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The daily union. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1845-1857, August 28, 1845, Image 3

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THE UNION.
CITV OF WASHINGTON.
THURSDAY NIGHT, AUGUST 28, 1845.
SPIRIT OF THE PEOPLE.
A rumor #?? circulated in Philadelphia on Tuesday
or Wednesday, that Mexico had dec lared war
(gaunt (lie United States. It produced considerable
exrilemeiil?which began to manifest itaelf in a
manner that war worthy of the American spirit.
Take one remarkable example. Gen. Patterson, of
Philadelphia, well known throughout the country
for the manly and elevated character which he beam,
came on yesterday to this city, and offered his tierrices
to the government in case of a declaration of
war. We understand that 6,000 volunteers mii^hl
be calculated on from Philadelphia und its vicinity;
Calone uiipht furnish
and thai me ??
30 ooo. Such is the patriotic .spirit of the Americana
at thia ume, w ithout regard to party distinctiona.
''IS t,ie aP'r,t w,1K'h ?hould animate the en.
tire people of the United Slates. It would rouae the
rullry of the Mi*?is*ip|>iat once ; and the difficulty
would really he, not how many soldier* should
march under the eaglea of the republic, but how
many should remain at home.
And yet, i? '< not supremely strange, that Mexico
ahould place her*elf in the belligerent attitude
which she protease* to assume? She, who for eight
year* past, ever since the buttle of Sun Jacinto,
has been unable to rally troops enough to place their
stationary feet on the noil of Tcxus, is now presuming
to declare tluv.1 ahe will send her ten or
twelve thousand troops over the Kio Grande. For
what purpose? To encounter what opposition? Not
Texasslone, but the indomitable spirit and the disciplined
force of the United States, along with the
volunteer* of Texas. She could not defeat Texas
single-handed; and still she boasts of her willingness
to meet the allied forces of Texas and the
United States! It is idle to talk of the impreseion
which the Mexicans will produce in war. It ia ridiculous
to calculate on her ultimate success in
arm*. Her government must have other objects in
view. Is it a ruse de guerre, (we repeat,) to affect
her pending elections? Or does Mexico expect,
that, when fairly arrayed against u* in the field?
whether with or without an open declaration ol
war?the will prevail upon England and France to
mediate the terms of peace, and then to guaranty
the buundaries which she desire* to obtain.' Are
we to have a practical illustration of Monsieur
Guiiot's famous maxim of "the balance of power
in America?" May not Mexico be mistaken in
the visionary calculation? Will she prevail upon
the powers of Europe to mediate between us? Or?
what is still more important?does she expect ue
to assent to the proposition? She may be mistaken
in the whole system of policy which her statesmen
msy have imagined. At all events, she may
be deceived about our disposition to accept of
mediation. If Mexico then advances to the
verge of hostilities?if she declares war upon
us, or strikes at us without any declaration,
she may feel the blow recoil with tremendous force
upon her own head. We would spare her in her
weakness, if we could. But it is high time for
us to settle all our differences with her?to demand
atonement for her nggressions?to secure justice for
our injured claimants?and to enjoy an honorable
and permanent |>eace. We desire this. Wc expect
no honor in a contest with a power so comparatively
weak as Mexico is. But if we can have no honor in
beating, we should suffer the more disgrace in being
beaten by her. in ense of war, therefore, we must put
forth our whole strength, that we may have a short
war, and a lasting peace. And, acting in this spirit,
we liuve no doubt that the Executive will exert
nil the resources which the laws have placed in his
hands, until Congress can come together to unite
their constitutional powers with his own. Who can
doubt that the people too will second the arm of the
Executive, and the will of Congress??that they
will rally around the banner of the nation, and present
an undivided front to our enemies, be they one,
or be they more?be they weak, or be they powerful'
Texas is ours, it is ours by the best principles
of the enlightened age in which we live?by
the concurring consent of the people of the two
republics. It is not, then, for Mexico, or for the
world at large, to forbid the banns, or prevent the
annexation. We have acquired Texas with the
hearts of both people. We will defend every inch
of her soil with the arms of both.
NAVAL.
We understand that orders were received here on Hunday,changing
the destination nf the frigate Congress from
the Pacific to the Gulf of Mexico. The Congress is to relieve
the Potomac, now in s leaky condition at Peueacola.
This letter ship has been ordered to Norfolk, and her crew
it to lie tranafeired to the frigate Columbia. Captain Stockton
it to proceed to the Gulf of Mexico at eoon at the Congress
it manned. The following officers have been ordered
to this ship:
Commander Samuel p. Dupont, Lieutenants John W.
Livingston, J. l-. Bchenck, R. L. Tilghman, W. 8. Drayton,
H. Eld, W. Owathmey; Master V. R. Morgan; Surgeon
Samuel Mosrlty; Passed Assistant Surgeon John S. Whittie;
Assistant Surgeon Charles f'.vertfleld.
A detachment of 30 mariuet, under the charge of Lieut.
mining.for the United Statei frigate Congress, arrived lu re
from Baltinore on Sunday lut, in the teamer Georgia
On the arrival of the United State brig Porpoiae at Peniacola.
ihe was nearly out of water, provisions, lie. Having
taken on board a treih eupply, aho put to aea again in a few
hour*, for her ileitination. the coaat of Texaa.
The above article in from tlie "Norfolk Beacon"
of the 2tith instant?a journal which ia generally
correct in its naval intelligence. In two respects,
however, the preceding\rticle is inaccurate. In the
first place, the Potomac is not ordered to Norfolk.
We have seen an authentic letter from one of her officers,
of the 20th instant, which say a: "Everything
that can be expected from the limited meann
afforded by this yard, and the resources of the
ship, has been done in this position, for repairing
the leak in the stern of the Potomac. I am in great
hopes that, in the course of the roming week,
we may be able to succeed in stopping it." Of
course, it is not correct to say that "her crew is to
be transferred to the frigate Columbia."
Nor ia Captain Stockton to proceed in the Congress
to the Gulf of Mexico. Hia destination, as
we have already announced, ia to be the Pacific.
(Nor, at has been idly alleged, ia hia big gun to l>e
transferred to the Congress.)
It is noaaillle knit ! ?>a.l K- npnlinl.t- lb?l fKp
, , .. ?, ?Columbia,as
also noticed by the Beacon, may be tent
l? the Gulf. |t in we|| understood that the number
of eeamcn employed in the navy, is limited by law
to between erven nnd eight thouaand. The Secretary
>a attempting, by the moat judiciousarrangements,
o to economise the number in certain waye, an to
'low n sufficic t complement to man the Columbia.
We may truly say that no means are spared by the
Apartment to place the navy in the most efficient
condition to meet the present contingency of our
public tfTairs.
LATEST FROM THE 8EAT OF OPERATIONS.
We hsve been permitted to make the following
"tract from a letter, dated Penaacola, August 20
"tcettred in this rity laat evening, from a gentleman
*ho left Aransas inlet on the 13th instant:
"Oenernl Arista, of the Mexican forces, wns a
mainmorts, with a force variously stated froir
' WOto 3,000 or 4,000 men, and at the Inst account
*as fortifying his position. General Parcdea wai
"id to be at San Luis Potos'i, with a large force
"T " arrivsl a day tiefore 1 leO St. Joseph's, r
rader) came in, who staled he was juei
""to uie vicinity of Matamora*. The force thert
"M no more then n thousand men. No news?nl
with the exception of a tpiarrel between t!i<
nnttnehee and a neighboring tribe."
The impression id gaining ground, that the Mexi
^or<* waa considerably exaggerated. Some aup
P0* that it will scarcely dare to approach the Ri<
much leaf attempt to croee it. If Aneta b<
employed in entrenching himself ?t Mntamoras, it
would appear a* if lie expected an attack from our
troopa, rather than meditated an attack on them.
We understand the War Deportment has been officially
informed of the modification which Mujor
General Gaines has given to his original requisition
for militia volunteers from the governor of Louisiana.
He has called for two companies of urtillery,
to be immediately mustered into the service of the
United States, and to be despatched to the army of
Gen. Taylor. He ban aleo requested the governor
of Louisiana to have four regimepls of infantry and
riAemen to be organized, and to hold themselves
ready for immediute service.
We observe by the accounts we have received by
this evening's southern mail, (and the details of
which we submit to our readers,) that the two com
panics of artillery have already sailed for the Amer;
ican ranks, with the gallant Gully at their head.
JLj* We have received a request from a distinguished
officer of the navy, that we should publish
naval orders, changes, &c., ns they occur. Our
, correspondent may rest assured that the "Union"
publishes everything which the appropriate department
considers best calculated to promote the
public service. We will see, however, how fur
en arrangement may l>e mude to accomplish his
wishes as nearly as possible.
FURTHER AND IMPORTANT FROM THE
ANTI-RENT RKUION.
The Delhi correspondent of the Albany "Argus,"
under date of the 23d inat., furnishes the following
additional intelligence from that and neighboring
counties:
"The work goes bravely on. In adJition to the
six prisoners mentioned in my last as having been
, brought in yesterday, deputy sheriff Preston brought
in another from Roxbury, Allan McKnne; and last
evening a detachment of five men from Corbin'a
posse, under Colonel Wheeler, arrived with five
more, viz: Hosca Jenkins, E. Vermilyea, Darius
Robinson, William Tompkins, (brother of the constable
and collector, now in the State prison.) and
Solomon Bcemon. The last-named was discharged
this morning. John Whitson, jr., was brought before
the justice to-day, for examination, and committed
to answer the charge of murder, on his own
confession.
" Richard Morse, eso., the justice from Andes,
was to-day admitted to bail in the sum of $1,500.
"Some interesting facts were diawn out on the
' examination Inst evening of Dr. Alabun, as to the
' organization of 'Indian Associations,'Ac... &c. He
mentioned one having between 700 and t<00 memi
bers, mostly from two towns in this county, although
some were from Greene and Ulster counties.
"A prisoner who hud taken theonth of secrecy as
a member of one of these associations, was to-day
examined before the coroner, and refused to answer
some important questions, as he believed himself re.
strained by that oath; and although the nature of it
was fully explained to him, he was still so eonscien1
turns as to antiwcr not at all, or untruly.
"This evening, a posse of 40 men, under Deputy
i Sheriff" Preston, left here charged with the arrest of
some 25 or 30 more who are implicated in this affair.
"A special grand jury for the next court (general
sessions) was drawn this day, and it is one from
which a faithful and fearless discharge of July may
" be expected.
"I have seen and conversed with n gentleman who
has been with Corbin's posse, in Middletown, and
he informs me that the Indians, as they were informed
by good authority, had made a aland on Dry
brook, in the edge of Ulster county, and had two
field-pieces. The position they have chosen is one
of difficult access, and the force under Corbtn bus
been so reduced by the detachments sent with p risoners,
thut it. would be unsafe to attempt any very
important move.
"That the Indians have assembled in some quarter,
is very probable; for of the 260 who were at
Andes, at the sale, only about 30 or 40 have been
arrested, and the remainder are non .ett. Besides
these, there arc others so implicated, who were not
disguised, and not present at the sale, that they
have deemed it advisable to seek safety in flight;
and it would be very natural for a greater part of
them to band together for their common Btifety."
United States troops in Texas.?The Buffalo
commercial lurnianes (WIIUI we iui?c mil nmi ci?ewhere)
a correct liat of the United States troops ordered
to Texas. Of mounted or flying artillery,
there are four companies; two of which are commanded
respectively by Brevet Major Ringgold and
' Lieutenant Duncan.
Of infantry, the 3d, 4th, 7th, and 8th regiments
. have been ordered there?forming altogether, with
the 2d regiment of dragoons, un effective force of
1 3,000 men, under the command of Brevet Brigadier
General Z. Taylor, an officer of great experience and
approved valor. No more troops have been ordrred
as yet; and the presumption is, that none will lie,
unless Mexico resorts to some decided offensive
measures.
The artillery and infantry move by sea, and are to
disembark at Aransas bay in Texas. The dragoons
were en route over land.
The Detroit Advertiser of the 21st, has a paragraph
noticing the departure of the De Witt Clinton
for the Maumee river, with five companies of the
5th infantry on board, which are also said to be en
route for the "seat of war." They go by the Maumee
cannl to the Ohio river, and thence to the Jefferson
barrucks, unless a new order shall direct
them at once to Texas.
The following is a list of the companies and officers
on board the De Wilt Clinton:
Staff?Bvt. Brig. Gen. G. B. Brooke, commanding;
Lieut. George Deas, adjutant; and Surgeon
Wood.
Company F.?Capt. J. Lynde and 2d Lieut.
Fowler.
Company D.?Capt. J. L. Thompson, 1st Lieut.
R. B. Macy, A. C. S. and 2d Lieut. P. Lugenbeel.
Company H.t? Capt. ?. K. Smith, 1st Lieut. A.
B. Rosselle.
Company C.?1st Lieut. J. H. Whipple.
Company E.?Capt. C. C. Sibley, 2d Lieut. M.
Rofehcrantz.
The five companies nt Mackinac, Sault Ste. Marie,
and Fort Wilkins, will follow in a few days.
Hon. Geori.e A. Caldwell.?When it is recollected
that the district in which this gentleman
was lately beaten by 79 votes, was, in 1840, General
Harrison's banner district in the banner State,
giving him nearly 4,000 majority?more than was
eivenin anv other congressional district in the United
State*?and in 1844, gave Gov. Owsley nearly 1,200
majority, and Clay 1,482, it will be admitted that
Mr. Caldwell ran the l>e?t rave ever run by any
man. The whigs strained every nerve?their candidate
wan wealthy, nnd had wealthy relatives
who were liberal in their expenditures, and his
vote was greater than that of either Clay or Owsley.
Yet the whig* came wellnigh being defeated, nnd
their immense majority is swept by the board. Wc
predict no man will ever beat Caldwell there again.
(krnluckit Ytoman.
Wealth or the mountains.?An exceedingly
rich nnd most valuable copper-mine has lately been
discovered on the land of Mr. Wm. Morris*, of the
county of Greene. We learn that the copper ore i*
sprena over about ten acres of land, and that
large piece* of the genuine copper, the real "grit," i
can be seen just beneath the soil, together with a
large quantity of copperas attached to the ore.
From all tha development* thus far made, this hidden
treasure in the mountain bids fair to ben moat
valuable and fortunate discovery. Coleman Payne,
esq., of this place, it will be seen, is aeent for the
sale of the copper-mine.?Rockingham Register.
For some fancied injury done to their property
on Long Island by the railroad, some individual* on
Saturday night sawed away the support ofa bridge, by
which tne ears, with their passengers, would have
been precipitated into an abyss, and their lives probably
all been sacrificed. There were about one hundred
and fifty passengers in the cars, but the injury
to the bridge was discovered in time to prevent
the danger. The upright timbers on each end were
entirely cutawny with axes, and the bridge left so
as to present no appearance of danger from the road,
and yet to be absolutely unsafe for the passage of
L - * ?frL' f/vr o /ItafiincA nf
many rod* on the rastern aide of the bridge. The
men by whom thie great outrage wna committed,
were about forty in number, and their faces were
t blackened, and their persons otherwise disguised,
i The watchman who discovered them wna aeized by
, them and severely beaten. He escaped, however,
i ao aa to give aeaaoniible notice of what hnd occurred,
, arid thua to prevent, undoubtedly, a great eacrifioe
i of life to the dreadful spirit of revenge,
t ( f'hilailelphia fjtfytr.
I A New York letter aaya?
I The Mexican packet Eugenia cleand yesterday
for Vent Cruz; of course, her owners, who nre the
. Mexican agents and well informed, hava little fear
of war.
Money conlinuea abundant. Notes of the ordi>
nary length, 6 per cent; and some long onee at the
s same.?JBett. Amtrictn.
I
OFFICIAL.
TEXAS MAIL9.
1'o?t Orricit Dspastmsmt,
August 45, lb45.
ChderrJ, That mails be duly made up at New Orleans
and Mobile, and transmitted, by the steamboats
and other vessels in the service of the government,
from those porta to Galveston and Corpus
Cbristi, in Texas, as ulien as mud boats or vessels
ahull perform trips to those plures. Said boats will
be placed under the iron mail-lock, and keys for
said lock will be furnished by said postmasters to
the |K)stmaster of Galveston, and to tlie captains of
stud steamboats or other vessels; also, spare mailbagii.
The postmasters of New Orleans and Mobile will
keep a separate account with the postmaster of Galveston,
or all unpaid postage on mail-matter sent
for delivery at that place. They will keep a separate
account with each captain for like postage on nil
unpuid matter sent by him to Corpua ChrisU, or any
place to which he tnny sail other than Golvealun.
The postmaster of Gulveston will collect, account
for, and nay over to the postmaster of New Orleans,
or Mobile, (as the ruse may be,) all poltnges on mailmatter
delivered by him, not prepaid. And the several
captains aforesaid will, in like manner, collect,
account for, and pay over, where they deliver the
letters, &c.; which delivery they are to make at all
places at which they touch other than Qalventon.
Return mails will be made up and forwarded by
tne posimuscr 01 uaivrsuiii; uiiu iiiau-uiuuer mini
Corpus Christ) and other places, will be received
and brought by the captains aforesaid j which mails
and mail-matter will be delivered into the post office
of New Orleans, or Mobile, as the case may Ire.
(Signed,) C. JOHNSON,
Postmaster General.
EDITOR'S CORRESPONDENCE.
(From our regular correspondent.)
Philadelphia, Aug. 37, 1845.
Meeting the other day, in this city, with some friends
from the interior of the State, who had been brought
here to aid in the election of offirers and in the organization
of the North Branch Canal Company, I have
been led to some reflections upon the internal improvements
of Pennsylvania, and their importance
in a national point of view.
1 may fairly claim, en passant, that this State is
entitled to the credit of being a leader in the great
march of public improvement which has taken place
in this country; for more than eighty years since,
while a mere province of the crown of England,
were the first movements made to introduce the system
within her borders. It is an interesting historical
fact, not generally known, that application
was made to the provincial legislature of Pennsylvania
for authority to open a communication, by
water, between the Schuylkill and Susquehanna
rivers, and a survey made of the routj as early as
the year 1763. In 1791 the "Schuylkill and Susquehanna,"
now known as the "Union canal," was
commenced, and one of the western sections completed
and opened for navigation in 1794. There are
numerous enactments to be found, showing that
our legislators were awake to the importance of
the subject of internal improvement prior to the year
1800. David Riltenhouae, the Pennsylvania "farmer
hoy," und practical mechanic of ripe years,
who learned to read Newton's "Prlncipia" in
what he termed his "idle hours," and who was as
justly entitled to the credit of discovering the rnethed
of fluxions us either Newton or Leihnilz,?David
Riltenhouae assisted in surveying a route very
nearly the same as thatoccupicd by tne present improvements
between Philadelphia and Pittsburg.
He reported "the whole distance of a navigation by
water between the two places to be 426 miles, and a
portage of eighteen miles at Conewaugh." This
excellent man and eminent philosopher diedasearly
us 1796.
It was not, however, until the 4th day of July,
1836?a fit day to commence so glorious an enterprise?that
our State entered upon what is commonly
termed our prtstnl sysltm of internal improvements;
which, for extent, magnitude, and utility,
will stand, when completed, wholly unrivalled in
modern times. Between six and seven hundred
miles of these canals, and nearly two hundred miies
of railway, linve already been finished and opened
by the State I In this estimate I include none of
the numerous works of companies and individuals.
But she found herself, two or three years since, unable
to go on with the extensive projects she had
undertaken. They had been so located as to penetrate
all those portions of the commonwealth, which,
from their known fertility, orgreat mineral wealth,
seemed to require such aid in the development of
Branch canal, running almoat lo the geographical
centre of the Slate, seventy-three milee.
At Wilkeeharre we meet with the worke of the
Lehigh Navigation Company, which, creasing the
Delaware river at Eaaton, unite with tha newly
U1CII .MIU iiiu? many v?j auu.c
thought too many) lines were commenced at once.
When the Stnte win obliged to suspend, measure*
were immediately taken for carrying out the unfinished
works, by invoking individual enterprise
and capital.
The Erie Extension canal, connected with the
Beaver Division, unites the Ohio river, at the town
of Beaver, with Lake Erie, at the excellent harbor
of Erie, in a distance of 135 miles. That portion
called the Beaver Division (thirty miles) had been
completed by the State, and a comparatively small
nmount of work remained unfinished on the Erie
Extension. This was taken hold of by some enterprising
capitalists, and the whole line is now in
profitable ojieration. The Wisconisco feeder, also
unfinished, has been undertaken by a company,
who, like those engaged in the Erie Improvement,
will no doubt reap a rich reward for their expenditure.
Thisfeederis twelve miles in length, and unites
the Ly kens Valley railrond, from thecoul region, with
the Pennsylvania canal at Duncan's island, on the
Susquehanna. Still more recently, the unfinished
portion of the line on the north branch of the Susquehanna
has become the object of individual enterprise,
and will open, in point of mineral wealth, one
of the richest regions of the State?ay ,.I had almost
said, of the world. And it is not more rich in mineral
wealth than in its hardy, industrious, and sterling
democracy. Of this last enterprise, and its great
public utility, I bad intended more particularly to
speak when I embarked on the subject of canals in
this letter.
An inspection of the map will show the Tide-water
canal, commencing at Havre de Grace, on the
Chesapeake bay, anu ending at Columbia, on the
Susquehanna river?a distance of forty-five miles.
Here it connects with the central division of the
Pennsylvania canal, which continues up the river to
Duncan's island. At this place it branches off, up
the Juniatr, to Pittsburg, in one direction, and ascends
the valley of the Susquehanna in another.
The latter is the route we are at present considering.
It is completed up the north branch of the Susquehanna
to Pittston, eight miles above Wilkesbarre,
in the lieautiful and classic vale of Wyoming*
From Pitiston to the northern boundary line of
Pennsylvania, it is more than two-thirds finished?
almost three millions of dollars having been expended
upon the works: this distance is ninety
miles. Thence up the Chemung river to Elmirn,
New York, in some fifteen miles further, also unfinished.
At Elmirn is the Chemung cnnnl, constructed
by the State of New York, running to the Seneca
lake. The lake itself is then navigated about
forty miles, nnd connected from near Geneva with
that great work of De Witt Clinton, the Erie cnnal,
at Montezuma. So that, it will be perceived, when
the section between Pittston and Elmira shall be
finished, there will be, through the heart of the two
great Slates of I'ennsylxania and Jv'ew York, a complete
uninterrupted line qf internal navigation between Chesajteake
bay mul Ijtke Erie, I-ake Ontario, l.ake Champlain,
and their Iributariee; or, os 1 might my, between
the Chesapeake and the whole western world!
Now, as exhibiting a most striking view of the
rapid progress our country is making in the race
general prosperity, let us trace again the line of
interim! improvements I have pointed out, and
make, in detail, its numerous connexions, and the
! immense space over which they spread, like arte
ries in the human frnme, diffusing life and energy
throughout a great and prosperous country.
From Havie de Grace, on the bay, up the valley
of the Susquehanna, to the northern boundary
line of Pennsylvania, is some three hundred miles.
From this to Lake Erie, through the Stneou lake
and the Erie canal, is two hundred and Bixty miles
more?making, in round numbers, a line of communication
between Chesapeake bay and Lake Erie,
five handled and sixty miles in length! Intersecting
and lateral to this line, on our way northward from
the liny, we have, first, at Columbia, the railway
to Philadelphia, eighty-one miles in length. Then,
at Middletown, we find the Union canal connected
with the Schuylkill river at Reading, eighty-two
miles. From Reading, the Schuylkill navigation,
extending some sixty miles further, makes the. line
complete from the Susqurhnnnn river to Philadelphia.
To resume our route: From Middletown,
up the valley of the Susquehanna, we next have,
at Ilarrisburg, the railway through a part of the
fine pld county of Lancaster, to the city of Lancaster,
thirty-five miles. Crossing to the other side of
the Susauehsnna from Hnrrisburg, is the Cumberland
Valley railway (partly finished) to Chambersburg,
fifty miles. Still upward, at Duncan's island,
is the line extending up the Juninta, and across the
Alleghany to Pil'sburg, two hundred and fifiy..?i.,
At Northunilierland diverres the Wrst
improved Morris canal, and make the chain perfect
from Wilkealutrre, on (he north brunch of the Susquehanna,
to the city of New York, one hundred
und ninety-four miles. At Towundu, lirudford
county, a railway some twenty miles in length
penetrates a rich bituminous coalfield, with extensive
beds of iron ore intermingled, like (hose at
Pittsburg. At the State line, near Athena, crossing
the line of navigation we have been pursuing, is the
New York and Krie railway, four hundred and
forty-six miles. This point is about equi distant
between the two extremities of that great work?
Dunkirk, on Lake Erie, and Tuppan buy, on Hudson
river. At Elmos there is ucannexisu, by canal
and railway, with the bituminous coalfields of Tioga
county, Pennsylvania, fifty miles. From Ultnira,
our route proceeds by the Chemung canal, (which
should be enlarged to accommodate the immense
trade that will crowd through it when the remainder
of the line la completed) to the Seneca
lake, twenty-three miles. I his deep, narrow lake,
stretches some forty miles through a beautiful country,
precisely in the requisite direction; and bouts
are easily transported upon it to its outlet at Geneva,
thence, partly through this outlet, and partly through
an artificial route, (which is ulso connected with
Cayuga luke,) to Montezuma, on the Erie canul.
From Montezuma to Albnny is two hundred and
five miles?to Buffalo, one hundred and fifty-nine
miles. These two distances make ilp the whole
line of the Erie canal, connecting Lake Erie and
the Hudson; and may also be embraced in the
lateral and minute survey we are taking. Between
Albany and Buffalo (not overlooking the fact that
Albany is united to Boston by an excellent line of
railwuys) we first meet, nine miles from Albany,
on our way northward, the Champlnin canal, extending
to Whitehall, on Lake Champlnin, seventysix
miles. Then at Rome, the Black Iliver canal
unites with the Erie?running eighty-six miles into
the northern interior of New York. At Syracuse,
the Oswego canal divcrgea to Lake Ontario, thirtysix
miles?passing Moiiiezumn, the point where
the route to Chesapeake bay unites with the Eric
canal. Wo next, at Rochester, find the Genesee
Valley canal, extending to Olean point, on the
Allegheny river, oqp hundred and twenty-two
miles. When we arrive at Lake Eric, the almost
endless navigation of the great northern lakes is before
us. We can reach the ocean through the Gulf
of St. Lawrence, or proceed inland to llie Gulf of
Mexico.
Where, in all the wide world beside, can a similar
exhibition be found? Where, a country so interlaced
with such an extent of artificial internal navigation?
Then consider the commercial, agricultural,
and political improvement in the social condition
of the people, which must inevitably follow
auch privileges! And all these are but part of the
public improvements of two Stales of the American
republic, whose national existence bears date
within the last century! Many of the envious,
growling, foreign tourists describe us as a vainglorious
people. If success intoxicates, surely we may be
pardoned a few airs in witnessing the rapid advance
our country has made in all the elements of
wealth and inducements to prosperity.
1 have generalized so much on this subject, that 1
hesitate somewhat in going back to details again, in
regard to the North Branch canal?the startingpoint
of this desultory letter. The State of Pennsylvania
gives to the company who have undertaken
this work, some fifteen miles of canal already
finished and in operation, from the mouth of Solomon's
creek to Pittston. To this is added the remaining
portion of the line (ninety miles) twothirds
finished?over two and a half millions of dollars
having been expended upon it An exclusive
right to the valley of the Susquehanna for canal or
railway purposes, is another part of their extensive
privileges. The legislature reserved the right to roBume
the work, at the end of forty years, on pnying
the company at the rate of seven per cent, interest
per annum, together with the principal expended
in completing it. Being a link in the great chain
of internal navigation I have attempted to describe,
and the only one which is unfinished?leading also
through Home or the finest anthracite and bituminous
coal regions in the world, directly to a populous and
thriving country where fuel is scarce, and yearly
liecomirig more so?it can hardly be otherwise than
a profitable investment of capital, ns well as a most
valuable public improvement. As n Pennsylvania
democrat, I should have much preferred that the
work had been completed by the State, if she had
the means, rather than it should have fallen into the
hands of a corporation; although I have long been
persuaded that corporate privileges for the purpose
of creating a public highway, was the least objectionable
form the spirit of monopoly could assume?
if, indeed, such a creation can be called a monopoly,
in any proper sense of the term.
STATE OF MAINE.
To the Editor of the Union:
We are just on the eve of an important election,
and, in some respects, the most important of any
State election for many years.
The principles end policy of the new administration
are being developed; the reception of which will,
in some measure, le indicated by the result of this
election; and it is of vital importance to Maine to
sustain that proud position which she holds in the
democracy of the Union, and which she will "endeavor
to deserve." It is her duty to place by the
side of her beloved Fairfield a man of like principles,
that the accidental stain may be wiped from the escutcheon
of her democracy. The county and senatorial
conventions are now being held; and from all
parts of the State we hear of concession, harmony,
union.
The noble sacrifices of the Baltimore convention
are appealed to in matters of apparent discord, and
all feel emulous in following such high arid worthy
examples.
H. J. Anderson, our present worthy governor,
will be re-elected; and decided democratic majorities
in the Senate and House of Representatives. Of
this, there can lie no doubt.
We rejoice that the President is awake to the defence
of our right* in Texas and Oregon, and that
he will not sell out or barter our common country,
as Webster did, in the disgraceful treaty of Washington;
and we trust the Executive will find Maine
as ready to sustain him in defending those rights, as
she was to ask help when her own soil was invaded.
Whatever dissatisfaction there may have been in
some districts, in regard to appointments to office,
all believe the President acts with a sincere desire for
the good of the great whole. The nomination of
Mr. Polk was received in Mnine with n spontaneous
burst of enthusiasm, mellowed and guided by mature
reflection and sound reason during the presidential
canvass; and the utmost liberality and cordial
support will be given his hitherto popular administration.
The "bears of Oxford" nrc now skinning the last
leg of the "same old coon," by nominating for elec
tion to the legislature men who will any to Senator
Evan*, "Give thin man place in the council* of the
nation." L.
Oxford county, August, 1845.
Extract of a letter from u gentleman of Hlmtnt county,
Ea.it Tennessee, to a friend in this city, dated
Ahoust 16, 1845.
, Ex-President Houston haa just left us, having
spent tome two weeks, with hi.* lady, among na.
We gave him a dinner on Thursday last. It was n
most splendid affair. The weather was unfavorable,
in the morning, for a turn-out; still, we had a
crowd of 4,000 or 5,000. 1 never saw hut one larger
assembly. The general made the moat effective
speech, of two houni' length, on the subject of Texns,
I ever heard delivered uy any man. Whigs and
democrats, without distinction, united in doing him
honor; and a more harmonious and better pleased
assembly I have never seen meet and separate.
Houston is a democrat all over; and although he
disclaimed interfering in our party polities, yet the
Texas question naturally caused him, without appearing
to design it, to make some heavy thrusts at
the whig party. 1 much regret to see some of our
democratic papers giving circulation, without comment,
to the productions of letter-writers from Texas,
striking indirectly at Houston. Texas ours, a
more certain course could hot lie adopted to divide
our parly, than for the democratic press to'make
war on Houston. He is a powerful man among
the mnases.
Our State election, as you have heard, has resulted
favorably. How gratifying this must be to our
distinguished President; how gratifying it would
have been to our venerable deported friend at the
Hermitage, had Providence spared his life to have
witnessed the result; and how gratifying it must
lie to the whole democratic |>arty throughout the
Union! J once more feel proud of my Stale.
Giant corn.?Mr. William Crispin, of Marl]
borough farm. Great Timber Creek, N.J., yesterday
I brought to this office some stalks ofcorn, more than
| six inches in circumference, and thirteen feet nine
| incAcj in height. The reader may well manifest1
I surprise, but the statement is nevertheless strictly
1 true Such immense stalks we never saw before.
! Thevexcited no little attention, and were examined
during the day by hundredn. Mr. C. inform* ua
that the only manure uaed wa? about eighty bushel*
of atone lime to the acre. He think* that if the
crop had been intentionally arranged for a "long
crop," and planted at certain diatancea, the produce
would have been over three hundred buahel* to the
acre. Surely the worthy farmer alluded to deservea
the premium for corn. We may confidently challenge
the production of anything auperior.
[Phil. ff*r.
ELECTION RETURNS-STATE LEGISLATURE.
The following named gentlemen constitute the
next Senate of Kentucky :
Dkmockati.?From tfce let district, Titomaa
James. 2d. VVm. Bradley. 8th. Win. N. Marshall.
]8th. Camden M. Ballard. 19th. Geo. C.
Thurman. ill at. Alfred Boyd. 25lh. John Wallace.
26lh. John T. Thomaa. 28th. Samuel F.
Swone. 29th. Hugh Newell. 30th. Still well Heady.
34th. Wm. Conner. 37th. Henry C. Hariii.
38th. Jere. W. South.
Whici.?From the 3d district, Ninian E. Gray
4th. Wm. F. Evane. 5th. J. G. Holloway. 6th.
Samuel E. Carpenter. 7th. B. Mills Crenshaw.
9th. A. S. Brarnblett. 10th. Parker C. Hardin.
11th. Rot. F. Patterson. 12th. Francis Pay ton.
13th. Dillis Dyer. 14th. John L. Helm. 15th.
Pierce Butler. 17th. Walter C. Drake. 18th. G.
C. Slaughter. 20th. John Draffin. 22d. Fountain
T. Fox. 23d. Wm. Chenault. 24th. Jas. S. Henderson.
27th. James F. Bradford. 31st. R. S.
Todd. 32d. Tucker Woodson. 33d. Samuel M.
Taylor. 35th. Win. P. Bayd. 36th. Marshall
Key.
The Kentucky Review, published at Richmond,
Kentucky, says:
"Last session there were twelve democrats and 1
twenty-six whigs in the Senate. This year there 1
are 24 whigs, and 14 democrats?being again of two 1
democrats. In the fourth district, the democrat
was.defeated by 10votes,it is said, by swapping I
in Edmonson. In the twentieth district, although
three democrats were run, Mr. DralTin was ultimate
ly indebted to the democrats of Anderson?Who
regarded him as not much of a whig?for his sue- 1
cess." 1
The following named gentlemen have been elect- J
ed representatives in the lower house of the Ken- ,
tucky legislature : ,
Dkmocrats?-From Hardin?Claiborne Howell. (
Wushinglon?Jesse Moore. Harrison?Lucius De? .
sha, Joseph Shawhan. Campbell?Ira Root. Spencer?Alex.
W. Thomas. Scott?William Gano.
Henry?George R. Pallia. Montgomery?Bellville
J. Peters. Bath?Harrison Conner. Mercer?John '
P. Lapsley. Jlnderson?Randal Walker. Trimble?
Daniel B. Johnson. Oldliam?Thou. A. Rodman. .
Jefferson?Isaac P. Miller. Carroll and Gallatin?
Wm. E. Abbott. Green?Felix Murray, Willinm '
Barnett. Barren?James G. Hardy. Pendleton?
Henry W. Cleveland. Owen?James P. Orr. Cold- 1
well?James Clerk. Butler and Edmonton?A. R.
Gardner. Kenton?John W. Stevenson. Breathitt
and Morgan?George Bowling. Boon?George W.
Braahear. Monroe?John 8. Barlow. JUan?Joseph
C. Whitlock. Pulaski?Milford Elliot. Trigg?
John C. Whitlock. Clay, Perry, and belcher?
Hiram Bagley.
Whigs?franklin?James Harlan. Fayette?
Leslie Coombs, G. W. Darnaby. Hardin?Thos. ,
D. Brown. Flemimg?Leander M. Cox, Dixon I
Clack. Nicholas?Jno. W. Finnell. Bracken? '
David Brooks. Jessamine?Jos. II. McCambell.
Clarke?John C. Hunton. Bourbon?Ezekiel
Thruston, Jeremiah Duncan. H'oodjind?Rich.
G. Jackson. Madison?J. Speed Smith, Salem
Wallace. Mason?Henry Waller, Jns. M. Breeden.
Louisville city?Wm. E. Glover, Hamilton Pope.
Shelby?Shannon Reid, J G. Balee. Boyle?John
Barney. Garrard?Wm. B. Mason. Rockcastle
and Laurel?Elisha Smith. Hancock?Wm. D.
Mayhnll. Daviess?Camden Riley. Jefferson?
Daniel E. Jones. Marion?Cornelius Railey. Lincoln?Benj.
F. Purdom. Barren?Wm. C. Whimsett.
Casey?Thos. S. Speed. Russell?Shelby
Stone. Cumberland and Clinton?David R. Haggard.
Grant?Lewis Myers. Nelson?Henry Gore, {
A. G- Baits. Bullitt?James Coombs. Mair?John
O. Wheat. Warren?Joseph R. Underwood. Lewis?
U. R. McKellup. Todd?Robt. E. Glenn. Graves?
R. L. Mayes. Logan?Robt. C. Bowling, Eli Orndorff.
Simpson?Alfred M. Willinms. Knox and
Harlan?James spams. urecKtnruige?jotepn
Smith. Christian?Roger P. Kelly, Isaac H. Evans.
Greenup?Saml. Beaton. Meade?Win. Alexander.
Wayne?Milton Mills. Ballard and MeCracken?
Win. Thomaa. Knox and Harlan?James Sparks. .
Floyd, Pike, and Johnson? Jos. H. Layne. lVhtflry*+J.
W. Browner. Woodford?Richard P. Jackson. (
DEMOCRATIC NOMINATIONS IN MARYLAND.
'
We take the following liat of democratic nominees
from the Annapolis "Star" of the 36th inat:
Poa Congress.?1st district, H. G- S. Key.
2d do. Thoa. Perry. 3d do. Thoa. Watkina Ligon.
4th do. Wm. Fell Giles. 5th. Albert Constable.
For House or DEi.iastts.?Jinn Arundel
county?John 8. Tyson, Jamea Morris, Wm. B.
Choirs, Jamea Murray, Alexander Franklin. Cecil
county?Wm. R. Maffitt, Noble Pennington, Richd.
C. Holloday, Andrew Orr. Caroline county?Robt.
T. Kaene, Richard C. Carter, Robt. B. Culbreth.
Harford county?Wm. B. Stephenson, Benedict H.
Hanson, Henry H. Johna, Abraham J. Street.
Talbot county?Philip F. Thomas, Benj. M. Bowdie,
Sprdden Oram, Jr. Carroll county?JtCob
Grove, Martin Kroh, Geo. W. Manro, David Hope.
Baltimore county?Jamea Carroll, jr., John B.
Holmes, TI108. Hall, Nathan H. Ware, Levi K. 1
Bowen. Allegany county?Jeremiah Berry, John
H. Patterson, John Swan, Jas. M. S- hley. Queen 1
Anne county?Charles McAlister, James Baxter, 1
Jacob W. Legg. 1
KENTUCKY ELECTJONS. !
As near as we can now make it, the following is J
about the whig majority in this State, as shown by ,
the recent congressional returns:
Whig majorities. Democratic majorities. ,
McIIenry, C97 Boyd,? 2696 t
Gridcr, 1175 Tibbalta, 252
Bell, 79
Young, 255 2948
Thomasson, 423 'Butler and Owsley's i
Davis, 710 vote?no opposition i
Trumbo, "48 this year.
V/bite's district, 2900 I
6297 I
2948 i
3349 <
Allowing the same s>ain in Bovd's district this ?
year, which we- have made in other district*, it '
would decrease the majority in the Stale to about 1
3,000. Hut leaving it na it la, without any increaae 1
in that district, arfawe have gained on Col. Cutler's '
vote, which left us behind 4,634, twelve hundred
and seventy-five, or aboat 35 per cent.; and we have
reduced Mr. Clay'e majority in November from
9,369, being a gain of 5,718. There have been poll- '
ed in the State, as near as we can make it by the re- c
turns in, the following vote:
Whig. Democratic, t
1st district 4531 7317 1
3d " 6070 5377 '
3d " 5511 4336 c
4th " 5938 5849 1
5th " .6334 5869 1
6th ' 6776 4094
7th " 6033 5590
8lh " 5819 5109
9 th " 5831 5673 ?
10th " 6866 7118
59,369 56,233 *
56,332 =
3,137 I
The first district is put down from the governor's t
vote last year, there being no congressional opposi- <
tion this year. In the other districts we have taken t
the vote of last August in Clinton county in the 4th
district, Owsley in the 6th district, Carter in the 9th
district, and Orant in the 10th district. It is within
a few votes of correct, no doubt. It will thus be
seen, that while the whig* have increased only about
100 over their November vote, and about 600 over
their last August vols, the democrats have increased '
their vote over Col. Butler's, the largest ever given
by them before in the State, about 1,300; and over <
the presidential vote in November, about 5,300. It 1
will also be seen we are atill on the increase; and '
with upwards of fifty-six thousand democrats for a
capital to operate upon, We do not fear but they will <
ultimately proatrale whigery in the State. <
[ Kentucky Ytoman.
The Nifw Voaa Murder.?A great sensation
has been produced in New York, in relation to the
alleged suicide of Sophia Smith, in Chambers street, ~
and the impression is eery prevalent that ahe was
foully murdered. Quilt of the deepest dye rests somewhere;
and the police authorities are busily en
gngrd in their inquiries. The Herald truly remarks s
that the facts in the case are certainly eery remark- ?
able and mysterious, and are utterly irsec.oncilahle c
with the supposition that the poor girl committed I
suicide. In the first place, the body was found ly- ?
ing on the floor of the bed-room, perfectly divested
of clothing. That, of itself, is almost sufficient to
prove that it was not a suicide. Even the most
abandoned female, if determined to commit the act
of self-destruction, would shrink with horror from
the idea of leaving her person exposed in this (
manner. But, again, the door was not locked. Is
not this further evidence that the girl did not die
bv her own hand > Is it at all within the bounda (
of probability that ahe could have deliberately i
set about the work of aelf-deatruetion, and yet
have taken no precaution against being inter- '
rupted, nnd her purpose defeated, by some one
of the numerous inmntea of the house entering
her apartment? But the ap|>ean?nce of the body
presented most indubitable evidence that other
hands than her own deprived her of life. In the
first place, a piece of inuslin, several yards in
length, nnd two or three inches broad, was found
eluded firmly in her throat and mouth; then around
her neck a bandage of musliu, that had been previously
soaked in water, was bed firmly,after having
been tolled round six or seven times, a handkerchief
was tied around her he^d and chin; in her right
hand was a knife unstained by blood, and graa|>ed
in euch a maimer as left little room to doubt that it
was pluced there after death; and the marks of a
few recent punctures were discovered on the abdomen.
Now is it at all possible that the various acta
which we have described could huve been committed
by the girl herself? The gagging atone was sufficient
to produce death. The punctures in the abdomen
must have been before the gagging or the application
of the bandage around the neck; hut how
could the knife have been still retained in the hand?
The idea of suicide is ridiculous in the extreme.
Tiie girl woe murdered.?thiladilyhxa keytlont.
Weak or railkoad ikon has lieen the fruitful
subject of discussion for some time pnet between
two rival companies in this State. We extract from
the Railroad Journal the following communication
U|k>ii the subject, which may help some of the disputants
to form a correct conclusion:
"My attention has been called to an article in the
lournul of the 31st,ult., entitled ' Wear of Railroad
Iron,' which seems to prove that the present iron in
joe will not hear a heavy traffic for any length of
:ime The writer of this article takes the iron used
in the Lowell railroad, and says that this iron is of
die most approved pattern, viz: the H, weighing 56
be. per yard; and goes on to state that the company
fiave found it necessary to take up and renew the
rails, after having borne but 420,000 tons; and there
fore acts down 500,000 tons as the maximum which
run of that weight will l>ear.
"I will just give the comparison between theLow'.II
anil the Philadelphia and Reading roads; and take
lliat portion of the road extending from Pottstown
to Reading, a distance of 17 miles. This track was
first used in 1837, and there has been transported
aver one track, from that time to the present, the
following amount of freight, including passengers,
merchandise, and coal:
"Total tonnage up to Dec. 1841, 70,740 tons.
Do " " 1849, 98,068 "
Do " " 1843, 338,000 "
Do " " 1844, 507,608 "
Do " July 31,1845, 421,386 in coal.
Total tonnage, 1,436,402
"Showing more than three limea the amount transported
over the Lowell road, and yet it has not
oeen found necessary to renew or tear up this track.
This track is laid with T rail, and weighs 51 lbs.
per linear yard. The second track of this road is
aid with the best T rail weighing 61 lbs. per yard;
with the exeeptioti of the aforesaid 17 miles?and
with the experience already had, there is no doubt
Itut that ten times the above can be rolled over the
road, without destroying the rail. Instead of the H
pattern being the most approved, it is just the contrary,
as it is abandoned altogether on all modern
roads, both in England and in this country."
[Phil. Ledger.
Circassia.?A letter from St. Petersburg, in the
Courrier dea Etats Unis, from which the New
York Evening Post translates the following, states
that, so far from having experienced a new reverse
in the Caucasus, the Russian army has possessed
itself of a post, the occupation of which is very important
for their operations in the mountains. The
Circassians, to the number of three thousand, have
suffered severe losses, and three of their chiefs have
fullcn into the hands of Count Waronzoff.
It is certainly not impossible that the Russian
army of operations, consisting of 75,0110 men, may ,
have obtained some partial success; but letters from
Tiths render it certain that the plan of the campaign ,
has faded, and that the line has been broken by the j
Circassians. Count Waronzoff, though an indif- (
fercnt military leader, is not destitute of adminis- ,
trative talents. He has introduced order in the
army, but has not succeeded in infusing into the
Russian soldier?a slow marcher, and an automaton
in manoeuvring?the qualities necessary to fit him
for successful mountaineer warfare.
Besides other disadvantages in this contest, Russia
has against her the reminiscences of her own
government in Caucasia; for among her most formidable
and desperate enemies, she finds the population
of those districts that she has once had under
her control. They know, by dreadful experience,
that death with anns in hana is preferable to Russian
domination. And hence that desperate and
determined resistance which the love of independence,
great aa it is among all mountaineers, does
not suffice to account for.
Napoleon's Treatment of Ladies at the Imperial
Colnt?Towards ladies, especially those
uf his court, his conversation was inelegant in the
highest degree?often, indeed, harsh and ira|>crti- 1
nent. Louis XIV, the proudest monarch of his I
lime, never spoke to a lady unless hat in hand; i
but Napoleon's manners were different; he over- i
whelmed both old and young with questions regarding
their ugc.and their faults, and insulted them by I
the rudest remarks: "You are a iiule fool I" "You <
?re always ill-dressed!" "You nrp already old!"
'There you come again witty the same gown!" ]
'Your skin is dark and coarse!"?were speeches o( I
i r.hnrartor ton oft on MihlroRHod to (lofonr.n.loft.M
ivomen, forced to submit in silence to the rudeness 1
>f enthroned vulgarity. I
Nothing can better illustrate this statement than
Napoleon's treatment of Madame do Chevreuse. This
lady (one of the ladies of the palace?dame
la palais) was young, lively, and hundsome; and,
>8 pretty women occasionally presume on auch advantages,
o little addicted to raillery. She had, I
however, very red hair; nnd the Emperor, wishing i
:o punish her for some witty remark, and thinking
:hat the obnoxious color of ner ringlets might be a
lore point, called attention to it at a partv, saying,
'What shocking red hair you have, Madume de
Chevreuse." The lady courtesied deeply, and aniwered
with great quickness, "I may possibly have I
cd hair, but your Majesty is the first gentleman
vho ever told me so." The.s|>eech was too good
o escape attention, and Madame de Chevreuae was
janished to the distance of forty leagues from Paris.
A new paper, called "The Piketonian," has just
>een issued at Piketon, Ohio. The editor says
if it:
"The PUbttonian is edited and published by Samlei
Pikr, at PiArclon, Pikt county, Ohio, upon the
urnptAr which crosses the Scioto river, abounding
villi the most delicious fish called jiike; and that the
mutt-house in the said PiActon, Pike county, on the
urnpiAr, has a noble pike as a vane, to show that
he wind blow* in favor of Pike nil the time'."
DIED,
On Tuesday evening, August 26ih, at the Convent
if the Visitation B. V. M., Georgetown, D. C., .
VIRGINIA, daughter of Mujor Gen. Ytinfield
Icott, U. 3. army, in the 24th year of her age.
COLLEGIATE SCHOOL ?This school will be
rc-openetl in the new building on 4} street, (beween
Pennsylvania avenue and C street,) on Monlay,
1st September. Circulars containing terms,
kc., may be had by applying to the principal at the
ichool-rooms.
Aug. 28?2w C. W. FECKS, Principal.
MAGNETIC TELEGRAPH.
Third, fourth, and fifth instalments.
THE subscribers to the stock of the Msgnetic
Telegraph Company are hereby notified to pay,
it the office of Corcoran & Riggs, in the city of t
w nsnmgiun, nil inmaiuicn? v? ?u ^n?. w
lubacriplions, by the 10th day of September next; a
urlher instalment of 30 per cent, by the lit day of
October next; and a further instalment of 20 par
sent, by the lat day of November next.
w. w. corcoran,) trililpm
b. b. french, j 1 n,?eeaAug.
28?1 wn&lwS&O <
, [Nat. Int.] t
Household and kitchen furni- .
TURE AT AUCTION ?On Friday next,
he 29th instant, at half-past 10 o'clock a. tn., we .
hall sell at the house occupied by Mr. John West, I
in the south aide of Pennaylvania avenue, near the I
orner of fith street, n quantity of household and i
citchen furniture, amongst which are the following
irticles: . r
Mahogany sofa, mahogany sideboard c
Mahogany dining nnd other tables
Clwirs, crockery, and glassware
Bedstead#, beds, washMtands, toilet sets, Ac.
With a variety of other articles, and an assortment
?f kitchen furniture.
Also, several |?ira offancy Canary birds. I
Terms of sale: All sums of and under $2.r>, cash; v
iver #95, a credit of 60 days, for approved endor- ?
led notes, bearing interest. '
r. W. dyer A co., 4
\ugust 97?d Auctioneers.
By this evening's southern moil.
Kran thsNew Orleans Bw, Aug 31.
Military Movembnts Major Gaily* company
of volunteer artilleriata will be mustered into the
service of the United States this morning, at 10
o'clock, at the arsenal of the company, on at Peter
street. At 4 o'clock p. m., they will march on
board of the First Municipality ferry-boat, which
will convey them to the steamship Alabama, lying
at the barracks below the city. The volunteers
will be escorted to> the Levee by the remaining
members of the battalion of artillery, who will fire a
parting salute to their compatriots in arms, who
ure about to abandon the peaceful haunts of a city
life, for ilie glorious excitement of the martial
camp.
Capt. Fomo's company of Native American Volunteer
Artillery left the Washington armory yeeterdav.
at 2 nVlnelr n m for the lanr rolliin
Press, which haa been temporarily engaged by the
government Tor their accommodelioa. They made
a moat imposing military appearance aa they marched
through the city.
These two companies of volunteera are compoeed
of aa fine a body of young men an were ever muttered
into the service of this or any other government.
We proiniae nny luckless foe they should
chance to encounter, that they will find them first
in the charge, and laat in the retreat.
The two volunteer artillery companies will be under
the command of Major Qnlly, and will leave on
board of the steamship Alabama, together with aix / Vj
companies (B, C, F, U, H, and I) of theTth infantry
of Umtod Stales troops, officered by Captaina
Lee, Seawell, Moore, llnwkins, and Holmes; and
Lieutenants Brilton, Hopson, Humber, Page, Gatitt,
and Dana. Surgeon Craig, of the 7lh regiment, aocom|>anies
the expedition.
Correspondence of the Mo II* Herald and Tribune, Aug. 23.
U. 8. Navy-Yard, Pensacola,
Aug. 90, 1845.
Dear Sir: I have hardly time before the close of
our mail to-day, to inform you of the arrival of the
loop-of-wnr John Adatns, and steamers Princeton
and Mississippi.
The John Adams came in on the 18Ut inst., and the . >
steamers yesterday?officers and crew all in firstrate
fighting order.
Our bay, just now, presents a magnificent view
and a warlike appearance, notwithstanding several
ships of the squadron are absent in the Gulf.
The home squadron, under the command of Commodore
Conner, comprises the following vessels:
Frigate Potomac, steamers Mississippi and Princeton,
sloops John Adams, St. Mary's, Falmouth,
and Saratoga, brigs Lawrence, Somers. and Porpoise?making
ten in all. The frigate John Adams,
steamers Princeton and Mississippi, and brig Porpoise,
are riding at anchor in our bay; the rest are
absent.
The Potomac is now being repaired by means of
a submerged box; but, as yet, the extent of her defects
are not known. Should she not be made seaworthy,
however, in due time to "respond" to the
call of Mexico, it is surmised that Commodore Conner
wilt hni.it bin brnail nennsnl nn Iwtard lh* Tnhn
Adams.
The Iroops stationed at our forts am under orders
for Texas; and so soon as they can procure the necessary
facilities of transportation, they will set sail
under convoy of one or both of the steamers, Princeton
and Mississippi. Our inability heretofore to furnish
ships with immediate and adequate supplies,
has been a subject of much complaint; but 1 am happy
to say, we are now prepared for any and all
emergencies which may hereafter arise. There ia
but one thing needful now to make this a yard of
great importance?and that is no less an item than
the construction of a dry dock. 1 am aatiafied, however,
that the indefatigable intereat which our commandant
takes in the promotion of his country's
good, will not fuil to excite its attention upon tnat
subject, and if it can be possitile ever to get a dry
dock here, it will be during his administration, or
not at all. Yours, B.
Naval.?The United States schoonsrOn-ka-hy-e,
Lieut. Commanding Sinclsir, sailed yesterday for
Corpus Christi, with despatches from ths United
States government.
[Xbrfolk Beacon, Jlugmt 87.
French a-np Italian languages.
?Monsieus S. Chastom respect/felly returns
his grateful acknowledgments to his patrons j
for their kind patronage and support. In compliance
with the wishes of many of ins friends and pupils,
Mona. C. desires to state that ha intends to
make Washington, Georgetown, and Alexandria,
the places of his labors and permsnant residence.
Day classes for ladies, and evaninga for gsntlamer^
are now forming. Pupils desirous of joining them,
are respectfully requested to apply soon, or send
their namea as below.
The days of attendance for ladiaa, will be Mondays,
Wednesdays, and Fridays, from half-past
a o'clock, a. th., till 1, p. m.j and the erasing
for young gentlemen, from 3 o'clock, p. m.,
till o, and from half-past 6 o'clock till 9 for adults.
N. B. The days and hours for private tuition
being fixed, the lessons to be paid for, whether taken
sr not by the learners.
The Chartonian system is n course of practical
pronunciation and conversational language for tho
earners alluded to.
Personal application to Mons. Charton to be
made at Mrs. Wise's, on F street, between 11th
md 12th streets.
Aug. '40?eoaaiNEW
MUSiC,
THE following new music it thia day received
and for tale at a reduced price, et the old established
music and stationery etore, Pennsylvania
tvenue, two doors east of 12th street.
WM. FISCHER.
Erin's Daughter, music by Cbas. Jeffreys.
Constancy; music by an amateur.
When slumber's pinions o'er me play; Balfe.
Oh! It was not my own native land; by W. F.
Brough.
Moonlight is sleeping; music by A. Phillips.
Kate O'Shane; by Geo. Linley.
Tne heart's despair; music by H. S. Saroni.
However bright the sea to-night: by Balfe.
Love strong in death; by J. H. Hewitt.
Woman's heart; music by Balfe.
La Madagascarina, grand vslse; by Blessner.
Degobert, grand mil. gallop; by Blessner.
Pas de Deux de la Peri; by Bergmuller.
The gondolier; by Chaulieu. ,
On the mountain high, (Swiss air;) by Schubert.
Peri Quadrilles; by Musard.
Fairy bell waltz; by Edw. Howe, jr.
Trorial waltz; by H. Knecht.
Tulip waltzes; by Beethoven.
Arlington waltzes; by J, H. Hewitt. ?
Charlotte waltz; by Austin Phillips.
Italian waltz; by De Begnis.
Aug. 28
FRESHl'AMILY groceries.
WE have just opened a well-selected stock of
groceries, worthy the attention of purehaters,
consisting, in part, of the following, viz:
9 hhds. sugars, prime and medium
6 I Mixes best loaf sugars
8 barrels crushed and powdered sugar*
10 barrels clarified sugars, suitable for preserving
Fresh imperial, gunpowder, and young hyson teas
40 bags coffee, assorted kinds
5 bags fresh toasted white coffee
25 boxes cheese, fine for retailing
3,000 Iba. hog round bacon
6 barrels No. 1 lard
u*xira, aupetnne, and tamily Hour
Orleana molasaes and airupa, several kinds
Coarse and line salt, in sacks
50 packets Saliua salt, suitable for dairy and
able use
Fresh rice, and fresh {round spices
Sperm oil, and sperm candles
Superior cigars, and chewing tobacco
With every variety of fresh family groceries, at
imall advances from cost.
LEWIS A HOLLAND.
We urgently call upon all who have not respond:d
to our late call, and settled their bills rendered, to
10 so without any more delay, ?? w? must close
>ur outstanding bills. L..A H.
August 27?Vtif
AGUERREOTYPE PLATES, CHEMICALS,
Ae.?The undersigned has received 1
"rom New York a full assortment of Chemicals,
Plates, and Cases, which he will sell upon very
easonahle terms for cath.
Also received 50 ounces Sulphate Quinine, Valeianaie
Uuininc, Citrate of Iron, and Quinine Saliine.Ac.
THOMAS P. MORGAN,
Aug 23?3lif near Seven Buildings.
WANTEDON LEASE,
FOR a term of years, ft?r which the rent will be
paid in advance, a large dwelling-house for a
irivate residence, finished in the best style, and proided
with every convenience. Possession to be
tad immediately. Apply to W. G. 8NETHEN,
ittorney at law, Missouri avenue, between 3d and
11 Hirerta.
Aug. 96?31
A

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