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The Bedford gazette. (Bedford, Pa.) 1805-current, December 01, 1854, Image 2

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G. W. Bcxman, Editor and Proprietor.
Stale Central Committee.
A meeting of the Democratic State Central Com
mittee will he held at the Merchant's Hotel, Phila
delphia, oil Tuesday the 00th of December, iSot, at
4 o'clock P. M.
The Chairman has received various letters Irom
prominent and influential git uteris of the State, expres- I
sing a desire to have a State Convention,lor the pur- I
jwse of re-organizing the Democratic party on a more
permanent basis, consolidating it agaiu-1 the secret
and insidious assaults that have for a time impaired
its usefulness and efficiency in carry ing out our cher
ished principles, and to render it impregnable in the
future against the approaches of the various and dan
geious /tux, vagaries and headlong passions of the
day. As the constitutional, truly conservative, his- j
turical and patriotic party of the country, the Demo- I
.racy have a great mission to fulfil, and must not ;
prove recreant in a period ol adversity, 10 % the high
tru-t confided to their care. The friends of liberty,
of the rights of men, wherever they may have been j
horn, of religious toleration, and the opponents of a,
connexion between Church and State, corrupt, mere
tricious and wanton as such connexion has always
proved to be, the opponents of all religious tests in
determining the rights of citizens or their (nullifica
tions for office or public trust, among those who have ;
heretofore differed with us on minor [mints, are now j
ready and anxious to co-operate with the Democratic j
party at the first favorable opportunity, in maintain
ing the integrity of the Constitution tormed by the
patriots of the Revolution, the Fathers ot the Repub- |
It is deemed advisable that the contemplated State
Convention be called .solely for the purposes already |
named, so that its action tie not embanas.-ed by any \
Other business , and that it should be composed of the j
most tried, steadfast, enlightened and influential j
men in our ranks, That its voice in favor ol the gieat |
fundamental principles of the Democratic creed shall j
speak with authority, and inspire confidence and re
spert among all classes ol our people.
It is thought also that a political calm i the pro- >
per time to begin this great work. In This way we |
will show our love for the great principles we main- j
lain, by assembling when llieie is not a scramble for >
place or power, hut at a time when the public mind ;
is not excited and prejudiced by the bitterness at
tending an approaching election—when our own
Councils will not be distracted by nvn! interests and j
personal aspiiaiinns.
The members ot the Committee will theiefore ap
preciate the importance of a general attendance, and
it is hoped will be punctual in meeting at the time I
and place appointed, and that the Democratic pa pel - 1
oi the State will give this notice an eailyand general :
rarli-lc, Nov. 22, 1841.
The fi'enusy Iranian.
This oh! national organ of the Democratic
Party, lias, within a few days past, put oil an entire
new dress, and presents an appearance eijual to any
other paper in the I nion. The proprietor, Col. W-.i.
UfcK, is a gentleman of pleasant address and gitat ;
experience, and possesses all the requisites necessary
to make the Peiuisylvaiiian a welcome visitor to eve- .
jy Democrat within the broad limits of our glorious ;
Republic, and we rejoice to learn that within the |
past six months it has trebled its daily circulation,
and that its tri-weekly editions have advanced in j
the same ratio. As Col. Rite has now determined to !
give this spirited journal his exclusive attention, we j
hope that daily accessions to his subscription li-t
may crown his energetic efforts in behall ot the great
and glorious Principles of Democracy.
W'e learn, by the Ebensburg Sentinel, that our j
old and valued friend, Gen. WM. R. SMITH, former-!
ly of Bedford, -pent a day or two in that place last j
week, and was cordially received. The General is ,
preparing a history of Wisconsin, which will appear ;
•filling the present winter. .We hope he may find it
convenient to visit his numerous friends in Bedford
before he returns. V\ e would like to see him.
Borough Disturbance.
CT" We have been requested by an old and re
spectable resident of the Borough of Bedford to draw
the attention of the officers thereof to the Act of the j
15th march, 1817, which n ak*'- i: then duty to ar
rest all drunken, disordeiiy or riotous persons;, who, |
either by day or night, shall make distuibance in the
public streets, lane-, or alleys, and convey them to j
the county jail, where they shall be confined for any \
length of tunc not exceeding twenty-four hours.
Now, il our Borough Officers will take the trouble
to look, at almost any hour of the day, they can find
ten or twenty children in a group playing "shinny'' j
in the public streets, to the great annoyance of pas
sers by, to say nothing of the danger in which it
places younger children who are always lookers on.
In addition to this, windows are made to .suffer liom
this reckle-s playing in the streets, an evidence ot':
which fact can he seen in one of the broken panes of j
Mrs. POTTS' large show windows, caused by boys'|
playing or. her pavement alter she had repeatedly i
requested them to desist. Let officers do their duty,
without respect to persons, and a few arrests w ill put j
a stop to this business, as well as the terrific yells j
which so frequently disgrace our streets at night.
_ .. . •
Mauly SentiHU'iEs.
George D. Prentice, the brilliant but bitter editor |
of the Louisville Journal, was lately entertained by J
a number of citizens, Whigs and Democrats,at Mem
phis. He related his editorial experience in terms
which must lorcibiy strike every one who has gone
through the war ot editorial partizanship. It is re
refreshing to read such magnanimous confessions ol
doing wrong, in the heat of political excitement—
they deserve to be duly pondered by American jour- ;
nalists, especially those who fight the editorial bat- j
ties of political partie?. Mr. Prentice said:
'•1 know that my Whig litemls will both pardon
and justify rne when ( say, that I prize this compli
ment corning from Whigs and Demociats alike, lar
more than 1 could n similar one Irom membeis oi
my own party alone. There was a time, years ago,
when I cured little what my political opponents said j
or thought of me, so I had the regard,, the support,
and the applause of my political Irieiiits. But I have
long since ceased to leei thus, i have learned to ap
preciate and to desiie the good opinion ot all good
men. 1 have learned that candor, and truth, and
honor and honesty, and wisdom and patriotism, and
virture. are confined to no party. My devotion to
the party with which 1 Lave acted throughout my j
life is unfaltering, but time teaches all true hearts
the great les-on of political liberality. 1 have pub
lished some things, which, although well intended ;
at the time, 1 could wish blotted from ttie memory ol j
my readers and from iny own.
"1 have written some bitter things of men, \v no
have since passed away from earth, ami who-e me
mories 1 revere, and on whose grave- [ could shed '
tears of sorrow and regret. Ah! when i look back
through the twenty-six years of my editorial life,
and think how many 1 once denounced who utter
wards becajpe my personal friends, or proved them
selves their country's friend-, and how many I once
eulogized and toiled for who have since turned ruth
lessly and causeless against me; when I reflect how
often the most arduous and devoted political services
have been forgotten by those to whom they are ren- ,'
dered ; and how often tin* deepest political injuries
are magnanimously forgiven by those To whom they
are done; and when I remember how many of rny j
political friends have striven to crush me, and how ma
ny Pemocrats have gathered around me a a band of
bia'her- in the days of n?v personal peril, f should
be guilty of an outrage on :ny own conscience, arid j
on every feeling and impulse of toy heart, if I were not
To weed out from rny nature the partisan bitterness
that once flourished there. Ia na Whig, hut i will
greet every true hearted Democrat as mv brother, I
and I will gieet no laUe-hcartcd Whig as such."
Secretary cf the Commonwealth.
E-, Ihe Pfunfyirunitin learns that Gov. I'M. LOCK
lias tendered to Hon. ANDREW G. L'I:I:R.NS, of Cen
tre County, the a[>|>ointnient of Secretary ol' the Com
monwealth, which ho has accepted, Mr. Curtain is
a gentleman o! abilities and attainments, and, whilst
he has been a decided partisan in times past, he lias
many good ijuulities of head and heart which render
him acceptable to a Urge circle of Democratic per
sonal friends.
CI?" P. H. NKIAIAS, E-q., editor of the Kaxton
Sentinel, has been appointed Collector o( Tails on
the Delaware Division, at Easton. A snug berth,
and one which we hope otir editoral brother may live
long to enjoy.
ITs~W c invite attention to the Card of Dr. KEY
SEU, (in another column,) who is well known to the
people of Bedford county as an able and experienced
Physician, satisfied that his recommendations are en
titled to the highest consideration. The Pittsburg
Journals highly commend the Doctor for h:s energy,
prudence, and skill, since he has resided in that city.
The Great Defeat of the Democratic Tar
ty ill IS4O.
In IS ID The Democratic Party of the country was
defeated from Maine to Georgia. Its plat'oim was
definite; its candidates at that tone unexceptiona
ble ; among the ablest men in the ('nion were those
who led its columns; its organization was perfect;
it had previously carried-nearly every one ol its can
didates lor governor in their respective States ; and
yet, when the day of election came, it was almo-t
.-wept out of existence. Puneiai sermons were
preached ov'cr its anticipated dissolution by such
•i en a- Glay and Web-ter. Its du\ - were numbered,
in the estimation of tin triumphant paily ; and, be it
remembered, there w ere not wanting then, as they
are not wanting now, democrats, misled by the false
glare of meretricious doctrines, and instigated by re
venge and jealousy, who rejoiced at the overthrow of
their former partv. as .t an angel of devastation had
annihilated it ! The great point of difference be
tween the winning party of that day am! the present
consisted in the fact that there were many things up
on which the conquering majority were most hearti
ly united. It they did not avow their principles in
the canvass, it was known that success in the coun
try would lead to the inauguration, or rather to the
restoration, of a series of federal measures ot the
most extraordinary character. But what was the
result produced in a few short months? A series ol
catastrophes to the dominant party to which political
annals up to that time furnished few parallels. V\ ith
what eagerness those who hud previously gloried over
the prostration of the democtatic patty welcomed it
hack to power! The hold and startling measures ot
Clav, beginning with the bankrupt law and ending
with the high tariff, could only Lie mastered by the
democratic jiarty; and when, in 1811, James K.
Polk was elected to the pre.-idei.ry, the practical
philosophy of that re-ult derived its chief significance
from the iact that it was achieved by a comparative
ly "<• man " over the accomplished and beloved
leader of the whig party. To go back, however, To
the calamities of ISIO ; omilra-ting them with the
recent defeats of the democratic party, we are im
pre-sed by the fact that we fell in the one case in a
presidential election and in the other in a conflict
two year- before a presidential election. So, then,
if the whig party, victorious in 1810, was a dis
banded and demoralized organization in le.-s than a
year, notwithstanding it was ied by the intellectual
giants who then flourished, and the face ot a policy
which, if not avowed before the election, was cer
tainly adhered to after it, how long will the present
combination— not marshalled by Clay, not cheered by
VVeb.-ter, and bound by no chord o; common sympa
thy. hnt fuxttl /■ v a harmony of hatred- alii>'■ —can
maintain its position as a national party f We are
content to allow the thick corning events of the
future to answer this question.— Washington i'uiou.
The KnoH-.\t!l!>i;tgs vs. Catholics.
[By a Correspondent.]
One of the nrmretl objects of the Know-Nothings
is opposition to Roman Catholics, and that nppo-itiou
is grounded, according to their own a-ertion, on the
fact that they owe allegiance to a power foreign to
the United States, to wit: the Pope of Rome. In
looking over the papers a few days since, I noticed
an extract of certain proceedings in one of the Lowell
courts, before Judge Bishop, in which it was made
evident to me that Know-Nothings owed as much
foreign (at least to the laws of the United States) al
legiance as ever did the Catholics. When certain
questions were put to a Mr. Snow, a witness in the
case, he refused to tesrifv, hecaii-e the answer would
incriminate him—that he would subject himsell to
punishment. It is true that oi witness cannot he
compelled to answer a question that w ill incriminate
him; but it is a privilege that is only allowed where
he would incriminate himself under the laws of his
government. Then allow me to ask. would an ans
wer to any of the questions put hv Mr. Butler in that
case in Lowell have made the witness liable to any
punishment under any of the taws of the ! niteil
State-, or any of the individual States of the Union?
If not—and I would say that they certainly would
not—then they are claiming allegiance to a power
which they think of higher authority than the laws
of the United States ! Where, then, is the difference?
Roman Catholics are charged with owing allegiance
to the Pope—Know-Nothings under oath -ay they owe
allegiance to a law not recognized by the laws ol
our government. Yours, fkc. B. 1).
The rase above alluded to by our correspondent—
the rpport of which was given in a previous number
of the DEMOCRAT —affords much food for serious re
flection on the part of true Americans. If we, in our
rapid progress, have arrived at such a pass that the
oaths of a society, taken at midnight and in dark
ness, are to !>•■ held paramount to the oaths prescrib
ed by the laws of the land, then is it time for ns to
stop and think. Americans have been taught to re
gard the ? rial hv jurv as one of their dearest and most
estimable privileges ; but of what avail is that pri
vilege now, if a Know-Nothing who has sworn to
"tell the truth, the w IIOI,E truth, and nothing but the
truth," steps into Court, and says "1 carmot comply
with my oath because T have previously taken a SE
CRET oath which is in conflict with my duty here ?"
If Catholics or foreigners are to come under this ban
of proscription, what security have they in a Court
of Justice against a Know Nothing ? Or, presuming
one of these worse than political Jesuits To he a jury
man, what Catholic or foreigner could safely hope to
obtain justice at ins hands? It was high time such a
di-clo-ure of their doctrines was made as that called
out by the Massachusetts Court, and i f is time the
American people begin to look at the viper they have
nurtured, and which at any Time can make a deadly
strike at their liberties. Well may the Father ofhis
Country have exhorted the people to "beware oi' se
cret soeities," if his far-seeing vision permitted him
to penetrate the future as to behold in ISo I such an
organization. We have -aid it was time this revela
tion was made. And so it is, as well for the purpose
of showing all right-minded men the monstrous evils
which follow in the wake of such an organization, as
to arouse those w ho are proscribed toproper measures
ol self-defence. The foreigner or Catholic, knowing
that these men strike a blow as well at his civil as
political privileges, will not tamely submit to a doom
passed upon him by a perjured jury or perjured wit
nesses. They can still guard their rights HI a Court
of Ju-tice. by purging the jury box of all who are
supposed to he tainted with this dangerous ism.
"What, then" (it has been pertinently asked) "be
comes of the prerogative of which freemen boast
that of trial byjory? Deprived of privileges such
as these, where, if this thing i< allowed to go on,
shall justice look for true defenders ! An American
blinded, is, rightly viewed, an anomaly, hut an A
merican, true horn, to consent to he bound also, liy
oaths which place his freedom and conscience in the
keeping of an irresponsible association, is almost
pa-t belief. For him to do anything covertly, as a
system by which to circumvent an adversary, can
only he regarded as one of The relics (the last we
hope,) of barbarism. Krror's most deadly a-sailani
is light and truth, and free, full discussion. Once de
scend to IKP the weapons she herself adopts, and the
end of tiie -trite cannot he doubted. Ages of experi
ence ;n the arts of duplicity, if what is alleged lie
true, must have rendered Romish Jesuitism a for
midable antagonist when (ought by those who are
but novices in the u-e ol similar weapons. But, tak
ing and holding to the higher ground of a purer faith
and a peitect freedom ol conscience, divested of all
priestly control, with an unexceptionable love of
liberty, and a deadly hate of all oppression, with a
I;lieru! .ire of intelligence, wp are und ever shall he.
mvmcibb to all attacks which may be made against
our religion, our institutions, or our per on*."- .4/-
/t llttil*# Ptmurrut.
CAN'T I:K OovruovEUTKU The Boston A Irertiitrr
says thai -po|itical organizations ostensibly gut up
lor the pur|*ose ol cliectlog what has been called'one
idea reforms,' are snares (or tender consciences—
contrivances to enable unscrupulous leaders to turn
to selfish account the honest convictions of credulous
associates." It lias been boasted hy ruiii-drmkiiig
temperance politicians in this Slate that their only
object in insisting on the passage of a Maine law m
New Hampshire v\as the breaking down of the De
mocratic patty, it is now admitted by the anti-Ne
braska agitators that every attempt to repeal the
territorial bill of the last (Ongre-s is out of the ques
tion, and yet they contrive to make -onto people be
lieve that such proreedmg is proper and es-entiai.
ill both of these respects the great object is to turn
their labors to selfish account.— -V. 11. Patriot.
We have had most palpable evidence of the truth
ot this sclli-h propensity on the part of the allied
leaders against the Democracy in the State. All the
side issues were managed with one view—that ol in
juring the Democracy and building up the fortunes
of those who managed them. In our own city, the
Temperance Convention, though professing to be fee
from all political bias, and intent only on one great
object, that of abolishing the sale of liquor in this
Common wealth, was in fact only a scioil of the
Know-Nothiug party, and u.-ed to advance the pros- !
pects ol that prescriptive and intolerant order, I'he
same use was made of the Abolition and Fiee Soil j
movement. L.u hof these political parties professed j
to be actuated by one only aim, a single purpose— j
opposition to ihe slave power of tbe country audi
yet, like the Temperance party, they merged their '
iorce- into one general army against the Democracy, '
and tiieir members voted lor any man, no matter how j
opposed to their original principles, if be was on a i
ticket adverse to the Democratic paitv of the I nion. j
The anti-Nebraska party acted upon the same plat
form. When that bII was p-ndrng in Congress, the j
\-ir York Trihouf , and other lu-ion journals, pro- j
claimed the great principle of the newly-formed an- j
ti-Nebia.-ka party to be the support and maintenance :
ot every man who voted against the bill, no matter
what his politieal principles. This was the platform \
on which the fusion party was to be built. Demo- j
eratic members who deserted their party on this j
great issue were lauded as patriots, and their re-elec- !
lion insured by the as-i-tance of Whig and Abolition
votes. But how was The promise redeemed? The'
fate of Drum and others in the Mate, and the similar 1
course of treachery towaids Democratic candidates 1
in other State-, i- the best exhibition ot \\ big and .
Abolition faithlessness to promise. The allies were ;
loud in their protestations of unselfishness when the
Nebraska bill was pending, but when the day of eler- i
tion came, their old hatred for the Democracy re- i
turned, and voted lor any candidates calculated to
defeat those selected by that party.
With all these tacts before the people of the ex
treme selfishness of the opposition in this State at the |
recent election, -till the Whig and Abolition pre-ses !
aie talking about the repeal ol the Kansas-Nebraska •
act a- another means of agitating the country and
reaping advantages t'roni the storm of passion and
prejudice which will thus sweep over the State. No
other end can he gained by such a movement. To
repeal the law is an iinpo-sihility, for two reasons. ;
Fir.-t the Senate will not consent to SUCH A repeal, j
Secondly, before such a repeal can be effected, both j
Kansas arid Nebra-ka will be knocking at the doors !
of the Union tor admission as Jin- Ftatrs, and hence
the repeal of the Kansas-Nebraska act will he fool-i
i-hly fruitless. These are facts that every schoolboy j
is peifeclly acquainted with, and hence ,i movement !
such a- indicated is but another selfish side-issue J
Horn which tlm opposition hope to derive aid and as
sistance in coming contests. Those who escape the ;
net of Kr.ow-Nnthiiigism are to he enmeshed in that
of sectional hatred and animosity, i'he halls ol Con
gress are to be turned into a lace course, where eve
iv broken-down political hack is to be trotted out for j
the purpose ofdi-gu-ting the country with the t iilu
via arising from diseased reputations. Arul this
movement on the part of the Whigs and their allies
is to he predicated on the relorniatory idea, or in !
other words, -i<le i-sucs are the means by which ;
they hope to enfeeble the democracy, and thu- in- i
sure a victory to trie allies. Are not these the se|- ;
fish ideas of men seeking their own political fori lines ;
rather than the country's good ! Ori what other;
platform will Seward, or Greely, or Clayton stand 11
When did these men, or either of them, show |ty j
their conduct thai their sympathies embraced ttie !
whole Union? When have they ever eschewed sec- j
tariiinism or agitation, no matter how dangerous or j
deleterious to the peace of the Union, when it prom- j
ised to advance their private or political fortunes ? j
Never; and the very fact that these men are now
engaged in raising a side-is-ue on the Kansas-Nebras
ka kill, should awaken public attention to tlie real j
purposes disguised behind the movement.
They are tlrn hitter, implacable enemies oftheDe-l
moor,icy and tlie rights ol the masses, and -ide-t-sucs i
en anating from such sources should not receive the :
countenance and support of any Democrat who loves
the principle- of his party. They are but masks for
Whig am! Abolition attacks—means by winch the
ranks of the Democracy are to be thinned and ren
dered incapable of resisting the united attacks of the j
opposition. This is the only intent of the selfi-h
side-issues by which the country is now afflicted, and j
it becomes the Democracy to take a bold, open stand
against all organizations which, under the guise of
reforms, are only contrivances hy which the public j
mind is to be prejudiced against the principles and !
advances of the Democratic parly, lri all pa-l times, j
the Democracy have taken thi- course, and there is j
safety in none other at this crisis.— P'tiladtlphia Ai-\
From the Philadelphia Argus.
i:I:UI.IO\ ; \M) I'OMTus.
The most offensive feature in the absolute govern
ment- ol the Old World, lo an American observer, is |
Ihe fact that religion is regulated by law, and that
the same power which oppresses the citizen in his'
civil l ights prescribes the creed he must believe, and •
taxes him to support it. One nation maintains at an j
enormous expense a horde of ecclesiastic nobles, arul j
compels all to pay" for their support, whether they i
follow the faitli of the State or entertain other opin- j
ions. Another la-tens a swarm of priests on the j
masses ; while a third elevates the prevailing faith j
into Ihe government itself,and governs by the church j
alone. Such l- the organized intolerance of despots j
and tyrants. Strange that, in sub-tance and in prac
tice, we should have a similar organization in repuh- ;
lican America, justified, too, as perfectly consistent:
with our profession of liberty and toleration ; ami .
strange still, that those very ministers of the Go-pel j
who daily preach toleration and religious liberty, ;
should be the leading spirits in tins attempt to de
stroy both at the same blow. U hat means Know-;
Nollni.gi-iri, if it does not intend to unite the sacred i
and the secular power ? How is one religion to be j
trampled in Ihe du-t, if riot by the red arm of bigotry, j
and the strong force of governmental interference ? j
This is the mode adopted by the clergy in oilier j
countries to effect the same end, and why should it j
be doubted they will use the same means in this :
country when identical ends are in view?
As one evidence of the purposes of the Know- 1
Noth.ng clergymen to mingle religion with politics. '
the C//u n>hr-xhnifr 117//.g announces the Rev. Mr. I
Tiffany, Professor in the Dickinson College at Car- j
lisle, and tlie presiding officer of the Know-Nothing 1
State Convention in thi- city, as a candidate for j
United State-Senator. Here is the lir.-t open evi
dence of the lf-u! nit -ntinns of the Know-Nothings to j
mingle religion with politics. A professed minister j
of'the Go-pel—one who I- entrusted with the high j
and holy calling of educating and training young men .
for the ministry, takes tlie initiative in this moves I
merit of making religion subservient to politic-, and
is lo be rewarded with a seat in the United State- ;
Senate for In- services. I- it to be supposed that if
he should be elected that his efforts will not lie di
rerted Towards a -cheme of compelling by statutory j
enactments tlie abandonment of one form of religion i
and the out ward observance of another / Why else >
should he be so anxious and zealous in his work ot j
propagandisrn .' It will serve no other purpose, ad- ;
vance no other cause. If a legitimate political oh-;
ject was to be attained, Mr. Tiffany could have art- j
eii in an op-n constitutional manner with las fellow- j
citizens. Why did he and his colleagues sneak in j
the dark, and thus stab tbp right- of their fellow-ci
tizen- like assns-ins! The answer is irresistible;;
they first wi-hed to fasten the chain on the people ;
before they drop their mask. That is now accom
plished. and the announcement of the arch clerical
leader in the Know-Nothing movement in ihis State
as a candidate"'or the United States Senate proves)
most irre-istiblv that a I nion of Church and State is :
tlie real intent of these traitor- to civil libnty and ;
vrligiou freedom. !
Tins is a most alarming announrcmenl. anil will,
, ve are satisfied, arrest the attention of all lfii>-e who
ilesire to see our tree in.-titutions perpetuated. A
iVw vears since, and a similar attempt ot political
clergymen to mingle in tlie tierce war nl rival JK.ll
ticafparties, with the ostensible purpose ol delay
j„j. the transit of the United States mail-, on the first
itay of the week was most emphatically rebuked, j
and the seal of public reprobation placed upon the
principle of clerical interference in politics, no mat
ter what the pretence. The attempt made on that :
occasion was a mere summer Haw compared with j
that which now threatens the Union. Then it was
a mere voluntary association of men thinking alike |
on one subject. Now, it is strengthened by oaths, j
and embittered hy the concentrated influence of the
clergy in all sections of the Union. They now openly
proclaim the union of religion anil politics, and head
the movement ol the Know-Nothing order to ostra
cise all men from political place, who are not willing
to bow down to the golden calf erected by tins in- ,
holy and desperate faction. Can there he a doubt
that this is the real purpo e of the Know-Nothing or
der? Hy what other rue can the di-closiire, which!
are daily taking place be interpreted t It is time ,
the reflecting citizens of the old Keystone should
awaken to the danger by which they arc menaced.—
Uhus tar in our political history the question ot re
ligious beliet has been .suliered to remain between
the Maker of all tilings and ill- creature-. But that
time has passed, and in our ir.id-t is growing up an
order of men, pioneered by the clergy, v\ ho are de- |
teriiiiued to interfere with tfii-> right, and dispito the
Constitution to estut;li-fi an union of Chinch anil !
State in this Commonwealth and Nation. Will such
a course operate beneficially on our political lela
tions? Let the history of past clerical interference
answer tins question. Will it minister to the spread
of that religion whose n:isiou is peace on earth and
good-will towards man I No. lit the language o:
l'lnilip-, the celebrated Irish orator:
'•The sublime Creator of our blessed creed never
meant it to be the channel of a courtly influence, oi '
the source of a corrupt ascendancy. lb' sent it a- 1
mong lis to heal, not to irritate ; lo associate, not to I
seclude; to collect together, like the bupli-mal dove,
every creed, and clime, and color m the universe,
beneath the spotles- wing of it- protection. 'l'he
union of Church and State is, at best, but a lonl and
adultrous connection, polluting the purity of heaven
with the abomination ol earth, and hanging the lat
ter- of a political piety upon the cro-s of an insulted ;
Saviour. Religion, holy religion, ought not, in tlie
words of its Sounder, to be '-led into temptation."— :
The hand that hold- her chalice, and the priests of
her temple, should be spotless as the vestments ol
their mini-try. Rank only degrades, wealth only im
poverishes, ornaments only di-ligure her. I would
have her pine, unpen-ioiied, iinstipcndiary. M:e 1
should rob the earth ol nothing but its sorrows; —a
divine ar h of promise, her extremities should rest j
on the horizon, arid her -pan embrace the umver-e;
but her only sustenance should be the tears that were
exaled and embellished hy the sun-beam. Such is 1
my idea of what religion should be."
Tlie Defeat of Gov. Higler.
History is lull of examples of ingratitude to :
those w ho have deserved well of their country,
and the defeat of Gov. RICLEU does not form an
exception, in all ages, it has been dangerous
10 he eminent either in virtue or in talents.—
The ancients, who understood human nature j
tolerably well, gave these two qualifies a double
application, and while they contended that tlie
possession of them in excess might he dangerous
to the State, always made them so to the pus- j
sessor. Acting up to this view of the subject,
Out racism was established, and such glorious j
1.-TOCI.I:S, I'UOOIAN. and AKI-TIOI:- were con
demned and banished. V\i!h gr. at reason,
VALERIUS JVIEM.M rs exclaims, "Happy Athens':
—that after driving su< I. men from their bo
som, could vet find one virtuous or d< voted cit
izen remaining." We moderns stem to have
adopted the fallacious cuiiciusious ol the an
cients, and apply them to such ol our own
countrvmen, who either from uncommon talents
or eminent virtues, become the objects ot eiivv
and detraction. Whenever a citizen or public, j
officer arrives at such a degree ot credit as to
excite praise and admiration, his Ostracism is
demanded, though in a modified form front that
which was practised by the Athenians. We
do not drive him from the country : but we de
prive him ot the oliice which he tills with so
much honor to himself and advantage to the
country. .Rome too, as well in the day ot Imr
iron virtue as in her imperial grandeur, was al
tlicted with this pernicious practice ; and Italy,
when she sprang from the death of ages, anil il
lumined the world's horrizon with the genius
of her children, witnessed with complacency
the exile of her brightest intellects, to quarrel j
afterwards about their birth-place and their ash- |
es. Such conduct n.av repress ambition, lor
which it was intended, but it will also disconr- j
age merit and the desire of excellence. The j
worst passions of the human mind are recom- j
trended under the disguise ot the best: arid ;
while envy i-substituted for patriotism, virtue is)
11 ade criminal, and the State stained with the
most opprobrious character—that ot public in
The very examples which we have noticed,
prove that we are so constituted, that the vici
ous cannot but pav a secret, though unwilling
homage t<> virtue, in so much .that the worst
men cannot biing themselves thoroughly to es- i
teem a bad man, although he may he their dear- j
est friend, nor can they thoroughly despise a
good man, although he may be their most bitter ;
enemv. l'rom this inward esteem ot virtue, i
which the noblest cherish, and which the most
base cannot expel, it follows, that virtue is the ;
only safe bond of union on which we can de- j
I end. Most of those which the ancients drove ;
from their employments, to the disgrace of the j
Stale, thev were glad to welcome back with
everv mark of honor and distinction.
In taking a retrospective view of the admin
istration of Gov. Higler, during Hie calmer mo- j
merits of reflection, every candid mind mns.t I
discover much to admire and approve. We
there find Judgment, mature and reliable, sug
gesting subjects of general utility, calculated to j
advance the prosperity of the Commonwealth!
and the happiness and harmony of the people. I
No speculative theories, crude and uncompre-l
bended, could find favor in a practical mind ;
like that possessed by Gov. Higler. Free from
the misguiding influence <yt passion himself, and i
deeply imbued with high moral sentiments, the
end and aim of all his public acts were the im- j
provement of his fellow citizens in the better!
qualities of our nature, and the permanent pros
perity of the State. Transient advantages, to I
be followed with depressing results, were by
liiin discountenanced and rebuked, even at the
expense of his own popularity. He acted as j
Milton wrote, not to gain momentary eclat, hut
to leave a mark of distinction upon the age in
which he lived, and elevate the thoughts of
those hv whom he was to be succeeded. Had i
he consulted his own personal interest, to the!
probable detriment of public affairs and private j
morals, there were many avenues open to a
successful re-election. Rut Governor Rigler's
early training had been such, that he instinc
tively knew, that none deserve to have any
weight or influence with posterity, but such as j
have shown themselves superior to the particu- j
)ar and predominant error of tiieir own times, j
Retween '.im and those whom it was necessary
to appease, to ensure success, an insuperable
barrier intervened. HAMPDEN could not be
connected with a WALPOLK, nnr a MARVEL
with a A'IAZZAI:IM.. Ilow then could Gov. RU;-
J.EK associate himself with men "who hunt in;
packs, and nifiigle as liny prey ?" A gulf of
unpracticablity must ever seperale inen ul pi 111-
ciple, whom others wan!, from men of no priu-T
eiple, who merely w ant llii* oliices. VV e tinnk
it was WAM-OIJ: who OBSERVED, that it was for
tunate lor mankind, that few men couhl he j
prime ministers, as the knowledge of the aban- ;
donee! profligacy of (lie tinman mind sl.ouid he j
limited to a lew, and its evil influences thereby ,
It is always a source of pride, accompanied
with the greatest satisfaction, to (eel that the
duty entrusted to one's hands, lias hi en Jaitli
lully performed. Every just man desires to
stand well with his own conscience : but how
much more acute must be the satisfaction, when
even those who have assisted in pulling an em
inent man from his lolly position, aie compell
ed to admit, that they can find no lault in the
administration with which he was entrusted.—
Mankind lias ever been the same, and there
looms up in the mind's memory two prominent
examples to prove the ingratitude ami folly ot
our race— SOCRATES, a Christian centuries be
fore the advent of Christianity, and He who
spoke as never man spoke. That which may
be considered a personal misfortune to Gov.
Higler, will prove an advantage not only to
himself, but to the public generally. He lias
been tried by the severest test the fire of per
secution—and comes from the overheated fur
nace uninjured, like SIIADRACK from the Baby
lonian, only to be elevated to higher dignities,
and s!anq>ed with the approval of those who
were foremost in his condemnation, in every
quarter, we hear his opponents declare that his
administration was a iieHiei in its character, and
worthy of all commendation. Many justify
their opposition bv asserting, that it was neces
sary, to reach other matters not connected with
himself, and thus pay an unwilling tribute to
his worth and rectitude. Others declarer] him
a man without guile, clear in l is conceptions
of right, with courage to assei t it, and declare
that their opjiositiou to inm was intended to
reach Iv-vond the Potomac to remind the dwell
ers in that quarter that there is such a thing as
.Northern public opinion.
'The press which was formerly Whig, teemed
with statements iik<* these, to illustrate their
opposition to Gov. High r, and thereby unwit
tingly vindicate his administration. Nowhere,
in the respectable portion of the Piess, have we
met with a single deeclaration of mismanage
ment, mistake or inattention to his duties as
Chief Magistrate, nor in individual public opin
ion, win re it was free from the bias of dis
appointment. And yet we have ihe fact ot
a Governor so universally approved, subjected
to defeat for causes over which he could exer
cise neither control nor influence. 'J hat he
had secret ami relentless enemies to contend
with in our ranks, is apparent from their subse
quent course. Thev abound iri all parties, and
are known as the '■• carrion crew,' from their
habits. They feed upon that which is prepar
ed to their hands, no matter how disgusting the
repast, nor how degrading the deed by which
the fail meal was acquired. Our opponents
will soon learn, ifthev have not done so alrea
dy, that there are two kinds of persons that it
is dangerous to employ fools who are too dull,
arid knaves who are too sharp, i fie former
will be found the least offensive, while the lat
ter will revt-| in the corruption out of which
they derive their power, their prominence, and
their sustenance.
The public arts of Gov. Rigler have proved
him to lie one of the first men of the Nation,
-both in mental and mora! excellence. lie is a
safe custodian of the general weal and individ
ual liberty, regarding all our citizens as entitled
to the full protection, and the unrestrained en
joyment of the privileges with which the law s
and the Constitution clothe them. He is des
tined to shine with conspicuous lustre in the
future affairs ofotir Nation.
Eight Thousand Russians Killed—Five T/Pou
xi!ml of the . lilies Kilted. —.7 Hard Day's
Fighting.—Terrible Slaughter of the French.
Decline in Br end stuffs.
NEW Yon K. NOV. 20.
The American steamship Baltic arrived here
this morning with Liverpool dates to the loth,
being four davs later than the previous advices.
The news is of a most important character.
'The Liverpool giain market showed a decline
of sixpence in the flour and corn, and two pence
in wheat.
The Russians attacked the right of the allied
forces before Sebastopol on the bth. A great
battle ensued with terrible loss on both sides.—
The loss of the Russians is estimated, at 8,000
and that of the allies at 0,000. The battle last
ed an entire day. Immediately after the Rus
sians made another sortie and attacked the left
wing of the Allies, which was composed of the
French, who repulsed them with a loss of one
thousand. The Russian accounts say they cap
tured one of tiie enemies batteries, spiked their
guns, ami repulsed the Eiench witii terrible
Despatches have been sent to England fur re
infurcements. Every steamer which was avail
able was taken up (including the ('nnard steamer
Euro pa) and many now think that the position
of the Allies is extremely precarious.
It is rumored that Russia is n<nv willing to
treat with Austria on the basis of the Jour con
ditions which have been already published. It
is believed, however, that this is only a ruse
intended to sever Ausitia from flu* Western
It is reported that there is a rupture in the
Spanish Cabinet.
The London Svn savs we have still later
news from the Ciimea, and some of a very im
portant character. We had always believed
that Sebastopol could not betaken until another
regular battle had taken place with the enemy,
and we bad again proved our decided superiori
ty in the field. This conflict is now decided.
On the 4-th instant all war ripe for storming
Sebastopol. The French and English batteries
were only 150 metres from the point of attack,
when the Russians made another effort, which,
as might have anticipated, has completely fail
ed. We hear from a despatch of the 6th inst.,
just received from General Cunrohert, by the
French Government, that the Russian army,
swelled by reinibicements from the Danube and
the Southern provinces, and in presence of the
Grand Dukes Michael and Nicholas, had attack
ed, on the sth November, the light of the En
glish army before Sebastopol.
The English army, however, sustained the
fight with remarkable firmness, and supported
by a portion of General Bosquet's division,
fought with admirable vigor and eventually
the enemy, far more numerous than they *,. rp .
beat a retreat with enormous loss.
Tlte Russians must have lost 9,000 men.
This ituhliorn battle lasted the whole day.
Nor have our gallant Allies been idle.
At tin* same time the division o! General fo
re/. repulsed the enemy.
The French troop#, energetically led by liiir,
repulsed the enemy with the loss of 1000 men'
This brilliant victory has not been achieved
without loss by the Allies, on whose arms it
fleets the highest honor.
We could not hope for a bloodless victory
under such circumstance#. But we may, on
the failure of this fast aft-mpf, look forward to
speedy intelligence of the tall of SebaU.p ( ,l
and the final triumph of the Allied arms.
Paris, Nov. 13.—The Minister of War has:
received the following despatch from General
Can robe rt:—
"EEFOKK SEitASToroi., Nov. §.
"Tin* Russian army, increased by reinforce
ments from the Danube and the Southern pro
vinces, and animated by the presence of the
Grand l)uk*-s Michael and Nicholas, attacked
yesterday the right of the English position beiore
the place.
"The English army maintained the battle
with the most remarkable solidity, supported hy
a portion of General Bosquet's division.
"The enemy, much more numerous than us.
was driven hack with enormous Jess, estimated
at N,(KK) to 9,000 men.
" This obstinate struggle lasted throughout the
whole of the day.
"At the same time, on ntv left wing, General
Fort y bad to drive back a sortie ofthe garrison.
The troops led by him drove back the enemy
into the town, with a loss of 1,000 men.
"This brilliant feat of arms, which was not
achieved without some loss to the Allies, re
flects the highest honor upon our armies.
"The siege continues regularly."
VIENNA, Saturday, Nov. 11.
Tiie English Embassy has received an authen
tic despatch from Varna, dated Sebastopol, Nov.
•Ills, in the morning, announcing that a general
assault was to take place that day, every thing
being favorable.
We hav e received the following from a Third
Edition of tiie .Morning Post.
"The latest intelligence bearsdat® Oct. 28th,
at 8 o'clock in the morning. The fact of chiel
est importance, under this day's intelligence, is
an {Announcement that the General Command
ers of the Allied forces have determined on re
linquishing Balaklava and shifting the point of
communication with the fleets to a bay nearer
Sebastopol and invmefftihely opposite the h-lt
w in*/ of the French camp.
"The details of the affair ofthe 2f)tli impute
the grossest cowardice ot the Turks. It u> de
clared that these men not only deserted tlien
doubts of which tbev were in chars**, on the
appearance ofthe Russian cavalry in their fiorit,
but they did so without giving the due alarm to
the forces in their rear of the appioach t.l the
"The Earl of Cardigan, on receiving the or
der to charge the enemy's cavalry, delivered by
(he hand ot Captain Nolan, of the Quarter
master General's Department, the advance of
the enemy up an assent of considerable sharp
ness, upon the top of which tile redoubts desert
ed bv the enemy were erected. Here the m>t
disastrous carnage occurred. Lord Cardigan
bad his hotse shot under him, and received a
wound in bis leg from a lance.
Captain Nolan was shot tlnough the heart.
"The 93d Highlanders and the Royal Horse
Artillerv, repaired this check on their arrival;
but the enemy having formed on another hill,
opened fire from their guns, which the Scots
Greys were ordered to charge. This regiment
with its hereditary bravery, but after driving
the enemv from their guns, was met by a mur
der ous tire from infantry concealed amongst the
"At 1 P. M., the battle ceased, and the two
opposing armies faced each other, each appa
rently unwilling to renew the attack.
"'The force in the rear is said to consist ot
a!>out 32,000 troops.
"The attack ofthe 26th. which had evident
ly been arranged bv the Russian commanders
within and without Sebastopol, was most glori
ons in its results for the Allied forces. Tiie ar
tillery mowed down the enemv by hundreds.
Two thousand killed and wounded were left on
the plains. Not less than GOO dead bodies lay
in a space not exceeding four English acres.
"The ofiicer who captured Lord Dunkellin
has been himself captured in turn. He isa re
markable line man of noble bearing. On In*
being brought in, lie was taken to the Duke ui
Cambridge's tent.
"About If) Russian officers have been taken.
"The bombardment ofthe fortress continues.
Tim* high buildings within the walls are riddled
with shot.
"The French Battalions an* within 3"
yards, ant] our own trenches are not more than
•100 yards from the wall.
"Lientenant Buller of the 57th lias bad h *
foot blown off in the trenches.
"Jemmy Macdonald has nine lives. At A
ma he had a horse shot under him ;. at Balakia
va he had another shot : and his cocked lot
was knocked off bv the enemy without doing
him serious injury."
VIENNA, Friday, Nov. 10.— Prince (.hiki
made his entrance into Jessy on the 7th Nov.
60,000 Russians are concentrated in Bessa
Oinar Pacha l as been ordered to move iron -
diatelv into Moldavia, to commence oj eratien
against the Russians in Bessarabia.
The War in .Asia.
The Turks have taken up their winter char
ters at Kais—flu* Russians, at Tiflis.
The Mar News.
By the foreign news of this morning, it Ml; '
lie seen that a bloody battle has been fought
lore Sebastopol, and if we can judge of the t n n *
ofthe English press, much to the disadvantage
ofthe Allies. The Russian? still retain posses
sion of the City, and the Allies have sent in •'
haste for reinforcements to their respecti ,!>
countries. All the steamers in port have 1.-*"* l*
chartered to convey troops to the Crimea* ai"
even the Europa has been detained to assist o
their conveyance. There seems to !>e a As
perate struggle going on just now among -f
Allies to keep their footing before Sebas-T'
and we should not he surprised to hear of fl-' 1
debarkation before they cai> receive siilCcnM
reinforcements from home. The desperate w
lor of the Russians lias utterly surprised t.
English and French, and shown them the a
ture of the contest in which they are at p
sent engaged. The men who burnt their I 1"
ripal citv, at an immense sacrifice, to kef
from giving their enemies a brief shelter} •'
not to be marched over in a sort of holiday 1*

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