Newspaper Page Text
T)>wa-*y Horning. January 8. 1870. RiniCAL FHACD. The Watt-Diamond Case. • Apthe opening of the legislature, on Tuesday last, the quest ion was present ed I 'to the Senate, whether W. W. Watt Or Alex. Diamond is entitled to a seat i:! that body for (he First District, M. Diamond had a majority of upward of 200 on the night <sfthe election, but when the return judges met, his opponent, M. Watt, was counted in by 7t majority. It is asserted by the Democrats of Philadel phia, and admitted by the decent radi cal journals of that city, that this was accomplished by an act of deliberate forgery. Judge Allison, when applied to for a mandamus to compel the re turn judges to count the true vote test for these two candidates, declared from the bench, that the certificate electing Watt was "nothing else than a false return." The Judge is a radical of the -traitest sect, hut conscientious enough to admit the rascality of his party.— The Philadelphia Sunday Dispatch, a journal which is always found in op position to the Democratic party, in its issue of Oct. 17,1869, had the fol lowing comments on the action of the return judges in this case: It can scarcely be questioned, by any one who looks carefully at the returns of the election last week, that fraud lias been resorted to in the Board of Return Judges in order to give the cTtifi' ate of election to the Senate from the First district to William W. Watt. The district is composed of the First, Second, Third, Fourth, Seventh, Eighth, and Twenty-sixth wards.— The return is: For Watt, Republican, 13,017 ; lor Diamond, Democrat, 12,640. In the same wards, Geary had 12,723 | votes or 293 less than are given to Watt; while Packer had 13,247, or more than arc awarded to Dia mond. Williams had 12,834 votes, or 1 less than are given to Watt; whilst Pershing had 13,113, or 303 more than 1 are given to Diamond. Now, is there any reason why Watt should be more popular than Geary or Williams, or that Diamond should be more unpopu lar than Packer or Pershing? The presumption is that the vote of neither o! Senatorial candidates was governed by personal considerations, but was purely political. There is no reason why Mr. Watt should run a head of his ticket, nor that Mr. Dia mond should lag behind. The whole thing has a suspicious look, and justi fies the belief that the return is a gross fraud. A similar outrage wis attempted in the legislative return for the Thirteenth district. The return judge, who must have profited by the knowledge of the means by which the Byerly frauds were perpetrated some years ago, took his return to his residence and placed them in a book-case, from which they mysteriously disappeared*before the morning. Officers of election usually have good memories as to the verj' few figures requited in a general re turn, but hi is one had not. With his certificate he lost his recollection.— He was compelled to resort to the re turn filed in the Prothonotary's Office and, by a most remarkable fatality, that return had been tampered with an 1 the figures altered, the innocent return judge not being aware of the remarkable change in the result, which elected a candidate whom he must l ave known was defeated ; and, being unable to notice thepaipablealteration i.. the figures, he copied otr the muti lated return its he found it. The re - jlt would have been to certify that Mr. Geisz, Rupubiican, was elected to lite la-gislature instead of Mr. Forsyth, who had the majority. No one with common sense will believe that the election officer was ignorant of the fact that Oeisz was defeated. In that case, by prompt action, the fraud was prevented, and Mr. Forsyth received nis certificate. One of the effects of the Registry law, we were told, would be to create an honest class of election officers, appointed by the Board of Al dermen. In 110 case heretofore in this city have there been such glaring at tempts at fraud as have been made in the hope of unseating Diamond and Forsyth. If these are the blessings of the new system, the sooner we return to the old plan the better." The Dispatch is supported in its statements by the Philadelphia Morn ing Post, an intensely radical sheet, which in its issue of Oct. 18, 1869, de nounced the return giving the election to Watt as a palpable fraud. As fur ther evidence, from radical sources, we subjoin the article of the Post just re ferred to. "The Legislature alone can decide whether Mr. Watt or Mr. Diamond was elected in the First Senatorial Dis trict. Contested election cases aresub mitted to special committees, not se lected, we believe, but chosen by chance. The evidence is taken and the arguments made before the com mittee, and its decision is generally final. We pointed out on Saturday the facts which makes this case a very grave one. We showed that while the returns gave Mr. William W. Watt, the Republican candidate, a mojority of 176 in the First district, the seven wards which compose that district gave Democratic majorities for all other officers voted for. Sellers's majority over Ashton i- 281 ; Packer's majority over Geary is 521. These figures do not lie, but they suggest lying. It is impossible for us to see any cause for this amazing difference in the vote of those wards. We thought we under stood the canvass in this city tolerably well, and knew the popular and un popular candidates. But we discov ered no enthusiasm for Mr. Watt, no objection to Mr. Diamond, sufficient to explain why the former should get a Republican majority of 176 in a Dem ocratic district, which went against such a popular candidate as Mr. Ash ton by 281 votes. If any one can show us even a plausible explanation of this political miracle our obligations will ite great. But fill good cause for Mr. Watt's astonishing and unexpected majority i- shown, intelligent citizens ol both parties will believe that the returns are fraudulent. The Legislature may decide against Mr. Diamond, but pub lie opinion will declare that downright cheating has been committed to send a Republican to the Senate. That is >ur opinion now; we should be happy to have it changed, but have no hopes of that. As the figures stand, as the ch oTt is now ; stood, the returnpjof Mr. Watt appears I to be as palpable a fraud jfe ever was I attempted in this city." We are not advised, at this writing, what disposition the Senate has made of this case. If Watt has been admit ted to a seat, the majority have simply exercised the power of that brute force which consists in superiority of num bers. Right, justice, fairness have not been considered by this tyrannical ma jority, if it has allowed one of its parti sans to usurp the place which right fully belongs to a political opponent. We have referred to this matter only to give our readers a slight glimpse, through radical glasses, of the frauds by means of which the Democrats of Philadelphia were cheated at the last election. A victory obtained by such means, ought to be the shame rather than the glory of the parly which en joys its results. How about that vote of Congressman Cessna against the motion to lay on the table Ingersoll's greenback resolu tion ? It must not be forgotten that Mr. Ingersoll, of Illinois, offered a resolution, in the House of Repre sentatives, at Washington, authorizing the Treasury Department to issue For ty-four Millions of greenbacks to be exchanged for that amount in govern ment bonds. The opponents of this movement sought to have a motion adopted to lay it on the table. If this motion had prevailed the resolution would have been "kilted." John Cess na, "our Congressman," voted with the friends of the resolution, against the mo- lion to lay on the table . It is needless to inform the intelligent reader that this proposition of exchanging "green backs for bonds," is to put into practi cal operation the doctrine of George H. Pendleton, which every radical newspaper in this Congressional dis trict, has denounced as sneer repudia tion. Mr. Cessna, too, has frequently fulminated against it from the stump. Now we would like to know the meaning of this change of base on the part of "our Congressman." We have already asked the radical journals to explain, but they are as dumb as an oyster. John Cessna turned Pendle ton repudiationist! Can such things be and overcome us, etc., etc., etc. nisiMox. Georgia is again out of the Union; not by her own act, this time, but by act of Congress. A year ago she was represented on the floor of Congress and was completely rehabilitated in full state- hood. Now she is denied a voice in the councils of the nation, is re ma ndtd to military rule, is literally kicked out of the Union. Why? Be cause her legislature, although con tain ing a "republican" majority, re fused seats to negroes and rejected the Fifteenth Amendment! What a beau tiful country this is becoming! How glorious is the freedom we enjoy! How stable is the Union, with a State in one year and out the next! If there is one hell hotter than all the cham bers of Inferno, it must have been cre ated especially for the infamous wretches who do this devils' work ! STAXTOA READ. Edwin M. Stanton died on the 24th ult., at Washington city. His public career is too well known to require re hearsal. He was a great lawyer, a great intriguer and a great tyrant.— We had hoped that he might live un til, under a restored constitution, he would p>av the penalty of the law for his thousand crimes against civil liber ty and constitutional government. But an all-wise Providence has taken his case out of the court below.— May the relentless soul find that mercy in the Higher Court which it so often denied on earth. But the grave should 1 cover every fault. Let even Stanton rest i n peace! AMERICAN SUNDAY SCHOOL WOR KER.—A new magazine for parents and teachers, published at St. Louis, by J. W. Mclntyre, at 1.50 per year—four months on trial for 50 cents. It has al so club rates. It is designed for ell sections and denominations alike. It contains a lesson system with exposito ry notes, illustrations, <4c.,twith much other matter, ready prepared for use of teachers, parents, and others, lesson pa pers for the The tableol con tents for the first number is as follows: What to teach children—Rev. Jas. If. Brookes, D. L)., The Province of the Sunday School—Bishop E. M. Marvin, Should Sunday Schools close in Win ter—Giving the Heart—Rev. 11. A. Nelson, D. D., Religious Life in the Sunday School—Rev. A. C. George, D. D., —The New Year, by Rev. S. J. Niecolls, D. D., beside Editorial, Book Notices, Lessons, <£c. A speck of war in the East. The Egyp tian Viceroy persists in treating with contempt the demands of his suzerain at Constantinople, and last week the rage of the Sublime Porte ran over. He has forwarded to Alexandria a violent message, commanding Ismail Pacha to abandon his iron-clad fleet. If the Vieeory feels strong enough to strike for independence, there will shortly be throat-cutting in the Lev ant. The extraordinary coolness witn which he has hectored his peppery master indicates a mind contented with the prospects of a future struggle. There are twenty thousand tenement houses in New York, occupied by seven hundred thousand persons. m mm; 't'nnifirninmimi m ■mi—n. irr.ai ii apii mmmmrnrnm ®s l IROJ ncoieit. Tli>* Political Situation In the Slate; Peaceful Disposition of the People; Cotton and Wheat Culture ; Price* of Eamls; Climate. Ac.. Ac. GREKNBORO, GA., Dec. 24, _ Bditors of the Bedford Gazette DEAR 3lKS ßeing acquainted with a great namber of the citizens of your county, I desire to sj>eak to then 1 :, through the columns of your paper, in relation to affairs here in this unre constructed state of Georgia. 1 have been here about six weeks and have come in contact with a vast nttniber of these so-called unrepentant rebels, and must say that I have not in all my life met with a more hospitable, more genial or more social set of people any where. They extend a hearty welcome to all persons, of whatever political faith, who come among them for the honest purpose of helping to build up their country, and 1 have reason to believe that a man could remain here six months without being a-ked his polities. I admit that I am somewhat stir prised to find with what composure and apparent indifference they regard the late action of Congress, which re seats ignorant negroes in the state Leg islature, and gives all control of the state into the hands of a Carpet-Bag Governor, who has maligned and very grossly in-ulted and abused one of the best communities of people on earth, and who has no interest in the state except to rob it, which he has already done and hopes to continue to do. Everything is quiet here, and life is full as safe, and in my best judg ment, safer here than in the state of Pennsylvania. The outrages reported from time to time in Northern Radical Journals are generally base fabrications gotten up by the enemies of the state for political purposes. If a murder similar to that of the Peichtal Family of Huntingdon county was perpetrated here,it would immediately appear in all Northern Radical Journals as a Ku Klux outrage. From what I see of these people I am fully convinced they are formed of the same flesh and blood, possess as much brain, and have it as well cultiva ted as any of the people of the North, not even those whining hypocritical Puritan Radicals of New England excepted. Ye who may doubt my word come and see and lie convinced. You will find society excellent here and the people high-toned. 1 tm not of course, speaking of the Niggers, but even their morals here are much above those of the border states, of the same color. And now, having said a word to you on the political and social situa tion, I wish to add something in rela tion to the country. The climate is one of the finest in the world, here in central Georgia. A very intelligent foreigner, who has traveled over south ern Italy, telb me thisclimate is equal to, if not preferable, to that of south ern Italy. Our winters here are much pleasanter than your Octobers in Bed ford county. Up to the date of wri ting I have not seen a snow flake. We have but little frost and vegetables of nearly all kinds are raised in the gardens during all seasons of the year. This portion of Georgia is admitted to be equally as healthy as any portion of the United States. Water is both good and abundant—plenty of springs. The timber consists of oak, hickory, pop lar, pine, chestnut,sassafras, black wal nut, Ac. The soil is varied arid produc tive, adapted to the growth of all kinds of grain, such as oats, wheat, barley, rye, corn, Ac. Cotton is the chief sta ple, although wheat raising is much more profitable here than in the North. With very good cultivation and fertilizing some farmers have rai sed fifty bushels per acre, which is worth now here two dollars per bush el. These high prices are owing to the fact that nearly all attention is given to cotton raising which is considered more profitable. Although these are not regarded as the best cotton land- in the south, yet planters, by good fertilizing, raise from out; to three hales per acre, worth at this time her , about one hundred aud Twelve Dollars per bale. One-half bale is considered a fair average yield in a good season without fertilized and ou old lands. While more cot ton can be raised in some other por tions of the south than here, those por tions are no by means as healthful a-) this section and hence the preference for these lands. As to Fiuit: Apples do only tolera bly well lure. They are very abun dant in some other portions of thestate. Peaches, pears, plums, figs, quinces, &c., grow in abundance, likewise the smaller fruits, such as blackberries, gooseberries, raspberries, strawberries, &c. Strawberries are ripe in May, and peaches in June and last till the latter part of October. As to prices of lauds : They are low. Good farms can be bought at from $2 to $lO per acre, with some improve ments, in many instances very com fortable dwellings with tenant houses and cotton Gin and Press attached. To cultivate well from 100 to 200 a cres on a farm of six or eight hundred acres you can pay for the whole with two good crops. While lands are cheap, I consider them worth more, acre per acre, fir making money than many of the very best lands of Pennsylvania. To such as think of emigrating westward or to Tennessee, let me give you a wor of advice. If you desire a healthful and pleasant home in a good climate, come here. If you desire to make money come here. If your means are limi ted you can find a piece of land just large enough to suit you. You eau rent good land here for one fourth the crop or get one half and the owner will find everything hut your labor. Rest assured you will receive a hearty wel come and find more real friends than you met in all your life. I have visited nearly all the western states, I have been in Tennessee with its sudden changes of weather, have learned the prices of lands in all these states, and mpst say candidly that "Georgia Ixnitsthem atf," TMf is'inore chine in this little village of Greensboro of about 1000 inhabtants, in one day than there is done in Bedford in one week and all business is cash. —ff-any desire investrgme' they can get an "Exeuwion Certificate to the south"by making affidavit that tfyey are coming here for examination with the purpose of Investment. Yqu can get this certificate by applying to S. F. Scull, Pjttsburg,. General Ticket Agent of the Pan Handle Route, or to J. M. Kimball, Pittsburg, Assistant General ticket agent of Pittsburg, Ft. Wayne and Chicago R. R. .Phis Certificate will entitle you to purchase a Ticket to this place, via Louisville and Atlanta, at the rate of two cents per milefrom Louisville here, or the conductors on these southern roads must take fare at the rate of two cents per mile by your presenting this Certificate, and you can travel while here and return at the same rate, or you can come by the way of New York and Charleston, S. C. These Certifi cates ran be got in New York, of J. W. Huntingdon, 229 Broadway, or C. E. Evans, 187 Greenwich street., or of J. W. Prince, No. 2. Astor House. Fare from N. Y. here by steamship is $19.00. If any of the farmers of Bed ford county think of emigrating, it will certainly he to their advantage to visit this locality before locating else where, and my advice to those who think of coming is to eonie soon, as lands are going up in price, and must be double what they now are within the next two years. Mr. A. 11. Ste vens says that these lands must bring SSO per acre within the next ten years, and I think he is correct. Any information any of you may de sire will be cheerfully given by addres sing me here. Hoping this letter may be the means of inducing many of you to better your condition by coming south, I will close, Very respectfully, yours, E. W. MILLER, Greenboro, Green Co., Georgia. P. 8. Don't fear the Reconstruction of congress. I can assure you the Radi cals with Grant at their back cannot carry another election here. .Salnave has fallen. The revolution ists attacked his last remaining strong hold, Port-au-Prince, on the night of the 18th ult.,drove in his pickets, and captured the city without a drop of blood being shed. Salnave lied to a fort near the city, and was supposed to be in great peril if the foreign consuls should not interfere to secure bis safe ty. This ends the Haytian revolution. Salnave became conspicuous for the first time in July, 1864, by an attempt to assassinate one of President GefFard's ministers. He was condemned to death by courtmartial, but escaped to St. Domingo, headed a rebellion a gainst Geffard, and formed a provis ional government, May 1865. The in surrection was, after several severe -truggles, suppre:---d in November of that year. Salnave renewed the at tempt, and succeeded in obtaining su preme power in June, 1867, Geffard having fled the country. A revolt against the new Dictator broke out in 1868, and has continued, with varying fortune until the present time. About two months ago General Chevalier, the ablest of Salnave's generals, deserted his cause, and since then he has been cooped up in Port-au-Prince. His reign lias covered two years and six months. A young scamp, named Christian, who is a disgrace to the name he bear.-, and to Plymouth Church, where he re ceived his religious instructions, vi.-i --ted Turkey some months ago, and and pursuaded a beautiful Oriental maiden to elope with him, promising to marry her upon their arrival in this country. The young lady, Miss Hen ta Harootunia, was posessed of about $20,000 in money, which she gave to her lover, and when they arrived in Brooklyn, he took this money and set up a confectionery establishment with it, and turned the poor Turkish giil out into the street. After wandering around for some hours, she returned and asked Christian to allow her to live with him, but he had her arres ted as a vagrant and sent to jail. For tunately, the ease was brought; to the notice of Judge Troy and Mr. C, Osean yan, the Turkish Consul, and Mi-s Horootunia was released on a writ of habeas corpus, and is now well carid for. It is probable that the Grand Ju ry will indict Christian for his unman ly behaviour, and it is to be hoped that he will be forced to marry the lady he has outraged, or pay roundly for his rascality. Pope Pius IX. declared to the I tali an prelate just previous to the open ing of the (Ecumenical Council that he would not urge the ratification of the doctrine of Papal infallibility, if he imagined it would produce a lengthy debate, angry discussion or dissension, but would agree to let the status awarded to it during the past three hundred years. The Pope ex pects the Council to go with him strongly, however, in favor of the Syl labus of 1864, and he confidently trusts that the assembled prelates will en dorce his views on all ethical and soci al questions, as the general Imsis of their decisions, seeing that the instru ment alluded to embodies the funda mental maxims of the Catholic Church. So it seems that the Pope is prepared for the manoeuvres of the ultramon tanes, who hoped to break up the Council by forcing the hasty adoption of the dogma of the Papal infallibility by that body about the time of the feast of the Epiphany. There is great interest manifested in the probable relative strength of par ties in the (Ecumenical Council. The World correspondent at Rome writes that of the 800 members of the Council the liberal party led by Mgr. Dupanloup and the French bishops will not num ber above 200, so that it is certain that the Pope will carry all his points, in cluding the dogma of infallibility. The strength of the minority is enough, however, to raise discussion and pos sibly dissension among the Fathers. r- ~ | Proceedings op>SKDFOTW J TY TEACHER'S INSTITUTE.—Pursuant I to a call issued by the Co. Supt., the teachers pf Bedford county assembled in the Hallof the Union School-House, ' ffir the pnrpose"or holding their annu al Institute, at 1 o'clock, P. M., Dec. | 27,,1369. . i The Convention was called to order by the 'o. Supt., and the session was opened with prayer by Prof. H. B. i Zimmerman. An address of welcome ; was then delivered by the Co. Bupt. j The Convention proceeded to elect the i officers for the present session which resulted as follows: Vice Brest., A. L Stayer; Ree. Sec., D. M. Sams; Cor. : Sec., (). 11. Huston; Treas., Josiah A mos; Bus. Com., S. D. Middleton, Maggie Mower, O. G. McCoy. The names of the members present I being taken, the Co. Sunt, conducted au exercise in Orthography. A Com mittee was then appointed to examine the lists of those participating in the exercise. The Convention fixed the time for meeting and adjourning as follows: Morning sessions to open at 9 o'clock and close at 11.35. Afternoon sessions to open at 1.30 and close at 4 o'clock. Evening sessions to convene at 6. 30 P. M. By motion it was decided that the day sessions be held in the Union School Hall and the evening sessions in the Court Hall. A Committee was then appointed on Music by the Co. Supt. On motion adjourned to meet in Court Hall at 6.30 P. M. Evening Session. The Convention met in the Court Hall at 6.30 P. M. and was called to or der by the President. Minutes of previous session were read and adopted. An essay entitled, "Abilities to Teach," written by Miss Maggie J. O'Co iner, was at her re quest read by J. M. Reynolds, Esq. The Institute was then favored with a lecture on "Phonography" by Prof. 11. B. Zimmerman. The gentlemen in his lecture clearly illustrated to his audience the superior advantages, this art possesses over all others in taking speeches, lectures, &c., during their de livery for the press. The lecture was an able one, and showed that the au thor was master of the subject. Morning Session, Dee. 28. Convention was ojiened with prayer by Prof. 11. B. Zimmerman. The meeting was next favored with music by the "Glee Club." A roll of mem bers by Districts was then prepared.— Following which was an essay on the subject' Winter Evenings' by Miss Li zzie Pierson. Remarks were then made by the Co Supt. on keeping "Month ly Reports." The next order of busi ness was an essay by O. G. McCoy, on the subject of "Causes of and remedies for irregular attendance," which was discussed by Messrs. Barclay, W. B. Miller, Jos. Totnlinson, J. H. Jordan, Dively and H. B. Zimmerman. The debate was a warm and earnest one ; and many of the causes of irregular attendance in our rural districts, as well as the remedies for them, was forcibly presented by the speakers. Aftemoon Session. The subject of irregular attendance ; was again taken up and discussed by different members of the Convention- Mrs. Fisher then entertained the Con vention with select reading, which | was followed by an address on the sub | ject of teaching. Reading, by M. R. Minnich, after which Prof. Waugh of Jlollidaysburg favored the Conven tion with an instructive lecture on "Etymology." Evening Session. Convention met in Court Halt at <> o'clock, and was called to order by Prest. After which Co. Supt. intro duced Prof. VVaugh, who delivered a lecture on the subject, "What shall our Girls Study." The lecturer takiugt he Bible as his guide in determining the true sphere of man and woman, dealt some heavy blows at the so-calle'i re formers of the present day. He show ed clearly that woman in order to properly till iter sphere in life, should be specially educated for that sphere. That standing firm by the Bible truths, she cannot, she dare not take Elizabeth Cady Stanton as her type of a true wo man. lie further argued that wher ever a teacher found under his care natural talents for special branches of study, ho should give such the high est training. In short, he believed in the true woman living, loving and ever abiding in the sphere marked out for iier by her Creator. Throughout the entire lecture the Prof, held his audi ence as one man ; thus showing the in terest all too': in the discourse. Morning Session, Dec. 29 Convention met pursuant to adjourn ment at 9 o'clock and was called to or der by the Prest. Minutes of After noon and Evening sessions were read and approved. Exercises were open ed with singing by the "Glee Club" followed by class drill in Orthography by Co. Supt. An essay was next read by I. P. Smouse, subject "Fright." Method of teaching Orthography was then discussed by Messrs. Jordan, Sams, Tomlinson and Co. Supt. Af ter which an essay was read by Miss Etta Irving, subject"Desire of Knowl edge." Music by the Glee Club. Ad journed to meet at 1. 30 P. M. Afternoon Session. Exercises opened with singing. On a motion of J no. H. Jordan the Con vention asked the Co. Supt. to deliver a lecture on "The method of teaching the Common School branches," said lecture to be delivered during Friday's session. After a class drill in Orthog raphy, tlie subject of teaching Orthog raphy was discussed by different mem bers of the Convention. An Essay was next read by 8. G. Miller on the subject "Indications of the times."— The Convention elected the following persons a committee on Permanent Certificates, 8. D. Middleton, Maggie Mower, Miss Maggie McCleery, Jen nie Smith, Mary Holderbaum. An Essay by S. I). Middleton, subject, "The Teacher's Vocation." Lecture on the subject of teaching "A. B. C." by Donald St. George Eraser. Ad journed to meet at the Court Hail at 6J P. M. Evening W| Convention called to order by C'htric- ; man. The meeting was then enter- i tained with a lecture on the subject, "The Teacher." by J. N. Tomlinson. Reading, subjects, the "Relief of Luck now" and "People will talk," by Mrs. Fisher. Oration, subject, "Stand like the Anvil," by J. 11. Jordan. Read ing, "No Sect in Heaven" and Darius Green," by Mrs. Fisher. Essay by I). S. A. Tomlinson, on the subject of "Reading and How it is taught in our Public Schools." This Evening's en tertainment was rather a lengthy one. A crowded arid poorly ventilated Court Hall, together with a number of ill bred boys, who will attend public en tertainments and occupy seats, which might otherwise be filled with ladies and gentlemen, did not add much to the comfort of several of the speakers. In this connection we take the oppor tuuity of saying to the Fathers of the town, that it might be well for them ro look after the interests of Young A merica in our midst. We may grow notorious; as the boys hold the reins of government here. Evening Session. Convention met in Court Hall at o', P. M. This being the last Evenit.g's j entertainment, the meeting was en tertained with recitations by Donald St. Geo. Eraser. Scotch Readings by John Taylor, Esq., and Music by the "Glee Club." Morning Session, Dee. 80. The session was opened with a piece of Music entitled "Further On." — Class drill in Orthography continued. The subject "Should the Bible be con tinued in our Public Schools" was next discussed by Tomlinson, Jordan, Dive ly, Smith, May. Miss McCleery, P. M. Fisher and Co. Supt. Following which was an essay on the subject, "Good Beginning" by Miss Maggie Mower and an Essay on "The Beautiful" bv M iss Maggie McCleery. Mrs. Fisher next favored the Convention with Se lect Reading, when the meeting ad journed with a piece of Music entitled "The Beautiful Land." Afternoon Session. The Convention assembled accord ing to previous adjournment, in Union School Hall at t| P. M. and was called to order by the Prest. Class drill in Orthography continued by Co. Supt. An Essay was next read by John \V. Ake on the subject 'Woman's Rights.' Followed by a lecture on the method of teaching Grammar, by J. G. Krich baum. Music by the "Glee Club." An Essay, subject, "Success," by Andrew Stayer. Adjourned to meet at 62 P. M. Morning Session, Dee. 31. Exercises opened with singing the following piece of Music, "Come over the Lake." An Essay was then read by S. M. T. Barclay, theme "Teacher's Duty." The Supt. then awarded the prizes to the following members who had missed the fewest number of words in the contest. W. F. Hughes of South Woodbury received the first prize, Jennie Baylor of Bedford Bor. thesecond prize, Josiah Amos of Bed ford Tp., the third prize. O.G. Mc i Coy of Cum. Valley, Ettie Irving and Maggie McCleery of Bedford Tp., be ing ties, each received a prize of the I same value, and Andrew Stayer of 1 South Woodbury the sixth prize. Ac cording to previous resolution the Co. Supt. then addressed the Convention ! on the method of teaching the Com mon School branches, which was fol lowed by a discussion on "Woman's Rights," by Smith, Diveiy, Jordan, j Sams, Tomlinson, May. On motion the Convention adjourned sine die. The following are the resolutiors drafted by the Committee, and adopted by the Convention: Resolved , That we tender a vote of thanks to the Directors of Bedford Bor. for the use o! the School Hall during the week, and to the Commissioners of Bedford Co. for the use of the Court Hall. Resolved , That a vote of thanks be tendered to all parties who entertained the teachers so liberally during their stay with us this week. Resolved, That a vote of thanks be tendered to the Editors of the Bedford Inquirer and Gazette, for the interest they have always taken in educational matters, for the freedom of discussion of school topics they have always giv en through their columns, and for the efforts they put forth to make this Con vention a success. Resolved, That we tender a vote of thanks to the firm of Wilson & Hinkle of Cincinnati, E. 11. English cf Pitts burgh, Amos Stevens of Pittsburg and Ivison, Phinny ABlakeman of New York, for the School Publications gra tuitously furnished to the Convention. Resolved, That we continue the use of I'. D. & S's Copy Books, Osgood's Readers, Brown's Grammars, Brook's Arithmetics, Mitchell's Geographies, i and that we recommend "Mrs. Ran- I dall's Choice Selections in Reading and i Elocution," published by Ivison, | Phinney, Blakeman & Co., New York, to all teachers who desire a first class work 011 this subject. Resolved, That we heartily endorse the progressive spirit that characteri zes all the movements of our present worthy State Superintendent, and that we hereby pledge our unanimous sup port to him in every effort he may make to promote the interests of the common school cause in Pennsylvania. Resolved, That we as a convention do heartily approve of the interest manifested by our County Superinten dent in his unceasing efforts toadvanee the cause of common schools, and fully appreciating his learning and zeal, re cognise in him a firm and able advo cate and efficient laborer in the field of education. Resolved, That the thanks of this convention are due the directors of the county, who in keeping with theschool law of the State, granted the week to such of their teachers as attended this convention ; and that we urge all oth ers whose teachers were here present and to whom was not given, that they in their next meeting pass a unani mous resolution granting the time spent in actual attendance at the con vention. Resolved, That in the opinion of the members of the convention, all teach ers who, without just cause, absented themselves from this meeting, merit and hereby do receive the censure of tins association. Resolved, That this convention ten den a vote of thanks to all the lectu rers, essayists, and speakers, who were present with us during the sessions. JOHN H. JORDAN, I S.D. MIDDLETON, O. G. MCCOY, | D. M. SAMS, Committee on Resolutions. Below will be found the names of teachers, by districts, who were in at- jendan&sldgMher with the number of days each atended: Bedford Bor.—J Tomlinson, !S ]> Middleton, Celia Schaeffer, 5 MaggieO'Conner, \\ days; Mary Hol derbaum,2j days; Jennießmith, I dav- Amanda Sansom, 1 day; Sue Steckinari Loretto Smith, Salome Minnich, Julia McFadden, Alice Taylor, Emma Barn hart, Mary Cessna, Ellie Boor. Alice Mann, Mary Mardorff, 5 days; Mary Shires. Jennie Baylor, 4 days; J M Rey nolds, 1 day. Bed ford tp. —S B Amos, J II Jordan J F P K Srnouse, 5 day*; j) s \ Tomlinson, Maggie McClecr i v • J Phillips, G Diveiy, Frauk'M,eon ' days; Adam Diehi, LiiieHansom, Dru ciila McCleery, 4 days; John Krich haum, 1 h days; Josie Wills, 1 day. Bloody Run.—-11 B Zimmerman 2 days. Broad Top.—A. Huston, 5 days; J Fleck, T. P. Cessna, G. Lee, M. M Robinson, Jennie Thompson, M. F Gates, 4 j days. Cumb. Valley.—A. S. Whipp, Jos. Evans, O G McCoy, Lizzie Pierson, 5 days; P M Fisher, 1 days; Emma Fisher. :j days; Fannie Wood, 2 days. Colerain—B F Harder ode, A Wei sel, A F Diehl, 5 days; W B Harele rode, 4J days; WM May, Jon Bid die I days; W 11 Corl, '■>!, days. Coaldale.—S M T Barclav, 5 days. Harrisson.—S G Miller, 24 ;Is Clark, 1 day; JasMuliin, Ij days. Hopewell.—W W Williams, 3 days; Maggie Mower, Ettie Irvine, 5 days; Mattie Ritchey, 41 days. Juniata —Eleven schools. No teach ers present. Londonderry.—Seven Schools. No teachers present. Liberty—T White, Jacob Stoler, T Iloades, 4 days; Geo. Harclerode, 31 days. Mon roe.—Fifteen schools. No teachers present. Napier.—Lucy Pennell, sdays; W Penrose, 31 flays; G W Mullin, S Wade 15 days; C Riley, Miss M C Mullin, 1 day. Providence W.—Georgia Mower, Annie Pennell, D M Sams, 5 days; B A Williams, C W Williams. 3 day-. Providence E.—Nine Schools. No teachers present. Rainsburg.—No Schools open this winter. St. Clairsville.—J G Ake, 5 days. Saxton.—D St G Fiaser, 3 days. Schellsburg—Schools open next month. No teachers present. Snake Spring.—M M Mock, 5 days; L. Tomlinson, 2 days. Southampton.— S T Diehl, 4 days; Annie Bagley, Ellie Aiiison, 5 days. Union.—S Price, 3 day- ; E Earnest, Sophia Xawgei, 4 days; A Exline, 3 days ; Blanche Irvine, Beckie Irvine, 35 days; JosStiftler, 1 day. Woodbury M.—W H Clouse, 4 days. Woodbury S.—Emmie Miller. II B. Miller. Andrew Stayer, W F Hughes, J M Williams, 5 days; W Marshall, 3 days ; E Z Kagarice, G CLoug, 2 days. Woodbury.—Two Schools. No teach ers prensent. 11. W. FISHER. D. M SAMS, Pres't. Sec'v. I congratulate the teachers who were present with us during this session of the County Institute. We have not been disappointed. In point of num ber enrolled ; regularity of attendance, and willingness on the part of our teachers to work whenever called up on. our meetings have been the most successful ever held in the county. Not a single teacher, placed on duty by the committeeon programme,failed. With but l't-w exceptions, all were present at roll call and remained in session until the hour for adjourning, thus showing their interest in the work. Twenty out of the twenty-seven dis tricts in the county, were represented. Of these, Bedford Bor., Bedford tp.. Broad Top, Colerain, Coaldale, Liber ty, St. Clairsville, Suake Spring and Saxton, had ail their teachers present, j Some had their time allowed them; others who were in attendance the whole week were not allowed a single day. We would here again repeat, what has been embodied in a resolu tion, that all directors who had their ; teachers here in convention, should grant them the number of days pres ent. The roll has been carefully pre -1 pared, and the attendance accurately ; kept, so that directors may know the : exact number of days each one attend i ed. We feel sure that some good must I result to the schools through this con vention, and it is not asking too much when we call upon directors to reward their teachers for time spent here in further preparation for the work in the ! school room. The essays, orations and lectures pre pared by the teachers showed marked improvement over those of previous years. Among others, we recall with, pleasure the oration, on the theme: "Stand like the Anvil," by our talen ted young townsman, John H. Jordan. For force of diction and for true merit, the production had no superior on the programme. The young orator warm ing with his subject, grew at times, truly eloquent. We predict for him in his newly chosen profession a brilliant future. In conclusion, we return thanks to all parties who labored with us during the past week. H. W. FISHER, C'o. Supt. Twenty insurgents were killed and sixty captured in a sharp engagement Thursday at Magna, in the Cinco Villas District, Cuba. The Spanish loss is not stated. Valraaseda reports that about 700 men, with their officers, have lain down their arms in his dis trict, and that the chief, Cocc, and his men had surrendered in the District of Remedios. A young lady of Wheeling who had been wofully fooled by a young man of the same place, under promise of marriage, called on him. Thursday to fulfil his vows, and as he refused she shot him, and surrendered herself to the authorities. The gay deceiver was to have married another girl in a few days. In 1800 there were 7,745 miles of railway tracks completed in the Unit ed States, equal to the total number of miles in operation twenty years ago. We have now 50,000 miles of road in operation, and the average increase per year since 1850, has been 1,500 miles. lAtst year we expended $300,- 000,000 in railroad construction. Postage on letters between the Uni ted States and Canada, on and after to day, will be U cents per half ounce, when sent by the Canada mail packet via Quebec or Portland, in winter, or Halifax, and Scents via New \ork. Double rates will be charged for letters in; uffieiently or not at all prepaid.