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She anisiana _).nal.
THE WORLD 8I GOVER]NED TOO MUCH.
VOL. 50. ALEXANDRIA LA., WEDNESDAY, MARCH G. 1895. IN(). .
The Louisiana Democrat
UnLISHIED EYVERY WEDNESDAY
OIelal Journal the City of Alexandria
Onelial Journal of the School Board.
MIOBLEY & RINGGOLD
W. I. MOBLEY, - EDITOR
J. H. RINGOIOLD, - Associate Editor
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tRAILROAD - TIME - TABLE.
TEXAS AND PACIFIC
Leaves Alexindria...........4:38 p. m
For New Orleans:
Leaves Alexandria .............10:38 a. in
Arrives in New Orleans....... 7:00 p. mn
Leaves New Orleans ......... 8:00 a. im
MORGAN'S LOUISIANA AND TEXAS:
Leaves Alexandria ............9:05 a. tm
Arrives at Alexandria ..........7:45 p. in
I First-class fare from Alexandria to
New Orieans by either of above named
roads costs $6.85.
HOUSTON, CENTRAL ARKANSAS AND
No. 21-Arrives ................11:05 p. m
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KANSAS CITY, WATKINS AND GULF
Passenger No l-
Arrives at Alexandria .........10:15 a m
Freight No 3
Arrives at Alexandria.......... 5:00 p nm.
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Leaves Alexandria.............11:45 a m
Freight No 4
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Nos 3. and 4 carry passengers. All
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G.EO. O WATT EB
-- and -
REAL ESTATE BROKER,
U'N DIrER TLA KER
CORNER FOURTH AND SCOTT STS,
CAREFUL ATTENTION GIVEN. I have
one of the handensomest hearses in Cen
tral Louisiana, and a sspply of metal
lie and other rollins. Prices vblr rea
eonable. Telegrams promptly attenld
ed to night or dlay.
NAPOLEON BONAPARTE. a
Military Studies Begun In the g
School of Brienne. d
HIS WAR GENIUS FOBESHADOWED. <
Dealst ln Master, He Iecurred the Ant
mwsty oe BI FPellows-Arrested For
Clle.aglng a Schoolmate--attle of the
Snow Fort--Deslred to Lead, Not Follow. i
(Copyright, 18S, by John Clark Rldpath.J
IIL--Aclx AND BRIENmNs
The old town of Auntun lies on the
left bank of the Arroux, 164 miles south
east of Paris. Here the boys Buona
parte were put to school, in January of
1779. The town is an epitome of Euro
pean history. It was the capital of the
brave AEduans, whom Casar overcame
in the first year of the Gallic war. Na
poleon, in his tenth year, arrived at the
gates. He was put under charge of the
Abbe Chardon, nephew of the General
Marbuf.t The latter devoted hhimself to
the interests of the Buonaparte family,
and paid a part of the expenses.
Meanwhile the father and Marbo uf
had gone to Versailles, and were assidu
ous in their efforts to get the boys estab
IAPOLEON AT TWENTY-TWO.
lished as pensioners. The solicitation
was that the young fellows should be
educated at the expense of the state
-ltarbesuf invented a fiction, flHckdl with
fact, about the nobility of his wards;
and the petition was granted finally as
to Napoleon. But Joseph had now
passed the limit of his eleventh year,
and was no longer eligible-unless by
violation of law. He must therefore be
diverted to the priesthood, while the
younger brother was assigned, a, the
public charge, to the military academy
e at Brienne-la-Chapelle, on the right
i of the 4abe, in the serrrtlmve4t of
thq LE u-.ý, handred anid ,,lt;
miles from Paris Th:itherý "i^* hr-na
! fcrcd in the Iatt F-part Of April, 1770,
t and was admitted as a cadet.
I At Antun, the chief business had been
to teach him French. He applied him
self closely to this task, but not very
successfully. He learned to speak
French, brokenly, with an Italian ac
cent. To the end of his life he never ac
quired a nice knowledge of the adopted
tongue. His grammar was broken, his
composition thunderstruck, and his
I spelling heretical. His practical knowl
n edge of the language which he was des
n tined to use for forty-two years in his
intercourse with men was sufficient; but
hil mind was never tolerent of techni
n This trait of neglecting the exactitudes
O was strongly manifested from Napo
d leon's childhood. He went as far as the
practical in whatever subject be touch
ed; but having seized thus much, he
D cared for nothing else. He desired cor
rectness in others, for that was useful to
him; but as for himself, he wanted only
_ aggregate results and a knowledge of
their practical advantage. All authors
Shave commented on the inaccuracies and
lapses in theNapoleonic correspondence
and manuscripts. It became his habit to
slur over, in his rapid way, the errors
In his writing; and his arrogance seem
n ed to convince him that, while correct
spelling was an accomplishment in ped
i. agogues, it was rather a fault in great
The young Bonaparte, is described by
Shis master as being of solemn demeanor;
rarely laughing; never happy or mirth
Sful; no disposition for playingi, proud
11 and solitary; easily wounded; always
resentfual; learning with lightning-like
rapidity, but stopping short of correct
- neas; vain of his faculties; patriotism
almost morbid; disliking the powerful
Sforeign racewith which his lot had been
cast; looking back regretfully toCorsi
ca, and (most unboylike) thinking mo~e
of his country than be did of his home
C, and mother
Already, before leaving Autan, the
pale little Bonaparte fell into frequent
- quarrels with his French schoolmates
about the Corsican revolution ! They in
sulted him with the charge that his
countrymen had been cowards--else
they would have won their independ
ence. To this he answered angrily that
if the French had outnumbered his peo
ple only four to one, the invaders would
have been defeated. Military calculation
The military academy at Brienne was
one of ten of like kind recently estab
lished in the kingdom. Besides these,
there were two higher schools, one at
Paris and the other at LIa Fleche. This
system had superseded another whicb
bad failed on account of its unpopular
ity. The military education and the right
thereto was a plum for the nobles. Boys
of the Third Estate had therein no part
or lot. In the schools were gathered the
weakened reproductions of a moribund
nobility. The governors of the schools
were even as the cadeta The instta
tions degnerated, until there was a pop
ular reaction against them. There was
a reform, headed by the Churech New
schools were established, and monks
,e were put In charlge of them!t
S At the time when the boy Napoleon
a- went to Brienne, the remarkable condi
t- tion was presented of a system of mili
tary schools in charge of the monastio
fathers. The Brienne academy was con
ducted by the Minim Fathers, good meni
in their way, but as sources of inspira-i
tion to lads With the gleam of military
glory in their brains they were mere.
dullness and obfuscationl The courses
of study were mathematics, geography,
history, Latin, modern languages, phi
losophy, and such poor misnamed scf$nce
as might be squeezed from the sponge
of clerical dogmatism in the eighteenth
Such was the disciplinary fare which
was offered to the boy Napoleon. He
was now far removed from friends and
kinsmen. He made the acquaintance of
his schoolmates; admired one of them
--Bourienue-and seemed to love an
other-Des Mazis; but his character and
manner were rocks of offense to the rest
of the hundred and fifty. Nothing more
striking has been presented in personal
annals than the contrast which the poor
Corsican lad, with his solemn face,
long, stiff black hair, haughty expres
sion, close-shut Italian month, solitary
pride of bearing, and unfashionable in
sular salnit, afforded to the throng of
noble, 'mocking effeminates among
whom he was washed up as from the sea.
On his entrance into the academy
which was a clean, well-ordered place
-Napoleon brought from the Abbe
Chardon certificates of moderate profi
oiency and the usual character-sketch
of himself as a pupil But nothing pro
tected him from the inane animosity of
his fellows. They jeered at him in a
manner that would have driven a less
resolute spirit to despair. Had he been
complaisant, he might easily have won
peace, if not popularity; but his defiant
air seemed to challenge the attacks of
the contemptuous crowd.
Deep down in the situation lay the
provocation of poverty. The boy per
ceived the disparagement to which he
was subjected on this score; and it mad
dened him not a little His most tron
blesome characteristic was this-that he
would not follow in anything He would
lead. He would be first or nothing. As
sumption of leadership and the air of it
brought on him still greater contumely
The bitterness of the situation some.
times came to the verge of bloodshed.
Once he got himself arrested for chal
lenging another to fight him on account
of an insulting remark about his father.
The sullen boy went muttering to the
guard-house. Nor was he restored tc
condition until Marbesuf had interceded
in person with the authorities.
Out of this epoch come some well
known stories of the student Bonaparte
at Brienne. In course of time, his fel
low-cadets, understanding him better,
became first tolerant, and then friendly.
Friendship in the case of the proud and
arbitrary cadet meant subjection to his
will. While he could not be companion.
able in sports, he could ~pd would com
i:Lo istenco of tLo -U.....
about his dividing his fellows i::to two
armies, building a fort in winter out of
snow (building it, too, according to the
principles of good engineering!), mak
ing a siege, with snowballs for bombs,
and with all the seriousness of (enghiE
Khan carrying the place by storm, may
well attest his disposition and growing
ascendency at the academy.
The young Napoleon remained at Bri
ennefrom April of 1779 to the year 1784.
The inspector Keralio, coming from
Paris to the military school, discerned
in the slender cadet from Ajaccio the
hints of promise. The method was in
such cases to send up students from the
minor academies to the Military School
of Paris. Sometimes promotion was
made directly to the navy; and this was
considered a great honor. It appears that
the inspector would have had Cadet
Bonaparte sent to the fleet; but the offi
cer died before his wish could be fulfill
Accordingly, at the end of Napoleon's
course at Brienne, he was recommended
for promotion to the military school in
Paris. At this time, namely, in 1784,
when Napoleon was in his sixteenth
year, he was personally described by the
inspector in the following terms: "LM.
de Bonaparte (Napoleon), born August
15, 1700 Height, 4 pieds, 10 pouces,
10 lignes (= 1 metre, 59 centimetres, 8
millimetres-5 feet, 9.7 inches), is in
the fourth class; of good constitution,
exc'llent health, mild disposition (mis
take there, Inspector!). Is upright,
grateful; conduct very regular; has been
always distinguished for his application
to mathematics; is fairly acquainted
with history and geography; is weak in
all accomplishments (very true, Mon
sieur de Keraliol) and Latin. He will
make an excellent sailor; deserves pro
motion to the Military School in Paris "
The character of the young Napoleon
at this period of his career reveals in
one thing a depth and far-off sigh that
might well have belonged to the force
ful years of his maturity. The thing re
lated to Joseph, his brother. As early as
the coming to Autun, Napoleon excogi
tated the scheme to lodge his brother on
the safe ledge of the priesthood. Thus
would be have him out of his wayl
Given a military career for both, and
Joseph must be, by seniority, before
him. But nothing shall be before him.
Argumente fit for Richelien are found
why Joseph shall enter theC'hurch, rise
to distinction, be a Monseigneur, and by
that way defend, support and advance
the prospects of the family of Buona
parte. As for me, I will accept the hard
ships of the military life; and maybe
something beyondl There are on record
several subtle communications written
by the young casuist, strongly urging
the priestly ofice as the one thing suit
able and advantageous for Joseph. Our
future king of Naples or Spain or both,
willingly obedient to the imperial scep
ter, shall testify to our prescience and
JOHN CLARK RIPATH.
Inasmuch as Spain produces mcre
wine than almost any other country in
the world, it is only fair that she
should supply the corks for the bottles
in which the ambrosial fluid is sold,
and from official statistics it seems that
her annual yield of bottle corks amounts
to over 3,000,000,000.
WOMEN WHO APE MEN.
Dr. Parkhurst Calls Them "Andromanlace" I
and Defines the Word.
There is an element in the comr
munity-a small one, I would fain I
hope, yet the size of a thing is no I
measure of the disquiet it will pro. a
duce, even as one little piping frog t
in the meadow will outdo all the r
crickets that are chirping in the grass t
and all the whippoorwills that are (i
singing in the air-there is an ele- i
moent in the feminine world that is
suffering from what I shall venture (
to call "andromania," writes the
Rev. Charles II. Parkhurst in The ]
Ladies' Home Journal. The word is
not an English one, for the reason, I
suppose, that the English language t
makers never supposed that we t
should need such a term. It is con
struoted on the same principle as the c
word Anglomania, which means a
passionate aping of everything that i
is English. "Andromania" means
similarly a passionate aping of every
thing that is mannish. It is an at- 1
tempt on the part of those affected i
with the disease to minimize distinc
tions by which manhood and woman- I
hood are differentiated, whether as 1
regards their culture, their interests I
or their activities. It is that animus I
which permits a woman to imagine
that she has achieved a great tri- I
unmph if she succeeds in doing someo
thing that only man has hitherto I
been accustomed to do, but that no 4
woman has hitherto availed to do.
It is that animus which excepts to
having woman's public activities I
along any line distinguished by any
designation of sex, as when in a
neighboring city not long ago acom
pany of women were organizing for
action in a field where masculine of
forts were already being exerted,
arid they objected to having their so- !
cioty called "the women's board of
aid" on the ground that their mascu
line analogues working in the same
field did not call their organization
"the men's board of aid." Although
these two societies were occupying
the same ground, yet it was reason
able to expect that the two would
cover the same ground in quite dif
ferent ways, and if the women in
question had realized that fact as
fully as they ought to have done, so
far from wanting to exclude the term
"I women," they would have been
anxious to retain it and to have prov
ed that their work was equally val
Beamqs In the Eye.
It is not generally understood that
foreign bodies may sometimes be
found in the eye, and that it is pos
sible for the patient himself to dis
cover their existence if they are in
the front portion of the eye. Small
opaque particles are often found in
the vitreous fluid and are detected
by raising the .eyes to the ceiling,
then suddenly bringing them down
to the level of the head, keeping the
gaze fixed upon some point. The face
should be turned toward a window,
and if the light is exceedingly bright
should be in shadow. A little prac
tice will enable the patient to see a
number of small dark spots, that
appear to be settling down as bits of
soot, float gently downward through
the air. One eye contains what looks
like a wool fiber with white opaque
beads strung upon it at intervals. In
another are several loops of similar
fiber, some of which seem to be cov
Sered with a thin film. How these ob.
Sjeets got into the eyes is one of the
mysteries of nature. There are many
'curious.things to b~ learned about
the eyes if one takes the trouble to
Sstudy the way to observe them. It
is necessary to fix the gaze upon
some inconspicuous object and then
try to see nothing beyond the eye it
Sself. Several efforts may be neces
sary before one acquires the ability
I to examine his own eyes for beams
Sand motes, but once learned there is
usually an expression of surprise be
cause it could not be done at thefirst
time of trying.-New York Ledegr.
le Wmater at Meals.
A pitfall for the imprudent dys
, peptio, who has.small controlover
. his other appetite, is drinking too
freely of ice water atmealas. Persons
w- ho eat rapidly of rich food that is
Shighly sweetened, spiced and salted,
Sand who do not digest at equal speed,
Smust needs drink to quench an al
d most steady thirst arising from these
causes, and that only ice water seems
Sto satisfy. The self control of the
Saverage woman is not always equal
Sto the task of a sensible apportion.
a mentof water,butan excellent check
- on imprudent drinking will be found
Sby squeezing the half of a large lem.
on into.a glass, then filling the glass
but half full from the ice pitcher
and sipping throughout the meal.
SThough the lemon is not unpleasant
Sto the taste, it cools the throat al
, most instantly, a mouthful of it in
- this solution giving the relief of a
d goblet of pure ice water.--Exchange.
Likes the New Woman.
Bouttown-This woman's emanci.
pation movement isn't such a bad
Sthing, after all I've been keepinig
company with Miss Strongsoul late.
Sly, and I rather like it
Upton-In what way partionularly?
Bouttown-Well, for one thing,she
s insists on paying her own expenses.
PAINr AND POWDER.
Used From Earliest TImes, In Spite of
Laws and Priests.
The art of ornamenting or embel
lishing the faceo most probably dates b
back to the days of the first man E
and woman, and if history tells us
nothing about Mother Eve having S
made use of it we are inclined t)
think that that is because history is a
defective and not because the art
was not known in those days.
One of the earliest known forms
of personal embellishment is that of n
painting the face with bright colors. a
It is most probable that this origi. k
nated in a desire to instill fear into r
the hearts of one's enemies rather
than from motives of vanity, but
that which served to frighten men
seemed to attract the women, so it
gradually came about that warriors -
painted their faces even in times of f
Among the Fijians the first dress
of an infant is a thick layer of oil
paint all oyver the body, the face be.
ing painted red with the exception
of the nose, which is allowed to ro.
main in its original color-that is,
black. The well to do people divide 14
the face into four parts, each being
painted a different color.
Time brought a development of
the art of improving the appearance.
Glaring colors gave way tb more re
fined cosmetics and a more compli.
cated method of using them.
It became the custom to use cos
motics. Everybody used them-
kings, queens, rich women and poor
women, warriors-even the mum
mies were painted.
Later on, when Roman civilization
was at its height, the Egyptians still
claimed to hold their position as
chief makers and users of cosmetics,
and the Roman empresses paid largo
sums for the mysteries of the kos
metikon which were sold by the
charlatans of the temple of Isis.
In Nineveh people resorted to the
process of enameling the counto
nance. The face was first washed
and thoroughly dried, then covered
with a whitish paste, which dried
hard and shiny like enamel.
The Jews made great use of such
preparations for personal adorn:
ment, as we see by the second book
of Kings (ix, 30). The prophets also
speak on this subject and threaten
the punishment of heaven oin those
who th,s sought to improve the hu.
Although the Greek men thought
more of physical strength than of
artificial beauty, the women believ
ed in red and white powders, and
the poets go so far as to say that Ve
nus herself on one critical occasion
did not hesitate to have recourse to
During the time of the Cawsars the
use of cosmetics increased to an
alarming extent. The men were bad
Sas the women.
Phyllis, the maid of the beautiful
Sooma, actually wrote a treatise on
the most efficacious cosmetics.
The Germanic and Frank ladies of
the middle ages were noted for their
desire to have arms and hands of
ivory whiteness and cheeks of a rose
The English ladies of the twelfth
century chose to appear with pale
faces, to obtain which they had re
course to cosmetics and to cupping.
But the Florentine ladies excelled
even the Romans. They had 300
methods or preparations for the sim
ple purpose of hiding wrinkles-in
fact, the use of cosmetics reached
such a pitch that the priests thought
it necessary to pronounce against
Then the fashion changed, and ev.
erything was made white. Faces
were powdered, hair was powdered,
and both sexes seemed to vie with
each other as to which should use
the most. '
A later method of adornment was
the "patch." This was first used to 1
show up the delicacy of the com
plexion, but in a very short time it
had developed to such an extent that
there were at least 20 in common
use, with such names as "sympa
thetio patch," "love pato'" "ma.
jestio piatch," etc.
If in this generation cosmetics are
not so much usd as formerly, no
body will dispute that they still play
an important part in the toilet.
Berlin Nord and Sud.
Vinegar is fatal to many kinds of
bacteri&. We read that during the
great plague in London a couple
earned fabulous sumsin nursing the
wealthy, and that their own means
of defense was swathing the lower
part of the face with cloths dipped
in strong vinegar. Some ohe says,
"My grandmother used a gargle of
salt and pepper with vinegar for all
us children, and she didn't have to
go to a sanitary club to learn it."
True, no doubt, a timely though
utterly empirical use of that gargle
has saved many lives.a-St. Louis
"Jervis makes me tired, bragging
of his wife all the time as he does.
SHe says that all he is he owes to
"Do you call that bragging about
r her?"-Cincinnati Tribune. -
MUSIC OF ,THE FROGS.
The Operettas of the Swamps Are All Love
When the frog wishes to express
his joy, he b:rsts forth into song.
He lifts up his voice and makes the
woodland ring,. Only tho male frogs
sing. The females constitute the
audience, who sit in the front row
and enjoy the music, and it is the
speckled green frog who is the prime
soloist of the woods.
These oporottas only take place at
night, and the performance begins
about 8:30, after an overture by the
katydids and the early mosquitoes.
The frog, however, does not come
out upon the stage with a roll of
music in one hand end smug smirk
on his face. Neither does he proceed
to scatter sand upon the floor from
a cornucopia and preface his per.
formance with a song and dance,
after the manner of vaudeville art
He jumps right into the middle of
his song without even a preliminary
bow to the front row in the audience,
and after a succession of short, sharp
notes uttered in quick succession he
lots it go at that. Then he may re
ceive either an encore or be the ob.
jeetive point of antique oggs or bits
of stone from the hands of some of
his auditors, in which latter case he
makes a rapid dive beneati the wa
ters and is lost to sight.
Who has not heard the sweet mu
sical strains of a speckled frog ring
ing out on the calm evening air, im
mediately succeeded by a "ker
chunk" as he disappears beneath
the wave? That happens when his
song fails to meet with approbation.
There are always other frogs about
when these songs are sung. Most of
them are feiiales; otherwise there
would be no song, foi a male frog
singing to his fellows would not be
allowed to get much further than
the first two bars.
Stories have been told of a frog in
the darkness who, seeing others of
his kind whom he took for ladies,
burst forth into loud melodious notes
of joy and was suddenly cut short in
his musical career by a shower of
missiles from indignant male frogs
whose meditations he had disturbed.
This only happens to the young
bucks of the frog tribe, for the older
heads are too shrewd to make fools
of themselves when there are any
other thani female frogs about.
One of the extraordinary things
about frog music is the fact that the
frog keeps his mouth closed when he
is singing. It will therefore be seen
that it would be useless to tell him
to "shut up." He can sing through
his skin. Hb is provided with a pair
of resonant chambers like drums,
and he makes his music by snapping
his muscles against these distended
membranes. Then he can breathe
through his skin and supply all the
wind that isnecessary without open
ing his mouth. Handel, in his "Is
rael In Egyp t," has imitated in .a
passage of the oratorio the motions
and leapings of the frogs.
A French scientist, after long lis
tening in the woods, has made out
and reduced to writing the song of
the frog, or "swamp music," as he
calls it, and has discovered that the
frog repertory is varied and exten.
sive. Frogs can carry on conversa
tion at long distances and can com
municate to each other emotions of
fear or hunger. Their songs, Ifow
ever, are all love songs, and, as has
been said, are only indulged in when
there are female frogs about. It is
then that the frog distends his drums
to their, utmost, throwing his head
well back and his logs far apartand
raising his voice,as it is called,to the
very highest pitch of the musical
scale. A big, old, green frog can
thus make himsblf heard for a dis.
tance of more than two miles, and
the French savant who has, studied
the subject says that the females are
by this performance thrown into co
stasiqs of delight.
The song of the froghas thus been
registered by the French savant:
"Brekeke.-brekeke, kreketel Kpte
too-oo-oo I Breketel Breketel Bre
kete, kwrr, brekete, too-eeol" This
closely resembles the famous cry of
the talecollege students, taken from
the frog song of the Aristophanes,
and which is heard at every football
match. It is supposed to express
frog joy of the uttermost.-Soience
Did as He Was Told.
An old doctor, whose memory was
beginning to fail him, was canlled in
to see a young man who was ill. On
arriving at the house he found his
patient in bed withatothing themat
ter with him but a slight cold. After
prescribing the usual remedies he
"Now, my dear sir, you must stay
in bed till I come againe"
He went away and forgot all about
his patient. The time flew by. One
day the M. D. came across the young
man's motherinthestreet. Thesight
of Mrs. H -- brought his patientto
his mind, and with a start he said:
"By the bye, how is your son get
To his amazement Mris. H---- re.
plied that he was still in bed, obedi
ent tohis commands. He hadbees
there three weeks!--New York Dia
Her R -Ilgion and Her Morals and Leasou i
#rop Her Life.
M. i. Mangasarian, in his le:'
ture on " Georgo Eliot's Roligion a, ..
"George Eliot achieved true ini
mortality-the victory over oblivicn
-through the power of genius and
goodness. She not only won the ad
miration of the generation in whi:.'i
she lived, but she also conquered tihi
futuro. (eorge Eliot has more rend.
ers today in England and Amerie.t
than when she lived in the flesh and
was seen walking about London.
The only thing that is -eternally
young is genius. If she were living
now, few would'hesitate to pronounce
her the greatest woman writer of
the day. George Eliot is a moral
artist, an ethical teacher, in a sens.'
in which Sir Walter Scott or Dick
ens was not. She brings to her task
an uncompromising earnestness; ev
ery pago of her writings is saturated
with an almost unrelaxing serious
noss. To demonstrate the eternal
laws of conduct which inclose and
environ man's existence is the bur
den of her books.
".The two marriages of George El.
iot have elicited much criticism,
friendly and unfriendly. I have
heard it said George Eliot herself re
gretted in after years the influence
her example exerted upon others.
There was in this acot of hers an ap.
parent disrespect and indifference to
existing institutions. The question
of the relation of the sexes is steadi
ly moving to the front. In Europe
and America there are writers who
think it is the crucial question of the
day. I.do not believe George Eliot
ever violated the spirit of her high
teaching on the subject of marriiige.
"George Eliot is a philosopher
novelist, teaching the meaning of
life through the channels of fiction.
There is in her, as there was in
Thomas Carlyle, a lurking sadness,
a melanchdia. While reading her
pages I have said to myself, 'Shelas
dipped hcr'pen in tears.' The story
of her religious evolution proves
that to know the truth was her only
desire, to cling to error was her only
fear. At an early age she found her,
self slipping from the dogmatio
Christiinily of.the day, but if she
stopped going to church she never
ceased to be religious. The first ,
Conditiqu of humqn goodness ii
something to love, the second some
thing to reverence. Can there be a
better definition of ethical religion?
Religion to her meant something
else besides doctrines and notions;
it meant the free and diligent exer
tion of the intellect, the hunger and
the thirst after righteousness. This
breach wilh the creed of her youth
never creantcd bitterness in her s~~l,
for she says, 'It is possible, thank
heaven, to have very erroneous the
ories and very sublime, feelings.'
No other writer has utered more
eloquently the supremacy of the
deed over the creed. She is the mod
The gecko is an odd little creaturea
His name is seldom heard, and his
form is seldom seen, for ' h lives in
warmer climates than this Hi.s
home is in Africa and the souther.
countries of Europe.
This little gecko has so many
strange ways and there is something
so uncaliny in his appearance that
the people of the countries where
he lives are rather afraid of him, be
lieving his bite to be poisonous, al
though this is dienied by naturalists.
He is a littleo creature,with a broad,
fiat head, like a $nake, and a long
body, with a narrow tail, with od&.
shaped bits of slan arraiged lik
scallops along the sides of it. He
has short legs and queer, eatlike
claws, which enable him to easily
climb the old walls and rooks upon
which he lives, catching the insect.
of various sorts which makehis din- -
He is a nocturnal animal, walking
abroad at night and sleeping in the
daytime. He moves with sudden
rushes and without any noise what
ever. His odd name was given him
from the queer noise he makes
which is something like the noise
you would make to start a horse
with. The male goeko is of a gray
color, so near the shade of the ed . -
walls and rocks among which he
makes his home that he can barely
be seen.-St. Lounis Post-Dispatch.
Professor Goodman of the York
shire college, writing on thiasubject,
says that it is a mistake to ~ippose
that stone stairs are safer t·an wood
en ones in case of flre. Stone is of
ten the first material to ~ll in ease of
fire. As soon as the fire begins to
play upon the thin slabp of stone,
such as are used for stairs, they col
lapse with a crash. His opinion is
Sthat iron or steel stairs, incased in
eokle breeze orbroken brick concrete,
Smakes by far the safest staireas4 so
Sfar as the fire risk is concerned.
Popea, one of the wives of Nero,
used to take with her a troop of 50
asses so tihat she eouald-enjoy the
· Igxury of a bath in asses' milk,
which was supposed to have the
property of making the skin tepder.