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The daily union. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1845-1857, October 23, 1847, Image 2

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CITY OF WASHINGTON.
SATURDAY MGIIT. OCT. *3, 1B47.
Aftiili for Uu Union.
The following gentlemen aie authorized to act ai our
agent*, and to receive money loriubscriptions, and receipt
for the nam* :
, W*. A. Pkikce for Penniylvanle.
G. E. Rvmiix " Kentucky.
Gico. W. Jones " Mississippi.
T. H. Kimbee " Arkansas.
Tuos. F. Stbveiw " Georgia.
Col. N. B. Basse " New Hampshire.
L)aniei. Taoueet " New Jersey.
Jos. Jewett " Rhode Island.
Hon. R. D. Johiwon, (of Galveston,) lor Texas.
Cohxemus Guen. for the State of New York.
Mr. Webster's Mexican Speech.?Annexation of Texas
' Use Mexican "pretext" for the War.?Mr. Webster's
Inconsistencies.?His alien bjrinpathles.
! In our article in the Union of Thursday evening we
think we established, to the satisfaction of every honest,
( candid, and patriotic mind, the positions that the territory
of Texas extended to the Rio Grande ; that the most
illustrious of our statesmen, living and dead, contended
for the Rio Grande as the true boundary of Texas; that
Texas herself proclaimed to the world, in a solemn act of
her Congress, that her boundary extended to that river,
which claim was prima facie recognised by Congress
by the compact of annexation, and this government
thereby became bound in good faith to Texas to maintain
I her dominion to that river, until it appeared that she had
no just claim to that boundary; that Mexico herself had
admitted the right of Texas to all the territory on this
side of the Rio Grande; from which resulted the conclusion
that the President, as the executive power of the
Union, was under a constitutional obligation to defend
the jurisdiction of the United States and of Texas to the
Rio Grande, and therefore not only had a right, but was
Iij Donna, to sena me troops oi tne United States to that
[ portion of Texas, if threatened with invasion by a foreign
[ power; that, having sent the troops there, and the latter
| having been attacked and slain by the army of Mexico on
i the soil of Texas, the war was begun "by the act of Mexico"
and not by the President, as is constantly and falsely
alleged by the adherents and apologists of Mexico in the
ranks of the federal party in this country.
The question now arises, Why did Mexico commit this
act of rear against the United States ? We are not
obliged to go far for an answer. Her distinguished advocate?the
generally retained advocate of all foreign
powers in controversy with this country?(we particularly
intend Mr. Webster)?has given us the pretended reason,
or rather the "pretext" on which Mexico waged
war against us. That pretext vxis the annexation of
Texas. Mr. Webster himself says, "that the fact was,
i that Mexico did take offence at the annexation of Texas;"
and he.afterwards alleges "that the direct constquenct
of the act of iniquity in the annexation of Texas
is the war in which we are now engaged."
Here, then, is the ground on which war was waged byMexico
against the United States distinctly admitted byMr.
Webster, her leading advocate and apologist in this
country. That ground was the annexation of Texas, and
hot the march of the troops to the Rio Grande, as Mr.
Webster, with his usual unblushing inconsistency, in other
S parts of his speech alleges, and as every federal press
and public speaker sympathizing with Mexico, traitorously
calumniating and maligning the cause of their
, own country, falsely allege.
We believe this admission of Mr. Webster to be the
truth. We candidly admit that the annexation of Texas
was the pretext on which Mexico waged the present war
against the United States. As we remarked in a former
article, when the measure of annexation was pending,
# General Almonte, then the minister of Mexico to this
It. country, informed our government that his government
would regard the annexation of Texas as a casus belli;
and when it was accomplished, he demanded his passports
and withdrew from the country, which was a step
preliminary to war. The Mexican Minister of Foreign
Affairs, under the government of Paredes, Mr. Castillo
y Lanzas, in his letter to Mr. Slidell, dated March 12,
. 1S46, (from which, in our last article on this subject, we
quoted an extract,) also declared that his government
considered annexation as a cause of war; that it had so
declared to the United States;?adding, " and, as a consequence
of this declaration, negotiation was, by its very 1
nature, at an end. and war wax the. onto recourse nf the I
Mexican government."
i Paredes, also, made war with the United States for the
? recovery of Texas?the rallying cry in his assault upon
the government of Herrera; and it was by thus stimulating
the pride and vengeance of the Mexican people that he
succeeded in overthrowing his rival. He accordingly
made preparations for war. He issued proclamations announcing
that war existed with the United States. He
raised armies, sent them to the frontiers of Texas with
orders to attack the troops of the United States, and one
' of those armies did actually cross the Rio Grande and
I make war upon our troops occupying posts on this side of
that river. Thus Mexico threatened war on account of
the annexation of Texas, and did in fact make war for
J" that pretended cause. We thus find that Mr. Webster's
? assertion, conforming for once, at least, to the facts, is
; true?strange as it may seem after so many misrepresentations
of which we have convicted him.
' We now inquire, whether or not Mexico had any just
cause to trnge rear against tlim country on account of the
annexation of Texas I
* In order to determine the true answer to this question,
[ we have only to refer to facts notorious to the whole
| world. In the lirst place, Texas was, in fact, free and
i"' > independent. She had nobly conquered her independence
in the ever-memorable battle of San Jacinto, in May,
1930. For nine years after that event, not a hostile soldier
of Mexico had contaminated her soil with his footi
. steps. Mexico had, by failing to attempt the subjugation
of Texas, acknowledged her inability to recover her revolted
province. The other nations of the world had,
therefore, the right to treat with her as a nation absolutely
and <le jure free and independent. They did
treat with her. The United States, England, France,
and Belgium, entered into commercial treaties with ,
her. During the period above mentioned, she had
exercised all the powers and functians of an independent
nation without hindrance or molestation byMexico.
Other nations, therefore, had a right to regard
the claim of Mexico to sovereignty over Texas as
waived and abandoned. In this view of the subject,
1! r then, is this government justified in annexing Texas to
, the Union. .
' But TcxaS was free and independent, as we have before
shown by the acknowledgment of Mexico. Santa
Anna, then President and dictator of Mexico, after the
battle of San Jacinto, acknowledged the independence of
Texas, and Mexico ratified this acknowledgment by
availing herself of all the benefits of the treaty by which
the acknowledgment was made. Mexico again acknowledged
the independence of Texas at the instigation of the
ministers of England and France, on the condition that
she would not annex herself to the United States, which
condition was an absurdity as applied to a sovereign and
independent nation. Thus, by the consent of Mexico,
ITaxaa waa free and independent, and had a right to annex
herself to the Union.
This, it seems to us, is the conclusion to which all
unprejudiced minds must arrive on a candid review of all
the facts and circumstances involved in the relations of
Texas and Mexico. And, as if wonders were never Jo
cease, Mr. Webster himself, the advocate and apologist of
Mexico, admits that annexation was no muse of war
While Secretary of State, in a despatch to our minister in
Mexico, under date of July 8,1842, that gentleman says :
' Mexico may have chosen to consider, and may still
choose to consider Texas as having been at all times since
I83S, and as still continuing, a rebellious province ; but the
world has been obliged to take a very different view of the
matter. From the time of the battle of San Jacinto, in
April, 1838, to the present moment, 1\xas his exhibited (lie
tame external signs of national independence as Mexico herself,
and with <quite us much stability of government
Again, in the same despatch, Mr. Webster sa5's:
"Since 1837, the United States have regarded Texas as an
independent sovereignty, as mud as Mexico; and that trade
and commerce with citizens of a government at war with
Mexico cannot, on that account, be regarded as an intercourse
by which assistance and succor are given to Mexican
rebels."
And he adds, that
"'The constitution, public treaties, and laws, oblige the
President to regard Texas as an independent State, aid its
rSKRITORV AS NO I'.IRTOK THE TERRITORY OK MEXICO."
Now, if "Texas had, for many years, exhibited the
same external signs of national independence as Mexico
herself, and with quite as much stability of government;"
if, "since 1837, the United States have regarded Texas as
an independent sovereignty, as much as Mexico;" and if,
in 1842, the President was bound by the constitution,
treaties, and laws, "to regard Texas as an independent
State, and its territory as no part of the territory of Metico,"
what right has Mexico to make war on the United
States for entering into a compact of annexation with ^
Texas ? And how, in view of these admissions of Mr.
Webster, can the advocates of Mexico put on a face to
condemn their own country for annexing Texas, and jus- (
tify Mexico for making war upon us on that account ?
It would seem that the corruption of moral principle,
which such traitorous conduct implies, had deprived them
of all sense of shame. It only proves what we see in
another class of delinquents, that loss of virtue is com- |
pensated with a bra/en impudence that defies all shame \
or degradation. I
But we have not done with the admissions of Mr. '
Webster. In his Springfield speech, which contains his <
great argument in behalf of Mexico, notwithstanding his
positive allegation "that the direct consequence of the '
iniquitous act of annexation of Texas is the war in which i
we arc now engaged," as if determined to put consisten- '
cy to the blush, he admits tluit the annexation of Texas 1
was no cause of war on the part of Mexico. I
That we may not misrepresent Mr. Webster, we quote
his own words. He says: <
"I have no sympathy, therefore, with any form of gov- 1
ernmeut, or any of the men connected witli the government (
of Mexico, for the last twenty years. And I go further: 1
say that, in my judgment, utter the events of 183<j, and the '
battle of San Jacinto, Mexico had no reason to regard Texas
is one of her provinces. She had no power in Texas, hut '
it was entirely at the disposition of those who lived in it. (
They made u government tor themselves. This country ac- i
knowledged that government; foreign States acknowledged <
that government; and I think, in fairness and honesty, u-e (
nutt admit that in 1810, '41, '42, and '43, Texas was an in- j
lependent State among the States of the world. I no sot t
admit, therefore, that it was any just ground of com- i
plaint on the part op mexico, that thk united states
annexed Texas to themselves." 1
Now, after this full and absolute admission by the
most able and influential advocate and apologist of Mexico
in this country, can he, or his fellow-Mexican sympathisers,
longer have the assurance to say that Mexico
was wronged in the annexation of Texas, and therefore
had just cause of war against the United States ? If, after
this, they can exhibit an effrontery so audacious, they
deserve the scorn and contempt of all honorable men. fc
We think we have now established the position, that t
this government had a right to enter into a compact of annexation
with Texas, and that Mexico had no reason 'to n
complain of that act, much less to wage war against us (
on that account. And, in our last article, we showed that 0
the territory of Texas extended to the Rio Grande, and c
that, as a portion of one of the sovereign States of this g
Union, the President was under a constitutional obliga- j
lion to defend it against invasion. We have, therefore, u
established the positions that this war is not an "Execu- ti
tive war;" that it is not .an "unconstitutional war;" and v
that it was commenced by Mexico, by her own act, on d
the "pretext" of the annexation of Texas. c
Mr. Webster?the great "expounder" of the constitu- vi
tion and of the rights offoreign nations against his own? a
says that wars may be waged from bad motives?to gain o
one. object, while they put forth other objects or "pre- v
texts" to the world. Mexico had a motive for com- ?
nencing the present war against us, which she under- p
takes to justify to the world on the "pretext" of the an- ir
nexation of Texas. Let us look into the history of Mex
ico, and see if we cannot discover that motive. p
Twenty years ago the authorities of Mexico com- a
menced a system of depredation upon American com- a;
merce, and insult and outrage upon American citizens. S
During that period they had plundered American citizens m
of millions of their property, insulted them, imprisoned e
their persons, and, in some instances, murdered them nut- p,
rig/if. Mr. Slidcll, our last minister to Mexico, in his j\
letter to Mr. Peiia y Pefia, daled December 21, 1845, Cl
states the aggregate of these claims to be $8,491,003. m
Part of them had been allowed under a commission provided
for by a treaty between Mexico and the United a
States, but the remainder were not allowed ; and Mex- 0
ico broke her stipulations in regard to those which were j,
allowed. Mr. Slidell classes these claims thus: 0
Amount allowed by commissioners and um- J,
pi re - - - - - $>2,026,139
Amount allowed by American commissioners, ol
but not ncted upon by umpire - - - 928,(>27 |,
Amount of claims submitted to txrard, but not
UMd on 3,33(1,837 n\
Amount of claims presented to the State Department
subsequent to the commission - - 2,200,000
8,491,603
In reference to the wrongs and outrages committed by Cl
Mexico upon the persons and property of our citizens, "
Mr. Forsyth, then Secretary of State, in a letter to the q
Mexican minister, dated May 27, 1837, says: tl
' These wrongs are of a character which cannot be tole- 1(
rated by any government indued with n just self-respect, k
with a proper regard for the opinions of other nations, or P
with an enlightened concern for the ^permnnent welfare of
ihose portions of its people who may be interested in foreign
commerce. Treasure belonging to citizens of the
United States has been seized by Mexican officers, in its
iransit from the capital to (lie coast. Vessels of the United "
Slates liave been captured, detained, and condemned upon v
ilia most frivolous pretexts. Duties have been exacted (
from others notoriously njrainst law, or without law. Others
have been omployed, and in some instances ruined, in J
the Mexican service, without compensation to the owners. "
Citizen* of the United Statei have been impriioned for long
period* of time, without being informed of the offence* with
which they were charged. OTHERS HAVE BEEN MUR- 1
UERED AND ROBBED BY MEXICAN OFFICERS, ON v
THE HIGH SCAR, WITHOUT ANY ATTEMPT TO l'
BRING THE GUILTY TO JUSTICE."
n
And General Jackson, in a message communicating the ti
details of these outrages to Congress, in the month of ti
February, 1837, says: n
" rhat the length of time linre tome of the injuria have
been committed, the repeated and unavailing application* for
redreil, the wanton rhnrarter of torne of the outrage* upon the n
property and perton* of our citizen*, upon the officer* and flag (|
of the United Statei, independent of recent intuit* to thi* gov- p
emment and people by the late extiaordinnry Mexican mini*- :
ter, WOULD JUSTIFY IN THF. JCYES OF ALL
NA TIONS I MM EDI A TE WA ft"
Thus we had against Mexico real causes of war of
the most aggravated kind. For slight outrages of the ?
same nature, Great Britnin had demanded and obtained j
redress, and France had battered down the C'astle of San I
Juan de Ulloa. But we, in sympathy for this semi-barbarous,
perfidious, and ungrateful nation, because we t
r
chose charitably to presume that she wan a "sifter repub
lie," forbore to demand rediess at the cannon's mouth
as by the laws of nations we had the right to do. The;
were, however, rights due our citizens, which Mexict
must have redressed and remunerated, or we sluiuld havi
resorted to war in the end. She knew they were jus
causes of war, and die knew that war wis inevitable
sootier or later, ij die did nut pay them, provided sht
could not discover some "pretext" by which she couk
evade their payment. In the la|>se of time that pretax
occurred, ft was the annexation of Texas. That even
she seized hold of in the hope of not only evading tin
payment of our just claims upon her, but of getting some,
thing handsome besides. The conduct of her unprincipled
and contemptible rulers cannot well be reconciled on
any other hypothesis. Her motive, therefore, for tht
war, was the evasion of the just claims of our citizens
upon her; her "pretext" the annexation of Texas.
This evasion of the payment of just debts may be no
discredit to Mexico in the eyes of Mr. Webster. His notions
respecting the moral obligation to pay honest debts
may induce him to approve an act of bankruptcy, or repudiation
in a foreign nation, particularly if that foreign
nation is indebted to his own countrymen. He avows in
his speech that Congress would have never declared war
for these spoliations, outrages, and murders. We have
no doubt the avowal is in perfect harmony with his real
sentiments. Foreign in his sympathies, and practically
foreign in his allegiance, American citizens have learned
not to look to him for an assertion of their rights when
violated by a foreign government. And we assure him
they will never permit a man, who has shown himself so
lestitute of every American feeling and every impulse of
[latriotism, to preside over the destinies of this proud republic.
We shall not despair of the republic, although the
prospects of carrying New York at the approaching election
are considered by some as gloomy enough. An intelligent
correspondent says that the republican party is
" rent asunder," and must be defeated. "The House is
livided against itself, and of course cannot stand." Yet
we must never despond. We still hope that the republicans
will rouse themselves and unite upon the ticket and carry
it. A New York paper of the Proviso school tauntingly
asked the other division of the party, before the
Syracuse convention met, what they would do in case
he nomination should go against them.
It is a bad rule that does not work both ways. Condstency
requires them to support the present nomination.
iVe hail the following sign with pleasure. It is recoglised
by some of the strongest men of the democratic
>arty:
(Jenkrai. Meeting.?The democratic republican electors
>f the city and county of New York friendly to regular
loininations and the usages ef the party, and opposed to
he present agitation of any measure calculated to ernbnrass
the general administration in a vigorous prosecution
if the war, are requested to meet atTammuny Hull, oil Fritay
evening, the 2'2d inst., at half-past 7 o'clock, for the
lurpose ot responding to the nominations of State officers
nade by the democratic coiiventon, held at Syracuse on
tic 29th ofSeptetnber last, and to transact any other busiless
that the meeting may. deem proper.
The following gentlemen have been invited to address
he meeting t
James T. Brady, Charles McVean,
Francis B. Cutting, Henry Arcularius, jr.
John McKoon, Cornelius S. Bognrdiis,
Alexander Wells, Charles O'Conor,
William McMurray, Joseph S. Boswortli,
Lorenzo B. Sliepard, Isaiah Hynders,
John B. Haskin, Edward Slralian.
By order of Com. of Arrangements of the (icn. Com.
DAVID C. BRODERICK, Chairman.
Stephen R. Harris, Secretary.
A letter from the city of New York refers to the chanre
irought forward by the New York Evening Post upon
he subject of Mr. Morris, postmaster, going as a delegate
l> the Syracuse convention. It states that the editor who
iade them could scarcely have believed them himself?
hat Mr. Morris is too well known in New York for any
me to suspect him of being influenced in his political
ipinions or course by his holding office under the federal
;overnment, or of his acting in violation of his own
udgment at the instance of any man in office?and
aoreover that the character of the Postmaster General is
ao well established for any one to suppose that he
vould use his official power to coerce a subordinate to
0 his bidding. It states that Mr. Morris went,to the
onvention because dhe democrats of the 15th ward,
rhcrc some of the most distinguished Proviso men live,
sked him to go, and appointed him delegate by 300 out
f 398 men ; and that he acted as president of the conention,
because the delegated democracy of the State,
without one solitary vote against hiin, appointed him
resident, and that, too, when he solicited those who
lade him president not to do so.
"Things are looking well," says the letter. "Our
rimary meetings in the several wards, last night, were
dmirable in their results; their resolutions are decided
gainst the Herkimer men, and strong in favor of the
yracuse ticket and the general administration; and our
leeting to be held at Tammany Hall, on to-morrow
vening, (the 22d) will be an immense one. The oposition
cannot raise a 'corporal's guard.' The city of
few York will give a large majority for us; and I sinerely
believe we will carry the State by a handsome
lajority."
The writer then refers to the proceedings of the 10th
nd 4th wards of the city of New York, and also to those
f the Otli ward. "All of them (he says) are satisfactory
1 the extreme. You will sec in the loth ward the name
f Purdy, and in the 4th that of Parker. The last was a
elegate in the Syracuse convention, and acted throughut
with the minority. The 0th ward shows that the
ish, whom A. C. expected to take with him, are
rongly with us.
Prom Mrrlro.
We arc indebted to a distinguished gentleman in this
ity for an extract of a letter from his son, dated at Mexico
n the 21th ultimo. He states that " None of the officers
f the mounted rifle corps were killed in the battles of
ontreras, Churubusco, Chapultepec, or at the taking of
le city of Mexico; but that Major I.?ring has had his
ft arm amputated, Captain Tucker wounded by a muset
ball in the right arm and side, and Lieut. M. E. Van
iuren wounded in the knee at Contreras. Some others
ave been slightly wounded, but all were doing well."
The sweeping republican majority in Pennsylvania
itrpasaes our recent victory in tiny other State. It overwhelms
all opposition. The llarrishurg; Democratic
Inion of Wednesday last rei?orts Governor Shunk's magnify
over Irvin at 13,194, and one county (Elk) yet to
>e heard from.
A Patriotic: Fjuxii.t.?Major Twiggs, who is reported
mong (tie killed in the lmttle before the city of Mexico,
was the brother of the fearless Gen. Twiggs, and father o(
tie young Mr. Twiggs who so recently lost his life between
'era Cruz and Jalapa. Maj. Twiggs was a fine ofii :er, a
nan of high honor, and as bravo ns the steel he woro was
rust-worthy. The whole country will regret this depriveion?will
mingle its condolence with a bereaved family,
nd the world acknowledge the nullim-hing courage- of a
irave and patriotic race.?Ptnniglvania*.
For Gkn. Scott.?One hundred and twenty-four regulars,
nder command of Lieut. J. D. Stewart, embarked from
he Newport barracks on Saturday night, amidst the loud
heers of hundreds. These are recruits for the fifteenth
nfaritry, now with (fen. Scott, at the capital of Mexico.
Cincinnati Commercial, Oct. 18.
Latum Potators.?The Frederick Kxa-niner says it has
10 doubt that the potato crop will be very abundant in that
ounty. The editor has seen various samples of exceedngly
large size, the heaviest weighing two pounds and a
nlf.
The lady of ex-tfoveinor McDowell, of Virginia, died on
he 18th, at her residence near Lexington, in that State.
The Army Corrrc*po?<l?iitl. 1
It cannot be loug before the road to Vera Cruz will be tnb
i- opened by our advancing columns, and then we shall M
j have the General's own ollicial accounfs of the memorable acc
; events in which he has been concerned. Meantime we pro
t are dependent upon the new8pa[?er correspondents, who reli
, follow the camp to seize and record its transactions. |tj8
? Among these, Mr. Kendall, of the New Orleans I'icay- ]d,|
1 une, has been one of the most Industrious. Mr Kendall
t is a whig in his politics, and a partisan in his views; pa|
t and we regret to say that he has not been as impartial in ye
> his representations as he might have been. He has been j(1
too partial in the distribution of his praises among the U|it
general officers, and has almost entirely passed over the ^
i services of General Pillow, who has never received from .
the Picayune the justice to which his merits entitle him. j|g(
i Mr. K.'s description of the battle of Chapultepec is singularly
meagre. Gen. Pillow's division distinguished .
i i'.self in that engagement; and his voltigeurregiment be- ...
came at last "the assaulting force, supported by the bali
ance of the division." The Delta's correspondent, "Mustang,"
whose admirable and graphic letters of the affair j
of Chapultepec, and the capture of the city, we laid before
our readers last evening, will supply many of the ^
, omissions, and do justice to all the gallant officers of this
accomplished army.
It is impossible to read these descriptions of the j
achievements of our troops without feeling proud of our ^
I counxryinen. ine copioug exiracui wuicu wciuvc iiuuc
from the New Orleans papers must for the present take the ? ^
place of the official despatches. jan(
The events which they commemorate place our na- ^
tional character in the most favorable point of view.
They illustrate the high bearing of our officers and soldiers
?not their chivalry only, but their courtesy. One letter g ^
is written by an Englishman in Mexico, paying the high- j
est compliment to the valor of our army. Each and all earj
are described as so many heroes. A letter from a French- ^
man dwells upon their forbearance and humanity, and tQ f|
states that, under the aggravating circumstances which ^
attended their march into the capital, in the face of the ^ j
stoning from the roofs and the firing from the windows, -n ^
they displayed a moderation towards the enemy which Hj.|n
far surpassed the brightest examples of the soldiers of jeas
Europe. Chr
We cannot jtasa over Mr. Kendall's letters without no- f0U(
ticing some passages in his late letters that do very little vjce
credit to his pen. One of these (as we have already re- re8[1
marked) conveys an indiscreet, illiberal, and Unjust refiec- w;is
tion upon the administration. He says:
" Matters are approaching a crisis ; while the great mistake
in not entering the capital 011 the night of the 20th, when ,
the Mexicans were insrlijctly panic-stricken and in full flight,
is hourly developing itself. The great sacrifice of life yesterday?the
loss of so many gallant spirits?has all been owing j
to the cessation of hostilities and the armistice which fol- Qra]
lowed, and an awful responsibility rests either with the ()jer
government or with Geo. Scott and Mr. Tt ist. jn p
" The instructions will show, but I am of the opinion that ry.
the former is mostly to blame. The latter are censurable graf
for placing faith in Mackintosh, in giving Santa Anna so plisl
much time, or even in having any reliance upon his power (trad
and ubility to make peace, under nil the circumstances, ? il
howeVer much he might have desired it personally. 1 will serv
say nothing of the bribery?that dark side of the picture is ils 0
undoubtedly the work of the exceedingly wise men at w ,
Washington. Had advisers have been busy, both here and 5,
at home, in recommending measures to bring about a ^ jj
l>eacc, and their counsels have prevailed to the exclusion j(
of the opinions of men who might have been listened to (jen
with pront. mfa
The' insinuation about the instructions of the govern- join
ment is grossly unjust. We have touched this subject
more than once, and placed the case in a proper point of T
view. On the '21st ult. we said: peri*
" We cannot dismiss this subject without remarking thnt '
we should be very reluctant to prejudge the question of an
irinistice. Wc have not yet received the despatches of 0I"'
lien Scott. We do not positively know the grounds upon cooc
which he acted?the motives by which he was rustunted? wit!
the results which ho expected to accomplish. Ho had no |y it
instructions to grant an armistice?or, we ought ruther to c,al
say, to tutjxnd hottilitie*?until a treaty of peace had been (j0|,
rati fled on the part of Mexico. Yet, we will not undertake :,i
to say that the Commanding General had no authority to
grant a temporary truce, upon his own responsibility, when J^ce
he considered it strongly calculated to facilitate the eonsum- Gail
uiation of pence. Nor will we undertake to say that the re- Eng
sponsibility, though great in itsell, was not wisely exerted at 111
under the circumstances of the case. The Picayune makes <?d a
out a strong case in behalf of the armistice, when it states j(]tl
that no treaty of peace could be made by Santa Anna with- mjr{
out the consent of Congress; that it has been very dilHcult,
it any time, and under any circumstances, to get them to- ...
gather; that if Gen. tscott had rushed into the capital, Congross
would have dispersed?or that they would have re- af,d
inoved to some other city, where, surrounded by the H
representatives of foreign powers, nnd the executive an- the !
thorities of their own govern ment, it would itave been more ag a
IiHie 1111 to bring about a negotiation lor peace." vere
We shall still refrain from any remarks upon this sub- bein
ject. We have no disposition to prejudge the course of [
Gen. Scott or of Mr. Trist. We shall wait to hear the paji
reasons which induced the General to grant an armistice Lieu
and enter into a negotiation, though we apprehend it has
cost our country some precious lives of her sons. selet
We almost scorn to notice the other charge which is 8au'
insinuated against the administration. An American
who had any regard for the honor of his country should colo
have hesitated long, before he made such a charge, and '>n^
, . . , , , . nig 1
never on bare suspicion, and without the strongest evi- (jerr
dences to support the accusation. We have met this inen
charge before, and it crumbled into fragments. There "'.J.'j
has been no bribery practised. There has been no money that
employed for the purposes of corruption. There was no s,lre
money to be used for such a purpose. The President of w|JO
the United States, or the Secretary of the Treasury, dare conn
not use a cent by way of bribery. They would have vi- m'''t
iT6nc
olated the law, and drawn down upon their heads the fort
degradation of an impeachment and the resentment of an to hi
indignant people. But we have so frequently expatiated
upon this subject?so clearly pointed out the restrictions lenci
of the act of Congress; we have shown so often what
consequences the administration would provoke by a vi
olation of the law; the act is so well guarded in de- th0 g
claring that not a cent is to be disbursed until the treaty toun
has been ratified by Mexico, and every cent is to be
strictly accounted for according to proper vouchers; we t]
have so repeatedly and positively denied the fact of one its o\
cent having been taken out of the treasury for this pur- have
pose?that it is useless to expatiate upon the subject. The frc""
insinuation is false, and it is more worthy of the Mexi- pany
can columns of the " La Patria" than of the Picayune. the x
It is to be regretted that Mr. Kendall should have suf- 'be c
fercd his party politics to interfere with his impartiality
as a historian, and that he should have imputed acts to (ir0[M
the administration for which there is no color of evi- pagn
dence or of truth. ra' w
Nor is the correspondent of the Picayune content with
these flings at the administration. The partisan again rionsi
shows himself, when, with as little courtesy as truth, he far gi
makes the following hit : "'''j0
iiiid i
" What credit to place in these rumors, I do not know; but tjie t,
if Santa Anna is really a prisoner, it has been intentional? ourp
he hat Riven himself up. If he has been killed, it has been [(J olt
what the Mexicans would term one catualidaii?a sheer own
accident?for no such intention ever entered his head. As
a prisoner, Santa Anna knows perfectly woll that he can
humbug Mr. Polk with ease, and all his friends besides, vfex'
We shall know the whole truth of the matter in the course been
o( a day or two." ,
' % jiidu
We leave the public to judge of the propriety of these 0f Cc
partisan strictures. We regret to see it in a gentleman
who is a man of letters and a man of talent, and from
whom we expected all the impartiality of a faithful historian
of the events he describes. al,|e.
a ligl
A Fact that speaks Volumes.?Schuylkill is the great
coal, as well as an iron region of Pennsylvania! This f),
county gave 1,000 majority for Shunk ! Columbia county
is Mr great Iron region. It gave 1,600 majority for Shunk ! t|tout
Centre, Lttzerne, Mifflin, Juniata, and nearly all the other ;ri41l
iron and coal regions gave also large majorities for Shunk I (jua<
Whatdoes our protective tariff neighbor, the " Daily News,"
say to'hi* 1?Phila Timet. Snt
n giving a piace in our columns to tne louowing jusi i
lute to the memory and services of Lieut. Col. William
Graham, than whom a more gallant officer or a more 1
omphshed gentleman never lived, we have thought j
per to preface it by stating, for the satisfaction of his ;
itives and numerous friends who will deeply mourn j ^
loss, that some further particulars were received by j 1
night's mail of his noble fall in his country's service, j Jj
i letter from an officer of the army, dated "National fi
ace, Mexico, September 27th, 1847," in alluding to ^
ut. Col. Graham, says: "Although severely wounded
the ann, he continued fighting with his command "
il he received auother and mortal wound, which closed ?
career. 1 had not known him long, but I could easily j1
erve in him those noble and generous impulses, those 0
inguishing truits, which had so universally won for '|
i the esteem and affection of the army." a
mother letter from Mexico, of the same date, says of
lamented officer, " 1 saw him carried from the field ?
ced by four balls, l ie died most nobly at the head of ti
regiment." [j
hese testimonials of the indomitable courage and n
al firmness of Col. Graham, which shone conspicuous h
lis latest breath, bring to our mind the recollection of
and his brother's gallantry so similarly displayed at b
memorable battle of Withlacoochee, in Florida, which
i place on the 31st of December, 1*33. Gen. Clinch, tj
his official report of that engagement, 111 which he ?<
jht a greatly superior force, says of these two officers: jj]
ipt. William M. Graham, of the 4th regiment of in- w
ry, was fearlessly brave. Although severely wound- 'c
early in the engagement, he continued to head his w
pany in the most gallant manner, until he received IV
ther severe wound, when he was taken from the *
I. His brother, Lieut. Campbell Graham, command- tfc
the adjacent company, was likewise severely wounded ?l
y in the fight, but continued with his men until an- ["
:r severe wound forced him, from the loss of blood, H
Jtire from the field." ^
.''hat can we say to compensate his relatives, his Jt
ids, his country, for the loss they have all sustained e<
is fall ? Nothing. But we do say that we sincerely Jjj
jiathise with the former, who will be consoled at ai
t by the reflection that he fell like a soldier and a ?"
istian, at the |>ost of duty, where he had ever been in
id for thirty long years of arduous and faithful ser- p<
, deeply mourned by his country, and beloved and ls
ected by the brave and the virtuous, wherever he ?t
known. a
w
From the Philadelphia Bulletin ti(
Lieut. Col. Graham. te
mong the officers who it appears were lost to their al<
ntry in the recent assault upon the city of Mexico, a
the gallant Lieut. Col. William Montrose Graham, re
the 11th regiment, United States infantry. Colonel a
liani was about 47 years of tge, and was a brave sol- a'
He entered at the West Point Military Academy w
913, and graduated in 1917, as 3d lieutenant of artille- 'e
Another brother, James D. Graham, of the Topo- sa
diical Engineers, one of the most scientific, accom- aa
led and valuable officers in the service, entered and w
luated the same year. They were the sons of Doctor m
liam Graham, of Prince William county, Va., who &
ed, as did also others of the family, with distinction
ifficers in the revolutionary struggle. Col. Graham, fe
ise fall we are now noticing, was, soon after he e-1
luated at West Point, selected by his commander, c*
. Jackson, to perform some arduous and responsible th
es among the southwestern Indians, which he did so aj
sfactorily, that he was highly complimented by the c?
eral. Having been transferred to the 4th regiment of a
ntry, under Col. Clinch, which was in Florida, he ei
ed it, and was placed in command of Fort King, for a ?
; time in the very heart of the troublesome Miccosa- fc
i. ' hi
he writer of this notice knew him well during that vi
od^and can bear full testimony to his possession of sc
he qualities that ennoble a gentleman and a soldier, oi
was in Florida in 1S35, when the Seminole war broke
and bore the brunt of the first battle at the Withla- di
;hee, where his gallant final charge upon the Indians V\
l the bayonet dispersed the savages, and aided great- w
l securing the victory, General Clinch, in his offi- C
report, sj>oke in the highest terms of the conduct of V
inel (then Captain) Graham. He fel l in that charge in
i two severe wounds from the Indian rifles, (one e<.
lived early in the fight,) and his brother. Lieutenant ni
ipbcll Graham of the artillery, (now Captain of Top. ai
ai?HJ recci veu iii uir .>uiiiu nine iwu severe wouiiaH, m
rst believed to be mortal, but from which he recover- A
fter a long lime. Throughout the whole of the Flor- th
war " the {GraJiams" were distinguished for their etl
:pidity anil soldierly conduct. Colonel Graham was u]
very battle on the peninsula of much note, and at ei
chubbee he gallantly led one wing of his regiment, w
was complimented in the despatches of his colonel. e'
is brother, Brevet Major Lawrence Pike Graham, of cc
id dragoons, also served in Florida with great credit u<
young lieutenant in Twiggs* regiment, and was se- bi
ly wounded in 1840, while scouting in the night, ?>
g fired upon by a party of militia by mistake, lie is 51
same officer who was brevetted by the President and tii
itc a major for the gallant charge at Rasaca de la ?
na, with May, Inge, and others of the dragoons, ai
it. Col. Graham was distinguished at Palo Alto and bi
icadela Palma, where he was with the 4th reg. in- th
ry, to which he then belonged. At Monterey he was ca
cted by Gen. Taylor to lead his regiment to the as- ar
t, and it was for his daring and chivalrous gallantry i'c
those occasions, and especially that so signally die- "<
ed at Monterey, that he was selected as lieutenant th
nel of the 11th, one of the new f regiments, by the in
lident and Senate. He was not at Buena Vista, hav- jp(
been ordered to join Gen. Scott; but at Vera Cruz, l't
o Gordo, Contreras, and Churubusco, he bore a prom- ('?
t part in the conflicts, and won his share of tbe glory tir
lose brilliant achievements. In
lie particulars of his fall are not yet known ; but cil
he fell as became a soldier, his past career furnishes ne
testimony to all who knew him. He is mourned by si'
erous friends who appreciated his worth, and in vv;
se hearts his memory is embalmed. A grateful 1111
itry will not forget his services. Among all his fine w
ary qualities none were more conspicuous than the. 'Ci
rosity of his heart and his kind devotion to the com- f'e
of those under his command. These endeared him "a
s soldiers, and many a tear will be shed for his loss su
len of the stoutest hearts who served in the ranks I"1
r him, and experienced his kindness and benevo- ha
e. ca
rei
0 "Petersburg Intelligencer" lias given out a querulous
le upon the telegraph. We do not exactly understand 'h
ist oftho complaint, nor does the Intelligencer appear !ri
derstand itself. It seems to he out of temper, because
tld not obtain n copy of the late express news from cj,
Orlonns, about tbe ariny, which was telegraphed to |y
:ity on Wednesday. We leave it, however, to settle jh
vn quarrel with the telegraph office; nor should we th<
noticed its thunder at nil, if we could have oscaped
the storm. va
rates, ns we understand it. that " the lelevranh com
" did not transmit the iutelligenio free of charge to
oveinmrnt at Washington, {which it denies the right of
oinpany to do,) but that in fact " this despatch was "P(
snt to the government, but to the Washington Union."
if the Petersburg Intelligencer will but make good this a|t
jsition, we will treat it to the best basket of cham- nit
e it can obtain in Petersburg. The Postmaster Gene- hit
ns polite enough, indeed, to give us permission to pub- let
i very short note which he had received from the post " '
in New Orleans; but this note constituted a very in- w<
derable pnrt of the extra which we published. The
eater part was an extra from the New Orleans Delta,
h was telegraphed to the Union ottice from Petersburg, '.J'.'
vhieh cost us the little sum of near 8 So that whether
tlegraph either sells or gives away its information to w|
rofesstonal brethren of Petersburg, wr know very well, w,.
r cost, that we have to pay the dues of the office for our p]j
bulletins. G{
thi
I. Wm. B. Campbell, who distinguished himself in
ico as commander of the 1st Tennessee regiment, has 1"
elected by the Tennessee legislature judge of the fourth ?P
ial circuit of that State. He was formerly a member
ingress and is a whig. ^
ere was quite a severe storm on Long Island Sound on
iday last. The steamboat New York narrowly es- 'w]
d destruction, as she was for a time almost unmnnage- rp.
She had on board the ?10,000 appropriated to build er,
lit-houso off the harbor of New York. f0,
? ov
e raising of sheep has become one of the most lucrative an
dies of the businest of farmers in Texas. Severs I Al
iand sheep have recently been driven from the Rio CO
de to the Texas settlements on the San Antonio and s)a
ialupe. l'r
- on
>w fell at Buffalo last Wednesday,
AKMK CORRESPONDENCE.
letter flora Oeueiiti SblelUi.
Mexico, Sept. n, l*n.
Yo the Editot of the Union:
Dear sir : 1 nope you will permit me to avail myself of
our columns to notice on article, which first appeared in
lie New York Herald, and afterwards obtained circula1011
in other papers throughout llie Union, reflecting seerely
upon the medical department of the army, ana reerring
to the treatment ol m\ first wound as an instance
f the ignorance of the surgeons of that defiartinent. The
allowing is the article to which I allude :
"Mitnv member* of lire medical department of lbs army
re lamentably deficient in skill nud experience. In proof
f this, 1 would iioiut 10 the fact that the surgeons in attendnee
on Uen. tShield* did not discover the extent of ins illiries
fiir n month after he received liis wonndr, being lor
II ilmt time ignorant that two of his ribs were ni|ured.
ion. Duller will, in all probability, he lame for life, through
ither the ignorance or the neglect ol the surgeon who
reused his wound. Nlauy other instances of a like nature
re wiiliin my knowledge."
1 regard it as an act of simple justice to attempt to
iscue the character of the surgeons who attended me, in
iv time of trial and suffering, from the imputations conlined
in this article. I received the wound to which alision
is made on the 18th of April, at Cerro (Jordo,
hilt* assaulting a battery of live guns, with a portion of
ly command in front?another portion of my command
aving attacked it at the same time, pursuant to my orers,
on the flank. The wound was made by a leaden
r iron grape nearly three times the size of a musketall.
It entered my right breast, just under the nipple,
nd passed out of uiy back within about half an inch of
le spine. From the spot where 1 fell I was carried oti
ic arms of soldiers (under the direction of my aids,
ieuts. Hammond and Davis) about two miles to the gen-al
hospital. During the whole of this route my course
light be tracked by the blood which streamed out of the
ound. The agony I suffered was so intolerable that I
mged for death, and often requested to be stretched on
une,smooth green spot, where 1 might breathe iny last
'itlnn hearing of the victorious shouts of my troops,
ly aids, however, remonstrated w ith me on this, and
ud me borne onwards to the hospital. Here my wound
as dressed, and the blood staunched, by Dr. Wright, of
le regular army, and Dr. McMillan, then attached to
lie of my regiments as acting surgeon. From the hosml
I \v:i? aifffin horn* nn a lifter fho atmn ilav oLmf
vo miles and a haif to a little hut on the Jalara road,
lerc 1 was attended for several days by Dr. McMillan?
irery one exacting that every hour would be iny last,
roth this place I was borne in a few days on a litter to
ilapa, where I remained until my recovery. 1 was attend1
during the whole of my illness by Dr. McMillan, who
(hibiteu during that time not only the most consummate
till as a surgeon, but such care, assiduity, and devotion,
t to endear him to me for life. I must not omit to menon
that Dr. Vanderlinden, Surgeon-General of the Mexan
army, (who had been made prisoner by my contain!,)
rendered efficient aid to Dr. McMillan during a
trtion of this time. The broken ribs to which allusion
made in the article were not onlv known to the Bursons
who attended me, but to myself, the moment I was
ripped and examined; but this was considered so trilling
matter, compared with the terrible nature of my
ound, that it excited but little uneasiness and attenjn.
It becomes me to say here?what I sincerely
el?that my recovery has been providential; medical
till and surgical talent could do but little for such
terrible wound. I understand there is no instance
corded of such a recovery. 1 attribute, therefore, with
grateful heart, my preservation and recovery to God
one; but next to God, my gratitude is due, and my reivery
attributable, to the skill and devotion of my atnding
surgeon, Dr. McMillan, recently, 1 am happy to
.y, permanently appointed. Hut I will go larther, and
isert that the medical department of ihe regular army
ill compare, in professional skill and intelligence, with
at of any other medical body of equal size in the world.
>me of the more recent ap|K>intmeuts 1 know also to be
cccllent; but there are doubtless some who are conssedly
deficient in all the attributes of surgical skill and
cperience. This could scarcely be avoided under the cirlmstances,
and considering the hurried manner in which
ie appointments had to he made. 1 regret to say that 1 am
;ain mi tiering under the alHiction of another wound, relived
at the storming of Chapultepec. The wound is from
musket ball, received in the left arm. which has occnsion1
me much pain, but my surgeons assure me the arm is
ife. So entire has been my recovery from the effects of the
irmer wound, that at Puehla 1 assumed command of a
rigade, consisting of the New York and South Carolina
ahinteers, and the marine corps, under Lieut. Col. Wat>n.
We marched from Puehla and entered the valley
: Mexico with an army amounling in all to ten thouind
two hundred men. Our march was one of extreme
Ificulty?over roads broken up and filled wilh rocks,
fe reached San Augustin on the l$th of August, from
hence we could see the enemy's troops and works at
ontreras. On the 19th I led two regiments?the New
orkers and Palmettos?-across a route that was deemed
rpassable by Mexicans for everything but goats; ioinI
the other forces in the night; remained most of the
ght without shelter or covering, under incessant rain;
id joined in the attack in the morning which carried
ie position, and cut Valencia's whole force to pieces.
II this I encountered without sutfering any injury from
e etfects of my former wound. From Contreras I joinI
in pursuit of the enemy towards Mexico. We came
i with the main bodv ot his army at Churubusco. The
aemy's force was about thirty thousand. The position
as most formidable. The fortifications were not only
cceeilingly strong, but their irifautry was posted under |
j?ci ui which anurueu uiem bucii proiec- |
an as to enable them to (ire on us with security. The
ittle at this place was not only a bloody but a terrible
le. The Mexicans determined to make it their last
eat struggle, and the Americans fought with desperatin;
knowing that nothing was left for them but sue;ss.
Here I lost over half my command in killed
id wounded. Some of the noblest officers anil
-avest men that ever inarched to battle fell on
tat bloody field. Yet we routed the whole Mc.viLti
army, and drove it, panic-struck, into the city;
id had f, who happened to be in the advance, only been
irinitted to continue the pursuit into the city, 1 doubt
it, from what we have since heard of their fright, that
ey would have run through the city, and sought shelter
the mountains. Peace, nowever, being the great obct,
it was hoped that the moment was favorable for that
irpose Santa Anna, however, whose whole being is a
imposition of falsehood and treachery, employed the
ne in preparation for defence, and imposed upon us the
rthcr necessity of carrying Chapultepec and taking the
ty. This was all done, too, in the most glorious manir.
The whole American force on the ground, exclave
of killed and wounded, when Mexico was taken,
as less than 8,000; the whole force employed was little
ore than 6,000. So, my dear friend, you may tell the
orld that an army of between 6,000 and 7,000 Amerins
has taken the city of Mexico, strongly fortid,
with ati army of between twenty and thirty thound
men within its walls. True, we have suffered, and
ffered severely. Many a noble spirit has breathed his
st in the valley of Mexiai; but the glorious results
ive proved to the world the invincibility of the Amcrin
arms. I have been thus ditlusive, to show that my
covery has been tested by every species of trial and enirance
to which the human system can be subjected,
is a hard case, therefore, that the physicians who conbuted
so much to this recovery snould be accused of
capacity, and that my recovery, in itself so wonderful,
ould be vouched as an instance to prove this incapay.
1 trust those journals that gave place, inconsiderate,
to the article to which I allude, will do me the favor,
justice to my physician and the medical department of
e army, to insert this letter.
I have the honor to be, your friend and obedient sernt,
JAMES SHIELDS.
* v
City of Mexico, Sept. 27, 1847.
i (he Editor of the Union : '
Sin: General Pillow has been repeatedly deprcri>d
and abused by certain presses. This may furih
a sufficient reason for the following description- of
i military services. Since our army arrived in this valwe
have fought four bloodv bailies flm I'n-jt at
'ontreras," on the 19th indloAdt August, in which I
! carried the enemy's great out-work, took 2'2 pieces of I
illery, 1,200 prisoners, and killed and wounded 1,5'f I
the enemy, General I'illr>\v- was in command 01 til H
r forces engaged, and had under him Brigadier General
Griggs's div ision, and General Shields's brigade of volun
rs. The judgment, skill, strategy, and science with
lich this battle was planned and carried out, received the
irm approval of General Scott, and called forth the apiu.se
and adanration of the whole army, and placed
ineral Pillow at once, in the estimation of the army, in
s first rank of American generals. VVe had 4,50. ("men
this action, while the force of the enemy exceeJed
,000. After we had gained this signal victory, anil by it
encd the way to turn the enemy's works at'San Antoo,
which had hitherto held our army at hay and bid
fiance to its approach, Gen Pillow, seizing the
iment, and the advantage which this position
d the enemy's |?nic gave him, after apprizing Gen.
ott of his success, rapidly pursued the enemy, and
furled around the valley to assail San Antonio in the
ir. Having gotten close to this position.it was discov;d
that the enemy had fallen hack upon another strong
rtification at Churubusco Gen. Scott having now
ertalren the army, for the first time assumed command,
d immediately gave the enemy battle at Churubusco
ter a long, desperate, and bloody battle, the enemy was
mpletely routed and driven from his works with great
mghter Throughout this battle, Gen. Pillow was disguished
by his great activity and gallantry. He was
ce knocked down by the concussion of a shell, and
th his own hands shot dead a Mexican colonel. Hie

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