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i| WASHINGTON CITY.
. SUNDAY, JUDY 4. I?M.
At Ukj buauusa of lb? I'UHXI ctuldwhiiunt to rlew of lb' |>rupo-ied
Jl'buBgn 111 II* term*, will bo cuoduntcd utriclly uu a u**b Inula, all
-fcouut lur Uin colkx-Uun ut BUl'*cri|iUoo* for I lie I'nton are dm oo
Hfiwl A"" iM'uieou nbonM be made l? Agtuta afler th? iUle, e?
i wibiuMr W. C. Lii>?eoiul), jr., a bo 11 authorized to make eoUecb< ?
u. laiiawara, liar) Uuut, uud Virginia,
a *miim>im>, maicb 12, hob ?if.
I l'be foregoing notice la not intended lo Include any agent* or oollec
toe* U.*l on am* inytiy 111 bate bereiufore ot loyod In till.*, city, but
ib'.ae only who have I" rlonii"d audi eervlco In other part* of the
imbIrfi, , Ap.119?If
1 1L 1L1.J.IL- -- INDFPKNDENCE
The day of our National Independence suggests
tite topic for innumerable sermons and editorials
this morning. Pome preachers, lay and clerical,
fiercely defiant of Providence, will play over the extravaganza
hist introduced by the priests of Baal
i evtial centuries ugo ; the clear air of this bright
morning will be tortured with fierce cries bewailing
our national degeueraoy, and the still blue sky will
be iuoulfcd for withholding its tardy bolts of vengeance.
But we wish to otter tho God of Nations a
purer worship and a more fitting sacrifice ; from the
altar of the Union we would have ascend the grate
??'fhaiikfiiliiuaa for u historv unmatched
In any upon clear record, or half hidden in mythic
legends. lo the catalogue of wonders there is
no marvel ho rare an that upon which (lod
has written, America. Tho child of unnatural
parents, spurned in its youth, taught to endure burdens
too great for itH youugstrength, America bowed
its body duly long enough for its heart to feel the
pi tenure, when it hurled oppression from it with
the force of a giant. Still struggling for a place
amongst the nations, tardily received, as an imprudent
youth who if not tolerated might do himself
an. injury, gradually supplanting its self-sufficient
patruus, outstripping them all in the race of civilization,
and now lifting its head proudly above its compeers,
Ah some tall cliff
dwells from the vale. au?t midway leave* the atorm;
equalled in its rapid strides, perhaps, by only one
Ination, Russia?what a history 1
Wo love at SUeh times as this to look upon that
superb painting, by Ilealeyy of Franklin pleading
with Louis XVIII fur a recognition of the nationality
of the United States ; but if we were gifted as some
artists are, wo would to-day commence a nobler,
worthier, and more- instructive picture, for a comr.i
fh?t ii-rnnl hiufnrir-nl mcmnriid ?if. Hhnuld
be James Jjuchaoan guiding peacefully the stronglinibed,
manly giant, whose youth was so unpropitious,
and across whose countenance, even now,
occasionally, sectioualists and designing partisans
cause a flush of passion. After a period of remarkable
excitement, wo celebrate this anniversary of
American Independence in the midst of a dead calm
of the political elements. Seldom, indeed, has it
fallen to our lot to greet our readers with such uumingled
satisfaction as upon this national birth day.
We congratulate them upon internal quiet, returning
prosperity, aud the general prevalence of healthfulness,
oven in our great cities, notwithstanding the
unusual heat of the season ; upon an increased respect
from foreign nations, consequent upon the late
manly and vigorous assertion of our national rights
in the Gulf of Mexico ; upon the unbroken harmony
of a wise government, and the gradual dispersion of
the foolish heats which lately set the two great portions
of tho country in apparent antagonism.
God save the Union! Let it he shouted from the
Granite hills of New England, repeated by the pion??er's
lusty voice in the far West, and echoed in tho
palmetto groves of the sunny Pouth.
God save the President! God save the Union !
OUlt INTKR-CONTItfENTAL AFFAIRS.
We are advised, by every event of our progress,
as a nation, since the conquest of California and tho
lapid advancement of the l'acilic States, of tho overwhelming
importance, in a political and material
point of view, of our inter-continoutal territories.
It was to have been expected that tho great country
lying between the Mississippi aud Missouri rivers,
and stretching to the north, south, and west to the
settlements recently sprung info existence on the
Pacific coast, would, sooner or later, be inhabited.
The acquisition of Texas uud New Mexico on this
side, and California (and we may say Oregon) on the
other?for Oregon, as a political community, is an
outbirth of the settlements to the south of it?have
undoubtedly opened the whole interior country to
tho movement of population. It is but a few years
since it was tlie settled policy of tho United states
government?u policy concurred in by tho whole
American people?that tho territories lying west of
the Mississippi should bo set apart as the permanent
residence of the Indian tribes. It is now seen
how utterly impossible it is, even under the opera
tion of federal laws and tho covenants of treaties, to
set limits lo the progress <>f a superior over an inferior
race; for no sooner were the tribes sent to
th'-ir allotted homes than an overwhelming necessity,
which no power of the government could control,
demanded tho extinction of their now titles and
their removal to more distant parts. All the territories
west of the Mississippi up to the desert lines
of the iuterior arc not only occupied by our own
people, but Congress lias established, or is about to
establish, a government over them.
Kansas, Nebraska, .Minnesota, Utah and New Mexico,
to ibe wit sftht mountains, and Washington and
Oregon on the west, have been constituted separate
governments, one of w hich has already been admitted
into the Union as a sovereign State, and the
others arc in quick preparation for the same destiny.
Applications are else before Congress for tho extension
of the laws of the United States, and the organization
of governments over Dacotah and Arizona.
AVe allude to these facts in support of the theory
tll'll till* wtmlo ililnrin. ,.r 4l.? ?? ? 4.'. 4 I. .1 4.' 1
,,4 i,llo vuiiuuciii in urguiiuu
at aii early <lay to command its share of our rapidlyincreasiug
population. It is now little more than ton
yearn sinco California wan acquirod and settled.
That State has now not only a largo population, but
is euc of the most productive, wealthy, and powerful
1 members of the confederacy, combining within the
range of her industry aa great a variety of labor,
skill, and profit, as any other in the confederacy.
With an extended sea-coast and commodious harliore,
and looking out upon the commerce of tho Pacific,
from which it is able to command a perpetual
tribute, she is deHtinod to become one of tho first
commercial nations of the world. Thorp is, too, in
her condition, snoh a peculiar combination of advantages
for an independent Btato as to afford a continual
temptation to withdraw frofn the federal
|,Union. We do not imagine (hat the fountains of
! national patriotism t? <'atSfuruia, up tu tike present
tints, have l>?Ki poisoned by serious reflections ftpou
the oeneflts which might resuft to ite people from
! their position as an independent nation. It ia well,
; however, to consider theae thinga in connection with
j the rapid growth of 'hat country, and the still more
1 rapid advancement of Atlantic population to the
westward of the Mississippi. Without desiriug to 1
j enter into details, or to do more than take a mere
glance of the true condition of the whole country, j
and, especially, to refer to the great laws of population,
which uio seen to have been sufficient to abrogate
nearly all our treaties with the Indian tribes,
j and to have outstripped all Jnutian calculation, we
think it due to ourselves as a nation that these conijjupli
mi should be made the subject of deep retlec
i'tion by the American people. They point with irri
| sistible force to the necessity of so shaping the policy
! of-the country as to effect a consolidation of all its ]
; social, industrial, and producing interests.
By the rapid extension of population, production, j
ami commerce in California the spectacle is in fact
exhibited of the apparent existence there of au independent
government. This may be of little consequence
unless such a course shall be pursued 011
this side of the contiuent, by neglecting proper |
means to bring the two regions together;'?* to sub- !
stituto a real for what is now Only an imaginary j
The present administration have determined to
establish an overland-mail route across the continent.
This step is one of great importance, calling
for the adoption of measures to protect the line, thus
opening the interior to settlement. The chief obstacle,
it is well known, to the movement of people to
the centre of the continent is to be found in the hostile
attitude of the tribes who nro little more than
banditti, acting under immunities extended to them
in consequence of their barbarous character. We entertain
in reference to these tribes no morbid scntimentalisin.
Wo would apply to them means of reform
; but if those means fail, and their reduction
from savage states is found to he impossible, regarding
their extinction as sealed by tlie laws of mind,
we would adopt for the purposes of their government
precisely such remedies as may be necessary
to secure protection to our own people, and without
any regard to their peculiar welfare. We do not in
the administration of our own laws, to our own people,
exempt ignorance from tlio penalties of crime,
nor even admit it in mitigation of such penalties.
Urunkeiiness, which is the normal condition of most
of the Indians on our continent, constitutes no valid
excuse for wrong-doing ; and wo do not see why the
same rule thus rigidly applied to our own people
should not also be applied to the Indians within our
common territories. If it is said we have no statutes
providing for their punishment, and no courts and
officers to execute them, we answer we have means
to bring them to a moral accountability, and means
to punish them, equally effective. Wo suggest to
the country, at all events, whether, in view of the
increasing importance of our inter-continental affairs
and the necessity which exists for consolidating our
national territoriOH, a moro vigilant federal police
over the Indians is not demanded ? In our judgment
economy and the expenditure of moans, justice to
ourselves, arid a wise forecast of our great political
interest in the future, call for a revision of the
paat policy of tiro government in reference to those
SENATORS OWIN AND WILSON.
The Now York Evening Post has copied a letter
to the St. Louis Republican in reference to the lute
dispute in tho United States Senate between Senators
Gwin and Wilson, and has made that letter the
subject of editorial comment, with the evident desire
to relieve Senator Wilson from the disgraceful
imputations to which he has made himself liable,
both as a United States senator and as a gentleman.
We publish both the letter and the Post's article in
another column. It may be very natural that tho Post
should seek to defend tho republican senator, and
should feel sore that so prominent a member of tho
republican party should have placed himself in so
unenviable a position; but we must bo excused if
we express the opinion that the Post would have
acted a much moro friendly part towards Mr. Wilson
had it "overlooked" the entire affair, and not
reopened n discussion which no one can have so
much reason to regret as the senator from Massachusetts.
The Post insinuates that the communication to the
St. Louis Republican was "prompted more or less
directly by Senator Gwin himself.'' The falsehood of
this insinuation is apparent to all thoso who are familiar
with tho facts of tho case and the character
and reputation of the honorable senator from California.
There are several statements in tho letter with
regard to what occurred in tho Senate which are erroneous,
and prove, conclusively, that tho writer
was not "promptod," either directly or indirectly,
by Senator Gwin or by any of his friends. For example
: the writer says that Senator Gwin asked if
Mr. Wilson had not supported all the appropriations
for California. No such question was ever asked by
Senator Gwin. There arc many other minor points
in the letter which are equally erroneously stated. /
Wc have refrained from commenting on the facts
of this transaction because it was the evident desire
of the entire Senate that it should be consigned to
oblivion; hot because any exception was taken to
the conduct of Senator Gwin?which, we believe
that we are warranted in stating, was as completely
approved by every member of the Senate, without
distinction of party, as that of Mr. Wilson was emphatically
condemned?but because the members of
that body were unwilling that the disgrace of Senator
Wilson should roceive any further publicity. For
this reason tho entire proceedings in the Senate in
reference to tho dispute have been excluded from
tho Congressional Globe.
Tho Post further insinuates that tliore was sonio
doubt as to whether Senator Owin intended to prosecute
tho matter to a personal combat. Kverybody
here knows that this insinuation is a most malignant
falsehood, and that, were it not for tho Interference
of Senator Seward through Senator Davis, the col
Union would have been inevitable. The high, chivslric
reputation of Senators Davis and Gwin aro a
sufficient guarantee that the ono would not. advise
nor the other agree to anji departure from tho course
which Senator (!win had roRolvod to pnrnua which
could ho considered, In the moot minuto particular,
derogatory to hia lionor uiul ponition ; and we can
state further that, woro it not for Senator Itavia'H
interposition, no means of settlement would have
been possible other than a pergonal contlict. To
Solictor Davis al"Qe it due-ihe credit of havjjgg
averted the collision, and to Senator WJluon alone is j
due the odium of having provoked the quarrel by
the use of tho moat uuseemly language ever uttered
within the walls of the Senate of the United States,
With reference to Senator U win's having been
"upon the ground" before, we cannot ace what that
[has to do with tlio inaAer1. ^"tre Senator Gwin 4
member of the Society of Friends, we caa hardly
! imagine how he could have uvoided compelling Seuator
Wilson to retract in the fullest and moat one
quivocal manner the foul language which he diegracefully
addressed to him, or chastising lam in
case of his refusal so to do. Senator Wilson prudently
adopted the peaceful course, and made the
amplest apology to Senator (J win through Senators
Davis, Crittenden, and Seward, who stated thut they
were "possessed of tho fact" that Senator Wilson
did not intend to apply to Senator G win the insulting
language of which the latter gentleman complained ;
and here the matter would have rested, had not the
Post, in the excess of its republican zeal, irnpru
duutly revived it, and indulged in comments which
wc, "as public journalists, could not well overlook,"
unrt onlv nnfir.ft in iiufinA fit Haiui^ru TYsavto
Gwin, and to the trntii of the history of this, to Mr.
Wilson, discreditable affair.
NEWS FROM MEXICO.
Wo have given such reports in our paper to-duy
iu regard to affairs in Mexico as are within our
I reach, The public will agreo with us that there are
no people on the globe about whose, present action
there is so litllo certainty, and about whoso future
there is no earthly doubt. Mexico has enjoyed the
dignity of a national government for a goodly number
of years, but it has been changed iu even its organic
features, we had almost said, by each recurring
change of the moon. The people continue to demonstrate
the greatest extent of folly to which a nation
can attain. The present indications aro that the
government which succeeded Comonfort, whoso tenures
have really never been lixod, is about to give
way to another. It is not possible, under the circumstances,
to feel any great interest in a people
who do so little for themselves, and present always
a spectacle of anarchy. They are guided by neither
example nor principle. With abundant natural resources,?a
line climate, a rich soil, boundless mineral
wealth, sea-coasts and harbors 011 both oceans, they
present themselves to tho world a spectacle of weakness
and vacillation without any parallel iu history.
THE PROPOSED TERRITORY OF NEVADA.
It was apparent that a very strong feeling prevailed
iu Congress, before itsreceut adjournment, iu favor
of creating some provisional form of government,
either by the grant of a territorial act or otherwise,
for the settlers in Carson valley; but the pressure of
business during the few last weeks of tho session
prevented any action on tho subject, it will doubtless
be considered early in the next session, and
some proper law be passed that will meet tho dc
mantis or the settlers in tins beautmil valley.
In order to give the employees in the Union office
an opportunity to enjoy the celebration of the anniversary
of our National Independence, no paper will
be issued from this ollico on Tuesday morning next.
The next issue of the paper will be on Wednesday
We understand that Baron Wetterstodt yesterday
presented hTs credentials to the President and was
received as minister resident of his Majesty the
King of Sweden and Norway. We also learn that the
Chevalier de Sibbern, who for a leng time so acceptably
represented his government in that capacity
in the United States, has recently been appointed
Swedish minister at the Ottoman Porte.
PUBLIC TESTIMONIAL TO RON. J. OLANCY
On the 2 2d nit. a public dinner was tendered at Philadelphia
to Hon. J. Clancy Jones, chairman of the Committee
of Ways and Means of the House of Representatives,
which that gentleman was compelled to decline.
The call was signed by a largo number of the most respectable
gentlemen of the city. In his reply Mr. Jones
alluded to the important measures that had occupied tho
attention of Congress. He applauded the firm measures
taken by the President in arresting the outrages by
British vesscls-of-war in the American waters, and his
wise and prudent courso in relation to the financial embarrassments
of tho government. As a remedy for the
grcut. falling off in the revenue he suggested a modification
of the tariff at the earliest practicable moment; modified
so as to secure us a revenue of from 1(50,000,000
to $00,000,000 ; an additional sum sufficient to liquidate
the present debt of $05,000,000. 'llio idea of a protective
tariff he scouted as obaoletc, and at the present time
never alluded to iu Congress. 'Die great iron interest of
Pennsylvania, however, he urged, should be protected
by taxing iron to (lie utmost extent consistent with
tho revenue standard, because it is the article most consumed
THE SUBMARINE TELEGRAPH.
There hns iveen no news received of the Niagara, so
anxiously awaited on tliin side of the Atlantic, and consequently
the laying of the great ocean telegraph i? Ktill in
doubt. Indeed, a* the time increases the probabilities of
h failure increase. We fear the difficulties cannot be mastered,
and that we shall have 110 telegraphic communication
with the inhabitants of another world for year* to
come, though we do not doubt the final success of the
LAND SALES IX CALIFORNIA.
The quantity of land to be offered for sale in California
under the President's proclamation No. 614, which appeared
in our paper yesterday morning, ig as follows :
At the land office at Humboldt ..... 501,876 acres.
' " Marysville- -- - 1^ 055,665 "
" " Kan Francisco .'166,97.'! "
1 ' " Stockton 1,005,016 ?
" " Visalia .1,15* 400 ?'
" " F/w Angeles 1,144,140 "
Making a total of ? .--5,231,070 "
Calvin W. Pbillco, author of "Twice Married,"
" Akin liy Marriage," and other magnaino articles, well
known to readers of Putnam's and the Atlantic, died xt
Pufflold, Conn., on the 30th ult. Mr. I'hilleo was an |
active politician as well as a popular writer. Tn IH 19, ho j
hoeamo a frcc-soiler, breaking away from the democratic
party, with which ho had previously acted, but after- |
wards went back to the democrats, and was s niemltcr of |
the democratic State committee of Connecticut at the
time of Ids death.
Tho Rev. I>r. Prentiss, who has sailed for Eumpu in the j
Arago, received, a few days la fore Lis departure, from
lomo of the congregation of tho Mercer street Presbyterian
church, of which he was pastor, a letter announcing ;
that a donation of id,000 bad lieen contributed by tlicui
as a present to bim.
Colonel Cooper, adjutant-general, is slowly recovering
from his late severe indisposition.
NEWS BY XEEEGIIAPH.
8?- K mf
B<ui?ThI of tb? He??tap of Ex-President Mo?ro?.
Nkw York, July s,?The remains of ex-President Mon
roe were this forenoon taken from the City Hall, and,
escorted by the 7th regimsd-t, reached the steamship
Cuueatvwii about noon, 'fihey * " then formally deli
rared over to the Virginia comrnittoe by Hon. John
Cochrane in on eloquent speech.
fi JendnpbWV. r*l? made a telisifous ropon*.
taBdssing tie Mneere Bud tBilmt gratitude of the j*opl?:
of Virginia, for the honor done by New York to the remain*
of Virginia's dfertlnguised eon He conld not, he
said, abstain ftvtuKiiat reforeiK ? to the examples and
memories of James Monroe Thin was 110 mere pageant.
It was a political aulaiuuity, neet-ssary upon occasions to
Whiskey is firmer at 22 n 2.'f$ cents. .
Dr. A. F. (JimM returned to our city yesterday. IIo
bns been absent for the last year, connected with the
great. Pacific wagon road. Ho is in good health.
Treasury IVotea Outstanding July I, IKW.
Registers omen, July 1, 1858.
Amount outstanding of the several I ahum prior to 22d July,
1848, as per the record* of this office . #99, 111 84
Amount outstanding of the issue of 2 2d July, 1H40, tin |>er
the records of this olflce C.900 00
Amount outstanding of the issue of 28th January, 1847, as
per the rec??rds of this office ... 1,000 00
Deduct cancelled note in the hands of one of the Recounting
ofltoet* under act prior to 22d July, 1846. .... f?0 no
C. T. JONEH, Acting Register.
July 4 Itlf ffntelAKtar]
i9*tiif assotiatkd scu.dik.r8 of tiik war of
1812, of the TU.itrict of Columbia, are requested to usseniblo at the
City Hall (Council Chamber) on Monday, tho 5th Inst., hy 11 o'clock,
with tholr badges, kc.
Any member who may not bo supplied with a badge can obtain one
by applying to Mrs. VI*er, opposite Iron Mali.
July 4 J AS. 1.AWRKNSON, Secretary.
HrliKSIMKN'TAI, JIE A DQC A RTKft* VoLU XT K K KM,
Washington, July il, 1666*?Thin regiment having determined, should
tho Seventh Regiment of Xow York Voluhteera visit Washington, to
receive them with military honors and to pay them the attention due
to brethren In arms while lu this city, every oftloer and volunteor of
tho regiment will hol t himself in readiness to meet in lino, nt the
proper tirna. nt the City Hall, for this purpose. When it is certainly
known that the Now York Volunteer* will come n signal uf five guns
will be llred by tho buttery of tho regiment at the Columbian Annor> .
At this signal every officer commanding n company will immediately
rejx?rt to the Colonel for orders.
The regiment will not j>arade on tho 4th or Monday ; but a national
??" ? *?uit l"? flrml :it tho Columbian Artnorv by a detachment of the
N?luuml UiMrtlx, under tlx- order* of fall, at ?rl*c, ?t moridinn
uul nt rauot on that dmy.
By ordor of (X>1. Ilirlcey; If. N. ' >W'R,
jily 4-- 114 Adjutant
Hf^"l!Kv. |)r. Tkam>ai.r will preach in liin Church,
1Mb itrwi, io .Uy, Immodlmtely mfter llio morning rcrrlon tin* rite
of litfillon win l>? ? linlnlrlefod. 11m public nr? cordlnlly Invitol
J ilv 4
BW-Tiik Akmbai. Commkni kmknt or Ukoruktown
Cotitw* nill bo'hold ou WHdniMwtoy, July 7th, commencing At ft oHrtnclt,
a. nt. (hi tl?o previous clay tit.* graduating CIofa will dofoltd tin* prin
olpal TtMwwi <?f IntclkHtiml find Moral Philosophy. Tho oxerclio* on
tbH ?lny will Im? nt ft o'rtoHt, p. nt.
Tho public nro reaped Cully hi V It id to Attend on l?oth ooc.inlonn.
July 2 ;jl B. A. MA(?UHK, President.
riAO LET.?A nioely-furnialiod and cool room. Ap1
ply nt 4fi TwpllVi, betwroD K anil K.
July ?<Wt* ( ,
preserve the virtue mid patriotism of the Republic
Mr. Monroe had eat great example* of true patriotism
and integrity and of a self-denying putriotisin. Tin:
Seventh regiment had assembled to do honor to a fellowsoldier
ot New York ; for James Monroe first drew his
sword in defence of his tountry's liberty at Harlem
Heights and on White Plains.
He reviewed the political career of Mi. Monroe. His
greatest, Ids gravest error?an error of judgment only?
was, In the orator's opiuiou, his opposition to the federal
constitution. This wottld have been politically fatal to ordinary
men , but Mr. Monroe had too strong a hold upon
the affections and confidence of his country. Ho was
among the few who could rise above the reproach of poverty,
although in the multiplicity of his public cares he
had no time to care for his own future ; and he therefore
retired from office In depressed circumstances Yet his
dignity of character rose above adverse circumstances,
and commanded the resjtcct and esteem of all.
In conclusion, he alluded to the long delay of. Virginia
to reclaim the remains of her distinguished sou ;
attributing it to the partisan strifes at the time of his decease.
It had been thought host to wait until all political
auitnohitia* had been forgotten
After the ceremonies were concluded the coffin was
placed under guard in the forward deck saloon, which
had been properly fitted up for the occasion.
Both boats departed at three o'clock, under salutes
from all the forts in the harbor, the Ctmard steamers,
and from the vnflous vessels and points along the shore.
I.arge Fire at lluflnlo.
Di'ioaix), July 2.?A fire broke out at eleven o'clock
last night in the extensive lumber yard of Van Vleck,
Churchill nnd Parker, situated on the Krie canal, at the
foot of Hospital street, consuming two million feet of pine
lumber and the entiro contents of the yard.
The property was valued at $30,0011, and insured for
$18,000 in tho following companies : Buffalo Mutual,
$.'>,000; iKtna City and Charter Oak, at Hartford; City,
New Haven, and Hampden, Massachusetts, al>out $2,500
About three hundred cords of wood in the yard adjoining,
belonging to Mesiner & Wells, was also destroyed. It
wus valued at $1,000; no insurance.
The lumber in Howcutt & Stewart's yard, also adjoining,
was damaged, to the amount of $2,000; no innuranoe.
Several adjoining buildings, with a canal-boat loaded
with wood, were also destroyed.
Katun's planing mill and Ingersoll's paper mill, though
on fire several times, were saved by the exertions of the
firemen. The fire was evidently the work of nn incendiary.
Several unsuccessful attempts wore made to fire buildings
In other parte of the city while the above was
Jack Smith, a fireman, went into convulsions from the
excessive heat, ami will probably die.
Arrival of Shipwrecked Crews.
Savannah, July 2.?The British schooner Annie Sophia,
from Nassau, arrived at quarantine this afternoon,
with 15 to 20 of the crews of the wrecked ships Bombay,
Chase, master, from the Canary islands, bound to Matanzns,
and the Knickerbocker, Bostwick, master, from
Liverpool, bound to New Orleans.
Serious Illness of col. Kane.
Pimladkli-hia, July 3.?Col. Kane, tho peace negotiator
between Gov. Cumining and tho Mormons, is lying
ill ut his residence here of the bilious fever, contracted
by exposure while on his expedition to Salt hike.
Moiiilk, July 2.?This evening, two brothers, John
and IJpvid IU4d, of the firm of Iteid & Co., wore slabbed
by II. Warfield. Tlie former was dangerously wounded.
The feud is sui<l to have existed for ten years. Bail was
The WeAtherat Newfoundland.
St. John's, (N* F.,) July 2.?Went her mild, with rain.
Wind southwest. No appearanee of the Niagara at Trinity
Fire at Union City, Connecticut.
WATrunoRT, July 2.?The hoe factory of K. C. Tuttlo
& Co., the wheel-shop and the Malleable Iron Company's
works at Union City, al>out four miles below this city,
were burned to the ground early this morning. The
property was insured for fifteen thousand dollars, which
will not cover the loss.
New Yosk, July 3.?Cotton closed firm, with sales of
1,000 bales at 12$ cents for uplands middling. Flour is
firm; sales of 11,500 hbls.: State, $3 75 a $3 85; Ohio, $4
55 a $4 05 ; Southern, $4 45 a $4 75. Wheat is firm
salesof 14,500 bush.: prices are unchanged. Corn is
firm- salesof 11,000 hush.; yellow, 82 a 83 cents. Fork
is steady?mesa, $10 50; prime, $13 50. Lard is steady at
10$ a 11 cents. Whiskey firm at 23 cents. Sugar closed
buoyant?Forto Rico, 0j> a 7} cents ; Muscovado, 0 a 7$
cents. Coffee is quiet. Spirits turpentine steady at 43
cents. Rosin is firm at $1 00. llicc dull at 3 a 3fj cents.
Baltimore, July 3.?Flour is dull but quiet?Howard
street and Ohio, $4 37 ; fresh ground City Mills hold at
$4 25. Wheat steady?good to prime reds, $1 a $1 09 ;
fair to choice whites, $1 15 a $1 25; new white Virginia,
$1 60. Corn is steady?white, 74 n 75 cents;
yellow, 75 a 77 cents ; mixed, 70 a 7.3 cents. I'rovisions
are dull and nominal, with a downward tendency.
? ? /M'? (ft' 'y 1
I THE Gwm AH I) H'lf.scy A HAIR.
1 si if c IP . j ?' m l
[tram tlif fei l.mb II fub'n&gd
' Wamuxgto*, JonelJ, ln.yg. TV corn ipondem between
Senators Qwin ami Wilson, as given to the public,
luut given iim to much criticism upon the ap|>*ientlyri1
<li<ulous position into which both these gentlemen have
l>een placed by their difficulty oil the Hour of the Senate
The published correspondence docs great injustice to the
' Cnlifornla aenator.
The California appropriation I'llU b ut all been support
e<l and voted for by Mr. Wilnou.r A hill regulating the
pay of surveyor* in California woe under conaideration,
and Mr Brodertck Ktatcd on the floor of the Seuate that
labor and living acre an cheap in California an in the At
lautic Stale* This statement, titougli contradicted by
Mr. Owin, was mode the pretext by Mr tVlftrui for a violent
Uitide against California, whom he represented as
"having both anna iu thu treasury." and sadeuvoring to
abaorb the whole public revetmc of the eouritry. Mr
Owin asked if the agistor from Ma^arhu*tt? hail not
supported all the appropriations for California Mr. \V.
aunvvciod that ho bad, until new light wasgiven him by
Senator llrodcrick Mr Owin rejoined that sflth a course
was "JenuigotjuUm." Mr. Wilson inquired if the remark
wus applied to him, aud Mr. Gwin making no answer, Mr.
YV. said he "would wxuicr be charged with demagoguism
than tieahoi/." . Mr. Owin sprang to Ids foot ami asked if
' the seuutor from Massachusetts intended to npply that
epithet to him. Mr. YV. said ho had no explanations to
luukc, whereupon Mr. G. pronounced him "a liar, a coward,
and a slanderous traducer of character. Here ended
the aflair on the lloor of the Senate. Harlv the next
morning Mr. Owin, not receiving any message from Mr
Wilson, selected Senator Fitch of Indiana, aa bis frlcud,
and despatched a challenge, whicli Mr Wilton declined
aoospttng. This closed (lie correspondence, and as there
had been no explanation or a(>ology tor the language
used by Mr. Wilson, WB wore on the eve of having
another "tailing affair." lTecaution had been used to
prevent a sectional bias bciug given to the difficulty, by
the selection of a Kartw from a five State to bear the
challenge I my we were about having another "caning
affair," when Senator Seward, ns the fiieud of Mr. Wilson,
undertook to bring about, a Kelt lenient by an maple
apology from Mr. Wilson. Mr. Seward called upon Mr.
liwin and tregged that he would siuqicnd any action until
he (Mr. Seward) could make ho effort to settle the
difficulty amicably. Mr. tlwiu consented to grant
two hours for the purpose of receiving an apology from
Mr. Wilson. Mr. Seward at once drew up the paper, and
its terms being-satisfactory to Mr. (twin and his friends,
Mr. Seward hurried on to procure Mr. Wilson's signature.
The latter asked time to show it to gome other friends,
aud tho enemies of Mr. Gwln succeeded in inducing Mr.
Wilson to refuse his signature. Mr. Seward regretted the
result, but determined not to leave any effort untried to
arrest a street tight. He sought Gen. liavis, senator from
Mississippi, and late Secretary of War, and begged him toseo
Mr. Gwin, and get hiui to modify, If possible, his demand
for an apology. Gen. Davis undertook the task,
but he first sought an interview w ith Mr. Wilson, to learn
his views. Gen. Davis suggested the propriety of Mr.
Wilson fixing some hours between which lie would lie
upon tho bank of the canal, and ready to defend himself.
This could be done without any formal challenge. Mr.
Wilson asked what would lie the probable result of such
a nieeting. "The death of one or both of the parties,"
responded Gen. Davis. Mr. Wilson at onco declined thaf
mode of settlement, and asked what Mr. Gwin proposed
doing. "1 doubt not," said General Davis, " lie will
attack you on sight, and in a rencontre of that kind, lie will
have every advantage of you, accustomed as he lias always
been, to the hazards of a frontier life." Mr. Wilhoii
then expressed himself icivdy to make any apology
which might be agreed op by Mr. Davis, Mr. Seward,
and Mr. Crittenden, and immediately addressed a note to
Mr. Gwin to that effect, which is published with the correspondence.
Mr. Davis then held an interview with
Mr. Gwin, and asked him if he was willing to intrust his
honor in his (Gen. Davis's) hands. Mr. Gwin Slid he
was, but that any settlement contemplated must be
speedily made. Gen. Davis said, "You know Wilson
will not tight, and we must have no more 'caning affairs,'
Your reputation for bravery is not involved ;
that 1ms been established on five different occasions. You
ciui afford to be generous, and 1 hope you will leave the
whole settlement to the persons indicated by Mr. Wilson."
Mr. Gwin assented to the arrangement, and hence
the adjustment as published, in which Mr. Wilson disavows
applying the offensive term to Mr. Gwin personally,
but only intended it as referring to extravagant legislation
for California. Mr. Wilson was rather unfortunate
in (he selection of words to express the idea of "extravagant
legislation;" and the history of the transaction
shows that the Massachusetts General won hut few laurels
in the quarrel which he provoked.
[From the New York Kvenlr.fi Post,.lune 30.J
The Latb Arrain of Hoxon in tius U.nitkii Srsm Sixatk.?-Unwilling
as we are ti> stir the ashes of a past personal
controversy, we do not see how, us public journalists,
we could well overlook tho letter which we quote
elsewhere from the St. Louis Republican, in reference to
the affray between Senators Wilson and Gwin at the heel
of the last session of Congress. 'Hie Republican is a
partiHin paper, and very strongly prejudiced nguinKt nil
republicans, but especially against Senator Wilson, and
we should not have thought of appropriating no much
H)>nc?to the communication referred to, did it not bear
unmistakable evidence of having been prompted, more or
less directly, by Senator Owin himself.
The facts its here rqiortetl could not huvc been coined
by a reporter, and they put such a face upon the whole
transaction ns Mr. Uwin Blight naturally desire it to la-nr
before the public. The writer represents Mr. Sewanl, of
his own motion, seeking (3win. and begging him to accept
an apology from Wilson, and (Jwin consenting to
suspend his wrath two hours, and no longer, for the upology
to lie prepared. This plan of m ttlenicnt failing,
through the perversity of Mr. Wilsoc's advisers, he represents
Seward culling Jefferson I'avis nt<> the council as
a mediator, and his recommending Wiiaon to fix a time
when he would be upon the bank of the canal, armed
and ready to be whipped, mid, we presume, throw 11 into the
canal by Owin. The merit of this recommendation was that
it saved Wilson's scruples about accepting a challenge,
though Davis kindly warned Wilson that, iu such a rencontre
ns would ensue, (twin would have cveiy advantago
of Wilson, accustomed as he was to frontier life, and
would probably kill him. Owin is then represented as
assenting to the reference which was finally made, after
much solicitation by Davis, and upon the ground that five
previous affairs of honor had given him a reputation for
bravery which enabled him to be generous to his adversary.
Blessed are the peace-makers always, and a personal
collision between two United States senators is a
s|>ectacle which no American can witness without mortification
; but if such versions of this affair as we find in
the Republican are to have rea|s>nsible currency, whether
true or fnlse, vc can only say that, in our opinion, the
pcucc-makers arrived too soon, or tarried too long.
TJR0P06AL8 FOR LITHOGRAPHING AND FOR
f KNORAVINO ON" WOOD.
OiniK StTSKiMVMiKvr Prune Ptuvmn.
Washington, July 3, s'.S.
HEAI.FH PROIIHAIJ* will lie rocolvotl at this ofllce until Woodsy,
tli>' liiih in-1?nt. Tor uigrnveg on Muse, and intiiiK from the aatnr,
lor lilt' uso ot tin* So Halo and House of llcprc.-cnlntlYc* ol tho Lfinle.l
States, the following Mi)s, Plans, and Skotelica, to wit :
No. 1. ?23,1121) copies of each of four nuatlo Mapr, to ac' Otn|iany tho
VaoiBc lUilroal Report.
No. 2 ?6,000 ro J'Ins of a Map of the KkpIoraUvtn Ui the Territory of
I No. 3. ? 1.630 copies ot ench of the following ; >(a|ts of tho L/wlsviUo
and Portland Canal; Plan of the Lift Look of Ilia same, mid
Plan of a lattice Pivot Bridge for the same
No 4 ] 530 copies of s Sketch of the Country nrsr tho Southern
Boundary of Kalian o
No 5. 1,530 Copies ol a Map *Ik>w iug tho Houndary of the Crook
No. h 1.530 copies of n Map to accompany 1.1. E. K. Be lla's tVagon
No 7?1,5*0 copte* of* SkihSl of tho Southwest Pilss.
The pii|M r for printing tin? Maps, toe., will bo lurin died hy this
SKALKIt I'll' ill Jt*Al> will al-to ho rooclrod until the eame ttino for
Kngriivnig tai Wood a itutnbur ol lllo-trati<nis to novompony the agri
i cultural Patent lltlloo Re|*?rt for 1S57-, and a treaUso on tho treatment
and nee of the Druinod try. These Illustrations amount, In the aggro
gal", to alamt llll. rji royal octavo page.?,
, All of this work is to ho execuh d In the. highest sty le of the art,and
will be open R>r the InaporlloD ol bidders at this nltlcu until tho nmrii|
lug of tho 'lay for closing the bids.
Proof iliipri's-lnus, will' the origami*, arc rmpilrnd to be auburn toil
to thl* office lor approval or oorrootion, free of expense for Iranenil*.
ion. before the woodeuts are reoolved in* tlio printing commenced.
It Is tu he distinctly understood that no bid w ill he natnrti Iliad from
any party not directly engaged III, mid practically acquolatvd with, the
character of the work hid for. Itonds will loi reo'lired from tho an/
es'ssfnl Inddor* air the faithful execution of tluor onirat I-.
The proposal? must l>e iidvlre.ssm. to tho undersigned, an l endorsed
"Pro|sisals for Engraving, KIIP).
July 4 eivll'l [lllt( IA^tar) rtnparlntendcnt.
fpHR FANCY ItALL; a Metrical Dettcription of
a Fancy Ball given at Washington. Mil April, 18M. dodk/itfd
to Mra. Senator liwln; containing Hie nana-* "I the virion- character*
represented and descriptive note- Elegantly | if tilled n? Tlaied |?iper
and handaoniely Isntnd. Price $1 50 Erce by mall isi receipt of
two dollars. In stamp* or otherwise. (A smalt cdltloo isdy print tl.)
I I'd Wished by- ERANKI.IN PHIIJ'. M2 Prnn av..
>. ... ml. Slat loth .droi ts
NOTICE.?1The Washington Sunday Union and all
Ihn New rl'nrk |mprr? will bfi fhuud m all iinvn at Urn lb**
, Mtstiila In the p***?K<: of Browns' at,. I the National IM<<|
1 .fnly 8?2t
*?i :?? ,? !
DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE Y
in co mm us, jvlt 4, 177#.
The utkuiimout IktliirtMum of tie Tluiitm I'mUd Skitee of
When, iu U>?> count* ol human events, it become*
n?-i easuiy lur ooe people to dissolve the political bands
which have connected them with another mid to assume
among the power* of the earth the Mt<u:wte Mid fa^ual
xtatioii to which the lawn of Nature wad Nature'* (tod au
title them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind
reouii'OM tlmt thev should < It dare the cause* which impel
them to the sepwrutiuu.
We hold these truths to Ire self evident: that all jnen
1 are created equal ; that they are endowed by their Orea|
tor with certain unalienable right* ; and auiong these are
: life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness ; that, toercitre
! these rights, government* tire instituted among men, d? ]
riving their just powers lioni the consent of the governed
; that whenever any form of government becomes tie
stun live of these ends, it is the right of the people to
alter or to abolish it, Htul to institute a new government,
, laying its foundation on such principles, and organising
Its powers in such form, us to them shall seem inoat like- (
ly to effect their safety uud happiness, l'rudence, indeed, A
will dictate that governmenta long established should not
be changed for light and transient causes ; and, accordingly,
all experience hath shown that mankind are more I i
diapnaad to sutfer, while evils arc sufferafoic, than to right
themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are ac
: customed. Hut when a long train of abuses and usurps
i thins, pursuing invariably the same obj-ct, evinces a dei
sign to reduce them under absolute deapoti-ni, it is their
right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and
to provide new' guards for their fut ure security. Such has
bean the |?tient sufferance of these colonics; and such
is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their
former systems of government. The history of the
present King of Urcnt Hritain Is a history of repeated injuries
and usurpations, all liaiiug in direct object the establishment
of an aliflolute tyranny over the State*. To
prove tills, lot foots bo submitted to a candid world ;
Ho has refused his assent to laws the most wholesome
and necessary fur the public good.
He bus forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate
and pressing imjxu'Uuicc, unless suspended in their
operation till his assent should ho obtained ; and when
so suspended, lie has utterly neglected to attend to them.
He has refused to ]rass other laws for the accommodation
of large districts of people, unless those people would
relinquish the right of representation in the legislature?a
right inestimable to them, and formidable to tyrants only.
He lias called together legislative bodies at places uuusual,
uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of
their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them
into compliance with his measures.
He lias dissolved representative bouses repeatedly for
opposing, with manly lirmnoss, his invasion on the rights
of the people.
He lius refused, for a long time after such dissolutions,
to cause others to Ikj elected ; whereby the legislative V
powers, irtcaptthle of annihilation, have returned to the i
people at large for their exercise -the State remaining in
the mean time exposed to all the danger of invasion from
without and convulsions within. I
He has endeavored to prevent the population of those
States ; for that purpose obstructing the laws for naturalization
of foreigners, refusing to puss others to encourage
their migration hither, ami raising (he conditions of new
appropriations of lands.
Ho lias obstructed the administration of justice, by refusing
his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers.
He lias made judges dependent on his will alone for the
tenure of their offices and the 'amount and payment of 1
He lias erected a multitude of new offices, and sent
hither swarms of officers to harass our people and eat out
He lias Kept mnong lis. in times 01 peace, suiuuiug uimies,
without the consent of our legislature.
He luis affected to render the military independent of,
and superior to, the civil power.
He has combined with others to subject us to n Jurisdiction
foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged
by our laws, giving his assent to their n< ts of pretended
For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:
For protecting them, hy a mock trial, from punishment
for any murders which they bhouid commit on the inhabitants
of these States:
For cutting oil' our trade with all parts of the world :
For imposing (axes on us without our consent :
For depriving us, 111 many cases, of tlie benefits of trial
by jury :
For transporting us beyond seas, to lie tried for pretended
offences: * ;
For abolishing the free system of English laws in a
neighboring province, establishing therein an arbitrary
government, and enlarging its boundaries, so as to render
it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing
the same absolute rule into these colonies :
For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valuable
laws, and altering, fundamentally, the powers of our
For suspending our own legislatures, and declaring
themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all
He lias abdicated government here by declaring us out
of liis protection, and waging war against us.
He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burnt
our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
He is at this time t ransporting large armies of foreign
mercenaries, to complete the. work of death, desolation,
and tyranny, already begun, with circumstances of cruelty
and perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most liar- I
barons ages, and totally unworthy the head of a civilised
He lias constrained our fellow-citizens, taken captive
on the high seas, to hear arms against their country, to
become the executioners of their friends and brethren, or
to fall themselves by their hands.
11c lias excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and
has endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers
the merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of
warfare is an undistinguished destruction of all ages,
sexes, and conditions.
In every stage of these oppressions we have jietitioned <? '
lor redress in the most Intmbic icrinH : our repented petitions
have been answered only by repeated Injury.
A prince whose character is thus marked by every act
which may define u tyrant is unfit to la; the ruler of a
Nor have we been wanting in attention to our British
brethren. We have warned them from time to time of
attempts made by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable
jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them
of the ciicumstances of otir emigration and settlement
here. We liavo appealed to their native justice and magnanimity,
and wo have conjured them, by the tics of our
common kindred, to disavow those usurpations, which
would inevitably interrupt our connexions and correspondence.
'l'hey, too, have been deaf to the voice of
justice and consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce
in the necessity which denounces our separation, and hold
thcin as wo hold the rest of mankind e nemies in war, in
peace fi iends.
We, therefore, the representatives of the United States
of America, in General Congress assembled, appealing to
the Supreme Judge of the World for the rectitude of our
intentions, do, in the name and by the authority of the
good people of these colonics, solemnly publish ami declare,
that these nnitcd colonies are, and of right ought
to be, free and independent States ; that thoy ore alMolved
from all allegiance to lire Itiitish Crown, and that all ]s>lltical
connexion between them and the State of Great
Britain is, and ought to lie, totally dissolved ; and that,
as freo and independent States, they have full power to levy
war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce,
and to do all other nets and things which independent
States may of right do. And for the support of
tliis declaration, with a tirm reliance on the protection of
Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our
I livtn, ?Mir tdrltliun, nmi inn menu nviiwr.
JOHN HANCOCK. '
y,m llamjvMir. Jmnw StullU,
I J..-bill Kirll It. (Tnjrlor.
i IViUtnm Wlil|>l>l'. * IU"".
Mlttliin Iliornlmi txxtrgv Kn-x. p
MuMkiMrti Hog. Itrlowart.
Sainuol M?t?*. CwsiirR.xln.jr,
John Ailtrtiff, * Hwgn Rw?rl,
Rplx-rt Trrxt I'lilnr, Thomiix M'Knnn
Kkii-lf Jilan'l. Snmm'l < In.-*,
sr.'|.hrn Hoj*ln- WilUnm IVa.
i WilUmn Kllor.v. Thnnwx Blottt'
Cnnn-TtimU. Clmrlet Chrroll. of InrmUuiu
Roger Sli'Tinnn, riryinio.
Kanuwl Huntington, (iuorgn Wj the,
Willium Willixm*. Rk;hnnl H.'nry I/PC,
! Oliver Wokott. Tlionm. ithim,
.Vnc Fork. IVnJninin llnrrlxon.
I Wtlllxni flqrtl, Thorn* Nelson. |i
rhtlip UvlngMon, InuKh U|MAM Lm,
v'runci" Lewi*. Chrtnr BraxtOB.
MorrU. j\nrtk flartlmti.
.%>? Jtrtry William Hnnpnr,
Bl< hard Blnckltm. Joaa|>li IIokIhm,
John VruiHT<<|xjot>, John J'rnn.
Fram-ia Ho|*JUron, .V.oil* Oinrhtta
John llarl, Kriwnrtl Rtillntljfe,
AlnaluimJInrk. Thnnut* Haywnrtl, Jr .
J'mnfylmnia. Thnin.ia J.ynt-h, jr ,
Robert Morri-, . Arthur MUalletiau
Itoulamtn Knah. (imtffin.
Warajamtn Franklin, Jtolton tlwinnetr,
John Morton, l.vman Hall. 4
CnorKC Oymar, (l?aflp Walton. -v M