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The daily union. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1845-1857, May 13, 1846, Image 2

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Trxtuer, May I' !, 1M4<>. thej
Mr. TIBBATTS said lie did not rise for the pur- bori
pose of discussing the particular amendment under war
consideration, nor indeed the bill now before the
committee. Nor do I intend (aaid he) to say any- 'hie
thing hi relation to the remarks of the member from w"b
Ohio | Mr. Uiddinoh) in relation to the shooting M
down ol'the soldiers, or rather the men, (for they " *<
wre not soldiers,) who deserted their standard in 6rtm
tlie face ol ihen army and attempted to go over to
the. enemy at Matamoras. 1 do not think an urgu- 'en*1
ment in defence of such persons, deserves an an
swer on this floor. 1 think the only thing to be re- ln '
gri lled in tins matter is, that these men, from ihc our '
cucumstances of the case, had the honor of dying Ulla
the death of soldiers, by being shot down; arid thai 'bat
they had not been taken and punished, us deserters of th
ought to be punished, by the rope of the hangman, eion,
Nor do I intend to make any response to the appeal C?nl
of that gentleman for the vengeance of Heaven upon 'b
our offi era and soldiers, who are now, or who hereafter
may be, called upon to defend our rights 'bat
against the Mexicans. I only express my wonder I'""-*
at the lemeriiy of that representative, on this floor, uiak
who will rise in his place and express the asplulion her
which lis' been uttered by the gentleman fromTihio on'y
this morning; and 1 only wonder thul he does noi 10 K<
land in^foar himself that a thunderbolt from that '? 'b
IJ...I does not strike him to the floor of this House "N
.11 uttering sentiments of that kind. '*> *
Mr Chairman, I regret that my honorable friend
from Ohio, (Mr. jkawrxa,] who has just taken Jus unlit
-..it !.?? K.an M I,, m Misinv ,.f Cianr r?l u
Taylor, in tha counMi of hla remarks. T
Mr. SAWYER inirrpoaad, and (Mr T. yielding) ,iat<
wns understood to aay ilial, as far as informed at ? ar
present, he did not reel altogether satisfied with (Jmt
General Taylor's conduct, but nothing was further pellt
from lus mind at present than directly to censure Con
his conduct. I
Mr. T1BBATTS (resuming.) I am satisfied, uori
Mr. Chairman, that my friend did not intend to do act c
uny injustice to that gen'leman. I urn satisfied thai act r
every man who knows Gen. Taylor knows that a ,nys
more honest or a oraver man, a more perfect gentle- ?ior
Van, a more gallant officer does not wear the epnu 1'he
lent- of any iirmy on the face of the globe. Gen
Taylor is an officer of experience; one who has not u>? i
iransgiessrd in any degree the authority given him l,0H*
by this government; anu one who will not fall ahori
nl exercising that authority to the full extent of the rBBC'
ilncreiion placed in his hands at th
I rise, however, Mr Chairman, at the preaenl ">*'
time more with a view of noticing a remark by a N
colleague of mine, [Mr. G. Davit,) not now in hie act t
|.!ace, uiti red on yesterday, and aome remarks which govt
are reported to have been made by the senators lion
liom Kentucky in the other branch of this Capitol the
yesterday. The deservedly high standing of these Me:
gentlemen in this country makes it proper that some- 10 A
thing should be said in relation to the poatlinns they last
have assumed on this occasion, and that those post- on t
1101 la shall not go forth to the country uncontradicl- to a
(,. sir.
One of my colleagues [Mr. liom] yesterday pro- clan
prised an uinendmeiit to the bill which passed this selv
House for the increase of the atniy, the preamble ol we
which amendment (and which was adopted and be- peui
came n portion of the bill which passed this House) sem
recited, that " whereue, by the act of the republic of 'I
Mexico, a etate of war exists between that govern- -j
mem and ihe United States." Now, my other col- turn
b ague [Mr. G. Davis] in relation to that preamble
... . . , i" a
but, Mi rtpcaker. I have uii objection to tin* preamble o1 ben
the bill It recite* tb.fit war exist* between the I niteit lorti
>;ate? and Mexico, end that this war wu begun l>) Mexico 4?ont
a liMt inlotinal wi exist* between the two countries in
nn-U'ijiuble, but that Mexico commenced it i* utterly un
true, and I object to the preamble because it ?et* forth so coa,
I Did .i InUehood. I ain decidedly .strongly in favor of the ceit
. { propriation ot the money, and of the raising of the - j
btrces | dr w Inch the bill provides. Kor these purpose*, it i? retri
virtu-it nt tor me that our country is at war, he it lormal or pIM,
. vx hell.er t.e^tin t.v Nte?iro or ovt i. a?ov. riunent i ... i.
i .| nr" <miI) to know thut our army i* in danger, urn*
whethei it t?*t in the territory oi the I'nited States or Mex tfXp,
i#o I am ready to vote men and money even to the utmo?t j^jj,
resource* oi the country for the rescue. If the war he .^,u|
wrongful, at .1 more convenient season I would hold them yra
responsible who made it But I protest solemnly against
. filing this mea-ure with ihe unfounded statement tliat
.Mexico began tins war That position is not necessary to
gn e this bill any possible effect. It could have been as well
ouotted, riri I had it been rejected. I doubt not the bill would jr^,,
teceive the unanimoua vote of the House But that was not u# t
the object o! its authors. Their purpose was to make the
whig* vote against. ?>r force them to aid in throwing a ahri l|OI1
1 r over the ndrninixtration, by voting for, a bill which set u.Aa
! >rth th it thu needless and unexpected war was commenced ..]
) v M xiro. ciog
ii tha bill contained any recitation upon that point
r ,tn and justice, it should be that thia war w as begun aQtj
i'icsident. The river Nueces is the true westerr. cjar
i.ir\ ol T?'xai. The country between that stream and Njacj
tne lie! Suite is part of Mexico." ^j0J
An h.inornl>l? aenatorfrom Kentucky, [Mr. Morkmead,]
He could very well conceive a case w here the army oi ^'eu
trie L'nited States, having assumed a position within th?territory
of Mexico, such a position as w ould demand from 12th
Mexico that she should repel the invasion, and that the lios ? ,
tilities should arise between the two countries: would that ^ ,
Ira.tale of w?i? No" TO?
Now, the honorable senator cites a case?a case ? |>?
which is actually charged to exist by the honorable
representative from Kentucky on this floor. It is Ri*
with a view to this question: Whether a war exists Orli
t'etween these two countries? whether the assertion }>
of the ['resident of the United States, in his mes- oflli
sage to this House, and the assertion in the preamble
to this bill lie true or not? and whether, if thut
, war does exist, it has Iteen brought on by the act ven
of the President of the United States, or the goverfi- imp
went of Mexico? that 1 wish to receive the alien- l?m
tion ef this committee. Mhu
Vow, what is tear? "War" is defined by Vattel
as "that state in which we prosecute our rights by ex,,
force." And further on he tells us that "war is tore
so her defensive or offensive." It is said there is no lv"0
power in this government that has a right to declare
war. It is true that there is no power in the gov- thu
eminent which has the right to declare war, except pi?>
the Congress of the U. States. And the distinction ""
11 drawn as to whether this is a case of war, or merely
the existence of a state of hostilities between the rn
Mexican government and this. Now, the power of
Congress "to declare war" must be taken in referfive
to an nflensivt war. We are told (and such is "
the fact; no man can doubt it) that war la not only
' offensive," but "defensive." If the government of
Mexico should declare war against the United States rj,
and should invade the territory of the Untied States, ,ir|i
will the honorable gentleman from South Carolina ugi
[Mr IttiKTiJ ? who, I believe, drew that distinction
? will lie say that war does not exist? And will he we
suv that the ('resident of the United Slates has not mh
in no.' iu prosecute a defensive war withejut the 'ho
i< i'i':".-r . ui of Congress?
Mr t! 111'.T I'said he would answer with cheer 'l*'1
fu'ricss, if ihe gentleman desired; and (Mr T
yielding) he said, in the ordinary use of the word an?
"war," we generally mean any fighting?military ihe
, rollisinns of any kind; but in a constitutional sense, ihe
under our < .institution, 1 say to the gentleman thai I
it is not iu ihe power of a general, of a subordinate, Mi
or of the President of the United Slates himself, to tioi
make "war." Now, what is the cose here? Here I
is a case of mere military commanders coming in Mi
Congress of Mexico shall declare war, and the con- I
stilution of the United States Bays the Congress of the jeci
United States ahull declare war; and there can be no of"
. mere commander, or other officer, of these
two nations who can pot every man, woman, sp?
and child in Mexico and the United States in a state
of " war," exrept by the co-operation of the two win
sovereign authorities of the two nations. But there j'rH'
may be collisions?there may hs hostilities, defen ('son
sivc or aggressive, resulting from the action of other t0r i
powers; although constitutionally according to the ntn
constitutions of Mexico nnd the United States, rnal<
there cannot he "war" unless that "war" is authorl/ed
and declared by the constitutional power of one tlon
or other of the two countries. And he begged gen- forn
Uemen to look at the consequences that would re- u"^(
full if this were not true. It puts it in the
power of any military squad, of any commander riou
of our nation, or of any othejr nation, to put this na- ?*'
ti >n in a state of war. The killing of people is not
war. In order to constitute war lictwee.n nations, i\
that killing must be sanctioned by the war-making itiei
I' 'we,-; if not sanctioned, it is collision between thai
miliary forces, between citizens; and in ordinary our
parlance in "war," but not war in the sense in which the
that term is made use of in the constitution. wai
Mr. I I BRAT TS resumed. It must he perceived it v
fsaid lie) that this is all an abstraction. It would tha
operate us very little consolation to our countrymen of'
who have been killed by this invasion of our Te;
territory by Mexican authority, or to their thu
friends and relatives to know, (if they could know,) and
this distinction, that they have died by an act of bet
hostility, and not by an act of war. I am willing, cor
however, to take the gentleman on his strict con- Wei
struction of the constitution, and I say war can the
exist, and that war does exist at this time, between try
this country and Mexico, without a declaration of J
war on the part of the Congress of the United qui
States. I call the attention of the gentleman and of by
the committee to the dietinction taken by Vattel as j
to war "offensive," and war "defensive;" and the net
question I put to the gentlemen makes the diatinc- the
Hon itself. If the government of Mexico should m<
declare war against this country, and invade our |,a
territory by an army, she is in a atate of onenwye me
war; and if the President of the Uniied States. in ]
the exercise of hia constitutional duty, should repel fa
[hat invasion by the military power which io under Te
control, us the commander-in-chief of our miliand
naval force*, then this country is in mate
sfenaivu war, without any declaration oLwar on
part of Congress.
ccording, then, to the constitution of thiscounaccordlng
to theetate of tacta existing on the
I era of Texas at thia moment, there is a sta'e of
existing between this country and Mexico?
that is a defensive war, I admit, on the part of
government, which cannot become offensive
lout a declaration of war by Congreas.
fr. RHETT interposed, and inquired whether
ilause of ike constitution conferring upon Con?
the power "to declare war, grant letter* of
jue and repriaal," <t<\, aaid anything about "deve"
war, or "offensive" war'
r TIUBATTS replied, there la nothing said I
lis clause; but our conatitullon estahbshes tliat
President is the head of the army and navy of
country, and the laws passed in pursuance of
constitution give him the power to call ilie aid
earmy, and navy, and militia, to repel inva,
and carry on defensive war without the aid of
greaa. Then 1 take' it that plainly, according
e law of (nations, die position Inlcen by tbe
idem of the UYined States la a Irue position?
wsr does exist, and that the declaration in the
mble to this bill is truth. Whether we will
e an offensive war against Mexico, and invade
territories, remains yet to be determined. Not
the President of the United States has the right
) into a defensive war, but this power is secured
le States themselves. This is the provision:
0 State shall, without the consent of the Congress,
iiy duty of tonnage, keep troops or ships ol war iu
of pesos ruler Into any agreement or compact with
ler atete. or with a foreign power, or engngc in war.
s uctuml'y inceded, or ih secS immtn.nl dsngse ?, uili
ds.il of drlap."
hen, let the gentleman no longer contend that a
1 of war i annot exist?a state of defensive wai
id constitutionally exist, by the President of the
:etl States repelling an invasion, or by aStatr reng
an invasion, independently of any act of
now come, sir, to the consideration of the que*whether
this war has been brought on by the
if ilie President of the United States, or by the
if the government of Mexico; and to address
elf to the remark of another honorable senfrom
Kentucky (Mr. CaiTTXMDEN] yesterday,
honorable gentleman says
r. C. feared thst sll had not been done by our Kaeoulist
nught have been done to svoid that result fie
d lbs senator trust Arkansas [Mr. ss.ip.sJ might b<
to Juatify, In a very particular, the conduct ol the Pren
hut at present he could see no good reason for adiug
our army through a disputed territoiy to the hanks
s Itlo del Narte .and polatlug our cannon upon the
i of Matamora*"
ow, whether this wsrhasbsien brought on by the
if this government, Mr. Chairman, or by the
srnmeni of Mexico, depends on the other quea
, whether the territory between the Nuecee and
Del Norte is territory belonging to Texas or to
kico. My colleague [Mr. Daws] gay* it belongs
lexico. I htul occasion, Mr. Chairman, at the
session of Congress, in a S|?eecli which 1 made
his Ttxas question, to devote some of my time
n examination of this question of title. Now,
the lower part of the Rio del Norte has been
ned, not only by the people of Texas themes,
but acknowledged by this government hefuie
reded this country to Spain. And without reling
those remarks which I then made, 1 will
i them to the clerk, that he may read them,
'he clerk then read the following :
,1 r Jefferson |n tut letter to Mr Uowdoin, llth July
, (Jell, ( oi p W, )aa yt: '
W uh respect to our western boundary. youi instruc
will lie your guide. I will only add as a comment
mm, that we are attached to the retaining tht- hay of St.
laid, because it w as the first establishment of the un
mate La Salte, u-.i? the cradle of Lou tiana and more hi.esiafdy
eovrrsd and conveyed tons f>y Prune* under
usrm\ than any other spot in the territory,
rtt Bernard's hay bay in the tiulf ol Mexico, on the
it of Texas, longitude 96 .v> W., latitude 2s, :<o N. - Worer's
ia/i-teer. ed I8?.'
Jouiaiau* wan ceded by France to Spaio in 1761, ami was
oceded by St?ai u to f ranee in I and occupied by
ice By the treaty of I'aris ofthe 3d April it was
d by I ranee to the I uitrd States, and the poaseasion
eered by tlia Preach authorities in MM. Mr. Madison,
reusing hi? own views, and those of Mr Jeftersou. in a
?r of the list of March. Mil, says that Louisiana .\
le i w outwardly to the Kio Brato, otherw ise called Itio
ro Del Norte Orders werv accordingly obtained fmm
Spanish authorities tor the delivery ol all the posts on
west side ol the Mississippi."
Amf in a letter of tlr Ulst of January, 1804, Mr Madison
t*s that Mr Laussat. the commissioner by whom the
nch government delivered the ysililhsn of Loutetana to
tunounctd the Del Sorle as it ?/rue boundary ' In a letter
u? 8th ol July, 1804, Mr. .Madison declares the opposiof
Mr. Jeflerson to 'the relinquishment of any territory
lever <attward of the Braro.
Mr. Monroe in a letter of the 8th of November, 1*03, en
et diti vmenft, which, he says, prove inconlestahty' that
boundary of Louisiana is, the Hao Bravo to the w est,'
Mr finckney unites with Mr. Monroe iii a similar deat
ion, and on the 20th April, 1806. in a letter to Mr
lison. they assert our 'title to be unquestionable ' \!r
iroe in his letters of Januaiy 12th. and June I* 1 W?o,
I, that none could question out title t? Tea as,' an I rem
i with Mr Jefferson mid Mr. Madison in the opinion
I war title to the Del Sorte, u-as at clear at to th? itlund of
dr. Johpi QciPicf Aiumi, in a letter to Don Oni* of the
March. 1818, sayi:
The oAaiiu of Prance always did extend westward to
Rio Bravo.' 'She always claimed the territory w hich
call Texas a? being within the limits, *and forming m
irt of Louisiana.' And he further says: Well nught
rs. I'mkuey and Monroe write to M. ( evallos. in 180 v
the claim ol the I'nited States to the boundary of the
Bravo was as clear as their right to the island of .New
ana.' And in hi* letter of the 31?t Ortober, 1818, he
i: Our title to Texas it established beyond the power
irthtr controversy.'
dr. Aium*, in his letter of instruction* to Mr. ^George
ham. ol June 'J. 1819, says:
The President wishes you to proceed with all conient
speed to that place, (Galveston) unless .is is not
robable, you should, in the progress of the Journey,
u that they have abandoned, or been driven from it.
uld they have removed to Mata^oi da, or any other plore
'h oj the Rio Hravo. and within the territory ilaimrd t>y
United Statu, you will repair thither, without, however,
using yourself to be captured by any Spanish military
p. When arrived you will, in a suitable manner, make
wn to the chief 01 leader of the expedition your Huthorfrom
the government of the United States, and express
surprise w ith which the President has seen possemuon
i taken, without authority Irom the United Htnti-s, ol a
e within their ferritin ial lunilt, and upon whit h no lawful
lenient can he made without their sanction You will call
in him explicitly to avow under what national authority
y profess to net, and take care thnt due warning l e giv
to the whole body thnt the pltue it within ihe United
let, who will Mtijfer no permanent iettlement to be made
r. under any authority other than their own ' M
Mr. Ulav, in his speech on the Spanish treaty, April 3,
[), (Mallory, vol I, pp. 400 and t0|.) *aj sThe
title to the Perdido on the one side, and to tin* Ilio
Norte on the other, rested on the same principle the
irity of discovery and of occupation by Krancft; the
aciplo observed among Kui^opeon nations having con
ious settlement* being that the unoccupied space be
en them should be equally divided' 'In lfi8i be (La
le) made an establishment on the bay of St. Hernard,
st of the < olorado, emptying into it i he nearest Span
settlement was Panuco, and the Hio del Norte, about
midway line, became the common boundary '
Mr. Clay also, in his letter of the 17th April, 1844, pul
led in the National Intelligencer, soys:
'The United States acquired a title to Texas extending,
believe, to the Hio del Norte, bv the treaty ol Louise
They ceded and relinquished that title to Spain by
treaty of |s!9, by which the Sabine was substituted lor
Hio del Norte as our western boundary.'"
. request the clerk also to read nil extract from
r. Clay's speech of the 3d of April, 1820. In relnn
to our title to Texas he Bays.
Vlr. SEVERANCE here interposed, and nsked
\ T. if he considered that the treaty of Irtl'J had
/ binding force?
Mr. TIBBATTS replied, certainly; hut rny obt
is to show what wa claimed to he the boundary
Texas before that treaty was made,
rhe clerk then read the extract from Mr. Clay's
lech referred to, as follows:
Thin involved an inquiry into our claim to Texas. It
i not his intention to enter at large into this subject He
turned the spectacle would not he presented, of que*ling
in this nranch of the government, our title to i e xwhich
had been constantly maintained by the Executive
more tt.an fifteen year* past, under three several adminitions.
He w a*. at the same time, ready and prepared to
:e out our title, if any one in thi* House were fearless
ugh to controvert it. He would, for the present, briefly
p that the man who is most familiar with the transac*
of the government?who largely participated in the
nation of the constitution, and in all that has been done
er It? who, besides the eminent service* that he h is
lered his country, principally contributed to the acqui
II opportunities, bent to know its limits-ileclareit, fif.
1 years ago. that our title to the Rio ilel Norte was as
I foundedas it was to the island ol New Orleans.''
dr. Chairman (continued Mr. T.) Thescauthori,
to which I have referred, show incontestably,
t by no patriot of any party in this country, was
title to the Rio del Norte ever doubted prior to
cnasion of that territory to Spain. To show what
# the ancient boundary of Texa-'?and at that time
ra* never disputed, among Americans, at least?
t the lower del Norte was the western boundary
I'exas. Well, in addition to this, in 183(i, the
xans themselves declared, in their organic law,
I the Rio del Norte was their western boundary;
I after Santa Ana was captured, in the agreement
ween him and the Texan government, it was
ceded by him that the Rio del Norte wns the
stern boundary of Texas, and that the troops of
Mexicans should be withdrawn from that counto
the west of the Rio del Norte.
Idr. SEVERANCE again interposed and inred
if that act of_Santa Ana was not disavowed
ktr. TIBBATTS replied, just in the same man
in which Spain disavowed the act of O'Donohu,
i Spanish general, by which the independer -e of
sxico had been acknowledged; but the Mer.eans
re insisted on it, and claimed that acknowledgint
to be sufficient.
By the 3d article of the treaty of May 14, 1836,
mtinued Mr T.,) between Santa Ana and the
Xan government it is declared
"AftTiiLiS. The Mexican troop* will evaruaU the tar
ntoiy ol T?xaa, /< *?**#*< /o |4? tWAc/ *i?i< of Ik? Kia Omndt
Otl fcrd."
And they did evacuate that country, air, (said Mr.
T.,) and hey have never reuccupted it; and the
1'exana have held that country from that day to this
The country between the Nueces and the Rio
L)el Norte composes a country, or a part of a country
?a part of the organization of the State of Texas,
lima part of a congressional district that will
ahorily be represented on thia door?the member ao
to represent which is already elected. The Congress
of the United States have themselves recognised
this fact, by the passage of an act establishing
a port of entry on this very territory, and by the
extension, by thia very Congress, without a dissenting
voice, of the revenue laws of this government
over that very territory
Thus, sir, has the President of the United Stales
brought on this wait flas lie, by giving orders to
General 3'ay lor to occupy the left bank of the Rio
Gel Norte, transcended his constitutional duties to
hie country? And has he, by this act, improperly
brought a war ufion this country? Or has that war
been brought u|ion us by the invasion of this the
territory of the United States by Mexican forces?
This is the question; and it seams to me, in the face
of these facts, no gentleman can doubt for a moment
as to who has caused this war.
What, then, ta the slate of the case.' We are invaded
by the Mexican army?our territory is invaded.
Is Mexico in a state of war with ua> Why,
no man can doubt it; no man can doubt, from the
declarations of her government, in all its departments,
and from the subsequent action of her army,
hat she .a in a slate of aggressive war towards us.
And will gentlemen contend that a war can exist as
far as respects Mexico, and that there is no war
with ua? Thia would be a strange anomaly. Mexico
last war with us, but we are not at war with
her! Sir, the President of the United States had
the constitutional power, and it was his constitutional
duty to go into a slate of defensive war, and
that without the aid of Congress.
The next question is, has the President of the
United States done all he oould do to avoid war? It
seems to me that no man can doubt thia when he
looks at the correspondence between this government
and the government of Mexico. All that I
have to aay is this: were it not for the crippled and
uufortunale situation of the Mexican government,
he President of the United States has gone a great
deal further than he could have been justified, or
would have been justified by the jieople of this
country in going. If he had gone oa far to avoid
war with Great Britain or France aa he bus to avoid
* * VIovicm h? u/ihiIH Iimv#* r*t*isivfd ihfi pnn .
but at the south it narrowed down to 170 miles in
width. It contained portion* of four Mexican
detriment*. In annexing Texan, therefore, wr
had annexed, not only Texas, which had revolted
from Mexico, but thousand* of Mexican
citizens, and many Mexican settlements, including
Santa Fe, where our merchants who come
with caravans from the west, now paid duties to the
Mexican government. He would like to know
whether Santa Fe was a part of the United States.
The argument in support of our claim to the country
west of the Rio Grande was, that France had
discovered it, and that it was a part of Louisiana.
But the only discovery that could be adduced
was that of a small exploring party with La Salle.
He denied that there was any authority for the assertion
that Texas ever extended beyond the Nueces.
What was this title-1 What were the proofs in
support of this claim of Texas? Whatever the title
wus, it was surrendered by the Florida treaty
Suppose the argument to l>e correct, still all out
claims were merged in the treaty of Florida. Ont
of the principal motives that Spain hatl to cede the
Floridas to us, was the establishment of the boundary
of the Sabine.
But Texas wns annexed, and so far from being
sorry for it, he rejoiced'at'it; and he should ever rejoice
at the extension ol our institutions. He
hoped the time would come when the whole continent
would be under our institutions.
Mr. D. asked whether a law of Texas could define,
the western boundary of Texaa' If Texo;
could thus make the Rio Grande the boundary
they could make the Pacific the houndary; they
could lake all Mexico. How would such a course
lie justified to the world? What right had n natior
to take territory tielonging to another nation?
But it was alleged that Santa Anaadmitted thai
the boundary was the Rio Grande, while he was r
prisoner. The circumstances showed that he aetcC
under duress, and that the admission could not Ik
availed of ns an argument. But even if Santa A nr
had admitted it while in power, and in the pal
ace of the Monieznmas, it would amount to noth
ing;for he had no right to cede away the terri
t -ry of the country. He could not disintegrate
Mexico, nor cede away a single inch of the
soil. As to the policy of annexing Texas, Ik
was of the. some opinion now as formerly
Perhaps his opinions as to the western boun
dary to which Texas was entitled were erroneous
but it appeared to him that this taking possessior
of the Rio Grande had something more in it thnn the
mere assertion of an old claim of title.
The lands of Texas were, by the terms of annexation,
to he kept by her, arid she was to providr
for her debts and liabilities. Texas had a largr
debt and many liabilities. She had issued morf
scrip than any account had been kept of; ane
it was the impression thai, after the soldiers' and
other claims were met, there would not he land
enough left in Texas proper to meet the serin
Therefore it was enacted that the Rio Qrande should
be the boundary.
The boundary was not fixed by the law of this
government assenting to annexation. It provided
for the annexation of the country rightfully included
in the limits of Texas, and the adjustment ol
the boundary with Mexico was expressly reserved
to the Unitedj States government. When Texas
found her lands insufficient to pay her liabilities,
she set up a claim to the Rio Grande as a boundary,
The. President said in his message he bad sent a
minister to Mexico to settle our difficulties with her.
He sent orders to the army to take a position in
Mexican territory, and then sent a minister to Mexico.
This was done at a time when Herrera's government
had been overthrown, upon the ground that
he was disposed to treat with the United States for
the surrrnuer of Mexican soil. If the army had
remained at the Nueces, our minister might have
been received. Paredes could not receive him while
our army menaced their territory, for he had come
Into power on this very question of receivings minister
from the United States, while the country wni
Mr. THURMAN made, some remarks expressive
of an opinion that the refusal of Mexico to receive
our minister had no connexion with the movements
of the army, and that the army was ordered
to the Rio Grande after it had become certain thai
Mexico would not receive Mr. Slidell.
Mr. DARRAGH (resuming) had no feeling ol
compassion, he said, for Mexico. He believed hei
to Ire. faithless and unjust. The government of the
United Slates had permitted from her what no othei
government would have suffered.
American e.itir.ens were invited to Mexico, and were
then plundered, imprisoned, murdered by Mexican
authoritiee. Some were poor crippiee, after being
made beggars. Widows and orphans of thoee citizens
had in vais sought any recompense from this
government. We had folded our arms and
(li mitation of the American people. He la justified
in what he has dune by the fact that Mexico is weak,
and we are strong.
Mr. DARRAQH said, while the momentous
question of war was before the country, he could
not withhold from the government any amount of
force or of means that might be required. That
the honor and rights of the county should be sustained,
was his first ond greatest object and desire.
To sustain these, he would go to any extent.
He would not draw any distinction between a
slate of hostility and a state of war. There might,
without doubt, be a border war, without a general
war, and this would be war as between the (wo
parties concerned. Other parties must be notified,
in order that they might be made subject to blockades
Hut war actually existed in this case, and
1.. I,,,.I,I,I,-- Il,, hnrJ.r .n,l t!,,.
hud very properly punned u bill recognising that state
id' the case. If* blockading porta, shooting down
mcii,nnd capturing vessels wua not war, he did not
know what it was. It was idle to talk of a state of
hostilities; this was a case of open war The
commanding general told ua that it was war.
Our denote may, at this moment, be in
the hands of the enemy. The House, he
repealed, had done right in declaring this to be a
stale of war. We had thereby given notice to
third parties that war existed, and all neutrals would
Hike notice of it. He wondered why the thunder
invoked by the gentleman from Ohio (Mr. Sawyer]
was not directed again t the enemy?against Canales,
and Carasco, and all who had shed the blood of our
but he differed from the gentleman who last addressed
the committee, [Mr. Tibbatts,] in regard
to the territorial limits of Texas. The territory
between the Nueces and the Rio Grande had been
set down in every map und by every authority as
belonging to Spain. France had no territory, as was
long ago admitted, east of the Rio Grande, which
we could claim under the Louisiana treaty. Mr.
Darrgah referred to authorities to show that the
western boundary of Texas was tha Nueces.
The region between the two rivers was a thou nfwl
milcd in width iu it stretched towards the west
James a ijlack. Dinncnaru, miwlin, lirinkerhon, urockenhrough
Brodhead, VN'illiutn O. Brown, Huftingtoii, Hurt,
William W. ('ampbell, Cathcart, John G. Chapman,
Augustus A. Chapman, Reuben Chapman, Chfti'*, ( hipman,
Clarke, Cobb, Cocke, Collin, Cranston, Crozicr,
Cullom, Cummin*, Daniel. Dargan, Darragh, Garrett
Davis, Jefferson Davis, Delano, Do Mott, Dillingham,
Dobbin, Dockery, Douglass, Dunlap, Kdsall, KUswor: h.
Krdman, karaii. Kicklin, Foster, hries, Marvin, Miles,
Moodyear, Gordon, Graham, Grider, Grinnell, Orover,
Hampton, Haralson. Harmanson, Henley, Derrick. Milliard,
Hopkins, Hough, J. W Houston, (J. S. Houston, K. W.
Hubard, Samuel D. Hubbard, Hudson, James B Hunt,
Hunter, Joseph R- Ingersoll, Andrew Johnson, Seaborn
Jones, Daniel P. King, Thomas Butler King, Lawrence,
Leake, Leib, La Sere, Lewis, Levin, Ligon, Lumpkin, MrClean.
McClelland, McCicrnand, Mc( onnell, Joseph J.
McDowell, James McDowell, Mcllenry, Mcllvaine, McKay,
Marsh. John P. Martin, Barclay Martin, Morse,
Moulton, Niven, Norris, Parish, Payne, Phndleton, PerI
rill, Pettit, Phelps, Pollock, Huthbun, Reid. Relfe, Hitter,
Robert*. lohn A. Rockwell, Hoot. Hawtelle, Scorn mon.
I Sehenck, Seddon, Alexander D Binfi, Leonard H Sims,
I Simpson, Truman Smith, Thomas Smith. Robert Smith,
Stanton, Stephens, Stewart, Strohm, Strong. Benjamin
j Thompson, Jacob Thompson, Thu-man, Tibbatts, Tilden.
Toombs. Towns, Trrdway, Trumbo, Vance, Vinton, Wentworth,
Wick. Williams, Winthrop, Woodruff', Wood,
ward, Woodworth, Vancey.and Young?1M
NAY'S?Messrs John Q Adnms, Boyd, Culver, Gid'
dings. Hungerford. George VV, Jones, Sawyer, Stark
weather, ana St. John?9.
I Wkobcidav, May 13, 1340.
' Prayer having been said ?
A menage was received from the House of Representsl
tivea. announcing that aaid House had concurred in the
amendments made by the Senate to the "act providing for
the prosecution of the existing war between the United
States and the republic of Mexico," also that the Speaker
of the House had signed several enrolled bills
The journal was then read
The VICK PRESIDENT signed the Mexican war bill and
, sundry other enrolled bills.
A message received from the President of the United
States, transmitting certain (additional) correspondence be
tween the Department of War and General Taylor, and
, General Tavlor and General AmpndU, kc . of an earlier
date than that transmitted on Monday, wns read and ordered
to be printed,
i Mr. ALLF.N moved that "20,000 additional copies of the
correspondence just received be printed for the use of the
Senate, in connexion with that received on Monday last,
which motion was agreed to.
Mr. 8PKIGHT presented the petition of ( lenient*. Bryan
I fc I o , praying indemnity for loss sustained by the annul
[ ment of their contract for the removal of the Cherokee Indians;
whir h was referred to the Committee of claims
Mr COR WIN presented the petition of citizen* of Ohio.
' asking a mail route from Lebanon to Wilmington in that
State, and the discontinuance of the mail-route between
Waynesville and Wilmington, which was referred to the
| Committee on the Post Office and Post Roads
Mr. C. also presented four petitions of citizens of Ohio,
praying an appropriation for the improvement of the man!
mee river; which was referred to the Committee on Com
Mr. flTUROEON presented the petition of William Pittman,
praying a pension; which was referred to the Com
mittee on Pensions
Mr. JLNNCM presented a petition of ship-owner* and
done nothing. In 1834, a communion wu inMitu- '
led to entertain these claim* and selll* the in, and of 1
the whole amount adjudicated?about two million? '
| not one sixth had been paid Two instalment* that t
the Mexican government held a receipt from our
I minister (Mr. Shannon) were shuffled out of. This (
was by some trickery of Mexico.
The governments of England and of Prance had
not suffered the wrongs of their citizens to pass tin- 1
redressed. They demanded and obtained redress. 1
France saw that Mexuxi would play the same game
with her as with u*. She promptly battered down
her castle of Sari Juan d'l/lloa She obtained the (
| indemnity she sought, and made Mexico pay the ,
| expenses of the war besides. If wc went into this
I war, he hoped there would be no peace till not only
the Kio Grande quest ion, but every other question was
nettle J, and every dollar of those claims paid lie had
no feeling on ilie subject of the territory in dispute
lie was as anxious as any one to extend the limits
of our free institutions, and would be ever ready to (
go as far as he that went farthest to protect the
honor of the country.
On motion of Mr. GORDON, the committee rose
and reported progress.
Mr. McKAY offered a resolution, providing that
the debate on the bill should terminate in ten minutes
after it should again be taken up in committee.
A motion was made by Mr.TOOMBS to adjourn;
which motion?by yeas 58, nays 73?was rtjtcUJ.
The question recurred on the adoption of the resolution.
Mr McKAY demanded the previous question,
which was seconded.
The main question was ordered.
No quorum having voted, (it being now half-past
3'ch'ck) ?
The yeas,and nays were asked and ordered.
A motion to adjourn was made by Mr ALBERT
SMITH, and rejected.
And the question being then taken (under the
operation of the previous question) on the adoption
of the resolution, the vote stood, yeas 85, nays 33.
So the resolution was adopted.
Mr. THURMAN moved a recess till half-past 7.
A motion was made to adjourn Htjtcltil.
Th# question then recufflnt on the motion of Mr.
Mr WINTHROP moved an amendment, Axing
ten o'clock to-night.
Mr E B. HOLMES moved ten to-morrow morning.
[This motion was not entertained ]
A long struggle now followed, in which various
motions, yeas and nays, 4.c., were received and
taken, and in which the s;?ace of one hour arid ten
minutes was consumed. The result was, that (Mr.
WiNTHnor'n amendment having been voted down)
the motion of Mr. Tin km an was agreed to.
And the House, at a late hour, took a recess until
half-past 7 o'clock.
At hall' |>ait teven o'clock, the HPK.AKKR reaumed tha
chair, and laid before the Home th* following communication:
Hoi ir Rargaaaaravia la, May H. Ieaaai
H,? Having been by the llouar rrfuaed a clerk to aaaiat
in do ng the manual labor in the coinmitee to inveatigate
the chargea againvt Air W. aa i r*, and the Houae hav nig re.
hived lo escuae me from further aerrice on thai romnuuee.
rhui teeming diajroaed to Impoa* on me an undue degree of
labor 1 have lelt it due (o re) aelf to relute lo aerve on thai
committee, and I again moat reaprclfully aak the Houae to
eacnve me. and that another may be appointed in my place
Vour obedient aervsnt,
Hon. Jnnv W Uavia, .tyiale, gv.
The and communication eat read, when,
On motion ol Mr IIH N K MlllOKh . Mr I'lrrn wan ex
cuted from further aervice upon the wan! eummittee, and
, Mr. SraeoKv Joewt waa appointed in hit place.
A meawage from the Senate by Mr. Drckena:
Mr Hn.taia: The Henale have panted the hill of thia
Houae. entitled "An act providing for the proaecution of the
eaiatmg war between tire brute.I State* and the republic
The llouie proceeded to the consideration of the iiai't
amendments, which war* read.
And the nuestion wu stated, "Will the Houw agree
theretor' When
Mr HARALSON moved the previous question, which
was seconded, and the main question was ordered, and aH
the said amendments were concurred in, except the following
Strike out the following words in section nine, to wit:
"except as follows, to wit: privates of infantry, artillery,
and riflemen, shall receive ten dollars per month, and privates
of volunteer mountedcorps twenty dollars per month
for their services and the use and risk ? f their horses;" and
insert "and all mounted privates, non-commissioned officers.
' musicians and artificers, shall be allowed 40 cents per day
i for thejuse and risk of their horses, except of horset actually
killed in action, and if any mounted volunteer, non-commissioned
officer, musician, or private, shall not keep himself
provided with a serviceable horse, said volunteers shall
serve on foot."
And the question being put "Will the House agree there
to?" it was decided in the affirmative, as follows:
YEAS? Messrs. Stephen Adams, Anderson, Ashmun.
' Atkinson, Barringer. Benton, Biggs, James Black. Ja*.
A. Black, Blanchard, Bowlin, Bovd, Bnnkerhoft, Brocki
enbrough, Brodhead, William O. Brown, John H. Camp,
bell. ( athcart. These. < human, Cobb, Transtou, Culhim.
Cummins, Dargan, Dairagh. Jefferson Davis, De Mutt,
Dillingham, Dobbin, Douglass. Dromgoole, Dunlap, F.Us
worth, Krdmao, Farm. Ficltlin, Foster, Garvin, Giddings,
. Giles, Gordon, Grover, Hamlin, Haralson, Harmanson,
Hilliartl, Hoge. Hopkins, Hough. John W. Houston,
Edmund W Hiibard, Hnngcrford, James B Hunt, Hunter,
1 Charles J. Ingersoll, Joseph Johnson, Ardrew Johnson,
George W Jones, Seaborn Jones. D. P. King, Preston
King. Thomas Butler King. Leake, La Sere. Levin, Ligon,
Met lean, McClelland, Joseph J McDowell, James McDowell,
McOaughey, McKay, Ban lay Martin, Morse,
Moulton. Nlven. Norris, Owen. Parish. Payne. Perrill.
Pettit. Phelps. Price, Rathbun, Reid, Relfe, Hitter, Roberts,
Root. Sawtelle, Sawyer. Seddon, Severance. AlexanI
der D. Sims, Leonard H Sims. Simpson, Truman Smith.
Thomas Smith Robert Smith, Starkweather, St. John,
Strong, Thibodeaux. Jacob Thompson, Thurman. Tredway,
Vance. Vinton, Wentworth. NVneaton, Williams.
Woodward, Wood worth, Yancey, and Yell ?117
NAYS? Messrs. John Quincy Adams. Arnold. Baker,
1 Bell, Milton Brown. Buffington, Burt, William W. Camp*
bell. Carroll. John G < hapman, Reuben < haprnan, Cocke,
Cro7.1er, Culver, Garrett Davis, Docker), Ldsall. Kdwin
. H Kwing. Foot. Gentry. Graham, Grider, Grinneli. Hampton.
Harper. Henley. Derrick. Kli,n B Holmes. Hudson,
: Leih Lewis, Lumpkin. Mc( lernand, McConnell, McHen!
ry. Mcllvaine, Marsh, John P. Martin, Moseley, Pollock.
Ramsey. J. A. Rockwell. Stephens. Stewart. Strohni,
Thomasson, Tibbatts, Truinbo, VVinthrop, and Young?AO.
f The said amendments having nil been concurred in,
? Mr. HARALSON moved the last mentioned vote be reconsidered.
! And the question being stated,
Mr. HARALSON moved the previous question, which
was seconded, and the main question was ordered, and put,
and the House re used to reconsider said vote; when
Mr. HARALSON moved that the vote on agreeing to all
i the raid amendments, except the last, be reconsidered.
And the question being stated,
J Mr. HARALSON moved the previous question, which
was seconded, and the main question was ordered, and put,
! and the House refused to reconsider said vote.
) Ordered that the clerk acquaint the Seriate thereof
And then the House adjourned.
The following is a list of yeas and nays on the passage
J of the hill providing for the organisation of a corps of sap
pers, miners, and pontoniers:
YKA8?Messrs. Abbott, Stephen Adams, Arnold, Ashi
mun, Atkinson, Bayly, Uedinger, Bell, Benton. Biggs.
?hipuia*(ri?, ol Portsmouth Nrw li?m|<ihiir, eagm
the Pilot law of l?I7 way noil* lepcaled, to blah w as laid seiiLt
?u the table ^ j **c
Mr AR< H?K presented similar petition of *hip *? | paas*i
lei? and ship ow nam of Alexandria, District of Columbia *mpi<
which took thr same course Slate i
Mr MILL hit presented w lemoustrance, to the same uionll
effect, from citizen* of Newark, New Jersey, which eUo \jr
eu laid upon the table ject a
Mr CAMKHON presented two memorial* from citizens vice!
i>f Schuylkill county Pennsylvania, engaged in the coal mid)
Inula, praying that the Unit of ItfVJ may not be lepealed, w4th
which were relerred to the Co oum it tee on Finance rtne;
matiowal armory. "j*1*
.. ? . A , the o
Mr. C . aUu preseuted a memorial of citizeu* of the city wm?
ind couuty of Philadelphia praying the establishment of in-0
i national louudry within the State of Pennsylvania. which ?
was relerrad to tha t owmitter on Military Affairs. m ?
Mr < further presented resolutions passed by the lefia Urae
lature of I'eiinsvlvania. opposed to the establishment of a
national t ank, the distribution of the proceeds of the sales jUdgi
of the public lands among the States, and in favor of a sep- rneii
i rat ion of the government from banking institutions, h) UU o
means of an independent treasury.
Mr ? it ill further presented a memorial ol importers and inten
dealer* iu winr* and liquor*, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ?or
praying that foreign wine* and liquors may be subject to .kou|
specific instead of ad talvrem duties, which was referred to WOul
the Couiiuittee on Finance. Nava
Mr. < aUo presented a resolution passeJ I v the legisla "'V
ture of the State of Pennsylvania, instructing their senators tQ
|Ad requesting thru renresentatit cs la ( ongiesi to \otr 1
Maine! any radactioa w Ike tirif oi i17 in praeeaflag vsro"
the resolution, Mr C availed himself of the opportunity to ve
would obey these in deav.
stnictions Vlr C. further presented the petition of A end 0j ##.
li. Ralston It to praying the lepayment ol duties alleged pU(ll]
to have been illegally exacted of them by the collector CJettl
for the pot! of Philadelphia, which w a* relerred to the depe,
Committee on Finance urov
Mr I (lit WIN presented the petition'of John P Converse a,?| ,
praying compensation for services as special agent of the 0f?c.c
Post Office Department for eettling certain claims for tolls j|e ,,
charged against mail contractors and assumed by that de WM
pirtment which was relerred to the Committee of
( imkiis ?
??iu?s wror
the militia. c0ui1
Mr DIX presented a concurrent resolution of both houses
ui the legiililnte o4 the State of New York, in favor oi ic- tj4t. v
organizing the militia system of the L'nited state*, which C9f%
w as referred to the < omuutter on the Militia and ordered to
b. printed. J
mileage and fer diem OY meviier t. mer.t
Mr HI NTINOTON presented a petition of citizens of [J*1."
Mystic, C omipeticut, playing a reductiou of the pay and .!? tu
mileage of meinbeis of Congress, which was referred to the lh ,
Committee on Retrenchment.
Mr ALLLN piesented a petition of citizen* of Lucas
county, Ohio, praying an appropiatiou for improving the ^7 J
Mauraae river, which was referred to the Committee on
Mr t AHH presented the petition of citizen* of Detroit, ^e u
Michigan, pi*) mg the construction of a road from (ireeu nu)>"1
Ba, to the mineral region of Lake Superior, which w as re- I T '*.c
lerred to the Committee on Roads and Canals Mr
the fink arts. tiona
Mr. DIX presented a petition of artists, and other citizen*
of New York, praying that paintings, statuary, and other
works of art may be admitted into the porta of the I njted w"r
Stati-s free of duty, which w aa referred to the Committee wij|
on f inance w.
Mr BKNTON presented the memorial of John M. Moore. late
chief clerk in the (General Land Office praying com- (""(
peiiaalionfor eatra service!, which was referred to the Com J*?",
mittee on Public Land J" "
Mr VL'LEK. presented the memorial of the trustees of .*
the West Honda < ollegiate Institute, praying th - confirms- **
tion of their title to the ground on which they have erectad
their building; which was referred to the <ommitteeon *?,
Public Lands. '
Mr. HUNTINGTON submitted/he lollowing resolution, bjj (
which was agreed to: prop
Rewired, That the Committee on Commerce be instructed T1
to inquire into the expediency of making an appropriation beer
foi the cotiipli-tien of the works for the improvement of the pass,
river Thames, connected with the harbor at Norwich, in the
Stale of Connecticut, ?nd that the napers on hie in the office
ol the Secretary of the Senate be referred to said com- Ti
mittee. M
Mr. BKRKIl.N' submitted the following resolution, which n,,e
wasagrredto '"i*1
Retohed, That the Committee on the Judiciary he in- ^at
structed to inquire whether any, and what, legislation by t^n
Congress is necessary to give effect to the 11th article of the . '
treaty ol Kan Loieuzoel Ileal, of the J7lh of Ortot>er, 1793, ^ec<
between the I'nited States and Spain, and that they have som<
leave to report by bill or otherwise.
Mr BAOBY submitted the following resolution; which was
lies over under the rule: adop
Retolted, That the Secretary of the Senate be directed to ^A1
pay to Klizabeth Tims, the mother of James Tims, late postmaster
of the Senate, deceased, ine sum of $130, to defray
Inner*] expenses; and that he be hereby further directed to
pay to Lli/.abeth Tims the balance of ths salary of said he "
Jamss Tims from the time of his death till the close of the t,on
present session, and also the additional compensat on usu- t0 r(
ally allowed him lor his strict and faithful attention to the m*n
duties of his office. m,r
Mr. ATCHISON, from the Committee on Pensions, sub- l?on
mitted an adverse report upon the petition of Zeba Baker; roui
w hich was ordered to be printed. H tb
Mr .NIL K9, from the Committee on the Post Office and caut
Post Roads, reported a bill for the relief of certain persons ?nd
therein named, the owners of certain treasury notes which ^?Dt
were lost while under the control of the Post Office Depart- whi'
nient; which was read, and passed to the second reading;
and the accompanying report was ordered to be printed. ofbi
Mr N. also, from the same committee, reported a bill, coai
supplementary to the act providing for the transportation ?^te>
of the mail between the United States and foreigu countries; 10
which was read, and the accompanying report was ordered Hi
to be printed, '
Mr. JOHNSON, of Louisiana, from the Committee on M
1 Pensions, submitted an adverse report upon the petition of 5eni
1 Michael Bowden; which report was ordered to be
printed. Nay
I Mr J. also asked that the said committee should be dls- P**1
charged from the further consideration of the petition of ldr?
Ann Kelly, and that it be referred to the Committee on Na- Hier
val A/lairs; which was agreed to. Prof
Mr. YULEE, Irom the Committee on Private Land Claims, ,n l!
reported a bill lor the relief of the heirs of Loiiia He la the
Hounaye; which was read, nnd passed to a second reading; 'onfl
and the accompanying report was ordered to be printed rr(l"
Mr. LF WIS moved that the prior orders of the day should at tli
be postponed, in order to take up the act (from the House) >n c<
malting appropriations for certain fortifications ol the Uni- of tl
ted States for the year ending June 30, 1847* which motion M
was agreed to reqn
The bill was then taken up, considered as in committee M
of the whole, amended so as to appropriate $200,000 in- the
stead of $100,000 lor the fortification of the Florida reef. reve
reported hack to the Senate, the amendment was concur- tern
red in, and the bill as amended was read a third time, and he a
passed. the
On motion of Mr. LEWIS, the Senate then took up the ?^*,c
(House) bill entitled "An net makin.* apnropriatio is for the who
current nnd contingent expenses of tne Indian Depart- regu
ment. and lor fulfilling treaty stipulations with the various h*r a
Indian tribes lor the year ending June 30, 1847," which 'orrT1
was considered in committee of the whole, when T}'
sundry amendments* of no general in'erest, suggested by ''"hi
the Committee on Finance, were agreed to. Sundry other
amendments were proposed, pending the discussion, noon "^h 1
which a motion to proceed to executive business prevailed.
The Senate then went into executive session; and. alter necc
some time spent therein, the doors were again opened, Com
And the Senate adjourned. Hi
The journal of yesterday was read and approved. ' ^
A message was rccived from the Senate by A. Dickins, fronl
esq. secretary, informing the House that the Senate had (|y p
passed a bill entitled an act granting a pension to Richard c\ra
Elliott, and a resolution in favor of David Shaw nnd Solomon
T. Corser. thnn
Also, that the President of the United States had notified wjtli
he Senate that he did, on the 8th instant, approve and pR|q
sign a bill of the Senate entitled an act to repeal a part ol \j
tin.' act entitled an act supplementary to the several laws he m
for the sale of the public lands, approved April 5, 1832, and UM(j,
for otlwr (ion
Mr. KENNEDY, from the Committee on Enrolled Bills. pr|a1
reported that the committee have examined enrolled hills of .,n,'g
the following titles, viz: |rpa,
An act to authorize an increase of the lank and file #f the
army of the United States. mad'
An net providing for the prosecution of the existing war qq
hetwseen the United States and the republic of Mexico.
An act for the relief of Charles W. Bingley, of Charles- (j0,j
ton. South Carolina, and found the same truly enrolled; g0
when the Speaker signed the said bills. qq
the <
Mr. ISAAC E. HOLMES sent to the chair the following lutio
letter, which, on his request, was read for information: quel
Turasurv I)crartmrst, March 31, 184fi. or^m
Sih: The steamers now under construction for the rev- ties <
enue marine having progressed very rapidly towards com- AI
pletion, it is desirable that some action should be taken tors
upon the Mil which I had the honor to submit with my let- to ot
ter dated December 22, 184ft, and which I understand you strin
have taken under your care. bear
course of the approaching mimmcr or fall, and their pre?- mitti
ence upon the southern roast is very desirable. Under existing
laws, the appointment of engineers is limited to six
of each grade, being the number required for those steam- Or
era now in operation. Tom
I have the honor to he, very respectfully, your obedient Be?r
servant, sidei
R J. WALKER, ofth
Secretary of the Treasury. June
Hon I. E. Hoi Mrs, T1
Chairman Committe#on Naval Affairs, in,
House of Representatives. and t
Mr. H said, that there was a bill in Committee of the
Whole on the state of the Union, which regulated this mat ' ''
ter And he moved that the committee he discharged from . '
the further consideration of the bill, with a view to have it
put on its passage. Mi
And the question having been taken on the motion, and C0JTI1
decided in the affirmative? * v
The Committee of the Whole on the state of the Union ,?
was discharged from the consideration of the bill.
And the question then was on ordering it to a third read #eM<
ing m,tt<
The bill was read as follows:
A BILL to regulate the appointments and promotions of pro-|
officers in the United States revenue marine, and for other J.my
purposes. ^ osifl
ne tt rnanra ny rne xemre ana Ho>ne{oJ Repretenfati ret of milii
the (rnited State* of America in Concrete aetemhled, That Thai
all captains and lieutenant* hereafter to be appointed in the men1
revenue marine service shall he appointed by the President Unit
of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of than
the Senate; and all non commissioned officers in said service tinm
shall he appointed hy the Secretary of the Treasury, upon <om<
his warrant. Unio
8?:c, 2 .tnd he it further marled, That no person milit
shall he first appointed in the revenue marine service to a ingt
higher grade than third lieutenant, and none shall be con- to sa
sid- red eligible to that office except he be between the age at th
of eighteen and twenty-five years. to eti
Six. 3. He it further mar fed, That no officer shall be pro- and I
moled to a higher grade than second lieutenant unless he toes
shall produce the written testimony of two captains in the aboil
said service that h* is of good moral character, that he has pose
the necessary Qualifications as a seaman and navigator, and Bu
until he shall have been examined, and a report in his favor will
made by a hoard of officers appointed for that purpose. days
Arc 4. Jnd be (t further enacted. That the President and Th
Secretary of the Treasury may appoint to the revenue me- othei
rine service, in the same manner as prescribed by the act of fire t
the third of March, one thousand eight hundred and forty- also
five, one superintending engineer, who snail receive the ing
same rate oi compensation as allowed to captains in said and <
service, two additional chief, and two additional assistant revol
ears, w hase condensation shall b? the ??# a*
1 in t hi Bat alijpsairi I
a .1,4 k, UMiktr ,?ltd That from and aA rU??|
fe of ihi? act the boats warn*, gunner*, mud carpenter*
?y ed in lha revenue marine service of the I nitad >
? shall be paid at the rale of thirty-hv* dollars p?r j
ti, and oua navy latiou per diem.
HATHBUN <le*ired to propose a substitute the ob- ,
f which was to transfer the vesawla ol the rasanu* wr j
othsnavy of the I nited 4tatr? Wc ,1M 1 now ,h"
three uav tea, one, the navy pro|*r , another connected
the Post Otttce Department, a third, the revenue maand
evens fourth branch, ne believed, waa crowing!
tfl"uf!iig to the coaat survey fto tar as he understood
bjects. uses, and purposes of the revenue service, It
haolutely of uo beuefit to the country It was grow
ut of the control ol the proper ofllcera of the navy,
.as not subject to that complete responsibility which
rovernment like ours w?? necessary. It increased
[y the ex|>enditures of the government without any
late service returned It was very important *u his
neat, (and so he had l>een advised by experienced
) that we should concentrate all our navy under that
ranch known properly a* the navy.
ISA A', h HOLMES suggested to Mr. Ratii?in not to
>ose these objections now, when there wus necessity
rompt and decided action, but that the discuasiou
id be continued at some other time He (Mr. H)|
d pledge himself, (as chairman of the Commute* on
1 Affairs,) to give due consideration to the subject.
RATHBl'N had no doubt he said, that the gentle
from South Carolina [Mr HolssisJ acted from just
atriotic motives But he (Mr H> must be permitted
fer with that gentleman, for he found that it was altoo
late to correct a thing which had taken a
g direction by the action of this government. The
same reason which had actuated hun yesterday in enjriug
to prevent the permanent attachment of a corps
ppers and miners to the Military Academy at West
actuated him to day in endeavoring to prevent the iute
of a marine w hich w as acting undei two separate
rtments. and two distinct commands. The navy was
ided with the meaua tor the appointment of engineers
nen. and for taking charge ol them, and there were!
irs and men ready aud waiting for these appointments,
ad no desire to delay the action of this House , but he
in no panic in relation to the difficulties hetweeu this
roinent aud Mexico lie w as uot disposed to act
ig in haste, and then, when he had become cool, to turn
dand act right, lie was for acting right at once, and
>k no longer time to ai t light than wrong His suhsti
would take from the treasury, which wa?< haiged with
ollection of all the revenue, which had a corps of ofti
almost without limit, aud responsibilities almost too
t for any man. a large portion of pationaae and e? pau'es.
and would transfer them to the legitimate depart
. of the government He called upon the member* to
up the sub|ect, and see whether tbev were prepared
insfer to the naval service vessels and nu n belonging
e Treasury Department, and yet leave the command in
department. Tins revenue marine service was a worthkml
useless thing, which ought to be transferred to the
bv law It was time we acted on the correct principle
ndensing that uav v |(e had conversed with the olftrert
e uav y and he had never yet found any who understood
sea and pur|H>se? of this branch of the navy, but w ho deiced
the whole thing as worthless for the purpose for
h it was designed, and who did not with a single voice
ire that it ought to be transferred to the navy.
R moved that the bill be recommitted, with instructo
report a bill transferring the vessels of the revenue
ne to the Navv Department.
\ GORDON demanded the previous question, but there
no second.
id tne question recurring on the motion to recommit
i instructions,
\ THOMAH B KINO desired to say a few words in
irmation of the views which had been expressed by the
leman from New York [Mr. Uvim?i ? J The question
te transfer of the revenue marine to the navy hid at
ed his (vlr. K *a) attention some years ago It was true
that service constituted a considerable navy in itself
r. WHEATON, from the < ornmitte* on Enrolled Bills,
rted a joint resolution to correct a clerical error in the
(heretofore passrd) to supply deficiencies in certain apriations
for the cui rent fiscal year
le joint resolution having been twice read, and having
i ordered to * third reading, w as read a third time and
it! Home resumed the consideration of this bill,
r. THOS B KINO continued hii remark* The reveservice,
he was remarking, was becoming a very con
nble branch of the rnilitaiy marine ol the country. In
riginal organization it was not intended, he presumed
it should reach its present growth. Vet, he confessed,
were very considerable difficulties in the way of its
iler. How far this bill might increase these difficulties
juld not positively say, but he thought it would, to
? extent, augment them.
iitwithstunding the urgency with which the measure
pressed, he was inclined to think it would be better to
it the proposition of the gentleman from New York [Mr
r. HOLM US said there were some things which he
w, because he did nut kn?u-. He An*u' the iinpropriet)
tering a great system in a summary manner, because
id ?i?/ know the operation in all respects of such alteraAnd
lor gentlemen iu their w isdom and intelligence
icommend to this House the alteration in so summary a
ner of a great > stem interwoven with all our revenue.
Ine. and naval systems from the formation of this gov
nent to this time, was about as hold, and he had no
ht displayed as much science, as Gallilco's recommends
that it be understood hereafter that the world goes
>d the sun, Instead of the sun goin* round the world !
lis whole system were to be altered, let it be done with
lion and care. When hostilities have burst upon us.
when we had given yesterday the power to the Preai1
to raise armies, and launch navies, on a small bill
ch was required to put into immediate action the vessels
ady built, that they might be sent from one pori to an
ir to give warning of the fleet of our enemy on our
it, or of privateers there?10 stop now, and go into the
ration and revision of a great system did appear to him
nblime, that be did not know how to designate it.
9 moved the previous question; but withdrew it at reit,
and on pledge of its renewal by
r. STANTON, who said that while he agreed in the
pral views of Mr. Rithhi s as to the propriety of coning
the revenue branch of the public service with the
y Department, he could not concur in his proposition at
ent. In making this great change, it would be necesto
go to the very foundation of the system. While,
eiore, he was ready on the proper occasion, and on the
>er bill, to vote for the transfer of the vessels and mar
tp revenue service, and to nut them under the charge ol
Navy Department, where lie thought they properly be
;ed subject to be called into the revenue service by a
lisition of the Secretary of the Treasury?while he would
for this under the proper circumstances, he should
be able to do so now; for the efficiency of the service
le present conjuncture called for the passage of this bill
^mnliance with the recommendation of the Secretary
he Treasury.
r S moved the previous question; but withdrew at the
lest of
r McCLF.I.LAND, who said he was inclined to go with
entleman from New York. [Mr. Ratiibvn.I to make the
nue marine system a part and parcel of the navy sys
of the country, but the Secretary of the Treasury might
uthorixed at any time to apply to the Secretary of
Navy, and he might detach a portion of the naval
er? to perform the revenue service of the country.
wouia sun remain suDjeet to the rules and
ilation9 of the Secretary of the Navy, except so
is regards these revenue services which shall he perled
under the direction of the Secretary of the TreaiuThe
1st. 2d. 3d, und 5th sections, had in view the estabnent
of a permanent system, and the engrafting the rev>
marine a v atem on the Treasury Department; but the
lection looked only to the appointment of additional encrs
for the navy. He took it for granted that this was
ssarv from the lact that it was reported from the Naval
imittee, to whom the subject appropriately belonged,
e moved, if it was in order, to strike out the who le bill
-pt the 4th section.
lie motion to recommit, with instructions, was the first
ition pending.
r. McKAY read the present law regulating this suhiect,
i which it appeared that the revenue cutters were alreainble,to
be connected with the navy when the exigenof
the service required. The President of the United
us had the power, under the existing law, to t ransfor
i to the navy. or. at least, to bring them to co-operate
i the navy, undorthe direction of the head of that dement.
r. KATHBl N said the difficulty of that law was what
wanted to get rid of. and to bring this system altogether
?r the direction of the Navy Deportment, and into a posiin
which Congress might have control over the approtions
therefor, instead of leaving them to remain, as at
ent, supported from the gross revenue, not from the
r. ivlcicAY (in his seat) said they were, by recent law.
p dependant on the appropriations of Congress,
le question was taken by tellers, on the motion of Mr.
nrun to recommit with instructions, and was deciin
the affirmative, ayes 86, noes 36.
the hill win recommitted.
le 8PRAKKII said the business first in order would be
call of the committees for reports,
r. HAMPTON, on leave given, presented the joint reso
ns of the legislature of the State of New Jersey, re
ting their senators and representatives in Congress to
pvcry proper and honorable effort to prevent the repeal
atonal alteration of the laws now in force imposing riuin
foreign imports.
so, joint resolutions of the same, requesting their senaami
representatives in Congress to use their influence
itain a sufficient appropriation for the purpose of con'ting
a light house on Tucket's beach, or Absecomb'x
le resolutions were referred to their appropriate combes.
and ordered to tie printed.
? motion of Mr. McKAY, the House resolved itself into
mittee of the Whole on the state of the Union, (Mr.
row, of New York, in the chair,) and resumed the con
"ation of the bill making appropriations for the support
o Military Academy for the year ending on the 10th
?, 1H47.
ia pending ou ess ion was on the amendment of Mr It mm
providing that no cadets shall hereafter be appointed;
that to soon as the cadets now there shall have graduathe
institution shall tie abolished
r. GORDON resumed the floor, (under the limitation of
esolution adopted yesterday, that debate should cease
n minutes.)
p. O.said that when (yesterday) he had moved that the
mittee rise, he had submitted the motion more with
w to the adoption of a resolution to terminate the dethan
to retain the floor that he might address the com?e
But he would avail himselfof the privilege he poa?d
to say a few words on the question nefore the com?e,
and on matters and things in general.
ie pending question (.continued Mr O.) Is the amend
tot my colleague, [Mr. Rat Hat*,] which proposes
poctively, the discontinuance of the West Point AcadI
differ from my colleague I cannot support a prop
on that tha Military Academy, which Is the only public
ary school in the United States, shall be abolished
[the United States should be without such an es'ablisht,
I do not believe; nor do I believe that there is in the
ed States a site better adapted to tach an establishment
that at West Point If that academy should be discon?d,
the effect, in my judgment, tobuld be to build up
? dozen or twenty schools in different States of the
in. Probably every State would come in and want
ary school established within its limits. I am not goo
pursue this question further. It is sufficient for me
y that I shall vote against the proposition, especially
is time. The academy was established to qualify men
tgagc In the armv, to serve the country in time of war;
now, when war is upon tia. when it has been declared
:ist, np starts a proposition here, and at this crisis, to
ah the only military school in the country, i am op
t I will now paae on to the etnto of the Union; and I
notice eomc thinge Ihet here taken piece within e few
peat, particularly Inthii hell.
ere ere two kinde of immortality -one of glory the
r of infamy. The Immortality of Heroetratne. who eat
o the F.pneatan temple, wee of tba latter claee So
wee that of Nam. who (I'Idled whilet Rome wae horn
And to come down to the hietory of our own thnee
tor own eoontry. wo 8nd that we had tortee in the
lation. we had the Hertford convention in the war of
-i*i we kui>l the blue-light federalists, who had tkeu
beacous to lig lit the cue my to the shores of our country
had also those in the Inst war who opposed it voted
against the supplies attempted to paralyie the arm of the
ntirpttiOt *'? rejoiced at the victunes ol the enemy over
tho armies of th*-ir country Now I cUai all ol then- with
Heroktratui and with Nero.
And now, what shall I aay of tha /eerften who voted
.Against the recognition of the rmtaiu't Ol war, and af aintt
tne supplies to prosecute that w ar to a speedy and success
ful In rail nation r where, I *?k alkali I class iktmf Wkerv
ahgjt I ctea thf Tf Tfct has uaiaiial to the world tha
vol* which lie gave, who has put his name on record, who
will have an immortality either of glory or of infamy who
has published such language and planted himaalf on such
sentiments as these I am about to read' listen'
Mr (i. now read from letter of Nfr. ftrvsaxNis, published
in this day ' Intelligencer
"I believe the Meaicaua upon the itio Grande have bean
a |ig itrletl) in aolf lihafa laliflhayftiwiMlfiaAa^
resistance to lien, Taylor, they are to ba honored and applauded
kit doing ao Without now raiting in question the
mode br>hich the Mexican department olTeaaa was con
verted into a Htatr of our Union 1 do deny that Gen. Taylor,
since he advanced beyond tha Nuecee. has been aithai on the
soil of tha United Plates or on that of Tea*a.*He has beeu,
and wms at tha last accouuts. in the Maaicao departmrnt of
Tamaulip**, and it is there ou Mexican soil that blood has
been shed The war has not been commenced by Mexico,
but by the President of the I 'inted fWatee, without the authority
of Congress, and without any nececalty "
H?-re (continued Mr. U.) Is an honorable representative
in the American < ongress, avowing in tha fhee of the world
that tha war, to carry on which this Houee has voted supplies
with a unanimity almost unparalleled, "had hot been
cornnienct I l-y Meslco, but by ih? I'rrsnWfM of the 1 intra
state*. without the authority ol teugreaa, and without any
liar realty.H t ompiaining ol his country! justify log Meat
co! t. barging the Executive el his own country, who has
au embarrasiing war on his hands with an impeachable
1 oi the gmtleinan says: "It wuiot required by
any sound policy, and it was totally forbidden by theCoaslitution
oithe I mted Mates, by a i aeard for justice, and by n.tn
national comity and good iaith I'hus denouncing the
Ktocntlva of his own country as worthy the exeorauea of
,/r.i woild Jiuch is the language of a represent
stive oi the American people, not used in tha heat of de
hate but deliberately written, and sent to a newspaper to
be published to tha world.
This is not all. The same representative declares
"The bill which paused tha House yesterday sanctions
> eduige. and endorses hie maiiiieafo ol the causes
oi Mil throwing ths odiuiu oa the Mexicans, which Justly
attaches to himself.w
And again:
"Unless the President desires war and looks to the con
quest of Mexico I submit whether he has not committed
bHk a political crime an I s Mnndei MMl 1 will wait Cor a*
answer on the results of the measure "
The CHAIRMAN here anuounced tha aspiration of the *
lima allowed for debate. 0
Mr GORDON took his seat remarking he was sorry to be
thus cut oil. v N
The question wu then taken on tha amendment of Mr. j
Kathni i, and by ayes 50, noes 94. it was
I he Mil was than laid aaide to be reported to thr llomr m
(We are reluctantly com|>elled to postpone the remain- a_
der ol this day's proceedings until tomorrow ] H
( oaaacTioN.- Ths remarks in the fourth column of ves g(
tcrday's henata proceedings, which, by a typographical ?r
ror, were ascribed to Mr Ki m sot Jomhso.i, wrere submitted ^
bp Mr I | listen; also in the statement of the u ,
yeas andnnys upon Mr Hi nIrnnrgn% motion mado yeeter- _
day to strike out tha proemble to the Mexican war bill. I
Mr UrNam's name was recorded in tha negative, whereas.
Mr A. rot0d in the affirmative. Mr Vulkx should have
been recorded in tha negative. If
Tu Ikt Editor of Ikt Union:
John C. Kivei, eiq , will mike ihe beil chiif ^
officer for thu ciiy of any individual in it. With
in induitry never tiring, he ponenea the tact for et
an officer of thu kind,"equal to any other citizen. f
ui m? quaunes lor goodness ot heart ana probity
of character it would be idle to write, for the com- w
muniiy know him.
? ? >o
{Ij* For auction and other advertise- 101
merits are fourth pane of to-day's daily n
i; PILVERM ACHEK, from Balti- (u
J? more, beg* leave to inform the ladies of m
Washington, that he will open to-morrow morning,
for a very limited lime, a most selected *'
assortment of French millinery and fancy
goods, under the charge of Madam A. Burs- ?
dict, from New York, who will set as my ^
agent in Washington, and who will be glad to
receive her former customers, and the ladies gen- :4F
orally, at the same place 1 had when last in Wash- is
ington?viz: Pennsylvania avenue, under St Charles
Hotel, between Railroad depot and 3d street.
May 13?lw
The Croton (Mutual) Insurance Company,
Office Wo. 35 Wall street, adjtnning the -Mechanic's
Bank, in the city of Wrte York.
HIS company insures marine, inland navigation, ,u
X transportation, and fire risks. By its charter the 'h<
profits are to be paid back to the assured, in propor- ert
lion to the amount of premiums paid by tliem re- ^
spectively. The rates and terms of insurance will
be moderate and liberal, and the assured subject to >u
no responsibility. pai
Trustees. ret
James Harper, H. W.T.Mali, Uk
Cheater Clark, Henry A. Kant, Un
Jatnes W. Phillips, Eld ward Kellogg,
' James Phalen, S. M. Crandall7
Noah Ripley, T. A. Meyer, P*
Lawrence Hill, S.Sherwood, pe
Joseph GatIIlord, Jr., John B. Benton, cjt
C. Edward Habicht, N. L. McCready,
lie 17 w n-i r r> 1.
James Hall, George Miln, M
James Cruikahank, .Cyrui Chenary, M
Edwin R. Tremain, John I. Herrick, si!
W. M. Halatead, Jr., Chaa. L. Voae,
John Peck, N. H. Wolfe,
Joaeph H. Cowdrey, E.T. Aldrich, m
Robert Lane, A. S. Crosby, F
E. Richardson. th
J AMES G. STACEY, Preaident,
JOSEPH B. NONES, Vice President. Bc
Nicholas Carroll, Secretary and Asaiatant Vice p
President. ?,
Capt. Samukl Candler, Marine Inspector. Also
inspector for "Lloyd's" for the port of New "
York. ?
T. L. A, A. THO. SMITH, c(
Agents for Washington, Ac. I,
Office on F street, near the Treasury Building.
May 13 "
J EBB on the attack of military posta, villages,
intrenchments, Ac.; by Captain Jebb, of the royal
engineers; 1 vol., London, with engravings. A
Jebb's practical treatise on strengthening and ^
defending outposts, villages, houses, biidges, &c.,
in reference to the duties of officers in command of Cl
pickets; 1 vol., London, with engravings. at
Rules for conducting the practical operations of a o
siege, by Major General Pasley, royal engineer; 1 ^
vol., London, with engravings. .
Military surveying, sketching in the field, plan- ?
drawing, levelling, military reconnoissance, Ac..; by n
Major Jackson, royal staff corps; 1 vol., London,
with plates.
Heavy Ordnance, by Capt. Simmons, royal artillery;
1 vol., London.
Mailer's Science of War; 3 vols., London.
On Soldiers, by H. Marshall, deputy inspector
general of army hospitals, Edinburgh; 1 vol. *1
Lieut. Col. Hiimfrey on the syBtem of fortifies- o
tion adopted for the defence of the Rhine frontier; j
1 vol., London; many plates.
Light Troops in the Field, by Lieut. Mayne, fith
infantry; 1 vol., London. ?
Light Troops in the Field, by Col. Von Ehwald; a
1 vol., London. a
Treatise on the attack and defence of fortified .
places, by General de Malortie; 1 vol., London.
Field fortifications, by de Martemont; 1 vol., *
Practical observations on the errors of generals ' .
and field officers commanding armies and detachments,
by William Armstrong, assistant adjutant 1
general; 1 vol., London. , t
Duties of an officer on pickets and on detach- I
merits, by Capt. Ker, 7lh dragoon guards, 1 vol,
Marauley on field fortification; 1 vol., London, *
and alias of plates. ]
Service and management of heavy ordnance for .
the royal regiment of artillery; 1 vol., London.
On the duties of officers commanding partisan
corps, by Captain R. Murray. 1
Fortification, by Lieut. Col. Landmann, royal en- 1
gineers. ?
Historical record of the royal marine forces; 2
vols., London, 1845, by Lieut. Nicholas, royal
marines. I
Gunpowder, its manufacture and proof, hy John |
Braddock, commissary of ordnance; 1 vol., London. (
The battles of Q.uatre-Brjs, Ligny, Wavre, and
Waterloo, by Capt. ^iborne; 9 vols., London, 1844Sir
Howard Douglass on military bridges; 1 vol.,
London. i
The (Queen's orders and regulations fur the army;
1 vol., London.
Trigonometrical surveying, military raconnoissance.
Ac. hu c 1 ;
? - / ?" rauuac, my ai ciir ararrr* . i
I rogres* of th? art of war, by Magralh, lieutenant
3d regiment; 1 to!., London.
Soharnhorat'a (general) military field pocket
book, translated from the German by Cant. Haverfield;
1 toI., London.
Glennie** campaign*, battle*, and atratagems of
war; 1 vol., London, and many othera; many of
them French, too numerou* for the limit* of an **
vertiaement, embracing the be?t treaiiaea on every
branch of military science and service, together with
aa equally valuable collection of booka on the naval I
sciences; imported direct from London and Pari" j
May 13

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