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The daily union. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1845-1857, May 21, 1845, Image 3

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THE UNION.
CITY OF WASHINGTON.
WEDNESDAY NIGHT, MAY SI, 1845.
pf'C." on .Mexican affair*, will appear to-morrow.
BRITISH ADVICES.
The steamer Britannia, arrived at Boston, bring*
u* account* fifteen day* later from Europe. (We
give very copious detail* in our preceding columns.)
It brings us, along with* the newspapers, a late and
interfering letter from our correspondent from London,
who has grouped together in a very small compass
the moat prominent point* of English intelligence.
It presents the British minister under some
embarrassment. lie has agitated England with his
Maynooth endowment, and lias not satisfied the Irish
people. He has also given some dissatisfaction to
some of his own political friends and employees.
The Irish feature ia, of course, the moat important
to ua, beeauae of the advantage which Sir Robert
Peel auppoaed would arise from uniting Ireland
against the United States, in case of any contest between
the two countries. Mr. Macaulay again presented
this view of the matter, in his speech in the
Commons, on the 23d April, when he charged the
lUfconorable baronet with having proposed the grant
^ to the Maynooth Catholic college, only in consequence
"of the monster meetings of the year 1843,
and of the state of our relations with the United
States of America."
"It la not, therefore, (says Mr. M.,) to any sentiments of
humanity, or justice, or fair dealing tuwunla Ireland, that
we are to attribute the couceaaiona made by the present
government. Theae molirea may have pleaded an strongly
ami aa uaelraaly aa they have heretofore done. The conceaaiona
whirh the government baa made are?we owe the
admission to the right honorable gentleman's candor, (a
laugnj?IS ?r uimwn la Kir ;? / inu< c, ..........
Polk hat* made Ihr minirtry unaasy. [./ laugh. and hrar. Star]
I heard the avowal with aorrow. I listened to the right
honorable baronet's iatement ol hia inutlvea with indignation."
Sir Robert Peel seems rather to have eased ofi
from the high tone whirh he employed in the former
debate:
"If 1 ussrf (says he) au equivocal expreotion with renect to
this pari of the auhjecl, do Ihr fadt prove thai Ihr inference
drawn from if is a correct one? Have wa altered the character
of the meaaure in the slightest degree in conaequenoe of
the message of the new President of the United States?
Haa not my right honorable friend atated, that the outline
of the meaaure waa agreed on aa early aa November laat,
end that it continued the rente when the laat meaaage waa
received, which anticipated a favorable concluaion to the
negotiations regarding the Oregon? It waa under thoar
impreaaiona that the meaaure waa promoted. The speech ol
the present President did not hava any such effect aa haa
been ascribed to it. it did not add one shilling to the
amount of the vote, nor cause ua to put the measure in any
form more likely td render it acceptable to the people of Ireland.
But, air, seeing the temper inwhich this meaaure waa
received in Ireland, waa it not natural for me to say?having
been obliged to use the language I did aa regarded the
United States on the motion of the nohle lord?was it not
natural that I should rejoice that discontent in Ireland had
subsided, and that this measure might he regarded aa one
cause of it! [//car, hrar.] Pan the right honorable gentle
man infer from this that fear of America, or the President's
meaaage, had the alighteat reference to the meaaure 1 proposed?
[//car.] This measure, I repeat, has not been extorted
by agitation. We showed a readiness to contend
with that agitation by surh measures as we could; and aa
to any threat or menace ol the United States, it had no more
influence on our conduct than any cause the most remote
could Have had. [Hear, hear.]'
It would seem, that if Sir Robert made any calculation
upon the efficacy of the grant in
rousing Ireland against America, he may have
counted without his host. Even Daniel O'Connell,
whilst he admits "the statesmanlike conciliation" in
which the measure wns couceived, declares openly
that it is?
"Immeasurably short of thti substantial justice due from
England, and which can never be obtained tare bu the rest*
ration of our domestic legislation. Whilst the Irish brooded
in sorrow and irritation, but in silent acquiescence, over the
grievances which a 111 ic ted their country, no relief was afforded,
no conciliation suggested, by the government. On
the contrary, even in our earlier movements we were emfihaticallv
told that concession?that is to say, justice tc
re land?had long attained its limits. That assertion is now
emphatically retracted, and the loud cry of Irish agifatior
has penetrated into the interior cabinet of the ministry, an<
(force and fraud having been found useless) is endcavoret
to be quelled by acts of benevolence conferred in a concilia
tory manner. Let t?? persevere. We. have every incitement ti
persevere. Every Concession made hy England ts a fresh prooj
of her former injustice. It increases the strength of the re
pealers, and diminishes the power and number of those who an
opposed to repeal.n
The Maynooth grant continues, of course, to be the
order of the day in England. It has thrown somewhat
into shade all the American questions. The
New York News says: "the Oregon question, as fat
at we hare seen, was not mentioned once again ir
Parliament, and the war feeling had evidently subsided."
Yet they are occasionally noticed in th?
newspapers.
The cotton market (says one paper) "has beet
buoyantgof late, and in some descriptions the im
provement has reached a farthing a pound. Ttu
threatened rupture with .hnerica has caused this advance,
and as the share market has been pretty well
cleaned, parties speculating on the rupture are disposed
to invest theircapital in the staple."
We see also some speculations upon our affair,
in the London papers. The most remarkable ol
these is in the London Times of May 3d. It is a
long article on annexation. We muit content our elves
with giving the following analysis and summary
of it from the New York Courier:
"The discussions on the subject in Texas are regarded
with the deepeat interest. IT Texas contents to l>e annexed,
says the Timet,
" 'It It highly improbable that any other new State will
attain to independence in the southern regions of North
America, and the progress of the dominions of the cabiuet
at Washington will he at rapid at the decay of its defence
lest and ungoverned southern neighbors.'
"Mexico, which became independent twenty year ago.
it declared to be now in e pitiable atate of weakness; at de
fenceless at in the days of Montezuma, and so weak that
another Cortea, with a few hundred men, might march upor
her capital; while to conquer all her northern depertmenti
would not he more difficult then to take poaseaaion of a
desert island. Styi the Timet, eiter unfolding the defence
leu state of Mexico:
" 'The eager, gain-teeking, and roving population of thf
western States of the Union are fitted beyond all the rest ol
mankind to carry on thla kind of aurreptitioua warfare
They conquer provinces as a cuckoo steals a nest; end il
their irregular enterprise* be allowed to carry with them
ill the political conseqtlences of lawful war, It is evident
that at no very distant period they will have made them
elves marten tf all ruck parti of tkr Karth Jfmmcmn conlimat
ss an not defended by the forrti and the. reeolvtion oj
Great Britain.'
IX goes on xo amy mac inpsp nouncai rcKuim arp iq dc
leaded by the course Texas shall adopt. The necessity
for the existence of Texas as an independent power is
virged, and is said to be so clear that it will probaby have a
decisive influence oa the government of Texas, 'provided
the Mexicans can be brought to recognise, in a liberal spirit
an image?>if Which lathe sole guaranty <>! their national
existence.' After this very distinct intimation that the
efforts of Great Britain are directed to this point, the Times
say.:
'"The part taken by Fnnland and France in this qucstior
?for we are happy to find that the matt entire cmu.uri ence pre
vailn between the two great power* by which Texan wan frt $t reeognitnl
in Europe--has been dictated by no such selfish 01
exclusive objects. To them individually, the annexation ol
Texas offers no every formidable dangers, and her independ
ence promises no very rartAin or conspicuous advantages
lf'i' they are actuated by n sincere desire to upheld in A me
r?ca that respect for territorial rights which Is the only surf
basis of peace; and in maintaining the. independence of Tex
as thev may hope to establish an important element in the
distribution of power over North America. There, as well
as in Europe, a universal dominion is impracticable.'
"Should annexation take place, it is urged that it will
only open the door to fresh difficulties:
' The claim of the United Slates to Texas is a claim studiously
manifested, and purposely obscure; but once admitted,
It would he found to embrace the distant objects ol
American ambition even on the shores of the Pacific. AI
ready several attempts have been made by the ministers
and officers of the United States to obtain the cession of thr
great harbors on the roast of ( alifornia. In 1836, Mr. For
yth offered to the Mexican government five millions of dollars
for the port of Kan Francisco?-one of the finest naval
III inr worm; nnn a tew yetn nuwr ?n AmrntM
commodore actually seized, on come pretended rumor ol
war with Mexico the tow ns and harbor of Monterey
Th<- I i:m. . . its iitlirli- \* ith the following signifi
cant and important paragraph:
" 'The time, in now rapidly approaching when the weaterci
coast of North America, hitherto the least peopled, the leaat
productive, and the least frequented portion of the globe
w ill hecoc il?? . . . , j (,)iti.- 'l n t* i <" 1 ' * >'l
gradually Inanimate ' tbfl itii ol DltfOBi tad then
tivit; of ro( 1 . i , , . - < - r ' 1
e.-i thoM future races and mates to their dominion, and
without an army or any of the ordinary instruments of con
quest, to extend their sovereignty over nations yet unborn
The Mluac for the ai fTci iatl moat !ec
step they hare made in this direction; but that is only the
pramdo to their ulterior <1? signs The claim to the e'xrlu
ire possession of the Oregon Territory is another indi
cation of the tome polk) ; it will ,<n attack
either by force or by fraud, on ' alifomil On all these
roints the same unlimited spirit of aggrandisement prevail*
or the protection of the British dominions in North A men
ca ample means exist, and, indeed, the possession of thr
Oregon Territory by the Hudson's Bay company, under thr
joint conditions of the convention of ItJlS, is practically con
elusive on the point Btt 111 prnvincer in which n?? f- tiro
pean newer has any direct concern, the only check to thr
rapacious encroachments of the United States will be found
to consist in the establishment of another energetic and in
dependent |?ower to share the dominion of North America
an ! such a power si still hope Texas may become."
Tha London Timet will find, when the next team
t er arrive* from America, that all the hopaa it buikii
I
which England has made (and aiiall we add France j posaesaiun of the field, to indulge Ins own spleen
too?) to accomplish it, have vanished like fog before j and resentments at his own pleasure." We have
the rising sun. All the seducliona, intrigues, and j now said it; and we now declare that no provocadiplomacy
of England, have failed in their purpose . lion shall ever wring another syllable from our lifts.
Texas prefers to be a part of our free and glorious Nothing which he con say eWi induce us to dedirepublic,
to becoming her tool. She has de- cate another word to the columns of "The United
cided iu favor of participating in our fortunes, Slates Journal." Qo your own way, air, and we
instead of being moved about as the ally or .the will go ours. "This world is surely wide enough
slave of the commercial interests or the po- for both thee and me."
litical aggrandisement of the " mistress of the
seas." This ia now fixed as fate. Texas does LOOK AHEAD!
not listen to the dream of ambition which England Whilat we hope for peace, it is as well for us to
would present to her imagination. She has no de- keeP our "J"* ?P?" lo " tlie military movements
sire to become the nucleus of a great empire, which of the **y. The only difficulty is, among the ruthe
intrigues of England would set up on our con- mon we hemr> 10 know wh,t ' fact> "nd whst ?
tinent, to weaken our force; and, in fact, to break I flc,lon- Wllh lhe v,ew of lowing lh?t ,he Pre" ??
down the power of both. She has no wish to "es- wiJe BWake> we ??Py the ,wo following paragraphs
tablish anodur energetic and independent poicn to '"ro,n lhe newspafww, without pretending lo vouch
share the domain of North America." TheLon- f?rth*'r authenticity:
don Tune. "atill hoped thut Texas would become VlnJpl""cilB?l?' Wert! neaiioM i^'faJiowini
uch u power." It hoped for it from the in/Iuence rumor* of warlike preparation* there, hut doeaaot vouch
. * , lorthein:
of the execuuve power; but her people have "fchght regiment* are ordered out immedately to Canada,
proved too strong for their own government, as well and those going home this summer ere stayed till further
. ... - r, , , orders. In order to encourage the recruiting of soldiera for
SB too strong for the intrigues Of Lllgland. n-gimeuts of the line, the standard has been reduced one
H" people have not -aptrcd to the possesion of 'ZJS&SS
"an independent flag, independent inlereata, and an C'ommiaaioner will aaaume the command, undur whoaa au.
, , i ? - ,l. D t perintendance three three iron atram frigate*, of the large*!
independent policy," any more than Fennaylvaiuaor claaa, are to t.? Mult Mr. Tucker, th* admiralty builder,
Virginia. Content with sharing our destiny, she * arohitact who builtth* Cherokee, arrivedoat la the Hi.
... . . o, , , . . .. hernia, and by this day's steamer is actually at his post in
looks to nothing beyond it. She feels that she will Kingston."
be happy in repoeing on our arms; and ahe is in- Prom the Now Orleana Tropic of the lith.
different to the wishes of a government beyond the "A.i Knqlish Squadron.?captain Hathaway, of the ship
Atlantic, which seeks to extend her own empire in
the East. We do not interfere with England. Why " Knglieh *<|uudron,coneiating of one linear battle ahip,
, . . . , . ___ , . . r . on* one sloop of war, and a tun-gun brig. Parted
does she interfere with usi We advise the London company with them on the Ath, off the Double Headed Shot
Timea to aubmit to the deciaion of the people, and *'* 8upr???d they were bound to Havana."
now of the "executive government of Texas," . ~ ' ~ . . 77, .
, ' "The Ohio State Journal" and its Washington
with patience and moderation; the recognition of her . . . . .
. . r . , .. ... . . . correspondent have sprung an entirely new idea,
independence by Mexico will not change their pur- / 4 . n . . ic ?
1 ? , ... * ney had better go at once to the Patent office, and
pose. The prospect of becoming "the keystone , . - ~ .
' , , r ' . obtain a patent from Mr. Commissioner Burke,
of an arch between the United States and Mexico ,-y .. , .. . .
... "Our Washington correspondent, (it says,) whose
on the one hand, and between the maritime interests ... . . . . - ..
. _ ' . . . letter is given to-day, and whose means of informsof
Europcun and of American nations on the other," . , .. . . . ?
r . ... ' lion are good, expresses his conviction that the adhas
no temptation to attract her ambition. She .... ? w. , . ^
. , __ r? , . . . . ministration is ready to sacrifice our rights in Orewishes
of be free, to be prosperous, to be happy with A . . . .
_1 . 1 . j.j 6on to secure Texas." This is, indeed, a very onus.
That is sufficient for her. Texas has determined , , L ,.
... . gmniiuea?omy uini wecannui see incant^nicsi cunnot
to "become the other energetic and independent . . ' A . A . .
. ? -t , . . ? nection between Oregon and Texas. It depends
power, to share the dominion of North America." _, , a , . ,
,.T , . ? j upon Texas alone to secure her annexation; whereas
She is right. We can also assure the London . .-. **% . . ..
* . ,, . _ , ... the negotiation for Oregon is in the hands of Great
Times "that we shall defend our unquestionable ? . . ? . . _ ,
... ,, J Britain. Hoto we can secure Texas by sacrificing
claim to Oregon, as well as to reannex Texas to our . , . _ _ , ,
., n .. . , . . . our rights in Oregon, we confess puzzles our undercountry:
and if John Bull wishes to injure us in any ? ? 9
, . . . . standing and baffles all our calculation. We have seform,
or to break our empire into pieces, he must *
. . ? . - , . . ^ . cured the one, and we will secure the other. The
take some other mode to gratify his jealousy or to ...
reduce our power. Texas and Oregon w.ll both be SoUth 18 a8 much deter""ned ?bout ",e one ?he
ours, and England cannot prevent it. ha8 aW the other- A# to ll,e action
the Washington correspondent of "the Ohio State
TEXAS FOURTH OF JULY. Journal," that "Mr. Ritchie does not make out well
The agreeable intelligence from Texas, which we 118 tbe official editor," we have no other reply to
yesterday deemed of sufficient importance to com- fake but this: Let him go to our bookeeper, and
muuicate in an Extra, has dispelled the last ray of hc wi" 8ep Pid accession to our subscription
doubt as to the ultimate triumph of annexation. It It"18- So long as we can satisfy the public, we
is now reduced to the certainty of a fixed fact, that I>ave n? desire to salutfy the correspondent of
Texas iril/ accept the terms of annexation proposed tbe Cincinnati paper. We care not for the ruin
the resolutions of the American Congress. A mor* or tbe misrepresentations of all the whig
few of her citizens, stimulated by British influence, 'et,er writers from Washington. We assure this
may continue to "kick against the pricks';' but correspondent that we never dreamed of inviting
their resistance will have to yield before the energy our friend Croswell, of "the Albany Argus," to join
and enthusiasm of the masses. The only question u"i although, if we wanted a colleague to "assist"
that now affords room lor conjecture, is the precise us> 'here is t?o man whose services we would be
point of time when the bond of union shall be finally more happy to enlist than those of the accomplished
"signed, sealed, and delivered." e^'or of "the Albany Argus."
We have no sympathy with sybils, soothsayers, AN ABUNDANT SEASON
necromancers, and folks of that description; and we A ^ who hag trftveMed' th h ?
; even eschew star-gazing astrologers, (begging pardon n of ^ rich ricultural rcgion of Penn.
. of Mr. Hague.) Neither do we entertain faith in par- , v 4 n . . , . .
. . , . . ... - . sylvania?York, Lancaster, Dauphin, Lebanon, and
ticular days for the accomplishment of certain un- D . c . ... ,. .
7 . . . r ... , . Berks, for example?represents it to us as in a highi
dertakmgs, imputing neither good luck to this nor . . . , n ... ... 4
l , . ? , ....... . ly promising and flourishing condition. Nature is
i bad luck to that; and we would, all else being equal, . _ . , ? ? , .
1 ... every where scattering her gills from her well-tilled
as readily commence a journey on Friday as on any .. ... , . e . , .
7 . , tlJ 7 . 9 _ 7 cornucopias, with a liberal and profuse hand; and
f other day in the calendar. But we have our prefer- ..... . e . . . J
_ , ' , . the husbandman has promise of a rich return for
ence of a day for the final consummation of this ,. , . .. . ,
' f __ his labors. The wheat fields are said to be more
grand national measure. We refer to the coming . - a, a .. . . .. &
exempt from the fly tlian has been the case for many
Fourth of July?the birth-day anniversary of our . . ? . '
_ , 7 ... 7 previous seasons, and its ravages, usually no deatruc
own glorious republic,-the day which rent asunder ? wi? be corr)paratlvely unfcU. R oat
^ the last ink that had bound us captive to the car of . _ , u . ., ? .. . . .
^ _ . . , , t ti \ . and grass, also look remarkably well, so that both
Great Bntain?the day that cal ed into being, from . ... . .
7 "man and beast" may rejoice in the prospect that
1 the nen of the immortal Jefferson, our unequalled .L..: r.i j ?... ...;n
* " UIC ingnuiciiiig ui vuv auimiici ouu uuvuimi will ic
declaration of indcpendencc-the political sabbath (u|t jn bountifu, 8upp|ie|l for the aucceeding winter.
> of our land, when million. of hearU direct the.r Aa "coming event, ca.t their ahadowa before," there
grateful ortaona to the Ruler of nat.ona. The Tex- jg no reuon tonpprehend a famine) whatever calam.
tan Congress convenes, under the spectal call of iti? may ^ enta;|ed upon U8 i? the shape of war.
Preaident Jones, on the 16.h of June. Some delib- From the evlla of ,he former we arc gpared by the
t eration and dtscuas.on will necessarily ensue, so jnexhau8tihle beneficence of the Creator, who aend
that it is not at all improbable that our preference eth down hia raina and hia sunshine to fertilize our
I will be grattfied, and that the American resolutions vnH and our lf we ahou)d ^
will be adopted on that great day. Indeed, we have unhnppi|y 8ubjected to the horrora of lhe otheri lhe
hint, to this effect from a d.st.ngu.shed quarter. fauU and the fo?yi wj(h ,heir ,ong ,rain of conse.
Such an event would invest the 4th of July with quenceg) wi? ^ a]one wjth the ^,1^^ nation
r additional grandeur. It would add incalculably to thgt eachewg |hj> ^h| and demandg ,he wrong Thc
i the eclat of it. annual commemoration, and afford ^ Governor of the Universe, at least, will be ex
another reason for the boom of cannon, the merry empt from Wame if wft> hja crealure8) do not, at
peal of bells, for bonfire., processions, and rejoicings. lbe end of anolher yeafi acknowledge ourselves
The friendly union of two such great republics aurrounded by a? lhe elfmfnta of peacCi gladneaa>
I would be well worthy of the day and the assoc.a- and pro8perity. To ourselves, and not to Him, will
tions which serve to hallow it in our affections. jug?y attafh (he reaponaibility of n djffercnt
I Both republics have achieved their independence by dition.
| struggling through the mires and swamps, the
mountains and precipices, of successful revolution. ( ommun>c?t*d.
As in the instance of the voluntary union of two A NEW MEXICAN OUTRAGE,
willing hearts, previously attracted by reciprocal at- We have just heard of a new Mexican outrage,
, tachment and the sweet hope of prospective felicity, 'he particulars of which will doubtless be laid before
i America has "popped the question" to Texas, <?ur government in the next despatches from Mr.
. whether she will consent to form a common house- Shannon.
hold with her, living and laboring together, as a Mr. Alexander Atocha, a citizen of the United
| unit, one and indivisible, "for better or for worse," States, engaged in extensive commercial enterprises
sharing in each other's toils, and inheriting a com- in ?he capital, where he has resided for several years
mon destiny. America has sought this union in no a wealthy American merchant, was suddenly orderspirit
of self-aggrandisement, but with a fervent ?d ,0 1u'1 'b? republic, in the short space ofeight
and sympathetic desire that both republics days.
' ? ? i ? tl? _ ? .l \if * Aloclin immnflintalv nnnlmf] t/t Atir minintf>r
mignt oe oenemeu nationally, aim prove inuiu- ^ _r[ ? ? ?.
ally serviceable in the great work of proving man's for protection, and a strong remonstrance was forthcapacity
for self-government. America has sought despatched by him to the Mexican governto
acquire territory, not by conquest, but by con- "tent. But the allotted period of eight days passed,
tract; not by the keen edge of the sword, but by the without a reply, and Mr. Atocha was forced to abanmilderedgc
of the pen. She seeks its consunima- don his dwelling, furnished in the most tasteful and
tion now, not on the battle-field, and in blood, but on expensive manner, to relinquish his lucrative com,
parchment, shedding only a few drops of harmless mcrcial business, and, with a large family, to depart
ink. The success of this great measure, on the 4th for Vera Crux, whence he sailed for New York,
of July, will be an event worthy of the era of 1776. where he has arrived.
It will bring the classic grounds of Bunker Hill and It is a question of political importance tliat should
San Jacinto under the same paternal roof. The be at once decided by this case, whether our inofbones
of Warren and his gallant compatriots, and of fensive citizens are to be thus driven, like dogs, from
Crockett and his brave band, will then lie moulder- Mexico, without even the allegation of guilt or ofI
ing, as it were, on the same soil. America and fence against her laws. M.
Texas will be forever "one nnd inseparable," bidding
defiance to the combined powers of the civilized ?3F"Mr Ca.tanis, of Scio, delivers hi. lecture toworld,
and "treading the same road to freedom and ">?"ow even.ng on the struggles, exploits, and lit,
,, ,? 11 .t I? * > eraturc of the Greek*. The subject alone, and parto
grandeur." Heaven btaa* the Union. And mav . . . . ' 1
. r ,, K r. . J ticu laily ?f act forth by the experience and coquenee
we be able to say, as from the lips of inspiration, ... .... M ..
, . , '. . ? .1 , | ji , . of the orator, is calculated to attract a reapectab e
and in the myauc spirit of the holy wedlock be ,.
' , ... f ~ , . . audience to his exhibition,
tween man and woman, "those whom God hath ..
joined together, let no man put asunder !" Appointment.?John Appleton, eso.,of thia city,
has been appointed chief clerk in the Navy DepartIt
ia scarcely necessary for us to say to thoae who njent, *n ?[ Orria A. Brown, resigned. It
. f ? i . . ffivcs us unaffected pleasure to hear of the sucreas
arc acquainted with the character and course of the of m|r frjend ani| r^a(|jutor. Bllt while we rej()lcf
senior editor of" The United Slater Journal" that his at his success, we shall part with him in aorrow;
statements of Tuesday evening about the editor of and thia feeling of regret will pervade the bosom of
/??H iTill mi \ .k..U. Wb
"Thr Union" are wholly ami grossly untrue. Wr "''"' "/ ...j..7. ....
, acquaintance. Jn political adversity or proapenty,
know the gentleman thoroughly. We were aware he has ever l>een in the front rank, and hai always
that he would seize the first opportunity he could done battle nobly and alily for the cauae. We have
make, to attack ua. Hut wc came here with the ?t?od wllhf h'm. ?honld?r to shoulder, both in the
.... j ii .1. eolumna or the Argua and out, for aeveral yeara;
firm determination to avoid all controvera.ea with and we have ever found him atout-hearted and true,
him; and now he haa seized upon the occaaion ofn "Farewell" will be a bitter word for the democracy
general remark of the "Richmond Enquirer," in in thia region to any to John Appleton.
which we have not the slightest participation, to via- f' or I land (.Vninr) Argut.
it, not the tins, but the worda, of the Bona, upon A. G. Southall, eeq., of Virginia, former agent of
the head of the father. Thia may lie charity, or it government for the protection of the public foreata
may be juatice, in Kit decalogue; but we recogniae " this State, left this city for Washington yester'
J, . ' , . 8 day. During hie term of aervice he diacharged hia
i noneauchtn the character or a mnn or or a gentle- ^gponaible duties with much energy and induatry,
man. We had made up our minds to say that "we un<l haa preserved a very large amount of public timdid
not come to Washington to wrangle with the bar from spoliation. He returns to hia native State
. . . ? .o.T T II ,k k J with the respect of all who have had the pleasure of
editor of 'the United States Journal ?that we had hj( ?quaint.noe, ?"d we cordially wi.h him
i other, and we hoped much higher, duties to dis- gucc<.sp and honor in hia future pursuits,
i charge; and therefore we should leave him tn [.Veto Orleans Jtffmonian Republican
OFFICIAL. day. This body hu had considerable busineaa on
_ hand. The proceedings of the convention not nosNAVY
DEPARTMENT.?Oseias, Lc seestng much of geuentl internet, I do not consider it
Mat 20. neceaeary to give them at any length. The foliowPassed
Assistant Burgeon J. J. Brownlee, per- lnK ,n*y ^ important,
mission to return from the coast of Brazil. " naoUo" of Prof. Reynolds, it was
Passed Assistant Burgeon James McClelland, to "tbw>Utd, That the Committee of Foreign CorreapondBrazil
Suuudron, to relieve Passed Assistant Bur- |h???" ?""?? V-f. he i,? ???l to
q , bv?, ind iMtruotM to preptuv an address to (be various
geon Brownlec. ecclesiastical bodies of our church in Rurope, and capcciMidnhipmun
Samuel Wilcox, returned from coast aily tu Ovrmau^, totting forth the condition of our church
of Africa, and leave three months. iu this country, and calculated to remove the fait# i?npr??
?ion? which have been made there, in regard to our docn
trine and practice. Where no ecclesiastical organization
liKFaRTMEMT, exuU, said address to be tent to prominent evangelical minUureau
of Mediciue and Surgery, istcrs of the Lutheran and evangelical churches, or, where
May 21 1845 thought expedient, published in some influential ) tapers in
The Naval Medical Board of Examiners/which **, 1w,,r?h " " ,hou*hl <ta,ir,ble ,0 Wfh:
convened at Philadelphia, May the 1st, for the ex- ^The lollowiug were the committee appointed: The Rsv.
amination of assistant surgeons for promotion, aii- Dr. 8mucker, Dr. Morris, frof. H.J. Hmith, Dr. Pohlmaa and
journcd on Friday last. ,iru'. . .
fftL c I. ' "On motion of Prof. Schacfler, the above corresponding
The following candidates were examined, and committee were directed to correspond with the 'several
lound qualified for promotion: missionary societies ill Germany, and to request them to
Dr. Charles J. Bates, of the date of March, 1838. I'J"*1 tb!'r !? ,11^. ,*UU*. 10 P*;1*- ?n
r, . .. , ... , , J. . their srrivsl In this country, for instructions respecting the
Dr. Joints McClelland, of the date of March, mo,| suitable fields of labor, with the understanding that
1838. they spend at least one year in some one of the theological
Dr. J. O'Connor Barcluy, of the date of October, 'eminsrles connected with this general synod, previous to
]ggg their employ mailt as pastors."
Dr. William A. Nelson, of the date of October, The convention of the German Reformed churches
1839. took up the question of slavery, at their meeting on
Saturday. The resolution reads as follows:
sn.siA... ./.ennonnunnsran "The resolution in relation to slavery, declaring 'that it
L U 1 1 U rv o ? uui ? ?i? ?guiii?i uou, 10 iw iciuuru ngtuu*i i>j uis
church, for the ruler* of * notion, or for men in their
[rwn. our London cortMp?ntont.] ^ t Z?S3.
London, May 3, 1845. end the doctrine reprobated under the $3d chapter of the
Sot: Your reader, will be no doubt some what
disappointed to find that the intelligence by thia that in relation to public social covenanting under the fcld
, , , , , . - . that in relation to Psalmody under the list?and that in
packet i, of the same character aa that received by relation to the headship of the Messiah, under the 8th
the laat deapatch. The Maynooth bill .. Still '^subject gave rise to con.ldcr.tde discus-ion. which,
the "questi? vcxata" in this country, ami there however, wus charecterixed by the kindest feelings ami
. , .... __ _ .. * . itriclvit courtesy. The Kev. Mr Cooper, efter briefly couis
as yet but little prospect ot a termination <fomning the preclice of ulaverv, and ?tating that he believed
to the excitement occasioned by its discussion K Hindered the progressiofChristianity, moved to amend by
# _ . itriking out the resolution cited by the committee. and inin
the British Parliament. Sir Robert Peel remains setting the following, which shall be deemed and considerinflexible
in hi.determination io cany out hU plans pm^'int'.*.
to the laat, and haa been hitherto supported by large fellow man, as a right authorized by the moral law of God;
rra. .1 j j c?..i ? ,, _ and under thia claim dispose of his person and labor, far
majorities. I he third reading is fixed for llie l'Jtb purpoaas ofgain, wlthoathU coimeat- The qwestion was
instant. The opponent, of thia measure hare met then further discussed for some lime, but iu a very guarded
1 , . manner, and there wu un evident disposition on the part of
in large numbers throughout the kingdom, and ex- the members of the convention, to avoid any .veiling depressed
their intention of overthrowing the measure, "'1*"on to. w,hlch ??
* , - .. . xf* ^ e n great difference, not only in opinion but in interest, between
or else getting rid of the present House of Com- the North and the South, and which haa therefore been the
mona an speedily aa possible. A conference cause of much ill-feeling in many christian churches. The
of deputies from all parts of the country has general desire to avoid discussion, and to frame an article
been held in this citv with a view to influ- ' . Wj?t1,he approbation of every member, finally
"elU 111 1.lnlS C"y> W1U1 " V .. W ,U* induced the postponement of the question, for ths purpose
ence the parliamentary representatives, but of appointing a committee to report an article on the subject
the result of their labors has been, as yet, of slavery on Monday morning. With this understanding
but trifling. The repealers in Ireland, ao far |[>e eo"""'"*? roae.and having leav.to sit sgain, appointed
r , " f . , the Hev. Messrs Andersou, McMillan, and Connelly, said
from being conciliated by the government committee. / "*
proposition, have urged it as u fresh incitement to "On Monday afternoon, the convention went again into
agitate for a disruption of the Union. 44 Repeal is commitlee on the articles reported In the morning; and after
looking up : there ia no denying the fact that con- y^mdVa""mlon"n" foUowiD? errorl concession
has made its advocates more rampant than That tha institution of slavery existing ia these United
ever." In thia dilemma is the ministry placed, hav- States, is not sinful on the part of civil society,
ing excited the indignation of all England and the "2. That slavery, as It exists in ihesa United States, is aot
agitation of all Ireland. In addition to these evils, SETgovernment is not bound to abolish
there are evident symptoms of uneasiness amongst slavery in these United States.
some of the ministerial attaches. Mr. Pringle, one "4. That it is agreeable to the word of Ood for any person
of the Lords of the Treasury, has already resigned, intentionally to induce those held in slavery to rebel against
and it appears more thnn probable that his example 1 "* rn"t?r*"'
will be followed by others of more weight than him- ** understand the construction of the above artise|f.
cles, (and they are not eery intelligible) the reverend
The only other measure that has been introduced clergy, who were present at the convention, seem to
to the legislature since my last, is the premier's bill feg?fu it as a part of their duty to meddle with the
to regulate Irish and Scotch banks, simitar to the concerns of the South?a matter which ia generally
late measure for England. aml j""^ regarded as of most doubtful propriety.
America.?The last arrival from New York is T\,e Episcopal convention meets at 6 o'clock thia
ihfli of tlia "Wnierloo" nnrkct ?hin which left that evening at St. Andrew's Church. The contest
port on the 11th April, and reached the Mersey 011 "cen'a 10 ^e narrowed down between Rev. Stephen
the 1st instant; but as the intelligence she brought is H. Tyng, of this city, and llev. Samuel Bowman,
very meugre, we are anxiously looking for the pf Lancaster, Pennsylvania. There is a large numGreat
Western, which will be due in a day or two. ?ne c'er(?y "id laity here; and the electionThere
has been a trifling decline in English stocks, wr'tig amo^g them is quite excited. It seems to be
in consequence of the Mexican minister's departure admitted that the majority of the city clergy will go
from New York. '0T Dr. Tyng. Should he not be elected, he will,
France.?M. Guizot has" been compelled to of course, accept the offer of St. George's Church,
retire from the French cabinet for a time J o^) which will leave a vacancy in the
to his seat at Pnssy, in consequence of long- Church of the Epiphany here to be filled, at all
continued indisposition. M. Duchatel is his tern- ev*ritl1" ,, . . ' .
porary substitute. The opposition papers say The old custom-house will be sold positively this
that his withdrawment is likely to prove permanent; evening, by public auction. The elegant and spabut
the Journal des Debate affirms to the contrary, c'ous establishment now occupied as the customand
states that he is even now occupied on the right house, jg without an equal in the Union. It was
of search and Texas questions. The Times of this originally built for the United Slates Bank, and was
day says: "It seems to be, but we still hope erro- purchased by the government for the sum of
neously, the received opinion in Paris, that M. Gui- #275,000, which is regarded as very low. Those
zot wiH not return to office." The French govern- who erected this splendid nnd massive pile, did eo
ment manifested its adherence to its policy in Ocea- under 'he belief that it would be the scene of many
nia by voting 443,000 franca to the expedition there. va8t nnt* extensive financial operations; and so it
On the same night (Wednesday last) the sum of was, for a short time; but the bubble has burst, and
41,000 francs was awarded as an indemnity to the n?w the broad flag of "our country" floats over
British claimants aggrieved by the blockade of Por- these marble halls, and the business of the govcrntendic.
M. Thiers had given notice of his intention for this great and flourishing port is conducted
to inquire of ministers touching the existence of ,n ,u spacious and elegant rooms. This was a
the Jesuits in Paris. most gratifying change to the democrats; and I reSsain?The
proposed marriage of the Q.ueen of member well how they were delighted when it took
Spain with Count Trappan is still, it appears, but P ??- , . _
uncertain. The King of Naples is expected to visit . Greenhow's book on Oregon has at last found
Paris to assist at the negotiations on this subject, its way into the market, and may now be had at
The Heraldo of Madrid announces the satisfactory most of our book-stores. This is the great work on
conclusion of negotiations with the court of Rome. Oregon and California, and will no doubt be extern
, n. 1 . r 1 11 l. . 11: sively purchased. It is sold for three dollars at our
India.?Our last Indian mad brought us no intellt- and ia worth every cent of the money,
gence worthy of retard. In Turkey, there has been The 0 'a ifj drawj fu? ^ lh ch J
a symptom of revolt amongst the Albanians, and the H|rm tl,e^lre. The "Bohemian Girl" was produced
commotion m Switzerland has not yet enttrely sub- ,Mt even, to a hi hJ faahionable aud;ence. The
sided : with these exceptions, the eastern world is | Uimate |ram> h?, compelled to give way U,
universally at peace, lhe India mail, via Mar- opera, ,he ballet, and the Pdka. sfiakapeahe is
seillcs, of the 1st April, is hourly expected but lat<| to' t benches, while Mr. Begun, SigI
fear will not arrive before the despatch of ^ p, Ellsler, and Taglioni, sing and
this. Dr. Wolf has returned from Bokhara af- dftnce to overcrowded houses! I cannot say that I
ter having encountered almost innumerable dimcul- , ? nrlh_ r<1rrtrrT. 7
tie. in his search after the two officers, Stoddart and Wc hnve j ^ new< of lhe arriva, f the
Conolly. It appears that they, and several other Britannia at Boston yesterday morning. The news
Europeans, were sacrificed by the blood-th.rs y king la ?ot very jmiK,rUint The Maynooth bill is proof
that country; and the brave doctor would have ' ?g|ow, . ^ l/ouse of Commons,
no doubt been similarly treated, but for the interven- th,ch ordeal it has not yet passed. The imprcstion
of the King of Persia. 1 he "Skylark," an old m?)n waa it wouU, We? we ^
brig belonging to her Majesty's navy, was wrecked 8W The London hu a bltter artIcle againgl
ten days since between, Portsmouth and Plymouth thia country and would not be surprised if Califor-a"
hnnds saved. The Anti-Corn-Law League nja were ^ next object ofannexatkn lo ourUnion,
have fitted up Covent Garden Theatre for an exh.l.i- The ne al a? eyenJ nQt ite go war]ike and
tion of natural and mechanical objects, in the form ?blu8teringn a8 it waa b thc ?gt ateamer.
of a bazaar It is expected to be the grandest thing , b ]^ve l0 continue the view presented in one
of the kind ever known tn this country. The com- 0f my late numbeni, of the American banking sysmittecs
of the House of Commons sit daily, adjudi- tem 7 ? 7
eating amidst the rival railways: by the way, the lo- Qeneral Hamilton possessed great abilities; but
comotive system is considerably threatened by thc l- l.j r #l?
atmospheric plan, which haa been fnvorablyreport- anJ hi/knowIedge of fil^nce and currency had been'
edon Vacommwamnappomtedforthepfirpoaeof drawn from th(f English ay.tem-the defects of
investigating its claims. which have not been properly understood in this
Preparations have been made for a royal visit to country until within the last two years. Mr. PiU
Ireland; but as the repeal cry is again so audible, ,hou h"t thal effeclive 8inWingftin7d could be made
it is thought that he project will be abandoned. b a*nual borrowing, and a substantial currency
There are some notions of her Majesty s going a ou( of irredeemablepaper, whilst the cardinal and
tour up the Rhine, in one of her pleasure yachts. fundamental maxim 0'f ?e E ,j<h financieni was,
A new suspension bridge over the Thames was that ? b,ic debl8 were publiAleSaings"-the al>opened
on the 1st instant. surdity of which is soon perceived when we carry
Latest Intelligence.?There has been to-day a it into private life, and confidently assure the bankheavy
market for the public securities. Consols rupt merchant that "private debts are private bless98J
to 98j. The illness of M. Guizot, and the ex- ings."
netted news relative to the Oregon question, excite a ^retiry Hamilton did not adopt, to its full exdot,hUul
feeling News has just reached London of ten ,he doctrinC) but he 'Wm certainly exa
frightful co.astronhe which happened last nigh at , ant jn ? ofRnn, declaration in January, 1790,
Yarmouth, Norfolk A clown was exhibiting the that ^tlie fundi of a del(t woul(J ren7d'er it .
featofbe.ngdrawnbygee.se on the river, when, nntiona| blessing." In fact, by comparing the budhorrible
to relate, a suspension bridge with 518 per- o( (hc chan^?or| of the exchequer of that day
sons on it fell m It is reported that from 100 to ? 1(h the u of Qur 8ccrcta 'jt wi|, ^ rounJ
150 have perished; 53 had been picked out dead t,mt (hejr of final)Ce ^'nearly identical,
when the telegraph on the railway forwarded the and that General Hamilton was applying to anew
ncw*' and vigorous country, the practice of an old mon...
. . ., nrchy, which was living upon expedients, drawing
rrom our regular coiTCiponrtent. , ', , . > J ,,r , , '
1 h * from the people their very life-blood by inordinate
Philadelphia, May 'JO, 1845. taxation, and rolling up an enormous debt, which it
Pittsburgh is certainly a devoted city. The late neither expected nor intended ever to pay. The
awful conflagration, in the most wealthy portion of national debt of England is a rolling stone, which
the town, has been followed by one only second in gathers moss in its course, and increases its bulk
its destructive and appalling results. It seems too with every revolution.
much to believe that the fire which desolated General Hamilton (although a sincere patriot) disthatpartof
Pittsburgh, known as Allegheny town, trusted the people, and believed that a strong and
on Saturday last, was produced by an incendiary, consolidated government was necessary for the
I cannot believe that there is such a wretch in exist- peace and prosperity of the country. He wished
ence, who, afler the first desolating calamity visited to strengthen the central power, and particularly the
upon our great western manufacturing city?a executive branch; and therefore desired not only the
calamity which caused the whole country iminedi- funding of the debts growing out of our revolutionately
to extend its honest sympathies and support? ary struggle, but the establishment of a national
applies the torch to another district, and extends the bank, modeled upon that of England, and furnishruin
and dismay which had already frowned upon me a currency that would suuersedc the currency
the buaineM prospects of m?njr of thoae who ?uffer- of ihc constitution. He had brooded over this proed
by the first catastrophe. I perceive by the ject for nearly ten yearn; and although he had been
papers that Boston ss nl?o infested with a host of a member of the convention to frame the constiincendiaries,
and that no less than five fires had oc- tution of the United Stales, yet hie constructions of
curred there within a few hours! Philadelphia has that instrument were lsUtudinarian, and calculated
been most favored in this particular; but she is in- to extend its language far beyond its natural meandebted
for her safety to the waters of the Schuylkill, jng. The several provisions of the constitution procirculating,
like the blood in so many veins in the viding a national treasury, and a national currency,
human aystem, through every quarter of the city, (gold and ailver coin,) and the negative placed by the
and ready, at a moment's warning, to pour down s convention upon the direct proposition to grant
copious shower upon the burning tenement. This charters, showed clearly that that particular body
great blessing, in the hands of n brave and hardy never intended to trust tne incorporation of a grer'
band of firemen, hna heretofore completely checked national hank to Congress; snd the great abundance
(he advances of the midnight incendiary, and pro- of hard money which flowed into the country upon
tected our properly from unexpected conflagration, the entire fall of the continental paper, demonstrated
Robert M. Ban, esq., of Reading, has lieen ap- the wisdom of Ibis prohibitive silence. The sec.repoinled
by Governor Shunk, reporter of the deci- lary, however, deemed a bank necessary for the
siona of the supreme court of Pennsylvania, under complete assimilation of our system of finance with
the late act of assembly providing for such an that of England, and he accordingly brought all the
officer. Mr. Ban is thoroughly competent to the great power* of hia mind to bear upon this great
discharge of the duties of the post in question, and j question; and in his reports to Congress, and the re.v
suatmns the character of an able and experienced Kins he assigned to General Washington, he emlawyer.
He resides at Reading, Berks county, and ( bodied all the arguments which have been used since
wna one of ihe l>oaom friend* of the Inle Henry A by the advocates of auch an institution, whether in
Muhlenberg. I am rejoiced to hear of hia appoint- court, in Congress, or before the people,
ment to the place in queeuon. Money ia easy?though not very abundant; yet
The general convention of the Synod of the eran- the banka loan freely on good paper, and in some
gelical Lutheran church, baa )?en in aeaaton for caaea aa low aa 5 per cent. Very little fluctuation
several days past, and is expected to adjoum to- in stocks.
I*rem uMt!?r?oir??|M>iMbul.) Iigmn of any DIM of the niinrwi ??U the eetabPwumunu,
May 'JO, 1846. Iwhed religion of the country, then thaar aeparutmii,
Yesterday's wes'ern mail brought ua the unpieaa- on saetionaj grounds, would in fcet be a eejieralion
ant intelligence, that the city of Allegheny had been of the Union. Thia tendency, to frequent in modvisiu-d
by a destructive fire, occasioning a loee of era chuichee, In divieien aM aobdivision, convinces
property to the amount of more than one hundred us, more than any ether argument, that the further
thousand dollars. Allegheny is, as yuur readers ' our couetiluuon and political inetituUona are sepaItnow,
a suburb of the city of Pittsburgh; and thia rated from all sstabliahinaats of religurti, the better;
calamity, coming ao closely upon the terrible one j the longer will they exist, and be Ins mors likely
with which the citizens of the latter place were re- to protect the happiness and liberty of the whole,
cently visited, is calculated to renew the feelings of I consider our glorious Uaioa la no danger. The
gloom and despondency from which lliey were just older it gels, the stronger it grows. 1 have travelled
beginning to emerge. It is melancholy to see an through every port of thsas United States; 1 know
enterprising and industrious people sum-ring under our people thoroughly; I know, at the bottom of
such accumulated misfortunes; and our citizens their hearts, among ao iteineensc majority of them,
deeply sympathize with them in the new calamity there dwells an enduring love of our Uruoa. 1 care
which lias befallen them. not what mist or vapors may gather about the maatKobert
Toland, esq., the treasurer of the fund head in quiet, misty weatner; the noble ship of
collected in the city and county of Philadelphia, for | Stale is freighted deep in her held with n ballast of |
the rehet ol the Fittsburgli sufferer*, published in pure bullion of patriotism, and worked by a captain
this morning's papers a detailed statement of the and crew whose eyas and souls are And upon the
sum* received and paid over by him; from which it polar star of our Union, towards wfcMi ths steel of
appears tlmt the gross amount of collections made the true American needle forever pot ate.
WHat38,7t>6 43. He remitted to Muyor Howard When a whole people are oaee edaeatsd under a
|38,b40 94?expeuses, discounta, Ac , absorbing particular form of gwmiawl, and sapaeiaily under \
the remainder. The whole amount contributed by the free iuetituliona of a wiaaly formed republic like
Philadelphia!!* exceeds f40,000, as large sums were ours, they are not likely thot^htlasaly and lightly
forwarded by individuala here, independent of the to cast away its blessings for nsw forms and untried
agency of the relief committee. experiments?ths dare-up of religious sects to the
I have before me a letter from a friend at Inde- contrary notwithslandiag.
pendence, Missouri, which states that emigrant* for The only time our Uann h? ?w bean ssrioualy
Oregon hud collected at that place, at the time of in danger, won during our infonay, whan old Spain
writing, (May 1st,) to the number of about one held Florida and f. lutsisns, whan the settlements in
thousand. They designed moving on the 10th in- the West war* waak, aud without an outlet to the
sunt. My friend speaks in high terma of the char- Gulf -'Mixing altsa flill? tlsid and other foracter
of these hardy pioneers, and regards them as etg" emissaries war* found tampering with them,
eminently fitted for such an undertaking. Fully tvtth a view of nlisnsting thsm ft em the old Atlantic
imbued with American fsebng and patriotism, they Stales. That day has goos by, and ws are every
will not only occupy the territory, but be prepared day growing stronger and strongs* in our political
to defend their own righu, a* well as those of our Union. Ths groat valley of Ihs Mississippi is now
government. the strongest guaranty we have to the continuance
Our city is now remarkably quiet, and few matters ?f ??r Union. The must Mississippi acta like a king
of general interest and importance occur. The su- holt, passing through ths Stales hum ths extreme
prcrne court, which held a term here, aui, last week, north to the extroas south, blading the abuts toadjourned,
and is now in session in bene at Harris- gether by the intsroal and rapid communications
burg. In the district court of the United States, no- through its vast trunk and ramifications. It admits
thing is doing, excepting the occasional hearing of a no naiiaual poktieal dmiatoo at right angles to its
caw iu admiralty, or the yet more unfrequent de- inward current, and none parallel to it oan be docihion
of a question in bankruptcy. In the United sued.
States circuit court, we have not bad a trial of any New Stale#, that vara at one time supposed by
consequence for more than a year, although there their admiaainn to weaken the bonds ef union, aas
are,'on the docket, a number of caaes which the now believed to strengthen them. Thaw hind the
interests of the parties require should be brought to <*mily together tike a bsay of young children unite
a termination. The death of the lamented Justice father and mother. With the latter, separation in
Baldwin left a vacancy on this bench which has not very easy, when no children are in the way; but the
yet been filled; and although the diatrict judge may case is altered where u numeroua ofihprtng exist,
hold a circuit court, yet it is more agreeable to that Thay greatly embaraas projects of separation while
worthy officer, and generally more satisfactory to y?ung; and when they grow up. they form a kind
the auitora, that the casea in that court should be ttf third party to the compact, whom it baeomes n?tried
and decided with the proper presiding judge eeseery to consult. So it is With our Union. The
officiating. A short time prior to we adjournment ?kl 18 have a large offspring of now States who
of Congress, our distinguished fellow-citizen, John must be consulted, and whose predilections are
M. Read, esq., was nominated to the vacant judge- etroaghr fixed upon maintaining the fkmily cornship;
but, in consequence of the failure of the Sen- pe?*? the permanent union of thorn Statea, at all
ate to go into executive session before the 4th of Umes and all haxards, despite ef rshgieus sectariMarch,
the nomination was not acted upon. Mr. aaiam, or religieoo fisnaticiam, or political demaRead's
nomination gave general satisfaction to the goguiem. The Union Usui and Jbrsnsr. mtwf and
public generally, as well as the members of the bar; * > and ongkt It be, tUr mstte, amdmt motto of
and much regret was felt and expressed at the cir- seer, true .4smi icon.
cumatances which prevented his confirmation for Rales at the boards of btukam to-day, of stocks,
a station which he is so amply qualified to fill. rather light, without material change in
The convention of the Protestant Episcopal prices,
church, which is to assemble in this city this after- United States Fives sold at 109|. New York
noon, will be fully attended. Great interest is felt Sixes, 1863, 107 u 1074. Pennsylvania Fives at
as to its proceedings in prospective, and this interest 73|- " Illinois Sixee at 39 to 30j. Ohio Sixes 99 a
will be manifested Dy the attendance, during its see- W|. Kentucky Sixes at 101|.
sions, of a large number of our citizens, as well as The packet ship Indiana arrived to day from Livvisitcrs
from the adjacent country. The importance erpool. She nailed on the 17th April.
to the churches in this diocese, oC the selection of a
proper head, is so manifest, that every member of From the New Orleans Jeflanonian Republican,
that denomination looks to the res^of.tjie conven- The following letter was recently issued from the
tinn'fl labors with nrilfint nnd iinvions PViwAtJififtn TrMfinrv TVemrtmimt nf Tnmn and Km a hnnrinr
The death of the Hon. John Oilmore in announced upon the difficulties which not long since existed on
in the Butler county papers. Mr. Gilmore has oo the river Sabine, in relation to the exaction of ton- j
cupied a conspicuous place in Pennsylvania politics, nage duties by tits Texian government upon A menhaving
been a prominent member of both branches can vessels!
of our State legislature, afterwards a member of Tanasonv Dsraanuirr, Washington,
Congress, and subsequently State treasurer. He April 96, 1645.
always held a high place in the estimation of his _ _ , . ,.
charar^r126"*' ^ '^Pr^h?ble ca?n, yoTirde^f^3&S tonnage duu?
The subject of the payment, by the Common- f^m of the United States, .or of sinr
wealth, of the interest due on loans in August next, ot*,er vessels, whether Texian or foreign, which
continues to occupy the attention of our citizens, "if y ?">*? J? the river S^tne from ?4W?'lr
It is conceded, on aft hands, that there will not be in ?"? B"1 !? " notiotsmUd tohrteArSWith
the treasury, on that day, a sufficient sum to meet oollection of the annual coasting tonnage duty
the demand; and consequently, that the State tress- T.xisn vessel, sailing under license, or with your
urer w.ll be compelled to issue the prospective check- r*ht lo.""r<*,n
authorized by the act of the last eiseioW the legts- en^r lh* W V
lature. The policy of such n course is evidently ob- Very respectfully ? SHAW
jectionable, but it is the best that can be dose under . ,. ? . ?" '
existing circumstances. There is good reason to w t - AcUn* t~"*Unr 01 ln? 1"**Ury
hope, however, that although it may, and probably * v* VS . _
must, be done in August, the necessity for it will Collector of Customs, District of Sa ne.
never again exist. The current expenses of our
government have been very materially reduced, OBITUARY
whilst the income arising from our public work. Died ,t Philadelphia, m Wednesday, the 13th
promise, to exceed the most sanguine expectations instan in the of he, ags. ELIZA Rof
revenue from that quarter. The tax laws will TUST0N, only daughter ?f the latoW*. Torres,
bring into the treasury a sum fully equal to the esti- aiater of ^ Onrrwu. Tsars*. of Washmated
amount thus to be gathered, inasmuch as the jn_^)n
proper authorities will use all necessary exertions to \t an early age the subject of this notice was
make those counties which have heretofore been called to experience one of thbaedesolatin* bereavedelinquent,
cqntribulc their proper proportion. menl( by Xch the hopes of s Aunily become sudUnder
these circumstances, it can scarcely be anu- denlyr ex'tilieuiai,ed. FWsaing in an eminent de
c.p?Mi ww, auer me current nscai year any mate- ereethe fortitude and pereeveriace of her sex, sha
rial difficulty will exiat on the part of the Slate to wi d lhe tear of ,orro^ from her aye, and girded
procure the means necessary for the prompt and he^f to the diichar((l ofauch dutieaaa thia provifaithful
fulfilment of her obligations. The people of dential diaponaation imposed upon her. To her rePennsylvnntn
are as honest and patriotic as any mnjning pirent she ciuhg with instinctive fondness,
under the sun. They are heavily taxed, hut they like ,he ' u, lho ?i|Ur, and shared with her in
will hear Uietr burdens cheerfully, to preserve the wi,BteTer was dark or bright in the checkered pUnubhc
credit inviolate; and a grievous wrong is done grjrTla?e of hfe. Xhe treasures abe possessed,
by those who attempt to charge upon tl.em fa.thless- ^vere those of a warm and generoua heart, and a rcpness,
dishonesty, or a disregard of moral obligation. utation purc M the vi?in anow, After a lingering
It is not hazarding much to predict that the day is m 'which she enthired with becoming submisnot
far distant when the bonds of the old Keystone ai ?he ?uctfu|)y ,unk iwW the arms of Death,
State will again he eagerly sought for by capitalists, al)d thu? 'c,0Bed a/dMth of UDMUt| vicissitude in
both at home and abroad, as a sure investment, yield- anticiptttion of brighter and happier soanes.
'"^vK'ms.rwTprobably bring us foreign news "5^,^ **
important affecting the relations of this eountry with .
Gii?t Britain, as ft is most probable that Sir Robert GREECE AND AMERICA.
Peel?having, through the instrumentality of his "war Jl Lecture in Concert Hall, on Tkvrtday
speech" on the Oregon question, accomplished what evening at 8 o'clock.
he wished in bringing the intolerant churchmen into ? ... . . __. . ..
the support of the Mnynooth grant?will let his fX/T C* PLATO CASTANI8 will repeat the
"thunder" subside, until some new emergency may ' * L above Lecture ^delivered Lyceum
render it necessary for him to use its tones to awaken ?f New York at thaTsbernacla, bv the particular
the slumbering patriotism of the fair Queen's loyal I?9ue,,? *"? "JSJT ul, " "J1
subjects. We shall sec! LEON Thursday, the 29d instant, in tha Concert Hall.
' He will appear in his national martal eoatume, fliko
[From our New York correrporotent.] Byron'a Coranir,) and exhibit in tha course of the
lecture several Grecian and Turkish eunositiem
tl- -.l- '.i?i among which is the sword of Byron, whieh hepra
iiic wc.jmrr,a.ic. ucing , um, my, a..u u> a Grecian chief. A portrait of Marco B<*has
again cleared off and become mild. zaris will alao be exhibited. ?. programme.
The packet thip Iowa, from Havre to Fox and w__ ^ ^i. ^
Livingston, Q.uebec, from London and the packet Tickttl>a5 cenl,P ^ be had at the bookstore* of
ship Gsrrick, from L.Tcrpnol to E. K. Coflin. A p T , Andereon,s?d the music Mom
Co., have arrived, but their dates are anterior to ofWrFi^her, and at the door,
those brought by thej-teamer. The Iowa report* A work of Mf CaMania on Ancient and Modern
,K'rr,r, z -"
Friday, where she had to remain at anchor till yea*
terday, on account of a strong northeast wind, ?. _ _ Z7 " . , T ! ~
which was ( lowing. A CARD.-Tp"
The Yorkahirc went to sea to day, having on / * "tfnion Office, (late Qfobe Office, w> which ho
boa rd,among her paaaenpers, Colonel William Polk, "a> ^*fl u* ?* . ?
charge des aflaires to Naples, Dr. Sparks, of South year> past,) a HI devote hwIf exebsmvaly to hta
Carolina, as consul to Venice, and Major Da- rgen,cy^"?*n>l' *a?W>"',^r?!?* .1.
ver.vc, charge to the Hague. rt^S V* ^ w^I^iZfJZa w w
The city, at the present lime, is very barren of :n5"l.^r1w Notarial Office, Waabnews,
commercially and otherwise. Business men lnP?n *t rnveriun r< dsowm
seem to be waiting for the arrival of the next Liver- ? , rf* ' BIIUVV IV,
pool steamer, which may now be daily expected. jy Public and Qtstril AgteM,G?mtaJansr
No expectation la entertained, however, of any ma- ? wq! " ?r '",no,aterial
change in the present low prices of American May at oedt
agricultural produce, which continues to rule very B a ^ .
low in this market. *" (jrretn^ Jlvct\OtU*r.
The political elements in this quarter, at present, TTOU8EHOLD AND KITCHEN FtJRNIreat
in com|iarative calmneas. No one teems to XI TURK AT AUCTION.?On Saturday, dm
entertain any serious apprehensions of a war being 94th instant, I shall sail at my auction Mora (Condeveloped
in any quarter. Mexico ia too weak; cert Hall, near Brown's Hotel) at 4 o'ejo. k p. m..
England is strong; but she will try many peaceable a large lot of houaehotd and kitcben furniture, aueh
expedients before resorting to powder-and-ball di- an?
plomaey. Mahogany sideboards, bureaus, sofas and ottoPresident
Polk's administration, so far, gives satis- manat do. dining, breakfast, card and othsr tables;
fnciion to all moderate and intelligent men. That he wmdiubee, waahateadn, draining stands, and bsdran
succeed in plaaaing everybody, ia not to be ax- steads; feather bade and Wadding; hair and ahuofc
peeled. Those who know the man, however, have maltreaaea; andirena, skavals, tonga and fandare;
confidence in the purity of hia motives, his patriot- China, tiers, crockery, and Britannia wars. Also,
ism, and know that he desires to administer the a large lot of kitehsn amnaHa.
government for the public good. This I feel eer- Persona wishing to pure bans will plsaas attend,
tain ha will fin. ni far aa in nim li?a. nrnvided h? ia mm all muai be sola.
not imposed upon or misled by false information *
imported to him by political etochjobbers, who aeelt May 31 ^
rSS3?,tUtr* tr,otee-S SALS OF
The recent mo re men It. of the aouthern Methodiat JL By rirtue of a deed of^ truat, datedI 13th Sepand
Baptist churches townrda a separation from tember, 1835, and pe?>rdn. ""JjL r'. *
those o/ the North, has earned o ?ood deal of notice for Wn.hinrton Mun<r,Uiatrietof Columhia inltin
the northern paper. The Journal of Commerc. her W B. So 5d. fltO. ??, 4M, and 483. 1 .hall
severely censuresihe conduct of the leader, of the .ell to the h.y^b^r, Oo Fnday, the ??d day of
northern Methodiat church for the fanatical and un- May next, a .? ' P' '
juat courae they pursued towards B.ahop Andrew j of lot 1
for .imply holding .lave, sectored by mamaye, and 1 21 feet C mefceaion Tenth atmet ^?t, ^w^ Newover
the disposition of whom he had no control. York a'c imiltinTnij nu. iIlqjj.j.
It lays the bkmaofOi. operation at the door of
Some seem to apprehend this division in the in ?*; the balance inatx and twelre month, w.th
Methodiat and Baptist churches endancre '"e m- interest; a^ upon Anal payment of petneipal and
lejcritjr of the American Union. I am one, periin|>e internet, me ininn win ninny uie prwperty hi ui?
of a few, who consider such a conclusion utterly fu- purchaser.
lile. If Methodism, or the serf of Baptism, or indeed EDW. DYER, trustee,
any other sect, had any direct connection with our R. W. DYER 4k CO.,
constitution or political institutions, or were the re- April SO?'iawts Auctioneers,
a
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