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The daily union. [volume] : (Washington [D.C.]) 1845-1857
Place of publication:
Washington [D.C.]
Geographic coverage:
  • Washington, District of Columbia  |  View more titles from this: City State
Thomas Ritchie & John P. Heiss
Dates of publication:
  • Vol. 1, no. 1 (May 1, 1845)-v. 6, no. 310 (Apr. 15, 1857).
Daily (except Sunday and Monday) Feb. 19, 1856-1857
  • English
  • Washington (D.C.)--fast--(OCoLC)fst01204505
  • Washington (D.C.)--Newspapers.
  • Also issued on microfilm from the Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service.
  • Archived issues are available in digital format from the Library of Congress Chronicling America online collection.
  • Campaign eds.: Campaign (Washington, D.C. : 1848), 1848-1849, and: Campaign (Washington, D.C. : 1852), 1852-1853.
  • Numbering is irregular.
  • Published morning and evening editions on Saturday, Feb. 19, 1856-1857.
  • Publisher varies: Thomas Ritchie, Nov. 5, 1848-May 31, 1849 ; Thomas Ritchie & Edmund Burke, June 1, 1849-Apr. 15, 1851 ; A.J. Donelson and Robert Armstrong, Apr. 16, 1851-May 12, 1852 ; Robert Armstrong, May 13, 1852-Feb. 28, 1854 ; A.O.P. Nicholson, Mar. 1, 1854-Dec. 4, 1855 ; A.O.P. Nicholson & J.W. Forney, Dec. 5, 1855-Mar. 27, 1856 ; A.O.P. Nicholson, Mar. 28, 1856-Mar. 5, 1857 ; John Appleton, Mar. 6, 1857-
  • Volume numbering changed from v. 6 to v. 1 on Apr. 16, 1851, when the paper was sold to Andrew J. Donelson by Thomas Ritchie; on Apr. 16, 1857 original volume numbering resumed.
sn 82003410
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The daily union. [volume] May 1, 1845 , Image 1


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The daily union

On May 1, 1845, Thomas Ritchie published the first issue of the Daily Union, which would become, along with the Intelligencer, a major Washington, D.C. newspaper. Ritchie was one of the most influential journalists of his time. On the cover of the Daily Union's second issue, he explained to readers his purchase of the Daily Globe, which preceded the Daily Union, published by Francis Blair and his partner, John C. Rives. Ritchie stated that while he and his staff lacked experience in newspaper editing, they were committed to promote "liberty, the Union of the United States, and the Constitution." In the Daily Union's first editorial, Ritchie wrote a short history of the United States, along with its economic policies, ranging from the issues of paper currency, to the national bank of the country that, by 1845, was defunct. This fact encouraged Ritchie, who held the bank responsible for the Panic of 1837 and the ensuing economic depression.

As a proponent of the Democratic Party and its then-leader President James K. Polk, the paper took repeated swipes at the Whig Party, often focusing on its economic policies related to the national bank. Ritchie also criticized the Whigs for promoting big government, while promoting the country's private institutions which purportedly offered individuals the opportunity to work.

Over ensuing years, the Union and the Intelligencer traded as Washington's official paper, depending on which political party was in control. Under the leadership of William A. Harris, the newspaper underwent a title change, becoming the Washington Union in 1857, and it ceased publication with the issue of April 10, 1859.

Provided by: Library of Congress, Washington, DC