OCR Interpretation


The Washington union. (City of Washington [D.C.]) 1857-1859, February 04, 1859, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82006534/1859-02-04/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

WASHINGTON CITY.
'"k * 1 " 1 boi
I K 1 DA V, PKDRITARV I, 1?6U. w||
8a
AN QLD-KAKHIONKD T1ST -OUGHT THE HULK TO
HK KKLAXKI) 1 ah
In de< nlmg lite ijiK i tion i>f fitness far ot!i< e, Mr.
Jefferson thought it necessary to know whether the oU
applicant was a friend to the constitution." It hud , ',Ul
occurred to us that hi the midst of our fretful, livhiwhe
I ulittca there may be some iloubt of the propriety of
tlu t. ?t referred to. Mr. Jefferson went further, and ,L"1
asked if the proposed itiounibent was honest aiul cal
tapable. lit the day of hie writing it ia quite man * '"
ifest there were incapable and dishonest men, and U1'
tlmse, too, who were not friends of the constitution. fe(
Otherwise, why did he think it necessary that setoc- 'jU
tions should be made? ITe was attached to tl?e lei
t'uion. lie foresaw its gioat mission. He antici- l'u
[lated its progress, its power, and its glory, as the
imbodiiuent of freo institutions. It was erected
not as an antagonistic system to those then existing, i
but as an example which should prove to an incred lel
ulous world that man, by honesty and- intelligence, j eal
was capable of self-government. Mr. Jefferson be- j
lieved tli.it the American people bail ordained ineti ,
tutions adapted to the great ends of such govern- j
ment; and hence, in conferring olli. e, he should see
to it that the proposed incumbent should he a friend
to the constitution.
Under this system we have now had the experi
ence of three-quarters of a century. The fruits of j
that experience are found in the unexampled atabil- j tt
ity of the government, the unexampled prosperity of 'tn
the people who created, and who have maintained P01
it; in the unexampled diffusion of knowledge ; in HUt
the unexampled exhibition of genius and invention ; w"
in tbe unexampled increase of population, wealth, a^(
and resources, and iu the universal recognition of
tbe Federal Union as one of the lirst powers of tbe Pr<
Christian world. Under these simple facts, if it was wu
wise in Mr. Jefferson to exact in his day that appli- v*1'
cants for office should l>e friendly to tho constitu- "'J
lion, how much more now should they bo required
to come up to that high standard of political scnti- 1111
meat ? If officers iu the days of our weakness, when '
tlie political machine was small and simple in detail K01
should be honest, liow much more now should tho re- re<
qnisition be imperious and compliance with it ubso j 0I"
lute and unconditional, when tbe government lias
grown to be much the most elaborate, complicated, 0VI
and important in'the world? Its empire is broad ; adi
and its internal interests, in connexion with its i 810
lands, the management of tho Tribes, its extended j
?.?! .. . .... . ??,l ; ?, Lb
"I1U ?/ "??? nw.
Revenue systems, its frontier and its endless frontier
defences, its coasts audits fortifications, external and co'
internal, its territorial policy, its political latitudes
and longitudes, are far greater in importance and 8l"
more difficult of management than the affairs of the
great governments of Europe. Pal
To Bitch a degree of magnitude have our interests 11,1
grown, so various, complicated, and difficult of man !
agement are they, that it is much to he doubted
whether agents hereafter, in assuming the direction
of public affairs, will find it possible to achieve success
at all proportioned to the labor, patriotism, and '
intelligence which they may bring into the public :
service. These difficulties, however, only render | Jf'j
it the more necessary that they should bo honest, j sio
capable, and friendly to the constitution. The very 1 ""
last letter written by Mr. JefforRon characterizes the [t,;
Declaration of Independence as "an instrument ; 'n*
ly
pregnant with our own and the fate of the world.' c
The federal constitution was the achievement of the lot,
authors of the Declaration, and if the latter was ClC
001
"pregnant with our own and the late of the world," ma
how important to the human family is it that the j cor
former should be preserved as the great instrumen- '
' " fro
tality of free government now and hereafter. pri
Nations, like individuals, must make a char*
ter
after. To have influence they must have sta- tin
bility, integrity, industry, and fair conduct. The l10f
government of (he Fnion has won a high distinction. ^,1
it lias achieved in many uf the departments of labor ! mi
unparalleled success. It has been conducted for '"V
cri
three-quarters of a century under the same organic
system. Not a line lias been added to or stricken cxi
from its constitution. Its policy has been uniform, "j"
its economy unclianging, its fruits u! way a tlic W1same.
It has exhibited more of unity and perfec ?>e
tion in its civil policy, in the reeultB of its industry,
in the achievements of invention and education, and siti
in all the interests effected l>y* government than any ll"
other system. Then, to bo "a friend of the constitu ,|.
tion" is to be a friend to humanity, to express ol.di- au<
Rations for the blessings of freedom, to manifest a
pic
just and patriotic pride in the triumph of a cause j j,
which is "pregnant with the fate of the world. " We dot
have but just entered upon our career as a nation.
Our glory is in our destiny. It is to be worked out by ,in<
our own hands. Why, then, are the American peo- P"f
pie led away by designing men, who would make
them believe that the alliance of the States is an tin
holy marriage of repellants and antagonisms? Why ?f
is the North sought to he arrayed against the South, ,)'
and the East against the West ? Even upon admin | bui
istrative measures, with seventy-five years of praetical
life before us, we find the representatives ol j ph
ihe people unable to rise above the merest paifi org
ean views und policy. All this is greatly to the dis I
credit of the nation. ] inc
OUR ARMY AND NAVY IN EUROPE. ^
The London Times, in the article given in another i ?>"
column, takes a very just view of the proficiency of :
our navy and army service. We have no doubt the
that the military and naval science has reached a < "11
liigbor degree of development in our country than in ^
any other in the world. We are confident that olli iig
cer? can be found in tlu tmen. an army ami navy
who hare not 'Ueir equal* in the military establishments
of all tlio nations of Europe in the art end < ?
science of war. Hut when we have spoken of their J j
skill and proficiency, we have said all that can 1% . on
said with truth of the superiority of out two anus of j?
service as compared with the armies and navies of
Europe. In point of magnitude and power, tbey th
are but as pigmies to the giants. In point of popu ,'
lation and wealth we are among the fust powers of ria
the world. Our military establishments are the very
smallest of all. Our navy lias a number of splendid
vessels, but the number is far inadequate to the of
srrvice required of it, and appallingly short ||"
of the establishments of Europe, with which it
would have to contend in the event of hostilities. J''
It is the same case with our army. We have splen y>
did officers, full of science, full of genius, zealous i tic
ill. imp! 'in II I I a- I ' I ,d WI.H'I. .
ly exempt froni tho^e fogy Ideaa and that stubru
hostility In improvements in anus and tactics
lich the Times ascribes to the officers of the old
ropeau establishments Wo have the nucleus of
plendid army, too, in the fifteen thouaaud men,
iltered in hijuadu, companion, and battalions, along
r vum! frontiers of ten thousand miles. We have
J a torefuslc of what our navy can do in the eveuta >
the last war with Ureal Britain ; ae wo had demstration
of the capabililica of our army, and the
euce and gonitis of ite officers in the two Mexi
i campaiguH of 1847. It is not wonderful that
see two arms of our service should have elicited
willing praise from ao relentless a cenunr of our
jple and ihcir institutions as the London Timea; j
t we doubt if that praise would have been prof- |
ed if there Imd not been a latent feeling
it it could be afforded to eatabliahmeuta of the
nimitive proportions of the American service.
1'lie article of the Timea cornea very apropos to
> mania for reducing expenditures which now
gua supreme iu our public couuaela. If we
mot ourselves appreciate the value and prolency
of our establishments, our adversaries
road can do it for ita. If we are diapoaed at
me to dw arf the dimensions of our great ooun.
and strip it of all that makes it honored at home
1 respected abroad, it la not because it has failed
impress itself upon the consideration of the world
(aide.
rhe principles of the Peace Society are like to do
much injury in our country as they did iu Great
itain before 1KV1. The hundreds of millions exuded
iu the Crimea, and the woeful loss of laurels
Uained by tlie British service in that strugglere
the penalties which Great Britain paid for
ipting from the Peace Society the false principles
economy and humanity which ruled her counsels
nious tc tliut struggle. "In peace prepare for
r'' was.one of the wisest maxims for the preaer
.ion of peace, and lor cstutdishing a leal econo,
which the Father of his Country left lift as a
acy; hut it is a maxim which the narrow statesnsliijt
which hegina to show itself in our national
liberations can never appreciate ami has altoiher
forgotten. The intellect which refuses to
:ognise the rapid growth and vast development of
i' country, ami would reduce its expenditures to
> standard which prevailed twenty-five, or ten, or
en live year. a',o, must not expect to secure the
niratiou of a i oiintry it would dwarf to tho dinienus
of its own narrow vision.
ITER OF 1IIK SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY.
This important document w ill he found in another
umn. It clearly and fully presents tho condition
the treasury ; and the policy necessary to be pur J
by Congress can now admit of but very littlo
I'ersity of opinion. It is certainly a very able
per, and no less interesting and perspicuous than
le.
FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.
New Yobk, (Wednesday night,)
February 2, 185!).
lire rumored intervention in Mexican attaint of the
tish and French admirals at Vera Cruz, aud the appait
intention of the French government to support, and,
possible, enforce the ltelly contract in Nicaragua, Occa
n some uneasiness ami anxiety here. I do not believe,
t I have Rome pretty reliable information on the sub(,
derived from private sources in England, that the
tish government and people have the least desire to
erfcre in the domestic attain of Mexico. It is perfecttrue
that several British merchants resident in Mexico
vo suffered very gross indignities and heavy pecuniary
bes at the bands of tlic various adventurers who have
eutly risen to temporary ascendancy in that unhappy
tntiy , and that several of Lord Putmcrston's eion Horn
who have dared to demur to prompt, payment of tire
itributions which the rival leaders of tactions have
nanded in the name of the "State" have been dragged
ni the protection 01 tneir consul, una thrown Into
son, until their obstinacy wils cured by bodily gufl'cr;;
but all tbo foreign merchants in Mexico have unfed
in the same way. To correct these abuses through
i ordinary channels of international intercourse is ims.ible,
because there is no resisinsible power in Mexico
m which satisfaction can be demanded and reprisals
;en. The miserable government of to-day is not the
cruble government which committed the outrages,
1, therefore, cannot fairly be held responsible for Humes
of its predecessors.
It is evident that the state of chronic revolution that
sts in Mexico must be made to cease, and the country
euud fiooi the alijs: of disorder and discredit into
licit she has fallen before redress eiiu be given for the
lilies done to the citizens of foreign nations, or pay
:nt made of the Mexican bond#. This great and imitant
task must, sooner or later, be |>erforined by the
lited States. Kngiand would not only make no oppoion,
but would gladly consent to its immediate perform
i e Slio does not want territory in Mexico ; she does
t geek direct influence there. All she wants is a set
mcnt of her claims, and protection for her citizens ;
1 knowing, as she docs, thai she will never get either
cpt through the action of tin- United .States, her pco
are anxious that we should commence operations,
e old feeling in Kngiand against the extension of the
nainion of the United States has almost disappeared,
mder sentiments n spieling the mutual interests of the
a great Anglo-Saxon empires have begun to prevail,
I every intelligent, educated Englishman speaks of the
session by tlie United States of Mexico and Cuba as an
lit which is not only inevitable, but desirable on every
wide rntion.
I'o force Mexico to go into liquidation would be an act
I. indue-c In tiei c.-lt mid In tin. reel nf mankind '11,-.
glish uitil French admirals may have endeavored to do
B, knowing that we must ho the liquidating croditor ;
t I very much doubt that tiny have intervened in any
ler way on behalf of their respective governments.
With regard to the Belly contract, the case is different,
e Hell\ -Nicaragua Canal (.'oru|iauy has been actually
iinlwd before n notary in I'aiis, and the names of the
octors and protectors of the Bociety have lieen duly
blished, together with tlio plan for the manageut
of "'.lie administrative and ffnaneial offices"
the company. Alexander Humboldt and Commodore
nderbilt are two of "the most distinguished men of
i two worlds," under whose protection the Belly Socirtf
mym* lias been placed Yon may, therefore, exjiect
it the Hon. Horace P. Clark will take an early oppor
rity to "protect" Itelly in the nauio and on liehalf of
i "distinguished" Commodore. We hope, however,
it our government will stop this attempt to establish
cnch influence on the American continent.. It Is a fact
rond dispute that American citizens have bona j'uU vested
hts In the Nicaragua transit route anterior, by years,
tno imaginary claims 01 hip versatile run* Kelly ;
tl if those rights are upheld and enforced in obedience
the able and statesman-like letter of General Cats to
:neral Lamar, it is clear that Felix, even when trucked
the mighty Milland the man of millions and owner
many newspapers must, abandon his great project,
less his imperial protector decides that it is expedient
undertake a crusade on l?ehalf of the degenerate Latins
lie found in the cactus brakes of Nicaragua.
The New Yoik Anti Slavery Society have resolved, in
e most approved style, that the constitution of the
riled States i "n compact with death" and "an
reement with hell." Wendell Pbili|>s and Lloyd Oaron
and Pillsimry, and another whose name I forget,
d I anr glad of it, Rpoko "at great length." The
loiuUn^s quote aid warmly commend Mr. Reward's
jeehes at Rochester and Rome, particularly that portion
them which rofeis to the conflict between the free and
rvo State- 'Die anti-slavery fop a tics evidently think
at Mr Seward is one of themselves. " lie's sound"? !
he's with us" ?" he's all right"? <uiy Philips, GarriJ'illsbury,
ami twenty-five others, in chorus, of the
Durable W H> Reward, United States senator from New
irk, who has solemnly swo>n to support the constitu>n
of tho United States ADSI'M
HA.s/A'AV Sk'yriMhWT AtyUJSJTlON oy CUBA
ltiiaurr, Juuuury do, 1H;">y
71 (Ki Kltiore ot the :
The sentiment of tlx; masses of the people in the weal
cm country i* altogether lit favor ol the annexation <>l
Cuba to the ITuitcd Slabs, hy puichaso vi otherwise In
tact, the I'unfUe .?a with the President in tile declaration*
put forth In hie annual message to Congress
History |K?intf> U>L to the purchase and annexation ol
Louisiana, ami our present national ("Minion Injure the
world point* directly to the bcncttriul reunite of such an
nexalhm. '1'he ini|>oi Uu.oe of that measure to our various
national interests waa so unmistakable, and eo clear
to every man of reason, tbat comment now is entirely pnmcessar
y. It U t rue that even tliat project had its enemies,
as all other similar iiuportunt measures have had in
this country, 'lire project of the annexation ol Texas hud
itn enemies in this country. The tnoasute of the war
with Mexico had ita bitter eueiuius, who fought the project
iuch by inch, even so far as to endear or in Congress
to cut oft supplius to our armed forces, then doing battle
in that country.
It is to l>0 expected that this measure, the purchase of
Cuba, so nobly and manfully biought foiwaid by l'resi
dent Buchanan in bis message to Congress, will bave its
enemies. The republicans are ahead) arraying strength
in Congress aguinst it. Senators and editors in op|>osi
tiou to the deiuociatic party ami to lames Buchauun are
moving heaven and earth to defeat the plans of the Executive
in tliis particular, ami are even (Hirleying with Spun
ish officials in the endeavor to engage them in acts of re
senfinent This is to be expected. No important measure
tor the general good and welfare of the country was
evei yet projected by the national democratic party but
which met with unrelenting op|>oaition ut the hands ol
tie>?<i airayed against it, under whatever name the opposition
uiay have bcutr niuishallud for the time lieiug. No
important moo.- are of a national character has ever been
originated since the organisation of this government,
except hy those representing the democratic party; hence
the opposition to every measure.
The united voice ol the democracy ot the We?t rela
live to the Cuban movement is to yu?h uti the column, re
card less ol the Oliuosition of sole heads and fanaties
Their bowlings have U'cn heard before, uud the men ol
the woods, who are accustomed to wild beasts, heed them
not. It in left for Jumcs Buchanan, aided by his backers
of the democracy, to curry out various important measures,
not the least of which is the purchase of Cuba. Our
eminent statesmen, for a life time, have dwelt and writ
ten upon the subject of Culm, and the importance of its
annexation to the United States in a geographical point
of view, if in no other ; and our present Chief Executive,
lames Buchanan, has Hi IIn hall in utUton. That hall cannot
be stopped until Cuba shall belong to the United
States.
The " weeping and wailing and gnashing of teeth" of
the opposition to the onward progress and healthful
strides of the time-honored democratic party - a party
which, unlike its hydra-headed clramolion competitor, glo
lies in a cognomen as old as the government we live uu
dor, and alike respected at home unci abroad should not
lie heeded for a moment. It is an opposition which history
lias taught im to respect
in 1812 it became necessary to Imrrow money to carry
on the war with England. The federalists, who opposed
tiro war, resorted to every means, however contemptible,
to induce the people not to loan money to the government.
In July of that year, the lxesor of Trinity Church,
Boston, who was highly distinguished by Ins position, in
a long sermon aguiust the war , exhorted his hearers as
follows:
let im coueideraliot) whatever, my breUiron, deter you at all
tunes, and m all placas, from execrating the |ir?--fltl war II ii a war
unjust, hsdi-h, and ruinous. And,'as Mr. .Vui/o >.i has declared the
war, let Mr Miulium carry it on.'
At Me. I for. 1 the Rev. Dr. Osgood, another eminent
divine, in one of his exhortations from the pulpit, in the
endeavor to prevent his people from enlisting in the
service, and from loaning money to the government to
carry on the war, said .
" If ut the command of a weak or wicked ruler they undertake an
unjust war, each man who volunteers Ma services tu the cause, or
Itxtm hi* money fur xti *uppor(t or by hh conversation. Ins writings,
or any other mode of Influence, encourages Its promotion, that man
I- an accomplice in the wickedness, loads his conscience Willi the
Idacke t crimes, brings the guilt ut blood upon hi* soul, and in tin
sight of (iod and his law la u mikiiskkk."
The "Boston Guzette," a leading paper in New England,
in the interest of the federalists, had the following
editorial :
" It is very grateful to ilnd that the universal sentiment U, that
any man wlio lends In- money to the government at the present timewill
lor-foli all claim to common honesty and common courtesy among
all true friends to tlui country."
The New York Evening Post, tlien in the interests,
of the federalists, und opposed to the wat, hud the
following editorial :
'* We have only room this evening to auy (hat we trust that no
triii! friend to hit country will b* found among tho *uIh? mn-i * to in*
(iullutui loan'1
So much for tlie aid extended to tin: countiy during
tlio war of 1M12 11 by tbe federalists, in opposition to
President Madison and tlio democratic party. Now, let
us look nud see how the wblgs, the descendants of tbe
federalists, aided the democrats in prosecuting the Mexican
war.
L>uiinc the prevalence of that war the " Xeniu Torch
Light," a leading whig paper of Ohio, had the following
editorials :
" Thoy (the Mexican-) *r?? in tho right; wo lu tho wrong. They
may appool In conhdciu'o to the <?nd ot Battles; hut, if wo look h>r aid
l? any other than human power, it inuftt be to the infernal nmchlna
tioiitf of hell; for tliuri tar, it would a twin, the devil has governed and
guided all our action* in the premUu?."
' We rejole.p to see a large and reapeetable number of the whig pa
por> in thia and other Stute-i taklug decided ground agaiuat further
appropriutiona by Oongrons of men and money for tho Mexiotti throat
ciittiog biuineas,"
The "C'inciunatl Uiuotto," then a leading whig {taper,
and now a republican journal, had the following edito
rial :
" No man no people, looking upon the con to* t, (the Mexican war,)
can help ?ymj*lhi/iog with Mexico, and uttering a blttor coudoinuu
tion agaiuut our own government."
The "New Hampshire Statesman," a leading whig
paper then, and black-republican now, and published in
a State which allows ntgrae* to vote, and prohibits white
Catholics from holding oliice of trust and honor in consequenco
of their religious views, had the following editorial
upon the Mexican war :
" I el everyone keep aloof front this unrig/Mrou', isramu s, OOP AH
l(ORkhl) a ur, and it will soon rone< lo un eu.l Tim primped is
that tin- nihniiu-ti riUIni ran get neither meii nor motley to carry
on tho war. Thank thr Lard fur all thai."
Another choice article is here given, U|toii the subject
of the Mexican war, from the editorial columns of the
"boston Daily Chrunotype," then a whig but now a re
publican sheet:
" If there i-In tie United Hlsto* a heart worthy of American liberty,
Its Impulse Is lujoin th' Mfxiran*, and to hurl down u^sm the ha*e,
tl.i'iii,, mn\, nary inmdrrt, who, horn inn republic, go to play over
the hci ur-.-d game of the He-.-iaus on the laps of those Mexican vol
. ilex's It would ho a sad unil woeful Joy, nevertheless, to hear that
the hordes under Reolt and Taylor were, every man </ II,ro, vaejV into
rnr not u*orni.
This is worthy of n paper engaged in the advocacy of
republican and abolition heresies of the present day,
and Hale, Giddlngs, & Co., ought to give hiinn medal.
Now cnfnex Horace (tret-lev. The New Yuik Tribune,
upon tlie subject of the Mexican war, h d tho following
editorial article :
44 The whole world kiiowit that 11 it Mexico which lias been imposed
u|Hiti, and that our }>roflr ha>* fern thr rotihtrtt Ho far as our govern
moiit cnu ofToet it, the luwi of lloavoti nru tutjtmrtt.l, hik! those of hoi I
established in their htoiid. To the people of the United Hlatcn: Your
rulers are pi cnjatutiiig you into u Uthomlo,?8 ubym ol rrimr ami
calumny V
Now comes George D. Prentice, of the '* Louisville
Journal," who recently lectured here, and denounced
everybody connected with the different government* as
awful people. He has been editor for thirty years, in
tho whig tanks, and has doubtless drawn such deductions
from that feet. In an editorial article upou the Mexican
war, he said :
44 If thorn I* soy conduct which Constitute-* moral tre i*on, it i-* an
ull in ill In niiilnrl- nr I,, ai.cmir 11... cu.ndrv in / ?l
um tn ths raeo in u war like that in wblch wo are mow engaged.''
Tho "Nashville lioxottc," of course a whig or knownothing
paper, bail the following editorial upon tho
Mexican war :
a To votuuloor or vote a dollar to carry on tho w ar to
moral Irratnn agaiiui the tlmi uf Utamtet ami the riyht* 'if man
kind."
Here 1 have given an idea of what the democrats, in
Congress and out of it, will have to contend with in carrying
out the measures of our present national Executive
look at the ferocity with which the rvhigs fought
the democrat/! relative to the policy of the Mexican war ;
and what are the results I The gold mine* of California
alone have built over six thousand miles of railroad in
the United States. The benefits to this country arising
from the Mexican war are no clear to mankind that it is
useless to generalise So it has ever liecn. Kvery im
portant. measure for the general benefit of the people of
the United States has met with the opposition of the federal,
wiiig, abolition, republican, know nothing party,
or the whole combined
i hove occupied somo space In showing from what
quarter the Cuban measure will meet with opposition
In puuuitlg (he subject hereafter, ii will not be neoes
nary.
Again we say at the West, do on, the ;*<../>/< are with
you. Tiiey say the democratic party and measures havo
WOt mwtiiujkhI them yet, and they aie ready to stand by
and give ? helping hand in thin lm|>oittiiit measure No
repuMitau tin!* stand I1|I iii tiii Weot and take Often op
IKMilion to tin* t'lilian purchase project
OHCtCDLA
UN THE PACIFIC RAlLkUAD. I
* , I act
'1\> Ike FAtlurt tkt Uiuun ' | iall
Au admirable article ill the Uuiuu of l'ebtuary 2d, ou j am
the subject of a I'acitlc railroad, suggests to me a few re- to
rte.-tiom, derived froiu history, which is Haiti to be philoso rep
phy teaching by example. Certainly that ahotihi be it* I
; office. oik.
The constitutional argument in favor of audi a road as
I ha- liet-u exhibited in u uiauuer to ilefy all auswer but ! bei
| that of atubboru monosyllable* j qui
It ought to be known to men calling themselves states *uu
men that the turning |ioitit in the fortunes of Home was i
no less her excellent roads than the valor and skill of her Ik'
j generals and soldiers The greatest march, [lerhupii, ever tei
made was |snffu tried by Itoinans, on roads which the sy.- the
ten it tic policy of Itoiue lite i constructed at vast expense, '
and which then availed her iu the very crisis of her tie- ' fur
; iireudous struggle with the dreaded CartiiageniaiiB, whom 111 rj
her jioets and iiistoiians designate as dire Hannibal. As lor
none, probably, but ilotuas could lmve performed such a h,r
j mutch as the one of which wc now propose to give u ' f'oi
i brief account, so such a match could not have lieeu jici for
j formed hut on such roads as the Romans had built with fk*
j the most considerate [Kilicy. We quote from Mr. Gibbon0 the
as follows : ; hat
" 1 sirali speak Inietly of another kind of travelling ' tb i
l/u nun eh uj triMifi. These marches, 1 am inclined to ; '
think, (both by the exercises of which 1 have made men- 1?"
tiou and by my own opinion on the subject,) were longer w'>
than ouis ; but, previously to making the researches ue- ?l 1
cessary for dctcriuiliiug this matter witli precision, I shall "'a
cast u glance on the longest and boldest march which 1 yes
have ever met with in history, either ancient or modern l?fl
"The fortune of tiro Caitliageiiians was sustained in rtc
Italy by the exertions of llannihal, when Asdrtlluil cross- I
ed tlio Alps witli a numerous unity. The republic | Hie
was in duuger of sinking under their united efforts. 1
Nero, the Consul, observed the motions of llaiiui tioi
bill, who exliausted the whole science of matching ton
and countermarching. The Homuu general perceived f'"'
that a hold stroke ouly could ward off the dangers which '
threatened hiscountry. With a chosen body of a thousand em
horse ami six thousand foot, lie marched from ids camp, 1"'
deceived the vigilance of the Cartliageuiaiis, effected u vv''
junction with his colleague in fimbria, saved the repub- "-lil
lie at the buttle of Mi l iums, and returned with the same '
celerity, announcing to llaimibal the death of his brother, iM"
and tiiuling lluit general himself still astonished and in- ,:XC
active. He had left llannihal in the iieighltorhood of l'cci
Cauiisiuin he found the Consul Livius iu that of lama bi
(tallica. Tills route was about 270 miles. I know not kit
how many days lie employed in marching thither ; I uxr
know that only six were spent in his return. ftxpedition
became daily inure uecussury, and it in >"y
nut u small stain 011 the glory of lluunibul, that ho 1"?
remained ignurant for twelve days of tho department the ??'
ltoiuan general. Two hundred and seventy Koman utiles the
in six days give 45 lUiiuan or 40$ Knglisli miles for each '
daily inurch. Tho fact is scarcely credible. Nero's
forces, indeed, wero selected from the whole army ; ho ' *'
marched night and day, und tho zeal of the allies co- 'u,l
operated with tho attention of the general in procuring P'tt
lor them in abundance every comfort and assistance '
proper lor softening their fatigues and reviving their "l:l
strength. With all these advantages, it would bo inipos exi,
slide for modern troops to make such a march. To uc- '0M
complish it it required Romans, and Romans of the age tun
of Meipio." l>e
1s t Oongrcs give us a good Pacific railroad, and
we will prove that the inventive genius of tlm l'Jth ' (,i
century lias supplied a desideratum for defence unknown t:xl
oven to the Romans, if the world were to combine ere:
against us, we would then prostiate them both on the w"
Pool tic and the Atlantic; the tame of that "(late of '
Greece bv Lacedirmon's king, so well maintained," would
lie thrown into the shade ; and we should become one of w'>
the most potent, richest, and most {sipulous nations of '
the earth. A. are
_ she
Ulblsiu's MiscellHiieons Works, vol lid, llubllu eillllou, p 10 atir
" per
[COMMI NICA'l l'.l). ]
WAHH1NOTO.V, Feb. 3, 1859. L j
To tht EiiHori of tht Union : wit
(.1 ektlkmkn : The suggestion contained in your paper rev
of yesterday's date, and proposing that each otlicer in '',sl
govcriiiuent employ shall devote his salary for tliu 22d w"
of the present month to tiie Mount Vernon Fund, has an?
just been pointed out to me, and, I assure you, meets nu<
i with my liuinhle hut most cordial adhesion?for one. j
j Let us see how many will unite in this worthy and ap- ^ul
1 propriate method of celebrating Washington's birthday. Ilt 1
j For two or three only to do so, would savor a little of t'"1
| ostentation Rut even a dozen so uniting may illustrate l'le
| your idea with a good grace. ,>m
I am, fir, very rcspccuulJy,
A CONSTANT READER 1
gw
Thk Bebciikks. -A republican paper culled the .Wacaclieth
Prttt, published in West Liberty, Ohio, protests sell
against the. multitudinous array of Beechers us fatiguing, its
Kor u party to have its Beecber -one Beecber it would W'J
not object, us u unitarian extravagance of that, sort might
bo indulged in without ending in bankruptcy. But it
considers a whole family of Heeehcrs something more ,irt.
than the liest constitution chii survive, and, (at the risk wit
of being considered profane,) it criticises them individual- din
ly with ft trenchant (>en. Mrs Harriet Beocher (Stowe)
is last attended to, and in the notice of her brain-proud
heartlessness is tin' following anecdote about her last ul ]
story, illustrative of New England life, now being pub- Oi
lished in the Atlantic Monthly : tioi
"This last woik liasa history more illustrative yet of the '
Bocphers' mean sellishness. It was promised to Doctor *esi
Bailey, of the National Kra. Our readers will recollect
that the Era iirst gave Uncle Turn its run of popularity. v'd
Since then, and since the promise made bv Mrs. Harriet tlni
Beecber, certain facts have come to her knowledge. She 'ha
is well aware that Dr. Bailey is in a state of health so '
delicate indeed precarious that fears ore entertained as 'be
to bis power to struggle through the winter. She knows 1'?'
that be is called upon to contend with pecuniary embai '1
imsments, caused by 1111 attempt to publish a daily paper biij
iu Washington, anil increased by the commercial distress of
of the last two years, One would suppose that a woman Ho
under such circumstances would have hastened, with a om
full heart, to the relief of her first friend and patron, con
Not so with Mrs. Bcecher Stowe. She very quietly drives 1
a bargain with the Atlantic Monthly, and very coolly gives tioi
that journal what in justice she owes elsewhere." j?
_ par
Intk.ukstino Socvkmks.?The Xurfulk Aryu*, in record- l''J
iug the recent death there of Mrs. Elisabeth Gwell, says : j
She had reached her seventy-fourth year, and, retain- j red
ing fresh to the last the recollections of the brilliant ami i crei
remarkable society in which she spent her earlier years, i giv
she was in her old age, unconsciously to herself, one of i red
the most interesting and eloquent chronicler* to whom j bee
it was ever our good fortune to listen. j ;tot
She was the daughter of licnjamin Htoddert, esq., of j am;
Maryland, who became the first Secretary of the Navy, | stal
when that branch of the public service was separated j Cot
from the Deportment of War during the administration | wbi
of the elder Adams ; and she wus connected on the mater- reci
nul side with the I/owodos', the Taskers, tlie itladens, j dej;
and other resia'chthle families of her native State. With j Cot
some of the prominent statesmen of I lie Washington and j ed
Adams' dynasties she was in early life in the habit of by
daily intercourse, meeting thein under the paternal roof yea
and in the social circles of the federal metropolis, and it per
was delightful to hear her recall in vivid tones the life- aut
like impressions of men who have been laid for more i to c
than half a century in their graves, and whose names to i
make up no unimportant part of the history of a great , wot
epoch. I u d
She was present when the death of Washington was be
announced to Congress, and saw (fen. Harry Isie, of the tree
I/'gioii, when lie olfered flint famous resolution in honor 'j
of Washington, ending in the words, now know n over <.?
the earth, "jirtt in war, Jirnt in pmcf,Jird in th< heart* of hit ,.n,|
counlrt/mfn." Slit; bad known (Jen. J^eo from haviug often w|?
hmii liim in her father's house, und was present when he jjj,
delivered before Congress liie celebrated oration on the | r(,,
character of Washington. Slic marked his extreme em. B]lo
barraeeinent In the beginning of his speech, which had
well nigh overcome hiui, his subsequent self-possession, u,e
and Ids ultimate success. She saw John Marshall, us onc
J Chief Justice of the United States, administer the oath urg
1 of otlice to Thomas Jefferson in 1H01, and heard Jafferaon u,,
deliver that memorable inaugural, the phrases and spirit ||10
of which may still lie detected in every similar papei
down to the present time. liu,,
. tha
l,end mining has lieen proaoeuted with vigor at Ualcua, 'n01
Illinois, this winter. The stock of lead now on hand at caH<
I that city amount- to 22,000 pigs, and it is thought that <'
it will he increased to 40 000 pigs for shipment by the and
opening of navigation in the spring. twe
LETTER Of THE SEC RE 1 AR\ Ot THE ?
TREASURY
Ttutiikr Dh'ahtmkm' Fell 3, 1859
un In auswer to tint resolution of the House of Hep
en tat I res, requesting the Secretary of the Treasury to
oiin " the House, at the eaiJiest practicable perils!, the
iml anil probable receipt* from the custom*, the public
lis, aud other sources, tor this aud the next fiscal year; i
1 whether, in hi* opinion, said receipts will be adequate j
meet the public exigencies," I would respectfully
ort :
1'U* receipt* for the hrst quarter of the pi eaeut list at year, s
ling the 30th September, >1858, were $25, ^.ttl,tS7it 46,
stated in iuy auuual report to Congress of Decernr
t>p 4858. The receipt* for the teiuaiuing three f|
nteis were estimated at $38,600,000, of which M
it $37,000,000 were estimated from customs It j(
s believed that the quarter coding December 31,
>8, you Id yield $10,000,000 The present qiuti
, ending the 31st March, 1803, $15,000,000 : ami (j
i next quarter, ending 30th .Tunc, 1859, $43,000,000
itnee my uliiiual report was submitted to Ooligrea* re
us have been made froui nearly all the ports for the ^
trier ending the 31-st December, 1858 ; aud, estimating
the few ports not yet heard fmfti, the tola! receipts
the quaiter will he about the sum of $9,200,000 L
r the present quarter full returns have Is-en received
the uu'lith ol January from the poit* ol New \ork,
ton, l'hiliulelphia, and Hal tiuiore. The receipts from
M- (sals amount to $4,376,542 86 Partial returns ^
/r been received from other ports, but not tea sul
ent extent to justify a statement ol them,
n reference not only to the customs, but tlie public ^
ds and other sources of revenue, all the iiilnrmatiou
ich has been received at the depaitiueut since the date r,
iuy annual report confirms the correctness of the est I ^
tes of pioliable receipts for the piiMciit and next lisctil |
a which 1 then submitted to Congress. 1 am, there- ((
u, ol opinion that the result will show that the actual (,
eipt* for the remaining quarters of the present year, u
1 for the next fiscal year, will not vary materially from
estimates already submitted to Congress t
a support of this opinion, 1 submit to the coiisideru n
a of Congress a oompaiison of the receipts from eiih
us for the saute months of the two preceding years and ^
present year.
ii 185(i '57 the receipts from customs for the quarter
ling the 31st Di'cnils i were $14,213,414 911. In H
17 '58 tlie receipts from customs for the same quarter |
re $6,237,723 (i'J. In 185H '59 the iccclpts will prob- j|
y be $9,200,000, uh I have alrc.uly slaicil.
Jilting the fiscal year ending 30th June, I>57, tin- int ,j
tations were very heavy, amounting hi dutiable goods, j
lusive of those ex[iorted, to $294,160,835; and the
uipte from customs for tnat year were $63,6114.483 56. (
the fiscal year ending the 30th June, 1858, the impor (
ions were much reduced, amounting, in dutiable goods,
lusivo of those exported, to $202,293,875 ; and tlie T
eipt* from customs were $12,046,277 86 To realize {.
estimates, tlie importations of dutiable goods for the j,
sent fiscal year must teach the amount of $250,000.
I, hcsid< s tiio.sc exported ; and lor the next ii- .il ye n . u
sunr of $280,000,000. ,
Jomiuiring the foregoing statement of receipt.., and
king to a favorable and healthy reaction in business, ,,
aould regard it unsafe and unwise to calculate upon a ^
ger ini|>ort*tion than the present estimates contem- ?
to. e
intortaining these opinions, 1 am compelled to ray ^
,t the receipts will not he adequate to meet the public j
genciOs, unless the expenditures should be reduced he- j,
the umouut estimated lor. 1 have seen no iudica
us t hat would induce the opinion that such a result can u
reasonably anticipated. On tlio contrary, should tie- r,
is which have passed either the one or other brunch of p
igress lie dually passed hy both, and become laws, the |,
K-nditwres would he very largely and permanently in- gl
used. It is estimated that the pension hill alone, y
ich has panned the House, would add several millions e
the annual expenses of the government, and even a ,,
jer amount for the next fiscal year Otht r hills, ,,
ich liave passed either the Senate or the House, would,
.ike manner, swell the amount of expenditure. These p
contingencies to which the attention of Congress o
mid be directed, In considering the probable receipts ft
1 expenditures of the government. Either the ex- p
lditures must he reduced to the estimated receipts, or
er means of revenue should he provided. It the tirst
i lie effected, it is certainly the most desirable.
have already submitted to Congress, in compliance
h their requirements, bills for the coditicution of the
enue laws, and for the reorganization of tlie collection
tricts, which, if sanctioned. and passed into laws, ^
old greatly facilitate the opeiations of this department
I reduce largely the expense of collecting the reveo
['here stands iqion the statute-Iiooks laws requiring the t,
Ming of custom houses, post offices, and court houses, 0
places where the public service does not require them at ,,
s time. A rejxsal of those laws, or a postponement of (
ir iiYiiciifirm tit n. i..*vif?il <Sf vrf-ator ni. * \ ?nH lr>c
burrassment, would relieve tlie treusury of t hat amount ?
expenditure. j(
Ore recommendation which has been submitted to Con- a
ss of abolishing the fniuking privilege and raising Kj
;tugo to live cents, with a view of bringing the I'oet j
ice Department us near as practicable to its forniei p
r sustaining poaition, thereby importing the burden of
support upon tlnrac who uac and enjoy ita benefits, e
1, if carried out, very greatly relieve the treasury. p
I'hese propositions for retrenchment come to Congress p
umended not only by the public demand for reform p
1 economy, hut by their own intrinsic merits. They a
right in principle and policy, and whvn contrasted ?
,h propositions for increasing the public debt, or ad- p
g to the general tax, will receive the cordial approval
the country. c
u other departments of the government reductions p
>ht also, in all probability, he made. 1 only speak ?
ihoic which have been brought to the attention oi c
if,rcsa, and cotnmcnded to their favorable considera t.,
a. ,1
f, however, the appropriations made at the present g
don should reach the amount, estimated for in my an 0
d report, a delicieucy will exist which must he pro.
ed for by additional legislation; and to the extent p
t. the appropriations shall exceed the estimates will 0
t dotleieney lie noeessaiily increused. 0
have, in a lvutnei report, expressed the opinion that a
i public debt ought not to he increased by an addi p
oil loan. That opinion remains unchanged. B,
L'he present tariff con and should be so modified as to
iply suchdetieioncy as may exist ; and I avail myself e
the opportunity atforded by the resolution of the U
use again to call the attention of Cougivss to tin- ice c
iiionclutiuiis oi iny annual report on the subject, and e
amend them to their favorable consideration. n
n tiiis connection, it is proper to call particular utten w
a to the condition of the outstanding treasury notes p
the estimates of receipts and expenditures I>y thede ?
tment, the peiiiiuiient redemption of the e notes, as h
y may fall due, has not Iieen contemplated All the ?
nidations have been mude upon the basis of continu <>
tliern in circulation ; and, as a matter of course, tin l?
eruption of the whole, or any part of them, must in w
xso tire anticl|>atcd deficiency, unless authority Is- a
en for their reissue, or other provision made for their ti
eruption. Since the first of January last, there have
n redeemed $."i43,700. Between this time and the
h June next, the sum of $17,7f>8,!IOO will fall due, j M
I, with the interest due upon them, must ho lin t. I i
1c these facta for the purpose of showing that, should u
igress adjourn without legislating upon the suliject, it
nld be almost imjsisslbie, under the most favorable p
t'ipis Into the treasury from ordinary sources, for the u
mitincut to meet the public liabilities until another a
igress could be convened. I have already recommend |
that this immediate demand should be provided for, ?
authorizing the leissue of these notes for one or two ! j,
is. This Cat) be easily effected by extending for tliat j |(
iod the provisions of the act of i>eee|nbcr 23, lnf>7, ;l
bniising the issue of treasury notes. The proposition |
;onvert these notes iuUi a jsimaiunt debt ought not ! j(
ecclve the favorable consideration of Oougrcus. It j|
lid be virtually |s>stponiiig their ultimate payment to
istaiit day, when the [silicy of the government should ),
to redeem them from year to year, as (lie means of the ?
uiury will justify. ! ?
.hat portion of the public debt which romains in tho w
m of treasury notes can always lie redeemed without
angei nig mi' iiiii >tiui opei;ii inns in iiiu <H'|><!! imrril ; i'!
eiiever there shall Jo an excess of revenue over expcn- tl
not, it can bo safely applied to the redemption of et
isurv noli:-; (In- powci oxistiiiK of reissuing thcin. i.
iild Mm future noeipts, from any cause, full Ix-lmv (lie 1/
mates of the dopartmeui It is notircly different where at
public debt is in the form of bonds, which, when cl
e rodcenuil, cannot again lie made available, however t<
cnt the necessity may exist for it. The result is, that ul
re will always Is- a greater disposition on the part of re
department to redeem and keep on hand treasury tr
es, than to go into the market and purchase govern ei
it Innds An additional reason is lound in the fact in
t treasury notes can Is' redeemed without the pay
it of any pram turns, which will haidly ever be the a
i wltli United Slates storks
ontemplating the gradual redemption of these notes, ar
being opposed to the policy of adding thin sum of tii
nty millions to the permanent public debt, I repent ar
ay U>i uicr i cixiiBiMiulatiOU for extending the provision*
?f the not ut Dtjcfiulier, 1867, for t?no or two yeAi?
1 aiu, very rett^cifully,
HOWKLL COBB,
StoroUtry Trenaury
Hon L. Our,
S|m* .Lei" of th?' lioUMJ of HopiWUtlltlv'tU.
MANAGEMENT IS THE EMPIRE STA TE
It- ruin I tin All- *u) Alia-, olid Alga* ]
There is a tribunal in lliis State, unknown to the coutilulion,
not <-onteuiploted by its founders, an,I which
hme, oI nil tlia departments of gvvcrnnunrt. m l., without
uhlicity, without responsibility, ami free from the appi
L-ut restraints ol public opinion or lawn Wo refei to
rhat in called "Tlie Contracting Hoard," a body in which
I centre*! all tlirt jobbing ol the (Stale, with the |>ower to
ive anil withhold, to bind and to loose
Originally intruded to act in subordination to thecuuat
nil), it has gradually assumed a superiority ot turn tiou
nd a tar higher range of patrona ye, and in now |> -rhapa
n, -if tli- in - I .-tbrtive .I,;-in'ii. foi centring |?->?voi lt
tre capital, and exei ting influence upon legislatures au.l
i inventions
It had ll in, eptiou in the corrupt nine million hill,
ud survived that uiciuiuto, having tiecn excised alive, by
-mi- I.- mi,in -j-i.iiioii front u body Willi ?li?t
>iu prehension of it purpose it acted ou ite very begin
ittg may be judged hy the use that was tirade of it iu
In- i elelu.ited lettiugs of Is:, I
We may he panloucd for reverting to tire speech of
r.iel I liatch, iu tiie assembly of 18i>2, in expoauio of
ic woi Lings of this Kcherue .
Mr. Hatch disclaimed being a politician in the ordina
Y acceptation of the word that is, an office seeker, 01 oils
joking for public rewards and official employment : nor
id he Coiuc to that bouse to seek notoriety. Nor was ho
p.n I i- an upon the i|iicition of tin- Kile canal ; for bo
a t refused to a* t with his jsniv upon every occasion
lien t bey arrayed tin nisei ves against measures fin tike
ul:ucement But that policy once fixed, he felt an iu;ic.it
iu the honest distribution ami expenditure of the
i-ilicy appiopi ialed to it, and it was bis solicitude in thi,
spc l that arrayed him against the corrupt cabal at
lliauy, and its nullifications through the State.
Mr. Hatch's speech was u complete unravelling of the
nulling well of intrigue woven about the lettiugs, an 1
rhidi held the Stale bound and paralyzed In its meshes
l i not iici cssai y ton-veil to this exposure, which by
s character and consequences murked an era iu the po
itical history of tin- State, for it is not loigotten by the
cuiocia i 1s t us, however, quote a passage frour Mr.
I'm remarks :
"It is alleged, and I do not believe iu can be denied
lint tlic diitercnee between tin- bids on which the con
racts were awarded, gild tire lowest bids which were re cb
d, amount., to an uvciago of uhout 3d tier cent, or
uau miu.ioxh or uou.aks. Not only tlic spirit of the
anal law, hut the declaration of its friends ou its passage,
a.-,cd on the uniform policy and practice of your public
fiiccrs for more than thirty years, required that wht-u
rork was to he let by sealed proposals, the bidder making
lie lowest :illd liin l fiuiil'iitilc iitli-r was entitled to ll,..
nutruct, us a matter of right, supposing there was not u
(mm) inn) hiilliilent reason for not treating with hiui at
II. No member of this house will venture to assert any
tlier rule. ll.is this nine millions of work been contract
il for on this safe and salutary practice ? That is the
uestion you are called upon to investigate. If this house
oes not take the necessary steps to itu|uire efficiently
rto these letting* if it does not adopt a tirm, consistent
ulu of action as to the expeudituio of this large amount
I money involved, and the fearful consequences to result
om attempting to buiothcr and cover up the iniquity
lint is charged if we do not check the corruption in the
ud?-the "contract patriots," the new exclusive ami
ell-entitled friends of enlargement, will return here uext
ear, and the year after, and so ou, until lire treasury is
xliausted. Wo who are the true friends of the canal
uist now |>erfonn our duty to the State, and, if possible,
jseue tlie canals from destruction.
" I have, from tin- best information 1 could obnain,
iken some pains to examine some of these lettings on
He western division of the Erie canal, and I will refer hi
few instances to what appears upou the face ot the
ape re.
" 1 have a table fuken from the published lists of bids
n the western division of the Erie canal ; I have made
. to be published with my remarks, hut will not detain
lie house with reading it. The number of sections of
rork put under contract is 12(1. Not more than twelve
f these have been let to the lowest bidder. Neventyhreo
of these sections were awarded, not to the lowest
( .sponsible bidder, but to persons, where there were in
omc instances more than one hundred lower bidders
u a single section, and among thciu several well-known
ontraetorR nod persons of undoubted responsibility. On
no section u firm bid 5r 104, (?(?;"> less thau the person who
ras awarded the contract ; and another firm ottered to do
he work for $162,630 less than the favored individual
dio obtained the contract; and, what is remarkable, both
f the firms which made these offers were awarded other
pbs, and thus their responsibility and competency were
djudged sufficient. Why, then, was this partiality
liown, and $161,563 of the public money thrown away '
ask, sir, if this house is prepared to siniuk from proling
such n transaction as Ibis ?
"The aggregate amount of the differences on the west
rn division, between those who have been favored by
he special hoard who violated the law and the instlllr
ions of the canal board, in making this distiibution, and
III' lower bidders that were I'eieiOiut on tl.e au'll.uK
winded to favorites, and who yet obtained other jol*>,
diere they iu turn were un-'.erbid, will not fall much lwow
$750,000.
"These uro hut specimens of the folly or fraud which
haruotcrizcs these tellings as far as they liuve come to
ight. I' pon the papers unexplained, the subject is H
napped in mystery, and there is some difficulty iu tra
ing the bidders in all their tortuous windings. You liu.t
on tracts awarded where there are many responsible bid
ers rejected, and those who are rejected, iu their turn,
etting other contracts where tables are turned, the fonur
competitor is rejected, he being the lowest.
"These differences are, in my judgment, ruinous h>
lie State mid the interests of the canals. They are join
f the worst description, and will not hear investigation
r discussion. The canal has not only been saddled with
II the debts due to |K>litical partisans for past services,
ut a great and glorious work has been seized upon gs a
uurco of private speculation.
" The struggle is undoubtedly between the power vest
u tu kuia iiuuoc uuu iiiu iiiwitrnt comuintJU uy iuu "uum
.ttings" -they must submit to us or we to them Th#
i y is "re cue" ou our port. If we yield, the whole excutive
and legislative power, the treasury and the canla,
arc in thu hands of that combination, and there
ill 1><; no free or independent legislation until that
ower is broken by the sovereign people. If it is true,
s alleged, that there is such a corrupt combination, that
gislaUou is under iU control, ami the State oltuns !
vera wed, I say to politicians?1 am none myself In tlio
rdinary aeceptatioii of thu term that there is 11 moral
ower in this question, a sense of public justice which
ill ultimately override moneyed combinations, contracts,
ml everything else not based on the endming founiU- j
ous of right."
Wo need not go into the details which Mr. Hatch
rouglit forward to illustrate and prove the positions he
j energetically and truthfully hold.
Nor need we refer to the overthrow of the corrupt anil
mXMi. tltutionul bill, nml of the breaking up and dl* |?
unlit,urc of the cabal who had, under its cover, djtilmted
the iqioils of the State to tin ir followers. '|V
lovemeqt in eondenpiatioi| ot it did not "top until a"
mendment w.is incorporated into the constitution to tie'
ifect and in the words that: "A11 thu contracts tor
oik or materials on any canal shall he made with the
erson who shall offel to do or provide the same at the
iwest price, with adequate security for their |ierfuriii
ncc."
Hut tl|e confine ting hoard, as pre liavo said, survived
s originator* and the ih>I|< y iyl|icli called it i"to being
lay for a while perdue, exercising its anomalous pop-ei'it
ith caution and secrecy and in obscurity. With lii'd1,
owever, it ban developed far-reaching and comprehensive
[tributes ; and it lias learned the ait of evading the
landatos of the constitution and reversing its practical
orkings.
It lias at last grown to l>- the sentiment of the public
f all political parlies that this element of disturbance,
lis contrivance for escape from odicinl responsibility and
anion of law, should I - dragged Into light, sod sulp
cted to the review of the legislature nrul tile P''"| !i'
et us we il it in im. iry to have this underground
I'ernio to the treasury Let us boo if the people are to
iioose a m |Mjiihible body of governmental officers only
see their power transferred to itn unknown anil unreg
lateil tribunal of sub-officials. Is>t ns see what gooff
anon there i? in electing high officials, secretaries, conip
oilers, treasurers, to the Sffaic house, while the greet ?
ipenditurc* are panned out of their sight to the suborffi j
itl' department# 'i
' 'hi r. publican po: tv. who are to into powi in
i.'W lint*, hati- treat iesponsibiliti?>s We certainly d>
it wirti to miff to their enilMtrrassment ; anil though w?
e confident that the lull responsibility of this contrs i
fig board, which is aliout to fall on them, will poison
id rnnkle, like "the shirt of Nessus," we do not on that

xml | txt