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The daily union. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1845-1857, February 14, 1846, Image 3

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THE UNION.
CITY Or WASHINGTON
~~SATURDAY NIGHT, FEB. 14, ISIS.
AOfcNCV OKFltt
W? kin opened au oAce at No li, W AJ.L SI KELT,
flW VoKK naar the l.?|ir??M ink Mhfuatie Teiepieph
oAofe, whate ouUcrtpUoaa, ad*ertioe?nei>u. rommuuicaueiii.
it , ki , wifi be leceteed, and any other builMia
connected with the "Union" promptly attended to.
i.,|.(i)oi of out ward bound packete, and otbara, ean be
nipidted wi:b Alee of tb? "Uuwu" by calling 01 lauding to
the off.ee pa the day ol tailing
ttrt-lirirl K. e-ei, C Umri J H John
Colliut, Ibonu ttrvorn, II M L.wl* 8 II. BtcYeiwon, J.
I Juka.ou J. H 8tavaou.ii, W A flare*. Janiao flarca,
Jw.ii . K Whlppl*. W H WrU. O U. P. 8tnn B. B. Hua?y,
John B W*id, Jo*. Itanium I. T 8. Waterman, anj K
A Henry, ar* euibortiad I* receive new aubauilLera. and
all. , nitration, lor the "t'aiou."
Wt ar* requested to NT II* tain* (aatiaman ar* author
ucdla mak* coUactioa.lor th* "Ola*? "
((/-Hubert D John.ou, of OiIkiIm. la aulheriiail to r*
Mir* .ubacripUoo* to tba "L'aioo" la Texaa.
?/ <' L Job*, la aulhorita.1 to r*e*:?* auhacriptiou. foi
tha I'nlau" la Alabama and TancMa*.
CONGRESSIONALTh*
Senate waa not in *0001011 to-day.
Th* Hauta, almoal immediately alter the reading
of the Journal, paaaed into Committer #f the Whole,
aad reeumed "with a will" the conaiJeraiion of bustnet*
on tlie private calendar. A number of Julie
vera acted on and reported. Th* Houee finally
" truck * anag" oa a motion to engross one of the
number; end, leaving it for future deliberation, adjaansA.
THE TARIFF.
)|* VlLtU'l REPORT, WITH THE DOCL'MENTB
ACCOMPANY I NO IT. -
The itudion* eecluelon of the Secretary of the
Trcteury eine* the day when he entered upon (he
trduoue duties of hie office creeled the impreaaion,
which ha* been fully realioed, that the country
might look for reeulte equal to hi* energy end induetry.
Probably, nay certainly, there never wae before
euch a men of varied and important information
collected in one document, for the purpoa* of
elucidating th* effect* of * prolactin* tariff, that odiout
tyitam of injustice, against which, for *0 many
I tan. th* appeals *f thn** who have suffered under
11, hev*b**n heard in vein?again at which the argument*,
hitherto never answered and never heeded,
ar* at last, a* we truat, to be crowned with victory
undrr th* auspices of th* present administration.
Ifh'story did not loach uathat from th* beginning
A? itrangeet abuse* originate even in th* beat organgovernments,
11 would be e matter for profound
itonishment, that in our own?constituted, it would
mm, with an especial reference .0 an (qualify of tax lion?the
legislation of the couiltry for a long series
ofyeeri should have been steadily directed in opposition
to the chief purpose of e confederated government;
that being to allow to the States separately a* far as
possible thr unmolested enjcyreent 01 an wnicn, in a
country so expanded, must be peculiar to the seclions.
This was the predominant idea of the (real
ntn who constructed this government. Upon the
conception that the whole should not be armed with
the power of doing violence and injustice to the
parts, was the permanent prosperity of the republic
predicated.
In the early history of our legislation, with respect
to the rates of duty upon the imports, we find
ebundant evidence, in many consecutive years, of*
itnet conformity in the action of Congress to
ths spirit of the constitution, end the exigencies
of the treasury. In a purer and better era, when
tariff acts were legitimate, because they were national?legitimate
because they were pussed for the
recognised purpose of replenishing the public purse,
mployed to earry on a frugal government?we
hear of no-cnmpbiinta.
Such, at tha period referred to, waa the profound
Wiafaction throughout the country, under a revenue
tariff of 19 per cent., or lesa; and so adequate
waa such a standard to meet the expenditure, that
the wheels of government revolved without attrition;
the people paid the taxes, ignorant of the exulence
of such a word as "toriff," and dreaming
not that, under a new synonym to them, they were
aoon to be familiarized with practical injustice
end oppression.
In teems to us to be impossible, in view of the contrast
presented in the general content of the people
from 1789 until 1894, with that exasperated spirit
of complaint manifested since, that any prudent
calculating advocate of the manufacturing intervals
should hesitate as to the proper policy
now lo be pursued. It has become so evident, from
?ll the developments in the United States, and the
proof, conducting to the same conclusion, yet more
signal in the kingdom of Great Britain, that these
commercial restrictions must soon be abandoned,
that we do marvel at the folly of the endeavor yet to
euatatn them. The progress of opinion throughout
(he world is against the fettering of the commercial
intercourse of mankind. The ancient cause* which
operated to the introduction of a policy whose essential
tendency is to disintegrate, beyond tbe designs
of Providence, the nations of the world, are losing
thur efficacy. Before all other nations, as we
justly boast ourselves fo be, in every ameliorating
process, why should wa bs employed in the mischievous
endeavor lo infuse vitality into a selfish commercial
system, whose operation, if not instantly
arrested in Great Britain, will, it is believed, even
hake a monarchy that has been proof hitherto
garnet civil ware, and within the present century
itrong enough to withatand the aasau|la of congrefs'.ed
Europe.
But wa see in all the signs of the time", that the
day for high_ protective tariff* it passing rapidly
away The great men of our own country, who
have ao strenuously devoted their abilities to the
end of illuminating the popular understanding, arc
now upon the eve of reaping the reward of their no.
ble toil?ihe only reward they crave, and greai
enough for the exertions of a life time?the goot
they have accomplished for the mass of their conn'
trymen.
In audi a "vineyard" Mr. Secretary Walker hai
wrought, like a faithful servant, as the report anc
documents, lo the general topica of which we shal
now refer, ineonteetably evince.
Among the documents we have statements of the
expenditures of th* fiscal year, likewise ths dutiei
r.d revenues; we have statements of the quanti<
'y, value, and duty on imports, up to the 30th
of June Isat with ealcuUtinna nf what thew
>mporta, at an ad valorem rata of ?0, 95, and
3l) per cent, would produce. Three eatimatei
are made upon each article in detail. We have a
l\ieraent of each of the tariff* of duliee enacted
aitice the establishment of the government, showing
in table* the rates at tho distinct periode. There ar<
olhdV tables, showing the amount of importation* 01
specific article*, such aa iron, and the manufae
turea of it since the existence of the government
Other tahle* show the import* of coal, sugar, mo
leases, coffee, and tea, with the duty on each. Othei
tahle* ahow the aggregate amount of import*, ex
porta, duties, drawback*, end the amount of apecifii
duties The voluminnua document is made up in I
r**t degree of the anewere received by the Secre
tery from all quarter* of the country to the quee
'ions propounded in the Circular* addre***d to col
lector* during th* la*t year. Many of the answen
re elaborately written, and very replete with infor
aetion. The document prepared a d sent by th<
hember of enmeaare* in Charleston, i* a lucid am
Powerful staiement of the caso. A good deal of in
formation was aent from I?nni*tlrta Ohio ae*ma t
he** answered with alacrity and Mpatial inter#*'
Prom very many of lb* State* very little waa ol
lb
"l' pon ilu i settlement; they will calculate the relelot
Don# of the two continent! according to the data,it
provide#, end the policy of ell parlies shell be to
eettle end define their poeitione. Let the matter remain
unsettled! all partiea will go on calculating the
>0- chancre of (r'l bit ion in the mieU of futurity, controverting
and squabbling, grasping at every advan,
tage, indicting mutual injuries and entertaining ittu'
" tual jealouatee, until the disputed regains and uneeltied
government* of America ahall have grown im{u
portent enough to warrant the expense* of a general
U1. and protracted war. Then England, Fiance, and
Kueeia may be found drawn up againel the Union,
?" with the help, iwrhaps, of native elates; and her
or triumph, if aha triumph then, may be bst'ghl with
torrenta qY blood, for lite peace of the world, and
er for the sake of humanity, it ia needful that she set'
tie up her acorea with European nations now, that
ehe define her boundaries and theirs upon Ainenas
can ground, and that ehe at once assume a cbararlid
trr so definite and comprehensible as not to be mief()r
taken hereafter. These are the views, we believe,
of the majorty of our leading men; yet there are
some who think it batter to leave the i laima and
ere position of the country unsettled and undefined for
rk, some time longer. Mr. Calhoun's idea is, or seems
tube, that the iiervading and diffusing spirit of re
publicarnsin will cause surrounding districts to grow
into the Union by a natural tendency?a tendency
?i- which will increase with their population?and thus
,fl> European governments may be finally swept off the
continent by a silent but universal resistance. Mr.
Webater, on the other hand, seems to think lhat
nd tha Union includes about as much territory as
ra< one government can well manage, and that the
Jr_ diffusion of republican sentiments will result in
the eslabltsmenl of new independent states, rn>c*
tker than in the extension of the Union. Both views
lly are plausible, and a good deal might be said for
lea them; but lor all thai, tbey appear to ua like (hat
hiArA rtf ailvicit whiirh "hiriipil to fonliahiiHsa ilia
raunod, and in several instances the reason wee opi
ly assigned to he that the manufacturer! did I
mean to supply's stone to break their own beac
There are very variant views given by the reepor
ante?some particularly not to our taata or our c<
vicuon from Massachusetts and Louisiana.
Upon another occasion, and when we have ma
a more thorough examination of this large value
we ahaJI take occasion to give the result of the ar(
mentprsand con, as it shall impress us. Met
while, we invite all who have the opportunity to
attentive iuapeotion of this mouument of the lei
and ability of the Secretary of the Treasury.
The Secretary of the Treasury has not, howev
resir.d frum his labors upon the laritf, since his s
nual report was submitted to Congress. He h
been called upon by the Committee of Ways a
Mean 110 assist lliem in preparing a revenue bill
the House of Representatives. For lha purpose
siding him in the work, he has invited several offiu
attached to the custom-houses in Boston, New Yoi
Philadelphia, and Baltimore, (deputy collectors, s
praisers, Ae.) to attend at Washington arid conlr
ule their information and experience to the compo
tion of a proper bill. They consist of Messrs. Bridj
Weldon, and Gourgua, of Boston; Bogardus, W
dron.arid Connolly, of New York; Treichefa
Stewart, of Philadelphia; and Young and Vicke
of Baliimore. They are, aa the Washington ct
respondent of the New Yoik "Tribune" deacrik
them, "men of ability, and have labored faithful
(for some weeks) in the discharge of their duti
since ihey came to Washington." The bill lias be
prepared-with great care, and precision, and clei
ness, so as to avoid those frequent end troublaeor
appeals to (he department here for the true conslru
tion* of the revenue law, which have been t
common under former laws. It has bean, for soi
days, in the hands of the Committee of Ways a
Means, and will probably be reported?with su
modifications as the committee may adopt?to t
House In the early part of the next week. T
committee have also celled upon the secretary I
an estimate of aueh amounts of dutiea as rosy
expected from each article of import, embracing,
eourse, estimates upon such nsw articles as, und
the new system, (abolishing minimums and a|>eci
duties,) may be imported into the United Stan
The estimates are now making out under the eupt
vision of lha same sxparienoad officers who ha
assisted in making out the bill, and will probably
handed in on Monday. Whan iheao iniereeii
documents ai# laid before the House, we shall pu
liah them In detail, or present auch summarise as mi
be satisfactory to our readers. We understand t
bill ia calculated to carry out the great principles
the secretary's report. The correepondent of t
"Tribune" aaye that "Mr. Walker calculates thai
will bring a revenue of twenty-two millions of d<
tars. Some of thoae who drew it up think it m
not bring over twenty millions of dollar* a yeai
We have not ascertained what ia the secretary
calculation; but we arcaaauted that those who"dr?
it up" hare not expressed the opinion ascribed
there. Their eetimaie ia not yet completed.
We have received the "Boston Pilot," of the 1
inst., which contains, among other articles, a lo
letter from "T. D. MoG,."at Dublin, January ;
touching the relations between the United Stai
and Great Britain. The following extract u
show the spirit of the letter. These speculations,
not instructive, are at least curious and amusing.
..norctoM?inisH opivmva rvN prtrr oin wi
"Well informed men here do not believe, in t
probability of a third American war. They thi
whatever the United States may have to fear woi
be from naval attacks. It is worth obeervii
that the constitution of the British army is n<
very different from what it was in the campaigns
the peninsula. There are no longer any Germ
regiments in the service, to keep the lines nnd
prevent desertion. The erection of Hanover intt
kingdom has kept them at home unuer the eye
King Earne>t, instead of sending them as formei
to bear the orders and wear the breeches of t
horse guards. It >s reported here that 50,000 troo
are to be sent to assert the English claims to O
gon. You may count on 40,000 of them, at lea
as settlers. There is hardly a mother's son of thi
that would not desert to the stripes and stars, a
if our commander-in-chief is wise, he ought
know it. If he should not find it out before th
sail, he will hear of it very soon after they land,
repeat again, America has nothing to fear, if she
able to defend her sea-coasts.
' As to the chimera of raising a negro insurrectir
no one but a madman or a professed philanthrop
ever dreams of such a thing. On the contrary, tin
is a strong conviction here that the whites of t
South arc quite able to manage the colored popu
tion, nnd that, if it came to an insurrection, th
would not want aid from the North.
"The message of President Polk is regarded in I
land with no ill will. Our press?which is, wh
ever its wants, a most faithful mirror of the Iri
mind?regards it as a national defiance to Englai
We are inclined to think England will not lake
the gauntlet. But if she does, there will be otl
questions to settle as well as the Oregon questii
We consider our title perfectly clear to every inch
Ireland; while .you cry America for the America
we cry Ireland for the Irish; we will give a yea
notice to quit the joint ocupancy of the Unit
simultaneously with yours to terminate the copi
nerahip in Oregon."
The same number of "the Pilot"' presents the I
lowing bold and racy editorial:
THE POSITION AND TROSPECTS OF THE UN.H
"The fortune of nations, like the constiaition
individusls, passes through periods of cltmactr
which politicians call eritts. On these critical pi
ods depend empire or slavery, prosperity or ru:
anil mruugn unc UI mere mo. mucntau uuiun
passing now. The period foreshadowed by
statesmen when they provided maxims for times
i come, when Washington admonished the childre
children of his people to beware of foreign inl
ence, when Monroe ex pressed his far-reaching vie
against European colonization?that period I
arrived. The Union, by her liberal encouragem
i of emigration, has beaten her European rivals
, the art of colonizing, and swelled into sufficient s
and mrerffith to lake her place among the arhiteri
' the woild. Will the great powers of Europe n
i mit her quietly to take her position as the lean
i nation of America, the moderator of those fierce
moeracies whose chaotic revolutions have beco
proverbial >?or will they employ their wealth, r
1 art, and hostile power, to sustain their imperfect
I flnence over this continent, and force the stun
. growth of their colonial systems, and thus keep
the struggle of the Old World with the New for fi
or one hundred years longer? Wherever natir
' in contiguity would preserve their indepcndei
| and their civilization, they require some ai
I trating authority whose decisions may conirne
respect, and preserve a sort of justice in
law of nations. The want of such an i
l thority has engendered moot of the wars
, the history of the world. In Europe,
deadly hostility of the two creeds, Christian i
Moslem, precluded all arbitration; hence the h
1 warfare that ravaged the south, end barbarized
I east of Europe. But the moral influence of
I Papacy preserved in some degree ihc peace of Ch
lendom, and fostered the revival of art and scisn
' Afterwards the Empire, Spain, France, Engla
i the five powers, have managed, by a mixture
policy and justice to avert wars, and restrain
stormy elements of the political world. This co
' nent wsnts an influence of that kind Most of
* wars of Europe in the last century originated in
f want of an arbitration which rouhl regulate tl
movements, end modify their conflicting rlaimi
America; and the continued want among the in
pendent States of the southern continent keeps th
- States in their unsettled and unhappy state. Et
r pean nations cannot exercise this function, tl
powi r, theirold pretensions, and the distrusts
which they are regardsd forbid it, while their i
' la-re justifies that distrust, by making every I
i tivs on their part for interference, except smbili
. improbable, yhe Union alone, a nation *
power enough to render her decision# respects
furnished with motives sufficiently strong and jus
able for preserving the peace nf the continent,#
i lion which receives no accession of territory o
. sfter long and warm delists*, and, if it be a set
distnct, upon the eager and reiterated solintaiiot
! its inhabitants?the Union alone can take uptho
1 sition of arbiter on the American continent. That
i- has coins for her to do so: she must either ol
0 her call, and fill her place now, or be chec
. and controlled by th? maritime powers of
OW World for years to coma. Let ths ma
be dscided now, and future statesman will hi
*n counsel of Ahilophel." For if the desert it being
>r- peopled with food republicans, how ehall they herene
alter ehake off the claims of foreign monarchies and
|C_ assert their right to join the Union? Muet it be like
the Union itself, by revolution and long years of
1,0 blood and devastation? We have heard of such
ne things as getting out of the frying pen into the fire;
n(j and here is something very like It. But if, on the
^ other hand, Mr. Webster's view is to be taken, and
the rise of new republics may be expected, how
he does that gentleman, and his party, propose to averl
he the interminable wars of nations ansnowledgirig no
ror international laws; resiauied by no power whose in
tereet shall be to maintain peace, but Shipped into
everlasting convulsions by the intrigues of Euroof
pean ambition only goaded into greater activity by its
ler disappointments of the past, and doubts of the futurc?to
avert, in one word, that chaos of wrecks
and revolutions which South America has long baw*
come? There is no other way to do so the . by crcsr
sung en American party over the length ai d breadth
ve of American ground, bv asserting the ri-tht of
^ tine country to colonisation, upon the just and
tangible principle, that from her position, the spirit
"S of her government, and ths character of her people,
ib- the alone can colonise, and fejecung the interference
lv of European nations on this continent, thus settling
, the views and defining the policy of future statoemen.
These things can be done now, while the reof
Isliont of this country with Europe rem <in such
he that nn government could obuin the support of its
u nation in a war long enough, and great enough, to
t settle the questions in dispute with ue. At a future
B'' day, when thia continent shall hate become so imi>ori'
rill ant as to excite the emulation end cupidity nf European
nations, end give shape and solidity to the yet
misty ambition of their statesmen, they ntay not be
so easy. War with England or Prance will be quite
,w another thing then."
The Albany Argus notices the different terms in
which Mr. Pskeiibam submitted his two ptoposi
'th lions lor aroursuon. i ne um was m iticr, wu mc
ng title, but "the whole question of an equitable ill
Id vision of the Oregon territory, to the arbitration of
tM some friendly power." This was made under di,,H
rect instructions from his government. Mr. Bujf
channn forcibly remarks, in reply to this, (says the
Albany Argus,) that " 'such a condition would nelr
cessartly preclude the United States from claiming
lie the whole before the arbitrator.' This is certainly
nk a cunning stratagem of British diplomacy, und was
very properly rejected."
The second proposition comes under different ausof
pices. It does not seem to have been mudc under
an specific instructions from the British cabinet. It
t" ,
run* thus:
of " 'The object of the undersigned in addressing to
|y | Mr. Buchanan the present eornmuniraUon in to as
he I certuin from liirn whether, tvpposing the British govips
i rmmrnt to entertain no objection to such a course, it
re_ i would suit the views of the United States governmerit
to refer to arbitration, not, as has ulrcady
been proposed, the question of an equitable partition
of the territory, but the question ot title in either of
lo the two powers to the whole territory, subject, of
Cy course, to the condition that if neither should be
| found, in the opinion of the arbitrator, to possess a
; is complete title to ihe whole territory, there should, in
that case, be assigned to each that portion of territo)n,
ry which would in the opinion of the arbitrating
ist power be called for by a just appreciation of the rc!re
spective claims of each.'
lie "It is clear from the above, that when Mr. Pakcnla
ham ofTers to submit the title to arbitration, he had
ey no authority to make any such offer, lie says, "supI
posing the British government to entertain 110 objecre
tion." Had the President accepted it, there is not
at- even the remotest assurance that the British govish
eminent would have done the same,
id. "It is also to be remarked that even iri this very
up offer in which the British minister affects to favor
ter aboard of eii'xen arbitrators, he only speaks of'an
>n. arbitrator,'or'an arbitrating power.- tie suit evii
of denlly clings to the monarchical idea of having it
ns, submitted to 'some friendly sovereign or State.' To
r's such a mode it is clear" that the United Stutes will
Jn, not consent. But Mr. P. afterwards says in the
irt- sume letter?
'"There might ht, for instance, a mixed cnmtnis"oU
eion, with an umpire appointed by common consent;
or there might lie a board composed of the'most dis)N
tinguished civilians and jurists of the lime appointed
0f in such a manner as should bring all pending questions
to the decision of ths most enlightened, imparjj
tial, and independent minds.'
in ; "Here, certainly, there is nothing definite as to
is what Great Britain 'might' do, but simply an cxo|d
pression of Mr. P.'s individual opinion,
to . "The United States have been put off long enough
n', by these evasive ofTers of England, it is time, the
flu. latter power came to a distinct and unqualified offer.
Ws The United States have shown how ardent is their
1B? desire for peace by the liberal offers of compromise
ent that have been previously made. Great Britain can
in now do the same.
iZ(. "So fnr from believing that the recent rejoction
i 0f of the offer of Mr. P. will have an adverse influence
^r. in retarding a peaceable adjustment, it seems to us
jog that it may promote it; for Eng and may now be inde
duced to make a clear anil distinct offer?such as
I may aomewhat accord with the known determinein,l
| tion and just expectations of the United Stutes."
in
ted A WASHINGTON LETTER.
I'P We have ceased to lake much notice of the multitude
tly . . ,
of letters which circulate over the country from Washrice
ington. But the Boston Courier of the 11th in'hi
slant, which reached us by this morning's mail,contains
a letter, under the signature of ."Paul," which
au- presents so just and liberal a view of the ncfice que,1in
linn that we cannot forbear making an extract front
the it. Paul is a staunch whig, as appears fiom the
other parts of the letter?particularly in his oppose
sition to the reduction of the tariff. He goes no
the far as to speak of its reduction as a "political move
ment," (by winch we unaersiana nim to mean par''J'
ty measure;) and even goes lo such extremes in
of favor of the tariff as to condemn the warehousing
the system, which we had hoped would have met with
the general concurrence of both sides of the House.
"Washikotow, Feb. 8, 184fi.
tetr "You will find in the'Union' the correspondence
tin which has taken place on the subject of the setileide
ment of the Oregon question, between the Secreose
Ury of State and Mr. Pakenhnm, and the former 's
iro- communication with Mr. McLnne. The renewed
teir suspension of negotiations on the subject may prorith
duce n temporary depression of the public, mind,
dis- but will leave no permanent impression Its operano
lion upon the decision of the vote in the House, to
ion, morrow, may lie of some const quer.es. We are
rith now of more decided opinion that notice' will (tans
hie, in aome shape, by a very respectable majority. It
ufi. ia (he only course left to tie pursued. It ta intended
ns as a peaceful one. If the British government put a
nly different itiS|rprelstion upon It, they must be prelled
pared for th* (sequences of the mistake,
r of "Thers no apprehension here of war with
no- England ort this subject. The fear, if it prevail
jme anywhere, is tb the large cities, and there tt is enbey
eouraged for gambling purpn*?s. England Will
ked never go to war with ua, till she be incited thereti
the by the sympathy of ths world in her cause; this
tier shs has not aa yat secured in her negotiations with
111,1 ua; and, unlet* through soma fault or folly on the
part of our government, never will. To give h?i
1 notice thai we wish no longer te remain jn a opart
nerihip with her, from which *h" derives the exclusive
aovamage, will nut provoke upon ua the dieapprobratiou
of the world. If England prefer l?
c (holder u a hostile measure, her 'urinamcnts' may
tie continued, hut will not be feared.
"After having given England notice for (he peace
able termination of joint occupancy, the first movement
towards a diplomatic arrangement should proceed
from her. Our government, during the intermediate
tune from the luuwiiig of notice to the
expiration of the prescribed twelve months, need but
real on its dignity?caking the proper measures, ol
course, to enforce and defend the nghle of ouf cmuui
in the far northweat. If that time expire without
renewed ncgoUaltoiie, there wtU be occasion for
more active measures, which, it will be found, the
northern whige will be glad to second.
"This question of 'notice' has abaorbed illc attention
of Congreaa, to the exclusion of all other
matter of nattouel or individual interest. After its
disposition by the House, the pdeuli.tr measures ol
the dominant party will be attended to. Hlrongeai
in importance, are the reduction of the tariff, and
the re-enactment of the sub-treasury act.?both intended
as political movements, and equally calculated
to affect, injuriously, the interests of the
country.
"It is suid Oen. McKay wftl introduce a bill aim.
liar, in us mors important feaiures, to the bill ol
last session. He will append thereto a propositus
for the establishment of the warehousing system,
for which the importers of New York are strenuously
laboring. The reduction of the tariff would
not be so disastrous to the nianufecluring interests,
at the paeeege of the Wai 'housing act. A<
the duties, by this measure, would not be required
to be paid till alter a sale is procured tier the stored
goods, in s short lima the warehouses would be
filled by English manufactures, crowding ours oul
ol the instkel. It is s suspicion of this result thai
induces the opposition of eohis of in# moat aaga
ctoua representatives and senators of the East?an
opposition that, with proper alliances, may ba affect
ua I to defeat the bill.
"From the earliest operation of tha government
till the year 1441, it had been customary to gtva importer*
crtdil for the amount of duties fequtrad?the
importers giving a bond Off faiibfal payment within
a certain period. That year a law was passed requiring
rash payment of duties. If the aub-traaarty
act ba renewed, duliee must be paid in iptcit
as*
"It ia not presumable that the whigs will maka an
obstinate or strenuous opposition to tht passage ol
either of iheac two patted measures of the democratic
party. The opposition would be vain. It wil
be Ian for the people, awakened by their sufTeiingi
to a contcioueness of their errora, to discard the
servants who have beao ignorant and earelaae o
their duties."
We believe that theae democratic servants ar?
perfectly willing to take the responsibility; atid.ir
fact, if ihey Jailed to carry out the meeaurea whlcl
they were elected to accomplish, then, indeed, would
the people be willing lo dieeurd them, becauM
they "have been ignorant and careleei of thur dutiea."
The suspense of an anxioue and excited community
ie the hot-bed in which atrange and extrava
gant rumora are profusely produced. Itiatoatlhi
present moment. The Washington letter-writers ant
the whig papers of the North are teeming with re
porta in every variety of form. We are told #' no
gotiationa that are on foot?of the terms on which thi
President would make a compromise?nay, of thi
terms which have been offered by the parties; ant
still, one step further, of a treaty which has beei
agreed upon! One of these statements is publishet
in the New York papers, in Ilia form of a "memo
randum from a very intelligent gentleman from Neu
England."
"From sources of importance worthy of credence
I venture the opinion?the conviction?the fixti
' fact, that it is now (this 9th day of February, 1846
an agrttd point, thnt the Oregon question shall h
settled on the 49?, with an equivalent to ua of n<
practical value, mid with a ssi rifice of ineatimabli
value, in the ichich, Buchanan and Pakrnham an
the tools in ether hands. A treaty is now being concluded
on the basis of the 49??the ratifications o
which are to be exchanged mnnlhs after Ores
Britain shall have reduced her duties on breadstuff
to per quarter, and ajur this government shal
become obligated by law? (to continue for fifteer
years,) to levy no duties nbovQSO per owtt. on Brit
ish manufactures, except on ieon and boat.
"Such?such a treaty will b? ratified by the Sen'
nte by a vole of 38 to 18?Texea settling (he que*
Hrre follows the estimate.
There are rumor* also, and confidently asserted
of a new message to he speedily communicated t<
Congress about the boundaries of Oregon.
We are aure it is unnecessary to say that these
political gossips must know more of what is goin?
forward than the diplomatists who are themsclvei
behind the curtain. For our own part, we are no
advised of anything about negotiations, or terms
proposed, much less a treaty concluded.
The papers arc also full of rumors about the aster
tsksin Mr. McLane'a letter. These, too, of course
are vague conjectures. But the most amusing part o
the story is, that it charges the President with suppreaaing
a fact, which it was most important for
him to have put forth, as calculated to add strengtl
and gain votes for the notice?viz: that the Brilisl
government would not consider the notice aa offensive
MAGNETIC TELEGRAPH.
To the Editor of the Union:
Sir: In the 39th number of the Weekly Union
I noticed a communication from Hon. Amos Ken
doll, selling forth the difficulty of so guarding th
telegraphic wires as to prevent theinagnettc fluid from
escaping when passed under wuter.
I sm aware that acientific theories are useless, union
they aland the test of experiment. Query, ii
not India rubber a non-e.onductor of the gal van u
fluid? I have not fesfed this point; but Mr. Turner
in hia chemistry, clasaes this article among the re
jiru, which he says are non-conductors. Now, if In
din rubber is a non-conductor, I am naturally let
to dltk the following concluaions, viz:
Cover the telegraphic wires with coats of Indii
rubber, say two-tenths of an inch thick, and paai
ilicm llirou good lead pipes, which shall strelcl
fiom shore to shore on the bottom of any body o
water; and the magnetic fluid will pass as safely ai
through the atmosphere.
If you think the above worthy of notice, pleasi
give it a place in your columns, and thus oblige
Yours, very respeclfully,
ALONZO JACKMAN.
Norwich University, Norwich, Vt. Feb. 9, 1846
Extract of a letter, dated
Bevxi.vnTosr, Vt., January ti, 1846.
' The high ground taken by the President ii
approved by nil parties. The correspondence be
iween Mr. Buchanan and Mr. Pukenham full;
sustained him n? to our title, that it waa clea
and unquestionable. Under the circumstances ii
which he was planed, it may have been jusli
liable to rtnetr the proposition of his predeces
sors to compromise on the 49m degree; but 1 con
eider it fortunate that Mr. Pakenhnm rejected th
proposition, and still more fortunate for the Presi
ilent ihnt he imnrnveil the favorable OODortUmtV
'to withdraw the proposition, and nseert our righ
to the whole Oregon territory.'
"The declaration of Mr. Adams in the Hottar
, sustaining the President in support of our title, ha
stopped the tnoutha of every whig in thia see
j tion.
' The question of title baing settled in the Presi
| dent'e mind, he could do no less than recommern
the course pointed out by him in the message; and
at the end of the year, after notice shall be given, th
government cannot abandon Oregon 'without
i sociifirc ofboth national honorarid interest.'
"The President thus far hu? discharged his dut]
with fidelity to the country, and the great nines o
i the people will sustain him if ha continues to stam
firm and unnwed by fac tons that rise in opposition
"Since writing the foregoing letter, 1 have read ai
> article in the 'Union' of the 22d, headed 'delimit
tremens.' It fully accords with our leeltnga. 'Th
question ia simply, ought we to /noted our oxen citizen
on our oxen toil, anil Anp our oirn toil for otir own eiti
itnt to tin on? What have the horrors of war to d
1 with that question?' ' Ttu sortriigrx is the rutniinixtrixtc
of our rights,' and will be accountable that he doe
not yield up thoee rights from fear, favor, or after
' limit" ,,
I OS I', between the corner of F nnd 'J 1st street
1J and Douglass's green-house, either in front ?
or behind the President's, a small enamelled go!
watch; the maker Uruguel; with a small gold chair
' gold pencil case, and two lockets attached to ii
1 Whoever will bring these to the Spaniah minister'i
1 will be handeoniely rewarded.
' Feb 14-*?
ALEXANDRIA MEETING
At a public meeting of the citizens of the town
of Alexandria, called by lha mayor, to leoeive the
' report of the committee appointed to proceed to
1 Richmond, and urge the claim* of our people lit favor
of the rclroceaeton of tike town and county of pr
Alexandria to Virginia, on motion,
Joaepb Eachea, eaa., mayor, waa choaen preai- ou
' | dent; Win. Veitch and Robeurt Jonneaon, vice praai- ,,
' denia; John L. Paacoe, aecrelary; and Samuel K. >nl
' Adame, assistant aecrelary.
1 The preaident having alaled the object of the f(j|
' meeting, Francie L< Smith, esq., in behalf of the e
' committee, made a report, ahuwing to the meeting
' theaucceea of their mission to Richmond; and, en aJ
[ motion of Lewis McKeiuie, esq , the following ree- ||)t
olution wae unanimously adopted: u
' KttvUtd, That the report of the committee ap- jm
pointed by the common council, to proceed lo Rich- # ,
uiond and lay before the legislature the amd reaolu- <(
tionaaliu "otlltona, be hereby heartily approved. o('
The following mTumble and resolutions were of- |(|<
1 fared by Lewis McKenzte, eaq . rhtcb, being taken an(
; aepaiately, were unanimously adopted: .ll(
Whereas the legislature of Virginia, with a prompt- je.
neaa and unanimity almost urqtaralelled in the hie- fp|
lory of legislation, has responded to the resolutions us(
1 of ths common council, and the petition of our citi- nn
zens, by the |>aasage of an act accepting a recession
' of the town and county of Alexandria is soon as cj,|
tha same shall be granted by Congress; and where- u|)|
aa the passage of said act has given the most hearti
felt sattstnclion to our people, and demands an ax- H ()
' pression of ourgratitude; be it, therefore, I
1. Krfotml, That the chairman and member* of
the eelect committeea, who had charge of the said (ra
' resolutions and |>etilion, ths legislature, individually |m,
' and collectively, officers of the Slate, attorney gen- ()(J
era!, editor* of the public prima in Richmond, and
| the inhabilani* of that city, are justly entitled lo,
and receive, our warmest thanks for their aid and
activs oo-?|>eratioo in obtaining tha passage of said
act.
!i. Resolsed, That we regard the action of the legislalure
of Vwgiain, aa lhe,harbii>ger of belter day* a|"
and brighter skies for our good old town, and as aa- cul
' curing, in a graat measure, the accomplishment of
the glorious work of retreseaisn. 1 yy
' 1. Absolved, That on Monday next, at ]2 o'clock, q
1 m-7 if fair, if oof. the Aral fair day itieirafter, ro
one hundred guns be fired, in honor of the Old Do
minion, her legislature, end people, g,,
* Rttclvtd, That our citizens for a long series of ad|
years have been placed in a slate of poliUcal degra- (||(
' dsiion, and virtually beyond the pele of the consti- .
lution, in having withheld from them the passage ofj
| needful and wholesome laws, and in being denied
the righte and privileges enjoyed by our I'elTow-citi- '
' sen* of the republic. ,
* 5 Rttoittd, That exclusive Junedietion, in the ^
' United Btates, over the territory of the town and | (>|
county of Alexandria is altogether ueelsee for the
) scat of governnieni; that relrocei.ton i* both cons'.i- |
I luminal anu expeoiani, ana uu omy rttneuy.
t 6. Huolvtd, Tn?t wa cherish ihe brightest hopes, gg
end hava the utmost confidence, thai (he Congress (
' of (he United Slates will break the poliucel shackles ^
) which have so long bound us, and again elevate ua j
. to the rights and privileges of freemen by granting |
rttroctuum with ithtf
7. Rttnlvtd, That ths friends of retrocession ex.
pect every man to do hia duty, and that our motto
be?"There's no such word as flul."
Stephen Shinn, esq., offered the following resolu-!
s tion; which was unanimously adopted:
| Rtsolvtd, That Francis L. Smith snd Robert I
Brocket!, enqs., the committee appointed by the j
common council of Alexandria to proceed to Rich- h(|
" mond, and urge upon the legialuture the subject of
s retrocession, deserve the warmest thanks of the peo- u)
, pie of Alexandria for their promptness and energy
. in carrying out our views on this vitally important je
subject. o(
1 Francis L 8mith, esq offered the following reso- |>(
I lutiona; which were unanimously adopted:
Rtmlttd, That we heartily approve the action of
the common council of Alexandria in forwarding (o
' the cause of retrocession.
Rttolrrd, 'fbat a cony of these resolutions and j
proceedings be published in the Alexandria (iazette; ((|
j and that the Union, National Intelligencer, and all '
> the newspapers of the city of Richmond, be respect- '
fully requested to copy.
> Voted, that the thanks of this meeting lie given to
. the president, vice preeidents, and aecretariea.
| When, on motion, the meeting adjourned, with
I three cheera for retrocession and Virginia. 1
'f JOSEPH EACHES, president.
RVW.'.?, |pa.id.nl. 6,
: tttzr-s
?L^"ln conformity wilh these resolutions, one m
hundred guns wars fired on Monday.
MEXICO. ~ 30
Ths New Orleans Picayune has a letter from its toi
correspondent at Havana, in which ths following f?
statements nre made respecting the ex-Presideut of H
' Mexico: | '"M
' "I learn from an unimpeachable source thai Santa j ys
| Ana is making preparation* to return to iviexico. i ?
> tie antici|>ales leaving here on the 9th or 10th of ! an
next month in the British steamer for Vera Cruz, hci
' This will, however, depend much upon his advices "hi
' to arrive per steamer on the 6lh; but that he returns "le
t there, and that very shortly, too, you may rely up,
on. There aro other on diis about liirn that I give m'
for what they are worth. It is said that he is much *c^
exasperated at the design of a few traitors to sell the
" country to foreign powers, after the wasting of so
, much blood ana treasure to achieve independence. (er
f Ills return to Mexico will be marked by an entire
change in his policy. The United States, if her thi
minister is of the right stamp, will become his fidus su
.tichates?for money he will adjust the Texan bourii
dary and cede California, defending himself to his an
( countrymen upon the plea that this was the only am
method left to preserve the integrity of the republic, sa<
* to resist the insidious attacks ol foreign cabinets up- at
on her liberties, to preserve them from a return to 501
the Spanish yoke wnich they so nobly threw off,
and to retain their position among the nations of the ?1
( earth as an independent power.11 is i
?,r
t Lsnd troibi.rs in Indiana.?The Indianapolis I
i Journal slates that a great excitement exists at Pe '|u
ru, Miami county, in consequence of an attempt
- having been made to enter, under a law of the late ag
i legislature, a large number of the forms and tm- ?r[
: proved lands of persons who had purchased canal
So
, lands from the State of Indiana. In the course of to
- the session, it appears that the legislature suffered
- to pass, without particular examination, a law unI
der which all persons who have neglected to pay
their interest on canal lands are liable to have them
, entered as forfeited lands. An attempt was made
, by a large number of persons to enter lands under '
, this law. The populace in the vicinity, considering (,J?
t the law at variance with justice, and operating so as
, to deprive the settlers of the value of their hard earn- Kr
ings, their homes, and their improvements, imme.
diately congregated, repaired to the land office, and ,l?
put a stop to further proceeding*. An express was
immediately sent to Indianapolis, calling on the gov- cl"
ernor to protect the settlers from the merciless ra- pi
, pacity of those who were despoiling them of their g?
possessions. The governor, without delay, despntch
ed a letter to the superintendent of the Wabash and icl
Erie canal, who is also superintendent of the land ?r,
office, directing that the office be immediately closed !
to all the entries under the aforesaid law, and eharncterizing
the law as a fraud upon the public, sur- ' i
replitiously carried through the legislature without
a proper understanding of its bearings.
[Philad. Times.
~~ NEW VERSION.
Pilot Boat Romkr.?The object of the despatch j #|(
of this vessel to Liverpool, by whom she was char-',,
tered, whether by Lord Pakenham, the United j t|(
States government, or the "bears" or "bulls" in
' Wall street?the only |>nrties supposed to have suf- 'r
?i ?u,lre to iustifv such a movement?none I
' could tell The affair waa involved in such mystc*
ry thai people of all claesea were for some days kept
* in a feverish slate of excitement, and hundreds j},
gathered upon the wharves and Battery to witness n(1
* the departure of the boat. She is gone, asd her misj1
ston is now known.
' It appears that a gentleman who has for many
e years been extensively engaged In the manufacture
" of carpet at Astoria, Long Island, sailed from Bos- ur
ton in the last steamer, leaving Ins business in such rni
f a situation as to alarm his creditors, particularly ^
'' those from whom he had recently nbtuined large jt
loans under varioua pretexts. The pilot boat was w
chartered by them, and her departure delayed until ||r
l the paper* could be prepaied, with a view to the ar"
rest of the fugitive in England. We learn from a re
e source entitled m credit, that the name of the refu- ol]
i gee ia Richard Clark, and that he leave* hia credi- il(
' tors minus about one hundred thousand dollars. u(
t> The letter-hag receipts of the boat amount toabout
v 46,000, so that if th# parlies fail to recover from |BI
? Clark, they will lose nothing by their enterprising ,,,
> exertions.?-W. ? UMe K
e ptsketi JeriTSR akd m are.?Mars, at ihs presa
ent time, is aeen in ths evening, a short distance to J
if the westward of Jupiter?the former having* great- ^
d er velocity in ila orhit round the aun than the latI,
ter will overtake him on th* 16ih of the present *
l. month, at which lime thsir distance north and south
l, ofaach other will be lee* than two degrees, which ia
a portion leaa than four tint** the diameter of the *
moon.?PhU. StnHntl.
EDITOR S CORRESPONDENCE. ru?ry.?
I he w
(t rom our regular correspondent) flory, i
Naw Yoas Feb. 13. 184ft. '?
We hare no tidings of the Massachusetts steamipclter.
Admitting tiiat ahe railed, aeeoine of , cou .
i Boston folks declare, on the :20th alt., ahe ta now lonirtl<>
l about 23 or 24 dava. 1 ahoultl not be surprised man
we get later newa by the arriral of aonie of the |e<j
ling-packets than by the propeller. It is atlll my ?
n belief, that, au far aa mean strain-navigation la rerUxj I
icerned, all departure# from paddle-wheel#, and ,rri#ug
(inca aueli aa are eeen in the Ureal Wealern and m,mu.
maid ateamera,are nuaerable failuree. The great j? j,
vanlagea attending the machinery of the English the
ill ateamera ariaea from the fact that no part of it w(l^ j
made I'aat to the beam# or aidee of the vcaael. A (>>r t
ge iron plate ia faatened in the bottom, to which . .
luge iron frame-work ia eecured. Tina frame "
piiurta the entire machinery, with lire huge ehafi ,
the paddle-wheel*. The great weight of the
tul exerts a speci&c gravity towarde the deepeat J'P?
J moat central |>?rt of the hull. When the aiup j"-_'"
chea or rolla, the weight acta like a pendulum, in- Jlt^u '
pendent of other connexion than with the platin.
11 i? necessary for tha hull to act aa free and
ly in ita muttons oniidat the heavy rolla of the aea
possible- can cor
Ail departurea from thia plan of arranging ma- ^ fean
inery in the hull of uahip endanger* ita safely
1 regularity ol action. To use submerged con- M
vances of any sort, kind, or description, requires ^ modification
of the principle adverted to. Pro- |)dr,'
ler* may anawer on lakes, rivers, and sounds,
lere speed is not an object of consequence for the rama (
nsporlation of frirght, Ac., but as far as ocean lere>t'0
ligation ia concerned they can never aucceed, n<
l government wasted immense aums in fruitless j0|ijrl
perimeuis during the late adiniuistralion; audi- upon J
lit, probably, to have built several frigates of the (|,%l jj,,
t class with sails, or other steuin-frigatea, auch W(ljj |
the Mississippi, which ia the only one deserving . .
name belonging to the navy It la a matter of . '
ret that experiments are not yet uver with. An
empt ia being made, at an enormous expense, to
ratruct a propeller that is to be bomb proof. .
l'he newa from Albany is without interest. Mr. *? _
right, in the Senate, had the floor last on the on
:^on and Texae resolutions in anawer to Mr. #u(,
rtie Boeton Atlas, tha "bell-wethei" of New 9^**"
gland whigery, i? out in a long tirade againet tht
mimatralion, for declining the lata proposals o' j,ou((
i English nnnieter to eallle our claime to Oregon ^ (l
arbitration. _.. Kalumt
Hasten matktli, Ftbnunu, 12tV?The following yj?ln|
es were maiia at auction: Flour?St. Louis, au- i
rftne, 1,435 bbla, ?5 45 * $5 05; Ohio, do., 540
., f5 37J a $5 |>er bbl., 60 uaya; Ohio, damaged,
8 do , (4 10; do. sour, 80 uo., fe3 15 per bbl., ~
ib. Com?wlule, 357 bags, 59 a 59j cenle per ^
snei, cam), nag*, o i mis ricn.
.tibany markrt, 1U(A February?Flour at $51 a $5}. lon*
tile produce coming in. llye l>8 a 69 cents per Mmor?
Iba. Corn, 65 a 68een'.s per 60 lbs. Barley, CO roul* v
>4 cents. Oats, 4<l a 41 cents Pork, $5 a $5 25 ,W,*UI,J,
lea of 2 300 bushels liar ley last Saturday, ?upaed
at 62J cents; 1,100 yesterday at 63 centa; '"?n 1
W0 to-day, supposed about 63 cents. "J '*
The earnings of the Norwich and Worcester P
ilroad for the first week in our ow
February, 1846, were - - $3,576 54 1
1845 1,740 09 Jud?
_____ yeaiere
Incrraae in one week $1,835 45 reJ7.''
It appears by a report made by the bank com- P?
ittee to the legislature, that there are 11 savings
nks in this State, fire of which are iii this city
d vicinity. The total amount of denosilrs made v
them iii 1845, or up to the 1st of January list,
ts $6,5113,538 40. The committee estimate the ou*
poaites for this year at $10,000,000. The Bank !*'n 8'
Savings, New York, as one of the 11, received J"ry
it year $4,635,133 23, and the Bowery Saving. "Mo"e
ok !,470,179 56.
Ship building in Arte I'orfc ?I alluded yesterday
the launching of the splendid new vessels at the t-J/"?'
io-yards of two of our enterprising builders. In jj?"'
dition to what I then stated, I beg leave to add wh,n
e following schedule of vessels tn progress, or ?.e"" m
ojecled, at the following well-known yards: * a
1st. Messrs. Bell 4 Brown are building a splen- n""wer
1 ship of between 1,300 and 1,400 tons. Sne is
0 feet long, 40 feel beam, and 30 feet hold.
2d. Messrs. Weslervelt 4 Mackey, corner of ?r,mln*
iwiaand7th streets, are building a large packet- JJ exa
ip, to be called the Pennsylvania, of 1,000 tons, 'f*'
nigth, 160 feet; 35 feet 6 inches beam, and 22 feci ' J
inches hold. 'F ?' *
3d. Win. II. Webb, in Lewis street, between "et'er '
1) and 7th streets, Rust river, are building one ship 001
1,300 tone, and another of 450 tons. The Mar- ""
ion was launched from this yard yesterday. to '[ P
4th. Wm. H. Brown, one steam-ship of about dealer
0 tons, for the Charleston trade; length 200 feet, chaser1
beam, and 14 feet hold. One ship, about 700 'orWft?
is, ftir the Charleston trade; length MO fret, 3d m.*Y
't beam, and 15 feet hold. One steamboat for the
ndson river, 240 feet long, 24 feet beam, and 9 a vJJl'c
it hold. The Palmetto was launched from this . Thei
rd yesterday. kuf'tu
ith. Bishop dc Simons, one steamer for the Norwich
d Worcester railroad line, 325 feet long, 35 feel ?rows
mi, ami 11 feet hold. She is rated to measure t/"uo?
out 1,200 tons in size. They are also building the " J"'
amer Cuba, noticed yesterday. w*" **
Arm York markets, Ihit day, 5 p m.?The slock- rc re."
irket was buoyant to-day, and prices of many de said,
options were decidedly better than yesterday.
i he produce market wuh very inactive.
from 400 to 500 bales of cotton sold without al- D., of
ation i/i price. Dealers are anxiously awaiting morrov
er advices from Europe, now daily expected, by o'clock
> Massachusetts, or by the arrival of some of our Feb
iling packets.. .
In flour, I heard of a small sale of between 300 .? *
d 400 barrels of Genesee at $5 621- Western touae
J southern quiet at former quotations. 11,000 0nJ?'J
.ks New Orleans southern white Indian corn sold
63J; n small lot of yellow do. was held at 65.
[) bushels New Jersey wheat sold at $1- 12j. jg
From 50 to 100 barrels old mess pork sold at 0f j^jj,
1 50. New is held at $12 50 a $12 75. Old prime ^
quoted at $9 75 to $9 87]. Beef, prime sells in p00r
lull lots a 5J, and mess a 8j. peb
Sugar is firm at Inst quotations. Some more in
iry for rice at last rates. Cj3
Freights are firm; 2a. 6d. is demanded by the Beacon
ents of the packet ship Rochester, to sail for Liv- Fellow
jool on the 21st, for flour, and 5-16 for cotton, o'clock
me shippers have advanced asking rates on flour remain
2s. 9d. To Havre cotton is dull at J. Spring
Exchange remains without alteration. this m<
1 remain yours, very truly, The
MORGAN. camprr
stocks. Feb
Ulm?.Wtr Kurlt, Fthi wary 13. 1949 ?first fcnarrf ? 1,000 .
in ?'? IBfiO, 93; tJ.'iOO Ohio 9's. 1840, 921; 1,900 Ohio 9'a, TTTt
0, 941; 2,000 Indianaa, til; 1.000 Illinois special hondi, I I
240 Morris canal. 19|; JA Heading railroad. 401; -i.OOO j.
ading railroad howls, 71; 40 Vicksburg H. ' aacle
S r.oid H ard ? 1.000 Illinois special hondt, 00: 100 ltead* And cc
; railroad, 911; 40 Morris Canal, 10|;40 do., 1 tq. ari'
SHIP news. whole
;liuri.d.?Ships i opemicua. (Bre ) Bremen; Houthport, Just
arleston, 8. C.; Gondola, Henne, Glasgow, Dunham a p.
mou; bar,(iic Mallory. 6t. .Marks; brigs Ilyder All, Mala ? . J
; Lowder. Clirncos. rCrrivh>.?Brigs
Hayti, from Port au-Prinre; Belle, from
ilmlngton. N'. I'.; Psnny Colt, from Georgetown, S C ; 'fP
looncrs Maria, from Washington, n. C ; American .Coast- setter i
from Virginia flne; al
Iailio -Ships Virginian, Liverpool; Saracen, Glasgow; three
ndola. do ; liaruuc Duiia, New Orleans; tirig Angola, for '
insnnilia. e*an'"
Wind N. W. On a at
cngrav
(Krom our regular correspondent ] paid h
Philadelphia, Feb. 5,1846. resideti
The pronunrirrtnenlo of the Mexican general, snd
present dictator, Pnrcdea, is certainly an able and
jquent production. It draws a powerful picture of rypp
i state dissevered and discordant," arid shows that ir
e peoplo of th.it ill-fated republic which he now iff .
presents may well excluim, in the language of the
"Sloth in our marts, schisms in our temples, and th'0"!
Our laws, like antique swords, rusting tnrnat,
In their sheaths.'' breast,
it, from all that we know of Scfior Paredea, he it w'looP
it much better fitted than the rest to "pour oil upon
e troubled water*." He in en id to he singularly '
dieted to the bottle; and it i* a fact which we aua- ... .
ct hia future htatory will more than confirm, that *
has relied more upon brute force to effect hie tri- * j__j
nph than upon that moral power which can only J\_ ^
ake the poailton of the ruler peaceful and eecure. In, ? |
o one can fail to admire hi* modeaty; but he wears ?
too jauntily; it doe* not ait well upon him: out inji
ho have had the honor," he declare*, "of combat- 0f t|
>g for the independence of my country ; /, who ,[on Bn
ive had the honor to raise the standard of inaur- fro
ction in Jaliaco, feel inyaelf called upon to carry |tll ,,,p
it the grito which the nation raised on that oera- ?
m." And again he declare* rather equivocally :
Va for myself, I desire no place, no power." It is rfrr<, q
be feared that Paredes is only a bad copy of a vil- |,?lr j?
nous original after all ; and that, with nil hisabil- 0uf
r, he ha# learned to vapor eloquently, and no more.
is to be expected, that after his striking picture of
e disordered finances of Mexico?the robbery and rg|
lackery which have prevailed in her councils?her j,
at public debt?her ill-fed and unoaid soldiery? ander'*
r niscouraeed laboring, agricultural, ami commer- f
il classes?that the people of that tr fcrahle nation glr^j ,
ill he ready to go to wur with the United States, ^air 0(
hich he well describes as "a powerfnl neighbor," bla.-k t
en if he, like another Marine, were to "march to
e frontier, and encounter the t snrpere of their ter- p#j,
' Much contingency i. not even pottJ>U.
sakncae of Mexico, her boasting end remind
the popular diacontenle eud autleriugs,
ng eince changed the feelings of the Ameri>pte
from thoee of indignation or contempt
touone of honeel (jlty, and a war with ouch
ry would he regarded by every individual of
n venae as the effort of a strong and healthy
mat the fur v of s maniac wboae phrenry liaa
> into a conflict which hia impotent struggles
ot auatain, and every one of whoae ili-dldowa
would recoil upon himeelf. The oitfy
aspect la all tha news from Mexico is the
lion that England la plotting in that quarter,
ope, possibly, of addingTexaa and Mexioo to
ton difference, and of having ua environed
Ificuluea, ae that our force may be divided and
utiles increased Ons rumor has it that Engd
Franca had combined secretly to place a
h of their own making upon the Mexican * |
but II is hardly to be euppoecd that Louie
e, who ie so anxious to perpetuate Ins power
rally, and who well knows thathe will have
y in effecting that darling design, will unite
ly movement like this, even to secure that
* of power" of which his frirads were inl
enough to talk a few monlhe a?o. The
itical interference of foreign powers in Mexiitems
is however past all doubt) and it is Is
d that under these malicious and designing
la, Parades may be betrayed into such polwill
cora|>eI us to resort to force to punish
rudence.
rig and Brother, the great London bankers,
I (Tressed a letter to the governor of Fcnnaylromplaining
of the fundu g of the unpaid inn
the Stale debt, by which that sum of aiououniing,
I think, to nearly one million of
became inrorjKirsled with the principal, and
Inch interest la now It aeama to me I
ee fainoua financiers should rest satisfied
hat has baen done, considering the numerous
re in the way of the meaatl lea looking to lha
lance of our Stele faith. I
late decision in tha Virginia legislature I
granting "the right of way" to Fathers I
n that Slate, to the Baltimore and Obm Rail- I
5 m pen y, will have a most signal influence I
>a c nieal now waging ui sur legislature on I
)ect of granting the same privilege in this Vfl
>nwealth to the aarne incorporation. Tha far' I
tha offers of compromise by the cumipany I
'omptly rejociait hjr l??o- ?- )? ? y of the I
if represeniatlvea, la the former State, ran I
certain that the right of extend, ng tha I
>re ana Uhiu Railroad to Par keisbur,/ I
a, will never Ix {ranted, xml n is I
jxraiil that the |ir-ject of extending the I
ad to Wheeling never can be consummated, I
:o the inaurmountable obstacles in the way
abb, from thia city, stated an Tuesdnv in Miale ,j
on authority baaed upon the published opfn- I
Hon. LouiaMcLane. president of the Bsl- I
and Ohio Railway Company, that it) the I
'a Wheeling, there would have lo be aavan I
una tunnelled in llie course of thirty-one
There will now be comparetivelyliule oppo0
the continuous railroad from Philadelphia
burgh, for 1 am aura, after the eirong exam/irginia,
our own representatives, aa well aa
n ciuaeos, will not heaitata lo unite in what
10 be tbe only wiae end aaving policy. ,
e Paraona, in our court of quarter aeaeiona,
lay, delivered an opinion which will have a ;
n portent baanng upon the railing of lottery
i, and will gofer, in the opinion of some, to
t the detection and severe puniahment of all
rs under the act of 1833, which impoeed
ery heavy finea and penalliea upon all cave* of
id. The deeiaion in the preeent caae grew
the refusal of ex-Judgr Doren to answer rerjestiuns
propounded to him by the grand
ire touching the alleged purchasea by him 'H
ry ticketa. Judge Doren gave aa hia reasons
refusal that his answer might subject him to
stion, and that it might also subject him to
nal prosecution, if given in the affirmative.
at objection was answered by the court, that j
1 witness is not material to the issue, the witay
refuse lo answer for the reason urged; but
newer was material to the issue, he must
, no matter what ila effect may l>a upon his
er. The next objection, that the purchase
ttery ticket may subject the witness to a
11 proeeculion was then decided, afteraeareminaiion
of the acta of aaseiublv, in favor of
und taken by Judge Doran. It wus shown "1
> clause in the act of 176'J, imposing a penal120
upon the buyer of a lottery ticket, haa
wen repealed, either expressly or impliedly;
n?equently no person was compelled to give I
*er ui a question which might >ul>je< urn
irovisions. Under this decision, no lottery
can be convicted unless some of the pur
choose lo pay the penalty of i'M, and come
J to testify against nim. The results which I
ow from this decision are neither few nor 1
unless, indeed, tlic legislature should sea I
uring the defect iu the law of 1833. 1
e was a slight increase in State fives yester- I
id an advance in the shares of the Schuyl- I
nk from ?3 to The rise in the latter I
out of the announcement, which aeems lo be I
lat the bank has the power of appeal from I
I decision of Jm^e King, and that the case J
carried to the higher courts?a law having I
ee to this very contingency having passed, it I
through the late, legislature. I
uiTiius O,uracil.?The Rev. O. Dewev I). I
New York, will preach in this church tor,
15lh inet. Service* to commence at 11
in the morning, and 7 in the evening.
The Rev. W. H. Mn.iraw, chaplain to the
of Representative*, will preach in the Capitol
bath morning next at 11 o'clock.
i? .
The Hon. Judge Coi.nuirr (U. S. senator)
icted to preach in the Foundry church, corner
and G streets, on Babbalh, the 15th instant,
etion will be taken up for the relief oC the
13 __
' I. O. O. F.?The officers and members of
i Lodge No. 15, are requested to meet at Odd
s' Hall on Sunday the 15th instant, at 1)
, p. m., to pay their last respect to the mortal '
s of Brother N. A. Bryan, from Holly
s, Marshall county, Mississippi, who died jl
irning, about 5 o'clock. jl
officers and members of other lodges and en- I
tents are respectfully invited to attend. I
JAMES T. KING, Ses'y. I
JPIA, or the Happy Republic, a philosophical
romance, by Sir Thomas More; to which
d, "The New Atlantis," by Lord Bacon,
in taining also an Analysis of Plato's Kepubd
copious notes, by J. A. St, John. Thu :
reprinted in one volume. London, JW45. i
imported by F. TAYLOR.
*11.. : - -
REWARD.?Strayed or stolen, on or about
the 17th of January, a large bright yellow
log; very long and bushy Mils hair long and
II four feet spotted white; more p. ttcularly
but cannot be discovered unless u|?on close i
ration; was in fine order when missing; had 1
eel chain, with the name of the undersigned !
ed on the plate. The above reward wi'l be i
i any person delivering the said dog at my '
ice on Capitol Hill.
CHARLES W. STEWART. (
14?41
rriNO BLOOD, CONSUMPTION . Ar.? 1
'hompson's Compound Syrqp of T r and
Naphtha is the most certain und effectual j
t known for the cure of all complaints ol the j
' . . ___ ......?l,? ,.l.r.,nir. I
ami lunps, ooiiunaie -_,
bronchitis, asthma, pain in the aide and ||
tightness from phlegm, hourseness, croup. "I
mg cough, Ac. A trial will convince nil of I
equalled rfficacy. Prepared only by J. P I
ison, Philadelphia. For sale by I
J. F. CALLAN, I
14 Corner E and 7th streets, I
SX A N DER'STTR ICOH API 1K?A~NKW I
ND INVALUABLE DISCOVERY?He- (I
quid dye which instantaneously changes the I
f the hair to a beautiful brown or black, with- I
ury to the hair or skin. The great superior,- I
lis dye consists in its easy mode of npplica- I
d instantaneous effect?all other dyes requtr- I
m tan to twelve hours to produce any change. J
erior excellence will be apparent to every one i
single application. il
set from tot Philadelphia Doily Sun.?wflbMit- I
\Uobapht. ?The effect of the above on the <1
truly astonishing It was tried yesterday in
ice, and the change from gray to black, was B
aneous. B
gel from tht Philadelphia Daily Forum ? Seve- B
our acquaintances have recently applied to B
nir the valuable liquid dye known as "Alex- H
i Trirobaphe," a new aad valuable iliacov- (J
id it has in no case failed to produce the de- Il
ffect. Immediately after applying it to gray 1
whiskers, it imparts a beautiful brown or I
tolor. For sale at fl bv I
J F. OALLAN, I
14 Corner E and 7th Mneta. M

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