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The Bedford gazette. [volume] (Bedford, Pa.) 1805-current, January 06, 1870, Image 2

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T)>wa-*y Horning. January 8. 1870.
The Watt-Diamond Case.
• Apthe opening of the legislature, on
Tuesday last, the quest ion was present
ed I 'to the Senate, whether W. W. Watt
Or Alex. Diamond is entitled to a seat
that body for (he First District,
M. Diamond had a
majority of upward of 200 on the night
<sfthe election, but when the return
judges met, his opponent, M. Watt,
was counted in by 7t majority. It is
asserted by the Democrats of Philadel
phia, and admitted by the decent radi
cal journals of that city, that this was
accomplished by an act of deliberate
forgery. Judge Allison, when applied
to for a mandamus to compel the re
turn judges to count the true vote test
for these two candidates, declared from
the bench, that the certificate electing
Watt was "nothing else than a false
return." The Judge is a radical of the
-traitest sect, hut conscientious enough
to admit the rascality of his party.—
The Philadelphia Sunday Dispatch, a
journal which is always found in op
position to the Democratic party, in
its issue of Oct. 17,1869, had the fol
lowing comments on the action of the
return judges in this case:
It can scarcely be questioned, by any
one who looks carefully at the returns
of the election last week, that fraud
lias been resorted to in the Board of
Return Judges in order to give the
cTtifi' ate of election to the Senate from
the First district to William W. Watt.
The district is composed of the First,
Second, Third, Fourth, Seventh,
Eighth, and Twenty-sixth wards.—
The return is: For Watt, Republican,
13,017 ; lor Diamond, Democrat, 12,640.
In the same wards, Geary had 12,723 |
votes or 293 less than are given to
Watt; while Packer had 13,247, or
more than arc awarded to Dia
mond. Williams had 12,834 votes, or
1 less than are given to Watt; whilst
Pershing had 13,113, or 303 more than 1
are given to Diamond. Now, is there
any reason why Watt should be more
popular than Geary or Williams, or
that Diamond should be more unpopu
lar than Packer or Pershing? The
presumption is that the vote of neither
o! Senatorial candidates was
governed by personal considerations,
but was purely political. There is no
reason why Mr. Watt should run a
head of his ticket, nor that Mr. Dia
mond should lag behind. The whole
thing has a suspicious look, and justi
fies the belief that the return is a gross
A similar outrage wis attempted in
the legislative return for the Thirteenth
district. The return judge, who must
have profited by the knowledge of the
means by which the Byerly frauds
were perpetrated some years ago, took
his return to his residence and placed
them in a book-case, from which they
mysteriously disappeared*before the
morning. Officers of election usually
have good memories as to the verj'
few figures requited in a general re
turn, but hi is one had not. With his
certificate he lost his recollection.—
He was compelled to resort to the re
turn filed in the Prothonotary's Office
and, by a most remarkable fatality,
that return had been tampered with
an 1 the figures altered, the innocent
return judge not being aware of the
remarkable change in the result, which
elected a candidate whom he must
l ave known was defeated ; and, being
unable to notice thepaipablealteration
i.. the figures, he copied otr the muti
lated return its he found it. The re
- jlt would have been to certify that
Mr. Geisz, Rupubiican, was elected to
lite la-gislature instead of Mr. Forsyth,
who had the majority. No one with
common sense will believe that the
election officer was ignorant of the
fact that Oeisz was defeated. In that
case, by prompt action, the fraud was
prevented, and Mr. Forsyth received
nis certificate. One of the effects of
the Registry law, we were told, would
be to create an honest class of election
officers, appointed by the Board of Al
dermen. In 110 case heretofore in this
city have there been such glaring at
tempts at fraud as have been made in
the hope of unseating Diamond and
Forsyth. If these are the blessings of
the new system, the sooner we return
to the old plan the better."
The Dispatch is supported in its
statements by the Philadelphia Morn
ing Post, an intensely radical sheet,
which in its issue of Oct. 18, 1869, de
nounced the return giving the election
to Watt as a palpable fraud. As fur
ther evidence, from radical sources, we
subjoin the article of the Post just re
ferred to.
"The Legislature alone can decide
whether Mr. Watt or Mr. Diamond
was elected in the First Senatorial Dis
trict. Contested election cases aresub
mitted to special committees, not se
lected, we believe, but chosen by
chance. The evidence is taken and
the arguments made before the com
mittee, and its decision is generally
We pointed out on Saturday the
facts which makes this case a very
grave one. We showed that while the
returns gave Mr. William W. Watt,
the Republican candidate, a mojority
of 176 in the First district, the seven
wards which compose that district
gave Democratic majorities for all other
officers voted for. Sellers's majority
over Ashton i- 281 ; Packer's majority
over Geary is 521. These figures do
not lie, but they suggest lying. It is
impossible for us to see any cause for
this amazing difference in the vote of
those wards. We thought we under
stood the canvass in this city tolerably
well, and knew the popular and un
popular candidates. But we discov
ered no enthusiasm for Mr. Watt, no
objection to Mr. Diamond, sufficient to
explain why the former should get a
Republican majority of 176 in a Dem
ocratic district, which went against
such a popular candidate as Mr. Ash
ton by 281 votes. If any one can show
us even a plausible explanation of this
political miracle our obligations will
ite great.
But fill good cause for Mr. Watt's
astonishing and unexpected majority
i- shown, intelligent citizens ol both
parties will believe that the returns
are fraudulent. The Legislature may
decide against Mr. Diamond, but pub
lie opinion will declare that downright
cheating has been committed to send
a Republican to the Senate. That is
>ur opinion now; we should be happy
to have it changed, but have no hopes
of that. As the figures stand, as the
ch oTt is now
; stood, the returnpjof Mr. Watt appears
I to be as palpable a fraud jfe ever was
I attempted in this city."
We are not advised, at this writing,
what disposition the Senate has made
of this case. If Watt has been admit
ted to a seat, the majority have simply
exercised the power of that brute force
which consists in superiority of num
bers. Right, justice, fairness have not
been considered by this tyrannical ma
jority, if it has allowed one of its parti
sans to usurp the place which right
fully belongs to a political opponent.
We have referred to this matter only
to give our readers a slight glimpse,
through radical glasses, of the frauds
by means of which the Democrats of
Philadelphia were cheated at the last
election. A victory obtained by such
means, ought to be the shame rather
than the glory of the parly which en
joys its results.
How about that vote of Congressman
Cessna against the motion to lay on
the table Ingersoll's greenback resolu
tion ? It must not be forgotten that
Mr. Ingersoll, of Illinois, offered
a resolution, in the House of Repre
sentatives, at Washington, authorizing
the Treasury Department to issue For
ty-four Millions of greenbacks to be
exchanged for that amount in govern
ment bonds. The opponents of this
movement sought to have a motion
adopted to lay it on the table. If this
motion had prevailed the resolution
would have been "kilted." John Cess
na, "our Congressman," voted with the
friends of the resolution, against the mo-
lion to lay on the table . It is needless
to inform the intelligent reader that
this proposition of exchanging "green
backs for bonds," is to put into practi
cal operation the doctrine of George
H. Pendleton, which every radical
newspaper in this Congressional dis
trict, has denounced as sneer repudia
tion. Mr. Cessna, too, has frequently
fulminated against it from the stump.
Now we would like to know the
meaning of this change of base on the
part of "our Congressman." We have
already asked the radical journals to
explain, but they are as dumb as an
oyster. John Cessna turned Pendle
ton repudiationist! Can such things
be and overcome us, etc., etc., etc.
Georgia is again out of the Union;
not by her own act, this time, but by
act of Congress. A year ago she was
represented on the floor of Congress
and was completely rehabilitated in full
state- hood. Now she is denied a voice
in the councils of the nation, is re
ma ndtd to military rule, is literally
kicked out of the Union. Why? Be
cause her legislature, although con
tain ing a "republican" majority, re
fused seats to negroes and rejected the
Fifteenth Amendment! What a beau
tiful country this is becoming! How
glorious is the freedom we enjoy!
How stable is the Union, with a State
in one year and out the next! If there
is one hell hotter than all the cham
bers of Inferno, it must have been cre
ated especially for the infamous
wretches who do this devils' work !
Edwin M. Stanton died on the 24th
ult., at Washington city. His public
career is too well known to require re
hearsal. He was a great lawyer, a
great intriguer and a great tyrant.—
We had hoped that he might live un
til, under a restored constitution, he
would p>av the penalty of the law for
his thousand crimes against civil liber
ty and constitutional government.
But an all-wise Providence has taken
his case out of the court below.—
May the relentless soul find that mercy
in the Higher Court which it so often
denied on earth. But the grave should
1 cover every fault. Let even Stanton
rest i n peace!
KER.—A new magazine for parents and
teachers, published at St. Louis, by J.
W. Mclntyre, at 1.50 per year—four
months on trial for 50 cents. It has al
so club rates. It is designed for ell
sections and denominations alike. It
contains a lesson system with exposito
ry notes, illustrations, <4c.,twith much
other matter, ready prepared for use of
teachers, parents, and others, lesson pa
pers for the The tableol con
tents for the first number is as follows:
What to teach children—Rev. Jas. If.
Brookes, D. L)., The Province of the
Sunday School—Bishop E. M. Marvin,
Should Sunday Schools close in Win
ter—Giving the Heart—Rev. 11. A.
Nelson, D. D., Religious Life in the
Sunday School—Rev. A. C. George,
D. D., —The New Year, by Rev. S. J.
Niecolls, D. D., beside Editorial, Book
Notices, Lessons, <£c.
A speck of war in the East. The Egyp
tian Viceroy persists in treating with
contempt the demands of his suzerain
at Constantinople, and last week the
rage of the Sublime Porte ran over.
He has forwarded to Alexandria a
violent message, commanding Ismail
Pacha to abandon his iron-clad fleet.
If the Vieeory feels strong enough to
strike for independence, there will
shortly be throat-cutting in the Lev
ant. The extraordinary coolness witn
which he has hectored his peppery
master indicates a mind contented
with the prospects of a future struggle.
There are twenty thousand tenement
houses in New York, occupied by
seven hundred thousand persons.
m mm; 't'nnifirninmimi m ■mi—n. irr.ai ii apii mmmmrnrnm
®s l IROJ ncoieit.
Tli>* Political Situation In the Slate;
Peaceful Disposition of the People;
Cotton and Wheat Culture ; Price* of
Eamls; Climate. Ac.. Ac.
GREKNBORO, GA., Dec. 24, _
Bditors of the Bedford Gazette
DEAR 3lKS ßeing acquainted with
a great namber of the citizens of your
county, I desire to sj>eak to then 1 :,
through the columns of your paper, in
relation to affairs here in this unre
constructed state of Georgia. 1 have
been here about six weeks and have
come in contact with a vast nttniber of
these so-called unrepentant rebels, and
must say that I have not in all my life
met with a more hospitable, more
genial or more social set of people any
where. They extend a hearty welcome
to all persons, of whatever political
faith, who come among them for the
honest purpose of helping to build up
their country, and 1 have reason to
believe that a man could remain here
six months without being a-ked his
I admit that I am somewhat stir
prised to find with what composure
and apparent indifference they regard
the late action of Congress, which re
seats ignorant negroes in the state Leg
islature, and gives all control of the
state into the hands of a Carpet-Bag
Governor, who has maligned and very
grossly in-ulted and abused one of the
best communities of people on earth,
and who has no interest in the state
except to rob it, which he has already
done and hopes to continue to do.
Everything is quiet here, and life is
full as safe, and in my best judg
ment, safer here than in the state of
Pennsylvania. The outrages reported
from time to time in Northern Radical
Journals are generally base fabrications
gotten up by the enemies of the state
for political purposes. If a murder
similar to that of the Peichtal Family
of Huntingdon county was perpetrated
here,it would immediately appear in all
Northern Radical Journals as a Ku
Klux outrage.
From what I see of these people I
am fully convinced they are formed of
the same flesh and blood, possess as
much brain, and have it as well cultiva
ted as any of the people of the North,
not even those whining hypocritical
Puritan Radicals of New England
excepted. Ye who may doubt my
word come and see and lie convinced.
You will find society excellent here
and the people high-toned. 1 tm not
of course, speaking of the Niggers, but
even their morals here are much above
those of the border states, of the same
And now, having said a word to
you on the political and social situa
tion, I wish to add something in rela
tion to the country. The climate is
one of the finest in the world, here in
central Georgia. A very intelligent
foreigner, who has traveled over south
ern Italy, telb me thisclimate is equal
to, if not preferable, to that of south
ern Italy. Our winters here are much
pleasanter than your Octobers in Bed
ford county. Up to the date of wri
ting I have not seen a snow flake.
We have but little frost and vegetables
of nearly all kinds are raised in the
gardens during all seasons of the year.
This portion of Georgia is admitted to
be equally as healthy as any portion of
the United States. Water is both good
and abundant—plenty of springs. The
timber consists of oak, hickory, pop
lar, pine, chestnut,sassafras, black wal
nut, Ac. The soil is varied arid produc
tive, adapted to the growth of all kinds
of grain, such as oats, wheat, barley,
rye, corn, Ac. Cotton is the chief sta
ple, although wheat raising is much
more profitable here than in the
North. With very good cultivation
and fertilizing some farmers have rai
sed fifty bushels per acre, which is
worth now here two dollars per bush
el. These high prices are owing to the
fact that nearly all attention is given
to cotton raising which is considered
more profitable.
Although these are not regarded as
the best cotton land- in the south, yet
planters, by good fertilizing, raise from
out; to three hales per acre, worth at
this time her , about one hundred aud
Twelve Dollars per bale. One-half
bale is considered a fair average yield
in a good season without fertilized
and ou old lands. While more cot
ton can be raised in some other por
tions of the south than here, those por
tions are no by means as healthful
a-) this section and hence the preference
for these lands.
As to Fiuit: Apples do only tolera
bly well lure. They are very abun
dant in some other portions of thestate.
Peaches, pears, plums, figs, quinces,
&c., grow in abundance, likewise the
smaller fruits, such as blackberries,
gooseberries, raspberries, strawberries,
&c. Strawberries are ripe in May, and
peaches in June and last till the latter
part of October.
As to prices of lauds : They are low.
Good farms can be bought at from $2
to $lO per acre, with some improve
ments, in many instances very com
fortable dwellings with tenant houses
and cotton Gin and Press attached.
To cultivate well from 100 to 200 a
cres on a farm of six or eight hundred
acres you can pay for the whole with
two good crops.
While lands are cheap, I consider
them worth more, acre per acre, fir
making money than many of the very
best lands of Pennsylvania. To such
as think of emigrating westward or to
Tennessee, let me give you a wor of
advice. If you desire a healthful and
pleasant home in a good climate, come
here. If you desire to make money
come here. If your means are limi
ted you can find a piece of land just
large enough to suit you. You eau
rent good land here for one fourth the
crop or get one half and the owner will
find everything hut your labor. Rest
assured you will receive a hearty wel
come and find more real friends than
you met in all your life.
I have visited nearly all the western
states, I have been in Tennessee with
its sudden changes of weather, have
learned the prices of lands in all these
states, and mpst say candidly that
"Georgia Ixnitsthem atf,"
TMf is'inore chine in this
little village of Greensboro of about
1000 inhabtants, in one day than there
is done in Bedford in one week and
all business is cash.
—ff-any desire investrgme'
they can get an "Exeuwion Certificate
to the south"by making affidavit that
tfyey are coming here for examination
with the purpose of Investment. Yqu
can get this certificate by applying to
S. F. Scull, Pjttsburg,. General Ticket
Agent of the Pan Handle Route, or to
J. M. Kimball, Pittsburg, Assistant
General ticket agent of Pittsburg, Ft.
Wayne and Chicago R. R.
.Phis Certificate will entitle you to
purchase a Ticket to this place, via
Louisville and Atlanta, at the rate of
two cents per milefrom Louisville here,
or the conductors on these southern
roads must take fare at the rate of two
cents per mile by your presenting this
Certificate, and you can travel while
here and return at the same rate, or
you can come by the way of New York
and Charleston, S. C. These Certifi
cates ran be got in New York, of J.
W. Huntingdon, 229 Broadway, or C.
E. Evans, 187 Greenwich street., or of
J. W. Prince, No. 2. Astor House.
Fare from N. Y. here by steamship is
$19.00. If any of the farmers of Bed
ford county think of emigrating, it
will certainly he to their advantage to
visit this locality before locating else
where, and my advice to those who
think of coming is to eonie soon, as
lands are going up in price, and must
be double what they now are within
the next two years. Mr. A. 11. Ste
vens says that these lands must bring
SSO per acre within the next ten years,
and I think he is correct.
Any information any of you may de
sire will be cheerfully given by addres
sing me here. Hoping this letter may
be the means of inducing many of you
to better your condition by coming
south, I will close,
Very respectfully, yours,
Greenboro, Green Co., Georgia.
P. 8. Don't fear the Reconstruction
of congress. I can assure you the Radi
cals with Grant at their back cannot
carry another election here.
.Salnave has fallen. The revolution
ists attacked his last remaining strong
hold, Port-au-Prince, on the night of
the 18th ult.,drove in his pickets, and
captured the city without a drop of
blood being shed. Salnave lied to a fort
near the city, and was supposed to be
in great peril if the foreign consuls
should not interfere to secure bis safe
ty. This ends the Haytian revolution.
Salnave became conspicuous for the
first time in July, 1864, by an attempt
to assassinate one of President GefFard's
ministers. He was condemned to
death by courtmartial, but escaped to
St. Domingo, headed a rebellion a
gainst Geffard, and formed a provis
ional government, May 1865. The in
surrection was, after several severe
-truggles, suppre:---d in November of
that year. Salnave renewed the at
tempt, and succeeded in obtaining su
preme power in June, 1867, Geffard
having fled the country. A revolt
against the new Dictator broke out in
1868, and has continued, with varying
fortune until the present time. About
two months ago General Chevalier, the
ablest of Salnave's generals, deserted
his cause, and since then he has been
cooped up in Port-au-Prince. His
reign lias covered two years and six
A young scamp, named Christian,
who is a disgrace to the name he bear.-,
and to Plymouth Church, where he re
ceived his religious instructions, vi.-i
--ted Turkey some months ago, and
and pursuaded a beautiful Oriental
maiden to elope with him, promising
to marry her upon their arrival in this
country. The young lady, Miss Hen
ta Harootunia, was posessed of about
$20,000 in money, which she gave to
her lover, and when they arrived in
Brooklyn, he took this money and set
up a confectionery establishment with
it, and turned the poor Turkish giil
out into the street. After wandering
around for some hours, she returned
and asked Christian to allow her to
live with him, but he had her arres
ted as a vagrant and sent to jail. For
tunately, the ease was brought; to the
notice of Judge Troy and Mr. C, Osean
yan, the Turkish Consul, and Mi-s
Horootunia was released on a writ of
habeas corpus, and is now well carid
for. It is probable that the Grand Ju
ry will indict Christian for his unman
ly behaviour, and it is to be hoped that
he will be forced to marry the lady he
has outraged, or pay roundly for his
Pope Pius IX. declared to the I tali
an prelate just previous to the open
ing of the (Ecumenical Council that
he would not urge the ratification of
the doctrine of Papal infallibility, if
he imagined it would produce a
lengthy debate, angry discussion or
dissension, but would agree to let the
status awarded to it during the past
three hundred years. The Pope ex
pects the Council to go with him
strongly, however, in favor of the Syl
labus of 1864, and he confidently trusts
that the assembled prelates will en
dorce his views on all ethical and soci
al questions, as the general Imsis of
their decisions, seeing that the instru
ment alluded to embodies the funda
mental maxims of the Catholic Church.
So it seems that the Pope is prepared
for the manoeuvres of the ultramon
tanes, who hoped to break up the
Council by forcing the hasty adoption
of the dogma of the Papal infallibility
by that body about the time of the
feast of the Epiphany.
There is great interest manifested in
the probable relative strength of par
ties in the (Ecumenical Council. The
World correspondent at Rome writes
that of the 800 members of the Council
the liberal party led by Mgr. Dupanloup
and the French bishops will not num
ber above 200, so that it is certain that
the Pope will carry all his points, in
cluding the dogma of infallibility. The
strength of the minority is enough,
however, to raise discussion and pos
sibly dissension among the Fathers.
r- ~
| Proceedings op>SKDFOTW
I to a call issued by the Co. Supt., the
teachers pf Bedford county assembled
in the Hallof the Union School-House,
' ffir the pnrpose"or holding their annu
al Institute, at 1 o'clock, P. M., Dec.
| 27,,1369. . i
The Convention was called to order
by the 'o. Supt., and the session was
opened with prayer by Prof. H. B.
i Zimmerman. An address of welcome
; was then delivered by the Co. Bupt.
j The Convention proceeded to elect the
i officers for the present session which
resulted as follows: Vice Brest., A. L
Stayer; Ree. Sec., D. M. Sams; Cor.
: Sec., (). 11. Huston; Treas., Josiah A
mos; Bus. Com., S. D. Middleton,
Maggie Mower, O. G. McCoy.
The names of the members present
I being taken, the Co. Sunt, conducted
au exercise in Orthography. A Com
mittee was then appointed to examine
the lists of those participating in the
The Convention fixed the time for
meeting and adjourning as follows:
Morning sessions to open at 9 o'clock
and close at 11.35. Afternoon sessions
to open at 1.30 and close at 4 o'clock.
Evening sessions to convene at 6. 30
P. M. By motion it was decided that
the day sessions be held in the Union
School Hall and the evening sessions
in the Court Hall. A Committee was
then appointed on Music by the Co.
Supt. On motion adjourned to meet
in Court Hall at 6.30 P. M.
Evening Session.
The Convention met in the Court
Hall at 6.30 P. M. and was called to or
der by the President.
Minutes of previous session were
read and adopted. An essay entitled,
"Abilities to Teach," written by Miss
Maggie J. O'Co iner, was at her re
quest read by J. M. Reynolds, Esq.
The Institute was then favored with
a lecture on "Phonography" by Prof.
11. B. Zimmerman. The gentlemen
in his lecture clearly illustrated to his
audience the superior advantages, this
art possesses over all others in taking
speeches, lectures, &c., during their de
livery for the press. The lecture was
an able one, and showed that the au
thor was master of the subject.
Morning Session, Dee. 28.
Convention was ojiened with prayer
by Prof. 11. B. Zimmerman. The
meeting was next favored with music
by the "Glee Club." A roll of mem
bers by Districts was then prepared.—
Following which was an essay on the
subject' Winter Evenings' by Miss Li
zzie Pierson. Remarks were then made
by the Co Supt. on keeping "Month
ly Reports." The next order of busi
ness was an essay by O. G. McCoy, on
the subject of "Causes of and remedies
for irregular attendance," which was
discussed by Messrs. Barclay, W. B.
Miller, Jos. Totnlinson, J. H. Jordan,
Dively and H. B. Zimmerman. The
debate was a warm and earnest one
; and many of the causes of irregular
attendance in our rural districts, as well
as the remedies for them, was forcibly
presented by the speakers.
Aftemoon Session.
The subject of irregular attendance
; was again taken up and discussed by
different members of the Convention-
Mrs. Fisher then entertained the Con
vention with select reading, which
| was followed by an address on the sub
| ject of teaching. Reading, by M. R.
Minnich, after which Prof. Waugh of
Jlollidaysburg favored the Conven
tion with an instructive lecture on
Evening Session.
Convention met in Court Halt at <>
o'clock, and was called to order by
Prest. After which Co. Supt. intro
duced Prof. VVaugh, who delivered a
lecture on the subject, "What shall our
Girls Study." The lecturer takiugt he
Bible as his guide in determining the
true sphere of man and woman, dealt
some heavy blows at the so-calle'i re
formers of the present day. He show
ed clearly that woman in order to
properly till iter sphere in life, should
be specially educated for that sphere.
That standing firm by the Bible truths,
she cannot, she dare not take Elizabeth
Cady Stanton as her type of a true wo
man. lie further argued that wher
ever a teacher found under his care
natural talents for special branches of
study, ho should give such the high
est training. In short, he believed in
the true woman living, loving and ever
abiding in the sphere marked out for
iier by her Creator. Throughout the
entire lecture the Prof, held his audi
ence as one man ; thus showing the in
terest all too': in the discourse.
Morning Session, Dec. 29
Convention met pursuant to adjourn
ment at 9 o'clock and was called to or
der by the Prest. Minutes of After
noon and Evening sessions were read
and approved. Exercises were open
ed with singing by the "Glee Club"
followed by class drill in Orthography
by Co. Supt. An essay was next read
by I. P. Smouse, subject "Fright."
Method of teaching Orthography was
then discussed by Messrs. Jordan,
Sams, Tomlinson and Co. Supt. Af
ter which an essay was read by Miss
Etta Irving, subject"Desire of Knowl
edge." Music by the Glee Club. Ad
journed to meet at 1. 30 P. M.
Afternoon Session.
Exercises opened with singing. On
a motion of J no. H. Jordan the Con
vention asked the Co. Supt. to deliver
a lecture on "The method of teaching
the Common School branches," said
lecture to be delivered during Friday's
session. After a class drill in Orthog
raphy, tlie subject of teaching Orthog
raphy was discussed by different mem
bers of the Convention. An Essay
was next read by 8. G. Miller on the
subject "Indications of the times."—
The Convention elected the following
persons a committee on Permanent
Certificates, 8. D. Middleton, Maggie
Mower, Miss Maggie McCleery, Jen
nie Smith, Mary Holderbaum. An
Essay by S. I). Middleton, subject,
"The Teacher's Vocation." Lecture
on the subject of teaching "A. B. C."
by Donald St. George Eraser. Ad
journed to meet at the Court Hail at
6J P. M.
Evening W|
Convention called to order by C'htric- ;
man. The meeting was then enter- i
tained with a lecture on the subject,
"The Teacher." by J. N. Tomlinson.
Reading, subjects, the "Relief of Luck
now" and "People will talk," by Mrs.
Fisher. Oration, subject, "Stand like
the Anvil," by J. 11. Jordan. Read
ing, "No Sect in Heaven" and Darius
Green," by Mrs. Fisher. Essay by I).
S. A. Tomlinson, on the subject of
"Reading and How it is taught in our
Public Schools." This Evening's en
tertainment was rather a lengthy one.
A crowded arid poorly ventilated Court
Hall, together with a number of ill
bred boys, who will attend public en
tertainments and occupy seats, which
might otherwise be filled with ladies
and gentlemen, did not add much to
the comfort of several of the speakers.
In this connection we take the oppor
tuuity of saying to the Fathers of the
town, that it might be well for them
ro look after the interests of Young A
merica in our midst. We may grow
notorious; as the boys hold the reins of
government here.
Evening Session.
Convention met in Court Hall at o',
P. M. This being the last Evenit.g's j
entertainment, the meeting was en
tertained with recitations by Donald
St. Geo. Eraser. Scotch Readings by
John Taylor, Esq., and Music by the
"Glee Club."
Morning Session, Dee. 80.
The session was opened with a piece
of Music entitled "Further On." —
Class drill in Orthography continued.
The subject "Should the Bible be con
tinued in our Public Schools" was next
discussed by Tomlinson, Jordan, Dive
ly, Smith, May. Miss McCleery, P. M.
Fisher and Co. Supt. Following which
was an essay on the subject, "Good
Beginning" by Miss Maggie Mower
and an Essay on "The Beautiful" bv
M iss Maggie McCleery. Mrs. Fisher
next favored the Convention with Se
lect Reading, when the meeting ad
journed with a piece of Music entitled
"The Beautiful Land."
Afternoon Session.
The Convention assembled accord
ing to previous adjournment, in Union
School Hall at t| P. M. and was called
to order by the Prest. Class drill in
Orthography continued by Co. Supt.
An Essay was next read by John \V.
Ake on the subject 'Woman's Rights.'
Followed by a lecture on the method
of teaching Grammar, by J. G. Krich
baum. Music by the "Glee Club." An
Essay, subject, "Success," by Andrew
Stayer. Adjourned to meet at 62 P. M.
Morning Session, Dee. 31.
Exercises opened with singing the
following piece of Music, "Come over
the Lake." An Essay was then read
by S. M. T. Barclay, theme "Teacher's
Duty." The Supt. then awarded the
prizes to the following members who
had missed the fewest number of
words in the contest. W. F. Hughes
of South Woodbury received the first
prize, Jennie Baylor of Bedford Bor.
thesecond prize, Josiah Amos of Bed
ford Tp., the third prize. O.G. Mc
i Coy of Cum. Valley, Ettie Irving and
Maggie McCleery of Bedford Tp., be
ing ties, each received a prize of the
I same value, and Andrew Stayer of
1 South Woodbury the sixth prize. Ac
cording to previous resolution the Co.
Supt. then addressed the Convention
! on the method of teaching the Com
mon School branches, which was fol
lowed by a discussion on "Woman's
Rights," by Smith, Diveiy, Jordan,
j Sams, Tomlinson, May. On motion
the Convention adjourned sine die.
The following are the resolutiors
drafted by the Committee, and adopted
by the Convention:
Resolved , That we tender a vote of
thanks to the Directors of Bedford Bor.
for the use o! the School Hall during
the week, and to the Commissioners
of Bedford Co. for the use of the Court
Resolved , That a vote of thanks be
tendered to all parties who entertained
the teachers so liberally during their
stay with us this week.
Resolved, That a vote of thanks be
tendered to the Editors of the Bedford
Inquirer and Gazette, for the interest
they have always taken in educational
matters, for the freedom of discussion
of school topics they have always giv
en through their columns, and for the
efforts they put forth to make this Con
vention a success.
Resolved, That we tender a vote of
thanks to the firm of Wilson & Hinkle
of Cincinnati, E. 11. English cf Pitts
burgh, Amos Stevens of Pittsburg and
Ivison, Phinny ABlakeman of New
York, for the School Publications gra
tuitously furnished to the Convention.
Resolved, That we continue the use
of I'. D. & S's Copy Books, Osgood's
Readers, Brown's Grammars, Brook's
Arithmetics, Mitchell's Geographies,
i and that we recommend "Mrs. Ran-
I dall's Choice Selections in Reading and
i Elocution," published by Ivison,
| Phinney, Blakeman & Co., New York,
to all teachers who desire a first class
work 011 this subject.
Resolved, That we heartily endorse
the progressive spirit that characteri
zes all the movements of our present
worthy State Superintendent, and that
we hereby pledge our unanimous sup
port to him in every effort he may
make to promote the interests of the
common school cause in Pennsylvania.
Resolved, That we as a convention
do heartily approve of the interest
manifested by our County Superinten
dent in his unceasing efforts toadvanee
the cause of common schools, and fully
appreciating his learning and zeal, re
cognise in him a firm and able advo
cate and efficient laborer in the field of
Resolved, That the thanks of this
convention are due the directors of the
county, who in keeping with theschool
law of the State, granted the week to
such of their teachers as attended this
convention ; and that we urge all oth
ers whose teachers were here present
and to whom was not given, that they
in their next meeting pass a unani
mous resolution granting the time
spent in actual attendance at the con
Resolved, That in the opinion of the
members of the convention, all teach
ers who, without just cause, absented
themselves from this meeting, merit
and hereby do receive the censure of
tins association.
Resolved, That this convention ten
den a vote of thanks to all the lectu
rers, essayists, and speakers, who were
present with us during the sessions.
O. G. MCCOY, | D. M. SAMS,
Committee on Resolutions.
Below will be found the names of
teachers, by districts, who were in at-
jendan&sldgMher with the number of
days each atended:
Bedford Bor.—J Tomlinson, !S ]>
Middleton, Celia Schaeffer, 5
MaggieO'Conner, \\ days; Mary Hol
derbaum,2j days; Jennießmith, I dav-
Amanda Sansom, 1 day; Sue Steckinari
Loretto Smith, Salome Minnich, Julia
McFadden, Alice Taylor, Emma Barn
hart, Mary Cessna, Ellie Boor. Alice
Mann, Mary Mardorff, 5 days; Mary
Shires. Jennie Baylor, 4 days; J M Rey
nolds, 1 day.
Bed ford tp. —S B Amos, J II Jordan
J F P K Srnouse, 5 day*; j) s \
Tomlinson, Maggie McClecr i v •
J Phillips, G Diveiy, Frauk'M,eon '
days; Adam Diehi, LiiieHansom, Dru
ciila McCleery, 4 days; John Krich
haum, 1 h days; Josie Wills, 1 day.
Bloody Run.—-11 B Zimmerman
2 days.
Broad Top.—A. Huston, 5 days; J
Fleck, T. P. Cessna, G. Lee, M. M
Robinson, Jennie Thompson, M. F
Gates, 4 j days.
Cumb. Valley.—A. S. Whipp, Jos.
Evans, O G McCoy, Lizzie Pierson,
5 days; P M Fisher, 1 days; Emma
Fisher. :j days; Fannie Wood, 2 days.
Colerain—B F Harder ode, A Wei
sel, A F Diehl, 5 days; W B Harele
rode, 4J days; WM May, Jon Bid
die I days; W 11 Corl, '■>!, days.
Coaldale.—S M T Barclav, 5 days.
Harrisson.—S G Miller, 24 ;Is Clark,
1 day; JasMuliin, Ij days.
Hopewell.—W W Williams, 3 days;
Maggie Mower, Ettie Irvine, 5 days;
Mattie Ritchey, 41 days.
Juniata —Eleven schools. No teach
ers present.
Londonderry.—Seven Schools. No
teachers present.
Liberty—T White, Jacob Stoler, T
Iloades, 4 days; Geo. Harclerode, 31
Mon roe.—Fifteen schools. No
teachers present.
Napier.—Lucy Pennell, sdays; W
Penrose, 31 flays; G W Mullin, S Wade
15 days; C Riley, Miss M C Mullin, 1
Providence W.—Georgia Mower,
Annie Pennell, D M Sams, 5 days;
B A Williams, C W Williams. 3 day-.
Providence E.—Nine Schools. No
teachers present.
Rainsburg.—No Schools open this
St. Clairsville.—J G Ake, 5 days.
Saxton.—D St G Fiaser, 3 days.
Schellsburg—Schools open next
month. No teachers present.
Snake Spring.—M M Mock, 5 days;
L. Tomlinson, 2 days.
Southampton.— S T Diehl, 4 days;
Annie Bagley, Ellie Aiiison, 5 days.
Union.—S Price, 3 day- ; E Earnest,
Sophia Xawgei, 4 days; A Exline, 3
days ; Blanche Irvine, Beckie Irvine,
35 days; JosStiftler, 1 day.
Woodbury M.—W H Clouse, 4 days.
Woodbury S.—Emmie Miller. II B.
Miller. Andrew Stayer, W F Hughes,
J M Williams, 5 days; W Marshall, 3
days ; E Z Kagarice, G CLoug, 2 days.
Woodbury.—Two Schools. No teach
ers prensent. 11. W. FISHER.
D. M SAMS, Pres't.
I congratulate the teachers who were
present with us during this session of
the County Institute. We have not
been disappointed. In point of num
ber enrolled ; regularity of attendance,
and willingness on the part of our
teachers to work whenever called up
on. our meetings have been the most
successful ever held in the county. Not
a single teacher, placed on duty by the
committeeon programme,failed. With
but l't-w exceptions, all were present at
roll call and remained in session until
the hour for adjourning, thus showing
their interest in the work.
Twenty out of the twenty-seven dis
tricts in the county, were represented.
Of these, Bedford Bor., Bedford tp..
Broad Top, Colerain, Coaldale, Liber
ty, St. Clairsville, Suake Spring and
Saxton, had ail their teachers present,
j Some had their time allowed them;
others who were in attendance the
whole week were not allowed a single
day. We would here again repeat,
what has been embodied in a resolu
tion, that all directors who had their
; teachers here in convention, should
grant them the number of days pres
ent. The roll has been carefully pre
-1 pared, and the attendance accurately
; kept, so that directors may know the
: exact number of days each one attend
i ed. We feel sure that some good must
I result to the schools through this con
vention, and it is not asking too much
when we call upon directors to reward
their teachers for time spent here in
further preparation for the work in the
! school room.
The essays, orations and lectures pre
pared by the teachers showed marked
improvement over those of previous
years. Among others, we recall with,
pleasure the oration, on the theme:
"Stand like the Anvil," by our talen
ted young townsman, John H. Jordan.
For force of diction and for true merit,
the production had no superior on the
programme. The young orator warm
ing with his subject, grew at times,
truly eloquent. We predict for him in
his newly chosen profession a brilliant
In conclusion, we return thanks to
all parties who labored with us during
the past week. H. W. FISHER,
C'o. Supt.
Twenty insurgents were killed and
sixty captured in a sharp engagement
Thursday at Magna, in the Cinco
Villas District, Cuba. The Spanish
loss is not stated. Valraaseda reports
that about 700 men, with their officers,
have lain down their arms in his dis
trict, and that the chief, Cocc, and his
men had surrendered in the District of
A young lady of Wheeling who had
been wofully fooled by a young man
of the same place, under promise of
marriage, called on him. Thursday to
fulfil his vows, and as he refused she
shot him, and surrendered herself to
the authorities. The gay deceiver
was to have married another girl in a
few days.
In 1800 there were 7,745 miles of
railway tracks completed in the Unit
ed States, equal to the total number of
miles in operation twenty years ago.
We have now 50,000 miles of road in
operation, and the average increase
per year since 1850, has been 1,500
miles. lAtst year we expended $300,-
000,000 in railroad construction.
Postage on letters between the Uni
ted States and Canada, on and after to
day, will be U cents per half ounce,
when sent by the Canada mail packet
via Quebec or Portland, in winter, or
Halifax, and Scents via New \ork.
Double rates will be charged for letters
in; uffieiently or not at all prepaid.

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