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TWENTY-NINTH CONGRESS,
KIRS I' SESSION.
SirimoAi, February 14, 1?4C
The Senate did not ait to-day.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
The journal of veaterday waa raatl and approved.
The SPEAKER aunounced thai the tirat buai- t
ne?? in order would be the call of committee* for re- c
porta. v J
MtiiiuNi or ru* hi mam. coiar.
Mr. STEPHENS, on leave given, preaenied the
resolution* el th* general aaaeuibly of the Stale of '
Georgia, in relation to the publication of the deciaiona |(
of the Supreme Court of the United Stales: referred (|
10 the Couinnllee on the Judiciary and ordered to be .1
prmtad. ?
Mr. 8. aleo presented reaoluUona on the eubjeel ^
of tha judicial diatricta of tha State of Georgia reler- ^
red to tha Committee on the Judiciary and ordered ^
to be printed. p
oaeooa. a
Mr. OWEN, on leave given, imroduced the fol- h
lowing reaolulion from ibe Suia of Indiana; which
waa laid on the table and ordered to be printed : c
A JOINT HtaOLL'TION aa lb* lutiject W the Oregon )'
bouudei y. "
Wberee* Ike liberal |n?u?itiviu repeatedly made Ijr Ibe {*
gavcruoieul aJli e l ailadjMale* la Millc Ibe tlre^os bound b
try t(U??lwu 8t?f mwiimvu ?" r.jaarai uvmc vu iu?u '1
Mr! to pioe?i*e peece ud Hold ?Wi uaid hiiwufml ^
J.ui folk. oaiiuotod by ill. iuit auUtti ol tab.aulitj. Pa.
reaa.u ?>i dw pi.poaaueaa to grwal tor Baaliah gov.rumcnt
all vl -aid territory uvrth of tba toil/ aaia.lh dcgr.. of lacrUa ll
lantaa J? ? h?.b ku again baaaa rwjctiaJ by lb* BrMiala nana w
lata r atl 1* aahiaaf low. ita./abr ctoarly ahowiog dweruiliao- ^
lH.:i uu tbt pail aaf I ho ba.taa'h goaorumeiil uoi to largulaoU
ur COtuaaioiwloo upoo tornaa that would bu jual and honor*. V
bio to too uanaplo wl ibo t'aailod ?UU?: Iborolbro. U
1 til I ! t! ratal, ad by lAa jaarfal aaaamk/y ?/ lAa Slolr tl
/ l.^baaa That wo beortily roapood to Ibo aoollwcou
lOlatoJnod laa Ibo tot* aiaaiafa of ibaa cbtof mogiatoot. aal ibla
nol.aao. to r?l*Uoo to Ibo territory of Orofon. end Ibo Amor- p
.tn nana Ua.iaiti opal Itaet hie prompt witodratool of ?|1 /
pnaroaRtona further to tM goi ote under toe aixcnmateakea ?
a real. I la. Oi-uaubotoM vl Iba) people ol >blt dUU a
I "ire. '. -led I aafertA.r r.aad ad. That. to the oPl/Jon < ( f
HJi I' .aaraloaaoaiibly. Um Called Melee hove the heat right tt?
U a Wile. . Of O'argOI. ll
lac I JiI J A. a JtHkf rre.iiad. 1 hot our aoootnn are r
Iia-aar a. - i -all ui'ia-d. tu-i our iepr*e?uletlviri In I.OOglra. :
-v,4??t.d. t. oppoae aa.) con-proiaaU. whereby wo tbiall *
Ilia -ingle loot ol Aarrrlroia territory la
S?o * It It .krr laiolard, 1 tut ibo 0-crrtery of bUto ^
T bo, taa(J bo ll . roby. dirorfod to forward i repy of Ibu Joaat
ri-aolt- oo to roolaOleur aouotoro f?nd repreeenlauvee In
I LMIraM Id
JOHN > BIMONbON'. a
Speaker of t'ao Houoa of lupreeentatavea. a,
J. O RJtAD.
: rmidaDI of Ibo Senate H
AtiMiio, January 10, IM l
JAMU WHIT'.OVB n
Mr. COCKB, in pursuance of previous notico,
as It o<1 and nhaained leave to introduce a bill to pay 0
C' .ait; Jiabn R.Crotisr'a company of mounted '
volunteer Teni.euaet milliiia; which bill waa read
twice, and coitnmiuod.
rcacHiie or cvaaMr.
ROBERT SMITH asked leave to mtro- 5
dues a res olution, accompanied with the proceed- n
ine? of a public meeting hrld at Springioid, in the a
Stela of lllinnie. a
Mr G. b. HOUSTON i.uvtd that the Houoa re- a
aolve iiaelf into Commute of the Whole.
Mr. R. SMITH tantiothe clerk's table the fol- a
lowing resolution; which was read fur information:
b
Rr?hU. That toe Committee on Foreign Again bo In- 11
a'lucted to inquire toto the eauedienrr or renomug e Joint r
reaolntion directing tho rroatd.iat of tba t'nitad tMatra lo <j
negotiate with Spaaln for lb. purchase of Iba laUndofCu- 0
la. upon lb. principles recomea.nded in the proceedings
of e public meeting of Ibo catuaoi of Illinois herewith c
{' prrientad. (1
1 Numerous objections having been made,
i The resolution wee not received. ^
TUB raiVSTB CALSKDOS. ?
On motion of Mr. GEO. 8. HOUSTON, the >
House age in resolved itself into Committee of the n
Whole (Mr. D*vt?, of Kentucky, in the chair) and tl
resumed the consideration of bills on the private e
calendar. ti
The bill for the relief of Thompson Hutchinson a
coming up, 41
Mr. HUNGERFORD moved that it be laid aside, tl
to be reported to the House, with a recommends- ei
tion that it do not pass. tl
After a few words from Messrs. BROADHEAD, e<
(RATHBUN, in inquiry,) McKAY, end YAN- si
i, CEY, i tl
The motion wss arrttd It. tl
The bill for the relief of James Davidson, of the p
county of Funtreaa, in the State of Tennessee, com- si
f logup, J
1 The bill was discussed briefly by Messrs. GRO- ot
VER, COCKE, McKAY, CULLOM, DAR- j\
RAGH, P. KINO, KATHBUN, GORDON,
HARPER, ST. JOHN, CLARKE, and Mc- nr
DOWELL; In
And was then laid aside to be reported to the c<
House. ci
The nest bill on the calendar was the bill (a very b
old acquaintance) to provide for the payment of the o
nassase of General La Payette from France to the it
United States, in the year 1834. P
A motion was mads by Mr. DIXON that it be si
informally laid aside, the gentleman who reported u
it (Mr. Joitw A. Rocewbll) not being at the mo- f<
f mentinhisseat. P
The motion, after some conversation, was objected
to, and, requiring unanimous consent, was not o
agreed to. h
On motion of Mr. T1BBATT8, the consideration s
of tha bill was postponed. c
And it takes its place at the foot of the calendar. a
The bill for the relief of George D. Spencer ti
roming up, n
A few remarks followed from Messrs. RATHBUN,
LlGON, HUNGERPORD, and THOMAS w
SMITH. li
The bill wae then laid aside to be reported to the ti
Houae. ft
The bill for the relief of John Anderson, of o
Missouri, was taken up, and, without debate, was tl
ordered to be reported to the House. e
i The bill (or the relief of Chaa. M. Gibson coming
up? p
After a few remarks from Messrs. HUNGER- ft
FORD, DANIEL, and GRO VER, it was laid aside o
to be reported to the House. oj
The bill Tor the relief of the securities of Elijah J. rr
Weed, late quarteririaeter of marines, deceased, was b
laid aside informally, on the suggestion of Mr. e<
- DANIEL, becauae the gentleman who reported it tl
(Mr. Pollock) was not at the moment in his a|
aeat. > fi
The bill for the relief of Lyon dk Howard coming
lip? R
After some remarks from Messrs. 8. ADAMS, hi
GORDON, BOYD,(in inquiry,) McCLELLAND, in
and WENTWORTH, m
The bill was laid aside to be reported to the ai
House, with a recommendation that it do not je
pass. ra
> The bill for the relief of James Mains was taken m
j up, but laid over informally on the suggestion of th
Mr. BELL, tha gentleman who reported it (Mr. ai
IMoclton) not being at the moment in his aeat. (A
The bill for the reliefof JameaM .Wyman was laid
over informally for the same reason. w
The bill for the relief of William McCauley was
taken un, and without debate was laid aside to be ci
> reported to the House.
The bill for the relief of John Ficklin came up;
and afier a few suggestions from Mesara. TRUMBO,
GROVEK, and CROZIER, and the correction t]
of a clerical error, the bill was laid aside to be re- p
ported to the House. v
The committee then rose and reported its action.
,
The bill for the relief of Jamea Davidson, and ),
r The bill for the relief of Geo. D. Spencer, (
Having been ordered to a third reading now, were j
I severally read a third time and passed. c
j The House concurred With the Committee of the e
Whole in its recommendation that r
The bill for the relief of Thompson H itehinson c
Jo n t put. )
i So the bill was rejtclti. e
The bill for the relief of John Anderson coming
up on iha question of engrossment, .
Some discussion followed, in which Messrs.
^ . VANCE, nANIEl.,_0_ DAVIS, (in explanation^ ,
I tvUitWiAiN, and I-bluB S participated. ,
Mr. WENTWORTH mnred the previous gueaI
' lion, but withdrew the demand at the requeat or ?
U Mr. THOMASSON, who epoke briefly in favor
i of the elaim.
1 After a auggeatioti hy Mr. VIJfTON on a point J'
of law, J
, A motion w?e made that the House adjourn;
which prevailing,
> The Houee adjourned. J,
The following petitions and memorials ware pre- "
I aented under the rule, and referred to the appropri- J1
ate committees: '
nT Vtr. SKVtRANCt Thv petition of Oliver Bewail and
' Mother, of ( he.terville. Methat the controvrray in re- f
II I,. .,o to Oreron may he auhmittcd to arbitration It It ran
not be eettled hy negotiation Of Thotnaa< roawell and SO J
oilier, ol KarmitSeton. Me . of the tame import ,
| By Mr LA SKRK: A memorial from the aorrivine volanteen
and militia who aaal.ted in the def.oet of *ow Or1
loan, in lilt and l*l?; referred to thh Committee on tha |
MBytMr DAVID S. RtID: The potition of William Caa- ,
?ey of Onllfbrd county, N. C.. voMier of tha laat war, #
Li wounded In dafenea of hfe eountry, aaklnf to bo placed oo
the Invalid ponalonroll.
C OMMU N ICATI ON S, *
ft
Kwr !* tiiioa. ^
CHEROKEE DIFFICULTIES.-No. X. ?i
toai'i iejenct?//? ij no Chsrokte?Sold Ms birth- "
rig At.? Foe Aril tkt purehass monst) ofkit country ?
The Cherokee government u combination to plunder "
the common hulions ?Murders justified. cl
John Rom, by hie attorney, come* to the bar of n
he public, end pirada not guilty to the imaginary
harge of ha ving an mtivi age net) in the murder of j
aim* Starr, Elba Rider, Tom Walia, Swimmer, *
nd the Mill-boy. Who made auch a charge? Not "
, nor any body elae within my knowMge. The ?
11oat that can be inferred fiom any thing aaid by me V
i, that by jualifying the murder of the ehiafa of the I ?
realV party herelofoie, pardoning and appointing
i office aoiue of the inurdercra?by overthrowing j
ne government of the weatern Cherokee*, oppreaa- i "
ig and perercuting their chief* and leading men? I
y hia avarice, obatinaey, and tyranny?in abort,
y a aertaa of had government, exerciaing powc
a to foaler ill-will, hatred, and revenge, trw'.Mid of 't
romottng harmony and good feeling?b't u reapou- h
tble for the blood which theae passion* aliinulate |j
>ia countrymen to ahed. 4
JOHN ROSS IS NO CHEROKEE. Hehasnajust u
taim to citisenship lit the Cherokee nation, to a common 111
liter fit in Cherokee landi or irunuitiri, or to eeertim aw- J,'
iorify at a Cherokee chief. Hi* akin ahowa him to
e more of a while mar, than an Indian; and if by
irlh he waa entitled to the right* of a Cherokee, J
e long liner told his oirihrsgkt, and put the money in
ii rocket'
Look at the t,?aty of 1819, and among the eigne- "
irea you will flnd that of John Rots That treaty "
'aa made K> cloae up the arrungementi entered upon "
,1... , r lun n..,k / ri
j .... .. .,J 101.. W? IU
iv? reservations lo such Cherokeea as were willing
i throw <>tT iheir Indian character end become cilitv
a of the United S'oie* Ac evidence of their sin
erity, ihey were required to elate In writing iheir
urp" -e to reside (wrmaneally on their reeervetinns
Jm Mi tf ? ?! one nf tKair who It*# reservations, j?
nJkt ft iwna.d in irrirtng lo her prrmmmUy upon U >
Is provided, in a treaty ilgnrd by himulf, that the [J
Ihernkeee r-.ua.iit lake reservations in fee simple as 1
leir share of the common pro[>ert V, cease to be \ ((
lheiok??? and beeoirs citizens of the Uriiied States >
It avmltd himulf </ tkt proruiim he had made. took
is reservation, promised Is rttidt mi U peimanently j
nd perfected his title.
And this Indian patriot, who justifies the murder
f full-blooded Cherokee* for veiling their country,1
old kir portion of that country, so set off to him,' J
SOU; improved another piece of the common 1
rnperty with the money, and became the loudeat ?
i denouncing all land-aellera at traitors to their t|
*re! i h
Now, what buatnesa had thie man among lha Cher-' j,
kees after having hit part of the common propert y set' a
iff to him on condition of becoming a citizsn of tbe ?JnitedSutesf
What right had he, after selling his ?
hare of the land, to go back and claim another f,
hare as joint-tenant with his countrymen' It was
i fraud, both on the Cherokees, and the United 1 0
hatra. Hs ought never to have been again recog- ; ,,
used as a Cherokee; at this moment, in all honesty ti
nd good (aiih, hr is not s Cherokee. Had he years \
go been removed from their country, it would have /
aved that unhappy people from much crime and a
offering, and the United States from much trouble
nd expenditure.
But thie chief, with just Indian blood enough to n
ie called a Cherokee, and just education enough to *
vhet his native sagacity was permitted to consum- *
nate his fraud, and, by operating upon the preju- J?
licea of an ignorant people, acquire an influence '
iver them which, as far as their own will was con- ^
erned, placed in his hands their property and their ^
leeiiniea. The annuities which were previously f
listributed among the aeveral Indian towna went
nto hia hands, and those of his associates in the ?
ew-born Cherokee government, and were heard of '
o more; yet the common Indians were content.
Yhen the Cherokee government and laws were an- u
ihilated within moat-of their territory, insomuch
list no chief, legislator, or judge, coula, without in- P'
urring the penally of confinement in the peniten- 1,1
ary, exercise any power under their authority?
'hen the Cherokees were stripped of their lands j
nd turned out of their houses?when, from the in- '
ux of a white population, drunkenness, debauch- c
ry, and the lowest vices were driving the mass of *
ic Cherokee people to swift destruction?when the > u
lucated full-bloods rniscd their voices in deapair, |
nd exclaimed "any other condition is better than I al
ua," and sought to get a price for lands of which j "j
icy had been already deprived, and lend their peole
lo a country where they would live in peace, 0
nd improve the minds and morals of their people, a
dAh Ross art himulf against their patriotic ana benev- f
lent design, denounced tliem as traitors, and afterwards
istified Iheir murder-' I 0
Those devoted men frequently charged that the
lotives of Rosa were altogether selfish; that, as he
ad long since sold his portion of their common
juntry, he would sell the balance whenever he u
juld appropriate the money to hia own use. And ?
etiold ! after resisting emigration under the treaty
f 1835, until he saw his unhappy people driven as ?
were into pens at the point of the bayonet, prenratory
to their removal under a military eacott, he
tized the auspicious moment lo convert to his own .
scs a large portion of that fund which was intended l.
>r distribution among the common Indians as ths
urchase money of their country.
The treaty of 1835 fixed the price of the Cherokee 8
ountry east at $5,000,000, of which 1500,000 was 01
) be paid in lands and $4,500,000 in money. What!
hould be led of this fund after meeting certain spe- f
ified claims upon it, was to be divided equally I
mong the Indians of all classes. At the time the I P
reaty was made, it was estimated that they would ; "
eceive out of this fund about $100 per head. '*
The cost of emigration, estimated at $30 per head,
,-as chargeable to the purchase money of the coun y,
and the treaty offered that sum ns a commutaon
to such Cherokees as would remove their own Bl
imilies without the aid of the government. Many
f the treaty parly accepted the commutation which 01
ley found more than sufficient to pay all necessary cx
xpensea. r*
John Ross refused to emigrate until he saw his
eopla reduced to the last extremity. He then came '
irward with a few of his patriotic associates, and ?'
ffered to take charge of the emigration for the benefit 1,1
rlht Cherokee nation. Being called on for an esti- te
late of the coat per head, they reported $66 34, tu
sing more than three times the commutation allow- te
1 by the treaty. Though pronounced extravagant, .
te United Statee officer in charge of that acrvice ln
{reed to pay it, because it teas to be charged la Uu 81
md already belonging lo the Indians. *'
The emigration waa completed; and when John D
oss rendered hia accounta, he charged ?103 35 per w
ead, being over Jive times the commutation allowed *1
i the treaty, and about 60 per cent, more than his 81
osl extravagant estimate. He waa allowed the *)'
nount of hia estimate, and the overcharge waa re- y
cted in the moat formal manner, both by the 8ec
itary of War and the Preaident. Under a new ad- 81
iniatration, however, thia account waa reopened,
te whole amount charged allowed to Mr. Roea, al
id the eum of ?681,346 88 paid over to him out of n<
t purchase money of the Cherokee country east!
His whole charge for emigration
aa ?1,357,745 86 \[
At ?30 per head, it would have
363,980 00 'e
; d<
Leaving a profit of 1,094,765 86
But suppose the emigration coat <140. or double ! '
ie amount fixed in the treaty, it would still leave a
rofit of $831,785 86. That it waa not Itaa, I
erily believe. w
In all this matter, Roaa claimed to act, not from t)
ny individual or aelfiah conaiderntiona, but aa the C|
ead and agent, and for the benefit, of the whole Cl
Cherokee nation. Aa their chief and agent, he un- M
ertook the aervtce; and in that character hia ao a
ounta were rendered. Yet, when hia council call- ?
d upon him to account to the nation for the money *
tceived in cloaing up the buaineaa, he denied hit aeountahility
to them, and claimed the fundi at hit own.'
tnd not one dollar of this money bna he ever acounted
for to hia nation.
.Here we have the mi-ana of estimating the patriot- tl
mi of John Koaa. He hnd hia portion of the Cher- m
kee country aet off to hint, and told it for money, h
Vith this money he went back fm another tlice. al
laving improved another piece of the common ai
roperty, he procured $93,685 75 for hia imnrovenenta
under the treaty of 1835, paid out of the pur- o
has* money of tho Cherokee country tart Not con- f
ent with this, under cover of hia emigration con- h
ract, he pocketed SEVEN OR EIGHT HUN- ei
)RED THOUSAND DOLLARS MORE, paid tl
ui of that lame purchate money. Every dollar of t<
hia waa a dollar wrongfully abatracted from the a
und which waa to have been divided among hia tl
imple countrymen! He ia no land-teller, but haa b
io compunctiona in appropriating the price of the a
inda to hie own nee. Hia miaerable dupea kill the o
tidgea for telling the land, but eupport the Roaaea in p
"wWting the money ' ft
Rut thiaia not all. From 1897 down to thia time e
lohn Roaa baa lived upon and wanted the Cherokee a!
innuitiea. Not feeling aafe among hia mwgoverned n
eople, he travela to the Eaat every year, at the ex- m
>enaa of the nation, under pretence of nettling ei
'Cherekee difflrultien," but never in good faith at- a
empte to settle them, berauee they conatitute the a
dementa of hia power. At home he kecne up a a
landing army undet the name of an "armed police,"
. ' I I I I ' I
nd sometimes * body-gaoid, kit extravagantly paid.
ie keep* ihe nation always in debt, hi* brother,
on-in-law, and favorite*, who ar* th? m*rchar
uy up the claim* for good*, *t a discount aomatiine*
normoua, and when the annuitie* are paid the moey
u at one* absorbed by these claim*.
In fine, ihe miacallcd guvtrnmtnl of the Cherokee
ation it but a combination of John Ror, and hu aweMlti
la plunder Ihe common ludianz. That it doe*
uUaccomplub the end* for wb.ich government* are
i*tituted, t* proved by th* ;,t*t or laurdcr* and a?isainauona
which ev^ry mail bring* u?. The
ihoie nation doe* no'? contain a* large a population
* Washington ei.yj ?nd in that population there
ere TEN Ok TWELVE ATROCIOUS MUR
EH8 within ahout sixty days preceding the last
ales. And tb'j national authorities there, and John
:oo* here, ^.re employed in JUSTIFYING the
not sirow'.ous of these murder*. This i will show
i another number.
BOUDINOT.
f or the I idou.
A rate so* rue Poitma^ti* Uiitm.?Tk< Memphis
:ui)uiier ttalc* that the itvuner Hell rinc had en hoard of
?r. whvu >ki sunk some weeks slncr,tw*uty?even mail
egs, taken nu board *1 Memphis, which, a* prrsuinn, ai?
i?t fort ver How much nib hey, what amount ol' drafts,
?., have hern tost, and how niaujr misfortunes ami atticons
have titan caused L> Ihe loss of these twenty-seven
nsll has*. ?*> one cen eetimete. The extent of the iujury
i Various ?S)I will probably never he known, but it unoubtediy
is very greet
If the foregoing (from the Baltimoit Sun) be
rue, would it not be advisable for the Poet
'dice Department to find out the man with the
idnt-rubbtr appamfhi for walking under water, and
niploy him, on public account, to make the expernent
of diving for ihe recovery of those twentyeven
mail bag., with thair valuable contents! The
tsult might prove incalculably useful to numbers
f our fellow citizens.
Several veer* ago a boat wa* sunk in the Miaai*ipoi.
aim with it the trunk of a gentleman in
inicii were many valuaUc papers. The trunk was
stove red, and the papers, rendered in many place*
erfertlv uaclaii by th* action of tk* water, war*
irwarded to this city, and submitted to a chemical
roceaa by whiah tlie w riting was restored. A gencnian
fiom the South cam* on leaking for evident*
( ownerahip lo a large and valuable plantation, and
>urid that evidence among the papers thus restored,
nthout which ha would have loac In* property.
VERBUM SAT. i
Washington uty, Feb. 5, 1646. i
THE OREGON COUNTRY
"o Ok HJilor of ikt t'nian:
Oaaa na in my laal but one I spoke of :Lo forrard
and flourishing stale of our infant colony, arid (
ten promised to treat of acme of the causes that
ave led to this astonishing change in that new and
iteresting country, where, only a few yeara aince,
few traders and trappers were to be aeen, commin- |
led or aurrounded with thouaanda of Indiana in a ,
ioat savage state, destitute of every cdmfort arising ,
on a ciTiltted life. I
Now contraat their condition, together with that |
f the whiles, and let ue consider tome of the mov- ,
ig causes in this great work. And here allow ma ,
v introduce an extract from tht report of Hon. ,
Vm Medill, our present commissioner of Indian |
l flairs, so creditable to the mission* of that country ,
nd the miaaionary cause t
"The advancement made in civilisation by the i
umerous tribes of Indians in that remote and huh- 1
rto neglected portion of our territory, with ao few I
dvantagee, is a matier of aurprite. Indeed, the red I
len of that region would almost seem to bsof a dif- I
srent order from those with whom we have been I
i more familiar inlercourae. A few years since the <
tee of a white man was almost unknown to them. I
low, through the benevolent policv of the various
Christian churches, and (he indefatigable exertion* 1
f (he misaionarie* in their emrdoy, they hare pre- i
tribed and well-adapted rule* tor their government,
'hich are obaerred and reapecled to a degree worthy <
f the moat intelligent while*. i
"They are turning their attention to agricultural I
urauita, and, with but few of the necraaary ulenaila i
i their poaaeaaion, already produce sufficient in I
ime places to meet their every want. Among aome I
f the tribe* hunting ha* been almoat entirely aban- I
>ned?many individual* looking wholly to the aoil <
ir support. The land* are represented oa extreme- i
r fertile, and the climate healthy, agreeable, and i
ntfornt." i
But to the Christian churches and pious mission- I
riea are we uot alone indebted for our improved and I
Jvanced atate in Oiegont for while 1 ascribe much to I
le pious exertions of those devoted missionaries, in I
ur early struggles both for the whites and Indians,
nd regard their cause the highest and hoiicat that I
rer engaged the heads or hearts of men, yet it ir i
ut just to say that through the benevolent policy I
f the Hudson lbiy Company, a vast deal has been J
Ifected to better the condition of both whitee end
ndians in that territory. It was one of their chief I
ad em that first taught the Keyuse tribe to look i
firough nature to nature's God for light, truth, <
heaven; and it was he, too, who gave the I
rst lessons and impulses to these poor red children
f the forest in agriculture, which lias been so sue- i
essfully followed up by our esteemed friend Dr. '
larcus Whitman, who, with his intellectual lady, I
as been laboring with that interesting people for i
ie last ten years. This tribe raise all the com mo- t
itiea peculiar to our western States, ami live in a '
omfortable manner. Their country is a verdant I
nd beautiful one, and their prospects for ultimate <
ivilization encouraging. <
The Nesperces are, upon the whole, the brightest i
sample ol the beneficial influence of misaionary '
ibor in that part of the world; and 1 have much <
leasure in bearing testimony so distinctly favorable t
i a cause of such disinterested benevolence as that |
hich has produced so happy a change in the con- t
ition of that remarkable people. t
It is but ten years since Rev. H. H. Spaulding
id lady, accompnnied by Dr. and Mre. Whitman, i
rst braved the Rocky mountains and planted them- '
lives in that dark portion of earth, for the purpose '
r enlightening, Christianizing, and bettering the c
mdition of the poor aborigines of that distant I
gior.. ..... 1
At that time their condition was deplorable, and "
ieir prospects gloomy in the extreme. By right
'solemn treaty between two great Christian naons,
they hau been stripped of their beaver, ot- s
r, elk, deer, and antelope, and nearly all of nave's
provisions for her native sons and daughrs.
But here I must break the thread of this interestg
subject, promising to continue it in my next,
id give to many anxtotie citizens some late importit
information from our esteemed friend, Judge
ouglsee, of Illinois, who, by his asciduity and
ell-directed efTorte upon the subject, can probably
>eak as fully the sense of our national Congress as
ly one concerning the Oregon question; and from
ie statement, corroborative of so many others, I
el now fully talisfird that measures will speedily
illow the late popular expression of that body,
id our citizens who may embark, or have already
ine to that country, will not only be protected, but
tecored and encouraged to an extent heretofore
ever done in the settlement of our Territories.
There is a good reason for so doing, and I am
iucIi gratified that the enlightened sense of our na
onni v^ongress perceive ana appreciate this; and <
lat in head and heart they are rightly disposed t
iwards such aa go ao far to turn that savage wil- f
erneea into an improved and civilized land. t
And I now aay to my numeroua correapondent* t
pon thia aul'ject, that I no longer entenain any i
are or doubta but that Congress will make the i
roflered grant of a aection of land to each actual t
.ttler, arid that from three to five thousand dollars i
ill be bestowed upon the colony for a library, and f
lat a handsome appropriation will be made for the i
rection of public buildings, lands granted for the t
'Cation of a school fund, <&c.,dtc.; and I would here (
ly, in view of these proffers, I no longer entertain I
doubt respecting the superior advantages of erni- |
rati ig to Oregon over that of any other part of our i
rids domain. i
Indeed any one who secures a section of land in |
le, valley of the Willamette, "and our laws allow '
im to go and solect it where he pleases," secures i
te foundation of a handsome independence; and i
icre, under the influence of that salubrious and i
rnial climate, he may rear his family, grow his i
erds, cultivate hit vineyard, and raise in rich i
hundance all the fruits peculiar to the northern
nd western Statee. I
As to the best method of getting there, I have i
nly to say, as I hnve twics passed around Cape i
lorn through the Pacific by way of the Sandwich ;
lands to ths mouth of the Columbia, and aa often i
rossed the Rocky mountains, I am of the opinion <
tat those who reside in the West, and hare their
ams and herds on hand, so useful to them on their i
rrival, that a land trip ia the most advisable, while i
lose east of the Alleghany mountain* would do i
etter to go by *?n. A most favorable opportunity i
rill present itself to sail from Boston about the 15th
f March, with excellent accommodations for the |
assenger*. The ship large snd commodious; the i
ire or the best description; the captain experinced
and well acquainted with the roast; the
hip-owner, Lewis W. Tappan; and the terms the
indents sum of on# hundred and fifty dollars for
arh adult, to be liberally supplied with cabin pas- i
enters' fare, and landed safely in the Colombia, or
t Astoria in western Oregon. Some passengers
rho hava previously visited Oregon will probebly
mbark on board thst vessel.
Thoea who conclude to. go in ths other direction
will do well to rendezvous at or near Independcnc
?n<i thert, or at Wtetport, get their supplies, i
they always keep on hand at vary moderate pstcs
such articles as are required for the journey A
ought to reach Independence by the nrti of ' Mt]
IM depart liom ikat aa early a* the 15th, in oadi
to reach the valley of the Willamette before Ik
rainy season sets in.
ELIJAH.* Hi HL
- - , , t
FRANCE A MB ORl.AT Jtltrr AiN-THK FOREIGN
TK AUK OF EACH.
Wasminctok, Feb. 7, 1846.
To the Editor iff tKt Union:
Dsas Sut: At the late annual session of the coui
cils-gencral of agiiculturt, manufacture#, and ton
merer of France, lite minister of commerce eXplaii
ed to the S?semb!y,in the following statement, ll
situation of the foreign trade of that country:
"Our commercial telations with foreign coliiitris
are now more active, Ac., Ac.
"The exporntdoH of French cotton raanufacturt
to Algeria, which amounted in 1843 to only 6,368
000 franca, waa increased in 1844 to '34,000,00
Irenes. This resulted from the ordinance of th
French government of 16th December, 1843, whic
not ouly rrgulated the terms of the navigation br
tween France and her African possessions, bt
likewise modified considerably the customs tariff s|
piicablt to them."
The declared value of British manufactures an
produce, exported from the United Kingdom for th
ast fourteen years anding the 31st December, 184'
s staled in the following isbls :
To all the world. To all Europe
1831 *37,164,373 *13,560,440
1833 36,460,594 15,584,006
1833 39.667,347 If,611.789
1834 41 649,191 18,007 033
183 5 47.374.370 18,464,433
1836 53.368,573 18,011,066
1837., 44.070,744 19 401,000
1838. 50.060.970 33,343 000
1839 53.303 580 80,797 OSC
184 0 . 51.4?.4*? & 1.941,000
1641,, J i 634,6*13 * 33 854 000
1643 47.381 033 33 909 000
184 3 53 379,7u9 it,971.000
1844 58 584.399 35,043,357
Of the trails of France, it is estimated tha'. 390
000,000 franca of tha 1,658 000,000 francs Iran,
acted in 1844 waa with the United glatea. This, c
course, inclu laa all imports and exports between th
two countnea, and resulted in leaving a balance i
favor of the former of aboui 6 000,000 francs, whic
was augmented in 1845 to 30,000,000 francs.
The exports of Ores' Briuun in 1844, it has lies
Men, amounted to *41.309,450, or to $106,500,00
moie than in 1830?an extension merely between th
iwo period* or more then the enure value of the ei
ported product" of the United State*?to which ma
be added <13,000,000, or $iif,000,00o, for the ir
rrease of I64o aver 1814. For the year ending o
the 30th June, 16-15, the exports of Greet Britain t
the United Slate* amounted to $49,003,725, whtl
her import* from th* United Stan-* for the vanie p?
tiod were loth* value of $61,044,535, leaving a
apparent balance against her of $11,131,210 Bt
deduct from this 300,0 0 bale* of cotton, which *h
Indirectly carried In twi*t to Germany?at an im
manse profit, too?and th* trad* account between u
would be nearly squared, to **y nothing of he
hipment* to Russia and elsewhere of this articli
Moreover, th* fact ahould never be lost sight of b
those who ajwnk of England a* a generous customr
for our agricultural staple*, that upon the $40,000
100 raw cotton which she import* from this cour
try annually, it is estimated by her merchants, an
other*, that she is benefited in the manufacture of
to a sum of Irom $110 000,000 to $120,000,000; an
that upon the twenty-five millions of pounds of tr
bacco which ahe consume* of our product, ahe rea
ize* a revenue of $20,000,000,
The contemplated repeal of the odtoua Bruit
corn-laws is no less a measure of humanity than r
initreat with the agitators. By reducing the price c
food, a diminution in the price of labor will necei
isrily follow. England views with a jealous ey
[he advances which manufactures are steadily m<
king in Germany. She diatioctly forcaees that ur
caa a check is soon put upon them, they will l><
:ome formidable rivals. Aa one atep toward* at
mmpliqjiing thi* result, ahe last year abolished th
entire duty on cotton-wool, and the next and raoi
important one will be the abrogation of the corn
awi. While her real motive la to crush Germa
nduatrv, she will not hesitate to claim great cred
from the United State* for thia liberal commercii
movement.
France Haa a most lucrative trade with ua. Iti
jchevcd that under her rigid tobacco regit, Mary Inn
>nd Ohio together do not sell aa much of the nrticl
:o her aa pays for the merchandise produced by ha
which ia consumed in the city of Baltimore; an
Virginia not so much as that consumed in Rich
mond. She take* from the United States yearl
ibout eighteen million* of pounds, from which ah
lertves a large revenue?verging on the killogramm
rrom 90 centimes to 14 francs So centimes.
Our commerce between England and Franee can
tot be materially augmented out to our disadvan
age. With Germany, by making it direct, it ma'
>0 increased $20,000,000 or $25,000,000 annually
And thia is what the two former countries dread
ind wish to prevent, if possible. As neither Gcr
many nor ourselves have colonies upon which ti
brce our products, we are natuial allies in trade
ind if by steam-enginery England can be hoistci
>ut of the trick between us?an event which is nea
ta consummation?the realization of this siluatiot
will speedily transpire. We exported last year ti
jSermany, through tho Hansc towna, chicfli
(trough Bremen, $4,945,000 of our agricultural sta
ilea?nearly all tobacco and actually consumed?
while we imported, through the same ports, Ger
nan manufactures to the value of only $2,912,537
ro use a homely adage, England and France danc
while Germany is made (by us, and by a deplora
lie want of foresight) to play the fiddle. The twi
ormer nations, with sixty millions of inhabitants
tonsume about four fifths of the ouantity of our sta
ule consumed by the thirty millions of the latter
ipon which they collect a revenue about thirty time
is large. AMERICANlJS.
Krom Prince'* Trice Current.
ITATE OF TIIADE, MANUFACTURES, AND COM
MERCL IN FRANCE.
"Our commercial relations with foreign eountrie
ire now more active than ever they were. We fee
he more proud of this result as, during the yea
.842, which was marked by a crisis that afTectei
he United States, Great Britain, and Spain, and o
which we likewise experienced the effects, those re
ations had fallen on, cornpnratively with 1841
["hat state of things, however, was only temporary
n 1843 we had already recovered the ground los
lince 1841. In 1844 the general trade of Frana
with her colonies and foreign powers presented i
ntal of 2,340,000f, showing an increase of 161,000,
)00f as compared with 1843, and 248,000,000f mori
han t' e average amount of the five preceding yeari
1839-1843 ) In that sum total are included thi
intrepot ana transit trade, as well as that whicl
lupplics the wants of eur consumption and the ex
?ortetion of the productions of our soil and manu
acturea. As-rtspeets the special trade, the cniin
if the imports was 867,000,000f. Natural produc.
inns and materials necessary for our manufacture!
igure to thai amount for 8l3,000,000f, and manufac
ured articles for 54,000,000f only. The entire o
lie exports was 790,000,0006?viz: the production
>f our manufactures 600,000,OOOf, and those of on
mil 190,000,OOOf. The countries with which on
radc is most active are, according to their degreif
importance?the United States, England, Bel
fium, Switzerland, the Sardinian States, the Gcr
nan Union, Spain, Algeria, or West India colonies
tnd Bourbon. Our relations with most of thosi
onnti ies exhibit m considerable improvement, par
;icularly with America Among our principal e*
rioria cotton good* ofTir, comparatively with 1843
in augmentation of 26.000,0001' upon 82,000,001)1
woollen*, 24,000,OOOf upon 80,000,1)00; silk*, 14,
)0ll,tutor upon 129,000,0001'; and, finally, linene
7,000,OOOf upon 2l,000,000f. Our Parisian article
ind our wine* have likewise increased. At no for
mer period did the iransit trade produce more im
portnrit results than in 1844. Itamnunted in valu
to 230,000,OOOf, and in weight to 468,612 qmntsli
or 38,000.0001. nnd 83,004 quintals more than i
1843 Those results ere mainly to be ascribed ti
the ordinance ef the 10th of December, 1845, whir
(oppressed transit duties. The general mnvemer
nf our entrepota amounted to 0,496 528 quintals c
goods, eatimated at 664,000,OOOf, presenting, cor*
parativelv with 1843, an augmentation in the weigh
rif 100,236 quintals Our maritime trade figures, i
the general returns, for 1,668.000 OOOf, or 71 pe
cent., and the land trade for 682.000,000f, or 29 pe
cent. Comparatively with 1843, the augmentatio
in 6 per cent, for the maritime trade, nnd 12 pe
cent, for (list carried on by land. Vessels sailin
under French colora conveyed 764 000.000, or 4
per cent; foreign vessels 894,000,000, or 54 pe
cent. The maritime trade employed 28,297 veaseli
measuring 3,288,000 tons, 16,466 of which wer
foreign, measuring 2,032 000 tons, and 11,76
French, measuring 1,266,000 tons. In enmparin
this statement with the returns of 1843, it will b
seen that the vessels under French colors increase
by 330, with 51,000 additional tons, whilst thou
under foreign colore lost 99 vessels and 10,000 torn
The operation* of our navy are divided into tw
branches?the reserved navigation and the eootpt
lit ion navigation. Tba raaerved navigation, cos
* pricing our relations with the C/olotpes, thg French I
is pnmir r? nut or Europe, and the distant fohaiica
m mi ployed in 1944, 3,338 vessels, measuring 458,000
11 lone, showing an inrrwuK: of 5 per event lit the num- 1
f, bar of vessels^ and I per cam. in the tonnage. The
sr other navigation, in which we c*inpfct? with all lhaj
le oilier navies of the globe, occupied 8,4:43 vessels, f
measuring 771,000 tons, exhibiting likewise an aug-1 t
man tat i on of 4 per cent, in the tonnage. These it- t
suits dcinoustiats that our oevy does not remain ,
stationary. A more striking proof of this is ulfurJ- ,
cd by a comparison embracing a greater iwruid of ,
years. In 1830 our flag only covered 9,800 vessels, ,
measuring 705,000 tons To-day it covers ll,781 ,
venaels, measuring 1 ,'456,000 tons. During those t
Id years the inciesae was nearly 5,1160 vessels, or ,
?* 72 per cent., and ?51,000 tons, pr 78 percent. Our f
' navy, it wilt be seen, make now a belter use of its t
" means of conveyance, since the augmentation in the c
tonnage is in pro|iortioii greater than that of the ves- t
'* sets. The progress of our navigation, however, |
lias not been so great as those of our external com- p
f" inerce, which, during the same interval, increased t
? neurly 100 fair cent., having been 800,000,000 in ?
0 1830, and 1,858.000,WTO in 1844." c
? i?
^ Kur tiie L'nieu. J
jj MR. CLAYTON'S SPEECH. ?
y The Hon. J. M. Clayton has made a very plausi- 1
ble and ingenious speech on the queelion of nonce c
J to Great Britain. He avows his support of the measie
ure, because it will not lead to war, and, ae if to pre- ?
1 vent it, he dwells with apparent pleasure on the supremacy
of England over all the powers of the ear h, r.
taken singly or combined, and devotes more than an
hour to an ill-judged and indiecreet laudation of that '
power. After peruamg this speech, uttered as it :
was with apparent candor, and ?o mush profession
of patriotism, I was almost induced to believe that
wc, tht rfmtrttan ptopU, were truly an insignificant I
people, scarcely a ImM-raie power, n?i withstanding
our boastad greatness as a hetion, and that It would '
be tha h?:jht of temerity, for any cause, to engage in r
a war with England; a jiower that would, of course 1
and ne?easily, make our situation S3 much worse?
completely and effectually annihilate and dsmolieh
ua. Weil, this would be bail enough, I admit; but *.
are w# to give away our rights on the Pacific? This
is the question; and would not the argument Ire '
squally valid if Great Brtlain was piessnig a claim, 1
* under tome Popish grant, lo the whole territory J
* which once belonged to Virginia I h cannot bed is
>' guised that gentlemen using such argumania are on
( the wrong tide. Wruk or powerful nations, like a
n individuals, roust dtf-nd their rights or lose the reh
sr.ect of their associates. It is admitted on all hands j 0
that we have rights in Oregon. Are we to abandon
" these rights, in whole or in part, for fear of a war 1 10
0 ll should not be entertained for a moment, if right '
* to abandon them in pirt, for the arguments employ- "
t* id, why not in tcholt) Great Britain is not laas pow- ^
y trful io injure in the one rase than the other. The c
' argument is not good. It is the argumsnt which f
i tonicity always employs. It u unbecoming a brave 11
? | and free people. But 1 admit w* should be prepared "
e for war when asserting right* coming in conflict with ''
> other nation* It would ! * folly not to do so Then *
n let u* prepare for wur. I make thi* r?ply to all ar- ?
guments addressed to our woaknesa. Let ua prepare f
e for war, I repeat. But there are aome not only not
willing to hazard a war for Oregon, but equally op- t
* poaed to an enlargement of our land and naval for- t
r cee, leet, perchance, the odioua tariff ahould be con- i
> tinued in force.
y I am a democrat; but God deliver me from the ?
r democracy of fear. It ahould never form a part of J
>* the democratic creed to count conaeqoenrea when (
>* right*, dear rights and invaluable principle*, are at; f
d onct and the iam? time asoniled and threatened with j o
i' desecration. I
d Let me now give an outline of my notions of na- (
i* tional defence commensurate with present and fu- li
I* ture danger to our country, including both its terri- (
tory and institution*. It la admitted that Great Brit- h
' ain possesses great ressurce*, and could wield a \
'f mighty power for evil against us. We hare im- c
'f mense resources too. Arouse our energies, and tl
h what could we not accomplish? Willi our present r
r population and means, we could resist the world in t<
' arms; but the down-trodden of other nationi, ani- u
' mated with our principle!, and struck with admtration
at our zeal for the cause of human liberty, a
' * would, with every month that the struggle con- q
e tinued, flock to our standard, until the votaries of c
e freedom had swelled out fo such immrnsc numbers n
I- that Canada and all North America, to say nothing t
n of European countries, would become an easy con- a
" quest to their prowess and onwurd march. tl
I Let us, then, put our country in a state of ds- v
fence, if not aggression, for, in the end, we must: o
* annoy too. Vole, 1 beseech you, members of Con- *
tl grcs*, the necessary sum for fortifications nil around ri
* our seacoast, East and West, and put the work im- c<
ir medintely in hand; build the necessary vessel* of tl
d war of various sizes, and additional zteam-ships; in g
i* case of war commission five hundred privateers to F
V hunt fl\r F.nall?K r / arxA .> I^ .??. _
, .... ...? ...... v?..? (.,tv,6c p
e the United Slates to guarantee the title) one hundred p
e acres of land to two hundred thousand emigrants n
eacli to Oregon, provided they go and take posses!
sion of it in twelve months; furnish them arms and I
' ammunition for the purpose; raise, then, n contin- o
f gent force of five hundred thousand men, which can f<
lie done in aixtv days, to be divided into four parts, p
!; to be called each the army of the North, East, South, u
and West?the army of the West, of course, to co- u
? operate with the South in case any great unforeseen ci
i emergency should arise, that being the most ex- a;
J posed port. n
r Will not Congress look toil'?or will they con- a
1 tinue to squabble about points of minor importance? a
? ?just say enough to show where any foreign nation
f can rendezvous with safety, and inflict on our be
loved country all the evils whicii are predicted? 1
* hope something will be done.
A DEMOCRAT. e
e Orrice House or ItEraiaiNTATivri, U S. J'
February 14, 1846. B
5 To the Editor of Iht Union.' j
' Having observed an article in the "Union" of last ti
evening relative to the action of the House of Rep- v
j resentaiives upon an application of Robert Fulton s
for the use of the hall of the House, I have had the 1
curiosity to examine the journals, with a view of n
ascertaining the correctness of the statement made tl
by Hon. Sir. Johnson, on the authority of Hon. T
Wm. Bient. There is one error in the statement, d
Mr. Fulton, instead of proposing to "lecture upon p
, steam narigalion," proposed to lecture upon "torpc- r
does." r
j The following extracts are from the journal of the tl
f 2d session, 11th Congress: tl
"February 9, 1810. The Speaker laid befora the h
House a letter from Robert Fulton, addressed to '1
" him, presenting each member of the Houee with a p
' copy of a pamphlet on the subject of torpedoes." n
"February 12, 1810. Ordered, that the letter from e
Robert Fulton to the Speaker, laid before the Houee a
on the 9th inat., be referred to Mr. Dawson, Mr. ?
Milnor, and Mr. Bucon, to consider and report there- tl
on to the House."
"February 14, 1810. Mr. Dawson, from the com- ti
c milieo appointed on ihe 12ih inst , on the letter from ii
1 Robert Fulton to the Speuker of the House of lisp- ti
resentaiives, made a report thereon; which was read, ti
and the reaolution therein contained is as follows: n
"Resolved, That when this House shall adjourn on
Friday newt, it will adjourn to meet on Monday;
and that Mr. Fulton have the use of this had on
Saturday, for the purpose of exhibiting the torpedoes,
and delivering a lecture on their practice and g
* utility. t
"A motion was made by Mr. Rhea, of Tenneesee, 1
to recommit the report and resolution to the com- g
' mittee who reported the same. I
"And the (juesiion being taken thereon, it was de- I
| lormmcu in inv iic(hiitv. I
' "The question to concur in the said reeolution was |i
then eiateii from the chair; on which a division of h
the question was called for hy Mr Lyon. n
"And the same being taken to agree to the first t
: member of the resolution, which relates to the nd- r
I jotirnment of the House, it was resolved in the affirm- j
alive?ayes 90, noes 29.
' "An indefinite postponement of the remainder of t
* the resolution was moved, and the Houae adjourned." 4
"Febauary IS, 1810- The Speaker decided that 1
the motion to postpone indefinitely was out of or- ]
* der. t
* "The resolution was then amended by striking nut a
" 'delivering a lecture on1 and inserting the word tz i
. plaining.
: "The question was then taken upon concurring in a
. the second and last member of the said resolution. <
and determined in the negative?ayes 55, noes 61. i
After a motion to reconsider, and the raising of I
1 several questions of order, the final result was, that ,
" the House refitted Mr. Fullrm the ties of the hall, and \
adjourned from Friday over to Monday ?
Yours, respectfully, i
" B B F. a
r - ;
? OPLENDID EVENING DRES8F.S, SILKS, 1
i* O embroidered robes, capes, erarffc, Ac.?WALTER
HARPER A Co , Pennsylvania avenue, be*
twren 12th and 13th streets, will open this day (di1
reel from France per last Havre packet) a very
g beautiful assortment of the above goods, with many
* others suitable for the present season. In the course 1
<1 of this week we wiU receive our first supply of 1
* spring goods, comprising every description in our
? line that is new and desirable; to which we would '
o respectfully call the attention of our friends and pur- 1
>* I chasers generally.
>-[ Feb. 14?3tsnd 1
NMf * i i , i ' - Ti
IXTRACTfc FROM DEMOCRATIC PAPERS il
. ? ' b
rr?m th? ioSter VWrtUng ro.l J
rut rpjuituPwNPt^tt-miTisH valit. or o*c n
60N-IHK WHIO Ol'POSITIO.N ? PttOWEl T li
The article we copied from (tie Union, pi Meriting
brcibly (he erf unit u la against submitting again our u
cjrruoriel rights to arbitration? which every paUrp "
i(ic end candid miud will approve?suiiervtde (he ?
icceseity of fur(her remark on line heed. Beyond "
il question President Pollt will be sustained Ljr s 6
set majority of the people in the impregnable portion
he hse taken. He ie f.rm, yet courteous? S
till maintaining the integrity of our claim, and yet "
till reiterating assurances of peaoe. Pnkenhain, e
ileo, is fur more benduig than lie was in his last re- P
>ly to Bucltanan. On the -J9th of July, 1M45.
he British minister lioped thet the eecreUsry would e
illcr a proposal "mure constant! with fairness and
quity, and with ths reasonable expectations of the *
frillsh government" then the liberal offer that had *
wen made?the very offer, if rumor he true, that 1
he same fuuclionary is repd y now to accept. There l'
s nothing of this in hie last letters. The mingled v
ourtesy and firmness of the American document 0
isa not been lost upon the representative of 81. l<
nines. In his late communications, with evident 11
ielduig as to title, there is evident improvement in 9
he tone of hia despatches. Such signs are auspiious.
Oil the point of the value of Oregon, the language P
if the diplomatists is worthy or notice. Psken- P
ism's is decidedly inconsistent?Buchanan's is dieel,
and admirably expressed. In the note dated "
December 27, the ambassador remarks "upon arkot
mall talus to txtker is tkt portion of territory wkuk *
n rraiily forma tkt aubjtct of tkt conirvvsrsy " In *
bis way aonie of the whiga?Winthrop among *
hem, who. however, Included the whole of Ore- e
on?talked In Congreaa. Pakenham and the
iritiah government very well know that in fact P
he atake ia a small one with them?infiniteasinal,
almost, when compared with our cotton aup- "
>1 y and our commerce generally. Knowing this,
ret the ambassador in lha asms note talks about "
1tkt rrsdnwu if tkt BrUith fooornmrnl to incur lit
ilk of a grtot totrtJUt for tkt prtotrootloa qf p'uet," "
fcc. Pray, what sacrifice? A part of har acknwl- "
deed territory? 0n? of her colonies? Her nation,1
honor? A eingle good harbor 10 Oregon? That 1
vhich aha regards ofgreat value? N01 areording to
'akenham'a own admission, aimply "a per (ion of P
trrilory qf omaU value" to her! Tina ia lha great
acrifica t
(turKai.an'i PArkl V :fl fin 1)1#- Jkfldl ri*l?t H iKna ml. *
iquernly iIciiim lbs assertion of ths amtaasador: ?
"Neither is ths territory in dispute o' aquil or ^
i?urly suual vsluo to iha two powers Whilst it ^
t ia invaluable to tha United States, it ia of crimper- a
lively small i mportance to Gieet Britain. To bar f
)regon would be but a diatint colonial possession
if doubtful value; and which, from the natural
irngreea of human events, aha would not probably
ong enough anjoy todsrive from it essential iwi e- 1
its, whilst to the United Slats* it would become an
ntegral and essential portion of tha republic. Tha d
am to Oreat Britain she would never sensibly feel; v
rhilst the loss to the United States would ba irre- f
larable." a
Yet with this admirable correspondence before them "
he partisan whigs are denouncing the adminittrn- c
ion. The Journal of this city pretends to turn up P
la head in "holy" horror at the President's war 11
pirit, and tha whig Washington correspondents are n
'enting their small-beer wrath in the same way. 1
V? usual, here, ton, our country ia wrong and
Jrrat Britain ia right; the former ie filled with
oul ambition, the latter with a "holy" purpose r
if peace. Out upon such an insult, alike to the ^
latrioliam and intelligence of the nation I Great "
Britain's purpose as to Oregon, from the first,
ins been the tame she haa manifeated in India, ''
hins, the world over; it haa been to get as much r
errilory as possible by any and every means; snd *
cere the craven parttaan spirit that makea these h
barges against the administration to have the set- ''
lement of this question, our Atuerican right to this S
oble country would not be worth a rush, and pos- "
erity forever would reproach this generation with a
infaithfulncse to their race. u
Meantime it ia really amusing to note the twists
nd turns of the partisan whig* on this Oregon
uestion. Their denunciations are in admirable in- ^
onsistency; now they blow hot, now cold. If we a
riay credit them, one day the President is sick of *
he business, anxious to conciliate, ready to sacrifice ''
II Otcgon to the "peculiar institutions," or sacrifice <'
he toritT to Oregon, and could not be kicked into a "
car; tho next day he becomes pugnacious, and bent
n hostilities; then he is dashing on, a la Phsston, '
rhen he got command of the chariot of the sun, and f(
duly to drivs his war horses over the ruins of his J1
ountry. Just now, with this battalion of patriots,
ie President is in the latter vein; and hence we be- "
in to hear some of the old party slang heaped on n,
'oik that the same sort of gentry were wont to ap- ^
ly to Madison. Such opposition is the surest to lague
its inventors; it is so imbecile as hardly to [
eed answering. J
In one reepcet the correspondence is auspicious, tl
[indicates a returning sense of justice on the purt c
f Great Britain. Surely it ia the extreme of folly e
ir her to say in one breath that the territory, in dis- d
ute is of "irnofl value" to hsr, and in the next to li
ilk of the "grtaf sacrifice" site makes in giving it t<
p. rv e venture 10 predict inni, nnuin^ n uemoratio
administration ia compoacd of such stern stuff" it
s she really likes to deal with, she will ere long a
tanfully yield the point, settle this controversy, and s
dmire tho mingled courtesy, faithfulness, firmness, E
nd Americanism of the democratic Piesident. t<
* *
from the Baltimore Republican. f<
' BLUNDER INTO WAR." e
Mr. Manguni, of the United States Senate, has
xpressed himself that he believes that the adminisration
ia fiiendly to peace, but that he fears that it
lay blunder into war. Well this is something, t
nd we may now rely upon the professions of the
'resident that he destrrs peace. How is the Execuive
likely to blunder into war? The general charge
/ill not be listened to by the public. Give ua
omelhing specific in this matter of blundering. ?
las the President blundered in recommending the
otice to be given ? Then a tremendous majority of
lie people's representatives have blundered also. riiey
huve followed the advice in a manner that we ]
id not expect. The whig camp was well nigh delonulated
by the grand exodus of its friends, and the P
etl sea of party acruplca was forded with the ut- J
rioet alacrity. The most distinguished member of ^
he whig party might envy the splended success of "
he administration so far, and would gladly avail ?
limself of ths diplomatic victories of the Executive. n
Phe game is now obvious?It is to charge upon the
iresent administration, if war should come, that it
night have been prevented. Somebody else is now n
ngaged in the manufacture of party capital, but we ti
re confident that this movement will find but little n
ymputhy beyond the walls of the Capitol. It is not 8
lie time to make capital out of our foreign relations |(
-they are too delicate,, and must be touched with 8
lie hand of a master The President and his cabnet
are competent to the task?it is their business |j
[< be so, and they are. We confide in the Execu* ?
ive in the management of this question?anticipate n
io blunders?have no fears. H
From the Cbarleitown (Vs.) Spirit of Jeffareoo. '
THE OREGON QUESTION. e
To the exclusion of almost everyhing else, we c
ive the proceedings in Congress, the message of
he President, end the correspondence between Mr. g
'akenham and Mr. Buchanan, relative to the Ore* ?
on Of the refusal of the President to settle c
he matter by arbitration, we mav say, with the It
lichmond Enquirer, that we cordially approve of f
ns course. At this time, particularly, we would a
?ok in vain for impartial umpires in the crowned f
leads of the Old or the New World. The eourse t
if the leading power* of Europe toward* this coun- a
ry utterly precludes the. idea of finding among their r
ulera or people any arte who could, with impartial v
italics, de ids between a monarchy and our repub*
ic. We are glad that the President has refused ar
Miration in tht* matter, having followed the prece- c
lent of Preaident Tyler, who, through Mr. On'- e
n>un, Secretary of State, on the 21?t of January, p
845, declined a eimilar propoeition. The Washing- l
on Union prreenta enme trrreiatihle arguments in I
lupport of the action of the Preaident, but we have t
to room for them to-day.
In the revclalinna of thia cnrreapondence we can c
tee no rauae for apprehenaion of war. There mt a
ither modea of negotiation anil left open, and the g
rery act nf proposing arbitration ehowa that Eng. i
and ta willing to negotiate. We atill look for an t
imieahle ndjuetment of thia delicate queation; and j
ve are atill aa deeply imprraeed with the importance <
if giving the "notice" in ihe Senate, aa it haa M cady
bee done in the (louse, and carrying into t
fleet the other meaaurea recommended liy the Prea- f
dent. The policy of peace requiree that we ahould t
jot recede from the ground already taken. I
From the Lexington, (Ky.) Oeiette. '
KENTUCKY LEGISLATURE.
SaTtntDar, January 31. 1846. 1
Gen. Combe, ee chairman of the aelect committee, '
o whom Mr. Murray's reeolntione were referred, '
sported the following preamble and resolutions:
Whereas the term* nf annexation which were '
iffered by the United Statce have been accepted hv
he republic of Texan, end the public fiaith of both
jartiee thus eolemaly pledged to the eompect of
heir anion; and whereat en aet of Congreoa of
be United Suit* l>?u* bctn passed, approving ^
onsutulion fidopied by TeUi Ul ths formal,oil of,
liate government, and ad milling her into the Uaiod
pun an equal locurig with the original Sister
ncrefoit,
be il result,J by Uu rout ml sunnily #/ lit Coawwa ealllt
it/ ktntiuk}/, Thai we bail Texas, aiiiiui.^
no ihe L'nien aa a sister Bute, wuh a cordial *?,,
oina, and pledge Ourselves lo aland by her ui h,,
iture courea Willi all Ihe affection and fideljiy t*.
onung our iiilimaie relations
Hi sulitJ, Thai Ihe goverhor of this Slats be i*.
uoaied lo inuianiii lo each of oiir aenaiora and ctp.
sastitaUvsa in Congress, and lo ihe governor o|
ach of ihe olhor Stales, a copy of Ihe foiegcuw
reamble and resolutions.
The preamble lo Mr. Murray'* resolution. ^
ned Ihe faol llial, on die Anal vote in ihe .Vn?u
?r ihe udnus.ion of 'J'ex?a the yoioy of Keniut.y
rue not recorded at ?,l, and in ihe House of Rep?,
enuii.es only partially; and lest any mfcrescs g
be hostility of Kentucky should be drawn fre*
Iirse circuinstances, the resolutions gave a cord*!
/elcoinc lo the new Slaie, and pledged th* supper
f the people of this Stale to the general government
i vindicate its action, and lo protect ana defend the
erriiory and people of Texas Irom "agression, up
ult, and injury."
This did not suit the whig. It would plane up. K.
n record the dodging of their men in Congress, and
ledge the |>aity further than it is willing u go u
resent But it would not do to give ulterarn . t.
heir real seiiunieuts, and Uen. Combs (a T.xs.
nan, but until now always found fighung aganu:
er) was pushed forward for their rescue. The rsull
of hit labors is given above, in which all allsion
to the previous conduct of lbs whig parly or
ny of its prominent mttnbsra is carefully supjswp
d.
The real feeling of (he whigs was much better ureaeed
bv Mr. Woriham, in the subjoined, whie.
e offered as a substitute for the general's con on,
ion:
"Whereas the rspuhlie of Texas has been anaxed
to these United States, end becomes one ?f
is Stales thereof; and whereas it is not necessary
tt this House to legislate or uks any aotfcvi ,n rv
ard to .isid Siau ofTaxaa, any more than n is u
ike a similar action towards another Suu of the
J nion?therefore
Dt il roo/rrd, That this House will forbear toilren
any opinion on ihs subject." H
This brsathss a spirit of reluctant scquisscsiici, H
nil is ihflAiititouiii ir til aLurdv. inils.isinl^ni w-? mm
filing lu .ccumb 10 ilia inevitable, but acormn|a
unreal, or to affect to conceal, it* rral aentimeiiis,
or lli? purpoaa or veering to tha popalar breeze Hi
wrong, but evidently perfectly hon?t. Hmprcy
anion, winch eo dearly reflected the f?*i o, iiuos*
ml pre ten i acta of the whigs eleewhara, rejectd
by the following vola : Ayea b. noaa 74
Ttvuttut.?The follnarmg joint reanlut one h,,
man [mated by tha Tenneaeee legielatura: '
Remind, That the lata annual message of Preai
lent Polk to the two bouaea of C ingreaa m every
vay worthy ike chief niagiatrate of the Americai
icople; the temperance, firmness, dignity, end lib*
.lity manifested in ite discueainn of our foreign reia
iona, and ita luminous expoeition and patriotic*
ommemlation of tha great principle! of dnmeetg
tolicy upon which tha administration waa brought
itio power, mark it aa one among tha ableet >d
noat Ameriran documcota ever iaeued from ua
ixecutive department.
Retolved, That our ecnatora in Congrete be, eel
hey are hereby, instructed, and our rcproaentauva
equested, to auatain tha principles of the mavteyi
y their votes, by all their energies and all their isluenca.
Remind, That our senators in Congreee be, id
hey err hereby, especially instructed, and our rep
eaentatiree requested, to vols against ally propoilion
or bill which may be introduced in Congrva,
aving M lie object the ealabliehment of a nauooal
ank, the assumption of the debts of the individ*!
mtee, or the distribution of the proceeds of the
alee of the public lands among tha States, whether
cquired by cession or otherwise, aa impolitic ad
nconititutional.
Retched, That our senators in Congress be*
trucied, and our representative! requested, > use
heir best exertions ao to modify the tariff of I All,
s to reduce the duties it imposes to a revenue
tandard, and to abolish the minimum and specific
uiiee, and to establish in their place ad vnloren
uties, aa the moat fair and equitable mode of levylg
a tax on imports.
Reunited, That our senators in Congress be furler
instructed, and our representatives requested,
i use their beat exertions to extend the laws id
iriadiction nf the United States over our citirena in
le Oregon territory, and to adopt the moat speedy
leans consistent with treaty stipulations to termiate
the joint occupation or that territory by the
fnited Suites nnd ureal Britain.
l/TAKSHAL'S SALE.? In virtue of two wria
VL of fitri /oriav, issued from the clerk's office ot
ie circuii court of the District of Columbia, for the
nunty of Washington, and to me directed, I shall
xpose at public sale, for cash, on Saturday the 7th
ay of February next, at the front of the courtuuse
door of said county, at 12 o'clock ui., the blowing
property, viz:
Lot IS n. I. in snuare No. 359. in the ritv of Wash
ngton, fronting 87 feet 10 inches on Maryland aril
ue, anil 87 feet 5 inches on lOlh street weal;
eized and levied upon as the property of Jacob A.
tender, and sold to satisfy judicial* No. 25,toOcober
term, 1845, in favor of Walter Gody; alio to
atisfy judicial! No. 72, to October term, 1845, ia
tvor or Thomas H. Gillis and William B. Todd,
xecutors of Sefh J. Todd, against said Bender.
ALEXANDER HUNTER,
Marshal of the District of Columbia.
The above sale is postponed until Saturday next,
he 14th inst., same hotlr and day.
A. HUNTER,
Marshal of the District of Columbia.
Feb. 7
The above property is further postponed until
laturday next, theSlsl instant, same hour and place.
A. HUNTER,
Feb. 14
LANDRETHPSTW ARICANTED GARDEN
SEED, direct from Philadelphia?each pier
bears the label and Warranty of David Landrttli.
'or sale by A. G. GARDINER, F street, between
finth and Tenth streets, Washington City. Exract
from the "report" of the "visiting committee
f tht Pennsylvania Horticultural Society," utianitously
adopted, and ordered to be printed.
LANDRXTli'l NORSERIH AND OARDENI- H
"These extensive grounds are on Federal street,
ear the arsenal, esse The earliest colletsion
of Camellias was muds here. Some of thou
ow in the poeseeeion of those distinguished nun
ery-men are ten feet high. Thensction
of green-house plants ia valuable and extern
i'?e. ess
"In the nurseries we saw a great many Mapmlas,
of which there are no leas than thirteen distinct
pecies and three varieties. One plant of the M
;rendi flora is 20 feet high and in full bloom- Hen
re likewise the M. cordata 50 fist High; a beautiful
A. sliptica in flower, and a magnificent specimen,
8 feet high, of the M. conspieua; thecuriouiOeeje
irange, that retains its lucid foliage longer than enf
i her deciduous tree. * *
"The nurseries are all very come !y managed,
upplying every pait of the Union, a d :lail of which
iron Id ocr.unv too much of nnr arui-.. wn therefon
content ourselves with stating that the stock is vfrT
srge, arid in every stage of g nwtli, consisting?'
lirestandomamental trees,shrubs,eve-greens, vinee>
ind creepers, with a collection of her serous plan's;
rnit trees of the beat kind and most healthy endiion;
large beds of seedling apples, pe irs, plums, Ac
is siocks for budding und grafting?a plan very supsior
to that of working upon auckers, which ear"
vith them into the graft all the diseases of the pert"1
itock.
"GARDEN SEED5
if the finest quality have been s -attercd over tat
ountry from the?s grounds, snd mvy always he de
ended upon. Tha aeed eatablia iment of thase
lorticultu-ista ia one of the moet extensive ia 'h*
Jnton.an I us reputation ia well aua nined from f"
o year.
"To obviate the chance of mixture of th" f?r"*
if planta of the aama ftmily, they have establish*"
mother nursery, at a suitable dtata-ice, so that ds-enerstion
cannot take plars, and wbi^h secures 10
ha purchaser! "a genuine article.' Knowing thf
he age, quality, and procraa of cult ire of "fft
>lant, the eupply from their grounda is recommend*
id with great confidence."
% 8ince the ds e of ti e rep >rt from which
ibove is extracted,tl e en ire es shl:shment has has*
preatly enlarged. The collect on of cimflli*11 ^
iracea all the finer k nife, aid to isi?ta of
houasnda of various sizes; so bkewisa of ro?ee, an
ither desirable plants, both tender end hardy, (r>*
rees, Ac.
The seed gardens alone cover fifty acres, snd t*
whole ia, aa it hue been for more than half a cent'
y, under the successive management of father a
ion, the moat prominent in America. ?
Orders received at GARDINER'S aeed etnrt, '
itreet, where catalogues mny he obtained gratisFeb
14-3t
WANTED, TWO OARDENER8 ? App'T'
this offiee, or at
N. CALLANf, sag
1

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