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DAILY NATIONAL WHIG.
WEDNESDAY EVENING, JULY 28. 1847. FOR PRESIDENT, ZACHARY TAYLOR. Or LOUISIANA, telegraphic. Richmond, July 28, 8 a. m. The New Orleans papers of ihe 21st are at hand. The Steamer Day had arrived from Vera Cruz. No news from Gen. Scott. Gen. Taylor was at Walnut Springs, and Qen. Wool at Buena Vista. Urrea was at Victoria at last dates. Valen cia was at San Louis Potosi with9000 regulars on bis way to the Capitol to join Santa Ana to resist General Scott. Every thing looked WW to the knife so far as heard from. Od* Tyns or Clinch is the issue now in GeorgU *ys a Democratic paper in that giate. True, and the Whigs intend to drive ft home and clinch it! 03-The Steubenville Herald, speakiDg of the Trenton Taylor letter, calls for a "little more grape" of the "same son" for the Demo crats. Mercy; friend Herald,?pursue not a flying foe! Q?- The Nashville Orthopolitan asks whether it is right to examine the acts of public men 1 Every public man in the Union says, Yes, except Mr. Polk, who agrees, that it is perfect ly right?if he is excepted ! ftf-The Editor of the Washington Union says, that he has no idea how far he has ad vanced in the maximum of profitable occupa tions. Fortunate public man! Unfortunate public Treasury! ! 03* We have no blows for our friends"? says the Editors of the Cincinnati Gazette. II this be so, are we to consider ourself your friend, after that article of yours in the Gazette or the 7ih instant, against the National Whig, and in favor of a Democrotic opponent whom "we had handled without mittens? " As President, I know no party"?said Mr. Polk when he was in New York. Out of Itoeive Generals whom he has uken from the walks ot civil life, not one is a Whig !! The Pensacola Live Oak considers Mr. Westcott to be an "erratic star." Mr. West" cott ought to be very thankful for this acknowl edgement of his quondom Democratic friend? for it is something to be a tlar even if it be an erratic one! A Democratic Editor somewhere in the North has been inditing verses. Here is a stanza from his Democratic muse. All hail to the land where freedom was born, All hail to the land where daddy hoed corn, He stuck'd the hoc into the ground, Pulled it out and no corn he found. 'It is suggested, that, as all the Democrats ?who have served under Taylor have returned Taylor Whigs, Mr. Polk would do welt to send them ail hereafter to Scott, and none but Whigs to Old Zacb. The better plan would be, we think, for the President to send none but Democrats to Mexico. In that event, nei ther Taylor nor Scott would have any chance to win battles or popularity. Bryan Mullanphy, Mayor of' St. Louis, re moved lrom the night watch an officer by the name of Kick, wherupon Mr. Kick kickcd his worship very severely?through the public press! Lt. Slaughter of the 2nd Tennessee Regi ment is out against (Jen. Pillow and takes another handful of feathers out of his ticking. The General will not have a feather left, if his opponents continue picking at him in this way. Mb. Pettit.-?This opponent of public pray er in Legislative Halls at the public expense has met with an accident which will confine him to his bed for several weeks. While riding in a Buggy near West Point, Indiana, a few days ago, the horse took fright, ran away, threw over the buggy, tossed Mr. P. out? and his leg was broken by the fall. Miss Pardoc's Louis XIV and the Court of France has also reached a second part, which is issued by the Harpers almost before any one had found lime to read the other. The Lon don Athenaum says: "The reign of Louis XIV may be said lo include all that was interesting in the seven teenth century.?Frederic the Great, in sober earnestness, declared that the ?'petticoat his tory of the seventeenth century remained to be written." We rejoice thai the task has been undertaken by a lady ; since to a feminine mind alone could the mysterious motive and agencies engaged be at all intelligible." Very Good.?A gentleman residing at the west part of ihe city, says the Boston Times, who had been very much annoyed by peddlers, had placed upon his door the following notice. " Peddlers and Thieves are requested not lo ring the bell, as the occupant of this house de clines dealing with them. Royal Bank of Piety ?The following is the substance of a document which has been, for tome years, posted in the Catholic Churches Of Madrid: " The sacred and royal bank of piety has, since its foundation in 1721, to November, 1826, delivered from purgatory 1,039,395 souls, and 11,402 souls from November, 1826 to No rember, 1827." The entire sum expended for this object amounts to more than foily-three millions of francs. The number of masses said to accomplish this work of piety has been 558,821. Consequently each soul has cost be tween eight and nine-tenths of a mass, and thirty-eight francs. The Washington steamship, now on its way from Bremen Tor New York, has on board a considerable number of Poor Sisters of the Schools, from Germany. These religious, who are full of zeal, and of the true spirit ol their self denying and lowly vocation,are bound V" for the German colony of St. Mary's Penn., where it is their intention to form a mother r house of their congregation, under the special direction of the Father Redemptionists. Earth is eaten as bread in several parts of the world. Near Moscow, a hill furnishes earth of this description, which will ferment, when !~*d with flour." A HAIL ROAD FROM WASHINGTON TO PARKERSBURGH. "We are decidedly of the opinion, that not only tbe interest* of Ohio, but the whole West demand that tbe contemplated Railroad should come to Par* Iter, burg or Fishing creek, on the Ohio river, thence through Chillico'he and Cincinnati to St. Louia. Let the frienila of the route be timtljf and fully awake to this truly great publi>' matter. [Hillsborough, Ohio New*. The most labored and at the same time tbe most unsuccessful argument which we remem ber ever to have read, is that used by the Com mittee of the Bait. fc. Ohio R, R. Co. to prove that the best aud cheapest route for them to reach the Ohio River with their road is that by the way of Fish Creek to Wheeling. It amounts to an attempt lo show, that the cost of constructing a Railway to Parkersburg is less than that of buil ling it to Wheeling by way of Fish Creek, and that the Ohio river is as navigable to Wheeling as it is to Parkers burg in low water. This is very much like striving to demonstrate that four is less than two, and that the sources of a stream are as deep as its middle course, but we leave our neighbors to the satisfaction they can derive from such arguments, knowing that their de< termination to go to Wheeling has been taken to avoid the worse alternative,?their goiug to Pittsburg. If the route to Parkersburg were open to them, we should hear no more of Fish Creek and Wheeliug aud the route through (he rich country from VVheeling to Zanesville. The arguments by which Mr. President Mc Lane has always sustained the superior ad vantages of the Parkersburg route remain un answered. He has not yielded them, but has only given in to the decision of tbe majority. The Hillsborough News, in tbe above extract from its last number, speaks the sentiments of every unprejudiced man. The interests of the whole West do require that it should be con nected with the East by a rail road passing through Parkersburg, but it is by no means necessary that Baltimore should be the eastern terminus of that road. There is another point of termination offering far superior advantages to any place on the seaboard and that point is, the three cities of the Potomac or the Trinopo lis of the United States. Not only are Wash ington, Alexandria and Georgetown the best termini of such a road, but the route thence to Parkersburg is cheaper than that from any other point and is through a richer country.? It would cost no more to build a road from the Trinopolis to Parkersburg than it would to build it from Cumberland to Parkersburg.? Virginia, always jealousof foreign corporations has it now in her power to redeem her domain, by the erection of this road, from their occupa tion. That she will seize the opportunity to grant to foreign capital, within her own limits and under her own laws, the privilege of building this road, we are fully persuaded.? Nay, her past course in relation to the Bait. & Ohio Co., assures us that such would be her policy. And not only would she grant cor porate powers to a company for the construction of this road, but we believe she would become herself interested in it to the amount of two fifths of the capital required. We have been informed that it only needs a determined move ment in favor of the work to secure the aid of the State. We are glad to know that capitalists have already taken the initiative in this grand move ment, and in a few days we hope to be able to present to our readers some definite information of their action. Meanwhile we call upon the people of Virginia and Ohio to take the subject into seriou? consideration, and to agitate it with earnestness, for we can assure them that it is within the range of probability that a railway from Washington, Alexandria, and George town may pierce the valley of the Ohio long before the Baltimoreans can get their track to Wheeling. On another occasion, we shall en deavor to show the probable line of the work uow on the tapis. NEWS &.c. BY THE MAILS. On Sunday last, one of the pleasure steam boats of Baltimore burst its boiler, and scalded seven persons very badly. Yesterday the companies of Cnpts. Degges, Dolan, and Taylor, sailed from Baltimore for Vera Cruz, in the ship Napier. Adams and Co.'s Express receives goods from Europe, in New York and Boston, pays the duties upon them, and sends them to any part of the United States. In the last six months, the Erie caml brought to Albany one million barrels of flour more than in the same time in 1846, and one and three-quarter millions of bushels more of Indian corn than in all 1846. Joseph H.Towne, late pastor of the Church of Christ in Leyden Chapel, Boston, has ac cepted the call of the Four-and-a-half street Presbyterian Church of this city. Mrs. George Horn, of Burlington, N. J., presented her husband last Saturday morning with three fine babies. Joseph R. Ingersoll is to deliver an address at Athens University, Georgia, the first week in next month. A brute by the name of Schonebcrger killed his wife on Sunday last, in Richmond. He murdered his brother-in law a year ago. The English Engineers insist, that a breaks man lo every car would enable the conductor to stop iustantly, a train moving 30 miles the hour, when danger threatened. A Lunatic Asylum has Iteen founded in Fulton, Calloway co., Missouri?that county having offered a bonus of $14,000 for its esta* blishment I here by law. In the early part ol? this month a lady, ac companied by her three little children, fell overboard from a steamboat at Boon vilie. Mo., and was drowned. The Canal fiom Lynchburg, Virginia, to the mouth of North river, is under contract. Mrs. Howe, the poetess, has been acting in Cincinnati. Dr. Gibson, of Baltimore, has succeeded in | tying MP the femoral artery in a case of aneu 1 rism. Mr. Joseph Battle, a planter in EJgecomb j county, N. C., was killed a few days ago by one of his slaves, who set. upon him with a hoe. In Dalion, Geogia, fine beef 2 to 3 cts. per pound; chickens 5 to 6 cents a piece; corn 30 cents a bushel; wheat 50 cents; butter 8 to 10 cents a pound; and Irish potatoes and onions, I almost nothing. | John T. Hughes, who ?u with Colonel ( Doniphan, propose* to wfiie and publish the memorabilia of the expedition. On the 14th inst., Colonel Hardin'a remains were interred at Jacksonville, Illinois. A Mr. Martin was killed by the discharge of a gun, at Prairie du Cbien, on the 23d inst., while holding the muzzle in his mouth. The small-pox, in Springfield, Ohio, has abated, at last dates. Flour at Cincinnati, last dates, was down to $3 50. One heavy dealer bad been ruined, and in his fall he carried over other houses. Forty four barrels of turpentine were brought down the St. Mark's river on the 17th instant, ?the first product of the kind from Middle Florida. The ISew Orleans Bulletin does not believe that Dr. Hawks will accept the presidency of William and Mary College. The brave Colonel Stewart, a minister of the Church Militant, will probably be the Rough and Ready candidate lor Congress Irom Havmonson's district in Louisiana. The Massillon Ohio Telegraph asserts that the wheat crop of the Northwestern free States will exceed in yield any crop of the last four years. A. B. Lynch, a sister of charity.died in New Orleans on the 18th instant, aged 24 years. There has been a great Taylor meeting in Greenville, Tenn., to nomiuale the Old Hero for President. The Knoxville Tribune of the 21 inst., says, that " all's right,"?that Neil Brown will leave Aaron out of sight. They are going to raise grapes in South Alabama. 1 lie Stale Bank of Alabama has collected of its debts, in the last six months, over one million of dollars. The barque Exact from New York, for Sa vannah, laden with goods went ashore iu Cala bogue Sound, on th<? 21st instant?cargo dam agpd. Governor Crawford, of Georgia, calls for another battalion of mounted men to fight Mr. Polk's Mexican war?now become the coun try's war. Only four deaths in Mobile the week ending the I7th instant. H. S. Kane, dem., has been chosen in the Senatorial Virginia district, in place of Mc Mullen elected to Congress. The public Schools of New Orleans have 1,900 pupils. Col. Hunt has been definitively ordered from New Orleans to this city. Two vessels came together iu the river be low New Orleans on the night of the 17th inst. and killed two men. A man fell dead in New Orleans on the 19th instant, while in the act of raising a glass of wine to his lips. Flour is $4 25 in Detroit. Dr. Richard Randolph, of Macon, Georgia, is dead. The line will speedily be opentd between London and Edinburgh, the whole way, and express locomotives will make the distance in 13 hours! It is thought that the steam ship Washing ton did not leave Southampton before the 15th instant. Mr. Morgan, of New York, has lelt $15,000 to the New York Washington Monument So ciety. President Polk's visit to New York cost the city $4,000. The French steamer Union left New York for Cherbourg on the 24th inst. Eleven hundred and eighty-eight immigrants reported themselves at the mayor's office, New York, on Monday! The heavy rain storm of Monday evening in this city extended northward and southward lor many hundred miles. The route from Raleigh to Camden is to be surveyed forthwith for a railroad. Gov. Whitcomb, of Indiana, has buried hh wife, recently dead, at Circleville, Ohio. A water snake with a head as big as a horse's, was recently discovered in a stream uear Clermont, Ohio 11 Edward Bates, president of the late Chicago Convention is a native of Goochland county, Virginia. Mr. Thorn, British consul at Ning po, in China, and the translator of Esop's fables into Chinese, is dead. The Chinese who are in New York think that the women in the United States are " muchee plentee and muchee lalkee!" Judge Caruthers, of Tennessee, has resigned. A rascal, by the name of Williamson, has been arrested in Virgiuia, fur trying to kidnap two negroes. Flour in New York yesterday $5 50. There is no truth in the tumor of a rebellion by the Mormons in California. Captain Watkins who raised one of the com panies of the regiment under the command of Col. Hughes, has resigned, because Governor Pratt would not make him major of the regi ment. Tne lightning has been destructive in Penn sylvania. Flour in Pittsburg is $4. United States 6 per cents, are falling. They are now $I05|. We have advices from Chihuahua ten days after Col. Doniphan left. All was going on smoothly. PROMISES FOR.THE AFFLICTED. All things work together for good, to the ti thai love God. Rom viii. 28. The eternal God is thy refuge, and un derneath are the everlasting arms. Deut. xxxiii. 28. Our light affliction, which is but for a rnomenl, worketh for us a far more excee ding and eternal weight of glory. 2 Cor. iv. 17. If so be that we suffer with him, that we mry be, also, glorified together. Rom. viii. 17. We glory in tribulations, also knowing that tribulation worketh patience and pa tince experience, and experience hope.? Rom. v. 3. My grace is sufficient for thee, for my strength is made perfect in weakness. 2 , Cor. xti. 9. When my father and my mother forsake me, then the Lord will take me up. Pi. xx : vii. 10. Precious in the sight of the LcrJ ii the i death of his Mints. Ps. cxvi. 15. THE RIO GRANDE NEWS. Our advices from Brazos is to the 15ih inst. The Rio Grande haa again become navigable. The Camp of Instruction at Mier was rapidly filling up. The Reynosa people were alarmed at a threatened attack of Urrea upon them, and a company of our troopa had been landed to protect the town. Several bodies of ihe enemy had been seen on the banks of the river; their object is, doubtless, to waylay our trains. A gang of robbers, headed by an American, has been broken up by the American forces. Cara vajal was also hovering about Matamoros Company B, of the I3?h inf., (all Virginian,,,) commanded by Lieut. Clutter, had reached Mier, all well. Col. Hays, at San Antonio, was recruiting his new regiment at last dales very slowly. A Mexican near Matamoros had been laziated, or caught with a noose thrown around his neck, and choked to death by our people: he was engaged in preparing to stum ftde or run off some of our horses. The story about a Massachusetts man having stabbed a Mexican woman, is false, the woman Laving been killed by her husband, in a lit of jealousy! The Mexican magistracy in Matamoros has all been suspended, and American justices ol the peace appointed. The 10th regiment, under Colonel Temple, occupies Matamoros. 1 turns out that Gen. Cushing was really walking with a Mexican Senorita, when he fell and broke his leg ! Only three soldiers died ai Matamoros in all the month of June. No news from Gen. Taylor. OUR ARMY IN MEXICO. We are indebied to a genileman recently from Vera Cruz, says the New Orleans Pica yune of the 20ih instant, for some accurate and interesting information relative to the po sition, number and movements of the army ? Our informant was attached to the service, is an intelligent officer, and enj? yed abundant op portunities of obtaining correct and reliable siatements. He tells us that when he left V. Cruz, on the 9th instant, General Pierce was in command of fully 4,000 men, who were en camped upon the beach. Information having been received that the guerillas had taken pos session of the National Bridge, and had mus tered about 1,500 men. General Pierce had determined, as a preliminary step, to clear the J bridge, and disperse and defeat its occupants | For this purpose he intended, on the 10th in stant, to detail a large force, consisting of 2,000 men, and send them forward to seize and hold the bridge In order that they might not be en cumbered or embarrassed, aud might proceed at once to the object of the expedition, the sol diers were directed to take with them nations for ten days only. Captain Duperu's company of dragoons was to act as the advance guard As soon as the troops should reach the bridge they were to encamp there and await the arri val of General Pierce, and the remainder of the reinforcements. The Utter was making active preparations for his departure. Four hundred waggons were nearly in readiness at the time our informant left. The train of which General Pierce's forces were to form thtfescori, will, it is believed, be the largest and most val uable yet despatched from Vera Cruz; and hence, the Commander has acted wisely and prudently in sending forwards strong ad vance, to clear the toad and enable him to move for ward without interruption. It is probable, in deed, that by this time. Gen. Pierce has joined the advance, and that the whole body of 4,000 men is now in full march to Puebla. The entire number of American soldiers be tween Vera Cruz and the City of Mexico is ess timated at from fifteen to sixteen thousand men About the last of June, General Scott had with him a force of 8,500. The detachment under General Cadwallader numbered a little over 1500, when it left Vera Cruz, and must have entered Puebla in the early part of July. Gen, Pillow was in command of 2,500 men, and at the last accounts was pushing forward as rap idly as circumstances would permit. Lastly, we have General Pierce with 4,000 men, who will probably join the main army in the course of the present month. To sum up? Troops at Puebla, 8,*500 Cadwallader's detachment, 1,500 Pillows's do 2,500 Pierce's do 4,000 16,500 LATER FROM CHINA By the arrival at New York of the sliip Sea Witch, from Canton, advices to the 2d of May have been received. The Sea Witch has made a fine passage, having left Canton on the third of May, reached An gier in nineteen days and made the run from Angier to New York in sixty-two days The latest paper brought is the Chinn Mail of April 29th, which supplies no news in addition to what we had by the way of England. It says that the same privileges and advantages are secured to the French as to the English, by the new arrangement made between Keying and Sir John Davis; but there was nothing of this in the Chi nese papers we received from England.? It was said that Sir John Davis would pro ceed to Cochin Criaa in H. M. steam fri gate Vultute, Capt. Macdougal, on a mis sion of peace. His object was to enter in to friendly relations, aud if possible to open a direct trade with Canton. . Should he be successful, Hong Kong may be benefitted in no small degree; but it is to be feared that the news of his Canton exploit will travel before him, and the Government may feel some alarm from the hero of the Bogne. We are favored, says the N. Y. Com mercial Advertiser, with the following ex tracts from a letter, dated Canton, April 25, 1847. One important point settled, (one which may be very important in its resnlts) was that of foreigners going into the city of Canton. The day tixed upon is the 6th of April, 1849. There is nothing which the people of Canton have resisted with greater determination than this, and they slill assert with the greatest violence that this shall never be carried out. This is the great Usi, whether the exclusive policy of China, (a lea?t so far as this city it concerned) is real ly to be broken up?and, if nothing hap pens beforehand, we shall see what the 6ih of April, lk49, will bring forth. We have yet to learn ? hat effect the late movement will have upon the Court of Pekin, The populace here are greatly enraged, and threaten all sorts of vengeance for the gross insults of the British ; but while theii Government is opposed to them, they will not be able to do anything very serious One of tha evils to be apprehended from the late expedition ia, that the Chineae Government will lose confidence in the English. The Chinese are so treacherous themselves, that they suspect the same in others; and they now think that England has designs of great eucjroachment, and that she intends to take possession of Canton, and other ports of China, as she has done in India. It is useless to speculate upon future events in China, for no one can tell what will take place; but I think there can be but little doubt that the whole political and religious system of Ihe Chinese must sron crumble to pieces?but whether this will uke place gradually and happily, or in tre mendous convulsions, time only will show. But the sooner that this system (based upon paganism as it is) is destroyed, the better better at least for the millions who are to come after. The Chinese, generally, are under the impression that dark clouds are hovering all round the horizon, and they have some vague idea that dreadful evils are to happen To the Editor of the National fVhig. OUR NATIONAL METROPOLIS. , Mr. Editor?The site of this city was se lected by the Immortal Washington for a varies ty oi reasons, among which stand pre-eminent, its position, which is nearly upon the greai dividing line of the Northern and Southern Slates, and the circumstance that on the spot, where our Capitol is erected, burned from time immemorial the Council Fires of the In dian Nations, who formerly were so powerful in this section of our country. For the same reasons, we ought to retain, where it now i?, our Seat of Government. But besides the proofs to be found in the history of the past in favor of the locality oi our city, we can now point to our massive public edifices, to the Congressional Cemetery with its Cenotaphs of the Mighty Dead, &c. Indeed nearly all we have lo boast of, and to establish our Nationality, are comprised in the associations immediately connected with this city?Mount Vernon?The Monument about to be erected to the memory of Wash ington, the Equestrian Statue of Jackson with its Rock of one thousand tons, the Corner Stone of the Capitol, and that of the Presi dent's House, laid as they both were by the hands of Washington, may be urged as afford ing strong and unanswerable arguments why the Capitol of our Model Republic should never be changed. The downfall of the Ro man Empire may be said to bear date from the hour when the Romans decided to remove their Seat of Government from Rome to By zantium. Let us profit by the examples of the past and avoid doing anything that may however remotely affect the perpetuity of our sacted Union. ?)_ To the Editor of the JVational Whig. WASHINGTON MONUMENT. We are pleased to learn that the Board of Managers of the Washington National Monu ment Society, have determined to commence the proposed Monument in this City, as soon as a Site which they have long desired, can be obtained from Congress. The design, a verv magnificent one, which has been adopted, will cost when completed, near $300,000. The obolisque which constitutes a part of it can however, be raised 250 leet high for little more than the amount now in hand; but these funds are inadequate to c.omplete the Monument as designed, and the Doard have thought it expedient to resume the collections, and lor that purpose have appointed Mr. Whittlesey, the General Agent of the Society. than whom, no more assidious and efScien man could have been selected. The Monu ment is intended to be National, and to be erected by the people of the United States, and it is hoped that their pride as well as gratitude, will make it worthy of them, and the illustri ous patriot to whose memory it is to be reared As Washington stands "proudly eminent" in history, let his monument be equally unique and magnificent. It is in their power, by small contributions from each, to make it so, and we hope it will be commenced in a style of magniScence that will render it, when com pleted, the admiration of the world. W. Difficulty. A possibility with an obsta cle. . 1 CITY AFFAIRS. THE LANTERN ON THE CAPITOL. Mr. Crutchett's work of enlightenment ai ihe Capitol goes on bravely, so f.tr as prelimi nary matters are concerned. It appeared to us, on Saturday last, that the lubes intended to convey the fluid lo tiie different parts of the building are put up, and the metal chambei for the preservation of the gas is ready to be placed in the excavation made to receive it. Among other things, our attention was parti cularly drawn to the timber intended to suppoit the lantern, above the dome; and certainly n prettier stick never left the forest: ninety-two feet in length, and as straight as an arrow, thi. beautiful specimen of our country's growth promises lo bear the lantern aloft, and cause its light to be seen far and near. We do noi pretend to be sufficiently skilled iu mechanical matters to venture a judgment in the premises; but one or two things struck us very forcibly, during our examination, which we may tx permitted to mention. As at present arranged, the gas tubes are placed ia a groove on one side of the mast, and are covered by a piece of thin plank, nailed to the main piece ol timber. Now the question suggests itself whether this groove, on one side, will not wi-aken the mast materially, and cause it lo warp. Might not the mast have been bored through its centre, so as to afford ample ac commodation for the tubes, and much more ? If practicable, this boring would have had many good effects. It would have lightened the mast to Ihe extent of a half, or at least a i third, of its weight, withoul weakening it iu the slightest degree; a3 it is a well ascertained fact that a lube is stronger than a solid rod ol equal diameter. In the second place, it would have concealed the lubes, and given ventilation | to the inside ol the timber ; thus preventing it: being injured by rot. Of these good effects lh< first named may probably be regarded as thi : most important. Without the means of mea i suring the t'xact cubic contents of the timbei , we cm form no accurate estimate; but w confess that doubts occurred to u? whether any fixture upon the dome can be so arranged as to sustain its specific gravity. Admitting, however, that the dome is sufficiently strong for this purpose; is there no doubt whether so heavy a piece of wood (having once swerved, from any cause, from its peipendicularity) can be prevented from falling, by any braces that can be applied, under existing circumstances. It will be borne in mind that the timber is ninety two feet long, and that a lantern, weigh ing perhaps half a ton, is to be fixed on the upper end. The mast itself is, we would sup pose, twelve or fourteen inches in diameter, presenting in us whole length eighty or ninety feel of surface to the wind ; and we imagine that the huge lantern will present a surface of a very considerable extent. Now we will sup pose thai " an old-fashioned northwester" (as il is called) should come along, as frequently occurs, particularly in the month of March, and what would be the consequence? We may be told that the side braces passing from I ihe lantern or top of the mast to the dome, 1 will resist the pressure. We doubt il. In ihe I first place, the angle at which the brace would draw would be not more than forty degrees? ihe entire diameter of the rotunda being only one hundred feet, or thereabout. The leverage, including the lantern, will be about ninety feet, acting on a fulcrum al the lower end, inside of the sash of the dome. To resist the power of this vast lever, we shall have braces connected at the lower end with ihe roof of the dome; orf if you please, with the maaonry lower down. The reader will bear in mind that the biaces cannot act at right angles to the lever? the action being oblique, say at an angle of 40 degrees instead of 90 degrees. Now let us advert to the strength of the dome, which must of necessity be comparatively small, inasmuch as the great desideratum in its construction was to make it as light as possible. Under such circumstances, is it to be presumed that the roofing of the dome will be sufficiently strong lo resist the upward traction of the braces? We think not. Suppose, then, that recourse be had to the masonry below: What power is there to keep this masonry in place, other than its own specific gravity ? None, that we know of. Is the weight, then, of the masonry to which the braces will be attached, a suffi cient counter-agent, unless connections be formed with the lower pari of the building? We think not. It must not be imagined that we are in the slightest degree opposed to Mr. Crutcheti's scheme. On the contrary, he has our very best wishes fur success; and no one will rejoice more than we at seeing him succeed. " Give us but light," is our motto?physically, intel lectually, and morally ; but the fears here sug gested occurred to us, and, as in duly bound, we have expressed them. Should the thing succeed, it will be a magnificent affair; but should our misgivings prove well founded, the w >y thnt there stick, lantern and all, will come duwn, some day, will be a caution to travel li ra. As a man said to us the other day? " li's bound to make a hole somewhere," ami " stand from under," will be the word. Thert is one good thing about it: If the roof of thi dome should be destroyed, there, will be a good j .b for some honest fellows, and a long one too. MAYOR'S ANKUAL MESSAGE. We insert i'or the information of our readers ihe following prominent features of ihe M-s ' .age ol his Honor, Mayor Sealon, the docu ment itself being too voluminous for insertion i at this time. Il appears that the whole number if build , ings in the city is 5765, making, if we allow ' (j to each house, an entire population ol 34,500 nearly double the census ol' 1?30. The amount ol property in ihe city belong ing to the Governnicnt and consequenlly not subject to taxation, i.-*7,622,879. His Honor ....iiim cs as his opinion that the National Govetn.neat will ere long contribute its fair proportion to the improvement of ihe Metropolis?turns rerroils. The assessment of the present year shews an increase of $400,"00 making a total of $12,303,500 the tax on which is $92,277 which addid to the general fun I from licenses makes the total revenues $122,2/7. All the debts outstanding, from excessive appropriations during the two previous years have been paid off, aod there is a balance in the Treasury of $9,000. The amount of appropriations in ihe various wards for works not executed is $10,591. The amount of the funded debt on the 1st of July last was $821,140. There was an increase of receipts in ihe Treasury last year over the previous of $23, 000. A graduation in ihe amount charged for li censes is recommended. The sum total of inmates of the Washington Asylum was 196, of whom 50 were non resi dents, 127 were discharged and 20 died, leaving a balance of 49 iu the establishment on the 30th of June last. A provision for what are called "out door" poor is recommended. 'l'he number of persons in the Penitentiary during the year ending on the 30ih of June 1847, was 350. of whom 309 served out their time, eloped or deceased, leaving 41 in the house at the above date. The total expense for the year was $8,928. His Honor submits the propriety of contrib* uting to ihe support of the City Hospital. The receipts on ihe western section of the cily canal during ihe last year increased nearly one fourth over those of the preceding. A re duction is recoinmeuded in ihe widih of the canal between 6?h and 15ih streets. The irou bridge on Maryland avenue is said to have stood ihe tests to which it has been subjected. The engines and lire apparatus are reported in good order, the appropriation of $1505 for new hose having proved sufficient. Reference is made to ihe Mayor's late com munication asking assistance to enable lh? . Commissioner of Public Buildings to complett ihe repairs of the long bridge. A committee reported favorably on the pro priety ol purchasing the bridges over the East : ern Branch with a view lo make them free 1 but it was deemed proper to postpone definin ' action in the matter until ihe next session. ' I The action of llie Mayor and Committee it regard to amendments proposed 10 the City Cbarter.'ii aet forth. Favorable mention is made of public educa tioa. The number of pajr scholars has been touud insufficient to defray the expenses of thfe system, it is supp ?ed the Trustees will uulte a report soon suggesting certain improvement by which the system will be made effectual IVathingion Bible Society ?The "Proceed nigs of the Eleventh Anniversary Meeting of the Bible Society qf JFiuhington City," &.c.,a copy of which haa been laid upon our Utile, furnish many interesting details in regard to the operations of this useful association. It is ~ to the Bible alone that we can look for ade quate consolation amid the ills that flesh h heir to; and it were well for us, Hfdsed, as a peopfe, if its benign consolations were shed upon every domestic circle in the country. Human phi losophy, however refined and exalted, is insuf ficient to support us under the pressure of bereavement, or against the fiery attacks bf ~ passion. It is to (he precepts set forth in the Bible, only, that we can look with confidence for that comfoit the birth-place of wfcicH is heaven, and which ia to endure when this world and Us * transitory scenes shall have passed away. A system 4? in progress by which every family in the city, desirous of the blessing of having a supply of the Bible, ma>y possess it, through the instrumentality of the Society and sueh funds as may be contributed by 4hose whose means ban keep>pace with their benevolence. May heaven speed the caaafe, say we. ' i ' ? Long Baisos. The Council have given Dr. Douglaas $1,200 to finish the Long Bridge with. Strang*. A young man from Elkridge was arrested a few days ago on charge of steal ing a watch and other articles from a house which men ought not to visit. He gave b*il in his own check upon a Baltimore bank?>he being a rich man. The check baa not been paid, and the youth is out of precincts.. Commencement. Yesterday, the anndal commencement of Georgetown College took place, and the pupils did great honor to them selves. Mr. Polk was present, but did not, ws learn,deliver an address upon the employment of the Catholic clergy as spies in a foreign war. Mrs. Polk will return in a few days from Tennessee. Mr. Walkee has abolished the marker's ?of? fice and five inspectorships in the Philadelphia ' custom-house. If we would abolish his own office he would confer a benefit on the public. The Wkatheb. For the information of our friends abroad, we tell them that to-day and yesterday we hare been enjoying November weather. ~ ' Sale thta Day. ' I AUCTION SALES. By A- GREEN, Auctioneer. j VALUABLE HOUSES AND BUILDING L0T8 AT AUCTION-?On Monday, the | 26th instant, I shall sell, on the premises, comoMpic Ming at 6 o'clock, P. M., one good Two .Story FRAME HOU8E, with garret, amMbe Lot on which it stands; being Lot No. 19/in square 403, fronting 83 feet on 8th street, between I street and New York avenne, and running back, to a wide alley. There ia a good back building to' the hotpe, anil all conveniently arranged. Also, three Two6 Story Frame Houses, fronting on Massachusetts avenue, between 6 and 7th streets. The flag will designate the houses. Also, one Lot on 6th' street,' near the corns* of Massachusetts avenue, fronting 26 feet. Also, a Two Story Frame House and Lot, fronting on Msssschusette avenue, between 4th and 5ih streets, in square 616. The sale will commence on the first named property. Terms: one third eash; balance in six, nine, twelve, eighteen, and twenty-four months. A deed given and a deed of trust taken. Title indisputable. (Tj* The above sale is postponed in conseq lenco of the rain until Wednesday, the 38th inst?saiau' hour. A. GREEN, Auctioneer july 27?at MATCHES! MATCHES!?One hundred and fifty Grose of Golsh's and Donnelly's friction bes. Just received and for asle at manufactu rers prices, by E. WHEELER, < july 27?St Penn. are, near 7th street NOTICE.?The temporary partnership formed between myself and John V. Shields is this day dissolved. G. L. GILLCREST. July 27?at ?'?*>.? OTICE.?Mr. Jqsk V. Shiblds haa no further connexion with the National Whig. CHAS. W.FENTON. July 27?3t Proprietor. THE PLUMBE NATIONAL DAGUEERIAN GALLERY, Concert Halt, Penn. av., over Todd's Hat Store. TWO PATENTS QBAHTED CHDEE THE GREAT SEAL Of Till 17KITED STATES. AWARDED THE GOLD snd Silver Medals four first premiums, and two highest honors, st the National, the Massachusetts, the New York, and the Penneylvania exhibitions, for the most splen did colored Daguerreotypes and best apparatus. Cj* Portraits taken in any weather, in the most exquisite style. A ppsrstus and 8tock wholesale and retail. Iosiructiona given in the art. july 27?8m WHO WANTS A LOT OF GROUND AT A CHEAP PRICE??The subscriber hss divided his farm and hud off a tract of sbOut 40 seres into lota of from ooe, two, four, and six seres each, which be will sett at Ijw prices and on tssy terms, so that it may be within the means of any person to purchase one, snd thereby to secure to himself and family s homestead. These lots sro handsomely situated ia a very heallhy location.. oi> s public road, about 1$ miles from the Nsvy Yard Bridge, on the eaet aide of the Anscosiis river. ? The soil is well suited lor garden purposee or tho cultivation of fruit trees, and severs! excellent springs of water are near to them. There is slso sufficient wood on each of the lots to socloee them, snd umber in abuudanoe can be bad iu the neighborhood to erect any building at a very low price. Those wiBhiag to purchase, will do well to apply soon, ss they can have a choice of location, Ac. Also, for sale, a one-story log DWELLING HOUSE, with aa much laud aa may be desired, ad joining the above lots, very handaomely situated, and wi h a small expanse could ba converted into a dwelling for two small families. For further paiticulare apply to U. A. SAGE, Near the Good Hope Tavern, D. C. july SI?tf ? ? CITY LUNCH, PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE, ' Between fourteenth*fifteenth streete.?Just received a very superior Sea Tur tle which will ba served up to-morrow in soup, steaks etc. etc. N. B.?Families supplied st t ie shortest notke, and on the most plesoing terms jy 20 31 fredekiok LAKEMEYER.