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The daily union. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1845-1857, February 14, 1846, Image 1

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I g^TH) BY THOMASRn-CH. j ^dl
I TH<J-MAS RJTCH1K A JOHN 4* 11K1SIJ, fl * ? ||m /JM } I |)| >? II TJIDDEKfi for dmiI-wtvicc in th? 8'?u of Mi?I
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,4 , b CO PCMmcxu u lo eaUbJiab, if Cl all, A daily moil on
'- '. ttSE : Sjj VOLUME 1. ?LiBim, th? iinio?, and th* ooK.Tmmo?." NUMBER 211) " *>*" ""< g.r hobbili.
rut oi ib? kubtcripttna b? n?? ? i ??? ?? ? A CARD
111.._iLit .uNocribaro m?> fur**. J <i womf bj Uiur ih. ^ , i in . . i .. - LoUmmn't (^.Smtionai) Haiti, 6tk Unit.
...ii-voa ulitck will !> paid b> UM, and all ruk a?auia?d
[?.~ii in tu raft wauiuiiruop
Th? cauiurjr papur will b? publlrlied tri waekly dm- o
?j j.? M*<ia*? of Cgrfi?u, tiid ?#ml-w*?kly during Ike ?
" jtscrilwra will baeotihad hum ukyt in advance of the ?
(km wk?a Ikcu eutociiptioiiv will aapir*. |
Aulwcriptiua* for 11 urio.l 1??? ihnn year will bo recalv- |
oJon l?riu? piopultlunad tu tho <l.?v# *l...u?l rati
A po??ni**ter'e certificate of lamitUncoo in , *g aont fut
Mb*ril]^iune Or oiivvrtieumouU will boo tufliciv.it li'C?i|<l I
Ui?i?ii)i Tk* aolae of any epicic paying bauk will kit i
Cllvtd. .
Twelrc Iiom. or 1cm, threa lutaiUun* $1 00 ,
k?ary additional luaortiou 10 ,
uiini wiltorttMiwonU charged in proportion.
A liT.trol diocouul nod* to Ikooo wko advartia* by tha ,
!"?' I
. or ohio, j
in I'll StnaU, Jmnumry dG, l&lli.?On lite rclnUono of
ilie poweraof Europe to liio guveniuienu on the b
American coounont.
'l'ho donate having agreed to proceed to the con- o
tidcrauon of the motion of Mr Allem for leave to K
introduce certain reoolutionn concerning the rein- jj
liona of the powera of Europe to the government* on
tbe Amnricnn continent, and the queaiion being upon li
granting the leave raqoaatod? P
V Mr. Calmoom reinarbad that ha did not know j[
Whether it wai material or not lhat the diacuaaion ,,
Mould take place on the motion pending, or on ilia a
merit e of the resolution nee If. He had na idea that "
the Senate would adopt the reeolution. Butofitwaa *
tbe detire 10 go on with the diacuaaion now, he had n
no objection. w
Mr. ALLEN. 1 entertain the aame deaire I ex- *
preasetl el Hie time 1 inked leave to introduce the ,,
resolution, that the resolution be received and referred
to the Commitaee on Foreign Helauone. That
wee my deetre, and no other, Being up, however, r
end without intending to go into any of the many Q
matte re mentioned the other day in justification of ri
my own ceuree, I will make eome remarks and read '
from ?<'t?? booke. The first objection of the aanator
(rot* South Carolina [Mr. Calhoun I to the in- ,|
trodiplion of thie resolution, waa the principle! (
rj,e?i*elvea embraced in the reeolution. Afterwards,
however, he made another objection, which wai ,|
pireonal to myself; and it ie to the latter objection (;|
jhit 1 propose to mnke a few obeervatione to the Jj
Senate. The objection of the senator wee, that I M
had taken on myeelf, (I use hie own language,) on (>|
oy own individual responsibility, to preernt to the
cooaideralion of the Senile, in the form of a joint aj
resolution, a subject which, among others in the ^
President's message, had been already referred to (jl
the Committee on Foreign Relations; and the sena- w
tor from South Carolina ttemtd?F will not say Hud ^
?seemed to have a deaire to excite eome unkindneaa
ageinst me in the committee us an individual, or ex- Cl
hibit me an having treated them with diercepect, by a|
not consulting them as to the propriety of the reso- r,
lution. Thie was clearly an inference which every
senator drew from the remark of the senator from c|
South Carolina. Now, sir, it ia to this personal al- n
luvion madg by the senator that I will ofler a few |(
obeervatione. n
In the first place, I did, in this particular, what (j
the uniform practice of the body has permitted, and ,j
whet the members of thie body have uniformly ^
practised from the foundation of the government,
and no more. As n member of the Committee on ^
Foreign Relatione, 1 lime no right, nor acquire any ^
right, aa an individual senator. 1 loae no right Q
which I had before of introducing to the conaideralion
of the Senate any subject which my judgment ?
may indicate aa proper to be introduced. As n v
matter of right, then, 1 aak the senator from South ,j
Carolina whether I have not a right to move this p
resolution? and 1 aak him to answer the question j
definitely. j,
Mr. Calhoun. The eenator will proceed.
Mr. Allen. 1 deaire to be answered now, be- |(
fore proceeding further. g
Mr. Calhoun. I will answer when I think prop- ?
er 'e
Mr. Allen. The term tar will not reply. But! ,j
sy I had a right?I say my honorable colleagues, ,|
each one, had a right to introduce the resolution, if
they had thought proper to do so. I nay every ,,
senator on this floor has a similar right, and the j,
practice of the government from its foundation to ?
this moment given the right. And what has been ?
the case during thie very session ? The various r
portions of the President's message have been re- n
fcrred to the several standing committees?the ,j
whole .natter relating to Oregon, and to what course j,
the government ought to tuke with regard to the
claim of Great Britain, has been referred to the j.
Commute on Foreign Relations?yet, notwithstandmg,the
senator from Indiana [Mr. Hanneoan) in- j
traduced a resolution on the subject, and had the u
right to do so. The senator from South Carolina (]
himself introduced a reeolution on the same subject, n
and had the right. And can any man rise here to t
rsinsay the right? Not one. Where, then, is the ?
difference in the cases ? There is no difference in H
the case?none whatever. And the effort, if it was a
designed to excite unkindness towards me on the e
part of my honorable friends on the committee, by
a personal allusion to me on thie floor by the sena- ^
lor from South Carolina, the effort, I believe my f,
colleagues will bear me out in saying, has utterly |,
failed. But let us look into the books, for books j.
are terrible things for men of short memories and '
devious WflVH. It should he remembered hv the
Senate that in the year 1840 there was between the t
fovernment of the United Stales and that of Great e
Iriiain a difficulty arising out of the fact that an
American vessel, in passing from one to another
of the ports of the United States, had been driven
by stress of weather into a British port in
the West Indies; and, pending this matter,
the senator from South Carolina?and 1 will not say
"look" on himself?took "the responsibility"?because
I do not intend to use terms of implied reproach,
as he has done?but I will say that the senator
from South Carolina, as a senator, and not as
the chairman ofa committee, rose on this floor, and
introduced the subject here for the deliberation of
this body. And in what form did he introduce it?
In the form of a series of resolutions declaring the
law of nations to the wholo civilized world. Yea,
he called on the Senate of the United States to lay
down and to prescribe to the world what the law of
nations should be in the interpretation of the American
government! Yos, sir; the resolutions of the
honorable senator were met, not at the threshold?
no man then supposed that the honorable senator
was transcending the limits of propriety?his motion
was not met at the threshold with any objection
to the recaption of his resolutions, but upon the discussion
which arose upon the passage of the resolutions,
a distinguished senator from Kentucky, now
not here, intimated that although ho hud no objection
to the resolutions, yet he did not exactly see the
necessity for the expression of the views of tho Senate
of the United States on what he regarded as
abstractions. What reply did the senator from
Kentucky receive to that objection? What reply
did he receive to the question? Are you going to
war to enforce the doctrine you propose this day to
lay down in the form of a law of nations? What
response did he then receive to this objection from
the senator from South Carolina? I will read you
the response, at least (hose parts of it that apply to
this matter. And here permit me to say that theae
resolutions lay down principles even broader than
those laid down in the resolution now before the
Senate Making the most of it, the language of this
resolution applies only to two continents, Europe
.ami America; but his law was to extend to tne
mouth of the Thames and the banks of the Ganges
His law of nations would have been found amid the
tcciiergs of the north pole, nnd under the hunting
sun of the equator. His resolutions would have
been enforced wherever there was water and wind
enough to float nn American vessel, especially if
no ii in luvn on beam. Ilia resolutions were, |
then, surely" a* comprehensive a* mine. Mine j
cover only one-half of the world; hia covered the |
wholeterreatri.il globe. Mine apply l? land only. ,
hia applied both to aea and land. The argument of ,
the gentleman, from which I am about to read, was
in answer to the objections raised by the senator |
from Kentucky. Let ua hear how he dealt with |
those objection*. ,
Mr. A. here read the following extract from Mr. |
Caihocw's speech on the occasion, aa reported in (
the "Congressional Globe:" ,
He admits that there would time been no impropriety in '
introducing them, had there been spending negotiation, hut I
thinks there is, because the British niioitter had cloted the (
door of negotiation. He (Mr. C) took the very opposite
view, rending the negotiation, and before the derision was *
known, the preprints of a movement of tht kind would, to <
Of I he least, he doubtful; t.uf now that It bat been made i
andjustice refused, alienee would be eonetrued into an ,
, abandonment of the claim of our oitirena, and an acqnie>.
, ceneo in the dangerous principla on whic.h It was rejected
I It was to repel ...ch infereece that he de.ired to take the I
sense of the Vneto. If the reeolntiens should sweatee dhe
U vote of ths body, it would h.ep olive the claim; ami, whot
*" 'till mora inn, urtant, rebut any inferred abandonment I
I the principle on which it reate. Ho hoped that it nor#
.ouhi beeuiirndeied JuilmtUuil uurllJt, and If w
eunol succeed in establishing It now thru i> iw rmxi
i hy We Ifi?) net hereafter He trusted tliot the stiong r?
rateiou of opinion |>y the Senate, which he this day antic]
tod, woo I* I rouse til attention to the aobjsdl Hull nigh
' ad to t happy termination ol a controversy which root'
lot t>? aafeiy kept open. Be that aa it muy, it ia our duty t
nainlain our ground. If w e now ylaid if the Seuute about
fuse to act on lha roeolutioua or rotathcui down, we em
rider both right and principle.
Ha would appeal to lha .Senate, and I >k if It ii ready I
oy that the rignte of the South to the great mate of ita irro|
rty that whf'h elitera ao drop!) into their political an
tociai Inatilutione, and on ih. maint' nance ol which no
ruly their wealth and their proeperity, but peace and tafol
lepcud ahaii ha outlaw rd. auil placed beyond the pale 1
iroteciioul la IIprepared to diatloguiah between thia at.
ieery other JracripUon of property, ao u to leave thi
done undefended' The Bnliab minister acknuwludgee tha
.'unipenaalioa ought tu bo made for every wilier .'eacuptio
luder ainallir circumstances, ami placet the diatjnclion b<
area thia and etberi on grounds Utal to He existence, if I
e edutitted Ii the right I That ie the question, end ar
ou ready to say so bj your vottsl 1/ to, it it lino w
huuid know ft; and If oat, wa ahowid ape ah out plainly an
"He had not auppoaed that thare watt ar.cni)er "t Ih
odv that would be erabarrraaed by tha iciolutlon, on tb
OuLrsry. be nau lk*? " would have l-een pica*#
nth lha opportunity, in A data to ?!,or'* and clear, of n
online their votes in our favor, and etaii3idg r>> 1!* 00
large of the subject?though he introduced them
at oa from that committee, but had them referred
i it, juat as I now propose lo do with regard lo the
isoiuuona now before the Senate?and having unergone
a alight modification, which went to limit
le extent of jurisdiction, they were reported back
y the Committee on Foreign Relations, and were
aaaed by the unanimous vote of the Senate of tha
fniled Statea. Here I find the vote: "Yens?Allen,
te. Nay a?none." Now, this was upon a point
f maritime law?that law by which the British
in pi re la sustained far more than by that thing
rliich ia called the British constitution?that law
vhieh holda her vast commercial system together?
hat maritime law was to be affected by this interrelation
of it. But it was all harmless then!?nay,
he senator from South Carolina was so ardent 111
is advocacy of the resolutions, that he took occaion
lo call on all other parts of the Union to come
3 their support, claiming especial credit for the
louth?that is the word?for having gone- into two
urn upon what he was pleased to call more north'
rn than southern questions. You have hrnrd, in
he extract just read, how the senator had spoken ol
lie gallant devotion of the South?how they had
crlled everything they held dear?that they were
Iways rcudy to fight?and therefore he called upon
II to come and stand up wiih the South in defence
f the resolutions, and sustain this great southern
uesiion, fight or no fight. Ail tins was peifecily
igbt then. But it seems to he quite wrong in im
ow. But nobody complained of the senator. 1
id not complain of it then. 1 do not complain o
: now. But 1 do eomnlaut of the unheard-of. tin
arnllcled course which Kc has undertaken to pursut
n regard to me, particularly in thia buaine?s.
And now for another precedent. I will not un
ertake to read this long speech of the senator
rhich teems with more matter calculated to exciti
lie wrath of Great Britain than nil the speeches
tade on this floor since?a speech which went intc
he social organization of the British empire, dis
ected her population, and held it up as compri
ing so much slavery and so much freedomspeech
that denounced her for holding one
ighthofthe human race in subjection as bear nstha
a which a certain class of persons in the South art
ield?a speech more calculated to stir up the win
eeling than any ever delivered or likely to be. de
ivercd on Oregon. The condition to which Eng
nd had reduced poor Ireland was glowingly tie
acted by the senator in that apeech-, the wretchec
ondition of her own people at home was por
rayed; and the great mass of the population of thi
rnpire were denominatrd slaves, all slaves, wit!
he exception of some three or four hundred thou
and in England, who held the elective franchise
Jut I go not into that; and, let me repeat, that 1 di
lot indulge in these reminiscences by way of cen
ure. I state these things in order that the languag
ind apirit of the senator himself may justify m
gainst that very senator's censure now. But
vill go to other authorities?to cases that, fortu
.-.-i? c_ .1,. i. ,
II.lC.jr IUI ll.O, u.uc. ... ........ j,
;nsett that look directly to the principle! involved ii
his resolution?both cases occurring in the Hous
>f Representatives, when there were, perhaps, n
winy strong men in thnt body as at any former n
lubaequcnt period. One of these occurrences aros
ipon ths message of Mr. Monroe, from which m
trietld from Michigan has just cited a memorabl
lassnge In that message this.vcry subject of En
opean interference was presented to Congress, an'
I resolution was based upon that calling on th
President to state the particulars. Here is the mir
itc of the proceeding:
From the Journal of the House Reps., December I, ISM.
"Mr. Mattosv laid ths following resolution on the tubl
or consideration to-morrow, vie:
"Wese/rsd, That tho President of the United States be r
pie.ted to lay before this House such information as lie ma
.osse.. (which may be disclosed \villume tnjuiy to the pill
<ic good) relative to the determination of any sovereign <
:omliinatien of sovereigns to assist Spain in the inhjtigntia
>1 her late colonies on the American continent; and w hetiu
toy government of i. 11 rope is disposed or determined to o|
fo.e any aid or asaistsnce which sticli sovereign or conil
nation of sovereigns may uifurd to Spain for the subjugatic
if he. late colonies abovc-mentioncu.
"The resolution was agreed to."
Well, that resolution passed the House of Repre
tentative*, as far aa I can see, without n diasenticr
voice. It went to the President; the President ar
iwered the resolution, staling that he had no info
niation not already communicated to Congret
which he could communicate with safely lo the pul
ic interests. That is what he stated. Did any mn
magine at the time this resolution was inlri
lucetl by a mere member of the House of Kepri
tentative*?not as a chairman of a committee, s><
ts the organ of a committee, but on his own inil
ridual responsibility?a resolution which w-ntlod
ect action; which proposed to do sonielliing on th
ns'ant; which called for fticts which had not bee
:ommunicatcil in relation to this very same subjei
-m braced in the resolution now before this bodyhat
any impropriety was committed? Well, tl
House of Representatives, as I have stated, passe
list resolution. 1 have not had time to-exaniii
lie journal of the House critically, but, so far aa m
examination haa extended, I find that there was r
opposition to ths resolution.
1 come now to another precedent; for, if there ai
:o Im any personal stlacks made upon ma as chat
stan of the committee, I shall brace myself up for
lefence. The measures of the administration a:
tot to he struck at through a disguised attack upc
i member of this body. The blow shall reach li
object at which it is aimed, and not be intercept*
ry my bosom. These measures hava been recon
nended by a democratic President as democrat
neasores; and the opposition to them shall not cm
eal us aim by a feigned assault upon art individu
in this floor. I will then read another passage wil
which the honorable gentleman from Masaachi
alia stands eloeely counseled. It haa reference I
i resolution introduced by him in the year 1834?
the same year, and in reference to the same meastn
to which I have just alluded?the message of Pre
ident Monro*.
letl [notion, lu which w? tic |.crtlruUi I) concerned. a
re here Hood by them on a latent occasion htn the;
"II M proud racoiiscUun for the South that the not
allsd 10 count the coil ofdangsr thin the iutriot ol anj
oitloa of the I'oiou. Iba uioct rrsMita, calico for delrncr
hit it lb' lul 'IttHcoJt) with O.etl Rrtlalu In which w<
ara boaa Immediately interstiad The war of lha araslu
on ortgtiuiled in cauiec much mora norlharn than couth
ru, and tlili taota strikingly waa thai Ilea rata in tha lac
rar. Dnl we hesitate incltheif No, the generous South
rer devoted to tha liberty and honor ol the country, am
ue to Ita engayemui.it poured out freely her mmuc u
load aatl nMcacy . for tha common route, ?itbou I a-kiny
briber aha waa to he the gainer or locar What ha atkn
a a, that the came leetoUc (ml ardent iij-ouit that wr lucri
atended to other portion* of the l uien. rtiottld now he aa
ended to ue on thia occasion"
The gentleman (Mr. A. then went on to any) had
ot hia rraolutiona in?resolutions laying down a
iw co exlenaive with the globe itself?stretching
ver land and sea; applicable alike to every liarbnDua
power end every civilized nation, applicable In
II places and in ell nine. He hod got these reaoluions
in with a view of their being incorporated at
he American interpretation of the law of nation*,
le lied ?ot them in to regulate the maritime inter,
nurse of the univeree?to operate more extensively
ton hod the British orders in council, or the doreen
of Napoleon, because these extended only In
te commerce of the belligerent nations. But the
' dilutions were more extensive than throe drcrera
r the orders in council; and that being so, when
te senator had got hia resolutions in, he cried
bud, "Now that they are here, if you do not paoa
lent, you surrender the principle; not only the righi
ul the principle; and therefore you must mark well
hat you are about." Well, now, the senator from
oulh Carolina was not content with making; thai
tort speech which he delivered in the running dieitssion
on the introduction of the resolutions, hut lie
Iso made an elaborate ajieech on the passage of the
'solutions. The resolutions having been referred to
- ?? f.. ....... It rlaliitna u.lw, I...I
r A resolution wnt introduced by the senator from
c Massachusetts, [Mr. WzBiTKK.j then a distin1
guiahed member of the House ol Representative*,
in reference to the condition of Greece?not South
American state?no, sir, not a state having any political
affinity by geographical proximity to the
American system; but a state in ine very midst of
the political systems of the Old World?surrounded
on all sides by the strongest despotisms
the world's bosom now contains; it was to that
state the resolution offered by the honorable senator
applied. The resolution was to the effect that an
' appropriation ahould be made of money to defray
the expenaea of a mioston to Greece; which was, to
all intents and purposes, a voluntary recognition of
the independence of Greece by the government of
the United States. That resolution was introduced
into the House of Representatives. What became
of it, it is not uiy business to inquire. The poiut
involved at present is the propriety of an individual
presenting such a subject to the consideration of
Congieas. Well, in a speech mode on that occasion
-Juried to And the whole of the debate, hut,
could find but one or lw6' speeches?by the eenator >
from Massachusetts, then a dutuiguished member'
of that House, in support of the resolution?a,
L.vtach ~"^ed, and allow me to say that I will)
hazard'the opinion that it wj.' "Y "corded ao long
lift type* and paper exist to record anym..^ .In
English language? in that speech the senator from j
Moasacuuaetia Justified his course upon the ground 1
thst the new and dangerous condition of the world,
brought about by that combination of powerful Eu- I
ropeun sovereign* called ihe Holy Alliance, required !
some action by our government, lie contended |
that we, as a tree and independent people, and as I
holding the lead in the gieat work of t)ie world's deliverance
from bondage, were bound to apeak out In
terms ibai could not be mistaken. He vindicated
this inoteineut In the message of Mr. Monroe, not,
I sir, as chairman of the Committee of Foreign Afi
fairs in the House, hut simply as a member from the
Stsle of Massachusetts, the whole matter having
been previously referred, just as it ha* been in this |
case, to the Committee on Foreign Affairs of that
body. He offered the resolution in his own indi- I
viduul character as a member of that House It
was not even referred, an for us I can perceive, to the I
<'niiimitiee of Foreign Affairs, but was debated in
Commitlre of the VVli.de on the (lata of the Union.
Now, it is well to look back to these times of s quar- [
ler of a century ago. It is well for us lo look tiack |
lo those days, anil see what an American President,
and an American legislature, and the country had
the courage lo do?lo ascerluin what sort of sendmtnlsit
was not then deemed disreputable to utter.
I will not undertake to read all the passages of this
speech, as 1 find It very imperfectly reported in
Niles's Register. I will not read nil the pa*M*<;ns I I
have marked, but merely one or two of the most j
"At thr commencement of the present action of < ongrass
(.Mr. Want rift said) Ilia Provide i.t of the IniUd
Mats *, in tha dlicbirgr of thr high duties of his station,
deemed it Incumbent on him to iutroduce the subject to th?'
consideration of the national legislature; and in his com
it.'inu'Htioii be iiM<l tiyimid mi opinion that tber* was rvapon
i" bepe tint AftUinkfl tnU bo mwnfttl m (be
|ire?e(it stiuggle with theiroppressor*, and that the power
th-it had ?n Ion* crushed tlinn had lost its dominion o\n
them forever. The anrne communication contained oth?-r
jna ft era of great importance in relation to a rumored com
htrifttion ol foreign soeeiei^na to interfere in the concern*
of South America. L'nder those circumstance* (said Mr. \V.)
I thou "lit it ft a* proper and beroming that the communica
tion should receive a response from this House. I am
aft are that the practice ol a general answer from the l?-gia- '
Uture to the annual metsjgi or sj 9 PvOOMMi
hs?. for mure than twenty rears past l erri !:vtn. I. nor i! j
I complain of stich disuse; but I am alao of opinion that the
practice was not without Its positive advantage*. It is bit
conviction that, in any government which contains a popular
branch, it is the duty of that portion ol the popular government
as much to express its opinion* as to |>*?a the necessary
lows. I introduce the prv*ent resolution under
this conviction, a* wulla* that I might have an opportunity
to give my vote directly on one ol the subjects adverted
toby the Kxcr.iitive; and I shall think that if it was proper
in the President to advert to these subject*, it is enuall)
proper in us to takrfnotice of what he has'addressed to us I
r? s|u'c!m;; them "
The propriety of introducing the resolution,
then, w?s not only felt and vindicated by the genilrtnnn,
but bo contend# that It wa.-r the "duty of '
. Congress" to respond And then, oftrr citing some
j beautiful poetry in which the law of opinion in rep- I
resented as very potential in the world, the senator '
from Mhasachuaatta proceeds to say:
"But novr. il nay In* ask^d, what la ail that *ou*l The
aucstion it easily answered. We are one of the nation* j
(Mirsyttem ol government i?. throughout, hostile to that)
system, aii.l, if we' an* sain from it* effect*, we may thank j
our thttltkon or our courofce. The agn we live in. lad
I our own active character, have connected u* with aii tlm
? r, i?ions ol th-world; and w *\ a* a nation, have precisely I
f the same interest in international law us a i mate individu-1
. al has la the kwe of hie country. * * iln t. vh.it
, fcvei wo do In thismatter.it behoove* us to do on priori- i
' phi. If on the subject of rumored combinations against Mouth
America we take any stand, it must be on principle thst
that stand is taken. 77ic vrar approach or thr rtmott d?ttanc*
of ittntffr may rh-ivpolicy, hut cannot touch princ>I
ule; and thr same reasons of an abstrict ki:?d that would
: | lead u* t<> protest in the cam of the w hole southern con'i?
nint. hind us to protest iu the cute of the smallest republic
i of Italy.'*
And n*?w, Mr. President,([continued Mr. Allien,) |
I have referred to theee things, as I stnt'datthcl
- ouuet, to justify myself from the imputations mat |
- upon me of Arrogating to myself the businrsa of the j
l committee, bv the presentation of this resolution.!
5 And now I will conclude by stating why I did not
r do this on the instant. I should have done it at that
- time with perhaps more imprudent ardor than now,
- had not the motion to lay on the table precluded da
batr, and, of course, precluded me from the oppor1
tunity of repelling the imputations to which I have
alluded. 1 hnve now, sir, said all that I deem nccese
sary on the subject.
t After some remarks from Mr. Calhoun,
Mr. Ai.i.en rose and said, that, as to the preces
dents?so many of which were on record, but of
J which he had lieen content to quote half a dozen?
they still stood there unreplied to. The assertion of
e the senator from South Carolina that they did not
e apply in the present case, was the most cxtraordiI
nary way of answering them. He did not think it
i- requisite to go over all the gentleman said; but one
0 principle he would notice that was laid down by
1 nim,and that was in regard to the confinement of the
e powers of the Senate until committees should report
s on matters referred to them. Now, what would be
r the state of the question by the application of such a
c principle as that? The constitution required the
y Presidrnt to communicate.to Congress, at the openc
ing of the session, his views of our affairs, internal
i- and external. If the President's message compred
henda all those subjects, as it ought to do, its differe
ent portions are referred (as a matter of course) to
i- their several committees. What then? Why, as a
matter of course, the Senate must sit dumb until it
may please the several committees to report. The
lu. Senate loses its power over those subjects, and every
one of its members is gagged?all are muzzled by
'' the reference of the President's message, wliicli hap*
J, per* to allude incidentally to the matter. The Presir
ident's message recommended appropriations for the
"i tirmy and for the navy, and that portion of it is re"
ferrcd to the Committees on Military and on Naval
D". Affairs; therefore, according to the senator from
hi South Carolina, no senator can originate a bill, or
make a motion on the subject, because that refer
......... . ? Ul
> tality giving it control over the legislative field; it
11 paralyzes the Senate, and, according to his doctrine,
> no member of that l>ody could originate.a motion.
r" Nowhere else hut in the President's message are
' there to he introduced great (questions of national in>"
terest. Well, the question is referred, and, being
n referred, not a member of that body was to make a
- solitary motion, because tlte matter ia sent to a com'*
mittce. Now, suppose a mischievous man should
>r happen to get into power, and t-ilte up every subi
ject-nintler his imagination could suggest as possible
I* for Congress to touch; that his messnge came there
ie and wn? referred; why, then, according to him, not a
n man could offer a resolution because the President's
si message iisil taken the matter up already. There
? was something so monstrous in that doctrine that
ie jt was quite unnecessary to any another word on it.
!d [Mr. t'ai.iiocn here rose under the impression
'* that Mr. _A. had finished, hut immediately gave
T way 1
10 The senator from South Carolina, in speaking of
the declaration of Mr. Monroe in his message, had
!*c said that it was a specific case, and that there was
' no specific, case contained in the messnge of Mr
a Polk. To that he fMr. A.) would answer that the
re President did not only name n specific case in words,
in but there 11 something mimed in words that came
te more home to us than the case of tho South Amerid
ican republica. He alluded to the mention made of
1- the interference of (he British and French governic
ments to prevent the annexation of Tcxaa to the
1- Untied States. That was 1 case of interference?of
?l palpable political interference. Yee, thoae power*
h had endeavored to come belgrean uj and Texas,
n and had offered a high boon to bnt>e that gallant
to people; nod the people of the United Suites wer'
in now und?r obligation, not to the promnt energy ol
r? their own government alone, hut to the incorrupt!
a- bis honesty and stern patriotism of the people 01
Texas, who had large boons offered them to be
[ come, nol nominally, but substantially, a British I
J province. Why, did not every one aee why Great J
Britain and France should wish to aee Texas be- I I
come a dependent province? On the part of these j FU
J powers there win no otter made to the governments por
I of Mexico and Texas to compromise their dilHcul- the
I ties, nor that Texas should annex herself to Mex- Cori
I iCo; but they did propose to Texas that if the the
I should stay out of this Union, they wquld resog- |,llc
niss and sustain her independence. Why? Be- neo
cause she would then be a feeble power upon our '|
frontier, which would have to look abroad for proteclion,
and necessarily put heisetf under the proteclion
of France and England. It was on that
ground he (Mr. A.) had said that a protest ought |>'
to have been laid before the cabinets of France
and England ugatnsi eueli interference! and, if ]\]
they had still persisted, that war ought to have been -* ?
declared. Those mailers were alluded to irt thej'rca-, '#rg
ident's message. The object of that interference of ''i*1
France and England was to keep a member out of <Ujn
the Union. They would have nad as much right
to induce a member to go out of the Union aa to brui
prevent one coming in; and Great Britain and France All
would have ea great a right to hold out an induce- i *
men I u> ore of our diacontenled Slates to leave \\
the Union aa prevent TcltaS from eominxin. Well, as
there waa (lie subject alluded loin me President's {VI
message III so many wnrds Mr Mm and Texas , W|||
called by Iheir names; and still the gwnlleman !
asked where v.- ,hrrr "" lion
He (Mr. A.i had slated the isJC0' ^ | A
And now he asked to be allowed?Since ...C '" * I dree
cueaion had spread out further than he wished it? wilt
to say, in reference to the condition of Mexico, that i?g
if the British or French government were at the bottom
of the present Move < tints In Mexico, to distract
the present order of things there, with a view to jr
bringing about a state of things which would alford
Ibem an excuse for placing a French prince upon O
the throne of Mexico, or of reducing thut country to
the condition of a colony subjevt to either of those '"ah
(towers?if such should be the result, it would justify . *'
a declaraliun of war against these powers by the bis <
United 8tates. The genlTemdn from South Carolina, u,,d
[Mr. CsLiiofN,] to strengthen his views ofthcuues- bi?t<
lion, took care to get on the other side of the globe. wor
1 (e went all the way to Patagonia, whilat he (Mr ssd
A.) staid at home, at the mouth of the Mississippi; I"
he kept by our own ahorea, to enow that there were r
ruatirra occurring here eo solemn ai? to claim the I J[
addition ol the ('resident or the unreel s'atss? anj
occurrence! no loss im|M>rtant than the interference ^
of two jiowrni of the Holy Alliance wjlh thia jn?- cjgc
ernmeni within a couple of yeare pn?l. When he on ,
mtiil that theae power! were both member! of the ,h<
Holy Alliance, lie did not any England waa ao on p
paper, or that Lord Castlercogh signed the article!
agreed to hy the einperori of Kussia and Auatria,
and the King of Prusaia, in 1814. Great Britain C
did not sign it, neither did her miniater; but the fact
ia, the only reaaon, a* atateil by the miniater, why
it wna not done wua, that, while the other eover- A
eigna signed it in person, that thing called the Brit- P?t?
isii eonatitution required the eignnlure of a rrapon- Rem
aible miniater, thereby causing nn incongruity which the
alone prevented the aignature. But, aubatnntially root
for giving effect to the project put forward by the com
Holy Alliance, Great Britain wna aa much a mem- thei
tier then and now aa the other sovereigns; and pat'
France had adhered, after the reetoration of the
Bourl ons, to the principles of the Holy Alliance. ?
He (Mr. A.) waa not, then, mietaken ire saving that P
two member* of the Holy Alliance had, within in;
three, two, eren one year, interfered to change our at'i
political organization, and interfered to prevent the thai
adinieaion of a Slate into the tJnion; and that upon com
that ground it waa necessary to check it. Now, if V
the gentleman [Mr. C ] wanted a case, let him look
at home. He waa notgoing to take hint (Mr. A.) to C
Patagonia for an example. He knew the strength of will
hia position, and he would adhere to it. These sen'
resolutions looked to that interference, and, when D
they came to be discuwd, they would see who
made out the strongest case in the matter. Why,
we saw that, but a year ago, the Stilish govern- I
inent were charged to their teeth, by the senator ,T"
fiom South Carolina himsetf, WitH'lntgrfering in
the most outrageous manner, and he gave that fact l^L
ns a reason for the hurry and expedition we should ?
exercise in the case of I cxas, whilst Great Britain r
was interfering. He (Mr. A ) then went for Texas !'nrl
with all his heart, not upon principle of local ad- ^
vantage; he wont for it to gratify no prejudice?to
strengthen no sectional interest?but because he l>e- noi]
lievcd the happiness and prosperity of the great 'J
mass of the people of this country would be increas- a
ed by it. He again said that tliey then had a case
of interference, and they allowed the time to go by;
but there was another time approaching which by "F*.
improving they might do service. When they came
to mediate in the affairs nf Europe at the Congress
of Vienna, they mediated by subdividing the tnnss- .
es ot the European people among themselves, trans
ferring the people from one sovereign to another in
bodies of unequal size, as a drove of hogs is subdivided
into unequal portions to t nit the circumstances of the ^lai
several purchasers. Those powers are at libecty to
come on lawful business, in pursuit 6f their eommer- |1C|1
rial traffic?to buy and sell?out in our political affairs cr,.
tliey mum ucep meir atsiance. me people ol this
continent wanted none of their arbitration?they q
would have none of it. Their*own differences they
might have, but they called upon no European sovc- T1
reign to arbitrate. They commenced with mediation V
in ihm very matter between Mexico and Texas, and me
ended with an open struggle to prevent tm| annexa- wit
lion of Texas to this CJnion. Now, of this the ?ai
President of the United Stutea was satisfied; he had ?Ui
stated it wisely, Bntl in accordant with the wishes of I
of the people of the United States. ant
And now he would again say, what he had said adj
long before, thnt neither the case of Texas nor that of cla
Oregon would ever be the real cause of war to Great gjo
Britain. She was looking at the strueture of oursys- (
tern, which was attracting to it all the weary of we
the world; whose example was doing more to over- j
throw the dynasties of two thousand years, than car
all the armies that were poured into France under io i
the allied sovereigns could do, if marshalled and in l
brought into array against those thrones. It was be
thnt system?it was the New World that was affrighting
the Old; it was the new idea which had ]
emanated from the bosom of the New World, snd ?
flashes like the beneficent light of day through the
night of European tyranny, proclaiming to the
masses that they were born to live and be happy, 1
not with saddles on their backs, nor with masters T
booted and spurred to ride them from the cradle to JL
the grave. These were the questions which twenty- ens
five years of peace hail produced in the world, and C
whose agitation was enabling the people of Europe del
to go to work and accumulate large masses of wraith 1
in their hands, thereby making themselvei fell in for
the administration of political power. It was that (
unconquerable spirit which is established and cber- 1
ished try our example, which was giving Great *?
Britain and the allied sovereigns of Europe-more
concern than a patch of snow-covered soil on A
the frontier of Maine or on the shore of the Pacific
ocean. She may use these subjects as pretexts; wil
perhaps she may find them Urge enough to form no
the Imsis of n European confederation against this ph
republic. Should that be the case, we can never g,M
defeat such confederations by showing the white '
feather When wo talk of preparation, wo are RCr
charged with a desire for war, as if there cxised in jo
the countiy a single man who would desire war so e|f,
long as it could Le avoided or postponed with pro- \if
priely. He (Mr. A.) would not have alluded to mli
the interference in the affairs of Texas, but for the ]
remark of the senator from South Carolina, that no 'pB
specific ease had been named in the President's mes- gtr
sage, inasmuch as he did not mention thnt of the
South American republics. He (Mr. A.) had
spoken of thnt of Texas as ons much more nearly
connected with their own firesides. Thnt inter ?
ferenee should cense; it must cesee; and they might T
! ns well tell Europe calmly and mildly, in the form J_
I of those resolutions, at the beginning, as by a dee- of
Inratton of war. The sovereigns of Europe could to
not be allowed to interfere in the affair* of thia con- ha
tinent na they had done in the cose of Texas and w)
Mexico. 'Hie thing rannot I* tolerated; and if thia n*|
i Congress tAkrs upon itself to negative the declare- th<
j lions of the President, and by that negation to hold thi
j out an encouragement for European interference in
! our affairs, the people will send a Congress that will 1
not do it. This matter has not sprung op in an w
j hour; it is not to be decided in an hour. These res- J
i nlutions must Ire before Congress till they receive nt
| its sanction. Thia is not child's play, that it can be p,
I scouted nut in this way. It shall receive thnt atj
tention from me, at least, which 1 believe every
feeling of patriotism requires that I should bestow
r upon it.
subscriber is fully prepared to make up Bnu\
uuets with his usual taate. Cut flower* furnished
f for decorating dinner tables, Ac.
f " Florist and Seedsman, op. State Dep't. V
.1 Dec 11?eotf
By A. Green, Auctioneer.
RNITURE, LUMBER, WOOD, Ac., at auei.?On
Monday, the 16th instant, 1 shall sell, at
residence and store of Mr. 1*. Magee, at the
ler of 21st and M streets, at 10 o'clock a. m ,
groceries, liquors, store fixtures, household and
hen furniture, lumber, wood, Ac. 1 deem it not
essary to enumerate the articles.
'erma: All sums of and under fUO, cash; over
, a creditof two and fbur months, for notes satctorily
endorsed, bearing interest
'eb 19?3t Auctioneer.
E W GOODS Several cases received at
Guion's, under Gadsby's hotel, constating of a
e assortment of fine valentines, work-boxes,
ising-cases, papier desks, fans, fine pocket
iba, accordions, gold pens and pencil, party and
memorandums, gold watches, all quality of
hes, Berlin ' wire, reticules, and money purses
will lie disposed of at very low prices,
eb. lit?
I RS. 8. BARKER, having left over a few rich
L silk, satin, and velvet hats, will sell them off
toilt regard to the cost. These lists are of the
t Fsrisisu Winter styles, and in perfect condsIso
a few very rich enibfoidfred evening
scs. ribands, flowers, die , Ac., all of Which We
sC.ll off in order to prepare for our spruig open8.
Pansy and perfumery store, Penn. avenue,
eb. 12?3t [Col, Fountsin.J _____
MEDICAL BOOKS, and works on American
arv, dtc.
EORGE TP.MPLEMAN lias just published
Catalogue of Congress, law and medical books,
of rare ?nd scarce bioki tm American and other
iry; together with a large list of miscellaneous
ks. Gentlemen are respectfully invited to call
get them, or order them by letter,
eb. 12
one oc.invo volume, fine paper, and Urge type,
ccwnining- onu a vaiuaui? mucx.
Uo, in one volume, ocuva, the "Letter! of Pali!
and Helvidiua," (Hamilton and Madison,)
he Neutrality Proclamation of 17#>, price for
two volumes bound, fl, P. TAYLOR.
ornrr of ftnnmjlvanio Armor and Third Strtel,
ff'os/iiiiflun, f). C.
UK suberrilier having opened the house recently
erected within one square of the railroad debt
prepared to receive hia friends and the public
rally. The house m admirably calculated for
convenience of guesis, the furniture suited to the
n?, and the proprietor, determined to offer n
ifortablc home lo those who may favor him with
r company, respectfully solicits a share of public
Yashin'cjtom, D. C, Sept., 1845.
. 8.? W. G. takes this opportunity of remindhia
friends and the public generally, that Gadsi
Nm HoTltL is two souares nearer the Capitol
i hia former house, ana that lie is entirely dianee'ed
with any other house or person.
YAiiiinnrou, D. C., Oct., 1845.
Board f I 50 per day; $10 per week
liarleaton Mercury and New Orleans Picayune
insert the almve one month, inner form, and
d their newspapers to the subscriber,
lec 31?eoifym
IH E subscribers respectfully inform the public
that they continue to run tlieir Package and
rchandine Express between all the large cities on
Atlantic coast.
'he subscribers would inform the members of
igreea, merchants, and others that they are pre d
with wagons to cull for packages or merchonintended
fur the express.
Vegive particular attention to collecting drafts,
e?, bills, Ac. in all the principal cities.
Vc run special messengers in charge of our cum,
are prepared to forward all kinds of valuables,
the, &c. with griut safely anil despatch.
'hunkful to our former customers for their patron,
we shall endeavor to give increased attention to
x business. Our charges shell bo moderate.
G. 8. McEL FRESH, Agent,
Penn. avenue, between 3d and 4] streets,
an. 30?dim
AME to the subscriber, on the !Wd of January,
1 three stray heifers?one white buffalo, one
ek and white, and one red and white?which the
ner can have by inquiring at Jones's grocery store,
r the Washington penitentiary, proving propf,
paying charges, and taking them away.
ATashington, Feb. 3?oaw3w
[ / 1LLIAM C. BRENT, uttorney and rounV
selloratlaw, Washington, D. C., will comnce
the practice of his profession in connexion
h H. H. DENT, esq ; and in addition to the
fnl business of the legal profession, will attend to
ims which may come before Congress, or cither
the executive departments er bureaus, or before
f domestic or international tribunal created for the
ustmcnt of private claims, and in general to any
ims or rights of property, in which hia profesnal
services may be useful.
Jflicc (the some occupied by Mr. Dent) 41 street,
st side, near City Hall.
13" The undersigned will continue a prompt and
eful attention to tne branches of business referred
n the above card, and particularly to any cases
the Supreme Court of the United States, in which
may be retained.
Feb. 12?eotf [National Intelligencer.]
Cabinet and Chair Ware-room,
'ennsy I vnnia avenue, four doors west 4] street.
HAVE on hand a good assortment of new and
second-hand Furniture, which I will sell low fot
h, or on a credit of 2,4, and 6 months.
)rders for all kinds of furniture, chnirs, and mos
will be promptly attended to.
V. B. Old furniture nnd chairs taken in exchange
lid furniture and chairs repnired and repainted.
Feb 13?w.lwif
L SING. This we take to be a fact that no one
II attempt to controvert. If it be a blessing, then
one should be without it, and we ore acting an
ilanthropists by informing our friends where a
id family medicine is to be found.
Tarrant's Cordial Elixir of Turkey Rhubarb dcves
all thoeulogiums that have been pnssed upon
it is a pleasant and simple stiinulnnt, and an
actual remedy for dyspepsia or indigestion, Ac
e recommend this medicine confidently, inas
teh as we know its merits.
Prepared and sold, wholesale and retail, by Jamtu
tranl, druggist and apothecary, 268 Grccnwicl;
eet, New York; and sold by
Druggist,near Brown's Hotel.
Feb. 13
OST?A book containing a description of the
i 11...? !??? I limi,,
their territory, was left at thin office for the articli
be copied into the "Union." Before the edito
d time to make the extract, Home gentleman
lose name in forgotten, come into the office ant
ked the loan of it. If this notice meets the eye o
s gentleman, he will hove the goodness to returr
i> book to the office, and oblige the editor.
Feb 13?
.JF.W MUSIC this day received The follow
M ing new music is this day received for salt
the old established music and stationery store
'nnsylvania avenue, two doors east of 12th street
Lea Lionncs, deux Mazurkas et deux I'olkai
tr Memetz.
L'A more Musicals; par C. Coaticelli.
The Mazurka Qjiadrille* and Cellortn's Waltz.
I.?e Carnival de Veniae; vari# par de Meyer.
Blue Eyes Waltz; by T. Bergmuller.
Philopocna Waltz; by Vtereck.
Eugenia Waltz; by Viereek.
Le Tourni, Grand Marche Chevalereaque; p?
ieree.k. .
Feb. 13
Navv Accmt'i OrriCB,
Now Yoaa, January 14, 1646.
SEALED PROPOSALS, endorred " Pru|>Mali
for Sione for Dry Dock," wilt be received at
thia office until Monday, the Kith day of March
na.xt, for furnishing and delivering at the navy
yard, New York, granite or eicnita, ofxhe following
Ui jienaione and qaonuiiea nearly:
; ? **??.
Hough Hone. || Mitre iUia. I.Hougi. haunarrvd. <
T170 II i I ^
! | Iff ijf[
A. 10b e.O s.l! I 17 0 USals' I.J I. 1*9 *0 1? I
u on ?i) i* j i7oi <???? i.oiLj. In*. 10 i.? 1
C, 41 4 1 J j i i' d not ik k J7 an 10
D <4 * 14 3 I . a 4 614 0 I.oj L. 04. 10 10 I
t. 14j JK1 vol 7 11.0 44*4 ?| 00 IM. 4O?';l0 10
V. 44 J.ll 1? 7 11? 4-0*4 ol ? N T?l tV I (
u 4 10 l,l| i I0U JoodM to! O MM vds. Ira i <
II I* 3 0 i u, 3 7 II 4 114 0, 1# leet to 1.0 thick
B a| *f! no I toll i
I'll 1*1 St 0*1.
j I ui
< ubic) aid. t width Tklek?I '
r ^ ~ ~~ wi 4jT ju [
4 ... M i.o i.a |
H . 170 ! 10 ! 1.0 1
S. 4 .10 10 1.4
T. I JO 1.1 U.
' 170 tO 10
v too 4.0 l to i
w. w I jo , *i j
X . 007 I SO , 10
V. Jl I SO | 10
X 13 1.0 I o 1
a. | 70 | 10 111
The above tlonea from A to il tnduaive, and al- ''
an those maiked Mitre bills, amounting to all to '
about &07 cubic yards,are to be delivered rough. .
Those marked from I to O incluatvr, amounting to
aliout 1,4/7 cubic yards, are to be delivered rough- '
hammered on al! aides. Those marked from P to .
a inclusive, amounting to about 2,299 cubic yards,
are to be delivered, hammered on all sides, one of
which will be fine-faced work.
The contractors will be furnished with tilana and
pattern* for the above stones, and they inuat be 1
quarried in audi manner aa to admit of being worked
full to tfae pattern*. Thia alone snual be of the 1
beat quality of granits or aienila, free from sap,
seams, or craeka, and in blocks from three to eight
feet long, to averugc ire feel. f
All pattern or dimenaion alonea will lie received
aa they will meaeure when hamniernd, and
no allowance will be made for any excess of size.
The (tonea muat be 'delivered in the order directed
by the engineer of the dock.
Proposers will atule the price per cubic yard, for
the rough (tone; the price per cubic yard for the
rough-hammertd stone; the price per cubic yard for
the hammered pattern slom; the price per superficial
font for theJine hammering, arid the price per superficial
foot for the rough hammering.
The rubble atone will lie required of the following
description : 2,600 cubic yards, in blocks weigh '
nig from 400 to 800 jiounds?to averags600 pounds.
2,500 cubic yards, in blacks of from 800 to 1,200
pounds?to average 1,000 pounds; 2,500cubic yards, .
in block*of from 1,200 to 1,600 pounds?to average '
1,400 pounds. Thia atotia must ba of the best quality
of granite, aienite, or gneiaa, aplit in rectangular '
blocks with good beda. Projmeers for the rubble
atone will state the price per ruble yard.
The above stone to be delivered in vessels along- '
side of auch wharf at the navy-yard, New York,
es the engineer of the dock may direct, and to be 1
landed on the wharf at the expense of the government,
the crews of the vessels assisting in the ope- '
ration. The delivery of the atone must necessarily
be governed by the appropriation* made by Congress:
All the above sione will probably be rcquir- 1
ed prior to Jane 30, 1947.
The contract muat be subject to suspension in I
ensc of failure on the part of Congress to make ap- '
proprmtiona for this work, or at the option of the 1
Navy Department; and it is to be disiinetly under- 1
stood that the department reserves the right to in- '
crease or diminish the above quantities of stone,
mid, whether increased or diminished, the price 1
rha II remain as first contracted for. And it ia 1
further to lie understood that the expenditure
for contracts under these proposals will not exceed '
the sum of one liundrrd thousand dollars. Persons '
off! ring proposals arc requested to send samples of
their atone to the navy-yard, and to state the loc*- '
tion of their quarries. <
Bonds and security will be required; and to se- 1
cure the faithful execution of the contract, 10 per
cent, of the amount delivered will, in all cases, be
retained, ana not paio unui me contract is luuy
complied with.
All further information will be given by the engineer
at the dock.
Navy Agent.
Jan. 19?law2m
The Intelligencer, D. C.; Pennaylvanian, Penn.;
Republican and Sun, Baltimore; Enquirer, Richmond,
Va., will please copy, and send bill to navy
ugeiii, New York.
Jan. 19.
HOW very natural, when we have experienced
relief and benefit from any medicinal preparation,
that we should be induced to "laud it* virtu**
to the skies," and publish to all it* good qualities.
We trust we will be pardoned, after premising thus
much, if we say a few words in praise of TARRANT'S
for the cure of bilious complaints, indigestion,
headache, heartburn, dec. Having heard it
highly extolled by a number of our friends, we have
lately tested its virtues, and confess to sn unqualified
admiration of it, both for its positive and effectual
medicinal character, and as forming one of the most
delightful and agreeable aperients for the summer
season. The ease with which it is prepared, (merely
requiring water to be poured upon it in a tumbler,)
its sparkling effervescence, mifd and gentle anion,
witli its success in restoring the healthy tone of the
Ryatem, and creating an elasticity of mind and flow
of spirits which gives a 7.cst to every enjoyment, arc
a few of the advantages which this "Seltzer Apei
rient" has over any other preparation which has
thus far come under our knowledge.
Testimonials from gentlemen of high standing in
iheir profession accompany each bottle; also with a
<*..11 rif itj nrntiorftou nntl /iirnrliniia for
IUI1 ?. ._.
Prepared and sold, wholesale and retail, by Jnmrs
i Tarrant, druggist, No. 268, Greenwich street, corner
i of Warren, N. Y. Aleo sold by
i Z D. OILMAN, (only agent for the
i Dist..) druggist, near Brown's Hotel,
Feb. 13
FOR 8ALEI?A highly valuable farm, containing
sixty-five acres of well-improved soil, about
\ one inile and a half from the cnpitol, near the Bladensbnrg
and Bnltimore pike, fronting on the road
, lending from the toll-gate to the Anacostia bridge,
j with an excellent peach orchard of the very best
kind. Also, a few apples. This place is well
watered by two springs, and a pump at the door.
As for beauty of scenery and locality, and the convenience
to market, it cannot lie surpassed. Any
person desirous of purchasing such a farm will cull
, on the subscriber, residing thereon.
. Feb 9?eodif2w
r I I ORSES, HORSES, HORSES.?The caine's
j II arc coming I?The undersigned respectful!v
- informs the admirers of fine horses, that he will
roceive fifty (50) head of superior horses, which
1 have been selected with great care by one of the
best horsemen west of the mountains, including
every good variety of that noble and useful animal,
on or before the 97tli instant, which will be sold at
" prices to suit the times,
b Farmers' Hotel, corner 8th and D streets.
' Feb 13?3teod
t; I J OUSE FOR SALE.?For sale, a a well-built
I I. and substantial two-story brick house, with
back building, in the neighborhood of St. John's
Church, on 16th street. Apply to Mr. Holland, at
the couniing-room of the Union office. Feb 10
I BURNISHED ROOMS?A parbr and two
chambers, on the same fioor, genteelly furnitltir
cd, con be had on early application to Mra. M.
Johnson, on K, between 11th and 10th streets.
Feb. 10?3t*od.
O AMUtL W TUCKER now aelling aplendid
O French embroidered veaun-e, (genuine needlework,)
lower than they can be bought in New York,
?l#o the very beet material for gentlemen a apparel,
made to order, and warranted to fit, at the loweet
living iaire, alao in alore, a moat apleudid aeoortment
of cravat*, acarfa, clove#, * lor ice, handkerchief*,
under garmenla, and ready-made clothing, all
ow forcaah.
Jan 10?aide
Agency for < laims at Washington,
0. C.?Cmakl** L>b SiLDiet, General
Agent, No. 1), Tudd'a buildinge, Ferineylvama
avenue, Waahinglon, D. C., offer* hi* eervicea to
ihoae who may have claim* on either of the executive
drparUneiiu, or Congreaa, or private claim* on
Particular attention paid to the aelllement of account*
of diaburaing officer* who may And it inconr
anient to attend pcreonaily, e*penally thoac of the
Alao attend* na agent for non-roeidenl property
boldere, collecting reuta, procuring penatona. Ac
Clwugee will be moderate, and regulated by the
ntiuant elaiincd.and the extent of eervicea required
Commumcationa (pom paid) will receive imraodi
lie auaution.
He haa the honor to refer to the Navy Depart
neat, and the eeverai bureaoa connected with U, ' j
frynd Compr,Oiler and Fourth
^flCambtelenr, New York; UaMeawnOMa
Itawatt, Philadelphia; Commodore John Downe,
toe ton, Jloo. Henry L. Klleworth, Waahington,
Ion. E. H Footer, Nashville, Teneeeece, and
i'homae M. Blount, eeq., PeMacole.
April II ^
IACKSON on the Formation, Dlaciplina, and
Economy of Arpuaa; I volume, octavo; Lonlon,
Hi*lory of the Royd.' Marine Forcce; by Paul
larria Nicola*, royal marine#; 'J vol#.; London,
Maauiaiithip; by Ttnmouth, of bar Majesty's
lock-yard a( Woolwich, I toI., oatavo; London,
Tba DuUcs of Judge Advocates, b? Capt. R M.
:1 lights, 12th regiment, deputy judge a Jvo<-atc genxai;
1 vol.; London, 1845.
Aide-Mcmoire to ike Military Science*, I vol.;
Lumdon, 1845.
Aide-Memoire a I'Uaage dea Ofltciara d'Artiitoie,
I vol.; Paris, 1844.
Aide-Mcmoirc a I'Uaage dea Offictera du Genie>
I vol.; Parte.
Lieut. Gordon (royal navy) on the Marine biaamingine;
1 vol., London, 1845.
The War in France and Belgium in 1815; by
^plain Siborne, 'J tola.; London edition, with en- ]
Simmonaon Heavy Ordnance.
Jnmra'a Military Dictionary.
Mullar'a Element* of War; 3 vole.
Major Jackaon'a Military Surveying and Military
Scliarnliorat'a Military Field Pocket-book.
Brttiah Navy Liet for January, 1846.
Lieut. Col. Humfrey on the Fortification of the
Rhine Frontier.
Jebb on the Attack and Defence of Outpoata; J
Trigonometrical Surveying, Military Roconnoiaianec.dtc.;
by Lieut. Fmmj, royal engineera.
BrulT'a Engineering Field-work.
Britiah Army Lid (or January, 1646.
Tranaaciione of Cnrpa of Royal Engineer*; vola.
I and 8; London, 1645.
Practical Oper-itiona of a Siege; by Col. Paaley,
oval engineera.
Light rroops in the Field; by Col. Von Chwald.
The Attack and Defence of Fortified Ptacee; by
Light Troope in the Field; by Lieut. Mayne, 5th
egiment of infantry. I
Field Fortification; by Lieut. Fenwick, adjutant
>f the 86th.
Field Fortification; by De Mortemont '
And inany others, too numerous for tin. Inn of *
in advertisement; some of them entirely new. Marine
Surveying, Gunnery, Slenm and Steam Navecation,
the Improvement and Management of Rivera,
Uourta-martial, and Military Law, Civil and Military
Engineering, Ac. Ac. Ac. Ae ; imported direct
rroin London and Pari* by F. TA YLUIt?nio*l of
hem received by the last Boston steamer.
Books, stationery, periodical*, or anything else,
mported to order from England, Pari*, or any part
nf Europe.
Feb l4
KEY RHUBARB.?In ca*ea of indigestion,
ind various ills to which the complaint gives rice, it
s an invaluable remedy, being at once palatable,
lufe, and efficacious.
Tarrant'sCompound ExtractorCubebsand Copaiba
haa become very popular, and all who have occasion
to use it acknowledge ita efficacy.
Tarrant's Effervescent Seltzer Aperient. In all
caaea of irritation or acidity of the stomach, heartburn,
and coativeneas, particularly during pregnancy,
it haa invariably proved a medicine of great
For sale, wholesale and retail, at 268 Greenwich
street, corner of Warren, New York; and by
Z. D. GILMAN, druggist,
Near Brown's Hotel.
THE subscriber having enlarged his store on
Pennsylvania avenue, near 12tb, for the purpose
of doing a wholesale and retail buainess, haa
received from the Baltimore and New York markets
the following goods, which he offers for sale on the
most reasonable terms: Champaign, madeira, and
port wines, in wood and bottles; Irish whiskey,
urandy, Jamaica spirits, and gin, with a general
assortment of family groceries. All of which
have been carefully selected for the Washington
N. B. All goods delivered free of charge in any
part of the District.
edition, edited by Thomas Jefferson Randolph,
in four volumes, octavo, in full leather binding;
price |5 50. Published at twelve dollars in J ,?
boards. For sale (three copies only) by
Post Ornrr. Department,
December 17, 1845.
PROPOSALS for currying the mnil? of the United
States, from lit April, 1846, to 30th June,
1848, inclusive, in Ohio, will lie received nt the Con- !
tract Olficu of the Post Office Department, in the ,8
city of Washington, until 9 p. m. of the 98th Feb- j
runry, 1846, (to be decided the next day,) on the H
routes, and in the manner and time herein specified,
to wit: j
No. 2014. From Cadiz, by Archer, New Rumley,
Kilgore, and Hickory, to Carrollton, 31 milea
and back, once a week.
Leave Cadiz every Thursday at 6 a. m., arrive at
Carrollton fame day by 4 p. m.
Leave Carrollton every Wednesday at 7 a.m.,
arrive at Cadiz same day by' 6 p. m.
tLf" Proposals to omit Hickory and embrace
Harlem Spring*; and alse to end route ai uariem <
Springs, will be considered.
No. 2030. From New Lisbon, by McKaig's 1
Mills, Dtingannon, llnstingsville, Mcchanicstown, "
to CarrolIton, 27 miles and back, once a week.
Leave New Lisbon every Saturday at 8 a. m.t
arrive at Carrollton some day by 6 p. m.
Leave Carrollton evey Friday at 8 a. m., arrive
at New Lisbon same day by 4 p. m.
No proposal will be considered, unless it be accompanied
by a gunran lee, signed by one or more
responsible persons, in the following manner, viz:
The undersigned guarantee that
, if his bid for carrying ihe mail from j
to be accepted by the Postmaster !
Oeneral, shall enter into an obligation prior to the I
[ 1st day of April, 1846, with good and sufficient J
sureties, to perform the service proposed.
17atea ?? , 184 .
Thii should be accompanied by the certificate of L
t postmaster, or other equivalent testimony, that J
the guarantors are men of property, and able to I
make good their guaranty. |1
K3* The proposals should be sent to ihe depart- I
men! sealed, endorsed "Propositi* tor route No. 1
and addressed to the First Assistant Post- r
master Oeneral. i
For the 'prohibition of hid* resulting from comhinations,
and the terms and condition.) on which II
the contract ia to be made, aee the last annual advertisement.
Postmaster Oeneral. ^1
Dec 18?1?4? ;l

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