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,}V GEO. W. BOWIIX
SERIES. Aqri cu 11 ti ra I Depart m cut. d j • •■•' > ■ - —V'X* rr From the Pennsylvania!!. Pennsylvania Horticultural Exhibition. Speech of President Pierce. II \tutisnout:, Sept. 27. j n response to the earnest invitation of the Pennsylvania Agricultural Society, President Pierce left Washington on Wednesday morn ;nJ the 26th of September, and after a rapid and agreeable trip, reached Harrisburg at 12 o'clock on the same day. The weather was incomparably fine, and the whole excursion was filled with pleasant incidents. Crowds of citizens greeted the President with enthusiasm at the various points along the route. At Bal timore, the Hon. J. P. Kennedy, President ol the Baltimore and Susquehanna Railroad, (Sec retary of the Navy under the administration of Mr. Fillmore,) Hon. Joshua Vanzant, represen tative in the last Congress of the Baltimore Dis trict, Hon. L. K. Bowen, R. M. Magraw, Esq., and Zenos Barnum, Esq., joined the President and his party. At York they were met by the Committee from Harrisburg, Gov. IVm. Bigler, on the part of (tie-Agricultural Society, and JMm 11. Briggs, Esq., President ot the Councils. Arrived at the Capital of the State, the President was received bv a deputation ftom the Agri cultural Society, and a Committee of citizens, in the midst of a gr> at mass of citizens and vis itors. After partaking ofa lunch at Buehler's hotel, this head-quarters,) the President proceeded to the exhibition grounds, escorted by the officers and fßestsof the Agricultural Society, and by a procession. Ihe streets were lined spectators, among whom were many heau fjhil ladies, and the distinguished gur-t was re peatedly cheered along the route. Arrived at the exhibition grounds, which were already oc cupied by thousands ol citizens, presented a way ami animated appeanrtice, doited as they were with the booths ot tf)e exhibitors, decora ted trtrts, ami the nun*U,jjW"faeoljiol agri culture and husbandry, the -President and his suit were received on the platform prepared foi their reception, by the officers of the society.— A most interesting spectacle was now present ed. The people Irotn all parts ol the Slate, in cluding many of the most prominent citizens ol both parties, gathered around the Chiel Magis trate in great numbers : the ladies, iri carriages, and in the surrounding tents and booths: the platform crowded with distinguished gentle men in the various departments of the state government ; a bright sun and a bracing breeze; contributed to present'a scene which is not ol tcn witnessed. Among those on the stand with the I resident we noticed his Excellency James Pollock, Gov ernor of the State, and his Cabinet. Ex-Gover nors Rigler arid Porfer, Judges Black, Lowrie, and Knox, of the Supreme Court, Hon. Arnold i'iuiner, Democratic candidate for Canal Com missioner, Canal Commissioner Hopkins, Audi tor General Banks, Surveyor General Brawiey, including the gentlemen in the suit of the Pres ident—Sidney Webster, Esq., bis Private Sec retary, Acting Commissioner ol Patents, S. S. Shugert, Hon. J. Clancy Jones, of Pennsylva nia, Hon. A. 0. P. Nicholson, Editor of the Washington Union, Mr. Sullivan and others. Order having been restored, James Guvven, Esq., President of the Pensylvania Agricultural Society, addressed the President in the follow ing terms: Mr. President -—lt devolves on me, as Pres ident of the Pennsylvania State Agricultural Society, to welcome your Excellency to its an nual exhibition, and to present for your inspec tion the farm stock and implements, and the field and garden products on these grounds— the contributions ol the larmers ot Pennsylva nia. The advancement of the tillers of the soil, has been with nie a leading object throughout my agricultural career. Il I could not have them take precedence of ail others, I would not consent at least, that they should rank below •my class in the community. With this intent I appointed the Governor, Ex-Governors, and Judges of the Supreme Court of this Common wealth, to participate in the interesting duties of Judges at this exhibition. The same desire prompted me to go a step further, and invite your Excellency to come among us in a lami nar way, to look at the specimens ot husbandry kod domestic manufactures, that I was sure cnuld not fail to challenge your appreciation. } our responding so kindly to the call made up on you, consummates my best u islies so far, and affords me the liveliest gratification. I there fore in the name of the Pennsylvania State Ag ricultural Society, and in behalf ot myself, bid you welcome—thrice welcome ! The President proceeded to reply in clear, rapid, distinct and manly tones. It is impossible to describe the effect produced by his style and his language. Large as the crow d was. there was not one person who could not distinctly hear what the President said. The following 'sas faithful a report of his speech as we could obtain, but we are sure that the sentiments he proclaimed are such as will be responded to by °ur patriotic citizens. the President of the United States replied in substance as follows: Nothing could he more agreeable than the i circumstances under which, tor the first time, I visit this locality, which besides being the governmental centre, is tile centre of the popu lation and wealth of the great agricultural State of Pennsylvania. My journey hither has been full of interest. 1 was particularly attracted, as I entered the valley, near the boundary of your State, traversed hy silver streams beauti fully sUuted by gieen foliage, with here and there the tints ot early autumn, hut yet more impressed as the broader valley of the Susque hanna opened upon us with fertile fields on either side, with the picturesqe gap of the North Mountains, with the Clue Mountain in the distance, presenting a sketch of almost unrival led bo|duess and beauty. And now, sir, what shall I say of the gra cious manner in which it has been your plea sure to receive me in behalf of the Pennsylva nia State Agribultural society 1 I am deeply moved and deeply grateful. It is gratifying to witness on any occasion such a representation of the patriotism, intelli gence, industry and high moral and religious tone of a powerful Commonwealth which re cognizes no distinctions among its citizens but those which merit and worth confer. But es pecially inspiring is such a scene as this, where the yeomanry—engrossed during the year in theii own pursuits, living upon their own acres, cultivating their own soil, superintending the interests of their own domain—honest, thought ful. reflecting—but much secluded by the very nature of their noble and independent vocation, have come together for a better purpose than to , criticize and condemn the sentiments and opin ions of others. Passiun and prejudice are left behind to-day ! Social spirit, just judgment, and kind emotions rule the hour! You haw come to examine and compare the productions, the stock aim utensils of your neighbors, not to find fault "A ith them hut to impiove your own, and I, by vour invitation, have come among you to enjoy the occasion, and with you to be grati fied and instructed. It is a remarkable (act, that in this country, where public law imposes no restraint upon la bor or innocent diversion, we have fewer holi days than any portion ot the civilized world. Such gatherings are useful, in a social aspect, and with our present knowledge ot their prac tical importance, the only matter of surprise is that societies like youis were not earlier estab lished, and that they are not now more gener ally encouraged. Men engaged in the other ' great interests of commerce and manufactures ; are, from the nature of their pursuits, brought together in cities and dense communities, and independent of their chambers of commerce and coifiarHle arrangements, have almost daily and hourly intercourse. There is with thip a continual communication of thoughts ami in terchange of sentiments and opinions. Mate rial tacts are elicited and communicated with telegraphic rapidity. Are not these advanta ges most important to the two gieat national interests to which I have adverted ? Could thev thrive without them ? Are they not, indeed, indispensible? What but this inter change ot thought, rivalry, if you please, of genius anil invention, has whitened every sea with your canvass? What tut this, let me ask ttie distinguished gentleman (turning to Hon. J. P. Kennedy) standing near me upon the platform, who recently presided over '.lie Navy Department, Iras made your ships as staunch and swift as any which plough the waves ot tlm ocean 1 What but this has given a velocity to your shindies and a perfection to your fabrics, which enable American manu factures to compete successfully with tile civ ilized world ? And yet, let it be remembered, vour pursuit of agriculture is the basis, the "foundation, the only sure support of both the others. VVithout it, their shuttles would Cease, and their ships would decay at their moorings. A very shoit crop throughout America for a single year would not only cripple all the oth er interests, but it would seriously affect the commerce of the world. The agriculturalists literally feed and furnish the material of cloth ing to pur busy millions at home, and hasten to supplv the urgent wants of suffering multitudes abroad, when the voice of humanity comes to you over Jhe ocean. The cultivator of the soil who does not real ize these things, lives unconscious ol the true dignity of his calling. What agricultural societies have accomplish ed cannot be computed, but I think it sale to say that in examinations and comparisons insti tuted on such occasions as the present, in res pect to the cultivation ami gathering of crops r the wants of the farmer have been clearly dis closed, invention has been stimulated, and the needed machine, process or chemical combina tion, has been discovered and produced to sup ply the want. In proportion to the numbers occupied, the science ot agriculture is doubtless better understood, and the art more skillfuly practiced in some parts of the old world than in this, the new ; but we are on the march, impelled by the energies of a young and free people, with State agricultural societies leading the way, and they who will maintain the au vance must content themselves with no slow movements. Meanwhile, we may regard with just satisfaction our impiovement in machinery and utensils applicable to husbandry, some of which have gained such distinguished consid eration at the great exhibitions in England and Fiance. Your vast territory, your central position, your climate, your soil, your facilities for reach ing the great commercial marts, the boundless resources of your mineral wealth contributing to your general power, impose upon the s!er ling population of the Keystone State the duty of taking the lead in practical husbandry and In agricultural art and science. Nature ami the events of history have impo sed upon you, in these respects, and in others, responsibilities which, under the Providence of God, can rest upon no other State. You, my countrymen of Pennsylvania, constitute the po t litical Centre of this glorious Union of States, in which you art- an impregnable empire, out of Which you would be an empire doomed lo woe, distraction, and decay. How are these your grave responsibilities to be met ? How are these your solemn duties to be discharged ? If ever this noble arch of liberty shall be un dermined, or shall crumble, the crash of the Keystone will be the most fearful and fatal— ami it ought to be. I can never touch the soil of Pennsylvania without involuntarily recurring to the stirring incidents of her history, which instead of being shaded or obscured by time, aie inevitably', as years roll on, to be brought out in a stronger, clearer, and more glorious light. Within tier borders the Declaration of Independence was. drafted, signed, and pfycTairrfed to the world. To the memorable conwiwiliftn* of the (justed Colonies, on the 25th umjuue, I77ti, she de clared, through her delegates met in provin cial conference, in favoi of absolute separation from tlie mother country. Within her borders the Constitution under which we live was framed, adopted, ami signed by the "Father of his country," and those associates, whose patri otic labors, like his own, will never be forgot ten, though signatures may fade and parch ments perish. Oh ! how bountifully have the uncalculattug courage and personal sacrifices, ol tlie fathers been requited to the children by trie countless common blessings which that Con stitution lias so lavishly conferred! Do not, my fellow citizens, convert it to purposes not embraced HI its design ! Do not depart from the strict construction of its granted powers which has secured such harmonious action, and a degree of progress, happiness and security, socially and politically, of which the history of nations lurnishes no example ! Do not lor a moment indulge the desne, or harbor the thought, that you may enjoy the privileges j which the Constitution confers without accor ding to each and every one of the sister Stateln of the confederation all the rights and immu nities which it designed to secure to them! As honorable men you can not do it So iong as you are content to live under tlie compact maintain it sacredly in all its parts, in its letter aud in its spirit. Without a cheerful, practi cal, obedience to all its obiigalions, the Key Stone, firmly as it seems to be set, may be sha ken and tremble in its place. Your past, however, is the best guaranty lor the future. From the days of William Perm, \ eminently a peace loving and a peace cultiva ting people, you have shrunk from no respon sibility, arid faltered before no danger w Inch threatened our common country. This was signally verified in the strnggle of the Revolu tion, in the war of IS 12., and in. that laie wax.. when at the first blast ot the summoning trum pet, "our sons hastened to their weapons, and forming themselves in serried columns tender ed more regiments to the Republic than the government with a proper regard to patiiotic enrollments in other States could consistently accept. But there is another class deserving, if possible, still higher praise, i mean Ihe fathers of those gallant sons, the men, who own and cultivate the land, —the unobtrusive I nion loving, law-abiding, agricultural community represented here to-day,—that great, abounding ioteiest compared with which all others are hut fractions. And now in conclusion, fellow-citizens, per mit mo to say wherever lortuue may direct your footsteps, it will be the source of just pride, that you hail from Pennsylvania, but individu ally vour_highest pride and steadiest conscious ness of secui it v, at home or abroad, wili rest m the fact that you are an American citizen. During the deli very of this eloquent reply, the President was frequently interrupted with demonstrations of applause. After some elo quent observations from Gov. Pollock and Ex- Gov. Bigler, the ceremonies of reception ter minated, and the President proceeded to inspect the various articles offered for exhibition. ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP Canada. FROM THE SEAT OF WAR. PURITY PHOT S.RYU TILLIES L. LVD ED AT EUPAPORIA. The steamship Canada, from Liverpool, with Eu ropean dates to Saturday, the 29th September, arri ved at Halifax on Tuesday evening. The steamship Hermann arrived out on the 24th , ult. Elton THE GHIMEA. —The latest news from the Crimea is that GortschakofF telegraphed, on the 2.lii ult., that the Allies hail landed 20,000 men at En- i patoria, and thai the enemy have now 3U,0U0 men on j the Russian flank. The Allies attacked the Ru-sian infantry on the 22d of September, when the latter retreated. On I the 2.lth, the Allies, ad,ooo strong, debauched from ' Kupatoiia, and oectibted the neighboring villages on the let t Da ilk of the Ru-siuue. On the 11th, the Allies were concentrating their foioes between Halakiava and the tcheniaya, and were constantly reeoniioitering the left wing ol the Ru-sian army. The Allies were preparing lor an ac tive campaign. Four hundred deserters, mostly Polanders, had ar rived in the Allied camp. it is reported that the demoralization of the Rus. sian army is complete, and such was the confusion ; Irom the first moment of the assault ot the Allies; upon Sehastopol, that tlie soldiers became exhaust- i ed Irom latigue, having remained twenty-tour hours without any sustenance. The loss ol the Russian-, during the bombardment and assault is estimated at 18.000 men. The Russians continue to fire shells into Sebasto po! from the North shore. Some ol the guns send the shot entirely over the town, doing much damag to the advanced siege-works ol the Allies. A letter fiojm Berlin states that Prince Gortseha kolf'will shortly evacuate the lorts on the North side of Sehastopol. hut the Russians are still making vast preparations for the winter campaign. The Russian Treasury is receiving large sums through Berlin. The Turkish troops at Constantinople intended lor Asia have been sent to Eupatoria. It is reported that large bodies of ITench troops have been landed at Eupatoria. Despatches received irom \ lenna state that Ears is great!v straightened for provisions, and the garri son areobsolutelv subsisting on hprte-tlesh. The Russians have abandoned Erzeroum. Freedom of Thought and Opinion. BEDFORD, PA. FRIDAY MORNING, OCT. 12, 1855; Most of the Baltic fleet is to winter at Kiel. • DENMARK.—The Representatives in session at Co penhagen, have definitely approved, by ten majority, all the proposed constitutional changes. NAPI.ES.—An official circular, issued by tho Gov ernment of Naples, to the police, -ays that Mazza hs retired from office. The policy of the govern ment has undergone no change in ihe conduct of the police towards politically suspected persons. AT STRIA—The Austrian Government organ at Vi enna, •■Tales, referring to Russsia and Ihe Allies, that the new state of things may give occasion lor a di plomatic contest or a sanguinary strife between Rus sia and the Western Powers, but will in no way af fect the mediatory altitude of Austria. On ihe 16th. the Russians were fortifying the north side of Sebastopol, and constructing new bat teries. The French were advancing their cavalry and in- Uutry towards Bakslnzni. ±i A iearfiil tempest had occurred at Sebastopol, fol -s,wed by heavy rains. Sebastopol is to he razed and the basins filled up. fJccisiosa £" Jhe Supreme Court. j CiT" The following decision of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, in the Adjutant Gener al's case, was delivered on Monday the Ist inst. 4 Sunbury, Pa., fCommonwealth ex rel. ( .Eli Slifer, 'l'rea- Geo. W. Bowunm. vs. } surer of Pennsylvania. LEWIS CH. J.—This is an application for a tnan dfcnuis to compel the Stale t reasurer to pay the rela tor the urreui- of salary alleged To be due to turn as Adjutant General ol the Commonwealth, i'l'ne parties have argued the case on its facts and merits, without requesting an issue, and we proceed dispose ol it accordingly. f The objections To the Mandamus are : |l. That Gen. Bowrfign was not appointed for the term of three ) ears, hut only to fill tne vacancy oc casioned by the lesignatien of Gen. James Keenan, commission expired hy its own limitation on tfe 2 J Feb. 1 b-35. j§2. That Gen, Bowman ornilted to give security tor the faithful performance of the duties of the office, aSd therelore Governor Pollock, on Ihe fit. Fekruai v. ifVi, removed hiiu and appointed Thomas J. Power hi, successor who has ever since performed Ihe du ties ot the office and received the salary. ■ ft does not appear to be averred lit the pleading that Gov. Pollock removed the relator because lie ojiitted lo give the required security. Nor is any other cause of removal set forth. It is merely pica did t fiat he failed to perform Ihe duties of the office aid did not at any lime give bond with oneor more -■Sfficieut sureties, &(*., and "thereupon" be was ie tnpved. No neglect ot duty is specified, exeppt the failure to give bond, and from what seemed to be ad mitted on tiie argument, no other neglect of duty is pretended. No removal i- show nor alleged, except '.fiat which is implied by the simple appointment of aiucce-sor. And when it is seerilbut ttn- took place on the day after Gen. Keenan's Commission expired by its own limitation, it is hut a lair construction of tR.-act of Gov. Pollock, to hold that he intended no nitre than the appointment of a successor under ihe uJpretsiori Thai Gen. Bowman's appointment had ex pied by its own limitation. We are unwilling to believe that the Governor in- JsdwU*4 w 4Jk 1 JlftJ* IttOit an: liffuxi iUMMUIU wl for a term of years before the term had expired.— That be posse.-,ed Ihe power of removal is conceded; but the power is to he exercised upon et/uer shown.— It exists only where "the officer tails and neglects faithfully to perform ttie duties of hi, office." It is true that the Ex'ecutative is made the judge ; and that his "opinion" or jiigtnent, is conclusive, so far as re t&Testo the question oi removal. But that judgment is not to be piofioutited without notice, without any chatge or specification, and without any opportunity given to the officer lo make his defence. The repu tation and the right of thy imcumbent lo the office, lor the term specified in his commission, are involv ed; and fm has a right to know ttie aecu-ation and to be heard m Ins defence. The present Executive un der-loud these rights 100 well, and appreciate- then, 100 highly io he guilty ot violating them. If he was on his trial before the Senate, on impeachment lor do ing so, it would be difficult to covinceany one that he intended lo commit any such act of oppres-ion. The adpointment of Gen. "Power would he under-! stood there,a U should he here. It is nothing more j than an appointment to fill a vacancy supposed to exist J in the office. The act of Assembly requites the Ad jutant General to give bond be Jure he. sitters on the an - j ties oj 'his office. So that the giving ot the bond is! not an official duty hut a preliminary to entering upon i offirtal duties. It is n aile so by the veiy section t which gives the Governor power to remove for ne- j gleet ot official duty. The omission to give bond is j therefore not a neglect ol official duty lor which the . Governor is authorized to remove an incumbent du- I ly commissioned for a term of years. This power ot j leinovat is a special authority and must be strictly pursued. It was not pretended at the argument that there was any otiiei removal ol Gen. Rowmur. than that which may be implied from the appointment of Gen. Power. In setting iorth that appointment it is not \ averred that it was intended as a removal ot General , Bowman,or that any notice ot it wasgiven to the lat- : ter, for the puipo-e ot terminating his authority.— . Where an office is held during the pleasure of the op pointing power, a removal may he either express, That } is by a notification that the otficeris removed; or ;//i- j plied, by the appointment of another person to the j same otlice. iiut it has been decided that ill either | case the removal is not completely eflected until no- j tice actually received by the person removed. An I otlice held during pleasure is not distinguishable I from ojher oa-es ot revocable authority, ihe oHicer j has authority to act until notice of iev ocation. Row-, erlault vs. Morns, Wallace 11. S. Circuit C. Rep. | t 124,Cren vs. Vernuii Cro Car. 97; 1 Ven 100; 3 P. | *,Vm 191: 19 Yin Abr. 151; pi 3; 3 Rep. 71; Cro Eliz | 110; lb 14. 13 Peters 2UO; 8 Ring 002. Rut when au olficer holds for a specified term of ' years '-if he shall so long behave himselrwell," there j i is no implied conviction ot misbehavior, nor any mi- ! I plied removal for that cause arising Horn the ap- | pointirieut of another person to fill the same office, i i'his was decided in the People vs. Carngne, 2 Hill j 104; hut the principle ol justice on which the lule is ; too clear to require the aivi ot authority. 1 here is ; therefore neither removal nor intention to remove j Gen. Bowman. I lie question is whether bis corn- : i mission was void, or had expired, at the tune vv hen ; Gen Power was appointed. The Clerk who tilled it j up was ceitamly not very judicious in the selection j of words to express the meaning of the Executive.— I 1 There is an auibiguity ol expression in it which has I pi nimbly produced the present difficulty. But the I acts ol public officers where the rights ot the public lequire it should lie Vonstiued with libeiallty. Ihe re is ulways a piesnrution that they are m accordance with the law . That presumption can be repelled on ly by clear evidence ol illigality. 1 he act regulating tbe Militia of the Commonweaith declares tliat ttie appointment oi the Ajutant Geneial shall he "lor the teiin of three years, it he so long behave hin)sell well and faithfully performs the dutie- of his otlice." The commission accordingly states tfiat liie Executive ; has appointed George W . Rovvman Adjutant Gener al •'in pursuance ol the authority contained in the Mi litia laws ol this Commonwealth." .An appointment tor a shorter term could not be "in pursuance of that authority." This part of the Commission must therefore be understood as soute evidence that the j appointment was made.lor the term ol three years, as the Jaw requires. In the hahetidmn, when fairly ; construed, it fs vtated that he is to have and to hold 1 the ollice for the term of three years it you shall so i long behave youself vvell*, Kc. Rejecting the imper- feet sentence which relates to the vacancy occasion ed by the resignation of Gen. Keenan, the meaning is perfectly plain. That this imperfect sentence was introduced as a mere parenthesis, and forms no part of tlie habendum, seems manliest from the whole language of the Commission. That the "term of three years" is to be read as fixing the term ol Gen eral Bowman's Commission seems reasonable, be cause without so reading it, no term whatever is spe citied. If no term be specified the words "if von shall so long behave yourself welt," would be senseless.— They would have nothing to which they could have relation. The parenthetical statement that he is Commissioned "to fill the vacancy occasioned hy the resignation of Gen. Keenan" does not cut down his term brlow the period prescribed by law. These words are very frequently introduced where an ap pointment is made to fill a vacancy occasioned by death or resignation. They do not of themselves im port any limitation of the term of the appointee. It is only in cases where the law declares that an ap pointment to till a vacancy shall he for the unexpir ed term ot the previous incumbent that they haveany effect whatever. In this case t tie law allow s of no ap pointment for a shorter penod than three years. The reference to the vacancy occasioned by the resigna tion of Gen. Keenan is theretore merely surplu-age. It did neither good nor harm It was like similar language contained in iheCainmissionsof Judges Co wan and Browrisori of the Supreme Couit of New York. They were appointed to fill vacancies occasioned by resignations and the fact was so stated in their re spective commissions but it wes never supposed that this had the effect of cuttingdown their judicial term. The official term established by law is not to be changed by such vagueaitd unnecessary surplusage in a Commission. We are unanimously of opinion t hat on a lair construction of the Commission granted to Gen. Bowman it was intended to give him the right to Ihe office for Ihe term of three years if he sbouid so long behave himself well. But it seems that he neglected lo give Ihe security required by law. He has faitfully perlortried the duties of the office how ever without complaint; aud, since these proceedings were instituted, he has tendered the security. The omission -eemsto be an inadvertance .There is noth ing wilful in it so lar as we see. It does not appear that security was ever demanded, or that the State has suffered any injury for ihe want of it. If the omission furnished ground for refusing to permit Gen. Bowman to take possession of the office, or for im prosiug any penally upon him it does not appear that the Executive, or other authorities, did either the one or Ihe other. He was permitted to enter upon Ihe duties—lake charge of the public property—per forin his public duty, and to receive the salary provi ded by law. Under these circumstances his tender of security, as soon as the omission was brought to Ins notice, is sufficient to entitle hint to hold the office. But for the period during which he performed the duties ol theolfice without having given the reqnired security he was not strictly the officer tie jure. He was merely the officer tie far to. Hi-actsaie good, so far as others aie concerned. But the role seems to be established that none out the officer r/r jure can successfully claim compensation for official services. Riddle vs. Bedford Co., 7 S k 11. 380: Dillon v<. Myers al. 3 Penrto Lau Join. 160, Brightleys N. I'. Rep. 326. ft follows that Gen. Bowman i- not en tilled :o Ihe Mandamus. The performance of the duties ot the office before giving the security was prohibited by law. The law must therefor refuse to aid him in compelling payment for services thus rerw dered against its direction. This view of the case renders it unnecessary toex pre-^"any dfiThioh fin the quest ion whether tlie title to ail officer can be deteimined in a Mandamus for | the salary. Mandamus refused. The Kfer Rtmle of Know Nofhintrism in Georgia^ The advice- by mail, as well as by telegraph, re move all doubt as to the character of the result in Georgia. In a State where Know-Nothingism cal ; culated largely upon success, and where its leaders i hoped to entrap the unwary by carefully conceal- lug The most odious features of the order, bitter and over* helming ha* been the disappointment, and Geor gia proudly and extiltingly takes her stand by her sister Nates of the South, after having furnished tri umpant evidence of her loyalty to the Constitution, j her fidelity to the Union, and iier unwavering devo- j tion to the great principles of the Democratic party, j The lesult may be summed up in a few words.— Johnson (Democrat) has been re-elected Governor i by about 4,000 majority—a gain of 3,500 since the! election of ISO 3. The delegation in the next Con- j gress will stand, six Democrats and anti-Know-Noth ings, In both branches of next State Legislature , tlie Democrats will have decided majorities. In an- j nounciiig this signal defeat ot Know-Nothingism in | Georgia, the Augusta Constitutionalist says : >• Ihe election on Monday last has placed upon i the lolehead ol know-Aothlliglsin 111 Giorgia Hie unmistakable biaiul of tbe popular condemnation. — j The xehuke is signal, emphatic, and we hetieve ' tliial. Georgia has lecurdeil her voice in characters ! oi blazing light against Know-Nothingism in all its j odious lealures, bolli as regaids its tonus ol orgaui- ! zation in secict lodges and atiiliated councils, united j under a gieut cenlial head, with the secrecy, the; oalhs the obligations, the degiees and discipline, the | grips and signs, and passwords, and as regards its lea- I ding and avowed amis of National and Mate poll-; cy. The former, the mere paraphernalia ol hum- t merv and humbug, intended to cajole, to.beguile, and to tie down the honest citizen and deprive him ot his free agency; the latter intended to uudermiue, and liually break down the constitutional bulwarks elected by I lie lathers of the Republic lor tbe pro tection ol the citizens of every clime and ol every religion, who links his destiny with Republicanism and religious Ireedom on our soil. Know Notbtng isui, in it- inside forms and its outside developments —h.now-Nothiugistn in its internal discipline and designs —is alike rejected and condemned in Georgia. ! i he vote is hut an imperfect indication of the pop ular disgust with Know-Nothingism ; for during the canvass it shitted its alt nudes and changed its cui ois, and iesoited to adroit palliations, in dllierent 10-1 1 culitles in ltie State, to meet every exigency of the local sentiment. It showed thus, in some counties, a lactitious strength. In some counties it was hot : stored up by the popularity and influence oi men ' who, while professedly not sanctioning its princi ; pies, allowed themselves to he used 111 Its behalf. ••Again, side issues were suddenly sprung up to i distiact the public mind trom the main question.— Prejudices against Governor Johnson, growing out ; of past party relations and puity contests, vveie ap pealed to, anil with effect. Misrepresentations and ; distortions ol luets in regard to the management of ' the State railioad were publicly circulated in pam phlets and handbills, anil votes were influenced ; thereby. Rut with all these drawbacks the seuti ; ment ot Georgia has been spoken with crushing ef- I tee I against kiiow-Nothuigism." ML A Si lED: On tlie -till inst. at G. K. Parsonage, Mar tinsburg, by the Rev. J. Heller, Mr. GEORGE W BUT/, to Miss FANNY BRECIIMAN, botti of Middle VVoodoerry Township, lied lord Coun ty, Fa. On same day, by the same, at the Hotel of Major Snider, Mr. PERRY BENSON, to Miss MARY A. BAKER, both of Huntingdon County, Pa. TERMS, §2 PER TEAR. The RCMIES in Ihe Old Keystone* 20,000 Majority for Pltttner. A DEMCRJTJC LEGISLATURE and A Democratic l. S, Senator. The election of iast Tuesday resulted in the ' glorious triumph of the Democracy and the friends of the Constitution. The returns of this county are not all reported. Enough however i 3 known to secure the election ot the Know j Nothing Treasurer and Auditor. The Com ! rnissiotier is yet in doubt with about an equal j chance between Horton and Whetstone. The average 'majority for the know nothings is | considerably less than it was last year. There is i nothing in the result to discourage any Deino- J crat. Before the election the K. Vs boasted loudly ot carrying the County by 900 or 1000 majority. By tins means many good Democrats were induced to remain at home. The result proves that with any thing like a fair turn out Bedlord Countv is Democratic bv a large ma * jonty. The conduct of the K. N. party has driven many good men from the ranks of the op|>osi tion and they are now so completely disorgan ized, that it will be impossible tor years to rally them together in opposition to the Democracy. In our Legislative district, the noble Demo crats of Cambria county, have rolled up a ma jority of nearly 800 for our ticket. Fulton County has given the very large ma jority of 223. These results secure the elec tion of Major BEENHAKD and GKO. N. SMITH Esq., to the Legislature by from eight to nise hundred majority. It was said before the elec tion that the Know Nothing candidates were formerly Democrats, and went over lor the sake of office. If so they have been slightly disappoin ted. The Democrats have carried ihe Slate of Pennsylvania by at least '20,000 majority. The Senate and House of Representatives are both Democratic by larger majorities than we have had tor some years. This secures a United Slates Senator for six years. The returns of the city of Philadelphia are as yet somewhat incomplete, but nevertheless indicate clearly the triumphant election ot GEORGE MEUEE, the Democratic candidate for Sheriff, by a majority approximating very near ly to two thousand, and CHARLES W. CARKI GAN. Register of VV" ills, and Jons SUES BY, Clerk of the Orphans' Couit, by nearly same m&jorities. This would be of itself glorious result, but, in addition, we have elec ted eleven members of the assembly, and a" .state jamator in.Jhc.fQUhly. aud_JtuxL meanhex* of the assembly in the old city out of four, giving, at tile same time, two thousand three hundred majority lor Arnold Plumer for Ca nal Commissioner over the Republican, Abo lition and Know-Nothing candidate. From the Pittsburg Uuiou. THE RESULT OF THE ELECTION. Though we cannot present this morning lull re turns of the vote throughout the County, enough is given to show the complete success ol our ticket. — As a standard to guide us in our calculations, we take the relative vote of Judges Black and Baird, for the Supreme Bencn, at last fall's election. The ma jority of Baud over Black, in the County, was 354- iu the vote lor Sheriff yesterday, our gains in the Districts heard from, amount to about 050, and our losses 10 150, giving us u net gain of 400, thus lar.— This already annihilates the majority ot Baud, and gives us 50 voles to spare. If Patterson's gains in crease in like proportion in the remaining Districts, he will be elected by iroin lour to six huudred ma jority. The rest of the Democratic ticket will have still larger majorities. The Know-Xotlnngs are rout ed, horse, toot and dragoon. GEORGIA has elected a Democratic Gover nor and six out ol seven members ol Congress. The seventh member is in doubt. BEDFORD lOlVn OFFICIAL. (CF*Sinoe the above has been set in type, the Return Judges have met, and it will be seen from the following table that the entire Knovv- Xothing ticket has beeu elected : Xicholson, 1791 Piumer, 1677 W. W. Kirk, 1793 R. S. Alexander, 1792 Jos. Bernhard, 1676 Geo. .\. Smith, 1673 D. Over, 1779 I. Mengel, 1678 W in. Whetstone, 1761 T. VV. Horton, 1692 Geo. D. Shuck, 1791 Henry W'ertz, 1678 Geo. W. Smith, 1772 Ewd. Pearson, 1681 A. P. Fields, 1786 QI/-"Where is the boasted 1000 majority of the K. JNi.'s of this county ? notwithstanding the editor ot the Gazette has not been able to i lake any part in the campaign. I connection with the illness ol the edi tor, one of the hands is unable to work: conse ■ queiilly there will be no paper issued lrom this I uifice next week. The uencieucy will be made i up to subscribers. [£?~The auual Fair lor this County, commences on Wednesday next. DIED, In Charribersburg, on the morning of the 4th inst. Mrs. SARAH M. HARRIS, consort ot Mr. Tfcos. J. ; Harris, aged 35 years. Her death leaves an afflicted J husband and tne youthlul children to luouin her ■ j uretrievuble loss. She possessed many striking vir ' tues —and her death was calm, lull of hope, pious, j and edilying, until her laimoi (ai soul v\ uiged its flight' ! 111(0 that land Iroiu which theie is no reiuin. May ' she ro=t in peace. > VOL XXIV, NO. 9.