WASHINGTON CITY. !
( . <1
TUESDAY MORNIRU, APRIL SI, 18*7. ?
tUTUr Hnu II Urn Montgomery AUbnnu, u our grn?r?llr?T- p
clUng cgeol for llir flUtra of Alabama and Tenner., *?lal*d by C. (I
y Ijiwu, jAtim 0. latwia, and Hannti I), larvia. a
JKfUr Imu K Jaaui. No IB'1 South Tenth nireel, Pbibtd>l|>lna, n
U our feuaral Intuiting ngrul, ncaulrd by Wb. H. Wblu, Joii* Col p
un, Janaa Dmuuao J. HxBMrrr, R. t). Jamn.Tnoa. I). Nh*, K W Hon
auoa, K. W. Wiirr, Wn. L. Wiiuaix, Am M Cant**, D. K lit (
n>, Bus. I'. 8wais, T. Aaanas, and T. luvia.
jtyMr. C. W Jamai, No 1 Harrlaon street. Cincinnati, Uhiu, la our
general collecting agent Tor the Wenlcrn Htalea and Texan, a* la tod by 0
H. J. luuMaa, IViuua H. Tnonar, Tnoa M. Jinan Dr. A. I. CHiine. J
UaoKua Munaia, and Uicuiiw ljuu. Keceipta of altber will be good.
appointments by the phesident. 0
Win. H. llutter, postmaster at Huston, Pennsyl- /
vauia, in place of Jolin J. Render, whose commission ii
lias expired. f
Wm. F. Ashley, postmaster at Lyons, New York, o
vice Daniel Watrous, whoso commission has ex- 1
Daniel E. Wager, postmaster at Rome!, New York, t
vice A. J. Rowley, resigned.
E. B. Goodsell, postmaster at Bridgeport, Connec- t
ticut, reappointed. c
Wi#. II. Cuyler,postmaster at Palmyra, New York, t
vice Win. L. Tucker, whose commission has ex- h
James Tizzard, postmaster at Burlington, Iowa, reappointed.
the hypocrisy of abolitionism.
Every ono is familiar with the history of the for- J
niation of the constitution. Every ono knows the
character of that body of patriotic men who formed
it and submitted it to the country. Their tulcnts,
their wisdom, their patriotism, their love of justice,
and their devotion to the liberty of the people, inspired
them in their holy work, and enabled them to preseut
to thoir countrymen tho most extraordinary production
of human wisdom that tho world had ever
seen. Independence had been achieved, but public
liberty?tho liberty of each individual?had not been
fully secured. Tho States were sovereign and independent
of all foreign powers, and of each other, but
they needed some system to demonstrate their nationality,
some great charter to define, to limit, and
to secure their national rights. This they obtained
in that great work?that wonderful imbodiment of
wisdom, justice, truth, and fitness?tho constitution.
It was the result of conciliation, forbearance,
and compromise. Its authors were forming
the orgauic law for an empire of States, and they
acted with that solemn dignity, freedom from selfishness,
aud rigid justice which the groat occasion demanded.
They were not seeking to obtain advantages
over each other, but they were laboring to set
up a government that should form a more perfect
union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquillity,
provide for the common defence, promote the general
welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to
themselves and to their posterity. This they accomplished.
They produced the constitution of the United
States, as perfect ns human wisdom and glowing, i
unselfish patriotism could make it.
One would suppose that a constitution thus formed, i
commending itself by so many sanctions, would have I
commanded tho approbation of every citizen. But
such was not the case. Many amongst us, even then, |
opposed it at the start; and now, with increasing
numbers, they oppose it with frantic bitterness and i
fiendish hate, and aro Reeking with never-ceasing cf- '
forts to destroy it. (
The abolitionists, aggregated nnder the name of ?
black republicanism, influenced, as they say, by j
their sympathy for the negro, w ould destroy this f
great work of our lathers, sever the Union, break up
our nationality, and commit themselves to the protection
of their higher law. But their utter hypocrisy
in all this thing has long since become apparent
to the whole country. Philanthropy has nothing to *
do with it. The impurity of their motives is evinced 1
by the impurity of their owu conduct and character.
The Becchers, the Choevers, and the Kallochs are 8
only types of a class?specimens of au order of men? 1
who impudently talk about the immorality of others,
whilst some preach treason, and others practise vices
too gross to be named. But the arraat hypocrisy 1
and mendacity of the whole thing is gradually becoming
apparent to the people, oven to thoir own 8
dupes. By little and little they begin to understand
the juggle j as they uuderstand it more fully,
they begin to hang back from its excesses. The effect
of this is becoming yisiblo in tho elections just ^
passing in the free States. Our faithful friends, the
true national democrats of the N'orth, are fighting all (
these heresies at their own doors, and they are per- <
ceptibly gaining on the enemy everywhere. To us, '
then, tho future looks bright. The omens are full of (
promise. The signs are for good, and not for evil. ?
The constitution, the Union, and the fraternity of the
States aro too strong and too enduring in the hearts ^
of the patriotic people?the solid, honest masses of >
the country?to be destroyed by raving fanaticism or t
hypocritical, canting philanthropy. i
The remarks in the following article from the New
Orleans Crescent are so pertinent and true that wo
take pleasure in transferring them to our own columns.
That paper says :
" Hytocusy or abolitionism.?One of the worst signs '
of the time* is the continuance of the hold of abolition- *
ism upon the poMic sentiment of the North. It fore- 1
shadows the direst remits for the future. Notwithstanding
the leaders of the abolition army have been expelled
from Congress for dishonest and corrupt practices ; not- i
withstanding its leading editorial champions are known |
to have received bribes ; notwithstanding tlicy have been
caught and exposed in falsehoods innumerable ; notwith- 1
standing their dally walk in life Is such as to exclude c
them from ??ven the pale of Christian charity ; notwith- |
standing their home practices give the He direct to their 1
home precepts ; notwithstanding they inculcate one doc- i
trine and practically enforce a different doctrine ; not- ' \
withstanding it has l*wn proven time mm again mu mcir ,
so-called principle* Are founded upon <1<-Iunion And deceit; 1
And notwithstanding it is as apjmicnt an the noon-dav #
nun that the efforts of abolitionism have worked nothing
bat Injury to the African rate, and can work nothing but
injury to that race in every conceivable contingency, the
furor of fanaticism abates not?there is no ehb in its
flow -and its malign current surges onward with aceele- 1
rated speed and a mightier momentum each succeeding t
"This can be accounted for only on the ground that
abolition fanaticism, like j i
'' ' -Faith, fanatic Faith, onoe wedded fust ?
To some dear falsehood, hugs it to the last'?
and that northern fanaticism must run its course, even if f
it dash this Union into fragments before its strength is t
exhausted. We liave little or no hope of its exhaustion I
before the consummation of the tinal catastrophe. The last i
November election demonstrated that the abolitionists ' s
wielded a fearful power, and the spring elections, thus far. I v
have shown that that power is incroaaing instead of di- s
tniuiahing. Wo have no doubt their strength will con- j t
ftnue to augment until I860, when Senator Seward Will t
bo elected to the presidency of tlie United States. With v
each an event staring thein in file face- and becoming t
* w r.
m uiid lew utile to prevent it each yewr?it lielioove*
lie people of the South to oouekler seriously the times ,
hat are upon them, and to take such steps a* will viudi?tc
their own right* uud aecure their own safety, either
i or out of the Union. Under no conjunction of drciun- <
tarn**, if they take time by the forelock, and act wisely, ! .
radically, and judiciously, have the southern people anyhing
to apprehend, Their own Inherent strength, their, ; '
n yet, half-developed resources, and their unequalled |
atui'ul advantages, will enable them to form a uiaguifi- | j
ent and mighty confederacy of their own, if fanaticism |
oiupcls a dissolution; and, to tako the worst aspect of ;
he case, if they are destined to fall, they will have the ; [
onnolatjou of kuowiug that the commercial fabric of the j ,
artli tumbles to the ground with them. And, to run the
mallei a little further, any condition would lie preferable I
0 serf-like and slavish dependence upon the arch-fanatic j
eward and his contemptible myrmidons, Greeley, Weed,
umner, l'urkor, Cheever, and company. '
'' But a truce to digression. We started with the view i
>f pointing out some of the vile hypocrisies of abolition,
nd find we have diverged slightly from our subject. The '
illumy Kvening Journal, next to the Mew York Trihuno, 1
1 the most Influential organ of the free-soil party of the 1
forth. It is, to all intents and purposes, when any artul
move is to be made on the political chess-board, Senior
Seward's confidential mouthpiece. If wc are not <
ulstaken, a younger brother, or a sou of the senator, is j
me of its editors. Such was the case, at all events, not
oany months since. The Journal always looks southvard
with a jaundiced eye. It never contemplates south- \
rn institutions except with a sour stomach. It never .
Jluden to the southern people unless to find fault with
hem, magnify their errors, enlarge upon their Infirmities, >
leprcclate their social and political systems, attribute all ,
delations of law to the institution of slavery, and to make .
hem out worse than they arc in every imaginable roped.
And then its philanthropy in behalf of the negro i
ilave is always stirred to its uttermost depths without rc- ,
;ard to the time or the occasion.
" Bcfeiring to its course on this and kindred subjects, <
AlUanir Aflno n eniitiil nail/ma) nonor tioc tht< fnllnir. .
Uf IXlUOIi; **?** > ) ?? J?J'V . , M?v ?MV ]
ng truthful and stinging remarks :
" ' Yet the Journal, with all its predilection* in favor of 1
lie African race, refrains from advocating that equality
which may bring the interdicted class within its own i
-ango. No negro writer supplies its paragraphs ; no ne;ro
printer draws wages from its till ; no negro child sits
>n the common-school forms beside the children in whom
t is interested ; no negro sits in lire pew to hear or stauds |
n the pulpit to preach where it worships ; no negro lawI'er,
no negro doctor, no negro merchant, is heard of
,hrough its columns. Hie ' sweet voices' which it invokes |
:o the decision of the electoral question arc never heard
n the social circles it'patronlses.^fU we have before said, '
tho legislature, which proposes telnvite this class to form
i part of the electoral body, refuses to hear the prayer of |
i colored clergyman.
" 'If the Journal and its allies believe in negro equality, 1
lot it speak and act up to it. Lot it invito the negro to i
Iris place, in the schools, in the workshop, in the church, i
end in social life.
" 'Even the free-State men of Kansas, who voted for 1
-ho Topeka constitution, not only declared against negro i ]
mffruge, but positivcly> tuid directly for the excluslou of
'ree negroes from Kansas, on the ground tliat they are
lot citizens of the United States?the black republicans I
>f that State affirming in advance the doctrine of the Su- ,
irome Court of the United States on this subject.
" 'We copy from tho proclaniation of (Jen. Lane, dedaring
the adoption of that constitution, ids rendering <
)f the verdict of the free-State party on this point;
'' ' And 1 do furtii^f declare and make known, that of the
votes cast at the aforesaid election 'for' and ' againil' ' the I
[Message of laws by the general assembly providing for the i
inclusion of free negroes from the State of Kansas?the
result of such vote to ojierate as instructions to the first
general assembly upon that subject' a majority are Ju i
Favor of ' rrrlution' qs ascertained by the returns of said ,
flection now on file in the office of the executive committee.
" 'Given under my hand, at the office of the executive
foiumittee of Kansas, at the city of Topckn, on this 27th
lay of December, 1855.
" 'Attest: J. II. LANE, Chairman.
" 'C. K. Holuday, Secretary.
" 'The vote upon this question is given in detail in the
-eport of the special committee op Kansas to the last Congress,
and shows that f,136 voted for tho exclusion, while 1
inly 533 voted against it. Even without this provision,
he free constitution prohibited negro suffrage ; and this
xipulur vote of 'exclusion' related to the right of the
icgro and mulatto to reside in the State.' i
'' Nothing further is necessary to show the disgusting hy- ,
sxrisy, tiie shameless charlatanism, of the aiiolitionists. ,
SVo would ns soon look for integrity from a tidef or chas:Uy
from a prostitute, as honesty from a New York aboil- i
Jonist. They are all gangrened w|th falsehood, deceit, .
ni.l rvirruntinn nnd have littered lies so often and so lonsr
hat they would not know bow to tell the truth were they
? disposed. They pretend to be friendly to the slave,
md yet the laws in many of their Hiatal against free uep-oes
are more severe and stringent than the laws of I<ousiana!
There is no blush of shame for the cheeks of
luch caricatures upon human decency."
Tho democratic State convention of Mississippi
.0 nominate candidates for governor, attorney
jeneral, secretary of hitatc, auditor, and treasurer
will meet at Jackson on the 22d of June,
1'ho Pontotoc Examiner of the 10th instant has
i long and well-written editorial urging the rclomination
of Judge Bennett for Congress. Tho
Examiner learns that the Judge, since his return
rom Congress, has been confined at homo by siekless,
but intends, as early as his health will permit,
,o make a tour through the district in order to give
iomo account of his stewardship.
We regret to learn that Hon. D. B. Wright dedines
a renoraination for Congress. The Ripley Ad. ertiser
4 \t. 1.. wWi/ l,
" VUC lOJUfBH Hit. VTIIgUb \Ji un?t*U? VMU .. | j
vill be heard with general regret: It wan to announce j j
.hat he was not and would not be n candidate for renomnation
to Congress before the district convention. To
his conclusion he has been brought by the feeble health \
>f members of his family who are entitled to claim his
iffectionate care and attention. 1
" In returning to the retirement which he ouly abau- i
Ioned at the unanimous desire of as noble a constituency 1 ,
is ever honored a man with confidence, he will take with !
rim, unimpaired, their best regard and warmest attach- j 1
nent. But let him not flatter himself that bis labors for i
he public good are over; nor let him doff the good ar- !
nor in which he has done such gallant service in the
*use of thy democracy. He may Ire allowed a rest, but j '
le will be called again to the rally. Our country will j
rot?ought not?to dispeusp forever with such as he." I
THE SAVANNAH GEORGIAN.
The last number of the Savannah Georgian re- j
:eived by us coutains the valedictory of R. B. Hilton,. ,
;sq., who lias for many years been the principal edi- j
or of that staunch organ of the democratic party.; I
dr. Hilton returns to his former home in Florida for j 1
he purpose of pursuing lhe legal profession, to
vhich he was educated, and it must be gratifying to ' '
lis feelings to find the opposition journal in Savan-! '
tali, in bidding him adieu, "accord to his oditorial '
lareer high integrity of purpose, and an able discharge
of its difficult duties."
A. R. Lamar, esq., who bas been associated with ,
dr. Hilton for some months in the editorial depart- ; (
nent of the Georgian, wilj in futuro be its sole editor ' I
THE SOUTHERN HERALD.
The above is the title of a democratic paper just
tstahlished at Holly Springs, Mississippi, by Thomas ,
Falconer, esq. In his salutatory he thus defines j
he political position of the Herald, which commends
t to the confidence of not only the democracy, but of
>very right-minded patriot in tho Union:
"To the principles of the democratic party we shall
[ivo an earnest and a hearty support. It is unnecessary
o enumerate them here. They arc the principles that '
in at the foundation of our government?the very groundwork
of our free institutions- the very substratum upon
which the Ooddeas of lilierty laid the corner-stone of Hit j <
;reat American temple. They may be comprehended In
few words the equality of white men; the equality of j p
he States in the Union ; a rigid adherence to the eonstituion,
and the firm restriction of all the part* of the great I "
fhole, of all the different division* of power, within j 1'
heir legitimate boundaries. " j <1
tLUStiED 1 N*EQUALITY IN THE DlfTltllH HUN OF
THE FKDKItAL OFFICES.
We tind iu a late number of the Cincinnati En- i
juirer an editorial article iu reference to the past and
>resent dia]>oaition of the federal office* in several of
he States, which the editor is disposed to regard as i
>eculiarly unjust to the democracy of Ohio. We j
rave not the article before us, but, if t?ur memory
lerves us, the Enquirer states that tin pay of the |
ederal officers iu Massachusetts amounts to some
>350,000 per annum; in the iState of New York,
>1,000,000; iu Virginia, 9230,000; and iu Ohio, .
>125,000. The Enquirer is exceedingly indignant
hat the figures of such a staunch and an unwavering
i democratic State as Virginia should make such a
!>oor show alongside those of isinatic Massachusetts. J
its anger, after drawing a parallel between New i
fork and Ohio, is redoubled, aud the slighted coudiion
of the Ohio democracy placed in a light the best
calculated to excito commiseration, symputhv, and
More than three-fourths of the public revenue defHAM
1U.4..J -i at fVT._
IIfvu ituw ^uoiuiiir iiio uimcuiuu HI llif pons OI i^OW
i'ork and Boston, and bonce a larger number of fedtrul
officers are required at those points than in any
Dther portions of the Union. Are the democrats of
New York and Massachusetts to be punished for
their recent defeats by tilling thoir custom-houses
with their more successful brethren of Virginia and
Ohio ? Virginia neither asks nor would receive such
favors at the hands of the general government; and
notwithstanding the protest and indignation of the
Enquirer, we are firmly convinced that the gallant
and disinterested democracy of Ohio have no lot or
part In its silly and selfish complaints.
How docs the Enquirer propose to correct this alleged
inequality in the distribution of federal favors ?
It repudiates the claims and conveniences of locality
as it repudiates distribution according to the ratio of
population. The inference is irresistible, that it
would have the federal offices distributer! among all
the States, not with reference to their population,
nor to the best interests of the public sorvice, but
according to tho ratio of the democratic vote in the
3tates, which would deprive New England of a voice
in the cubinot, and would hand over the customhouses
of Boston, New York, and Baltimore to Texas,
Arkansas, and South Carolina, where public sentiment
in favor of tho democratic parly is almost
unanimous. This principle is akin to the principle
which is said to have influenced the late governor
r>f New York in the exercise of the pardoning
power. It is stated?'but we do not vouch
for the correctness of the story?that some eighteen
months ago a well-known politician called
upon Gov. Clark, with tho view of obtaining a pardon
for a prisoner at Sing Sing who had been incarcerated
for a pretty long term for participation in a
burglary in the city of New York. After listening
patiently to all the palliatory circumBiances of the
case which were offered, his excellency repliod:
" Your request cannot be entertained at Ibis
g, ? ih? v?...
mm*. ?> j(iiiit iiic iuni iwu j vuio iiit: tny ui aicw
Vork bus had two hundred pardons. Now, look at
Chautauque, Erie, Chemung, Allegheny, Oneida, St.
Lawrence, Herkimer, Genesee, and half a dozen more
counties that I could name. Every one of these
counties gave me a majority when I ran for governor,
and not one of them has yet asked me for a pardon.
They are entitled to, and must receive, their share
of my pardoning patronage, and the city of New
Vork must wait until her tura cornea round."
The whole tenor, tone, and saope of the Enquirer's
remarks are in the highest degree prejudicial to the
best and moat vital interests of the democratic party;
but it is with pride and pleasure that wo add that the
sentiments and complaints of the Enquirer, in this
particular, find no response from the democratic press
or the democratic masses. The national democracy
ire bound together by common triumphs, common
abjects, and common principles; by their love of the
[Jnion, their veneration of the constitution, and their
patriotic hopes of the future. Their contests have
been contests of principle, and not wretched, mercenary
struggles for place and patronage. In the mid- j
lie ages, all Europe was overrun with bands of mercenaries,
who were willing to fight for or ugainst any
cause, and for or against any nation, for pay. As long
is tho pay was forthcoming, they performed their j
contracts with fidelity, and even zeal j bnt they not
infrequently deserted their posts on the field of battle
in consequence of tardy payments, heavy arrearigea,
unjust divisions of booty, or, to uso the more
polito language of our Cincinnati Enquirer, "inequality
in the distribution" of patronago.
Wc fully appreciate the important and long-continued
services of tho Enquirer to tho democratic
party; and we sincerely regret that an occasion has
iriscn which has caused us to speak in other terms
than those of commendation of so able and efficient a
solaborer. But wo think tho Enquirer must per- j
ceive, on second reflection, that, if tho course recom- !
mended by it is only partially adopted, the result
would be the establishment of a band of mercenaries
in every State of the Union.
AVe have the Burlington State Gazette of tho 14th
inst. before us, and that paper, after giving some
election returns, says:
" Wc have received assurances that the democratic vote
In the southern counties will bo largely increased, and we
may safely infer that we have elected our.Stafcr tivket " j
It will probably be some time before the result will j
ho known with certainty. Should tho democratic
State ticket succeed, it would indeed he a great triumph.
The Nashville Union of the 15th instant says :
" A telegraphic despatch from t'larksville informs lis
that the know-nothing congressional convention for this
iistriet nominated Gustavim A. Henry, antl-Kansas-Ne- j
Lrraska, as their candidate for Congress. "
"(Wnf the iiiti-rostiiiu features of the United States 1
-oinage operation* of late year* i* that of the smaller nilrer
coins, which, hy the recent action of CongreKH, will i
lcreafter form the principal |>art of onr enrrency, in lieu :
if the old H|*vnUh coin*. Of the new coin*, over twentylive
million* in value have been coined during the four ,
rear* 1853 1856, and the product of domestic *ilver i*
low over 8300,000 annually. The new cofo*, having a
cgal value ilve to ten per cent. Iielnw the|r value a* metd,
will not bo absorbed or lessened hereafter for e*i>ort, 1
>r for mauulhcturing puri>oee*.''
Tlie legislature of New York udjouruetl on S?atur- j
Imi'Rovkmbkt or the HtJtwos.?The legihUture of the
ItAte of New York have appropriated twenty-five thouand
dollars for the improvement of the Hudson?faintly
loping, not expecting, a repayment from the government
f the Tnlted States.
A j. ^ ^ A BT iw .f
PACIFIC WACOM RO.VDb.
"We learn that tlie Secretary of the Interior, Hon.
Jacob Thompson, ban nearly completed the arrangement*
with reference to a vigorous prosecution ot
the Pacific wagon rood* recently provided for l>y
Congress. The country in looking forward with
eagerness to the completion of these great highways (
across our continent, and the prompt and energetic ,
measures adopted hy the Interior Department will , u
secure their early construction and aid in a rapid developnieut
of our hotiialless western domain, with its u
rich pastures and its fertile valleys. I
In connexion with these roads, the great overland ,
mail, which is soon to he "pat through" under the
auspices of the able Postmaster General, will serve !
to bind more firmly the bonds of union with California,
Oregon, and Washington, and put forever at
rest all fears of their estrangement from our great
family of States. The successful issue of these two
great national projects will reflect the highest credit
upon the present administration. These projects are
to be placed in the hands of able, practical, and energetic
men, who are peculiarly well qualified for the 1
arduous and even dangerous duties assigned them. |
The gentlemen who have been selected for superintendents
are W. K. Nobles, oPWinnesota, who will
construct the road from Fort Ridgoly to the South
Pass, and return over the Platte road to Fort Kear- >
noy. Mr. Nobles was already the superintendent of j
the former road, appointed under the lute administration.
Mr. M. F. Magraw, of Missouri, who will construct
the Fort Kearney and lloney Lake road as far as the <
[ City Rocks.
John Kirk, of California, who will complete this road
from City Rocks to Henry Lake valley, working from
| the California side.
The road from El Paso to Fort Yuuia has been
placod under the supervision of Mr. James R. Leach,
Tho appointment of superintendent of the road
from Fort Defiance to the Colorado bv a clause in tho
bill wan left to Hie President, and it is understood
that the Secretary of War, to whom it was assigned,
has tendered it to Mr. Beale, and that tho service of
the camels will bo employed by him on his division.
For facilitating the business which these roads will
necessarily create, the Secretary of the Interior some
time since established a new bureau for the more immediate
charge of the same, and we are gratified to
learn that Mr. A. II. Campbell, civil engineer, lias
been placed at its head. This is a highly important
and responsible position to he conferred upon so young
a man, and is only accounted for by his admirable
fitness for the place. Mr. Campbell combines the
highest scientific attainments with a personal knowledge
of the topography of the country through
which these roads are to be opened. He has been j
connected with two of the three Pacific railroad sur- i
veys across the continent?tho central or Albn- '
qnerque route, and the route near the .'12d parallel |
from San Diego, in Fort Yuma and the C.ila river, to j ,
El Paso. |
The estimation in which Mr. Campbell's services I
are held by the topographical department, may be |
understood by the fact that he hail just been select- j
eil by Iicnt. l'nrks, designated to run the northwest I
boundary, as engineer of the expedition, which appointment,
under other circumstances, he probably
would have accepted..
We have every reason to believe that the above
details are correct, and that tho complete organization
will soon ho made public. The country may
congratulate itself 011 the sound judgment displayed !
by Mr. Secretary Thompson in the selection of the !
above-named gentlemen ; and the emigrants for the
next year need feel no apprehensions in their overland
journeys to the Pacific.
THE HEAD OF THE TREASURY DEPARTMENT.
We have boen furnished with a copy of the decis
ion of Judge Black, the Attorney General, to whom t
Governor Cobb referred the question of the payment 't
of the claim of the Hon. Richard XV. Thomson, and g
publish it below. It shows most conclusively that 1
payment ought to have been made. t
There are signs too manifest to escape attention 1
that there is a purpose or plan amongst certain ad- h
venturers and small speculators in politics to depre- t
ciate and disparage the administration at the com- 1
mencement of its duties. Any circumstance, and the *
smallest instruments, are eagorly seized upon to ac- t
ootnplish their object. The accidental connexion of Mr.
Herriek with ono of the important committees of ?
the Senate, composed of some of the purest and most c
distinguished men of the country, was a circumstance . ?
which they supposed would give some consequence t
to the fabulous rovelations which ho was willing to 1
make. But lot it bo distinctly understood that no J
member of that distinguished committee was either 1
cognizant or in the remotest manner responsible for 1
the false accusations contained in the letter of their j
The truth is, Secretary Guthrie had decided to pay J
the claim, as authorized by tho law. and had referred d
it to the Secotid Auditor for the necessary action to f
legalize its payment, when some mtAsvolent sugges- j j
tions were made to tho Secretary in regard to it, i
which caused him to suspend it, and to procure n , 4
reference to tho Indians for their consent to its pay-1
mcnt, although the law required no such condition 1 <'
t precedent, but unqualifiedly directed its payment. ?
Congress was consulted ; tho facts all presented to li
them, and they made no alteration in the law. So r
tho matter stood when Gov. Cobb came into office. t]
Upon taking the case up. lie immediately referred it, p
wnii mo questions in inw invoivou, 10 ino Atior- ; j
ney General for his opinion and construction of t
the law. llis opinion is lucid, clear, and explicit, i
He decided that the payment was to he made 1
under the law, and that neither the Secretary of the -i
Treasury nor his accounting unicorn conld go he- a
hind it. J
But that the head of the Treasury Department, I
whose whole life has heen hut an illustration of his 1
purity and high-toned honor?and that his suhardi- ?
note officers, who acted by his orders, and could have | r
no motive to do wrong should he charged with (Jul- ^
phinism and fraud upon the treasury, is proof suffi- t
cient of the wicked purpose to calumniate the admin- ^
istration. This is only the beginning. The adminis- ?
tration is democratic, and if it was composed of an- ! t
gels its acts would be impugned, criticised, and per- ll
verted ; with what reason, in this particular case, p
the opinion of the Attorney (lonoral will show : ?
Attoricst Generai,'s Omci, i.
March 'H, 1857. (U
Him : I liavfl received your letter relative to the claim ' l?
of It. W. Thomson, together with Mr Guthrie's letter j C
allium )oui aUcuUott to it, alul several othei papers per- 3
ainiug to the buihc matter. h
By the 27th soctiou of the civil ami ihplomutic approiriution
I>U1, passed ami approved on the 3d of March,
853, it ia enacted that the Secretary of the Treasury shall
?iy to R. W. Thomson, out of uuv money in the trcasiry
not otherwiae appropriated, one half of the amount ?
tipulated for between hint and the Mcuomoucc Indians, t
it a memorial and an agreement, which are specified ami
Icacribed in tlte act. p
I have given, not the word*, but the auUt&nre of the
ict. It in ho unambiguous, simple, ami plain, Lliat ito p
nan rati misunderstand it. 1 am not aware tltat any u
[uestion ban ever been rained nliout Its meaniiig, or that c
,ny two |>entouH in or out of the government luive tin- i
leratood its nnuidate in ditferent hciihch. Nor can there
? any intrinsic difficulty in the way of rendering olielience
to it. What it command* to lie done may easily
>e tlonc, if tlte Secretary of t lie Treasury see projier to do
t. It is but looking at tbc luernoiiut and agreement re- *
erred to iu the law, and dividing the amount there stipilated
for into halves, and one of the- halves is tire sum
vliieli you are commanded to pay out of any unappreciated
funds in the treasury. I rt-|?eat, therefore, that ^
in the face of tire law there can lie neither doubt of Mr.
llioinson's right nor diflieulty aliout the performance of t
'our duty. c
But it seems from the letter of Mr. Guthrie ami the
ipiuiou of Mr. Gushing that soon after tire passage of tlie w
ict an allegation wuk made by some one that a proviso j
uutcrialiy ehanging its effect had been agreed to bv iiotb
rouses, liut left out of the enrolled bill. What evidence
his assertion was supported by I know not. I take it (|
or granted that it must have lieen strong, siuce it was
atfficient to convince the judgment of your predecessor c
urd mine. You have not made the evidence on that y
xiiut a part of the present case, and, for reasons which fl
vlll Is- apparent hereafter, I have not sought it out. We
anuot go liehiml the written law itself for the purpose of
iscertiuning what the law is. An act of Congress exam- 1
ned and compared by the proper officers, approver! by (
he President, and enrolled in the Dejiartment of State, ;
annot afterwards la- impugned by evidence to alter and ! c
loutradict it. It imiiarts the alisolutc verity of a record,
it least in so for that no extrinsic proof run lie received
;o erase one thing from it, or to interpolate another into j r
t. 11 more 1*2 an ap|>aicnt contact netween the journals *
ind the Jaw as finally approved and enrolled, the journals
lave no claim to suyierkir authenticity. It certainly has j
rappened very often, and may happen any day, that a | 11
ilcrk. neglects to note down the result of a vote which 1
itiikes out a clause or section from a bill on its passage.
>u the strength of such a hiatus in the journal, who ;
vuuld say that the section stricken out should lie consid- 1 c
:red part of the law after it is passed and enrolled ? t
if the law Is to be'looked for in tho.journals, the Preg
dent ought to examine all the journals of both houses
x.'foro he approves a bill, for they may contain evi- 1
lenco of provisions which are not In the bill, and which : J
ro would not approve of. But this mode of finding laws r
n the Journals would make enactments neither approved ' c
>y the Executive nor passed by the constitutional major- 1 ?
ty of two-thirds. This is not all. If the law may bo
:hanged by reference to the journals, any other evidence, ! 0
vritten or parol, may he received for the same purpose. 1
Vn act of Congress which lias gone through all the forms "
>f the constitution, and is authenticated according to law, t
nay afterwords Is: mended or marred by the testimony of i c
my s|K'ctntor who happened to he present when it passed. :
iVhat is in, or what is not in a statute, must then be a ., c
picstiou as open to contradictory proof on both sides as . g
he terms of a horse trade. And who shall decide such j
lisputcs when they arise ? The judiciary ? It would Is' 1
i new service to the judges; but perhaps with the aid of a
uries and some enlargement of equity powers, to ]*'r)>et- i e
rate testimony, a sort of justice might be accomplished li
11 soni' eases with a great deal of trouble. But an exec- 1
itivc or ministerial officer wanting those aids for the in- i g
'obligation of truth would often bo obliged to decide at ! 1
undoin. We must take the acts of Congress as we find ; t
hem, without addition or diminution. This rule is so e
deviously necessary that no other has Tver been seriously ,
iroposed. | r
The clause which it is said Congress intended to insert, | t
mt did not, in the bill authorizing the payment to Mr. C
fhomson is ns follows: ''/VowVM, That the same be
slid w ith the consent of the Monomonees." If this had 11
ictually been part of the law, it would have made bis e
iglit to the money conditional. He would iu that rase ; 0
lave been obliged to get from the Indians a new assent ! ft
11 addition to that which tlicy had previously given in 1 c
heir memorial and agreement. But this proviso Mllg
unit ted, his right to the money was absolute. I need | u
lot say that such an omission cannot Is' supplied by eon- j t
I ruction ; nor do 1 see how the omitted proviso can u
ipon any ground whatever Is: treated as part of the r
aw. . d
On account of the supposed accident or design by j d
vhlcli the proviso was omitted, the late Secretary of the , p
[Yeaaury, acting under advice of the Attorney General, J d
efused to pay Mr. Thomson tlic money which, by tlie j J
ormR of the act, lie was entitled to, and the execution of 1 t
he Inw as it stood was suspended by the President until (I
'ongress could lie consulted on it. I do not presume to a
liscuss the propriety of this measure. That it was well
nennt I ani sure ; but, at all events, it is past and done, t
i it was light, the country lias the benefit of a good ex- i
nnplc ; and if it was wrong, it cannot now lie recalled, f
tut the ohieet and nurnose t'nr which the Attorney Gen- r
ral advised the suppression of the law lias been fully car- f
iod out. Congress trat consulte<l and the facts commu- n
licuted in a message of the President. Thcro have been 1 c
liree sessions since that time, and the law stands yet un- j 1.
hanged in every letter. The lower House seems to have t
aken no notice of the subject. But the Senate, on the n
Ith of August, 1856, passed a resolution solemnly ex- t
ircssiug its opiuion that Biclmrd W. Thomson was entitled i r
o lie paid the sum appropriated by the 27th section of f
lie civil and diplomatic appropriation bills of March 3, t
.855. After such a response from the Senate, and the
ilent acquiescence of the House for three whole sessions, i
my postponement can hardly Iks thought necessary for j c
he purpose of consulting Congress. The question must ; l
iow lie between obedience and disobedience to the admit f
ed wills of the national legislature. i n
After payment to Mr. Thomson had been refused at the s
reasurv, an agent was appointed to take the sense of the ' v
ilcuomonecs, and ascertain whether they would assent or t
?ot to the payment of his claim under the law. The i
igcnt reported their refusal to assent, and Mr. Thomson I
omplaincd that tliey were prevented from giving their c
?8ent by the Improper Interference of the agent himself, c
ihould these facts have any influence on the decision now a
o be made? Congress declared that. Mr. Thomson should c
>c paid a certain sum out of funds-in their own treasury, fi
vhich they had a right to appropriate to that object, j
'Tom tliis determination of Congress no appeal lay to the s
ilenoinonee Indians. The payment of the money was j
lot made dependent on any future expression of their t
rill. Their refusal to sanction the law could not repeal n
t, or in any ?isc diminish the obligation of the Execu- t
ivc to carry it out. When Congress command a tiling c
o lie done, and the Menonionee Indians forbid it to lie c
lone, it is not very difficult to decide where olicdicncc is
luc by an officer of the United States government. To t
ollow the net of Congress, and not the division of the In- v
lians, would be a tolerably plain duty in any cars'; but r
icre it is rendered plainer still by the consideration that
t is a disputed and doubtful question of fact whether v
he unbiased opinion of the* Indians is opposed to the law c
ir not ? y
But Mr. Thomson agreed to take the sense of ilio In- c
lians, and to that rnd assented that an agent should I*' l
ppolnted. DM tli!:; hind him to stand or fall by the
gent's report t If lie had an absolute right under the I
aw to lie paid, I cannot say that 1 think he forfeited that a
ight bv nn aliortlvc attempt to comply with a condition I
ihieh tiie law did pot impose on him. He made a volintary
effort to strengthen himself with the Treasury IVmrtniont
hy doing what he could not legally have Wen 0
eqnired to do. This does not prevent hint from falling
mek on the naked law, and standing there in defence of u
he rights which it gives hint. o
These, [ presume, are all the facts and circumstances c
o which you refer as having transpired since the passage h
>f tlie acts. There is but one point more to lie noticed, r
liat is raised by your inquiry, " Whether tbe provision a
.uthorising the payment to Mr. Thomson is rendered nugatory
by the HiiliRc<|ticnt provision requiring tliat amount
o lie deducted from future payments to the Menomonec c
ndians. t" ti
Congress lins no authority to abrogate a treaty made g
>y tlic Executive, nny more than the Executive has to
brogate a law |sinned by Congress. Hut it is not to lie
iiesmnid that such was the intent of the aid under eon- ].'
iderntion ; Congress took the responsibility of paying a '
.1,1 lino IV..... II... l.wll...,. o. ?l- 11 . '-t .1-- a
Jnitcd States Treasury. Thtir power to do this eniuint I "
e denied, and Mr. Thomson has no interest in any other '
art of the law. Hie otlier provision for deducting (he
mount from the future annuities to become duo under *
ho treaty was inserted, no doul>t, upon satisfac tory evi- "
i ncc that the Indians were agreed to it. We cannot act '*!
ow upon the assinuption that they Will resist the deduc- 'v
ion when tlie proper time come* for making; it. But if
re know that such would certainly Ik' the fact, Mr.
Iioroson's rights could not Ire affected by it. Congress
as chosen to say t|iat lie shall be paid at all events,
nd has taken upon the government nil the risk (if there p'
r- any) of getting a deduction from the Indinns. Thp . 1?
nlted Rate" have lwund themselves by treaty with the in
ileuoinoncea to j?y\ Ikui itiUiu Miimi u( ntuory. At a
tipulated timen we must meet this responsibility
iv i*) inent ot' the money to the lndltiil, or rite by ^
hut it i? already )utid, with their content, to an inJi,^
ml who it their just creditor, 'lire act ol Coop^
iwarding payment to Mr. Thomson, and ordering the .t,
tuition trout the Indiana, will not conclude them on ?
lueation of fact whether they did aaaent or not. hut IB
h no rtwaon why Mr. Thotnaoti, who has the act of y
pea* in hia favor, ahould not receive what it givenhiu
Not seeing any reaaon for realatlug the will of
ireaa. oa expmwd in thia law , I tun only canrhnfe r
aiviaing your literal obedient? to ita provision*,
nunc is always the aafeat.
J aui, moat icapecttullv, yours, Ac.,
J. 8. BUCK
Secretary of the Treasury.
)EMOCBATIC STATE CONVENTION OF TENNIS
SEE.?NOMINATION OF HON. 1SHAM ?. BARU
The democratic Stale convention of TetiueRsev n?
it Naahvillo on Wednesday. There was a full ^
etuinnce of delegates, and the proceedings
harm-tor ised by the utmost harmony and
insm. The convention was organized hy the 1(.
(ointment of the following oftiecrR :
Maj. .Initios H. Thomas, of Maury president.
Joseph tut fowls, of Knox; 1). S. Donclaou, of Runuw
ud Win. 11. Carroll, of Shelby, vice presidents
Secretaries.-- John E. llelins, of Knox; Jacob Milk,
if llawkina; 'llios. Boy era, of Stunner; ('. (). Faxon. ^
fontgotnery; II. C. Ruo*, of Havwood; mid H. Tilnm,
Tlie convention having been bulled to order, th
Ion. II. M. Watterson, from the committee appoint
o recommend u sttUuhle person as candidate for gut
irnor, made the following report:
' The committee, after consultation, ununiinoudv
ecommend General I. ft. Hurrtft, of the county?
'helby, aR the democratic camlidate for governor."
The report of the committee wan received with a
>utburst of enthusiasm and applause, ud uniaj
The report of the committee on resolntiouR bein<
ailed for, John K. Howard, esq., from tlmt coiiuuilco,
mado the following report, which wan im4ll
uously adopted :
The democrscy of Tennessee, in convention awniMd
leem this an opportune occasion to declare theirmth
ence 10 ine niRiinriivo principles which have formedb
reed as a party for more than hah' a century, anil to rr
issert and declare?
1. That the federal government in one of limited pi*
r, derived solely from the constitution ; ami the gnmi
if power made therein ought to )? strictly construed 11
ill the de]iartincnts and agenis of the government; im
hat it is inexyicdicnt and dangerous to exercise dnuhtti
2. 'Hint the constitution does not confer upon the ees
ral government the power to eommenee and carry om
[oncral system of internal improvements.
3. That the constitution does not confer authority
i|a?n tlic federal government, directly or indirectly, li
ssilme titer delits of tho several Htatosf contracted fur h
al anil internal improvements, or other State puip*.
lor would such assumption be just or expedient.
4. That justice and sound policy forbid the fedrn
;overnmcnt to foster one branch of industry to the driii
nent of any other, or to cherish Hie interests of one [?
ion to the injury of another portion of our comnu
onntry ; tliat every dtlisen and every section of thrcov
ry lias a right to demand and insist upon an equality
iglits and privileges, and to expect on ample protre
ion of persons and property from domestic violence?
6. That, it is tho duty of every branch of the gortn
nent to enforce aud practise the most rigid economyii
ondm ting our public utfairs, and tlmt no more retini
night to lie raiseii than is required to defray the nm<
ary expenses of the government, and for the gradual Is
artain extinction of tlie public debt.
(i. That wc recognise the recent proposition to illstiit
ite the proceeds of the rales of the public hinds ani.rti
he several Rtatcs us nn attempt to revive an obsolete si
jiconstitutional measure long since condemned hy li
uipular vote : and wc see in it an admission of the *a
.oiu of the policy |?roposed and advocated hy onr*i?s
lemocratjc statesmen, of setting ajiart and rmrvinff ti
iiililic domain for future homes for ourselves and ciJ
Iron. It is indeed time, in the language of l'residm
aekson, that tho public lands should cease to be loot
o as a source of revenue or an object of plunder, and
Indicated to tho encouragement of a bardy jsquilati.si,
ml til.. l,. nnlU r.f llw. ?HI -
7. That the foundation of this union of States luuin?
icon lni<l in, and Its prosperity, expansion, ami pre-i?
ncnt example in free government built npon, nite
reedora in matters of religious concernment, amlw
cspcet of person in regard to rank or place of birth. u?
>arty can Justly Ixi deemed national, constitutional, or>
ccordance with American principles, which bases itsei
lnsive organization npon reiigiousopliilona and accidenli
iirth-plu<v. And liencc a |silltiml crusade in the nine
eenth century, and in the United States of Amcrh
gainst Catholic and foreign-born, is neither justified Ij
he past history nor the future protqs'cts of the couiiln
icr in unison w ith the spirit of tolcrutiou and enlaip
rets loin which peculiarly distinguishes the American >'?
cm of popular government.
8. That we regard the election of Buchanan and Rr.d
nridge to tlie presidency and vice presidency as au-p
ions of the continuanto of our tTnion and the perm
icncy of our institutions ; tlint therein ami thereby?
eel that peace and quiet has boeu soenwl to om Hgbt<
nd our property?a result accomplished bv tin- uui*
truggles of the national democracy and Union-lorn
vldgs, and which has alike overwhelmed sectionalism w
he prescriptive, anti-republican principles of kuow-ned
ngisui; aud that we have the fullest confidence 1 hat Mi
luclmnan will administer the government upon thea?
lent piinciples of the democratic parly, as laid downw
xponnded hv our rcpuhlican fnthers; and that in
hility, patriotism and wisdom of time whom lie ^
ailed around him as Ids constitutional advisors, heh
dven an additional guarantee of his dctcnr.inntion t?l
list to all sections of the Union, and to follow tin
tlinllon as his chait.
0. Hi,at it is a matter of just piidc and coiigratuluhat
the position and principles of the democratic I1*1'
ipon the sectional issues have been triumphantly
uinisl by the people in the presidential election of
ndorsed by President Ihuhanan,.nnd affirmed hv tlue
cut decision of the Supreme Court of the United Slat''
10. That, in view of the impoitHnce of Ibt action
lie next lrglslatiirc, both In a State and national pot"1'
icvv, we urge upon our friends the necessity of ban"
li.'ii .< ?<) VigOVOttl a. t ! >! ill till 'approaching cavnpni
11. Tlial for the eminent utility ami suoce 11
>hich Andrew Johriion has managed the puliem*'"1'
fti.e of TenniwRpe, he is entitled to the thank of J
leople of, the Htute; and that for the vigorous and'''
anvsases he lias made in our State h< deserves the rid
ude of the democratic party,
12. 'Hurt we regard the administration cf Irnnh
'lerre as eminently national and deserving of the
Pfiroval of every tnie lover of the constitution *
The follow ing resolution was introduced and a<M'!
(1 by general acclamation :
That, as an additional evidence nf out to
pprooiatlon of the |*di(h nl serviced and social chsW*
f our laic President, Franklin Pierce, we earne'tlv
ordhtlly invite him to \islt our State and jsutake ot
lospituiities. and that a committee l>o appointed to
rspond with den. P. in relation to this proposed
ml make all suitable arrangements for his roreptioo
The nomination of Mr. Harris for governor ?<*
eived with tho liveliest demonstration* of sali"^
ion hy the democratic press of Tennessee. ^
iashville I'nion aays :
"Tills result will occasion no aurprlse with Hth<>r
olitical frieixlH or adversaries. The strong snd n**
st expression of popular sentiment In his behalf1
II portions of the State, through the press and tl>
lit primary meetings of the people, had clearly itsl11
u mr n Mil IL |i. .u wan to tollftw. >0
aulil 1m> |<ni<1 liim, nor ulronger ovblenecu flf hi*?#*
e given than the unanimity of sentiment and lin,u'*
f notion with which be has btcn put forward la'
emoeratic mumkck an their choaencandidate for Kcrt'^
7r<Wy a mo/inVy of the fieople of Ttnnttete hi"* "f ,
rmerliw in hie heho/f, nml iiia nomination toAf **'^
tally his election a* the next governor of the Do"1"'
faith of Tepnpaect."
Dollars aid rum m Canada.?The Mil tetjulnW *
ithlic accounts to be kept jn dollars nnd cents b?? 1* _
ifl) houMCH of the Canadian legislature It tti"'ft
ito forcy on the J?t of January, JS5?i.
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