OCR Interpretation


The Washington union. [volume] (City of Washington [D.C.]) 1857-1859, November 21, 1858, Image 4

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82006534/1858-11-21/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

AKT AND AKTISTS IN WASHINGTON. I
MESfTSO OF THE WASNLVVPOH ART ASSOLU
tios, ivmoA Y, sov. 9.
On calling till meeting to order, the pioiclotit, Dr. (Mono,
hi Icily addressed Uio association in lelutiou to the new gallery
ii which they were assembled tor the tirst time, lie
sui 1 the society, like Israel iu their probation, hod hitherto
>le|>enderi ou the shelter of tent* for the ark of their
covenant. It was true the tent in which they had offered
their first fruits was a beautiful structure adapted
to tliuir use, but, in vi?w of its unfavorable locatlou for
their art exhibitions, it was practically In the wilderness
It was DeedOtl that they should have a permanent altar
for their olierings on the thoroughfare of the city?
that they should have a permanent gallery there for their
re-uuions and exhibitions, and that, having supplied thut
nsbi, they might well pause for a moment to exchange
uongratulatious, and to make due acknowledgments to a
large number of citiaen* whose liberal subscriptions had
sanctioned their enterprise, and thereby encouraged them
to renewed exertions ; above all, that they should
pause to consider and acknowledge the Divine providence
through which all true success is achieved, and to which |
the large measure of their success must be attributed ; I
and liaally that they should, in that spirit of grateful j
demndenre. Kolernnlv dedicate their new hull to united I
aud huiuiOuintiH exertion iu the cause of art, and its *p- I
plication to all beneticent uses.
Ho tlrcu proceeded to a consideration of tlie inetrumen- 1
tality of art, co-o[>eraling with othor means, in the develop- i
lucut of the faculties of the human soul. Art was one of the
in at Important letters of the alphabet of instruction?it
vs* originally the whole alphabet. Here it hud been too j
much neglected?in a great degree hidden away from the
jiage containing the characters of the literary alphabetuud
that it was the duty aud purpose of art institutions !
to bring that letter forward into column aud merited j
rank with the others. This was one of the aims of the |
ass' ciatlou, and he would appeal to the guardians of !
civil order, of intellectual instruction aud religion, through |
their represent itives who were present, if ho deemed it
needful to make such an appeal, to aid in the accoin- j
piiluueut of that aim.
It was well known that art had performed an import- j
out part iu preparing mankind for the obedience to civil
uuthority, aud fur the inception of kaowledge and rtiig- |
ion, and if proper facility were given to its luiuistiu- 1
lions here aud now, there would be less need of prisous j
and asylums. Prevention of error and atlliction by |
uwakcuing a sense of the beautiful, and aspirations to ex- |
altod character and life, would be far better than the sad
reuiudy those institutions are iuteuded to aildid. lie believed
that the three thousand pupils of tho public
schools, who visited tlio last exhibition free of admission,
would be much leas prone to fall into low tastes and low
and vicious society than if they had not seen the beautiful
works contained in tile gallery. They went away
with uplifted eyes, spiritual aspirations, which will save
many from snares of evil and temptations to crime.
by the sympathy aud co-operation of those to ryliom
his appeal had been made, they would make their cxhi- j
bitious not ouly free to the public and the private schools,
but also to all individuals who could not well affoid
to pay admission fees. He hoped the day would Come
when everywhere tire seats iu the church of art might be
free.
The Rev. Mr. Samson said : It is n perfectly impromptu
suggestion or two 1 must make. Mr. Presidout, called
on as 1 am, I suppose, however, it is something practical
you wish, and 1 can but allude now to one or two matters
that have lung been on my mind in reference to
your Association aud its end, hoping for an opportunity j
sm? ilnv t,? tHiim trior,* fttllv and to KlM-ak ot I
them with premeditation.
There are bearings of art on the interests of bociety, to
which you have just now well referred, which beem to
me to dcmaud that in bouiu way we secure its practical
indiumco on the character and life of ineu. Art is certainly
a great educator for man, as truly us science and
literature. Iudeud, I oak, if in Athens it was nut the edIucator
of the peoplo; having inoro power to promote
human progress, and especially to give what is called culture
to the mind ; having more power us an educator thau
had science, philosophy, literature, or morals ? If, then,
art is an educator, why should it not enter, us a separate
department, into our systems of education ? Why should
a wan be regarded an educated muu who has gone
through the coll.ge curriculum in language and the
mathematics, in natural scienco and belles lcttres, in intellectual
and moral philosophy, in the constitution of civil
goyerumeut and religion, but has never made the principles
of art a special study f lu our primary schools
there lias been a revival of the idea of old fythugorus,
the earliest of thorough Greek teachers, who learned in
the colleges ot more ancient Egypt what it is to educate
, man, and who was, Indeed, the lirst to make teaching
honorable as a profession. Music, one of the sisterhood
of the tine arts, it is found, is the best preparer ot the
mind for the severer tasks of the day. is not this a
leading suggestion to a broader principle ? Can one oi
the lutuily ol our intellectual powers, can (tf you please)
the masculine attributes ot the human mind be truly
vigorous and rcliucd when the feminine qualities to
which uiey are linked in indissoluble wedlock haug upon ,
their fellows us unnatural mates, as uncongenial coin pan- j
ions ; perhaps as a dead tied to a living body t The
whole household of man's spiritu d laculties must be im- i
partially lostered, or they must prove poor company for
each oilier. Why should not the imaginative laculties,
which God has of course created with a purpose, be cultured
as studiously as the reasoning powersI cannot
but think the day is near when in our colleges the department
of tho line ai ts will occupy a place alongside oi
that of science or any brunch ol what aie called tue hu- I
inanities.
Tlie most important bearing, howover, of the fine arts
on social progress, their truest intlueuce on human character
uud life, is that higher than intellectual, that reli
i gioua, moulding to which you have alluded, and which
they tuc adapted to give to society. One of the nicest
principles tor us to auaiyzc and set right laifore the popular
mind in our age is the just relation of the fine arts
to spiritual Christianity. That art has, under the teachings
ot Nuturo, been the handmaid of Keligiun, no reader
of history doubts. Indeed, hehgiou has bcett the very
mother uud nurse and guardian of art. It was the religious
sentiment that gave birth and development to art
tu Egypt, tho old laud of civilization ; where, iudecc
her work partook much of the grotesque and monstrous,
yet imported to religious forms and through them to
HJU religious hpiliv Ol tunl imuiy iauu, iuuiu ui uc luuucu
and lowly than we sometimes imagine. And Greece !
What arn all lier treasures <if art but lmbodiments of religious
ideas t To natural religion art has cvi lainly been
u faithful and oonstnut handmaid. Christianity, indued,
is a spiritual, tuo only true system of religious truth.
Yet to mun there is no spirit without a body ; there can
be no upproach to or communion with thu spiritual, except
tuiougu forms. As the instinctive piinciplcb of the
religion of Christ were foreshadowed In symbol and outward
ceremonies in the Old Tcslamuut, so to the end ol
time New Testament truth is to speak through the eye
to the mind in those out ward forms and ordinances which
its great Author appointed. The relation of art as an
humble servant to Christianity, perhaps unworthy to unloose
tliu iatchet of its slices, may have been, duubtlis.-.
has becu, mistaken aud [letvorlod in pist ages of the history
of Christianity, ihit there is, there must be, a true
relation of urt to Christianity ; for till the union of body
and s>> it on earth shall cease, our religion must have its
body in which its spirit is manifested. I look fur the
early discovery and the application in religious practice
of this important lelutioiibhip?when ait shull by all
Christians he fell to bo the minister of true rcligiou.
'l heso suggestions, Mr. President, are no unmeaning
expressions of the lips to till a few moments of your time
They are in mine, as in your heart, deep-settled auo
loudly-cherished Convictions, which we exi>ect to see some
day realised. Art will not be appreciated till It is made
ono of the studies that belong to liberal culture ; it will
not accomplish the end God designed when He made us
so to love its creations till it is made somehow to take
part In our religious training. Whatever little, either in
or out ol my profession, I can do to pioinote the success
of your association will he met cheerfully both as a duly
and a privilege.
i'he iluv. Dr. IIall said : I remonstrate against being
here considered as a "Uacher," which term Iras just been
applied. 1 came hither as a learner simply?to lake my
place upon tho lowest form. My idea in seeking thin
place Is a practical one?to find instruction in simplest
rules, in the alphabet of art; to receive from the lips ol
the professors of its various branches that information
which other occupations preclude nie from gaining bybooks,
if, indeed. Iiooks can ever give it. Allow me.
thru, to tako tins place. to look on find soe what you
are doing, to hear you talk of works of taste, to catch,
as I may, tho designs of the initiated, and to 1* touched
with tho tuspiratluu of lovo for beauty and truth in visiMo
foruis wliich other* may from time to tnno present,
I hesitate not, Mr. President, to state that my idetf ol
religion allow nie to love and cherish a lovo for every ail
Of design?for all that can reveal the beautiful cruatioui
of Him who hath made oil things "very good." I have
\n-?n lending in tho last few days a loainvd work, in
which the argument reunited a chapter on tho history oi
the art* of all the races of mankind from tho beginning,
It is a chapter of great r'esoaich, tilled out with a varletj
ami abundance of facts They manifest beyond qneg
?
tluii, to my mm J, the great truth liiata.il m?u hare man
ifeated this lore for the union of their reverence fur the
Creator and their imitation of HI* glorious works In
f^ypt, Greece, Home, or India, the name rule holds
Uuiiglun binds together and subordinates all the alfee
tiuns, and seeks aid while it lends inspiration to all that
wc conceive of beauty and truth. The same is true of
the revealed religion, both In Palestine originally and in
the Christian church. If In the course of time evils crept ,
iuto the church to render necessary a change, it is not to
be wondered at that men were willing for a while to neglect
the aid of the arts, while they thought It their
chief duty to contend earnestly for certain abstract vital
principles Protestantism may seem to be careless of
these lighter graces, and to fasten at times with an exclusive
spirit on those sterner abstract truths and rules of
living in which It began to live. But a new spirit must
come over meu. We now see it in motion. The true
religiou must include all the powers and affections of tire
whole man, and teach him In the ways of tiod by cultivating,
exalting, and filling with its own spirit all his
faculties and percept Ions of the "beauties of holiness."
A year since, sir, I saw In the chief city of st. rn old
Puritan Massachusetts a singular illustration of this law.
Tliere, where men hurl planted a religion in some respects
to be admired, but utterly devoid of the graces of the
tine arts?when the Puritans determined that their feet
should be fixed on the R'ick of Ages, but none the less
that the other ideas of rocks should also appear in the
hard, steru lines and angles of their creed ami the rigid
simplicity of their manners?I heard, at uu agricultural
exhibition, an address from a ruau well known by you
all as peculiarly a representative man of New England.
Ho stated that when a boy, listeuiug, in the plain old angular
and sr|uure-wiiidowed meeting.house of his own
miner, to tUe weekly preaching ot Lulvinit-t uoctrinen, lie
felt, as a boy, a dre.iry sense of want?that hiti eye roved
about the square corners of the plain pulpit for noma object
on which to rest. Fancy at last pictured for hiin the
form of a flower in the lines of a knot in the wood, or
ixxttiibly some portion of the corners of the sacred desk,
and he drew in delight from this simple circumstance.
So is it ever. There, in the midst of Puritan, rock-bound
New Euglandism, we And this play of the divine faculty
ol the imagination selling on uu object of the outer world.
The speaker declared that, on his return to his own
church, he meant to beg of his friends, the gardeners, to
place each Sunday upon his pulpit u bouquet of natural
flowers, thut they might lure him to realize more fully
the spirit of Jesus of Nazareth, and recall the original
teachings of the Gospel under the palm trees of Jericho,
and near the lilllea of the field. Yea, sir, this spirit and
law of subordinating all things to the supreme love of
God is the true catholic spirit. Exalt men abovu their low
thoughts and selfish narrow ways by filling their ontiro being
with thoughts and tastes of the beautiful, true, aud good,
and our (Jbristiauity will go oh to higher and better
things. In this universal cultivation of the whole man
we may look forward to that fund dream of a regenerated
world ; when, in tho words of another, "all men everywhere
shull hail another grand ecumenical council,
and it shall lie held uuder the venerable dome of St. IVter,
for it shall belong to no exclusive party, but to all
mankind ; and then, in the Latin tongue of the learned,
we shall celebrate in the old Ambrosiun Te Dttnn the accomplished
salvation of a world. Towards this result all
good efforts of man must contribute?the sermon of the
preacher in holding aloft the Divine love, which embraces
all things ; the labors of tho nrti-ts, of all ranks, in elevating
tiie masses of men by ull their peculiar teachings
in the imitation of tiie Creator's works.
Put, sir, I said that I came hither to be a learner. Iflhave
trespassed upon your time in seciuing to teach here, it is
your fault rather than mine. I sincerely hope that this
association may bo cherished among us, and ho a moons
of improvement to us all. We of the clergy would desire
to learn from you, who are artists, these rules of design
and modes of creatiug the results which we know to bo
so powerful with us. If we can In turn impart other
truths, and help you to results of tho purer spiritual lifo,
we shall be only too happy In our mutual interchange.
Rev. W. D. Halbt said : Mr. President aud gentlemen,
I have to beg your indulgence, even at this late hour, to
enable mc to sugg'st, In tho briefest manner ]>ossible, a
sphere of usefulness which itseenlr to mcis opeh to your
association. Spiritual yearnings and intellectual wants
resemble bodily ailments in this, that when they become
chronic we sometimes temporarily forget their existence.
This has been peculiarly illustrated in my own experience,
for evor since my residence in Washington I have been
suffering with an irrepressible desire tor freer intercourse
with tho refined and intellectual men of our city. That
want, almost daily and hourly recognised, had this evening
fallen into a temporary alievnnce, until the very
stirring, beautiful, and true words of my clerical brother,
the Iter. Dr. Hull, touched just tliut chord whose vibrations
caused my heart to say within me, "Why may wo
not meet in tins l'tonk aud delightful way moro often
tiian we do?"
Wc are, nil of us, virtually committing suicide by our
rriouotonous soberness; olten 1 grow so sad under the unbroken
pressure of labor, the weary round of weekly toil,
that when I chance to hear a hearty laugh it sounds like
tiro rustling wings of the Angel of Life. Here, as if by j
the providence of God, we have a little strip of neutrul
territory on which we can make our playground. Here, |
tilting at the feet of our Beautiful Mother, Art, I would j
gather all the weary brain-workers, and let them find in
the presence of the Beautiful tlio inspiration of Fru'er- j
nitv. Why should we not meet lu this way once a fortnight?
Surely, we are all artists; the sculptor who
brings beauty from the shapeless stone, or tho painter
who creates it from the confused chaos of pigments, is not
more an artist than he who makes the same Beauty
speak in thrilling w ords, or places upon paper thoughts
that come hissing from a brain heated by intense study ;
the laudscupo gardener, the architect, the teacher?and
my brethren who give their lives to the "foolishness of
preaching," will, I mu sure, jicrmit mo to add?the
chrgymau are all artists, dealing with those subtle forces
that move tho soul and make it record its own immortality.
As the previous spcuker has bo well said, wc of
the talking and writing fraternity come here to be instructed
; we wish to take the back seats ; but wo do not
the less wish to be here, and tint often. Those of us
who may with humility claim to represent the religious
element in your association owe much to art, and feel
we have yet much to learu. My respected friend. Dr.
Samson, has referred to tho progress of Christian
art, to its steady movement onward, and to its
possible future. I fancy that unquestionable onflowing
of the art element in religion most resembles
the lino of beauty as defined by Hogarth, and that
the commencement of its last period of ascension may be
dated at about the time when a woman?Mrs. Jamison?
gave us tliat invaluable woik on Sacred aud Legendary
Art- a book which gave speech to many dumb symbols,
and taught us Protestants how much art might do for us.
tiiuce then art has become a household word in America, 1
and I greatly rejoice in the belief that in 110 country is
the identity of the beautiful and the religious so universally
ricognised. But we who tax our minds in other
pursuits need not only au occasional formal glimpse at the
ui.iKlci-pieces of geniui, we require to meet often iu that
worthy presence, and to meet informally, to come each
with the thought that the weec has given him to cheer
Ids fellow-workers. In odditio 1, then, to the other great
objects for which tho asaociatl in is laboring with so much
promise of success, I beg mod respectfully to suggest
that by meeting once in two weeks for u social exchange
of thought and opinion, hero iu the presence of statues
and pictures, we may advance the Interests of the associc.lion,
the interests of national art, and especially afford
each other that opportunity lor unbeudlug from the heavy
burdens of conventionalities and clashing interests under
which we toil up the weary hill of drily duty. A want
. . .1.1.. lf'tml ,,r MiMWMMAM iu fa.lt I ??, l.VHVl.lV
gcntlcut.ui of literary pursuits in Washington ; our brethren
of the pencil and mullet can host decide as to it* possible
advantages to them, but 1 foci sure that if In this
way we can bring together the sons and stepsons, the
children and grandchildren of Art, the artists and the artlovers,
wo shall all find our hearts burning within us
while wc talk by the way.
t'rofoesor Donald .MacLeod, being requested to address
the association, rose and said : llo had come to the meeting
to listeu and be instructed, and with no expectation
of being called on for a speech ; yet he would most cheerfully
respond to the call of his brethren by expressing not
only his bcarty concurrence in tho general objects of the
association, but the promise of his earnest co-operation in
advancing ail their beueticcnt and noble purposes in roi
gard to art and artiste. He had listened with pleasure
and advantage to the observation* of tho reverend gentlemen
who had preceded him, (Dr. Samson and Messrs.
lialey aud Hall,) and received several hints which he
could make available in the practical business of his
daily Instruction in that important branch, too long aud
yet too commonly neglected in our higher seminaries?
the Kitnce (as >t may bo justly caller!) of aesthetics. He dosircd
to congratulate tho association on the eminent success
which had thus far attended its operations ; and if
without egotism he might refer to the aid which such an
f Institution, by its art-exhibitions, by its art-discussions,
its public lectures, and its general spirit of refinement
i and culture, must necessarily contribute to all those edui
cationai establishments which aim ftt the polished and
i spini.i.ii training' tit jmttfl ha would say ha regarded thii
f association not only with thankfulness for what it hud
done, but with that sjiecie* of gratitude which has been
r described as a lively s?use of future benefits I
A considerable portion of every session in the school
over which be presided wm devoted by young ladies from ,
sixteen to eighteen years of age to tlxc animating and '
inoet useful studiss of nm -Including the philosophy,
uay, the very axuoioa of the flue arts?the character,
the operation*, the uses, and final causes at those faculties
aud aeuaihilities by which we are enabled to discern, !
appreciate, and enjoy the beautiful aud sublime In nature |
and art ; to cultivate a uiore refined moral taste, and to
ascend from tbe ouuUmiplatiou of tbe transitory model*
of loveliness and grandeur which this world can present
to the first flood and Fair, wherein aloue can be realised ,
the dreams aud aspirations of the human soul , to rise, in
short, from this magnificent creation to the Creator; from j
Nature up to Nature's Oral ! Yet, sa an Instructor, he i
hurl often felt the want of just such facilities us it would
be in the power of the association to supply. True taste
in art?whether in (minting, sculpture, architecture, or i
ativ other denarfmcrit?tan mtlv la ftcntiirttl hv nlvwrcn
tiou, experience, comparison of fine specimens, minute
attention to merits and defeete, added to the careful study I
of the master critics. Washington has many advantages
in its noble public buildings, affording abundant iilustra
tiou of the tasteful in architecture. Nor is it wanting in
admirable specimens of the productions of the chisel and j
the pencil. And he confidently looked forward to the
time when the cxtiibition room of this association would
present such models in every department as would leave
the teachers of the theory of the beautiful and sublime
nothing to desiderate as to example or illustration. He,
for one, would gladly avail himself of the privilege to
extend to his fait pupils the advuutagos of the couiiug
exhibition us a school of instruction, as well ns a pleasurable
resort, in hours of recreation.
Trofesuor MacLeod then adverted to a subject of which, i
he said, his heart wua full, and in regard to which he believed
all true lovers of art would l>e unanimous namely,
the propriety, and, indeed, the duty, of the association,
the board of management, and Individual members
iluiug all in their power to conciliate the attachment and
the active sup|>ort of all the true-hearted arlult of this j
city and District. bndowod with the gift* of iuiagiiui- .
tion and sensibility beyond those of ordinary mortals,
they had also that delicacy of organisation and tempera- j
ment which mode them sensitive to injury ; but, at the I
same time, they were possessed (as nH who lived much j
with artists would admit) of a uiugnaniuiity ever forward j
to forget and forgive. Ho rejoiced at the evidences of |
harmony which hud been manifested that evening. Under
such auspices he hoped to see all the artists and all I
tire lovers of art in the District united as a band of broth
ers, entering 011 a career of triumpli and felicity, of improvement
in art and progress iu social esteem.
Before he sat down he would Just hint the importance
of giving more of a social aspect to these meetings of the
association. Artists arc a social set. Their studies, their
works, (if of auy account,) require hours, days, perhaps
years, of solitary conception, reflection, and industrious
manual labor iu their studios or workshops. The companionship
of congeidal spirits, therefore, is their greatest
social joy. What a relief, after the toils of the week
or the day, to come to a.ich a meeting as the present !
where they would l>o sure to meet not only cordial symputhy
with the profession to which tbey have dedicated
their genius and their precious time, but that personal
and individual appreciation which is apt to be lost amidst
the clamorous contests of charlatans for fame and profit.
The formalism of president and secretary, and all the tl
Micro* of a regular meeting, might be set aside for the occ
isiou. In order to concentrate the attention and direct
tiro thoughts of amateur* and eMMMMMwrs, let the regular
artists be not only invited, but encouraged and urgod to
briug forward whatever they have to show in conception,
or in design, or in execution. These, however immature
or unformed, would be so many nuclei around
which might bo ruade to cluster?for private edification
inlv, unless public uotoriety should he desired?the
ICS< H|Hg? UUU CUIULUCUIO Ul VUC Anuig WHU^Jnn. muou
teachings are what we want. What do amalturi know
cuin|>are<l with the information, at once comprehensive
and minute, which the enlightened artist possesses f For
himself, Professor MacLeod declared that ho wished horeafter,
in all the gatherings authorized by the association,
to find himself surrounded by all the artut* of the District
of Columbia?men at whoso feet he would be happy to
sit. aud receive the lessons which they weie so able
to i input t.
He concluded with an earnest appeal to the association
to leave nothing undone or unat temp ted which
would rally around this institution the artists of the District
and of the Uulon.
" niosnltijra be on them, and eternal praise,
Wlio give uh nobler thoughts and nobler cares,
The artists!"
Dr. Axtisell remarked that one of the lirsl duties of
the association ought to be to diroct the attention of the
authorities to the beautifying of this city. The society
had uow jKissed from being morely an Artist's Society up
to the condition of an Art Association, whosy members
could, from their number and iuliuence, produce a great
improvement in those waste places of the city at the intersection
of avenues where fountains, statuary, or other
ornamental monuments might with udvanUtgt he erected
The society might witii advantage press this improvement
on Congress, wldch, as it has voted money for
embellishing the public grounds with trees, would no
doubt aid in ornamenting the highways of tho city. The
association might with advantage aid in this enterprise
by offering p-emiums for the best designs for such ornaments,
the plans and drawiugs to be submitted at the
furthcoming exhibition. In this way the association
might do much good.
In response to remarks by Mr. Hall, in reference to
the policy of managing the affairs of institutions, in
which allusion was made to the difficulties experienced
in their establishment, he expressed the opinion that their
management ought to be intrusted to a small number of
efficient directors.
Mr. A F. Cunmxgiiam expressed his agreement with
the speaker, aud in u felicitous tnunner illustrated the
justness of that opinion by some conspicuous examples,
one of which was that of Uiu establishment of the great
library in tiie city of Liverpool. He said at sevcrul of
the first meetings there was but one member ot I he inslit
utioii present, and that was Mr. Roscoe ; and that
dually at the meeting when the organization took placs
there were present Mr. Hnsooe and one other guutlemun.
They went into an election of officers, who appeared at
the next meeting, and that the library was uow one of
the noblest institutions of the kind in Englanti.
Frenchmen delight to honor llossini! They give tho
go-by to Ijtimartine, but the old composer is made as
happy in tho capital of tho world M his age and circumstances
will permit. According to a late letter the l'aris
municipality have offered him a charming site, planted
with full grown trees, in the suburb of I'assv, where he is
about to construct an Italian villa. The maebtro found
his native Bologna insufferably dreary, dismal, and dull ;
nor is that to bo wondered at while the present nightmare
suffocates all human activity in that devoted town. He
tried Florence, but there he foiiud a vast caraviutsera of
(tossing strangers, without a permanent circle of social
enjoyment, i'atis has fulfilled all his requirements, and
lie erects his tent in that inctroiiotis of taste, refinement,
and intellectual as well as artistic cultivation. Disraeli
claims him as a brother Caucasian ; if go, lie is quite capable
of adding to Mart </< Egttlo a sequel in Mortar <i a el
(rketto.
I The Boston Traveller publishes o letter from a spado!
correspondent at Hidon, in which some intftc-tiug reinini
...i....... <if I .nil v Hester StsnhoDe are criven. There were
present at her death none but the occupants of her palace,
and the ornament* upon her jwraon wero left untouched
with the exception of her gold watch, which wiu
taken hy a little girl whom she had adopted. It is aaid
that fifty thousand Arab* owned her a* queen, ovei
whom she exercised great power, ller memory U cher
iahed with the highest reverence ami respect. In hei
last ycam, however, the daring spirit which inspired hei
during her first years of residence in the East gave way,
and she hecunie (|uite superstitious. Her aversion to tiu
English was one of her peculiarities. She possessed greni
powers of endurance, and on oue occasion, when pursued
j 1?y a hostile rhiel. she made her cscajrc, after a chasi
which lasted fifteen hours. Shu was called by the Be
dotiins the "Queen of Palmyra."
A convention of southern railroad managers will Is
held at Chattanooga, Tennessee, on tire 23d instant. Th(
principal business of the meeting will be the ostublUh
inent of u thorough schedule of passenger and freigli
rates. This has been contemplated for some time, ii
consequence of the new competition inaugurated b> tin
oprniug of the Tennessee aud Virginia railroad las
spring, and by the rapid progress towards completion o
embryo lines. Among the roads which will lie reprise
n ted at the conlorence are the Baltimore and Ohio, Nev
Orleans, Jackson, and Great Northern, Mississippi Central
Eust Tennessee and Virginia, Memphis and Chmleston
and Central Ocorgia.
A correspondent of the New Orleans I'icayutie, wiitliq
of the Tohuantepee route to California, says that on th<
passage up the river Miniatitian lots of fun was enjoyed
Monkeys and parrots in great numbers were seen at ever
turn of the river, and alligators in the stream were plcn
tiful. The country is remarkable fruitful, yielding sugar
cane ns large round as a wine bottle, and eighteen feet il
length, together with the finest, kind of coffee and all th
fruita of the tropirs.
A little girl residing near Petersburg, Va.. died on Wed
nesday last from the bite of a spider.
RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE.
lucrtau of Metkudum ? Wo Hi's able, from the minute*
of the aonual conference of the M E. Church for the
last ecclealantical year, which arc now complete at the
Hook Rooiuu, and will ?oou be published, to announce
the utatiotic* of our iueinbci?bip for the year, 'ihey
uliow a degree of ptogre** which will turpi iite, we think,
the moet sanguine of oiir friend*. The following table
girea the recapitulation :
Member*. Probationer*. Total.
Thin year 765,557 187,915 953,472
IjuT year 799,968 110,551 820,519
Increuae 55,588 77,364 132,953
This estimate does not include the Foreign German
Mission, whose returns liave not yet reached us. There
has been an increase during the year in every conference
except that of Kentucky. The Germun Mission report
will doubtless increase slightly the aggregate, and the
total gain of members uud probationers will, we think,
exceed 133,000.
We said last week that Methodism was never in a more
prosperous oondition thau at present. Here is one con- j
elusive proof of the inct. We have not at this moiueut
the ligures at baud to confirm the assertion, hut we make
it confidently, that this is the greatest annual increase
ever known in our history in any part of the world. Let
us he thankful and take courage But lot us he guarded
against the abuse of success ; it brings with it iucreased
responsibilities and often iucreased perils. We huvo
reason, however, to congratulate ourselves that this vast
gain has clearly been the result of gracious causes. The
j "great revival" accounts fur much of it. It is, there- j
fore, uot merely a numerical, hut a spiritual gain.?Adventte.
Missionary Society.?The annual meeting of the Missionary
Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church was 1
held on lust Monday evening at the Mission Itooms,
Now York, for the election of managers lor the ensuing
year. The board consists of sixty-four members, onclralf
being of the clergy, and the other laity.
After the election of the managers, the following ofli
cers were elected for 1859 :
omens.
ltcv. Bishop Morris, President.
" Jones, 1st vice president.
" Scott, 2d do
" Simpson, 3d do
" Baker, 4 th do
*' Attics, 5tli do
Mr. F. Hall, 6th do
Bev. W. H. NorriB, 7th do
" N. Bangs, D. D., 8th do
" A. M. Osborne, D. D., 9th vice president.
" J. P. Durbin, D. D., Corresponding Secretary.
" Thomas Carlton, 'Treasurer.
" Leroy Hworiustedt, Assistant Treasurer.
" David Terry, Beconling Secretary.
Rev. Kli -ord T ourt, an able Unitarian minister of London,
I jiglniid, w.- Win tri-m the Jytndou Inquirer, died
suddenly at lhuasri*, Octolicr 12, aged 54 years. Mr.
Taguit had been on a mission to the Unitariuu church of
Transylvania, the object of which was accomplished.
Mr*. Jenkins, the 1 nivursalist preacher, well says that
tlio theology ot Christendom is cold and intellectual ; it
to ? ?u.' Infn^lnn ..f *) ? fmnininn plom.nl In hnno it
back to its original humanity.
On Thursday evening, 4th instant, Mr. Heury Augustus
.Smith (a son of tlio Rev. Dr. Charles A. Smith, of Phila- .
delpliiu) was ordained to tho work of the ministry by
the Third Presbytery of Philadelphia. Mr. Smith will
continue his ministry in the congregation of the Cedar
street church, whore his services for suveiul months past
have been highly acceptable.
] On Thursday, 14th of October, a netv and beautiful
church cdltico was dedicated to the worship of (iod at
Bloouisbury, N. J. The dedicatory prayer was offered
and the sennon preached by tho Hcv. D. X. Junkiu, D.
D., of Hollidaysburg, Pcnn.
Rev. Joseph IT. Tuune, late of Bridgeport, Ct., was installed
piuitor of St. Peter's church by tho Rochester City
Presbytery on Thursday evening, the 26th ult. This is
an Old School Presbyterian church, with an Episcopal
service and a congregational minister.
The Button Retorder says: "Rev. Dr. Sweetser's
church in Worcester has recently done an act which dc!
serves to be put on record, in refusing to dismiss a meuiI
her to join Professor Huntington's church, in Cambridge
College. Notwithstanding the (astor favored the petition
: of the applicant, as wo are informed, it was refused by u
nearly unanimous vote. A letter was then sent to the
church repeating and enforcing tho argument. And the
church answered it by arguments adopted by vote of the
church."
'Religions Liberty.?A meeting was held in New York
city last week uudcr the auspices of the Amciican and
| Foreign Christian Union, to take some action relative to
i tho recent expulsion of Roman (Jatholics from Sweden,
mid Also to call public attention to the claims of tho
| American Chupol at Paris upon the sympathy and aid of
the people of the United States.
Rev. Dr. Fairchild called tho meeting to order and
j read the list of officers, as follows t
President?Rev. Dr. Hutlon ; vice presidents?Francis
j Hall, escj., Hon. John L. Mason, Wilson G. Hunt, lion.
I Luther Brudish, James Brown, Philip W. Eugs, Rev. Drs.
Dowliug, McLeod, Vermilyea, Stevens, and Kennedy ;
secretaries?Dr. Johu W. Corson ntnl Professor Howard
Crosby.
Rev. Dr. Dowling offered prayer, After which the Rev.
Dr. Bainl read a statement of facts about tho recent uct
of intolerance in Sweden, ari l concluded by offering the
following resolutions :
1. Resolved, That this meeting, composed of Protestants
... ,l..n..?,!,,,.ti,,nu in t l?. rit.v of New Vol It
havo heard with much regret that, owing to the existence
of laws made in times when tho question of religious
liberty was less understood than at present, several
persons have been banished from Sweden for the sole offence
of having renounced the Protestant for the llouiuu
Catholic faith.
2. Resolved, That this meeting have also learned with
much sorrow that Swedish citizens "ho have left the uatiouul
church, (which is Lutheran in doctrine,) and become
Baptists, iiavo, within the last few years, endured
much vexatious oppression, and in some coses have been
expelled from the country for the maintenance of their
conscientious opinions on the subject of hiptism.
3. Resolved, That this meeting entertains the confident
hope that tho Diet of Sweden will, at the curliest moment
practicable, abrogate the laws which have Iroen the cause
of a procedure so much at variance with the grand and
distinguishing principle of Protestantism, (the right of
private judgment,) and with tho spiiit of the uge in which
wc live.
4. Resolved, That this meeting fully believe that all
meu have an inalienable right to worship (rod according
to the dictates of their own judgment and conscience, and
that the civil government ucts neither wisely nor justly
when it interferes either to restrict or prevent tho exerercise
of this right ; and, further, that all such interferi
enco is, in many ways, hurtful to tho best interests of the
state of religion,
5. Resolved, That this meeting, holding these sentiments,
feel bound to condemn persecution for religion in
every form, whether the subjects of it l>c Romanists or
Protestants, Christians or Jews, believers or unbelievers.
(i. Rest bed. That this meeting most cordially sympathizes
with the great meeting of Christians ol Great Britain
and of the continent, recently held in Liverpool under
the auspices of tho Evangelical Alliance, and bids
them God speed in their noble efforts to promote Chris
tian union ami fellowship among all tho branches of the
Church of Christ, and to protest against intolerance and
persecution wherever tlioy may exist, whether iu Protestant
Sweden and Germany, or in Roman Catholic Austria
and Italy, and begs leave to assure them that nothing
' which concerns the I>c6t interests of tho kingdom of Christ
1 in tho Old World can be a matter of indifference to us in
3 the Now,
7. Resolved, That this meeting approves of the follow
ing memorial, and directs it to be signed by its president
s ami secretaries, and forwarded to the Swedish govern
b ment.
Dr. Baird also read a memorial to the King of Sweden,
t which had been extensively signed in this country.
i ! Eloquent addresses were delivered by David Dudley
c j Field, esq., Daniel Lloyd, esq., Rev. Dr. Thompson, ami
t j Rev. Dr. Parker,
f ! The resolutions and memorial went then adopted.
Rev. Robert Patterson, of the Reformed Presbyterian
" | Church, Chicago, in a letter to George H. Stuart, esq.,
' of Philadelphia, states that there is an extensive awaken
ing of inquiry among the Jews in Cincinnati, and in otbei
western cities. They are now wiiliug to read the evi
j deuces of the Messialislup of Jesus. This is the ease in
j Chicago also. They are dropping into the churches and
, p ayer meetings of that city.
I Dartmouth (bllnjr From the annual and triennial cat
nloguct of Dartmouth College it nppoars that them art
now at that institution 260 under-graduates, viz : Ffttsh
II men, 65 ; Sophomores, 70 ; Juniors, 65 ; Seniors, 70
e Tnere are in 'ho scientific course, 44 ; medical students.
60 ; making in all 354 students. The whole number ol
Alumni is 3,068, of whom 779 havo entered the Gospv
The OrganiKattnn of tht ExMattve l>ep?rtineut?
of the Uorcruuienl or the United >talr?.
Hiiri mrunun
Tb* whole machinery employed lo coudact the business arising oat
at our ferries relations ?tb all Utr powers at the world is tor more
simple than la generally conoeivsd The number employed to the
Is-parlnienl of State of the United Stale* Is only seventeen, ? follow
One Secretary of stale, (Hon Lewis t ea*,} on* Asmelanl Secretary of
Stale, (Hon. John Ap|>i*U>tiJ one chief clerk, twelve dork*, one Iran*
later, and one Bbrarieh
IHplomatu Urtmck ? Thle branch of (he Slate fiepartinetil aas
charge Of all ooneepoudreoe between the department and other diplomatic
s.-ents of the I'uiled Stairs abroad, aud those of foreign pow
era accredited to Ihla government In It all diplomatic tuslructicffi*
sent from the de|>arUueut, and communications to <<>muuasK>ticr* under
treaties or boundarlea, 4t , are prepared, copied, and recorded; and
all of like character received are registered mid Mod, their oouteula
being Urrl eutered in an analytic table or Index.
(Vsuuhrr Ihanck Tins branch Ira* charge of the correspondence,
he , between the department and the consnls and commercial agoiita
ol the I'm lr?l Slater In II Instructions to tlosle officer a, ami airawsrs
to their despatches and to letters from other |s-raouii asking for oousular
agency, or relating to consular afTalrs, are prrparrd aud recorded.
Tke IHJtmning Agent. -He has charge of all correspondence and
other matters connected with aocouute relating to auy fund with the
dleburaetuvul *f which the department ia charged.
Tke Translator- Ilia duties are to furnish such translations aa the
detriment may require. lie al-o records the conimissiona of consuls
and vine consuls, when not iu English, upon which exequatur! are
Issued
Clerk of Apfintmmti arid Oswmtsritsw. - He makes out aud records
enmmtsslous. letter* of apisdiitmciit, and nominations to the Senate;
eoiinuissiou* oil which they urc issued. lias charge of tho library.
Clerk qf the Roll$ and Archives - He takes charge <4 the roll?, or enrolled
act* and resolutions ol' Congress, as they arc received ui the department
from the President; prepares the authenticated copies thereof
winch are (Milled fV?r; prepares for, and superintends their publication,
and ilmt of treaties, in the now.4|i*f>orn and in book form; attends to
their distribution throughout the United States, and that of all documents
and publications in regard to which this duty is assigned to tho
department; writing ahd answering all letters connected thefwrith.
Mas charge of all Indian treaties, and business relating thereto
Clerk of AuthrnlictUivns and Copyright*.?He has charge of the
seals of tho United Status and of the department, aud prepare* and
attaches certificates to papers presented for authentication; receives
and accounts for the foes. Lias charge of publiculious transmitted to
the department under the laws relating to copyrights; rocords and in
doses tlioir titles, records all letters from tho department, other than
tho diplomatic and oonsulai.
Clerk of I'ardons and/'assfnnts He pr??|sires and records pardons
and remissions, and registers and tiles th? petition# and (taper* ou
which they are founded. Makes out and rwords passports; keeps a
daily register of all letters, other than diplomatic and consular, received,
and of the disposition made of tbern; prepares letters relating
to this business.
ATTORXEY OWUt'S OTTKI.
Hmi Jerendah S. Black, Attorney General of the United States; A. B.
McC*lniout,e*q., chief clerk. Tho ordinary business of this office may
bo ola. Hilled under tho following heads:
1. Official opinions en the current business of the government, us
called for by Uie Presideut, by any hoad of department, or by the So
lioitor o/ the Treasury
2. Examination of the titles of all land purr baaed, as the sites of
arsenals, custom liOOses, lighthouses, and all other public works of
; tbornod by law to enforce the prompt pay tor lit of moneys duo to the
' depart m wot; Instructing United Stales attorneys, marshals aivl clerk?
iu all mutters relating thereto . reccivos returns from oach tenr
i ! of the Ulilted SiMtoM courtl of the condition and progress of such suits
i stnl legal proceedings j has chargo of nil lauds mix! other proper!)
I assigned totho United Slates in pay lueut i?f debts due the l"U ?t Officii
Ooparimmt, and has power to sell and dispose of the aavue for 1h<
" benedi of the Untied States
Trtasurtr't (>fflcr. Simuel Casey* esq., Treasurer, and Hurler
i clerks He receives and kot|w the moneys of the United States in hu
| own office, and flint of the depositories flreatod by the act of the Itlh o
August, 1K46, and pays out the same upon warrattla drawu by Uit
Secretary of the Treasury, countersigned by the First Comptroller, am
Upon warrants drawn by the PotUnsHW (ieneral, and fiHinteftlfse
by the Sixth Auditor, and recorded l?y tlie Register. He mI?<? holdi
public moneys advanced by warrant to disbursing officers, and psyi
out the same upon thetr checks.
(flic*..?Ftnley Rigger, rvq., Register, and twenty nlm
clerks, lie keeps the accounts oi public receipt* and ex|?cnditiir?
I* receives the returns and makes mil the official statement ot cammen <
i .ml navlgatiou of the United State*, and rouotvos from the'Firs
| tomxHroiiur ana * nmnnisravr ot ? ufmins an rcrimns nn>i ti?-r
riflded by tout, and ts dhargtd by law with ttotr safe keeping.
3. Application* for pardons in all cases of conviction in the courts
of the United .States.
4. Applications fur appointment In all tho judicial and legal business
of the government.
f?. The conduct and argument of ull suits lu the Supreme Court of
the United Brutes in which the government is concerned.
0. The supervision of all oilier suits arising lu any of the departments
when referred by the head thereof to the Attorney General
To these ordinary bends of tho business of tho office aro added at
the present time the followiug, viz
First The direction of all appeals on land claims lu California.
Second. The codification and revision of the laws of the District o?
Columbia.
OTKKIOH LUil'AHI MK.VT
Secretary of the Department of the Interior, Hon. Jacob Thomp- i
son, of tho State of Mississippi. Its clerical force consists of one chief
clerk, (Moses Kelly, epq..) two disbursing clerks, and ten other regu |
lar clerks; and to its supervision and management are committed the
following branches of the public service:
1st. The J'uUic Lands. The chief of this bureau is called the Com
missioncr of the General Laud Office. The Iiind Bureau is charged
with the survey, menar^mout, and sale of the public domain, and tho
issuing of titles therefor, whether derived from continuations of grants
made by former government* by sales, donations, of grants for schools,
military bounties, or public improvements, and likewise tho revision
of Virginia military bounty-land claims, and the isauiug of scrip lu
lieu thereof. The Laud Office, also, audits its own accounts. The
present Commissioner is lien. T. A. Hendricks, of Indiana It* principal
officero are a recorder, chief chirk, principal clerk of surveys,
brides a draughtsman, assistant draughtsman, and some 150 clerks
of various grades.
! 2d. I'ciwms.- The present head of this bureau is George C. j
! Whiting, of Virginia. hue commissioner is charged wllh tho ossmi
nation and adjudication of .ill claims arising under the various and j
numerous laws pusscd by Congress grunting bounty land or pension*
for the military or naval services in tho revolutionary and subsequent
wars in which tho United states have been engaged. Ho has one !
chief clerk, (fi. Cole, esq..) and a permanent corps consisting of some .
ninety other clerks.
3d. Indians,?Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Charles E. Mix, of j
| Georgetown, I). C. Ho is provided with a chief clerk and about fifteen i
Other subordinate clerks.
4th. I'atciti (qfice.?To this bureau is committed the execution and
performance of ull "acts and thing* touching and respecting tho granting
and issuing of patent* for new and useful discoveries, inventions,
and improvements;" the collection of statistics relating to agriculture;
the collection mid distribution of seeds, plants, and cuttings. It has a
chief clerk?who is by law the acting Commissioner of Patents in
the absence of the Commissioner?twelve principal, and twelve assistant
examiners of patents, some dozen subordinate permanent
clerks, beside* a considerable number of temporary employees. Hon.
! Joseph Holt is the Commissioner, and Samuel T. tihugert, esq., Chief
: Clerk.
Besides these four prlnoipal branches of this new executive department,
the organic act of 1849 transferred to it from the Treasury Department
tho super vI ion of the accounts of the United States marshals
and attorneys, ami the clerks of tho United States courts, the management
of tho load and other mines of the United States, and the affairs
of tho penitentiary of the United Suites in the District of Columbia; ai:d
from tho State Department the duty of taking and returning the censuses
of thu United States, ami of supervising and directing the acts of
i Ihe Commissioner of Public Buildings. The hospital for the insane of
the army and navy and of tho IH.-trict of Columbia is also undor Ibe
management of tins department; in addition to which, by laws recently
passed, the Secretary of the Interior is charged with the construction
of the throe wagon roads leading to the Pacific coast,
i The department rcquh cs (in additional building fbr its accommodation,
and tho erection of one has been repeatedly recommended during |
tbo last few years for that purpose. At present tbo Pension office is ;
provided with rooms In what is known us 'Winder's Building," whllo i
the other branches of the department, including the Secretary '* office, 1
; are ail crowded into the Patent office building, tho whole of which
' will be required at an early day for the use of tho Patent Office, for
j which it was originally intended.
TKJUSl'RT l>fc.l'A HTMK.VT.
! The Treasury Department consists of the offices of the Secretary of
tho Treasury, two com pi rollers, commissioner of tho custom*, six uuiliiors,
treasurer, register, solicitor, lighthouse board, and coast sur
vcy.
j The following is a brief indication of the duties of these several uffl;
ces, and of the force employed therein, respectively :
Sarretary's Offer. Hon. Howell Cobb, Secretary of til* Treasury,
Hon. Philip Clayton, Assistant Secretary; one engineer in charge; one
architect, and throe dnwightoincn toinjxirarily employed, and twontythree
clerks. The Secretary of tho Treasury is charged with the general
supervision of the fiscal transections of tho government, and of the
execution of the laws concerning the commerce and navigation of the
United States. Ho superintend* the survey of the coast, the light house
establishment, tl?c marine hospitals of the United States, and tho construction
of certain public buildings for custom-houses and other pur
pOhOS.
Foil Comptroller s Office.? Hon. William Medill, Comptroller, and
fifteen clerks. Ho prescribe* the mode of keeping and rendering ucj
counts for the civil and diplomatic service, as well as tho public lands,
and rev lacs and certifies the balanced arising thereon.
Second Comptroller's Offc J II Cutis, o?q , Comptroller, and
seventeen clerks. He prescribes the iuodt: of keeping and render
lug tlic accounts of the army, navy. and Indian departments of the
public Service, and revise* and certifies tho balances arising thereon.
| Office iff Commissioner of (he Customs- .Samuel logbatu, esq.
, Commissioner, and eleven clerks. Ho proscribes the mode of keopiug
! and rendering the accounts ot tho customs revenue and disburse
j mculs, and for the building uud repairing cu-torn bouses, Jbc , and re
! vises and certifies the balance* arising thereon.
rirn A'lur.fwrt y.'jjirr ?,? ,.u.o ?. r.-,., . r,.c,
nineteen clerk*. !I? receives and adjusts"ilie accounts of tin: customs
revenue and disbursement*, appropriations and expenditures *m ac
' coiiot of the civil li.-t ani under private nets ol Congress, and re|mris
the balance* to the Conimisslonor of the (Customs nud tin* hirst Cotnptroller,
respectively for their decision thereon.
Suoond Audtiv's Ojficr - Thomas J. 1). Fuller,.Second i\*i?litor, and
! twenty one clerks. Ho receive* uiid adjust* all account* relating to
the pay, clothiug. and recruiting of the Army, as w*dl as armories,
arsenals, and ordnance, and all account* relating to the Indian depart
ment, and reports the balances to the rioeood Comptroller lor his decision
thereon.
Thud Auditor's Office.?Robert. J. Atkin.~<?n. esq., Third Auditor, and
seventy-eight cWoka. Ilo receives and adjust* all accounts for buU
istones) of the army. fhrlificatiot)*, Military Academy, military roads,
aud the Quartermaster's dctmrtmoiit. aa well u* for peusk'iw, claims
, arising from military service previous to 1810, and lor horses aud
! other property lwst In the military service, under various acts of OonI
gross, and reports the balance* to tko Second Comptroller for his do
1 cision thereon.
Fourth Auditor's Office.?Aaron O. Dayton, esq . Fourth Auditor, and
sixteen clerks. He receives and adjusts all accounts for the service of
, the Navy Depnriinent and reports the balances to tho Second Comptroller
for his decision thereon
; Fifth Auditor's Office.- -Murray McConnel. esq., Filth Auditor, aud
six clerks. Ho rwolves and Adjust* ml accounts for diplomatic and
similar services performed under tho direction of the Mate Depart
ment, and report* tho balance.. to the First Comptroller for his decision
khirooD.
I Sixth Avdihw's (Jfflc*- Dr. Thomas M. Tate, auditor of tho Treasury
for tho Post uUice Dep irtm ut. mid one hundred aud fourn en
clerks. He recti vc* and adjtuMall accounts arising from the service
of the Font ofthe IV?|Kiituie;it. His decisions are tinal, unless un
i appeal be taken in twelve month* to the First Comptroller. Ho super
Intends the collection of all tic his due the post Office Dc)kirlment, and
r all penalties and forfeitures imposed on portmasters and mall con
tractoi for faillug to do their dut> ho dlroot dt ad legal proceed
lugs, civil *nu criminal, and takes nil micIi iiwH.-ureK as rn:?y be an
Soticu-r't ryfe* -Kit .Unlne HMIycr, Anbmor end
Ha saportnh mla ail civil suit* WHuiie<H*5d t>y I tin United Sun, ,
ij< Ilkiw aiitiiiy in Uu I'ad <&<? IhfuKmmi, I and in-tru.v i|?
led Mates attorney*, mar Imlr, nod clerk* In all matter* ri-lau*.I
them and their results He iwtrei rilura* trom snob tana ?fV*
Untied Mate* courts, aiunrtua tbe itrugri aa and ouudiUun uf ..u-i. -J**
has charge uf all lamia auJ other property assigned u> tlw L?lta;
SUle- la payment uf debts, (saeapr lAaar autyn^l?? payment ,/j-,
iimllu I'lHl (ffkr anil has power to tall and duu*T^
the same fur the txneiu uf tlir United rtuun.
LiglU Hmur Ihmrd llun Howell Cbbb, Bee rets ry if thaTraam,,
t* vfleio. |ireelilctit. Oar. W B. sibuhrlrk, United dtaUs uavv, ,1.1
nun. Major A H. Bo* ma a. cur |? of angtuaers, lulled Slat., w"
t'apt. A. A Huuiphroyi, United States army; Prof. A. l>. Bach, '
lutendent uf Cuast Nir\ ?y. Prof. Joseph llenry, secretary uf raw.
suftlau licdituthm; riauiunudcr T. (!. Ttlton, Uuilod Stales Gv
Commander Thornton A. Jenkins, United Nates nary, and fhpta*
Wm H. franklin, United Nates army, seorvtarisa; au.l dee clstfe,
l lun board dlierla the bwktiug and r* pairing uf light bouaea, bgti
voasela, buuye, ami beacons, con Inula for supplies of oil, 4c
l'nife.1 Abater Ooawt Auras* ?Profraaur A.^ II Bache, U. D., aupam,
I H"V;jt fiJi'l M.pcriWeuucm ui ? ? -fkpt
Wllliuru H raliiur, oor|w Inpsfraiddoal enginery
States Army, in charge of the Owwl Survey tWHc* , l^out. A. y, yu,
United Scale? Army, usuUnt 3
A. W. KuascU, chief clerk.
C. B. ftnow. in charge of archives.
1'rofwMor A. G. f'midletou, United BUtes nary, oompuWr of w,0ludefl.
1
AksisUdI Clias. A. tirbnif, in charge of computing division.
AaausUuii L. F. Pourtslsfl, hi charge of tidal dtvieiou
Lieut J. C. Tldbail, l ulled Stales army, Lu charge of drawing *
Vial Oil.
Uout. Kaxton, United Scales army, iu charge of engraving ??l
alou
Samuel IMm, disbursing agent.
Ueorgo M.iihmt, eloctrotypiid.
Joe?fh iSaxton, usatatatn to superintendent of w eights and naatnr*
WT omil DKCAKTMK.VT
Bon. Aaroi iwaL The direction w
toauagMnml of the l*?*l tnfioe rtepurbmuil ar?* aligned by the oottsn
luliou uud law s to llm Poet master <b nera) That tin hu <iucah may tw
the more conveniently arranged an*l prepared for his final action, itu
i i' it" ' 'Hi- i-omimeatiK
Sue, in charge of the Hrat Anautant PtatiBaitiar General; the (oiiirm
Office, in r liar go of tho Second Assistant Postmaster Oeuernl; the Pi
nance Office, in charge of Uie Third Asdauud IVMUnaater General; aa.j
the Iusi>ecUon Office, in charge of the eh?ef clerk. j'!
Appeintvwnl ftjjicr. Horatio Kinr. esq , first Assistant IVwtinasUr
General. and nineteen clerks To this offico are noigned all qur^tien?
which relate to tlie establishment and discontinuance of post office,
change* of idle# and lutiuu*. appointment und removal uf i*?.Huw-dcri
and route and local agents, ah, also, tho giving of instructions to pom
masters. Postmasters are furnished w itb marking and rating stamps
and letter balances by ibis bureau, which is charged also with pro.
viding blanks una stationery lor Hie use i?f tlie deportment, aud with
tho su|Ktrinteudeuce of the xoreral agencies established for supplying
IMiatmiuiiterK with blanks. To IhN bureau ta likewise assigned tho so!
per vision of the ocean tuull steamship lines, and ui the foreign and h)
uruational postal arrangements.
Contract (J/J!**.- William 11 Huudas, esq,, Hrrond Assistant Ptetma*
ter General, and twenty .six clerks. To this ofthe >* assigned the p?ui
i. . ol .in : i in dl si-rvn , tie- I into i St itn and placing tieuna
mudci oonti tct, eiubr-icui^ .? I < m m |<>?.i 11. .. .
respecting tho frequency of trips, mode of conveyance, and times of dr
luirtures and aruvals on all the routes; iltr course ot the mail between
til dtflfcl Uf ?ctlouiofth( oOWrtrjT, the point , ?!" mail di II iIM,! i
the rogtilationK Tor tho govornmeut of the domestic mail service of tin
United tit at en. It prepares the advertisements for mat) preputials, receives
the bids, and takes charge of the annual and occasional mail let
ttng*. and the adjustment and execution of the contracts. All spplioa
tun I 'i (! I-' i 11?11 li in i; i ,I It--r.it I. Ht - !' U4.n1' a.11 i.^'in -nr. . aii ! f.i,
* ..x?wiw.nlil hn sent to thin offioe. All
a|i|junnwtut __
clauo* should be submitted to it for transportston wvie? not under
eottriM i . ?- tho.? ognitfon ! . - ei vi. , tit t to be obtained through
the Contract Office as a necessary authority for the proper credits a>
the Auditor's Office. From this office all postmasters at the ends of
routes receive the statement of mail arrangements proscribed for the
respective routes. It reporta weekly to the Auditor fill contracts eic
cutod, and all orders affecting accounts fbff mail transportation; pre
jmp tn< tali ti il exhibit-1 vl Uio mall service, aud the report of tht
mull Idlings, giv ing a statement of each bid; also, of the contracts
made, the now service originated, the curtailments Ordered, and the
additional allowances granted within the year.
Finance Oflke. -John Marrou esq , Third Assistant Postmaster (ieneral,
am t? ntj no clerks r- litis rfBoo nrc nsi 1 tn the q <
vision and management of the financial buelness of the department,
not devolved by law upon the Auditor, euibracing accounts with tin*
draft offices and other depositaries of the department, the issuing of
warrants and drafts in payment of balances reported by the Auditor
to be due to mail contractors and other persona, the superviaiou of
the accounts of ofllces under orders to depostto their quarterly bal
&UC09 at designated points, and tho superintendence of the rendition
l?y postmasters of their quarterly returns of postages. It has charge
of tho dead-loiter office, of tho issuing of postage stamps and stamp*!
en vol o | voh for the prepayment of paring*, and of the accounts con
HOC11 id therewith
T?> the Third Assistant Postmaster General nil peetmastora should
direct their quarterly returns of postage; those at draft their
letters reporting quarterly the net proceeds of their otBoes; uud Uxhat
depositing offices. tin ir certllloalos of dopoake; to liim should alio
bo directed the weekly and monthly returns of the dc]oMil'irle.s df ilm
department, a? well iu> all applications and receipt* for postage 8Uin>p?
and stumped envelopes, uud for dead letters.
Intpeiiion Office -Iknj. 3S\ dements, esq., chief clerk, and seventeen
clerks. To this office Is assigned the duty of receiving and examining tho
registers of the arrivals and departures of the mails, certificates of tho
service of route agents, aud reports of mail failures; of noting tho delinquencies
of contractors, end preparing cases thereon for the action
of the Postmaster General; furnishing blanks for mall registers and
reports of mntl failures: providing aud sending out moil bugs nnl
moil locks ami keys, and doing nil other things which may be new*
sury to secure u faithful and exact performance of nil mail contract. .
Al! cases of mail depredation, of violation of law by private expresses.
or by the forging or illegal use of postage stamps, are under
the riuperviriiou of this oflb e, and should be reportod to it.
All communications respecting lost money, letters, mail deprodij
lions, <?r oilier violation;; of law, or mail-locks and keys, should bo dw
ret ted " Chief Clerk, Post Office Department."
All registers of the arrivals and departures of tho mails, oortiflcntri
of the orvice of route agents, re porta of mull failures, applications
for blank register?, and report# of failures, uud all complaint ag&ltet
. ni ictorsl r Irregular or imperfect MrVioo, riwuld be directed " In
spection Ofllcc, Post onico Department."
WATT MD*AKTHDrr,
Tlio Navy Do partmont cuM.-iHt* of the Vavy Pcprirtrnent proper. W
ing the office of the Secretary ami of five bureaus attached thoreto.vii:
Bureau of Navy-yards and Docks, Bureau of Construction, Kqulpmeoi,
and Kopair,'Bureau of Provisions and Clothing, Bureau of Ordnance turf
Hydrography, and the Bureau of Medicine ami Surgery.
The following is a statement of the duties of each of theso office* and
I of the fbrco employed (heroin:
Secretary's Offer. ? Hon. Isaac Toucey, Secretary of tho Nary; Cbftrlc*
j W. Welsh, esq., chief clerk, and eleven clerks. The Secretary of tl:o
j Navy has charge ot' everything connected with tho naval eatahlM
| mctit, and tho execution of all laws relating thereto is intrusted to him,
under the general direction of the President of the United HtatftJ, vrli",
by tho constitution, is commander-in-chief of tho army and navy
All instructions to commanders of squadrons aud commanders >(
vessels, all orders of officers, commissions of officers both in lb?
navy and marine corps, appointments of commisaiouod aud warrant
officers, orders for tho enlistment and discharge of seamen, eaunal*
from the Secretary's office. AH the difttnb of the different bureaus arc
performed under the authority of the Secrolnry, and tboir orders an?
| considered as emanating from him. Tho general superinteu'loncf of
I the rnarino covjw forms, also, a part of tho duties of tho Secretary, and
all tho orders of tlio commandant of that corps should ho approved by
him.
Bureau of Xavy- Vards aud Dock*. -Commodore Joseph Smith, chief
of the bureau, four clerks, otto civil engineer, and one drauglitmian.
All tho navy yards, docks and wharves, buildings and machinery tD
navy yards, uud everything immediately connected with thein, are
under the superintendence of this bureau. It also charged with the
management of the Naval Asylum.
livreau qf Construction, F,quipmcnl yaiul AVj*nr - - ,ionn tinman, ewj, |?
chief of tlio bureau, eight clerks*, ami ono draughtsman. The offkeof H
the enghicci Inchkl of M s ua\y . !nxtttel ap-Ii'mom,. - ) , ; t. ? s ? If
this bureau, who U aasbled by threeassistant engineer? This bureto HI
has charge ol'the building and repairs of nil vessela-of-war, purchase M
of materials, and the providing of all vessels with their equipment*, Bj
Wnlk, water tankf \< Tin engineer in luef upenutot 19
the construction of all murine steam engines for the navy, and, with
n pi in [ If
itvr.oi> / hiwMiiliMl OMWim B. IMfee, put ei lh?HM8WU fl
chief of burqaa sadfoui rks. ah provi u>o tho uso <" 3
clothing, tot thai with the making contracts for fu 9
lie' ? c<inn under tin charge ut this bureau. B
a ' < -.: oi I ll^lKuvuphy f'apt human iMrn'nrr |H
chief ol bureau font clerks, and one draughts man Hub bureau ta* (9
charge Of all ordnnw < and ordnai tores tho innuut.icture 19
fuua, p n* del. hot, shells, he . and th< eq lip ' 19
th overytlrtug ooonecied therewith It alao pro 19
(!?-s (liini witli maps, chart . chronometer*, hnr??ui< 19
H.. i :< i1 ' "k ... :ir- I urn !i i . i?J ' ' 1 if
Slates Naval Olwervatory an<l llyihrographirul Office'' at Wadilngten.
and tbi Na> tl Aoadomj it Innapoit* an alao under the general*
| permn lideuco of tho chief of this bureau.
/for-rauof Afe&tim a nil fiu rprnj - Pr. Willi*m Wholan, surgeon
I na i f hurea oi as mutant 1 1 " ,
State* navy, and two clerk*. Everything relating t<> mwiiclur* aw
medical st< : tri itn 'tit ?t and ioded,a .. . Di?
hospitals, comes witlnu the superintendent c of till* bureau.
WAR DWAkTMRrr.
Bob .i B. Floyd, ov tar] if War; W - DHnktrd, oblef <*ird'.
' rk . - in . i :in t
ollowing but eauB are attached to this dopurtnn nt:
I.. . (lift. 11 ) ,it the hand of tblfl"
lieutenant General Scott, is at New York.
AitjiUotU <?*vrraVt Ojjlor - Col. Samuel Cooper, Adjutant ficofrt\
- . '. i m i l? I'ovvtisctul lln el ('apt ";_ltIV'
and Brevet Capt. J V. Oare> Ue. Judge Advocate, Brevet Major J' J
K. i lite i U and 1 us iDMSougei in thim I < ai 1 1'
the records which refer to tho jHTHonuel ?>f U10 army, thv rolk,toll
is her- where ail military oetnmisvioa* urc tyidi I
I Vwirtoimix/'r firnrrnl t Ofltf.?BrcVOl IMOT General T. S. W'
i.irtert t . Assistant Col nu H 1 = 1 Captain?
v : ' ! ' ' ; . 1 ' 11 < I< 1 k !
I / 'a^matter (toierat'i ofiice?Col. B. W. lATBod. payouater
Uljor T.J. Lee he, dlatriot paymaster; eight clerk* and one ror*#1'
Cmnmwmy i^rwral t (tffu* - -Ocn. Ceorgc thhaon, <*onmii??r} ^ ^f
oral, a.-tiini. Captain M. I' < rk*aod ooe H
I Surgeon General'i fjficc.- -Gen. Thomas Iaws<hi, aurgcoo gr:i'rl H
)???sisi.iuu, l>r. R. ( Wool and Dr. G. K Wood; three clerks. if
H
n
i 1\tp"ffraj>hunl /turf/tu Col. J. J Abcrt, colouel of the c?rr*? H
B
' ' i: Mg. ? If
^ Capt. Wm. Mayuadier; eight clerks and one mc*Mug?r. II
i FtiiRCr it .1 / '7/ r it />o. h
J Ii Printing Telegraph. N'.ili-mil M"t?l; entrance , n
north >, ham. ?venii.- T V.'
. Muntorc, FUMHyhli, ?M Mm UaM p . * * .1
. \i-rl> with the Kmlorn line to SI. Johns,anil the Wetcru IU"'< " [1
<iri. mw.
H?> < iph, Vitlorml Itotsl, corner of .
I
< Urnino Kset anil Wost. . , ,1
? southern Tel. graph, National Hotel- T" Nsw Orle*n?, rot ? ! M
<lr)?, Rtehmnnil * H
I
i Wf<i n
suth streets, over MlliuM** drug ?tur?. 1>) Wheeling and inter? H
point*, connecting with *11 the We*tern ami Northwestern lire

xml | txt