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The Washington union. (City of Washington [D.C.]) 1857-1859, December 23, 1858, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82006534/1858-12-23/ed-1/seq-6/

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11.4 for* ?"( iul. I. ' .( lulu, luata) :iliy or cI>H. c , ?
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lOOHv who ll4Vt> |Hrri?UUcd ?UCU lu OtiuH ol Hit '
wvunury. A|? _u- ti j
'lAhiINU CUBA MY ATTACHMKNT SPAIN AN Alt 1
SUNT ASi> FhAl'DUIJSNT L.KHTOH ?
Mr Davn or Minairtnippi, propono to pincct-J l.y 1
utUohii.t.i.t uguin-rt .vpuiu .in .a. .i> ..m, ..i.iiitig, 1
or fraudulent debtor. We have a loug account I
against Spain, contracted under aggravated circuin- '
btaiicitt and sufficient tine lie- olajnu-d (o mIuhv dial
*he in utterly indifferent aliWo to the obligations alia 1
' has incurred and to the very offensive events of theii
origin. There is mure in this subject than appears 1 I
upon the turhce, .ipuin la largely indehu-d to out
citi/ena Her agents have commit tod man) grave
cutiages upon them have sacrificed their property, <
and, in numerous instances, when they have been I
arraigned by Spanish tribunals, and on final decision I
pronounced innocent, iliey liave bcou charged with ]
enormous court expenses, and hold iu prison till they I
were paid. In niuecaaea out of ten our claims aguinat I
Kpain have ariaen from tortious, illegal, and unjustifiable
acta on hoc part, They uro nearly all founded
on some den violations of law. Itelweeu indi
viduula such trespaaaera are hold to a closer account,
and u more rigid practice prevails in bringing them to
judgment. Wo are not about to contend that Spain
should In treated as an absent debtor, and her el
fecU seized in attachment to satisfy our claims ; nor
are we prepared to maintain that the evidence is
sufficient that slio in concealing her property with n
\ iow of dtdinildiiig her crcditois, though, on the latter
point, wo arc satisfied the case is by no inoaus
dear. She has threatened more than once to destroy
her effect*. She has not only neglected and
refneed to pay us what in .justly ours, but ban declared
again and again that if we should undertake
to seize upon her estates she would devastate and
, render them valueless in our hands. It is not easy
to see the distinction between removing or secreting
property with a view to defraud creditors, and
destroying it with the same purpose. The effect is
the same upon the parties who are seekiug justice, and
it is wholly immaterial how the case bears upon
those who aro doing all in their power to defeat
it. Hut it may be said that nations are unlike individuals?that
they should not be treated as re
sponsible to the rules that govern Hie latter under j
the civil administration of a State; that with lespect |
to tliem there is no difference between a tortious act
by which a citizen or subject of another shall sutler,
and a simple failure to meet an obligation to pay
money or to do something else. We are by no moans
ready to ndorsc any such doctrine. Kvory transaction
and every act of a nation should he judged
according to its character. If it he tortious the offender
should be punished, and made to pay even
exemplary damages. If they stand out or delay beyond
a reasonable time for adjustment, the aggrieved
parly should have his option to proceed directly
against the offending party or against Ids effects.
We would not he understood as claiming that ii
is the duty of governments to enforce the obligations
of their citizens or subjects in all cases against
other governments. Lord I'almcrstory wo believe,
announced this doctrine a lew years ago, and proposed,
for the benefit of British subjects, to apply
it to Spain ; hut the latter subsequently made
some arrangement with liis lordship which obviated
the necessity of its enforcement, or, at least, affordi
ed him un opportunity to recede from his position.
It is very questionable, indeed, if the smaller States
of the world could maintain themselves under a
rule so rigid and effective. Kugland and France, with
powerful navies and large standing armies, would
have obvious advantages overall the weaker powers,
especially on this continent; and they might find
very plausible grounds for intervention, too, in our political
affairs, if it were once fully established. On i
the other hand, such a principle, if adopted by 1
the nations, and made applicable only to the future,
would induce circumspection, economy, hud I
perhaps integrity, by w idoning accountability and j
enlarging practical remedies. As the law now j ,
^utids, individuals who < infract with a foreign gov- 1
eminent, fake the whole responsibility of its good '
faith and ability to meet its obligations, indeed,
uearly all tratiBactioiiH of tho kind are not only based
upon the Handing of the governments, but rates are
fixed with distinct reference to their power and disposition
to pay. They are simple business affairs,
the subject* of investigation into the permanence
of the obligors, their means and their honesty.
They ure purely voluntary.
Obligations incurred by an illegal, tortious, and
oppressive exercise of power over the citi/eus and
property of another Slab;-, rest upon a very different I
basis. There is nothing of the nature of a contract
in them. They involve tho commission of wrongs
' to persons and the illegal sacrifice of property ; and
reason and justice demand that the aggressor shall be I
punished and compelled to make restitution or pay j ,
aggravated damages. It is dearly the duty of every I
government to exercise its power in defence of its '
citizens, to avenge their wrongs in a proper way ; j
and there is IK> sense in receiving the plea of poverty '
on the part of such offenders as a ground for .staying ,
execution. All diplomatic excuses should be dis- <
i aided as u part of the machinery by which the ends 1
of juitice are sought to bo defeated- j
fn regard to .Spain, we repeal, the obligations due 1
t<> cear people arise wholly from illegal, uijijst and
tyrannical a,. Is on the pai l of licr officials. It is not I
too much to say lhat luiuiy of these nets, if not pre
meditated by the "ttbials themselves. who knew
they were illegal, were directly judiicod l?y the Madrid
government. The vice-regal governors have
had before them for a long succession of years spc
rial instructions from the t^ueen to be exceedingly
?. autinus in the exercise of authority over the subjev.tr.
of kluglaml and Franco. Those instructions
contained irritating and offensive references to the
citiKcns of the (:nit?d States, and enjoined patficut^jr
vigilance over their conduct and language. I n- i.
sltir such circumstances, and in the Ikco of p. pervading
national prejudice against our people, the yonder
is thai our large commerce and intercourse with
ttiv island has been maintained al all. The mlmiuistrutu.n
of Cuba has thus been controlled by funds- ?
a.
u*Ma) iiikti actios* /ryuiro.? the C uban oilicer* to din- d
rimiuwte against our citizen*: ami it ia perfectly j*
air lo infer (hat ourgrievunces attach tit euceaml <li- f.
vrllv to lh< Queen'* own m,inurement. We make "
* 1 f&i
hesc observations wilh the sole view of bringing be- j
ore Cungre?s ami the country the exact nature of 0111 b
elation* with Spain. Wo have sought retire** anil ^
jpen put oft wilh iniinite excuses from time to time, i 1,
Head} to commit wrong and to inflict damage*, they
in never ready to do right, They have again and | ix
iguiu violated their own law* to do our people in- o
ury ; hut they are never willing to prove their in- j *
egrity by disavowing the ucta of their ofticial* and I t
mi inlying (he claim* of injured parlies, 'i'hey talk 1 1
>f the pride of their Kingdom, id its past glories and I j'
it* present lame, and proclaim everywhere that the a
power and the integrity of the ('town demand of 11
them that they shall hold Cuba, ti( whatever coat, i
Meanwhile their creditor* are starving, their treaait- *
vis impoverished, and their government a prey to *
oiiteiiding factioiui and ambition* and mercenary n
Mr. f>nvim pi eposes,-under.ill tlie circumstances,
lli.tl (lit- federal government thai) notify Hpuin and
leiuand pa\infill of certain indebtedness, and, in default
thereof, thai attachment issue with direction*!
to our naval constables to seize I ho Inland of Cuba.
In equity Mr. Davis in right. Spain ban justly forii
itod all claim to the forbearance of the United
'tales. The Inland has been governed for twenty
\ ears on the idea that England and France would
not consent to its falling into our bands. It baa been
regarded as perfectly safe to treat our people aa
barbarians and pirates; to arrest thorn, confiscate
their property and, even when pronounced innocent
in luminal prosecutions, to refuse not only to return
their eMtutcs, hut make tlieiu pay enormous
coats. The whole judicial system of Cuba is in the
hands or under the control of the Governor ua'ieitl.
This is not the theory of the government, but |i is its
practice; so that all authority, wherever and by
whomsoever exercised, ia a unit.
KANSAS AND GOLD MINKS
We give iu another column, from a highly respectable
source, an interesting letter oil the subject of
the Kansas or Pike's Peak gold mines. The probabilities
are, in lee'd, all on the side of an abundant
supply of the precious metals to the east of tlio
mountains. Enough has been published to insure
tlio minutest survey of the country. The spring will
open upon a large operating force already on the
ground, said to be fifteen hundred persons. Leavenworth
city, and. indeed, the Territories of Kansas
and Nebraska, are thus likely to be brought into extraordinary
prominence, and to command their share
of emigration, and perhaps lie the scene of one of
those commotions which the United States alone are
capable of getting up. We are convinced that the 1
reports circulated about abundant ''supplies'' of gold d
in tbo west ot Kansas ire founded in truth. i
,_J t
III NIINi. IN THE AI.LKGJlAXIKK OF .\1 AltVI.AND- 1
MLSllACk BROWNING, THE CHIEF OF BEAR '
HINTKRH MAVNAItD'K BREECH LOADING CAR '
BINE. 1
From a graphic description of a bunt in the Alio- 1
ghany-niountain range of Maryland, and of th" glo
rious scenery of that portion of the Slato known as
the Alpine plateau, we extract so much as relates to '
the famous mountain hunter, Meshaek Browning and t
his descendants?who mainly composed the hunting
party?their skill as marksmen, and to a trial of the *
NIICU 11! I J.' ?Jllill I Ul'H Ol nil" IH'll riJIf'H IIBIMI IIV IIIC DfUT
hunters when pitted against tlie rille of Hocior May- '
mini, of this city, some notice of which hus heretofore
appeali'<l in our columns. The account in from 1
the pen of a gentleman who once had much celebri- *
ty as a hunter in the West, and who had renewed a
the wood sports of hie early Ufo after many years
spent in literary pursuits. n
The result of the trial places the new ritle in a position
to justify the belief that it has properties not 1
possessed by others, and which cannot fail to at- s
tract the attention of military powers abroad, as it t
lias already attracted that of our own government, a ,
considerable number having been ordered for our a
troops : '
" I cannot close without tolling you that iny mountain
xnupuuioiis were as uohle and sensible fellows as it hue
Bver been my fortune to meet. They were all Roman
centurions in their forms and presence, and an army ol
juch, with a Washington or a Jackson to lead, could
hold the despotisms ol the world in awe, end nil oligarchy j
it home that would sever the Union and overthrow the
liliertics of (lie people. They were, for the most part, ^
lescendants of Meshack Browning, now the octogenarian j(
chief of the bear hunters of the mountains, where liia infancy,
manhood, and old age have been spent. He lias
the look of one born to command in the midst of the ^
Alleghanles. No man ever had a head so much like
eneral Jackson's?the same prominent, firm-set chin, t
resolved lip, Roman nose, with something of the rcfiue
ikiit of the Greek, beaming eyes---sometimes expressing ^
themselves in lightning, sometimes in the soft radiance |
it the rainbow rnaile of tears. He bus the same thin, f.
duvated, furrowed forelicad, crowned with a crest of
ihiek, gray hair, lifted like the roused eagle's. j,
" This venerable man, who lias I wen a hunter all his .j
life, and made his living and portioned off his offspring, j,
mm amounting to 12t?, with mountain freeholds acquired
iv ids gun, may well Is; considered file patriarch of tiiis
region. He lias always been looked upon, although an (
illiteiate man, us the foremost among the jieople lor (
i.jvmd sense, Integrity, heroic courage, kindness, generosity,
and oourtesy. Although he never had more than
<ix months' schooling, h*' writes a strong, legible baud,
ind lias a native eloquence and talent for conversation
ivbich makes all willing listeners, no matter who com|>ose
the company. His frieuds liave persuaded him to
iv rite the incidents and adventures of his life. It may "
veil lie euiitled 'The Life of a Hunter.' For the greater "
jart of a century, mid amidst the wildest and grandest
icenes of our country, he has lieen oue of the ltigliest and v
iiiuHt roinimiic (usee. u
" I lead as much of bin story in manuscript as my Active
pursuit of tbo same enjoyments in the same region (j
would permit, tin 1 was charm'-d to perceive that enough
remained of the original grandeur of the wilderness and
>f the luxuriance and beauty of the creation, animate and
uanimnte, tliut la-longs to it, to verily the graphic de- '
icriptioris of his pages, and justify the enthusiasm that ! '*
mpcllod so inuch genius in the career of a hunter. His
larratiou is given with all the simplicity of ltohinson ; si
ruaoe, hut it has the advantage of a vividness and [ ti
itreiigtli of expression and of spirit, supported by the at- | 1
lendaut circumstances recounted, that distinguishes re- :
rlity h"m htlioi) The story of the exploits of the hun- w
lor, fit minings:, a agouti the unwieldy game of Aliica, ul- , j
iliough it attains verisimilitude in the same way, has not s
-qual interest for ine. Cumminga is a military tactician
uul scholar, and docs his work like a disciplinarian y
mod hunter. Our Sachem of the Mountains is a n
mtuKil-born hunter, educated solely in Nature's own ^
irhool, and gifted by Nature to tell her story eloquently I
unl truly
' lluf, from tbo scbooj of military tactics, 1 baptised '
his hero of hunters (who may lw wiid to have conquered '
hie AUoghanies with thoold long litiei by Mm display of 11
i little polished 20 inch g un, as easily wielded irs n pistol, (i
fhlch he and the whole trllie of huutera, after repeated '
xpsiiments, wore obliged to coufeas excel led all the rifles ^
hey bod < KXf seen It was tlie breech loading, sell- o
tuiiing iiih , uut'iiuti i.v- yt. .u.iviinru, it g.'iini'iiimi
\ Jui probably )i?<I his miml turned to the improvement
if t>v hU military .tihlies nt MVsl Voini {Sis ol
uiij- )j i, cvr.liinly rtioi'i'ntvatod triple the (>ovc't in itas h
l>uu bnil tlje mati'iinl whi< li on're tve? thniit.lif tndtepen si
tU tp i*oo?lUut< tlie JoruiMiihl* urni whfcli, borne on tl
i?- pcreou, cotild extend a man ? i I * *tioke with tin*
reatcat ceitaint) to dUtant ob)ect? 'Ilia old nth-. to be
ifectiie, w a* held uece*o?tily to be from lime to tbnr
let la length of barrel, and from eight to ten pound* In
.* weight. May mud a i* twenty inches long, and weigh*
Ix pound* ; n*e* but forty grain* oi |*>wdcr for it charge.
L look* like a ebild'k plaything in tlie lutud* of a m<ui,
ut try this tiitle with the beat gun* extant, and the exert
merit will prove that it i* aiipariur to theui all in inunable
accuracy to the aim aud that momentum which
earn its bull* to uiuch greater dihtam.es.
" before 1 xtaited on ury hunt, i tested May mud's gnu
y trying it with my own hunting title, mode by the
blubrated Huwkiuh, of Ml. Loui*. who Inu for yuai* lilted
ut the hunter* of the plain* and the lhx ky mountain*
found the little gun bent at all dhttiunes. I then chained
one of the improved far-?liooting litb 1, maimfweured
At Uur|>er'* Ferry, under tin: super vision of kcieuitie
military men, adopting the discoveries which the
chleveiiicnt* of the Minuie lille in the Crimean war
uve *ugge*tcd. Over thin new piece Maynuid * gun wa*
gain triumphant at all distance* 1 then adopted it fur
uy mountain hunt.
" When 1 uppeund among tlie huutern with thi* epiome
of A ritle in polihhed steel, 1 could perceive, though
uppressed with all possible politeness, a*iuile that passed
round ut the exi>etike of my gun and myself. I en
eavored to extingubih this latent lidiruie hv telling of the
rats the gun |*trl'ormed at home. A eompatudonate look
f incredulity made me sensible that my case was con*id i I
red ukjn to that fellow wlio bragged of hU great leap at
In' Uhixirr* hut rliuv.1 nol ultcmpl uie icui ugaiu upon mu
round on which lie mid his compact tat, to whom he
masted ol' his activity, then stood 1 quietly resolved
lint I would relieve myself of this presumption hy taking
u oaily occasion to compute the little gun's power witu
hat ol gieatest repute iu the mouutains.
" At Hays's, iuui tliu Virginia line, where a goodly
ompauy were assembled, and examining Mayuurd's gun
vith mingled curiosity and distrust, and some derision,
iiodestly proposed a shooting match. A hundred and
imrteen yards were stepped oil' as a pretty good test for
, limiting gun. Home half dozen rifles of the best repute
veru tried uguinst the pop gun, and uli were bctilcii
'lie surveyor of the county mode his experiments with
t, which proved equally honorable for hiinselJ anil the
;un. Then some of the best shots among the huntsmen
lied with equal success and setfeongratillation The title
gun became a favorite. Subsequently on (he other
ido of the valley, near the I'flunsylvania liue, where we
lad an accession of comn^|is, another trial was made
villi Muyuaid's ugaiusl the mountain gun, shooting tliu
listonce of 2.'!2 yards, in (Ids uxjMiimoiit the little gun
ras always elose into tliu murk ; the others notohert?a
harp shooting machinist and eager hunter would test
he thing with a rest for both himself and theguu, and
ie?rly drive the centra.
" A Hue marksman, who had a Harper's Ferry ritle of
;riat celebrity, resolved to try both from his own sliouller.
The little gun eut the p.i|H-r ; the big oue missed
he tree. The surveyor of the couuty tried his hand
igidu, and keen eyes with it, aud made a liue shot just
lImivc the paper. On this tliu great bear-killer declared !
ie never in his long lifu had seeu any ritle equal to Maylard's.
Hu lamunted that ho had not such a weapon in
lis early days ; it would have lieen so admirable, hy its
piiek loading, for his hand-to-baud tights with the hour
u defence of his dog iu the laurel thickets, and for long
hots from mountain to mountain over the precipitous
forges which divided them ulong the SavHge river it
inly wanted, hu said, tile hair-trigger and a little addliou
to its length, to poiso It at auq's length, to make
lie piece perfect."
h'tA'SAS GOLD MfflfiS.
ij!\VK.swouTii City, Kansas.
IVccmljer 13th, JttiS.
Dear Sin : W< have the honor to present yon a specineu
of gold obtained from the newly-discovered " I'll
dorado, " in western Kansas. This specimen is a part of
evernl ounces purchased hy us from two miners hy the
tame of Rugae!I, natives of Ocorgia, by whose adrun
-urea iu search of gold the gold mines of Kansas have ,
>eeu developed. They left this city uliout the first of
tpril last, ill coiupauy with nine or ten others, and pros
iccted the whole of that country lying on the eastern
lope of the ltocky mountains, in the vicinity of " l'ike's
'oak," finding gold, in greater or less abundance, at ulnost
every step.
From tliem we have obtained the following in forma
ion, which has been abundantly corroborated :
1st. The gold is found ?u the surface, and, at various 1
lisbmces, to the depth of eight feet.
lid. The " bed roc!:" lias not yet liecn reached by any of
bo miners.
3d. Willi the rudist implements they were able to oh- .
uin from $2 to $5 per day.
4th. Willi improved means, such ns 'sluices" and
'tuna," there aro '' million! qfacta'' (to use their own
linage) that will produce $20 pur day, uml many places
is much us $10.
nth. That this new " gold region" differ* from Calibrnla
iu this: The gold is scattered broadcast over a
'ast extent, and not found iu "pockets," "gulches," j
,ud " ravines," us in California ; thus insuring a support >
,t least for every mail thai la disposed to labor.
Hth, The specimen accompanying Ihia note constitute s
I art of the labor of the Messrs. IUissell in "more than
(<t hundrtd tVjl'ertnt jtlticti.
7tli. The lust pliice tlicy labored was at "dhurry
reek," GO miles northeast from " Pike's l'cak." Tliis
reek empties into the South Fork of the I'latte, on the
uiith side of that river. At this point, Cherry creek,
hey found the lieliest '' diyyingt.
8th. The distance from this city to Cherry creek is
1 about fix hundred mile*," by way of the Fort Hlley road
ml the Smoky Hill fork of Kansas rivor, which is " ulogether
(stiy the UtisseUs) the best route."
Ver^ respectfully,
J. C. HKM1NGRAY & CO.
Hon Wsnn B. Burn err, Present.
NEWS FROM CALIFORNIA.
(It.vsive.1 friun St. I-euo tijr ovcrUud mail, Due. --V]
The overluud mailt with San Francisco dates of tiro
5th ultimo, four days later, has arrived here. The news
i unimportant. Three passengers by the overland
rail, from Knnsua City, reached Stockton on November
f. They were filty-ono days out. The Mohave and
.avajo Indians were hostile and troublesome.
Victoria dates are to the 17th ami Portland dates to
lie 13th ultimo.
John Nugent, United States special agent, hail pubshed
an address to the citizens of the United States in
hitish Columbia, in the Victoriu Gazette, in which he
peaks of the injustice and oppression Auieiicaus had tocived
at the hands of the colouial authorities, saying
L wus his intention to lay the matter before the uuthoriies
at Washington Mr. Nugent bad airived at Sun
'raucisco, and would leave for Washington in the next
teamer. Business generally was inactive ut Sun Finn
i-eo. The passengeis report encountering snow tifron
indies deep on tlie Apache cation lieyocd Kl Paso,
nd that ice was flouting in the Uio Grande.
P E H SO N A L PAKAGR A I'll S.
Mr Massett lectures in Baltimore on Monday night
JoIhi li. Thompson, esq., editor of the Southern Inter
ry Menenyrr, panned through this city yesterduy on Ids
ray home.
Prof. Joseph G. Hoyl, of Kxetcr, N. ff., has been In
ited to the chancellorship of the Washington University
t St. lauds.
Harry S. J.ane and Wm. McCarty fancy tlmt they have
ceil chose lj ( idted States senators from Indiana, and
lay endeavor to displace Senators Bright and Fjtch.
Itev. K. I.yniaii Mngoon, I). I)., and for many years
"ceiitly a pastor in New York city, lias removed to Alany,
and taken charge of tl/c Fjrst Baptist church.
William Itaiincy's family will deriye about ten thou
md dollars from the sale of his pictures ami those oohriluitcd
hv those artists wiio were his friends during his i
Ife.
liiiani Powers' Masonic statue of Washington, It is
>1,1 will U li niulti.il It. II...... .......II.u It iu n.i.il,. lu. I ..It..
lie statue of Washington executed by Powers for the
t?te of Louisiana, and is, of course, adorned with the
'regalia" copied from far similes of those worn liy |
Washington when master of a lodge in Alexandria. It
'as ordered hy Fredericksburg Isslge, No. 4, In which
e was initiated, &<:.
Ex President Coinoufort, of Mexico ; ex-President
aex, of Doifltnjca ; (ten llennitigsen, of Niearugua ;
on Arrioja, ex Mexlean minister to Berlin ; Don Fertin
Ferrer, late Minister of the Treasury of Nicaragua ; '
en. .lose Maria Garcia Oonde, of Mexico ; Geo. Maximo
erez, late co-l'resident of Nicaragua ; and Lord Bury,
uglisli commissioner, were a few of the celebrities in
lew York on Wednesday.
The Ohio State lijurd of Agriculture has adopted a res
lotion censuring the payment of premiums by agricul
tral societies for the speed of horses, on the ground that
lch (Hals of speed tend to divert attention from every
I'ng el? and ute deruondhing
courts of tin* United State* in ll?> Stale of Alabama, reix>i
led it back without amendment, uud asked its present
consideration ; which wax agreed to, and the bill was
rami u third time and passed.
Also, front the game committee, asked to be dim bailed
from the further consideration of tlic resolution of Apiil,
1 .-458, relating to the amendment# of the laws for takiug
dlidavits and holding to liuil under tin- powere of com
niisiiioners : wliicli was agreed to.
Mr. BltOWN, from the Committee on the District of
Columbia, to which tvaa referred the bill to authorize the
city of Washington to diKtribnle and iim- the water boon
to lie introduced tlieie from tlie Potomac river, asked
to be discharged from its further consideration, and that
it he referred to the Committee on Public [holdings and
Grounds ; which was agreed to.
Mr. FITCH, from the Committee op Printing, to which ;
.vns referred the motion to print tip- statement of the Kernel
Auditor in relation to disbursements to the Indians. |
\c., asked to is) discharged from its further consider.a 1
(ion, and that it lie referred to the Committee on In i
liian Affairs, as the more appropriate one to decide as |
to the necessity of priuting the saute; which was i
agreed to.
MMOU'TIOSft.
t)u motion by Mr. M'BASTl.YN,
Ueolrtd, Tli.il til# Hsrretary of lbs Iulertoi b# ri'qDMlcil lufurii.ah
i.i lb# St'Uulu a sUlsia.'i.l rltovtlog lb# amount yet remaining Sue lo
.'laliiianti unit unprovided for under the third article of III. troaly
made with the Kogue Ktver Indians of Oregon Territory on Itic 10th
day or September, 180M, as aura rial lied h\ cninuiUaioucr* uppultitcd
for thai pni'|ioae.
Mr. SIMMONS submitted the following resolution, and
asked its immediate consideration :
He*-teed, Tint the Secretary of Ibe Treaiury b# directed to report I
lo ill,' Scll.it" a pbci lor railing revenue nutUcleir! iu uinouul to meet I
Hie ordinary cipcmcg nt government by tiie imposition of s|ieeil|e III
stead ol ad valorem duties, according lo lite reeomnieudaiiou ui the
Pruiiduut in Iih annual tiicHsngo to Cnagreas ut its present scgsliiu ;
ami tit it be alio fnrnl-li a schedule of all article, ii|Mi|t wblcb speeiU.
rtutlo' have been levied under any nftbe revenue laws of III# Tinted
Malci ; and b> udil lo such schedule sinii other urtic.tea upon wbieh.
in lt|a Judgment specific duties irtay he safclj unit uonveuieotly In.
pined, Willi lb# average value for the last live yours of mult o| tie tit
in ferelgu vottuiiios and to the ftailad Stales as bo has Ibe meuns ol
a tcibulling, will: ibe rule per loupiiii which was collected upon tip.
value uf Ibe pi jut i|tu| ai In lea Milijei I tu speeille duties under the lartll
set of 1144.
Mr IVKKSoN. Let the resolution lie over.
Mr. SIMMONS oliKcrved tliat it was a uierc call fot iu i '
kurunlion, which could lie uitpweied by the time the I
Senate met again on the 4th of January.
Mr. IVKUSON knew that it was a call for information, i
tint lie did not want that Information ; and the reaolu |
tioli w.i; laid over under tin- rule.
Ill Mat lNTKOOTCBD.
Mr. CBITPENDKN iutroducud a hill to prescribe the
time atid in tuner of liolding elections for senators of the
United States ; which was read and referred to the Committee
on tiie Judiciary.
Mr. C. ohwerved that the necessity of hoiiio such mea
sura bus Im-i'ii rendered so manifest thut In- ho]*id it
would receive the early attention of the Senate. 1
(Tills hill provides thut when there shall lie u vacancy 1
in the Semite of the United States nt tnc (irst meeting of '
the legislature having the right to fill it, or oecnis by
i xpirutlon of u term li'fore the next regular meeting, an
election shall lie held tit noon of till) Monday next sue
cceding the day on which such legislature shall complete 1
its organization, except us provided for In the lemnining
thirteenth section of the hill j
Mr. JONKK introduced u hill to divide the Stite of
luwu Into two judicial districts ; which was referred to 1
the Committee ou the Judiciary.
agricultural coi.lkom.
Mr. SI'UART Hioverl to proceed to the eonsiderutiou of
iioiikc hill donating public lands to the s -vorul States
and Territoiics which muy provide colleges for the Irene
fit of agriculture and the incclianlr arts. i
Mr. ft 17,1VATHICK op|s>sed the motion on the ground
of Mr. itiuu'm'absence, who desired when the bill cunic
up to haveu loaning on the subject, nnd thought It due
to courtesy to nwnit his arrival
Mr. STUART replied thut the Senate hurl agreed to
adjourn over for n week or ten days, and after tliut time i
the appropriation hills would lie coming up. It was
therefore necessary to consider litis hill lo-tlny, if it was
to he passed during the prcscut session. He thought i
that nothing which could he urged by the senator from ,
Qhio wni||i| cjiangg the opinion of any senator , there |
was nothing either in the constitutional question or tlie 1
practical question which every scmitor was not lauilluti l
with. He did not wish to disr uss the matter, hut ouly
asktsl for a vote.
Mr. IVKKSON said that (ho senatorfrom Michigan hud
shown his /.eal in Isihulf of the hill, which was all per |
ha|is thut he ileslred to do. it whs evident that, if taken
up, it must load to a protrnetcd delude, and throw the (
Pacitic railroad bill out of its position, whhli he knew
could not be done without riding over the dead lx>dy of
his honorable friend from California, (Mr Uwis] , ,
|I .slighter | lie trusted that no such dliistrous oonse. | |
quenccs to the Senate and the country would lie penult ,
ted to ensue. ,
The question being taken, the motion of Mr. htcaiit
was not agreed to, us follows ;
VKAfc Mi m Hunter sk, CMoerun, Ctiamltsr, OilUmer, lilniu,
IVmlilllt', thirties, Frss-iidrn, Fro*, Faster, Itsai in, King. Sewanl. j |
Ammnta, Stuart, Tiaini-aa a( New Jersey, TrnmliiUl, Weir anil
IVrlg'ii at
NaV8?Messrs. Rilss, Itararil, Blglsr. Ililglit, BmiMi, Clay, Cling 1
man, CrllleDileu. Iisvls, Kllib. Fii/|>airl(k, (Iresa, Uwlu, Harlan, I '
II..ii-nhi 11 ii. '1 I' i n .1 Ini-mi I.Hi. 'i Jnn K. nil' h '
II.- .n l'..il?, Kent. I.in-, selisnlsn siiSell, Tiwnil.* ami Wnr.1 2S 1
I 1
mrs j aits tt bsiiili . 1 i
Mr. ClUTTENDKN moved to take up the bill tor the 1
i . > t . , .. it i
CONGRESSIONAL.
'I'llIrty-Fifth c.ingress--Second !IcmIini.
TUITRSnAV, DEn'KMBKi; t!t, 183*
StIKAi K.
TIm1 following mcmoiiuts and jx-titioiio were presented
and appropriately relet ir<l
Hy Mr, i.'IU'JTKN'DKN : Krmu Ueoi^c Washington
Greene, gnindnoo of tlen Natluruh I t.ieeue. The in.;
iiini ialisl states thai the private Mini ofticial correspondence
of his grandfather, (luting the pwiod of llie ravo
luliuii, contain* important uutcriiln for tlie general liU
tory of Hurt war, and tile only authentic ones for the Ilia
turv of the Quartermaster lieiier.il'* Department. and of i
those brilliaut campaigns which rescued the Carolina*
aritl Georgia from the enemy, ami says that he has heeu !
engaged lor more than ten years in collecting and arranging
these documents, lu the ho|>e of piosei ving for ;
posterity this essential part of our uutioual history
They consist of more than six thousand oigtnal letters,
upwards of two thousand of which were written hyGen
lire..... TI.e memorial u.. I l.e wlmle work will make i
ten volumes, wliicli runts!* the-hound* of individual en i
terprise ; that such work* belong to a dun which arc j
government's, and strictly national ; and ask* Congic?s
to givo its aiil to the publication by taking two thousand
copies, at the rate ot three dollars per volume. The
memorialist points also to the resolution of Congress ot |
the Hth of August, 178ti, diieeting a monument to lie
elected to tile memory of Nathaniel (Jreeiie, es<) , at the
seat of the federal government, and citing tire insetiptiou
to lie placed on it; und yet that monument v.as
never erected, and not a stone remains to show where
the ashes of the hero of the South mingled with the soil
of thu countiy which he saved.
Also, from (ten Leslie Comlis, oskiug (hut the money
appropriated by Congress for the satisfaction of the Texas
botnU, now remaining in the treasury, may be distrib- i
uted pro rata, and also asking the puyment of Jexax
bonds forineriy held by bim wliieli have been lost.
liy Mr. SHIELDS: From Hester Stoll, widow of uu
old soldier, asking a pension
Air S. stated that tin petitioner was I lie widow of an
old soldier wiio bad served faithfully lor twenty six <
years, and hud, previous to ids death as well as since, I
served as hospital matron in tiie Florida war, and after- <
wauls in that of Mexico ; tluil lie knew |s rsonully that
tier services wore of the most invaluable kind to Hie sick i
and wounded otlieers in thu city of Mexico ; that she was i
now old and destitute, und invoked a favorable consideration
of tier case at tiie hands of the Committee oil I'eusiong.
Itv Mr. DROWN : From citizens of the District of Columbia,
urging tiie enactment of a law to prevent malicious
mischief and protect property in add Distiict.
By Mr. CAMKltON : Proceedings of a meeting of the
soldieis of the war of 1812 in tuvor of Uie enactment of
a pension law which will lie just to the government and ;
generous to the soldier.
Also, from William H. Crubbc, clerk in the navy-yard j
at Philadelphia, asking uu increase of salary.
By Mr. KINO : From otlieers ot the State government !
and member* of the legislature ot New Yutk, askiug 1
that a pension lie granted to Mary Kvereta, only surviving
child of tlideou Bronson, a soldier in the war of the
revolution ; ulso, front others in relation to the same
subject.
By Mr. HiMMONS : From the administrator of .John
Ferguson, asking to lie paid his portion of the pro
coeds of certain work which has been paid into the
treasury.
it scours ihom cniiMrri'Kisa.
Mr. HAYAltD, from tiie Committee on the -Itulkiury,
to wliieli was reforreit the bill to provide for liolding ttie
it-lid ol Mis Jaus Tun. bull, which given Int a pausiou
of fifty dollar* a mouth. 1 lie motion being agreed to,
Mr. spoke Iu glowing term* of the services of Captaiu
Turubull, and said that Itin death wan occasioued hy din
case contracted iu the service of his c ranlry during the
Mcslcnu war
Mr. 8HIK1.DS eoiroboralcd what h id been said iu rcf11em
e to tbr gallantry of t'upt T , hut thought it would
bo bettci to reduce the aiuoiiut of the pension to thiity
dulluis per month, the same amount which h id la-en given
iu other cawa.
Mi . C'ljA i staled that the reason the fVuuniltee on
IVusions hud reported against this hill was iiecautC they
were not satisfied from the tesliuiouy before them that
('apt. '1 urnlmii's disease was contracted while in the line
of hi* duty ; und they thought that to giant a pension in
tliis ease would Is- to opeu the door to u very large class
of applicant*
Mr. (JW1N said tliut of his own knowledge the disabili
ty iu this ease waseuntraeted while the ottieer was iu the
service of his country.
The subject was further debated hy Messis. DAVIS,
JONKH, i'l >STKR, mid others.
Mr ('LAY moved to amend the hill hy reducing the
pension to thirty dolluis per iiioiitli ; which was agreed 1
Mi IVKltSON remarked that the pension liill which
had just been |>us*"d 1 v tin' I tuna! * would draw from the
treasury, accenting to the best calculation that had lieen
made, soim-thing lik<- eighteen millions of dollais ; and '
thin watt gains; "till further tliuu that
Mi HOM8T0N warmly advoiulcd the [WUMHge of the
hiil He snidCaptain '1'iirnlnill gave up Ilia life to his
country, and could give no more ; and lie would vote
with pleasure for the amount grauted in this hill, or even
a larger amount
'I he question being takoil, the hill was passed by the |
following vote :
VIMS Mow* lkteii, llrigla, UruU?>iirk, iJrovtu Cameron, Chan I
lor, Cling man, Coilamer, CriU'iulun, Davit, Ihsmi, iJuuRttte, lH?rkof,
Koot, (iwlu, ilomton, Juitfj', Kt-iiiiody, IWuI, SownM. Shields, Slut
lutHit, TboQuou of New Jornoy, Ward, WiWou, mis I Wriglti 20
NAYS llo^r*. Miliar, On\, KtWHthidv u, Crown, Hammond, ll.nl tit,
Hauler, Iver^oij, JuLitMou o( IVuueM'irti, Mug, I'olk, Kt< ? , Stthaduui,
^itdoll, scuurt, 'ilHJinbi*. Trumbull, uni WmL* H
NEW SENATE CIIAMBU.
On motion hy Mr. BRIGHT, the Senate proceeded to
ousider the following resolution, which was leported hy
the Committee on I'uhlie Buildings and Grounds sevcial
Jays since:
ffiwtiwl, Tbat the Su|-oilul'iuluiu of Uiu Ca|i.n>l Kxi.-nsiou lie <ii
roclotl to pi vpui o the iliMinbtfi (or liiu tt(;< U|*Mih \ of Ihtt SoiltUtt hy tlm
fourth tiny of January unit, and that u caiuuiiUoo uf thru a In* up
jMiiutod hy tho Chair lo make ull thu ueooemiry hiraiigt-inoiit*.
Mr. DAVIS expressed the opinion that the new chainher
was as dry in this, while it was helter vi nlihiti J,
better heated, and better lighted ; and he was eoiitidsnt
that ultei getting there senators would lie more comfortable
than they lire now.
Mr. CLAY was afraid the hall wus not thoroughly dry,
and quoted the old adage that new houses were old men's
graves. He also believed it would become necessary to
adopt a new rule limiting the admission ot persons upon
the floor, or that location Would be more objectionable
than this.
Mr. HAMLIN concurred in the views expressed by the
senator from Alabama, and mentioned some other objections
against removal, 'lire papers in the Clerk's
ottiee were now convenient tor access, but it would be
troublesome to consult them when occupying the new
hall, for ho believed it would be Impossible to remove
them into the new wing at present. He also apprehended
annoyance from the noise ol the workmen, who are
still engaged in all parts of the building. For these reasons
he preferied remaining in this chumber during Ihe
present session.
Mr. CLINGMAN had had some experience in this mut
ter of removed while a member of the Mouse of licpic
seiitatlvcs. There the very same aigoments were used
against removal which are now uigetl, hut the experiment
being tiied, almost eveiyhody was pleased and satisfied
with the change. The members ot that body now
enjoy better lieu I 111 in the new hall (liun liny did in (lit- I
nil) ; anil for the sake of having pure air lie hoped the j
Senate would imitate their example and leiuove ut once.
Mr. SHIELDS wan inclined to reiuuiu here for the
present.
Mr. 1VEH80N asked wlietlier tliey were sure that the
sii|>eritilcndeiit could have I he chamlier and ante 100111s
ready in season.
Mr. KENNEDY replied lliat tlio superintendent hud
told liiin to-day that every part of tlie new chamber
would Ik- entirely ready for occupauey on the day specified.
Mr. BIUGHT stated that tlie committee, in fixing tlie
time, were governed entirely hy the opinion of the superintendent.
Mr. IVKllSON hoped a bar would he erected to prevent
outsiders from mingling with senators while they were in
session.
Mr. DAVIS retnaiked that the committee of arrange- :
merits to tie uppoii.ted could utteml to all thosu matters. !
Mr. HAMLIN moved to amend hy adding the following
additional "<-00111(1011 :
Aailml, That the acnU In tlie Senate rliauiher shall he us?l?iietl
to senators iutbe followlnr; uisoiier: The Heoretsry shstl |ail Into u
box the lislutt of each senator, unit 111 presence of the nouutor* shall
proceed to drnv, ihe same therein in; uud eai h senator shall select a i
si si as his name shall he called.
Mr. BltlGHT hojred that amendment would be with- [
drawn, for these mutters could better lit disposed of lifter ;
deciding whether to adopt tlie report or not.
Mr. HAMLIN withdrew it, stating that lie would offer '
it subsequently ns a separate proposition.
Mr. HOUSTON jocularly remarked that, as his term
of service would expire on the 4th of March inert, tlio
only chance he would have to occupy u seat in the chamber
would lie to remove there during the present session,
unless lie should happen to lie re-elected. He, therefore,
was in favor of immediate removal, so as to commence
the in1 w year In the new chainlier.
After sjiuo further delude, the resolution was agreed to
by tlio following vote :
YKA*-?Messrs. bright, lirnderhk, brown, Cameron, Chandler,
UlliiKinan, t.'rllh'iidcii, Uivo. Dtrou, Ihxiliuic, liurkea, KiU.iiutrirk,
gwlli, HaiUiUMiid, Marfan, Mansion, Junes, Kennedy, Raid, Kit e.
Seward, SUdell, TliOui-ou in New Jersey. Toombs, Truinhnll, aiul
Wade -JS.
NAYS M*!P-,r:i. Ilat'-H, Biglfr, O.ty, Collamrr, FcshpiuIou, Foot,
Groon, Hiuntm, Ivciwhi, Johuoon ol" Kiug, Polk, Sul>a?tUw, i
^hleltlrf, Muiut, Ward, Wilson, and Wright?1U.
Tlie CHAIR ap|H)intcd the following senators to act as a
committee of arrangements. \Is : Messrs. Davis, Collamsk,
and Kk.sxkhy.
Mr. CAMERON remarked that ns the ears would leave
in a short time, and many senators desired to visit their
homes during the recess, lie would move that the Senate
now adjourn.
Mr. STUART asked that this motion might tie withdraw!!,
us lie had a resolution which he wished to submit
us a substitute for that offered yesterday by Mr. .Hack,
calling for information in reference to malfeasance in office
of tile postmaster ut Sun I'Tuiici.-co.
Mr. CAMERON declined to withdraw the motion, as
the senator from New Hampshire was not in his seat,
and perhapn would not lie willing to accept the sub
Mr THOMSON, <>t N?w Jersey, stated tli.it some MSii !
nations hail come in which inurt tie acted upon to day,
and it would not prolmbly take five minutes to dispose oi i
tliem. lb* hoped the motion to adjourn would ho witli
drawn tor the pur|Hmo of going into executive session.
Mr. CAMKHON withdrew it for that purpose.
Alter u slioit lime spent in the consideiution of executive
hiuinesa, the dooiK were reopened.
Mr. HAMIdN again submitted the resolution given '
above in reference to drawing for seats in the new chum :
tier ; hut, objection being ruiide, it lies over accordingly. ]
The VIOK TKKSIDKNT Inld liefore the Senate a letter
from the Secretary of the Ngvy, furnished in compliance :
with a resolution of the 21st instant, calling for copies id
the correspondence lietwecn the President of Nicaragua '
and Commodore Paulding in relation to the capture of *
Win. Walker In December, lH.'iT ; which was read.
On motion by Mr. TRUMBULL,
Rrmitent. Ttiat. until Itio Suuatc sltierwlse orttrr, no person, exeopt ,
tfiuloil, tliCt ?dh< l id of tin* Sflllltr. ttlld HH'ntbfrt i>t tho lfoii.se of '
K^prc?. nuUvM?, be admltlcd n> tl?o floor ?iT tho Senate while in *!-* |
"loll
On luotktn, tho Senate adjouj nj*i|.
HOIJNK OF RKI'HKSKNTATIVKN.
Tho SPEAKER laid before tlio House a communication
from the Secretary of State, asking for authority to p iy
Dudley Maun compensation for certain services to the
fovermneut; which was referred to the Committee of
Ways and Mentis and ordered to be printed.
Tho SPEAKER also laid before the House a cominuui- '
at ion from the Secretary of War, transmitting estineites '
or the payment of the Florida volunteers ; which was
vfcrred to the Oomniitteo of Way* ami Means and orlercd
to he printeil,
osnrn or msinmh
On motion of Mr CKAKi, of Missouri, the following
( solution was agreed to :
rimt the Sp ik.ir now proceed to flail rarb Si ltd and Ter
dory, and, upon imcU trail, in miy introduce bill* and renfltu
ittiiw lor referent'' only, ulld wilboiil debilo, of wblrh prwious Do
loo 11ja ? been tflvon, ami mirh ffnn*? rumluUou-; mm xliall not be ob
h led to and ftlflu reports of com uitle a Proridrtl, Tlui no bill so lu
reduced or repot I'M nliall a^ain bo brought before I lie llou?o by a
notion to reconsider
The SPEAKER then proceeded to execute the order.
1 '
mux niTiuMii'U).
The lollowiug bills were theu introduce!, severally
riad InIw, and uppiopriaiely referred
By Mr. COM INS, of Mas# vckuactte : A bill to regaLtc
lito duty ou imports, aud for other puiposes
Hy Mr. AMHtKWH, of Nev? York : A bill .or Mi 10
lief ol Maria Sevart uuil Klbrbrtli Hcvuit, hriii of HaiUu
Sevart
Hy Mr. JOHN COCHRANE, of New York Joint re.
oluti >u ot thanks, Au: , to t'apl Samuel (' II >1 Im bur
ing formed an J designed the present ti.ig ot Ibe Unite I
Slates.
By Mr WORl'lCNDYKi:, of Now Jeisov : A bill tor.
labllsh a |Miit of entry at Jersey City, in the Slate ol New
Jersey.
Hy Mr. PHILLIPS, of I'eiio.ylvanla : A bill regtil*
ting anil fixing the duty ou import*, and for ulltei pin
|KWeH.
Also, a bill authorising the President of the lluitel
States to coufer the title of t'aptaiu-iu ehief for eurlaetit
services.
Ily Mr. SMITH. ?f Virginia . A bill in relation to thj
Alexandria and Washington Hailroud Company.
| I'll is bill nnthoiixeH this company to extend their road
across the Long lliid;e to Ibe Haitiuiore and Ohio tall
toad depot in this eiiy.]
By Mr. JKNKINS, of Virginia : A hill to grant bouu
t\ laud to the companies of Captains Hrittou and Davi. *
of tin- war of 1x12.
Hy Mr HltANCH. of North Carolina : A bill appio
printing money to enable the President to settle and aJ
just the differences vvitli tlie government of Mpailt, and
for oilier purposes.
| I his bill appropriates the sum of one million dolLi*
1,1,1.. .. ?......i uin. i i... ti.
\7 I~ " >
settlement of nil diffelcucea, including tin- Oessiou ot the I
island of Cuba, to lx> used by Hid ('resident iu advance ot
itx ratification, provided tin- treaty, when signed uu.t I
ratified, shall call fur the expenditure of the same, 01 any
|uhi t thereof. j
By Mr. TUIPi'K, of Georgia: A bill for the relief of
M a. Ferguson Smith
Hv Mr. COlllt, of Alabama : A bill to amciul an art a|i
proved August 4, 1S.04, untitled "An act to graduate an I
reduce the price of the public lands to actual ciiltivatois
and settlers."
By Mr. TAYLOR, of Louisiana: A bill declaratory of
the meaning of a clause contained iu the second section
of an act entitled "An act to provide for the location ot
a cert kill continued private land claim iu the State iit
Misaoiiti, and for other purposes, approved dune It,
I8.i8."
Also, a hill t > authorise the Slate of Louisiana to tin
pose duties on the tonnage of certain ships or vessels, to
lie appropriate! I to the deepening of the channels of tbu
mouths of the Mississippi river, uud ol tire channels into
and through Atchufula va bay, for the convenience and
advantage of the commerce ami navigation of the United
states.
Also, a resolution instructing the Committee of Ways
and Means to inquire into the expediency of repeal tug
provisions of the net of 1P5;I debadug certain silver cuius
of the United States aud making them a legal (ruder
lty Mr. SANDLDGK, of Louisiana : A lull recognising
the survey of the Grand Chctiicre island, State of Liuisiuna,
as approve 1 by the surveyor general, and for other
purposes.
Also, a liill authorizing the 1'realdciit to obtain a loan
of money for u certain purpose.
Also, a joint resolution lor (lie abrogation if the eighth
article of the trcuty of Washington, concluded on the !>tli
of August, 1812.
Also, a hill appropriating a sum of money for tin- es
tuhlislim nt of a beacon light at thy month ot tin: Galea
sien river, Louisiana.
Also, a bill appropriating a sum of motley to deepen
the outlet from the Aleiiaf.il.iya Imy Into the Gulf of
Mexico, State of I/iulshuia.
in. \i. itivcn : \i oi.i, . a i.:11 i., i .... t I
... ..... .........n..., in Mill ... iv^vmi u.i .. .
entitled "All m't for tin- admission of Kansas into the
Union," approved May 4, IHfrtl.
Also, u bill to kiDuml tin m't rntiilisl "An act to rogu
lute the compensation of members of Congress," up
proved August ](>, 1856.
| I'his bill repeals the mileage of members of Congress,
uml gives theiu, in lieu thereof, tiieir nweasary uird actuul
expenses of travelling from their places of resideueo to
the cnpitul by the most direet uml usunlly travelled
route. 1
By Mr. LEITKR, of Ohio : A bill uufhotiziiig the |>eo
pie of the Territories to elect their territorial oitiueis.
By Mr. HARLAN, of Ohio : A joint resolution for tlia
pay of volunteer* for the Mexican war.
By Mr. COX, of Ohio : A bill to repeal certain acts of
limitation with reforeuco to revolutionary claims.
By Mr. BLISS, of Ohio : A bill to provide for the em
panelling of juries for the United States district and cir
cult courts of the State of Ohio.
By Mr. STANTON, of Ohio: A hill ceding vacant land*
in the Virginia military district to the State of Ohio for
school purposes.
Also, a hill to reorganize the judicial < limits of lbs
United States.
By Mr. AVERY, of Tennessee : A bill piovidiug for
the establishment of an inspection district at the city of .
Memphis, State of Tennessee.
Also, a bill to increase the appropriation for public
buildings at Memphis, Tennessee.
Also, a hill providing fur the erection of u couit house,
post office, and pension office at the city of Jickaou, Tennessee.
By Mr. HUGHES, of Indiana : A hill to provide for
the appointment of midshipmen in the navy where vacancies
remain under the provisions of the laws now in
force.
By Mr. MORRIS, of Illinois: A hill authorizing tbo
^mymeut of thu two per centum laud fund to which the
State of Illinois is entitled fur road purposes to said State !
Also, a bill to amend the naturalization laws
Also, a bill for tho admission of sugar nml salt into all
the ports of the United States free of duty from aud after
June .'10, 1859.
Also, a bill granting to the people of the several or
ganized Territories of the United States the right to provide
through their reflective legislatures for the appoint
merit or election of their governors, judges, anil all other
territorial officers, iu such mode or mauuei as giieli legislatures
may by law determine.
By Mr. WASHBURNE, of Illinois : A bill to authorize
the laying out and constructing of a post-rond from l.eai
on worth city, in the Territory of Kansas, to the head
waters of tire South Fork of the i'latte liver, near Bike '
Beak, in the Territory of Kansns.
By Mr. MARSHALL, ot Illinois : A hill for the iclief
of Asa B. Webb.
Also, a bill for the construction of a marine hospital at
Cairo, Illinois.
By Mr. FAltNSWORTH, of Illinois : A bill to provida
for the sale of the reservation of Fort Armstrong, known
as the Island of Rock Island, in tire State of Illinois.
A1MI, II Hill Ml |IIIIYIIIU III! Illtt LIJ1II?[HJI (IIL1IIII III HI
mails uinl nil otlifr government nervier* liy railioml from
tin* Missouri river, by tin) way of Great Salt Lake, t<t Sun
Franc in-o und to l'nget Sound.
By Mr. SKWAItL), of Georgia : A bill to form and Uj
out n new judicial district in the State of Georgia, Htul tu
provide for the appointment of a district judge.
By Mi NIULAt-'K, of Indiuna : A hill to mneiul an 011
entitled "An act for the relief of the inhabitants of the
reserved township in Gibson county, in the State of In
dittna."
By Mr. CHAIG, of Missouri : A bill to revive an ie t
entitled "An act in relation to property lost or destroyed
in the military service of the United States."
Also, joint resolution to Increase thd service on tin
mall rotitea from St. JoAcph, MtfinulT, to flaccrville,
California.
By Mr. WOODSON, of Mhsouri : A bill to author!*#
tW President of the, United States to 'contract for the
transportation of the Ubited Slates troops, seamen, 'nin
11itioiiH ot war, artny and navy supplies, and all other
government Mr vice by railroad from San Kraucioco, in
the State of California, to the States of Missouri, Texas,
and Iowa.
By Mr. UBKKNWOOl), of Arkansas: A bill to enable
the Secretary of State to test the utility of a new tttndu
of writing invented by Joseph M. Huge, of Arkansas
Also, n joint resolution* authorising the pb*tiui?ter
General to settle and adjust tfm aixouhts or, fyessrs I'eay
and Aylilf, mail contractors in the Stale of Arkansas.
By Mr. l.KACII, of Michigan : A bill authorising 'lie
governor ot the State of Mieblgan to select certain nnl
versity lands due said State iimlur an act entitbd "All
act concerning a seminary of learning in the Territory of
Michigan," approved May 20, JX2fi.
By Mr DAVIS, of Iowa : A bill granting pre cinptinus
to the State of Iowa to aid in the construction of thtf
ftlcuregnr, St. tei?r k, una .Missouri ttiver rsilrosil
Jty Mr. itlLLlNOHlHtST, oi Wisconsin : A bill msting
an appropriation for cutting n cluuinel betwctm the buat
of Ilig Sturgeon bay uiul l.ike Michigan, in tlx- State of
Wisconsin.
By Mr CAVAJUUOH, of Minnesota A bill for the
orection of a military post in Dncotah Territory.
By Mr. PHELPS, ot Minnesota A bill to amend ?n
net entitled "An net milking appropriations for the l?r
vlee ol the Pont < iffiee Depot tinent during tbc tisenl year
ending tin- MOth .Innc, 1 H5rt "
Also, n bill making apptopilations' for iinpibvi.ig the
St. Crolk river, the boundary between the states of Minnesota
mid Wisconsin, , "

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