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The daily union. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1845-1857, December 21, 1847, Image 1

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TbTiIU p\THOMAS BITCUIC.' 1 A y^% A. ^ A I TO ?PB?C?HK??.
TlToSIs WTCHJK * JOHN I. BJU38. / IT |^|^\ M 1 |C\ '1* I ' Y? J| J| nMpSl' f^^Vsf ! '"b "'
. IVP . | | IX'l ill 1 | IB 111 I | | l| | | '^cwAsara^iyasiwt
* *?? 1 ^V' I V ^ <1 <A IWm'Ni TfFUUkiMMWMdl
..,,? per TMf, ftvot . jW \ J V )W 4>iw of <-oim on iorm-wcokij daring If rfcr.f
^vUtMLT. ?.?** daring the ?o ^
??1 **re*-) * ? .' ? A pootm*- * . cft.-tiic?t? 01 realtime* in p4jm*n{ for ohr.-rtpwtiJar,
--l- ... too VOLUME III. ? LIBERTY, THE UNION, AND THE CONSTITUTION." NUMBER 1?0. "T".*? ?*rnrt. ?,ni. alll^ aa^fcr. T*.
ClmL* m\U k*}?nuk*4m?JMmrn*: - . . , , . ? ? T. .. ? . _ . 1 ; FOSTM ASTKNM ?r? Ibnrund to net w otr?{?nU, ui, kf rll_
of lh? DAJLY for ?l 00 ( "f <" ?>'? DAILY ?uU?<Tibor?, with *00 r?clo.<d, or ** W.M1flweop."
"? "AJJ-*. '? 1 tfkKKLT nUer>Nr>. With ?? rarlaMd; or iv> Wf.KKl.tf .?b
H?:i^-r. - -: : " CITY OF WASHINGTON, TUESDAY NIGHT, DECEMBER 21, 1847. iaS5?*E255r^ZZlt
T?nc?p*?<><l*" " U 00 I MM form.
Coital Hill, WadilaflM.
(,f ,nent to the result net of CUoael (inrdtntr)
IV^TKI CTION U given by Miu Homey, principal, in *
ea4jIt department ol her school, on the system o I mater- *
*1 education ol daughter*.
A .'taut* will be duly engaged as required, but Use chiei "
Jut . * of tu.tion and the personal care of l.er pupil* will 1 ?
nJwaf? belong to herself. "
Permanent views direct her exertions, as an ins metres* in ! '
this community, to promote a limited and appropriate es- 41
tab >hnieni tor young ladies engaged in the useful and lj
1 inotieru pursuit* ol' learning and aecompllshmeuti, mostly 1 '*
lie- ined, by tha simple regulations proper for their im- *
rovement and welfam at home, precluding the school *
lornis arid association* found prejudicial to them. r<
Having made all essential arrangements for fnmily board- '
ing scholar*, in a most bealllilul and pleasant residence, t.
(tear die south g ite of the Capitol,) ail of her ability will '
lie done to realize the advantage* desired. *
Interests of concern to parent* may he learned more par- ..
) ticuiarly by the kind attention of Mrs. tleneral Macomb,
rear the President's square, and Mrs. Robert Beale. near ,
the Capitol. ]
Young ladies finishing ?chool studies may have tuition j
root three days p"r week, at convenient hours, |>articu-_,
larly in the French, Italian, or C*punish lnngunges, music,
ilrswtng, ami painting, and once a week in dancing. ! .
Terras per essrtar.
tod - - - . - - - r?;r
Senior c!.-?s, tunion, (including exercise*, as desired, in I _
the English and k reneh languages. Arc., mathematics, j I
penmanship, iVc.)| - - - - - -12 J
Tumor class, as above - - - ... 10 I
fuindsi i|)C anil poitrait drawing and painting, Irani 8 to 12 ;
Music, vocal and instrumental - - - - 10 i
Many testimonials may be submitted to pa rent-Cm tereated, |
jf Miss Heaney's former rnptrcmenu, particularly in her ,
academy in Boston and in itslunguai. t
Relkreueea. f f,
Hon. Edw. Everett, Boston D. A. Hall, esq. Washington, i r
James ."nidge, do James Lamed, esq. do 1
Rd ."suilivun, do Win. G. Eliot, do
Kev. J r Clara, ao w riiain n-cner, uo
Robert G ?Hiaw, e?q. do " Re*. Orville bewey, N. York. *
Hon. Lewu C i-s, Washington. Wm. C. Bryant, do '
John A Ihx, do Jonathan Goodhne, do 1
Jacob Thompson, do George P. Berteau, do r
Robert Beale, esq. do Kev.fi. W. Bellows, do
fir. Lindsicy, do Hon. Wm. Emerson, do 1
Uev. Septimus Tuaton, do Curvili Ac Co. do i '
Hon. Philemon Diekerson, Paterson, New Jersey.
Joseph R. Chandler, esq., Philadelphia. ' c
Hon Dnuis McLane, N. F. Williams esq., Raltimore.
Col. R. M. Johnson, Kentucky. : 3
Hon. Ed ward Tarner, Natchez, iL
Hon. Alfred Htnneu, New Orleans.
Dee. 4?eofil ; 0
^IIJU,? We have received, in addition to our present ]
l3 large stock of silks .
6 pieceB extra rich satin-striped changeable gro d'Al- '
giera *
2 pieces double-widtli plain changeable gro d'Afriqne ; \
4 do changeable glace
t> dress [uvtterns rich plaid Irish poplins
50 dress patterns extra rich silks
40 pieces assorted quality, styles, and prices
10 dress patterns real brocades
Inviting the attention of citizens and strangers to the above \
<oods, we can say that a more varied and perfect assortincnt
of dress silks is not to Ims found in any Store in this "
onn'iy. We will offer them at a small advance on the '
tost of importauon. D. CLAGETT Ac CO. :
Dec. &?tif
VJ-OTICE.?The holders of the certificates of the second 1 '
is instalment of the Peruvian indemnity are hereby noti- f.
tied that the said certificates will be paid on their presenttuion
to the Filth Auditor of this Department. Amount ]
paid of 2d instalment is 537,914. i 1
Taxasrax DteaXTWErrr, November 22, 1317. I il
Nov. 24 [Nat. Intel.]
Eighth itrret , Hear the General Pott Office.
THE subscriber i a/> ng enlaiged his premises, and j
doubled lus liirce, is determined to give even greater s
satisfaction than heretofore in the manufacture of his \ n
Beaut?fid, Substantial, and Comfortable Boots. j _
I would say to ihose wishing to be speedily supplied with ! r
the above rare and desirable article, that they would do J .
well to have lueif measures recorded on my books. Those \
who wish ready-inade work will find the best stock in the ; e
District on my shelves, not excepting the inimitable patent I
"Congress Boots," mgether with every variety (for ladies, ] 1
gentlemen, and children) of Water-proof" and Cork-sole J
boots and shoes. ' *
\f.ut.i nrnll.i nnlrlr >.l?. ,ml n,h eih.mnr, li
' '* 1 " H. JANVEY" !<>
let. 4?eosattf TTnt. .Vat. Whig. St Marlboro' Gaz.] | c
OTKA3I for Use Million.?An Elementary Treatise on I
the Nature and Management of Steam, anil the Princi- '
plea and Arrangement of the Engine, with notes, appendix, I
?c. Just published, price 37 cents. 0
Dec 9 " F. TAYLOR. ii
WANTKIK?A mnn servant, who can come well recommended
lor industry, subtlety, and honesty Apply
at this nlfice. Oct 3(1
FLJuSCH Worked Collars. late* Capes, Bsrthn. Ac?
We have in store?
lb extra rich French worked collars, culfs to match
8 do do do without cutis
2 cartons medium price and quality French collars I *
200 extraordinary cheap Freucn collars, running from 50 ' *
cents to i r
3cartons extra fine lace capes i <
6 do medium and low priced lace capes
2 do real thread lace berthes
2 do imitation very pretty
2 do lace cheraisets. { j
All of which will he offered cheaper than the same de- tl
vrtption of goods can be purcliased in the District. i.
- L*c- D. CLAGETT .V CO. j n
RICH rail suits, Cukiacru, ilto?,dssdJrtUt. 1
and silk plaids, this day received by 'i
CHINA, CLASS, AND CB0CKKAY.?We have jit-i l
recetvetl at our house furnishing store, opposite Ce . re *
Market, over Barnes St Mitchell's dry goods store, a full us- '*
ortinent of" the above goods, consisttrig in part Of?
French china dinner and tea sets "
(>oid band leas, coffees, plates, fruit baskets, See. a
English china tea seta, handed ami plain .
Best white granite dinner sets
Flowing blue and printed do
White, granite, flowing blue, and printed teas, coffees,
bowls, pitchers, teapots, sugars, and creams "
White, granite, flowing-blue, and printed toilet sets "
Cut and pressed tumblers, wines, goblets, decan- j "
terx, Jrc. | P
White and pressed dishes, fruit bowls, finger I jowls il
Lamps, eandlesticks, castor cruets, Ac. ) T
W,ih a great variety of other articles, which we otfer on P
tie very best terms, rlcase call and look before vou purnase
<Vt. 27 ?2au*4wif "
PsT*ar OreicK, Dec. 7, 1847. : ai
0' the petition of Mary Ann Howl, odadtiMreldi
of 'lie estate of James Mend, iate of the couutyol Dear- *j
hum, in the .-*tnre of Indiana, deceases!, praying lor the ex *
tension of a patent granted to James Mead and A W. Pier- j ?
ii. executors of Wylli* I'lerson, deceased, for a "machine , lc
tr.ng iirii," iiit seven years from the expiration of
patent, which takes place on the 31slday of Deceiuljer, "
It is ordered that the said petition be heard at the Patent 1 'fhee
on the lottrtli Monday in December, at 13o'clock,
ft ; and ill persons ire notified to appear and show cause,
any thev have, why said petition ought not to be granted.
1 bitered, also, Tha- this notice lie published in the L'nion
ami N itonaf* Lvmokrar, Washington: Pennsylvania^, ^
iin ; i wt, i . -t >ii; i. i/A-tu-, rtnanmna, a. a
"<>: -iniui, CoiuuiLiua, 0 ; Enquirer, Cincinnati ; anil Sen J
'hiel, Indiana poll a, In . once a week lor iliree weeks pre- :
Hums to the Unirtli Morulair ol" December.
Conunntaioiii-r ol" Patent*. J
?j- ^ Editors of the alio y?-named papers will plcaae copy,
and .n,?| h,t|( m duplicate to tins Patent Ollice, wt h ?
Paper romaming (ha aotict. K- D- J
I>c 7?u ;,v
_ _ . ; ii
Im Cfia-trait y ft SouMtarr catttrrr Corax,
November tenn. IW47
J OUT Turner ra. tfary GlUn Dermic. -The object ol
this suit i* to piuctiio. a decree lor a sale of ceitain "
"'id' in Somer-et county, held bv the complainant a"iiant
in commtin witli the deli-inlant. The hill "rates tlvni I
t>>. .i.ti i - - tr.r. > I iM'Jill Dentilfere
seized in n-<- aa tenant* in comnton of certain lands '
n \antii oke Point, in -aid cmntv : that the "ai l John
Turner has pnr> hascd die interest and estate if the ?aui
?'nr i-Uua Jones .n ud land" ; that Me -anl Joseph Denui- *
cth departed diis lth-, leaving th-- aid Mary Klie-t Jjennis 1
'ns only child Kind heir at 't.w ; that the -net Mary Ellri K
Le .ui" resides in die city ol Norluik, n the State of Vir- *'
I'lici, l id beyond the I. sile-tion of thia court; that ?ti<
bile . ! i < > III' ?'' i. e.it ll, it
to the interest and advantage of the complainant and Ol
'< defendant that tie1 <n:d land" should tie sotd. It
' ' "'-upon adl'idged and rdr-red tlint tha complainant, by i
a copy ol bis ordei io ne exerted in some new-- >'
. er published o the city of Washington once in aarli <c
Of so. week --lore tin- JOlli day ,1 January ur t.
* lotiee to me si.td ibx-ut defendant of tie- object an,
- ih 'TM I this bill, and warn her to lie and ?t>]>cnr in tln
? or. Ill >r Ill-tore tin- ii da. ,
May eriii next, to answer the pirinlRM, udto dure ctrnr, 1 I
ifauy die hath, why a decree ,night not ro pns" ae prayed
T i W I" G t'tlLn, Clerk.
True copy Test : W T. O. P< >LS, Clerk.
D-' 2-t.iw.W I
. I ?W a coral breoMplu. ?Uk tkm acta. ?br wktrH *1
lj \ itmra, ;rward we. ue givan.oyMcaolnft at No.#,
letond-tory, TreMury bttikiinf. 5n? ?1
ffifrtj TOR 94LK OH KB XT. tlutt large. commodioui
E-ii ami well-finished brick dwelling. situated on th
fiuL en-t riili-of skh street, between f! anJ H.reartb
'tUnl Office. This dwelling l? ih ?w stories high, ami col
tiu ot twelve rooms including llse buMMDl and kitchei
"Ire parlors on the first and second floor* are handsome!
ushed wtth mantel* (.1 Italian ami Egyptian marble. Tb
iUMWbi (lining loom (a comfortable apartment) i? a'unnshed
with a mantel-piece of Egyptian marble. In th
art! there U a large Cittern, capable of UoULng four thoc
ami gallons of rain water. Tlierc is alao a convenier
lath-houre on the premier, ami ?n extensive coal ami woo
eliar in front, under tire pavement, which contteci
rith the barement The dwelling ha* many otlie
onven.encea, surh a* are requisite lor a large ami ger
eel family, for which the house 1* well adaptec
nqnirers who wish to view the premisrs, may call *
be residence of the subscriber, next door to ilia advertise
iwelhng. or at his marble yard and room*, on E stree
icarthe Union office. THOMAS BKKRY.
Nov 9 dif
Bartonal Baling Hraue.
DEOPENED?This old and well-known establishnter
LV ha* been thoroughly renewed and modcrnizeil, reganc
.** of oost, in it* every department; anil is now ready it
he better accommodation of lhe public.
A public collation will be served (gratia) frvmorrrh
-Saturday) from II to 1 a'clock, of which us patron* and th
niblic are respectfully invited to call and partake.
Nov. Iff- W. WALKER.
ni'LI.BR'H HOTEL, WaAngtm, D. Ce-Mcwr*. A
L ic E. H. FULLER take pleasure in informing the
riends and the travelling public that they will open the.
S'EW HOTEL, <m tkt mrnrr of l'f?n>vlp<ini.i artnut ami I it
trttt, on or lie lore the 1st ol Decern! e-r. This house ha
ieeu erected at greit expense, and under tire peraona) si
wrlntrodsMe of the subscribers; therefore they finite
heniselves that ail the requisite* of a tirst-raia hotel will b
oil nil at their establishment. The furniture isallentirel
tew, anil no expense ba* been spared to obtain that wine
s elegant and comfortable.
The situation of the house is considered more eligibl
han their late stand mi the corner ol 14th street and Fern
ylvania avenue, (vacated by the subscribers last Novell
>er,) being nearer to the Capitol, and not more thanSHve inn
iu-s walk to the President's House and uhe_public depnr
To our old friends and guests we tender our siiutei
hanks Ibr their patronage lreretofore bestowed, and asur
hem that they will find a cordial welcome at their net
icowt, and no trouble will be spared to render them a
omlbrtable as at their own tiresides.
To our future friends and guests we offer a gftod lions
inil all ihe inducements " as aforesaid," and beg their pa
Porters will be in attendance at the ears ami steamboat
m their arrival, with the badge ol Fullers Hotel.
JVo charge fur canceling laiggugr.
Nor 5?(lit A.g. H. FULLER.
taX FOH REST?That desirable residence, together wit
UJjt dre furniture therein, oil 1 street noiili, imrnediatel
vest of Commodore Morris's, formerly the residence t
drs Commodore fhewart, and more recently of the Chei
iher Hulseinan, charge d'atf.ures from Austria. The <"
aUishmeat has lately been put in complete repair. Tli
iroperty is very eligibly situated. and the furniture of th
ie.-t and mor elegant kiml. Persons wishing to rent wi
>e pleased to make application to Richard J'mith. esq
ashler of the Metropolis Bank, win) is duly authorized t
nuke the necessary arrangements.
Dec 4?if
ID# HJKST, a commodious dwelling-house o
Bifl Pennsylvania avenue, in the row known as tli
K3L "Six Buddingi." This house has been thorough!
epaired lroin cellar to garret.?Price #i)<> per yeai
inquire at the UnionOtfice.
BOARMUG^-HIm Mk U prepared to receive mrm
bers of Congress and other boanlers. location on
toor west of Jackson Hall, adjoining Tyler's Hotel.
Dec. ??dtf
furnished Rooms In Use First Ward for Kent.
A FURN13HLD parlor and three chambers, with th
r\. usiof a kitchen, if required, inthel-u Ward, on t
rreet, between 17th and 13th streets, near the War Depart
nent. Apply io B. Joel, Restaurant.
Dec 8
rLBT?A house completely and elegantly lurnished
and most eligibly situated in the First Ward.
Apply to Richard Smith, eaq., cashier of the Metropoli
lank Oetifi
BOAR.DI.SfO.?Mrs. HAMILTON, on Pennsylvania ave
nue, nearly opposite Coleman's Hotel, having band
omely fitted up her lmu.se, is now prepnred to occoinmc
ate members, with or without their families, transient arc
iher boarders, Gentlemen wishing to take meals only
an also be accommodated. Dec .1?<12w
BOARDWtt.?Mrs. WlMrfATT'S houte, situated oi
Pennsylvania avenue, immediately opposite Jaeksoi
iall, being disengaged, is prepaied for the accommodatto
l a mess of members ol'Congress, or others visiting Wash
ngton during the approaching session. Dec 3?dfit
BYT M. Mr ILHA XY? Tatt of Vugmm.
rHIS spacious establishment, having been newly refltte
and furnished in all its departments, is now 0|>en t
he public lor their paironage and support, it is situate'
,t convenient distances from the Railroad Dejiot, Capitol
atent Office, and General Post Office. Boarders, vtsiterxui
travellers will find pleasant and capacious rooms, neat
y furnished, upon moderate terms. Dec 3?fit
?sA> FOR REIT, the new and commodious house on I
Bis street west, now occupied by Thos. Ritchie, esq
KL It is in a healthy and heautilul location, antl tin* ad
nntnges possessed by few places of residence in Washing
on ; a furnace which wanna the whole house, bath room
lichen range, Ale. Possession given on the 20ih of ihi
For terms inquire of W*. A. Gordon, Quartermaste
reneralN Office, War Department,
jiilv h?fttawtf
7TRSHHICD HOC SE to let, three-*tory. with bul
. building, containing eleven rooms, an I situated 01
'ennsylvanta avenue, between 17th and ldih atreela, nea
le War Department. Inquire at the drug store of Wether
re Ac Bates, opposite llie 3?ven Buildings, Pennsylvania
Nov ??dtf
rHK written alfnslart the only safeguard again*
uaaiitwMti?The public aitcntion is invited, and pat
cularly referred to the advertisement, setting forth the ncv
yle oi labelling, and the putting up of Dr. Beckwith's anti
yspeplic and Tinner pills. Also to that of Dr. Dyott's ap
roved anti-bilious pills; bolli of which, it may lie seen
re protected from lieing counterfeited, by the only wife
uard to be depended upon?the warmth sniNan.'RKK of tin
roprierors on the label of each bolt of pills.
All others which may lie offered for sale by nnprineiplei
arsons are surely base counterfoils, and will be rejectet
1 such. The pills thnt were in the hands of persons win
nrchased tile genuine Imve all been exehnnged for sue.I
s have the written signature of the proprietor
rlie ?.? agency lor toe ..ale ol Beck with's anti-dv?pep>i<
nd Dyott's anuTiilions ptlls, is vested in the hands of T
f. Dyow At Sous, of the Columbian College, No. 1112 Nortl
ecotid street, Philadelphia, who will execute any order
ir the same
Druggists and all wholesale dealers, who wish to be fur
tailed with the genuine pills, will be< applied on the inn"
beral terms, by applying a* above May 21?tf
B$fy nl$fy
ml trttornUmr to lead ffamtenfrm.
rHE unde.nneritioa.fo sbt(>s will be regularly despatcbei
from New York on the 1st, anil trom Marseilles 01
ic 10th of each mouth, as ioUowsi
rkom skw vork.
Ship Prince de Joinville, (new,) Capt. W. W Laurence
let. I, lA*i.
Ship Arcole. (new,) Captain W. R. Woodless, Nov. I
Ship Gaston, Capt. James Anthony, Dec. 1. I "IB.
SCoo \?l.r-.v'n I V r...,., .. \VT.n I
Ship , . Feb. 1, 1917.
Ship Prin-e de Jotnvtlle, (now,) Capt. W vF. Laurence
Ftc 10, iHtti.
Ship Areola, (new.) Capt. W B. Hoodies*, Jan. 10, IHI7
Ship tnsston, Capt. iamai Anthony, Feb. Ill, |H17.
Ship N?brss*ka, (new,) Capt. James V?tmn, March Ifl
Ship , . April 10, 1917
Three vessels are all of the first class, and commanded b'
ten of experience. Their accommodations tor passenger
re unaurpooaed (or o.nntort and convenience. (.rood* wn
> 'ins amenta will be .'orwanled iree ol ail other expense
ran those actually paid.
For freight or passage, apply to
11id Front street; or to
BOYD Jr HlNchKN, sg?nt?.
No. 9, Tontine naiUinga, corner of Wad and Wats
ireeta. New York.
Sept. 1H
A. H. Toiso, Mmhaat T??i?r.
Three door? went of ftrryitrn'* Hotel. Penn. uremic,
Tf~ F.PS eon-tantlv on hand a tare assortment ol supern
[V. clothing, reiuly made Citizens, Members o( ( .ugreind
gentlemen visiting the pity, who may wish to pitmbt*
re respectfully invited to call before lliey Inly, t.'lortua
ilso made o order at short notice.
Furnishing good*, comprising a large assuihnent of th
ie?t >|uaiity, for gentlemen's wear.
Ona price only. Tann? cash.
Dec. 1?StawlmU
I- Thirtieth C?ym -Ural Ktulon.
i-1 The Hon. DANIEL WEBSTER, of the State of
it sachusetU, appeared in the Senate to-iiay.
; message from the president
' A message in writing from the President of the I
[- j Slates was received by the hands of J. Knox W;
esq , his private secretary.
t, ! The VICE .PRESIDENT laid before the Senate
' port from the Solicitor of the Treasury, in the ca
_ John Pickett and others, owners of the brig Albert,
* in pursuance of the directions of the act of 7J V
h 1947 ; which was read.
The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Sena!
v proceedings of a meeting of citizens in Philadelphia
* proving the act of the government in allowing tin
grant Mormons to rest on certain unoccupied 1
which were laid upon the table.
lr ! The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate tl
'' tition of Charles S. Jackson, an officer of customs i
is port of Philadelphia, praying to be allowed certain
,* rejected by the accounting officer in the settlement
,r accounts; which was referred to the Committee <
e nance.
y ! Mr. FELCH presented the petition of Elvira F. f
h i widow of Henry Smith, deceased, an officer in the
who died of disease contracted in the service, prajji
be allowed a pension; which was referred to the
j mittee on Pensions.
1 Mr. SEVIER presented the memorial of the sun
t- of the crew of the Lrsited States hng Sorners, prayir
demnity for the loss of their clothing and personal e
? ! occasioned by the capsizing of that vessel in the h
K of Vera Cruz; which was referretl to the Commit!
" Naval Aflairs.
us i vt- f* i u/\i v ...i.._ !<t. i . i i:.: i 4 a,
e i ling to the claim of Hugh Wallace Wormeleyto.
i_ eiun ; which were referred to the Committee on Fen;
Mr. MILLER presented the petition of Susan
u ! Williamson, widow of Charles L. Williamson. den
late an officer in the navy, praying a pension ; vvhiel
i referred to the Committee on Naval Sttiurs.
Mr. M. also presented the memorial of Joshua !>
It 1 praying thai a balance of an appropriation due him,
y an act of Congress, and retained in the treasury, m
11 (Aid; which was referred to the Committee on Mi
I Affairs.
g Mr. M. also presented the memorial of the Ves
,, Washington parish, in the city of Washington, pr
II ; permission to purchase part of a public reservation i:
., city, for the purpose of enlarging their burial gr?
0 which was referred to the Committee for the Distr
i Columbia
_ ! Mr. HANNEGAN presented the memorial of Tir
n I Upham, John Laighron, Thomas Hays, Michael W.
e i Samuel McClelland, Robert C Wetmore, Jaines H.
y dam, and Allen Thomas, legal representatives of
r Thomas, deceased, praying compensation for |<erfoi
i the duties of navy nension agent; which was refer
_ | the Committee on N'aval Affairs.
e ! Mr. YULEE presented the petition of Jesse Ti
praying the continuation of his title toa tract of land
under a Spanish grant, m Florida: which was ref
~ ; to the Committee on Private Land Claims.
?Mr. CRITTENDEN presented the petition of I
5 j Combs, praying the paypient of certain bonds issi
^ him by the late republic of Texas ; which was refer
ihe Committee on the Judiciary, and ordered to be pr
Mr. JOHNSON, of Maryland, presented the menr
r of William M. Giendy, an officer of the navy, pr
' compensation for performing duties belonging to a h
_5 grade than that held by him in the service ; which w;
! ferred to the Committee on Naval Affairs.
Mr. J. also presented the memorial of Sarah He
: widow of Andrew Hehard. deceased, iatea chief ena
(" ! in the navy, praying to be allowed a pension; whicf
1 referred to the Committee on Naval Affairs.
: Mr. J. also presented the memorial of the seam
j the United States squadron in the Pacific ocean, pr
- the restoration of the spirit ration; which was ref
n j to the Committee on Naval Alfairs.
^ ' Mr. J. also presented the memorial of Mrs. Ann C
praying indemnity for losses at Tampico, in Mexii
! con-eqnence of an outbreak of the populace on the
- i mencement of hostilities; which was referred t;
: Committee on Foreign Relations.
Mr. DlX presented the memorial of officers o
j army now serving in Mexico, praying thg passage i
I act granting pensions to the widows ajtd orphans of
j i as may die in service
o Mr. D. also presented a memorial of officers o
if army now serving in Mexico, praying the passage
'? law authorizing the retirement of officers of the
' ! from active service on certain conditions.
" { Mr. DIX.?f rise to present two petitions, to wl
_ ' desire to invoke the attention of the Senate It wn
t j until yesterday that I was apprized of their conten
! I should have brought them here at an earlier day.
I were left on my table in the city, a week or ten
" | ago, when I was absent, sealed and addressed to an
s i uiduic wimiui uum iruasoun, ni.?T(n,j nm n?
his place, who served for many years as chairm:
r 1 the Committee on Military Affairs, with distingu
honor to himself, and advantage to the country ;
greatly regret that he is not here to take charge of 1
~ lam not in the habit, sir, as you know, of accomg
,, ing the presentation of papers with introductory rem
r In ordinary cases, it is doubtless more proper to i
the action of appropriate committees on the sul
? to which they refer. But I trust the nature of these
be deemed by the Senate to justify a departure froi
usual practice.
t They are iietitions signed by the officers of the an
... Puebla. on tne first day of August last, just before it
v menced its march towards the city of Mexico. The f
. styled "hpetition for a retiring list." It contains two
' dred aud thirty-three signatures,and prays for certai
, gislative provisions in respect to aired anif disabled oil
- which, without casting any new burden on the j
e treasury, would, in the opinion of the petitioners
, greatly to the efficiency of the army, and at the samt
j do justice to those who perform the drudgery, an
? counter the penis of military service in the tield. I
[i only say further in reference to this petition, tliat tin
suggested corresponds, to some extent, though not
r with one nroposed by a late commander of tl*;
: (General Macomb,) and I believe recently recommi
11 | by the present Adjutant General with a view to the
* i omeets.
. : The second is styled "a petition for widows ar
it phans." h is signed by two hundred and twent;
officers, and 1 believe the names, as far as they g>
- identical with those borne on the first, ft is also
it Puebla, on the tirst day of August last, almost
moment the army took up its marrh for the vail
Mexico; and when considered in connexion will
surrounding circumstances and ine brilliant" events v
^ followed wiih a rapidity of succession scarcely exc.
,, hj those which signalized the tirst entrance of Bonn
' into Italy, it addresses itself with great force to the
ings, as well as the justice of Congress and the com
i, I will not detain the Senate by entering into any d
ed review of these events With a view to enforce th
iieai conta ned in the petition on the attention. I
however, 1 may tie indulged in saving, in justice to
who bore a part in thetn, that the first conquest of
' ico cannot, as it appears to me, be compared wit
; second, either as to the obstacles overcome, or as
relative strength of the inraulers. The triumphs ol
. i tez were achieved by policy, and by superiority ii
, ctpline. and in the implements of warfare. The i
' lire-arms, until then unknown to the inhabitants of '
' cn, was sufficient in itself .to make his force, ?mul
: was, irresistible. In the eyes of that simple and s
stitious people, he seemed arme 1 with superhuman p
; 1 Hher circumstances combined to facilitate his su
i The native tribes, by which the country was possi
t ' were distinct communities, not always acknnwledgir
' ! same head, and often divided among themselves h
j placable hostility anil resentments Lortez. by hi?
1 sum mate prudenre anil art, turned these dissense
i his own account; he lured the parties to them in1
own service, and when he presented himself at the
it of the city of Mexico, he was at the head of four
(and of the m<>?tt warlike of the natives, as an
j nes to the band of Spaniards, with which he
nenceil his march from Vera Cruz. Thus, hi*
, successes were as much the triumph of policy as of
' feneraf Scott, and the gallant band he led. had nr
> id vantage*. The whoie population of the country
Vera Crux to Mexico was united as one man again*
ind animated by the fiercest animosity He was of
* ty military forces armed like his own, often betti
, ciplined; occupying position* chosen by thems
strong by nature, an I fortified according io the ?t
rules of art. These obstacles were overcome by hi
M a t?ctic;an, aided by a corps of Qftcers unsurf
! lor their knowledge of the art of attack ami defence, an
' f?y indomitable courage of their follower*. Wit
half hi-* force left on the battle-field or in the honpita
and with less than sfx thousand men. after a series c
desperate contest* he took pos session of the city of Men
| ico, containing nearly two K indred thousand inhabitant!
and defended by the remnant of an army of more tha
thirty thousand xoldiers. f confess l know nothin
Mas- jn modern warfare which exceeds in brilliancy the more
inentsof the American army from the Gulf to the city e
Mexico. I shall not attempt to speak of them in th
. . , language of eulogium They are not a fit theme for sue
I'lkr'r comment. Like the achievements of General Taylor an
his brave men on the Rio Grande, at Monterey, an
Buena Vista, the highest and m ust appropriate praise i
contained in the simplest statement of farts.
' a i*" Mr. President, the gailant achievement* in the valle
-sa of of Mexico, to which 1 have briefly referred, were due t
made the chivalrous men, whose names are signed to this peti
larch, | don, awl to their gallant associates in the nield. The name
' ot the volunteer officers who ao nobly distinguished them
selves, are not borne on the petition. The subject con
cent* the regular army only, and the petitioners belon
i exclusively to that arm of the service. At the head o
*' a^" : theliit I find Wfefietd Scott, William J. Worth, John A
i emi- Qnitma(lj f; jeon J. Pillow, David E. Twiggs, Jame
anus; fields, George Cadwalader, and Persifor F. Smith, al
i general officers; llarney, Clarke, Rilev, and Garlan
among the coloneds; and among the field, and staff, am
le pe- | lower commissioned grades, other names, too numeroui
n the to mention, whicii those who bear them have, by thei
items gallantry, made familiar to their countrymen, f hav
of hi- alremly said that this petition was signed at I'nehla. ai
>n Fi- ' most at the moment the army commenced its march fron
i that city for the valley of Mexico. .Sir, it is more thai
Imith, probable that the last time many of these gallant me:
army, ' held a |>en was to inscribe their names upon this petition
ng to and when this appeal to their countrymen was made, ii
Com- ! full- confidence, doubtless, that their prayer wouid b
heard ; their hands thenceforth dealt only with the wea
rivers pons with which they were vindicating their country'
ig in- honor in the field, and which none but death, the con
rfects, querorof us all, could wrest from their grasp.
iarbor Mr President, I will not undertake to give a sum
tee on mary of the contents of this petition. It is very brief
preparing, an the petitioners were, for the unequal con
1 reia- test whim awaited mem, and 01 wntcn, pernaps, me;
i pen- j alone did not doubt the issue ; they had no words t
sions. vraste, even on the subject nearest to their heaits. I wil
T. E. real it, with the Senate's permission, in their ovrn lan
meed, iruare.
1 was -f, tht Senate and Honu of Reprexntntieet of the Voile,
S Intel of Ameriet:
"haw, "We, the undersigned. officer- of the United States annv
under Ibeg leave most respectfully to represent to your honorsbl
ay be j bodie- that many oi us arc married, and have left wive
ilitary tod children at hmnn dependent upon us; that we ar
consianity exposed to danger and sudden death, not onl
trv of ! to the Held of battle, but by exposure to unhealthy am
_ 1 deadly climates ; and tlmt in going to the fight many c
tht have our hearts depressed by the melancholy eon vie
n tnat ,,on tji;u we ;'at[i #?r wives and children will be helpless
3Und ; j |y thrown on the cold charities of the world,
ict of "We most respectfully a-k our country to give us th
assurance, if we otfer .tp our live* in her service, that slit
nothy w.dl provide for our destitute widows and orphan*; am
\?h 'ha; -'lie may do so, wt humbly petition your honorabl
Huv- h> dies to pass such a Itw as you in your wisdom sbal
'it- deem just?as shall give to the wives and children of otfi
Jonn ((,rs an,l soldier* dying in the service of their country, pen
rmmg ; Sious during the - mural lives cr widowhood of the wife
red to i tad during the minority of liie children r acd your penii. ,
! era, as tn duty bound, will ever gratefully ptay.
irner, 1 "Prem-a, Mexico, August 1st, Id 17 "
, belt) It is due to Gen. Scott to say, that in signing the peti
rerred i tion, he aided ihe e words: "Without any desire of pro
! curing for my own family any contingent benefit from th
Leslie proposed change in the pension laws of ihe army, I en
led to tirely concur in the reasonableness of the foregoing peti
red to lion! and can ?ee no military or other objection to its be
inte.1 tog signed and presented ".
lorial Gen. Quitman also signs with the follow ng addition
aying approve the measure of placing the regular army oi
igher, the same footing with the navy and volunteers."
is re- , This remark of (Jen. Quitman explains all. The arm;
is.not on an squally favorable fooling, in respect to widow
bard, | and orphans, with the navy or volunteers. Withou
;ineer , complaining of the inequality, the petitioners respectful!;
t was ! ask that it may be rectified.
Mr. President, I have no doubt that in reading ant
en of signing this petition, the recoiieclion of wives and child
aying ren thousands of miles away, many of whom were to be
erred come widows anil orphans before this last missive coul
reach the capital, was to the signers far more trying thai
hase, ; the scenes of danger and death on which they wer
co, in about fb enter. If it was to th?m a moment of weak
com- ness?the only weakness pardonable to gallant men?th
j the memory of a dozen hattle-nelds attests that it was the last
Some of them sleep in honorable graves?some are ly.m
f the on beds of sickness in Mexico: many are still in the tieh
r?f an ready, as ever, to peril all in their country's cause; am
such others?I am sorry to say not a few?restored to thei
ho nes, are dragging about their scarred and manglei
f the ! limbs, in the face of their friends and kindred, with live
of a held by the frailest tenure.
army But, sir, I have said enough. It would be to distrus
the right feeling of the Senate to say more. Less I coub
lich I not say, in justice to myself, with this paper before me
us not on which I recognise the names of numerous friends
its, or and former associates, many ot* whom we shall see n<
Thev more. It gives me pleasure, not unmixed with pain, ti
days present their petition; anil if the presentation has heei
, hon- accompanied with the manifestation of more feeling thai
>w in becomes the performance of a public duty on this floot
an of I am sure it will he ascribed to a right cause. 1 will eon
ished | elude, sir. by reading to the Senate an extract of a lette
and I enclosed with the petition, with the single remark, that i
them was written in behalf of the army, by Major Harve;
pany- Brown, a gallant officer, with whom I hail tne pleasur
uuks. ' of being associated many years ago in the staff of a forme
await commanding general of the army. It is dated at th
b;ects .Vationai Palace, in the city of Mexico, on the Isto
may October, t wo months after the petition was signed :
Tt the "J would aUo call to your notice the melancholy fact, tha
' many of the officer*, who have signed this petition, tin v
my at since glorionsly fallen in the service of their country, lenv
com- ln' dc'i'ute wiilowt ami helpless orphans; and, bein
irst is 'cad, Uiiiy now em pli itienHy speak, saying: 'Wfe hav
offered up our lives to our Country, and we now call upoi
, " her to provide a decent competence for our bt reaved wid
U le- ,)W3 a()(| intiertem children. "
n*" '''?? much, Mr. President, to ask thai these peti
m tions, with the names attached to them, may be printed
, a<iit [ know it is not the practice of the Senate to print peti
', l'ni* 'ions; but these are something more " As tar as the
r :irfl 'i*'* gallant living and the honorei
[ T1 dead in Mexico. I make the motion toprinv
plan The memorials were then referred to the Committee o
tuny. \jj]jtary Affair*, anil ordered to he printed.
printing or maps,
same Mr BRF.ESE. A few days ago. a report was mail
fram the tleneral Land I ftfiee, and accompanying tlw
id or feport were maps which it is necessary to have engraveil
-two L>m an examination, I have ascertained that the expena
arc of engraving will not exceed #l>>0. I therefore mov
that the Senate order the necessary number of those map
"t tf," -o he printed.
ley of 1 r ^ LSTCf) IT remarked that there was a map of th
H the ^Ult0 ?f Florida accompanying that report, the engravin
vhich ' which would occasion very little expense. He in
foiled 'l,,'rei' Ihut map was embraced in the senator's motion
iparte Mr BREESK replied that it was included.
. fpf,). The motion was agraed to.
ltr,. Mr. YULKE presented the memorial of Isaac Varne?
lotai'l- ~M>n,or' praying indemnity for losses sustained in conse
ic ap. '|uen?e ?f 'he occupation of his property as a militar
hope, P?"* ^ '""ooi*" of tlie United States; which was referre:
those 'he Committee on Military Affairs.
Mr. Y also |iresenle-l the memorial of Joseph Rnoi
h the Roy'- praving compensation for his services in the re
to tlie i capture of the I'ntted States frigate Philadelphia, in th
f ,)r. Itarbor of Tripoli, in the year 1st) I; which was referrei
n ,jjs. to the Committee on Naval Affairs.
ise of *^'r- T- also presenteil the memonal of William A
Mexi- I Christian, a purser in the navy, praying the allowance o
] It certain it<?m*. su-pended by the accounting officers in Uv
mper settlement of his accounts, for tiayinents made to the act
nwer "'f f?rw:^rd officers on boanlot tlie United States steame
rces* Princeton ; which was referred to the Committee on Na
i val Allans.
nr the 1 V- aI"n presented the memorial of John Crosby
jm. I m behalf of the ch dren of Andrew 0. Crosby, deceased
? con- la,e * P'J'ser in the navy, praying that they may be al
ids to losved a firs years* pension; which was referred to th
in his Committee on Pension*.
nates presented the memorial of John Crosby
thou administrator of Andrew D. Crosby, deceased, late a pur
Xi|m. ser in the nary, prayitie to he allowed a credit on his ar
com eonnts for payments made to certain act inn forward otfi
early rer* on board the United States ship Ontario: which wa
arm? referred to the Committee on Naval Alfiura.
i such .-^r CASS submitted documents relating to the clair
r front n|* hearsir ., receiver of public lands at Detroit, t
t him compensation tor extra clerk-nire in his office; whic
)nn?eit were referred to the Committee on Public Landa
pr dis. Mr. LifX presented a memorial of citizens of Oswegr
^|vr, praying that a dr.t vbwk of dunes may be allowed o
nc,fa, wheat imported from Canada into the United Statr
* skill *hen manufactured into (four and exported ; which w?
>a*aed r*Jerr'*i W ihe Committee oo Commerce.
d ! Mr. DfX presented the memorial of Benjamin J. Ca|>
. hoone, a purser in the navy, praying the reimbursement
' | of money advanced by him on public account; which
" I was referred to the Committee on Naval Affair*.
' Mr. BADGER presented the memorial of the Religious
' Society of Friend* at New Garden, North Carolina, pray11
j inif the adoption of measure# for the immediate terinuwt5
1 tion of the war with afexico ; which was laid upoa the
tabic and ordered to be printed.
" On nyotion by Mr. RCSK, it was
?j Ordered, That the petition of Win If. Prentiss, on the
n flic of t'S.-:iaie. he. referral to ttie Committee on Claim*.
d On motion by Mr. JOHNSON of La ., it wax
d ; Ordered, Tbm the petition of Italic Peyton, on 'he tile* of
D I the Senate, bo referred to the Committee on Private Land
y "On motion by Mr. JOHNSON, oi f-a.. it was
ry j Ordertd, That tlie petition of \V". H. tin Mi tt, on the files
j of ih? Senate, be rrterred >o th" Committee on the Judiciary
~ ; On motion of Mr. JOHNSON of La., it was
| Ordertd, That the petition of Abner L. Linncan. on the
l flies of the Senate, be referred fo the Coriinninee on the Jui
I dietary.
K On motion by Mr JOHNSON, of La., it was
' Ordered, That the documents on the tiles of thd Senate,
' relating to the claim of ft'm. DeBuy*. be referred wo the
? Committee on the Post Office and P.xt tloads.
'J On motion by Mr. CLAYTON, it was
I Ordered, That the petition of Bethiah Hralev, on the hies
* of the .Senate, be referred to the Committee on Pensions.
* On motion by Mr. TJPHAM, it was
Ordered, That the petition of Ahijrtil Garland, on the
j flies of the Senate., be reterred to the Committee on Pen|
I ' On motion by Mr. YULEE, it wax
II | Ordered, That the petition of A II Cole, on the files of
| the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Military Af[I
; lairse
On motion by Mr. YULEE, it was
I Ordered, That the fietition of certain claimants for iemns
neratlon for supplies furnished to Florida militia in the
, : Seminole war, on the flies of the Senate, be referred to the
" [ Committee on Military Affairs.
On motion hy Mr. YULEE. it was
Ordered, That the petition of John O. Sanchez, admin*
! istrator of Francis R. Sanchez, on the files of the Senate,
" be referred t> the (tornmitten nu uwinn.
I On motion by Mr. MASON, it was
'? Ordered, That the petition of Penrson Cogswell, on the
tiles of the Senate. be referred to the Committee on Claim".
On motion by Mr. ATCHISON, it was
j .Ordered, That the petition of Henry M. Rhrevc, on the
file* of the Senate, be relerrod to the Committee on Commerce.
On motion by Mr. FAIRFIELD, it was
j Ordered, That the petition of J?s?? D KHiott, the petition
e I of Thomas Browned, and the petition of James Mclntsh,
y on the files of the Senatr, be severally referred to the Conili
i mitteeon Naval Aflat-*.
'' : On motion by Mr. DOWNS, it was
'I Ordered, That the memorial of the members of the b rat
i New Orleans, on the fi'esof the Senate, be referred t< the
, | Committee on the Jnd eiary.
e On motion by Mr. DOWNS, it was
si 1 Ordered, That 'he petition of John Milikin, Ann II. P.
e Iawmi, and others, on the files of the Senate, be referred
I' to 'he Commits e 011 Pnblie Lands
' On motion by Mr. DAVIS, of Miss ssippi, it was
Ordered, Thai the petition of C emenu, Bryan, & Co., on
' the le? of the Senu'e, bit relerred to tl.o Com mitre on
Claims *
On motion by Mr. DAVIS, of Mississippi, it was
Ordered, That the petition o( H-nry Childs. on the flies o
- 'he Senate, lie referred to the Co nine me on Pension
f On motion by Mr. JOHNSON, of Maryland, it was
Ordered, That the pet, I ion of John L. \V0rdet1, 0-1 t
- -tie* of the Seriate, be interred to the Committee on ,\ < 1
- AiTairs.
On motion by Mr. JOHNSON, of Maryland, it was
: Or Irred, That the petit,,mi of Gn-tavus B. Horner, on the
(1 lies of the Senate, be referred to the Cotmnitttee on Revo;
hitionary Claims
y On motion by Mr. JOHNSON, of Mary land, it was
s Ordered, That the petition of the lejftl representative of
t 1 Cthan Allen, on the files of the Senate, he referred to the
y Committee on Revolutionary Claims.
On motion by Mr. JOHN >0N, of Maryland, it wan
' Ordered, That the petition of Stephen Champlm, on the
- : files of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Naval
- ! Atfairs.
d j On motion by Mr. JOHNSON, of Maryland, it was
" j Ordered, That the petition ot 'lie heirs of Caleb Swan, on
e 'lie riles of the Senate, be referred to the Committee on
- Claims.
e I On motion by Mr. JOHNSON, of Maryland, it was
, Ordered, That the petition of Columbus Ai. xander and
? Th,' store Barnard, 011 the riles of the Senate, be referred to
1 1 the Committee on Claims.
d 1 On motion by Mr. JOHNSON, of Maryland, it was
( j Ordered, That the petition ot Maria S. Nonrse, widow 01
d loseph Notir-,e. on the riles of the Senate, be referred to tb
s j Committre on Claims.
On motion by Mr. CORWIN, it was
' Ordered, That the petition of Joseph Radclifl', on the file*
d ' of tlie Senate, lie referred to the Committee on Claims.
i On motion by Mr. DIX, it was
!" Ordered, That the petition of Samuel frrice, on the files of
| the Senate, be referred to the Committee on Claims.
? 1 On motion by Mr. ATCHISON, it was
d Ordered, That Throckmorton ,fc Bent, St. Vrain \* Com
_ pany have leave to withdraw their petition and papers
* I liom the tiles of the Senate.
> i FOOTE. severally nave notice that on to-morrow, or at
* | some early day, they would ask leave of the Senate to
r introduce sundry bills.
Mr. BALDWIN presented a preamble and resolutions,
, pnseed by the legislature of Connecticut, in favor of the
p i construction of a railroad from Ij?ke Michigan to the Pacilie
Ocean, according to a plan proposed hyaAsa Whitney.
f , a citizen af New Vork ; which were read, and ordered to
e be printed.
n i Mr. UNDF.RWOOD presented a report and resolutions,
'* adopted by the legislature of the State of Kentucky, requesting
the senators and representatives of that State in
* Congress to urge upon that body the importance of pass
ing such laws as will enable the citizens of slaveholding
" States to recover their s'avea when escaping to the nony
slaveholding States; which were referred to the Commit:
tee on the Judiciary.
Mr. UNDBRWOOD remarked that during the last
n summer a case hail come somewhat under his own observation,
which he begged here to present to the notice of
, the Senate. A gentleman named Duncan hail some time
e previous removed from Kentucky into Missouri; he lost
it i a slave, and followed him into Detroit, and there arrest
I. ed him The slave was taken from the possession of
e the owner there, and an action ol trespass was institu
e ted against the clamant, on which the owner, in default
>* i of bail, at the instance of the slave, was put in jail. The
slave was released. The gentleman remained in jail
e until, by correspondence with his friends in Kentucky
z and elsewhere?he (Mr. U.) amongst the number?he ob
tamed satisfactory proof that he was the owner of the
i. slave, .and that ihe proceedings which had been commenced
auninst him were altogether unjust He took
that opportunity to say, that Mr. Norvell. late a member
i,, of that body, and without personal acquaintance with
- I the gentleman thus put in jail at the instance of his
y slave, took an active part in procuring his release. But
d | in the meantime the slave hud escaped into Canada ; and
there wa? the end of the matter. He then moved that the
t ! memorial be referred to the Committee on the Judiciary,
! in order that something might be reported which would
e meet the case
d On motion Hv Mr PVTbVRWflfWI If
(hrirrrii, Tli it they b- printed
Mr. HALE presented resolution* ptuwd by the legmf
lature of the State of New Hampshire in opposition to
e any legislation by Congress on the subject of slavery,
- or the extension of slavery in any territory which may
r hereafter be acquired by the United States; which were
i- read and ordered to be printed.
Mr. H also prasented a resolution, passed by the legis
lature of the State of New Hampshire, in isvor of the
I, passage ot an act for the rem >val of the terms of the
- ; circuit and district courts of the United States f r the
e district of New Hampshire from Exeter to Concori, in
, that State ; which was ordered to he printed
Mr NIt.ES presented a preamble and resolution. ??
. -<y|v the legislature of the State of Conne tieut, dc aro^ieir
'tppMhion to the introduction of slavery, or
- I involuntary N^Mtude, except as a punishment for rnme.
us j into any territory which may hereafter lie acquired bv.or
innexed to the United States; which were rearl.
n Mr NILE"5 I move, sir, that the resolutions whirh 1
o nave now submitted be printed. The preamble to ihe*.
h , resolutions has no practical connexion with the resolu;
tions themselves Whether the war proceeded irorn :!ti
>, ?ct of Mexico, or from the act of the President of nu
n | United States, is a matter which can lis -e no indue
>1 whatever upon the question as to tlie < >
is territory which may be acquired in consequence >i
I and 1 allude to thw matter, sir, because 1 believe it #U
| he foond. embarrassing to th;s legislature, and that it will
| lie placing this holy in a situation somewhat analogous
. to that in which some of my friends otu the way found
themselves in relation to the law recognising the war with
Mexico. They did not like the s reamble to that act; and
there are many in my State who unlike that preamble very
much. The majority there in like the majority hare?were
desirous that the act should not only he done, bat done in
a way in which they saw fit to iiave it done. The art
(NMsed. however, notwithstanding thia repagnanee to it*
| preamble. However this may be, air, I feel it atjr doty to
i say, as one of the representatives of that Slate, that I
> hare no doubt that these resointioaeapeak the eeatiment*
of the great body of the people of thai State. With toSard
to the preamMe, 1 thine otherwise. The resedalions,
I think, sir, speak the public sentiment of ihe Rtutr;
and this conclusion i do not form entirely from the action
of the General Assembly; still less do I arrive at it frnai
the tone of the party praaeta of the Stale?they woaid
probably lead me and every one to* diflerent coodoaion;
! ior t regret to perceive, air, io (be pnaa, m hath aides, in
that State, a ahuffling cow rat is pwmd,MH an eooaavor
is made to keep this question out of the sight of the people.
An unwise policy, I think.
Rut however much it ie to be regretted thai the qoe?*icn
should arise hero or before the country, I apprehend that
it does exist, and that it will be impossible to avoid meeting
it, and looking it full in the hue. For one f cool 1 have
regretted that the question should have come here?that
in some way it would hare been kept oat of this body ;
hut we have already resolutions bringing up this question
We have, sir, the message of the Executive, ore of the
co-ordinate branches of the government, informing us
that a part of Mexico norw belongs to this Union, and
calling on us to establish a territorial government over it.
.Vlany persons have assumed the position to which I havt
referred, not, I apprehend, for the lasting interest* of the
1 country, but for temporary party purposes.
Many have assumed this position ; that the quest"c\
would hot arise because they were opposed to the nc
: luisition. Well, sir, that time has gone by ; we are told
'hat we have this territory and are called on to recognise
it as a part of the territory of the United States, and
to establish the jurisdiction of our civil government over
it In regard, sir, to this position which has been assumed
by the Executive, I have nothing to say. I was some.
what startled at it, sir. As to how tar it can be main- ,
tamed, we shall see hereafter; for it will be brought up
j Tor consideration in the course sf the session. Rut, sir,
'he other question is brought forward here, and we shall,
; i su >;>o*e, have it discussed. For one, sir, having felt it
ny duty, at the la.it session, to ex areas my views in reI
garl to it, it will he unnecessary for me to explain my
course until thequestion actually comes up again. I certainly,
sir, shall pursue snch a course as I believe to ae
moderate and conciliatory and kind toward* that sect' ?i
of the Union with which 1 shall probably differ on this
subject. But I cannot consent to misrepresent my constituent*.
1 cannot mistake their sentiments. 1 cannot
mistake what 1 nelieve to be their interests.
I think the public sentiment of my " tate and the public
sentiment of the whole north is thi.,, that they will '
here fully and with the utmost fidelity in guarding t
rights of all the States on this question so far as the constitution
and cong ??ional enactments have secured
those rights; or, in other words, that they will support
the institution of slavery as an American institution so
far as the constitution and public enactment* have carried
it and given it a common ground. So far, sir, 1 believe
the pubiie sentiment of the north is well settled,
| and 1 believe it has equally well settled that they are
; not desirous by any act' -n on ihcit >art to he uvstrumcn- ;
I \nl in "enlarging the a.'ti of freedom," as^i is sometimes
lied. I believe the sentiment'* that there is no power
I i :nis government to do that; and if there were, it would
m* unwise and unjust to exercise it. This question will
probably lead to some -debate, and 1 hope it will be harassed
temperately, as any other question which can coma
before this body. I hone it will be diacutse.l with
proper regard to the rights *{ the State-under the constitution
which binds u? together, and with a proper regard
to the interests and honor of the whole country
r ui unr, hit, i iiih wirttc ram 'iwre in ?wv poww ^ in
this govarnment which cam eons' tut*. or omspeste, or
snstain slavery beyond the limit* where the eoekrt'tiirion
ha* carried it; and if we am to go beyond the eoasiitulion,
1 am, as I hare ever been, ready here and elsewhere
to defend the existing institutions and to resist every sttem pt
to upturn them. And in regard to aeouired territory, I
would leare it altogether voluntary; I would interfere
with it in no way. Nothing, in my opinion, ean be manj
dearly unjustifiable; but the question present en in these
resolutions is entirely distinct. It is a question whether
this government shall become an agent ia establishiner or
! extending this institution in the country or out of it?
1 whether it shall undertake to exercise the power of c.oni
trolling questions of civil and private right, which belong
1 naturally to the oral institutions of the several States. I
j think not, air. I will not detain the Senate further at
I this time.
Ordered. T ' 'hey be printed.
] Mr. ATHl-.it rON presented resolutions, passed by the
j legislature of the State of New Hampshire, in favor of
i the repeal of so much of the"Actto establish post-routes,
and for other purposes," as enlarges the franking privi- a]
| lege and increases the postage on newspapers not sent HI
! from the office of publication; which were rend, and or- III
j dered to be printed. ]
Mr. A. also presented resolutions of the legislature of HI
Mew Hampshire, tenderiix the thanks of that State to ?n
Major General Zachary Taylor, and MajorOener.il Win- If
field Scott, and to the brave officers and soldiers under
their respective commands, for their distinguished and
gallant conduct during the several engagements by the
enemy, by whose act the war now exists: tendering sympathy
to the friends and relatives ot the brave men who
have fallen; declaring that the course ot our government
has been marked by a spirit of forbearance and conciliation,
until the actual invasion of our territory; and recognising
ia the measure of the national Rxeeutive a spirit of
justice and a desire for peace, but, at the same time, wisdom,
statesmanlike forecast and patriotic energy ; which
were read, and ordered to be printed.
Mr. SEVtRR hoped that ttie motion of the honorable
senator from New Hampshire would be withdrawn; or it
thai were not in order now, that a reconsideration Of the
question might be agreed to, in order thntthe resolutions
might be withdrawn.
i A Member. Why?
1 Mr. SEVIER. Because it is an entirely unusual course
i of procedure. 1 have never known it to be done in the
I Senate.
Mr ATHF-RTON. I have certainly no desire to Jo
anything in the slightest degree in contravention of the
! established practice of the Senate. B it I suppose tha'
according to the practice, resolutions panned on general
subjects, as these have been, may be presented to Con
arcs* although no express clause to that effect may lie
contained in tnern. [ have no donbt that it was the design
of the members of the legislature that thnee resolution^
-thould be presented to Congress. The resolutions we e M
j sent to me by them, and I presume, sir, that it was dv- g
signed that ail of them should be presented. I believe. fl
, that a copy of thein was sent to my colleague. u
' Supposing it to he the expectation of the legislator- ?
that these resolutions should he presented, I thought it
1 my duty to present them. If, however, that procedure
| be contrary to the usual practice of the Senate in pre- K
| senting resolution*, unless there be an express raqoe*-! B
that they should lie presented, f have certainly no wisii 5
I to press them. I have supposed, that in the Cbur-c Cj
which 1 have taken, there is nothing in contravention o, S3
| established order. [ am not aware mat resolution* ha v.- fj
lien excluded on account of the atmeiuw nf s * >?.-.?i HI
| request that they should lie presented. Resolution*, f- w
I instance, approving of the vote* of aeimtom and n-pr> - aj
senlativea, or instructing senator* ami representHti-w* to 3]
pursue a certain course in regard to the discharge of th<?
luttes, have been frequently presented to Congress, a - il
Knt?h they contained no special request that they ?houi t
iaut before either I louse of Gongtes* These resoiu- ?
i lione heing oa general subjects, might, [ suppose, be pr.-- Jr
ented 1 shall he guidel entirely, however, by tin* J
ipinion of ohler member* of the senate; and if it b"
I i bought that them resolutions should not constitute a
i precedent, I shall withdraw them.
The motion to reconsider the motion by which the reeo
lu'inn* referred to were laid upon the table, was then puf
ami adopted.
1'h it ii stion rerun ng on the resolution to prirO,
Mr. aTHKP TON rose at i -aid I will Withdraw the
resolutions .or the present, toi the , irposs of examiring I
ihe ?u!>|ect; and, on more matnre consideration, will I
tether :!iev u'lulit u> be presented or not ii
joh* a. itas, admisistratob, rrr. afl
j Agreeably to notice, Mr. MANGHM asked and oh- *1
I tained leave to bring in a bill for the relief of Job i R Al
; Uryan, a Iministratop of Isaac Garretson. dec ised, latie a i
I purser in the United States navy; which was real the
ir?t and s'-con 1 times by unanimous consent, and referred il I
I to the Comrn ttee on Naval Affnrs '}
cor rkctio* v bur ss is SCRVrvs. 'i
Agreeably to notice, Mr r FIa'H aske I and obtained I
I to tor n% in a joint re.o1 .. i relating to error and ul
defective returns in certan. survey#, piai*. sod held- I
ao'ee; which was read the first and second tunes hy .1

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