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The daily union. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1845-1857, July 29, 1845, Image 3

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Some twelve months ago, anil the constat*,
quizzing inquiry of the whig* wan, " Who u
James K. Polk t" The decided answer wan pronounced
hy the people themselves in November
last. Look around you?walk the atrrc* of Wa?hjngton?visit
the public offices?caat your rye oeer
llie newspaper#?unci the answer is, " He is the
["resident of the United Stutrs." The atone which
he whiga had rejected, near twelve months ago, as
inworthy of notice, is now the cornerstone of the
But, really, it is of itself sufficient to shake the
onfidence of the people in the judgment of thr
cadeix of the whig purty, to contrast their vaunting
iredtctions in May, 1814, with the reulity in 1845
l'welvc months ago, Mr. Cluy only wanted the
forms of the constitution to make him the President
if the United States! And now, instead of pre.diiig
hi the White House, with the proud air of
nagisterial authority which he would have assumed,
ie hah retired to the similes of Ashlund?we will not
ay again "mending his fences"?hut moralizing
ver the mutability of fortune, like the eloquent
aveller over the ruins of Palmyra.
When the whig convention assembled in Haiti lore
011 the 1st of May, flushed with hope, nay,
onfident of success, they nominated Mr. Clay hy
cclamation as their presidential candidate. It was
eceived with enthusiasm by the whigs everywhere,
uid hy none with a more confident air than hy their
irgan in this city. It proclaimed to the country,
villi a grand flourish of trumjH-ts, his undoubted
uccess. The National Intelligencer of May ii,
e-14, lias the following:
... t ... ?i... ?r iliBtiiimiiflhi'tl citizens.
lenrv ' il Kentucky, it is ncedlwM for lit to tay ?
tord, cilln'r ol kit nivrit* and .vrvicvt, or of our estimation
if iht ni These ere too well known to our renders, to leitve
I< either necessity or uvu-i- for dwelling ii|ion tlieni. Most
incetelv do we rejoi. e that nt length lie is ehout to he
,laced iii a station in which his country will enjoy the full
>!innta;'> of his wisdom, Ins patriotism, liis unsullied houir,
?nd hn great ul ilities." ? # *
"Willi these brief rcmntks, we snbinikthe nominations to
mr trailers', not doubting of their receiving the unanimous
ind cordial support, not only of nil whigs.lint of nil iudaleiideut,
unpledged politicians throughout the Union."
Lei tin reverse the metlul, and nee in what terms
he triumphant trumpeter spake ot the chances of
us competitor:
"it is ueaily certain, nevertheless, that Mr, Van tluren
kill rrceite llie nomination for the {'residency at the Ltisltilore
'democtutic' coiivuntioii; and it is i/iofe certain that
be wings will heat with even greater ease any other cani,la!
whom the 'democracy ' may set up, than they will
rat Mr. Tan liuren, should lie he the man."
The wheel rolls on. The annexation of Texas,
lien before Congress ami the country, calls forth
he pungent animadversions of the whig organ.
The following i.s a specimen, in its paper of May
!3, 1b44 :
"Amnmat'ios" Meetings.?Not intending to express a
oubt. that, in particular districts in the Southern Vtutes, u
omiderable proportion of the people are, inconsiderately
? we know, (and against the public interest and the naonal
honor, us we believe,) in lav or of "immediate annextiun,"
as the phrase is, of the United States to Texan, it is
ct impossible for an attentive observer not to see how
treed and unnatural are the proceedings at many of the
retended "meetings in favor of annexation," &c . &c., and
ow little thev represent the sober judgment of the thinktg
part of the people, even in towns or neighborhoods in
hicli the excitement on the subject is most apparent.
FA meeting was held, for example, at Petersburg, in Virinr.i,
u few days ago, at which very strong resolutions
ere passed in favor of the wild and rash project, by which
i? peace, the honor, and almost the existence of this repub0
is endangered, lust read, now, the account which that
>spectable paper, the Petersburg Intelligencer, gives of
us meeting, in publishing, by request, its proceedings :
"The meeting, we hear, comprised some bundled and
ityortwo hundred persons, who, for the most part, he*
mged to the 'democratic jarty.' With the exception of
a- chairman, the committee appointed to draught the rosoitions
consisted of the taunchwHt and most zealous locos
1 Petersburg, and, as far as appears by the proceed,
igt, but one gentleman known tone friendly to Mr Clay
i.L Mit intLm UV irw.ntinn th.wn fitrli it. nnl..Ht.O
ir distant render! may not be led to inter, from tin* tj*ct
at the meeting is called a town meeting,' and that the
ayor of the town presided, that the ptoplt of Peteriburg, in
( aggregate, huve moved in this matter.M
The next number of the Intelligencer breathes
rth some jubilant strains of the whig minstrels
i the Baltimore American. It tells us of the miraes
which were to be wrought by the incantations
tins glorious humbug:
"There appears to be nothing in ull the means and applies
of the whig* that so disconcerts our Van Duron
ends, as thy free and hearty songs in which the names of
ay and Krehnghuysen are sounded from one end of the
untry to the other.
' Song is the language of cheer/ulnrts and hojtr; melody is
lied with good feeling; the high impulses oi patriotism, of
InoMc devotions by which heart and soul are inspired in
great cause, find nn utterance in music commensurate
itli their exalted nature.
"The lise of songs, then, in a political canvass, in place
violent invective and bitter reproaches, which olten iin*
snt vindictive animosities, and cultivate bad feeling
tong citizens, is a good sign of the times. It is good, not
ily us it prognosticates the triumphant success of the
lugs, but it is good, also, as constituting a now feature in
lilies, bet the songs go on, then; let the chorus swell in
II, resounding tone. Any cause which can be made the
me of song, is not a bad cause. Any man whose name
s spirit to music, whose deeds can iniuso life and inclody
odes and ballads, has something sterling in him?genstuff."
ct one specimen suffice of the genuine taste and
>hctic inspirations of the whig melodists:
i the morning of the great ratification convention, the
:i of Vermont, as they marched in nyocestkm, sung to
ular air a very animating song in which the foregorhyme
was already embodied. We copy a single
I "fill! the 'Yankee hoys' are wide awake,
They come from hill, from valley, and lake, I
And the song they sing both night and day
Is clear the track for llehry t lay!"
Hurrah! hurrah! Vermont is rising,
Hurrah! hurrah! Vermont is rising,
Hurrah! hurruh! Vermont is rising,
Knr Harry flay and Krclinghuy sen!"
i the sumo system of pronunciation are the following
tue Hartford < ourant:
i 'The great whig army's organizing
I mi#?** ( lay urn) Frolinghuysen;
Don't yon hoar the bugle'* Ma?tT4
Don't you see the banners fly f
The great whig army's driving past;
Hurrah for I. in and victory f
The locos now are agonizing,
because of Clay and Frelingnuysen.
Hurrah for ("lav the people shout,
And I* rt'linghuyseu too, Sec.. fcc?M
imp ruahes on, and brings with it the meeting
ie "Baltimore democratic convention" on the
May, 1*44. The National Intelligencer cornea
ard to announce the result m the following ex15
"? '?>? mocratir nomixahon.'?Well! our'democratic'
Is in convention ?t Baltimore have succeeded, at last, sin
he seen by the account of their proceedings in another
ron. in nominating, a< their candidate for the presidency,
lon.J imes K Polk, of Tennessee -a gentleman whose
' has never before been mentioned, a* faros we have
! la connexion with thc/r?f office in the government,
th it ha? been understood that he'wus to be nominated
' fiuuH oihce, if Mr. Van Duron received the nomina
lor the first.
his nonnnution may be considered at the tfyin*
d hvtath of Itjt, of the'democratic'partV. Disabled,
cunmng and successful stratagem, from tl??? support of
I'sn Buron. whom they really preferred* to whom they
I the honor of a nomination, and to w hom a decided
rity actually gave theii votes unable to rally even a
rity in favor of any one of the other citizens w hose
1..?? iMTn oemre me |? Hit* romentionnpu
i rrronfcrtiMl movement. rut her than break up
onlinem, to have uniiiiitnoo?lv thrown uwny its
I Ut iintlj A"j ii on Mr Polk The abandonment, in
on, of Nit. \ an Buren, Mr. I n*?, I ol. Johnson. and
lianan men whose political character* and srr
owrver valued, are at len?t known to the whole
and have been eon-Mend |.y dub n nt Htatecon
?uch a* to entitle them to the cnnMeacii of their
itiien* ran he rrKatded in no tthrr light than nc
king npot a parly which, though d? ?tin? d to d?the
mining < diou.il i lection, nn.b r .my |.. ?|,.r
ret have been a formidable autagon vt nndei V,i
en it* actual head
lr Polk aa a private eenth>m\n and at known to ua
cial and doniCMtic relation*. we have no (Uanosition
otherwise than with entire respect But of Mr.
i public man. having my pn-b n?iona to the rharar.
stab *m*n, whet i* known but that hew** an in
i? follower of t?en?rVi l?<-Uon sustaining him tini?u?Ijr
in all hJa arbitral yr ami unconstitutional m? isronghotit
hi* long train of eaperiments upon the
(iro-.pi ritv ' What principle* ha? Mr Polk rf?r dc
I or upheld, to entitle him to a nation'* confidence a*
>f adminUtnttor of ita affairs*
ntly weighed In the balance a* rhiel m*gi?tiatr ol
? State. having been found wanting and discarded
i terrier, what probability is there that, with thia
judgment again*t him at home, he can find favor
; people in other State*, who have no other knowk
hitn than inch o* this ' Certainly for a respectable
Hn inch a* we have admitted Mr Polk to be. the
could not have desired a candidate for the pr*?iden
T?*rt of 'the democracy/ who would prr sent le??
,n* claim* to that high station, or ?ekeai the ere*t stales
l*' MVtt rravU /ear# fmrthet /blind ?o anf laamariisii
%f terrfret, er of tilth* /,i?l </??/d/" which at*
'Write find ad?on the ttmiimn #/ chitf mmgittrmit / that
other editorial, in the tame number of the In'nccr,
say a that, "although the perty throughcountry
will learn the decision (the nomine
tftoA m Bmhmmmat <mmk m n^mm
4w? 1 > lf*> prflMi lnlllM* ?M,
will h ?t%W b sxlMr b bA i4b f?a b*| a
For tun oti v? m vifl ?*#an?aK <
lb* mm. I< w mam #w Mm bag party ??
I k?w ( Mr |V Jk | *Nk *<H? pa? lk?? n* s 1
j milt ***, lew, with ?W gfi e iu*l iUMf I*
[ carry o?it ka Irti meal yrniftf ml tmilMMpi
pnii ifdrw I* it hH IW Cft>ii t*f ili* ml
loo, k?m mmi naUm fr?m the p**l -- kt I
j never *V?hm?( tknr Hm Imm M #? Mary
i hilrlml urttf rant Mac parmai a# % %
I even in the m at brmm'tfml irrmi ?kn | I
rati ^nl.- r I iWaM t?? i i" \l? I
| fairly by Iim ova art*. aa4 mot by iKmi eta b
j anlKipartum* Tbey *bm?hl ai M myM, d I
cannot rrj^wt at. tb* mill 4 ihr
THK rout Til or JULY
Thi? day, ao Halitf?r4iulk ih?i. tfyvfik Ai
lean (tropic, k< i?inri morr rii4nw4 i* ma, if pa
b)r, by fhr m? mooM* rvt nM 4 tb* leaf Mmtttri
The 4th of July, l?*t?. pn?.Uim??f th# th<r
United 8taU-i to U a "fitr, *t?4 u
peinlMil |?r??|?lr.** Tnr 4'h of July, lMil baa ma
ua with the republa of Tc*??, and
"nrc* of freedom," l.y exti ruling it* *
the Rio (Jramlr. A friend, mho ?!<* n*u m m
the ancient rrputnii?*i of a ayUI, a ??M*tb?aye
fortune-teller, a nerromainer, or am aatn?l??r?',
even n prophet, had tome Hum tiiMt
us the propriety of illustrating? the day, by arteit
na the j rerun! for utrryiviff out (In im-? ?u I im
ruble event of annexation; ami, for tbi?
article appeared in the MUin<?n" mhirh i. ?? m
following strain:
"It is now reduced to tbs certainty ol a *!%? f t
Texas vnu accept t!??* terms ol annexution pt.'p?.s? ? i>>
resolutions ot the Ameiieun ' oi?grv>< V t< \ of U< i
lemc stimulated hy British mftucm i . rn ^mK t.?
against the pricks,* hut tin it te?i?fniie? * II h-.it. n. \
before the energy and enthusiasm of the rn???? ? The i
question that now afford stotb*
cise point ol i im? when tin bond of union ?hull N i <
signed. sealed, and delivcmd "
* a ? a
"We entertain no faith in pnrtieulur '. >? for the an
i>li?hment of certain undertaking* imputing it* it her t
luck to this, nor bad luck to tint; and we hoii|?< all
being equal, as readily commence a niurie > on a
day, us on any other day in the calendar But w?
our preference of u day .for the final ron?'in?tn,.tio
this grand national measure We refer to the <
ing hoi-htii ok Jri.v the hiithday anahtiiar) ot
own glorious lepuhlic- the <ln> which rent asunder
last link that hound us to the car ol ltreat Ilritain
day that called into heing. from the pen ol the immortal
fcrson, our unequalled declaration ot ind?'|>endeuce
political sabbath of our lund, w hen millions of hearts dj
their grateful orisons to the Uuler of Nations "
MTnft success oftiiil gvvftt measure on the fourth of*
will he an event worthy ot the era ol ITTti It w ill h
the classic grounds of Hunker Hill and Snn Jacinto u
the same paternal roof. The houes of Warren and hi*
lant compatriots, and of Crockett and his hravt bend
then lie mouldering, as it were, 011 the same soil Ann
and Texas will l?r forever 'one and inseparable.1 bid
defiance to the combined powers ol the civilized wot Id.
treading the same road to freedom lad t<> |bl
Heaven bless the I'nion! And may we be able to say
from the lips of inspiration, and in the mystie spirit ol
holy wedlock between man and woman, "those whom
hath joined together, let no man nut asunder.'
Our friend claims no credit for his predict
but it has come to pass as he set it down for
It Was thrown upon paper, and put forth a fartn
bifore the receipt of President Jones's celebri
proclamation, (received in Washington, June
which culled together the delegates of the peopli
Texas, to meet on the memorable 4th. He
sures us that he had received no hint of Presn
Jones's designs, but that it was the result, on his p
of a mere random solicitude that everything t
necled w ith this great measure might serve to <
secrate the day, now and forever, in tbc hearts of
American people. He gives President Jones
credit for the thought.
It is even so. What was then a bare prcdic
on paper, is now a bright reality. Texas is i
admitted into the Union, beyond the contingenc
doubt or fenr; and the Fourth of July is the da
which belongs the still further renown of hat
first heralded its consummation.
What a field is here for reflection ! Mow va
are now the causes which have so long serve
render this n day of rejoicing, increased and m
plied ! It was enshrined in our inmost nflacti
before, but now we have an additional causr
greeting its every anniversary as the grand jul
of the nation.
Nor will those, who have sometimes been te
ed our "natural enemies," and who look willi s
ed eye-balls upon all our movements?we mean
people of Great Britain?have less reason to rcf
thut day with increased interest thun nurse!
Our forefathers wrote the recollection of its mig
works upon their memories, in the burning lunge
of the revolution. One would be inclined to th
that even the iron tooth of time would have I:
too impotent to eradicate its withering rccollectn
But, as if not content with the. fruits of this ten
"first lesson," Old England was again induced to
tend her giant arm on this side 6f the Atlantic,and
her unwarrantable interference, and the machiner
diplomatic ingenuity, to touch the spring of i
and tilings on //its iside of the ocean, as she is
customed to do upon the other. Jealous of the i
Ntnntly expanding power and greatness of the Un
States, this nssuming nation has liccn boldcnoug
send agents upon our own continent, with full autl
ity to employ nil their resources of chicanery
cunning in a vnin attempt to thwart our govcrnn
in the pursuit of its own wise and patriotic pol
But, in nil these kind offices, we congratulate
country thnt John Bull has himself been signally
appointed. Neither the insidious offer of a rci
nition of Texinn independence on the part of M
co, nor the dexterous offices of France and Engl
to aid in securing the boon, which Texas hnd I
before purchased in blood as an inalienable rig
neither the blandishments of British gold, wr
front the sinews of overtaxed industry
l.omi. nor the false and dismal colorinps
which her nrtful limners sought to bedaub and
cloud our proposition, nor the too-glnring cvidci
of domestic treason, could avail a feather's we
against the indomitable energy and stern resolve
a free people. They had only to recur to
Fourth of J via, with all its hallowed associate
and tht dttil ten* dmie. On that day the ordini
was passed. On that day it was unanimously s
cd by the people in convention. On that day
proclamation went forth to the nations of the en
that Texas was again united to our confcdcri
and a day, nlready the brightest in our annals,
made still brighter by the annexation of Tc:
The conscipienr.rs of this event will, in all probt
ily, be felt to the "Inst syllable of recorded tin
and to fety portions of the United Slates can it
sent such advantages as to the northern sectio
with its shipping and manufactories, with its ]
durtive labor and its abundant capital?and
which was the first to murmur, and the last to ac
esce, in the annexation ol Texas.
It is a good sign tliut both sections of the dc
cratic party of St. Louis, the Armband the snfts, 1
1 united upon the same ticket for the six members
the Stnte convention, (for amending the State <
.dilution.) For exnmple: Messrs. Truslcn P
John S. Watson, Miron Leslie, 13. B. Rdmoni
George Mead, and Frederick A. Wise, arc
forth under the St. Louis head, both of "The Ke|
l?r" and "The Daily Missotirian," as the "d
oeratic ticket." This is arrayed against the tii
of the wines and the natives. Mny we not hail
as the cheering sign of a general reunion of
democratic party in Missouri
In fact, this selection wan made by the wl
democratic party of St. Louis, at a late gen
meeting of the party. The "Reporter" represi
that the democrats of the city nnil county are as
united, and it suys, in n wise and commend:
to fsr ? the two branches oi ths party havs been
cerned. Id bygones h? bygones, snd, for'the future. I
rsiiysf mot ass in support o( sll nominations made hi
majority, end ia defence of the purr principles of
party "
We congratulate our friend* in 9l. Louis u
(ws Aw rewmon, and w* earnestly recommend their cxAs*
' aa#p*e ?a the imitation of the republican* in every 4
a " 1 there may happen to be a temporary
?nh ? *' "? mi our ranlu. The whig* will put u? down
A <f A*jr can. and they calculate upon our dissensions ^
"h? v de-ofoy ua Let u* have the wisdom and the cf
ap.ta to diaappamt and u. ..at them. ? "t
...* <
1 Art nik.mo.vrs expedition. fr
? * and# mend that intelligence lias been lately
; """'d Mi AmrMy.fmui tins interesting expedition. Jj|
Eh# porty mm 10 v'-client health and spirits, and pi
^ ' | tag naward with bcenming rapidity It runsiats c'
la# CayMm Praam#!, Lieutenant Alien, Lie 11 it nam
~ Ne*.aa4 about Illy hired men, with authority to
^ : tarmase hta fan aa hi# arrival at Bent's fort, should <5
11 b* ' >i#i*d necessary. Mm general instruction* m
* ?.* ? time his operations as to bring in his party
J o org A# peearei yrsr, if the name can be done *j
art a ithout aeglc< nag any at' the obieet# of the cxpcdimsn'
u>'" ""d. " arriving at IVuPa fort, (which in a bl
?,y 11#ml m the Morby Mountain# wliere expeditions m
i*#? rem and e> it ) he te aulbon -rd to make detachnirnts pfo
tha p- j-sm of making a wrt thorough exami- re
,t<ag nation <4 that region Should he make any detachih,
atrul at Bent'# fort, H la prubable that some of the
*a ponymsjrlw in la-fort the rapuin, na the detach- M
r ui mil adl p .isue a mate whtrh a ill hardly render >
r> | it prartical>le foe it to rejoin the main Iwtdy.
A hrter front New York, of the IHith, furmshea
nnoAer strrbng; evidence of tha recuperative enrt*
* jy, the great enterprise, and the reeoun ra of our
countrymen. "We are recovering (says the writer)
' *" gradually from the egrets of our late disastrous fire.
Tha tea# will be vary heavy?some ffi.OOU.UtIO at
lv. at, but it fall#, in most instances, on Uioaegcnu;.
erally who are abundantly aide *0 bear it. Very
iTu-L 'r* ' 'I"""*' claeeea have lieen injured. The lose
1 o l.i of life m the aoiat feature tn sink a rnlnnnty. It is
n bub- stirprniiig rival the total annihtlatian of six
"II) million# of rnprlnl ui one niglit should intake no vialhtr
inipieaainn upon the liiiatirial condition of the
rem- iu.uk> t. The fact allow* comlusirely how fiimis
'."n. (he foundaiioii on wliwh our iuainraa rest#, and
In- |,uw mu? h rent wealth in employed by our mcro
ui chants. The insurance roinpnmea w ill pr ninthly all
n?u P?X 'heir loasca in full, and all but four will continue
t'u tlirir business. The assets from which their |>ay- ,
(be . . 1 ' dc
,h'' and Stair stocks. These tail! lie thrown into mar- ^
mti qu
kel from time to tune, sod sold. Capitalists will be
ring rt'"dy '"b? I'""'" for investment. The money
'airi thin drawn from aurrdua depositee m bank, will be f
czrti . . .DC
Mm at once returned to the active business community,
fine payment for the goods ami buildings destroyed
ao<l It in barely poeaiblr that, in the changing of ao large
!"J, a aniii from hand to hand, a alight and temporary
' jh? pressure may be made on our city banka. [The ^
writer points out how .even that pressure may be gf
ion; avoided.) But no aerioua tfl'cct is anticipated; and |
us a month will scarcely tlaptt before the three hundred m
ighl buildings, ao audderily awept away, will lie in proved
cchh of active ruttorntion. We do not lack enter- j
2,) priac or fortitude; and ahould you need a few mil- '
s of lions to maintain our national right! in the West, ^
ns- you will find, if I do not grently err, that we art not
lent entirely destitute of patrioliam."
,on. From the Zansavllle (O.) Aurora, July 'J4. ri'
'be A Washington tily correspondent of the Charlesdue
ton Mercury, writing under date of July 12, attempts
to show up n terrible commotion in the ranks 0,1
of the democratic party, Willi the deduction from his of
premises that breukcrs are ahead, upon which the g|l
low administration must run. Among other symptoms
y 0f of discontent, the writer is pleased to state that, ut a
(<) democratic meeting in this (Muskingum) county, w
' recently held to select delegates to the Slate cor.ven- rn
"nP lion, "resolutions proposing a vote of confidence in fe
\1 r Pnllf's nrlminiMlrntimi1' utti- inlrd ilnu n liv n
?ly very Urge majority. '*
. If nil the symptoms of discontent which tlie Mer- M
" cury's correspondent gathers together ore as ground- th
ulti- less us those in relation to our county meeting, then p|(|
ions he had letter be employed in some business m?re
, for honorable and truthful thnn his present occupation;
and n paper so respectable and influential as the ni
c Mercury ought not to permit one either so ignorant tic
or unenndid as its correspondent a place in its col- t
cm- uinns.
rar_ The facts in relation to the resolution in our conn- 8tl
ty meeting are these. Two or three individuals fei
t'le here (including the mover of said resolution) had nc
;nrd been for some time previous to that meeting, and
vc(1. continue to he, under the management of the vvhigs; '
li( and the whigs were then, and are now, using the M
1 1 Y name of the mover of the resolution to produce a ha
in2? difficulty in relation to the post office here. The H|l
ink, resolution was offered to cover tip the duplicity of
teen ''tc niover anil his coadjutors, and was voted down 811
ns a rebuke to hint and them. The meeting did of
jn'. pass, however, with it hearty good-will, the follow- he
iblc ine resolution: .x
"Rtvtiltrd. That u p nj?|ir<tVe of tin' principle* an<t coin .
|,y chic with flic views lain ilowu in the inaugural ndjrcnof
' lame# K. I'olk; that the itcniocnitle party of this county an
y of look with mi anxious desire for the early annexation of .
lien Texas, and the lawful occupation of Oregon, and stand
ready to sustain the national administration in any eon- (,
nc- stUutiona) means to consummate these great Ameriran *
measures." pr
Now it will require keen optics and quick pcrcep- *"
tion to find opposition or unfriendly feeling to Mr. en
" t0 Polk or the administration in the above; but these ?B
Itor- two or three men we speak of, acting w itjuhe whig
and papers here, published that the dcmoerdW county 8U
' meeting had voted down a resolution in fiyor of the an
'cy- The democracy of Muskingum county, wcean
our assure the Mercury, nre sound to the core in rels- nR
dis- "on lo ''1C administration; they nre engaged in no dit
clique or combination to obstruct or injure the ad- ?(|
r'?"* ministration; and Mr. Polk will find in them friends
cx'" and supporters ns devoted as any in the Union, so
land lorg as he administers the government on republican "
on" principles; nnd they have no fears as to his deter- ev
. minntton in this respect. I)C
" There may be a difference of opinion in relation
ting to some of the appointments made by Mr. Polk. ""
nt Some of them are probably not the best selections thst tin
. could have been mnde ; but for this, men ofstand- w|
ing anil character, who recommend, arc rcs|mnsi"e"
hie, and not the President lie nets with the best
nccs lights before him. Injudicious appointments mny lr^
still he made; indeed, w e know ot some in this re- c*
* gion who have recommendations on file at Wash |)(,
8 0 ington, that it would be most unfortunate if they
the should receive appointments; hut if they do, the
mis, President would not bo to blame, but those who
,nCp recommend them. tin
We repeat, that the whole story of opposition to |)C
'Sn" the administration in this county is a conjoint httmthe
bog of the whig press here, and the two or three pre- '
,11, tended dcmocrnls to wliont we have alluded. est
scy. 'f'
' We recommend to the perusal ofottr rcadrrs the |,y
W,'S address of the Hon. James Shields, which is to lie .
*nf*- I found on our first page. (Address delivered on layibiI
ing the cornerstone of the Democratic hnll in Wasnne"
I '"g'on on the 4th inst.] It possesses the excellence Bj
| of conciseness, to an extent that we have not fro- ^
'irf~ I ouently found in the many other dissertations upon
"?1 the same subject that have reeently appeared. In
pro- deed, it is necessarily difficult for a discourse to !>e of
vc, , l>rief, that concerns the memory of one shout whom iu
history has so much to record. Judge Shields, pn(
T"" however, has fully avoided the fault of voluminousness,
by prohibiting himself from dwelling too long
on any topic, or wearing tlirendbare any single of
mn* thought. Hence his eulogium, though brief, em-, trr
lave braces the whole life of Jackson, from the time ^ (
! (lf when "his fentless spirit was east in the fiery furI
nace of the revolution," to that when "his spirit
son- pn?sed to the skies, and bin fame became the inherit- du
oik, ance of his countrymen." It is also graphic and t(?
ton, foeeihle, and throughout extremely spirited. In
' short, it is in every way a worthy tribute from a "
' man of the West to its hero.?I'rnnnylranimi. ho
sor" . ?. wi
cm" j Dr.Moi nATtr nominatioxs iv Vermont.?At a pa
sket Democratic Stale convention, held at Middlebury. W|
this Vermont, on the 10th inst., the following ticket was
. ! unanimously nominated: governor?Hon. Daniel P*
,r Kellogg, of llockingham; lieutenant governor?Hon. qu
Wyllys Lyman, of Burlington; tieasurer?Daniel w(
lole Baldwin, of Montpelier. This is said to he a strong .
ern| ticket, ami one that will rcquirs all the exertions of
I the federalists to beat.
:nl? . at
shle One of the most complete assortments to lie .
found in the city, comprising evety variety. This
branch will receive particular attention. Prices to ho
eon- .. .. . '
,,,,, suit the times. wt
rth" W. MANN, h?
our Sign of the large Mack Bool, Pennsylvania ST., .
two doors west of 4 J street.
P?n July 24
Department op State,
July 29, 1815.
Information lias been received from the consul
ic United States at Kingston, Jamaica, thut,
insequenec of n report being in circulation that ll
nallpnx had been introduced into New York I
>mc emigrants from Liverpool, vessels clearit
om New York for Kingston will requite clean bil
f health, certified before H. I). M. consul, as tl
lurnntiiic Iuwh are rigidly enforced. The cons
so advises thnt vessels clearing from any oth
irt of the United States should be furnished wit
ean bills of health.
James II. McRhidk, register of the land oflice i
prmgfield, Missouri, vice Joel II. 1 laden, r
Nit hoi.as R. Smith, receiver of public monej
Springfield, Missouri, vice George R. Smith, r
Peter Dixet, collector of the customs at Ma
head, Massachusetts, vice James Gregory, r
Joseph T. Pease, collector of the customs i
dgurtown, Massachusetts, vice Leuvitt Tliaxte
For the Union.
No. 12.
It is presumed thut no necessity exists to adduc
rthrr proof to establish the charge against Mex
i, of being equally faithless in the fulfilment of hi
aty engagements, or of the obligations impose
r the law of nations, and by the code of persom
'nor. Her highest functionaries have been show
be guilty of an open disregard of truth, and i
ivuig resorted to the most contemptible and dii
uceful crimes known on the Old Bailey calcnda
uiiild additional testimony be required to fill u
< measure of official and nutioiiul turpitude, amp
ntcnnls exist in the archives of the board of con
i s mucin: It there distinctly and repeatedly n|
are, that \b xico transmitted spurious utitl forge
leiimcnts to the board, as legal evidence in east
fore it;?that her commissioners withdrew, frot
e public records of the board, and under false pri
ores, testimony which hud been laid before it fc
i action;?thnt this was done against the remoi
norrs of their colleagues, and in contempt of tl:
ruled objections of the American Secretary <
ate. These points, however, have been so fri
lently brought to the notice of Congress and tl:
ilmn, that they must be familiar to ull who hav
veil any attention to the history of the relutioi
tween the two countries. ,
The far more important inquiry is, what is tl
urso which it becomes the right and the duty <
e government of the United States to pursue i
ferencc to the claims of our citizens upon that in
>n? The question of duty lias been long sin<
tiled. Without adverting to other instances i
Inch it has been fully recognised by the goveri
ent itself, in the most solemn and authentic forn
reference to the very explicit language employe
r Mr. Upshur in his despatch of July 25, 1841
ay suffice: "The honor of the government ;
edged to our own people for the diligent and pro]
prosecution of those claims. Mexico can n
ngcr, consistently with her own honor, or th
>hts of our citizens, or what is due to this go:
nmint, seek to delay the execution of whatju!
* so plainly requires at her hands." "Atonemci
loutd have been made long ago for the numeroi
id flagrant wrongs done by that power to citizer
1 this country. Unnecessary delays must not t
ihmitted to, nor will slight excuses be received."
Two years have elapsed since this declnratio
as made. "Unnecessary delays" have been "sul
itted to," and "slight excuses" have not been "ri
ived," only because none, however slight, hai
on oflercd. Eighteen months have passed aim
exico lias had in her hands a treaty sanctioned b
c Executive and Senate of ihe United States, wliic
lis short?very far short?of carrying out all the ni
lowledged obligations of our government. Tl
mister who negotiated it, in several important pa
lllurs deviated from his instructions, and alway
the disadvantage of the claimants. Its terms mi
[ illations, if adopted, would work the most man
t injustice to the claimants, and arc such tin
thing hut despair of ever attaining justice coul
dure them to ai rpueace in. For eighteen montl
exico has omitted to give it her ratification,
is become a caput viorluum;?and no excuse, n
"'higy, no explanation hua been tendered to an it
lieu IIUII.mi III. nun .... ... .u,.? win
her most conciliatory and yielding offers. Tli
nior, i lie dignity of the nation, imperatively demand
at no ainulnr proposition should be ugniri enlci
ined. The experience of the past litis painfull
d irvrrely taught the claimants, (and it is hope
e lessons have not been thrown nway upon th
vernment,) that, under such a convention as tht
ojected, the intereals of the one would be sacrifice!
d the honor of the other prostituted. Under n
cumslunres, should such an arrangement be agai
lie tinned; nor, unless under other and far bctti
arnntees than such as appear in tliat projrt, shout
y mixed commission be again established.
What course, then, is left open? The claim
atnat Mexico may now lie arranged under fou
itinet classes: First, such ns have lieen alrcnd
judicnted by the former hoard. These may b
ognised as settled definitively, excepting so fa
fraud and forged pn|ieis, and suppressions o
tdence, in derognlion of treaty engagements, ea
shown. Secondly, surh as have passed throng
a ordeal of n full investigation in the presence c
b commissioners of both parties. Thirdly, thos
lich, owing to the impediments interposed by th
vernment of Mexico, or Iter .functionaries, wer
t unadjusted. Fourthly, those which were neve
hiluted to the former board, whether they ocrurrei
fore or since the tune limited by the eonventioi
The first class lias been settled by the adjudira
ns of the board; and, although much injustice hn
en wrought by those decisions, they should, ]>ei
ps, tie tillowed to stand, unless the claimants cai
Isblish, by distinct testimony, that injustice lia
en perpetrated through false or furgnl pajier*, o
the witliholding of evidence winch Mexico vn
und to furniah. Three yrota and a half lint
ipaed cinrr the laat of thrae raaea waa derided
r the convention of September, 1838, it waa agree*
it Mexico ahotild forlliaith pay the whole aur
rnrded ngmnat her, by funiivhiug rurh an amour
her evideneea of public drht na ahould real
i in the London market whatever might h
ind due hy her. Tina arrangement woa, aa w
ve eeen, allowed to eipire by the non rati Deal ?m
the convention by Mriieo. Tlie auhaiitutr
aty of |839 provided that Mriieo ahuuki pa;
l auma awaided in treaaury imtea, which about*
receivable at her cuetoin-bmiaea in payment ci
tiea, ahould it pruve inconvenient for her to pa;
! whole promptly io gold or ailver At her enh?i
ion, and for her accommodation. by the contra
n of the 30th January, IMS. further indulgMve
la given. She waa alkiwrd until April, 1-43. t
y the arrrarngra of inteeeat, and the principal
ih the auhaetpiently accruing intrreat, waa io b
id within live yeara from that dale, in r*pi<
arterly inainlmenta. Three of theae inetalment
're (Mild with anmethmg like punctuality Mine
miaty, 1844, not a farthing haa beat pat
tich haa ever reached live claimant* Ow th
it July, 1845. ais inatalmenta will be m arum t.
sm. The right to poetpnncment ha? been Mhl
by thia omiaaion. Hy the term# of the routrae
n of 1843, all the internal dultra of tha aalua
ire pledged aa a fund for theae paynaanta,?that fa*
a been diverted from thai purpoar, and thua agar
e treaty haa been broke* Tha rfanaaMa bar
s right to inaiat and oaU apoa thaar gem??
under these circumstances, to demand the prompt
liquidation of what is dua them. As Mexico has
thought proper to suspend all diplomatic relations
between the governments, this branch of the case
jn should be defimtivelycloied. We can no longer call
ne upon them for their quarterly instalments.
>y The second class comprehends coses which have
been examined by the joint commission, and upon
|(i which both parties have been heard. The reasons of
ill the one for allowing, and of the other for disallowing,
er' have been fully given. The diplomatic intercourse
'' between the two governments is closed, and the
American Executive is in possession of urn pie materials
upon which its judgment can be exercised
st The views mid opinions of the able men who rep-^
e~ resented the United States are before them; the
objections of Mexico are fully stated. Both pare
ties have been heard?so fur, atleast,as the American
commissioners can be understood as representing
(r" the claimants. Every solemnity has been observed?every
objection heard; and the parties cannot
at but hope and expect that this government will rer>
cognise as final and conclusive the judgment of
those whom they have invested with these high
functions. So fur as these cases have thus been
acted on, the character of the claim ought to be considered
as adjudicated, and the amount of compensation
settled definitively and forever. After Mexe
ico has pursued the course which it has been shown
she has done?after she has abstracted from the ar~r
chives of the convention the evidence upon which
^ claims were sustained?she cannot, with nny show
11 of justice or reason, ask to be at liberty to compel
" the parties again to reproduce that testimony, and
' prove their cases over again. It is a received maxim
K" of positive law in evety community where law ex'
ists, (hat every presumption exists in odium spolitt''
tons. In every aspect in which the case can be
1 viewed, Mexico occupies this jiosition. She wus
the spoliator in committing the original wrong. She
is the spoliator in withholding the evidence which
1 she had solemnly promised to furnish, or in fubri'*
eating false testimony. She is the spoliator in ap"
propriating to herself the very evidence which had
been produced to establish her responsibility.
"" C.
IS From tho New Orleans Courier, July 10.
8- We give the following letter from the gentlemen
ie who, in behalf of their fellow democrats and their
own, tendered a public dinner to Mr. Barton, with
his reply:
18 New Orleans, 10th July, 1845.
Dear Sir: Muny of our fellow-citizens, your
le personal and political friends, on meeting you after
j. your absence from the city, and anxious to greet
your arrivul with some public murk of respect, have
n designated us to invite your attendance at n dinner to
j- be given at Lake Pontchartrain, at your earliest con,e
The late annexation of Texas, without a dissenting
" voice, notwithstanding the untoward dibits of fori
eign diplomacy, wh'lc it gratifies our pride ns
lt Americans, in the proofs of wise, prudent, and de,j
tcrmined councils of our government, necessarily
calls to mind the efforts of one whose pen so powerit
fully contributed to spread light among our people
is on this subject, and to confound the ill-starred
v sophistry with which this great national measure
was resisted.
0 Very respectfully, your friends and servants,
ie (In behalf of your democratic fcllow-citizens,)
r- P. Soule, Alex. Walker,
Mcrcier, v John J. Kcr,
i rv. vvugner, u. Augnsim,
George Eustis, C. Diamond,
is George Dormcyr, C. Wood roof,
James lluie, A. W. Scates,
Thomus Slidell, Chus. L. Duroclicr, i
A. S. Lewis, Isaac T. Preston,
E. Montegut, S. W. Downes,
n John L. Lewis, H. D. Peire,
. D.Prieur, J. Munrne Mackic,
W. K. Wagner, W. K. Stiles,
John R. McMurdo, E. Harralsun,
E. W. Moise, Armand Guyol,
e C. K. Johnson, Theod. Montreuil.
New Orleans, July 11, 1845.
Gentlemen: Your kind note of yesterday, profferc"
ing me, in behalf of yourselves and my other demie
ocratic fellow-citizens, a public dinner at Lake Pontr_
chartrain, has been received, and the honor designed
, tne is most gratefully acknowledged and appreciated.
Constrained as I feel myself most respectfully to 1
decline the invitation, I must rely upon your con- j
i- siderate indulgence to receive my apology in kind- 1
,,t nr.ss, and to make it acceptable to my fcllow-citi- 1
. zens.
" My sojourn here is not a matter of mere leisure. '
is The occasion has liec'n afforded me to "put my 1
It house in order," privately and professionally, that 1
in I may the more efficiently perform the important '
tiuhlie 1111fit*h which have. Iirc.n nHHMMicd mn cImp
1_ where. Since my arrival, official business has been
<1 thronging upon me, which claims and receives a
ic large share of my attention. I most frankly own,
la moreover, there is another consideration which has
chiefly influenced my determination. 1 have rer"
gartled honors like those now proffered me as exy
cltisively the dues of services far more eminent
(j than any it has come within my means or fallen to
tny lot to render, and in calmer moments I must
e believe you will think so too.
it llow, then, cftuld I, in the midst of those welcomI
ing gralulations, which have so kindly greeted the
coming of an old friend to his ancient domicil,
" avail myself of the proffers of that uncalculaling
" friendship, which appropriates to zeal the dues of
r service, and lavishes its honors before they are
j earned? No, no, my frienda; I pray you, leave me
as you find me, in the enjoyment of those quiet
gralulations, which take their way to the heart, and,
mingling with many touching memories, remind
me how your friendship hns sustained me in the
past, and how highly it should be prized.
y These still greetings seem more accordant with
e our common tastes, wliile they fill to the very brim
r the humble measure of my dcscrvings. Nevcrthe'
less, while declining the honor, 1 will still, with
your leave, hold on to the compliment, and garner
" it away as a precious memorial of your kindness,
h There let it remain, rs nn enduring incentive to j
(|- oilier and worthier strivings for the common good.
Your friend, !
c ]
r ?
I From the St Augustine News, July 19.
n By this morning's mail, we received letters from
Tallahassee, from which we extract the following
! on Jilt '
| The Hon. I). Levy left there for Washington on
*' the lith instant.
. I It ih thought that Thos. Douglass, esq., will be
n | the judge for the eastern district of Florida.
L. >V. Smith, eso,, is spoken of as judge for the
" i southern district; Col. Oeo. Hawkins ns judge of
r. the western district; and several arc named ns suitss'
hie for the middle, though no one is settled upon,
faraway Smith, esq., is atuiken of as solicitor for
the western district; T. J. Heir, esq., for the mid'
die, and Felix Livingston, esq., for the east,
d Wm. II. Hrs< kenbrough, esq., it is supposed,
,, will lie elected attorney general of the State.
N. P llemia, fir the treasury.
II These names ap|?- ir the most prominent for the
''1 several offices; but none are as yet elected. Our
r ' correspondent says:
"There are many applicants for different offices.
Who will fill them, ta uncertain. You will hear in
" time, no doubt. I think good selections will be
" moilr, liowrrer The aeariniily ha* lieen until yea- I
trnUjr swelling lha action of their committer*. A }
nuinlx r of loll* were on that day introduced. Among I
lha moat im|?nrlant waa that to rniae a rrrrnur for i
the Aral Aarnl year. The general outline* of the c
lull art good, though the eatimate I think too large
g4l 5tm I hold on to the $36,000 eatimate, and r
am of nfunion that, with economy in the adminia- <1
lrati,<n of affairs, our government ran be carried on
j with that amount. It cornea up for artinn on it* \
aernnd reading tiemorrow, when we may expert a
warm work in debate. The other bill* in the (louar
are thoea creating and regulating the office of rompt- n
roller and aaerc tary of atate. Several bill* will be introduced
to-day for the action of the houae?among the
numlmr, nne for the formation of the judieialdintrieta,
! and other mailer* relating thereto. In the Senate, .
a loll haa been introduced for taking the ecnana.
i So you are the I we houae* are now in aucceaaful
operation, organiamg the government. In ten daya ,
more, I think we will be ready to atari for home,
j Thaee aarma In he a Hiapneition to hurry off aa toon
mm pnaathle. It ia doubled whether a revenue ayai?m
will ha adopted at thia eeeeion. Many are op- .
1 poeed to going into the matter until aufficient data
aa m aur resource# are Aral had, upon which to perfcet
a proper law. It ia thought this can be done,
without detriment In the public tnterret, at the No
em bar met nr. whan all inhumation on the subject t
may he eheaiaod. The Senate have, by the rote of
(hat body, declared (heir unwillingness lo go into
the matter. It is thought that aonte law for tem|M>rury
purposes will be enucted.
'"The excitement growing out of the election of
eiinlors, has eomewhat aubatded. The election of
Mr. Westcoti hue opened upon the whiga like
a thunderbolt. Tluy did not dream that aueh would
have been the caae, though they all aay they expected
Levy'a election. 1 am of the opinion that the
democracy will be aaliafled with the choice, and that
Mr. Weatcott will do honor to himaclf and the country,
aa we well know Mr. Levy has ulready, and
will roriiinoe to do.
"In the election for senatora, 1 know, of my own
knowledge, that Mr. Levy would not take aide#
with the candidates, but remain neutral lo nil.
Many of his eualcrn friends endeuvored to procure
an olpreasion of opinton from him, but could not
succeed. Walker Anderson, esq , has behaved
very manly in the matter. Me was here during the
whole excitement, but never interfered; and, when
defeated, lie expressed himself perfectly satisfied,
and left here last Saturday evening for Pcnsacola, in
good humor with the world.
"It is rumored that Florida will be divided into
two districts, slid thut Judge Hronson and William
H. Brockenbrough, esq., will be the federal judges.
This is but a tumor; and I only mention it as
such. "Yours, &c.
''Tallnhassee, July 8th, 1845."
The contract for building the magnetic telegraph
from Rochester to Lockport and Buffalo lias been
taken by Messrs. Livingston <fc Wells, who have
already made a contract for the wire; and the telefraph
will probably be in operation in two months,
'lie arrangement for the lines from New York to
Buffalo, via Springfield, from New York to Uoatou,
and from New York to Philadelphia, are now completed.?JY.
Y. Tribune. %
We frequently hear of "irreparable" losses; but
the loss which comes nearer the true meaning of
this phrase than that of any mere, inanimate thing
we know of, is reported in the Morning News of
Saturduy. The plates of the magnificent and gigantic
work of Audubon on ornithology were in
the fire, and arc destroyed. There was no insurance;
and the mere pecuniary loss ($15,000) is
very severe to the truly great and noble old man to
whose life of toil and self-martyrdom we are indebted
for such splendid results. The only edition
of his costly work was a very limited one; and the
extant copies will grow piecious as the gold, and
emeralds, and rubies, and sapphires, and glittering
gems, whose light is scattered over the wings of
those graceful creatures his idolizing |iencil has immortalized.
Here, now, is an opportunity for wealth and liberality
to make an offering to genius and worth, at
once graceful and grateful. We hope a hint is all
that w required.?JV. I. Tribune.
Ossabaiv Harbor.?We understand that Captain
Folio, of the revenue-cutter Crawford, now lying at
Montgomery, has recently examined the spacious
harbor on our corn! at Ossabaw, and found, upon
actunl soundings, thut the bar at that place has Jive
fathoms at high water, common tides, and from three
and a half to four fathoms at low water, which renders
this harbor one of the finest places for n naval
depot in the Southern or United Stutes. Indeed,
such is its extent, that it could contain the navies of
all the world combined, in perfect safety from the enemy;
and if it should be properly fortified, which can
be done with very great fucility, it would effectually
protect Savannah from invasion by a foreign foe. It
is a matter of perfect astonishment to us, that this
most splendid harbor should have been so long neglected
by the general government, us it certainly is,
in our estimation, one of the most importunt positions
on the whole Atlantic const. It will be recollected
that it wan at this point that the enemy landed
during the war to attark Savannah, and is precisely
the place where they will attempt to land again,
whenever we go to war with any foreign nation, if
it is suffered to remain in its present unfortified condition.
By building a strong fort at this point, the seaboard
of the South would be protected, and our
own Savannah saved from capture und destruction
by the enemy; which otherwise cowld not be
done, us Fort Pulaski, at the entrance of the Savannah
river, ulihough an excellent piece of work', both
in design and execution, would prove insufficient for
protection; for the simple reason, that the enemy
would not think of entering our harbor at that point,
eighteen miles distant from, and without any direct
land communication with this city, when they could
land their uriny in the largest vessels in l/i- tcorld at
Ossabaw, within some eight or ten miles' march of
our city, over a level and dry country, without hindrance.?
Savannah Intelligencer.
Raii.roads.?On the 3d inst. a very largo meeting
was held at Nashville, Tenn., on the subject of u
railroad fiom Nashville to Chattanooga, to connect
with the Georgia and South Carolina railroads. The
distance from Nashville to Clinttiinnrurn in 1.H1 miles:
thence through Georgia 22C miles, and South Carolina
204 miles?making 5G0 miles from Nashville to
Charleston. Of this route, 390 miles arc in process t
of construction, and nearly done. Dr. Overton addressed
the meeting in n forcible nnd energetic, manner,
estimating the cost of the 130 miles in Tennessee
at #l;300,000 up to ?2,000,000. Ily this route, '
merchandise can reach Nushville, via Charleston, in '
38 hours from New York. The feling evinced on 1
the occasion was such as to ensure the construction 1
of the work. '
While these movements arc making in the South- '
west, the people of Maine are pushing on the Port- f
and railroad to the Kennebec; the Virginians are 1
narking out roads in all directions within their '
State; and on the Canadn border the old feeling of '
'sympathy" is as strong as ever, but has taken the '
direction of railroads instead of revolt just now.
Mutual exertion will soon have interlaced the Cana- '
Jas with the States, in a manner which will make it '
liflieult for Great Britain to ascertain which end, '
f either, of the roads belongs to her. Every rail- '
-oad laid down is a bond of union with the Canadas. 1
rhc connexion will not be perfected, however, until
British capitul shall have added many mugnificcnt
works ns a dowry to her daughter on her union with
'epublicauism.??V. Y. Morning Meira.
Every year shows an increase in the culture of the
iiignr-cnnc throughout our Slate. For a long time J
ifter the introduction of this exotic, it was supposed ,
hat the cane could only flourish in our extreme |
louthern border, where could be found a climate suf- ,
iciently warm to be congenial to n tropical plant.
Experience has shown, however, that the crop can
>e inised to profit in a much hi Iter latitude than was
it first supposed possible. We observe that the culurc
is gradually advancing, northwards. Formery,
the Point Coupee was the upper limit of sugar
dentations ; but the present season we nre told tnnt
argc crops arc growing in the neighborhood of Al xandrin,
on Red river; nnd the cotton planters of
ilapjdcs parish, mnny of them, are ahnndoning the
>ld staple, and embarking extensively in the manuhcture
of sugar. How much farther north the cul- ,
ure may advance, experience alone can demonitrnte.
The plant has evidently a capability of adn] ntinn
to change of latitude. By slow degrees, it .
hay undergo a process of acclimation, that will j
nuke the cane hnrdy enough to withstand the cold
if regions farther north than Alexandria. Perhaps
...i,..i? ,.r r ....... .... u? r? i ii
d in climata (o the plant. Supposing that the cul
urc be confined to only two-thirds of the State, yet
tow nmplc and rich the sugar region we have here. (
rite soil is the most fertile on cartlt, and sufficiently
ixleneive, when brought unilcr cultivation, to raise .
mgar enough for the consumption of the whole nnion.
When it is considered that in Texas we have
tnnexed vast territories, .reaching n lower latitude
hnn Louisiana, and better suited in climnte to the
jrowtlt of tropical plants, some idea may be formed
tf the extent to which the culture is destined soon ?
o be carried by American enterprise. It would not ^
>c hazarding much to say, that before the lapse of
icven years, more sugar will be manufactured in the
Jniteu States tlinn is wanted for home consumption.
[A". O. Bulletin.
T. B. S.?A public meeting of the
Washington Temperance Beneficial 8ociely will be
teld at their hall, on C street, opposite the Exchange -Intel,
on Wednesday evening, (July 30th,) at fcl
James Tloban, esq., and other distinguished ndvo atcs
of the temperance cause, will address the aulience.
'I lie exercises of the evening will he enlivened I
vith appropriate vocal music by the choir of the
Members of other societies, the public generally, nd
ladies particularly, are invited to attend.
By the president:
July 29 C. S., and II. S. jno Itm. ?
[^Olt 8ALE, 300 cords of best quality yellow '
pine wood. Alao, hickory, oak, and anthracite ^
oal; which will be delivered for cash on reasonable .
10th street and canal. p
July 1?2aw3w _ t,
style just received, at the cheap OMth^itom ^
Sign of the larfc Black Bool, Pennsylvania av , v
wn doors west of 4) street.
July 24 *i
krom the N?w OiIrani Picayune, July S3.
more op the movement! pp ocr troop!.?We
have been favored with a Idler from one of the
bruve officer* of that favorite regiment of the Weet,
the iM regiment of dragoon*, dated Fort Jesup, July 1
17. He informa ua that aeven companica of the
regiment, under command of Col. Twiggs, are
there prepared to lake up the lino of march overland
for Corpu* Chriati. aa aoon a* they are officially informed
of the paaaage of the annexation resolution :
by the Texian convention. He goea on to aay:
"The command, consisting of seven companies of
dragoons, will number about 450 men. A train of
Hbout sixty public wagons will accompany us on
the inarch, for the transportation of supplies. Our ii
indefatigable quartermaster, Capt. O. Cross, has exerted
unusual energy in his preparations for the ,
route; and all the difficulties that danced ao merrily j
in the imaginations of amne of the well-wiebera of I
the 'id dragoons in Washington have vaniahed ere
tlicy have been fairly grappled with.
"Among the preparations for our entrance into
Texas, aii l not the least important either, is the arrangement,
by our distinguished band inetructor,
Cioffi, of an ".Innrxatitm March and Quickstep," to
lie performed by the id dragoon band upon the occasion
of the planting of the American flag upon the
western bank of the Sabine.
"As a liat of the officers of the 3d dragoons,
about to proceed on this march, may not prove uninteresting
to yourself and your readers, it is sub
joined, for the double purpose of keeping their
frienda informed of their movements, ana to inform
them that letters will be received by any of those
named, with the greatest degree of certainty, if they
are post-paid, and directed to ' Corpus Christ!,
Texas?care of the U. 8. Quartermaster, New
Fucld and Staff.
Colonel J. E. Twiggs, 2d dragoons.
Major T. T. Fnuntleroy, "
Adjutant H. H. Siblr.y? "
Quartermaster?Captain O. Cross.
Commissary of subsistence?Brevet Captain R.
A. Arnold, 2d dragoons.
Surgeon?W. L. Wharton.
As iatant Surgeon?George Buist.
Topographical Engineer?A. George Stevens, 2d
Captains?W. M. Fulton, (Bj) C. Ker, (K;)
Seth Thornton, (F;) C. A. May, (E;) N. W.
Hunter, (H;) L. P. Graham, (D;) W.J. Hardee,
h irst lieutenants?O. P. Ranson, (Kj) A. Lowry,
(B;) W. II. Saunders, (Cj) Fowler Hamilton, (H;)
O. F. Winship, (D.)
Second Lieutenants. R. P. Campbell, (E;) .
William Steele, (H;) Lewis Ncill, (B;) R. H. Anderson,
(D;) George T. Mason, (C.)
brevet Second Lieutenants.?J. H. Whittlesey,
(DO Augustas Cook, (F.)
First Lieutenant Juge, 2d dragoons, will be leA in
command of this post, in charge of the sick, Ac.,
Since the above was in type, we learn from the
captain of the steamboat Champlain, that he took
down and landed, on Sunday morning, at the mouth
of Red river, a detachment of seventy-one men of
the above regiment. They will join the seven companies
at h iirt Jesup, and proceed with them to
Corpus Christi.
A detachment of one hundred dragoons, from
Jefferson barracks, under the command of Lieut.
Hamilton, came down on the Champlain, and landed
at the mouth of Red river, on their way to Fort
Jesup, en route for Texas.
[A". O. Jeff. Republican, July 22.
Official confirmation of annexation.?In
another column will be found the official confirmation
of annexation, by the unanimous consent of the
Texian Congress. 1 hus is a measure consummated,
which will add more to the durability, strength,
and perpetuity of our Union, than any that has occurred
since the purchase ofLouisiana. This great
measure presents an unanswerable argument against
the. hvnnehnndrinral individuals who see no cheering
ray in the future, but are alwaya prophesying of anarchy
and disunion. For here ia a nation which 1
had won and maintained its independence by its
valor, which had taken its rank as one of the powers
of the earth, and which had the natural resources
and elements of becoming a powerful nation,
knocking at our doors for admis.ion, and admitted
into the family of nations that constitute our glorious
Union. How, then, can there be any danger
of the dissolution of the Union? Does not this met
show that, if any State were out, she would immediately
make application to be admitted into the w. '
Union? Therefore, there surely cannot be nay danKr
that a State, being in, will ever desire to go out.
t our government be just?let it eschew all partial
legislation, and our Union will continue happy, free,
and independent, to the end of lime. We never had
any misgivings on that score, and now we are firmer
in the faith than ever.?Mistourian, July 14.
New Mexico.?The Independence Expositor has
a letter from Taos, New Mexico, of May 10. The
writer says:
"Since I last wrote to you, Martinez, the late governor
sent by Santa Ana to plunder New Mexico,
fins been removed from office by the new central
ldministration, and has departed with one hundred
housand dollars in his pockets, the proceeds of a
ingle year of extortion. Jose Charves, a citizen at
New Mexico, a clever and plausible man, is his
mcceasnr. Charves is himself a friend of annexaion
to the United Slates, and such is now the general
feeling amongst the wealthy and influential citizens,
has heretofore been the case with the general
"The writer says that the cattle trade has been
ntirely destroyed by the Indians, that a few 'intelligent
Americans' would soon rouse the inhabitants,
md that the gold digging this season in the neighborhood
of Santa Fe has yielded ISO,000 of grains,
some lumps of pure metal having equalled |i500 in
By A. Green, Auctioneer. \
Household and kitchen furniture
at auction ?On Thursdaytthe
list instant, at 10 o'clock a. m., I shall sell on f
treet, near the corner of 11th street, at the reailence
of Mr. Girault, who wishes to leave the city,
lis entire household and kitchen furniture. 1 enu
iterate, in part?
Mahogany sideboard* and.bureaus *
Dining, breakfast, and other tables 4
Cane-neat and other chairs, canc settee, Ac.
Very fine mantel glass, girandoles, &c.
CarccI and other lamps
Parlor, passage, and stair carpets
Parlor and chamber curtains
Bedsteads, beds, and bedding
Andirons, shovel and tongs, and fenders
Toilet sets and crockery ware
Also, a lot of kitchen furniture not necessary to be
Also, a good refrigerator.
Tcrma of sale: All sums of and under $20, cash; over *
>2(1, a credit of sixty days, for notes satisfactorily
indorsed, bearing interest. A. GREEN,
July 29?2t Auctioneer.
By A. Green, Auctioneer:
On Tuesday, the 29th instant, 1 shall
icll on the premises, at half-past 5 o'clock p. m.?
East halt of Lot No. 1, in square No. 516, being
lie corner of I and 4 J streets north.
Lots Nos. 6, 7, 8, and 9, in square 642.
Lot No. 12, in square 31.
Lot No. 3, in square 23.
Sale to take place on the first named lot.
Terms of sale: One-fourth cash; the balance in
lix and twelve months, for notes bearing interest.
\ deed given and a deed of trust taken.
July 25?3t Auctioneer.
The above sale is postponed until Friday, the
1st of August, same hour and place.
July 29?3t Auctioneer.
Nails, cheese, and rum?
400 keea Antictnm Cut-nails,assorted
100 boxes New England Cheese, prime
30 bbls. New England Rum, pure.
Just received on consignment, and for sale at
30lt,m0rC &EMMbk MURRAY, A SEMMES.
July 33?3t _____
1 FULLER has taken the store recently occu>ied
by E. F. Buckingham, at the corner of Pennylvania
avenue arid 12th street, and procured from
lie northern cities a full and complete assortment of
rrsh drugs and chemicals of the licit quality.
Having had an experience of nine years in the
rug business, more than three of which were spent
i one of the best establishments in Philadelphia,
here he enjoyed the benefit of the lectures of the
'hilndelphia College of Pharmacy, he is prepared
> dispense medicines in the beat manner. Hit
rhole personal attention will be given to the com* '
ounding of physicians1 prescriptions by night as '
rell as by day, and all medicines will be put up
rith the greatest care and accuracy.
All the new preparations procured as soon as they
ppear. June 30?3 we<)

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