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?ATUHI?AV MOKJflNG, JUL* 14,1865. Z7. iiiili tL. Jtin, No. IBM boulli Tenth m?i, Mlilado . .'.I ? Mtr ??snciai travel!"'* afent, a??i?ted by W?. II. W?t? ) ?? CoLun, JiMi* U??ai??, J- Hammitt, ?. 8- Tnos. U Nic, I. W. M.-aaisoa, B. W. Willi, w>. U. WaTBBMaI, | Alii. H. CttiOD, D. K. Menu, Baa. K. 1*?"i T' *?""** anil P. U a vis W. J ins, No. 1 Harrison iiiwl. ClncUB.il, OWo.1 I our ?ri>?-ral colleciln? s?enl lor the Western Hiau? aad Texas ...i.i dby H. J. Thomas, S. W. Ram#**, William U. Thomas, ; l Hu,' M. J am??, 0. M. L. Wii*MAW, A. L> ChIU>?, ami Dr. Wli urn Irvii. Heeeipu ?( eithtr will b? food. THE UKTUBN OF LAFAYETTK TO THE SCHHK8 OP j THE AMERICAN KEVOLLTiON. The authors of the shameless proeoriptioui and preju dices, now held together by certain feeble hopes for place aud power, with all their effrontery and lioldm-ss, have waited till the most of the relice of the sacred past bad been gathered to their fathers l*tore disclosing thcif schemes. Uuhappilj for them, however, there ia iv living 1 history of the great deed3 and the great aetors of other days a record that cannot die. In every American heart j there is *n altar fit n tiich the affections daily worship; and no matter how ill'' dark clouds of prejudice and of passion ! may gometinuw obscure the mind, still while gratitude j stands sentinel over the heart, Uk- alieuation will Ik- ai j temporary u tbe avenging repentance will tie lasting. ! We have often wondered how the midnight conspirators iv ho assembled from the different rfta'es of the Union at Philadelphia in June last, would have felt, while plot ting their dark treasons and deceptions in cowardly recy, hail the door of their council hall been opened, thai "the disiuibodied spirits of the revolutionary age might pa*s in solemn procession before them I Here might be seen the polished Irishman, Montgomery, bleed ing at rvtry pore for the country which these miserable demagogue would deny to his countrymen; there the gallant I)e Kalb, who died for the same cause, and prayed, with his expiring breath, for the " rights of manhere La fayette, who, after having aided to deliver the people of one hemisphere from oppression, died in the midst of a career of honorable service in the same work in another. The English Quaker Morris, with all his Pennsylvania feel- j ings, would have startled to Bee the fair city, where hie defendants still reside, polluted by such a gang of in- j grates. Alexander Hamilton would feci, no doubt, as it the decay of our institution! was indeed at band, when those who should defend them sought to deny their ble.-s ingsto all the races of civilized man. And then how must tbe signers of the Declaration of lndei?endeuce have| grieved over such a spectacle on the very spot where they pledged their lives and fortunes and sacred honors to the cause of American liberty! Button Gwinnett, of EnyUind,\ Francis Lewis, of AVic South Wales, James Smith, of Ire hind, George Taylor, of Ireland, Matthew Thornton, of Ire land, John Witherspoou, of Scotland, James Wilson, ol ScUlr.ii.', oil members of that grave body would sadly have realized the ingratitude or republics, when contemplating an outrage which, not content with insulting them und dishonoring their memories, disfranchised the children of their far-off fatherlands. Nor would the humiliating lesion end here. Tho sight of a country rescued from 0|r jircssion, as it were but yesterday, forgetting its bravest defenders in the very morning of its athletio youth, even while it claims as citizens the children and grand-children of these very defenders 1?the sight of a country that has grown great and prosperous, not alone by foreign aid in time of war, but by foreign aid and generous immigration i-i time of pence, at this early period of its progress r Vttiug to close Ibe door of hope upon those who are hunted like beasts of prey bv despotic KingB?this would be a "sorry sight," could it now be witnessed by the bagi-s and heroes whose names we have mentioned. Happy for us they arc gone, aud are not present to realize ?f'.io ignominy which these organized persecutions inflict upon our good name wherever humanity has a foothold or liberty a friend. These reflections have been suggested by the following thrilling sketch of the last visit of General Lafayette to the United States, taken from the second voluure of Lord Brougham's "Eminent Statesmen." We have here, an English nobleman carried away by tliat spontaneous exhibi tion of national joy and gratitude, and speaking of it as an ovation such as none of the gorgeous pageants of monarchy ?ould attempt to parallel. He records it as an event lor history to mark out ani\ make immortal. He holds it up to the shuddering rulers of decaying empires as a demon stration of popular veneratipn to their champions which speaks volumes to them and to the big future whiclr they fear, llow, us we read this beautiful and eloquent sketch, does not the flush of indignation mantle our brow at Ibe recollection of tho shameless party that would oblit erate such a chapter from tho memory of man ! Let us, however, do justico to onr countrymen. Tbe delusion of thnt Americanism?a name which, like those who "steal the livery of Heaven," is only used to serve the purposes of the re,tl enemies of our country?this delusion is rapidly passing away. The heroes of the past will never return to mingle with us. If they should, a nation of freemen would spurn their insultcrs and pour out their gratitude. But the "sober second thought of tbo people''1 will return; and wlit*n St resumes its purer channels, and speaks its olden language, we shall look back to the know nothing phrcnay as we recur to the reign of John Adams, and wish that this page might be blotted from the volume th.it tells alike of our glory and our slmme; " In order to perceivo tho extent of the aflection which Lafayette had inspired into the American people, wc must transport ourselves from the earliest to the latest scenes of his life, and contemplate certainly the most touching specta cle of national feelings, and the most honorable to both p?i - ties, which is anywhere to be seen in the varied page of history. Half a century after the cause of independence had first, carried him .crow the Atlantic, the soldier of liborty in many clinics, the martyr to principles that had made him mora familiar with the dungeon than with the palace of which he was botn an inmate, now grown gray in the service ,,f mankind, once more crossed the sea to revisit the scene,, of his earlier battles, the objects of his youthful ardor, the rc mains of his ancient friendships. In a country torn with a thousand factions the voice of party was h.stantaneously hushed. From twelve millions of people the accents of joy ind Ki atulation at once burst forth, ropeated through the counties, cities that st.d their vast territory, echoed *ver their unbounded savannah*, and through their eternal for c,tt it was the gratitude of the whole nation graven on their hearts in characters that could not bo effaced, transmit ted with their blood from parent to child, and seeking a rent, impetuous and uncontrolled, wherever lU object, the general, benefactor, and friend, appeared. Nothing bnt the miracle which should have restored Washington from the grave could have drawn forth such a rapturous and such a universal expression of respect, esteem, and affec tion as the reappearance among them of his favorite companion-in-arms, whose earliest years had been g.n erously devoted to their service. The delicacy of their whole proceeding* was as remarkable as the unanimity and the ui d r which the people displayed. There was neither the doubtful vulgarity of natural coarsenoas, nor the unques tionable vulgarity of eelfixh affectation, to offend the most fas tidious taste. All was rational and refined. The constituted authorities snswored to the people's voice ; the legislature it self received the nation's guest in th* bosom of tho people's representatives, to which he could not bj law have aecesi.; he was hailed and thanked as the benefactor and ally of the Now World, and hev gratitude was testified in munificent j arants of a portion of tho territory which he had helped to save If tVre be those who can compare this grand mam fe.tation of national feeling, entertained npoa reasonable; grounds, and worthy of rational men, with the exhibitions of loyalty which have occasionally been made in England, and ; not feel somewhat humiliated by the contrast, they must, in deed, baso strange notion* of what lieoomes a manly and re flecting people." Bishop Doa??.?Bishop Doane, of New Jersey, in the course of an address to thestudsnta of Burlington I'ollege there on the Fourth, strongly condemned tbe know-nnth tnd secret societies in general abolitionism leads the column. The frit spirit of abolition ?>oldly marshals the way of the prevent opposition to the democratic party. It has con tributed the Urgent amouot of money au.l of men to the grand anti-democratic movement. All others are allies, just Iis the Turks are allies to the French and English in the Crimea, and will he used 1'k" >he Turks?their posses si OUM scueJ, l)**r rights inraded, and themselves matU 'he hewrrs <</ wood and druuert oj water Jor their new matters. This is the fate in reserve lor the South, should the plans of lUyuer and l'ike, and their whig colleagues, succeed. In order to give another evidence to the i*oplo of the South how madly their leader* an rushing into the abolition trap, we submit the following startliug ankle from th New Hampshire Statesman, the abolition paper published at Concord, New Hampshire, the residence of President Pierce. This is another evidence of a defiant and a noto rious fact. The men who dispute this fact?that is. thai there is a close and intimate identity betw?en the present opposition and abolition ism?do so wantonly, and tor pur poses of the most dishonest deception. Should they suc ceed in their present enterprise of fraud and falsehood, they will next he able to make John P. Hale a national democrat and W. II. Seward an advocate of the lights of the South. The latter would lie a boat as w*y to estab lish as their present theory. The main points in the article which we copy from the New Hamphire paper are?first, that tub abolition hsnti mskt has hwkjt the North uv aid ok thi ksow-no-vhinus ; and, secondly, that the only way to put down the democ racy is by a combination of all the o^sing um*. This is the game of the secret conspirators. And how is this game to be made successful, now that the aboli: wrists have had their own way in the North? It is as follows: There hvm no attempt to iynore the slavery question in the Xorth tilt after the elections ; but now that the enemies of the South have succeeded so far in all their objects, the only way to crown their remaining efforts with success in to iynore the slavery issue in the South, to fuse the opposition upon other issues, ami to thru*- ivt? Citir/rtH a party ostensibly hostile to the aebnmutrettion, but really committed to alt the abolition I purpose* to boldly sketched by the. .Yew FTampthir Statesman. i So that the Sonth is not only called upon to uuite with i the abolitionists of the North, but^by ignoring the slaw j question, to carry enough anti-administration men into I the next Congress, and so 10 rejieal the Nebraska bill, and | restore the Missouri Compromise! If this is not making | (he South play the part of Turkey to the allies, It looks \astly like it. It is refreshing to see alarmed the abolitionists have : become at the I nweastng strength of the general adminis < tration. Thfcre are no ambitious Greeleys now to point out " the place where the administration went down. Slunnth and stalwart in its devotion to the rights of the Slates, rigid and resolute in the enforcement o! economy in all the departments of the government, determined in its hostility to the insolent spirit of know-nolhingism, it towers above the tempest of opposition, a beacon to nil lovers of constitutional principles. Men have ceased to heed the clamors of revengeful politicians and malignant presses ; and the very leaders who have been foremost to ' depreciate and denounce the administration, ftlid, to their alarm, that their calumnies ImVO not impaired its nSMuK j uess or its strength, and th.\t it has, !Wm the first, been a ' powerful vnginc against the follies and excesses of the j times. Strang too, that while abolitionism deplores the 1 iniprofnnabia jiosition of the administration as against u1k> ' 11 lion, any southern man should fail in his duty: " The New York Tribune said a few months ago that it had long before ceased looking for the place where this Ad ministration went down. It will be wsll for that newspaper to be now looking for the place where it shall rise again. Th?t it will be sustained by a majority bf the whole electoral vote of the country, Wnless there be speedy and successful ex ertions put forth to combine the elements hostile to its con tinuance in power, is an altogether probable circum ; stanoe. Democracy, as even its most zealous disciples ad ; lnlt, has been beaten and bstterod throughout the free States 1 as never before Witnessed, not even in the whirlwind of No vember, The truuiphs of the anti-slavery extension I forces have been of a highly-gratifying character, and of the i most efficacious description, since they have channel! the po litical character of the United States Ilnugr> of Bepresenta : lives, and made serious inroads npoft the pro-slavery major ity in the Senate. Hut. while the friends of freedom have been committing "utjh havoc upon the democrats throughout the North, public opinion at the South has been concentra ting, and no inconsiderable portion of the whig party are certain to give their support to such presidential candidate as shall be brought out by the friends of this administration in the summer of 1858. It is true that in some southern States many who belonged to the whig party in the days of its pow er are rallying in connexion with the American party ; but unless their success be ftir different from that of a similar combination in Virginia, few omens of good will come up from the South through elections about to take place there. It may be regarded as nearly certain that the slave States will in 185C, in an unbroken army, vote for such candidate as the so-called democratic party shall place in nomination for ; President of the United States. It would be a token of bet-1 | ter days for the republic were thing* otherwise than this?if there were southern States the people of which would formal ly and fully denounce the outrage perpetrated upon the North in the infamous revocation of the Missouri Compro mise, and manifest such confidence in any suitable candidate 1 of the antl xtensionists which the North may present as to give him their electoral vote. Such, however, is ono of the most improbable of human events. There nre many north-; em people who are hoping for an organization that shall per vade the entiro-land ; and that it will be successful in the j presidential contest, especially II' such a man as Edward Hatos, of Missouri, or John Bell, of Tennessee, he at the head of the ticket. Such an arrangement would be worthy of j success, were there no alternative but democracy as now ad- j ministered and American republicanism, with 'the part of i Hamlet omitted by particular desire,' Hut, judging from j the present appearances, the North would be bentf-n out oft sight with such a ticket The public sentiment of the free. States Ms reached s pitch where It demands justice, and will bo satisfied with none but decisive political operations. The people are in a mood to say to the South, ' Thou sh.ilt go no further if we can prevent it,' and to make any honorable con cessions by which to combine '.he action of the North, but not to enter into any combination which links out of sight ! the unatoned w rong?that stupendous infraction of the pub ; lie faith?for which the South has never yet deigned to ex press so much as unavailing regret. " Turning from the South to the North, never were the political elements in a more discordant condition. Where ! anti-extension, IT it expect success, should be strong, there it 1 is weak. It ha" men who could guide the ship through hois- j tenuis seas, but no one who is entirely acceptable to all who j desire to put an end to the arrogance and the encroachments j of the slave power. The anti-extension sentiment is strong enough to engulf the administration men in nearly every fn. 1 state, anil still in most pitiable weakness as an organised ele ! ment for a national contest. There if ground for hope thai the wisdom of the wise may discover and apply some cohesive material by which to cement these discordant elements, and . then administer some elixir of life by which ihe united host! ahall strike a staggering blow of freedom. That these masses 1 can honorably act in concei t to set right the wrong inflicted | upon the free States admits of no doubt whatever. Whether they will is quite another consideration. According to pres ent appearances, there remains no prospect of bringing the reign of democratic injustice to an end but in the cordial union of all men at the North who are willing so far to act together as to support the same candidate for the presidency, whatever may bo their diveigence afterward". If this be done, ?uccess is within the range or probability ; without it, ; no hope whatever can be entertained of success." aTqood appointment. The New York Journal of Commerce says: " We notice that Lieut. Lyman Blssell, who has recently j received his commission from l'resident Pierce as first lieu tenant in one of the four additional regiments organised bv | a recent act of CoDgress for the better defence of our western frontier, has been ordered on duty to Fort Monroe, Point . Comfort, Virginia. Lieutenant Bissell wont to Mexico, during the late war, as a lieutenant in one of the New Kng ? land volunteer companies, and served in all the principal | battles, during which time he was promoted to a captaincy for his bravery. Soon after he returned to New Haven. ' Connecticut, his native place, and was appointed chief of po j lice of that city, which station he has filled for the last six Tears with great efficiency snd satisfaction to his fellowciti ! sens. His appointment is creditable alike to himself anil to . l'resident Pierce." ' THfc. KNOW NOTHING PLATFORM IN LOUISIANA. j The knoW-nothlngo of Louisiana have held ft B'?*.e ton v?-ntio.i, hate nominated ? feufo ticket, and have con structed a plufbrtn for home use. A. know-notbingum i? consistent ouly in ila inconsistencies our readers "ill not U surprised to learn that the regularly-nominated know-nothing candidate for governor of Louisiana is not ouly a French Creole, bnt he Is a member of the Roman Catholic Church. The anti-Catholic sentiment of the know nothings is just now beautifully illustrated in the prac-| tk,j of throe Of theft gubernatorial nomine.* Derbigny, of Louisiana, as have just stated, is a member of the Ro man Catholic Church. Morel,ead, of Kentucky, .hows h.s implacability to foreigners tn general, aud to Rome in par ticular, bv marrying in succession two of thesplfltual subjects of the I'ope?fair daughter, of thathh whose rich brogue, on a certain occasion, proved so very captivating to the gallant conqueror of Mexico. Gentry, of Tennessee, de nounces the unfortunate Catholics with the vehement elo quence characteristic of the man but fit tlie same time lie is not insensible to the advantages ol Catholic col leg?8 and schools. Two of his Children are, or were a short time since, pupils of an institution similar to th.- one made fa mous by the visitation of Hiss and his companions. Such are the professions and practices of know-notbingmni! The Louisiana know-nothing platform consists of ten planks, which are worthy of a brief inspection We take them up in th. order in ?>i-* Uiey have been laid down by the '"on* cntiou ' ?< 1 We advocate an amendmeutof the naturalization laws, with proper safeguards to preserve the purity ol the elective franchise." . ? . This means anything or nothing, and is so indefinite in its character as to be unworthy of notice. ? !. We advocate the P isksge Of such law, as will prevent the Immigration of pauper, and criminals to this country. White know-nothings are talking about foreign paupers and criminals, prompt measures have been taken by the government to prevent the evil complained ol. ? t We oppose anv interference in the vested rights of per sons, whether they be of native or foreign birth." One of the elementary principles of democrii y. "4 We are in favor of non-intervention with slavery by the federal government, except for the protection of our con stitutional rights." This plank is stolen from 'iauocratic platform. 1 be principle ia folly earned out by the law establishing terri torial governments in Kansas and Nebraska. "3. We advocate a high national policy, such as will af ford stern und unwavering protection to the American name abroad, and will follow and guard the American cituen wherever he moves." .Such protection as was affiled to Martin Kos/.ta by the guns ot th? St. Louis ' We believe that America should be governed by Americans, effecting the tamo through the biliot-bo* alone, the only legitimate instrument ol reform in this country. Know-nothing veneration for the ballot-box was beauti fully exemplified in the late municipal election in Cincin nati! . , | .<7 We believe that the office should seek the man, and not the man the ortice, and shall oppose. the distribution ol Vice*." . , If this belief Was ' put into practice, the know-nothing lodges would have to disband for the want of a quorum. ?H. We will maintain and defend th? constitution of the United States, the Union as it now e*i?-s. and the rights ot the States without diminution, insisting upon a taithful per formance on the part of the general government of All the duties enjoined upon it by the constitution. Making religion and WrA-^ide ft ittt for office, and up holding the ftboliV-ottisls in their traitorous movements, are singular ways of defending the constitution and the Union. "9 While we approve of the platform adopted by the latu national council of the Amerion party at w" I reject the application rtf tue principles of the eighth ai tic WerlcAn Catholics, as unjust, unfounded, and entirely un worthy of our country. We shall forever continue to protest against anv abridgment of religious liberty, holding it as a ' cardinal maxim that religious faith is a question -VU.cc each individual and his God. We ntUrly ^ndemn .ny .t , tempt to make religious belief a test for political office and can never Affiliate with any party which holds sentiments not , in accordance with these.' We commend the above plank to the careful inspection of "the three thousand clergymen of New England. -< 10 We war with no party as such, but shall oppose all who oppose us in the advocacy of these our Amer.cen prin ciples." That is, if we are permitted, without molestation or in terruption, to deprive our neighbor Of his constitutional rights-to impose penalties and disqualifications upon all the Catholics in the country, save those who reside in Lou isiana, to nbolitioni/.e the southern States, to insult and silence public liters of opposite political belief, to de stroy ballot-boxes, and murder inoffensive cltiiens-the rampant feature of know-nothiiigism will not be very of | fensively displayed. | We shrewdly suspect that the democratic party will con tinue to receive the opposition, such art it is, of know nothingism. TH|.; KLKCTlON OF GENERAL .10. LANK. As is usual with the opposition, now congregated under the name of know-nothings, great hopes were entertained and many predictions made that the Indomitable General Lane of Oregon, would be defeated in his canvass tor re election to Cong.es,; but the result has been his complete ftnd commanding triumph. The democracy have been vic torious throughout the Territory, and the majority of Gen. Lane is about 1.800. The democrats met all the great is gue?boldly. They Hung their banner to the breeze in scribed with hostility to the whale creed of know-nothmg ism, approved the fearle. administration of Franklin Pierce and endorsed the Nebraska bill and the Baltimore platform. The enemy, led by Major Gaines, (who can now boast of having been twice captured?once by thv Mexi cans, aud ouce by one of the conquerors of the Mexicans,) made a most desperate struggle against General Lane. They spent thousands of dollars, their orators patrolled the Territory, and what with the circus shows and other frolics, and "the repetition of the most outrageous slanders against the old hero, they managed to coalesce every i*m, faction, and discontent against him. His unflinching courage and undying perseverance were, however, too much for them. He did as he did at Buena Vista, wlnn he was in the van of danger, and may claim to have achieved a victory only next to that of Virginia herself. Well may our correspondent, writing from Oregon, say : ? There is no more ft living or competent organization in opposition to the true democracy of the country.' What a hope-cheering prospect is this I The democracy of the United States speaking the same truths, united upon the same platform, as well in the far-off forests of Oregon as on the coasts of Maine, as well in Texas as in Califor nia, as well in the West as in the East. And what a contrast it is to the conflicting and distracted councils of that many-headed opposition, which trembles daily for fear of falling to pieces from its own corrupt divisions I VIRGINIA. It is stated that the official vote of Virginia has been re ceived from all but fifteen counties, and counting the un official from these. Wise has a majority of 10,180. MASSACHUSETTS. Henry Morris, esq., member of Congress elect from the tenth congressional district of Massachusetts, has l>een ap pointed a judge of the court of common pleas, in place of Judge Hoar, resigned. His resignation (savs the Boston Journal) takes effect in September next, and Mr. Morris, having accepted the appointment, must of course vacate his seat in Congress. A representative to Congress will j hare to be chosen to fill the vncsnsy occasioned by thr resignation of Mr. Morris GENERAL CCSHINO. There is do member of the cabinet of Pre#idcnt Pierce i wbuse coustaut labors in the sphere of his high duties ex- 1 cite more favorable coinmeut among wise and good men j of all parties than General Cushiug But it is not to 1* j expected in these days of profligate proscriptions and dee-1 perate politician* that he should escap" animadversion. . Some of the assaults upon him art so mendacious and j 1 ridiculous, however, that we can only wonder that they I I should be attempted even by the adventurers of the oppo- | j aition. Of this class is the defamation so recklessly re-I | sorted to by Major A. J. Donelson tn his late written i sfteeches, and so calmly and condiJ?lve\y exposed by the ? Newbury port Het-ahl. The Herald is the influential anti- J administration organ in the town In which Ueu. ( ushing , was born, and the tribute to that distinguished gentleman j in the article below is an act of prompt and voluntary j justice. There is much sound philosophy in the ohserva-1 tions of that journnl against the cantotan and conseieuoo less antagonism of the administration by a few cast-off i demagogues, and the fatal folly of an;, party cutting down <ts creed to the meagre dimensions of a phmisled abuse of , imaginary evils and of political opponents. A political , organization to lust must feed the public appetite with more solid food; and this tlv m ire especially In view of the daily rcfiit-'tion of the basel' 3 calumnies, and the ex ceptionless falsehood of the enemies of the administration The following is the article from the Herald : " Attohnkv Genkbal Cbbhiso.?Home remarks in the recent speech of the Hon. Andrew Jackson Donelson, of Ten i nessec, at the recent know-nothing miss meellr.g in the city ' of Now York, liavo me\ our attention. j '' Tn the course of these remarks, Mi. Donelson takes oc ession, after a general abuse of the present national adminis tration and its policy, to single nut for personal defamation and detraction the /'resident and each individual member of his cabinet. " Attorney General Cusliing is the subject of special ani madversion and abuse, and is called au abolitionist ami dir , unionist in so many words. These remarks deserve notice only from the fact that Mr. Donelson has held a high polltl ' cal pojition in the country, and on account of bjs o/Hcial and intimate personal relations ivith (Jen. Jackson during bis j presidency. These antecedent* of Mr. Donelson confer upon , them some consideration. j " Wo, his fellow-citizens, who know Mr. Gushing not only politically but personally, well know, however we may differ from or a^ree with him in political opinion, that there is no statesman in the country more national in his sentiment*, or moi.: devoted to the Unu>n than ho is. As for his being an abolitionist, or having any proclivitie s for that party, it is needless to refute the charge. Ilia complete political career vindicates him from any such imputation, come from whom it ml^v' " If the know-nothing party expect, by opposition to the present administration alone .to attain pi pularity and power, and if their speak ers have no broader and more important sen timent* t- express than are found in their speeches against it, their politlcol staple is small indeed, and they have no potel- | ble chance of success at the next election. " We are bound by no party lie*, and are under no obli gations what ver to defend at any time the policy which Mr. I Pierce ha* pursued heretofore, oris now pureeing, bu we are most willing to ?ay?for fti? the truth?at no previous Ijuio of ottr Viistory have the affairs of government, in almost all respects, been better administered, either abroad j or at home. " Many people condemn the administration who do uot comider tho many and grea' "nbartasanicnU with which it has been surrounded, an w< il In foreign affair*, by the ex istence of war In which the m0*1 powerful nations of Chris tendom are etinitired, as at home, by the development of new anj strange political opinions, and their iigiUtioh through out the land, which are incap?hl? or Any general expression t.1 enlighten nnd direct sUtesmon, and which cannot be dealt with like other political propositions because of their diversity and local distinctions. " Hut we have not designed in these rtmiris to contra dict any man's opinion '*9 W the policy of the administration of Oeneral 1'ierce, but merely to correct a statement con cerning one of it? most distinguished members, which we know to be untrue." HON. CHARLES S. MOREHEAD. The dilemma in which it t-'mllVmitn is apt to involve himself !>? ivtadi'ug his nnme nud giving his energies to a prescriptive party is Rptly and amusingly illustrated in the following sketch from the last Lexington (Kentucky) 1 Statesman. We have had great respect for Mr. M.'s per sonal character, but this curious retrospect almost awakens our commiseration. It will not lie forgotten that he is now the candidate for governor of Kentucky of the spurious American party ' " A ciiaxgi: or TACTIC*.?In the know-nothing ritual, as It appeared in their own organs, and as it was republished the other dav in this paper, our readers will remember that having a Catholic wife disqualified a m?n from becoming a member of the ?eeret ordei. Hut it will be seen that, in the secret circular of the Frankfort know-nothing executive com mittee, which we published in our Tuesday's paper, it is pro vided ?s follows: '?'5. llavi: g a Catholic wife does not NOW disqualify uny such parson from becoming a member of the order. " Some have supposed that this new piece of tactics origi nated in a desire to get more voters into the order ; but, while we do not deny that such a motive may have had its influence, we can well conceive that the immediate cause of this interpolation into the know-nothing creed had its origin ia the peculiar antecedents of Mr. Charles S. Morehead. the Hindoo candidate for governor. " Mr. Morehead has beoo the husband of two wives, both of whom he married in this city, both of whom wore daugh ters of the same parents ; and those parents were Catholic* in religion, and reared their children in that faith. " The parents of Mr. Morehead'* two wires were not only Catholics in religion, hut, what is still more astonishing when we reflect that the excellent Mi. Morehead is the know nothing candidate for governor, they were Irish people very respectable, to be sure, and none tho worse for that, iu democratic estimation?but still they were Irish, ud attested i the country of tbeir origin bv the 'rich Irish br< i^e.' Their 'i name was I.eavy. One oC Mr. Morehead'* marriages took I place during the pastoral administration of Father lUden. i ' faithful Catholic priest, who had oharge of the Catholic flock in this city In those days. Father Raden was ala? a na tive of the Emerald Isle, and his accent was also enriched by the 'brogue and he was the priest who officiated on the oc casion of one of Mr. Morehead's marriages ; but that was be fore the cvellent Mr. Mo. ehead fot 'eared at the Pope, or thought of becoming the know-nothing candidate for gov ernor. In those days the excellent Mr. Morehead thought the Irish and the Catholics very clever people ; but, then, says th adsge, 'wise men change their opinions?fools j never.' " Tin: FOURTH IN NEW HAMPSHIRE. ' The democrats at West llopkinton, New Hampshire, celc I bratcd the 4th, and had an address by Hon. G. W. Morri son. Some of the toasts were tn the point : "Andrew Jackson: The Cromwell of his ago, the un i daunted and inveterate foe of handing oligarchies and their ! aristocratic advocate* ; the iron chief who exemplified and adorned the principles of our faith. He lives in the hearts of his countrymen, and his fame will be as enduring as time. "Franklin Pierce : A gifted and noble son of ft true patriot and statesman. His history is a clear record of el vated statesmanship. Success to him and bis noble compeers, who have saved the government from the banaftil inroad* of Gal pliinism, abolitionism, nnd that worst of all ism*, Hindooism. "By John Campbell, esq., of llenniker. The President of the liiited States : The acknowledged chief of the national democracy, his guide is the constitution." GEORGIA. That sterling democratic sheet, the Plug of the Union, ' urea the following encouraging language : " We have the most encouraging intelligence from the I Cherokee country. Our leaders are all united on Governor Johnson, and the rank and file are standing up to the aid democratic flag an they did in by gone days. Gov. JohmAn i returned to this city from a visit to the 5th district on Thurs day last. He is delighted with the prospect in Cherokee, and is ixinfldent of an overwhelming victory for the democracy in October. Let Middle and Southern Georgia but do their duty, and such a triumph will be ours *s never crowned the effort* of the democracy heretofore." The rniVAT* ciiactickh or a coi/irkd tkmpkhanck i.kc TURK.a.?A Philadelphia paper says: " Yesterday, a well-educated colored man, named Wil liam H. Jones, who baa recently been lecturing in lav or of : the Maine law, and preaching, was arrested on the charge of being a fugitive from justice from Providence. Rhode ; Island, where ho is accused of breaking into and robl.ing a store of several hundred dollars' worth of silks A gold : watch, several coals, and other articles which he had j pawned, were recovered. ' * ? ??? LETTER KKOM HOW. G. S. HOUSTON. As we have already bail occasion to notiie, om of 'l|1' I miserable tricks of kiiow-uothiugiam >s 10 asm'11 'hat -"ih I or such a duttinguished aud widely-kuown derootrut is in j tall mesaliership with the order. The deception may t< i agaiu and again exposed, kit as a fcw cuuverts ma) be gamed by perseverance in falsehood, k?ow-notl?iugism j cliugs with characteristic tenacity to the oue great cardi I nal principle of the order, lu this way the uftiuca ot Sena U>r Slidell, Colonel W.H.Polk, George S. Houston, and | other democrats of national Standing anu reputation, have j been used ior the purpose of winning weak-minded wen | from the path of political duty. The friends of the last-. named gentleman, however, are determined that, so far Alabama is concerned, the calumnious falsehood shall j work no luiicltief. The Democratic Association of Tus-1 cumbia have addressed a letter to (leu. Houston with the j view of eliciting his views ou the great issues now before ; the country. Subjoined is General Houston H replyi and it is scarcely necessary for us to ttdd that it is in every re spect worthy of the wide-spread reputation which he bus1 so long and deservedly enjoyed as an able. influenzal and uncompromising memiAr 'of the democratic party rite I following are the resolutions of the Tuscuwbia Democratic Association, and upon which the answer ol General II. is I based: "1. kaolttd, (in the language of the Ueorgla convention,) | That we hold the American Union secondary In ImptVUHce only to the right? and principle II woa de?igued to perpetu- ; ate"; thst pes'. r.ssoelations, present fruition, and future pros j poets will hind us to it so long as it continues to be tin .lie auard of those- rights and principles. i " 2. Ruolvtd, That we approve and endorse tho action ot 1 Congress in the passage of the Nebraska-Kansas act, and the , principles therein e?tablished, and, in conformity with these , principles, the people of Km^a* have the right to torm a re publican State constitution, with or without slavery, Us the* , may determine, and be admitted Into the Union nPo? an eoual footing with other states, and that her rejection by ton JLs on account of slavery would be a just cause lor the dis ruption of all the ties which bind the slavehold.og Mates to tho Union. "3 lUHohtd, That, whilst we are willing to act in po-i litieal association with all sound and reliable men In every section ol the Union, we are not willing to alBliate with any party that shall not recognise, approve, and cai ry out the | principles of the Nebraska-Kansas act, and that we will cut off all party connexion with every n. .u and party, at the North or elsewhere, that do-js not couie up fully and lalrly | with this line of action. , ! "4. licfohtd, That WO are uncompromisingly opposed u>, tho political organisation commonly called the kuovv-noth,- 1 in,r order, or American party, having no sympathy in their , secrecy, their oath*, their religious intolerance, their poUtl- , cat proscription, and their abolition associations at the North ; and we consider such secret oath-bound associations a? dangerous to liberty, and Inconsistent with the principles of a free government; aud that, since witnessing the aboli tion determination and action of the northern wing o this American party at Philadelphia, in their general national council, southern men may honorably, and should ? vmb.ue, without regard to psst political distinctions, to save the con stitution Ircm destruction and the South from being pros trated before the power of northern fanaticism and misrule. ?? 5 Hetolved. That, iu view of the action of Mast.acliu setts and other northern States in their legislatures ... v.r tuallv repealing the fugitive-slave law, and denying to the p,,,pie of the South their constitutional rights, by making it a penal offence in an attorney-at law to prosecute t .ecla.m of the master to his fugitive slave in their courts, under the rU"itlV('-sMve act, the southern Suites should ad. pt su .1. re taliatory measure- an thsy Have tho power to do, consistently with the constitutions of the States and of the general gov eminent." ? Gen. Houston's Reply Atiiknh, June 30, 1855. liKNTi.KMKN: On niv return from Moulton, where 1 had uone to address u public meeting, I found yours of the 2:td instant, covering five resolutions which jou advise me were adopted by the Democratic Association ol Tuscum l,ia and as the organ of the meeting at wind. they were adopted you are instructed tn Hsc-t.i r Iroi.i me whether the vrihcipiS of ill use resolutions meet my approval. I have iiever hesitated to acknowledge the right, of the voter to propound to the candidate pertinent and respect ful interrogatories, as well us the duty of the candidate to respond to such questions. My duties iu attending a sick family have kept, me nt j home almost continuously lor the last six or eight wtrk.v , 1 have continued to indulge the hope, however. that lj would l>c able to canvass the district, in which event I in tended to publish from thb Stump tny views upon all polit-1 ,cal questions ngifUing the p'Ublic mind ; and under the belief that ttiv Wife aud child were improving, I did in tend and address the meeting at Moulton ; but on my re turn 1 found my child much worse, and so it continues. I am advised by my physicians that its condition i- iCHMeal one and dangerous. Untie* these circumstances?my wife barely able to get about her room?I will have to forego, for the present nt least, the pleasure of meeting and ad dressing my friends and former constituents, as it was my purpose to do. If the unfortunate slate of things detain ing me at home shall change so as to admit of it, I will vet canvass the district, or as much of it as I can; but lis present indications are against my being able to en ter the canvass soon, and in obedience to a principle which, in my judgment, should govern all candidates tor ollice in a republican government, 1 will proceed briefly to give my views touching the principles of your resolu tions. The first and Second resolutions contain principles with which we arc all somewhat familiar: they were e.\ tensivelv discussed !p prist df the Southern States in 1851 ; I was then tin earnest advocate of them; contended foi ni.d defended them wherever 1 addressed my fellow-Citi zens; mv opinions in relation to them are unchanged, and it is to tiie a source of consolation and pride to ?ee them now acknowledged tur all true democrats as the governing pritcipies of their political action, and constituting an im pel u..,t part of the platforms of .mr political organiza tions. Besides my advocacy ot them in 1851, I hail the honor of being a member of the House of Representatives of the United States Congress at the lime the Nebraska Kansas bill passed that body, and not only gave it my vote but used such influence as I possessed in lavor Of its enactment into a low; and 1 am truly pleased to see it re ceive the endorsement of my constituent' These, then, are not new opinions with me: 1 have entertained then for years, advocated thi-M publicly, and in part vol. I lor them: I yet .rypVove of tliem. . The principles of the third resolution, as a basis tor the formation of a sound national party, are good. No party can exist in this country unless it be founded upon principle, and no party enn- become and remain national and sound without requiring its members in ell "I the States to give their adhesion to the principles Upon which it is founded. , 1 Your fourth resolution, as 1 understand the tirmcuue* n | sets forth, Inquires of me whether 1 aui opposed to the po | litieal organization commonly called know-nothings, to , secret oKth-bound political associations, to religious intol ! eranoe, to political proscription ; and also to political or ganizations that form association" wMb northern abolition ists. I have so often c*passed my views in relation to i these principles that I regard it, on this occasion, as only necessary to reply in the affirmative. Whatever reforms and modifications may be needel (an.l I think some are I necessary) to prevent abuses, Hnd enforce faithful exeeu ! tion of the laws in relation to naturalization and emigr? 1 tion, the voting of foreigners in Territories before natu ralization, which in each case * controlled by the law or g.tnizing the Territory, can, to sav tl.e least of It, be as well done by the democracy as by any other political organiza tion. and I think with more cert ainty. The resolution also expresses a willingness to combine witb all good in. n to save tl constitution from desecration, and the South t.oin being prostrated l^fore the power of northern fan iti. isu and misrule. 1 also subscribe to that ntiment. as I sup pose every sonlhern man must do. The constitution is oui safety; end I hope I may never be so insensible to my du ties under it ns to see it 'imperilled without a straggle to save it. I will labor at all tines to preserve it in its pu rity and force as the supreme law ot the land, and secure the South in all of her rights under it. The fifth resolution contains the principle of retaliation, so far as it may be exercised consistently with the federal and State constitutions. Retaliation is not the most favor ite remedy with me; yet there may be cases (?n.l I nm not prepared to say that Massachusetts is not now one) in which I would i>e in favor of the exercise of such power by the South. I want no yielding to northern aggression. I prefer to meet the difficulties fairly and promptly : yet in the adoption of remedies agHinst an offending uorthern Stale, I would be disposed to consult the judgment and Umiwr of the southern representatives and people, that we might, if possible, act with that energy and unanimity so essential to success, so that wlnu we shall make a move ment fbr the redress of the wrongs of our seetion, we will undertake it with a firm resolve io pursue it until we ac complish our pur|H>s?. I would also be disposed to listen to what might be said bv our true friends in the free States; those who have stood by .is in sunshine and in storm, and who have at no time faltered in thiir duty in endeavoring to secure for us our rights under the consti-. tution. Those patriotic defenders of the rights of all sec- ( lions beintf surrounded, a# they are, by the wildest fanati-1 cism the world lias ever known, necessarily have to bear the heat and the burden of the fight; and they should . know the liest means to be used amongst their own people! to Kcure a triumph of the constitution and tbe principle* it incubates. An erroneous movement made by us might give their enemies, who are also our enemies, an advantage by which our friends might be overrun and defeated, our rights invaded, and the integrity of the government put in imminent ]>eril. 1 look to the action of the S4Ui Congrea* with serious ap prehension ? The political whirlwind w hich swept over the free States in their Jute election*, bearing down totuc ot our best friends, ban thrown into tbe two bouse* ol Cong peas many of the moat fanatical men Uio-'e 8tnj?s could produce. A general fusion of partie and Ijr against tbe dtlBOcikjr of those States has displaced many or our truest men, and in not oue single instance, as 1 un derstand it, did it tiiil to put a frte-eoiler or abolitionist in the place. I am aware that the majority In the Semite is sound, national, aud patriotic, aud 1 have ever J confident! will prove to lie firm and unflinching ; yet tbe llopse of Representative* may be disposed to test the firmness ami integrity of senators by uttaching to some supply bill or other important measure which all admit should become u law, some infamous proposition, sucb as a re|ieal of tbe fugitive-slave law or tbe restoration of tbe Missouri-Corn promise line. I have not tbe least Ic.ir such a pro|K>sition could poo the Senate, aud if it should, it could not es cape a veto ; but tliey nitty in this way defeat tbe bill to which it is attached. I believe tbe recent detk-.it of the national denwch?ta l< the fiX'e States is but temporary, ami whenever tliey shall have itn opportunity of again coming before the people they will triumph over every element of opposition ' Tiuth is mighty and will prevail"?I confidently believe it. Sucb sterling national men us were beaten in Indiana, IHI nois, lowu, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Connecticut, aui! other free States, will not remain qnder defeat. The dsv is not distant when thr- sober mrcotui thought of the peo ple will restore them to the places iu the national councils which they so worthily filled. The views herein bricfU presented 1 am ready and will ing to advocate, either iu or out of Congress. I may be excused for saving 1 have written this letter under the disadvantage of the fatigues and anxieties ne cessarily resulting from the cares and duties of nursing a sick family. \ ery respectfully, your obedient servant, GEORGE S. H0U8T0N. lo Isaac Winston, Samuel Finley, Jas. A. Ouy, J. W Rhea, It. T. Aberimthy, TuscUmulo, Alabama OltATION OK KHWAKI) EVEKETT. V\ e regret our inability to lay before our readers en tire the noble oration of the Hon. Edward Everett at Dorchester, in Massachusetts, on the last anniversary of the 4th of July, 1776. Many of its passages are of com manding eloquence ; one or two sccin powerfully applica ble to existing combinations and parties. Tbe following is surpassingly fine : " On the lUtli of April the all-important blow wus struck*? tbe blow which severed the fated chain whoso every link was ballad by an act of Parliament, whose ev'ry rlttt wis close! up by an order In council?which bouud to the wako of Eul rope the brave bark of our youthful fortune, destined henceforth aud forever to ride the waves alone?the blew which severed that fated chain was struck. The blow was struck, which will bo felt in its consequence* to ourselvo and tbe taiuily of nation* till the seventh seal is broken upoij tbe apocalyptic volume of the history of empires. Tbe con summation of four centuries ?fi computed. I'lie life-long Hopes. '.He lieart-sick visions of Columbus, poorly fuliillcd in tbe subjugation of tbe plumed tribes of a few tropical islands, and (lie distant glimpse of a continent, cruelly mocked by tbe fetters placed upon bis noble limbs by his own menisl. and which he carried with him into his grave, are at length more than fulfilled, when the New World of hit discovery put on the sovereign robes of her separate na tional existence and joined tbe great pnnathenaic prooes* | sion of the nations. The wrongs of generations werf redressed. The cup of humiliation drained to the tlreg* by the old i'hrltan confessors and non-conformist vic tims of oppression?loathsome prisons?blasted fortunes lips forbidden to open in praver?earth and water denied i]j ?""r pleasant native land?tile separations and sorrow! o' exile the sound I nt; perils the ocean-the scented hedge rows and vocal thickets of the 'old countrie' exchanged for s pathless wilderness ringing with the war-whoop aud gleaming with tbe Bcalping-knifo?the secular insolence of colonial rule, checked by no periodical recurrence to the public will? governors appointed on the other side of the globe that knew not Joseph?the patronising disdain of Undelegated power the legrtl rontUnioly (if foreign Isw, vrnnting tho flrsi element of obligation, the consent of tbe governed expresseu by his authorized representative?and at length the last un utterable and burning affront and shame, a mercenary *ol diery encamped upon the fair eminence* of our citie*?sbipa of-war, with springs on their rabies, moored in front of our crow ded quays?artillery planted open-mouthed In our prin cipal streets, at the doors of our bouse* of sssembly, theli morning and evening salvos proclaiming to the t-islng and tbe setting sun that, we itre the subiects and tHey the lordrt i ? all these hideoUs phantoms of the lohg colonial night swepk otl by the first sharp volley on Lexington green. " Well might Samuel Adams exclaim, as ho heard it, 'Oh, What a glorious morning is this I' glorious, but, as is toe often tbe case with human glories, tbe germ and the fruit cl sorrow, sanctified with tears and sealed with blood. Pre cious lives are to be sacrificed ; great trials?public and pri vate?to be endured ; eight years of war are to desolate the land ; patriot armies are to march with bloodv feet over ice clad fields ; a cloud of nnxiety must hang over the prospecti of one generation ot tho young, while another of the aged go down to the grave before the vision is fulfilled : but still glo rious at home and abroad?glorious for America, and, strange a^ the word may sound, glorious even for Kngland. Lord C hathaui rejoiced that America bad resisted. Surely Loid Chatham never rejoiced in the shame of Kngland s he re joiced thnt America had resisted, because she resisted on tli# great prihciples or constitutional liberty. Burke, In the early stages of the contest, spoke these golden words: 'We vieti the establishment of the British colonies on principle* qf lib erty a* that which is to render this kingdom venerable.to future ages. In comparison of this we regard all the Victo ries ana conquests of our warlike ancestors, or of our own times, as barbarous and vnlgar distinctions, m which many nations whom we look upon with little respoct or value have equalled if not exceeded us. Tin* is the peculiab oloby or Enoland.' All the victories and conquest* of our warlike ancestors or of our own times?Plant#gen?ts andTudora, Crecy, Poitiers, Agincourt: Dunkirk and Calais: Jamaica and Gibraltar! the t'romweUs and the Blake*; the Williams and the Georges ; the triumphs of Marlborough at the gatos of France, the thunders of Clive on the banks of the Oangc? a", in Burke's judgment, barbarous distinctions, vulgar fame, compared with 'the peculiar glory' of founding a colonitl empire on the principles of liberty I" HON. A. C. DODGE. Hon. A. C. Dodge, I'nited States minister at Madrid, was presented to the Queen of Spain on Sunday, the 17th of June. Mr. Dodge, on presenting bis credentials, spoke i as follows ' "I-W1AM : At the moment of presenting the letters of credence winch accredit mo in the quality of envoy extraordi nary and minister plenipotentiary of the I'nited States to , your Majesty, I t.ilfij the orders of tbe President of the re public in expressing to you the sentiments of friendship and high esteem he entertains for your royal person. The moid sincere desire of the President and of the American people is to see tightened and consolidated the ancient and amicable relations which for . o many years have existed between the government of your Majesty and that of tho United Sutci. ror nn part, so long as I shall till the office with which 1 *m honored, as much by duty as from personal inclination, I Shall n"gleet nothing which may contribute to do awav rfith every cause ?r di'.'iculty between tb. United State* and Spain ; and I will labor with assiduity and constancy toward the development of the interests and prosperity of the two nations. Allow me, Madam, to express, in conclusion, tb* siiici ru views 1 entertain for the happiness and welfare of jour royal person arid of jour fitmilj." The Queen replied: Monsiei?? LK Minihthk : I have heard with much pie* ure the expressions of friendship you have addressed to me in the name of the President of the United States in present ing the letters which accredit you to ,??? a. envoy extraordi nat \ ami minuter plenipotentiary of the Confederation, and I am h.ppy to he able to assure you, that you may make it nown to t e resident, that the sentiment* which animate n,o for his person are not less frienHly. I desire as earnestly as the noble American people to behold drawn closer the old and good relation, which happily exist between Spain *nd the United States ; and I doubt not that, for your part, yoo will contribute to Uiat result, equally advantageous for the two nations, by second.ng the desires of which my govern ment has given proof, to put aside all motive of difficulty with the government of the United States. I p,, rou (hank, for the wishes you form for my welfare and that of my family, an.1 you may re.t assured that you will find at my court the welcome which i* due to your highly distinguished per*.n.l qualities.' Sv MPATIIIZlNn WITH THK F.vsvv.? ftev. Dr. Wolff, the eccentric ex-missionary, who was lately tried on a charge of I'liseylte tendencies, has written a letter declaring thai Great H, Stain has degraded herself u. waging ?ar against tbe most excellent,generous,civiltxation-and-freedoin-aod religiona-liherty-loving ICtnperor of Russia ,y)n.m be hope.* fo see among the glorified saints in lion von.