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The daily union. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1845-1857, May 14, 1845, Image 3

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THE UNION.
CITY OF WASHINGTON.
WEDNESDAY NIGHT, MAY 14, 1845.
? '? iff ,
53* Wsagnfti recommend the Noe. of "C.," <
Mexican atfaira, to the attention of our reader
They are assuming a deeper intereat every etep th
he advances in hie diacuaeion.
THE SPIRIT OF THE PEOPLE ON TH
OREGON Q.CESTION.
We undertake to say, in the moat positive term
thai the "New York Express," in the following art
cle, does not do justice to the southern democrat
or the whole southern people:
"The southern locofocos are ready to die for Texas at
for slavery; but iu behalf of Oregon, they are both slow
speech anil doubtful as to the right. Tnis Is not fuir.
bargain was doubtless made last winter between the nort
ern and southern divisions of the locofocos, whereby
balance of accounts was to be struck between the Iriem
at Texas and Oregon. The western and northern locofoci
have kept the faith better than their southern allies, ai
(rom various indications, now anil before given, they see
to care very little whether we have Oregon or not.
Unit ther will have nothimr to do with the negotiation
>ii.l nothing ul the mpoiuibfllty of trouble, If trouble conn
. | ?ith negotiation or without it."
We undertake to eay that the Expreae is mistake
in the positions it assunx^. These remarks are onl
calculated to sow a feeling of jealousy in the Nort
toward the South, or rather in the republican! of th
i North towards those of the South, and to encourag
W Mie British government in its extravagant demand
by the hope of our own divisions. The Baltimoi
convention of May last pledged the democracy <
the whole Union for Oregon as well as for Texai
Our prospectus pledged us to both. The South i
prepared to make good its pledges, and to vindical
the right* of the Union in regard to Oregon, as free!
as they have done for Texas. We know thet
well, and we know their patriotic spirit?their lov
for the whole country?their devotion to all he
rights and interests. The wbigs of the North hav
failed us, or rather deserted the whole country i
regard to Texas. We mean to show by our cor
duct that, if they desert Texas, we will not desei
Oregon. The men of the South will stand by the:
government in respect to Oregon, with the asm
enthusiasm as their brethren of the North. W
wish we could be assured that all the whigs and a
their presses would stand by the administration i
its "clear and unquestionable" course, as boldly e
the democrats and their presses. Why suspei
them of indifference to Oregon or disloyalty to the
country?
I The "New York Express" refers to the course <
the Charleston Mercury as its authority, in part, ft
its assertions. No one holds the ability of that dit
tinguished journal in higher respect than ourselvei
but we regret some of the language which it em
ploys on this occasion. We respectfully prate:
' against the tone of its remarks at least. We bt
licvc that it does not express the spirit of the Sout
in relatiou to this subject, nor the spirit of Mi
Calhoun. We have not yet met with a souther
republican, and we may add a southern man, wh
is not prepared to support the country in its jut
rights. We say again, with the Charleston Mercu
ry, that it may be well to settle the question a
Washington. We are perfectly willing to leav
the trouble and honor of the negotiation to Mi
Buchanan. We presume that the negotiation i
really resumed, and will be prosecuted in this city
and not in London, to some definitive conclusionpeaceable,
we should hope; but we wish for n
peace but an honorable peaoe. We say further, ii
regard to the remarks of the Mercury, and the con
elusions which iho New York Express is please
to draw from them, we hare no idea that, in declining
the mission to London, either Mr. Elmore or Mi
i'ickens was actuated by any desire to avoid th
discussion, or by any disinclination to support ou
"clear and unquestionable claims." Indeed, w
may undertake to say that we know better. Th
Mercury also adds:
"The 40th |>armllrl would give us ebeut thras-flftha of th
whols counlrj;it would incurs to oa the whole valley c
the Columbia river and ita two great braochea, and woul
carry through to the Pacific the boundary of our territor
thia aide of the mountaina. We hare alwaya believed tbi
thia boundary could be gained, and that we ought to be ka
lifted with it."
Whether England is willing to agree to thi
boundary, or whether the United States woul
< accept it, are two problems, in neither of whic
we are willing to engage. The last questior
indeed, is committed to wiser heads and bette
qualified hand* than our own. And yet we ma
have occasion, at our earliest leisure, to notice th
compromise point which the New York Tribun
lias referred to in the article, which we quoted a fe\
days ago in " Tht Union."
RELIGIOUS EXCESS.
We have seen with profound regret the division
which have taken piece in some of our churchet
between the North and the South, upon the quec
non of slavery. They are like so many link
struck off from the chain that binds this gloriou
Union; but still, we make it a rule "never to despai
of the republic." Let the Preebyterian, the Bap
tist, and the Methodist churches, divide from eacl
other ever so much, we trust there is good sense am
public apirit enough left in the great body Of ou
countrymen to respect and keep holy the ark of th
covenant. We shall notice theae tnuiaections mor
in detail than we have apace in thia evening's papc
to dn; meanwhile, wa publish the following scrape
(from tlin morning's Baltimore Patriot,) to ahov
the present condition of affairs in the " Bapiut nuthiri
rmtreaitim" at Augusta, in Georgia, and of the "Meth
odist Episcopal eonrantioa" at Louisville, Ken
tucliy:
"BarniT Sopthi.sk' Cokviwnow?A conrentioi
of delegates from the Baptist churches in the south
ern States m i.ow in session in Augusta, On. Tht
object of the convention is to consider the poeitioi
in which the southern members of the Bantitt rhurcl
have been pissed by recent derisions of the Trien
rnal Convention end General Board, that if 'any om
should offer himselfss a missionary, having slaves
and should 11 sist on retaining them as his property
we could not appoint him.'
"On toe second day (Friday last) of the meeting o
the Augusts convention, a report was presented Iron
a committee, in which they set forth that ?he dects
on of the general board <|ootsd shoes ems an in no
ration and a departure h?m the previous eoursc it
aach cases. This report was unanimously adopted
as was also the following, after debate t
Assafred uaaoisMwely. That Aw the pases ant
harmony, and in order to accomplish the fiaaiae
amount of good and the msiaiansinni of the script*
ml principles oo whmh the general missionary eon
renuon at the Baptist dssvirainotissi m the United
??*ten was originally formed, M M piofWr that thil
mavemaen at ooos pre seed t# organise a society f?
tha propagation a# dasi gospel
?y> w MfMMi i* k*M fcaaa if mi ?a *
mm..* ymrtimy *
I ???, ik* i^mn [HJ I *<i n^i
mctiiomst ctmcotal comnumo?
MS TV Ml
ir*m,u.*u..: Ti- s?M
pursuant w siljiiMiiiivn. BvAm* kmimm m iv*
ehair.
TW * ? M. r..wte ofans4 Iks Mill
with raUgmw Mima
H..uv mm* mi took tks *1as Hr ?*
q?rM ofBba^r A<4r*?
l\?fra and Dr Capara aioo<~a?ail v? ra*..iina. m4
tat forth wiih (Ml wmww 4m shantaM. wU?
n is bis, iinivwih ?M* sf an mVapaakMM aagaaWkia
Dr ("spars lai rlissi 4m Manama a*
jaaraai.
Ths laaolutma of Dr Ws A BvMih. ?r Virginia,
prusalsii aa4 hu4 afav Am laMa ifca tap Moan, a
M follow*
w.% a> iMasM y Mr ><?a JMM O?^'
rrt to (4. i?W? aM IiMi 1.1 ? Mato* M toss's*
f<s* Mmiu. TM < ? ??! swim IW ?UI sf Mr
nsMttstoar. sf*to'sn by il iaa aaCtos s?fostos
'>< *! sfa?M|r ?M?siiwf?M Mint ay
\ H M Ms hum" at 4m cbaicb aa* Ms lllMl.tVas
1
for# hereby instruct the cummittec on urganuation that i
on a careful examination of the whole euhject, there ia n
_ reasonable (round to hope that the Northern majority wil
raced* from thair position and civs aome aafe (iiaranty fu
the luture security of our civil and eccieciaatical righti
? they report In faror of a reparation from the eocloaiaatici
jurisdiction of the aaid general conference.M
" WAo wanlt more huh /real England:"
in
a Who wanta more regular troopa to overrun Mex
>t ico> The London Times doubts the capacity of i
standing army of 9,013 men to occupy the garrison
on our coast, and, at the same time, to detach a suffi
cient force to overrun Mexico in caoe of war. Bu
we can do without them. We said tly other day
*> simply, that "let the United Slates but sound he
J- clarion, and display her flog upon the banks of th
* Mississippi; and they will not only have volunteer
enough to answer to the call, but mofe thai
,d. enni.irh Tire difficult,, will h. in Ireoninv mat
A back, not in sending them forward."
How strongly is this sentiment confirmed bj
the following extract of n private letter fron
id New Orleans to a gentleman in this city
which was written on the 4th instant, btj'ori
, the above article escaped from our p^n. Ant
'* let it be understood, that this letter is from one wht
n has been more than thirty years a resident of New Or
y leans?one who served in the battles of the last war
h and who is as well acquainted with the character 01
ie the western population as any man on the banks ol
e the Mississippi:
|a "Are we going to have war or not" fwith Mexico?)
Col. Polk and Mr. Buchanan will know how
e to manage things. If it would please God to take
off thirty years of Old Hickory's life, he would be
i. good for 200,000 veteran soldiers. His voice,
ig shrill though it be, even at his advanced age, and
in his feeble health, would rouse the land like
e ten thousand trumpets. But is it probable thai
y we are to have war? If I thought so, I would
n nerve my strength, and put myBelf in training, and
e would look eut for some station for my son. Wai
is all the talk here, as you may readily conceive.
lr There are many brave fellows among us who arc
e anxious to show their mettle. You know, as well
n us I do, there is no place in the Union where sc
I many efficient, hardy men, may be enlisted,as here,
1 mean among the backwoodsmen, who come annurt
ally in steamboats, flatboats, barges, &c. There arc
ir no better men to make soldiers on the face of the
e earth than they."
e Sound but the trumpet, and there would pout
II volunteers enough, from the valley of the Mississipn
pi alone, to overrun Mexico and subdue California
lB There would scarcely be wanting a single regulai
:t soldier to form the nucleus of 20,000 volunteers
jr Let the "London Times," then, know us better,
and act accordingly.
The last "New York Herald," under the head ol
LAST NEWS PROM MEXICO.
I' Letter have been received from the Home Squadi
torn, dated ( Verm Crux, April 22. It appears that,
r MtlMlWi April, Commodore Conner made the
I city of La Vera Crux, but, oaring to light and conI
irery wind#, was not able to a*>chor before the
i piece until the ISth. At the enme time, the barque
Anahuar, from Near York, arilh General Almonte
I an board, anchored in the port.
The squadron communicated with the authoriueaai
La Vera Crvi. The officer aent on shore
was aaartenualy received, and the usual offers were
[ mode, of granBag every facilite to the squadron for
i atiaimag whatever it might be in want of. The
i Mnmw frag waa saluted, and an equal number of
guns were returned by the fortress. Our minister has
,i been lafaraasd that no further diplomatic iniercourae
aaa he allowed between the government of Mexico
, end the United Hutea. With this excep.ion, our
i labrtme with Mexico remain as before.
! Pisfiwsi George Tucker has resigned hie chair
ae Ptifceeui of Moral Philosophy in the Virginia
I'mwiatv. The Visitent will All the vacancy on
i Mm I* a/.July
DIED,
j On ike evaaif of Ike 1.1th inat., after a protracted
and naiafrd illnaaa, which ha bore with a Chnatian
aakarwM aad r^NcaaUon, WM U. DUNCAN,
pawner. le tka ittl ymi of ilia a*r
Ilia frirnda, and ihowi of tha family, and ihe
pnaiaia at tka city generally, are requeeted to attend
ha funeral to-morrow (Thuraday) evening, at
ij a'clock, from ike remdence of Jamea Moore, eaq.,
lei North Cap ml afreet, above B
uiifjui turn jiutu rr pruici?aea it
' give, on the authority of"a private and well-inform'
ed correspondent, who has the beat means of infermotion,
some intelligence on the movements of tlx
,l administration of Mr. Polk, of great and increasing
importance in the present critical position of our relations
with England,and on the Oregon and other quesr"
tions." "We aro informed (says that paper) that Mr
n Polk has under advisement a project to appoint, or
? a special mission to England, John C. Calhoun, o
South Carolina, with extraordinary powers anc
large discretion, to treat with that government, both
on the Oregon Territory and a commercial treaty or
e the basis of reciprocity and equal duties. We art
assured, also, that Mr. Calhoun will certainly accepl
8 such a mission, although he refused the ordinary
' mission a few months ago."
As far as we are advised, we do not believe thert
? is any foundation for this statement. The only facl
n of any importance, which appears in the whole ol
, its article, is, that the mission to London has beer
"refused by both Messrs. Elmore and Pickens." We
? woulj advise our distant readers to receive thest
rumors from this city with some caution. But w?
e must enter this prolcstanilo in this regard at once: we
r contradict the above, because it professes to come
e with a certain, air of authority. We may contradict
other misstatements, as they seem to justify contradiction.
But if we do not contradict all the rumors
e . . .
>1 that we see in the papers, it is not to be taken for
y granted that we acknowledge their correctness.
'- OFFICIAL.
APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRESIDENT,
d Benjamin A. Bidlack, Charg# d'AlTaires to the
It republic of New Grenada vice William M. Blackford,
recalled.
'?
:r JNAVY DEPARTMENT.?Okpsiu, See.
y Mat 12.
e The resignation of Lt. Wm. A. Jones, of the
Navy, accepted.
Mat 13.
Passed Midshipman George W. Doty, promoted
to "a lieutenancy, vice Wm. A. Jones, resigned.
Lieut. J. Withers Read, furlough extended to
one year.
the store ship Southampton as Acting Master.
Fitst Assistant Engineer Hiram Sanford, having
returned from Gibraltar, where he had been on duty
connected with the wreck of the steamer Missouri,
has leave of absence for three months.
BY THE STORE SHIP LEXINGTON.
The United States store ship Lexington, Lieutenant
Commandant F. B. Ellison, arrived at Charleston,
South Carolina, on Saturday last, from Port
Mahon, having on board the remains of the late
Captain Edward Rutledoe Siiubrick. After landing
these remains, the Lexington will proceed.to
New York.
Despatches have been received from Commodore
Smith, but they contain nothing very important.
It is believed that our souadron in the Mediterranean,
under his command, is in good health, order,
and efficiency.
The Lexington stopped at Gibraltar, and brought
home, as passenger, Mr. Hiram Sanford, First Assistant
Engineer, and two men attached to the late
United States steamer Missouri, who had been left
behind to assist in the recovering the wreck. She
also brings borne, as passengers, Passed Midshipmen
Isaac N. Briceland, who is in ill health; Midshipmen
Reuben Harris, Richmond Aulick, and
Edward C. Stout; and Acting Master's Mates Peter
P. Brady. James P. Robertson, Algernon Smith,
Joseph W. Arnold, F. S. McGrath, and John G.
Sproi.ton. Also, eighteen invalid seamen from the
f squadron.
The United States ship Plymouth, some time
during the last summer, struck on a sunken rock off
the island of Mytelene, in the Grecian Archipelago,
by which accident her forefoot sustained some damage,
and several sheets of her copper were rubbed
off" On application to Vice Admiral Baudin, pre)
fat at Toulon, permission was courteously and
! promptly given to take the Plymouth into dock;
I which was accordingly done, and every |>ossible
, j facility afforded to repair the damage.
f, SKETCHES KROM THE LONDON TIMES AND OTHE1
? ENOI.I8H PAPERS RECEIVED AT THE "UNION1
r \ OFFICE BV THE LAST STEAMSHIP.
|i The "London Times" of the 16th ult. quotes the
market value of the stock of sixty-eight roilwaj
companies, and intimates that the mania of specula
lion is still raging with reference to them.
The cost encountered by the English roilwa)
companies, whenever it is necessary to bring theii
affairs before Parliament, is almost beyond credibility.
A correspondent of the "London Times" refen
to instances where the expenses for witnesses olom
has been |2,500 per diem, for weeks.
Thb slavb trade?The return ordered by thi
British Parliament lost winter, to embrace a general
summary of the slave trade from 1815 to 1843, wot
issued in printed form on the 15th ult. From it, w<
learn that between the dates above mentioned the
gross total number of African negroes landed
amounted to 639,145?of whom 555,834 were landed
in Brazilian territory, 76,685 in Spanish territory,
3,423 in French territory, 1,123 in Dutch terriI
tory, 200 in Danish territory, and 1,880 in Monte(
videan territory.
In 1843, 19,095 slaves were landed on Brazilian
territory, and 5,627 on Spanish territory. There
l' were 19,042 embarked in Africa to be carried into
p ilavery, who were either recaptured on the high
eas, or liberated after having been driven on shore
in America. This [report (from the foreign office)
states that, in all probability, the number of i laves
1 actually arriving in safety in America, exceeds the
' number set down above. Indeed, at some of the
[ South American ports, it is believed that the slave
: dealers have managed to run in more than twice the
| number given in the returns. For instance: the Britl'
ish consul and commissioners at Rio Janeiro wrote,
on the 1st of January, 1844, that "the accompany
ing return for this year exhibits the number of ves|
sels said to have landed cargoes to be 37; total num>
ber of Slaves 14,891. The total number of slaves,
. as thus shown, is not one-half of the actual num
ber successfully imported. We are assured thai
nearly 40,000 have been landed within these provinces
during that period."
The consul at Bahia writes, July 30, 1843, "thai
the great secrecy with which the traffic is carried on,
and the facilities which this extensive coast offers
. for the landing of slaves, together with the connivance
and venality of the petty authorities, render il
impossible to obtain a correct statement as to the
aumber of slaves imported." The English consul
at Pernambuco wrote, on the 27th July, 1839, thai
F "the list does not exhibit either the number of slaves
' landed, or the names of the creeks and inlets in
' which they have been disembarked; for the utmosl
" diligence of inquiry, or vigilance of research, cannol
arrive at a correct knowledge of thoM facta which
' are impenetrably veiled by the artful combination ol
' those who, either directly or indirectly, are interest
ed in the tlave trade."
Her Majesty's commissioners at the Havana, in the
1 island of Cuba, writing on the 1st of January, 1836,
f say: "fifty slave vessels have arrived in this port duI
ring the year just expired. In 1833, there were
' twenty-seven arrivals; in 1834, 33; in 1835, there
1 were sufficient arrivals to force the belief that 15,000
' negroes, at least, must have been landed." These
' latter (on January 1, 1840) wrote as follows: "The
' average number of negroes landed is as well known
as any other part of the statistics of the population.
' We have not, therefore, the least hesitation in sayl
ing, that the average number of Africans brought
F here (to Havana) is aliout 18,000 per annum, and
> about 7,000 more into other parts of the island, ma1
king a total of 35,000."
The Marquis of Dounshire died (aged 58) of apoplexy,
lately, near Dublin, Ireland. He was a
high tory.
At the usual weekly meeting of the repeal association,
which took place in Dnblin on the 14th ult.,
, Mr. O'Connell spoke at length relative to the all-ab.
sorbing Maynooth grant. Of course, his positions
taken there may be regarded as the views of his
immediate followers; and are, therefore, most interesting.
A committee having brought forward a report
on "the bill for the perpetual endowment of Maynooth,"
in which they declared that "it was formed
in a just and conciliatory spirit, and offered no matter
of doubt or difficulty to any Roman Catholic,
however suspicious he might have been made by the
conduct of the present or any former government,
they also expressed their belief that, circumstanced
as the country is, with its ecclesiastical and
state revenues, originally granted for Roman Cath
olic purposes, it was no infringement of the voluntary
principle to receive, by way of restitution, the
means of educating the Catholic clergv, especially
when tendered in so satisfactory and conciliatory a
manner."
Mr. O'Connell declared that he could find nothing
in the bill derogatory to civil or religious freedom,
or of a character to preclude him from accepting it.
It had been asked why he had not urged the getting
up of petitions to Parliament praying for its
passage, as he thought it an excellent measure.
He would answer that they (the Irish) had
not asked for the measure. It was entirely
the voluntary act of the government. The Irish
people would not stop to ask for such a trifle.
When millions were due them, they would
not atop to beg for a penny in the pound. Yet
they would cheerfully accept it, if it passed. He
was indeed grateful for the bill, and would not be
sparing of thanks. He conceived the bill to
be useful in another respect; for it gave the
Irish people to understand precisely how the
British public felt towards them. Their demonstrations
of bitter hostility to Ireland and
its religion, in discussing this bill, proved conclusively
"that England had not the heart in the
right place, when they came to deal with Ireland.
[Hear, hear.] It also proved that his former
assertions in relation to the feelings of the British
people against those of Ireland were correct.
Heretofore, when he had proclaimed this fact, he
had been answered that it was the government, and
not the people of England, that were adverse to Ireland.
But what is seen now? They saw the government
acting in a friendly manner towards this
country, and the people rising in masses against
them. [Hear.] Such excitement was never known
in London, as exists there at present. 'No-popery'
placards were met at every turn, and the abuse
of Irish Catholics which they contained was read
with applause by groups of people attracted by them.
Yes, the people of England were taking a strong part
against Ireland. Their hostility had kept Ireland in
her present abject condition for a great length of
time. But, proud and bigoted as were their English
neighbors, the Irish would not continue to be
their slaves. Mr. U'L/onneil turther remarked that
the Protestant clergy who opposed this bill so bitterly,
had been silent as to the first grant of 3,000
pounds sterling, and had also entirely overlooked
the grants to dissenters?Scotch Presbyterians and
others. Why were not those grants opposed? And
why had such an outcry been made against the
grant of a suitable endowment to Maynooth? The
truth was, they hated them as Irishmen, and were
bigoted against them as Catholics. [Hear, hear.}
Sir Robert Peel had consulted the Catholic authorities
in the most open and generous manner on
the subject. He hoped the bill would be well received
throughout Ireland; but as to its beings bribe
to the clergy, he defied those who thought so, and
equally so those who thought it woald have the effect
of making them relax their efforts to regain national
independence. |Loud cheers.]"
Among other speakers, Mr. H. Grattan, M. P., said
that the people of England had declared war on the
Irish people by their conduct in relation to the May. I
I nooth grant, and he had learned a teaaou within the laat
48 hours which he might forgive, but would never
forget. He took his leave of the "geutlemen of England;
he wished them no ill; but, so help him God, he
would never willingly draw a sword in their behalf,
or give them a guinea of his money. [Loud cheers.]
They hud covered their country, their cause, and
their Parliament, with a disgrace which they could
never remove. [Renewed cheers.]" Mr. O'Conneli
announced the receipt of ^450 from Boston, <145
from Philadelphia, and ?f 100 from Illinois.
PaouaEia or the thee tbade raiNiTM.ES in Psaliament.?The
"London League" of the 5th ult., in
s|>eakiiig to its readers upon the progress of the
great cause of free trade in Parliament, says:
"Here we have, within a neriod of little more
than three weeks, no fewer than seven debates on
commercial, fiscal, or industrial questions; in every
one of which the victory was so palpably conspicuous
in favor of the free traders, that, all requisite
allowance* being made for the difficulty of defend.
ing a bod cause, it seem* impossible to resist the
impression that Sir Robert Peel meant it bo to be.
"On no single occasion, from the first hour of the
' session to the present moment, litis the premier, or
any one of his colleagues, made a vigorous, telling
! speech, on the protective side of the question. The
intellectual and oratorical force of the ministerial
1 benches has not once been put forth, even with a
show of zeal and heat, in the defence of monopoly."
I For the Union.
MEXICO-No. 5.
! We have already remarked that causes of complaint
and sources of difficulty between the United
, States and Mexico were coeval with the declaration
! of independence by the latter power. A brief re,
view of the history of that nation will furnish a suitable
introduction to the more detailed and specific
. narrative into which we shall be led.
During the tremendous contest in the Peninsula,
. in which Spain resisted the efforts made by Bonaparte
to impose a member of his own family upon
. the Spanish throne, and to subjugate that ancient
and haughty nation to the imperial sway, the most
. liberal aid was afforded by the American province*
to the mother country. It has been estimated that
[ Mexico alone contributed, within the brief period of
a few years, more thai ninety millions of dollars to
i aid in carrying on this conflict.* On the restoration
. of peace, however, the friends of liberty found cause
1 to lament the severe disappointment they were
, doomed to experience. All the glorious hopes in
| which they had indulged were defeated; all the
: promises which, in the period of danger and of trial
i had been so liberally made, were forgotten. Desi
polism resumed all her authority, and condemned
t to the most ignominious punishments those who had
t mainly contributed to rescue their country in the
i hour of peril. The same disappointments contribf
uted to rouse into a flame the sparks of discontent
throughout the American colonies. They were remitted
to the tender mercies of their old rulers?their
i industry repressed, their commerce interdicted, and
, the ancient colonial policy re-established in all its
pristine vigor. The different provinces, hopeless
of rcdrcsB, successively dissolved their connection
i with the parent country, declared their independI
encc, and asserted the right of self-government,
i With little concert among themselves, each part
in accordance with its own view of policy; and
among others, the various contiguous provinces,
of which Mexico was the chief, combined in the
effort to throw off" the galling yoke.
The causes which induced this movement, the
principles upon which the contest was to be waged,
and, still more, the character of the political
institution which were established, attracted
the sympathies of the friends of liberty throughout
the civilized word. The close proximity of Mexico
to the United States, and the facilities of communication
which existed between the two countries, gave
an ardor and a strength to this feeling of sympathy,
which promised the most auspicious results.
When, in 1824, anew constitution was formed,so
striking an analogy existed between the general principles,
and even the minute details which characterized
it, and those which distinguished our own institutions,
that it almost seemed as if every line of
distinction and wall of separation were broken down
and obstructed. The people of the United States
regarded their Mexican neighbors with almost fraternal
affection; exulted in their successes; mourned at
their reverses, and hailed with exultation their final
triumph, and the consummation of their struggle
for independence. We rejoiced at the anticipation
that these new republics, which had imitated our
example in emancipating themselves from the oppressive
yoke of colonial dependence, under the
same circumstances, and upon the same grounds
which had governed us?who had laid, in their frame
of government, the same broad platform of individual
rights which lay at the foundation of our
institutions?would be linked with us in bonds, and
connected with us by ties and interests, more durable
than had ever before subsisted between nations.
So vehement were the feelings thus awakened,
that all the energies of the Executive were demanded
to keep us within those limits which our neutral
relations imposed. Nothing, however, could restrain
the demonstrations of private sympathy, or prevent
our citizens from participating in the momentous
struggle. Multitudes flocked to the new-raised standard
of liberty, from the United States, from England,
Ireland, France, and Italy, many of whom distinguished
themselves in the service, both by sea and
land.f Mexico opened her arms wide to receive all
who would come to her from any part of the world. J
In this posture of her affairs, she offered every in
ducement to the emigration, and every facility to the
naturalization, of foreigners. Perhaps no nation has
ever adopted a more liberal policy than Mexico promulgated
upon this subject. By a law passed in
1823, it was provided that "all foreigners who come
to establish themselves within the empire shall be
considered ns naturalized, should they exercise any
useful profession or industry, by which, at the end
of three years, they have a capital to support themselves,
and are married. Those who, with the foregoing
qualifications, marry Mexicans, will acquire
particular merit for the obtaining letters of citizenship."
By another law, all the instruments of husbandry,
machinery, and other utentfils, that are introduced
by (he colonists for their use, are allowed
to be imported free of duty, "as also merchandise
introduced by each family, to the extent of two thousand
dollars."
Stimulated by all these circumstances, large numbers
of foreigners, particularly citizens of the United
States, emigrated to this inviting country. They
established themselves in every part of the dominions
of the republic, and occupied themselves in
every department of industry. As merchants along
the seaboard and in the cities, as agriculturists and
manufacturers, they introduced, with no small amount
of capital, skill, industry, habits of business, nnd
skill in all these various avocations. Prosperity began
to exhibit itself in every direction; commerce,
1.-.1 r-.. i
movement*, began to expand, and the immenae resources
of the country were in a rapid state of progressive
development. The trade with the United
States rose to upward of nine millions of dollars annually,
and largely contributed to the wealth and
comfort of both nations.
This prosperous and happy aspect of affairs speedily
underwent a change. The bulk of the people
of Mexico, trained under the debasing influences of
a narrow and rigid despotism, imperfectly comprehended,
and were wholly unable properly to appreciate,
the fundamental principle of free government.
Napier's Peninsular War.
t Mr. Webstar to Mr. Thompson, July ?, IWi
(Ibid
I Bigoted, and ruled bjr an ignorant yet crafty priesthood,
they were taught to regard everything ap
preaching to religioua toleration with antipathy and
abhorrence. Accustomed to habits of indolence
and averse to either bodily or mental labor, they
were little qualified to compete with the more ener
getic and enterpriaing strangers who had minglec
among them. The characters of their rulers wen
little calculated to inspire iaspect; and without any
well-eeiabtished principles of morality, wholly dee
titute of loyalty to law, disorder and anarchy
everywhere appeared and triumphed.
The combined operation of these causes soon be
gan to manifest itself in the bitter hostility whict
was engendered towards the foreigners who had accepted
their hospitable invitations, and confided ir
their assurances of protection and encouragement
The wealth which waa gradually but rapidly accu.
mutating under the productive efforts of exotic enterprise
and industry, roused their jealousy ant
stimulated their cupidity. Enveloped in the gloomi
eat shades of ignorance, they abhorred the intellectual
light which began to shine among them, end tc
make their "darkness visible." They were unable tc
perceive or to appreciate the public benefits whici
were to result from private prosperity and the accu
iuuiuiKHi ui inuiviuuai wetuiii. ine guvernmcm
was in the hands of men who obtained power by
the most nefarious means, and employed it to the
most iniquitous purposes. Holding their authority
by the most precarious tenure, and wholly unscru
pulous in the exercise of it, they were under a son
of necessity to conn ire at the mal-administration o:
their nominal subordinates and dependants, and tc
close their eyes and ears to all the complaints 01
abuse of power and venal administration of justice
They opened a new career of cruelty and injustice
Beginning with a few and remote instances of aggression
and outrage, impunity in crime only en
couraged them to adopt a more comprehensive and
systematic plan of iniquity. American cilizeni
were plundered, imprisoned, and murdered, withoui
awakening sympathy or meeting with punishment.
The government of the United States meanwhile
listened to the recital of the outrages which from
time to time reached them, if not with real incredulity,
at least with apparent apathy; sought apologiet
for misconduct when the facts could no longer b<
denied, in the disorganization of public affairs, and
the lawlessness of individuals amid the embarrassments
of political revolutions. They were unwilling
to censure in too harsh terms the irregularities, at
they were mildly called, which were charitably attributed
to inexperience in the administration of government,
and they forebore to exact immediate and
ample reparation for wrongs, the existence of which
could no longer be denied.
This course of policy, and the consequences tc
winch it lea, wui oe more ruiiy aeveiopea in oui
succeeding number. W C.
EDITOR'S CORRESPONDENCE.
[From our regular correspondent.]
Philadelphia, May 13,1845.
Stock operations yesterday were decidedly beltei
than they have been for a long time. There was
more animation in sales, and more steadiness in
prices. The intelligent money article of the Ledger
attributes this healthful change to the belief that we
are to have no war with either Mexico or England.
But, whatever the cause, the effect is as 1 have described
it to be.
Professor Jno. Frost, of this city, the author of the
"Naval Biography," "Pictorial United States," and
other popular books, has commenced the publication
of a new work, called "Frost's Pictorial History
of the World," of which the three first numbers
have appeared. The first numbers of this work
have already made a capital impression upon the
public mind. The style is pleasing and fresh; and
th'e accuracy of the statements of the author is such
as might be expected from an experienced writer
like Professor Frost. The embellishments are
splendidly engraved, and a number of them quite
original. The printing is exquisite, and the paper
of the first quality. This book is destined to have
a very large sale, and to enjoy a popularity at least
equal to its great merits.
The rumor now circulated by some of the papers
that the August interest will not be paid, according
to the late act of assembly of this State, is untrue.
It is to be regretted that the interest cannot be paid
in full from the receipts into the treasury; but that
it will be mat, as provided by the legislature, there
can lie no doubt. Onlv about *300.000 will be naid
from the treasury; the balance, nearly ?700,000,
will be paid in checks, redeemable out of the first
moneys received. This is a bad system.
I was amused last evening at the motley crowd
which left in the late New York boat, for the great
race on long Island to-day. There might nave
been three hundred persons. There were the
high-toned aristocrat, the gentleman gambler,
and the low thimble-rigger, jostling each other,
each intent upon the race?the one of his own
pleasures, the others that they might fall
in with those who would enable them to make their
journey a profitable one. Since the enactment of
our legislature against races, all those who are fond
ef that exciting amusement are compelled to go to
New York andNew Jersey. Some years ago, the
best races of the country were contested in this
State; but they were buried in the same grave with
the lottery system, much to the chagrin of those
who exist upon such excitements.
Mr. Murdoch, the able and popular teacher of
elacution, intends re-appearing on the stage early in
the fall. He has now been absent more than three
years from the dramatic field; and in the course of
that time he haa given the subjects of Shakspeare's
plays, as well as the works of most of the great
masters, the most severe and thorough study. He
returns, therefore, to his profession, with groat advantages,
and with a character for ability that will
place him in the front rank of favorite actors from
the start. He will appear first at the Park, in New
York, and then at the Walnut, in this city.
Several days ago, accompanied by a friend, I
paid a visit to the model farm of James Goven, esq.,
called "Mount Airy," a few miles from this city.
Mr. Goven is unquestionably the most successful
agriculturist in Pennsylvania; and this is saying a
great deal. His farm is a proof of the successful
application of the principles of science to the practical
purposes of agriculture, and shows conclusively
how much depends upon the intelligence, skill, and
perseverance of the farmer. At Mount Airy, all
the latest discoveries in farming?all the new varieties
of wheat, grass, dec.?all the choice fruits and
ornamental trees, may be seen in their most attractive
forms. Mr. Goven'a stock of Durham cattle is
alone worth a day's travel to see. These beautiful
animals have carried off some of the best agricultural
prizes of the country. F. P. Blair, esq., who
designs cultivating a farm in the vicinity of Washington,
visited Mount Airy a few days ago, and was
delighted, as well as edified, at all he saw. He expressed
a desire to take advantage of some of the
experience of Mr. Goven, and 1 am assured he found
that gentleman anxious to communicate his most
valuable information.
A great number of persons are applying for places
at the hands of the new collector and postmaster.
The selection of good subordinates is perhaps one of
the most responsible duties of the public officer, as
it is one of the most trying. I have no doubt Mr.
Horn and Dr. Lehman will discharge this delicate
responsibility with due consideration not only to
the public interests, but to the great democratic
party; and while they select officers of integrity and
capacity, at the same lime promote the union and
harmony of the republican family. It must he expected
that numerous disappointments will be the
result of so many applications; but that full justice
will be done to all, I have no doubt.
The Bank of England was founded in 1694, and
grew out of a loan of/I,900,000(|6,000,000) for the
oublic service?the government finding a diffinil
ty in borrowing money, because of the supposed instability
of the revolutionary establishment; and it
issued notes under 430 (>100) until the year 1759,
and was the only incorporates bank in England.
Mr. Robert Morris had conceived the idea of establishing
a bank at Philadelphia before the commencement
of the revolutionary war, but he did not
succeed in doing so. At the close of the war, when
hostilities were neaily at an end, he renewed the
project in the shape of the Bank of North America,
which was intended to be a national bank, and
which, having been approved by Congress on the
36th of May, 1781, was finally incorporated by that
body on the 31st December. 1781, and went into
operation in January, 1783?the whole of the capital
paid in by individuals not exceeding >70,000.
Congress recommended to the legislature of each
State to pass such laws as they might judge to be
necessary for giving their ordinance its faff operation.
The State of Pennsylvania did this by fussing
an act on the 1st of April, 1783, incorporating
the subscribers to the Bank of North America,
which act was repealed by another act of the gene
ral assembly of the 13th September, 1785; but the
corporation was finally revived by an act of the 17th
March, 1787, and ae the other Slalea did not unite
in passing similar laws, it remained simply a State
institution, although arrogating to itself the righti of
a national bulk under the effete ordinance of the
Continental Congress.
The State of Massachusetts had, on the 8lh of
March, 1783, in pursuance of the recommendation
of Congress, passed an act incorporating the Bank
of North America, and providing that, during the
war, no other bank should be allowed in the commonwealth,
unless either of the United States should,
during the said war, permit any other bank to be established
within the same.
On the 7th of February, 1784, the legislation of
Massachusetts incorporated the Massachusetts Bank,
which was the second State bank. All these acts
were very loosely drawn, containing few or no restrictions,
and appearing to repose entire confidence
in the wisdom and honesty of the managers of these
institutions.
These two corporations hsve been the germs of
two national luniks and some hundreds of State
hanks of circulation, discount, and deposit.
The original Bank of North America was the
scheme of Mr. Robert Morris, aided by Mr. Gouverneur
Morris; and Alexander Hamilton had previously
submitted a plan for a very large national
bank to Mr. Morris. It is well known that General
Washington consulted Mr. Robert Morris aa to
the appointment of hia Secretary of the Treasury,
and 1 think he was desirous that that gentleman
should accept the post. Mr. Morris, at all events,
recommended General Hamilton as a person peculiarly
fitted forthsl station, and it cannot be doubted
that he must have looked to the establishment of a
national bank by hia protege, despite the prohibitive
silence of the constitution.
The first national bank, therefore, in 1791, grew
naturally out of a project of the secretary ten year*
* old; and it is not singular that he should nave press>
ed it with energy, as his tendencies were towards a
f strong consolidated government and the banking and
funding system of England.
[Prom another correspondent ]
Philadelphia, May 12, 1845.
Our new naval officer (Col. Welsh) took the oath
of office on Saturday, and Dr. Lehman entered upon
his duties as postmaster this morning. I learn
that Mr. Horn will supersede Judge Blvthe, as collector,
on or about the 15th instant. It is in the
highest degree gratifying to notice the universal satisfaction
with which these appointments have been
received by our democratic friends, and the community
generally. Mr. Welsh and Dr. Lehman
are extensively known as intelligent and practical
business men; and, without disparagement to any of
their competitors, it may be said that better men for
the stations they respectively occupy could not have
been selected. The name of Henry Horn, the collector,
is familiar as a "household word" with our
democracy; and the sterling, independent political
honesty which has ever characterised him, combined
with his unquestioned and unquestionable personal
integrity, renders his appointment to the responsible
post which the President has assigned
him peculiarly acceptable. Efforts have been made,
and are still making, by designing individuals, to
create an impression that, (the "wish is father to
the thought,") in selecting his subordinates, Mr.
Horn wiH choose only from among a certain class
of our political brethren; but I think I know the
new collector well enough to feel assured that, in
the distribution of the patronage of his office, he
will permit no such narrow-minded or bigoted views
to govern his policy. That he will fill the places in
his gift with sound and efficient democrats, is not to
be doubted; indeed, his life and character guaranty
this much; but they greatly mistake the man, who
- expect him to limit his favors to any particular seci
tion or clique of our democracy, or create any distinctions
among those whose labors and exertions so
materially contributed to the success of the existing
: popular national administration. My word for it,
Mr. Horn will pursue a liberal and honorable
course of action, and thus prove himself every way
worthy of the station to which he has been called,
and gain the united approbation of the whole democratic
party. The good will of our business men,
generally, will be insured bv what I know he will
give?an untiring and faithful application to the duties
of his office.
Your regular correspondent has, I perceive, noticed
an argument made in the supreme court of this
State, on the question of an injunction asked for by
the city of Philadelphia, to prevent the district of
Spring Garden from using the water of the river
Schuylkill to supply the reservoir of the new works
constructed by that district. The decision h{ui not
yet transpired; but the impression exists that the
counsel for Spring Garden so utterly demolished all
. and every claim, or pretended claim, which the city
makes, or can make, to the exclusive use of the
i waters of the Schuylkill, as to leave the result in no
doubt. The interests of the city were well taken
care of by William M. Meredith, esq., whose legal
attainments are of a high order. The counsel for
, the district of Spring Garden were Mr. Vice President
Dallas and John M. Read, eso., who acquitted
themselves in an able manner, and fully sustained
their high reputation as leaders at a bar which numbers
among its members many gentlemen of commanding
genius.
You doubtless observe, from time to time, in our
city papers, proceedings of meetings?which have,
of late, been of frequent occurrence?of journeymen
carpenters, plasterers, and other mechanics, who
demand higher wages for their labor. I am one of
those who always regard the "laborer as worthy of
his hire;" and like to see all branches of trade liberally
compensated. Of course, therefore, I have
nothing to say against the measures adopted by the
' mechanics alluded to, to bring about an increase of
pay-for their labor, but advert to the subject merely
to ask you to note it as one of the indications which
are continually presenting themselves, of another
inflation of trade through the influence of bank facilities.
The banks here?especially those which
hold government deposits in large amounts?loan
money nocrnny. upon incse iodiib, iou are purchased
by speculators, and buildings commenced.
Carpenters, plasterers, and other mechanics, are in
demand, ana when their services are thus urgently
' required, it ia but natural and proper that they
should expect to be well paid. Is there not, however,
reason to fear that there is danger of another
approaching inflation, even in deapite of the past
bitter lessons of experience which our people nave
been taught? At all events, an examination of the
"signs ofthe times" has induced many of the thinking
portion of our community to inquire of themselves
whether the large surplus in our national
treasury might not be better employed in the payment
or our national liabilities, than in lying in tne
vaults of the deposit banks, to be used by them as
a basis for extending their line of discounts, and
affording facilities for an artificial and ultimately ruinous
expansion of trade.
Oeneral Jackson had the satisfaction, during his
administration, of paying off" the two debta or the
revolution and the second war of independence.
This payment and extinguishment of the debt of
the nation should be our first effort in time of peace,
and particularly in the case of our present debt,
which was almost entirely created when we were at
war with no power whatever, and when we
should have been on an entire peace establishment,
accommodating our expenditures to our actual revenue.
We look back to the past, not to repine, nor
to censure merely, but for the benefit of its experiences,
and we have learned that there is no
surer method of sustaining the credit of a country,
than by its having no debts to pay.
All schemes to bolster up credit, and raise the <
price of stock, in a free country, are to be scouted at
by every honest man. All that the government is
required to do, is to pay its debts punctually, wheth- i
er of principal or interest, and it has nothing to do i
with giving a fictitious value to its certificates of
debt, which will probably interfere with its honest
attempts to lighten the burdens of the people.
The President, in his inaugural address, has moat
I : J tlia navmflnt nf tka nationn 1 rlaUf
nroperiy nouucu ? ? l?/ . ? ?? ?? >?<.
as one of the duties of his admiriMtration; and thia
ia fortunately provided for by the 4th section of the ;
act of the 21st July, 1841, which allows the Secretary
of the Treasury to purchase so much stock as the
funds of the government may admit of, after meeting
all the demands upon the treasury. Thia ia the
simple, plain, republican course, which is established
now even in England, and which dispenses I
with the paraphernalia and show of the sinking
fund, which only adds trouble and expense, without
the slightest advantage in its results.
1 am aware that our debt is above par; but if the <
government should give now what it is actually
worth, it will be a great saving to the people in the
end. For instance: we have a debt of one million, ,
at five per cent., payable in twenty years. In twenty
years, the principal and interest paid by thepeo- ,
pie would be two millions. Suppose it paid off at ,
once with the surplus funds, and the advance is
(say) five per cent.; then the amount paid by the
people out of their pockets is but $1,050,000, and the
saving is $950,000; being a saving of nine-teen
years' interest.
There is also another view of the subject. As
long as the pet-bank system continues, it is the in- i
terest of the government that the money on deposit i
should be as small as possible, consistent with the <
annual expenditure; for the government receives no <
interest from the hanks, whilst there is a constantly i
accruing interest to the public creditors. A small i
deposit clearly diminishes the risk run, and, at the
same time, prevents that unnatural expansion of the |
currency, which the temporary use of the public
deposits by its holder* creates in the money market
There are other reasons for this course, which.
I will explain, with your permission, on some future
occasion.
I observe, by a glance at the newajiapers on file in
our public rooms, that a number of them are publishing
extract* from, or the whole of the speech of
Mr. Duncan, of Ohio, on tk* bill to establish a territorial
government in Oregon, delivered u> the
House of Repre rents Uvea on the 39th of January'
last. The blustering'threats uttered in the British
Parliament in relaUon to this subject have now
found their way throughout the whole length and
breadth of our land, and I am glad to see the public
journalists lay before their readere all the information
possible, so that our enure people may understand
how clear and unquestionable is our rignt to that
tcrniurjr, anu nuw anauow in? proieiiaions 01 vareai
Britain to any claim* upon it. The speech of Mr.
Duncan contains a fund of valuable information in a
condensed form, and he enforces the policy of its immediate
occupation by arguments at once comprehensive
and unanswerable.
Mr. Murdoch, the eminent elocutionist, has commenced
a series of lectures on Shakspeare, at the
Chinese Saloon, in this city. His first lecture was
delivered on Friday evening, before a large and respectable
audience, and was received with great satisfaction.
To-night he will give a second, and Mr.
M. may anticipate a more crowded audience than
before.
That most magnificent of humbugs, the Fakir of
Ava, repeats to-night, at the Masonic Hall, his astonishing
fest of "Asboe's Flight," or the mysterious
disappearance of a shawl. That same Fakir is
the most astonishing man of the age, and he cheata
his audience, however watchful they may be, with a
most admirable and wonderful degree of skill. I do
not know whether you have, at any time, had an
opportunity of witnessing his exploits, but if you
have not, pray go and see him-on the first convenient
occasion. When you do, I am grentlv mistaken
if you do not agree with myself, in thinking that a
venerable 8cotsman who sat near me at a recent performance,
was pretty nearly right, when he exclaimed,
"Hoot! atca?the dtil't in the moil .'"
The amount collected in the city and county of
Philadelphia for the relief of the sufferers by the late
calamitous fire at Pittsburgh, will, i am informed,
exceed |40,00Q. A commendable sympathy and
praiseworthy liberality has been exhibited oy our
citizens; ana of the amount collected, considerable
sums have been the free-will offerings of neople
nrlin ilaiuinH nnnn fti?ip lnKnr fnr th#>ir rlftllv hr^ld. *
Id one instance within my own knowledge, a poor woman
gave aix and a quarter cent*. It was, emphatically,
"the widow's mite," and all she had to give. The
spirit of the donor sanctified the gift, and she who,
even of her poverty, gave all she had, proved, thereby,
the beauties of charity, and the purity of Christian
benevolence.
[From another correspondent.]
Philadelphia, May 13, 1845.
Sia: 1 have just received a letter from a friend in
Texas, couched in language so ingeniously humorous
on the subject of annexation, that I am induced
to give you die substance, that I may not be accused
of monopolizing the laugh. "On or before the last
of June," the writer says, "Texas will rise in her
might and annex the United States, with all their dependencies,
to the lone star republio," This, you
will see, places this perplexed question in a new
light, and will go far to laugh into ridicule the thousand'efforts
being made to enshroud it in impenetrable
mystification. The writer further contends that
"Mexico will be thus disarmed of her objections,"
and goes on to reason in this wise: "Mexico will
then have the same right to re-conquer Texas which
she now has, with the additional inducement that, if
successful, she will add the Rome-lik* North alto, to
the flowery dominions of Montezuma." Now, besides
its humor, this has very much the appearance
of a "knock down" argument, and resolves the
whole into the simple question of "Who shall, and
who shan't?" Meanwhile, "Texas," continues the
writer, "will agree, on her part, not only to bear her
new dependencies harmless in the matter of contract,
but also to protect them against insult or aggression
from Mexico." Besides you and I, there is another
gentleman about Washington, who will doubtless
consider of these things, and with a mixture of
smiles, interest, and perhaps a little anxiety. I allude
to that very worthy philosopher, Professor
Morse; and if you will crack a joke with him in this
connection, he will perhaps tell you that the patent
right of his telegraph, though presented to lexas,
was never intended to bear upon this mammoth
"little one." But nous txrrofu!
Speaking of these things, and recurring of course
to the efforts of the Textan minister to bring about
annexation in 1837, 1 am induced to express a hope .,
that Gen. Memucan Hunt, the then incumbent, (and '
who, I am glad to see, is still battling for the same
good cause,) will, in the event of final success, be
amply rewarded, both for his indefatigable labors,
anu tne fine fortune sacrificed on the altar of his
adopted country. Pending the application referred
to, l well remember to have witnessed the commendable
fortitude with which he received the powerful
but polite arguments of Mr. Forsyth against
the proposed measure; I well remember the penetrating
mortification which it was his fate to endure
while the debate was progressing m the House, on
the occasion of Mr. Auams's fourteen days' speech;
and if there be a live oak or a hickory within the
bounds of Texas, which could have borne all with
a trunk less scathed, or a crest less drooping, why,
1 have only to say there is stuff in that sunny land'
which a wise parent should no longer be indifferent
to. A seat in the Senate of the United States would
be considered by him an adequate reward for every ,
sacrifice; while the State of Texas would find, in his
lAicuia, noneniy, uiu iracmjr iu tier iiucrcaw, a iuu
indemnity for Uie justice which she would thereby
mete out to the first and foremost of her patriots.
The President has been doubly lucky in our recent
Philadelphia appointments. He has been
lucky in his selections, and lucky in his manner of
superseding the old incumbents. Those of the applicants,
also, who were necessarily disappointed,
seem to have received everything besides; for I have
yet to hear the first breath from them, either which
savors of anything but the most friendly feelings
towards the administration. 1 conversed, this morning,
with that veteran soldier and veteran democrat,
the Hon. Calvin Blythe, in this connection, and was
more than pleased to hear from his own lips, that
he was fully satisfied that it had not been the intention
of the President, either to impair his political
position, or to convey a doubt as to the manner in
which he had discharged his multifarious duties.
When such things have to be done, it is peculiarly
gratifying to see them followed by results alike flattering
to private feelings and to the prospects of our
glorious cause. Judge Blythe, above all others, deserved
to be superseded, not by the weakness of his
own claims, but by the strength of those of his
competitor. At Lundy's Lane, he fought bravely
for nis country, and intimates that he has yet an
arm which shall never dishonor the nation's draft.
Like his successor, he is a great favorite in Pennsylvania;
and, admitting the doctrine of rotation in
office, abides with confidence the honors which still
await him.
The other appointments are highly acceptable,
not only to our party, but to the community at
large, and certainly augur well for the reunion of
our discordant elements.
8. H.
i nnn land office parcfl
J. OjL/v/'y MENT8.?The subscriber has
for sale a lot of 15,000 parchments of the land office
size. Also, an assortment of other sizes for deeds,
official commissions, and printers' uses; all of
which he will sell at the lowest prices.
Also, a lot of cheap cap and letter paper, ruled
and plain, at fl 25 and $1 50 per ream; blynk books,
and other stationery, at the most reduced prices.
wm. f. bayly,
Fenn. av, between 11th and 12th street*.
May 14?eod4t
WANTED, A FIRST RATE COOK?None
need apply, unless they can produce the best
recommendations. '
Apply at thia office.
May 14?tf
XTRA! EXTRA!! EXTRA !!!?Fimt Ci
oaa* just received of the following justly celebrated
brands, vie:
5,000 Planters, very superior, warranted genuine.
5,000 La Alabama, very fine do. do.
35,000 El Parsisio, vary fine, do. do.
30,000 La Conatantia, very fine, do. do.
10,000 J uata Luns, very fine, do. do.
All of the above have just been received, and are
positively genuine.
Also in store 300,000 Cioasi, various brands, all
of which will be disposed of as low as can be purchased
in any city of the Union.
W. H. WINTER,
No. S, east of Coleman's Hotel, sign of Jim Crow.
May 12?3teod
PLEA8ANT SUMMER BOARDING
HOUSE.?Those new houses on 18th street,
north of I street, having been fitted up by Mrs. Turner
for the secernmodation of hoarder*: Gentlemen
desiring a pleasant residence within the immediate
vicinity of the executive departments would find
this lorstian one nt the most desirable in the fit*.
either for themselves or families.
The situation is high, pleasant, nnd healthy, free
from dust and noiss. J
May 6?eod6t

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