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The daily union. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1845-1857, June 07, 1856, Image 2

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tain a unity Without a w txteneivs Wis, as K**?'
loodiltoa ul ?h? know-nothing party aud ths Irruountile e
tt.L leavmtf out that Tiew of the <??*, ?* ?
iU? waiter to be of magnitude euougb U> ovei*l*ug
SK?? Of ,utile end to afford a Wis or
a political organisation, whet be* that ergaaii*Uo? pre
sented id a.) distinct or tangible form for us t* discuss
witli intelligence or undw.tauding? I rieve not been able
to lsarn what particular thing they wish; nothing more
ibau generalities and commonplsct. u ?et forlh in their
"platforms." Witb a tougrsm largely compo^d of them,
uo dutiuctive proposition is brought forward; and in
conversations I have never heard any two member,
of the "order' agree on "bat it* desired art. When
)nT-r .r. brought forward in an undsrstandable
shape it will be time enough to discu** them. In ibe
nicau time, I am free to *ey that, while I am not timid
at all on the subject of foreigner*, and believe, an a rule,
in the largest liberty of Imuiigraliou and emigration, X
there be an; ciaew.s wbo*e introduction I should be dis
posed to discourage it would nut be those who come with
aspiration* to outer into the right* and duties of
?hip and to rear their familie* as blood of our blood, but
rather thoae who from race cannot, or from disposition do
nut Aeya to become cities. The question ha* often oc
curred to my mind, how far a population of inferior race*,
and jet not servile, or a population of equal dignity ol
blood, but not friendly to it* institutions, could be satelj
permitted in a republican country. If the problem evei
becomes serious, it will be in our State of California, where
1b re *ucb facilitie* for the immigration of the yellow
,f Asia and Oceanica, and where the opportuuitles
1. ..eculation and money-making are calculated to bring
together Kuropeans not of the classes who propose to change
their allegiance. The State is safe enough, however, for
the present; and, with either class or all classes, I do not
apprehend any danger but that (to use the phrase of the
"order") Americans will coutinue to rule America.
The know-nothing party, then, seemj to l>e wrong in
the manner of its organization ; in its principles and ideas,
mm far astbey are known, both unsound and too narrow for
the spirit of our institution* or of the age ; arid, aim, de
fective in presenting no fixed or tangible or practical
proposition.
The branch of the opposition to the democratic party
next in dignity, because so large in numbers, is that cou
glomeration of all phases of abolitionism, which has recent
ly taken the name of "fusionists" or "republicansto which
latter, as a distinctive and appropriate badge, the adjective
"black" has been, by common consent, attached. This
party is sectional entirely, and hence odious to every na
tional and patriotic sentiment. As far as it has any dis
tinctively-announced purpose, it is based on the idea, not
of a people attending to their own business, but interfering
meddlesomely, impertinently, and ruinously in the affairs
of others; on introducing an extra-constitutional test in
the construction and admission of new States into the
Union; on making the interest*, rights, liberties, every
thing, of our twenty-six millions of free white people?the
whole politics of the country?the constitution, the Union
itself the hopes of mankind?subsidiary to imaginary
grievance* of three or four millions of negroes, with whose
condition, good or bad, no political party, as such, can
rightfully have anything to do. I dismiss that parly for
the present, as the most dangerous combination of fac
tions, and under the most dangerous lead?Francis P.
Blair?of any that ha* ever arisen in this country; the rock
en which the constitution will be dashed ; the avalanche
With which the Union will "slide," if thei>e be not virtue
and nationality in the country to crush it, now and for
ever.
Then are various other fragmentary branches to what
I have termed in the lump the "opposition," which it is
not necessary to enumerate. All are engaged at this mo
ment in a spasmodic effort to unite their discordant parts
under one lead. If thoy could succeed in that effort, they
would be more objectionable as a whole than in their sep
arate part*?amalgamated than pure. Dominated as each
taction is by it* particular dogma, a union, if formed at
all, must al*o be only on the basis of a single idea?name
ly/ opposition. Without any congruity of sentiment, any
harmony of opinion, any identity of purpose beyond *uc
osss in the election and defeat to the party of the Union?
without any *cheme of public policy, any plan of public
administration?with what a pro*pect to the country
would such a party enter on the government ? There
could bo no possibility of cohesion?no possibility of any
thing but disorder and confosion, if not disunion, at
tending it. The psity would insvitably break up alinoft
in the moment of it* sucoes*; and if the Union and the
government did not share in the dissolution, it would be
from their inherent vitality, not from any merit in those
to whose charge they were committed.
These being the conclusions of my mind, it will be mr
purpose to advocate with leal, and all the ability 1 have, the
success of the democratic party?as the party of the consti
tutios and the Union?the party at once of progres* and
umssl ? ntism the party of liberal ideas, of consistency, of
latiooslitj, of common tense?and *s at a time in the af
fair* of the country that calls for the services of all its
citizens. With the government in the hands of the dem
fvcratic parly, the power of the Kank of the United State*
was broken ; the principle of "protecting one kind of in
dustry by taxing another, under the nsrae of a "tariff, ha*
been abolished , the country expauded and made pros
perous by the incorporation of Te.tas, the acquisition of
New Mexico and the country beyond, and the admission
of our State of California. A higher duty than ever is
now devolved upon it?that of pre*erving to ourselves
and posterity and mankind, the constitution and Union
and liberties of the States, which in its hands have thus
s: ?re*<! from tb- Gulf of Mexico to the PaciBc ocesn.
1 + sentiments concerning the state of the country and
Of parties would impel me, if only as a matter of duty. But
I can say, also, that the names on which the democratic nom
inations have fallen seem to me to I* particularly appro
priate. 1 have thought for several years that ths tendency
of our politics has been to a vice that has heretofore de
stroyed democratic States?namely, of overslaughing public
ssrvants who have made a name, deserved the considera
tion of their conntrymen, and adapted themselves to high
Station, by ths nature and value of their Services. It has,
tfcsrefore, given me pleasure to see at thi* juncture a states
man, of the high character, and long and distinguished
identification with liie various civil departments of the
public service, like Mr. Bnchanan, so spontaneously, and
with such unanimity of choice, presented to the suffrages
of the country. Mr. Breckinridge, also, is a gentleman
than whom a better choice rosld sot have bren wade ; of
high ehararter and abilitiee, and those qualities desirable
in a presiding ofltcer. He comes from the gallant State of
Kentucky, and so represents the great s erica Itural West.
A distinctive fratore, Important and gratifying to our
State particularly, to which the democratic party, by their
convention resolves, stands pledged, is the construction of
o direct commnnioation to the TeciHe.. With the success
of that party, we may look for that work?the work of the
ifs?to be accomplished; and thus o*ir side of tb' con
tinent bound to the Union and the parent State*.
Resp?ctfnlly, your fellow-citizen,
VI. CARET JUNKS.
Tai Ksrrrcsv SMiuasm ron NfifittJA.?We copy
ths following from the New Orleans Gustier of the 1st
Instant:
" More than one hundred emigrants to Niraregns. who
left Kentucky a wesk or ten days ago to make their homes
in that countrv, returned yesterday to the State whence
they name Yney, with many others, had come here on a
Statement from person" supposed to he In authority, that
they would be transported tree of charge to J?an Juan ; and
accordingly they had not provided themselves with means
to pay their own expenses thither.
'? We regret this heyond measure. Although most ot
them are able, end many of them are determined, to raise
among their friends in Kentucky the requisite arm*, am
munition, and money to convey them to that dangerous
land and give them the means of self-defence when there,
aad intend to reiarn on their own independent responsi
hility and go there, yet such a misadventure I* apt lo
destroy much enthn*iasm and greatlv retard emigration.
"Colore! Jack Allen, who came in charge of them, is
much annoyed, although he, like the real of them, wee mis
led byinformatHMi which has proved to be totally snfound
ed. We trust the Kentucky fHends of Nicaragua will not
hastily lose confidence in the enterprise, and will speedily
fit out snd despatch the gallant band of her son* who de
sire to go there.
" We are heppy to he able to state that more than fort;
of ths original party ere able to nay their own expense*
Independently of er.yhody, and will sail with Colonel Allen
ia the Crst steamer. They deserve the heat wishes of every
good American,"
WASHINGTON CITY.'
SATURDAY BVENlfKt. JUNE^ !???
DEMOCRATIC ' OMINATIOS.
FOR PRESIDENT,
JAMES BUCHANAN,
or r*MJi8*LVAKU.
rok VICB PRESIDENT,
JOHN C. H RECK INK I DOE,
Or KENTUCKY.
THE DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION.
We hope lw bo able to lay before the readers of the Union
In the next issue a full report of the fourth and fifth days'
proceedings of tbe Democratic National Convention. In
tbe next number of tbe Wttkly Union a complete report
of the whole proceeding* of the convention will appear,
embracing a period of fire day*. Tbe convention ad
journed tine die last evening.
An article iu another column from tbe Freeman's Jour
nal speak* words of wisdom and counsel. We bop? it
may be so fortunate as at once to command the approba
tion and rebuke the uiadnetid of the fanatics, who aeetn now
to rule tbo day.
TUE DEMOCRATIC NOMINATIONS AND THE DEM
OCRATIC FRESH.
The whole country cannot fail to be struck with the
spirit of harmony and concession, the self-sacrificing devo
tion to priuciple, the union of sentiment and action, and
the entire absence of conflicting elements, which hare char
acterful the proceedings of tbe Democratic National Con
vention, the labors of which have been brought to a close
so ftill of bright promise to the patriot, and so auspiciously
for the supremacy of a party whose triumphs are tbe tri
umphs of truth over error, tolerance over bigotry, reason
over fanaticism, and equal rights over oppressive privileges.
The enthusiastic unanimity of Mr. Buchanan's nomination is
only equalled by the graceful and generous manner In which
delegates surrendered their pcrsonul preferences as soon
as it became mauil'est in what direction the hopes and
wishes of a majority of tbe convention were directed. In
this patriotic sacrifice of preferences, the delegatus have
shown themselves to be faithful representatives of trae
democratic constituencies; for whercrer the announce
ment of tbe nominations has been made?regardless of
locality or of previously-expressed wishes?a degree of
enthusiasm has been produced almost without a parallel in
tbe history of our presidential campaign*.
As a slight evidence only of popular sentiment and pop
ular feeling in regard to tbe action of tbe Democratic Na
tional Convention, we give below extracts from such of
tbe democratic papers as have reached us which contain
the announcement of tbe nominations :
The Baltimore Republican says:
" The nomination has met the wishes and expectations
of the great masses, and will be hailed with enthusiasm by
them, and thej will triumphantly elect th? sage of'Wheat
land' to tbe highest official position in tbe country or in
the world.
" While we thus rejoice in the action of the convention
as conformable to the wishes of tbe majority, there is no
just cause for complaint upon the part of the irieuds of the
other candidates. The principles of tbe present adminis
tration have been fully endorsed, and its foreign and do
mestic policy heartily approved of.
"Tbe one-term principle stems to have been generally
recognised and acted upon as tbe sentiment of the people.
We have 110 time lo say more at present. We enter the
contest with cheerful hearts aud sanguine hopes; and al
though we know that tbe venom of abolitionism and its
ally know-nothingism will be poured out without stint,
yet we feel a confident assurance that the good sense and
patriotism of the nation will rally with overwhelming force
and sweep all opponents from tbe lield."
The Virginia Sentinel says:
"We respond most heartily and cordially to the nomina
tion. Mr. Buchanan is a statesman of commanding tal
ents and long tried integrity. Ilis large experience, his
profound attainments, his great equanimity pf tempera
ment and calmness of judgment, his patriotism, as wide as
the country and attested by a long record of devotion to
the equal constitution!!) rights of every section ' of the
Union?all commend him to his fcllow-citizcns, of all par
j ties, as pre-eminently qualified to hold the helm of State,
| and guide our affairs with wisdom ; while his long-sus
tained leadership among the truest of the democratic
statesmen wilt cause the host of the democracy lo hail him
as their i hoseu chieftain with an acclaim that will make
: the wrlkln ring. An honor has been conferred on him
which a monarch might envy ; but it is a compliment no
J more than due to his brilliant public service, and lo the
! sterling Common wealth which gave him birth, and of
' which he ha* been so long tbe pride.
| " Always admired by Virginia, voted for in convention
' by her in 1852, and nominated by her now, he will lie sus
tained in our State with an enthusiasm not easy to de
scribe, and will receive her vote in November next by a
majority approaching unanimity to a degree almost unex
ampled in our political struggles. With joy we give our
banner to tbe breeae P
Tbe Washington correspondent of the Baltimore Sun
write*:
" The nomination of Mr. Buchanan by the Cincinnati
Convention is, under the circumstance*), favorable to the
| democracy. Not only the nationsl party by whtrh he is
selected, but the friends of the Union and of peace at home
and abroad, have good rroson to felicitate themselves upon
this nomination, ft will be the more grsteftil to Mr B i
hanan, and the mors creditable to the convention, for the
reason that It was unsought by him, and was conceded by
them in c onsideration of bis merits and his high character
I and superior availability.
" No candidate could hare bad less concern with his own
nomination than Mr. Huchsnan has had. He was absent
from the country during some year* after the failure of his
nomination in 18.M, and since bis return be has kept him
self quite oat of the reach of political excitement or man
agement."
Tiie New York J on rial of Commerce aayi:
'? The Cincinnati Convention hare ronriaded ftteir la
bors with a result which will elicit an approving response
from the conservative and solid men of tbe conntrr in
every section of the Union. That body represented tbe
predominant political sentiment of a considerable majority
of tbe several States. Its prompt selection, by A virtAtii
wous vote,of a candidate for the highest dignity In the
republic indicates an agreement of Opinion in the great
democratic party of the country that would hard I r have
l^en thought tofxttt by those who listen to the noise of
popular tumult, and look onlr at the surface to discern
the tendencies of the national rniod. The balloting* in
tbe convention Indicate no divided counsel", nor snv con
flict of interest among Its members or the constituencies
whom thry represent; >md tliey show no snch tenacity of
personal preference in favor of one candidate or the other
as will he likely to dampen the srdor or cool the enthu
siasm in I lie ciinvaa" of those who yinldsd their predilec
tioaa in deference to the majority. The convention was
| unanimous in the declaration of principles for the main
t. nance of which tbey appeal to tbe roters of the republic :
and they ha*e selected a standard-bearer. In view of the
? inallfications he possesses to commend bim to the confl
I 'icons of the people, its. on the whole, tbe worthiest eipo
j oent and the ablest and moat reliable champion of the
) great doctrine* of constitntional right, republican eqnall
ty, and popular sovereignty.
' Tbe 'election of Mr. Buchanan will t?nd to strengthen
the public (kith in tbe fitness of llic people for self-govern
ment Among the most experienced of the few remaining
ststeamen who have been employed in the national service
daring ? period extending over hslf the existence of the
republic, he has exhibited in the various exalted stations
which he h >? been called to fill ? thorough fitnras for their
respective duties, a perfect comprrhenaion of the interests
intrusted to his charge, an nmievjating sense of equity
and jnstice in judgment nnd administration, and a liberal
and patriotic estimate of those consideration* nereasary to
the adjustment of conflicting sectional interests, which havs
hitherto so happily controlled the councils of tbe country,
and given to it an unprecedented development of expnn
?ion, power, and prosperity, and which the advancement
j of general civilisation snd progress, no less than our own
permanent well-being, rvqtifre to be maintained.
W hile we write the reverberations of cannon attest the
joy with which the intelligence from Cincinnati has bsen
received in this city.'
The Richmond Enquirer ssys:
"In every exigency of State and In every set of hi* lift,
from the day ha repaired to the field to repel tbe invasion
of s foreign foe down to hia 1st* successful stand against
the inaolenl sggressions of the aame haughty power whom
he confronted in his early vonth James ftnrhanan hs? dis
played an ardent, tinaelfish, and devoted love of country
lie Is, and hss ever been, a patriot, in the best and highest
aense of the word. Admiraiion of th? institutions, eonfi- I
dene* ht the des'iny, and fraternal affection for the people t
liuu.oTr10' h",' ^,nu,umtpd ??
* Sl^SSW#M| be has beta dkslluiiuislied bv Lhe uuali- !
llt? hL"U>d*r*iiT ?' *nd ****clVT U council, ^'ilb
out being at all fettered by irratiou?j prejudice or obsolete
^ "?Ulivut *IiJ cowmtiri in
his rlews of public policy ? and, perhaps, it was lhU trait
of character which, more than any other consideration, dt
hir^'^L "tottTW of toe democracy to Promote
him to the pr?rf<tency, in a crisis of internal agitation and
porteutoM complication In the foreign ration. of the
torv^Z^H^?me* Buchanan should be satisfWc
tory to the South, if there were no other ptedireof bis tniel
fiad^Ibiuerl,'alfl|"U,m lbc Jlul' 10Jeod. Uw 8o?lb
find* a better and still wore satisfactory guarantee of bis
regard for its luuveet* in that spirit of Justice and devo
^"clre^ COni'lltuUon wWct hM characterized hii politl
" A disposition to comply with the just and reasonable de
^trv'crLiM F?1 1 ?U"* lUl t"* "100,1 by the Vaiou
"l/ririn^ I I ^L7' HU'1 10 Pff*?nt * IDM lo the
. eVtrjr f)alriDt confide, de
-7,1,^ hi ?li?" 10 nol"iu?,e J?mee iiuv hanan. No
^Trfan^k V.r* ,e blMto7 of thu mineut statesman
In i?r?i that the convention Las been equally successful
"K 'be mterests of the couutry, and satisfying the
2K2STT ?f lb8 rl}i V* W,? ^i- tbe unaaimou:
nlwM ,UPP<*? the democracy, of whose patriotic I
the w^fh.^r i. "u<1 P?*?Mire impulses he in
t!ln?r i ? *ud. 1'1^,nou? representative. He will be mid- J
w.liite.f hon?1 and conservative men of every
Ho', t ??' wb? *u ,n hi* r'P? experience, suga
" ?hiteswanship, and comprehensive nationality of
iniK? i!1fc b,#l"1Unlnce of" ?*fe. "'"i successful
administration of the interests of the country. Uv the uom
uauon of James Buchanan the triumph of the democracy
? ,?|M* oi I,ttlfioU he realized in the
proull" ? a re* ot whom ?Y?ry citi/um may be
" The democratic candidate for the vice presidency is
every way worthy of association with the venerable states
man of Pennsylvania. John C. Breckinridga enjoys a rep
utation for wisdom in council aud ability inBebate which I
is eclipsed by the fame of no other public man in the coun* I
try. 1 hough scarcely yet in the pritaeof life, lie is reckon- I
eil among the foremost men of the nation. In Congress be I
displayed talents of the very highest order, and exhibited
so raro a combination of energy and discretion as to war
rant the President in appointing him to the roost respon
sible mission abroad?a compliment which he declined
with characteristic modesty. Ilia influence is irresistible in I
Kvnlucky and his nomination will secure the vote of a
debatable State for the democratic candidate*.
? A ticket which thus unites the wisdom and experience
or mature age with the energy and expanding powers of
early manhood, mid which illustrates, in the character of
both candidates, the utmost love of country aud capacity
of public service, cannot fail to command the confidence
and support of the American people."
The South Side (Virginia) Democrat Bays:
'? We nail to our mast-head this morning the names of
?fames Buchanan as the nominee of the National Con ven
JoTn o' Hre k .?f P?dont of ,he rnil?'1 States, and
dent Breckinridge, of Kentucky, for that ot Vitro l'reai
lifi. !'?"-r-tW? year" tB? James Buchanan entered political
^ of t'1? IfK'sIature of bis native State ; and
?ivr I A ' wt-rt 18 conall,"">c.r with their repreaenU
when he refund ^1 foT 8'? ysars to ,ll( BMM position,
when he refused to become again a candidate. In 1820 be
was elected to Congress, and discharged the duties of a
member of the lower house with an ability endorsed by
live successive re-elections to the same post. In 1831 he
nri.^T^ !t! <1eClHne rurU,er political honors and r. lire to
rv nnH .'n ih f m'" ".crTlcM ?ulJ uot spared the coun
t7.b ! following year he was choseu by President
. ackson to represent this government at the court of Bus
??n '"e.b?,ne,l? 1834, and was immediately chosen
to he On,ted States Senate to fill an unexpired term.
Jania l* "honorfu'1 ^ suffrage, of the Pennsyl
vania legislature when, in 1845, he was called bv Presi.
dent I o!k to the highest position in the cabinet.
His career since that time, in cabin?t and court, is
ulJof l?V2K eCt'?n ,?f a"/J the Fillmore Conven
tion of 1852 be was the first, and for 11 long u.ne the only,
hoice of the Virginia delegation, who cast a united vote
lor his nomination on thirty-three successive ballots
A conservative statesman, an able diplomatist, an ex
perienced politician, a faithful and approved public servant,
we congratulate the national democracy on this propitious
, ,n,|n i ? Clr U1'or8' and ^joico that there h is i>een
^und another man as worthy to hold the proud position
f he "nose able administration will goon draw to a
close?OMF- hrtt choice, Franklin Pierce.
M ** one of principle, and in
Personal IMMM are forgotten and men ?rc
foMnt*, for .k' r? '!f far iB PMf'n?f Old Dominion
'? 0r the fll,'or'te ?<>?? of the Keystone ?
i? ih. ?. W?rf'l{ 10 lbe *fcond place on tbis ticket
is the name of the gallant Hreckinridgc, of Kentucky A
comparatively young man, Mr. B. left an enviable repub,
Uon ?K-hind him in Congress where he dUtinguished him
self for sound, patriotic, and souihern views and votes.
As one of the first and fastest friends of the Nebraska bill
url on us in ,he I'r*?*r't "I^ct of affairs!
rJl1" j ?. a, word' ?Terythlnjr that the most cx
ting friend of tho t Lion could desire.
The Pennsylvania!) sajs i
' We doubt wry much If the Penosvlvanlan eter publish
H an 110*11 of intelligence more grateful to the feeling of its
readers, and more productive of intense, unalloj ed, enthu
siastic joy, than the gratifying news we have the extreme
&,? iD U>U coming's issue?the nomi
nation of J.mes Buchanan as the candidate of the great
demowatic p*rty for the pnsidency of this glorious repub
c- w??y this from no wish to distiarage any of the
claimants for that high post of honor; we have no
TV *,,ln8'e ,ha'l?vv ui>?n anv of the good and
ue trioti who constitute the jewels ot ohr partr, and
who merit and receive the respect and homage of ail true
democrats; but there is so mucb to make the pulse beat
quicker and freer, ao much to All us with gratitude so
???Of intense gratification and tbank
fulness, in the choice of our beloved statesman, that from
guVness Welb UP * fushi?(f spring of fervent
To the people of PennyIvsnla this Intelligenre^n
prove peculiarly grateful, though she has long occupied
the position of a leading 8tate of the Union, and dew r led
k r?* j P1!0"'1 title of the Keystone of the Federal Arch
y her devotion to the Union and her unflinching adhe
rence to just principles, the ardent desire to furnish from
among her distinguished sons a Chief iiagistrata, which
nas animated her, was long disregarded by Iter sifter Stales.
I atiently and cheerfully sSe has bowed to their decision
however painful she may bare deemed it, but .now that her
choice has been at length respected, and her ardent prn\er
answered her joy and gratitude are hoondlws, and from
the length and breadth of her dominion, from her deeo
r*i hex mountais fcill lops, her cavernous mines, ber
fair fields, ber workshops, her towns and cities, andfrom
ner liardy sons la every nook and corner of tha Htate
aaeends a joyous pu-an of fhankagiving, and a sentiment
of intense gratitude lo the Cincinnati ("'invention for the
auspicious termination of its labors.
" With Bur ha nan ai our leader in Pennsylvania, the
Question is not who will go for os, b?it where are wo to
find antagonists. The na'.nral eentimeoI of Stale pride
which we sire sure onr (liter States will pardon na for po,'
sessing, and the enthaalasUc attachment of our dlist ns to
the r favorite son, which Is the natural result of their inti
mate acquaintance with him, wfTI b. ma,.if.aied i? Vovem
rat ann.l. *7 rr!" " r ""P^cdented in the JKllitl
cai annals of our (commonwealth.
he?"! WhiB-?,,U. "*m# Wt" ProT" ? ,0w,,f of strength
*,,k'rMni" ?" "n
mVr. ,1 American staleeman is imbued with a
more tboronghl^ national spirit than Mr. Buchanan. No
" ^ Pi"*l<yS Mind his clear judgment, lie
. " blmseff tbe trusty friend and tried sdvocateof
?f ^ "rtlon3. '""fly won th. confl
dence of the cltiw-n, 0f lbe North, Month, Kast, and West.
tiiol n E- rl *\iUt7 WJ,h "hlch be haa defended I
welfare of all* " c*'"u *,wl t0 promote the common
.r, ifl "a.<,>*nan 14 no* ln ?*>? slxty-flflh year of his age
and happily unites to that ripe and rare experience which
pJl^nsT,".'^ PUbl'C nfr*ir* in th" elevated
positions has l^stowed npon him all tho vicror of perfect I
physical and intellectnal health. If elected ofwhi>hwe
do not entertain a pirtldc of donbf, he will bring to the
presidential chair a spirit of Tisdom and a He<?re!> r,f .H
.Tegr^rdvLr^11'7 *bir?J***0* f"" ,n * 'n the htgheat
hu h* ,h? country. He
.i^nT", IS *Tr lnt,r,nr''iate grade of official po
^ ? Pt-"?t* citleen and th, chief maglT
faUhfu* Wher,Ter tntd? h"" competent and
.u- I" *? "f of. nto, In the Congress and
o ? , ' ?o Bussia and
Mr ' ;n'1 " n Of the illustrioua cabinet of
ZLmf h. bas*rved hw country long and well. No duty
^i?? i Wnt 'Ttr no just eipec
u ?T i'#"IiP?,n'ri To be has brought a
eh.r? Lwt wi,dom *"d " c?n?cirntlous desire to dis
L?,. h. k Pr,>-e??nfn., fidelity his duties. In all the
posts be has occnpied, his nnbl.mished character his ater
n"fhl.n!!l?.tr' KrT' '?'""'?j *nd hi< vssiduous'derotlon
h,rf rTnd'rrd him ? "'?? of marked
'nfluence. No staina blot his fair eacutehe..n No>dark
??Wie k"" I"1'* ff,M* hm'' ?nd hi" PriT?'?. ?k? his
public character, is stainless and unimpeHrhai,le
* mjsr ?f Trli?,!"r Pr*ti<l' ation, in rlew of the
"'"ii10" Pnb"S ,h?' ? Statesman of
"billty of such proved worth and ad
min strat v. skill of snch sound conservative national!
sentiments as Mr. Buchanan, has received the democratic I
n",T r.' No 7^*bl?,rn"B' of P"'ty, can donht
that the destinies of this nation will be quite as safe in hta
keeping as If committed to the handa of any other man in
the coon try. The conviction that hy his election to the
pretfdt-ocy, 'the rigbi umi. will be installed in the right
place,' in wide aprea.i uud almost universal. To his admin
istration *11 may look forward with ooafldeme uud hope,
uud all feel that wbautvt>i peril* uu?y ?urrouud to, a pru
dent, able, detuled, upright, and sagacious patiiot will
??ii U with slwplca* vigilauce ot?t the welfare of the dm
timt.*
The New York Day Book tavs:
" That Mr. liucbauau will be elected, *veu our oppoueut*
allow. The disjointed fragment* of abolitionists and
know-nothings will not be aide to circumveut Ills entrance
to the White House. lie &Uuds ou the principle* of the
kansas-Nebraeka bill, already ao tiriuly *?labliahed iu lh? |
heart* of the people that our enemies dare not accept the
issue of the tcs to ration of the unconstitutional Missouri
restriction. 1*1 democrats everywhere go to work, and
rest not Until the favorite son of the noble, democratic
Keystone State shall be Paraiuslrr or thi UMrraD Statm."
The New York Hue says:
" We heartily congratulate the Cincinnati Convention
on the result of its deliberations. It lias evinced ? spirit
of moderation and of prudence whieb has agreeably di?;
appointed many who feared a different course would t>e
pursued. It lias dispelled anxious doubts, belled divisions,
nbd smothered the struggles of faction by its judicious
and harmonious action. To .Mr. Buchmiun the people of
all [tarts of the Union can look for a wise and just udmiu
istrntion of their public ail'airs. In his bunds the interests
of all, the integrity of the constitution, and the honor of
the country will be considered safe."
THE NATIONAL CAPITAL KKSl'ONDS TO THE DEM
OCRATIC NOMINATIONS.?SPEECHES OF PRE8I
DKNT FIERCE, GEN. CASH, AND JUDllE DOUG
LAfl.
Nobly, patriotically, aud enthusiastically has the nation
al capital responded to the uoniinatious of the Democratic
National Convention. Without any preparation, and with
scarcely any previous notice, the democratic citizens of
Washington assembled in mass meeting at balf-pait
seven o'clock this eveniug to ratify the nominations
made at Cincinnati. In consequence of the unfavor
able state of the weather, the meeting was held in
Copp's Saloon. The suloon, which is one of the largest
iu the city, wus tilled to overflowing. Hundreds were
unable to gain admittance, aud the enthusiasm of in
siders and outsiders was never exceeded at any pre
vious popular demonstration in the city of Washington.
Several of the distinguished standard-bearers of the demo
cratic party, tut they took their seats upon the stand, were
vociferously checred. The appearance of Judge Douglas
was hailed with deafening shouts of applause. The veteran
statesman and patriot, General Cass, was received with
tremendous cheeriug?the Marine Hand, which was in at
tendance, appropriately playing "Auld Lang Syne."
The meeting was called to order by Mr. RatclifTe, of this
city, who moved that Han. Samuel A. Smith, of Tennessee,
be appointed chairman. The moliou was unanimously
adopted.
Upon taking the chair, Mr. Smith spoke as follows :
Fellow-citiJicns of the District of Columbia: 1 should
feel it an honor at any time to preside over so large a meet
ing as is here assembled to ratify the nominations made at
any National Convention ; and more particularly so do I
now feel, thatyou have assembled together in such large
numbers, and upon such short notice, to rntifv tbe nomi
nations recently made at the city of Cincinnati, and
which, according to the enthusiasm which in manifested
here and elsewhere over this country, must and will l>e
successful on the first Tuesday in November next [Cheer
ing.] I also feci highly honored in being called to preside
over this meeting, bccnuse ft is to be addressed by thoee
whose long devotion to their country, the constitution, and
the Union, has enshrined themselves in the hctrla of their
countrymen, under whose lead we have fought in times gone
by, and uuder whose lead we expect to fight for years to
tome [Applause.] It is not my purpose, it is not my
place, to speak to you any further in reference lo the can
didates who have been nominated in Cincinnati. I can
only rejoice with you, in common, that tbe nominations
were made with such unanimity and such harmony as al
ways characterise the great democratic party when assem
bled together, with the noble purpose that it did a few
days ago, to preserve the Union. [(Jreat applause.] There
may be no one here from the State which I have the honor
to represent, and 1 will travel out of the usual count
merely to sav, coming, as I do, from the Slate of Tennes
see, thaOn Novemi*r next, 1 pledge myself, and the pledge
will be redeemed, that we will roll up such a majority for
tbe nominees of tbo Cincinnati Convention as has never
before been given by Tennessee since the days of Andrew
Jackion.
Mr. S. took his seat amidst tremendous applause.
The following vice-presidents were then announced :
Daniel Ratclilfe, Oeo._ Parker,
Wm. B. Magruder, C. W. C. Dunnlngton,
Thomas Car berry, B. J. Semmes,
Walter Lenox, Jerome Diggs,
1 K. H. Gillette, Peter Hepburn,
Ijembeft Tree, Oto. Mclfelf,
Dr. Wm. Jones, Henry 8. Davis.
Secrctaritl.
J no. F. Funis, Francis McNerhanv,
James 8. Holland, Wm. J. Donohoo.
Gen. Cdii'i Sf>erek.
| General Cast, on being introduced, was received w ith
t enthusiastic cheers, tie said ! 1 do UOt cotre here to make
you a formal address. I came to unite with you in your
congratulations upon tbe termination, the fortunate tur
! mlnation, of tbe mission of the representative bodr of the
democratic party at Cincinnati. A voloe has reached us
| from tbe West, homo by thut mysterious agent which de
fies both time and space, announcing that the coovenlion
has named to our party the name of a statesman and pa
triot for the Chief Magistracy of the Union and for our
standard-bearer, during tbe coming contest, who will unite
the hearts and hopes and exertions of (he whole democ*
| racy of the country. And that man ii James Buchanan.
I He is respccted by tbe American people Tor his services and
, experience, for his unsullied integrity and unquestioned
talents, his Intimate acquaintance with public affairs, and
, for his patriotism and bis devotion to the country, in
w hatever situation be baa been placed, at borne or abroad,
lie has filled with honor and distinction various high sta
tions, and left them all enjoying a greater measure of pub
lic confidence than when be entered them?a rare cir
cumstance in the life of a public man in our country.
And he Is especially reapected by his own party for his at
tachment to its cause and principles, bis fidelity in trying
timra, and his rejection of mere local considerations, al
ways regarding with solicitude tbe rights and claims of
every section of tbe country. The labors of the conven
tion are closed, and well closed, and now ours?that h,
yours and mine, flioee. Indeed, of the whole party?l>egin.
Let us determine to elect our nomine- Wc can do it, and
shall do It Iiet every true democrat buckle on hi: armor?
not tbe armor of Share's rifle*, which are supplied by
, some of the churches of tbe country, instead of tbe Goe
{ pel of Jesus Christ, but tbe armor of truth, of reason, and
; of percussion, and go forth to tlie combat, and he is sure
| to go forth to victory.
I And never was there a time which mare demanded the
patriotism and devotion of every honent-hcnrted American
than doe* the present. Kvil days arc upon us, and in the
i vsry wantonnes? of blessings and prosperity unknown
elsewhere in ancient or in modern time, we are engaged
t in an angry and fearful sectional controversy, whom- con
sequence* no man should contemplate without the most
| gloomy apprehension. One portion of our country, not sat
isfied "with enjoying the rift'ts of self-government, seem to
desire to covern the other. The day of trial hoscomc, and
tht destiny of the Union, tinder the Ood of our fathers
I nnd our own Ood, who led ns throngh the waters and tbe
desert to this beautiful Isnd, not of promise, bill ot per
formance?under HI* overruling Providence tbe destiny of
this Uni"n is in the hearts and bands of the democratic
I party. Ouf old and honorable opponents, the whig*?Ibe
whigs of tbe days of the lamented Clay and Webster?who
folocg carried on a contest with otir party upon gnat
constitutional flections, and in a spirit of liberal patriot
ism, are disbanded. Its leaders are dead or discouraged,
its standard is in the dust, and its tlmi?honored distinc
tive principles aro among tbe thing* that have been,
and mainly ont of the ruins have arls-n se< tional parties,
some of them with avowed designs, fatal to onr national
existence, and all of th?m without any other connecting
bond than opposition to the democratic party. I?t in not
underrate the strength of that opposition ; bnt let ns pre
pare for it, and we can overcome it In fnir combat, and
save the I'nlon. And here, this night, at this democratic
meeting of approval and ratification, in the political capi
tal of the republic, let us plndge onreelves to each other
and to the party to do our duty, and our whole dnty ; and
If this example Is everywhere followed, as It will be, Hie
battle will b? half won by the determination to win It.
Let every democrat sacrifice his personal prejudices and
predilections, if be have any that will be injuriotu, npon
ih? altar of bis party. And if I have one single friend iu
this numerous assemblage! who. for the sake of anld lang
syne, haa any regard Aot my wish** or opinions, I aak him
to do as I shall do--support zealously, hrnrtlly, earnestly
the election of Jame* Buchanan, lie will find his reward
in the good of his country and in the stability of her in
stitutions.
As to the candidate for the vice presidency, tbe selection
is honorable to the convention and to the party. Those
who know Mr. Breckinridge heel, best koow his true de
moeracy, his high and honorable character, his eminent
talents, ami hi* claims upon the public confidence. He I
will be a faithful co-laborer with James B?<han?n In the
ceuae o* iho country. Hucoeas to them both I but, above
?U, sutoas to this glorious Union, which boa given u, ?
, tree tor measure of prosperity aud fr?Julu than ever be
lore Mi to the lot of any nation I Withered be the hand
that u stretched out to touch ths Aik of the Constitution!
During the delivery of lieneral Cass's speech he was re
peatedly interrupted with loud and enthuaiaatic cheers.
At ita concluaion, ahout after about went up forjudge
Douglas. The chairman then alepped forward and said
lhat it was almost useless for biui to introduce to the meet
ing one so universally known as the "Young Giant of the
Weal." Aa soon aa the wild applause which followed this
announcement had in a measure aubsided, Judge Douglas
appeued, and spoke substantially us follows :
Judy* Hotojlat't tytech.
Hon. Stephen A. Douglas said he came before the meet
ing with a hearty good will to endorse and ratify the ac
tion ot the National (Jonveutiou at Cincinnati, f Applause.]
lie cauie not as a mailer of form, not in compliance with a
custom, but with bean and soul in the causa. He raine to
congratulate thciu upou the uuauimous adoption ot a plat
form which commands the approbation of every demo
cratic beat t ; to congratulate them upon the uoniiuatiou of
a candidate for presidency aud vice presidency worthy to
!mulirt,,rU 1 Plfttforta. ?o receive the unanimous
tffSSdLST7 lWmuCrU'- The platform and
the standard bearers were worthy of each other-each ac
ceptable to the whole democracy of the entire country
He felt more heart in this contest than any he had ever be
fore been engaged in, aud there wus more of importance to
boattuched toitin its result, and more to inspire Ibe patriot
ism of every lover of his country. This Union was made
through the constitution, must be preserved through the
constitution, and_ cannot survive for a single day the obli
ga ions of that instrument. The democratic party now
stands before the country us the only national party iu
the whole republic: the only party which avows prin-1
ciples alike in the East and the West, in the North and !
the bouth; the only party whose principles must prevail
wherever the constitution reign*. [Immense applause.I
n J; ? "/ le Creed o( !be us promulgated at Ciucin-!
nail, and then upon that disturbing clement, tfie vexed
question ol slavery, you Cud a platform which has received
the sanction of every democratic delegate from every State
in the Union. Democracy is now the same in Massticbu
' m.8""th Carolina, (applause,J iu Michigan, and in
Illinois, in Ojio, and Louisiana ; and wherever the Ameri
can "ag waves there the democratic creed is one and the
same. What other party can cross the Ohio river and
Mason and Dixon's line and carry their principles with
hem t [A \ oice. None.] <>.m this Union be preserved
in the hands ot n political parly whose principle or action
is hostility on llie part ot one half of the State* against the
rights and institutions of the other half of this Union? Cm
sectional strife, sectional animosity, and sectional war
hire?a part of the North against the South, a part of the
South against the North?-produce that fiaternal feclinir
and broilier.v love which is essential to preserve the repub
lic as our fathers made it ? Have wc not the greatest in
aucemect to stimulate our utmost exertions ? No less than
the integrity of the constitution, the preservation and per
petuity of the Union, depend upon the risult of this elec
HOD.
V\ e had a candidate for the presidency whose reputation
was as wide, he was about to say, as the republic, but ho
would say as wide as civilization?a man who has filled
toe highest offices in his country, save that only to which
he is to be Inaugurated on the 4th of March next?[great
? applause]?a man of wide experience in the
House of Kepresentutives, in the Senate, in the cabinet, in
the foreign service, and wherever commanding abilities
aud stern integrity were required for the discharge of high
duties, h very where in tho line of duty you have found
James Buchanan elevating his own reputation, while sus
taining and carrying forward the interest and honor of
his country. lie was a man without a stain upon his pri
n?.hJw er,.u iW th * P?lil>cal record equally nntar
time 8 kson Jown to the present
^"usi0.n Wfls ?a<Je t0 *he signal services which ho had
' S'' U0'. ,tbe leMt ?r ,vl>icb was the delicate duly of
during country at the first court in the world
during the present administration. Such was the man
fr*? h?d I,.rM*nted 10 the? 'or their suf
knnwn he candidate for the vice presidency was too well
M?t tl, WLuahlnfton audience to require much praise.
? ? knew him personally, and all that was neces
ih/\ r 1W-b,ul 111 order to love him. He possessed
dJiiLatS qr"f u'J'u the 0ir,C0 for which he Was now
designated, or for a higher station in future w ars when his
had IlandLr |Mhi Uu,or1e[ullr '""'"red. Thedemocracy thus
had standard-bearers with ahidl they could defy the com
rihcenen,J- They were one compact part r, pro
l^ anie l f ?nr ' ^ ; aad lb7 ?"e alTayed against
evvrtaU>a,ionUm, koow-nothingism, and
f.m? in? rejoiced that thrj had got all the
isow into one common line; he had long been wishing to
at once ThT I aeulotr*ts could rake them all down
len^nrf .hlT. ! "?????* b/ one common senti
, L bu,llll,J' to the democratic party. Ab
? v bnTinnmfn?W^ ngUm Were first cousiua KCI*r
B0U liJCjr Were *l lea,t brothers, and Sia
mese twius at that, They would always go for the same
candidate no ma.ter whether he WM^a K.w-noS.1^ o?
s coming conflict, however, he be
ihetr Zt* ?,"^n " thedemocracy would triumph, aud
the effect of that triumph would be to rectore ni-ace
anl ditl S,t"bll!,j: lbe Union- There were no linger
ny dissensions in the ilemocratic ranks; for all who
agreed in principle were now invited fo act together with
Tr th"**?? 1? 1>Ml d,ffertnt**- One of the great principles
nf iilf r BlM '^e e'fualil> cf th" States, and tho right
?^erDn,en! m ,he Terri,Ofi?. *ubject to the limfta
tions o the constitution; or, in other words, the great
; principle of the Nebraska bill. [Loud applause ] /here
( were no more any anti-Nebraska democrats now than
thefs wtrt whjfa black birds to be found. The nUtform
endorsed the Nebraska bill , and what more, .aid Mr D
1 ft ? ?'r!? jf the" was anything more to l>e desired'
'r,? D,'0 ,be re?idue of the platform, and he
1 ? V"1*! 10 ev'?' rl""*f 'herein embraced. The
dtrnocratic jiarty was united wilh a common creed and
iurelT^a * ' ?UM'r were marching (*rtaiuly und
I surely to a common victory.
e?u,1'Jr explicit in reference tothodis
dswST^t^rl! the Territory of Ksnsas. It de
clared that treaion was to \>f punished, and resistance to
^ P!U du*D- Tb" WuJ tile whole ques
tion nvolvt-d?hether the supremacy of the la?s should
ih? fl?inUmed; or whether nioh violence should overcome
1 ,Kr J" law- ?a ,h" 'Kies.ion, between law ?d
vXPre**ed iheir sentiments;
tney say that the laws shall be executed so lone as ther
Tnh.u.^;h;",!a:,"-,rk- But ,h"bu<,k ^^1^/.
say that tbej will trample upon the law, and shoot down
hw Tbe'wh l/T11," ,h'r do not lik" "",
!. ' 1V , . e flUr?tion was, whether law and order and
inrl h i ? *1. or whether lawless violence
and mob law shall ruie in their su*d. The convention
mustTnd W0" Wi'h * nrmn'? <""1 directmas lhat
must find a cordial respoose not only in Uie heart ofeverv
maTtTr'wh.M ,b", of.'Terr lover of l.is country, no
?*t'er what hm political opinions might be. The \rre?t
Hie fo m?k ^ il N.pbr"'k*, L"' the right of il.e
the minor!I r i "i*0! ' *n(I beDtn the dnty of
r ' ,"U !? Uwt '"nA* ln conformity
with the const tut,on and the organic set. If ther
fh"n tl^t ltT,'| Ul,??!lit/r ?f ?f *?7 '?w. let
1 ?r!f J ? C.OO^I,, of Uw' "n'1 abide by the result
1 ?rr ?o^rv'Thet "nT ?r ,be repealed, let then,
1 decide O.? ?!.l!liPOlni at the P0"'- let the majority
the .tit,n^iqT '?n '? '"n? ?' ?he law, stand upon
^ lo"* "" the courts pronounce them
constitutional, just so long th?y must lie obeyed. These
Ka'n.lii ah),r' hFf ,0 tb* ,"r? of ,he Territory of
In ? " ,0 l""'' 11 ? " * "?i"r?l principle
n every free government lhat the -.upreroary ?f the law mast
be m.-nuined: snd if that principle should ,"KI
Jorth ? WO,,", ^ ^e peopfX
worth r Now. thi. was not the first time that tbrre h.d
been a deposition t? resist the laws because enm* of the
iiMoo tl ih?f : "0t 0nIy h"1 there l>een oppo
'' ?? '? ,b" ?f Kansas, but to the fugitlre-slave !,,w
and in each caae they made the tame excure Indeed no
eu!l!5 u m"1e for refusing to obey ^ law
Wk oVla^,didnn^ke U *"*?>* '' ^'1'the Legro
U?t If there e?.,ll L i?? r'n"'rf,, ex pre* the opinfon
e^rv n?rn i f?"D'1 * h"1* ?t bigenongh to let
that e"er wa. ""rL ' "r00M c*,i '' the holiest las
rnusth^ sTrrenTrl Tb*co~'i'?tion says that the slare
must b? surrendered ? and thore who ohiect to this obie< t
IrXT ? ?f ,h" "> the fugi^c
lawf ,he. W"rk r^pubHcr,!, I. to obey such I
Ther claim n rfj""1'<|te those ther do not like.
to vU C,'?n "m,'r 'he constitution, sad refuse
tho Hum ^ ^n.CC bftiffTn lliorij arid
. ,i . "cr[M:/ fa, 'hat the democracy support the lonatl
tution in all of Iu )?arts with erpial fidelity, without refer
ente to whether toey like or dislike it It is no excuse for
in*0 . be ''o'? 1,01 like a law, and therefore
?,b*r.,t- I,i(1 'hey ever know ? criminal who
liked the law ? [ Applause.] Law-breakers never like the
punishment that follows the act Law-abiding men have
??j T f* . Vhe supremacy of the laa ; and the question to
derided in this contest is, whether a law maae in pur
suance of the constitution, and as expounded by the co'irls
shall prrr.il, or whether such a law is naught, and
whether cowardly leaders may shoot down the officers of
law with impunity.
J'e ,b\' 'be convention, hy a unanimous
llMl?', ! n rr^ Uw '"'"t and shall
LTree wlL ,.'P J iL* that W" Ul1 ? ?'?"dard
bearer wit^rso much wisdom and nerve as to enforre a firm
and undivided execution of thoee lews. When, he said the
issue, were presented between the two great parties-he
" dffoanse know-nothingism was dead, and
nothing bnt black repnblirenism was left, [laughter 1
they would find such a verdict as this connfry had never
rendered la favot of a platform of 4 dsmoitaJ
.undard bearar lOraat ctoertug I
He hardly knew where the opposition would g*t ?
vote* in order to lei us know wheu the history at ^
coauat skould be writteo, who its candidate wet*.
Tto democracy did not tuteud that their oppo*Vl
thould get a tingle State in the great Northwest. Tw,
a ere a law-abiding people there. He tu tare tbev ^
ao hopes iu old l'euusylvania, the Keystone N?ai? ^
home of iiuchaaau. Iu New York, he (aid, the demote,
are united, thank God. [Applsuse.J Did any oatiH.
pose that lawless violeuce was to triumph over the 1??
and the judiciary of the country in New England T W?
it there that, under the advice of the pulpit tilled tut
Sbunie's rifles, law was to be Bpurned, constitutional oli
gatious to be defied, and the uivb to take posaeesion of u,
poacrof the goveiriuaeut? lie repelled the chargt. |j,
had New K .glaud blood in bu vein*. aud did not
thai the people of New Kugland would decide for mob
lent* over the constitution, the laws, the judiciary of ti,
country, and cverythlug sacred in our institutions.
New Hampshire, too would couie in with a glorm#
victory New Hampshire, the birth place of Irani;,,
Pierce the star in the Kwt that never sets! Did an.
suppose that she would join this mob-law party 1 S?r.
so look' as she remembered the faithtul administration
Franklin I'ierce. And wheu the history of thews
should be writtsu, it would be seen that there nemi.j
been a Chief Magistrate who had stood with more r?|lgll,
fidelity by the constitution ot his country than but?
present Chief Magistral*. [Great applause.] The
est honor which his successor could desire to have paii J
him would be to say that he had beeu as fateful J
ronstitutiou and the Union as had Wo Iranklln Pi?J
[Renewed cheering.] Mr. P. said that he lelt itadutJ
and u privilege to have the opportunity of saying, uwj
circuuisUinces when there was no dauger of misapnrtbru
-ion what every democrat had in his heart to ssy, that tU
country owed an immense, undying obligation to this
ministration for the fidelity with which the combine
has been upheld and guarded.
Following tlie example ot my lllustnoui friend from
Michigan, (be continued,) I will say here, as I ho|>e to but
the power of faying in a good many other olaces htttm,
this time and the first of November, that it I have a friend
in this Union who loves me, or regards my opinion, or W
any respect for rav memory, let turn put liu shoulder to it,
wheel, and do everything in his power to win a great not
glorious victory.
Mr. 1). took his seat amidst tremeudous cheering, and th<
baud played ''The Star-Spauglcd Burner.''
At the conclusion or Judge Douglas's eloquent and pow
erlully effective tpetcli, the chairman announced thank
meeting would adjourn for the purpose of aeretinding t1^
President of the United States. Preceded by the Man:*
Hand, their numbers swelling at every step, the mass mm
i iug, now formed into sections for marching order, procwdei
, to the presidential mansion, where they arrived ahou- fa
o'clock. Seldom have we seen a greater assemliURf J
l>eople than were gathered about the Executive Mansion ca
this memorable occasion. The occasion, the place, the prir
c-oce of so many men distinguished alike for their Ulcus,
their public services, and their devotion to the democr.it
cause, the exulting shouts of the gathered aud galbtnH
thousands, and the strains of music the more inspiring
from their patriotic association, combined to form a seen,
which will be indelibly impressed upon the memory of ai:
who witnessed it. Conspicuous among the crowd oa the
north portico of the. building were Gen. Cass and Judjt
Douglas. Their beaming countenance* ?howed how tr? j
they sympathized with their fellow-citizens on this oca
sion of general joy and exultation.
After the band had played several sirs, a loud, enthuii.
astic, and prolonged call was made for the President of tin
United States. Promptly and gracefully the President ap
peared. in obedience to the popular summon#, at one oft*
windows overlooking the portico. His appearance *u
followed by an outbreak of popular enthusiasm, and n
might with truth add, of popular affection, which bo
never t?*n excelled in this or any other part of the CniosJ
Cheer followed cheer, shout went up after shout, until it
seemed that the call was made not to hear but to be hear!
The band struck up "Hall to the Chief," but the muslc.nl;
added to the universal excitement. At the conclusion I
this air the President spoke as follows:
J'rtutitnl J'Urce't .Sp.scA.
I coneratulate you, my fellow-citUeas, upon the ???
?ion which brings you here, and 1 induce the coefitei
Iioih' that the joy with which you hail the harmouioui?-.
unanimous result of the deliberation* at Cincinnati m,?
strengthened and deep* ucd by the ratifying voice of
'TisVl^aant to realise that, however other parties i?.
be divided and distracted, there is nothing with "
union of purpose, and ? ill be nothiDg but union in set*.
Kioin this hour to that when the polls will be opened
November all prejudices and personal ?n'nl0?,,i?
those who should cultivate mutual regard and afford a
ZT support will be laid aside, nay,
? hich may have existed in our ranks are altcady no lon|?
remembered. The preference of the convention is lb* pH
n-ence iu this criajjfef every friend who cares more for ?
country thud fo?Wm*elf. Devotion to the cause, andI as
earnest support or the standard-bearers who are tohsiM
through the great ,truggle wlll con.ti.t.ta the wrtwtal
a. ntimer.t or the democracy, North andUouth, Kastso
We arc all, I am sure, quite sincere in our convictions
not only the proipcrttj of the republic, but the perpf u
or this blessed Union, depends essentially upon the ?
Cition and maintenance or the principles declare hy ?
recont convention. But these pnocifdes can be und>
ami sustained only by concerted action ;uid tl?< cm
be secured by org.uiis.tion, Uenor, Me
wiion and its n^aaes become^ like fidelity to pno |
cardinal virtue. The latter can only be nunifn
made effectual through the former.
My friends will have duties U> ferform to
Vbich tnv iH>sition alone will prevent me^osi attrrep^i
I ?liall return without ragreL May 1 not adtf,gen
!ba, "r life be s^red, I shall go back totheju^^
birth with a noi^ciousneM or
measure of public policy duri.g mv <
? did not l>elieve to to '.J'tSfb ?.????
my country, nor tine wbieh does not, u?-o ? >
the approbation of my judgment and my
rememlier'-l Vy me. Tto? wereallln
an. in my hands, but because !>? toamg to|
matlon, for Mki time beieg, 'he imparson^ oo
sound constitutional principles whl.bi Itoy Wk
alone give sublllty and permanence to Hits gloriou.
of oar Iwrtiiiitions. . ,. ... ^
? la cheering to know that tto aeiion J
ventlon places the tn ^ope and sp'
ns now, np?n a flatfarw jdMi ^ ^ roBTiction of ?
with that which I arerpted wMh ?..>? ^ ^ ( i
judgment and wHh ewv ^ |oWered aevrr ?
,hev arc to occupy h w^ tbo f<m.?t8tie?
it z ^ ri,hu or s?
portion rf lto .to ptHotlsm, **\
Mr ad Ji'vs e virtuM of o ir sten<Urd-l>?rer.. th*
^ man-worahlp in this cos?
u ? rmnr ronip'.rntierly ln?lf M ,n!* \
n??nts when great j-rineiplea and .ha vast Ur^ H
?ll* fnr a sec-nd revolution Ilk# those rJ
?inn?lly repotted as romlra from men who h
reined nothing at the hand* of their governmen ?
t?etion and political blemings, no dael.ration *1,
L the laws or the land, no in rotation to Ito *
hlo..d by tbo-e who hav? had none to stod1 wh^ 0'
trymen hare *t~. l fnre to fare with foreign )h,
i??ue will Summon you to a calm, earnest strngg
constltntion, and. con?e<|nently, for the nion.
Yon will tonryonrselvet like men fm
to that sacred Instrnrmnt as the only
er.il wreck, snd the only refuge from ?n'*er?sl'
who feel and sc. with yon will cling to It whh^ ^ J
wisdom and steady fortitude, a .^?a,ilts from with
need to, with heroic valor against all sswults rro
ont or from within. I f?
That a signal triumph awaiU you In such a <su
tertnin no doubt. . juide'l
If, ss 1 fully lielieve. our fathers were not on l ;ii
and snstained through tSe changing *'en ^ ^
of the revolution, bat were inspired after W .J
vise and adopt this constitntion by Omnipotent
may repose upon a humble but ''"'?'^^. '' h'lrtren >\
Power will not permit tto madness of
crept, gentlemen, my tost wishes for
nd^ividnally, and my thanks for thi* gratifying

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