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The Washington union. [volume] (City of Washington [D.C.]) 1857-1859, May 02, 1857, Image 1

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DAILY, prr year *10 00
ffin wnmi.y. (paMWM trl weekly during Ura ?<i?l<>n of
Cougrou) ...? *00
(7 ufa mil b /wiuU at folium :
>lr* coptM of lira DAILY, for > 40 00
nr? copO* Of Uio SEMI-WEEKLY 20 00
lea roptas of lira " " 35 00
No OwiiirHoo tor rlutra ou WEEKLY.
?? u>
???? *???____ In
Fire, Marine, and Inland huuramre. '''
" I, oi
OFFICE Northwest corner o? Pennsylvania av- cl
enue ami seventeenth street, Washington city, r,
D. C. P,
11. HI Thomas B Florence, Charles Dingo*,
(h orn* II. Armstrong, Thomas Marnier Hold,
(hart* X Kuhh'atn, Edward It. Iloliubold, r(
4 leorge Helmbold, F. fiarroll Hrowal4?r,
Jaiuoa it N0.1II, Isaac Ihht.Ii, Jr.
Euwaau R. Hbjuold, Socrt-tary
Charles Walter, No. 397 I) street, op|>oslhi City Hall.
.1'ilui M. Ttiorulou, corner First street aud Virginia avenue, Island. q
Jalues tVilliainJ, No. 22 Four and a half alreel.
John Rigghts, No. 601 Thirteenth -treat below Pennsylvania avenue.
Captain J. I*, lew, No. 387 Pennsylvania avenue, opjaiatlo National ,1,
Hotel. "
John ThomaaoB. ^
Jamos 11. West,
In charge Wash ington city office, 8j
North WOK t corner Pennsylvania avonue and Seventeenth street. 4,1
AMturited Capital and Auetl, 31,473,007 07. p.
' Assets, $533,057 07, tk
a Ineeded in Band/, Murtgaga, and Gaud Stmt ilia.
The following statement exhibits the business unil condition of the
tooipeny to November 1, 1856: <[u
Premium received on marine and Inland risks to November 1, 'J'
, 3214,084 0O [*'
Fire premium 179,790 01
lutoroston loaa.n 8,704 47 ^
Total receipts 400,185 09
paid marine losaes $04,427 04 .
PHid flro lueses 39,737 39
Expense b aalarlea, and coin in laa Ions 45,489 00
Reinsurance, return premiums, and agency
charges .*.... 27,474 08
? 177,128 01
" fshi
Balance remfiiuing with the comiVUiy 223,057 07
The AsseU rf the Company are j /oihnts: cr
rUi!a<!el|>hin city ami county bonds $10.843 1$
Railroad bond* 11,000 00 *r
First mortgagM, real estate 143,500 00 .
Hocks, eolUtoralA, ou call . 32,400 00 '
ttirard and consolidation bank stock 6,125 00 | '
Do pod tod with Duncan, Sherman, k Co., Now York 30.000 00 ^
Deferred payment on stock not yot duo 07,700 00
Notoi for murine premium?.. 108,080 5i> 1 '
Due from ssjenu, secured by boadit 35,370 18
Premiums on policies recently issued, and debt* due the
company 20,470 38
Balance In bank 16,456 74
! ail
.023,057 07
Th.? business of this company will compare favorably with the most
ttcceasfui of similar invlitutiotu In the United Ktatcj. Bp
)" .! ;!i1 -.t <i:iv r.r August. l'C5. in filmoii mouths. up t ? th>? J -t
?Liy of November, 1156, tho premiums and Interest- received amounted
to the largo sum of four hundred thousand ono hundred and eightylive
dollar* and sixty-right cents, with tho pay moot of losses and ex- ; de
petuas of ono hundred and seventy-aerou thousand ono hundred and j U?
U ooty eight dollars and sixty one cent*. |
With those evidences of sucresa and good management, the direc- ! ^
tors feel jus titled in soliciting a aharo of public patronage, believing I
thai the security offered is ample, and that all fair claims will bead . at>
Justed mure according to equity than legal technicalities.
The compatiy 'is prepared to issue policies against lois or damage wi
b> Urs on
Dwellings, furniture, mills, manufactories,
All descriptions of BUIEPFNGB and their contents, or all kinds of
>1ERCHANXHSF, tr*n*portod by
and the usual oouveyancos to or from anf i*>rU<>n of EUROPE and
and ?ui the hulls of STEAMBOATS navigating tho western water*.
Tho rates of premium will bo as low as other companies, and in fixing
them every improvement In construction and arrangement will be I
taken into consideration.
All losses speedily adjusted and promptly paid.
Office northwest corner of Pennsylvania avcuuo nnd sevontoenlh
street, Washington city, P. C.
Assistant Secretary.
Insurance may also be effected at the Home Office,
NojikwM corner o/ Walnut awl Sectynd streets, Philadelphia.
And in other principal cities of tho United States by authorized offl- j
c1'r' of'the company.
June 13?dly
"OOUMTT LAND WARRANT.?Whereas, on the
_[) 15th October, 1365, a bounty land warrant, No. 7982, for 160 j
i acres, wie issued to the undersigned in uts name, (October 15, 1855.) 1
vr and Uy the CbounUsioner of Pensions sent to George IF. Hickman, of'
Baltimore, and has been lost, so that I have never received said war- P0
raui, I hereby givo notice th.it I have not transferred or assigned said
warrant, or authorised any person to sell or mign the same for me g*,
or iu my home, and have filed an aindavit as a caveat to prevent the
issue of n patent to a fraudulent claimant, and tfiil apply for a dnpli ___
th tor tli" some at the prop r tine
Ap 11?lawOw* HJ9IA S. JOHNSON.
I tJaT LAND \V ARRANT.?The undersigned gives !
?J Bttli's that he will apply to tho Commissioner of Pensions for a
duplicate had warrant in lien of ono Issued to Thomas Richardson, j
dated 17th day of December, 1856, for 160. No. 12.769, which has been j
hwt in the trariHinuwhHi by mail from Glen wood, Iowa, directed to I
Thwina* R. Suiter, Washington, P. C., mailed 17th December, 1856. nr
Mar 25?law6w* THOMAS R. SUITER.
The First Animal Exhibition of the Washing- at
Art Afirtx-.iutk'ti, comj>ri#ing picture*, rtaluary, Ju:., by the mo* l j
eminent artMti In the l'fitted Statefl, will bo opened to the public Ml _
Mr. Corcoran'* new building on H street, Mwmd 13th and 14th ! ?
ftrti-u, on Saturday moruing next, tho 7th Instant. at 10 o'clock, ami ' I
will continue open, until further oolion, every day Iwtween the bourn ^
?>( 10, a. m . aud 10, p. m. Ticket* uf adWcM>n may be procured ( wj
at the door, and at the principal bookstore* in tho city. Single ad- |
murtnn, twenty ilve cent*. Seaeon ticket*, fifty ceufct. j lw,
Hut?AU ; 1
? i J W
Ell. GILLET, Counsellor at I .aw, lias removed i
lib office to hi* rc?iderate iu Franklin Row, corner of K and j m,
Thirteenth street4*. He va 1(1 continue to devote hie attention principal
ly to c ir?a iu the (.Tilted States Huprtinr tVwrt pr
Having devoted much time to the law ctPwrning patent.*, he will j en
five and opinlotm on legal j mm 1 '
latent OtBeo, and ou appeal* to the chief Jnntice or assistant justices of j
the U?tri? t gf Colombia; and will also a**iat iu tlie preparation and > M
trial of < onnernltur fttunb.
Ho will also give written opinion* am! prepare argument* tor par I w
tirtii having claiuu before Congres* or oiUu-r of the department*; ami i
will alee prosecute claim* bufort auy board ( atabli.ilMHl for their adjn '
(hit it?dtf J
Tj1 1 PANT, Jf., Ac CO., land agents and deal- ???
JJe *r* in exchange, Lectin pton. Kan^a* land warrant* lo
i caii-u M'l oold on commission. Kind warrant* mM to pro-emptor* on
m h--AtionP- made on joint account." *
i, The active partner of Mm Ami was engage! in the Fnttod 8Mb nur ?*
j rev* iu Kanaae, and will be able to make clinic* location*.
Hunine** eent through Sweeney, Ihttenhouxe, Font, k Co. will be i i*t
"I W uru?u u> u*.
. bi
HwiH?noy. Kitunliou**. Fant, k Co . lUnkora, Washington, D. C.
K- W. Clark. Unrig**, *CV?.f )I?nk<?r>?, Nrw York. r,i.
Ura?t k Co., Bunkum, I'hi: dolphin. '
AMiah I*o k Co., Hanker*, lu.nmoro
|">w1e, Boowdrn. fcCo., Honker <. Atoxnndrln, Va. |,v
j' H Maury * to , <k> Richmond, Va.
" P- MarroU k Co., do Now OrkuHta. ,tl.
John J Anderson * Co , do M. Units, Mo'
March 1??wlJuloolm an
? i. CM
Fre?h Beef ami Vegetable! for the Nary.
April an, 1*57. Jt
QKAI.ED PROPOSAL will 1m> received at this of- J,"1
kj Hc? until Monday, the twenty (irth day id May, 1*57, at noon, for y,
""Pl'ly of eueh rpinntiltea of freah hoof and vegetablea aa may l*o ' jB
l*8mrod on th? Waehiugtmi Motion during tho Ratal yoar commencing
no th? ut day nf July nc*t. and ending on tho Jpth Juno, 1857. '
he lieef and vegetable. irroat ho of good ijnallt.r, and tho hoot tlx gmtrkct
alforda and oach article must bo off Tiol ti.r by tlx pound. I
Bond with approved sorority ?tit be required In one hair tho rati j V
J*aM amount of tho mutfgrt, and twenty per ootitnm In addition will i *"
Withhold from I ho amount of each payment to bo made aa col tat 1 '.
oral sorority for tho duo performance of tho contract, which will on ; KB
*? 'mainl ha [aid until It la fully complied with.
Krory offer mado must ho accompanied (aa directed hi tlx act of ' "
Cmiffroaa matins appropriation Tor I ho naval service fix lMst-47, ap ln
Pmv?l MHh Anffuat, 184?) by a writ)on ruarantee, algncd by ono or | cw
J"'1" fvaponalbtc parmas, In tlx effect that ho or thoy anilortaka that j
no bidder or bidders Will, If hie or their hid ba accepted, enter Into j
?n ohlisaMon, within fire daya, with goo.I and anfllctaDt luratloa, to pr
r*"k Mm articlea proponed > kh
to propoaal will be coo.idvrcd unices accompanied by such gear j
A 1JRO-VU.A8, Wary Agent i
Jb-lawdwf I
?!K 1
01 TV
[J A. U , ITeaidoiit Tina Hewinary ??f learning, instituted f<>i t!
H%ral education of young ladle*, wkh created a college proper by It
ttinlature of Maryland, U-cemUr Hen-don, 1&49, with authority I
uf. r degree!, and endowed with all the righte and privileges of tl
Ml favored female institution
Tin*iv ar<a two department* in the institution?the rolleglato d<
irtnnmt and the preparatory detriment, with their approprial
anchee of learning. The course of bludy lu each U three year
nignated by ua many different danaes.
The course of instruction la intended to develop the intellectual, ?<
il, and moral (aiailtiea; and by Imparting a thorough, practical, m
mpU be I uid < hi I Uaii? Iim ati in Ot the pu| 11 foi Ui fclthfUl U
iarg?? of the ren pound do duties that await her in Mb.
Great |Niiiia will be taken to promote intellectual advancement h
adoring the acquisition of knowledge pleasaut, and by trainiug tli
ipil to correct habits of thought and reflection.
The proper oxercl?o of tlio social feeling* will Ik) encouraged by ii
dealing whatever belong* to refined maimer* and dignified o?urUs*
our iutercourKo with other* ; while reading, recitation*, and expos
Hi* from the bible, will familiarize the mind with the truth* of 01
>ly religion, and iiuhue the heart with right principle* of action an
ilea for the government of life.
lite course id instruction embrace* the follow lug head* of study :
Tim philosophy of the mental economy aud of government and tli
eat HUldoct of moral*, not mere speculative, but tut they affect tb
>art and influence the life, will he taught with euro aud fidelity.
Subjects: Moral Philosophy, Mental Philosophy, Political Economy
institution of the Untied State*.
The position of the Christian Mother in society, aiut her peculiar li
** to fashion the plastic mind and heart of the young, demand tin
10 should be thoroughly instructed in all that pertains to the truth* <
Ugion; ami honoo the word of God, with the evidences of CbristianlD
rm* u |?art of tlie course of instruction.
Subjects: Scriptural History, Chronology, and Geography; Kvidenct
Christianity, Christian Ethic*.
The course of study in tho ancient language* is sufficiently extei
ve to train the mind to careful and patient thought, as well us t
sure a better acquaintance with the English language, Bosldf
aindutiou aud analysis, tho doctrines of quantity and the metre* wi
Aim atioution, while tho classic author* will ho illustrated by th
;ht of ancient history, chronology, and geography.
Subjects: (.'reok language, History of (brook literature, Grecian Ar
luitieu; Latin language, History of IaUu Literature, Roman Antiqu
In tho Mathematics groat pains will be taken to iusuro an n<
lahilaucc with tho subject* pursued, and especially to loach pril
l?lc* rather than burden tho memory witlt a multiplicity of rulei
aural philosophy and chemistry will hereafter be tuughl with illui
Ations and experiments. A cabinet of minerals will bo titled up t
lord facilities for tho Hludy of ininuralogy; and physiology will h
ndied with such assistance a* may bo derived from anatomical ou
ir plates.
Huhjects: Arithmetic, Geometry, Algebra, Mensuration, Natural Pb
uiphy, Chemistry, Mineralogy, Geology, Botany, Physiology, Astrot
ay, Ancleut Geography, Natural History.
A* till* forms tiiu basis of all the subsequent branches of study, e?
cial pain* will bo taken to render instruction in it efficient, and thu
sUitate tho pupil's progressive acquirement*. Composition will et
go a portion of the pupil's time commensurate with iw importune*
that young ladies will bo enabled to conduct a correspondence w it
edit, and express their Ideas upon any subject of iutercHt with eau
d elegance. Arithmetic will be taught with especial regard to pra<
ul utility, and tho pupil will be rendered familiar with such calculi
mm as occur in marketing, in shopping, and at the grocery. Ah th
cuastances of a family depend not only upon what Is nuub in bus
*s, but what is mini at home, book keeping will bo taught to th
sing ladies, as a great auxiliary to domestic economy.
Subject*. Orthography, Heading, Writing, Arithmetic, English Gran
sr, Geography, HWory, Ik ?ok-keeping, Rhetoric, Logic, Criticism, Hii
ry of IJtoraturo, Composition,
The exorcises in this department will be conducted in a manner t
are to tbo pupil not merely a knowledge of the grammatical cot
ruction of She language studied, but ability to write and Kpeak it w it
Hubjecis: French language, French literature, Rpttolsh language
niihh literature, German language, Gorman literature.
Tliis department of instruction shall afford every facility to the sti
nt, and the best professor* l>e engauod. Those already in tlw Inst
tion ar.1! of acknowledged ability and approved experience.
Hubjocts: Vocal Iftudc, Instrumental Music, Drawing ami Paintinj
Singing forms a pari of il.o daily religious exercises of tho Inatitutloi
compunied by tlio music of a parloy organ.
The institution, though but In its eighth year, already takes run
itli our oldest goipinarie*. and enjoys a liberal piiroq.igo from tho rit
ftdttnore, and from the middle, -outhorn, and western States.
X. C. Brook*, A. id., hti(W)r of Ane.icul Languages.
Rev. W. F. Paxton, A. B., Mathematics and Natural .Science*.
J. A. Monroe, A. 11., Mathematics and Astronomy.
Miss M. C. Kheptrd, Hello* Lettre* and History.
M ins M. I* Bo *4, English and Physiology.
Mary J. la Rointrfe, French and 8panMi.
Mods. Entile Kelt, lira wing and Painting.
MmI*. J. Sohacffibr, I'iano.
Mrs. Eliza A. Keirlo, (tultar.
Miss Ellen C. (Sebright, llano and Pinging.
Miss FHsu A, Brooks, llano and riinging.
Mrs. E. A. Keirle, Vocal Iftttlc.
Board and tuition, per annual Fosskm, $200 to $210
Music, modern languages, and patntlug, extra.
The following gentlemen havo, or have hod, daaghtep in tho Co
Rev. II. CQIeer, late Chaplain U. 8. Senate, Baltimore.
Hon. <). F. Moore, M. C., Portsmouth, Ohio.
Dr. John Smith, Fort Smith, Arkansas.
I)r. Henry J. Holmes, Jackson, Mississippi.
Rer. 8. A. Marks, Washington, D. C.
Key. Edward R. Anderson, ChriatUnsburg, Va.
Gwrge Brown, esq., Hague, Va.
The regular spring ZMskfe will open Ajiril 16th, but pupils will li
ceived &t any time.
For circular* containing full information address at No. 63 St. Pat
reel, Baltimore, Md, N. C. BROOKS,
March fl?l&td&cp lYwident.
Washington Branch Wallroad.
CHAINS leave Washington for Baltimore?
At 0 and 8?^, a. m., and 3 and 4);, p m.
on Sunday at 4 jjf, p. m.
l/?are Baltimore for Washington?
At and tt ?4, a. in., and 3 and p. m.
Ou Sunday at 4>?, a. in.
Passengers for Philadelphia and Now York will toko train.* at 6, 8tj
Id 4?.
Passenger* for Annapolis will take trains at 8^ and X%.
Do. l'or Noriolk *' " 8)*and3.
Do. f??r tlie Wi??t " 14 0 and 4 \?, cmmectin
Washington June'tion. T. H. PARSONS, Agent.
Jan 17?dtf
"COMPLETION of Panama Kailroail.?Kcductio
J (>f faro to California.?United States mail BioamsUfjH leave Nff
?rk for As pin wall on the 6th and 20th of each month, connoctin
th mail itoMftn from Panama to Snn Francisco.
These rteamehips have been inspected und approved by the Nav
partmanrt, arid guaranty ajwd ami mjHy.
Tho Panama railroad (47 miles long) is now completed from orea
ocean, and is croso-.l in 3 * r 4 hour*. The bueaago of passenger
rlirekod III Now York tliroii|(li to Han Fraiirlam, uii'l pawafigird ar
lbuikai at Panama by stcuigor at Ui? company'! cxprnisii Tb
ontiy paid In o'o* York covom all oxpnMp* of tho trip,
Kmvrva mourners ara kopt In port In No* York, Panama, an<l Ha
ancim-n. In |ii oiout <l?-li-til..?ii in imo of ai ri lmit on tlmt tho rnuto i
tiroly rrtiM'.
Po-iouifor* Iruva Panama tlm aaiiio day tlioy arrive at Aaptowall.
Ooniluopir* go through by oarli .learner, all I toko oharyo of wniuo
n without otharprotocum.
For through ticket! at the lowoat rolcj ajiply at Iho aganoy, 17
rat atrrot. Now York, to I VT. RAYMOND.
May ??dtf
1 LEXANDRfA ACADEMY, Alexandria Vu.\
Eighteenth annual tension'Hi# cmtrse of study embrace* th
hi*I English branches, ancient and modern languages, mathematics
1 natural sciences. It** ad van t igo* are :
1. and well-ventilated building* erected tor tlw purpose.
2 A full rorjH of wetl^ualifled and experienced teachers.
8. A collegiate courso of study.
4. A full .set of apparatus?piitlosophival, chemical, and aetronom!
6. Full rotinuu of illustrated lectures ou natural philosophy, cheno
ry, and astronomy.
B Special a l vantage* offered to young men to qualify" theuwelv*
' study and practical opcratxxH in the Held as surveyor* and ?ug
7. (omlbrtable tioarding arrangement* ; hut two students ar
iced in tho Name room.
9. Reading room mm <Uully supplied with paper*, kc..
9. A location healthful, attractive, and acceaaihle from all direction
10 A prevailing CbrUi-ui loon and aim in all Its Instruction an
Terms : Ib*rd and tuitWm, tl8o Students can enter at any t!m<
1 are cliargcd from tho date i?f their entrance. Send and get
taloguc. H L. BROCKCTT, Principal.
LKN VH CONTETTIONARY, No. ?4 Bridge Btroet
GiUTlMmra, I> C.. wlwr* *11 kind* "f entertainment* ar
rut*ln*d, with the host lee cream*. cake*, water tro*, oonfoctlM
f, kr , al the shortest outer. and i? tho must nwdnrata term.
s|?l nwarded at tho 'last eiblblilnn of Bio Metropolitan Slectwatm
Keh 3?dtf
N KT the bout Webntcr'tt Qiutrtn l>ictioiiary.X
What m??re anwntial to ovrrjr Tamil)', wHintln* rc?>m, atmleni
it. Indent, ererj one who would know th<' rtfflic line nf UncMge
meaning, nrtbntrrnphy. and pronuartaleei nf word*- than a yon
alwh IHritnnarrt?at dally aoo.wdty and permanent rata*.
WaheterM Vwahrfcigad Is now the recognised atunlard, < meataatl;
oil and relh-l im In oarennrta of juatlrr. la mir legislative l-mllea, an
pubHc. ritM-uaetnaa. a* entirely cnt?ibi?lr?,' M)< lino John C. h|?T
" FtIT rnpiooenew .m tituil* of lUdnltkw, and ailapledoee* tn th
meet Male at actoncn ami literature, the utflrt valitahl# trnrk at th
id that I have *Tor eeea in mtr Unguugn "?f'untdhnt Waylaiul
I' Ihiietn-d by O fcC MERRI tM. Ht>H*?B"M M>e~
(Villi hy all honkaelloni In Washington aad etaewhero
Mitmh lmdht ji*|
i, United SGtea Patent Office,
111 Wakuinuti*. April 20, 1867.
I" the petition of I'lHiy Robinson, of Leonard*^
villu, Now York, praying for Um? extension of a |tah*ul granted
to him the -01 h July, 1*411, for an improvement In * machines for
clouuing street*," Cur aoven years from the expiration of tmid putcul,
which taken place on the 20th day ul July, 18&7?
J It U ordered that the said |?etitiou ho hoard at the Talent OUloe 011
' Monday, the Oth of July neat, at 12 o'clock, ui.; and all person* are
iiotiil?~?l to appear and show cau?t*, If any they have, why Kuld i* titiou
ought not to ho granted.
Person* opposing the oatenaiou ure rc?|ulrcd hi file In the Patent
c. Ofllco tholr objections, specially get forth iu writing, at least twenty
dayg before the duy of houriug; all testimony lllod by either (Nirty to
lie nurd at the naid hearing must be taken and trail milUed in accord,y
aiice with ilie rules of the ofifco, which will lie furnished on upplicu
IU I*0*
The testimony iu tbo caae will be cluoed on the ttth Juno; dojiod,
lions, and other (taper* relied u|s?n a* testimony, must he Uled in the
y olllcu ou or before the morning of that day ; the argument*, if any,
,j Within Ion days thereafter.
lr Ordered, al*o, that llihi notion be published in the Unlou, Intelll
,1 giaicer, and Kvening Star, Waahingtun, D. C.; Republican, ILlaltiluere,
ild ; IVnnsylvnuiun, Philadelphia, Ta.; Daily Newa, New York, N. Y.;
uiid Poet, Boston, Mao*., once a week IV?r three HUccoMdve weeks pre
vioua to the 20th of July next, the day of hearing.
,?> Commissioner of Patent*.
ie P. 8.?Editor* of the above pn|>crs will please coftr, and send tliuir
bills to tbe Patent tXtico, with a paper containing thU notice.
rt Ap 22?law3iv
Navy Agent'* Office,
j WNnhitiKUu, 1). CM April 20, 1807. '**
it fTMIE United State*) Ht earner Engineer will lie Hold
*( _JL at public auction at Urn United State* navy yard, Washington.
f) ut 12, n,, on tlio 20th day of Muy, 1807, subject to ratilicalion by tho
Navy Department.
a Tha vessel wiut rebuilt at the United States navy yard, Goaport,4n
1848, being in leuglh 108 feet, in breadth 17>i feet, and in ?t?*j?tl? 7
feet, measuring about 120 bum; has a beam engine, diameter of cylinder
25 Inches, atroko of pishm 7 feet, and au Iron boiler. Tha Toml
?' I con bo seen ami tha inventory examined ou application to the coui ?
timmluiil of the yard.
J| Terms cash. ' A. GRKKVLKAF,
11 April 21?law4w Navy Agent.
?. [No. 577.]
1 Notice
Of the Rfmotvil </ the Lani Office from Sault Sir Marie to MarrptMU,
in Michigan.
TN accordance with tho provieions of tlio act of
, t JL Cougrvs**, euiith-d Ad net authorizing clmugeH iu tlio locution nl
, Unci ofllOM," approved March a, 11)53, It I. hereby declared ami made
0 1 known that the oltlro for the rale of public Inmla at Hal'LT I* Mauik,
| iu tho btato of Michigan, will bo removed to tho town of 1Iak<j! ktic,
t I in aaid StaU', at iu early a period an practicable.
Further notice aa to the preciae time of removal will ho Uaued by
1 , tho roghter and receiver of the Staull We. .Mario land ofllco.
, ! Glvon under tuy hand, at tho city of Washington, this 19th day of
March, A. II. 1837.
Uy order of tho 1'reeldenl:
,. OnnmUnloner of the Oeuorul land (Itllrc.
im Mar 21?law 8w [Int. and War ]
h Washington, January 1, 1857.
i- fj this day admitted in lurtuers in tho Hanking House of
Cbubb Brothers. Tho Arm from this date will In* composed of Qui*,
i- Ut. J. Chubb, John I). Harrow, and Henry Holmes. The House in Da
e venport, Iowa, Is com j* wed orcharlos Ht. J. Chubb, Win. H. DougaJ,
and Alexander H. Harrow, under tho lirni of Clmhb Brothers, Bar
i- row, k G> CHUBB BROTHERS,
Jan 1?-sltf
the intention of tlio board of diriTtors of tho Washington and
' KockrHU Turnpike Company to gravel the road from tho first toll gate
. to Its terminus at the District line, contractors are requested to address
or apply to the undersigned on the subject on or before tho 15th
, of April next. VOHN C. BRK.VT,
' Ko 30 Ioui-dana avenue.
Feb 24 ,'ituwtf 4D2 Seventh street.
1 TTTATCIT Repairing and Engraving.?Watches,
Y\ chronometers, and pocket timekeepers of every description
f? repaired by skilful workmen and warranted to |ierform accurately.
! Engraving of every description done Id the best style, Including the
cutting of arms, crests, mottoes, and iuitials on stone.
%* Visiting and wedding cards elegantly engraved and printed.
* M. W. HALT k BRO.,
y Jewellers, 324 Pennsylvania avenue,
Jan 80?tf Between Wth ami 10th streets.
near EmndtUburg, Frederick county, Maryland.- Tho annual ses
| lion of studies at thin institution commences on the 24th August, and
f terminates on tho tost Thursday in June. Tlio terms for board and
tuition arc $150 per annum, payable semi annually In advance. Tie-re
aro extra charges for music, drawing, painting, and also for Spanish,
Italian, German, and latin. Tlio terms for the primary department,
composed of pupils umh r nine years of age, am $100 j?er annum, pay
nhln liifcir vo trlv in ailv*?<n
Ii)(ter? of inquiry iboald l>e addressed to the MOTHER SITE
RIOR of St. Joseph's Academy, Kmmituburg, Frederick county,
Ma ry land.
July 8?dlyear
rilO LEASE, for a term of yearn, tlio mansion of the
| late OrniT il Tow?on, Ifiiit.'J Wales army. It contains nil the
iiiixlnhi iu)proreiq>'nU, as Mater works, furnace, K.'i". range, Sc. Apply
to J. II. If ^MITH, o?(| , at li|s ofltcc, on V el reel.
I Marcli 21?2? tf
COFFEE, FRUIT, &c.?70 bags green Rio coffee.
Also, on consignment 300
boxo-t oranges.
200 do letnoiu.
Just mriyod And for sale by
March 21?eo3tif MURRAY k HEM MRS.
TAR. M. V. B. BOO AN respectfully informs his
j] 7 friend* and the public that ho hM removed bin office and rc.fidoooe
to No. 451 Mussst hose Us avenue, south wide, iMtwoen 6th and
7th streets, whore ho will be happy to recolvo the calls of bin friends
? who may require his professional services.
Marcli 19- eod4t*
Iim Just received direct from the factory a larpie lot of the
abova superior refrigerators. They come very highly recommended
by the beat Judges in the eastern cities, aud are offered at the very
lowest prices.
We hare also in store other varieties of refrigerators, w hich will
" ho warranted to give satUfaction In every particular, together with?
Patent Ice pitchers
Patent buitor cooler*
Patent water coolers.
All of which are offered wholesale or retail at the lowest flgurea for
cash or to prompt customers.
Sign of the Gilt Huw, Penn. nr.,
II Marcli 2f? -dfttif Betwaou Tenth and Eleventh streets.
IT AH A BLE TR M T (W LAND in Iowa for Sale.
Y The undersigned offers for sale the H. W. fractional quarter of
section 18, in township 73. north of range 5 west, in the State of Iowa.
This laud i* line, rich, rolling prairie, near th* Hhoekley'* branch of
Crooked Creek. It IW*Close to tho Burlington ami Washington rood,
and U 90 miles from Hurling ton. 16 miles from Waahingt/m, 10 mile*
P from Mount Pleasant and Columbus city, 0 mile* from fVawfordavllle,
* I and 11 mile* from the Plank rood. Timber and stone abundaiit w ithin
' 'Xy4 miles , sawmill 2 miles and grist miU 6 miles distant. Neighbor
H l?ood settled, with church and acliool privileges. A fine grove or
building s|KH on the land.
Patent Agent, 401 F street,
1 April 14?eolw Corner of 7th strtet.
McGREGOR k. CO.'d Extensive Houso-furuisliing
wareroofim, Nos. 5:w, 826, and 521 Ssvcnth strtet.
J pqli set* of Parlor, Dbiigg roovu, Hall, and Chamber Furniture, in
uuihogauy, walnut, rosewood, and oak.
~ | And a general HHsortmonl of all tjousekcf ping goods always on hand.
? at lowest price*.
'' J Every attention given to our customers.
Homes furnished entire at short notice.
I Ap 9?smllno
| ?
17^ REE BUR NIKU COAL.?Just received <>nc cargo
free burning coal expressly for cooking,
i- I Ail coal well screened before delivery.
A superior lot of wood now on hand.
m Fair weight and measure may he relied on in all cases, and the price
i j as low aj DM UM >rii. N will Mimo
Goal kept under cover, 2,240 pounds to the ton.
, T. J. k W M. GALT,
Northwest corner 12th and C stre?t*, No. 847,
One square south of Pcnn. avenue.
a Ap 10?d2w
Vj Yeara Ago; by tbo Rev. tlutrlej Ktngxlry, author >4 "Align*
' Ieigh." tl 25
Tbo American* in Jupnn, All abridgment nf ilto government narra
lire of the United Ht?u? eipedtUoa to J*|iau under Commodore I Wry,
by Robert Tom.-* $1 !K>
Thing* Not (Irnmly Known, ? popular hand book of f.o-U not
readily aceeaalble In literature, history, and ?cienco, edited by PavW
? A. Wolla tl Jft.
t. Waverley Nov obi, bouaebofci edition?Uny Mannering. J volume*,
tl Ml.
Tbo World'* Own; by Jnll* Word Howo. 60 cent".
RoefO* by Otnrlo* Swain. 1 \ fltotne, blue ami gntd. 75 rent*.
JoOfMlowV Uroe* Wnrku, 2 Vnl* , bine ami gold, tl 76.
laahel, Tbn Young Wife and tlie Old lovu; by John Curdy Jealfre_
Aon. 76 oenl*
. Keailing Without Team, or a Hook out Mode of learning to Rood; by
2 tbo Author of ' Prop of Hay." 50 rente.
. Til* CliiWV Book of Nature; by Washington Hnolter. M II. tl 26.
Mia* Sir irklnnd a tjuoena of Scotland, volume 6. $1.
J net published nod for aulc at
I April 21 Bnokatore, near IRb street
e YY The Ml oeaabm will ewmmenne July 15th Nnn ber lim
e Hod Niam but guud and docile bnya nnnteil. Tbono ready to begin
latin grammar much preferred Age and advancement ?f applicant*
deatred. Knr twin*, kr , addrohm
W 1. RfVfaiAM,
' March 10? tawtm* Oak*, Orange county, N. C
in' i'm iikk 1u.
, 1857.
||o keep* Ibe account. <>f public receipt* .nil o*|ioinliluro" receive*
llio return. .nil uwktM nut Ibe nflieial nutonicnl cfrnfarrii una Bar' !
a ol lh? United State.; awl i.hhm ikmiuii Flral CMBptrallvr
uiiil Cnnuiilnilnner of I iiiatoin. nil account* ami voucher. <wlid lay '
llieui.aud Is charged by law with tlioir sate keeping.
IMicilor i Qfkt. Fruncui U. Strbcter, Solicitor. and aij clerks. II.
au|?-rlutcii<l. .11 civil .nits miuniencrd by ihc United males, and I.
alructe tlx' United Stales attorneys, iii.trslbds, and clerk* in .11 matter* I
relatiug to tbrtn anil ilmlr result* Ho receive, rrluriu from eui li
term uf Ibe Ulnlod Suio. courts, slmwltlg llio |Hi*:rcs* and oi.uilitHvu
of midi nulla; iiuh charge of .11 lund. and other property i signed in
llie United States ill |Hiyiiieul nf debt., and lia. |.iwer to .all and dim I
|??o uf liio suiuc for lliu hciietll nf Die Unilvd Stale.
i)Um 1
Tlic Organization of the Executive Department*
of the Government of the United states.
The whole machinery employed to conduct the business arising oat
of our foreign relation* with all the power* of Urn world I* far more
?impie than In generally contrived. Tlie uuuiber employ til in the
I*(NirtiiH iit of State of the United Stales la only seventeen. mm follow*
SwfeUry of state, (Hon. Dtwt* <*?*,) oue Assistant Secretary of
j Stale, t lion. John Apple (on,) one chief clerk, twelve clerks, one liana
. lator, and one librarian.
OijJumaJir llrtmeh.?Hi in brunch of the Slate Department has
charge of all oorfcwpondatioe between the department and other di ,
{ plntualic agent* of the United States a I food, and tlmae of foreign |mw
! era accredited to this government !u it all diplomatic instruction, '
j sent from the department, and communication* to commissioner* un j
1 der treutiew of houndarieii, Ac., are prepared, copied, mid recorded; and
uH of like character received are registered and tiled, their content*
being tlmi entered in an analytic table or index.
CW?u/ar /hamli TIiih branch ha* charge of the correspondence,
, Ac., between tho department und the commit* and tMMmnarote] agents
; of lie; United Stales. In it instruction* to those officer*, and answer*
i to their <ie*pan he* and to letter* from other persona asking for oousu
lar agency, or relating to consular u Hairs, are pre [tared and recorded.
The Didnfrtlng Agent.?lie ha* charge of all correspondence and
I other matter* connected with accounts relating to any fund with the
dUljiirae|||Btjl of which I lie de par line ul 1* charged.
Ttw Vrimdatar.?Hi* duties are to furnish such translation* a* the
department may require. He also r?sor?i* tlie oointnUodons of comml*
and vaj } coti.mU, nluni Hot ill English, upon Which exequatur* ur?
i / (ffdhif 1 ' am* (-*' mmutrieru.~ He makes out and records
Cuiutn|^iMw71 fetters of uppolntuient, and nomination* to tlie Senate;
make* pttt'hiid record* exequatur*, and record*, when In English, Ihe
(v?u?mt4jdon* on which they are issued. Ha* charge of the library.
Clerk\{f Ihe Hull* and AagMm.? He take* charge of tlie roll*, or en
i rolled act* and resolution* of Oougre**, a* they aro received at the de
I |?artincut from the President; pro|?iros the nuthftuUcated ooplo* thereof
i which are called for; pnqiare* for, and *upi ntend* their publication,
I and that of treaties, iu the nowsjNtper* and in book form; attend* to
their distribution throughout the United State*, and that of all docu
| mentM km.i publication* in regard to which this duty is assigned to the
; department, writing and luisworltig ail letter* conuootud therewith.
. Has charge of all Indian treaties, and huaine** relating thereto,
j CUrk of Authentication* and Copyright*.?'4Mb ha* charge of the
I Heals of llio United State* and of tlie department, and prepare* am]
! attache* certificates in paper* presented for authentication; receive*
! and acooaut* for the fees. Ha* charge of publication* transmuted to
the department under ilia law* relating to copyrights; records and lu
t. x llu ii I it ! record. nil 1. Ibus from the department, other than
' the diplomatic and consular.
i Clerk of Pardon* and Pamport*?He prepare* ntid record* pardons
I and remissions; and register* and llles the petitions uud |ta|>er* on
which they are founded. Make* out nud record* passport*; krnp* a
daily register of all letter*, other than diplomatic and consular , re
ccived, and of the disposition made of thorn; prepares letter* relating
to this bui-tne.sK.
Hon. Jeremiah 8. Tllack, Attorney General of the United Plates; R.
H. Gillot, esq., chief clerk. The ordinary business of this office may be
clft.s*iiVd under the following heads:
1. orticiul opinion* on the current business of Ihe government, ?
called for by the President, by any head of department, or by the h>
licitor of the Treasury.
2. Examination of the title* of all land purchased, a* the site* of
nrrtt iml.s, cmtom houses, light-house*, azid all other public works of
lie- l_ lilt' d Stales.
a. Applications for pardon., in all case* of conviction In the court*
of the United Stages.
4. Application* for appoiiitiueut in nil the Judicial and legal business
of the government.
f>. The conduct and argument of all suits in the Supremo Court of
the United States In which the government is concerned.
d. The supervision of all other suit* ariidng in any of the dojMii t
S To tboHO ordinary heads of the business of the office uro added at
the present time the following, vix:
First. The direction of all appeal* on laud claims in California.
Becond. TUu codlttcutiou ur?d revision of the laws of tlu? District of
ixtKRioR mtriimmT.
Secretary of the Department c?f the Tntorior, Hon. Jacob Thompson,
of the State of MlssbMtppi. IU clerical force consists of nne chief
clerk, <Moses Kelly, esq.,) two disbursing clerks, uixl ten other regular
clerks; and to its supervision and management are conpiMsi the
I following branches of the public service:
1st. The. Public IAiula. The chief of this bfTMO Is called the Com
< in ins loner of the General land Office. The land Bureau is charged
i with the survey, management, and sale of the public, domain, and the
Issuing of titles therefor, whether derived from confirmations of grants j
made by former governments by sale*, donations, of grants for schools,
i military bounties, or public improvements, and likewise the revision
I of Virginia military bounty land claims, and the Issuing of scrip in
Ilieu thereof. The land Office, also, audits its own inYouiilH. ^Ip?
present Commissioner js Hon. T. A. Hendrjcka. of Indiana. Its principal
officer* are a recorder, chief clerk, principal clerk of surveys,
iyoiafca ifrangiiUnym, nmaiatnai draught*****", and some lfrt) < i.-r kw
! of various grades,
j 2d. Pen iimi.- The present head of this bureau Is George C.
! Whiting, of Virginia. Tlie comtnl-wioner i< charged with the exstniuttioii
ami adjudication of all claims arhdug under the various and
I numerous laws passed by Congress granting bounty land or pensions |
| for tho military or naval services In tbo revolutionary and suiMcquont
I warn in which tbo United States have been engaged. Ho bus one
chief clerk, (H. G>le, tmq..) arm a permanent oorpn consisting of aofnc
seventy other clerk a, to which Congress, to enable Mm to meet the
, extraordinary requirements of the new bounty land law, liaa added a
temporary force of about fifty clerkships of different denominations,
3d. Indians.?Commissioner of Iudiun Affairs ad interim, Charles E
Mix, of Georgetown, P. C. He is provided with a chief clerk and nl?out
fifteen Other subordinate clerks.
4th. Putmt Office.?-Tb this bureau is committed the execution and
performance of all acts and things touching and respecting the grunt|
trig and issuing if patents for new and useful discoveries, inventions,
I and improvements;" tin1 collection of statistics relating p> agriculture;
! the collecfjon and distribution of ???d?, plants, and cuttings. It has a
chief clerk?who Is by law the acting Commissioner of Patents In
the absence of the Commissioner?twelve princi|?d, and twelve as
sUtant examiners of pateuU, aotno down subordinate permanent
clerks, besides a considerable number of temporary employees.
Henidcti thoae four principal branches of this new egecutivo dejwirt '
nicnt, the organic act of IH40 transferred in it from the Treasury Do
[ ailment the supervision of the account* of the United Htates marshals
and attorneys, and tlio clerlu of the United States courts, the manage
ment of tho lead and other mines of the United States, and the affairs
of the penitentiary of tho United States in the District of Columbia; and
from the State Department the duty of biking and returning the censuses
of the United Stab's, and of supervising and directing the acts of
the Commissioner of Public Buildings. The hospital for tho insane of
I the army and navy and of the District of Columbia is also under tho
I management of this department; in addition to which, by laws re
cetitly passed, the Secretary of the Interior Is charged with the con
truotiou of Hie three wagon roods leading to the Pacific coast.
, The department requires nn additional building f??r its accommodai
lion, and the erection if one has been repeatedly reyotu mended diirjng
I the la t fe* years'for that purpose, At present the Pciudmi Often is
j provided with rooms in what U known as "Wintier's Botldtng," while
the other branches of the department, including tho decretory'* office,
j are all crowded Into the Patent Office building, tho whole of which
j w ill ho required at an early dny fbr tbo use of tho Patent Office, ft>r
which it was originally intended.
The Treasury Department consists of the offices of tho Secretary of
the Treasury, two comptrollers, commissioner of the customs, six auditors,
treasurer, register, solicitor, light house board, and count survey.
The following D a brief indication of the duties of the*? sevcr.il offti
cos. ftud of the force employed therein, respectively:
Srndnryf't Office.?-Hon. Howell Cobb, Secretary of the Treasury;
Hon. Philip Clayton, Assistant Secretary; one engineer in charge; on?
architect, and three draughtsmen temporarily employed, and twentythree
clerks. Tlie Secretary of the Treasury Is eharged with the gen
Icrai supervision <11 mi- u-wai vi'iosa, uuun <? LUVKUmUOKilt, sou <11 Of
execution <rf the law* concerning the commerce and navigation <?f the
Untied KLiU-1. Ho auprrlnlomU the survey of thi> roust. the light bonae
I establishment Uie HHi-lite hospital* of the United Stales, MMl the construrtian
<>f certain public buildings for caspim houses and other pur
Pint CrmftmU"'* O/k* thm. William Modlll, Comptroller, and
tifieau clerks. Ho prcscrHie* the mode of keeping ami rendering ar
| eousg* fur the nix ii anil diplomatic service, a* well as (tie public lauila,
and revise* mi l acrtUkw the lialanceti arising thereon.
M umP'f iOai h.JISt Of,c, John M. Brpdteari. geq , Comptroller,
' and **vhnpen clerk*. Ho preacrttie* Hie mode of keeping anil reridcrI
ing Hie acfojiiit* of the army, navy, ami Indian department* of thr
public .sank*, and revise* and certiUe* the balanced arising thereon.
Ofgre '/ Ctmmutimrr of Hr Omlntu. Hugh J Andoraon, esq.,
1 Coinniissvntior, and elrren clerks. )lo prescribe* tho mode of keeping
and rendering llie accounts of tire customs revenue and disburse
1 inenta, and for the building and repairing diatom bouses, Ac , and re
I vise* and certifies tho balances arising' thereon.
Pint. Amlilnr'n Offire.?Tlmum* I? Smith, esq., First Auditor, and
nineteen clerke He receives nnd adjust' llie nrrounts of the custom*
revenue ami disbursements, appropriations and expenditure* on account
of thn civil list an l noder private acts of Congress, and reports
the Istlanees to tho Commissioner of the Cnetnma and the Firnt Comptroller.
respectively, for Uielr derision thereon.
.tmrnd Auditor t Offer Thomas i D. Fuller, fteonnd Auditor, and
I twenty-one clerks, lie receive* and adjusts *11 accounts relating hi
the pey, clothing, and recruiting of the armv, a* well as armories, '
arsenals, ami ordnance, and nil acentnt* relating to tlie Indian depart
ment, and reports the Iwlanre* to tin- Second Cmni*rnth-r 0>r bis dect
sion thereon.
Third Aeditor't Offirr. RolierI J. Atkinson, esq.. Third Auditor, and
seventy eight clerk*. Ho receives and adjust* all account* for sub
eistence of lit* array, forttltcalkais, Milirary Acaileniy, military made,
ami the Quartermaster's department, a* vrall as ft,r |iens|ons. claims i
arising from military services previous to 1*1*. and for horses and I
other property kiet In Hie military service, under varlon* arts of Con
gre*?, and report* Hie bulaucu* Pi the Second Coni|>troller for hi* d? |
dston thereon.
fourth Auditor'! Ojgct?Aaron 0 Ttaytoo, *?q , Fourth Auditor, and
' sixteen clerks. H" receives and adjusts all aeeouala for the nerviee of
I the Xavy Department, and reports Uie balance* to the Second (simp '
j I roller for hia decteion thereou.
Fifth Alldgjl 'i OflUr Murray McCounel, c?q ., fifth Auditor, and |
-Ix rlerka. tie receive* ami adjusts all are,Hint' for diplomat" and
similar services performed under the dire Hon of the State Depart
j ment, and reports the balance* to the First Comptroller l>r tit* dechuoti '
| therein.
A far A AuAMor'i Ogh-r ?William r riiilll|is. " q . Sixth Auditor, and
I one hundred and one rtorks He receive* a.id adjusta all *''"amis 1
' arising frnxn Hie service of the Fust Ofltce Department fits deetslon* |
I arm dual, unless an appeal lie tikn la Iwelv* tnontlia to the first t'omp
trailer; and lie suprrinteiMls tlie rollerUuA of all debts dim the I'oal
office Department
Trtamrer't Oftrr Samuel Casey, eeq , Trea?urer, and thirteen
rlerka He recetrea and keeps the moneys nf the United States m his
own oMra, and that of the deptadtorla* create,! by the art nf the Alb nf 1
August lit*, and pay* out Hie *amo upon warrants drawn by the
-Vs retary uf Hie Treasury. rouiiier?tgned by the F|r?t OoniptrplVr and (
upon Warrant* drawn i>v the Postmaster lienors I. and ronnleratghrd
by Hie Sixth Auditor and recorded by the Register. He also hotda
istlille money* advanced by warrant pi ijishuriliig officer*, and pay* 1
,?lt the same upon tlielr check*
' Km/Her'i Ofirr. - t'lnley Rigger, Register, and twenty nine clorka. I
I.tyht ffou?r Board,?lion Howell Gubb, Secretary ef the Treasury,
ex-*fficio, president; Colli- W. B. Hliubriek, United Male* navy, chair
inun; Geu J. O. Totteu, United Hutc* unu> . Cupt. A. A- Humphreys,
United Mates army; Piw# A. IK Bm ho, Huiwrlnlftdeot of Cim-i Hur
voy; Prof. Joseph Henry, secretary of Kmithftouhn Institution; Cupt. i
Huinoel Barron. LTuited Stub* limvy. Commander Thornton A. Jenkins,
United Nulcs navy,and lJoutcnaul Win II. Franklin, United
States army, secretaries, and ftve clerks. This board direct* the build- !
ing and n|?lrl?g of light houses, light vessel*, buoys, and beacons,
contracts for eupplic* of oil, kc.
United JStatet Crxut,Survey Office.?Profeaaor A. D. Backs. U? p., an ,
IH'riuleiuloiit, and superintendent of weight* and measure*.
Cnpt. M I.. Smith, topographical engineers, assistant, hi charge of
the Count Hurvoy Offtee.
A. W. Russell, chief clerk.
C. II. Buow, In charge of archive*.
Prid'ussor A. 0. Peudloton, United States navy, computer of long! I
Ax* if taut J. K. Ililgnrd, in charge of rouiputing division*
Assistant L. F. Pollutes, iu cluirgo of tidal division.
IJotit. J, C. Tidhall, UultedKaU.i unity, iu charge of drawing dl |
Lieut. Haxtou, United States army, In charge <>f engraving dirl
Humtiel IIHii, disbursing agent.
(ieorge Mathlot, olectrotyplxt.
Joseph Kaxton, assistant to superintendent of weights and measures.
POMT omc* OKl'ARTlfKYr
Hon. Aaron V. Ilrown. Postmaster General. Tl?e directioii and
management of tha Punt Office Department are assigned by the con^ti 1
tution and law* to the Postmaster General. Hint its business may ho 1
tho more conveniently arranged find prejiared for bin final action, it is
distributed among several bureaus, a* follows: Tin* Appointment Of
flee, in charge of the First Assistant Postmaster General, the Contract
OUico, in charge of tl?e Second Assistant Postmaster General; the finance
office, iu charge of the Third Assistant Postmaster General: and <
the Inspection Office, In cluirgu of the chief clerk. ,
Appointment Office.?Horatio King, esq., First Assistant Postmaster *
General, and nineteen clerks. To this office are assigned all questions ' '
which relate to the establishment and discontinuance of (tost office*, {
change* of sites and names, appointment and removal of postmasters
and route and local agents, as, also, the giving of instructions to post- 1
m asters. Post muster.are furnished with marking and rating stanifH '
and letter balances by this bureau, which is charged also with pro- ! '
vldlug blanks and stationery for tho use of tbo department, and with
the superintendence of the several agencies established for supplying '
postmasters with blanks. To this bureau is likewise assigned the supervision
of the ocean mail Htenmslilp lines, and of the foreigu and in |
tenuitioiml jwista! arrangements. |
Contract.Office.?William II. Dundas, esq., Second Assistant Postman- !
tor General, and twenty six clerks. To this office is assigned the bind
MM of arranging the mail service of tho United Mates, and placing the |
same under contract, embracing all corres|>otidonco and proceedings
respecting tho frequency of trips, mode of conveyance, ai>i times of do
partures and arrivals on all the routes; the course of the mail hotween "
the different sections of the country, tho point* of mail distribution, and
tho regulations for the government <?f the domestic mail service of tho
United Mates. It proparo* the advertisements for mall proposals, receives
the bids, and takes charge of the annual and occasional mail let
tings, and the udjustmcut and execution of tho contracts. All npp!icalions
for tho establishment or alteration of mail arrangements, and tho <
appointment of until messengers, .should be scut to this office. All i
claims should lie submitted to it for transportation service not under j
contract, as the recognition of said service is first to be obtained thrraigli 1
the Contract Office as a necessary authority for Urn proper or wilts ut '
the Auditor's Office. From this office all postmaster* at the ends of j
routes rcselve the stalemcut of mail arrangement* prescribed fbr the '
respective routes. H report< weekly to the Auditor all contracts oxe ! i
cutod, and all orders affecting account* for mail transportation; pre j
i?ares the statistical oxhiblts of the tnull service, and the Feportfl of the
mail letting*, firing a statement of eneh bid; also, of the contracts
made, tbo new nervloe originated, th# curtailments ordered, and the
additional allowance* granted within the year.
J>Hnanct Offict.?John Marron, omj., Third Assistant rostmaHtor (leneral,
and twenty one clerks. To thiH office are assigned tho super
v tit ton and management (?f tho financial business of tlie department,
not devolvod by law upon the Auditor, emhruclng accounts with the
draft offices and other depositaries of the department, the issuing of
warrant* and drafta to payment of balance* reported by the Auditor si
to bo due to mall contractor* and other persons, tho agjmrvlsk*) of
tbo account* of offices under orders to d<qgje|tc |heir quarterly bal- ?
mice* at designated points, and the superintendence of Uie rendition
by postmasters of their quarterly repirh* cif postages. It luis charge !
of tha dead letter office, of the Issuing of pontage stamps and M*utp?<l j
en volppc* for tho pre payment of jKWtago, and of the account* con !
nocted thurew itli.
To Uie Third Assistant PosUnawter flaneral all postmaster* should
direct their quarterly returns of jKwdage; those at draft office*, their i
letter* reporting quarterly the net proceed* of their office* ; and those
at depositing office*, their certificate* of depoaite; tq him ahould also
be directed the weekly and monthly return* of the <U-j Hollar ion of the
department, a* well a* all application* and receipts for jKistage stamps c
and stamped envelopes, and fur dead letter*. ?
In*j*dl'/n Ojjkr.? .lohn Oakford, esq., chief clerk, and seventeen ii
clerks. To till* office i* assigned the duty pf receiving and examining tho
register* of the arrival* and dcjutrtun** of the mull*, certificate* of the g
Her vice of routo agents, and report* of inuil failure*; of noting the do ! r
llnquencb* of contractor*, and preparing cases thereon for the action j
of the Postmaster General; furnishing blank* for mail reghiofp, and
report* of mall failure*; providing and sending out iqail bugs and
ttin-tocMaad key*, and doing all other thing* which tauv be noocs
sury to secure a faithful ami exact i^orforuuune of all mail contract*.
All case* of tpa\l depredation, of violation of law by private ex
prutuoH, or by the forging or Illegal use of postage stamps, are under
the stipervision of this office, and should l?e reported to It.
All communication* respecting lost money, letters, mail depredations,
or other violation* of law, or mail locks and key*, should be di
rented 11 Chief Clerk, Pont Office Department."
All register* of the arrival* and d'lmrture* of the mail*, ooriiftcnte*
of the set vice of route agents, report* of until failures, application*
for blank registers, ami reports of failures, ami all complaints again*!
contractor* for Irregular or imperfect service, should be directed 41 In
*|hh tlou Office, Post Office Department."
Tho Navy Department consists of the N'avy Department proper, bo
lug the office of the Secretary and f?f five bureaus atfarhed thereto, viz:
Bureau of Nary yards and Dock*, Dureau of (instruction, Kquljmient,
arid Repair, Bureau of Provisions and Clothing, Bureau of Ordnance and
Hydrography, ami the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery.
Tho following is a statement of tho dullc* uf each of these offices and
of tho foroe employed therein -,
ti*rrd#ry'i Ofice ? Hon. Isaac Toucey,Secretary of Uio Navy: Cluirlen '
W. W?d*h, e;>q., chief clerk, and eleven clerks. Tho Secretary of the
Navy has charge of everything connected with the naval establish
mont, and the execution of all law* relating thereto Is Intrusted U him,
under the general direction of the President of the United States, who,
by the constitution, is commander in chief of the army and navy.All
Instruction* to commander* i?f squadrons and command . of
vessel*, all order* of officers, commiMous of Oflbew both in the
navy and marine Corp*, appointment* r?f commMmMl and warrant
officer*, order* for the enlistment and discbarge of seamen, emanate
from the Sc< rotary'* office. All the duties of the different bureau* are
performed under the authority of the Secretary, and their order* are
considered as emanating from him The general superintendence of
the marine corps form*. al*n. a part of the duties of the Secretary, and
ait the ordor* of the commandant of (Uql oorp* should bo approved by
Bureau Nary Yard* arul Dock* (oyutuodore Joseph Smith, chief
of tho bureau, four clerk*, one ciyll engineer, and one draughtsman.
All the navy yards, dock* and wharves, building* and machinery In
nary yards, and everything ImmedlaSely connected with them, arc
tinder the superintendence of thi* bureau. It is also charged with the
management of the Naval Asylum.
Bureau nf CimdrmiUm. Mtytlfimeut, aud Repair - John IvonfhaH.o'q ,
chief c?f the bureau, eight clerks, nnd .one draughtsman. The (*; ? ot
the engineer In chief uf the nary, Daniel B. Marllu, esq., i* attached (4?
this bureau, i ho is nasi." ted by threeAttestant engineer*. ThU bureau
ha* charge of tbs building nnd repair* of all vessel* *>f war. purchase
of material*, and the providing t*f all vessel* yith their equipments,
as sails, anchors, water lank*, Ac. Tho engineer in chief superintend*
the construction <?f nil marine steam engines for the navy, ami, with
the approval pf the Secretary, difide* upon plana lor their con. true
Bureau rf Brorvinn* and *'h4k\ng ? M. Bridge, purser United State**
navy, chief of bureau, and four clerks. All provisions for the q-* oi
the navy, and clothing, together with the making of contracts lor fuj
Dishing the same, come under the charge of this bureau.
Bunau <f Ordnance and Jfylmgraj>hy- (apt. Duncan Jngruham,
chief of bureau, four clerk-*, and one draught-man. Thi* bureau ha* ,
charge of all ordnance and ordnance stores, the manufacture or pur t
rlmse of cannon. guiin, powder, ahot, shell*, kc t and lie* equipment (
(d* vessel* of-war, with everything ootujpptad therewith. It also pro
vide* them with map-. chqrVfl. nftasoWBkfa, barometer*, kc., to
gether with Kttph U*oh* a* are furnished ships-ofwar. "The United
Kut' s Naval Observatory and Hydrographlrul Office" at Washington,
and the Naval Acailemy at Annapolis, are also under the geueral su
pertntendemMi of tho chief of thi* bureau.
Bureau </ Jfa/tr-iu* an*l Rurpny.-- Dr. WWBam Whelas, surgeon Unl
led States navy, chief of bureau; one passed a?i-iant vurgcon United
Mate* nary, and two clerk*. K very thing relating to medicines and
liSllril stores, treniiuent ol sick ami winded, and management of
hospital*, come* the superintendence of this bureau.
win MrrAmnorr
Hon J. B. Floyd, Secretary of War; W. R. Drlnkard. ehtrf clerk.
leven iillK.rilllisle rirrif. two nifSiMiK'T-i. anil four watchmen. Tlx1
ol lowing bureaus arc athiebcil to this department
Commanding Oencrali Office Tlila office. At the heart at which h
IJSMenaot OimtaI tv-otl, la at New York
iiljohint (leneml't Office. ~ nt. (tunnel f'ooper, A'ljnlan! fc-nernl
Wlctant*- Brevet M"|hr R. I> Townxend, Brevet Capt X willwmx,
tnd Brevet Cats J, K (iareseho. Jnrtge Artvooale, Brevet Major *> ".
r lee nine rlertta ami one no In tlnx ..III,, ire kepi .,1!
I he record* which refer In the personnel of the army, the roll-. k<
It la here w liore all milititry rotnnilaaloua are m i le out. (
Qnaeiermader OeneraVt Office - Brevii Major fleneral T R .feaiip J
|iiarlcrmaater general. Aia<iiht?V lutond C. Thomas. Captain M X
Miller, ami Brevei Mitjor i. Belter eleven rlerka anil one me.-ongrr
I dymaner Oenenil i Office Cot B F Mrned, payoia-tor gMoril
Major I J Leslie, rtmlrirl paymaster, aigts llllte and one mm*, n
pw. ;
(Immimaiy tUnernti Office.?Oen. flroege Cihaon < eiomlsaarr gen '
ral, assistant, liaptain M P. L. Miupeoti, mi clerks awl one mo seen
Harpnm OeneraV t Office ~C.cn. Thomas latrana. -urgeon general;
ia-HUiiie |tr K C W.??l ami la (!. K Wisal Wire, clerks
Engineer Office ?funeral .toseph f. Tntten, chief engineer, assistant. '
Captain H. O. Wright; Bee clerk* ami <me mrMenger (
fhjsyrapkiefil thirteen CM. J. J Abort, eolnnel at the engpe; as
nstonl. Captain J. C WmalrutT; four clerks ami one mi avenger
Ordnance Hnccan -CM H R. Craig, eolnnel cf ordnance asaistanl,
3apt Wm Maj nastier, eight clerks and one messenger.
TO or It HUBHOKlUl llOS.
The till lilt 'if do person will be entered upon our book*, unices the
payment (if tlie subscription be nude In advance..
i'cuuit eubrcnbem may forward ua money by letter, ami all risk
will be aaniiinril by ourael* e* In 1L< aafe Irau-iul*. lou
The <<?'VTliy P.tmt It published tri weekly during Ihe seaehin*
"f lc*U'"'; mill acini weekly during the reeeae.
Subscription* *>r a |?nod lea* than a year will be received cat ternn
|iri'|?rll?ai i to the above annual rate*.
gJrPtWTUAKrKRri are authorised to act a* our agent*: and by
aeudtng ua nvn UAII.Y subscriber!, with 1*0 enctoacd, or ma KKMI
WKKKI.Y rubeoribera, wilb Mi euutnaed, will be entitled to a oopy
OverUntl Mull Koute to CkMAiihU.
INwr (Wen* IHrAarwnrr,
April TO, 1M7.
AN ACT of Couktom, approved 3?l Marck, 1857, 1
unking appropriation* for the M r*lee oi the IW INtlee lle|iart
merit for the fLe. nl year ending 30th June, 181.8, provide*;
" Km'. 10 Ttiut the l\Mlniu*tor tloneral lie. mill he la hereby, author
iaed to contract for the ennveyanre of the entire hitter mull from audi
l*>iiit on the Mtaala.lppl rtrer.au the contractor* may select, to Sun
kraiu'liceo, iu the Hccto of Cailfciriiiu. for six year*, at a coat not mce.1
ing three hundred tlnniaaiid dolhu* per annum for aetnl moodily, four
hundred and titty tliouaand dollar* lor weekly, or rla Icniidrecl thouaaud
dollars for aeuil weekly ncrsiee, to lie iioiTonucd mini monthly,
weekly, or semi-weakly, at the o|Muo of the PoMnundor lieneral.
"Kn 11 Tliat the ooutruel Hliall require the aervtre to tie performed
with gmal fourhcirae enaulaa or aprlng wagons, aultahle lor
the eciuveyauce of |wa*etigcru a* well a* the wifely cuid security of tliu
"Hkt. 13. Thai the contractor nliull have the rlgbf of pro emplane to
three hundred and twenty anreu of any land not thou diupewed of or
roaerrod, at earh point oeeessury fur a a tattou, not to be nearer than
ten rnlioa from each other; and provided that no luiueral laud aliull he
tliua pre ouiptod.
" lie. 13 That the unid aervkie *hull he performed willilii twenty llvo
dnya for each trip; and that, before entering lulo auch rontrart, the
I'uatmaMtor Ueneral hIuII bo satletlcd of tin. ability mid cll>|R*iltioli of
the parllea, l*in<i fide and In good faith, to |*Tfbrio the aaid eonlrart.
mul aliall require gc*?l himI authcknit aecurily for the in-rftermaiere of
I tie Hume, the aervlee tocomuwuce within twelve month* idler the sign
uig of th? contract."
ITopoaala will aocoreltugly be received at the Contract titllce eg the
I Vast Ollh'cc Department, until 8, p. m.,?r lite lat day id June, 1831, lor
rouvotagyuacU uiulei the prrn calcai* uf the a bo re act.
ivaiir vv.it starting |*iliit on the Mi?#ls-lppt river, bidders will name
intermediate point* prupaand to lie emhraood In the route nmI other
wl*e deHigliate It* rouraa aa nearly a* practicable.
Ke|iarate pro|*i*ul? are Invited for iml lavnlhlg, wrrklg, and leme
umtiy Irlp* earh way.
The decirdou ii|*ni Uto |tro|>o*ala olfered will he iiuido after the I'cut
nuuder Ueneral aliall he aa tin (ted of the ability and dlepudlioii of tint
purties 111 goial faith to |*'rlerm the contract.
A guarantee 1* to lie executed, w ith good and auflldent anretiee, that
the contract aliall lie evented with like yual aec urily, whenever llco
contractor or contractors shall bo required to do ho by the >'<? .tumstor
Qfnrnl, and tho wrvles must commence wlthlu twelve mouth* after
the date of such contract.
/brm trf Proposal.
[t f of , county of , Btato
?f , propose to convoy tho entire lctu?r mall, Tor the term
j( Mix years, from tho dute ft perilled In tho contract for commencing . i
4orvic?, from , 011 the Mississippi river, by ? , to Han
Kra?n l*eo, California, agreeably to the advertisement of tho Postmaster
loner a I of the 20th April, 1857, in good four-borne coaches or string
wagons, suitable for tlie conveyance of paeaengorii, as well ns tlm
iaiety and occur ity of the mulls, ? mi monthly, each way, for tbe atuiual
?um of dollar*; weekly, caeh way, for the annual Mttni of --
Jollarn; semi weekly, each way, for the annual aum of ?? dollar*
Puled. (signed.)
/bnn <jf a Guarantor.
The undersigned, residing at , flints of <> -? , nn
lerUke that, if the foregoing bid for carrying the utall on the route
from , on the Mississippi river, to San Francisco, Cnllforlla,
lie accepted liy the hMtauuiter Genera), tho bidder shall, when rejuirod
by the Postmaster General, enter into the necessary obliga
Lion to |H*rfurin the service proposed, with good and sufficient sureties.
This %ve do, uiutecstandlny distinctly the oUiaatum and lial/HUire an !*
mmed by guarantors, under the 27 th ted ion of the wi of Congress of July
I, 1830.
Doted. (Signed by two guarantors.)
/brm (jf Certificate.
Tlie undersigned, postmaster of , State of?r
iertillCH, under his <kUh qf office, that he is acquainted with the above j
fiiarantora, and knows them to be men of property, and able to make
food their guarantee.
Pa ted. (HlfpiaMl.)
Containing conditions to be incorporated in the contracts to the extent the.
department may deem proper. i
1. No pay will bo made for trip* not porforincd; and (breach of aucli
miiaaion*, not satisfactorily explained, throe times tho pay of the trip
nay bo deducted. Deductions will also l>e ordered for a grade of per
orm.'UiCO inferior to that ftpeclfled in tho contract. For repented dolin
jocnokw of the kind heroin specified. enlarged jiennlties, proportioned
0 the nature thereof and tho importance of tho mail, may bo made.
2. For leaving behind or throwing off the mails, or any portion of
hem, for tho admission of passengers, or for being concerned in setting
ip or running au express conveying intelligence in advance of tho mail,
1 quarter'a pay may Ik* deducted.
3. Flues will he imposed, unless the delinquency ho promptly and
atlsfuctorlly explained by certificate* of janst-masters, or tho afCMaviti
if other credible persons, for failing to arrive in contract timu; for nefleeting
to take tho mail from or delltrer It iuto a post office; Ibr ftuflbr
ng it (owing either to tho uusuitAblonoM# or tho pteoo or manner of car
ytlifi it) to lie wet. Injured, destroyed, robbed, or loat; ami for refu
ling, after demand, to convey tho mail as frequently an tho contractor
mus, or Is ronnnrncd in running, a coach ?i tl>o route.
4. Tlie Postmaster General may nmiul the contract lor repented fail
ires ftri run agreeably to contract; for violating tho post office laws. or
llsoheylng tho instructions of tho department; Cor refusing to d isobar go
i carrier when required by the department to do so; for assigning tin* i
iontrnOt without the assent of tlio Postmaster General; for running nn
>xproxa as aforesaid; or for transporting persons or packages convey
ng mailable matter out of tho mail.
ft. A hid received after tho last day and hour named, or without tho
[uarantoc required by law, cannot ho considered In coin|H.titioii with *
egular proposal reasonable in amount.
6. The route, tho service, the yearly pay, the name ami residence of
he bidder, (that Is. his usual post office address A and those of each
oenibcr of a firm, where a company oilers, should bo distinctly stated.
7. Altered bids should not Ikj submitted; nor should bid* once ?ubuiUed
bo wlthdruwii,
8. Each bid must bo guarantied by two or more rca|ions)hlc persons
iattftfnctory to tlie PuttDlfitfr General. Goneral guarantees cannot bo
idmitted. 'flic hid find guarantee should bo signed plainly with the bill
tame of ouch ^orson. i
9. TUe department reserves the right to reject any bid which may
>e deemed extravagant, and also Uw? bids of failing contractors and
10. Tlie bid should be sealed; superscribed "Mall proposals for over
and route to California," addrcased "Second AasHtnnt Postmaster Gen
rai," Contract office.
11. A modification of a bid in any of its essential terms is tantamount
o a new btd, and cannot be received, mi as to interfere with a regular
toniMtRkm, after the last hour sot for receiving bids.
12. ltortmnators aro lo l?o narofuJ not to certify the sufficiency c?f
runrantor* or sureties without knowing Uint they are persons of sufll
ilent responsibility; unit nil bidder*, guarantors, ami sureties are ills
Inctly iiotilioil that. on a failure to enter into or perform tho contracts
or the sorvico proponed for In the accepted litda, thctr legal liahllltliu
t ill lie enforced against them.
13. Present contractor*. and persons known atttio dc|mrtmcnt, most,
qually with others, procure guarantors and eorllflcatot of their audi
icncv aubatantlally in the lortns above proscribed. Tlic certlllcates of
uftlrleocy roust be signed by it postmaster, or by a Judge or a court of
The attention of bidders, guarantors, sureties, A-c., Is directed to the
I "How ins laws, via;
8)31. ti. Act of March 3, 1325, requiring contractors, carrion, 4tc., to
>e sworn.
Pec, 41. Act of March 3, 1825, in relation to failure to enter into con
Hoc. 27. Act of July 2,1833, tlahilitloa (ff guarantors.
Bee. 24. Act of July 2, 183A, author Iruig bids of falling contractors to
to rejected.
Bee. 28. Act of J'dy 9,1830, In relation to combinations amour t bid
Act of April 21,1808, provides that no member of Congress can lie a
Bee. 42. Art of March 8,1825, provide* that no postmaster, assistant
xmtmaxter, Of tjerk In a tiost offline, shall be a rontrantor.
See. 7, Act of March 3,1825, provides that no other limn a free
shite male person shall lie employed In carrying the mail.
The Postmaster (ieneral will reservo to himself the right of annul
Ing any contras t made under the shoes act whenever In- shall (lis
;over that the aaroe, or any |iart of It, Is offered for sale in tho market,
br the purpose of speculation ; and he will In no case* sanction a
ranster of the same, in whole or In part, to any assignee or anh con
raclor less qualified, in his opinion. than tho original contractor to
arry Ihc same into successful o|ieration.
Ap 21?fluwtlsUuuef Postmaster (loners f
United States Mall.
Post Ovnot rmrsarmurr,
Wa*tilngton, April 13,1857.
PROPOSALS for carrying the mails of tlift United
Stateu. from July 1, 1857. lo June 30. 1861, inclusive, on Mm
bllowlng routes In tlic State of VtiuwoxT, will lie received at the Con
ract Ofllcu of thli Department until 9, a. m , of May 30,1857; lo I?
leclded lie same day;
In lieu of route* under same numbers In the advertisement of 1st
January, 1857.)
451 From Woodstock to Windsor, 15 mile* and hack, sis times a
week; and from Woodstock, by Hurnard, l<> Bethel, 18 miles
ami hack, *1* times a week,
leave Woodstock dally, except Sunday, at 6 m;
Arrive at Windsor by 71< am;
leave Windsor daily, except Sunday, al # p m, or on arrival of
Arrive at Woodstock by 8 <4 p m;
leave Woodstock dally, except Sunday, at 8 a m;
Arrive at Bethel by II a m
leave Hrtix'l dally, except Sunday, at 4 p m;
Arrive at Woodstock by 7 p in
457 From Bethel, by Oaysvltle, Blnekbridge, PtttsfteM, North Sher
hurne, and Mendon, 10 Rutland, 99 mi lot and bark, alz tunes
a week.
lii.ldur* mar nrorsste arJiedulee of denartnros and mm.
tie approved by the pnatmaater. at the end* of the route.
46* From Btockbrtdgn, by Rorhenter, to Hanrnt k. 11 mile. an I
back, ?li tlm?w a week; and from Uiplon, by Em?t Middle
bury, to MMdletmrp, * mlloa and Wk, three. ttwK- a week
Bidder" may propoae nehediile? of departure" and arrlvala to be
approved by tbc pewtmaater" at the enda of the route.
For farm efpropoeata and Inatrnotiona and requirement-., ??# ad
rerth-ement Inviting propoeala for mall rervlea In the New England
twte;., dated let January. 1*67, to be found at llie principal pwlofflre.
dp U?law4uf Btwtmnater tioneral
ITNITBD HT AT EH LA WH, 157.--Thn~8fai /
"tea at far ye anil Treatlea "f the rotted Rules of Ameriea enact
I It llti* Tidrd Seaalon of the Thirty fourth Congruent, l*6d-'67: edited
>y <;eo. Mtnot. PnhHabed by authority of Caogrem. ftnyal Hvo *1
JHat pnt.II.hed by UTTI*. TtWIWW * 00
Ap 10 -'Jtdeo 112 Waabiiifton ntrecd, Boaton
Animal., Air, Water, Heat, tv ; by w Hooker, M H 1 ytd.
leabel. The Toeing Wife and the OH I Ave; by f. C. JeafffAM.
Rending Without Team
i iik kland'. tfoeaoa of Bcotland. Vol

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