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morality and crime. There is natural truth
enough in this proposition, to carry conviction to the minds of the most skeptical, and it can safely be treated as an axiom, the eliect of this potent agency, is to ilevelope the intellect, to elevate the moral faculties, to raise man a bove the animal creation, and fashion him alter his Maker. lam aware that I can be pointed to instances of the perpetration of the greatest crimes by persons ot education. But exceptions to a general rule rather strengthen than weaken it# force. Besides, there may be intellect with out conscience, and when 1 speak ot education in this connection, I have reference to thejjuai ities of the heart, as well as I hose ot the head. 1 certainly cannot be mistaken in the belief that, were society to take entire charge and control of the destitute and vagrant youth that are found in our cities and larger towns, and to send them to school, the effect would be to lessen materi ally the aggregate of juvenile delinquency. Hut we are not left to theory and speculation alone to maintain t jxisition. There are stubborn facts in the Injury of the past, which may be relied upon as.evifence of its truth. The New York Prison dSßriation for the year 18.)0, say that examination into the causes of crime, leads them to this result , that neglected education is the prolific cause of most of the crime amongst its. Of 7'12 convicts at Auburn, hi7 were nev "T- instructed in any tiade or calling: .771 were intemperate ; 488 had received no moral instruc tion, and 512 had never read the Bible, or at tended Divine worship. , The Secretary ot the Stale of Massachusetts reports th£ whole number ol committals to Pri sons and Hkuses of Correction, tor the year 1857, at 17,927, nf whom about one-half could neither read nor write. The limy. Win. D. Kelley, in an address delivered at the opening of the th r branch of this institution, in 1849, presented statistics de monstrating that a large proportion of the con victs in the Criminal Courts,;and of the delin quents assigned to the House of Refuge, were very deficient in the rudiments ot an education. In Great Britain, in 1849, in a report exhi biting the degree of education, amongst the criminals of that year, it is stated that out ol 41,989 offenders, 31,740 were males, and 10,- 849 were females. Of the former, 8,484 could read and write, 3,000 could read only, and 12,- 151 could neither read nor write, and of the remaining 9,878, no information could be ob tained. Of the females, 975 could nad and write, 1,500 could read, and 5,877 were total ly ignorant. The Minister of Justice in France, in his an nua! report of 1849, says; That out of the whole uumhr then in the Department of the Seine, 3,355 could neither read nor write, and 328 were to some degree persons of education. A comparison of the condition of Spain with that of England, indicates most clearly the al liance between ignorance and crime. The peo ple of the latter escape the scourge of crime, in about the ratio that they stand in advance of the former in the work ol education. The statistics of Scotland and Ireland, furnish unmistakable evidence to sustain tlie saine \ iew. And in the criminal statistics of France, as compared with Prussia, the same striking fact is observed—the latter possessing the highest de gree of education, and exhibiting the smallest per centage of crime. The same condition ol things exists in other parts ol Europe, but no where is tlie fact more apparant than in a com parison between Hie criminal statistics of Great Britain and those of'the United States, deduct ing from the latter the convicts who are not citizens ot the country, The natural proclivity ol ignorance and sup erstition to vice and crime is abundantly evinc ed in other and less civilized parts of the world: and in their history the fact is attested, that a hi - frighted intellect and distorted moral perceptions are found the fruitful sources oi cruelty and crime. The hi story ol'Tartary, Hindoostan, Benin, and other petty states of Africa: of New Zealand and the Sandwich Islands, and the Islands of Ihe Soul it Pacific, prior to tin ir moral transformation, is replete with testimony to sustain the position. The destruction of infants, the drowning of aged parents, the ottering of human beings in sacri fice, the barl>aroils tortures inflicted on the van quished in battle, are the fearful consequences of moral obliquity and human depravitv. It is to ignorance, and its natural offspring superstition, that the vices and barbarities of the ancient pa gan world are to be rnainlv attributed. And if we turn our eves to the actuai state of society around us, we shall find the same causes operat ing. Who are most frequently engaged in brawling and debauchery ? In,the commission of theft arUTother petty offences ? In rioting, turbulence, ami disorder ? Are they not, lor the most part, the rude, the ignorant, the untu tored—those whose moral instruction has been sadly neglected, by their parents and guardians, and whose wayward inclinations have led them to turn a deaf ear to the voice of wisdom and truth ?- But it is scarcely necessary to pursue this idea further. Enough has been presented 1 > show the transcendent importance of general education to any people. I hold it -as amongst the highest duties ol government to provide lor the education of the people, and especially for the poor and helpless "who have a claim lourid e<! in nature." Nowhere is this obligation more sacred or imperative, than in a government like ours, whose very iouodatiora rest upon popular will, and whose stability and efficiency depend upon the virtue and intelligence of the people. True political economy not less than moral ob ligation indicates this dutv. A distinguished philanthropist of Europe said : "It were wise to give pence to infant sciiooh, and thereby save pounds in the expenses ot jails, bridewells, tread mills, transportations, and executions." "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure," is a saving as true ot social and moral as of phy sical diseases. A wise economist has said : Take care of the pence, and the pounds will take care ot tlu'ins'lves;" and it may as truly be said, let government take care of the young, a:;d when the young become ol ! they will take care of the government. This will be placing the axe at the root of the evil. in conclusion, let us dedicate this magnifi cent structure, so complete in all its arrange ments and spacious in its departments, to the great work of mercy and justice, for which it r>as bryn reared, it is the natural result of that euiarg.-J item rosily and comprehensive hem-va lence, vviiich has at limes -o distirtijuishfd the people of Philadelphia. In its object and intent —-in it s ilf'VfMlilfl to tile good of ethers, v\v have an apt ilia .'.ration of the humane aad beuevo!. Nt piincipi sot the illustrious 1 under of your great city, wii. se goodness an<i genius s - ins stumped and impressed up on every page of y our his* ;rv. J:i its practical workings, lam confident it will Teflect the real beauties of our republican and so cial system of governim nt. it will he aRu i i;v: in the true sense of the term. A home, a achool, a guardian ana mam tor the parartless and destitute, who may sin, from the force of their unhappy condition. A master and rod ot cor rection for (lie wayward, the vicious and re fractory. Within its spacious apartments let all such he gathered, not to be punished and disgraced as criminals, and then returned to their old associations to repeat their offences; but to be cured if possible nf moral pollution: to be instructed in the rudiments of education; in lessons of virtue and truth: to be trained to ha bits of industry and obedience; to be made "wiser and better," ami thenceforth to go abroad into the world, shielded by the benign princi ples thus imbibed, and taking their positions in society as useful and honorable members, bear ing willing and emphatic testimony to the mer its of this chai ity. What a gigantic, work ! It were enough to startle the most sanguine, and yet I am free fo predict for the Refuge, a brilliant triumph in tiie accomplishment of the task. It was tlie proud boast of the Romans that, "whilst the coliseum stands, Rome shall stand." The thought was vain, for "Time's effacing fin ger" ever points to the fallacy of human ex pectations. The humbled piideand departed -grandeur of the once mistress of the world ate a fitting commentary upon worldly am bition. But in the benign principles of your institution you have the grounds of a rational, a far more religious belief, that, long after the proud structure vou have erected shall have crumbled to dust, the results of its practical and genuine benevolence will remain your most fit ting monument, and, through all coming time, exercise a healthy influence upon the peace and welfare ol your beloved city and common wealth. NOTE FROM THE ROM MITT RE ON i'i.'iif.l -CATION. THE CO;.: MITTEC ox run Prnr.ic.vTiox or GOVE::- NO t: BK.I.KJLS A ill' R ESS avail theinVelves ol the oppor tunity afionied by its general iliUr.bution, through- j out the various counties ot'the State, to call the at- | tention of their fellow-citizen-, to the recent change in the law, relative to the mode of committing sub jects to the House of Refuse. The law, a- amend, d. provides that "the Managers of the House of Relume shall receive under their care and guardianship, in fants under the age ol twenty-one rears, committed i to their custody lv two J :i.lies, the President Judge being one, of the f'onit of Common Pleas of any County in the Eastern Di.-t-ict of Pennsylvania (which said District shall embrace all the counties oi'the Commonwealth, from which infants canuot lie sent to the 'House of Refuge id Western Pennsylva nia, 7 ) except the County of Philadelphia, in which said infant resides or may be found, on complaint j and due proof made to them by the parent, guardian, ! or next friend of such infant, that such infant is im- j manageable, and beyond the control of the complain ant, and that the future wellare of said infant re-; quires that such infant should he placed under the j care and guardianship of tb > said Manager* of the House of Refuge : or when said complaint and due proof shall be made by the prosecuting officer of the County, that said infant is unmanageable, or a va grant, and has no parent or guardian capable and willing to restrain, manage, and take proper care of : such infant." And it further provides that "the said Judges shall ; carefully examine the complaint made to them in the j pre.-ence ol the complainant and infant complained j of, and for the purpose of bringing the parties and , witnesses before tliern, shall be fully adtiiorizeil to j use such process of trie Court as may be necessary ; I and where the said Judges shall adjudge an infant to be a proper subject lor the care and guardianship of the said Managers of the House oflleluge. they shall, in addition to their adjudication, transmit to the said Managers the testimony taken before them, on which their adjudication was founded, and the said testimo ny shall be taken under oath or affirmation of the witnesses, and in the presence of the party complain ed ot." f>v the above-named change in the law, it will be perceived that the opporiumty is now afforded for tiye commitment of subjects without a trial by jury, from any county of our State from which infants cannot he sent to tlie 'House ol Refuge of Western Pennsylva nia,' at Pittsburg. Heretofore, this right of commit ment without a trial has been confined to Philadel phia County, and consequently a large prnortion of the inmates have been received from ibis county. Rut it is confidently believed by the committee, that in future a large number of subjects will annually be received from other sertions of the State, and hence they deem it of great importance that the nature ol the institution, anil its proper sphere of operation, should be generally known throughout the State : ami for the purpose of disseminating correct informa tion on the-;- topics, they here present a few very brief remarks in relation thereto. The House of Refuge is a Manual Libnn ■ Jlrfonn designed for the reformation of juvenile de linquents ; it is tint a prison for the punishment of of fenders ; hence, the earlier in his career of delinquen cy, ami the younger in years, that a subject is com mitted to the institution, the more effective is its dis ciplinary training likely to be. Ami, to avoid vexatious mistakes, the committee would further state that the institution is nut de signed for an nssyhun for the irnbeci e or the maim ed, nor for a hospital for tic weak ami sickly, nor yet to supplant the almshouse : but sun ply /or t/'tc re l'or,,ml ton nf /ttv> niit 'lt'l in ''it'll /*. L-"The Baltimore. Pulriof, Whig, thus comments on the disbanding of the Whig par ty : Whatever of ancient sympathy we may have im! with the gallant Northern Whigs wfnretuod by Web ster and Fillmore w hen they stood by the Union and the rights of the South, we can feel little regret at parting with a taction w hose leadeis are mercenary, and whose masses mad. II that faction would rather see the fugitive ne gro protected than the manufacturer: if it likes i better the friendship of Garrison atul Frederick Douglas than that of J. P. Benjamin, or Alex ander Stephens, or Meredith P. Gentry; it it prefers a naked and supererogatory decree ex cluding the South from territory which she I never expected to occupy, to a cordial iuler i change ol products and a liberal cession o! corn j mercial advantages; if it would swap the sister States of the South for nionatchiai Canada—for Canada, whose population was driven front the Republican colonies because they would not de fend their liberties—who still repeat the tradi tions of confiscation an exile! who sneer at our institutions and laud with obsequious loyalty those which they have derived from the crown. ! If the Northern Whigs prefer an alliance with those who quitted their Southern homes to lay on Boston Heights confronting a powerful foe j without the aiiiUuition to have repulsed him— j who endured the trials of Valley Forge—who met the confident foe at Monmouth, and crossed the wintry Delaware to strike a blow for free dom when she almost despaired of existence— who hied with tlie men of Massachusetts in the trenches of Yorktown, ami saw the humbled battalion of the haughty invaders pile their w-apons at their feet. If the Northern Whig: are willing as they have professed, to ex< ban. e American hvmeri lor British subjects, and ii j publican Whigs lor r [legacies, fanatics, and fu j gitive slaves we cannot under such circutn ; stances nhoid our approval. N il-respect— j the protection oi our fireside demands it. and. it Is lii -lie. 7 IVE are cuthoriZril to announce MJJ. S ai t:l. 11. i ati , <>( tins borough, as a ramliihite for I'ro thonat-.ry subject to the decision ol the Democratic County Convention. U-. WE are authorized to announce WJI. M. HALL, E e.. o! Bedford, ... a candidate for the Legislature, subject to the decision of the Democratic District Conference. Tills BEDFORD GAZETTE, IKdiord, July £l, ls.il, G. W. Bowmaiij Editor and Proprietor. Eemooratic State Ticket. GOVERNOR: HON. WILLIAM BIGLER. JUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT: HON. JEREMIAH S. BLACK. CANAL COMMISSIONER: COL. HENRY S. MOTT. GbT** We invite attention to the advertisement at" Messrs. PARSER and LAIRD which will be found in tbe pioper column. CC7" Among the arrivals at the Springs during the hist few days, we are pleased to oleerve Gen. H. I>. FOSTER, T. J. BARCLAY, Esq., 11. P. LAIRD, Esq., and Dr. S. P. BROWN, of Westmoreland— GEO. P. ! HAMII.ION, Esq.. ot Pittsburg, and Col. CHAHUERS MCKIRHEN, of the Merchant's Hotel, Philadelphia.: The place is rapidly filling up, and the season bids j lair to be a good one. Cy The Democratic State Central Committee have published their first address, and, as was to be ; expected, it is a musft'iiy production. We will lay it befere our readers 111 the Gazette of next week, and invite for it a careful perusal. We presume it is from the pen of ti.e talented chairman, Mr. DUNHAM. Editors i:i To v. it. DY SENARY LIUDKR, Esq., formerly of this PLACO,* and at present Editor of the Hanover Spectator, in j York County, has been spending a few days at the \ Bedford Springs—also, J A VIES 11. iv.xs.nj, Esq. Edi- i tor of the Fulton Democrat. TKAFKRAJVCK ADDRESS. C.R The Rev. Jon:. CHAMBERS, of Philadelphia, delivered an Address on Temperance in tbe Pic-s'hy terian Church, in this place, on last Tuesday eve ning, which was listened to with marked attention and interest. We have heard a great many Temperance speech- j es, but we never heaid any 11 un who handled this ; subject as well as the Ui:v. gentleman alluded to, and we regret that he could not have been heard by ; every man and woman in the county. Whilst his' style is clear, easy, forcible, and eloquent, his lan-j giuge is moderate, chaste, and convincing ; and, un- j like most tempeiuncc Lecturers, he gives c'aaractrr to the cause he so ardently es; ruses by the amis<inn ol all vulgar phrases and dish-water anecdotes. He portrays the general•*vils of intemperance, without making those low personal allusions which so often render temperance meeting, a men fa/re, and he L evidently opposed to hanging the cause of Temperance : to the slirlr of lite political parlies uj' the 'lay, as some : indiscreet men are trying to do. He wants it to stand upon its own merits. In the course of his add re-s, ; the liev. gentleman took occasion to say, incidental ly, in alluding to the "Know* Nothing"' order which has recently ,-prung into existence, thai lie desired j to have no association or co ion with this "SE CRET SWORN COMBUfATION," a sentiment' which will find a hearty re-pSfi-e in the bosom of every correct ir.ind in tbe Common wealth, whether Democrat or Whig. One of the great misfortunes of the age is*, that too : many "Ki.ow Nothings" have undertaken to tinier the Temperance cause, and hence it is not an unusual thing to see speakers addressing empty benches, and , pas-ing resolutions by the same kind of dumih voters,! as T*l VI.K* SENTIMENT! Jf the people were satisjiul that gentlemen of the ability and can .'or of Dr. | CHAM HERS would address them, when Temperance meetings are called, all classes and conditions of mankind would throng the place, and iisten with re spectful attention. OOV. Sialics*'* A<!dress. OH/ 7 We have read with great pleasure and with profit the Address delivered by Gov. Rm- LUK at tlm opening for the reception ol inmates of the new Department of the House of Refuge for Juvenile Delinquents, n: Philadelphia, which we lay before our readers, entire, this week.— We invite for it an attentive perusal. It is alike creditable to the- mind and the heart of the author. Of the many vast changes physical, social, and moral, which the last half century has un folded, hv no means the least ] tent in its bear ings on the temporal and eternal welfare of man kind, has been the tearing down to a very* great extent at least, of tbe sanguinary and vindictive criminal codes of the eighteenth century—codes which consigned men to Dot any Ray or Cay enne for tiie larceny of a'pocket handkerchief, and lunched them into eternity for the theft of a sheep—codes which crowded, promiscuously, offenders of every grade, offenders, sometimes, whose only* sins were imprudence and folly, ol fenders, oftentimes, whom misery and want had driven into crime, into dark, damp, narrow, loathsome dungeons, in idleness and tilth, in sickness of body and of soul, unheeded, un cared for, except by brutal jailors, as cruel, as blood thirsty, as the codes of which they Were the ministers. However the speculative writers of the last century may have recognized the principle that the real object of punishment is the prevention of crime, and not the torturing of the prisoner, it was ieit for the nineteenth century, and quote particularly for the American Republic of the nineteenth century, to manifest a (nil, living, realization of that truth. And. in the van ic guard of this Reform has marched, and yet mar- I cites, PENNSYLVANIA. The alleviation of human misery and the ■re formation of the criminal is an object worthy ot the good and the wist . The de\ ising a prison discipline involving the least possible amount of unnecessary suffering and misery is worthy the Philanthropist and the Statesman, and mode! Prisons de.seive us much the attention ( ,p (J,,v tiiimer.ts as model Constitutions, mutlei Laws, or model Farms. | "It La noble spectacle," says Gov. Riglcr, i "to si • a nation or a city tfovoUd p> the |*efor i mation and moral welfare of man." .it is an | equally ptoud and phasing spectacle to see the j Governor of our great State finding time amid | the cart's and tie turmoils of office, to prepare a:: Address so profoundly philosophical, and aid ing, by his high encouragement and approval, the nohle philanthropy of the citizens of the world-renowned philanthropic QIMKEU CITV. "Definition of Know Nothings." tL7**li) 1811, Judge COSBAB, the present Wilis: AND Nothing" Mayor of tie* City of Philadelphia, denounced ALL MEN t n(*rtimng /A. vino* of the present Atuthing' 3 order as it \Z7~ MtSUUKSS, HF.ABTX-rsS, TIIROELJESS I.KI'SOK ACCIDENTAI. lIuMAMTY, DKSTW'VTK OF ( IIUISTIAN I'RINCH't.E AXI) SOT WORTHV OF BEISU RECOOMZKO AS f.-OOD .HEX." _/Tl Can it be wssible that any Farmer, Mechanic, or who lias heretofore honestly voted with the Whig Party, will he found willing to iden tify himself with a faction like this, simply because Mr. POI.UIOK, the Whig candidate for Governor, has become initialed as a member of the order ? Kvery principle of self-respect and regard for morality for bid it—and we have no doubt that thousands of con scientious men who have regularly voted the Whig ticket will now enrol themselves among the war- , most advocates of Democracy. Whenever a man presents himself as a "Know Nothing" let him read his portrait above delineated by Judge Cqnfad ! /C7"Tlie Connecticut House of Representatives (Whig and Abolition) recently passed a resolution by a vote of 110 to "i'-i to amend tbe State Constitution so us to'allow NEGROES to vote 011 the same terms as white men—also, an amendment to prohibit any person ifrom voting who cannot read. The same body elected a rank Abolitionist to the United States ! Senate! j l> . Resolutions . Ido pled at the Celebration on the 4-th insi., in■ Philadelphia. Re-olved, That wn re-affirm our adherence to the principles sanctioned and announced by Hit* National Democratic Convention, at Baltimore. rn l k ?J; that we approve and will uphold the principles which have guided the policy ot Franklin Pierce, in whom and whose administration we have entire and abid ing confidence. Resolved, That the people of every State and Ter ritory, in this country, have the soul ai d sovereign right to regulate their own domestic institutions, and that the attempt by the people of other States and Territories, or by their representatives iri Congress, to hind them, in any ease whatever, is an usurpation of man's inalienable right of self-government, and should be resisted; that the principles of non-inter vention and local self-government, emb< lied in what are known as the Compromise measures of lb-70, and applied by the late act lor the organization of Ne braska and Kansas, deserve and shall receive our cordial and united support. WitKKF.As, among the h \vs on which Pennsylva nia was founded, it was enacted, "That al! persons living in the province, who confess and acknowledge the one almighty and eternal God to be the Creator, Upholder, and Rtiier ol the World, and that hold them selves obliged in conscience to live peaceably and justly in civil society, shall in no ways he molested or prejudiced for th"ir religious persuasion or prac tice, in matters of faith and worship ; " and by the Rill of Rights of thi State.it is declared that "No; person who acknowledges the being of a find, and a future state 0! rewards and punishments, shall, 011 account of his religious sentiments, be disqualified to hold anyg office or place of trust or prolil under the Commonwealth," therefore, Resolved, That the principles established by the founder of the late province, and which the people ol this State have solemnly declared shall fores er re main inviolate, are essentia! to the security of civil and religious liberty, that they have fostered peace, charity, and good will among men, and that the ends of civil society and religion itself have been prornot- ! ed and cherished by their just observance. Resolved, That secret political associations, or ganized and .combined with a view to cover with public reproach, and to punish with the hiss of en I privileges, any portion of our feMow-cilizen = who worship Gotl according to the dictates ol their ceii sciences.aru subversive to these, the foundations o! all true liberty ; that they spring from a -ource for eign to the soil of this state ai d of this Union ; that they are alien to the practic and to the hitherto un- i questioned policy of American citizens; that they differ Irom the Inquisition only in the character arid extent of their penalties; and that we will re-i-t the action of the one as we would the introduction ot the other. Resolved, That the Democratic party never mndo and will never countenance anv appeal to natuml l/d citizens, </. xitch ; that as, Washington said, "all ate citizens, by birth or choice, oi a common coun try, that country has a right to concentrate all their affections ; " ai.d we hold, with Jeffr-on, that "eve ry citizen has an equal right to the honor and confi dence of their fellow-citizens, resulting not Iron: bi:th, but from his action and tin i • sense of them." Ue.-olved, That we re'-affirrrt our determination to maintain the system ol common schools which this Common wealth has established and should continue to support at the common expense, and lor the Iree and equal education of all. Resolved, That the repeated vindication rind con stant support of these measures hy William Biglrr, . and ho; wise ar.d watchful care of the interests o! the people of this State, and the uniformly just course of his administration, entitle him to the continued con fidence and support of his fellow-citizens; and we cordially recognize him as the candidate for our par ty. and, in order to secure his election, will, in per fect confidence of Triumphant success, combine in his support those efioits which, when the Ih-mocra-! cy are faithful to themselves, have never failed. Look al the bright tiifle. Awav with long faces ! What is the use oflook ing as if you l ad a season ticket for a funeral? Caret you find any better name for tins world than "a vaie of tears," and "scene of tribulation ?" If you can't, it will do you good to read a letter which a friend has just furnished us. It is from a wife in Massachu setts to her husband in California. She doesn't in tend to go through the world with an air as if "Molded drums were heating. Funeral marches to the grave." Here is the letter:— "My Hear Husband : —As it is some time since you left us for California, I suppose you would be glad to hear how we are getting along in your ab sence. !am happy to say that we are all enjoying very good health on the whole, .lust at present two of the boys have got the small poXj_ Amanda Jane has got the typhus fever, Betsey is down with the measles, Samuel got hooked by the cow the other day, and little l'eter has just chopped oil seven of his lingers with the hatchet. a great mercy fhat iie didn't chop them all off. With these trilling excep tions, we are all well, and getting along nicely.— 100 needn't heat all anxious about us. "1 almost forgot to say that Sniah -Matilda eloped last Week with a tin-pedlar. Poor girl! she's been waiting for the last ten years for a chance, and I am glad she's got married at last. She needn't have taken the trouble to elope though. She was a great eater; and I find the baked beans don't go oil near so last now as they did. Tlie way that girl would dip into tin- pork and beans was a caution to the rest ol the family. "The cow look it into her head yesterday to run away, which was very fortunate, I'm sure, lor the barn caught tire aftd was consumed. [was in hopes 1 that the homo would go too, for it's very inconven ient", hut the wind was the wrong way, so it didn't receive much injury. "Some hoys broke into the orchard the other day, and stripped all the fruit trees. lam glad of it, for if they hadn't, I presume the children would have made themselves sick by enting too much. "Hoping that yop enjoy yourself in California as well a, we do at home, i remain your affectionate wife." . (;'()E. I t i.RI:.- His Excellency, Gov. NK;- Li:ii, arrived Tit town on Eriday last, says the Clearfield lit publican, where his lamily lias been sojourning for some weeks, and where he purposes '.spending a few days of relaxation dniotig his former neighbors and friends. The Governor is in good health and spirits—and if we were to judge from the warm and heartv greetings with which lie is welcomed hy our citizens t f all parties, we should guess that he retains quite as much " character " as he possess ed some thirteen years ago, when there was but a single vote-polled against him in the county for the State Senate. Further Foreign .VVYV-;. Wfl gave in the J'.uunjtvmiiaii yesterday, a very fall telegraphic synopsis ot the foreign news, hy the Asia, ut New York. We have since received our Ides of iuretgn paper?, and give the following addi tional items of interest : The Arnica delta Famigliii of l'arrna, publi-lic# a letter, written from New York, hy a man named ('arra, formerly in the service of the late Duke of Farina. The writer states that he assassinated the Duke in revenge for having been eatted hy his orders, and on another orcadon struck in the lace hy the Duke himself. The details given by the writer leav ing no doubt as to the truth of his statement, the government.has set at liberty the three persons who wete in prison on suspicion to being the authors of the crime. On the .-atne subject, a dispatch from I'm is of date 30th, -ays: "A public functionary of I'outremoli, w hose deposition could cast some light upon the assassination of the Duke Parma has been mortally wounded by the blow of a stiletto." lit the treaty with Austria, it is added that Aus tria will not enter intc any arrangement with the Court of Russia which shall not proceed on the u-- sumption of the sovereign right of the Sultan untl the integrity of his empire. Austria will evacuate the Principalities on the conclusion of the peace with the least possible delay. it was known a! Jeriin that it was resolved at St. Petersburg to give a negative an-wer to the Austro- Prtis.ing summons, but in such a war as to nmke negotiations possible on a different basis, namely Rn-.iu would continue to occupy 7.1 ti Ida via. The Sereth which foirns the front, ar betw ecu 'the i'lin cipulites, would he guarded, and immediately after the entry of the Austrian? into Wallachia, I lie* Tur kish detached corps would leave Lesser Wallachia. The London 77/r correspondent at \ leiu.u states on the .'iUtlt ult. that liaion MeyeiidorfTreccTved his letters of recall on that morning, but it wu- not be lieved that diplomat •• relation- with !fos-:u will lr hVoken otf. Count Coronnn is To enter Little Walla chia bv way ol Uisova, with about :}U s W)'d men, on July dd.- < r It is stated in a despatch fovn C>":-tai:t'.n.i;.!,> of the .'l'lth tilt, that llie cpibark.ition ol !;• ci) tre q>- for Varna continues. The Duke of Oanhr.dge bad arrived between \ arna and Shiintla, where the En glish forces are estimated at twenty thousand ami the French at forty thousand. The Journal of Constantinople, wh '-t c .afirming the -uecess of the'l'mks at fsdi-tra, states that three thousand bu iii-Dazotii.-. who had taken a Rns.-.an outpo-t, liad been attacked hy a Uos-iau force triple their number, and that after a de-priatc struggle fil teen hundred of them were killed. The lius.-ians lot one thou-and four htindr,<l. On the 2l)th and titd of June the Turkish vanguard of twenty-live thousand men attacked the Russian rear guard, and drove it beyond Tianurs Wall. The Czar had Set out on his way to the South.— After a short stay at Kaievv, tt is said that he will proceed to the Ciirneu to .aspect the forties es on the Black Sea. A letter from Shuriila states that the aux liary troops, in concert with the allied fleet, and under the personal command of Marsha! St. Arnand, are cer tainly to undertake an exped'tion against the Crimea. Two hundred transports are being prepared, in con sequence, at Varna and at Halt-chirk. !t i- slated :II a Vienna latter of tiie 2.7 th tilt., in tin* l'ast A nipt Gazette, that orders hail been sent off by telegraph to Triesto that at! the -Au-trinii vessels of v.ar leaily to put to sea -honlrf leave lor Die East, am! the frigate Venus hail sailed at once. The i raitsvlvan'uti Messenger states from Cron stadt. near Moldavia, tha* the Russians officers com manding ihe detachment stationed along tti • frontiers of that province, have received orders to transmit to headquarters all the information they can glean re specting the* movements of the Austrian troops. The posts of ('o--aks have been withdrawn from the fron tier. and concentrated at Romania. The total force of tiie active army will amount in a fortnight to :>UO,OO©, reselling on a line Irom the frontiers ol Uulmatia to those of the Dukovina. The retrograde movement of the Russian army appears to be no longer doubtful. It is only the char acter of their ietreat which remains a mystery. They write from Bucharest that the evacuation of Wallachia and its capita!, will take place on thegOtti or 27th at late r. By superior order, the archives, the public money, the VValtachian militia and func tionaries are to lollirw the movement, which thus appear- to lose its political character, and to assume that ola purely strategical combination. Although tiie fact of the positive raising of the siege of Fili-tria is not known, yet we have learnt, that the works l ave been interrupted since the action of the l"th. ara! every military man agrees in con sulering a prolonged occupation of the right bank of the Danube, as impossible in the face ol the oii'.'iisive lovcment expected from day to day of the army at Oilier Pacha ami the auxiliary troops. Already sev eral letters announced that the Russians have aban doned the Dobrudseha. We shall soon learn that the whole army is falling hack towards the line ol the Sereth and the Prnth. 'i'lie Convention concluded on the ! !?h of June with the Ottoman Porte, insures and regulate-the freedom of the movements of Austria for th** occupation ol the Principalities, but the Cabinet of Vienna will only take its final re-olutipns upon this sniped after re ceiving the reply of the Cabinet of St. Petersburg to its last summons. Colonel Manteulfel was only expected to arrive at St. Petersburg on the liilhor "2D:h. Nothing will be done beiore tin* delivery of the Prussian Note, and the reply oi theftTTiperor Nicholas wilt not be known at Vienna until the commencement of July. SABCA7H SCHCCL. ANNIVERSARY. How pleasing it is to behold the smiling faces and the innocent enjoyment ol Sabbath School Scholars on the annu el mi y day ! Indeed, parents, teachers and children are then all happy together. 1 wn.~ invited to attend the celebration of the Ger man Reformed Sabbath School ol Schellshurg on last Saturday. I was delighted; a happier little band 1 never saw. The School formed in pioo-ssion at the Cl.uich and proceeded thence 10 Judge SchelPs laige and beautilul grove east ot the town. Alter singing and prayer, an address was delivered by the Rev. H. Heckerumii on the "Missiun of Sabbath Schools." After the address, a feast o I good tilings was seived up. ll wa- a least, indeed. The table was well loaded with the choicest cakes and the richest delica cies. Much praise is uue the ladies of the School lor their taste displayed m getting up the entertainment. Alter Wasting sumptuously and enjoying themselves delightfully, ihe paily concluded its entertainment with a masterly ptrloi rr.unce of several delightful pieces ol vocal irin-ie, conducted by Mr. George J. RUCK, favorably kuowu AS A master of music. AM u; US. "GOD BLESS YOU .MY LITTLE FELLOW ?" A iri|>i>lcd ffi'ggar, in a large city, was striving to pick up some old clothes tout iiad been thrown liuu irom a window, when a crowd of rude boys gathered about him, mimickttnr his awkward movements, ami Looting at his help lessness and rags. Presently a noble little iei low came op, and pushing through tiie crowd, helped tile pour crippled man to pick up his gills', and pfaced them in a bundle. 1 ben slip ping a piece ol silver into his hand, he was running away, when a voice lar übov- iiuu said, "Little i>oy Willi a straw hat look up." He did so; ami a lady, leaning Irom an upper vv iudow, said earnestly, '-God bless You, u.v little fellow—God will bless you lor "that."— The lady was the wife ot a man so distinguished among tne great men ol tins world, that every one ot these boys would have been proud to ob tain her approbation, and when she wrote down his name, as one she wished to remember, he lelt more than paid lor all that he had done.— As lie walked along, he thought how glad he had made his own heart by doing good. He thought of l lie poor beggar's gratelul look; then of the lady's smile, and her words of approval, atid last, but better than all, he could hear his Heavenly Father whispering, "Blessed are the merciful lor they shall obtain mercy." Little reader, w hen you have an opportunity to do good, and feel tempted to- neglect it, re member "the little boy with the straw hat." SUPPOSED TRACES or ARRISO.N.—We learn ed from a gentleman just arrived from Chicago that a person, answering in many respects the description of Arrison, the supposed murderer of Mr. anil Mrs. Allison, was arrested in jj (a place on Monday night la?'., hut from s , cause or other not explained he was allowed i„ depart. • l ite person arrr'sted had arrived on the even ing train, when the\cars were immediately hoarded h_v tiie officer* of that city. He noticed to take a hack Instead of an omnihil.-, ; ,' s tile rest of the passengers did, to drive to th,. Rock island depot. Tim officer suspecting bin, called the driver and jumped into the hack' making some excuse lor tiie intrusion. At tiie depot the suspected person was ih formed tiiat iie must be searched, which lie <zent ly submitted to, but tdniing [tale as death and acting very strangely- The train was wait in.- and the officer, irhagining perhaps that he had tiie wrong man, allowed him to depart. On the following morning some officers from ( iticinnnti arrived at Chicago, and more minute description of An ison being given, the ofScer who made (be arrest seemed to be satisfied that he had hands on the right man. Our police are now on his track, and if he was the person, they will be sure to capture him.— Cincinnati Commercial. Good Advice. Those who imagine they see a split in the Democratic party, should keep their lingers out of the crack, or they will he very apt to caught, as tite five Indians did, who had lak*-n a while man prisoner. He promised logo with them peaceably if'they would hr.-t help him split a log he was driving a wedge into. Thev all clapped their tinge::, into the crack and pulle:! each way, when the white man knocked the wi ige out and "had them all." A few disappointed officer-seekers are tryine to drive aw - Ige into the Democratic party, and split if. If our Whig friends can find a per cepti'de crack yet, we advise them to ber.au tiotts about putting their fingers into it. Th" wedge will soon be knocked out. The Demo cratic party is too tough and well seasoned to be split: and those who try to do it will net succeed. It is the party of the people, and of the constitution, and it must not be destroyed.— Pitts. Post. From the Bermuda Advertiser, July ■!. FrightJul Ravages of Cholera in Barbados— Over Two Thousand Deaths. On Thuisday last the schooner PiiOMiix, Capt. Natnauiel Duiiscoiube, arrived irojn Barbados, in lb days, at which place the cholera was lear luiiy raging: up to tiie 13th ult. the mortality of deaths were loUto 200 per day, in Bridgetown alone, and the malady was still on the increase. Wlieu the Phceiiix left, there was no abate ment: the plague was almost entirely confined to the lower classes and to the intemperate, which it seldom tailed to carry oil; but with those living temperately, and in regular moral habits, vi hen prompt applications were used, the disease was generally arrested and the pa tients recovered. In one day the deaths numbered "214, and by the IMb ult., the aggregate as well as could be ascertained were 2.107. The editor of the Barbadian , Mr. Chnkett, has fallen by the des troyer: one ot the editors of the Liberal and the editor of the Globe have bulii been attacked.— Out of one bundled and fifty prisoners in bridg town only thirteen have escaped. The prison doors were thrown open and the prisoners set free. SINGULAR SUICIDE. —Mary Davis, a young woman who has for some time been living with the family of Rev .Dr. Babcock, died at 4 o'clock on Thursday morning, from the effects oi poison taken the day before. We learn from Dr. Blake, lier attending physician, that on Wednesday morning she purchased half an ounce of Corrus stve Sublimate at the store of Dr. Brooks (a quantity sufficient to kilt fifty persuns) of which she took 172 grains. The usual remedies were \ resorted to, but li'iled to reliwr- the unfortunate victim. She committed tiie rash act in conse quence of a disturbance which originated in her 1 marriage, last Sunday, to a young man to whom her friends were opjwsed— Co.'ioes Cataract. \ She was an Irish Protestant and the young man a Catholic, which was the cause of the di.-tur ! bunco—her relatives severely upbraiding iter lor marrying a Catholic.— Troy Budget. i Loss OF OVER SEVEN HINDI;EM LIVES.—The Peruvian transport Mercedes* bound fromCasinu to Caliae, with about eight hundred troops un : board, struck upon a rock mar the mouth ot < asina harbor, on the morning of the Ist ult.— | The Mercedes was accompanied by the Govern ment steamer Rimie, the officers of which ten dered every possible assistance, but without ef fect. The Mercedes went down soon alter she struck, carrying with her seven hundred and i thirty-one persons. 1 , : SAD Occur.HENCE.—On Monday, a most fiis ! tressing accident took place in St. Louis, Mo.: A little girl, al/out ten years of age, fell into a ! well, while getting a drink. A nmn, named Mopp, saw the child fall, and went to her assis tance, but having descended into the well and I caught the child he became suddenly sick and was unable to hold en to the rope, overcome, i probably, by the tool air, and both man and | child were drow ned before .assistance could be rendered. (LT-TIIR SUPREME COURT of Pennsylvania ! has decreed that a bid made for prepeitv wi. cii is selling at sheriff's sale, may be withdrawn :.t I any time before the property is knocked t! wu i to the bidder, notwithstanding the notice ot-if' • may have declared that "no person shall retiact : ins or her bid."' They require the bidder bov.'- i ever, to pay the legal costs of a second sab . , should the retraction of his bid render one ne | cessary. FRANK list BIOIBKC* Chesnut Street, between Third and Fourth. PHILADELPHIA, July 2lsf. OLIVER H. P. PARKER, of* Ohio, and JAMES 11. LAIUD, of this city, having leased the above i well known and popular house, for a term oi | years, are now prepared to accomodate guests in | a manner equal to any house in the City. The location of this House is superior to any 1 other, being in immediate proximity to business : also to most of the Banks, Public Offices, P' | Office and the Exchange, where oniibuss<-s start for all parts of the City. ! The house having hern put in thorough m | pair, and new furniture added, with many mod" : eru improvements, will add much to the con:- i fort of guests. The tables will at all times be i supplied witfMhe best the market affords, and i nothing shall he wanting, on our part, to nia* 1 ' the FRANKLIN truly the Travelers' Home. Your patronage is most respectfully solicited. PARKER & LAIRD. July 21, ISSI.