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The Washington union. (City of Washington [D.C.]) 1857-1859, May 02, 1857, Image 2

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Lewis 8. Partridge, United States marshal for Vei
ruont, vice Uhapin, whose commission has expired.
We always look witli feelings of pride and pleai
ure to the democracy of the North went. The histor
of its struggles, its efforts, and its achievements i
hut the record of the conteat between truth and ei
ror. They are alwaya in the tichl, aud alwaya read
for the fight; and, whether victorious or vanquisher
they never neglect their duties nor forsake thei
principles. That party in the great Btates hey on
the Ohio stands as an iuiuiovable barrier to resist tb
surging wave of fanaticism, which has more than one
threatened to overwhelm the constitution aud th
Union. The idea of dismembering the confederacy
and destroying our free system of government, ha
certainly been seriously entertained, and at time
Nourished like a moral upuH in regiona reuderei
memorable by tho sacrifices and achievements of th
statesmen and heroes of our revolutionary era. Ye
it is 110 small consolation to reflect, (hat, although th
l.uu I,,,mi mii liuiir overwhelmed with oolitic;
abolitionism, threatening to destroy everything thl
is valuable in our history and venerable in our jurii
prudence, it. hue never been able materially to alte
or corrupt the democratic popular sentiment of th
Happy is it for that region that the miserable plea
of political expediency have failed to make any las
ing impression upon its inhabitants. The lute act c
the legislature of Ohio will, we are assured, soon b
repudiated with patriotic indignation by the lionet
masses which it proposes to array against the ai
thorities of the general government. This act <
treason, originally suggested and indirectly eonsun:
mated by the very men who have lately disfranchise
and subjugated the great city of Now York, is on
of those reckless attempts in the line of rovolutio
which invariably and fortunately,-at once, dcvelo
the weakness and mark the decline of a politics
organization founded in venality and supported b
corruption. We rejoice to believe that there is a di
mocracy in Ohio?as in Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Wit
cousin, and Michigan?true to the sovereign right
of the States and to the perpetuity of the Union. Ti
that democracy wo look with abiding confidence
knowing that in the hour of uttermost peril it
strength will be renewed, and that it will shak
off the incubus of black republicanism and cleans
itself from the foul leprosy of fanaticism. Iowa, th
young and the strong, has already lifted horse
from the dust of her recent defeats, and by her opiri
and success is tilling her friends with gladness an
hope. And the hour is not far distant when the d<
mocracy of the entire Northwest will stand in on
solid column and turn lack the turbulent stream c
fanaticism and priestly error to its native fountain
beyond tho Hudson. The Tribune and tlio Libern
tor will then be supplanted by tho Bible and th
constitution. There is a loyal attachment to th
Union aud a deep love of country in tho AVest whic
will wage a war of extermination against moral, rc
ligious. and political bigotry, whether recominendc
by priestly example or the fliniHy sophistry of whir
mg philanthropy.
iThe majestic Mississippi binds together, with
chain stronger than iron, the northern and souther
portions of that part of the confederacy. Tli
Northwest will never consent either to a peace
Iable or forcible separation from the mouth of tha
mighty fiver. The extremes are bound togothe
by the laws of Nature and by the immutab)
decrees of fate. The people who inhabit that grca
valley which lies between tho Alleghany and th
Rocky mountains, and which extends from the lat
tude of perpetual flowers to tho region of pcrpctiu
frost, are too wise not to see the advantages of tliei
position, and too sagacious, and too patriotic, not t
presorvo them unimpaired. They may not accurati
ly estimate?indeed, no ono can?tho full grandcu
of its future destiny ; hut enough has alroady hoe
developed to justify tiie most extravagant anticip;
tions of its rapid increase in population, wealth, an
power. Where its inhabitants aro now estimated 1>
thousands, it is scarcely too much to say that the
will soon he numbered by millions; and wlion it
vast outspread of lands of unequalled fertility ar
all brought into full cultivation, they can feed th
I world. The spirit of manly independence and lov
of freedom which inspire those people is the gret
cause of their progress. And when, at no distant dai
tho plough shall mark the vast acres of its bcautifi
plains and its fruitful deltas ; when its cities, il
towns, and its villages are multiplied in the fntnri
as they have been multiplied in the past; when S
.Louis, tho great centre of commerce and bushiest
shall expand, as it will, to 1 lie dimensions of Nc
York j when bridges shall span the great rivers, an
railroads checker the land ; when its many univei
eitios, its colleges, and its various seats of learuin
-and piety shall have impressed their powerful infli
enccs upon tho rising generations ; then a potenti;
[democratic voice and a moral power will go out frm
the politically healthy, robust, teeming millions <
that valley, strong enotlgh, perhaps, to control tli
xleetiny of the whole confederaey, but which wi
oertainly make themselves folt to tho remotest limit
of the republic.
And it is pleasing to reflect that the great inajorit
of tho |?eop!e are loyal in heart and soul; and in
polled, as they are, by moral and physical causes?b
the suggestions of their interests, by the prompting
of their hopos, and by the incitement of their patrio
ism?tho whole weight of their inflnenco will alwaj
be exerted iu favor of order, peace, and indestruct
We unity. They have too deep a stake in the eon
won inheritance, too profound a love for our free ii
atitntions, too proper an appreciation of the iucst
unequalled blessings of uur free system of goven
inont, to permit fanaticism, mad liens, or folly to d
elroy them. Tliey will never cease to watch and I
circumvent those enemies who are plotting again
their righta and thoir |>eacc, well knowing th;
"eternal vigilance ia the price of liberty."
hon. a. j. TALmrrr.
This distinguished democrat has been renominatt
i for Congress in the fourth district, Kentucky. ]
thns honoring Mr. Talbott with a renewed evident
of confidence, the democracy of this district ha'
but honored themselves.
> It Iihi long been a subjoct of complaint uniong the
more intelligent merchant* even of (jlreat Britain that
the opium trade lias proved to l>e the chief, if not the
only ohatacle in the way of legitimate trade between
the different nations of Christendom and the Celestial
Empire. Had it not been for this baneful and
demoralizing narcotic, which the British East India
Company has so long made the basis of an unholy
and ruinous exchange with its Chinese customers,
i- the trade between China and the treaty nations
y would before this time have been established upon a
s footing more in accordance with the legitimate laws
of commerce than it is at present, or is likely to be
y so long as this deleterious drug is made subservient
'? to the morbid cravings of cupidity and avarice.
r Take from the Chinese the means of brutalizing and
stupifying themselves ; leavo them in possession of
? their senses, and conscious of their true wants, and
e soon, in tho ordinary course of trade und the conse?
quent progress of civilization, the looms of Great
'< Britain and the factories of New England would
8 furnish a more profitable and a more natural ex8
change for tho silks and the teas of China than
1 ... ,
' (lio vast treasure winch now u<{iii<iui<ar? mu nouvy
e balunco of trade between that country and EngI
land and the United States. It is monstrous that,
e for the sako of adding some twenty millioiiH of doll'
lars a year0 to tlio revenues of the EnBt India CoinpaII
ny, (lie connnerce of the leading nations of the world
should thus he deranged and driven out of the known
r and ordinary channels of legitimate trade. Thero in
0 no instance in the history of commerce, ancient or
modern, which can afford a parallel to the Chinese
8 trade. The aggregate value of its costly exports for
any one year is absolutely marvellous ; and yet, to
'' supply the wants, gratify the tastes, uugment the
e comforts, improve the morals, and advance the civild
ization of its 500,000,000 inhabitants, what does it re>
ceive from civilized, enlightened Christendom in re'f
j turn ? Forty million dollars' worth of opium, and
i- the residue in ''bullion and specie or drafts on Lon'1
don !''
c Let us glance for a moment at our own treasury
n books, and see how the account stands between the
p United States and China. Wo have the data at
d hand :
y Exports to China. Iinjiorts from Chinu.
loll. >1 Ml 711 M KOI RSI
184 7 1,832,884 6,583,343
184 8 2,130,013 8,083,490
B 1849 1,683,224 6,613,785
3 1850 1,005,217 0,693,402
1861 2,485,287 7,005,144
' 1852 2,003,177 10,593,950
8 1853 .3,730,992 10,673,710
0 1854 1,398,088 "10,500,329
1855 1,719,429 11,048,720
o Totul 20,540,052 82,155,830
If These totals give an annual average during the ton
it years Holocted of 82,054,605 of imports, against
d 88,215,583 of exports?leaving an annual balance of
!- trade in vavor of China and against the United States
e of $<5,294,151, which our merchants, if they cannot
'f roduce it by some nnlooked-for turn of trade in their
s favor, must liquidate with specie or bullion, since
they are destitute of the talismanic currency of the
o East India Company,
J This anomalous and unnatural state of things is not
I. !?a.. _i -l.i.. 4i.? _..4i.??:t:-?
" | JUHll^ guai^itwivj IU 11IV V1IIIIOTU aKUIUlitlCO. A UXJJ
>- | involved their country in all the horrors of a fierce and
J sanguinary war in their efforts to close their ports
'* . against this nefarious and brutalizing traffic j and, al|
though their laws donounce it still as illegal and fora
hidden, perhaps it is to tho terrible memories of
" i that war that the company's agents have ever
0 since been so successful in conducting their contraband
opium trado in the very presence of the Chinese
r Tho experience of the past two years has left in
e us but little confidence in the philanthropy of tho
different societies that throng the norticos of Exeter
e Hall. Still there is 110 harm in promising that the
"London Society for the Suppression of Opium
L' Smuggling" will receive our sincerost thanks if
r ' they accomplish, as they propose, the suppression
0 ; of this universal nuisance. The first of their series
3" j of tracts 011 this subject takos hold of tho matter in
r ! the right way. Lot them address to tho operatives
" at Manchester and tho capitalists in London such ar|
guments as tho following, which wo copy from their
first number, and they will soon euro the evil:
^ | " The opium trade has Interfered with the legitimate
y trade to an unusual extent since ttie ojiening of the north?
era i>orta. Bilk in particular bus been taken in barter for
opium to a ycry large extent. Before the treaty tho ship0
merits of raw silk to Great Britain wore from .'1,(100 to
e 5,000 luites annually. It lias increased more than fivp0
fold. 'Hiis would have operated favorably upon the import
of niaiuifucturcrl goods ; but the silk taken in barter
't for opium was shipped to England and sold at a profit,
whilst Lancashire and Yorkshiro goods, tire legitiinute 111
! tides of exchange, would have rotted in tho stores at
Shanghai had tho factors not pushed them off for what
a they would fetch."
f, 1 ,
Koport 011 tlic Commercial Relations of tho United
' ; States with ull foreign nations, juirt 1, p 522.
r- , Just as we were going to press, wo received the
g following special telegraphic despatch, announcing a
1- democratic victory at York, rennsvlvaiiia, thus
il ! proving that tho sentiments embraced in tlio Prcslin
dent'H Inaugural Address aro the sentiments of the
if j people :
ie ! York, (l'a.,) May 2.?At our lmrough election to-day
|] I the democrats elected their borough officers lor the first
i time In forty yearn, electing' Peter Mclntyre ehief burger
I l?y sixty-five majority. Last fall, when Mr. Buchanan
! carried the county by an unprecedented majority, thin
^ | borough wan against him. A large vote was jKilled.
^ i We have alroady announced tlio redemption of the
,H i third congressional district of Michigan. In tho re
I | maining three district* the clouds are rapidly breakH
| ing. "There is nothing," says tho Detroit Freo Press,
i "in the signs of tlio times that need discourage the
II i true democracy of Michigan ; on the contrary, to the
"" I careful observer of the elements of tho political ati
inosphere, there is everything of encouragement in
10 the indications of tho horizon." The same paper con""
tinues; "The democratic party is animate with the
c" elements of success. It lias thousands of the young
1,0 ipon.of tlio 8hUe in jts yanks, I^ot them assume the
influence and directing yithin the party to which
ll' ; they aro entitled, L#t them infuse Uroir energy into
1 every department of its organization. Let. young
men's democratic associations bo everywhere formed, I
h1 upon the plan of that which has just been organized
In in this city, and with these let the democratic press
L'o co-operate, and, our word for it, Michigan will not,
re after the next contest, remain enveloped in tlio cloud
of black republicanism "
It is not our intention to become partisans in the
somewlut complicated and incomprehensible war- {
faro now raging in the Empire Htate, though it would j
be gross affectation to protend indifference to the result.
Hut as questions arc involved in the contest
in which the welfare of the entire Union is deeply
concerned, we feel ourselves justified in occasionally
noticing what is going on in that quarter. For
example : no small degree of curiosity has been expressed
and great anxiety displayed to know something
about the gentlemen lately selected by his excellency
Governor King (the worthy successor of
Governor Clark) to preside over the police of the
great emporium. We regret our inability to gratify
them, though not to know such distinguished persons
may argue ourself unknown. We have no
doubt, however, they are all eminently qualified for
their highly-responsible duties ; for if the old proverb,
"set u thief," &c., &c., is well founded, it seems
to follow as a general proposition that a thorough
initiation into the mysteries of roguery?videlicet,
black-republicanism?will best qualify them for the
selection of tlioso whoso'especial function it iB to detect
rogues and bring them to condign punishment.
However this may be, though the reputation of
three of those gentlemen has not reached the banks
of the Potomac or crossed Mason & Dixon's lino, and
we are totally ignorant of the military exploit* of
General Nye, wo are fortunately enabled, by the favor
of a New York correspondent, to ftnufth lh<| following
brief sketch of the person placed at the head
of the commission, and who, it is presumed, will
control its action:
" His career," says our correspondent, " on the wlrolo,
has Ih'cu Homewhut illustrious, or, rather, I should say,
notorious, were it not that notoriety and lame are pretty
much the same now-a-days. Witness the Rev. Mr. Kalloch,
and his female auditors at the Trenront Chapel, who
were so smitten with his adventures at Lechmere House
that they erowded |xs>r Mrs. K. out of the meeting, apjmientlv
in hopes the parson would cou over his notes
again. The life of this gentleman is distinguished by
three great epochs. The first was under the cognomen of
'the man in the claret-colored coat,' who figured almost an age
ago in the fiunous attack on the New York arsenal, where
he distinguished himself in n rcmnrkahle manner, and
rendered the eluret-eolored coat almost as famous as King
Stephen's breeches, or Senator Sumner's velvet dip, which
he puts on when he poaches on the classics by the midnight
" The second avatar of the man in the claret-colored
coat was in connexion with what is still rcinciuberud as
'the pipe-laying speculation,' whose object was precisely
tliut of the present plot for undermining the freedom of
election in New York. A number of distinguished characters
(wlro have since been extinguished) were concerned
in this plot; largo sums were contributed by pious,
munificent gentlemen, (who do not want their names
mentioned,) and hundreds of persons paid for coining
from Philadelphia or elsewhere, for the purpose of smuggling
in their votes under the patronage of the p'n>e-layers
and their inspectors of [rolls. In order to escape detection,
the business was characterized in the letters, some
of which afterwards became public, as 'pipe-laying,' every
consignment of voters being invoiced as so many feet of
pipe. The plan was wonderfully ingenious, and did
great credit to the man in the claret-colored coat, who
had the credit of its paternity. It, however, got wind ;
the affair came before tire grand jury ; indictments were
found ; and the man in the claret-colored coat, with several
of his confederates, did incontinently cut a stick,
niakc tracks, and make themselves scarce till the storm
blew over.
"The third great avatar of the man in the clarct-coloved
coat was when lie turned up out of the mud of
oblivion us a |*?rty in tlio purchase of old Fort Gunscvoort,
at Greenwich, which hail lieon ceded to the city by
the United States, and sold by the cor|snation at a price
very much approved, (by the purchaser,) that is to say, at
somewhat less than half Its value. The man in the claret-colored
coat figures in this transaction, but whether as
principal or accessory no one, we believe, can toll, 4?r lie
is a perfect cuttle-fish, and always leaves a black streak
behind him- The business was referred to a committee of
the corporation, some of the memliens of which were implicated
in the transaction, as it was presumed they were
the best judges of the matter ; the clamor gradually died
fiurnv in (htnflo <vIigph unitw* lmtrnr ititH'P. of rot'liorv
came to light, and the man in the claret-colored coat,
who, like Castor and Pollux, never appears except in' a
Btorm, sunk for a time below the horizon.
"Ever and anon, however, he pops up again?sometimes
as a candidate for one place, sometimes another.
But t)iat unlucky claret-colored coat, and still
moro unlucky pipe-laying simulation, have always
stood in liis way. He lias now, however, through
the charity of Governor King, been uppojntpd to a
station for which ho is eminently qualified, for the reasons
heretofore given ; and 1 will do him the justice to
express my decidod oojiyiotion tjiat lie will give the most
complete satisfaction to his employers, aqil brush lip the
claret-colored coat almost as good as new. I look to see
tiro wearer become as illustrious as tire hero of Tremont
Chapel, and other reverend impostors who have lately
dodged the law only to ire more emphatically condemned
by the grand inquest of society. These privileged delinquents
seem to think that if they wriggle themselves out
of the meshes of the law they come off witli (lying colors ;
hut 1 can toll them there is an ap|>eal to a higher tribunal?the
public sentiment?from which they cannot cs
cape, and which luw already consigned them to the limbo
of l'urgatory. In my opinion, it is a groat error of the
church to interpose it* influence to wrest a clerical delinquent
from merited punishment. The escape of a clergyman
under circumstances where an ordinary culprit would
certainly be convicted and punished is far more injurious
to tlio pipircli of which lie is a member than his condemnation
and punishment. Wc can pity the victim of crime,
but cannot, jmrdon the triumphant criminal."
Mr. John lb Rllwoqd, a prominent politician in
Home, New York, of tlio Fremont school, has been
spending some time in Kansas. In writing homo to
his friends, lie does tlio administration the justice to
" Furthermore, I will do the administration the justice
to concede that I do not believe they mean to interfere in
liehulf of the 'ruffians,' and which, as you know, I
could not say of its predecessor. At least I swll nay thin
us fur as regards Secretary Stanton, who came In with ns
yesterday, addressed ua on the twmt brforw mril'tlq^ivrc,
and also flic citterns here after his arrival. If, lie acta an
the index of the administration, I repeat I think they
mean to act fairly anil impartially between the free-Stnto
anil pro-slavery \ otcrs of the Territory. In Haying thia,
do not undenttand me as .relinquishing my conviction that
Congress in the proper body to legislate for the Territories;
hut, hk tliat cannot now lie hoped, it in to lie left to the
people of the Territory to decide at to the character of
their Institutions; it in gratifying to believe that they will
have a fair opportunity of doing ho, and which liaa heretofore
Item denied them."
llero is the moat ample evidence that every pledge
niado by the friends of tlio new administration haa
been fully redeemed. If every black republican
would bo equally candid, and frankly speak the whole
truth, wo should hear no more of disturbances in
Kansas, and the country would ceaso to bo agitated
in relation to that Territory.
Wo copy the following from the Baltimore Republican
of last evening's issue :
"Judge Mohoi), the newly-appointed collector of the
cUBtomH for our city, this morning took possession of his
office, and we doubt not will prove himself in every respect
qualified to discharge the responsible duties of the
position. Judge Mason is too well known in the State
| for his high moral and intellectual standing to need
I eulogy front any oPc IJfs social ur.d personal qualities
I are not- lens pleasing, ami we predict' for him a popularity
1 as no officer at least equal to that ever enjoyed by any
, filling the (dace. Ex-Governor 'Jliomns, the retiring obllector,
leaves the office with the respect and confidence of.
the entire mercantile interest, ami tho rcpnhition of having
conducted the affairs of the custom lufiisc with remarkable
The Now York Humid keep* tho following notice
at tho head of its coIuiuuh : ,
'Notiok to tii* Politic* i. Kkikxm or Frkmokt?Tlie ^
honest and out-spoken |mlitical supporter* of John C. _
Fremont are earnestly advised to form, as soon ait possililo,
ttaiuliiuj ammuUeee and cluln in every town, prtcinct, district,
city, or county of the United State*, and thus prepare the
way properly to enter tho Odd for the presidency in I8t>0. Iul
Unlet** tlih friendi* of Fremont la-gin at once to act in thin ''"I
way, he and hi* supinators will be cheated by the corrupt
politicians who art now seeking the management and contrU tf rl?
the republican masses throuyhout the country. Now ia the time an'
to U-gin the great movement for l8t>0, by forming honest
central of union and intelligence ugaiust corruption mid ""
incipient revolution." t/.
. tb<
It would lie highly gratifying hi the public to
know who constitute the "honed" supporters of John chi
C. Fremont for tho presidency, at* well an those who 'JCI
are "the corrupt politician who are now seeking the |>oi
management and control of the republican masses through- nM
out the country." Wo hope some one competent to do rM.|.
ho will point out thono two cIuhmch who eeek to con- bci
trol tho republican masses, and specify the individ- cu'
uals, so that the people may know and appreciate tai
them. "lo*
? !>'<
A Quebec paper of tire 23d ult., (Le Courier tin a,
Cumulii,) published in French, in an article oil the sta
northern railroad between Quebec and 1-ake Huron, l''!
quotes from a cotcmporary as follows: tec
" In the event <>f a war with the United States, the l'n
.existence of Canada as an independent State might do- 1111
(Mind ujsm this line of railroad. Without it 1 sewer Can- wt
uda would be in itossession of the enemy in fourteen i lays;
for in that time the most powerful invading uriny could P?
reach Richmond, take possession of the line, cut off all
communication with tlic main trunk, aiul thus secure a ""
mcuuh of advance ten times more rapid than that of any bit
defending army, which, In the absence of a railroad into KUI
tho interior of I<owur Canada, would find itself virtually wr
deprived of all means of communication with Montreal lls<
iuiiI Upper Canada. As h general rule, u State lying con- Ju"
tiguous to a more powerftll [foreign) State should have lK>l
an many parallel linen [ruiirouilj anil as few per]icudki, to
ular lines an possible leading to iln frontier. The reason OHt
in clear: perpendicular lines on u frontier may l>e used for lK"
offensive, lis well an defensive, purposes, while [inrallel fol
lines can serve only for purposes of defence. The project- ""I
ixt line, la-sides having the advantage of lieing 100 miles
from the frontier, would, la-sides, have the river Ht. Law- tin
rencc between it and the frontier along its whole length, Bi1
and at its terminus at Outuouais (Bytowu) there would he
an easy communication 1st, with Kingston and lake 'ai
Ontario by the liideau canal; 2d, with Upper Canada and ""
Lake Huron by the river Oulaouuis ; ad, with Brock- K?<
ville, u]>on the St. Lawrence, by railroad. By this means, l,r<
if an invading army should obtain possession of (lie whole bo
of Lower Canada up to the St. Lawrence, he could still Un
he driven )?ack l>y means of a railroad on the north bank, ''n
and nut othtrwke. pal
" An enemy once established on the line of the main
trunk, with liattcrics planted ut suitable points on the bit
St. Lawrence, would have tire whole of Lower Canada at a'"
his mercy, and, what is of the most vital importance, cut ?*'<
off ull reinforcements from England." o o o
"On the whole, we do not hesitate to declare that, in
case of a witr with the United States, the Independence,
and even the existence, of Canada would deix-nd upon a (>u
line of railroad, at a distance from the frontier ; and, in
this view, the projected road would be the very Ix-st that rt'?
could bo constructed. Nothing is clearer than that the ^ ?
portion of the line between Quebec and Like lluron, rail
which would |?iss through Ijower Canada, would prove of to :
the greatest importance to that province, in a military
point of view."
Wo sincerely trust that our Canadian friends will ran
bo successful iu completing tlicir great northern we]
railroad between Quebec and Lake Huron, though wa
we arc equally sincere In flic hope that the contin- '>0f
gency hinted at in tho foregoing extract may never l!"
We copy the following from tho New York Daily
News: fro
"Judge Davies has rendered a decision in the case of
the injunction at first granted on tho complaint of the
mayor. He sustains the ground that every tax-payer and
corporator has a right to bring an action for an injunction 7 It
against any person or persons committing an act which j
may increase the taxes anil burdens of the city, but dis- \
solves the Injunction because the allegation is not mode j
by tAic complainant that lie brings the action not merely 1
for himself, but for all others similarly affected. A sun- -j
pie amendment, or the commencement of a new action,
would, of course, if there was any necessity, dispose of "H'
thm purely teebnlcnl ground. In the meanwhile the quo oesi
warranto nnd the other Injunctions hold the commissioners hel
fast, so that they will be uiiuble to 'lay pipe' until the. do- ten
cision of t||e case by the court of appeals." jj
The lion, John W, Stevenson, who has boon nonii- TV
nated liy tilt- democrats fur Congress in tho tenth dis- J
trict, Kentucky, is a son of the into Andrew Steven- i
son, for bo many years Speaker of tho House. tho
Tho Bridgeport (Connecticut) Farmer comes to us 'j11
in an enlarged anil improved form. The proprietors V
havo our best wishes for farther and increased sue- amj
Hon. D. C. Glenn, the abloand distinguished attor- )
ney general of Mississippi, declines a re-election. He j
has held the ollioe for eight years. gen
l!y tho way of New York we have Hay lien dates
to April 4. The news in one respect is important, vor
as showing a disposition on tho part of Soulotnpio to
suspend hostilities against the Dominicans, which
never added much to his military prestige, and to 1
cultivate for a time the arts of peace. 7'ho following tiv'
is the ollleial announcement of the truce, taken from ^
the Moiiilcur Haitien of March 2H, the official journal 1
of tho imperial government: 1
"The Minister of Foreign Affairs, by ids despatch
dealing date 19 th of February, amunmces to the chargtf sue
d'alia ires of France and to her liritannic Majesty's consul mu
that, in compliance with their request, liis Majesty the (n,
Kmperor griuits a triage to the inhabitants of the eastern
dejiartiuent, to extend from February 14tli, of the present
fear, to the same date in the year 1 H3!>. In consequence, '
orders have lieen immediately despatelicd for the eessntion Tin
of hostilities along tho lines occupied by the posts and 1
garrisons of tiie imperial government. i
" The Minister of Foreign Allans, by his despatch of ^
Mareli 19, announces also to the representatives of France
and F.ngiand that his Majesty penults the Dominicans to
travel freely, iukI attend to all kinds of business, civil and no
commercial, in every part of the empire." cop
The Key West correspondent of tlio Journal of ,
Comnierco writes on tlio 25tli ultimo : ?
Tlie Igiited States sloop-of-war Saratoga, Commander
Tilton, arrived in our harbor the evening of the 20th, 1
from Aspinwall via Havana. Commander 'l^lton came in inf<
for supplies and to give his men "lilierty," and opportu- tlir
nity to recruit. The ship was also to lie refitted, [mint- ital
ed, and thoroughly cleaned ; but orders were found hen- wh
from Hie department, directing tbs slop to Norfolk, there cht;
to receive supplies, &c , and tlien proceed to tho Pacific. Is'c
She Bccorrllngly left the port the morning of the 22d, stal
mueii to the regret of our citisens, who always welcome lie
the presence of our ie>hlc ships and' their gallant crews. Mo
As some alleviation to their general djsqpjiojnfmeiit, we elm
have heard that the frigate Wabash, witli flic Commodore, MH
is to arrive here in a short time, for cvmls, and wilt remain esti
during a largo part of the summer months in our waters. Pre
The Uliitod Stab's steam transport Fashion, Cnpt. coh
Smith, arrived at this port tiie 22d instant, from Tuinpa vici
hay. Capt. Plenaanton, aid-de-eamp to Gen. Ilamcy, tlio
mine passenger, en route to Washington. Col. Loomis *joyi
returns in tlte Fashion, to take command of the troops in einl
Florida; Gen. Harney having been ordered to Kansas. \
'Ihe steamer Isabel leaves tliis evening for Charleston.
Among flu' imssengors are Major Sanders of the Engineers,
and Capt I'icasapton of the 2d Artillery
The United States schooner Oerrge Sreert, fhnt. Comnmilder
Watkins, arrived tije 23d from Havana. esp
I'uliivatwu uj Tubaccu in Baden ~~A correspondent at Hull
write* an follow* in regard to the forniatiou ol a eoiuuy
to promote the cultivation of tobacco in that Grand
A joint-stock conqiany is now being formed in linden
the |>uriHj?e of cultivating and dealing in tobacco. 'Hie
atal is tixod at two millions of florins, In 4,000 shares
600 florins each, divided into two series. 'l'he first noil
alone, of ouu million, will be issued for the present,
d tiulMcrilxTH to it will have the privilege for Kubaeri)g
for half the ahana of the second series, the reuudcr
to be reserved for the uutuugcrs. These are W.
W. Auderst, of Heidelberg ; llaron liabo, president of
s "Central GardeiiH" of the Agricultural Society of
rlsrtilic ; Mr. Allx-nt Haas and W. (i. Muller, meruit*,
('srlsiube ; Mr. Von Habcr, consul of Wurtemrg
; and Mr. F. Haber, consul for llremen Carlsruhe,
il Mr. Lanier, capitalist, of Haden. An interest of live
r cent, is to be paid on instalments, and out of the net
rtmue live per cent, is to be carrhsl to a reserve fund,
e managers and other capitalists of Kulen huvc sub
ibed for 750,(100 tlorins ; and 260,000 florins are now
ing subscrilied for by the public generally. The
Ideation of tobacco ou extensive plantations, on
larger scale, anil under an intelligent direction, cernly
promises favorable results ; and probably an asialion
of enpihil and experience for this enterprise will
rve more lieneheial and satisfactory than most of Undertakings
of the present day. Tile augmentation in
i prices of toliacco during a series of yi-ars is the conpieniv
of the unforeseen increase of its consumption,
iliculurly in cigars. It is possible that b:ul crojis in
nericu may have been partially the causi', but the con.iitly-tulvancing
quotations is a reasonable proof that
j production is not adequate to the demand.
The extension of the cultivation of tolxu-co in the I'niI
States has Is-en very great, but it has recently liecn
>portionally greater in middle or southern Germany ;
il should the culture of it extend to all puis of the
'rid, one specie* of tobacco will remain the property of
s valley of the llhine and of a few other districts. That
rticulur kind is the leaf tobacco, so pcculiaily suited
cigar-wrappers. The price of this quality 1ms attained
d greatest advance ; and the more the cultivation of
xicco shall Ik- extended in other countries, and the conniption
increased, the higher will range the price ol
uppers, so necessary to give it the agreeable form foi
-. The valley of the llhiiie, with its even climate and
;t decree of hlimiilitv its mneeni.-il soil end n.l.iM.l o.f
filiation, in thought to lx> equal, nil things considered,
tiie tx'st countries for the cultivation of tobacco. Tlii*
imate apjienrs sustained by the fact that at the Paris Kxsition
the gold medal wan awarded to Karon Halo I'm
latco grown near Carlarulre, w hich wire declared to be
potior to that furnished by the Ix-st tobacco countries in
: world - the West Indies not accepted. At the same
10 the silver medal was granted for tobacco grown in
iesgnu, in tire same duchy.
lire managers of the new company, in addition to
ids rescued by long leases, have already entered upon
> purchase of some six hundred acres, which, from Hand
quality of the soil, and rather low price paid, will
>ve a profitable acquisition. Karon Kalsi and Mr. 1 aiiter,
th experienced agriculturists, and especially versed in
3 cultivation of tobacco, will iiavc the management ol
grounds, whilst the trading operations of the com
ny are to be conducted by \V. Audcrst, of Heidelberg,
is intended not merely to maintain, but to advance, the
fh reputation of haden as a tobacco-producing country,
J I have no doubt the company will do much towards
oniplishing that laudable object.
Fanning in Keu) York.? Mr. Albert C. Van Alstyne, of
oiidaga county, New York, in a letter to the Comniisner
of Patents, states that farming in that section of New
rk has not been reduced to any system. Horses are
<cd for home use only, and arc sold readily at from $100
1150 apiece. A good milch cow cannot he bought foi
i than $40 or $50. Hqrksy yielded the jmst season al
; rate of 35 bushels to the acre, and sold at prices
iging from $1 to $1 15 per bushel. Corn luid not done
11 of late years, In consequence of the shortness of the
son. A number of varieties of spring wheat hud
n experimented with l>y the writer, of which he men
lis thp China lea as the test. Winter wheat liad detcrated
in consequence of the weevil.
$ailiny of the Dale.?The sloop-of-war Dale, Commander
irles H. McBlair, sailed on the cloy before yesterday
in Norfolk for the coast of Africa.
e American in Japan; An abridgment of the government
narrative of the United States Kxjxxlitlon to Japan
inder Commodore Perry. By Robert Tomes. D. Apileton
& Co., New York. For sale by Taylor & Maury,
dr. Tomes has discharged his delicate and responsible
,ies us uuubridgcr with threat fidelity and complete sueThe
work is handsomely printed, most liberally onilislicd,
and should, and no doubt will, command an exRive
sale. Its low price places it within the reach ot
whole reading public.
? Year* Ago. By the llov. Charles Kingsloy. Ticknor
i Fields, lioston. For sale by Taylor & Maury, Wuslington.
'Two Years Ago" is from the [wn of tho gifted aur
of "Amyas Leigh," a work which has passed
ough several large editions. A glance at the first two
pters of Mr. Klngsley's last work liar confirmed preus
inipresslons in regard to tho vigor of his intellect
I the graces of his composition.
imatic Scenes, with other poems, now first printed.. By
tarry Cornwall. Ticknor & Fields, Boston. For sale
>y Taylor & Maury, Washington.
Yw Knglish poets of the nineteenth century are more
icrally read than Barry Cornwall. His warm admirers
y Ikj numbered by thousands on ls>th sides of the Attic.
In the volume before us we have, in sfiurkling
fusion, those rare gems of thought for which the eurliei
ses of Barry Cornwall are distinguished.
vis. By Charles Swain. Whittemore, Nilcs, ft Hall.
For sale by Taylor tit Maury, Washington,
i neat and attractive volume, containing several fugl*
pieces of decided merit.
in/* rial GmfraUy Kuoirn: A popular lmnd-book of facts
sit readily accessible in literature, history, and science,
kilted by David A. Wells. D. Applcton A Co., Newfork.
For sale by Taylor & Maury, Washington,
l more interesting and valuable work has not liccn isil
from the press in many months; and we feel as if
Icr a personal obligation to Mr. Wells for what may Isly
termed his labor-saving volume The plan of the.
k, although most comprehensive in its scope, has
n executed with felicity and accuracy.
World's (hcv. By Julia Ward Howe. Ticknor &
^iehls, Boston. For solo by Taylor & Maury, Woslington.
ki much has been written about "Tho World's Own" in
New York and Boston |ia|>crs, that our city readers
doubt will Ik* pleased to learn from the aliovc that
ics can lm procured from Messrs Taylor & Maury.
r Churches and VaMort i/ W<i*hini//on, (D. C.,) with five
tundred topics of sermons, and a list of all the church
dificos and their localities. By Lorenzo I). Johnson,
iuthor of Chaplains of flie Oovcnnnent. New York :
if. W. Dodd, 1857.
rhis is a ple.isant little volume, containing a mass of
sanation of interest to the religious community
oughout the land ; forasmuch as the city of the expand
the District of (Columbia am the property of the
ule countiy. Such a collection of facts respecting the
irebes anil )Kistors of Washington baa not heretofore
n placed before the public. We glean the. following
List its : Baptist churches in Washington, four; Cathochurches,
five; Kpisco|>al churches, six ; Friends'
L-ting-houar, on? ; .lew*' Synagogue, one; Lutheran
irehes, three; Methodist Kpim o|>nl ehurches, ten ;
IhodM KpiKeOjial I'hrtivh South, one ; Methodist Protmt
ehurchea, two; New Jfpmkm chttreh, one;
shyterinn rhurdie*,, eight; Unitarian church, on?;
wwd churches, nine. Sketches are given of the wr;?
aiul regulations of the various churches. The aur,
residing in Washington, luu for aereral years enpil
the best advantage* for the collection of the fad#
braced in this work.
Ve dip from a western paper the foregoing notice of
Ook which several weeks ago was laid upon our tabic,
which we have ncv?T found time to examine. It ia
tlv gotten up, and must he a conVenh irt Itoftd-liobk,
Kftln for strangers looking after churches in Wash
ington. Wo are infcrtnOd thrt sinse the foregoing work
was compiled another chapel has Ihm *i opticd on th,
corner of 6th anil N streets, under the auspices of 'hiniu
church, culled the Trinity Mission Cbujiel. The work h
for Nile at our liookstores.
75> the Editor of the Union *
Sib : My attention lets been U> a imragrnph in
your jmper this morning, contain in^y some lutorumtj ?
received by the State De|>urtincnt lit 'relation to tin- ?ls,0
and cooly trade, which, though undoubtedly true in |(j
statement* an far an tliey Is calculated to lest,. a
wrong impression upon the public luiud, an it gives oiily
individual facta instead of a general view of those t*?
branches of traffic in human lalnir. I would, therefor,
intrude upou your ?|>aco for a word of explanation
\ 'Hie trude in coolies and African slaves in carried ou
from Cuba ut the present time with an activity that In*
not lawn hui pissed iu any former period, 'ihe fact that
numbers of inferior and dissonant races of men are beiur
polled into that island is looked upon with great alarm
by the native statesmen of Culm, ami their vokxw lmv?
been raised against it iu every |<ossible way, for they bo.
lieve that this increase in the numerical prvpindenuks
thereof the inferior and mixed racist over the white nae
is pregnant with danger to the future well beiug ead
social security of tire island. Hut tliis very reason li,-* ?r
the foundation of the policy of Spain in stimulating the
illegal trade with Africa on one Irani), and the unwiw
traffic with China on the other, losause she ballon* it
strengthens hor ltold upon the future destinies of tb?
island. 1 must do the higher Spanish officer* in Culm
the justice to acknowlolgo that I do not believe tlrey urs
animated solely hy a mercenary love of gain' in their cunuivnnce
at the slave trade, and tlieir ctlorts to increwo
the importations of coolies.
I do not wish, however, that a seemingly well-founded
charge of principal connivance in these transactions
sliouhl lie laid upon my own countrymen when I have
reason to believe they do not merit it.
in relation to the cooly trade 1 learn from sources of?
very high character in Cuba that the agitation iu the lust
Congrats of the question of their legal conveyance in
American ship* has alarmed the parties iu Havana principally
concerned in the matter, and that, although wrangewent*
for large importations have Isicn made,
orders for the charter of ships for uicir Con.ev;,njo have
lieen withtlrawn from New York aod trai -orTbd "jxlusively
to the porta of England. I r ; id |h".', 1 barn
reason to believe these parties have def/n^hjed f, avokl,
as far as possible, the enqiloyianu of /dt eri'xin ship in
the carrying of coolies from China to .,rJ to use,?,
far at possible, Englisli sliijis for that purpose.
as regards 1110 nuvo trade with Africa, Cuba is tinonly
country Hint amies it on since the Kmperor of Cr?
r.il h:is stopped it in hjs 1?.;.uijU?-;. Ail ihc efforts of
England to stop, or even tirinimsli. tho trrfjiu were iueloss
until the goverum, nt of flrozil determined that it
should cease; mid It did then cease so far as'that country
is concerned. This Is fully acknowledged by English an.
thoritlcs. )
The importation of Africans into Cuba being still connived
at by tho Spanish government there, the trade is
carried on in the following manner; Goods for the pur.
chose of tile slaves are sent to tho-coast of Africa in ll< it
traders from England. The parties in Culm, hav'ng icado
all their preparations for the procu-lngoi the uegr.ki,
then come to tiiis country ai>'. ffeioliase a vonset, with
the agreement that delivery of her shall be mode on the
coast of Africa. Nothing to inculpate the'vessel in the
slave trade need be put on Ixinrd of her here; and ns the '
seller of any article does not hold himself responsible, aor
does the law, for any use it may be put to after he has delivered
it, the slave trader finds no difficulty iu purchasing
the vessel, though generally he litis to pay pretty well fur
She departs for the coast with one or two passengers
only, and if, on arrival there, thuop|>ortnnity Is favorable
for her escape, the transfer is nt once made, and a few
hours suffices to put 011 lwmrd the negroes with rice and
water, and she is off' for Cuba. If tlreix* is a cruiser about
the purchaser finds abundant reasons to delay (he dcllv
cry of the vessel, lie luw not the money at hand to make
the final payment, mid the American captain naturally
refuses to give her tip until he has got his money. When
he gets this lie leaves her with his papers and his crew,
and she soon departs with slaves, but without pipers of
...... f... II... ..... 11... AH ?"i.
??.m ivi vmv um Auwiui;. ii m lliiLM'l- M
dom tliut some of the crew, tempted l>y high wages, will I
reship for the homewunl voyage. The American captain, I
with his ship's register and his money in his pocket, I
woks another conveyance book. I
It will be seen, therefore, that the cooly troilo is now I
principally In English hands, and the slave trade appa- I
rently in those of Americans. I do not well gee how I
legislation can prevent tie: delivery of .our vessels abroad; H
and it is my hulief that only'such action as will remove I
the political reasons which sustain the cooly and slave I
trade in Cuba will effectually stop it. Our legal trade I
with the coast of Africa is already largo and profitable, I
and any impedimenta thrown in the way of our ships I
tlierc will give our coni(>ctiters an ndvantagc. Tho evil I
can only be reached by stopping the connivance of the I
Spanish government at the hunling of slaves in Cuba. B
lire captain-general there is as despotic as an officer coil I
lie, and, should his orders from home direct him to do so, I
ho can stop the importation of slaves there. [
Very respectfully, your oliedicut servant, [
Washington, April 2.r>, 18!i7. I
Our indulgent |vircnt, Squire Bull, it appears bys
statement of his affairs copied in the Union tt few day*
ago, is certainly the richest old cgilgcf in flic world, or
that ever lived in the world. Midas himself, who turned
everything he touched to gold, can't hold a ca|idle to
him, except in the article of ears ; (Irrcsiis v. o* only *
"oopjier captain King Solomon a Jew pedlar; Stephen
Oirard what the French call n juvmrr JiiMe; and John
Jacob Astor a (laupcr. He figures up 4,417,000,000
(rounds sterling. It makes our moutliH water, and W
eyes loo, at the thought, of having, by our umlutifill conduet,
been, as it were, disinherited, wln rt^iy we forfeited
all claim to u share of this rich inheritance. Four thousand
four hundred and forty seven millions r.teiling! "
is really a wonderful suin, almost etpial to the revenue of
j the Isirdship of Halmigundy, which, according to Monsieur
Balndais, amounted to 690,000,(MM),000,000 millions
[ of livres, 1 resides the periwinkles. It Is recorded that the
Lord of Halmignlidy spent all this in three days after
coming into prrsscssion, Wxides running in debt alssit i"
much more ; after which lie wrote several ingenious looks
on the inestimable advantage* of borrow lug and never
(laying, in which he developed the just principles of political
economy. Our Indulgent |iarcnt, though he don't
s|>end his income quite go fast as tho Ion! of Saliuigursly,
is equally exjiert in borrowing, and still more ro In dim
oust rating tho lulvantages of the system, especially
those who lend him money. Far lie it from us, however,
to question hi* riches, though we cannot repress our surprise
that, having such a prodigious superfluity of cssh,
he is always In want of money, and has run up a score of
sonio seven or eight hundred millions. However, H w
none of our business ; only we confess this array of asset*
on one hand, and dvdits on the other, forcibly brings to
our recollection n stave of an old Jacobite song of tk?
time of William the Third :
" Never was nation in this world before
Ho very rich, and yet so very (ssir.*''
The Oswego (New York) Times of Monday says: H")
phenomenon . I mirupe on lj\ke Ontario wan witnenK*
by many of our eitiwns yesterday to a ik|ih we never
licfure heard of. From the liiuh point near the f'"'t
I tinee KdtVHi'ds island. completely across llie lake on the
Canada ahoro, it could 1* seen distinctly. The Ihuk and
Oallon i, lam Ik were ho plainly marked out that the Iret*
and small oli)ects on the shore we re plainly seen Kven
the lee In the Money island (sissum leading: to HaekettS
Harboj was vjslbje

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