Newspaper Page Text
BY MEYERS & MENGEL.
TERMS OF PUBLICATION. TKE BSDPOBII GAZETTE is published every Thurs day morning by METERS A MSKOEL, at $2.00 per annum, if paid strictly in advance ; $2.50 if paid within six months; $3.00 if not paid within six months. All subscription accounts MUST be settled annually. No paper will he sent out of the State unless paid for IN ADVANCE, and all such übscriptions will invariably be discontinued at the expiration of the time for which they are aid. All ADVERTISEMENTS for a less term than three months TEN CENTS per line for each In sertion. Special notices one-half additional All esolutions of Associations; communications of imited or individual interest, and notices of mar riages and deaths exceeding five line?, ten cents per line. Editorial notiees fifteen cents per line. All legal Notices of every Bind, and Orphans' Court and Judicial Sales, are required by law t be published in both papers published in this place. All advertising due after first insertion. A liberal discount is made to persons advertising by the quarter, half year, or year, as follows: 3 months. 6 months. 1 year. ♦One square ---$4 50 $6 00 $lO 00 Two squares - - - 6C3 900 16 00 Three squares - - - 8 00 12 00 20 00 Quarter column - - 14 00 20 00 35 00 Half column 18 00 25 00 45 Oft One column - - - - 30 00 45 00 80 00 ♦One square to occupy one inch of space JOB PRINTING, of every kind, done with neatness and dispatch. THE GAZETTE OFFICE has just been refitted with a Power Press and new type, and everything in the Printing line can be execu ted in the most artistic manner and at the lowest rates —TERMS CASH. UTAH letters should be addressd to MEYERS A MENGEL, Publishers. gritttiug. ITIII E BED FG R D GAZETTE POWER PRESS P RIN TIN G ESTABLISH MENT, BEDFORD, PA. MEYERS & MEN GEL PROPRIETORS. Having recently made additional im provements t< our office, we are pre pared to execute all orders for PLAIN AND FANCY JOB P R I N T I N Gr , With dispatch and in the most SUP ERIO R STYL E. CIRCULARS, LETTER HEADS, BILL HEADS, CHECKS, CERTIFICATES, BLANKS, DEEDS, REGISTERS, RE CEIPTS, CARDS, HEADINGS, ENVEL OPES, SHOWBILLS, HANDBILLS, IN VITATIONS, LABELS,\c.bfc. Our facilities for printing POSTERS, PROGRAMMES, Ac., FOR CONCERTS AND EXHIBITIONS, ARE UNSURPASSED. "PUBLIC SALE" BILLS Printed at short notice. We can insure complete satisfaction as to time and price rjVHE INQUIRER BOOK STORE, opposite the Mengel House, BEDFORD, PA. The proprietor takes pleasure in offering to the the following articles belonging to the Book Business, at CITY RETAIL PRICES : MISCEL LAN EO US BOOKS. N O V E L S. BIBLES, HYMN BOOKS, AC.: Large Family Bibles, Small Bibles. Medium Bibles, Lutheran Hymn Books, Methodist Hymn Books, Smith's Dictionary of the Bible. History of the Books of the Bible, Pilgrim's Progress, Ac., Ac , Ac. Episcopal Prayer Books, Presbyterian Ilymn Books, SCHOOL BOOKS. TOY BOOKS. STATIONERY, Congress, Legal, Record, Foolscap, Letter, Congress Letter, Sermon, Commercial Note, Ladies' Gilt, Ladies' Octavo, Mourning, French Note, Bath Post. Damask Laid Note, Cream Laid Note, Envelopes, Ac. WALL PAPER. Several Hundred Different Figures, the Largest lot ever brought to Bedford county, for sale at prices CHEAPER THAN EVER SOLD in Bedford. BLANK BOOKS. Day Books, Ledgers, Account Books, Cash Books. Pocket Ledgers, Time Books, Tuck Memorandums, Pass Books, Money Books, Pocket Books, Blank Judgment Notes, drafts, receipts, Ac INKS AND INKSTANDS. Barometer Inkstands, Gutta Percba, Cocoa, and Morocco Spring Pocket Inkstands. Glass and Ordinary Stands for Schools, Flat Glass Ink Wells and Rack, Arnold's Writing Fluids, Hover's Inks, Carmine luks, Purple Inks, Charlton's Inks, Eukolon for pasting, Ac. PENS AND PENCILS. Gillot's, Cohen's, licllowbush A Carey's, Payson, Dunton, and Soribner's Pens, Clark's Indellible. Faber'sTablet, Cohen's Eagle, Office, Faber's Guttknecht's, Carpenter's Pencils. PERIODICALS. Atlantic Monthly, Jlarper's Magazine, Madame Demorest's Mirror of Fashions, Elootic Magazine, Godey's Lady's Book, Galaxy, Lady's Friend, Ladies' Repository, Our Young Folks, Nick Nax, Yahkee Notions, Budget of Fun, Jolly Joker, Phunny Phellow. Lippincott's Magazine, Riverside Magazine, Waverly Magazine, Billion's Magazine, Gardner's Monthly, Harper's Weekly, rank Leslie's Illustrated, Chimney Corner. New York Loiger, New Y'ork Weekly, Harper's Bazar, Kvery Saturday, Living Age, Putnam's Monthly Magazine, Arthur's llosne Magazine, Oliver Optic's Boys and Girl's Magazine Ac. Constantly on hand to a;-oaiodate those who want to purchase living reading tnattter. Only a part of rhe vast number of articles per tainiug to the Book and Stationery business, which we are prepared to sell cheaper than the cheapest, are above enumerated. Give us a call We buy and sell for CASH, and by this arrange- i inent we expect to sell as cheap as goods of this class are sold anywhere Jang 1870 ' *UbrcUancous. !LBCT It I C | TELEGRAPH IN CHINA. THE EAST INDIA TELEGRAPH COMPANY S OFFICE, Nos. 23 & 2f> Nassau Street, NEW YORK. Organized under special charter from the State of New York. CAPITAL $5,000,000 50.000 SHARES, SIOO EACH. DIRECT O R S. Hot ANDREW G. CURTIN, Philadelphia PAULS. FORBES, of Russell A Co., China. FRED. BUTTERFIELD, of F. Bu tterfield A C New York. ISAAC LIVERMORE, Treasurer Michigan Cen ; tral Railroad, Boston. ALEXANDER HOLLAND, Treasurer American Express Company, New York. Hon. JAMES NOXON, Syracuse, N. Y. 0. 11. PALMER, Treasurer Western Union Tele graph Company, New York. FLETCHER WESTRAY Westray, Gibbs A Uardeastle, New York. NICHOLAS MICKLES, New York. OFFICERS. A G. CURTIN, President. N. MICKLES, Vice President GEORGE ELLIS (Cashier National Bank Com monwealth,) Treasurer. | HON A K. MeCLURE, Philadelphia, Solicitor. The Chinese Government having (through the Hon. Anson Burlingame) conceded to this Com pany the privilege of connecting the great sea ports of the Empire by submarine electric tele graph cable, we propose commencing operations j in China, and laying down a line of nine hundred miles at once, between the following ports, viz : Population. Canton 1,000,000 Macoa 60,000 Hong-Kong 250,000 Swatow 200.000 Amoy 250,000 Foo-Chow 1,250,000 Wan-Chu 600,000 Ningpo 400,000 Hang Chean 1,200,000 Shanghai 1,000,000 Total 5,910,000 These ports have a foreign commerce of $900,- i 000,000, and an enormous domestic trade, besides ; which we have the immense internal commerce of ! the Empire, radiating from these points, through j its canals jjnd navigable rivers. The cabfh being laid, this company proposes erecting land lines, and establishing a speedy and trustworthy means of communication, which must ; command there, as everywhere else, the commu nications of the Government, of business, and of social life especially in China. She has no postal system, and her only means now ofcommuuicating information is by couriers on land, and by steam ers on water. The Western World knows that China is a very large country, in the main densely peopled; but few yet realize that she contains more than a third of the human race. The latest returns made to her central authorities for taxing purposes by the local magistrate make her population Four hun dred. and Fourteen millions, and this is more likely to be under than over the actual aggregate. Nearly all of these, who are over ten years old, not only can but do read and write. Her civili zation is peculiar, but her literature is as exten sive as that of Europe China is a land of teach ers and traders; and the latter are exceedingly quick to avail themselves of every proffered facili ty for procuring early information. It is observed in California that the Chinese make great use of the telegraph, though it there transmits messages in English alone. To-day great numbers of fleet steamers are owned by Chinese merchants, and used by them exclusively for the transmission of early intelligence. If the telegraph we propose connecting all their great seaports, were now in existence, it is believed that its business would pay the cost within the first two years of its suc cessful operation, and would steadily increase thereafter No enterprise commends itself as in a greater I degree renumerative to capitalists, and to our whole people. It is of vast national importance commercially, politically and evangelically. stock of this Company has been un qualifiedly recommended to capitalists and busi ness men, as a desirable investment by editorial articles in the New York Herald, Tribune, World, Times, Post, Express, Independent, and in the Philadelphia North American, Press, Ledger, Inquirer, Age, Bulletin and Telegraph. Shares of this company, to a limited number, may be obtained at SSO each, $lO payable down, sls on the Ist of November, and $25 payable in monthly instalments of $2.50 each, commencing December 1, 1868, on application to DREXEL & CO., 34 South Third Street, PHILADELPHIA. Shares can be obtained in Bedford by applica tion to Heed A Schell, Bankers, who arc author ized to receive subscriptions, and can give all ne cessary information on the subject. sept2syl | W E combine style with neatness oi fit. And moderate prices with the best workmanship JONES' ONE PRICE CLOTHING HOUSE 604 MARKET STREET, GEO W. NIEMANN. PHILADELPHIA. |sepll,'Bß,yl ] I RPJIE BEST PLACE TO BUY 1 choice brands of choiring Tobaccos and Ci gars, at wholesale or retail, is at Oster's. Good natural leaf Tobaccos at 75 cents. Try our 5 cent Yara and Jiarauna cigars—they cant be heat, nnelßjn3. BEDFORD, PA., THURSDAY MORNING NOVEMBER 18, 1869. pnt-<&ootl$, &(. NEW GOODS JUST RECEIVED AT J M. SHOEMAKER'S BARGAIN STORE NEW GOODS just Received at J. M. Shoemaker's Bargain Store. NEW GOODS just Received at J. M. Shoemaker's Bargain Store. NEW GOODS just Received at J. M. Shoemaker's Bargain Store. NEW GOODS just Received at J. M. Shoemaker's Bargain Store. NEW GOODS just Received at J. M. Shoemaker's Bargain Store. BUY your Dry Goods, Groceries, Clothing. Hats, Boots and Shoes, Queensware, Fish, Notions, Leather, Tobacco, Ac , at J. M. Shoemaker's Bargain Store. BUY your Dry Goods, Groceries, Clothing, llats. Boots and Shoes, Queensware, Leather, Fish, Notions, Tobacco, Ac., at J. M. Shoemaker's Bargain Store BUY your Dry Goods, Groceries, Clothing, ifats, Boots and Shoes, Queensware, Notions. Leather. Tobacco, Fish, Ac., at J. M. Shoemaker's Bargain Store. BUY your Dry Goods, Groceries, Clothing, Hats, Boots and Shoes, Queensware, Notione, Leather, Tobacco, Fish. Ac., at J. M Shoemaker's Bargain Store. BUY your Dry Goods, Groceries, Clothing, Hats, Boots and Shoes Queensware, Notions. Leather, Tobacco, Fish, Ac., at J. M. Shoemaker's Bargain Store BUY your Dry Goods, Groceries, Clothing. Hats, Boots and Shoos, Queensware. Notions. Leather, Tobacco, Fieh Ac., at J. M. Shoemaker's Bargain Store. Bedford, Pa., June 11. 1869. / 1 11. 08TER & CO. U . READ AND SPEAK OF IT! COME SEE AND BE CONVINCED ! We are now receiving our usual extensive and well assorted STOCK OF NEW AND CUE A P SUMM Elt GOO DS, And are now prepared to offer SMASHING BIG BARGAINS TO C A S II B U Y E It S , 111 Staple and Fancy Dry Goods, Notions, Car pets, Oil Cloths, Cotton Yarns, Carpet Chains, Huts, Boots, Shoes, Clothing, Brooms, Haslets, Wall aud Window Papers, Groceries. Queens ware, Tobaccos, Cigars, Fish, Salt. r IT e invite everybody to rati and see for them selves. NO TREBLE TO SHOW GOODS. T E It M S GASH. BRING ALONG VOCB CASH and we will guarantee to SELL you Goods as CHEAP as the same styles and qualities can be sold in Central Pennsylva nia. Be assured that CASH in hand is a wonderfully winning argument, and that those who BUY and SELL for CASH are always mastersof the situation. junelSmS G. R. OSTER A CO. NT II It ACT T E COAL! MITCHELL & HAGGERTY, Shippers and DEALERS IN COAL, IIARKISBUKG, PA., Would respectfully beg the attention of consumers of Anthracite coal to the purity and cleanliness of that which we are now sending to Bedford. 00v4,'69m3 SPIDLE <t- MINNICH, PAINTERS. PAPER-HANGERS, Ac. The above firm are prepared to do all kinds of PLAIN and FANCY PAINTING, GRAINING, and everything in that line, in town and country. Paper hanging promptly atended to. Shop on the corner of Pitt and Richard streets opposite Hartley A Metzger's flarlward store. oct2Byrl. J A T E S T S T Y LE S WINTER GOODS MRS. E. V. MO WRY Has just received from Philadelphia and New York, and now openod a stock ot the latest styles of MILLINER Y. DRY GOODS, FANCY NOTIONS, IfC., ifC. AII of which will be sold at very short Profit*, i Bedford oct2Bin3 J FILW (FINITE. THE IHStOSTEXTEI) <OI'PEE. An old discontented couple, who had hard work to procure the necessaries of life, were constantly complaining of the faults and failings of others, instead | of seeking by Divine help to rectify their own. "All this trouble and sorrow in the world is through Adam aiul Eve," the old man would exclaim. "Jf J had been Adam i never would have allow ed a woman to lead me in such a scrape." A wealthy and pious lady lived near, who had frequently relieved the old man and his wife. One day, in passing, she heard them grumbling as usual about Adam and Eve. She felt anxious to convince them of the im portance of being contented with the station in which Providence had placed them, and how wrong it was to be thus constantly murmuring at their lot in life. The next morning the lady's ser vant in livery came to the cottage with a message from her mistress for the old couple to go to the mansion. The looks of discontentment vanish ed for once, as the old folks were de lighted with such a mark of distinc tion from one so very rich. On arriving at the mansion the lady received them most kindly, and thus addressed them : "I have set you apart two rooms in my house, and so long as you attend j to my wishes you will be allowed to ; remain here, and have everything needful for your comfort. Hut if you disobey any of my rules you will be immediately turned out and sent back to your old mud cottage." "Thank you, thank you kindly," re sponded the old man. "Never fear we will do anything a gainst your wishes, ma'am," added the old woman. "Very well," said the lady, "then you will find a home here for life." Everything necessary for their com fort was provided, and all went on well for some time. There was one thing that somehow puzzled them. For several days there was placed j upon their dinner table a covered dish, which they were desired not to touch. "My lady desires me to say that ev ery dish is at your service, except that one," said the servant. On one day, having nearly finished their hearty repast, the curiosity of the old woman was greatly excited as to the contents of the forbidden dish, and she said to her husband : "What can it be ?" "Never mind," said the old man, we've had a capital dinner without it." "As the lady was doing us good, she ; might as well let us taste every dish," ; added the old woman. "Why, yes, she might as well have done handsomely,,' rejoined the old j man. "There can be no harm in looking," : continued the old woman, "the lady will never be the wiser for that." The old man was silent, and silence serves to give consent. He was al most as curious as his wife about the j strange dish. The temptation was so j strong, and the longer it was parried i with the stronger it became. "Oh ! oh ! oh !" exclaimed the ter rified old woman, as she started back ! and upset the dish on the floor. Out jumped a mouse. The uproar roused the lady of the. j house who suspected what was the , matter, and she was quickly at the i door. "What, is this the return you make for my kindness? You, who were so ' ready to blame Adam and Eve for eat ing the forbidden fruit, could not obey my trifling request ? You have now forfeited (he privileges I conferred on you, and you must therefore leave my house immediately, and return to your mud cottage. Never blame Adam and Eve for what you would evidently have done yourself, had you been in their places." QDITBA SPECTACLE.— One of the handsomest and best-dressed gentle men in the city, says the New Orleans Picayune, is a worthy merchant, whose great personal care of himself and his addiction to fiuc living have procured him a rotundity which, while it de tracts nothing from his good looks, ut terly conceals from his own inspection his extremities. This circumstance twas on Friday morning the occasion to him a mortifying exposure, while others looked upon it as an a in using spectacle. Before break fast he invariably takes a morning walk, and his urbanity and polite recognition are looked for by early pedestrians with pleasure. Dressing himself, therefore, with great care, he sallied out, but strange to say, every one he met turned their heads and laughed, and some ladies from the gallery of a residence over he way ran screaming into the house, "What did it mean ?" At last he met a little boy whose im moderate laughter drew from him the indignant inquiry : "What do you see about me, you lit tle scoundrel, that everybody laughs at ?" "Why, Mr. D , you've forgot to put on your pants !" Overwhelmed with shame the old gentleman hurried home and eagerly sought out the mirror. In his haste he had carefully adjusted his attire, hut had, indeed, forgot his pants. Some people don't believe in adver tising because they say "nobody reads the papers." But let them get into a scrape and you will find them flying around to the newspaper office with the request, "Please don't mention that little affair, it's all a mistake; I don't want my name published all ov er the country." A .MOVIN4J SESHOS. We have the subjoined discourse, de livered by a Southern divine who had removed to a new field of labor. To his new flock, on the first day of his ministration, he gave some reminiscen ces of his former charge as follows: "My beloved brethering, before I take my text I must tell you about my parting with my old congregation. On the morning of last sabbath I went into the meeting house to preach my farewell discourse. Just in frontof me sot the old fathers and mothers in Israel; the tears coursed down their fur rowed cheeks; their tottering forms and quivering lips breathed out a sad, "Fare ye well'.Brother Wat kins,—ah /" Behind them sot the middle-aged men and matrons ; health and vigor beam ed from every countenaucejand as they looked up, I could see in their dreamy eyes, "Pare ye well, Brother Watkins,— ah /" Behind them sot the boys and girls that 1 had baptised and gathered into the Sabbath School. Many times had they been rude and boisterous, but now their merry laugh was hush ed, and in the silence I could hear— "Fare ye well, Brother Watkins,—ah /" Around on the back seats, and in the aisles, stood and sot the colored breth ering, with their black faces and hon est hearts, and as I looked upon them I could see a— "Fare ye well, Brother Wat kins, — ah /" When I had finished my discourse and shaken hands with the brethering—ah! I passed out to take a last look at the old church—ah ! The broken steps, the flopping blinds and moss covered roof suggested only —"Fare yewell, Brother Watkins, —ah!" 1 mounted my old gray mare, with my earthly possessions in my saddle-bags, and as I passed down the street the servant-girls stood in the doors, and with their brooms waved me a— "Fare ye well, Brother Watkins, —ah /" As I passed out of the village the low wind blew softly through the waving branches of the trees and moaned— "Fare ye welt, Brother Watkins,—ah ! 1 came down to the creek, and as the old mare stopped to drink I could hear the water rippling over the peb bles a— "Fare ye well, Brother Watkins, —ah !" And even the little fishes, as their bright fins glistened in the sun light, I thought, gathered around to say, as best they could— "Fare ye well, Brother Watkins,—ah /" I was slowly passing up the hill, meditating upon the sad vicisitudes and mutations of life, when suddenly out boun ed a hog from a fence corner, with aboo! aboo! and I came to the ground with my saddle-bags by my side. As I lay in the dust of the road my old gray mare ran up the hill, and as she turned the top she waved her tail back at ine seem ingly to say— "Fare ye well, Brother Watkins,—ah l tell you brethering, it is affecting times to part with a con gegration you have been with for thir ty years—ah !" WEBSTER'S RETAINING FEE. S. C., Jr., sends the following anec dote of Daniel Webster to the New York Ledger:— One day a gentleman from New Bed ford waited upon Mr. Webster in his office on Court Street—wishing to en gage him for the defence of an im portant ease in law. The visitor was himself the defendant, and the amount atjdake in the suit was sixty or seven ty thousand dollars, lie presented all the important points, and Mr. Webster was willing to undertake the task.— But the client could not tell exactly when the case would come in. "Very well," said Webster. "Ifyou wish to retain me for the defence in this suit, I will hold myself in readi ness, and will not engage for the plain tiff." The gentleman asked what the re taining fee would be. "A thousand dollars." "A thousand dollars!" "See what I engage to do sir. I not only hold myself at your command, perhaps a month or more, but I debar myself from accepting any offer, no matter how large, from the plaintiff." The applicant filled out a cheek for one thousand dollars, and gave it to the great expounder. "And now, sir," said Daniel, after he had put the cheek in his pocket, "I will give you a bit of advice gratis.— "If you can compromise this business, upon fair terms, with the plaintiff, you had better do so." The client acknowledged his thanks, ar.d then took his leave. Daniel sent the check to the bank, where it was duly honored. On the very next day the gentleman from New Bedford called upon Mr. Webster again. The plaintiff was in Boston —had come up on the previous day on purpose to compromise—and a compromise had been affected. "Inshort" said thcclcint, "we have made a clear and satisfactory settle ment." Mr Webster was very glad ; and hav ing so expressed himself; and duly congratulated his visitor, he would have turned to other business; but the visitor seemed to have something furtheron his mind—something that made him restive and uneasy. "Of course," ho ventured, after a pause, "I shall not require your ser vices, Mr. Webster." "Certainly not, sjr ; " "And—and—how about the thou sand dollars I paid you?" faintly quer ied the gentleman, who could not see the propriety of paying such a sum for services which were never to be ren dered." "O—ah," responded Daniel, with a bland smile, "you don't scent to under stand. It is very simple. That was a retaining fee—called, in law; a retain er. What should I retain if not my fee ?" And the gentleman from New Bed ford went away thoroughly instructed in the legal signification of "a retain er." HOW FAIt VI KltN CAW KEEP THEIR FARMS PRODUCTIVE. This subject is one of the special in terest, and deserves the attention of every agriculturalist. By'what meth od is the richness of the soil to be pre served and continued in productive state? This question is based on tiie following assumptions, viz: that the amount of produce depends on the quantity of manure applied as food for plants, of whatever kind they may be. Although nature has furnished man with a soiljof virgin richness and fertil ity, it cannot continue so while we draw from it yearly, and continually, our vast resources of food and clothing. The soil must he renovated, or it will cease to yield her increase for the sup ply of our wants. The farmers of the Southern States, by neglecting to re new their exhausted lands, have be come poor, and in many instances have abandoned them, as worn out and worthless. Whereas, had they, from time to time, renewed the fer tility of their lands with suitable ma nure, there would not now be seen those vast, deserted and worn out plan tations that exist in that section of the Union. If we do not renew the fer tility of our soil, it will cease to re compense us for our toil. We must expend money and labor upon it, in order to provide for our wants and those of our families. In order to de velope the resources that nature has imparted to the soil, it must be well tilled. Suppose a man should take a quan tity of new land for the purpose of gaining a livelihood, and should year ly plant it with corn, or sow it with wheat; if he should neglect to renew it, in a few years it would degenerate, and his crops would grow scantly and soon fail altogether. Now what is necessary to keep his land in good con dition is thorough cultivation, by draining, (if it be wet) and by careful aud judicious manuring; deep plow ing. also, and harrowing are necessary to pulverize the soil, and give free passage to the roots of plants to de scend. By thus conducting his farm, the owner may for an indefinite time, reap a sure and plentiful reward for his labor, and at the same time keep his lands in prime condition. It is not judicious management of a farm to plant or sow oue kind of grain from year to year, as this will soon exhaust the soil, unless highly manured. A rotation of crops is In dispensible also, to prevent the land from degenerating. As to the kiud of fertilizers to he used, almost every farmer knows, or ought to know, what kinds are best adapted to his lands. Barn-yard, stable and hog manure, ashes, lime, guauo, and all kinds of vegetation in a state of decay, are use ful manures, and should be carefully preserved for use. "I WISH I HAD CAPITAL."— SO we heard a great strapping youug man exclaim the other day. We conclud ed that he wanted practical advice, and we shall give it to him. You want capital, do you? And sjppose you had what you call capital, what would you do with it? Haven't you hands, feet, muscle, bone, brains, health, and don't you call them capi tal ? What more capital did God give anybody ? "Oh ! but they are not money," say you. But they are more than money, and nobody can take them from you. Don't you know how to use them? If you don't its time you wore learn ing. Take hold of the plow, or hoc, or jack-plain, or broad-ax , and go to work. Your capital will then, in due time, yield you a large interest. Ay, but there's the rub, you don't want to work, you want money on credit, so you can play gentleman and speculate, and end by playing the vagabond. Gr you want a farm with plenty of hands upon it to do the work, while you run over the country and dissipate; or you want to marry some rich girl who may be foolish enough to take you for your good looks, that she may support you. Shame on you, young man ! Go to work with the capital you have, and you'll soon make interest enough upon it to give you as much money as you need, and make you feel like a man. If you cannot make money on what capital you have, you could not if you had a large amount in cash. If you do not know how to use bone, muscle, aud brains, you would not know how to use gold ; you would only know how to waste it. Then don't stand about idle, a great helpless boy, waiting for something to turn up, but go to work. Take the first work you can find, no matter what it is so that you do it well; al ways do your best, if you manage the capital you already have, you will soon havb plenty more to manage; but if you can not or will not manage the capi.al God has given you, you will never have any other to manage. Do joa hear young man ? GYPSUM.— Mr. Wiliiard says:—lt has been estimated that in Herkimer Co., a third more feed is obtained from the land one year with another by the judicious use gypsum. However this may be, the increase in grass from its use both in meadows and pastures, is very considerable, and dairymen re gard "plaster," as it is termed, as one of the important adjuncts in dairying. It is certain that our pastures are kttyt fresher and greener by the use of "plas ter," and a neglect in its application for any considerable time is made ap parent in the milk pail, and decrease of the cheese product. The New Haven Lever sounds this note of warning: "Beware, young mau ! The pearl powder now used by her is poison ! One touch of those eager lips to that enamelled cheek may result in death most horrible! Be warrrre!" VOL. 65.-'WHOLE No. 5,517. 1.1 VE Tin PER ATE. A "merchant prince" of New York —a portly six-footer of great manly beauty, who never dined without his brandy and water nor went to bed withouta terrapin or oyster supper, and who was never known to be drunk, died of chronic diarrhoea—a common end to those who are never intoxicated and never out of liquor. Hall's Jour nal of Health gives this account of his d< i ath: ' Months before he died—he was a year in dying—he could eat nothing without distress, and at death the whole alimentary canal was a mass of disease; in the midst of his millions, he died of inanition. That is not the haif, reader. He had been a steady drinker, a daily drinker, for twenty eight years. Scrofula had been eatingup one daughter for tifteen years; anoth er is in the madhouse; the third and fourth were of unearthly beauty ; there was a kind of granduer in that beauty; but they blighted and paled, and fa ded—into heaven we trust—in their sweet teens ; another is totering on the verge of the grave, and only one is left with all the senses, and each of them is weak as water." The same periodical instances anoth er case that should supplement the one just given: "A gentleman of thirty-five was sit ting on a chair, with no specially crit ical symtoms present; still he was known to be a'dissipated young man.' He rose, ran fifty feet, fell down, and died. The whole covering of the brain was thickened, its cavities were filled with a fluid that did not belong to it, enough to kill a half a dozen men with apoplexy; a groat portion of one lung was in a state of gangrene, and nearly all the other was hardened and useless; blood and yellow matter plastered the inner covering of the lungs, while an gry, red patches of destructive inflama tion were scattered along the whole al imentary canal. Why there was e nough of death in that one man's body to have killed forty men. The doctor who talks about guzzling liquor every day being'healthy,' is a perfect dis grace to the medical name, and ought to lie turned out to break rock for the term of his natural life, at a shilling a day, and find himself." FURTHER NOTES ON BREAD-MAK ING. —Janet, of Ilarrisburg, Penn., takes exception to certain ideas on this subject which have had currency through the medium of the "House keepers' Club." Janet, who speaks as one with authority, thinks the repor ter of the discussions of the associa tion named has fallen into a mistake, especially in relation to brewers' yeast. "Brewers' yeast," says Janet, "rises in two hours, and bread set at two or four in the afternoon, and left to rise all night, would be very sour in the morning. And then, to use soda to correct the acidity that she carefully allowed to generate Is not making the matter much better. Soda ought to be used very little by a housekeeper who regards the health of her husband and children, as well as her own. It certain ly should never outer into bread at all. It is bad enough to have yeast in it. The time is coming, I apprehend, when we shall make bread without e ven this ingredient." In continuation of this discourse, Janet proceeds pleas antly and forcibly as follows: "Flour in bread has a delicious sweetness that nothing should destroy. "It has beeu said of republics that they may rise to a certain height of national prosperity, and then must as assuredly decline. This we deny with regard to republics, but it is certaiuly true as to the staff of life, "There is a point at which the sweet ness has departed, even before the sourness begins. The great art is to arrest the fermentation before it reach es this point." PEBBLES.—Never stare any body full in the face, it is rudelyimpertinent. lusolent or haughty words, even to the meanest, always degrades the per son who uses them, in the eyes of sen sible people. Never interrupt a person when ho is speaking; wait till ho is done, and then answer respectfully. Churlishness will render any man disagreeable, while good humor will gain love and esteem. Never seek to be witty at the ex pense of others, it discovers an uncul tivated mind. Avoid unprofitable discussions, they engender strife. Mere external beauty is of little value, and deformed of penson, when associated with excellent qualities of minu and heart, should not preclude our respect and approbation. When we suffer ourselves to be ruled by passion, our minds resemble the puddle in a storm, and as oil poured upon the waters will allay the waves, so reason, if we hear her voice, will calm the tumultuous raving of pas sion. The Rome correspondent of a London paper, writing in regard to the (Ecu menical Council, says that the dogmat ic definition of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary will encounter no obsta cle, but that the erection into a dogma of the necessity of the temporal power is not considered possible by its most ardent champions. Letters received by the British Min ister at Washington indicate that her Majesty's Goverment is prepared to re duce the single rate of postage between the United States and Great Britain to three-pence, and therefore that theear ly adoption of this measure of postal reform is highly probable. An exchange says, in a town in Ma ryland, pic-nics are wound up by the girls standing in a long row, while the young men go along the line and kiss them all "good night." Wish we lived there.