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7SA*H BUYEiis/rAK^T) ; nCE7 SAVE YOUR GREENBACKS! NEW FALL AND WINTER GOODS, just received, At J. M. SHOEMAKER'S Store, AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES' Hiving just returned from the East, vre are now opening h large sto>'k of Fill and Winter Goods, which have been BOUGHT FOR CASH, at nett cash prices, and will be SOLD CHEAP. This be ing the only full stock of goods brought to Bedford this season, persons will be able to suit themselves better, in style, quality and price, than at any other store in Bedford The following comprise a few of our prices, viz : Calicoes, at 10,12, 14, 15, 16 and the best at 1$ cents. Muslins at 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 18, and and the best at 22 cents. All Wool Flannels from 40cts. up. French Morinoes, all wool Delaines, Coburgs, Ac. SHAWLS—Ladies', children's and misses' shawls, latest styles; ladies'cloaking cloth. MEN'S WEAR—Cloths, cassimeres, satinctts. jeans. Ae. BX)TS AND SHOES--In this line we have r very extensive as-ortment for ladies, misses, chil dren. and men's and boys' boots and shoes, all sizes and prices, to suit all. HATS—A large assortment of men's and boys' hats. CLOTHING—Men's and boys' coats, pants and vests, all sizes and prices SHIRTS, Ac.—Meu's woolen and muslin shirts; Shakspeare, Lock wood and uiusltu-luied paper collars; cotton chain (single and double, white and colored). GROCERIES—Coffee, sugar, syrups, green and black teas, spices of all kinds, dye-stuffs, Ac. LEATiIEK —Sole leather, French and city calf skius, upper leather, linings, Ae. We will sell goods on the same terms that we nave beeu for ttio 1 ist three mouths—cash, or note with interest from date. No bid debts con tracted and no extra charges to good paying cus turners "o make up losses of slow and never paying customers. Cash buyers always get the best bar gains, and their accounts are always settled up. J. M. SHOEMAKER, Bedford, 5ep.27,'67. No. 1 Andeisou's Row. 10 per cent, saved in buying your goods for cash, at J. M. SHOEMAKER'S cash and produce store, No. I Anderson's Row. aep27 / IREAT BARGAINS! VX The undersigned have opened a very full supply , of FALL AND WINTER GOODS. Our stock is complete and is not surpassed in EXTENT. QUALITY AND CHEAPNESS, j The old system of • TR US TING FOR EI E R'' having exploded, we are determined to SELL GOODS UPON THE SHORTEST PROFIT ' VOR CASH OR PRODUCE. To prompt paying customers we will extend a credit of four mouth.t, but we wish it expressly j understood, after the period named, account will be due and interest will accrue thereon. BUYERS FOR CASH may depend upon GETTING BARGAINS. n0v1,'67 . A. B. CRAMER A CO. GOODS!! NEW GOODS!! The undersigned has just received from the East a large and varied stock of New Goods, which are now open for examination, at MILL-TOWN, two miles West of Bedford, comprising everything usually found in a first-class country store, j consisting, in part, of Dry-Goods, * Delaines, Calicoes, Muslins, Cassi mere, Boots and Shoes, Groceries, Notions, Ac., Ac. All of which will be sold at the most reasonable prices. Lip Thankful for past favors, we solicit a con tinuance ol the public patronage. Call and examine our goods. may24,'67. G. YEAGER FIRM! NEW FIRM! GOOD GOODS ARE DOWN! SCHELLSBURG AH EAD! NEW GOODS! NEW GOODS! just received and will be sold AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES. Call at BLACK A MARBOURG'S, in Schellsburg, IF YOU WANT CHEAP GOODS of any kind! We have no big stock of old goods at big prices. Our stock is nearly all fresh and new. Look at some of our prices : MUSLINS, from 10 to 17 cents. CALICOS, from 8 to 15 cents. CLOTHS and CASSIMERES at reduced prices. DRESS GOODS, all kinds, cheaper than before the war. ALL WOOLEN GOODS 25 per cent, cheaper than any that have been sold this season. Gloves, Hosiery, etc., etc., etc., very low. Groceries, Queensware, Wooden Ware Ac., Ac., at the lowest market prices. If you want Good Bargains and Good Goods, call at .BLACK A MARBOCRG'a. Schellsburg, Dec. 6m3 NEW ARRIVAL.—Just received at M C. FETTERLY'S FANCY STORE. Straw Hats and Bonnets, Straw Ornaments, Rib bons Flowers. Millinery Goods. Embroideries, Handkerchiefs. BeMd-trnuraiDgs. Buttons. Hosiery and Gloves, VVhite Goods, Parasols and Sun-Um brellas, Balmorals anil Hoop Skirts, Fancy Goods and Notions, Ladies' and Children's Shoes. Our assortment eon.an.g all that is sew and desirable. Thankful tor former liberal patronage we hope to be able to merit a ooutinuanee from all our cus tomers. Please call aud see our new stock. nay3l ®!jc Bcitforit BY MEYERS & MENGEL prti-<T>oods, &t. /GLORIOUS N E W S! FOR THE PEOPLE! TELL IT! EVERYBODY TELL IT! COTTON NO LONGER KINO! G. R. O.ST ELI A U<. Are now receiving at their NEW STORE a large and carefully selected stock ot new and CHEAP Dry Goods, Furs. Clothing, Carpeting*, Oil cloths, Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, Wall papers. Willow-ware, Queens-ware, Oils, Tobaccos, Segars, % Ac., together with an extensive assortment of Fresh Groceries, which for extent and CHEAPNESS is unrivaled in Central Pennsylvania, all of which they offer wholesale or retail at prices that defy competition. Piles of calico prints and muslin from 61 cents up to sublime quality. They invite all to call, see for themselves and be convinced. TERMS —POSITIVELY CASH AN DELIVERY, un loss otherwise specified. Beoford, Pa.. Dec.13,'67m3. QHHK) DOLLARS REWARD! ! : Just received at the New Imperial BARGAIN STOKE, A handsome assortment of NEW SPRING GOODS. As goods are now advancing daily, and no doubt will be much higher, we think families cannot buy too soon G. R. OSTER A CO. fb2Bui2 I DBAOOO DOLLARS WORTH!! nb of Boots and Shoes of every description and best ' Manufacture, just received and For Sale 25 per cent Cheaper than heretofore. The Boot and Shoe Department of G. R OSTER iV CO has become a leading feature in their business. | and is now the place to get Good as well as Cheap Boots ar.d shoes, as they have the largest and best assortment in town. teb2Sm2 J|ATS! HATS!! dust received the leading N w Spring Styles of o**tits, Bys and Children's Hats, much cheaper than heretofore. We woul i call special attention to the Gents Self-conforming Casstmere dress Hat, also the Velvet finish Seif- conforming Flexible Band Hat. These Hats will be found to be very desirable, being very soft in band and conforming immediately to the shape of the head. tcbjßm2 G- R. OSTER A CO. A NOTHER VETO ON HIGH PRICES! I you CAN SAVE MONEY by buying your GOODS of MILLER & BOWSER, Mann's Corner, ... BLDIORD, Pa. They are now opening a choice variety of NEW AND DESIRABLE FALL AND WINTER GOODS. Dry-Goods, Ready-Made Clothing, Fancy G .odd, Notions, Cotton Yarn, Hats and Caps, , Boots and Shoes, Groceries, Queensware, Wooden ware, Tobacco and Cigars, Brooms, I Baskets, Ac., Ac., Ac. LOOK AT SOME OF THEIR PRICES: CALICO, at 8, 10, 12, 15, 10. GINGHAM, at 12}, 15, 18, 20. MUSLIN, at 10,12, 14, 15,18, 20. ©af Cassimeres,Cloths, Satinetts and i | Lat lies' Sacking, at very low prices. | Ladies', Gents' and Misses' She.es. Sandals and Over-Shoes, in great variety. | Men's, Boys' and Youths' Boots. Best Coffee, Tea, Sugar and Syr -1 up in the market. Prices low Feed, Flour, Ac., for sale at all | tiroes. Heir We invite all to call and see our ■ ' goods and compare prices before buying elsewhere. | fge&' Our motto is, Short Proffits. &AR TERMS— Cash, Note or Produce. oct2s,'S7 CTELLERS A EOLWELL, WHOLESALE C< >NFECTION E RS and FRUITERERS, No. 161 North Third Street, i PHILADELPHIA feb2lmS f Orders promptly attended to. TERMS OF PUBLICATION. THE BEDFORD GAZETTE is published every Fri day morning by MEYERS A MEWOEI., at $2 00 per annum, if paid strictly in advance ; £2.50 if paid within six months; $.3.00 if not pai<t within six months. All subscription accounts MUST be settled annually. No paper will be sent out of the State unless paid for IN ADVANCE, and all such subscriptions will invariably be discontinued at the expiration of the time for which they are paid. All ADVERTISEMENTS for ales 3 term than three months TEN CENTS per line for each In sertion. Special notices one-half additional Ad resoluti' ns of Associations; communications of limited or individual interest, and notices of mar riages r.nd deaths exceeding five line-, ten cents per line. Editorial notices fifteen cents per line. All legal Notice#of every kind, and Orphans'' Court and Judici-l Sales, are. required by law ■o be published in oth papers published in this place. All advertising due after first insertion. A liberal discount is made to persons advertising by the quarter, half jear, or yeir, as follows : 3 months. (5 months. 1 vcar. •One square - - - $4 50 $6 00 $lO 00 Two squares 6 00 9 00 lb 00 Three squares - - - 800 12 00 20 00 Quarter column - - 14 00 20 00 35 00 Half column - - - 18 00 25 00 45 00 One column - - - - 30 00 45 00 80 00 •One square to occupy one inch of space. JOB PRINTING, of every kind, done with neatness and dispatch. THE GAZETTE OFFICE has just been refitted with a Power Press and new type, and everything in the Printing line can be execu ted in the most artistic manner and at the lowest rates —TERMS CASH. tjSp All letters should be addrcssd to MEYERS A MENGEL. Publishers. AHC (OR It I'.XI'O XII EXE. A DDI-ON, Pa., Feb. 24, 1868. DEAR MEYERS:—I was standing at my desk, a day or two since, writing an article of some importance, (at least to me.) when Squire William entered and told me he had seen and conversed with my friend Meyers, of the BED FORD GAZETTE. The train of thought was broken. The thick-coming fancies were all dis pelled, and memory immediately was busied with the buried past, buried more effectually to me than others, as there is now scarcely an interest, or a link, to connect me with it. But "let the dead past bury its dead your place is emphatically with the living present. You have a post in the Grand Army of Regeneration, and this is no time for "gentledalliance in a lady's chamber," or for the lascivious plea sings of the lute. The hour demands vigorous workers as well as thinkers, when power is in the hands of men, without moral or legal restraint, bit terly hostile to everything that our fathers loved7 who are breaking down every social harrier between the proud race to whom this country belongs, whose sacred birth-right it is, and who cannot sell it for a price without incur ring an eternity of infamy, and thede graded race who have borne and will bear, • lie badge of inferiority and ser vitude, despite the mad efforts of the misguided men, who now control the Nation's destinies, and who will live in History as men recreant to God, to Country and Humanity. Then the people are at length awaken ed, thecryof "Rightsor Revolution,"is swelling on the prairies of the West, and from then *e, for some time to come, will the nen be taken, who as the representat ves of ideas originating and sustained there, will sway tnis Nation for good or evil. Let us pray the former. That cry is a deeply significant and suggestive one, and woe to him who heeds it not. Temporary political damnation, which politicians appear to dread more than any, or all the de nunciations in Holy Writ, is the least of the evils that will alilict them. There is truth in the old adage, that i the gods make mad, whom they intend j to destroy, as is abundantly proved by j the declaration of a Radical Senator i that Congress would soon control the Ballot Box in all the States. Control the States, indeed! Why, you can hear the slogan sounding now, that shall be the coronach of the "God and morali ty," "loil," nigger-loving crew who strut and swelter in thecapitol, clothed in corruption, reeking with innocent blood, and drunken with the wine of abomination. Before the specified five years of the "loil" Senator, the whole crew will have been scourged from the Capitol and will have called upon rocks and mountains to hide them from the scorn and indignation of an outraged people. May God in his goodness avert the storm of bloodshed and ruin, the fearful retribution, into which these men are so madly goading a long suffering people. The old Know-Nothing leaders, in disguise, fresli from persecuting and murdering one class of our citizens, have abandoned their old incendiary cry, the gathering cry of the Church burners, "America for Americans," and are now shouting another, eqaully as specious, as damnable—"America for the Africans." Oh, worse than fool ish ! The specious cries, "Rebellion," | "Treason," "Loilty," will no longer : avail you. The brass on Grant's coat, in Stanton's cheek, cannot save you.— The worn out twaddle of the last seven years, is impotent for political effect and stripped of your false colors of - patriotism and humanity, you will be I turned out to meet the scorn of all good men, andt he revi lings, mayhap the torturing, of the bad. For yourservile tools who have hunted to the death so many true men, who burned and uiob , bed, and exulted in the devil's work you set for them, will burn and rend you, as the dogs did Jezeliel und will employ the temuim you tought thcm f for BEDFORD, PA., FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 6. 1868. your oten de .frvrtion, notwithstanding, "that the col tied troops fought nobly." If the foregoing, suits you, Messrs. Editors, it i- entirely at your service, ami you will again hear from me, if you see fit to fprent" it. Very trfily. # ZINGARO. MEX SAG It I IIIK PR ESI BENT. IS i* Reason* ft*'.' Removal or Mr. Stanton—l nh- 4runmeiit and DefeiiHO. WASHINGTON, Feb. 24.—The Presi dent to-day -In' to the Senate the fol lowing message It was read in secret session, laid f the table and ordered to be printed. The Senate removed the injunction of secrecy : To the Senate of the United States:—l have receivedia copy of the resolution adopted by ' lie Senate on the 21st in stant, as follows: "Whereas tie Senate have received and consider" : the communication of the President stating that he had re moved Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War, and had designated the Adju tant General of the Army to act as Secretary of War ad interim : there fore 4 ' Resolved by (he Senate of the Un ited States, That under the constitution and laws of the United States the Presi dent has no power to remove the Secretary of . War and designate any other officer to perform the duties of that office ad interim." This resolution is confined to the power of the President to remove the Secretary of War and to designate an other officer to perform the duties of the office ad interim , and by its pream ble is made expressly applicable to the removal of Mr. Stanton, and the des ignation to act ad interim of the Adju tant General of the army.—Without, therefore, attempting to discuss the general power of removal as to all offi cers, upon which subject no expression of opinion is contained in the resolu tion, f shall confine myself to the ques tion as thus limited—the power to re move the Secretary of War. It is declared in the resolution "that under the constitution and laws of the United States the President has no power to remove the Secretary of War and designate any other officer to per form the duties of that office ad inter im." As to the question of power un der the constitution I do not propose at present to enter upon its discussion. The uniform practice from the begin ning of the government, as established by every President who has exercised the office, and the decisions of the Su preme Court oft he United States, have settled the question in favor of the power of the President to remove all officers excepting a class holding ap pointments of a judicial character. — No practice, or any decision, has ex cepted a Secretary of War from this general power of the President to make removals from office. It is only neces sary, then, that I should refer to the power of the Executive under the laws of the United States, to remove from office a Secretary of War. The resolu tion denies that under these laws this power has any existence. In other words, it affirms that no such authori ty is recognized or given by the stat utes of the country.—What, then, are the laws of the United States which de ny the President the power to remove that officer? I know but two laws which bear upon this question. The first in order of time is the act of Au gust 7th, 1789, creating the Depart ment of War, which, after providing for a Secretary as its principal officer, proceeds as follows : "Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be in the said depart ment an inferior officer, to be appoint ed by the said principal officer, to he employed therein as he shall deem proper, to be called the chief clerk in the Department of War, and who, whenever the said principal officer shall be removed from office by the President of the United States, or in any other case of vacancy, shall, dur ing such vacancy, have the charge and custody of all records, books and pa pers appertaining to the said depart incut." .It is clear that this act, passed by a Congress many of whose members par ticipated in the formation of the con stitution, so far from denying the pow er of the President to remove the Sec retary of War, recognizes it as exist ing in the Executive alone, without the concurrence A' the Senate or of any other department of the government. Furthermore, tliis act does not purport to confer the pover by legislative au thority, nor in fret was there any oth er existing legislation through which it was brought ipon the Executive. The reeognititn of the power hy this act is therefore complete as a recogni tion under the fonstitution itself, for there was no otter source or authority from which it euld be derived. The other act which refers to this question is that regulathg the tenure of certain civil officers, passed by Congress on the second day of Xarch, 18G7. The first se -tion of that act is in the follow ing words: "Thatevery person holding any civil office t> which he has been appointed by aid with the advice and consent of the Senate, and every per son who shall lereafter he appointed to any such offfio, and shall become qualified to act herein, is and shall be entitled to holdsueh office until a suc cessor shall have been iu like manner appointed and duly qualified, except as herein other vise provided.—Provid ed that the Secretaries of State, of the Treasury, of War, of the Navy, and of the Interior, the Postmaster General and the Attorney General, shall hold their offices, respectively, for and dur ing the term of the President by whom they may have been appointed, and for one month thereafter, subject to remov al by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The fourth section of the same act re stricts the term of offices to the limit prescribed by the law creating them. That part of the first section which precedes the proviso declares that every person holding a civil office to which he has been or may he appointed, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall hold such office until a successor shall have been in like man ner appointed. It purports to take from the Executive, during the fixed time established for the tenure of tne office, the independent power of re moval, and to require for such removal the concurrent action of the President and the Senate.—The proviso that fol lows proceeds to fix the term of office of seven heads of departments whose tenure never had been defined before, by prescribing that they "shall hold their offices, respectively, for and during the term of the President by whom they may have been appointed, and for one mouth thereafter, subject to removal by and with the advice and consent of the Senate." Thus, as to these enumerated officers, the proviso takes from the President the power of removal except with the advice and consent of the Senate. By its terms, before lie can he deprived of the power to displace them, it must appear that he himself has appointed them. It is only in thai case that they have any tenure of office or any inde pendent right to hold during the term of the President, and for one mouth after the cessation of his official func tions. The proviso, therefore, gives no Ten ure of office, to any one of these officers who has oeen appointed by a former President beyond one month after the accession of his successor. in the case of Mr. Stanton the only appointment under which he held the office of Secretary of War was that conferred upon him by my immediate predecessor, with the advice and con sent of the Senate. He has never held from me any appointment as the head of the War Department. Whatever right he had to hold the office was de rived from that original appointment an<l my own sufferance. The law was not intended to protect such an incumbent of the War Depart ment by taking from the President the power to remove him. This, in my judgment, is perfectly clear, and the law itself admits of no other just con struction. We find in all that portion of the first section which precedes the proviso that as to civil officers gener ally, the president is deprived of the power of removal; and it is plain that if there had been no proviso, that pow er would just as clearly have been tak en from him, so far as it applies to the seven heads of the departments, but for reasons which were no doubt satis factory to Congress, these principal officers were specially provided for, and as to them the express and only re quirement is that the president who has appointed them shall not, without the advice and consent of the Senate, remove them from office. The con sequence is that as to my cabinet, em bracing the seven officers designated in the first section, the act takes from me the power, without the concurrence of the Senate, to remove any one of them that I have appointed, but does not protect such of them as I did not ap- give to them any tenure of office beyond my pleasure. An examination of this act' then, shows that while in one part of the section provision is made for officers generally, in another clause there is a class of officers designated by their official titles, who are excepted by the general terms of the law, and in refer ence to whom a clear distinction is made as to the general power.of remov al limited in the first clause of the sec tion. This distinction is that as to such of these enumerated officers as hold under the appointment of the President, the power of removal can only be exerc.sed by him with the consent of the Senate, wlile as to those who have not been appointed by him there is no like denial of his power to displace them. It would be a viola tion of the plain meaning of this enact ment to place Mr. Stanton upon the same footing as those heads of depart ments who have been appointed by myself. As to him, this law gives him no tenure of office. The members of my cabinet, who have been appointed by ine, are by this act entitled to hold for-one month ufier the term of my office shall cease; but Mr. Stanton could not, against the wishes of my successor, hold a moment thereafter. If lie were permitted by that successor to hold for the tlrst two weeks, would that successor have no power to remove him ? Hut the power of my successor over him could be no greater than my own. If my successor would have the power to remove Mr, StlJton after permitting him to re main a period of two weeks, because he was not appointed by him, but by his predecessor, I, who have tolerated Mr. Stanton for more than two years, cer tainly have the same right to remove him, and upon the same ground, name ly, that he was not appointed by me, but by my predecessor. Under this construction of thetenure of-officeact, I have never doubted my power to remove Mr. Stanton.— VOL. 62.-WHOLE No. 5,4?3 Whether the act was constitutional or not, it was always ny opinion that it did not secure him from removal, i was, however, aware that there were doubts as to the construction of the law, and from the first I deemed it desirable that at the earliest possible moment tliosedouhts should bo settled, and the true construction of the act fixed by the decision of the Supreme Court of the United States. My order of suspension, in August last, was in tended to plat* the ease in such a po sition as would make a resort to a ju dicial decision both necessary and proper. My understanding and wish es, however, under that order of sus pension, were frustrated, and the last order for Mr. Stanton's removal was a further tep towards the accomplish ment of that purpose. I repeat that my own convictions as to the true construction of the law, and as to its constiutionality, were well settled and were sustained by ev ery member of my cabinet, including Mr. Stanton himself. Upon ths ques tion of constitutionality each one in turn deliberately advised me that the tenure-of-oifieeact was unconstitution al. Upon tiie question whether, as to those members who were apppointed by my predecessor, that act took from me the power to remove them, one of those members emphatically stated in the presence of the others sitting in cabinet, thet they did not come with in the provisions of the act, and it was no protection to them ) no one dissented from this construction, and I un derstood them all to acquiesce in its correctness. In a matter of such grave consequence I was not disposed to rest upon my own opinions though fortified by my constitutional advisers. I have there fore sought to bring the question at as early a day as possible before the Supreme Court of the United States for final and authoritative decision. In respect to so much of the resolution as relates to the designation of an officer to act as Secretary of War ad interim, 1 have only t say that I have exercised this power under the provisions of tiie first section of the act of February 13, 1795, which, so far as they are applica ble to vacancies caused by removals, I understand to be still in force. The legislation upon the subject of ad inter im appointments in the executive de partments stands as to the War Office as follows: The second section of the act of the 7th of August, 1789, makes provision for a vacancy in the very case of a re moval of the head of the War Depart ment, and upon such a vacancy gives the charge and custody of the records, books and papers to the chief clerk.— Next, by the act of the Bth of May, 1792, section 8, it is provided that in case of vacancy occasioned by death, absence from the seat of government, or sickness of the head of the War De partment, the President may author ize a person to perform the duties of the office until a successor is appointed or the disability removed. The act, it will he observed, does not provide for the case of a vacancy caused by the removal. Then by the tirst section of the act of February 13th, 1795, it is provided that in the case of any vacancy the president may appoint a person to perform the duties while the vacancy exists. These acts are followed by that of the 20th February, 1863, by the first section of which pro vision is again made for vacancy caused by death, resignation, absence from the seat of government, or sickness of the head of any executive depart ment of the government; and upon the occurrence of such a vacancy, power is given to the President to authorize the head of any other executive depart ment, or other officer in either of said departments whose appointment Ts vested in the President, at his discre tion, to perform the duties of the said respective offices until a successor be appointed, or until such absence of ina bility by sickness shall cease ; provided that no one vacancy shall be supplied in the manner aforesaid fora longer term than six months. This law, with some modifications, re-enacts the acts ol 1792, and provides as did that act, for the sort of vacan cies so to be filled, nut, like the act of 1792, it makes no provision for a vacan cy occasioned by removal. It has re ference altogether to vacancies arising from other causes. According to my construction of the act of 1863, while it impliedly repeals the act of 1792, regu lating the vacancies therein described, it has no bearing whatever upon so much of the act of 1795, as applies to a vacancy caused by the removal. The act of 1795, therefore, furnishes the rule for a vacancy occasioned by remo val—one of tho vacancies express ly referred to in the act of the 7th of August, 1789, creating the department of war. Certainly there is no express repeal by the act of 1863 of the act of 1705. The repeal, If there is any, is by im plication, and can only be admitted so far as there is a clear inconsistency between the acts. The act of 1795 is inconsistent with that of 1863 as to a vacancy occasioned hy death, registra tion, absence or sickness; but not at all inconsistent as to a vacancy caused by removal. It is assuredly proper that the Pres ident should have the same power to fill temporarily a vacancy occasioned by removal as he has to supply a place made vacant by death or expiration of term. If, for instance, the incumbent of an office should be found to be whol- ly unfit to exerciso its functions, and the public service should require his immediate expulsion, a icmedyshouUl ex st and be at once applied and time be allowed the President to select and appoint a successor, as is permitted him in case ofa vacancy caused bv death or the termination of an official term. The necessity, therefore, for an < d interim appointment is just as great, and, indeed, may be greater, in case of removal than in any others. Before it be held, therefore, that the po\w r given by the act of 1795 in ca-es of re moval is abrogated by succeeding islation, an express repeal ought toap pear. So wholesome a power should certainly not be taken away by loose implication, it may be, however, that in this, as in other cases of implied re peal, doubts may rise. It i w confessed ly one of the most subtle and debut::- ble questions which ari-e iti the con struction of statutes. If upon such a question 1 have fa'i. u into an erroneous"construction, i -u■ •- mit whether it should be characterized as a violation of official duty and of law . I have deemed it proper, in vindhvi tion of the course which I have consid ered it my duty to take, to place bt - fore the-Senate theiv-t-on-upon which I have based my action. Although 1 have been advised by ev ery member of my cabinet that the en tire tenure-of-otfiee bill act is unconsti tutional and therefore void, and al though I have expressly concurred in that opinion in the veto message which I had the honor to submit to Congress when I relumed the bill for re-consid eration, I have refrained from making a removal of any officer contrary to the provisions of the law, and have only exercised that power in the ease of Mr. Stanton, which, in my judgment, did not come within its provisions. I have endeavored to proceed with the greatest circumspection, an i have ac ted only in an extreme and exception al case, carefully following the course which I have marked out for myself, as a general rule, faithfully to execute all laws, though passed over my ob jections, on the score of constitutional ity. In the present instance I have appealed, or sought to appeal, to that final arbiter fixed by the constitution for the determination of all such ques tions. To this course I have been im pelled by the solemn obligations which rest upon me to sustain inviolate Die powers of the high office committed to my hands. Whatever may be the con sequences, merely persona! to myself, I could not allow them to prevail a gainst a public duty so clear to my own mind and so imperative. If what was possible had been certain ; if I had been fully advised when I removed Mr. Stanton that in thus defending the trust committed to my hands my own removal was sure to follow, I could not have hesitated, actuated by public con siderations of the highest character. I earnestly protest against the resolu tion of the Senate, which charg&s me in what I have done with a violation of the constitution and laws of the U nited States. ANDREW JonxaoN. Washington, D. C., February 22, 1868. WHAT WE ARE TAXED FOR.—WO have been taxed half a million of dol lars, says the Detroit Free Pre**, with in the last year, to build school houses for the Negroes in the South. We have been taxed two millions one hundred and fifty-seven thousand dollars to organize the negroes of the South into loyal leagues and get them to the polls to vote for revolutionary conventions in the South. We have been taxed eight hundred thousand dollars to pay the expenses of negroes to ride about the South on the different railroads. We have been taxed to pay one mil lion five hundred thousand dollars for food for negroes and Bureau agents in the South. We have been taxed twenty-five thousand dollars to pay school teachers for teaching negro children in the South. These are a few among the many things we have been taxed for, under ihe Radical reconstruction policy in the South. When forty-two millions morearead ded as the military expenses attendant upon that policy, the people may begin to understand why they are crowded for mouey, and why taxes are oppres sive. llow To CONVERSE.— Among all tho "accomplishments" which our young ladies are expected to acquire, It is to be regretted that the art of conversa tion is not included. No grace of per son or maners can compensate for a lack of this. In youth the conversa tion of women is too apt to be trifling and insipid, and in middle age it is too often confined to complaints of health and the scandal of the day. Lively conversation upon instructing and ele vating topics is but little practiced; but when it is found it gives a charm to the society of females which nothing else can. It triumphs over deformity and old age, and makes ugliness itself agreeable. Curran, speaking of Mad ante de Stael, who was by no means handsome, but a splendid conversa tionalist, said that she "had the power of talking herself into a beauty." In dies should think of this. Tho faculty of language is one of the most won derful and potent for good or evil of the powers with which we are endow ed— hence the importance of sedulously cultivating it. WITHIN the past year no less than eight thousand seven hundred and sixteen patents for useful inventions and designs, were issued from the pat tent office at Washington. Truly we are an in ventive people. WHEN Haddock's wife kicked him out of bed, said lie, "Look here, now! you had better not do that again ; if you do it will cause a coldness in this family,"