, says if a man "'owns -$10,000,
000, and it is necessary to levy five
mills, he should payo$50,000; if he only
owns $500, he should pai $2.50.". Ias
it ever occurred to my good brother
that if a man is worth $10,000,000 his
wealth must latgely consist of valua
ble lands, or other forms of property
based on land values; and that, dider
the present system of collecting taxes,
he is able to shift everry dollar of his
$50,000 of taxes onto the producers of
wealth, who, in addition to paying the
taxes of the ten-millionaire, must also
pay him for the privilege of working?
But by far the, greater part of the
taxes collected from the people are
taxes on consumption, and the govern
ment takes in taxes from the mass of
workers about all they make above a
The effect of shifting all taxes to
land values would be cheaper land and
reduced rent. It would destroy land
speculation, and lands now idle and
vacant would be cultivated and im
proved; instead of the tillers of the soil
bearing all the burdens of the govern
ment, as they do to-day, .the bulk of
the taxes would be paid by the owners
or users of valuable lands in the towns
and cities, and the owners of mining
and timber lands that now pay little of
no taxes. We are not proposinglto tax
land in proportion to its area, but ac
cording to its value; and if those who
raise the cry that "the single tax will
put all the taxes on the farmers," will
stop and think a moment, they will see
that the "tillers of the soil," about
whom they profess so much solicitude.
do not own the valuable, land 4nj this
country, and therefore they could not
be made to bear all the burdens; nor,
indeed, any considerable share.
Under the single tax it would be int
possible for this to be a "land of land
lords and tenants;" but if the present
methods are allowed to obtain for a
few years longer, it is inevitably bound
to become such.
Under the single tax, men could not
grow rich by holding land out of use,
for speculation; neither could they
grow rich by charging other people rent
for the use of land, thereby appropri
ating their earnings without rendering
Then all land would be put toits best
use, and every individual would simply
pay to the community the annual rent
al value for so much of the common
property as he could profitably use,
and in this way restore to the com
munity those values which are created
by the community.
The Farmers' alliance has adopted as
its shibboleth and battle-cry these
words of Thomas Jefferson: "Equal
rights for all; special privileges to
none," and if it be the purpose ,of the
farmers of the United States, who too
long have been "hewers of wood and
drawers of water" for monopolies of
all kinds, to crystalize that glorious
sentiment of pure democracy intothe
legislation of this country, there is no
other way on earth nor among men by
which it can be done, except by first
adopting the single tax.-II-. Martin
What a Fire Reveals.
The six-story brick bukling at the
southwest corner of Fulton and Nassau
streets, New York city, once occupied
by the Sun, and lately deserted by the
Commercial Advertiser, was burned
September 15. The property belonged
to the estate of Moses Y. Beach. It
fronted 118 feet 9 inches on Fulton
street and 57fteet 10 inches on Nassau
street After the fire the agent of the
estate told the Sun reporter that the
building was worth about $50,000, and
was insured for $35,000. The Tribune
placed the loss on building at 8350,000.
According to the city assessment rolls,
completed not many weeks before the
fire, the assessment of this piece of
property, land and building included,
was $140,000. If the estimated value of
the building is correct, the land must
have been assessed at 890,000.
This piece of property now lies cum
bered with the blackened ruins of the
fire, and reduced to "prairie land,' save
for whatever value may lie in the dam
aged cellar and its walls.. According
to the Sun, the site of the mruins has
just been sold to Lewis 8. Wolf for
8385,000. In other words, the land
without the six-story building is worth
to Mr. Wolf 8235,000 more than land
and building were assessed atforthe
purposes of municipal taxation. The
Owners have been collecting rent on
5425,000 worth of property, probably
not less than 830,000, and havebeen
paying taxes on rather less than one
third that sum.
It may be of interst to note that the
property on Nassau street adjoining the
burned building is assessed at $40,000.
It is a piece of land 35 feet 1 inch by 112
feet 2 inches, bearing the ruins of a
brick building. The adjoining property
on Fulton street. 25 feet 2 inches by 108
feet, is assessed at 58,000. These two
properties, without the buildings, are
worth probably $600,000.
"ALL the corners of the earth are in Bis
hands," read the clergyman. "Not in
I Chicagothey ain't," replied a repentant
i advocate for the World's fair. "In
r Chicago they are !In Uthe hn4e of the
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