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OUR ALEXANDRIA CORRESPONDENCE.
Alxxakdwa, (Tueaday evening,) April 14, 1857. The schooner 8. G. KiDg, mentioned in iny last, proceeds to Qeorxtfjfr'n this evening. Washington consignments: Kenned/ A Pugb, anger; giddletoe A Beall,sugar; W. Pettibone, box boards; King 4 Burcbell. brooms, Ac., W. 8. Fort, furniture. G. Francis, :,,rd?rare, Ac. ; J. L. Savage, bar iron; McGregor At Co., ifJjtruJa W Koliertson, vinegar; Murray A Seinmes, liquor; W. L. Greene, liquor; Howell A Morsel), wbite W U. Hanner, ten-kettles, Ac.; Win. Crippe, sugar! Jtiuei iSkirving, refrigerators uud sheet iron; M. C. Meigs, bar iron. Georgetown consignment*: E. M. Lintbicuoi A Co., hardware, Ae.; Howell A Stribbling, vinegar muiI aujar; H. I, liffutt A t'o., sugar; J. W. Lath, in A <'o., glassware i'eter ' furry, 1 iron sale; English A Sou, iron and afln; * Sat, bolls and iron ; Hyde A Davidson, wbite lead.^^^ The schooner Fairfax, Captain Molt, arrived to day from New York, with an assorted cargo, including a large lot of Iruu for the Capitol and the new custom-house at Alexandria. She is to proceed to Georgetown on Thursday without touching at Washington. Georgetown consignments K. W. Lintliioum A Co., a Urge lot merchandise; J. II. Shekel, dates Getty A Williau-S, dates; E. Hall, merchandise; M. W. Grippe, merchandise; G. Howry, tea; A. Hancock, 2 hhds. ale; Hamilton A Co., 5 casks wine. Several other consignments are i.u board, not exhibited by the manliest, me mild 01 ladiuf, instead of being sent aboard, baring been lent overland to Dodge A Co., agents. ; The schooner Increase, Capt. Phillips, arrived to-day from Baltimore, with 700 bags guano for Fowle A Co.; [.itch and naval stores for Whfat A IJro.; lumber for Robed J. Edelin, and oil and sundries lor John P. H. Greene. ThsKhoouer William Severe, Capt. Brook, arrived toity from Port Walthall, Appomattox river, with coal twine Washington Gas Works. 8hv anchored out in the drratu. audls to proceed to Washington this evening. The British schooner Alma, Capt. Pickels, arrived lod?j from St. John, N. B., with laths, pickets, and deals, for t'wrnove A Co. The schooner Vithia Sharps, arrived to-day, and anchored out in the stream. She is loaded with lumber, sup|,Jed to he for Washington. The schooner Marietta Burr, Captain Nlckerson, is exited to sail to-morrow morning for Boston, with corn iruui Fowls A Co., und flour from Howard. The schooner Amy Chase, Captain Chase, is expected to jsil to-morrow evening for St. John, N. B., with wheat Ironi Fowls A Co. Ths-prevailing cold windy weather keeps the fisheries buck and the prices up. However, the supply is large, considering the circumstances. The sales are very numerous, but, on account of the high prices, in small quantities at a time. The pricos to-day have ranged: Herring, from $8 10*3 50 per thousand; shad, stationary at $12 per hundred. I would simply say to distant customers, if yon wsnt to buy cAeup, you must wait until you feel a week or ,0 warm weather. A dredging hoat arrived here yesterday from Philadelphia to clear out the docks. She will commence operations at the canal basins and work down. 11 seems that a considerable quantity of mud was deposited along the w barfing by the spring freshets. Some of the Potomac fisheries have also been damaged by large deposites of mud where last season were clean gravel bottoms. No transactions took plnca at the Corn Exchange to-day, it not lieing "car-day." The transactions of this sstabliahment control the prices ot grain and flour here. Two more candidates have been put in nomination for the Dext Virginia house of delegates. "Mechanics and merchants" nominate Mr. T. B. Robertson, and "Alexandria," Mr. P. L. Smith. Messrs. Smith A Perkins, proprietors of the Alexandria Locomotive and Oar Works, iiava received liberal and urgent overtures to reuio?? (hair machinery and implements 10 Baltimore, where they are known ana appreciated as well as here. But it is to he hoped that the people of Alexandria will not fail to keep the fruits of said firm's enterprise on this side of the Potomac. VIRG1NIUS. Krom tlie New York Journal of Commerce. THE RUSSIAN WAR AGAINST CIRCASSIA. The deadly struggle which lias lasted for years between the Czar and the hardy mountaineers of Circaasia is about so assume much larger proportions, and to be prosecuted with increased energy on both sides. The Czar, having no immediate occupation for his army, has ordered 100,000 men to lee sent immediately to the Caucasus, to attack simultaneously all the strongholds of the Circassians, and, if possible, to subdne them. It is said that a brother of the Emperor is to have the chief command. The Circassians, as much devoted as ever to their cause, undaunted by the gigantic preparations of their powerful foe, are taking measures to meet the shock that awaits them. They have held a national council to provide for the defence of their country, and, to obviate the possibility of rivalry, have chosen Meheinet Bey, formerly known as Colonel Bangyar of the Hungarian army, to the chief command. This officer, who distinguished himself .in the Hungarian war, entered the Turkish service and became a Mussulman in 1853, and tose to the rank of colonel on the general staff, with the title of Meheuet Bey. He afterwards married the daughter of a Circassian chief of distinction and influence, to which circumstance, in part, he is probably indebted for the distinction which tho brave tribes of the Caucasus have conferred upon him. Having purchased mountain gnns, rockets, rifles, ammunition, and other supplies necessary for mountain warfare, he hired an English steamer and a brig, which he frcightod with his supplies at some Turkish port, skilfully concealing his secret from the authorities; set sail for Circassia towards the middle of February, ac wiujHtuieu uy Beverui auuuica rotes, ine inecounieauie enemies of Russia everywhere, and arrived at Taub on the 3d of llmt month. The lust accounts, announcing his arrival, state that ho has formally accepted the supreme command, that the nobles and deputies of Cin assia hare sworn to obey him, that they have presented to him the prophel'e Hag and other insignia of eivil and military power, and that be intends to op?u the campaign in May. The choice of a foreigner to the supreme command of the umy is said to have deeply offended ScHfcyl, the prophetwarrior of the Tcherkessee, and it was rumored that he had catered into negotiations with Russian agents for the awsptanee of the terms offered by Russia, namely: that he thonld recognise the authority of the Czar, and engage to enforee the eubmiseiou of his countrymen, and that he should receive for himself and his successors a large principality and a splendid revenue, guarantied in |>erpetuity by the Russian crown. It is nut the first time that Schamyl hss been accused of betraying to Russia the interests of his country, which he has so long and valiantly defended. During the Crimean war, when the opportunity was offered him to join the ellice, and when his doing so would have hesn a terrible blow to Russia, he not only refused to JoiD, hat concluded an armistice with the Czar, to last so long as the war wiftt the western powers and Turkey should continue. llis son, who was a Russian prisoner of war, was released and sent back to Circaseia, loaded with favors and 'liitinctions, and charged with the most profuse compli oents from the Ciar to the "illustrious chief.'' The country known as Circassia is little more than 40,0 Square mile* in nlanl >1ll, ,.An,.l.llnn nt aUnnl ? Million soolj. Tbe mountainous nature of the country, ?oil the warlike, patriotic character of the people, have ''?u*4 Cireaaaia to be called the Switzerland of Asia. Situated on the borders of Russia, so loug as it continues boaHe, it forms a formidable barrier to Russian encroachments i? Asia; but, were it once subdued, tbe Czar would be much werer India than the Persian capture of Herat would have foade him. It is supposed that the English government, futlj alive to this tact, have secretly favored tbe expedition Nebemet Bey, and supplied him with stores, ammunition, and ships. That there is soma foundation for the be" f is indicated by the tact that Russia has demanded explanations from the English and Turkish governments,, 'nd that the latter has instituted "a commission of inqui-< 7- The apparent resolution of the Czar to put an end to !>?long-protracted war of tbe Caucasus, which has already 'ost so many lives, and so many millions or roubles, with"it producing any advantage, aad the energy and valor "kWuhe untain warriors display in tbeir detemiina . ,loe |? *eeept the battle against such fearful odds, give s ?** 'atsrest to this struggle, apart from the political con""lowcss of the success or failure of the Muscovite in re*f'nK 1D<1 occupying the great natural chain of fortresses wk* Circsssia contains <j'\m. iv'.w, J i.... <i ); i . Fron the Philadelphia Ledger. TUK KIUI1T OF REVOLUTION. Her. Dr. Cheever ia sermonizing in New Yoik upon th? duty of citizens resisting lews which are opposed to their ideas of right. The right of revolution, the Doctor thinks, w is aa applicable under thia aa under any abaolute uionarch jr. Thia ia questionable. Forcible reeiatance to the lawa or the right of violent revolution in a government rc auatained by free and univeraal suffrage ia an anomaly. 'm Revolution ia the right of the people to overthrow a gov- ul eminent which dote not aubaerve the general good. But el our government ia framed upon univeraal aulfrage, and, bi theiefore, theoretically alwaya aubaervea the public good ,. or that of the greater number, for it ia not to be aupposed that the people voluntarily do what ia for their injury. With whom, then, remaina the right of revolution under di our government? With the minority 7 For they must cl be the only dissatisfied party under such a government; *c that would be to give the few the right to aay how the jjj many aball be governed, which ia deatructive of demo- c( cratic government, the fundamental principle of which ia the ti, rule of the majority. . If the right doea not eziat iu the mi- ni nority, it doca not exist at all. The majority can never be in placed constitutionally in any aituation requiring them ^ to resort to it aa a remedy for intolerable political evils, for m the people have no framed their organic law aa that gov- m eminent aball periodically revolutionize itself in every hi election, qud alwaya through that peaceful remedy cureita tr own evils, and lie at all limes the undoubted expouent of ol popular sentiment. Those who are in a minority under a ^ free government have but two courses before them?either 0; to aubmit patiently to the existing law till a correct public gi sentiment shall alter it, or to leave a country where the lh sense of justice is so weak that the majority are continu- er ally requiring of them civil duties which do violence to their consciences. Thia government was made for the uiuny, and from their authority there ia no appeal. *<-.r ai L.<? Uiu constitutional and the natural right to rule, and til they have also the power to enforce their will. It ia unrea- * sonahle to expect that they will surrender thia power after ^ contending for so many agea against aristocracies, autocra- r; cies. absolute moaarchies, and other forms of government, dt where the few had the supreme control, and used the peo- ki pie, the mass of mankind, as their slaves. Dr. Cheever ,'. wisbes to restore these good old times when he desires the jjj majority to let the minority govern them ; but the Doctor w knows more of theology than he does of politics. The common sense of mankind will correct his political vaga- bi ries and govern the nation according to enlightened no- al lions of justice and what is required under free civil govem men t. 0, B 1 rout ilie FliilaUelpliii Argua. p REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF THE MINT. fr We have received the interesting report of the director of the mint, Hon. James R. Snowden, showing the opera- jj tions of the mint and its branches for the year 1858, from t( which we glean the following particulars : Total amount of t, depositee?of gold, $55,078,402 20; of silver, (including U purchases,) $5,120,534 43; total, $00,199,030 83. The tl coinage for the same period, including bars, was as fol- '' lows : (Iold eoiu, $36,697,768 50 ; silver coins, $5,135,240; ,r,J copper coins, $27,100 78; gold bars, $32,645,590 85; u silver bars, $01,4.30 17 ; total amount of coinage, inclu- oi ding bars, $04,567,142 30. The number of pieces of coin U struck were 33,363,847 ; the number of gold and silver jj bars, 7,119. Some of tbs bullion received at San Francis- ^ co, and formed into bars, is subsequently deposited at the w otber minting establishments, and the depoaite# received n for coinage at the assay office arc transferred to the mint P Deducting these rtdtpotitet., the actual amount of gold and c< silver received during the year was $53,018,918,920 GS. The operations at the several mints and the assay office jj during the year were as follows : At the principal mint si (Philadelphia) the depositee were?in gold, $7,479,568 10; li in silver, $1,730,917 11 ; total, $9,210,485 21. The coinage amounted to $14,346,762 99, comprising $11,074,388 12 in gold, $3,215,263 09 in silver, and $27,106 78 in ? copper coins, and composed of 25,876,288 pieces. C ilanAeifoa t?v\A r>ninarrA at tVin hpfltiph mint *t Knw o Orleans during tb? year were as follows: gold depositee, c $310,025 07; silver depositea, $2,668,803 02; total depos- g Ites, $2,079,728 69. Gold coinage, $292,750; ailver, $1,744; B. total coinage, $2,036,750, comprised in 5,033,850 pieces. The branch mint at San Francisco received of gold depoaites the sura of $29,209,218 24; of silver, the sum of $246,752 92 ; total depoaites, $29,455,971 16. The operations of ( coinage were as follows: gold coins, $25,146,400; silver y coins. $177,000; refined gold bora, $122,136 55; uuparted f, or unrefined gold bars, $3,047,001 29; total operations of n coinage, including bars, $28,51C, 147 29, comprised in 1,977,- Q 559 pieces. The depoaites received at the branch mint at y Dahlonega were $101,405 26. The coinage was $102,575. r The number of pieces struck, 22,120. At the branch mint at Charlotte the sum of $173,592 53 was deposited. The () coinage amounted to $162,067 50, composed of 36,370 pieces. The operations of the branches at Dahlonega and t) Charlotte are confined to gold. The assay office at New York received during the year: Gold depositee, $17,803,692 40; and silver depositee, including purchases, $474,161 38; total depositee, ?18.277,853 78. These deposites were paid as follows: In fiue b bars. $13,094,386 36; in coin, $5,183,467 42. The number a of gold bars prepared and stamped at this office was 4,727, of the value of $19,396,046 89. ^ The amount of gold of domestic production deposited at all of the mining establishments during the year 1856 was '' r^n^aara nrnduopd from tho Ntato of California. ? ?,.u........ , F $47,600,411 08; from tho Territory of Oregon, $40,760; and from the A tlantic States, $328,'280 73 ; total domestic lO'd, $47,878,441 81. Froui (lie Richmond Enquirer. ] THE HEV. MR. KALLOCH. The jury in the case of this reverend gentleman hare, after immense toil, brought their labors to a close?the' result, tigU for acquittal, four for conriction. So that if we '' are to form an estimate of his guilt or innocence by an 0 arithmetical calculation, he is two-thirds innocent, and * one-third guilty I lj The anomalous position the distinguished lecturer and 1 divine occupies is, to say the least, unpleasant. Whether 1 he will resign bis clerical robes altogether, or grear them 4 two-thirds on, as he has latterly done, for the purpose of " reading hymns in. Tremont Church; or whether he will f devote himself exclusively to the preaching of black repub licanism, are inquiries which the curious will naturally J agitate, nntil the reverend gentleman has settled them. * Mr. Kalloch may, perhaps, be taken as a fair example of 1 northern politico-religious agitators. We doubt whether * he is better or worse than his clique or class. Ilefhaypass E unscathed among them ; for, where all are equally at fault, ' it will require even more impudence than a divine of this >c school can boast to charge on6's neighbor with crime or attempt to blazon abroad bis infamy. We know nothing of Kalloch, save what Lis trial dis- E closes. He-nay be an innocent man, after all. But if he F had been in the faithful discharge of his appropriate duties f his name would not have attained the notoriety it has in- c sured ; and, perhaps, he would mere effectively have served c his true interests as a religiontot and div ine. c What is the duty of his associates in the ministry under d present circumstances 7 Should they refuse him admit tun re into their pulpits until a verdict of acquittal is given 7 1 or will they sanction by their public favor and support a u man who, to any the least, has by indiscretion brought his * Christian character into disrepute ? '' We have no means to ascertain the state of northern n sentiment on 'these points. We know very well, however, u thai at the South inch a man. resting under inch disrepute, dare not in the face of the public or of any religious body '' aisunie the clerical iunctiom without peril of visiting upon ' the church in which he officiate! public opprobrium, and ^ exposing himself to summary punishment for his folly. * Let Kalloch retire into obscurity, wc say. Let him lay P aside the clerioal garb altogether. Let bim cease to lecture P on the Tights of man, or meddle with the rights of women, 0 until his true moral position is defined?until a jury of K his peers has pronounced him guiltless. Afterwards he F may preach black republicanism to his heart's content, and rindicate his claim to a place in King Sing or ths Tombs, f> r a bnilding correspondent to those in the State of Massa- 'I cliusetts. ti L Nobth Caroi.ika ooi.d.?We hare l>een gratified (says g the Warrenton, North Carolina, News) with the sight of s< some small nuggets of the real "sUnou-pur# stuff" from the t< mine of A. H. Davis, esq., at Ransom's bridge, about twenty g miles from Warrenton. We understand about fo'rty fcands < are employed in the mines at that place, averaging from $2 to )2 60 each hand per day. ' %?'* ' ** ^ ' * ? if > v , DEPARTMENT NEWS. til ' ai TAT* UlrAETMJUil. Siadt bun?An intelligent correspondent at Hamburgh, ho has given much attention to the subject, has furniahed ie following information concerning theStade Data : " About twenty-five miles below Hamburgh, at a naxiw place in the Kibe, the Schromiuge, a small river, empties self, on the banka of which, back a few mile* from ita oath, is situated the town or Blade. At this place a "toll," ider the name of Brinnkautm or SuuU bur., is levied on 1 vessels coming from the sea except on those of Hemrrgh. "1'hese ' dues'owe their origin to a grant from Conrad , Emperor of Uermauy, who in the year A. D. 10118, . anted permiasion to the Archbishopric of Hamburgh to Uilliili a fair or taarktl at Blade ; and he appropriated the w ities which were to he levied thereon to the benefit of the oi lurch at Hamburgh, which had been sacked and destroy- ti 1 by the Pagans, aa all outsiders were called in those gl lys. Nothing beyond a market toll, a duty to be vied on goods brought to the market of Stale, was mlernplated in this grant. But the archbishops, par- J( eulerly after the transfer of the see to Bremen, were 'a )t slow in converting, bv an arbitrary and unjust tsrpielation, the Slade market privilege, with the trifling ity attached to it, into a source of lucrative reveuua for " ielr treasury, and in place of a simple right of holding a I1 arket at Blade, they feigned a privilege of compulsory "J arket?vix: that no vessel sailing upward from the sea id a right to pass, hut should lay to and pay a sort of llj ausit, or rather passage duty, for the purpose, aa it were, '* buying off the right of sale pretended to have been grant- at I at Stale?a right which could be easily enforced, from w ,e circumstance that vessel.", as already mentioned, were >liged to sail close by the Htade river, Schwioge. tin so ouudless a fiction rests the origin of the Htade dues.. In In e year A. D. 1189 the German Emperor, the great i'red- 1U ifk Rffi-hurfiffA. (yranti>rl tn Ilnmhnrcrh tVta nrtvt(sacra wltiph a_ are hid name, beside other privileges and immunities in vor of the trade of Hamburgh. The Emperor, by this priv'ge, granted to her citizens, for their ships and tuerchan- *' ? exempt^ *** ^ the dty, with an eni, the territories of Ifes Archbishop of Bremen were ceded p, the Crown of Sweden; which government, in conge- fr teuce, claimed the right to levy the dues, as a customary ght. In A. D. 1691 a treaty between Hamburgh and Swem wag formed, wherein the rights of the former were ao- J?' towledged in the broadest sense; and a tariff wag formed r Sweden for the rest of the world, and fixed the rate at J!" >out oue-sizteenth per cent. Soon after this treaty was ! ' rmed. Stade, with the Duchies of Bremen and Verdun, as occupied by the Danes, aod finally ceded by them in ?? . D. 171 5 to the electorate of Hanover; which cession wag 04 rought about by the cabinet ol George I of England, who 01 i that time was Elector of Hanover, and for which the ritish government paid Denmark X1 50,000 gterling. ' hese tolls or dues have ever siuce been collected by Han- e? rer, except for some four or five years during the elder C1. onupartes wars, when Hanover waa in possession of the &1 rencb; none were collected, but the lower Elbe was left as f1' ec as any part of the North sea. ' " For a correct understanding of this question it is proper ?' > premise that the Lower Elbe, as it is called, (that is, from j: amburgh to the North sea,) is, strictly speaking, a part of * le sea, an arm of the ses, and has ever so been considered Ji y all the European nations in their official acts and in- , rcourse. Even at the great Congress of A. D. 1815, when . le commerce of all the German rivers was regulated, the I11 ower Elbe and Stade dues were especially omitted for the ioson assigned? that they were neutral waters, and the 11 lues" were self tolls. Hence, in my opinion, it rests alone w pou the same foundation which the Danish Hound dues do, 84 [- which the old Tripolitan tribute did, and no other; and if er le former is, and the latter was, illegal and unjust, so are f le Stade dues. It should be home in mind that Denmark ja as the territory on the right bank of the Elbe below Hamnrgh, and Hanover on the left bank, except nt Ouxhalcn, Vl here Hamburgh owns some territory. Neither Hanover P1 or Denmark has ever contributed one dollar to the im- !' rovemeut of the navigation of the Lower Elbe; but, on the [' jntrary, have ever declined to do so, while Hamburgh has rer borne tho whole burden of making such improvements, 8' nd keeps them up now at her owu expense, in this res[>ect J" >emnark has decidedly the advantage over lianovef, for " le has done something to add to the safety of the naviga- ?' on of the Sound,'' G '/Vow a Correspondent at Aspinwall, -\. r;, g( The brig Mary C. Haskell, C. M. Tinker master, of EUg. is ortli, Maine, 285 tons burden, bound from New York to T ienfucgos, waa wrecked on the east end of Cuba on the ? 5th of Marcii last, and was totally lost and abandoned, the ? rew having been brought to this port in the steamship tl ieorge Law, and will be sent to the United States in the une vessel. From a Correspondent at C'allao, J'eru. ^ The American ship Columbia, of New York, now loading r< nano at the Chincha islands, was deceived of her master. * taptain William S. Gushing, on Friday, the Oth day of [arch, 18.">7. Early in the morning Captain Gushing started n :om his ship on a sealing expedition, accompanied by his t late, Mr. Hartlett, each with a boat's crew. On reaching _ ue of the small islands to the southward of the Chinches, rhile endeavoring to beach their boats, a vory heavy sea oiled in upon them, dashing Captain Cushing's boat to & ieces. As yet nothing has keen found of Captain Cushing s r his boat's crew. V lie had live men with him'in the boat. 1 have not as yet tl een able to ascertain the names of the seamen who wore jst.?March 12, 1857. POBT OeriCI DEPARTMENT. d Ntv Post Offices.?The following new post offices have 5 een established, for which the gentlemen uaiued have been g ppointed postmasters: Rose Mary, Duplin county, North Caroliun; Burweil Whitehead, postmaster. ? Woodson, Cumberland county, Virginia; F.H. Woodson, a ostmuster. J Lodi, Washington county, Virginia; Nelson J. M. Beat!, , ostmaster. North Lyndeborough. liillsborough county, New Hampblre ; John H. Goodrich, postmaster. Clayton, Harford county, Maryland ; H. B. McClaaahaa, 8 lostmaster. * Greenland, Lancaster county, Pennsylvania ; Benjamin luckwaltcr, postmaster. c INTERIOR DltPARTMRNT. 1 (Gratuitous Distribution of Seals and Cutlinys by the Pa- ^ tnt Office.?We are informed that opposition to the pro- j urcment and gratuitous distribution ot seeds and plants by g he Patent Office has been based upon the assumption that I njury is thereby done to the interests of persons engsged in a he importation, cultivation, and sale of such products in " tiia country. Believing that noeuch effects have been con- |V emplated by any parties, and doubting the troth or the t pet assumed, we hare addressed a tew. inquiries to ihe iroper official quarter, and learn that of the $75,000 .ppropriated to the advancement of agriculture for the t 'ear eading June 30!h, 18.17, the sum of $21,441 .13 has t teen expended for the purpose named. It is presumed that 1 wenty per cent, of this amount would be a liberal allow- i .nee of profit, or $4,288 88 in all. IIow many establish- t seats there are in the United States which might contend c or this patronage, if, indeed, it could hare an existence ex- 1 ept through the agency of the Patent Office, may not be 1 letenuined with certainty ; but, supposing there were only t ISO, the profit accruing to each would be $17 11?surely t lot enough materially to prejudice the interests of their * iroprietors, even were this patronage diverted from them, t is not so diverted, however; but their business is inreased. In general, the persons who receive these seeds and 1 uttings seek thenj chiefly because they are of a reliable ' baracter, or because they are novelties; and, upon the i iemonstration of the success of any plant thus introduced, 15 , nsw channel is opened to the commerce of the seedsman, hrough which increased sales and enhanced prices are j isually derived. This hes been the expectation of the | atent Oflica and its agents, and of the legislators who g iave voted money to it# uses for agricnlturnl purposes; ^ ,nd, we may add, it is the experience of many intelligent lurserrmen and seedsmen themselves, one of whom (Mr. ohn Saul, of this city) has authorized the use of his name a support of the assertion that the agency of the Patent j, ffice has a constant tendency to advance the interest of li is pursuit Though partial evil is sometimes the unavoid- e ble concomitant of the prosecution of measures for the t; ublic good, and should therefore be borne without com- '' laint, to a reasonable extent, it still should not be nnne- " msarily inflicted; and we therefore find a double cause of p ratification in contenii.Utini/ the beuiurn influences nf the 'atent Office in the important service it is rendering. Bemotal qf Hit Office of the Surveyor General from Dt- ^ oil.?In accordance with a clause in the first section of ^ ne appropriation bill, approved March itd, 1857, instrnc- '< one have t>een issued by the Commissioner of the (General lc and Office for the removal of the office of the surveyor eneral from Detroit, Michigan, to St. Paul, Minnesota, as >on as practicable; also instructions to the land officers j prepare to turn over to the proper authorities of Michl- ' an the archives pertaining to land surveys in that State, > as to close finally the business. c Istrft Mail.?We learn that upwards of three hundred and d fty letters were received at the General baud Office on a i* -Hiu h^s^x * ,,lf'' ie 13th iust This is the second time only that 10 large a ail has been received by that department in one day. Paltnti OrattUJ.?The issues of paten ts for the week iding Tuesday, April 14, 1857, are as follows: Patents 51 Reissues 4 Additional improvements 2 Designs...^ 4 ToUl ?1 OKNEH4I, NEWS. Dsmoution.?A New York correspondent thus describe! ? demolition of the Presbyterian church in that city here the Rev. Or. Spring so long preached. The site ww fared to the general government for a post office, bnt tin tie was deemed defeotive, and it is to be covered with ores: "The tower, the last of Iheold Brick Church, was thrown )tn on Haturday evening, and a contuse^ moss of ruins all that remains of this old relic of thf 17th century, he corners of tbc tower were shored up with pitch-pint tubers, and the brick of the eastern side then all removed, 'beu it had been so far undermined that there was no imtion that the tower would fall to the eastward so soon i the props should be removed, they were surrounded with tarcoai, tar, and turpentine in large quantities. 1'Ire wiw len communicated to the combustibles, which, in a)tout (ifen minutes, burned off the props, and the whole structure >ove, leaning more and more, toppled at lasttotbegrouod iih a crash that might pass tor a respectable earthquake." A sanitary srookstion.?An interesting communication the New York Kvening Post, a portiou of which we pubih below, suggests the propriety of planting the park be,'een the Executive Mansion and the canal with pine trves, consideration of their effect upon the salnbrity of the inosphere. They would grow rapidly, and would alao t as a shield against the blasts which now come sweeping ;nnsvlvan'a"fiW<tiu?''f'-v anc* cftrrf clouds of dust through otn which we extract is Dr. R. W. Piper: " I do not know that I have ever spoken to you of the rgieuic effects of trees upon auimal .life. The Medical imeeand Gazette has an article upon this subpet, udvoiting the planting of trees in cities on account ot their iu Z w m- .-i? .v.- 1? - irmc uj/im iicniui. * uc muor uancs iuo riucarvijra ui r. Richardson for his basil, showing that animal bodies instantly give oil ammonia in large quantities, and this, imblned with rarbouic acid and poisonous gases front her sources, is the fruitful source of disease, producing tat state of the blood which is observed in those who art llicted with the low fevers so fearfully prevalent ia owded and filthy localities. 'Trees planted in our prinpal streets,' says the Times, 'would not only help to free the r front the excees of carbon, but front the ammonia,' which roduces the diseased state of the blood alluded to above, 'lauts require as steady a supply of ammonia as they do ' carbonic acid, and in tbe midst of luxuriant vegetation te putrid emanations from thedung-beap and cesspool are ins rendered Innocuous. Let us, then, nave shrttbs and ecs, by all means, wherever we can find room for them, ituothy Flint, ia bis'Valley of the Mississippi,' states thai le yellow-fever never invades the sacred precincts of the ne groves. " 1 may mention two instances of npiwrent core of paents, far gone into consumption, whom I sent to the pine oods of -Maine after they had despaired of help from any inrce. One of these patients was in such a slate as to have tlirely lost his voice. After remaining about a year in te woods, living with the lumbermen and sharing in theii bors, they returned to their homes in robust health. 1 eve a friend in lioston who every season takes a party ol tletndinarians with hint from tbe city, with the avowed jrpose of restoring them to health, through the balsamic itluenccs of the ' health of the groves.' Ana notwithstsndig In these excursions they are compelled to endure many irdships, often wet with ruin and sleeping in hastily-conructcd ledges, they invariably-return after a few weeks oaence with renewed health and vigor. As you are aware te rank, decaying vegetation of the 1'ontine marshes giver ff such poisonous emanations, that it is almost surely fad for the unacclimuted to pass a single night in theii sigbhorhood; while our Dismal Swsiup, which would em for many reasons to be more liable to be unhealthy . on the contrary, reputed to be very favorable to health bus, in planting trees in cities, either in considerable '~"?cs in parks or pleasure grounds, or more thinly in tin Lreets, ?*e contribute to the health of the inhabitants in i ray whicti >>aa heretofore been but little understood 01 sought of." Ths Bkhmcda potato raop.?c'apt. Landsev, of the brij ibby Taylor, which arrived <j N?w y0rk on Wednesday sports that there is a widc-spreau iiseuse in the potaU) cro) t Bermuda. Mobili military.?The "State artillery," or Mobile, wil rake a parade on the anniver9Ary of the -battle ot l<exlug on. a hundred atromr. iu h new uniform of the continents attern. Extraordinary verdict.?A few days since, Mr. atii Irs. Hclbing sued Philip II. Iiolilen, at Meuiphis, Tennea re, for breach of marriage contract, in falling to rnarr Irs. Helbfng when she was Miss Agnes IJandwerker, an he jury awarded $1,230 damages ! The ram. or a tower.?The Chinese Herald conGrms th eport that the (ar-famed porcelain tower at Nankin wa estroyed in November dtiring a bloody massacre of som ,000 to 6,000 imperial troopa by tho insurgents, who ha wined possession of the city by treason. Sentence of death.?Chief Justice Shaw, in Boston, o laturday, pronounced sentence of death upon James Mage nd Charles L. Cater, convicted of the murder of the vrai en aud deputy warden of the State prison. The sentenc akes effect after a year's imprisonment, according to law. Uhkat freshet in Maine.?We find in the Portland Ai ;us the following account of a freshet last week on th iscataquis river: " The rain of Monday, with the melting of a great bod, ifsnow in Piscataquis county, iu this State, carried awa ridges, dams, millB, Ac. In the town of Guilford, Low ridgo was carried away, and also the large Pork factor lelonging to W. \V. Harris. This was a brick buiidin| .nd, with its machinery, was worth $4,000 to $5,000. 1 lover village the dam above Mr. Brown's woollen factor ind Mr. Cochran's grist mill were carried away. At Eaa lover the new bridge, built the past winter, was swep iway ; also a grist mill aud saw mill, containing sblngl inJ clapboard machines. ibe covered bridge at Atkiuso vaa alio carried off. Undoubtedly more remains to b isard from. The damage is already estimated at over $30 00." Laoisi.ATtvit poi.ly.?The legislature of Masaachuseti 'Oted oni hundred Ihoutand dollare to aid the uortbern ft utics in Kansas, while, in fire years, the State expenst lave been increased from $042,000 to $1,335,000 per ai turn ; State taxes been assessed, in the same time, that i he aggregate bare amounted to $1,050,000, and the Stal Isbt increased $1,300,650. Fine time this, when In thi irief space, tbey hare spent more than three million do ars additional to the ordinary revenues, and wheu there i low needed a tax of $000,000 to pay current expenses?t ake a hundred thousand dollars from the treasury ft 'bleeding Kansas." A novelty.?A circus company which Is to travi hrough Michigan and Illinois during the coining seaaoi rill be announced by one of the "calliopes," or stean >ianos, which are a cross between a locomotive whistl ind a cracked hand-organ. Southern Aid Society.?This society was organized 1 few York and Boston some three years since, chief! hrough the exertions of He v. Luther Farnham. It is di igned to diffuse the Oospel in the unoccupied missionar ields of the southern nnd southwestern States, and w ,bstract the following sketch of its operations from th ecretary'a statement: "During the three years of its existence the sum of $2 4,#2 lac been cast into its treasury by the benevolent. Daring th ait year upwards of forty missionaries were employed i lercn States, who accomplished a large amount of CbrU ian labor. Three new churches were organized, tw louses of public worship erected, one hnndred member dded to the churches, 78,550 pages of tracts, 78 Bibles nm 48 Testaments distributed, and many children gather xto the .Sabbath schools, and much other good done." Thi ti?* to ?at.?An eminent linglish surgeon, Si lliarles Landrail), asserts that the only time at whiel party meals should be eaten is Jutt previous to retirinj >r the night.'.' The digestire organs ran then qnletly per >rm their fhnctions. A law.i prriuht.?The Albany Knickerbocker of Sat rday last says that the steamer New World bad arrirei lorn New Yorfc bringing /rrjo h^n^rhllont of J'rfijht. I * ,i' f :. Valdarlr propcrty.?The mansion-house of Hon. Joaial (uincy, sen , on the corner of Beaconhill place and Bow oin street, near the State-house, in Boaton, was sold a uction on Thursday last.for $17,700. I **... ? | rji." ' , * .1 h. * 1 ,R V -i. b ' - ' ' 1 > LOCAL NEW). Presents roK the PrimTlie butchers of Pennsylvania appear determined to keep the Uble at the Kxecutive Mansion eupplied with fiue r ore ting-pierce of choice . beef. We learn that the Express company haa brought some noble eirloina here within afew ilaya, from the butchers at York, Penmylranin, and from Wm. Anthony, and others, of Hanorer, Pennsylvania. National Hotel.?We are informed that Mr. H. L. Scranton, of the Tontine Hotel at New Haven, has leased the National Hotel in this city for ten years, and will soon re1 open it. He proposes to refurnish it, and to make several > changes in the building, which can but remove all "viias1 ma." Meanwhile we hear of the victims of the recent en1 dcmic on every hand. A Philadelphia paper of yesterday 1 says: "A much-respected nirmber of the 'United States Cor1 net Band,' Henry Birks, died in this city on Friday night, 1 of the same disorder which affected so many who partook of ll* recent poisoned food at Washington, on the 4th of ' Mnmi. He accompanied the Band with the Twelfth Ward ' Democratic Association. He baa been ill ever since. ' "In this counexlon, we might mention that Mr. Baker, ' the newly-appointed collector of this port, who has been lying seriously ill at Lancaster from the same malady, Is ' now convalescing slowly." 1 Session ok the Presbytery.?The spring meeting ol the Presbytery of the District of Columbia (which includes churches in Baltimore and other places in Maryland) was opened with a sermon by the Rev. J. 8. Hammer, D. D. The U9ual business was transacted, and the next meeting of the Presbytery was ordered to he held at Lisbon, Maryland, on the first Tuesday in October next. Rev. H. Donning, the preseui ?-"b-rator, will preach the opening sermon on that occasion. ? Art Association.?This i,'tl?w*u-j. -,hihiti<ui, we aie pleased to learn, attracts crowds of vinted, ' tiie nwinfino* admirers who are wi1"BS t? bant their opinions." The "Bull b?i*ua u.v Dogs" is said to have been sold for two thousand dollars, and several other paintings have been purchased at encouraging prices. Lights is Georgetown.?Onr neighbors on the other 1 aide of Rock creek now enjoy lighted streets wkeu the 1 moon does not shine. The gas company certainly supplies \ a brilliant and clear light, much superior to that which , often only makes " darkness visible" in this city. The Long Bridge.?We lenra that the Secretary of the i Interior has not decided tb have the entire amount voted i by Congress for the repair of the bridges in the District appropriated to tt temporary reconstruction of the Long Bridge. Ga and do likewise.?A pair of moist blue eyes 1 looked entreatingly yesterday morning into our face, and a soft musical voice breathed into our ear "Please, sir, buy ' a ticket to our concert." Who could resist such eloquent pleading ? Not we; for tickets are in our possession, and we feel bound to attend the concert of the first and second district schools of this city at the Smithsonian Institution : on the 28lh instant. The performance will take place under the direction of Mr. J. 11. Daniel. Tut Siamese oieth.?The presents from the Kings of I Siam (who are not, be it understood, joined as are the fa; mous "twins") have been deposited in a cose in the musebm at the Department of the Interior. They are well worth a visit, although inferior to the articles from Japan in an adjacent case. , Election.?At a regular meeting of the Washington Hei brew Young Men's Benevolent Society, the following ofli' cere were elected for the ensuing six months: Samuel Sam| stag, president; Henry Nachman, vice president; Henry King, treasurer; Solomon Bower, recording secretary, and Charles Frlrlch, financial secretary. j Improvements.?In addition to the opeuiug of streets in i the First Ward, wo learn that a considerable force of la ' borers are now engaged in cutting down I street, where it intersects the grounds of Judge Douglas's present residence , and the recent purchases of Messrs. Rice and Douglas. The grade at this point is eighteen or twenty feet below J the present level, hut the vast amount of dirt will be used la grading the same street a few rods lo the east, and the sale of crave! from reducing the grounds DarcWml ?? tt,* 1 griulfc* of the streets will nearly cover all the expense of ictuovol St. Patricks Total abstinence Society.?TUe second monthly meeting of the above temperance association was I held on Sunday afternoon at the now parish school room* i- of St Patrick's Church, Rev. T. 0. Toole, president, in the y chair. The president gave a very interesting account of A the prosperous condition of the association, the wide field of usefulness which it had entered upon, and dwelt with much felicity of thought and expression upon the advante ages which it offered to those of its members who hailed s from the land consecrated by the labors of St. Patrick, in e fitting themselves to become worthy citizens of this repubII lie and proper recipients of the blessings of constitutional liberty, which it dispenses alike to every citizen* In obedience to a general call from the association, II. 0. McLaughHd, esq., first vice-president, addressed the meeting for nearly an hour, in a speech of great eloquence and power. His allusions to the labor* and successes of Father Matthew, the Irish apostle* of temperance, weye happily conceived, and told upon the audience with great effect. The society added 97 members to its list, and, after deft voting some three hours to the noble objects ef their union, adjourned to the ueit regular monthly meeting. y Tue mute cniLDBKN.?The mute children taken front tho s custody of Dr. Skinner, by order of the circuit court, were y yesterday brought before Judge Purcell, of the orphan's [' court, for his decision as to their further guardianship. y fne distrlot attorney proposed that they Bhould be placed it in charge of Hon. Amos Kendall, president of the new Deaf it and Dumb Asylum, but Mr. Bradley, as counsel for Mr. e Skinner, objected. He held that, as the children belonged to New York, whore they had been intrusted to the guard. lanship of Mr. Skinner, tile court h id not, consequently, ' jurisdiction over them Tho court will give its decision to-morrow. i- Sun pictures.?Wbitehurst was honored with three of ig the premiums awarded by the Metropolitan Mechanics' Instituto, at its recent exhibition, and his saloon 1 as since D bean thronged with those eager to possess one of .lis fine te ambrotypes, daguerreotypes, or photographs. In either ol is these varieties of tun painting Whitehurst's establishment 1- has a deservedly high reputation, and the gentlemen in il charge are especially patient and successful in obtaining 0 likenesses of juvenile sitters. >r Amateur theatricals.?The "Dramatic Association of Georgetown College'' gave their representation for the ?1 Easter holidays yesterday afternoon, greatly to tho dc1 light of a largo audience. Tbey performed " William i-l Tell," with the farce of "Paris and Hack for ?5," and e Witbers's Band discoursed excellent music. Tho lad who enacted the part of Tell's son won especial admiration. v Masonic funeral.?The funeral of Judge K. Smith Dee, yesterday afternoon, was escorted by the Washington Enj campmunt 0f Knight Templars, and attended by a Masonic "e Lodge. The Encampment turned out with full ranks, e with a fine band of music, and their martial regalia. H Fire.?a stable in Georgetown wag destroyed by fire e yesterday afternoon, and most of our city engines went n over. Some of tbem were thus forced to drag their "mai chines" at least half a dozen milee, a jaunt which should o have been spared them by some timely notice. * .. d UIKU, Al I..intruder city, Pennsylvania, on the 1.1th last., SAMUEL. IIAMKd, only child of rtsMtist. C. lUaca, esq., uid grandson of r Capi. T. 1). Sit aw, of tha United Slates navy. ay- Metropolitan Hachanlci' Institute.?An annunl a meeting of the MeUopolilna Mechanics' Institute will he held in the w aldermen's room, City llall, on Wetlncaday evening neat, at o'clock, for tlie purpose of electing a prraident, four vice presidents, corresponding, ircotding, and financial eeoreuriee, a treasurer, a librarian, anil eight directors. The members are particulutly re - inrstnl to attaad. .. . . . TIIOS. C. MAORIIDEll, j April H- ?21 ,' ; l!: Recording secretary. I,. J. Middleton, ^ Jet Draltr, office lad Depot southwest corner ef F and Twelfth streets, WtimirM) D. C, Ap 11?dl?f ' ? ' f ' BY TKlMGKiPU. j Four Day Later from Kurop*.?Arrival of tie horuena. New Yoaa, April 14.?The screw steamship llorussia, from Hamburg on the lit inat., arrived at this port this afternoon. She bringi Liverpool advices of the 31st March, received via telegraph at Hamburgh. The Liverpool cotton market was reported unchanged and stead/, with sales for Monday and Tuesday of 10,000 bales. Consols for money closed at 9.1%. From JSt. Louie. j Kt. Loom, April 14.?A Mount Vernon Association was organized here last night by a large number of ladles of this city. Miss Heron wad received in the most enthusiastic manner at the St. Louis theatre last night. The steamer Keaeue was sunk by a collision with the Rock island bridge.on the 10th. Several other steamers have been injured since the resumption of navigation. Markete. Haw Youc, April 14.? (fetton is firm?sales*of 2,000 bales. Flour is higher and closes firm?sales of 12,000 bushels; State, $5 00 a $5 75; southern, $6 15 a $0 40. Wheat is firm?sales of 7,000 bushels ; southern white, $1 61. Corn : has advanced?sales of 30,000 bushels; mixed, 71 cents. Fork is unsettled?mess, $22 15 a $22 30. Beef is firm?repacked Chicago, $16 25. Lard is unchanged?barrels, 14% a 14% cents. Whiskey is steady?Ohio, 26 cents. Coffee I J; dull?Klo, 11% cents. Sugar is buoyant?Cuba Muscovado, i 9% a 10% cents. Molssses is dull?Orleans, 76 cents. Hpir- ;Jf its turpentine Is firm at 48 cents. Rosin Is steady?common, $1 80. Rice is buoyant at 4 a 4% cents. Freights are heavy. ?i - - ' OFFICIAL.. Tatascav DerarrmST, March 12, 1657. Notice is hereby given to holders of slock of (he loans of flu! I'ui ted .Stales, that this department will purchase lire same until the 1st obtdtfidUyre neat, unless the sum of $1,500,UOO shall be previously '4 date of the last senrrxtiH.Wl^y/.jVf Interest Vi'eVJsj/ft" with one day's additional interest i?. u?. ?n(.y to reach the veuuu. the following rates of premium on said stocks : For the stock of Is 12, a premium of 10 per cent. For the stork of 1847 and 1848, a premium of 16 per cent.; and ,< for the stock of 1850, comiuuiily called Texas ludemuhy Slock, a . premium of 6 per cent. . Certificates of stock transmitted to the department, under this no- f tlce, must be assigned to the United Stales, by the party duly entitled jl to receive the proceeds. . Payment for the stocks so assigned and transmitted will be made 'i by drafts on the Assistant Treasurers at Boston, New York, or Phila V delpbla, at the option of the parlies entitled to rocelve the ntauey, f which should he expressed iu the tellers accompanying the ce'uu m rates. UOWKl.l. COBB, ;f Mar 13?dtlstJuneif Secretary of Utu Treasury. * PKKK UUHN1NU COAL Ju.I roceive.1 one eir.r. hue... i" A iug cogl exproasly for cooking. ? All coa* well screened before delivery. | ' A superior lot of wood now on hand. } Fair weight uud rut asurc may Im relied on iu all cases, mud llto M price as low a> the beet article will admit Sf; Coal kept under cover, SI,2*0 pound* to the ion. mi T. J. Si W. M. HALT, I! Northwest comer 12Ur arid C street*, No. 547, One square south of Toon. avenue. >t>: Ap 10?diiw A WId call attention to our very large auortmeut of spring business coa's, of all stylos and colors, making the uuwt ! complete assortment in this city, ai our usual low prices lor cash. r>< NOAH WALKER Ik CO., Ap II?Stiff 36d Browns' Hotel Building. ' By C. \V. UOTSLBR, Auctioneer. SALE OF EXCELLENT HOU8EUOLU FURMTIJHE AT uuction.?On Wednesday morning, April loth, at 10,14 o'clock, I shall aett at the residence of the Hon Caleb OUshtng, (the west I house in Franklin row, between 18th and lUlh.streeti,) a large and handsome collection of household furniture, embracing in pari, via : I solid walnut parlor suite, consisting of one tete-a-tete sofa, sis parlor chairs, and one arm-chair, covered Willi green plush 1 solid rosewood parlor sulle, finished in drub silk, consist ingofonc large French sola, six reception chairs, and one ' arm choir 1 solid walnut parlor suite, finished In green velvet, constatiitg ol one tele-a-tele sofa, five parlor chairs, and one arm cbair Handsome mile of damask and lace cuilaiua nnd ornnmrnl* cine superior curved roscwooj centre-table, with marble lop Bel of girandoles, handsome mauiet oruaiueois Tapestry, Brussels, parlor, and stair carpeting Heavy tugs, very haiidscme walnut e.tagere Fine walnut gothic parlor chair Uuperior walnut hall set, consisting of pat rack, two gothic chairs, and marble top table Hall oilcloth, walnut extension dining table One set of heavy lire-gilt platans Walnut side table Fine French China dinner, dea'erl, und traware Crockery and cut glassware Table eutlury, plalod castors Heavy silver-plated lea set, clock Hrcuzcil Iron fire sets Window curtains and ornaments, Venitlan bou .s. window shades Brussels and Ingrain carpeting 1 elegant set of carved mahogany chamber furniture, cotielst leg of wardrobe, dressing bureau, with irurrb'u top, high 'V uosl bedsteads, washmand, Willi inatble lop, tie. f-upc.^, curled hair and shuck mattresses Feather piiuc?, blankets Comforts, counierpsuss, sheets, etc. Mahogany, French chairs, severed with red plush \Yqlnut beaded bedstead Do wardrobe Do dressing bureau, with marble top Do euclosed wasbeland, do do Mahogany quartette tables, toilet sals Mahogany dressing bureaus, with marble tops Do washstanda Do wardrobes Uti French bedsteads ; Cane and wood-seat chairs Kitchen furniture Cooking store, cording requisites, Ac. ; Terms: All sums and under %40, cash; over (40, accadilof .* sixty and ninety dayn, for approved endorsed notes, bearing Interest. C. W. UOTKLEH, Auctioneer. Ap 10-dlids FOR 8AI,K OR RENT?That desirable brick dwclling-honso situated ou tire cast side of Congress street, nosr Road street, on Georgetown Heights. The house contains ten rooms, including the kitchen and all necessary out buildings, his surrounded by n lot 150 feet front by 240 feet deep, with a JO tool alley running the whole length of the south side of the ssma. Adjoining the above property 1 have several line builrjing lots, which I will ssll on reasonable terms. Title Indisputable, and Immediate possession given. For flintier particulars apply at my office, opposite the Treasury. Ap U-dtfif BROOKE B. WILLIAMS. Win. J. ROSE, Translator. TRANSLATIONS of legal and lk-rary documents and manuscripts of every description Irnaa the Italian, Ocrrunn, French, flpanirh, Portuguese, Dutch, Danish, Swedish, and oilier 1st: guages, prepared with neatness and despatch. Also, manuscripts revised, corrected, and prepared for the press, anil speeches, letters, essays, lectures, articles, and correspondence of every kind furnished on short notice. Addresa WM. J. ROSE, Ap 9?rllw 108 Naseen street. New York. Land Agency, At CoimetI Blaffi, Iowa, and Omaha City, Nebraska. ELOWE, having resigned tho office of receiver of public mon . rys at Council BluO's, Iowa, for the purpose of engaging in lite business above indicated, will buy and sell real estate, make collections, pay taxes, and buv, sell, and locate land tvarrams, both in Iowa and Nebraska. Address E. LOWE, . Council Bluff*, lotva. E. LOWE U CO., Omalta City, Nebraska. Refers to lion. Charles Mason, Commissiener of Patents ; Jan. T. Pales, eso., of lite Patent Office ; Wm. M. Ferguson, esq.; Pslro V Nourse, W ashington cllyi and Hon. C. W. Jones, Hailed Hiatus Senate. , Mar 33?dlflin* The Coaipagnie LyonuuibC, A'o. 37 Boulevard dee Caput inet, Parte. SILK BTUFF3, LACE, NOVELTIES OF DIFFERENT TEX TURKS, READY MADE ARTICLES, PRINTED MUSLINS, INDIA AND FRENCH CASHMERES. THIS house Is the most highly recommended in France, and the most considerable establishment in Europe, not only on account of the Importance of Its manufactures mid its estensive soles, hut by the grandeur nnd ertent of its warerooms, having an entrance In three different streets. The COMPAONIE LYONNAISE sell none but articles of their own manufacture, and thus by bringing nttrclia mil* in direct relation With ihe manufacturer, are enabled to offer tliem greater advantage* than any other establishment. Ap 10?dlmif MOUNT WASHINGTON KKMAIaK COLLKWK, NKAU BALTIHUHK. The 8UMMER SESSION of till* flourishing institution, located at Mount Washington, si* mile* out on the Northern Central railroad, nnd chartered hy Ihe Maryland legislature, will open on the Brat Wedneaday in May, 1857, with a full fhculiy of experienced iiietructora, consisting of five gentlemen and several ladie*. Tina college I* all that could well lie de*irnd for Ihe purposes of n finlghrd female education. No pain* or nipensc have been spared in make it what it ought to be in all reaped*. The locality I* highly sulu hrlnu* and picturesque, and ha* been selected a* ore of the most desirable In Ihe State. The shady nnd beautiful ground* afford ample scope Ibr plcanant walk* and healthful recreation. The building i? a large, imposing brick edifice, (erected ejpresely for a firet class female college,) thoroughly ventilated, lighted with gas, handsomely furnished, water supplied to each ttory, and has ac commodationa for about 100 boarders. The establishment is ?ery complete, costing not lens ihan $iu.WX>. Duting this the drat year of It* operation, Tt numbers 57 hoarder*. Catalogues and furiher information maybe obtained at the Union office ; and of Rev. Dr. E. Ileiner and Hon. J. Vanesnt, Baltimore; and Rev. George Lewis S latey, Principal, Mount Washington, M&rylkndr EI.I AN IIEINER, March U?8alfcWed6w President of the Board of Visiters. NKW OOUDIk-r.. OWEN A SON. Milit*..y tnd Naval Mer chant 1'ailora, No. 312 Pennsylvania avenue, respectfully inako known to their friends and cualomers led ihe public generally, that their New Block of spring and mtnioer goods ar* now open for in speetion, consisting ot superior black, blue, and fancy cloths ; select patterns of fancy caasiqiere* ard drillings, with a choice assortment of vesting" of various style* of patterns , together with a full sup ply of gentlemen's furnishing goodn of svsty variety?to the emit nation Of which Ihey Invite a Mendly rail, April 1?dlwfceodtw [Star.] .. V