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DAILY NATIONAL WHIG.
THURSDAY EVENING, AUGUST 5, 1847. FOR PRESIDENT, ZACHAKY TAYLOR, OF LOUISIANA, Subject to the decision of the Whig National Convention. WHIG NOMINATION FOR GOVERNOR OF MARYLAND, WILLIAM T. GOLDSBOROUGH, or DORCHESTER COUNTT. TELEGRAPHIC, Richmond, Aug. 9, 74 a. m. We are again without a New Orleans mail beyond Augusta, Ga., owing to the heavy rains which have flooded the country between the Georgia Railroad Terminus and Mobile. It ia pret'y confidently said, that, if peace is not nnade hy Mr. Trist, Gen. Scott will be recalled, and ihe chief command of our armies in Mexico be given to General Iaylor. It ought nevei have been taken fiom Old Zuch. Ihe Institute. The enterprising con'rac f'?r for this great building, Mr. Cameron, is about to erect a steam engine of sufficient power to haul all the stone and materials from the canal to the site along the tram road which he is now constructing, to hoist the blocks of stone to their place on the building, to work and send up all the mortar ueeded and to do all other work of a heavy character. The ties of the tram road from the building to the canal at 8th street are of pine, upon which is laid an oak rail. At the bank of the canal is to be an immense crane. By the by, we learn that the Esopus stone used lor the Institute will become of the very highest p:nk color by exposure to the Atmosphere. If so it will be a gaiu for the present color of this stone is rather sombre. We learn that the gallant Lieutenant May, who had his arm broken at Tabasco is doing well. The bones are knitting firmly and it is hoped that he may recover the use of his arm entirely. We sincerely trust he may realize so desirable a result. , Health on Capiiol Hill. It was hoped that the draining of the low grounds to the North of the Hill would exempt this part of the city from the Ague and Fever, but we regret,, that some entirely new cases of this annoying dis ease have made their apppearance on the North side. We are decidedly of opinion that the damming up of the Tiber near the outer car house,is highly injurious to the health of the Hill. Where was the use of draining the lowlanda if a pond was to be made to re ceive the draining? 1 It is due to the citizens of the Hill that this dam should be removed at once in order to test the 'question of health, and we hope that the city authorities will at once cause this nuisance to be abated. r Waverly House. The attention of the public is calkd to the advertisement of this es tablishment in another column. Its situation is pleasant, and convenient to business. The host is a man of his word and he is prepared to make his guests comfortable and at home?a great merit in a Hotel. The Pjnw Tea Company.?We refer the | public to the advertisement, in another column, of the Pekin Tea Company. The Chinese who came in the Junk, to New York, pronounced the teas of this company to be genuine. This is evidence enough of the excellence of these teas. We learn that Mr. S. Holmes, on 7th street, is the Washington agent of this estab lishment. Rot her's Mineral Water. Mr. Rothers was kind enough to send ui a dozen of hia Mineral Water yesterday. We do not remember ever to have tasted a better beverage of the kind. It wai thorough, ly saturated with gas, and contained just enough sirup to aatify the most fastidious taste. The bottles are admirably suited for the purpose of holding this admirable water, and so well Hecured is the gaseous matter that the removal in every instance of the cork is attended with quite an explosion. Mr. Rother ia a public beneficiary, and we v jto him the whole city. 'A special edict?obey.' T**m?anck Pic-Nic.?Those of our Temper ance readers who would like to go a pic-nic-ing will find some information in aneiher column to their liking. Depaeture of Troops.?The United States transport steamship New Orleans, Capt. Auld, tailed last night for Vera Cruz, says the New Orleans Bee of the 28th ult., having on bonrd Capt. Fairchild's company of dragoons, raised in this city, with a portion of Capt. Besangon's company, and a detachment of United States infantry, under the command of Capt. Hunter, of the 6th infantry. Express Mah,.?I*ast winter an offer was made to the Postmaster General, to transport ihe whole letter mail between New Orleans and Washington, for $55,000 a year, in forty eight hours less time than the mail is now cai ried. But Mr. Johnson said no. The President lately solicited Archbishop Eldeston to go on a peace mission to Mexico, but the reverend prelate declined it. Charleston Courier, Wash, corretp. The Prelate was right. He remembered the article in the Union of the 12th of May, and the representation hy the Rev. Mr. McCalla, of what the President said in regard to the spies business.* Neoro Operatives.?There is a cotton fac lory at Arcadia, about seventeen miles from Pensacola, says the Southern Patriot, which is entirely worked by negroes, mostly girls. It has a thousand spindles, and makes five thou sand yards of domestics weekly. This factory haa been in operation about a year, and, so far, has met the most sanguine expectations of the proprietors. This is another of those facts which go to prove the possibility, if we deem it expedient, of directing our slave labor to manufactures. A JVoman't Spunk. A dissipated young man in Louisiana, gained the affection of a young l?dy, and the promise of her hand if he would reform. He promised to do so, and behaved ?o well that the lady married him. Some of his friends made him drunk after the oeremony and the bride immediately refused to hare any thing farther to do with him, and to this time ^remains in single* blessedness, refusing to see ?>d lire with her husband, ! Pitiimviii District Bi?ctio?v?Oortdvica* from this District are of the moat encouraging kind. One account gives Boiling the election by 13 major ity, while another electa him by 76 over Meade.? When Dromgoole was on the track the whole Whig vote of the District waa not brought out, aa the con giant outcry was, lhat it waa of no uee to make an effort against hie 800 majority. Different ia the feel ing now. Not only all the Whigs will go to the polls, but the gain from the Democratic aide of the house will be larger than in April, owing to the fact ,hit Meade is a renegade Whig, who could not get a single Democratic vole, if it were not for the appli cation of the Caucut whip. We ahall have the first gui from Peteriburg ic-morrow morning at half pa.t seven o'clock. The rc.ult will be immcdiat. ly publi h<d in an extra from our office. The election will last only one day.^ Battle or HUEJUTLA-Jtfexicaw Account.? The Mexican account of thei* attack on our troops under Colonel De Russey, is character istic of their documents; being a mere string of exaggerations and improbabilities. Hiey state that, on their first fire, the gteater part of the Americans fell dead, or were wounded the captain who commanded the expedition being first among the killed. Ihey state that our artillery in nowise discomfited them, while our forces soou suffered sufficient to cause them to retreat. Hereupon the Mexicans were about to form an ambuscade to destroy the whole force, so lhat not a single Yankee could escape; when the American commander, haviDg pro vided himself with a good guide in the middle of the night, successfully conducted his forces through a path which led to Panuco. Hie Americans are represented as having lost sev enty, killed, wounded, and prisoners, with one hundred and seventy mules, horses, and mu iiiuons of*war. We hope soon to see the offi cial report of Colonel De Russey. Extensjih or the road to Dalton.? The road has nt length been completed to Dalton, (Cross Plains) about thirty-two miles from here, says the Chatanooga ( Tenn.) Gazette ol the 30th ult. The cars ran up on yesterday evening wetk ago. On Friday we paid a visit to the infant city, to see what was doing : there was much excitement; buildings were rapidly going up i tradesmen were as busy a9 men well could be; landlord's countenances were wreath ed in smiles. As to the extension of the road this side of Dalion, we heard but little said. The probability is, that a suivey will be made around the mountain through which the tunnel was attempted to be cut, and a report thereon nude to the uext Georgia Legislature. If there should be an apprdpriation made by the Legis lature to complete the work, it will be com menced this winter. Dreadful Affray? Tfcree persons killed.? We are informed, says the Little Rock (Ark.) banner, that on the l-5th ultimo, in attempting to serve a peace process, deputy sheriff Berch field, of Saline county, was killed by the elder of two brothers named Allen, upon whom the 'writ was to be served. As the Aliens had threatened lhat they would not be arrested, the sheriff summoned a posse, and, entering the house, attempted to execute the process, when one of the Aliens, both of whom were armed, lowered his rifle and shot the sheriff through the body, killing him upon the spot. Upon this, one of the posse, Mr. Low, drew a pistol and killed Allen, while the younger Allen fired upon Low, which was also fatal. Sotae one of the posse then shot the surviving Allen, the ball passing through his arm, shattering the bone, and into his breast. The wound in his case was not mortal, and he made his escape, but the officers of justice are in pursuit of him, and he will no doubt be overtaken. We have heard no other particulars of the affair. This is quite enough, we think. I The celebrated Dr. Dickson has resigned the chair of the Institutes and Practice of Modicine in the Medical College of the State of South Carolina, and accepted the same chair in the Medical University of New York. More high handed Tyranny.?The Secretary of the Treasury has issued an order which has just come to light, forbidding the assistant Treasurer or the United Slates from paying any Treasury warrants mote than eighty days old ! The Kentucky Courts have decided that the property of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in that State, belongs to the Church south. Thus has the mystic device of John Wesley bsen brought to nought at last. New Rochester flour, in New York yester day, $7. Gen. Houston has come out with a card de nying lhat he ever said that Geo. Taylor was "unfit to command a corporal's guard." 00-" More Anon," the able Washington Correspondent of the Baltimore Clipper is out to-day in a letter handling the President with out mittens. We shall transfer it to our col umns as the evidence of a brother Democrat, who did as much to elect Mr. Polk as any other man in the country, and who knows Mr. Polk almost as well as Mr. Polk knows himself. More Troops?On the 27lh ult. the Gov ernor of Louisiana, under orders from Mr. Marcy, called for three more companies of mounted men, to go to Vera Cruz?to be made up immediately. Six yellow lever deaths in hospital at New Orleans, on the 27th ultimo. The young exercise freely, of their own ac cord. If people as they giew older would ex* ercise in the same way by sports of agility, they would remain supple and active. The proper exercise for human beings ia such as promotes the free play of limbs and gives beau ty and grace to the form. TA? H<>mc/e?*. Sarah J one* and her two children were taken up yesterday in Baltimore,J|8he aaid she had no home. A lioy 13 yeara old was alao taken up yesterday in Baltimore without a borne or par ents. Tbay were all placed in the almshouse. 'A sparrow falleth not to the ground,' Ac. STANZAS. If flowers of earth, exposed to Might, And withering here before their prime, A ppear so peering sweet and bright, Amid these dim celd waeteo of time ; How wondrous, how surprising Mr, How redolent of lift and love, Must thoee whom Heaven has called, appeer, Transplanted, ia the fields above. Dvyck. MATTERS AND THINGS ABROAD. The Countess of Mornington has advertised iu the papers Tor assistance to prevent her from going to the workhouse. The Belfast News Letter says, that Mr. Sheridan Knowles "indignantly declined the offer of Lord J. Russell," to settle on hiiu a pension of 4100 a year. The Morning Post, in describing the Queen's return from Cambiidge, says, "The Royal party hailed for a few seconds at Bishop Stort ford to take in water." There is a wonderful boy at Vauxhall Gar dens, named Lois&it, who performs some re markable feats standing on a ball about two feet in diameter. Without quitting its apex, he rolls it about beneath him, by the action ol his feet, wherever he chooses logo?over blocks of wood, and up and down inclined planes, with wonderful facility. Liszt is now astonishing the Turks, in Con stantinople, with his powers as a pianist. Meyerbeer is in Bohemia, for the benefit of hi.* health. Prance.?The Chnmbprof Peers had brought the trials concerning ministerial corruption to a close. M. Teste will have to refund the 95,> 000 francs, lie imprisoned three years, pny a tine of 94,000 francs, and forfeit his peerage, offices and civil rights. Gen. Cabrieres forfeits a fine of 10,000 francs, his j>e>r.)ge, his military honors aud civil rights. Parmentin forfeits his civil rights and a fine of 10,000 francs. The Sligo Champion states, that Tor the last ten years Lord Palmerston has not received a penny of his Irish rental, as the whole of it, amounting to 48,000 a year, has been appro priated to improve the estates and the condw tion of the tenants. Death of Wordsworth's Daughter.?Mrs. Ruillinan, only daughter of ihe veuerable Poet Laureate Wordsworth expired at Rydal Mount, the poet's residence, at one o'clock on Friday week, after many week's suffering from put monary consumption. The editor of the Art Union Jouiual says he has recently seen a block of ice two feet lone and nearly two inches ihick, produced from pure spring water, in twenty minutes by a patent process. The King of Sweden has created M. M. Schonhetn and Bottiger, the inventors ol gun cotton, knights of the order of Vasa. The gun cotton mills at Faversham explod ed on Wednesday, and killed between forty and fifty persons. The French Government has authorised Prince Jerome Bonaparte to return lo France, and sent him his passports. Advices from Rome say that Cardinal Gizzi entertained the idea of abdicating ; having ac tually tendered his resignation on the 7th. Ii is said that he disapproved of the decree es tablishing the National Guard, which was promulgated on the evening of the 5th. The Guard includes all Roman subjects, except mi nors, soldiers in actual service, ecclesiastics, invalids and public offenders. The Wellington statue, which in its gaunt and tremendous proportions overstrides and oppresses an elegant triumphal arch at the en trance to Hyde Park, one of the finest sites in London, is to remain an eyesore lo the metro polis in perpetuity. A curious and startling anecdote of the Duke's fete is current in Paris. In a carriage returning from it was a lady who was reputed to have reciprocated favors with royal gallants; the mob stopped the carriage; the lady was made to alight, and compelled to go the round of her captors, each exacting a kiss ; and then was suffered to re-enter her carriage, overcome by fright and disgust, amid derisive shouts and cries of hostility against princes. Among the discussions which have recently taken place, some remarks by Lord Palmerston in reply to a petition in the House of Com mons Irom the holders of Spanish bonds have excited a good deal of attention. After advis ing the House not to accede at present tcr the prayer of the petitioners for Government inter ference against Spain, he concluded by warn ing "those foreign Governments who had bro ken their contracts with the subjects of Great Britain that the time might come when the Hou?e would no longer sit patient under the wrongs inflicted." Retiracy of Old Kit.?Professor Wilson has published a letter disclaiming all connexion with Blackwood's Magazine. He has long been talking of a visit to the United States in cog. The number of failures declared in Paris du ring the first six months of 1847, amount to 635, viz., 109 in January, 84 in February, 107 in March, 123 in April, 130 in May, and 82 in June. A few; days ago the first stone or the works of the gigantic steam engine destined to drain the lake of Harlem was laid. The inauguration of ihe statue of Frederick the Great, took place at Breslau on thft27th ult., in the presence of the King and the Prince of Prussia. Among those who assisted at the ceremony was an old veteran, 109 vcars of age, who had served in the armies of the great King. The Malta Mail of the 25th ult. says?"We have just received intelligence from Kurdistan, that is rather discouraging. ' It is said that in an engagement with the Kurds, the Turks have lost about 3C00 men." A number of Mormonites or Latter Day baints, preached in the open air in Carmarthen during the past week. Mr. Lasscl, of Starfirld, Liverpool, asserts that he has ascertained the existence of a satel lite to Neptune. WESTERN AFRICA. Mr. Robert Jamieson of Liverpool has made a report "to the subscribers to the fund in sup port of an experimental trial to open commerce with Central Africa." The trial has been abruptly stopped by unforscen disasters, hav ing no connexion with the real difficulties of penetrating into Africa, but being in that res Eect purely fortuitous. Our readers already now that the steamer Ethiope sustained a damage to its machinery ; two other disasters were, a quarrel between the sailing-master and the engineer of ihe steamer, which led to ! a serious delay, and the total loss of a vessel I carrying out stores and supplies for the expedi tion. "In consequence of this most distressing se quence of disasters?such ns perhaps never before overtook a commercial enterprise?one ascent only of (he Niger has been accomplish ed ; while expense adequate to cover all the three originally contemplated, and the explor ation of ine Congo also, have been incurred.? On this one ascent, though totally unlooked for by ihe natives, produce to a respectable amount under the circumstances was obtained, and a very considerable additional quantity of | ivory might have been purchased. "Unfortunate as the mission has been, there may nevertheless be gathered from it proofs of the possibility of forming a remunerative com meicial intercourse with Central Africa by the ! Nigel1. We now know that that river contyi j ues free and open as high as Rabbah,a distance | of atxait 500 miles from the coast; there are no duties leviable, no demurs or barriers^ in passing from one territory to another j chiefs ! and people at all points are friendly, and de sirous for a continuance of intercourse, seem ingly aware of the benefits they themselves would derive therefrom, and there is every reason to suppose ^tbat the same feeling would be found to prevail higher up the river. "According to Mr. Arrowsmith's computa tion, as laid down in the map, the distance Irom Boussah to the farfamed Tombuctoo is id a straight line 740 miles; it must be very much more, however, by the river to Kabra, the port of i'ombuctoo. li is well known thai Mungo Park, in a small schooner which be built at Sansanding, a town near to the sources ot the Niger, sailed down thence to Boussah, and in doing so of necessity passed Kabra; and in 1840 Captain Becrof ascended from the bea as high as Lever. "Now, between tliesatwo towns thedistauce is not more thau forty miles; and this is the only part ot the river that remains to be ex plored in order to ascertain the practicability of opening commercial intercourse with the mysterious Tombuctoo aud the whole ol the upper Nig. r. This exploration might be made simultaneously with trade upon the ri*er? by ilie employ ment of steamers such as Captain Bee i oft recommends?namely, vessels of a less j diauglit of water and mere power than the j lithiope, by which not only the Niger but its Tchaddal. branch mi^ht be navigated at almost ftll season8. . i ??With such vessels running from the island of Fernando Po, a free communication and lasting commerce might he formed wiih tjen iral' Africa, which might very soon be conduc ted wi ll not more thau two or at .most three liuropeuns, in any one steamer. Vessels ol liiis class would r< quire to be made ol iron, and s -Hi out in compartment?, to be put toge ther and have their engines fitted at Fernando Po, But perhaps it might be well in ihe first instance farther to prepare the way by two or three ascents of the river with vessels ol the Eihiope's class; in the course of which the natuie of the river between Lever and Bous sah might possibly be ascertained. ?C]f=* The Iron bui'.t British barque Josephine, Captain Mas'cm, arrived at Galveston on the 22d inst.,. from Liverpool. She was sixty days in mak ing the voyage, having put into St. Kittson account of the sickness of the Captain. It i? stated in the Houston Telegraph, Ttxas, th.v a lead mine has been discovered in L mi stone co , near the sources of the Navasoto, aud that hundreds of tons of ore may be procured near the surface of the ground. flj" Col. Hay's Regiment has been ordered to re port to Gen. Taylor. Rtdnst they will have. The clumber of com merce of .Memphis, Tennessee, has made a tarifT of rates for the storage, sile, &c. of cotton, &c. It is a very high tariff, aud the planters of We>t Tennesse < have recently beld a convention at Lagrange, at whi.h they firmly reiolved never to deal with any of the members of the chamber who sanctioned the above tariff. Mure Troopn Still. The President, through the Secretary of War, has authorized the acceptance ol a battalion of Volunteer Riflemen of five companies (Fool) from the State of Mississippi, to rendezvous at Vicksburg, and a company of mounted volun teers from Illinois. rfj~ An Illinois lawyer, defending a thief, wound up bis s; eech to tbe jury in behalf of his injured cli ent, wiili the following rousing appeal. 'True, he was rude?S3 air our bars. True, he was rough? ao air our buffa'cra, But he wa? a child of freedom, and his answer to the despot and the tyrant waj that his home was in the bright setting sun.' 03" Mr. Garrett, ui. declines h>s nomination foi Congee a in ihe 4th district, of Louisiana. Il is tho that Alexander D.clonet, w. will take his place. Bloody Affray in Louisiana. We read of a Mr Holmes, of Clinton, who intmfercd in a quarrel be tween two men to pacify them, having hi en instant ly ki ltd by one of the parties quarrelling. Also ol a fight between two inhabitants of Hudson, in which knives were used to the great hurt of the parlies. In the H Imee affair, one of the parties was likewise killed. (?j* Two young men, Marks and Koffman, stran gers, were recently arraa ed in the parish of St. Lan dry, La., for the murderers of a man, who was af terwards discovered to have beeu drowned. They were hi Id to bail, and in default thereof thrown intc prison, and afterwards released because tt ere was nc evidence against them! Anecdote of Geti. Taylor. A little while before ihe battle o* Buena Viata.a party of twenty athletic young men, direct from Saltillo, met Gen. Tayloi near his camp, at Walnut Grove. 'Where are you from V inquired the good o'd man of the fore moat of the youngsters. 'Just from Saltillo, General,' was tbe reply, in I voice such as a favori'e son assumes when speaking to a beloved parent. ?Well, well,' said the General, looking at the party with solxitude, 'you had better be careful, b^ys, and not trust yourselvea out on tbe road in such small force, you will get cut off some tim"; very imprudent to do so.' That evening General Taylor and staff seven per sons all told, started for Saltillo. Democrat v?. Democrat. The N. Orleans Sou'h erner, a fierce Democratic paper, holds the following language resj ect ng Mr. Harmanson, an equally fierce Democrat. "We perceive that Mr. J. H. Harmanson is to be tho Democratic candidate for Congress, for the 3d district. We wonder whether the v iters of that dis trict will forget that Mr. Harmanson voted for the Thompson resolutions of censure on General Taylor and his gallant band, for the terms of the capitula tion of Monterey. We hope tv.ry patriot und true lover of the honor of the country's heroes will consi der well befi re they can their votes for Mr. Har manson.' The Chinese call going lo law?'losing a cow to win a cat.' Excellent! ?/? In forming a judgmen', lay your hearts void of fsretaken opinions, else, whatsoever is done or slid, will be measured by a wrong rule like them who have the jaundice, to whom every thing appear ath yellow. Mr. Orund of the Baltimore 8un announces thst Mrs. Polk returned to Washington yesterday from Tenn. Uj" Samuel Scudder, whe forged checka on differ ent banks &c. about a year ago, has been arrested. Parssiaw Vasaat ow Wa*.?The Amsxon, a Prussian sloop of war, carrying tt guns, arrived at New York, yesterday. A Touching Incident. A little boy, named Wil liam Hunter, bad been for soma montbg kill, at the Massachusetts General Hospital, and his mother was with him. One evening, he sent for the superinten dent, and asked him to pray by his bedside. Then, after many thanks for his kindness, he said, 'I shall die to-morrow morning, and I now am not afraid to die; but oh! do pray for my mother V During tho night, he madu repeated inquires, as wiih earnest longings for the approach of dsy. Morning came, I and the child sunk into a deep, eweet sleep, from I which he never awoke on earth. Mrs. Fremont does not go to the Far West, hot I remains at Independence, Missouri, to await he ' husband'* return. From ihe LouitvilU Journal 'TIS COMING FAST. We thank our invaluable correspondent for those melancholy but exquiiile stanzas. His tears are more beautiful thatf other's smiles. 'Tis coming fast, lis coming fast, The time when I shall die, I feel Death's cold hand on my brow, His dimness in mine eye! There is a weariness of soul Clings round ma like a shroud, The gloom of coming death's steals o'er, Like the shadow from a cloud! And oh, upon the sunny sky Stretching so f<r <iway, And the cool green woods with their muiic sigh) An 1 the fountain's mossy play? 1 of! en Raze, and wonder if Another summer's sun Will come, and glad ine with its ray Ere yet my lifo is done! There is a loveliness so dear In every glorious thing, In the fair young flowers just bursting forth, In the fresh and green-robed spring? And the pure blue vault like an angel's home, That rests o'er all on high, My heart grows sad to think how .soon I'll lose them when I die! And the gentle eyes in whose soft depths I love to gaze so well, And the music, voices 'round me now With their liquid fall and swell? I shall lose them all?Jike a bubble burst I shall pass from all I love? And die?oh, may the flowers be bright And the sky be blue above! For the earth hath been a dark, dark home, With but few bright sunny gleams To light the dim and dreary gloom With the radiance of thoir bcnm?! And w hen 1 die?may the sky bo clear, That my spirit may float away, To the farthest realms where a thought can go Unfettered to mortal clay! And there where grief can never come In tha e pure fields of air, Away from earth and its heaitle-s ones Its fever and its rare, The spirit may find no spell to turn All happiness to woe, And feel the bliss above the clouds It never knew below. Louisville, .lune 30, 1847. Too Good to be Lost.?We find the follow ing amu&iQg incident in the Baton Rouge (La.) Conservator of the 30th ultimo : r " One tall volunteer from the pine lands of t Alabama was unhappy for the want of employ ment; he sauntered along for '.something to 1 do,' when it occuied to him that he, might, as he expressed it, ? t?ke a good wash.' He was a tall lank fellow, with a shockey head of dry grassy hair, banging down to his shoulders. With a deliberation consistent with an idle sea voyage, he commenced rubbing the turpentine soap of the ship into his hair and skin with commendable vehemence. He had cause to take a great deal of pnins> for he observed to himself. ' that he had an acre of barrck mud on him.' " It must be observed, that all this while, the vessel was blowing further out into the sea; and by the time the Alabamian rose, and soaped himself, the Mississippi water in the washroom bad become exhausted, and he threw his bucket over the vessel's side to replenish his basin. The first dash he made was at his hair, the turpentine of the soap and the saline of the water iustantly formed a chemical combination, ?and the oil qualities of the soap disappeared and left something in its stead resembling tar. Two or three rakes of the fingers through the hair elevated it uptight about the Alabarniau's head stiff as the quills of a porcupine. "Thar's another trick played on me,' said the unwashed in a rage, his hair growing still fiercer. At this 1 moment the water dripped across his face and I he commenced spitting, as if nauseated to the last degree. Cooly, determinated, he went to bis belt, took a ' bowie' some fifteen inches IcDg, and delivered himself thus?." Some of them thar Louisianians has piuid tricks enuff on me, now if any one dar let him fotch out (he one that put salt in this here water." (?/? Amos A. Phelps, one of the corresponding editors of the Notional Era, died at Roxbury, Mara, on the 29th ult. He waa an able writer, and a vio lent enemy of negro slavery. Two days before his death his wife, at Cartine, Me, presented hm with a daughter, but the father lived not to sea it in the flesh. There is something exceedingly tiichiig in this circumstance. Mr. Phelps lived and died a Christian?is the testimony of those who knew him. The Bos-ton Advertiser hos come to the defence of Cumberland coal against the interested mi?represen. tations of Pittsburg. Mr. Grund of the Baltimore Sun assures us that Mr. Buchanan stsrted yesterday at 2 P. M., for the Souih (Old Point Comfort!) and bids us look ont for an early peace with Mexico ! ! Havana Mail. We understand that Messrs. Mor> decai and Gouraud, of Chsrleston, have obtained the contiact to carry tho mnil from thst city to Havana twice a month in a war strainer of 1000 tons. The straa.er is to he built iu Baltimore. Xr. Clay arrived at Whit* Sulphur Springs on the 30th ultimo in good health. A Capital Anecdote.?Professor Risley, who is now iu Italy, says that, recently, when he was in Venice, an American captain and an Englishmen met at dinner. "You are an American, sir ?" said the En? glishman. "1 reckon 1 am," returned the captain. "You have the name of being good warri ors 7" "Yes,''said the Yankee, "we shoot pretty well." "But how is it you are so anxious to make peace with Mexico??this does not appear much like spunk." "You are an Englishman 7" interrogated the Yankee. "Yes," replied the Englishman. "Well," said the Yankee, "I don't know what our folks have offered to do with Mexico; but, stranger, I'U jest tell you oue thing?I'll he if we ever offered to make peace with you!" This home thrust at the Englishman set the whole table in nn nproar of laughter. ?fn IriiJimnii'* Medicine.?Benognl Daly is on? of Lever's best characters in the "Knight of the Owynne." Daly was dining at a Club House with a friend, when a buck at a neigh boring table coughed rather insolently at a re maik he made, when he quietly placed several pistol balls upan a plate, and requested the waiter to hand them to thcyauug invalid, with the remark thai he had found ihem to be ex cellent medicine for such a cough as he ap Eeared to be troubled with. They seemed l< ave an instantaneous effeel! The cough wa: not repeated. HINTS TO FARMERS. Tomatoes make exoelleat preserves. Toads are the very beat protection of cabbag against lice. Plants, when drooping, are retired by ? few grains of camphor. Pears are generally improved by grafting on the mountain ash. Sulphur is valuable in preserving grapes, &c. from insects. Lard never spoils in warm weather if it is cooked enougii in trying out. In feeding wiih corn 60 lbs. ground goes as lar as 100 lbs. in the kernel. Corn meal should never be ground very fine. It injures the richness of it. Turnips of small size have double the nutri cious matter that large ones have. Rula Baga is the only root that increases in nutiicious qualities as it increases in size. Sweet olive oil is a certain cure for the bite of a rattlesnake. Apply it internally and exter nally. Rats and other vermin are kept away from grain by a sprinkling of garlic when packing the sheaves. Money carefully expended in drying land by draining or otherwise, will be returned with ample interest. To cure scratches on a horse, wash the legs with warm soapsuds, and then with beef brine. Two applications will cure the worst case. Timber cut in the spring and exposed to the weather with the bark on, decays much sooner than if cut in the fall. ? WA YERLY HOUSE. rilHE ^Subscriber would infirm his friend* and the public generally, that he has opened a and HOTEL, of tho above name, on Shth ht.ect, a few doors south of Pennsylvania A*?iue, where ho will be happy to entertain them in a iimnncr that he hopes will be satisfactory. His BAR will be furnished with liquors of tho best ami nio-t approved brands, and the Eating Depart ment will always contain every delicacy in season, lie hope* 10 leceive a portion of the patronage of his friends, while lie endeavors to enter for the pub lic t"'"- L. H. BE VAN. Aug 4 tf SCHOOL BOOK"*, in gree' variety, for sale by ROBERT FARNHAM, jy 31 il Corner of Ilth st. and Penn Avenue. WILLIAM "WASIIIJNGTON, " Fashionable B*rber, Hair Dresser, and Sbatnpooner; Gadsby's Hotel, Corner Pennsylvania Avenue and 3d street. jujy 31 tf A- M. NOFFAR. SURGEON DENTIST, 1 Ii^OUR-AND-A'HALF street, five doors above , Penn. Avenue, East side. A. M. H. performs all op-'ru'-ions in the line of hi* profession such as plugs'^, cleaning, and inserting artificial teeth, from ono to a full set?also full rets made with ar tificial gums. Having bad great experience in his line of business for many years in the city of Phil adelphia, he pledges himself that he shall not be sur passed for beauty or durability, and having very great facilities for such work, it will be done much lower than ever done in this city. I rotn four to live o'clock each day devoted to the attention of children'a teeth, to regulate their proper positions, for which there will be no charge for ad vice, but only for actual operation. aug 2 tf , RMcCUBBIN, Barber, Temple of Fashion , No. I, aided by that superior workman, l1 elix Dean, 8th st., between Pennsylvania avenue and D street. I jun 25? ! CHEAT ANDJJROW RICH. THIS has been the the secret principle of too ma ny of the wholesale dealers in Teas up to 1I1L time, and they have practised the most shameful im position on tho Country Merchant without any fear I of detection. But a new era in the Tea 1 raJe h i 1 come and the Pekin Tea Company claims tbehocor j of iu introduction. Tbey wi re the first to raise the banner of Reform, on which it has inscribed the sim ple words: "PURE TEAS AT HONEST PRICES." A comp'ete revolution has been the consequence. Let consumers of Tea everywhere look at what we have done. 1st. We were the first (o send them Tees that used to be called too good for them beforo. 2d. We have driven out the market a vast amount of trash, and intrn li.ee,I n better cIsM of Teas tbsn has ever yet bu n Importers of Tea often come to us to get for tlx ir own use, and for thejr friends, fine qualities they can find nowhere else. 3d. We bave reduced prioes more than 25 per cent., both in Black end Green Teas. The whole ssle grocers say we are ruining the trade and call us humbugs. This we have done already, and now see what we are resdy to Jo. 1st. We will eell 'JVrss by the single chest, half chest or 14 pound box, a- 'he same prices that whole sale grocers pay to the importers when they buy by (he hundred pacliages. 2d. The wholesale groceis allow only 13 or at most 14 pounds tare to the half chest. This is a cheat We allow, in mo?t instances, 15 and 16 lbs tare on the same. 3d. We hereby undertake to sell every kind of Tea, from from tix to twelve cents per pound chea per than the wholesale grocers do. How can we do this? asks the Country merchant. This is our answer. We are content wiih seven per cent profit instead of 25 and 50 per cent., a la wholesale grocer. We deserve the tl anks of the country merchants for saving tbem bcrti.fter from being cheated. Let them come to tho Warehouse of the Pekin Tea Com pany, and con-pare samples of Tia they get else whore; and if they buy bad Tcai then at high prices it is their own fault An Englieb importer lately boasted to ns that he could make m >re money by s nding bad Teaa to the New York market, than on g?>od Teas. We an resolved to overthrow this fraud ; and now call upon agents in every town in the United States to come forward and buy Teas i i ported by the Pekin Tea Company ; and we pledge ourselves, that if in six months ttey do not sell more Tea than tb? oldest and Isgest dealers in the town, we will give them our Tea without charge. This is plain English and cannot be mi*uudeMood. We appeal for testimony to the immense success of our Agents in any part of the United States. itjp-Agents waut-d in every town in the United States for the sale of those Teas, by which they can make money, and confer a benefit upon the Public by sutplj ing the puie article. CATALOGUE OF TE.1S ON SA1JC AT THE WARE1IOU8ES OF THE TEA COMPANY, 75 77 Fulton street, jVetc York. *?* The leas mentioned in this Catalogue, are done up in quarter pound, half pound and one pound packages?the first or inside wrapper is lead, the second wrapper is water proof paper, and the third or outaide wrapper is of Chinese rice paper. The Company sell none but good teas, dona up in thi* superior msoner, all of them grown in the most lux urious d stric's in China. Country dealers may aelect as small a quantity of each kind as they like, and have them packed 111 one chest. These teas also come in five pound Chineae packages, called quat toona, a very convenient fanciful and portable shape. 1 [Persons in any part of the United States or Canada, caoor jer a y of the taasinthia Catalogue, by Itt'er, in quantities to suit their wishes. We pack ttiem in Chinese boxes end deliver them to I the Porwarding Merchant free from charge for pack ing or cartage. The money ahould always accom pany the order. GREEN TEAS. | YOUNG HY80N, good, % 38 ] do do sweet cargo, 50 do do do do finer, do do Am ??*<>. do do astro fiae. 87* Jo do Silver Le,if, ? *> Si/ixr W.?Seldom ?otd own by large deelers, ba of tha very smsll profits mod# on Ua sale. This u s w?J ?npo'K* Tea. ? * ??2?2?~>? -*nt3rx%r ttsErxrA hu m^iW *" ?W ?"?f ? lou ?? preeents to Importers. HYSON, vsry fine, . ^ do Plsntstioa growth, IZ GUNPOWDER, good, " do ?uperior, , , do until leaf plantation growth, 1 ? IMPERIAL, good, 1? do brisk; and fragrant, J " do curious leaf, very superior, 1 HYSON 8KIN, good, fine flavor, do do extra fine, ? BLACK TEAS. POUGHONO, good, lull flavor, ? 3* do fine, *? do wj supsrtor, 80UCH0NG, good, 7 do extra fine, i! OOLONG, strong, flsvor fine. , . - Oolong.?This Tea is a great favorite, and givee mn versal satisfaction. do very fine, do in one pound and half pound cattys, extra fine, 76 NE PLUS ULTRA, 1 50 I. A'e Plus Ultra.?This Tea is aa fragrant and sweet a? a nosegay. It y-W. a perfume that is truly delightful. It Is of garden growth, sod enpenor to anything of the kind ever sold in this country. ENGLISH BRE AKFAST TEA, fine, ?0 do do do extra fine, 82 J HOWQUA* MIXTURE, a strong and rich _ b'sck Tea, Pekoe flaror, ' CONGO, good, do very fine. ' PEKOE PLOWER8, good, 88 do do garden growth, I 80 ? ? Besides the above, we expect daily from China, several splendid chops of Tea, exclusively imported by the "PEKIN TEA CO." and which we intend to copyright to prevent trickery. L?1 our agents get ready. RECOMMENDATIONS. Heretofore it has been very difficult, indeed im possible, to always obtain good green and black ten*. But now you have only to vieit the warsrooms of the Pekin Tea Company, 75 and 77 Fulton street to obtain as delicious and fragrant teas as you could with for.?Daily Sun. We have tried the teaa imported by the Pekin Tea Company, 75 and 77 Folton street, New York, nd if we live will try them often. They are sell ng the most delicious teas we ever drank, and re tail them at wholesale Prices.?Evening Poet. ? The finest specimens of green and black teas ever sold in this ooqntry, are imported by the Pekin Tea Company, 70 and 77 .Fulton street. Those who want good teas at reasonable prices, can always get (hem there.?Tribune. A Word to Tea Drinkers. The Ptkin Tea Com pany, 75 and 77 Fulton street, have imported into this market some five hundred thousand dollars worth of the finest grades of green and black teas, grown in the Celestial Empire; done up in all the various fancy pscksges, that Chieee ingenuity can invent It is a privilege to bay teas at this great es tablishment, ? and a luxury artd a comfort to drink them. They1 sell good teaa only, and retail them at wholesale prices. Country merchants who with to always sell good teas can always obtain them at thi? place on reasonable terms.?New York Courier and Inquirer. *' Jf The Pokin Tea Company, 75 and 77 Fulton st., are performing a great and good Work, and will, in a few years, beyond all doubt, drive all the poor teas which have deluged this country, snd defrauded consumers of the article, out of this market. They import none but pure fragrant teas, and retail them by the single pound at wholesale prices. Fainttiew are always sure of obtaining good teas at this great warehouse, in quantities to snit their convenience, and at the same price that the merchant pay* who buya to sell again.?Daily True Sun. Fine Oolong Black Tea. The Pekis Tea Com pany, 75 and 77 Fulton-street, sells a deOcfous Oo long Tea at fifty cents per pound. Consumers of tes, who have been paying six shilling per pound for this article, are requested to compare it with the. above and judge for themselves which is thebest. If you can buy a better tea at four shillings per pound than you have been getting at six shillings, jron will be obliged to ua for this notice. Try the Young Hyson, sold at this groat tea 'establishment, at 76c. It is better than any thing of the kind we hsvs ever bought elsewhero at one dollar.?Com. Advertiser. | If any of our readers desire to have good tea, th^y can obtain it of tho Pekin Tea Company, 75 and and 77 Fulton street-?Mammy. The Pxkjm Txa Co*past.?We very cheerful ly call the attention of all lovara of pure and fragrant Teas, both in town and country, to the groat Tea Warehouse of this Company. Our long acquaint ance with the Proprietors enables us to bespeak for them the entire confi Jsoce of the public. We knout that their Teaa, both in quality and price, are all that is ststed of than. Many a lover of the fragrant herb has been compelled to eschew the drinking of Tea in consequence of its injurious effects, until at length he haa become hopeless of finding, among any of the imported varieties of Teaa in oar market, a kind which had not such an effect In this, howev er, auch persona will be egroaably disappointed.? The Pekin Tea Compauy have commenced the importation of choice varietiea of Garden Teaa, of most delicious flavor, cultivated and picked with great care, which have heretofore neve< beeapntroduced into thia country, except as presents to importers.? Among thsse they have an (Mmg-.mild ss a zephyr, and fragrant as a rose, which wo specially recom mend to all nervous persons. Its effect upon many of those who havs tried it haa been to make them confirmed tea drinkers. Ladies who have used it, say they nsver before drank such tea. But all taates can here be suitsd, with the groat advantage over the others of gstting a pure article at wholesale price, however smsll the quantity. The Company's ware houie is at 75 and 77 Fulton st?Golden Role. Tea.?The Pekin Tea Company, No. 75 and 77 Fulton street unquestionably sell the beet Teaa im ported into this msrket. That they can eell them chesperthsn any other establishment, is a fact proven in a thousand instsnoes since they have opened their store. We would advise our friends to call at this pIsco, and if they don't wish to buy, at least to obtsin a little pamphlet kept on . their counter, enti tled 'Hints to Tea Drinkers,' snd therefrom loam a little useful information on the eubj?ct The pam phlet is given gratis.?Journal of Commerce. We drink Green Tea, and for many yeara have been paying one dollar par pound for it But thanks to the Pekin Tea Company, we now get a better lea from them at 76 cents per pound. We drink one pound per week, by which we are mw saving thirteen dollars per year, and enjoying better tea in the bargain. Command ua to the Pekin Tea j Company say we.?Mirror. You may be sure of obtaining at all times pOrs snd highly flsvored teas by tho single pound, at wholessle prices, of the Pekin Tea Company, 76 and 77 Fulton etreet. The* have probably the largest atook, and greatest variety of fine green and black teas, of any eetab'iehmeot in ths Unitsd States. They are doing a large business, snd a groat benefit to contumero of I QC7 Editors and Publishers of Newepepera in the United Statee, Cansdas, West Indies, etc., who will give the sbova 19 insertion* in their respsctive Journals, including this notice, will bepeid for the asms in any Teas lhay may chooee to select from ths above Catalogue, at the prices there named, and by their purchasing of the Company twice tbs amount of their bill, which they are at liberty to dispose of ae they please. , . l'apeirs who advertise, must drectcoptes?ar*T' to the Pekin Tea Company VmttU, J* j7 Fulton street, New York. s?f??? V