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The daily union. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1845-1857, August 11, 1845, Image 3

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1UV, to announce (via New Orleans) the arr
the drat detachment of the United States
at Aralisas, in Texas The star-spangled
with all its constellation, now flics over
i country we have acquired, in place of the
,?r " Our countrymen have been received
| due honors.
icnn doubt the propriety of the policy which
*|led the administration to send our military
ruts into this new region? The land ta now
y ours; nnd yet there is some vague informaeivcd,
(?"<1 11 '8 partially confirmed by the
counts from Matagorda, via New Orleans,)
ista sod Parcdes are advancing, at the head
motley troops, to cross the Rio Grande, and
die territory which we have acquired by a
ipscl between the two republics. We leave
it "New York Courier and Enquirer" to
ir unrivalled distinction of opposing the sagaiJ
soirited measures which the Executive is
r, to protect this new territory against the
iiiCamanches and the insidious Mexicans,
eno disposition to expose the fulse position of
whose open opposition to the Bunk of the
tales was once silenced by a douceur of fiftyusand
dollars- We feel no further disposition
. wiili the National Intelligencer, which has
|iarliully to recede from thu clear ground
it originally occupied in favor of the United
i has proved the Ncssua shirt to the whig
Tlitir opposition to annexation, under the
sof Mr. Clay, contributed as much ax any
iuse to blast their prospects and defeat hia
If they ore wise, thry will not prosecute
it any further! The country is now virtually
We now owe it to ourselves, to the proud
rated character which America maintains
the nations of the earth, to guard our own
1 from the invasion of the ruthless Mexican
ferocious Cnmanchea. How would it sound
-how should we feel at home, if we stood
Idersll that has pas ed; alter we have obtained
ntry to the Rio Grande, with the consent of
publics and see Texas overrun?her people
rd by the Mexicans?and the massacre of the
perhaps, repented upon the land which they
nobly thrown into our arms, nnd when
i! petitioned us to protect them against their
and exasperated enemy? We should be
i of the apathy we would exhibit. We
Hush that we had stood by and seen Texns
d by the aggressive force of a vindictive eneloat
of the very whigs who pretend to split
bout it, (anil we trust and believe that
mber is very small) would be the first to
lamor against the administration, which had
nmered sucn an outrage to be commuted,
not be Btiir! that Mexico has claimed the
to the east of the Rio Grande; that they
oat at Santiago;, thnt they have n few troops
081, at the mouth of the Rio Grande, and anmll
post higher up the river. We do not
llesa they compel us by some act of violence,
is.icas them of these positions. We stand
defensive, so far as relates to the force they
:ady at these posts. Tell us not, however,
5.000 inhabitants they have settled on that
The population on the river, until you asthe
neighborhood of the Santa Fe region,
small?not more than a few hundreds; and
these very Mexicans have recognised the
Texas, by uniting with the Tcxians in
Irom thnt country a representative to the
lo tigress.
imiry, too, is expom d to the Camanches,
he Mexicans cannot control, but whom
light stimulate to vengeance ngainst the
What American, therefore, can witness
linn of things which is now developing ille
region between the Nueces and the Rio
ritlioiil approving the precautions which
utive is taking, and the preparations which
iking to protect our own property and
people? It is said that information (but
very decisive character) has been received,
Mexicans intend to invade Texas. Under
timstances, it is proper thst our government
ke some precautions, and send on more
id adopt other measures for meeting our
and breaking the blow of bis attack. We
f, therefore, to see, not only the spirit with
ic Executive is preparing itself for every
icy, but the patriotism in which some
not soon say most?) of the whig presses are
around their country at ouch an emergenong
those, we select the following extracts
; "Baltimore Patriot," the " Baltimore
i,w and the "NewOrleano Picayune," (the
uchwill be found in another column:)
From the Baltimore Patriot of August W.
Dibit orders have been received from Washingi?ji
Ringgold to hold his regiment of mounted ar)
to pioeci-d ut a moment's warning to the South
to be to Texas.
r Orleans Picayune of the 1st says, that the'2d
I United States dragoons, under' < ol.Twiggs,
I'liaf "1111.ir( 11 tor Texas from Natchitoches on
litno List Friday. '1 he < hronicle suys they are
"? I It Sin Antonio de Bexar,
eiC and l>. ?>t ths 4th regiment of United States
etched St. Louis on the 30th ultimo, and took
wn the Mississippi, destined for Texas. They
he command of * attains Graham and McCall.
I era hire also been forwarded to vandid
u v | miiu "i lering the troops there station
d in i? a.lines* to proceed to Texas,
dersare,as wo understand, precautionary. No
i ol an authentic character has been MM ived.
o is about to make a military movement on Texto
be prepared for no) tiling of the kind that
refeir?-.t t?. have been issued.
ol those orders, wo should Itppon IfcOfO
o doubt |1 lu- fata of Texas has become involved
I nited States, and the President is but p? rfoi m
wary duty, when he takes measures to defend
ml the hostile action of any country -Mrxicotas
'other. In a matter of this kind, wlmtho dia
ncnt, in I the duty ok ar. it will not do to stop
' itioutthebga/fty ot defending a countiy, wbicli
-11 1 '"I Ol our Union. And. in defending such
" Ml right that we should make it as effective
ivn noldea that INW with Mexico will
thei ui ti . annexation <>t i exoe, or the concon*
oited States troops in that country. Whatever
rnicht bofroiB the homer, will be most likeh)'
the latter ptoceeding. ?
Month# MttawM Aowrtoanof this morning
kiaaton I l*. . i -
ni'iay cvriung *HV*: "WW
I?fOl kbit B?ttlkiniC(V?lliT4 iUitlMl in re
ico II (as some uppo?p, and nm indeed ?ay)
" "u tlir K^TttM to lilt frontier, the danger of
iroachci In all probability, If tany nadartake
ol I. \;,v tin | u ill attempt to drive our troop?
tbey occupy. In M0& cam-, our ri^>?t ol
i "itlioi i/i* til to Ofhkplt and dettrov their nrmy
we pleaae. Then, the game i? up. We drive
nthemtcrotathe hio tirande; and who ahull
Qll *tot nt
'1,1onr forcta in Tana i* altogether b dtfbu*
letlCO baa threatened w ar in the vent of anibn
lltaatpla to ill IJ Ml her threat*,
t ol annexation in not endangered. It is to make
unitall efl'orU to disturb it. that otir
hrected upon Texan. Of COHIM. they have
' I re?i*t. il any mich eftorta are Mil,
Mtilitlta ait once bo nn by Mi xi?*o, then open
i?t or, am the 1'nion" phra?e* it, "'he ganio ia
I i robahl) N Mtblif more than a border feud,
kirmiihea. if it cornea.
anient of the United States, nccompnnied
"retury of theTreaaury, and the Attorney
ade, to-day, a tour of inspection among
it office# of the Treasury Department.
rniLLATM*.?The contract for the m?IkW
w.ir-ateamer haa been taken by our
Merrick (V Towne. When her nlteraimpletrd,
she will be towed nrnuhd lonui
to rrn ive it.
| Philadelphia North American.
oust l>p tome mistake in all this No
kind haa been made for the Conatelno
order haa been |fWen for har altera
We have received a letter from Ronton, (9th inat.,
which confirms the few statement* which we mad<
laat week, respecting the immtnst profits of the man
ufacturers. It inform* ua thut the dividends o
"first class cotton factories, under Boston manage
merit, have averaged full twenty per centum thi
last year, and their reservations of profits, as a gen
. eral remnrk, may be said to be from twelve to fifteel
i per cent, more; beside keeping their stock good, b]
cutting down the valuation of mills and machinery ii
their trial balance sheet. Their raw material has beci
at an unusually low cost, and the recent improv-menti
in machinery, with crowding their "help" to tending
four looms instead of three, and at the same usage:
as for three, have altogether given them a nett profi
of over one-third upon their capitul in twelvi
months. From this, their SO percent, dividends
reservations, and redactions of valuation, have beer
made." Our correspondent gives us a paragraph
copied from a high whig paper into one of lh<
same ilk, which furnishes a good text for com
"Tnr. mtT niviDCMu vft.?The Newburvport llernld o
yehtenlay nays, that the Kssex Steam-mill, in thia town
yesterday math: a dividend of yer cent., the rjiniugi o
the mill the past year.*?-Jiotton Courier.
(The reader will picture to remember that thii
paragraph is copied from the Boston Courier o
only last Friday morning?a whig paper. Forty
tiro ami a half per cml ! A very comfortable dividend,
Ilferc are a couple from democratic papers:
"The Crest Kail Company (New Hampshire) make (
semi annual dividend of $-!) or ten per cent on the las
emiislon price of stock."? Po?/oir I'unt, .tutuft.
"The Amoske&K Manufacturing Water Power and Lam
Company have declared a semi-annual dividend of II
per cent . and are understood to have a very lar?e surplui
or reserved fund in haud beside. A New Hampshire joui
rial states the reserved fund to t.c $dOO,uoO ? Cotuurd (A/an
freeman of S, (fast Friday.)
And now we ask lite friends of the other interesti
of the country?the farmer (the great staple in
terest of the land,) the merchant, the profeasiona
classrs, I he ship-owners, i&e.?what they think o
the justice and equality of the protective system, a:
set forth in the act of 1842? Cun they longer silent
ly acquiesce in its provisiotia' Here the furme
sees the manufacturer divide 20 percent, or more, and
in one case, the enormous profit of 42 J percent., whils
he himself must be content with 3 or 4 per cent
The manufacturer makes this immense profit out o
the other classes. It is a tnx which the preset!
tariff enables him to lay upon the other portions o
the community, for his own profit. And still, we ar
to be told by the National Intelligencer,and theaffili
ated whig presses, that it is nil right; that the pro
tcctive system must lie maintained in all its vign
and in all its beauty; that the law of 1842 is, like th<
law of the Mcdes and Persians, not to be changed
and that the tariff* must not be reduced.
We are not the enemies of manufactures, whei
they nre established upon proper principles, inBtem
of being forced in the hot-bed of protection. We an
satisfied that many of them would spring up o
themselves, if let alone; and that the ingenuity of ou
countrymen is so great, springing naturally fron
that boldness of an enterprise, which is fostered b]
the freedom of our institutions, that it would neve
cease to invent the most excellent labor-saving ma
chines; and these inventions have been made mon
freely under a low than under a high tariff, for "ne
cessity is the mother of invention."
The reason why we can make most woollei
cloths, [and many cotton stuffs, cheaper per yari
than the English manufacturer, is, because our ma
chines are better than theirs?our carding machinei
and our looms, in particular?besides our spinning
machines, and even our sizing processes. We heart
a singular anecdote in relation to the sizing procesi
the other day. An American manufacturer wai
in England, where he become acquainted with ur
English manufacturer, who is n member of Parliament.
He visited the factory of the latter, and
suggested to him a very simple machine for sizing
which would have cost not more than $200 lc
erect, and would supersede the expense of severs
hands. The Englishman took his drawings, and
engaged the workmen to make the machine; but
after it was commenced, he frankly confessed to tin
American that he was afruid to finish it, lest (In
hands which would be thrown out of employment
might burn down his manufactory.
With the aid of these superior labor-saving machines
invented by our countrymen, besides the
cheapness of the raw material, we nrc now able tc
compete, in many manufactures, with the foreigi
fabrics. But the tariff gives our manufacturers r
decided advantage, and throws an immense profit
into their hands. Shall we permit this cnormoui
advantage still to be conferred on the manufacturing
interest, at the expense of the other classes of the
community? This is the question. For one, wt
say, let the tariff be reduced.
The following language appears in the St. Louii
Missourian of the 1st instant: "If the 'Union' sup
posed that the giving of all the offices at the Executive's
disposal to Colonel Benton's friends wouli
satisfy them, it was mistaken." The Missouriar
states, "that if the administration failed to carry
out the views of the democratic party, whicl
elected it?that if it did not re-enact the indenendent
treasury, reduce the tariff, assert oui
right to Oregon, &c., it would find Colonel Benton
and hid friend* in unyielding opposition tr
it, notwithstanding the official crumbs east to them.'
This language might he miaunderstond. Tin
"Union" never supposed that offices could bribe tin
friends of Colonel Benton into acquiescence in antidemocratic
measures. Such a supposition would b<
unworthy of the "Union," as it is unworthy of an)
true-hearted democrat. The administration will at
tempt to purchase no man by office; neither wil
it attempt to conciliate the friends of any man
whether be or they be well or ill affected, by
casting "to them official crumbs." They will rim
willingly distrust any man or his friends; and
secure in. the invincibility of their piinciplcs, they
apprehend no opposition from democrats. If opposition
comes, it will come, not from the enemies
of the administration alone, but from the
enemies of democracy. There will be no room lefi
for those who may be disposed to create difficulties,
to draw deceptive distinctions between the democratic
administration and the democratic party.
Every issue mude at the Baltimore convention will
be carried out fearlessly?and carried out, too, u*
firmly and gloriously as the national issue which
has been so happily consummated?the rtanneralioii
of Texas. There need lie no fears entertained in
St. Louis, or elsewhere, (ns we think there are none,)
of the future courae of the administration. Wt
think the success of the Texas measure should be t
guarantee of the determination of the President nnd
his cabinet to be eanentially democratic. The inde
pendent treasury, a reduction of the tariff, and the
occupation of Oregon, will nil follow the annexation
of Texas; and then wo fear no opposition from any
but the opponents of democracy.
The Angelica (N. Y.) Reporter notices the facility
with which the whig leaders and organs car
change front, by their pretended attacks upon tlx
President, in disregarding (ss they allege) the wish'
ea af General Jackson in regard to Major Lewis.
I "They hare heretofore merit! it a capital objection
to Mr. Polk, that he ha* followed blindly and ?ervilely
the dictation of General Jarkaon, whilat they
| hare taken no little credit to themeelres for their independence
in reaiating In* dictation. They have
( been conepicuou* for their oppoailion In the will ol
General Jarkaon; and, in many inalanree, have not
heailated to denounce him in atrong language. They
have taken rapecial pain* to abu*e and denounce
Major Lewi*, whom they once charnctemed a* a
member of the kitchen cabinet. But all of audder
the tables are turned. Mr. Polk is now guilty of
) base ingratitude, because he has not respected the at6
tachmenlof Gen. Jackson to the very man who was
* formerly so odious to the whigs ! Gen. Jackson
f was condemned for having this man about him, and
- for teposing confidence in him. Mr. Polk is conis
demned because he will not have him about him,
and give him his confidence! Mr. Polk was coni
denintd because he adhered too closely to General
r Jackson's wishes?now, he is condemned because he
i dues not adhere dose enough to his wishes! Major
i Lewis was entitled to none of their respect whan he
i was a member of the kitchen cabinet?now, he is a
? persecuted patriot, an injured man, because he was
i not permitted to continue in his old position! It
t wus formerly the boast of whigism, that it dared to
! think and act against the dictation of General Jack ,
son?now, whigism is shocked at the idea of Mr.
i Polk thinking and acting for himself, in reference to
i the conducting of his own administration I Such is
: modern whigism!"
uiraain escapes aiiu nuuic sncrmccs iiiiui una portion
of Texas. Even now, you frequently hear of combats,
in which some five or six of these brave fel- ,
lows defend themselves against treble the number of
Cnmanchcs. Capt. Hays, last year, with fifteen
men, whipped seventy-five lndinns in an open prairie,
killing their leuder and more than half of his followers.
What a corps of dragoons can be formed out
of such materials, und how pleasing should it. lie to
our government to take them into its service! It
will require such a corps to conquer the Camanchcs, i
and teach them that they can no longer rob and (
murder our people with impunity. Major Donel- ,
son is waiting to set our troops ut their right posts, .
and to learn what Mexico is going to do. One of
the light-bonts passed this place yesterday, sending
word that the Alabama would be at Corpus i
Christi the next day. Of course, the others are not
far behind." i
The writer refers, of coarse, to the arrival of our ilri- |
goons st Austin, m roulr for San Antonio, or wherever may (
be their destination in Texas.?Usiov.
. . I
The steamer Alabama arrived at New Orleans on i
the t!d instant from Galveston, with dates from that j
city up to the 30th ult. We take the following |
items from the Picayune of the 3d. ,
The Alabama nrnved at Aransas on the 25th ult., (
and, on the following day, with the assistance of the |
Undine, which had just got in, innded Gen. Taylor i
and the United States troops the former had taken *
The steamer Monmouth, now in the service of '
the United Slates government, arrived at Galveston ]
on the 31st ult., short of fuel and water, and re- |
quiring repairs to her machinery. She was to leave
on the following day for Aransas. j
The following is an extract of a letter from Cap- |
tain Grice, of the Undine, giving an account of the t
landing of the United States troops in Texas. It is (
dated I
"Aransas Bav, July 2C, 1845. <
"On Saturday, the 26ih instant, the American i
flag wns first planted in Texas, by authority, upon <
the south end of St. Joseph's island, upon which I (
am landing the troops from the Alatmmn, inside the
bay. There arc now 500 men encamped here, and <
the scene is full of interest. The other vessels with t
troops are not expected to arrive for several days." '
From all accounts, it would seem that the Tcximi |
convention is progressing rapidly with the business j
"efore it. It is thought that the members will get |
tlirorgh with everything by the middle of this
month, (August.) The seat of government, it is said, j
wi'l probably be continued at Austin for the next ,
four or five years
I)r. D. A. Perry, of Washington county, Texas, .
1-?.1 ? C.. , .1...,. I.o n nn>r/i C.*r.
merly tlie property of the doctor. Although there ,
won no witness to the act, the negro woo nunpccted,
accused, confenoed the deed, and nun l>eeit hung.
According to all nccounln, the health of Qalventon
rontinuea remarkably good. The weather had been ?
dry, and rain wan much needed. f
The Civilian nayn tlfftt "it appears to be under- I
itood that a majority of the membcra of the conven- f
tion ate in favor of innerting a clause in the consti
lution to prevent Iwnks." J
On the frontier* of Texan all would appear quiet, t
We nee no account of Indian disturbances in any '
quart-r. I
??????? r
ItfpoaTAMT raoni Mexico.?We have received a J
letter from a gentleman high in office, of the latcet r
Jaten, which states that the members of the present
joverninent are decidedly in favor of peace with the
United States; but that a large minority, if not majority
of Congress, are in favor of wnr?the people are t
r.lamorous for war, and will put down the adminis- r
(ration if they do not have one. The writer greatly .
rears that the Mexicans are on the eve of another (
revolution, and that the present peace party will be t
put down, and that a war party will come into
power. I
We give importance and prominence to this in- (
formation, because it cornea from a source eminent- |
ly capable of judging and of knowing what is, and (
what is to he. It is the latest news in this country |
from the city of Mexico, and may be considered the (
moat authentic?Arte Fork Erprem, Jhtf. 9. I
, The following extract is from a gentleman now
exploring the Copper Region on Lake Superior, to
' a friend in this city, giving a short account of the
i difficulties and prospects of those cnguged in the
I' enterprise of mining, &c. in that rich country:
Extract of a teller, dated
"Eagle River, (Lake Superior,)
"July 24, 1845.
"1 have decided where'to locate for the 'Union
company,' have had it examined by a competent
, man, and ahull start with Dr. Juckaon to-morrow or
next day, to commence a thorough examination
and testing of the veins of mineral upon the tract.
1 The location I believe to be aa good as uny other,
' not even excepting Eagle river. You can form
. aome little idi a of the difficulties and expenses of
) my undertaking, by looking on the map, and seeing
the great extent of this mineral country; and reflect,
? that I hqvc to travel 500 miles on this lake in un
. open boul, and that it is impossible to move an inch
I w lib a high wind, or in a heavy rain?depending
entirely on my men to put the boat along with
^ oars, excepting when so Ibrtunute us to have a
? moderate wind in our fuvor. I am obliged to hire
. three men to row my boat at (25 a month; one man,
who styles himself un explorer, und is we I acr
quainted with the country?and, in fact, made some
, of the best locations last year?ut (50 a month; bct
sides men for digging, blasting, splitting, <.Vc. I
beg you will write me every few days, and let me
' know what is going on in the world. Mr. Wil
liuins will leave here about the 15th of August with
t forty or fifty thousand dollar's' worth of copper und
f silver ore, from the Eagle river location; so both
r, Mr. Henshnw and himself told me this morning.
"You will hear from me again in a few days, in
* more detail."
In connexion with this letter, we are requested
r to lay before our readera the following communicate
tion, which has appeared in the "New York Jour>
rial of Commerce." Our correspondent thinks it is
due to the officers of the government, whose con1
duct has been harshly and hastily attacked in anoth1
er communication to the "Union." We under>'
stand that letters addressed to the War Department
f present General Stockton, the superintendent, in
' the snme favorable light that following the New
1 York letter does.
f Corrciponilcnce of the N. Y. Journal of Commerce.
r CorPER Harbor, (Lake Superior,)
July 15,1845.
c I have been here too short a time to form any
vciy accurate opinion as to the general character of
the country, or its prospects as to mineral treasures.
Besides, in arriving at clear notions on the subject,
^ one has to be very careful in examining into facts,
, for it is not always, in a mineral district of country,
that you can implicitly rely upon all that miners tell
" you. No question exists, that copper-ore veins
Ft abound over avast extent of country, occupied by
r ranges of trap-rock, which they traverse in various
' directions. Hut to discover and to develop them,
' will be a work of labor and of lime. The im|>enes
trable nature of the woods which clothe the trap
j ridges, and general surface of the country, is a great
impediment to exploration. Everywhere white ce1
durs arc as ubundunt as sedge-stalks on a common,
" and being low, stunted trees, they send off horiionI
tal limbs that interlock with each other, which, combined
with spruce trees, birches, and maples, coat
the whole landscape, to a great extent, witii one uni'
vernal hedge, bidding almost defiance to human foot'
steps. To pass through it, the head and face have
I to be pressed forward through the brush limbs, at
the risk of having the face and eyes wounded, while
an awkward step may cause the traveller to stumble
over a fallen log, or slip down n fissure in the trap'
rock, at the risk of being crippled. So far, the most
i successful explorations have been madealongshore,
and up small rivers and creeks, where the water j
has laid the rocks bare. I have seen surveyors j
' coming in from the woods nearly stripped of their
i capable of the wear nnd tear of such a universal
Ah far as mining operation* have gone, the |
1 following seems to be the present condition of
t things:
, At Eagle river, several locations are being worked,
superintended by Colonel Qratiot, on which
' from 70 to 80 men are employed. At Agate Har*
bor, another company have commenced operations,
> under the direction of Mr. Leonard, of New York,
in whose service 15 or 20 laborers find employment. 1
The Pittsburg company at Copper Harbor, tinder
the superintendence of Dr. Pcttit, have from 30 to
1 40 hands employed. Besides those, there are other
. small parties at worj* in various directions; so that
. it would seem that mining in the United Stales cop.
per-mines has commenced in earnest.
Up to this time, the returns made to the agency,
i by two of the above companies, show the following
r quantities of ore:
The company at Eagle .river have raised 500,000
pounds of ore, worth not less than $120 per ton.
The Pittsburg, or Copper Harbor company, have
r raised G,fi70 pounds of the black oxide, t.ie value of
. which I do not exactly know. Other companies
are arranging for the working of new lenses?some
' on the Ontonagon, and others near the Little Mon'
treal river, and other places.
> Considering that this agency is one of great im,
portnncr, I inustcnnfpss I was surprised to find it, as
before staled", so badly located, and miserable quar"
ters provided for the superintendent. The mineral
s surveyor is crowded into the lop of a log hut, with
r scarce space enough to stand'upright, where, while
plotting maps, ho is constantly lialile to interruption
liy pernons crowding in upon him. The supcrin'
tcndciit's room is about 8 feet square, and just large
, enough to admit a table, a bed, and two or three
, chairs. Imagine the inconvenience of such n place,
in who h to receive people by dozens on otlicinl business.
Such quarters are discreditable to the nutioni
al character of our people.
> The agency is located on a narrow island, with
the broad lake on one side within 10 fret of the cabin
on the north, and within a rod or two, on the other
' side, of the water's edge, cutting off communications
i from it in winter, while there is not enough timlier
1 on it for fire-wood.
It should, by all means, be either removed to
' Eagle Harbor, or to tho main land, near Fort Wil'
General Stockton, in his administration of the difI
firult post he occupies, discharges his duties with
, great promptness, fidelity, and impartiality. By his
urhnne nnd polite manners to all who visit the agrn1
cy, with his amiable disposition, he never fails to
' win the esteem and good-will of all who make his
i acquaintance. The government has been very fortunate
in selecting him for the responsible situation
he fills. He has many men to deal with, who try
every way, without effect, to bend him to serve their
i own interests. In the firm and regulur discharge of
| hia rlutie*, it inuat follow that hr will gain anme few
enemica among such. It is to be hoped that the '
government will retain hia vulunble aervieea. To a"
1 fair and reasonable men, he auceeeda in giving l!;:
i moat nmple nnd complete antiafaction. It ia only
those who have attempted to force their plana, in np- ,
position to law, and in violation of hia positive instructions,
and lieen thwarted by him in so doing,
that have spoken ill of him in any manner. He has
a large and respectable family, nnd receives the '
i confidence of all who know hnn beat, aa he justly
, merits.
The population at present exploring and scattered |
" about the mineral region is supposed to amount to i
above 500 persons. I
, The water of Lake Superior, in deep places, and '
especially ofT Point Kewesna, is about aa cold as i
Croton water with dissolved ice in it, and tastes i
' equally as well. In shallow places, bays, drc., it is I
warmer, but always palatable to the taste. When I
, the surface of this lake ia lashod by the winds, the i
r waves run as high as they do in the Atlantic ocean. |
The water is so light, that the slightest wind puts it |
I in commotion. I have never seen a sheet of water
where a storm can in so few moments lash its sur- I
, face into such tremendous waves.
When tha wind goes down, the heavy swell con1
tinues for a long while afterwards. I
i Owing to the nigh cliffs, the bold and uninhabita- I
II >111 IS MB I I II iiTTI'*- II r 11
blc coast which borders the lake's shore, it is the fasorite
resort of the American bald eagle. Several
that we saw were large and beautiful. They build
their eyries in the crags of the tall sand-stone cliffs
and lieud lands along the southern shore.
The level of the lake water is sup|>osed to be 900
feel aliove the level of the ocean. It has been
sounded to the depth of 600 apd 700 feet. In some
places, no soundings have been found. ItisJVom
400 to 500 miles long, and about 00 wide. Its arts,
or surface of water, is equal to about 34,000 square
I have nothing more Jo add at present, but remain,
yours, very respectfully, tfce.,
J. C. Pickett, esq., late United States charge
d'affaires at Lima, is now in Washington. He returned
to the United States ill the barque Rupid, which
arrived at New York on Wednesday from Havana.
Commission sent to the President of Robert Butler,
as Surveyor of the Public Lands in the Territory
of Florida, in the place of V. Y- Conway, from
the 30th of September next, on which day the resignation
of the latter will lake effect.
Commission sent to the President of Thomas J.
Read as Deputy Postmaster at Louisville, Kentucky,
in the place of Littlebury H. Mosby."
Letter of appointment doca not atate whether rcafjsed.
dtcmsfd, or removtd.
Treasury Department,
August 11, 1845.
The Secretary of the Trensury acknowledges the
receipt of ten dollars in an anonymous letter, a copy
of which is annexed.
The money has been applied as directed by the
writer. *"
New York, Aug. 9, 1845.
Sir: One dollar and fifty rents ($1 541) is terkoned
by the subscriber to be possibly due the Post
Office Department, which you will please settle from
the within money, and the balance to be paid to the
United Slates treasury, on account of tuxes, which
muy be also possibly due, and much oblige
To the Secretary of the United States Treasury.
Extract if a littrr to the Editor of the Union, from
Galveston, July 26, 1845.
"You will have seen, long before thin reaches
you, that our joint resolution has been unconditionally
accepted by the convention at Austin. On the
11th instant they were progressing rapidly with
business, each committee being resolved to put nothing
new or questionable in the constitution, and determined,
if the measure of annexation is opposed
in our Congress, that no grounds for it shall be furnished
by Texas.
"Much diversity of opinion prevailed in the convention,
as to the period ut which the new government
should go into operation, und as to what
should be done before our Congress can lie in possession
of the constitution. It was u delicate subject,
in respect to which the wisest course seemed to
be that which promised to check excitement here,
and to afford the least cause for division of opinion
in our Congress. Although the existing government
have sanctioned the convention, which may lie
therefore considered as fully empowered to destroy
or supersede the government, yet the work of this
convention has to lie submitted to the people, and it
was not so certain that a formidable party might
not be formed to oppose its adoption, should there
lie connected with it a premature or unnecessary
disturbance of existing laws. A collision thus
arising, although powerless to prevent the adoption
of the constitution, might lie attended with unpleasant
results in the general administration of the government.
This could not huve failed to be the case,
if the Executive had become n party to a scheme of
"Under such a general view of the subject, it apnenrs
to be the best course to consider the neweov
crnment as intended alone to take effect when our
Congress shall have passed the declaratory law yet
necessury, and that no different meastiro should be
made obligatory by the convention, without a full
understanding with the existing government. In
this opinion there is a sufficient concurrence of the
experienced members of that body, to justify the belief
that it will be the controlling one.
"Mr. seemed to think that a clause in the
constitution, making the present government n provisional
one until the action of our Congress, will
be the proper mode of meeting oil the difficulties in
the case. The President and cabinet are now on
their wuy to Austin. If they unite on these views,
all will be right.
"It is supposed the convention will adjourn next
week. The presence of our flag there,* and the
sound of our bugles, will make uuitca sensation.
Tho whole country will rejoice, and feel that annexation
is a reality. None of our pioneer history in
the volley of the Mississippi records more ftair
From the N. O. Picayune, Auguit '4.
Tlie Philadelphia North American copies a para
graph from this |*psr, announcing the arrival, ir
this cily, of ten companiea of the United Slatea in
faiilry, en route to Corpus Chriati, and heads i
"progress of iniquity." The North American ma)
have its own ideas of iniquity and its progress; bu
we suggest that they must differ from those of oui
ntundard lexicographers, and, indeed, from the common
acceptation of those terms. Webster?Noaii
we mean, not Daniel?defines iniquity as iniuatici
or unrighteousness; and wherein, we should like U
ask, lies the iniquity of a body of soldiers, in compliance
with orders which they have sworn to obey
marching from one post to another? But the North
American calls it the progress of iniquity?thui
stamping the arrival or the troops here as an acl
which leads to its consummation. Now, the cjueslions
recur, Whither go those troops? What is tin
iniquity which they have in contemplation? Is theii
errand one of despoliation and'plunder? Is theii
purpose ruthless massacre and unrelenting extermination?
Qo they to interrupt the proceedings ol
peaceful labor, to harass the aged, to alarm the
young, or despoil the virtuous? Far from it; theii
mission is emphatically one of peace?their object
one of protection; and, although bearing along with
them all the dread appointments of battle, their earnest
desire is thut they may not be called upon to
use them. How, then, or in what manner, doei
their movement develon the "nrmrress of inioiiitv?v
What are, briefly and clearly, an lawyers say, th<
facts of the case? Two independent adjoining nations?the
one powerful, possessing and wielding all
the resources that lead to nulional supremacy and
contribute to individual happiness and protection
the other, ullhough independent, yet lacking that
vigor which would enable her to profit by her distinct
nationality, exposed to the incursions of a savage
foe which she found it difficult to repel, and a
threat of subjection from a semi-civilized and not
more generous enemy, held, and to be held perpetually,
in Urrurem over the devoted heads of tier citizens;
her rich fields and fertile prairies, which courtid,
as it were, the industry of the agriculturist, in a
state of wild unproductiveness, ami a necessarily
unsettled and improvident spirit pervading the people;?two
such nations, influenced by the same wist
and prudential motives which dictated confederalior
to the old thirteen States of the Union, seeing thai
it would promote their mutual interests?knowing
that, while it would give a more safe and l?ss assailable
boundary to the one, and a greater strength ol
nationality, it would afford to the other ample pro
tection from abroad, and diffuse the blessings of industry
and peace at home?for good or for evil, united
their destinies.
These, now, are the facts of the case. Will the
editor of the North American say they have been
misstated? And if they have not been, where doe?
lie discover "the progress of iniquity" in the proceedings?
Did the stronger party coerce the weakct
one? or was the latter, contrary to the will of hei
people, and in disregard to their opinions, or by
means of bribery and corruption, decoyed into the
alliance? Surely not; coercion there was none, and
the bribery and corruption was all on "the. othet
side." In our opinion, the great though intangible
cause that led to annexation was the fraternity ol
feeling, social and political, that existed between the
two people, and . the identity of interests growing
out of it. But whatever has been the cause, mediate
or immediate, the act is consummated; the partics
have subscribed to it, promising, in good faith
to abide by the conditions. And is our country, it
doing so, to be accused, by one of its own citizens
of iniquity? Is it iniquitous, forsooth, to proteci
our adventurous countrymen, and their wives ant
families, on the western and southwestern frontien
of Texas, from the arrow and the tomahawk of th<
treacherous Indian, and from the muskets and sabres
of the equally treacherous, but more cowardly,
Mexicans? If this be iniquity, we lake pride ir
being placed among its abettors.
Krom the Wilmington (N. C.) Journal.
yesterday, North Carolina (our own ole
North State) elected nine members of Congress tc
represent her in the legislature of the Union. The las
representation consisted of live democrats and foul
wings. Has this state of things been changed by th<
vote of yesterday? We hope nnd think it has. Ir
the first, or mountain district, represented by Cling
man, although there are three whigs running, we ex
pcct there will be no change. The federal majority
is so large, that they can afford to do as they please
We do hope, however, for the honor of the old Nortl
State, and of the whole South, that Thomas L. Cling
man will be left at home. The confederate and colaborer
of John Quincy Adams ought not to represent
even the federalists of North Carolina.
In the second, or Salisbury district, represented ir
the 28th Congress by Daniel M. Barrniger, one 01
the most spirited contests in the State has been goins
on, and we have the strongest hopes that we wil
muke a democratic gain. The gallant Charles Fisher
the democratic candidate, has labored with a spirii
and a zeal which, we think, will give Mr. Barringei
leave of absence from Washington for the next twe
years. The federal majority is not large, and all oui
accounts from the district assure us that it has been
overcome by the untiring exertions of the gallant
In the third district, there will be no change. David
S. Rcid, the present talented democratic representative,
has been re-elected over his opponent, McMillan.
Of this wc feel certain.
The fourth, or Deberry's district, is so thoroughly
and unmitigatedly federal, that we need say no more
of it, than that there is a slow race going on between
Jonathan Worth and Alfred Dockery, both feds.
As the woman said when her husband and the bear
were fighting, we don't care much which whips.
We believe we had rather, if we have any choice,
that the pompous general would be left at home.
The 5th, or metropolitan district, recently represented
by Gen. Saunders, will again Bend a good
democrat to Washington. Our gallant young
under, Mr. Dobbin, of Cumberland, will lead his
apnonent from six hundred to a thousand votes.
In our own (the 6th, or Wilmington) district,
Iherc will, of course, be no change. Despite all the
electioneering tricks and vile slanders wnich have
been resorted to, to injure Gen. McKay, we are
-onfident that, instead of any reduction in our majority,
wc shall do better for Gen. McKay than we
tiavc ever done before. And more, the result will
ihow that even the whigs do not approve of the
course pursued by Mr. Mearcs. We now predict,
:hut when the returns come in, they will demonitrate
the fact that Mr. Menres has not received the
whig vote of the district. Slick a pin there.
in mi nn, or rimiiux uinirici, more is 110 mange.
Die present able democratic representative, J. R. J.
Daniel, has no doubt been rc-electcd by an increased
The manner in which things have been conducted
n the 8th, or Edgecombe district, has pained us deepy,
and we willawnit the returns with considerable
inxiely. Our candidate has been most vilely slonlcrtd
and abused, not only by his opponents, hut
iy those who have hitherto styled themselves
lemocrats The duel which he fought wiih DiniTiock,
we fear, has injured him a good deal. We
mfertnin some fears, but hope that they may be
rroundleas. If Clark is beaten, there are some inJividtialain
that district, who call themselves demo rats,
but who deserve to be avoided and spurned by
lie parly, even more than the most rantancorous
The 9th, or F.denton district, lias been federal;
jut, from the accounts which we have recently had
"rorn that quarter, we have strong hopes that Mr.
Biggs is elected. If so, this is a gain.
We Imve thus given n rapid review of the political
ield, with our own notions as to the result of yesrrday's
battle. Wc think, oil the whole, that we
lave gained a member; at any rale, we have held
nir own. By next number, we shall have a good
nany of the returns, and will spread them before our
Pistol aroomivt.?^Vn express renched here
ibout two o'clock on yesterday, bringing the pain'ol
intelligence that Frederick P. Stanton, our noble,
iarless, amiable, and talented candidate for Conpeas,
had been shot down by Dr. J. R. Christian,
it Germantown, where he and his opponent tMr.
Scruggs) had an appointment to speak. The ball enerrd
the cheek, or jaw bone, and ranged downvnrds.
The wound, although severe, it is thought
iy the gentleman sending the express, will not prove
nortal. We have learned no further particulars,
ind shall at present offer no comments. We shall
tnow more about it before the publication of our
lext. [Mtvxphu {Trnn.) Jlfprnl, July 31.
Three great atari.?We cannot permit the
) re sent opportunity is pass, without expressing our
noet cord in I approbation of the patriotic courae
>uraued by the democratic counties of Berks, Westnorelnnd,
and Columbia, in the prompt payment of
heir quota of State tax. Berks has lone been regarded
as the star of the East in politics, Columbia
ts the star of the North, and Westmoreland as the
itar of the West. They are now justly entitled to
re considered the three great atari in the relemption
of State faith and State honor. We
nean no disparagement to the counties which have
ontributed to this rlonous result. All have done
hair duty.?Dtm. Union.
5/A district. Dobbin, (D.) Haughton,(W)
Wayne county 695 niaj
Cumberland county 648 14
Democratic rain since the Presidents election in
6thdistrict. McKay,(D.) Mearea, (W.)
New Hanover county.... 872 240
Bladen county 485 229
Whig gain since President's election in 1644?58.
7th district. Daniel, (D.) Bond, (W.)
Warren county 768 82
Granville county 878 563
Democratic gain?313.
9tA district. Biggs, (D.) Outlaw, (W.)
Pasquotank county 266 477
Perquimans county .320 363
Democratic gain?395.
The election returns from North Carolina, by
this evening's mail, are by no means as full as we
had reason to expect.
I_ .k- e.u >i. r\-i.k:_ J??
candidate, who runs instead of Mr. Saunders, is
elected. In the two counties of the district already
officially heard from, his vote is 795 better than that
of Mr. Saunders's at the previous election.
In the 6th district Mr. McKay is again returned.
In the two counties officially heard from there, he
has guined 367 on his vote when last before the
I people.
Mr. Daniel is doubtless re-elected to Congress
| from the 7th district. In the coun'ies ofWnrren
and Granville he does 695 votes better than at the
last congressional election.
In the 9th district, we have, in all probability,
gained a member. This district was represented in
the last Congress by Mr. Rayner. Mr. Biggs, the
democratic candidate, in the two counties officially
heard from, runs 470 votes better than did the opponent
of Mr. R. at the last election.
Scattering returns from other counties have
reached us; but we prefer not to lay them before our
, readers, as we cannot vouch for them. Sufficient
is ascertained, however, to allow us to congratulate
F the democratic party of the Union upon the prospect
of soon having the popular majority of the
. good old North State ranged side by side with the
defenders of the constitution.
7th district. Nultall, (D.) Thomasaon, (W.)
' Louisville city 706 niaj.
' Jefferson 60 niaj
Carroll 56 "
[ 8th district. Marshall, (D.) Davis, (W.)
; Franklin 713 718
Fayette 898 1491
. iron i .i-:., T;I./n \ n /w \
Muson SCO 1514
Bracken 165 maj.
Boone 13 "
Gallatin 30 "
Campbell 330 maj
| Kenton *208 "
Pendleton 300 "
[ Grant 176 "
| Harrison 130 "
Nicholas ......60 "
Mr. Tibbatts (dem.) is re-elected by 124 majority.
It is said that Mr. Martin (dem.) is elected in the
6th district, lately represented by Mr. John While,
former Speaker?democratic gain. Mr. Qarrett Davis
(whig) is probably re-elected over Thoa. Marshall
(independent) by some 400 votes. Nothing
further, to be depended on, has reached us as yet,
from Kentucky.
1 1st district. R. D. Owen, (D.) Wilson, (W.)
' Harrison county 140 maj.
! Crawford co 99 "
1 Orange co 967 636
" 2d district Henley, (D.)
~ Floyd co 127 maj.
3d district. T. Smith, (D.) Eggleston, (W.)
, ^Switzerland co.... 44maj.
. Rush co 132 "
. Dearborn 1590 1138
4ih district. C. B. Smith, (W.) Finley, ( W.)
Wayne co 754 maj.
i Fayette co 351 "
f Henry 13*22 842
; 5th district. Wick, (D.) Toley, (W.)
1 M tirinn co 149S 1404
> Johnson 1032 515
. legislature,
i Dem. Whig. D. gain.
r Wayne 3
, Union 1 1 1
t Fayette 3
Switzerland 1
I Dearborn and Ohio 3
Jefferson 1 3 ..1
Floyd ; 1 1
Henry 2
Randolph 1
: Hancock 1 1
Marion 2 2
Rush 2
10 14 5
Wc have heard sufficient from Indiana to satisfy
us that Messrs. Owen, Henley, T. Smith, and Wick
(democrats) have been elected to Congress, as well
' as Mr. C. B. Smith, (whig.) We regret to state
1 ll.nl .tin lal.n l.d n.,,1 .Itn.nl .Inmnnnnlln nnnnnnnnln.
live in the last Congress, from the seventh district,
Mr. Joseph Wright, has probably been defeated by
about 100 or 150 votes. He made a noble struggle,
indeed, when'it is recollected that the district gave
Mr. Clay near 1,100 majority. Mr. Kennedy (democrat)
is probably re-elected; and we have hopes
that Cathcart (democrat) has beaten Sample, the
late representative from the ninth district. We have
official returns sufficient to justify us in stating that
the newly-elected legislature is democratic beyond
doubt; which secures the return of a United States
senator in place of A. S. White, whig.
Extract if a letter, dated
Lexington, Kt., Aug. 5, 1845.
I nm requested by your correspondent, (in Saturday's)
"Union," to correct the assurance he gave you
yesterday of the election of Mr. Marshall. We
hud such fuvornlde accounts from Scott and this
county, at thu close of the polls for dinner, that this
was the conclusion by most of the party; but at the
close of the first day, we find Marshall 260 behind;
and although this is only about one-third of the majority
on the first day two years ago, still we ore
alarmed, and fear the result.
The whig policy was better executed yesterday
than at any former period. Instead of giving on the
first day one-half of the vote in each county, they
were able to bring out three-quarters; and in Bourbon,
the county of Mr. Davis, 1,300 votes out of
the 1,600 in that county. We have exceeded our expectations
everywhere, except in Jessamin and '
Woodford. Should these two counties only do as
we still hope, Marshall is elected; but my nope is
rot so strong as yesterday. From the Madison, or
White's district, we have heard ns you find enclosed;
and those beat acquainted there, consider Martin's
election certain. Trie mountain counties give him a
great vole, and Adams takes from McKee the
remaining low counties of Knox and Whitley.
McKee. Adams. Martin.
Madison 620 270 .501
Garrard 902 109 207
Rockcastle 223 169 72
Estill 120 136 934
1,865 674 1,014
Ten counties to hear from, on or near the western
Virginia line, the residence of Martin, who is a Virginian.
ItmiANArot.it, Aug. 6, 1845.
The democrats hare elected their entire ticket, ex- i
cept county auditor. 'For Congress, W. W. Wick t
by from 90 to 100, and two representatiyes by the t
aitia vnl# In Hamilton rnuntV. WC hare elected I
two repreeentatiTea, and all the county officer?, f
I Hamilton und Boon *and a aanator; and if Boon I
vote, a* we think it will, we ahall have elected
a aenalor in the two counties. Reports (which
1 think can be depended on) male that Hancock
county ha* eent a democrat and a whig to the Houae
of Repreaentativea.
From prevent appearances, I believe the democrat*
will have the Bute by some 90 or 95 votes on
6int ballot, which will give the democrats a
nited Slates senator in the place of A. 8. White,
who has voted against the known wishes of the people
of Indiana. He was put in the Senate by accident,
and put out by the decided wishes of the people,
who have tried him, and awarded him hi* due.
We have heard from Shelby county, and have
elected a senator and representative. I am inclined
to the opinion that we ahall elect a repreaenuuve in
Morgan county.
Elizabeth City, (N. C.) Aug. 8, 1845.
Below you will find returns, as fhr as heard fromi
The democracy has triumphed in this (Rayner's)
Puumoiank?Outlaw, (whig,) 479; Biggs, (dem.,)
266?Outlaw's majority 913.
Ctmulrn.?Old Trap? Outlaw, 301; Biggs, 19.
Court-home.?Outlay 97: Riw* 71
Canal Bridge not heard fromT^'Thiii precinct will
not alter the ante of thia county much.
I'erquimant eoit?/j/.?Outlaw, 363; Biggs, 320?
Outlaw's majority, 43.
The above are strong whig counties. If Bertie
(Biggs's county) gives him a good vote, Bigg? will
be elected. Currituck will give him n majority of
400; Gates a majority; and Chowan probably a majority.
Thia district gave Ray tier a majority of 900.
, From the New York Tribune, extra.
The steamer Great Britain, Capt. Hoaken, arrived
at thi< port on Sunday, August 10, at 3j o'clock,
in 15 days from Liverpool, having left that port on
the 26th ult. By her we have London dates to the
25th, and Liverpool to the 26th. The Great Britain
was telegraphed as early as 12 o'clock yesterday;
and her arrival wrought to na highest pitch the excitement
which had been for several days gathering.
She passed the Battery a little after 3 o'clock, firing
a gun, which was responded to by hearty cheera
from the assembled thousands. Captain Hoaken ia
an old and general favorite here, and hia return in
so noble a vessel is heartily welcomed by all. Ha
had 45 passengers.
The news, though not exciting, is favorable. Cotton
holds its price, with large sales, and there waa
a general conviction that tne lowest point had
been reached, and henceforth the change would be
in fuvor of the sellers, if any. Provisions, too,
were firm, and there were some expectations of
scarcity, and an advance.
Earl Grey, father of the reform act, and for four
years Prime Minister, died at hia residence, Howick
Castle, on the 17th, aged 61.
Viscount Canterbury (for seventeen years speaker
of the House of Commons ns Mr. Manners Sutton)
died on the 20(h, aged 66.
In Parliament, there have been two or three personal
brushes, but no proceedings of interest. Mr.
Ewart moved a repeal of the duty on butter and
cheese, which was rcinsied by Sir Robert Peel, and
defeated. A debate on New Zealand has been had,
but led to no result. A bill to enable the Jews to
hold certain offices will probably pose.
The last two or three days have witnessed leas
activity in the cotton market, but prices remain as
previously, with an improvement in Pemambuco to
the extent of a farthing per lb. The sales of the week
show the respectable amount of 48,780 bags?an
nverageof more than 8000 hags daily. 10,500 American,
350 Egyptian, and 1,400 Surnt, have been taken
on speculation. Dealers are gradually increasing
their stocks, from a growing conviction, doubtless,
that the market has seen the lowest figure, and the
cheering prospects of the country may induces rise.
They seem determined to take advantage of any
contingency which may arise.
To-day, at 13 o'clock, Mrs. ELIZABETH NOLAND,
in the 84th year of her age.
Her friends, and those of the family, are respectfully
invited to attend her funeral to-morrow evening,
at 4 o'clock, from the residence of her grandson,
Jas. H. Collins, near the long bridge.
$300,000 CAPITAL.
57 Wall street) insures buildings in general, merchandise,
household furniture, and every description
of personal property, against loss or damage by
fire; also, against hazards of inland transportation.
J. SMYTH ROGERS, President.
R. W. Martin, Secretary.
J. Smyth Rogers, Ferdinand Suydam,
James McBride, Peter I. Nevius,
John Adams, William Leggat,
John Haggerty, Richard Irvin,
Gulian CT Verplanck, E. D. Hurlbut,
John Johnston, George P. Pollen,
Joseph Kernochan, William Colgate,
Joseph Stuart, Lowell Holbrook,
John I. Palmer, Caleb Barstow,
Henry Pariah, Thomas P. Norris,
Reuben Withers, Robert Colgate.
William Scott,
Agent for the company,
Opposite Brown's Hotel.
The agent is prepared to issue policies, at low
rates, against all losses occasioned by fires, in the
city or country.
Aug. 11?eo6t
TION.?On Thursday afternoon, 14ih instant,
at half-past five o'clock, 1 will sell, in front of my
store, a first rate assortment of carriages, viz:
Large close carriages
Rockaways for two artd four persons
Buggies, with tops
Doctor's phaetons
Light square carriage for four persons
Rockaway barouches, and chnriotteea.
Also, one very large and handsome phaeton, with
great conveniences for a travelling carriage, being
very roomy. It was built for ?750, by Collins*
Lawrence, New York.
Aug. 1J?3t Auctioneer.
Bureau or Yards and Docrs,
August 11th, 1845.
THE time limited for receiving proposals for
work to be performed, and materials to bo furnished
at the navy-yard, Memphis, is further extended
to 3 o'clock, p. m., of the 10th day of Octoher
next. Persons intending to bid, and wishing
further information, are referred to the engineer, A.
B. Warford, esq., at Memphis.
Those papers which have copied the advertisement
of the 21st ultimo, as well as the "Cincinnati
Enquirer" and "Louisville Democrat," will please
copy this notice also.
Aug 11?td
On Tuesday, the 12lh instant, at5o'clock p. m.,
we shall sell in front of the premises, Lot No. 16,
in square No. 168, fronting 58 feet on Pennsylvania
avenue, between 16th and 17th streets, with the imErovemnnts,
which are a good two-story brick
ouse, Ac. This property is very desirably located
for a private residence, in the immediate vicinity
of the War and Navy Departments, Ac.
Terms of sale: One-third cash; the balance in
equal payments, at one and two years, for notes
satisfactorily secured, bearing interest
August 5?d Auctioneer.
THE advertiser, declining house-keeping, would
rent the house occupied by him, with the furniture,
or otherwise, if preferred. The location is
healthy, and convenient to the public offices and tha
weai marKei. f or particulars, inquire at w? ?mcr.
Aug. 6
JT. A C. KINO, by mutual consent, have this
day dissolved copartnership. All accounts
against the firm will be settled by C. King, who
has bought out the concern, and will continue in the
business. All persona having accounts with the
firm, will call and settle them as soon as possible.
Our customers will accept our warmest thanks
for their liberal patronage. 1
July 29?tf
ENTISTRY?Da. VAN PATTEN will continue
at his office without interruption this
lummer, that all who deaire may, at any time, avail
hemaelvea of Ilia aervioea. He refer* moat eonfilently
to the medical profeaeion, and the citizen*
generally. Office a few door* from Brown'j and
u.oieman'a hotel*, Penn. avenue.
July 17?3m*

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