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From the Richmond Fnquirer.
It msv interest our readers to knew the effect
produced upon the mind of Europe by the news of
the acceptance of the term* of annexation by the
Texian Congress. And an London and Fans arc
the two great foci of influence upon the destinies of
the Old World, a brief glance at the comments of
their public press may give us en insight into the
real sentiments of the masses.
The opposition journals in London taunt the
ministry most cruelly fpr their weakness and puadlanunity
in allowing annexation to be completed.
The following extract from the ''Morning Chronicle"
clearly anows this. Without intending it, it is
complimentary to the firmness and perseverance of
the American authorities. The last paragraph develops
the disappointment of F.ngland at being
atrip|ied of those commercial advantages, which the
independence (?) of Texas would have secured her.
We ought to rejoice at having reaped all the benefits
whicli England, in vain, employed all her diplomacy
and running to draw within her own embrace.
In adding Texas to our republic, we touched
England m a tender point:
"The American papers add, that the Oregon difftrence
is settled, as well as that of Texas; and that
this settlement consists in our giving up the Columbia,
and the territory norljt of it to the 49th degree of
lutaude. It would not ;it all su-crise us. Nothing
that our foreign office could do, in the way of ces.
sion, would surprise us. And we are the more inclined
tir-credit the disgraceful intelligence, because
of the peremptory^ bravado in words with which Sir
uotieit ten met Mr. rot K b assertion ot nis conn-j
try's light; for your weuk stiiicdmei) always alfect
the pendulum movement. They love to oscillate
and alternate?be humble to-day, because they were
brave yesterday;?to excite hopes one day, in order
to dash them the next;?und make a bold claim,
in order to reap the full disgrace of weakly abun*
dotting it.
"Another triumph for the foreign policy of the lories
! Texas has been unnexed to the United
States?both branches of its legislature rivulling each
other aA to which should first consummate it; whilst
the offer of independence from Mexico, so laboriously,
but of course too late, obtained by our envoy,
is flung in Iht fact, of our envoy and of Mexico by the
Texiuns, whilst the. United States troops already occupy
thu western frontier of Texas.
"Mr. Polk has certainly commenced his presidency
with a very brilliant achievement, and in any
circumstances he may huve been proud. Although
to triumph over our 'poor devils'of lories?those
by-words of pusillanimity and blunder, those
officials whoso fate it seems to be to yield every
British right and disappoint every British hope, the
aiiiile of fatuous self-complncenry resting on their
vissgss all the while?to triumph over such selfdoomed
antagonists can be a source of but little
die is now cast, and we must resign ourselves
to the annexation of Texas and all its consequences?to
the extension of a rival and a nuval
jiower round the shores ofilie Mexican Gulf, to the
approximation of the same power to an immense
region and const on the Pacific, to an incalculable
impulse given to slavery nnil slave-breeding, as well
us, vve firmly believe, to slave-trading. Whilst we
see France und her prohibitive tariff yearly advancing
round the Mediterranean, and closing region
after region, and port after port, to our commerce; so
in the New World we find ihe United Htntcs, whose
prohibitive tariff is of our creation, spicad tout tariff"
with its flag over shores the most open to our inflat
nee, tho most favorable to our trade. It it was
empty nonnr we iosi, or inc uaiance 01 power, cuany
of those superannuated, though to ua good mo- j
tives, which this age has ohliicrated, wo should s?y ,
nothing; but tor are losing limit, profits, power, ship!
ping, and substance, wanting alike the skill to keep, or |
the spirit to defend them."
Another British journalist gives to Mr. Polk ?
little more energy and force of character than some I
of the whig press seem disposi d to allow:
"President Polk has, however, defeated the purpose
of his own Senate, he has out-promised and j
out-manoeuvred England, cajoled the Texiiins into
a vote of annexation, and acted thereon promptly j
by the despatch of ships and regiments to the llio
Grande. Polk has shown himself in this a worthy
eon of Jackson: indeed, an improvement upon old
Hickory, since he has avoided the violence and
I l.todshed which accompanied the general's seizure
of the Floridas."
. , The London Morning Herald, with a listless,
v> nonchalant air, which evidently does hot sit naturally
upon it, surrenders Texas as "of no consequence
to them, and they wool J not take her no n
gift. The United States are welcome to her; tlia:.
neither England nor France care anything shout
? her being annexed to this countiy,''and that Mexico,
instead of quarrelling shout the nuptials, had
better act like a sensible mother, and give her
daughter away."
This sounds very much like the consoling exela- ,
motion of toe countryman, when thu rnhbit es-'
caped from his arms: "it was not so very fat, after
! To show the feeling of the French people, we
quote largely from a very interesting letter of Mr.
Walsh, the Paris correspondent of the "National
. Intelligencer," under the date of August 2d. He is
on the spot, and has hnd full opportunities of watching
the intrigues and designs of the European monnichtsts.
lie speaks like an American?like a
patriot. He hails the annexation of Texas as the
J, death-knell of nil attempts on the part of monarchical
powers to "palter, or tamper, or intrigue with
nny branch of the republican American family."
Separated from his native land, he is yet warmed by
the American spirit, and congratulates his country
upon its noble triumph over foreign avarice, intrigue,
and ambition:
"We received yesterday the excellent news of the
self-annexation of Texus. This consummation appeals
to us just what it should be. The long British
i and French ngony is over. A few days ugo, the
Journal des Debate expressed, as a lingering solace,
the hope that the Texas Congress would find the |
terms of admission loo hard to be adopted at once, |
| and without qualification; and if the question were '
; referred again to the Cougresa of the Union, perhaps |
an entire failure would be the result! What has
happened irresistibly admonishes the monarchical i
powers of the vanity of all attempts to palter, or tamper, J
or intrigue with any branch of the republican *1mcricnn
Ifunxily. That the representative of franco in Mexico I
should hare been the chief agent there, and writ- |
it-11 n h i cr in ink vein mill siyie 01 innt which lie
j addressed lo his worthy coadjutor, Preaitlent Junes,
produces more surprise nud distatitfaclion in Paris
tlmn nny other or the disclosures. The Moniteur
of this day gives the advices in extenso, without
comment. The Dehalt observes, that although
the event was foreseen, it has caused a I
Certain degree of astonishment. 'The American^
* Union fortifies itself (se rrnjorcr) by this great j
dismeinlierment of Mexico, Mexico is in a state i
of the most deplorable anarchy; and California, no i
"" doubt, will soon become another subject of nnncxn-i
tinn.' The National rejoices in the defeat of the
joint diplomacy of England and Mr. Uuizot: it sig-;
nalizes the futility of their efforts; dwells on the ;
lnistaken policy of the French cabinet, 'for which
England, after all, will not be grateful;' hopes that
? the United States will not confound France?the nation?with
her executive government, and so forth.
The Commtici hns two editorial columns on the
subject: a narrative of transactions is first offered;
aces no likelihood of Mexican hostilities; recites
and strongly condemns the. concurrence of the
French ministry with the British; quotes the obnoxious
language of the French envoy; laments the
impressions which Mr. Quir.ol's bargain with Lord
Alierdcen must mnkc on the American people.
The French, however, prefer alliance and cordial
amity with their natural friend, the great maritime
republic of the western continent. The Siirte ob- j
serves that 'Mr. Ouizot's arrangement (eomfcinaijon)
ha* utteny miscarried.' All the opposition presses
treat the annexation and its history in the same
strain. I am amused by the sighs and groans of
the London papers of the 31st, just arrived. The
( Timet is solemn, admonitory, sententious. It argon
f that 'it may lie for the future glory of the two leading :
( European policies that they combined to render tin j
annexation of Texas at least n tree net.' Cnjolery,
bribery, all earl* of promises nnd instances, and manoeuvres?singular
expedient* to render an act fite!!
According to the Timet, the London stick market
became rather fiat, nn account of the news from
! America. In the annexed paragraph, you have
what the Standard WUtii: 'The ar-counls brought
by the steamer from the United Stales and Texss
thin morning have, in aome measure, taken the
mini far-seeing anil sagacious peraona by aurpriae.
There were certainly pome expeelaliona of
what would t* the action of the Texian Congress
on llie annexation question, but atill few persona
' w re prepared for thuir closing with the tenna in
at. h a precipitate and unqualified manner. The
5^ ni iter ia, in many reepeeta, too grave to hazard
opiniona on the ultimate reaulta; but it ia generally
. msidered to lie pregnant with importance, as likely
to atiinulate the Americana to further enrioae.hnient.'
The (i!nbe (whig) haa an editorial column
of never* atricturea on the Am' rican and Texian
brethren. fSUvsry extenaion ia tha main ground of
r regret; Feathcratonhni^h la quoted, and, in the end,
resignation prescribed. The miniaterial Htrald
breatheg aurpriae: ''Vhat, ao quickly and ao glibly!
But, after all, the alf.ur ia of no importance to Eu
rope; Texas is, for England, commercially insignificant.
The import of American cotton in10
Great Britain has decreased; era long, lh<
East Indian or the Egyptian may supersede th?
American staples.' The loyal Herald involvei
the government in a dilemma. No ministeria
paper Inments and scolds more bitterly than
the whig Morning Chronicle. 'How'?the British
offer thrown into our face by the Texian Congress
Mr. Polk has, indeed, triumphed over our poor devils
of tories; Jonathan may laugh at us for trusting
such gentlemen as Houston and Jones.' The Chronicle
thinks, nevertheless, that Mexico is yet saft
from the Americans. The article is of more than e
column, and the leader."
t- rom the Charlotte (N. C.) JsS'ersoaisn, Aug. 'Ji
As great interest lias been felt throughout the
State, in the result of the contest for Congress, between
Mr. Fisher and Col. Barringer in this district,
we have taken the pains to compare the votes,
as polled by each party, in each countv composing
Ihe district, for the years 1840 to 1845, inclusive.
The comparison exhibits results that must make the
heart of every true democrat in the State exult; fm
it shows that true principles will, in the end, alwayi
triumph over error and prejudice.
There was not, in this district, aa in every olhei
one in the State, a falling oil" in the popular vote
from that of 1840, when the great and extraordinary
excitement of the times brought everybody tc
the |Kills. On the contrary, the vote in this district
in 1815 is greater than in 1840.
In 1840, the aggregate vote in this district
wan ..... 11,015
In 1845 10,711
Since 1840, a part of Lincoln has been taken of
and made into Cleveland, which, if now added U
the vote of 1845, would increase it 300 to 400 votei
more?plainly allowing that we have considerably
increased on the vote of 1840.
Now look at the result of each contest:
In 1840, Harrison's majority over Van Buren
was .....
In 1844, Clay's majority over Polk was - 80:
In 1845, Barringer's majority over Fisher in 2(
If that part of Lincoln which was added to Cleve
land since 1840, could have voted with us, Fishei
would have been elected by at least 200 to 250 votes
Look at another result:
Fisher received more votes in every county in tlu
iHstrict lliun were ever before received by any demo
cratic candidate. In every county he had an in
crease; and, of course, in the district his vote wai
greater than that of any of his predecessors.
He received in the district?
084 votes more than General Saunders;
731 votes more than Mr. Van Buren;
836 votes more than President Polk.
In estimating the votes polled for Saunders ant
Van Buren, an allowance must be made for lha
part of Lincoln, since added to Cleveland. He received
1,550 more than Mr. Craige did when he rur
aguinst Col. Barringer, and 1,100 more than thi
vote that then elected Col. Barringer. But, theat
Inst votes were no tests of the strength of purties, ai
the tremendous rains that fell during the day of thi
election prevented the people from tuning out tc
vote; and, moreover, in some counties the rains wer<
more severe thnn in others.
Now, let us see how the case stands with Colonel
In c.vorv count v in the. district, lie fell under the vnii
of In# politi-al predecessors, viz: Morchend, Harri
on, Graham, nnd Clay; except in Rowan and Davie,
lie exceeded by a few votes Grnhe.m and Clay
ami in tlis aggregate vole of the district, he fell below
the vote of every one. He fell below Morelie
id's vote, about GeKI vote.", nnd below Harrison'i
vote, 930 votes; of course, not so much below Graham
<>nd Clay.
So tlmt, look at the subject in nny possible lighi
you choose, you sec the steady and rapid gain o
democracy over federal whigery, in the second congressional
district. In fact, the district is redeemed
for, whut will twenty-six fraudulent votes be in another
contest, particularly when wc know how they
From the Newport (N. H.) Argui.
From nil parts of the State wc have the most
cheering intelligence that the Hale faction is dwindling
down to a mere handful.. The federal party
are doing what tlu-y can to sustain their candidate?
wench is but litile, at beat?wlule the abolitionists
have as yet no man in the field. Tliey will undoubtedly
go for Hale, as we learn that many ol
them have expressed their readiness to give him
llicir support. How tliey can do this, mid maintain
a consistent course, we are utterly uunblffto see; yet
wc huvc no objection to their supporting him as
their candidate. We have never bad any confidyice
in the stability, much less the honesty, of the abolition
party; and the present election will put them to
the test. Should they have a candidate of their
own, independent of Hale, lie will not receive more
than one-half the abolition vote?the other half will
be thrown for Hule. Should they not have a candidate,
Hale will receive their vote. If that party
is honest and cons-stent, they will have a candidate
of their own, and give him their whole support. No
honest abolitionist coil sustain a man who has voted
to perpetuate slavery. We again say that the honesty
and consistency of the abolition purty will he put to
the test at the September election. "Whether they
have a candidate or not, we shall see a majority of
that party marching up at the ballot-box, and depositing
Uicir votes for John P. Hale. They will
vote for a man who offered a proposition to Congress
for the annexation of Texas to the Union, with
the provision that one half of it be free, and the of/ier
half slave territory. They will vole for a man who
voted for the admission of Florida into the Union,
with a constitution which makes slavery perjietual
within Us boundaries. They will vote for a man who
has declared the annexation of Texas unconstitutional,
nnd who has appealed to the people to sustain
him, while he has offered a proposition to Congress
for Us admUtaner into the Union. But it will be
of no avail. John P. Hale is regarded by every
honest politician as a demagogue of the deepest dye.
His pretended political honesty is downright hypocrisy,
as can be shown by his whole political coursej
From the New Vork Sun.
The Zoll-Verein, or Gcrmnnir, Union, for the benefit
of trade and manufactures, when it was first
organized, created great alarm in England, from apprehension
tlmt the object was to exclude English
manufactures altogether, and either revive or renew
the active labor of the country, which is cheap, and
thu* in time become wholly independent or other
powers. The experiment boldly carried out has
not been bs successful as was expected. Manufactures
have increased, but the consumption of the
country has also increased. Wc have a great interest
in Ibis question, not only on account of the treaty
yet pending, but for the benefit of our cotton-growers,
who ore desirous of knowing more of the consumption
of that article under the German Union.
A correspondent of the " United States Gazette," at
Antwerp, states that the progress of cotton manufactures
in Germany, within the last ten years,
may be comprised under the following heads: I.
Increase of twist, (cotton yarn,) 64 per cent. 2.
Increase of exports of yarn, principally to Turkey,
Austria, and Greece, 604 per cent. 3. Increase of
cotton-cloth manufactures, 60 per cent. 4. Diminution
of the exports of cotton goods, on account of
increased home consumption, 9 per cent.
It is computed that not more than 33 and l-5th per
cent, of the twist consumed in the states of the
German Tariff League is spun at home, and that
66 and 4-5ths per cent, are imported?principally
from England. The whole number of spindlea is
815,000, producing annually 210,000 cwt. of yarn.
To spin all the yarn now imported into Germany,
would require 2,111,650 apindles, with an additional
capital of twenty millions of rix-dollsrs?about
114,000,000. The numbers now spun best tn Germany
are those from 30 to 50. Those which are
spun in the greatest quantity nrefVom 20 to 30 (mule
ami medio) for heme
The German legislators now propose to lay an ad<1
itionnV inx on English twiat, ao aa to enable them
to apin their own consumption. They reason thus:
The amount of tvisl imported from England averages
422 n;'0 r.wt., by which the country loaee the
aum of t>,000,OUU rix-dalUra, which might be earned
by the German spinners. These 422,330 cwl. o(
twiat require 50,000,000 lba. of raw cotton Tit rough
the abolition of tlie duty on raw cotton, the English
twist is imported cheaper than heretofore; to counteract
which, the Germans propose pot only to continue
the free importation of cotton, hut to allow it
a bounty in proportion to the abolition of the dujy
in England. '
There is no doubt that the Germans, by laying
an additional lax on English twist, will finally drive
it out of the market. There is more capital, and at
lower interest, in England, end better machinery?
and the is a drawback against ihcj|Germans; but
then, on the -other hand, taxes are much lower in
Germany, and consequently labor is lower. Wages
are twenty-three cents per day for good handa, and
eight or ten cenla for laborcra; and it ta believed that
coarae twiat may be apun in Germany at aeven mdls
C pound cheaper than in England. "There are
few provinces in Germany which aa yet manufacture
their own consumption. Two-thirds of the
whole cotton imported into Germany from America
cornea through the porta of Hamburg, Bremen, Roti
teidam, and Antwerp; the eouthrrn etatee are eupl
plied from Havre. Genoa, and Trieete. The wooli
len manufacture of Germany ia very conaiderable.
I The importe of woollen goods, for aeveral years
i past, have raided from 31,000 cwt. to 38,000 cwt.;
i and the exports of woollen goods during the same
! years have ranged from 63,000 cwt. to 70,000 cwt.
The imports of raw wool into Germany last yaar
; showed an increase over the preceding year of
27,000 cwt., and the exports a falling off of 28,000
i cwt. A steady increase of the quantity of wool iml
ported, and decrease of the quantity exported, has
been noted for six yeare."
From (he Belt. Patriot.
The markets of the moat dialant parts of the
, world are rapidly opening to American enterprise
; and skill; and yet, strange to aay, we have a strong
, political paity in our country, who afe bnnt upon a
i Quixotic crusade ugainst the only policy which can
- enable us to enter those markets successfully. We
i copy the subjoined from the last number of the Boston
"We publish the following extract from a private
1 letter of an officer on board the frigate Constitution,
" which, we hope, may prove profitable information to
some of our enterprising citizens. The subject, too,
L on whi"h the writer speaks, is one worthy the attention
of our government:
At sea, December 26, 1844.
' "Dcaa mki I address you on a subject in which
I- you may be directly or indirectly, to some extent,
1 interested ; if not, your influence may be of benefit
' in obtaining that aid and protection necessary f'pr
' the introduction of AmeriAn manufactured goods
into the Persian gulf, Red eea, and dn the coast of
Africa, from Sofa la northward as far us Muscat in
I "In 1832 it was with difficulty that ten bales of
t Lowell goods found a market at a reduced price on
; the eastern coast of Africa. The nraannt vesr. in
onsequence of the decided superiority they possess
over the foreign article, four thousand hales have
been disposed of, at enriching profit, in the ports belonging
to the Sultan of Muscat.
" The island of Madagascar alone will, in a few
years, require the above quantity. The article is
known in lite Persian gulf, as well as Ret) sea, And
is highly estimated; yet contmercev under the American
or English flag, cannot b& transacted there without
a naval protection. This protection is afforded
by the English government to its commerce; while
our merchants have ceased to traffic in those seas, for
the.want of the necessary support from our governI
, "A naval force every way adequate for the purpose
is as follows t One sloop-of-war of the vnnllest
class, together with a six-gun schoonhh These vessels
might at the same time Ml employed beneficially
in making surveys, and correcting those found on
examination to be erroneous. Under the protection
of a six-gun schooner, many ports might be visited
for the introduction of our commerce with perfect
safety, which otherwise could not be done. The
duplicity und treachery of the natives of the.shore*
I bordering upon tbu above seas are top well KnoWn
to be trusted to, for a mooted Without protection
within reach*"
Krom the Belvidere (N. J.) Apollo, Aug.tS.
Joseph Carter, jr., and Peter W. Parks suffered
the penalty ulfixed by law to the crime or ttiurdfcr,
on Friday, the 29d inst.
The enclosure in which the execution took place,
, was erected in front of the court-house, and was
f about eight feet high. The prisoners were brought
on the scaffold at 19 o'clock, when a ferVnnt Uhd ap,
propriate prayeT wus offered Up by the Rev. Mr.
\ Clark. At the conclusion of the prayer, the crimi,
nals kissed tacli other, and took an affectionate leave;
Carter expressing his hope that their sufferings
would soon be over, and his trust that (hey ehtiuTd
meet in heaven. They then took leave of ills clergymen,
and of the sheriff and hlfe assistants; when,
at 11 minutes pn'st twelve, the rope was cut, the drop
fell, and in <15 minutes the remains of the unhappy
. men were consigned to their friends for burial,
i Their deportment throughout the solemn scene
was marked by some decree of iier?"JviSn'eaa and
. trepidniion; and while u? ennArCnt feeling of Christiari
resignation w?a observable in both, they manir
featcd the time unflinching determination which has
governed them heretofore, to make no confession of
their guilt. Carter was praying audibly when the
drop fell, and Parke appeared to be engaged in silent
devotion. The death of the former was almost
instantaneous; while in the latter tokena of life were
visible for some time, and his pulse was reported by
medical gentlemen present to be perceptible when he
had been suepended some eight minutes. There
were no violent struggles or contortions by either.
The arrangements of the sheriff were judiciously
planned, and worked well in every particular, leaving
no ground whatever for dissatisfaction or complaint.
The concourse of people present was immense.
Our town has never before witnessed such a vast
assemblage, and probably will riot again during the
present century. From an early hour in the afternoon
of the 21st, to the hour of 11 on the morning
' of the 22(1, the tide of spectators continued rushing
in, scarcely diminished by the presence of night,
until, in the opinion of persons well qualified to
judge, there were at least fifteen thousand ori the
ground. We noted, not without a feeling of mortification
and regret, that a large proportion of these
were women and children, and some of the latter in
the earliest stages of infancy! Considering the num>
bcr present, a most remarkable degree of quiet, order,
and decorum prevailed throughout the entire
day. Not the slightest tendency to riot or disorder
was visible, and the people of this and the ad jacent
counties?which contributed largely to swell the
crowd?deserve praise for their exemplary deportment
throughout a scene in which propriety of demeanor
is so peculiarly desirable and appropriate
We do not hear that a single accident of any description
occurred during the day.
Several military companies were on the ground;
but, as intimated above, there was no occasion for
their services. The town police proved more than
sufficient for the preservation of good order.
Thus has ended another solemn scene in the
''Warren tragedy;" but the end is not yet. Stern
justice is still upon the traces of the remaining criminals,
and, though at fault for a time, we feel assured
will ultimately triumph.
The novel experiment of developing electricity
from steam, was to be made at Castle Cfardcn, New
York, on Monday, with a monster machine, which
is, (remarks one of Ihe New i ork papers,) in comparison
wilh other electrical machines, what the
Great Britain is to a ferry-boat. Its power is so
great, that it will instantly kill an ox, but mav be
so graduated that a child can receive the shock
without injury. This is the anly machine of the
kind in this country, there being but one other in
the world, which is but one-fourth the power af
this. A single spark from the prime conductor will
ignite shavings.?Bait. Jlmerican.
Sickness on board the frioate Constitution.
?By a letter received in this city from on board
the U. S. ship Constitution, dated off Singapore,
Feb. 15, we learn that there has been a great deal
of sickness on board that vessel. There nad been
as high as one hundred and fifty on the doctor's
list, with dysentery, of whom one officer and thirteen
of the crew met wilh a watery grave before they
reached Quallah Battoo. The letter says:
"The officer was Midshipman Mason; he wns
buried at sea with the honors of war. The captain
and all the officers did all that lay in their power to
help the sick. The captain even gave up nis cabin
for the accommodation of the poor sailors. 1
wrote to you from Zanzibar; I little thought we were
going to have so much sickness at that time. The
cause of the dysentery was owing to all hands eating
too much fruit."?A". V. Sim.
House and lot on Pennsylvania
avenue for sale at public auction.?By
virtue of a deed of trust, executed on the 2?th April,
1841, duly recorded in Liber W B No. 86, folios
' 220 to 2*24, the subscrilier will offer for sale, at pub- j
lie auction, on the premises, on Monday, the 1st
day of September next, at half-past 4 o'clock p. m., j
the east half of Lot No. 15, in suuareNo. 168, fronting
28 feet 2 inches on Pennsylvania avenue, and
running back the same width, the whole depth of I
the lot, in the square immediately west of the I
War Office; together with the improvements there-,
on, consisting of a small two-story brick house, Ac.
1 he terms ol sale ere: uue-iourtn or ine purchase
money to be paid in hand, and the balanee in j
six, twelve, eighteen, and twenty-four month*; the
Crchaser to give note*, aatiafactorily endorsed,
tring interest from the day of sale, arid a lien on
i the property, to secure the payment of said notes;
and, on compliance with these terms, the subscriber
will convey all the right, title, and interest given in
i the said deed of trust to him.
RD. 8MITH, Trustee.
August 35?eotdsif Auctioneers. (
tnrtba t -sjjn
Dtu iik: In a late number of the "Union,"
noticed that you doubted the truth of what the den
ocratic paper at Chicago had publuhed reapectin
the movementa of the Britiah at Penetanguiahin
and vicinity, in Canada. Knowing what 1 do i
thia matter, 1 should nave written you, to act yo
and the country,(for our nation cannot look on all thi
right, without feeling aome interest,; by return mai
but for the fact, that the same person who sent th
news to the Chicago Democrat, also sent it to lit
proper department at Washington, where I suppose
you could obtain the requisiie information.* Bu
since one of your correspondents has undertake
to blind the eyes of the public, by a technical ot
jeclion to the word "dragoon," I fete! bound In jui
tica to ask a short ?j?tee In your columns for ei
plana t ion.
Who your correspondent is, I have no means <
judging, except from his language and sentiment
Those say he is an Englishman, or, Wh&t is ail th
pease Greet ferftAin, would, like Arnold, give u
hie WlUhtry, or at leaet five degrees and forty mil
ntcs of it. If not ao, why attempt to blind the oyr
of the American people to the stealthy and inrer
diary operations of Great Britain*
It I should state 'hit, .11 travelling through Car
ad:?, I fisVBbefen comiiany after company of negroe
tortimanded by her Britannic Majesty's epaulette
gentry, and that 1 gathered facts, whilst there, tuft
cient to satisfy me that the British government (
may be indirectly, yet knowingly) paid a bbunt
to our abolition kidnappers for running slaves fr*r
the southern Suite* to Canada, he might raise
technical bisection of *0me kind to this. But, afti
all-, th's material facts would exist. There woul
be the fugitive slaves by the hundred; and there th
British officer in command, and the aboliiionii
with his bounty. A great nation, by making ii
diplomacy small, can creep through a very fiti
pace! Your correspondent could, probably, ApO
ogise for the burning of the Caroline, the murder <
Durfce, Or the kidnapping of Grogban. Ay, pe
haps he could gloat over the immense number (
noble spirits who, "in patriot times," in thelai
guuge of the official organ of Canada, were "sei
tenced in advance, and only imprisoned 'ha* ths
might b* fatttnnl for the I have oAe
thought that England had ua good friends here t
at liome?in the American Congress as in the Bri
mil Parliament. Your correspondent may be or
of these. 1 should think so, from his writings?it
only way I know him.
1 see the American press is loud in its denuncii
lions of Mekico> All this is well enough. But I
Mexico our worst enemy? 1 wish I could say hi
and, what is more, 1 wjuh ! could so believe.
It has feppeare'd 10 me, for a long time, that 01
n'sopfe werfc wilfully blind to the operations of Grei
Britain in Canadu. If 1 had time, sir, 1 would te
you in detail her immense expenditures the preset
season for railroads, for canals, for exploring pa
tics all through her country, both real and Claimet
even to the Pacific; for fortifications, shipUlbnt (
troops fhrm almost all her other dominienn to Cat
adu. bounties to Indiana and negroes, (her comrno
MliVs.) iVc., &c.?ull huving their eye to militar
ojierations. For some reason, Great Britain is i
tcork in Canada, and all her preparations arc agnim
us. Why so? Are not the two nations at pcoo
And does not the lenient policy of our governmet
towards Great Britain, after receiving outragt upo
outrage, unatoned for^?after ottr giving spirit, man
Tested on the eastern boundary question,and ihillyiu
spirit On the Western?show that we are subrmttin
to almost every thing, rather than oguin break
lance with her who ought not to possess (and,
trust, will not long) an inch of Soil on the ne<
continent? After suiting this much in exprei
siohs Of feelings which havn prompted me, fc
the psst six years, to watch with a jealous eye th
doings of Great Britain in Canada, I wdl now ej
press my firm belief that the statements in the Ch
cago Democrat aro essentially correct. It ir.ay b
that the two regiments of Highland dragoons shoul
he "tWo Vegimenls of Highlanders." But the Amei
| ican people care not for this difference. Yourcoi
icnjjuiiucfii muy spin ms uwn imirs.
When receiuly at the straiis of Mackinac, I frarne
facta similar to those in the Chicago bemocrat, froi
a person ibhdffc business it was, and now is, to a
\entl to auch latementa He believed them correc
and he gave me his authority. I saw another pei
son, ut Detroit, whose business it also was, and no'
is, to inquire into such matters. He gavte foa hi
authority, and believed theth fefckeniially true. The*
persons are in tfcb employ of government, and wil
when called upon, give their authority. But 1 d
not feel authorized to do so in this public mannei
without first consulting them.
I may as well add here, that between Perietal
guishinc and Green Bay, and also Milwaukie, Li
tlefort, Chicago, Michigan city, Ht. Joseph, und tli
other towns on Lake Michigan, there is but a eingl
American fort, and that is at Mackinac. This fort fe
before the news of the hist war had reached it. Ei
ery officer that fever commanded there has given its
his opinion that two-thirds of the men on the islan
would be traitors and lories in case of another war; an
' I believe it. But, aside from this consideration, the for
when best manned, and with the best guns, can nr
ther command the island nor the passage. N
wonder, then, when Pcnetanguishine is within onl
from 36 to 48 hours' unobstructed ride of the Lak
Michigan towns, that nut only they, but all th
towns in the Mississippi valley, should watch Bril
ish manoeuvres there, and especially when they se
Indians deserting Drummond's isle to get pay c
Maniloulin. It was in a letter fYom the menibt
of Congress of the Chicago district to the Commilte
of Public Lands, in favor 6f a ship canal, that th
British operations at Penelanguishine and Lak
Sintcoe were brought before the last Congress; an
by the same person it was urged, in favor of a poi
of entry at Chicago, that vessels could pas
Mackinac without observation. These statements
have not heard gainsayed.
But as these matters will be brought before th
next Congress, which is expected to do its whol
duty, and pass the Oregon bill, which was defeate
in the Senate by two votes, (those of the Sout
Carolina senators,) extending our laws to th
Russian boundary, I will trespass no longer on ill
patience of your readers.
Wo reported to tliiu source of information, of counu
but when we found that the utritcim-iit in the War Depar
merit rested upon the same foundation with the parngrap
in the "Chicago Democrat,'' and in neither case wa
the interesting information derived immediately from a
eye witness, who gave the statement, we took the Jlbert
oi adding that it "required confirmation." We know, it
deed, that the correspondent was a gentleman of high chai
actor; but we know, at the same time, that rumors depender
upon the impressions of third parties are sometimes errt
neous. Wo Understand that no further information ha
been received at the War Office, to confirm or contradic
the original statement. ?Union.
For the Union.
On the 1st of December we landed at Sinow
where there is quite n respectable settlement of on
colonists, who founded and built the town of Green
ville, beautifully situated on the left bank of a smal
river, which there empties into the sea. The wale
over the bar, at the entrance of this river, is deepe
than at any of the other places we had yet visited
To the right of the entrance is n beautiful cove, th
banks of which form a graceful natural slope, cov
red with rich verdure, shaded by a luxuriant am
dense growth of forest trees?just su'-h a spot a
lovers would select to tell their talc of love. Thi
illusion of a moment was dispelled as soon as con
reived, for these beautiful shores were nlivc will
human beings as black as Erebus, drrsscil in rn
lure's own apparel, running to and fro, speaking in i
language of course unknown to us, but aotimlitq
in our ears very much like the jabbering of fright
ened apes?which, in fact, they very much re
sembleu, both in appearance and gestures.
After we had nassrd this place, we landed at th
town of Greenville, where the colonists were wait
ing on the banks of tiie river, ready to receive am
welcome us; for it was a cheering sight to them ti
see us appear in such force. The nativee hilherti
having never seen any of our ships of war, though
we had none, and did not believe the colonists whei
they spoke of our power. These people, slthongl
hut ll dep-ree hetfer thnn noes nrc. like their nroto
lypra, very mischievous and someiimea malignant
Crowds or them were also in attendance, their vil
lage being but a very short distance from Greenville
many came in their canoes, or swam from acros
the river, where we had seen them congregated it
such numbers, to have a nearer view of us. The]
were sll dressed in their best sttire, which consistet
of a piece of muslin wound nround their loins, reach
ing about one-fourth of the way to the knee. Thci
limbs were decorated with a profusion of ivory
brass, and iron bracelets and anklets. The met
also carried very primitive knives and spears madi
by themselves, by hammering out the native ore
which abounds in all this part of the coast, and al
most as pure as manufactured iron. Some hat
muskets. The females were not so elaborately clat
as the males, but those of the higher order madi
up for their deficiency in clothing, by adorning them
selves with a profusion of blue strung bends, whicl
they wore around the neck and waist. To completi
the adornment of their persons, they smeared theii
faces and bodies over, in spots, with red and whiu
lay , contrasting very well with the real of the sur_
fate, which wu highly polished with palin oil?a
univursul cuetom among them. Some of the women
| carried infante placed on a email atool ailing acroBa
' their backs, ahd covered over With monkey skins, to
keep them from falling out, and to protect them frOm
I the rains. Aa they aehghl in the sun, and It was a
clear day, these skins wfc're thrown back, and ex.
posed the infanta; some of whom were sleeping, and
" others crying. Another beautifying process among
n the men, is to hie their upper front teeth to it point,
u and pull out the two lower front inciaora.
I# W? landed till our force, consisting of about 300
|. men, on the banks of thia river, abreast of the
town. After forming into some sort of order?for
e sailors are not very particular about their manner of
j marching?we proceeded to the palaver-house, with
, our band in front playing a national sir. The na^
lives were at first struck Willi awe at the music; but
teeing it was harmless, and indicated no warlike
disposition on our part, they sooo recovered their
E. surprise, and followed ua at a convenient distance.
The, meeting-house of the colonists: a comfortable
frame building, had IVCh prepared for the palaver.
, A. tcbftt, with a neat white cover, was placed in front
e i of the pulpit for the commander-in-chief; on the
I right the officers were stationed, all in uniform and
fully armed; on the left were the colonists, and in
j front the native kings and toad mtir '1 tie tribes
^ - reprcseptetl Wrvr.the ""aitlbW, r iatuenen, Bloo Barru,
j. j and RtiUlkhs. The object of the |>alaver was to inquire
into and settle the different: s that then existcd
between the colonists and the natives, and to
|fl discover the murderers of the mate and one of the
j crew of an American vessel. (The murder had been
i committed about a year before: by some of the
. Fi.l.mh.i \ This .1,1,..!. ? I..11
J| - *.^...5 ^ JfMW, v.yu., ?..?
wtelUformfed n'qgrto, King Jack of the Sinow
y I HIV*, koo'e very deliberately, and with considerable
^ dignity replied to the accusations made against Kin
people, and in their name asserted their innocence?
j he and hia tribe having always been the friend nf
the colonials; that the crime of murder was with the
| Fislimen, and called upon old King George, of that
|g tribe, to speak for himselft This king was over
lt ninety years of age; anil, to HI I kppediunce, so old
r and ifecrepid, that he could hardly move. He rcferred
himself to his son and heir-spiwrent, Jack
r_ Smith?the Smith family here, aa elsewhere, is very
tf extensive?who was n young and sprightly fellow,
with a quick, shnrp eye, ever in motion. He evaded
the. Questions put to him wi'h great dexterity, nnd
, Sdaily ccid, that if he could be allowed to leave
y, the palaver-house, he would go to his village, only
lN a short distance off, (it was in sight,) and bring the
p guilty tnsn before the commodore. This was a
le well-contrivcd ruse, end he was permitted to leave,
)e but accompanied by a guard, consisting of an officer
and two marines, as he was suspected df treachery.
t- On reaching his village,, henluge adespeksth attempt
ls to escape, anil called his tribe lo the rescue; but the
j'. appointed signal was made, and in an instant our
' whole force was on the spot, and Prince Jack Smith
lr was secured, and, with another of his tribe who hud
? participated in the murder, sent on board ahip as an
jj hostage. The old king, his father, who appeared
)t to be so decrepid that 110 pne thought of watching
p. him, made his escape, or was carried off by some of
I his people iii the condition, and IVufl never mitre
shell by tia. Tina little diversion broke up the
. palaver for that day. The next day another whs
,, held, but the whole Fish nation had left their village;
y men, women, and children had disappeared during
^ the night, leaving what property they could not
it carry Hway to be plundered by the others, who
rf revelled in the destruction of their town. They
|t were Bushmen, or people from the interior, who
tl had taken forcible possession of their position, and
j. hud always, us the stronger party, been able to
maintain it and give the law, until our arrival. Their
^ Inns were square, and built of wove bamboo, fcov^
crcd with palmetto le&VeH, with a cane lloor about
I twtt feet Iroin the ground; the caves projecting some
y three or four feet, so us to allow of a scat being
placed under it, which generally consisted of a log
lr rolled up to the place for that purpose.
e On the following duv we held another palaver
with the Hloo Barra tribe ,whose village is situated
j. near the cove already ndtlced on the opposite side of
e the river. We marched lo the town with half of
,j our forces, leaving the other half lo protect the boats.
r_ The path wus through a beautiful "rove of tree*.
We soon reached the rosed pti'.uce of King Freeman.
We bad to be informed of this fact, or we would
j hever have suspected that it was the residence of
II royalty. As it was too small to accommodate our
party, we weie presented each with a seat, consisting
, of a round stone, which some of us with difficulty
' could sit upon. The day was exceedingly warm and
v sultry, am! the sun very powerful. We were surjH
rounded by abouteight or nine hundred men, women,
g and children, the exhalation from their bodies being
I anything but pleasant. It was some time before
0 silence could be imposed; when nn old man, a veter
( ran warrior, very much resembling Shakspeare's
' uuiitmn, made Ins appearance, advancing to the
centre of this great ring, with a white fowl in hi?
hand, which he presented to the chief of our party,
'* who accepted it in the spirit that it was given?as
a pledge of peace, or, as they call it, a "talk palaver."
Jj He then shook hands with our party. After this
" he made two or three flourishes with his hands and
legs, and squatted down opposite to us. He was a
' very tall and well-formed old man. On his head he
'J wore a black monkey skin, pointed in front, and
" gradually expanding as it fell upon tha back of
f< his head and shoulders in the shape of an open fan.
His breasl.was covered with many magicrharms (or
0 ITtgrii, as they call them) suspended by leather
y strings passed around the neck. He wore a nume
bcr of knives, stuck in a belt made of raw leather,
e with a broad aickle-shapcd sword in a scabbard
made of the same material as the belt. His arms
e and unkles were covered with ivory, brass, and
ll iron rings. His loins were girdled with a cloth covr
ered with a leopard skin, cut in slashes, and
6 i hanging down to hia knees. Around his girdle
0 five smull bells were attached, which he secrn?
ed to take great delight in tinkling. He carried
" many honorable scara about his head and body, and
had lost the foiefinger and thumb of his left hand
'? This palaver related to the murder already alluded
' to. They also exculpated themselves; and when it
waa concluded, they offered us a black bull, which
0 had been tied to a stake in the middle of the ring
' formed around us by the natives. Having aatisfao?
torily settled this palaver, a treaty of pence and am''
ity having been signed, it wua proposed to fire a vol?
I ley of musketry, in compliance with the desire of
e eomc of the warriors. As soon es the women and
children heard the click of the gun-locks, they simultaneously
scampered off in every direction, screaming
and looking behind them with the most hoiror[I
stricken countenances. The bull broke loose from
h his fastenings, and, running at full speed among the
l? fugilivcs, made the scene truly comiral. A second
" volley was fired; and as this was the warning-signal
for the party in the hosts to come to us in iho event
r- of an attack, they all came rushing into the. town,
11, expecting to find us engaged with the natives. Their
'jj j countenances, flushed with running through the hot
:t sun, and their warlike appearance, made confusion
worsfe confounded among the natives; and it was
with difficulty we succeeded in quieting the fears of
this icarlike nation. K. L. D.,
United States Navy.
ll For sale, on Friday, the 29lh instant, at 10
I o'clock, a. m., at the residence of Mrs. E. Evuna,
on the corner of 8th atrcet and New York avenue,
J north, (the flag will designate the house,) a variety
I of household furniture, among which are:
e 1 very superior piano, Chickering's make, of de.
lightful tone, nearly new, and rich covering and
J handsome stool for the same,
n 1 large and valuable sofa; 1 smaller do.
a 1 superior centre table, and a solar lamp, newest
. fashion.
h Room, entry, and stair carpets, rods. Ac.
3 arm-chairs, parlor chairs, common do.
ft Parlor tables and coverings,
, Window curtains and fixtures.
Looking-glasses, bureaus, wnshstands, bedsteads,
i. bedding,Ac.
Brass fire sets, fenders, firebnards, Ac.
Entry lamp, glass and China ware, common do.,
m' stone do., 2 stoves, kitchen requisites,
j ( A great variety of other articles, among which are
i two fow:ing-pieces.
J Also, a young, quiet, and valuable milch cow
, All sums of and under $20, cash; over $20, a credit
n of six months, for notes satisfactorily endorsed,
h bearing interest.
Aug. 26?3t Auctioneer.
: S. L. LEWIS,
I Continues the practice of his profession in the
f various courts. He regards the report that he
1 is about to change his residence as somewhat fahu.
Ions. Any business, therefore, in the line of his
r profession, shnll receive prompt, eflh ient, and salis,
factory attention,
i Aug. 14?d3mif.
, TY REISS, Professor of Music, respectfully in.
D. forms the public that he continues to give
I lessons on the piano, guitar, and singing. Fie hopes
I for a continuance of the patronage so liberally exi
tended to him for the last twelve years.
Orders may be left at Dr. Gifman's drue store.
i at Mr. Fiacber'a mum. store, or at my residence
i on 90th street.
r For sale, new and second-hand pianos,
s Aug. 96?eodlw*
(From our rvftilar cofr*?polkirnt 1
FiLt. St. C?oi*, W. T., Aug. 7, 1843.
Wo loft La Point* on the afternoon of the day on
which my last letter Was dated. We had ubout 70
mile* (English,) or 63 of French voyageur's miles, to
travel westwurd on the luko, before reaoly ng the
Brul# river, which we were io ngrend for 7s miles,
*o make the portage to the St. Croix; the lallor river
being, from its source to the Mississippi river, in
eluding the Lake St. Croix at its inouln, about 300
miles long?thus making a journey before us of
about 445 miles to reach the Mississippi. To La
Pointe we had already coasted from Sauit St.
Marie, including the curves, bends, bays, &c , with
the entire circuit of jvewebha (mint, the distance of
at least 5o0 mites. The two added together, give
945 miles of travel, in open boots by duy, npd under
tents by night, with the exception of the three miles
ihn turn rliHis. Wb left the Satilt
on the 4lh July, and reached thia plnce within 50
milrs of thu Mississippi, making the whole lime
consumed one month and about three or four days,
by the time we will have reached the "father of
The distance, in a direct line, from the head nf (he
boy opposite La Pointe, to tiie portage at the head
of the Uiulf, by land, is only HO miles; while by
(he lake and river, it is about 145. The whole din
lance, in a direct line, by lund, from La Pointe to
the falls of St. Anthony, or to the mouth of the St.
Peter's, does not exceed, by the Indian truil alluded
to,over2t)0 miles.
The first day we left La Pointe we Wert only enabled
to reach Raspberry {iver,asmall stream emptying
into ihe Ihfte |!} miles wist of La Po'nle, inside
the group of islands
We first encountered a prodigious thick fog, with
n head wind. We had 110 sooner landed and raised
our tent, than a thunder-storm, with n heavy rain,
burst upon us. The voyageurs, as is their custom,
had pulled the baik canoes out of the water, and
turned them over, placing provisions and other articles
under them for Shelter. T|ie Indians, in travelling
with tiieir canoes, invariably pull iKetn out of
the water at night, turn them b utopi upwards, and
in bad weather sleep under them; as our voyageurs
(especially Jocko, our Indian voyagenr) did on the
ingot in, question. In sucft cases, they turn water
like the r"of of a house. W? had, late in thu afternoon,
doubled some frowning sandstone chll's alluded
to in my other letter, with the grottoes, caves,
und excavations wrought out near the water's
edge, by the combined action of the waves und
front. Another high sandstone promontory still lay
just ahead of us, which Rthedoux, our head man,
stud extended for six miles without ulTording a
luudiiig-plueb foe a btinb , ,,
M'ext morning w? found a severe gule blowing
from the north-northeast, accompanied with ruin.
Tliia compelled us to remain where we were till
about 3 or 4 o'clock in the nfternoon, when we set
out. The wind hud died away, but the sea was
running very high, over which our canoes danced
along at a great rale?riding them, however, like
swans. The heaviest rolls would be mounted and
slid o*er .tylth as mtlch etse aS thoUljh thh. dittoes
were leathern, as they were propelled forward by
the oars and |>addles of our skillful voyageurs.
One canoe being smull, only admitied of the use
of paddles. The larger craft allowed a pair of oars
to be used in front, while a paddle Wan employed
in the stern. The usual plan of working canoes is
to have only two persona to attend to one canoe.
They are always steered wiih a paddle. One voyagcur
seats himself ia the bow, while another does
the same thing in thb stern?the baggage; provisions,
passengefs, &c-, beinfc stored amidships, )ow
in the hull. Thus arranged, the men apply their
paddies with great skill, driving the canoe forward
at a pretty rapid speed.
The Indians display a deal of skill in the construction
of their bark canoes. Their hulls Imve
great symmetry of form; and, under careful handling, 1
which me maians periecuy understand and practise,
they are very light and very strong.
The birch burk, from which they are principally
made, is found of excellent quality on the fillores
and tributaries of Lake Superior; slid is extensively
used by the Indians for building their lodges, Ac..,
tls well as for canoes. In the latter application, the
inside of tile bark is exposed to the water and
wcuther; while, in the former case, the outside of the
bark is turned to the weather. Their lodges are of
a hemispherical shape, with an opening at the top
For the escape of smoke, with a door opening on one
side of them, before which a blanket is usually suspended.
The floor of the lodge, with the wealthier
class, in usually covered with fine large richly-colored
rush mats, on which the Indians recline or sit
like Turks on them. The men, when at home, do
little else than recline on the mats and smoke, while
the squaws and half-grown children perform all t)ie
necessary manual labor. If an Indian brings in
game or fish, he throws it down near his lodge* and
troubled himsblf no tnore it bout it; or, if it be troublesouie
to carry, he leaves it in the woods, returns to
the lodge, and sends his squaw for it.
The females among the Indians invariably exhibit
the most modest and retiring deportment?
equally as much so, 1 have thought, as is seen or
met with among the moat civilized whites. Neither
males nor females, when you enter their villages or
lodges, ever fix upon you that rude glare, or gaze,
which white people often do upon the sudd' n appearance
of a stranger. The usual salutation of the
Chippewa, on meeting you, is "Bojotir, bnjour, bojour,"
at the same time extending his hand to you
in friendship. And if there are fifty men in company,
they will all dd the same thing. The exclamation
they use is u corruption of the French salutution
of "ban jour," "good day;1' or, in English parlance,
"how d'ye do."
The Indians are very fond of bathing and swimming,
and they do not consider it the least indelicate
for all sexes to bathe at the same lime in the
immediate vicinity of each other. I am told, on
such occasions, tne females wear dresses prepared
for the purpose. The men'nlso are partly clad.
I was told by Mr. Grote, who has resided at the
Presbyterian mission at La Pointe for-somelOor
III years, that the Indians, during long peace, and
when little surrounds them of a nature to arouse
or excite their energies, become, in general, very
lethargic, and sink apparently (from rmttii) into premature
old age, few of them attaining to the yearB
of advanced life. Among the chiefs I saw at La
Pointe, was on old man of vixty. His hnir was quite
gray. He was introduced to tne by a friend, at his
own request. He wanted to know where I was
from, and whether I had been sent to carry off" the
Indians. He was told that I had come on no such
errand, but merely to visit anil see the country, and I
that I was a "medicine man," a F'nuishkiwimni:"
this announcement put me on a very friendly footing
with liim. He bore a strong resemblance to
Koliert Dale Owen, the lecturer.
I was told by Mr. Grotc that this old chief retained
very strong predilections in favor of the British;
that he frequently spoke of the good old times
when they received fine presents and cheap goods
from their great father, the King over the water;
and that he annually paid a visit to the Hudson
Bay Company's trading-post at Fort William, or at
the Sault, and received presents to soine sinull
amount. He nevertheless professed much friendship
for the Americans.
We left Raspberry river between 3 and 4 p. in.,
and passed one among the most picturesque elifl's
of sund-stone it was our lot to see during the voyage.
It spread along the shore for 6 or 7 miles, varying
in height from 30 to 100 feet Its base was
carved into holes and grottoes of every variety of
form, iqto which tho heavy rolls of the waves were
pitching with a rumbling and heavy sound; while
the white spray flew in foaming whiteness about the
outward rocks. Making a beach near dark at the
bottom of the tsiy, beyond the cliffs, we landed and
camped. Karly next morning we were again under
way. In the afternoon we passed four Indian canoes
loaded with Indians bound for La Pointe.
They were from Fond-du-Lac.
Making Cranberry river, we found Cnpt. Stanard
and his party of voyageurs, who had preceded us
froru l.n Pointe, and were bound for Fond-du-Lac,
had stopped for dinner. We concluded to land at
the same place for the same purpose.
We were (old byCapt.S that he had, on his way,
visited an encampment of Indiana from Fond-duLac,
who stated that the Chippewas at that place
were laboring under a gootl deal of excitement. It
seemed that two Indians of that plare had been on a
visit to the falls of St. Croix, where liquor was freely
sold to the Indians; thai one of the Indians and a
while man quarrelled about a dog; that the lauer
mauled and neat the former moat unmercifully, when
the other Indian attempted to interfere, whom the
white man attacked and commenced beating also.
The last Indian thereupon stabbed the white man
in the breast with a knife, the point of which struck
a bone and glanced. The white man then drew n
pistol, and fired it at the Indian, wounding him severely
in the thigh. The Indians then left the falls,
and returned to Fond-du-Lac highly incensed, and
swearing vengeance against the whites; saying their
rrhuions numbered thirty warriors, who would aid
them, if necessary, in seeing justice done. They
also said that, some time ago, a Sioux Indian had
killed a Chippewa, and that the whites did nothing
with him for it. When the brother of the deceased
Chippewa went over to St. Peter's, and killed the
Sioux, the whllM hmti l-k>. .? i?
and hnd them in jail, which they thought very hard
of. It wn aleo aaid that aometimea, when the
Chipnewaa left their home* to go to the payment,
the Sioux followed them, with a view of annoying
and haraaaing them in the rear.
Captain S. ?aid that he had intruded to
fulls of the Brule, to ti*!i for trout; but tluiJr
to these reported difficulties, lie 111011:11
directly to Fond-du-Lac. It sterns tint
foundation of the troubles on the St Ciou
the Chippewus, has grown out of the circum.,^
of grog-shops having been opened 'si
places along that stream - ?av one si i!,P
titer at Wolf rivet, eighteen or twenty mil,..a
and a third at the Rising Sun, twenty-five ^
above the falls?by low and villauous white ,?
or half-broeUs engaged in llieir service. IiJ**1
that, some yenrs since, the Chippcwiui m*dr,T?
ty, ceding nil their hinds to the United Slniej ?
of a line running due Bouth notne fifty miles Ovi
the extreme west end of Lake Superior, and fi
that southern point due west to the mouth of
wing rivfcr, on the Upper M issiaal) jei, cutting usthrough
the centre of Mille Lake ih ui
There is a proviso in llie treaty of cession, *j2
authorizes the Indiana to rirnuin in the oec'u^?
of the cetled territory till it is wauled by thj jl?
eminent. I understood Mr. llnys (t|le
agent at La Pointe) to say llmt lie |,ad ll0 ,,0Wer
stop the sale of ardent spirits to the Indians, by a*
white squatters in the ceded country.
drunken outrages; If not put ? ?>.ip t!1 on|t,^
Croix, will, ere long, lead to serious and dmm, J
consequences. The Indians and whites will nbecome
embroiled in a border ' guerrilla" ?sr,ni
the poor savages, in the end, be: l>ulehercd aiid'dnv.
en out of the country?all, loo, growing out 0f /
cupidity of a few rascally men, wlioaimtocW
and rob the Indians of llieir last blanket, l.yMll)?
them tie hrtluh foiwrt of uhhk-x. Wllnl ? ?
massacre of innocent whites, with the ruin u
dcgrnisatton of Indians, to them, provided
turn a penny by dealing out run)'' Mr. Hays Uses
si most too remote from tne s't.Croir ?? ~
these outrages, even if he had the power
does seem to me, that the Indian agent at 9t
who resides within a day or two's journey of tW
outrages, til'gilt do something to prevent tliem.
With due vigilance and firmness on hi* put,
would appear probable, at least, that Indian^,
ders wottld hot transpire within gun-shot at p.
agency at St. Peter S. J
The War Department ahould adopt immediw
measures to break up the sale of whiskey to ike i,.
diana on the St. Croix, and other parti of ikt
ceded territory, or very serious conseouence, t,j
follow. One poor Indian from Fond-du-Lar, ouj
viait to one of the groceries on the 81. Crou,
waa made lieastly drunk, who, in hw hdoleuneu,
fell with hia face on the fire; liming his cheek,wnk
one eye, awfully disfigured and burnt; Itsvinj k*
whole visage an object of loathing and dnguitfa
As ot|f qourte to the Mississippi lay along the 8s
Croix, directly through the wincey district, (keg
reports of present and prospective difficuluu wen
not very pleasant. We nevertheless made op o?
minds to persevere, and meet whatever might W
Towards sunset, we made the mouth of tfc
Brulfe, where we found ubout thirty Chippenla
dtans with two or three chiefs encamped, who wm
ob their way to Lp Poiilte; fropi Leech Lake ed
Mille Lake. They belonged to the l?n:d dervoaii.
natrd "ptllageurs, so nicknamed from their alleged
propensity to stesl small matters. We landed ontk
opposite side of the river to their camp, onadal-ik
stream being about twice as wide oa the Tiber ingosd
water at Washington. We were soon joined by
Captain Slanurd, whose men pitched his tent net
ours, and cooked supper by the same fire. Wi
Imd scarcely kindled our camp fire, before the ehwk
of the "ipllugcurs" manned their canoes, and ft*
offer, crying oiit, aa thfey came up; "Bojouf,""b?
jour," mid giving us their hands, which we acceptet
vfhey looked poor and dirty, some of whom tie
nearly nuked. They said they hod nothing toes
and were very hungry, and wishel us to give thn
some flour, which we complied with. No roost
did the rest find out we were dispensing "/?tuu,"?
the French voyogeurs term it, than the whole pes
kept coming over in instalments, till we had tk
whole camp upon our hands?women, children,u
We gave them all round about a pint of floe,
from Captain S.'s and our own supply, sndlks
gave them to understand we wished them to mis
to their own side of the river; thrjr ell left ui,a
cept some old chiefs, who were privileged ui rerun,
and uppearbd desirous of smoking their pipes be
fore our fire, and talking over newd with jocka
our inuiuu voyageur, una one 01 v^upiain o. i m?
In their camp opposite?out of joy, 1 auppw;
over the flour we had given them?they commeMi
besting a drum, and singing in a most wild id
monotonous manner, whicn they kept up till nesrten
p.m., when all became silent. We all fellUmi
asleep; and when I awoke next morning, calling At
hands for an early start, all was quiet in tk Isdai
camp. Captain Btariard prepared to depart ?l it
same time, and before stimlse he was off total
du-Lae, and we to the Mississippi. WiwUmil
"piilageurs" may have done elsewhere, we will 4
them the justice to say that they stole nothing free
us; for next morning, on packing up, we mtfd
nothing whatever. Many of them bad plosq
and honest countenances, whatever else may b
said about them,
After going three or four miles, we struek tk
rapids of ihis river, overthe trap bouldertef vtad
the water dashed like a mill-Ltil. Our voyapu
had to pole up them with all the strength and ?M
they could command, for there wus constant d?ng?
of the canoes being dashed and stove again*th
rocks, or of being suddenly thrown serosa llie?
rent and capsized. These rapids were flanked S
either side with red sand-stone cliffs; and the dstk
est and thickest kind of growth, composed of sal*
fur, or Canadian btilsam, white ctdars, larch,it,
and wholly unfit for tillage.
At many places the rapids were so powerful,!!!
the channel so crooked und narrow, that the vty
ngcurs had to wade in the water frequently to that
waist, and push the canoes forwatd with 'I**
hands. Sometimes their feet would slip from tk
spurs of trap-rock boulders, and they would p
into holes of tleep water, nearly to their arm-pu
or chins.
We worked forward in this way over rapids, k
about thirty miles; and having passed three podages,
around which we had to walk and carry<
'" ggtg?) with still the fourth and last severe o?
before us, we finally struck up a camp near tk
head of the third portage, where all were auflicifliil?
fatigued to sleep most soundly. At this last porup
rapid, there appeared in the bottom of the riven
mass of trap crossing it, over which the water?
two or three feet nearly perpendicular.,
We were oil' next morning early, afier havinfftamined
the bottoms of our cunoes, and patched id
gummed the leaky places with birch hark and (V
udu bulsam-tree rosin. The small canoe bad to b
patched and pitched two or three timci, kng
been punched with holes by the rocks.
Towards nonn, we began to find the rapid*Iw
frequent and difficult, till wc finally cam" i0""
beautiful low bottom, or meadow land, nfelm wj
which lasted us for many milca; when, low*
night, we again puaeed some severe tanitll, and tW
entered a long lake of irregular width, formed if
the expansion of the river at this point?in M'f>
being more than from seventy-five to one liuwj
yards wide, with generally a swamp on one"*
and considerable sloping pine hill* or bluffs oo?
other. We found tliis river, and e?|>ecially im ~
part of it, to be very full of brook trout, some ^
which we caught, und found them not only !?***
ful in ?olor, hut most excellent to eat; they sg
continually jumping above the water. LorinS?J
day and yesterday, wc met several parties of ?*
breeds and Indians on their way to Isi Pointtinquiring
of them about the fight at the MM"
the difficulties at Sr. Peter's, thry gave us the to
favorable aecounta of the quiet and peaceable WJ
sition of the Indians, and said that ?e
just where we pleased, without the least
whatever. At nny rate, there was one gunrantee
their good conduct for a few weiks to c"nl?"~'J
that was the forthcoming payment at La r0>\
to which they go up with as much cigernesssi
Jews of old did to the Passover. Anysenoi"
turbance nl the present Ume, or probably si _
lime, would iennnrd ilic recruit of their WW1*?
and likely lend to their expulsion from the cou"^
Ueaides, at the payment iliey have an a|'|"'rt?"7
of Inying their numerous grievance" l?eforethe
ther, who has to promise them toepei't for the"1 ^
the ear of the great father at Washington. ,
maltera progress from one year to nnotlier.
many grievance* of a minor or trivial nature*"
gotten. ^
We camped on n sloping pine ritlu?._on 1 ^
aide of the lake part of the river, ah ut 7 p-,nfound
all the nighla on the Prulf cool antf
The water throughout wo found oa cold as in*
mountain spring-wntcr. M
We continued our ascent at an early I v" ^
mornin<', and l*y noon found our little stream _
much diminished in size nnd volume of .
dwindling first into a small creek, ami w
into n mero meadow-brook, nearly ehnk
the hanging and interloekeil ahh . huelies, the i
of which we hsd to push out of our way k>e"
us to pass. The little river on this "w"m'1^n{i
dow-lnnd also became very crooked. I" 6 jL
mile, we rery often had to traverse the in"
nearly n dozen times.
A hunt l.aU'-rmut O o m hoWftVPf, W6 ^
the portage, or the piece where we were t" ^,7
canoes out, transport them, and *l",n",rl ^
contents, on our backs, across hill-*""*',
the summit of one or two pine, sand,

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