"The World is Governed Too Much."
UITRY L. BI08AT, Busines lanager. ALEXANDRIA, LOUISIANA, WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 2, 1891. VOL. XLVI N0. 49.
tvrLt le he name of the man in the moon
That is. if he isn't a myth-
gs it Jones or Brown or White or Black,
Or is it simply John Smith?
Ohb, how does this man employ all his time
This world-renowned, curious wight
F)oes he work like the other fellows all the
And go courting on Saturday night?
'What is his temper, I'd like to inquire,
When he gropes in the dark for the stair,
And stumbles over the very first step,
Does he ever get angry and swear?
Whea be comes home late, three o'clock in the
kndhbe keyhole's not in the right place,
Wles he bang and kick and rattle the knob,
With:an ugly frown on his face?
.Can i go to church without being bored,
is hScheerful, or moody and sad?
dCan hetake a-hand at poker, d'ye think.
Andtllay without getting mad?
When fe visits a friend for a good little talk,
Will he sometimes let him have his say? -
Can he put ~p a stovepipe, or unhinge a door,
IUnle5s the Old Nick is to pay?
When he's ill and in pain, end the good doctor
And prescribes, of course, what is just right,
WDes he vow he knows more than the learned
And wish he was well and could fight?
'When his diet is not just the same as he'd wish,
Is he patient, or does his blood boil
Does he stay in his bed and take, like a man,
His rations of cod liver oil?
Is he married, engaged, or a gloomly old bach
Elor sworts to live single for life?
If married, I wonder which one rules the house,
The man in the moon or his wife?
made my pile'
in Calif6rni a
during the gold"
.there I was liv
- ing in the ou.
skirts of "San
Francisco with my family in compara
Our house was of stone and but a sin
gle story in height, as most of the
buildings then were, and surrounded
by awell-kept lawn and garden with a
stable at the back of the place in
which John, my Chinaman maid of-all
work and head gardener, slept.
He'wais a faithful fellow, neat and
industrious, but very sly, and though
too sharp sometimes with others in
driving a bargain he was with me a
model of goodness, and often professed
* willingness to die in my defense.
I suppose he was grateful for my
saving him from a crowd of hoodlums
one day who had discovered one of his
tricks and were looting his little shop
and getting ready to string him up for
the fun of it.
It was a small tobacco business he
was running, and the cry of "the Chi
nese must go" was then very popular,
while the cigars the heathen Chinese
were making were boycotted to such
an extent as to ruin the almond-eyed
But John was "up to snuff" and was
doing a great trade on the sly before
he was discovered.
A new brand of cigars, bearing on
the box in bold letters the inscription
"the Chinese must go," was, like the
words, in everybody's mouth; and John
was fast getting rich when, to his loss
and my gain, they found out that he
himself was pasting the popular labels
on the boxes holding very bad cigars
of his own make.
That settled the business at once,
and would have settled John, too, if I
hadn't been at hand to protect him
from the angry mob.
Though robberies and deeds of vio
lence were numerous in spite of vig
'flance committees I had no fear of
them, for I was careful not to display
any signs of wealth about me. My
· pile of gold dust I kept buried in the
cellar and not even my wife or chil
dren knew it
Neither did I tell John, whom I felt
to be perfectly trustworthy, but I
Siaspected my secret was not hidden
from his sharp eyes, although his inno
cent looks, almost too innocent at
iBe STOOD BY MIY DOOR.
flever betrayed the knowledge,
f he had any.
Our house was divided by a great,
ouf'hall, with a bend or recess at the
:: ek part near the kitchen. Here I
; b a plastef'df paris life-size stftue pl
lUl (mI cade by an artist' friend for a 1
*'Qgh . soodel, but never finished)
SIt looked in its flowing cape coatl
. e like a ghost than it did like me,
*: though it made people laugh in the
- .tizm and be frightened in the
S ,I let it stay there, just to please i
i- t~ese my young friend, who then
letamed of some day being a famous I
i at' ther I usually slept in the
.o.i ront corner room, whioeSty ]
Iy slept in the opposite rooms
,.- the haill.
One night, when my family fortu- I
-- , were away, I lay there, when I I
J edI saw a shadow flit noiseless- /1
ROugh the dimly lighted hall .
y open door.
Ii S thinkiag wbother to gef 5
up and make sure or not, the shadow
glided back. I sat up straight in my
bed then, but before I could step out it
returned and stood motionless by my
door in the hall.
Inst-ad of being one of my folks re
turned as I first supposed-cr John-I
saw, to my spell-bound surprise and
fright, that it was the form of apparent
ly a man with a black mask of crape
over his face.
Though I plainly saw him, he didn't
seem to see me, owing to the mosquito
canopy over my bed, reflecting the dim
light in the hall.
After peering in my direction for a
moment the figure turned and glided
into the opposite room.
As noisplessly I slipped from my bed
and stole to the back part of the hall,
thinking to call my servant from the
stable, for I had no handy weapon in
reach, my pistols being in the room
wherein my strange and evil appearing
guest had vanished.
As I passed the hollow plaster statue
of myself a bold idea struck me.
I was, in my long white night robe;
a good counterpart of the statue.. If
my face was also white, no one would
detect the difference in the dark. .
I quickly lifted my other self and set
it in the kitchen near by-then going
to the flour barrel I liberally sprinkled
the stuff over. my -face and hair and
beard-not forgetting my hands. Grab
bing a heavy bottle--the only thing I
could find for a weapon--I turned and
took my stand where my statue had
been, and waited, knowing my robber
visitor must pass closely to me on his
After what seemed an awfully long
time I saw froxm the corners of my
motionless eyes the rascal coming
toward me and gazing straight .at my
--Evidently he thought I was the same
-ld" plaster humbug which had
startled him when he entered, for he
slowly came along until within aiin's
-length. . .
Then-while he gave a shriek of
terror at seeing me-or a ghost-sgd
denly come to life, I fetched the solid
bottle down on his miserable head with
such a force that it felled him sense
less at my feet.
Springing to the piazza door I yelled
for my Chinaman.
With his pig-tail flying behind him
and armed with an ax he was with me
instantly.' But when he clapped his
eyes on me his pig-tail stood straight
up, and back he scampered calling on
his heathen gods to save him.
There was need of his assistance at
once, for the robber was recovering
himself and endeavoring to get on his
feet. "John! John!" I called, rubbing
JOlN RAISED HIS AX.
the flour from my face, "come here and
help your master.J Quick! Here's a
robber in the houe Don't you know
He recognized my voice and bravely
returned to the halL
The robber was on his knees and,
while yet dazed, had managed to pull
his.pistol and was trying to point it.
Before I could interfere or hold
John's arm he jumped past me to the
burglar, raised his ax and brought its
sharp edge down squarely on the neck
of the scoundrel.
Then; while I stood horror struck
and powerless to stophim, he hit again,
and the robber's head, clean cut off,
rolled over on the floor, tearing off its
crape and showing the eyes glaring and
snapping, and the horrid mouth twist
ing in a vain effort to curse the ones it I
came to kill.
John looked up at me withadelighted.
"He no gittee gol' dlust in celle now;
me fixee him. He blame fool alle
samee. Chinee mus' glo' he telle, yowl
John hauled the body and head out
in the yard and washed'the blood from
the floor, while I dressed hurriedly and
brought the police.
The dead man was a notorious mur
derer, and of course I was thanked for
the affair and Chinaman John was a
But the sold dust didn't stay in the
I shipped it, elst the next day and
soon 'followed ift wfit~niy iamIly and
John, who is now running a fine laun
dry in .Ne.w York. He.-leeps the ax
with'4ie'stains still on over his wash
t~ubs, and his almond eyes gaze proudly
on it often.-H. C. Dodge, in Goodall's
The true inventor needs more than 1
the generality of readers will imagine
to produce in this rapid age anything
of value to his fellow men. He must
possess genius-not the genius of the
artisan, but of the artist-the power to I
create, not to elaborate. He must be I
patient, considering every detail relat
ing to his discovery, not rushing into
print and patent office with half-di
gested ideas that require the subse
quent supervision of trained experts to
reduce to practical shape. . He must
have sufficient neans to support him
self and his family-if he possess one
and to produce practical evidence of 1
his discoveries in order to illustrate to
the capitalist Qr promoter their advan-.
tages. He must be forbearing under
rebuff, indifference or ignorance on the I
part of those whom he seeks to enlist I
in his snppon-mi- tricdq,
BESIEGED BY INDIANS.
Thrilling Story of How Four White lMen
Saved Their Scalps in Arizona.
William Carter, who returned from
his mines in Arizona recently, tells a
story of thrilling adventure which
would make a good plot for a blood
curdling novel. Carter, with three
companions, traveled through the In
dian country during the time of the re
cent trouble, but they had heard noth
ing of the outbreark, and consequently
paid no attention to the signs of the
roving bands of redskins which they
frequently saw. When near the
Arizona line they were surprised
by the hostile attitude of a small
band of Indians who came to their
camp. The men with Carter were old
frontiersmen, and did not pay much at
tention to the rough language of the
Indians, but told them-to get away or
they would have trouble. The Indians
rode off and when a short distance
away fired at the camp. wounding one
of the horses. The shots were returned
by the white men, who at once saw that
serious trouble was imminent, and
fmade preparations accordingly. While
they were preparing to defend their
camp fronr another attack, a man came
up and gave the news that the Indians
were out and were liable to cause
trouble. The wounded horse left the
party almnost stranded, but they deter
mined to get out of the neighborhood
While they were considering the mat.
iter they saw a band of Indians ap.
:proaching the camp, and immediately
made signs for them to keep off. The
Indians began circling around the camp
and made such hostile demonstrations
that the men started to make a run to
a ravine near by in order to be under
cover. The Indians dashed after them
.and succeeded in killing the horse
. which was not wounded. The Indians
burned the wagon and killed the
wounded horse, taking everything of
value from the wagon. They then be
gan a system of siege, and while they
would not come within rifle shot of the
ravine where the whites were shel
tered, they kept circling around in
$uch a manner that escape was impossi
When night came it was determined
to try to get away and the men started
down the ravine, crawling on their
hands and knees. This was kept up
until they had gone at least five miles,
and then they started on-a walk toward
the southwest. They traveled until
morning, and were then almost ex
hausted for want of food and water.
They could get neither, and stopped for
three hours to rest, when they again
kept up their journey. During the day
they saw an old steer which had evi
dently been turned away from some
outfit to die, and they killed him. On
this meat they lived for seventeen
days, until they came to the little Mex
ican town of Sebolia, where they ob
tained food, after threatening to burn
the place unless they were assisted.
The Mexicans would not give them thq
slightest assistance until they showed
that they were desperate enough to
take what they wanted.-Chicago Post
Predecessors of Tom lMoore and Theia
Under the names of Files and Fear,
Dana, bards were faund in Ireland from
the earliest periods of its history to the
year 1738, when Carolan died,; who
seemed to have been born to render the
termination of his order brilliant.
Every chief lord. was called Allah
Radah, or Doctor of Poetry, and he re
tained thirty of the inferior note. They
weie free from all taxation, and were
allowed to wear the same color robes as
Dr. Ledwith, an ingenious critic and
antiquarian, has observed with respect
to the musical composition of the Irish
bards, "That the incomparable skill
allowed to the Irish music could never
be predicated of unlearned, extem
poraneous bardic airs, that it implies a
knowledge of the diagram and an exact
division of the harmonic intervals."
Giraldus Cambrensis in A. D. 1185
gives a striking account of Irish music
of that period:
"The attention of this people to
musical instruments I find worthy of
commendation, in which skill is beyond
in comparison, superior to that of any I
nation 1 have seen. For in these the
modulation is not slow and solemn, as
in the instruments of Britain, to which
we are accustomed, but the sounds are
precipitate, yet at the same time sweet
Speakingof the Gaelic language, Miss
Carusi, the famous harpist, says the
constant occurrence of broad vowels in
it mades it quite as well adapted for
singing as Italian. Gaelic poetry is also
beautifully suited to singing, anid has a
swing and rhythm about it most mu
"To keep their great heritage, the
Irisli shotild learn their national siongi
in Gaelic," she says. -Boston Globe.
One Use for a VWatch.
A. watch is useful in a tiumber ol
ways besides mere time iidicating. In
'a civilized community its value as a
compass is not very great, but a man
traveling around and occupying strange
beds can protect himself from pneumo
nia by its aid. If thereis a suspicion of
damp about the sheets lay the watch
between them and either amoke a cigar
or read aivhile. Then take out the
watch and if there is 'any film or mist
on the glass do not go to bed, or if you
do, sleep between the blankets, which
are never damp. Hundreds of drum
mers, and especially men past youth or
middle age, take this precaution and
profit considerably thereby.--St. Louis
Yet It Doesn't.
"How do you clear cofbe?" inquired
the mistress of the house.
"I allus drop a piece of codfish skin in
the coffee pot when I take it off'n the
fire," replied the applicant for the posi
tion of kitchen lady.
'"That settles it," rejoined the mis
tress of the house ringing the bell for
uomebody to show her oa .-i nlgoi
OLD SOL'S YOUNG LOVE.
And She--Well, She Was Unmlhtakably I
Early, quite early, in ,Tune was it
when first he began to woo her. He
came from over the hills and saw her
standing among the " sweet grasses of
the field; and, bending low, he pressed
a kiss upon the white arms that were
folded over her heart of gold. Ithwas
the beginning of life to 1er. She was
only an innocent child of the country.
So how could she know that the kisses
he gave her had been and would be
given in all their warmth to all the
bright faces that came acrots his path?
Poor, pretty little one! her delicate
form thrilled with a new life when he
poured a flood of passionate kisses upon
her bowed head, and she opened her
white arms to receive .his warm
embrace, and gave her beautiful heart
of gold up to him in an ecstasy of
idolatrous love. And when she raised
her fair face, aglow with happiness,
toward him, he saw how really beauti
ful she was, and all day long he lin
gered about her, and the day was one
of glorious sunshine to the foolish lit
tle thing. With a promise to return on
the morrow, he went away at sunset,
and she was alone., Ah! how long anm
dark the night seemed. But in the
morning she was again there, at the
samiie place, with her arms apart to
welcome him. lie came with a kiss
that burned into her heart. And so
once more she lived and was happy in
his sunny, smiling presence. All
through the merry summer days they
met, and -she grew fairer every day in
the light of his rapturous devotion.
But, by and by his visits grew, if not
less frequent, certainly less long. Per
haps it was because the intensity of
his love had- burned her heart
until it seemed less golden, or the fair
ness of her face was beginning to fade
beneath his gaze. At all events he did
not linger by her side as many hours as
he had been in the habit of doibg, nor
were the kisses he gave quite as burn
ing as they had been. Of course she
felt all this, but what could she do?
Although her heart was breaking
through his neglect, she was always at
the old trysting place to meet his cool
ing glances with bent head and slender
arms stretched appealingly toward him,
though the embracesehe longed for sel
dom came. At last she faded so that
he passed herby with the very slikht
est touch of welcome when .they met.
One day as she stood among the tall au
tumn grasses, with pale face bending
toward the ground, a young girl passed
through the meadow. .
"November, and a daisy?" she cried,
bending above-the drooping flower face.
And then she stooped and raised the
poor, half-withered' little flower and
began to pull off the white arms which
had grown multitudinous throughout
the summer long.' "One I love;" sang
she;."two I love, three I-"
"You do, do you?" The .interruption
was followed by an embrace that out
rivaled the daisy's faithless lover, and,'
for the want of something else to say
(just to show her indifferences), the
blushing girl exclaimed:
"Ah! but you're crusltfng the daisy's
And just then the sun came out from
the clouds, and never a blush had he at
sight of his poor little summer love,
crumpled and broken in the hands of
these two human lovers true.-N. Y.
In putting up a lunch for traveling,
it is desirable that it be not composed of
articles of a "mussy" character, neither
those liable in any way to offend the
senses of the lookers-on. An 'exchanig
very 'sensibly suggests that "to avoid.
lunch odors there should be two. or
three baskets or packages. Every 'ar
ticle should be carefully wrapped `irn
clean, soft, white paper" .._f course
there should be plenty of knives, forks,
spoons and napkins. that the food may
be handled and. eaten in a dainty and
creditable mannbr. The'basket, when
opened, should: be a picture of order
and neatness, atnd this should be pre
served throughout, so far as may be.
In order to facilitate this, oneindividual
of the party should be elected to have
sole charge of the putting up and giving
out of the lunch; no one being~ pf ere4
to "dive" promiscuously into the basket
for anything he or she may happen to
want. Each time fter the dealing out'
of the food, thi~s same"pershi should
carefully rearrange the lunch.--Gbod
. Substitute, for Sepblan.
Sealskin is now so expesive- tihat it
has increased the price and created a
demand for the furs of humbler ani,
mals. Mink will be most popular this
winter. It is seen in charming little
boas and collars, ornamented with
heads and claws of the animnals. Clut
ton is another fur that will be ex
tensively used for dress trimming. It
is long-haired and durable, but lack the
fine texture and rich shading of the bet
ter grades of mink. The beautiful sable
fur is always desiraibl.e, b~l'its highi
price renders it beyond the desaeh ~of:
most purse.---Chicago. Tribune ...
The Additional Vocabulary.
Autlior-I have' just completed a story
of three hundred thousand words.
His Friend--How is that possible?
There are but a hundred and fifty thou
sand words in the language.
Author-Ah, but this is a dialect
Creating an Impression.
Chollie (glancing at bill of fare)--l'd
order some quail on toast, if they had
it, Bella, but they haven't, apparently,
so I guess we'll ha've some plain
Waiter-We have quail on toast, sir,
although it isn't on the bill.
Chollie (sotto voce)-Shut up.-Life.
-A new saddle has a series of springs
connecting the upper saddle tree, or
seat, with the lower, to relieve the rider
from constant jolting. The springs are
cone-shape, working within each other,
and are of tempered steel, so asto work
freely wherever the motion of the bor
may bring the vielrht of the ridae
PITH AND POINT.
-Literary success is less a question
of talent than of postage stamps.-Kate
-A button on your shilt is worth
two down the back of your neck.
-It is astonishing how debts will ex-;
pand after being contracted. - Bing
-Man's wishes are not all wants. He
does not need half as much as he prays
--Webhave ioticed that the longe a
man's mustache is the more . fond he is
of milk and soup.-Atchison Globe.
--It is noticeable that people who
search foir a gas leak with a candle in
variably find it.--Boston 'Transcript. '
-The time comes when some men
leave father and mother 4d cleave un.
to their uncle.--Bingha rd n Leader.
-Yoir friends may not know much,
but they' know what they Would do if
they .were in 7your place.-Atchison
-"You look all broken up." "Natur
ally; just' been dividing myself among
forty girls at' a sea-side hotel."-Har
-The peacock may not be inclined to
gossip, but he loves to spread a highly
colored tail about the neighborhood.
-This is the season of the year when
the young man goes to his funeral and
pulls his gun over the fence after him.
-Photographers are never progress
Ive. They always impress you with
:the idea that you must not move.
-Inheritance. - Mrs. Gadd - "Does
your boy take after you or his father?"
Mrs. Gabb-"He takes after his father.
You never can believe a word he says."
-It is all right to advise a man to
turn a thing 'over in his mind before
acting, if he has a mind bigger than the
thing to be turned over.-N. 0. Pica
-"My love is like the red, rsea rose,'
sang he. "Then you can .not have
me," said she. "The red, red rose fades
in less than three days."--Harper's
--If you have a piece of unpleasant
news to divulge, .tell it to your domes
tic,, first.. She has the reputation, you
know, of breaking things gently.-Yon
S--Jenkins (in the theater)-"But why.
'do you weep? The acting is certainly
not so touching." Timkins-'Excuse
me. I am bewailing the money I paid
to come in."-Demorest's Magazine.
-First Politician-"The -fact is, one
half the stories that onehears during
the campaign are base falsehoods."
Second Ditto-"You refer, of course, to
the stories the other side tells. I agree
with you."-Boston Transcript.
-"I was dweadfully angwy, I assurab
you, when that gweat, coarse fellah
had the audacity to. put me on a level
with the monkey at the zoo." "Yes,"
replied Miss Ringlets, "I can imagine'
such a comparison would put yoti be.
aide yourself, Mr. Dudelets."--Balti
A Live Man's Ideas of the Way to Run an
The hustling western merchant with
a pretty good-sized bank aceunt'and a
credit that would make even a board
of trade man. hesitate to call margins
on him, was in the city to buy some
goods, rand the traveling nian had taken
him to the matinee.
He fldgetted in his seat a little as the
soprano sang her" best number, and
seemed 'to 'be' nervous while the'tenor
4·as domg himself proud'witl his plain
tive song. In factn ily ai l ethe sing
Ing seemed to tr6uble himnt ''nally his
"Ever heard: grand opera before?" '
"No,-I haven't," he said in a burst: of
confidence,",an(l I, want to say right
now. that !'d like to have the manage,
ment of this concern .ior about five I
"'What would yon do?", ' : -
"I'd run it on business' principles;'.
that's whalt I'do! I wotldn't let any
of those peo0ple loaf on their jobs; that's
sure! I'd make 'ei toe the ma or I'd
.know the reason why." ;.
"Why, don't you lille the singing?'.-!
asked the traveliqg.man in surprise.
"0, yes, the singing's all right, but
it'i too blamed slow. I've grot an 'n
gagement for four o'clock, 'and they'
could finish the whlole tiusiness by that
time if they .wer'e puished. But they
ain't; they just' take their time and4
draw the thing out. Pd cut downs'the
time: of that fellow. With the" waxed
mustache flive' minutes,:asnd 'if he
'couldni't husal his ,lsong to his 'love
through in that time L'd dischprge him.
It's just a case of loaf and lack of live
business managemept; that's' what it
is. I'd like t~o see some ofmy emproyes.
fool around that vway once."-Chlcao
It was Saturday afternoon, and time
that little Maryshould begin the prep
.aration of her Sunday-schbool lesson;
but, unfortunately, she was deeply en
gagEd'in designing a new and especial
ly elaborate tea-gown for her'oldest'
d.oll,who~ so Mary thought, had reached'
a time of life when.a tea-gown could no"
longer be dispensed with.
Hev mother several times called the
attention of the busy little dress-maker
to the advancedhourof the afternoon;
and finally her older sister, taking a
Bible from the bureau,' said: "Come,
Mary,; 'll help you leari your lesson
and then you can go back to your play."
Mary came over to her sister's side,
ready to begin theJesson,when sudden
ly she exclaimed: "Sister, letes study it
out of gairdpa's Bible."
"But whatdilTerenee can it make?"
"Why, grandpa's Bible is so much
more interesting than yours."
"Oh no Mai they krej therjustthe same
"Well,"' replied the observing .grl,
who probablyhad no thought of rebuk
ing anybody. "I really think grandpa's
must be mor6 inntiredtlng than yours;
he reads it eg 1t9)b moMe."-vwYovth';
SINGLI TAX DEPARTMENT.
DIFFERENT KINDS OF VALUE,
The Journal of the Knights of Labor
attributes a good deal of. confusion of
thought regarding the land problem 'to
failure to distinguish between "the
value of land as a means of actual pro
duction," its "value as giving special
advantages of occupation and business
opportunities," and "the purely specu
lative or' fictitious value which results
from a boom.";
Advocates of the single tax usually
.distinguish between the first and the
third kinds of value here specified,
'though it ;s unly in certain aspects of
the problem that the distinction is im'
portant. It is true, however, that they
donpt distinguish between the first and
.the second-between "the value of land
as a means of actual production" and
its "value as giving special advantages
of occupation and business opportuni
ties"-for 'the simple and all-sufficlnt'
reason that there is no'such differente
to be distinguished. .
In illustration of what it means by.
the first kind of value, :the Jourinal re
fers- to. farms, .mines and forests; 'and
in illustration of the second, it refers
to the, buiiiness streets of a great city.'
The writer asserts that city 'vales do
notresult from ,land' monopoly .alone,
but from land monopoly in conjunction
with capitalism in its variois forms
"The value of the best'business sites,"
he says, "isalot lSrqduced by .the land
in the same sense. as wheat is produced
by a farm, or coal by a coal mine.?'
This last is quite true. 'City'values are
not producit? ,as wheat or 0oal., But
neither are an other valiesa "Values
merely nmoasure the relation of one
thing to' another in exchange. When
one marl with a pair oi shoes prefers' a
hat; and. another with the.hbat :prefers
the shoes, they 'will,.if -freeminke aA
even trade, We should, say, tlenr, that
these., shoes and this hat are of.equ.
value, If the owner f the'shoes, while
preferring them to one hat, would
rather have' two hats than the slihoes,
and the owner of tWO ,iat wquld rather
have the 'shoes than the'hatA, tlS''nen,
asetiming that they acted fr elyt'would
trade on that basis; and then we'should
say that.the shoes were double the val
ue of each of the hats.. Qr, 'ifthemnsgn
with the lrat woull r'ather have a part
ticular pieceot land (whether agricul
tyral, mineral or building laud, or
whether Iip city or country, nakes no
difference); and the owney of that, land
yould rather have the hat, they would,
if free, trade the hat ftr the land; and
then iWe should say 'that this:hat and
this land were of equal value. The in-,
'troduction of money would not c.ange,
the nature of the transaction. 'Money,
.in this ccnnectl n,, is only a .medium of
trade. enabling traders who .o . not
know of each other's wants'to come to.
gether. Btut if nioney Were used,' andl
the hat, in terms of fnoaey, was worth
$5, we should say that the land was.
worth $3. This relation. which is indi
.cated by the term "'talue," is, of course,
not "prodrided" as coal 'and 'vhat "'ae.
The uanunalwriter'ecenf0hiou sqpeis
to be traceabe, to, his n~isconce$tion
not alone of "value," but also of" "prd
ductio." ; BCa'sipeahk `) of" whdat' sW
'"produced"?. by ,4 farn, anidc copa'as•
"produced" by a mine; whereas,
though the one is produced frofi a
farm 'andd the other froth a m'ine, ;boit
.are produced' 6b~'lhbor. We ire :nbt.
criticising our critic's rhetorlie. l ex"
presses his thought with,acciracy, sad'
it is his thought'notihi latigntge that
is wrong.. 'He supposes bhb t podnuction
is something very diffgreut,Zr~ .what
it is--omething that nl'ait ely piuts
-forih.' This is obvious, p6tr alone frbin
his use of a'prepositlod tiat ,ntdiiates'
action, and'froin his cotutitpiso'f 8 ii ~ i
value and 'wheat'as froducts bitiaiso'
from his statement that the portion of
labor products claimed'by :atidlordism
"represeuts not. the -real ,yalue of the,
land,.but a value ecat~d bySthe capi
'talist'lc sysetni ot elplbitaiion,"' 'as if
"real vilue .f 'thlatd!',andi!'~whedt or
coa- in, the lanpd, pvere. gabangeable*
ter~ns, iastead o~ being tly'one an ex,
,piesioh' of ielatidn' i"'dxeliane iand
the 'othei 'a.nstatial "eldmndt-park' of
.the land. itself.
'Prodiuction"' describs no~ a~ puttin
fort by'- land' of ts naturd' fitiith':
wheat, "cal andthe like, bit a-~M4at
:ing forth' from, the land 1o th e.-gn'
sumer, by. 'labor, of thoe ''rntt .'In
this' proi'es, the lai'd 'oe'iv 1i1 tht?
fhits, afe .'tansported~,4 and :tlit ; ia
which they are e4chsu geo or flially 4q
liverejd, play precisely the' same pat,,
in eissience ifrio in t de~'eetr~ s the lid
from which the commodites. e y jigh:
ally produced.. 4 Jiuiefer. terss. trade
isbut 'a -fermI-san.~idv.·anidlq--of
Turn n6o' to the value.of lanft It
resit lto' :ito 'p~iation in-- o tneul i
staccs, thateeurle .qzllsipeyposs$asio.
'of particulur spots to partinlp~r people:
:Some spots are more feitil' thaif oihei~'
th6tgh 'In bthe 'rcispts:Athe sa&d.
T sesate more ausi~e; 'that ist thp.y
will exchange, fgr 9oroo better cm
modities tha) t'he oth.erS o;;illton"t
eqrilly fertile'-wiith. Autheis~adi' e
conveniently situated with refereqeeo
a rading site; and thqse are 0poreva
uable on thhr abcoUnt.' Aome are
ing sites. They are useless,.o4 at l1ait*
'Inot usec for primary production at all;
but they are more vialuable than the
outlying spt, 'because it is, easier to
trade-tliat is easier to p#diid~bed-here
comnniodities are massedl' t "· whbs
they haveyetobe tr,ansporhe ;Tradin.
sites, therefore, are more valuable, than
primaly productihn sites. ·And 4ihen
we c6mb' to greatiy, which, rwi after..
all, is but a ipore perfect trading.spot,.
because both in quantityand variety
there'is a greate'l- massing there dof the
products of the woirld's labior, we find
a still higher value attaching to the
land. But from beginning to end. land
value is in esene' the same thing. It
is the premium men are Willig to, pay
for wg.king on the .ore pproductive,
or, in the language of commerce, the
more profitable spots.
-Though' the Journal editor formally
distingurthes betwden the vyalue of ag
rieualtural and that .of. ity 'land, he
yields his whole easet whe1 Jiseay that
"the money out of hch these enor
• rou4 tea7ct! land valpda
are pad ,k Cxtorted out of labor by
capitalism >a its various forms" This
is only another form of stating what
Mr. George has reiterated again and
again, that no matter whs robs labor
in the first instance, landlor as ultimate.
ly secure the benefit. And in selecting
a rough illustration our critic is, for
his purposes, exceedingly unfortunate.
"Mountain passes," he ss,' "offer
special advantages to highwamen and
brigands. There are eleratina from
which they can descry ipproaching
travelers and naturally rock, fortresses
behind w*ich one mean can d6fy a doz
en in the -defile below. It *ould be
just as resonable to slieakof the 'pro.
ductive value' of- onebof 'thqsd favorit.
resorts of robbers; estimating it on the
basis of the year's proceedsin plunder,.
as to" calculate the prodauctveness of
thea maeroted tw financial and com
med' p ies ein our:'i g i te.1y
the profits of the transactions carried
on there. ."
If inaerj a prQ4ucilvev ue" Any
stress is laid "tupon the':djetlv the
writcr'h Sifting , "gins.- - V"sln
Is one thing, and "ictve value"
:a very inexpressive phrase--is, whgn
over used intelligeitly; quite anottler.
T.\e one expresses tihe.relation of things
is exchange; 'thd othals iteded to
mea.n productiveY eapablity,or. pseful*
·Cne ar,,, 4 isa Ge .x sad bya the
term "ulty. We ~ i owever,
Sthat:our ritic inteipds'to-express value
only; for i he doei not, he either wl-.
fUlly or thoughtlessly aims to mislea4,
On this assumption the mountain passes,
would have value among brigands'if
they adopted the' samne land and tax
laws that l rovpir l mbnong us. Theliti
gand *ho se'cured:thl better elevations."
could dawUle in his cave while working ,
brigands .secured ..,rich plunder and..
shared it'with him for the privilege of
using his elevation -This share would
If, however, by "productive value.!,'
"utility" is meant` and the Journal'
editor intends to shovw thatthe fnan.
cial' and commerdial enterprises of
great citiep ..are mere loottng institu
tions, and, therol re, pot more useful
than brigandage; he raises an entirely
different question from' the one with '
ivhieh he begins : Some modern inan
cial :and ~ommercia~ enterprises are
usefiil,"sis~ie may not be, and some are
mqreor less usefnul: Butr so .long -
they are profitable, a part of their
profitS attach as a premium to the 'laud
where it is most profitable to conduct
them. This it land value; and It Is pre
cisely the :'ame thing, economically
considered, as the profits of wheat, rai
inigorcoal mining, when they, in the
form of premiums for location, attach
to the better'wheatand coal land s. All
land.value .is really location vale.
Some things are easier to see thia
others that are just as obvious. The"
Springffeld Repu blcan readily notes
the injustice of securing by law the ex
elusive enjoymmet of natural pleasure
reibits'tb Adjacent residents; but it i
'blind.to the fact that the principle ,.;p
plies whether the-natural resort isa on
for' pleriur'brf r for 'work. Neverthe.
less what the Republican says4s sound
as far as it goes, and altogether iqter -
tiere is no justice, whatever legal')
righti there may be, Ion the fehi in.,
.of ,te Massachusetts coast by ,mmer ,
residents, and hotel proprietors which'
is nof going on.`' Nesrly ill Cape An i
is alreadylj in private hands, and if the
.public reach the sea at all, it is.,byf
sufferance, and they are often made" '
to feel .the fact. The Massachusetts
coast, is rapidly 'falling 'into 'the
saime cOndition in which Mount: DeserL
'has long been. The; right of .private'
ownership in land, for residence and
oiltivaioti1, is 'not necessarily 4dispted
when itislid that there.can beno such:
exelusieright to the enjoyment of:the
beaches and the'rocks. The state ought
to'i pssess its entire seaboard 'foi the
pleaiure and recreation ofgts citisenas
wherever ~they come from, as well as
for purposes of public use and defense
if iees6sary. It is not tobeborie 'with
coniend that' to see snuch fetatur u.
Rafe'sChasm and,the reef of Norman's
Woe, tle citizen should be dependeht
!uponi the--permiision of:tie loal dad'
;transitory ownet of a houmse near -by
iThit, is, a degree of arrogagtn that
ought" pot to bs ' What the ttretso
publilc re~ervatloni ca do in thae wse
of smultriag holdlgsyet nenepmbered::
does not yet aj~pear, but they ought to,
be able toi rtgfi. the 'fredbam o the
'i'o thow that taxes maSy be laid u ,pas
real estate in such a way as to be' n.I p* .
.fair and burdensome, we need only re
late the experience of a young me-'
chanie of our acqualtancee, who by in-,
driy'nd econiomy sMaved anoItl- to
bluao building lot and-erect a home forg
hitmself and famrly..aupp.it. 'He - paid
so foh le iotl,' and 'th' land o'fier, '
wh'Still'owned sitnilkr' lots 'on ~althe'
adeof himh was,ariesssed:or taxation
at, 8150; per lot, while oar joung me
danie wat assessed on his lot,-exclusive
of- th 'imhisovements, t valuation of
8500,.and the vaeatlaot owner, continu
itg to pay taxes on a valuatioa n $150
fp prec~iself' simild lots, is ' k-holdw
them at'$1,00O the increas4sialuebe-: :
thg oqued mainly by the erection of
our'friepd's and similar houses. Thus
thattdwn is deen to be encouaiging v.
at 'loi,'and discouraging the building
of houses; and it works the same way
with manufascturtng or other einter
prises, Which build up the wealth of
commdnities and inerease the valtie :of
land:for-the benefit of the land specuo
lator, who usuallymanages to esapd
paying enything like his- iair [email protected]
.,tion of taxation.-Ame~etMachinist
What Makes Wages Low in England.
Esaiouhere says that the membersn
of the puise of lords aloe own 14,d958,
52qo.es of land in the Tritish Islep.
This i .ore than cne.slxth of the
whole aes,' which is 7T,999%00 sore5
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